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Since 1978 the Government of the Republic of Indonesia has been working to conserve endangered and other
species of wildlife in captivity. It works together with international agencies, government organizations, and
other institutions. The breeding of wildlife is to maintain their existence and to keep them from extinction. The
breeding of Sumatran rhinos is at Torgamba area, and the Komodo dragon is successfully bred in Surabaya Zoo.
Since 1979 the zoo has produced at least 40 animals. The zoo has also been successful in breeding the Bawean
deer. Some of the zoo-bred animals have been distributed to ether zoos and released to their wild habitats. Two
species of non-protected marine turtle are hawksbill and green turtle. This is done to solve and to control the
problem of their eggs consumed by local people^ The hatcheries are developed in
Bali and in West Java. :

1. When did the government of Indonesia start conserving wildlife,?

A. In 1931
B. In 1980
C. In 1979
D. In 1978 ,

2. The last paragraph is about ...

A. the joint efforts to conserve endangered wildlife
B. the successful breeding of the Komodo dragon
C. the successful breeding of Bawean deer in the
D. the measures taken to prevent hawksbill green turtle from extinction

3. What wildlife does our Government conserve?

A. Domestic animals
B. Organism found in the sea
C. All the mammalian species
D. Endangered and other species

A forest is an area that is full of trees. We can find in the islands of Indonesia. They spread along the island
of Sumatera, Java, Kalimantan, Irian and other island in Indonesia. They are very important for our lives.
Forest give us many kinds of export commodities such as timber, rattans, as well as rubber. Forests also
protect us from danger of floods. In the rainy season the roots of the trees in the forest absorb the rain water and
store it under the ground. In the dry season the water will come out and it is very useful for us for reservoir and
irrigation. If there are no forests, the rain water cannot be stored, there will be erosion of the soil and we will suffer
from terrible floods.
Forests also help us to purify the air of pollution. The trees of the forests need carbon dioxide from the air
and send the oxygen out into the air, which make the air fresh and pure. The fresh and pure air is needed for our
We can also find many kinds of fauna and flora in the forests. Animals and plants need forests to live. To
ensure the continued existed of the animal and plants in the forests, we have to protect it from destruction.
Realizing that the forest gives us a lot of important things, we should keep our forest safe. Our forest is our
4. Which paragraph tells that forest can be a source of income for the government?
A. Paragraph 1
B. Paragraph 2
C. Paragraph 3
D. Paragraph 4

5.We must protect our forests from the destruction because ...
A. we can find a lot of trees in the forests
B. they spread along the islands in Indonesia
C. they are very important for our lives
D. we can find many kinds of fauna in the forest

6. The function of the roots of the trees is ...

A. to make the air fresh and pure
B. to cause erosions on the ground
C. to store water before it is supplied to people
D. to absorb and reserve the rain under the ground

7. 'They spread along the islands of Sumatera...' (Paragraph 1).

What does "they " refer to?
A. The trees
B. The islands
C. The forests
D. The people


Most people don’t notice that giraffes have

different patterns of spots. Certain species of giraffes
have small spots. Other species have large spots. Some
species have spots than are very regular. You can tell
where one spot ends and another begins.
Other species have spots that are kind of blotchy.
This means the spots are not set off from each other as
clearly. These are only two of many kind of spots. The
pattern of giraffe’s spots is called “marking”. No two
giraffes have exactly the same marking.
Giraffe’s spots help them to blend in with their
surroundings in Africa where they live. Being able to
blend with surroundings helps animals survive. If a
lion can’t see a giraffe, he certainly can’t eat it. This is
called ‘protective coloration’. The animal’s colour
helps to protect it.
Another thing that protects giraffes is their keen
eyesight. Their large eyes are on the sides of their
heads. Giraffes see anything that moves. They can see
another animal a mile away. It is very hard to sneak up
on a giraffe. Those who try usually get a quick kick
with a powerful back leg.

7. Where are giraffe’s eyes?

A. Around its long neck
B. On the front part of its head
C. On the left side of this head
D. On the sides of its head

8. Giraffes protect themselves with their …

A. back legs
B. front legs
C. long necks
D. spot patterns

9. What is protective coloration?

A. An ability to see from long distance
B. An ability to blend with surroundings
C. The colour pattern of giraffe’s spot
D. The way to protect certain species

10. ‘…, he certainly can’t eat it’ (in paragraph 3)

A. an animal
B. a giraffe
C. a lion
D. a people
11. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
A. Different Kind of Giraffes
B. More About Giraffes
C. Giraffes and their Surroundings
D. People and Giraffes

Tree is the largest of all plants. The tallest tree

grows over 62 meters in height. Many trees also live
longer than other plants. Some tree lives for thousands
of years. They are oldest living things that man knows.
People think that trees are different from other
plants. Most of other plant grow only for a short time
and then die. People thing of trees as a permanent part
of the landscape.
Trees continue to grow as long as they live. They
grow new leaves and flowers. Leaves of a tree make
food. The food keeps the tree alive and helps it grow.
The flowers grow into fruits. The fruit contains seeds
for making new trees.
Trees are different from other plants like herbs and
shrubs. Most trees grow at least 4.6 to 6.1 meters, but
herb and shrub are much shorter than trees. Trees have
one woody stem, which is called trunk. Herbs have soft
and juicy stem. Shrubs are like trees, they have woody
stem, but most shrubs have more than one stem, and
none of stems of the shrubs grows so thick as a tree
There are thousands of kinds of trees. But most
trees belong to one of two main groups. They are
broadleaf trees and needle leaf trees. These two types
of trees grow in manya parts of the world. Most other
types of trees, such as palms and tree ferns, grown
mainly in warm regions.
Adapted from: The World Book Encyclopedia

12. One of these statements is true according to the text.

A. All plants grow over 61 meters tall
B. People think that tree live longer than other plants
C. Trees grow new leaves and flowers to make food
D. These are only two kinds of tree, big trees, and
small trees

13. What do leaves of tree make?

A. Fruits
B. Food
C. Flowers
D. Seeds

14. People think of trees as a permanent part of the

landscape. (paragraph 2)
The underlined word mean …
A. shortly die
B. grow only for a short time
C. can’t grow in certain area
D. long lasting

Newspapers are just what their name says.

They are papers that print news. They first appeared in
the 1400s just after printing began. Printers produced
pamphlets telling people what was happening in the
country and what they thought about it.
Modern newspapers first appeared in the
1700s. Today, there are newspapers in almost every
country in the world, in many different languages.
Some are printed everyday, some are every week.
One of the oldest newspapers is The Times
which is printed in London. It began in 1785 when it
was called the Universal Daily Register. It changed its
name to The Times in 1788.
Our country, Indonesia, also has a lot of
newspapers. There are 94 newspapers in Indonesia.
The publishing is concentrated in large cities. Jakarta
has 24 dailies with half the total national circulation.
Manado has 15 dailies, Medan has 12, and Surabaya
has 9.
The national news agency of Indonesia is
Antara (Lembaga Kantor Berita Nasional Antara). It
has domestic bureaus in thirty two provincial capitals
and six foreign bureaus. Antara is an independent news
(Adapted from The Kingfisher Children's

15. The reading text is about ...

A. news
B. printers
C. publishers
D. newspapers

16. How many bureaus does "Antara" have?

A. 6
B. 26
C. 38
D. 90

17. The city which has the most newspapers is ...

A. Medan
B. Surabaya
C. Manado
D. Jakarta

18. "They firs appeared in the 1400s just after printing

began", (paragraph 1)
The underlined word means ...
A. rose
B. surfaced
C. survived
D. existed

Animals are widely used in laboratories.

Mice, rabbits, dogs, and monkeys are a few examples
of animals used by researches and scientists for
scientific and medical purposes. Scientists use the
animal to investigate biological processes in humans
and animals; to study the causes of diseases; to test
drugs, vaccines, and surgical techniques; and to
evaluate the safety of chemicals used in pesticides,
cosmetics, and other products.
Many animal function like humans so that
they can be good models to understand the human
body. Some animal suffer from the same diseases as
humans do. Animal also carry a number of genes that
are identical to human genes. With those similarities,
scientists are able to learn much about the human by
studying the animals.

19. What do researches scientists do in laboratories?

A. make drugs
B. do experiment
C. take care of animals
D. give medical treatment

20. Scientists learn about the human body by studying...

A. certain animals
B. human body itself
C. all kinds of animals
D. all living things

21. Based on the text, why do the scientists use animals for
their experiments?
A. Animals are the most suitable objects.
B. Scientists don't want to use humans.
C. It easier to use animals than humans.
D. Animals have similarities to humans.

22."They are used for scientific and medical purposes."

(paragraph 1)
"They" in the sentence refers to ...
A. researches
B. laboratories
C. animals
D. scientists

Music may be defined as the art of organizing
sounds and silences into meaningful patterns. Music is
one of the oldest arts. In the world history, every
civilization is accompanied by any form of music.
Thus, music is a part of every civilization.
There are many kinds of music, such as a
classical music, waltz, jazz, pop music, and rock'n roll
music. In this text we are going to discuss about jazz
Jazz began in the early 20th century as a
music of black Americans. It was intended for singing,
dancing, entertaining and party atmosphere. Since then,
jazz continued to develop. There are many leading
singers, instrumentalists, and composers in the world.
Jazz also influenced almost every other kind of music.
Jazz represents a blending of musical elements from
Africa and from Europe. Jazz uses some European
ideas of harmony and melody, but the rhythms are
more African in origin. It is irregular in rhythm.
Jazz has also developed in Indonesia. Most
people in Indonesia know who Ireng Maulana is. He
and his band often appear on television. His band is
one of the leading jazz music bands.

23. According to the text, jazz music started in....

A. America
B. Africa
C. Europe
D. Indonesia

24. What does paragraph two tell us about?

A. What music is.
B. Kinds of music
C. Development of music
D. The history of music

25. What is the rhythm of jazz like?

A. Very slow
B. Very fast
C. Irregular
D. Monotonous

Rain forests cover about 10% of the earth, but they contain 90% of the world's animals and plants. Rain forests
are found in the hottest parts of the earth. They are situated in the area from the Tropic of Cancer to the Tropic of
Capricorn. This is the area on both sides of the Equator.
These forests are called rain forests because it usually rains there everyday. The-weather is always hot and
humid. The main rain forests are in America, Africa, and Asia. The largest area of rain forest is Amazonia in South
America. It is three times larger than the whole Of Indonesia.
Indonesia was covered by rain forests, but many of its forests have been cut down. Some fire also destroyed
the Indonesian forests, especially during the dry season. It is hard now to reforest the bare land.

26. From the text we can conclude that rain forests cover ...
of the earth.
A. all
B. most
C. a small part
D. ninety percent

27. We can find rain forests ...

A. on each equator
B. on the Tropic of Cancer
C. between the two Tropics
D. on the Tropic of Capricorn

28. 'The weather is always hot and humid." (paragraph 2)

What does the italic word mean?
A. hot
B. wet
C. dry
D. warm

A rain forest, a very dense forest is usually found

in tropical areas. These forests have warm climates.
Rain forests also receive a high amount of rainfall. A
special trait of these forests is the large amount of
plants and animals living in them.
Another trait of the rainforest is the forest canopy.
This canopy is formed by the branches and leaves of
the large trees. The canopy forms a green roof over the
forest. Most birds live up the branches of the canopy.
Unfortunately, rain forests are rapidly depleting.
People are clearing more and more rain forests for
timber. Some people are cutting down trees illegally.
This is called illegal logging. If the forests are cleared,
many animals and plants may become extinct

29. What is the text about?

A. Plants and animals.
B. Illegal jogging.
C. Tropical areas,
D. Rain forest.

30. From the text above we know that the area of rainforest
is ...
A. still the same as some years ago
B. getting smaller
C. wider than before
D. clearer than usual

31. "Unfortunately, rain forests are rapidly depleting."

(Paragraph 3) The underlined word means
A. increasing fast
B. vanishing step by step
C. developing gradually
D. d decreasing fast

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