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CHAPTER 2

THE END OF BIPOLARITY

PREPARED BY
MATHEW JOSEPH
HSST POLITICAL SCIENCE
KPRGS GHSS KALLIASSERY
KANNUR
RUSSIAN REVOLUTION -1917

BASED ON SOCIALISM AND 12

EQUALITY 10

AGAINST PRIVATE PROPERTY


8

AND MONARCHY 6
Column 1
Column 2
Column 3

UNION OF SOVIET
4

SOCIALIST REPUBLICS 2

WAS FORMED AFTER 0

THE REVOLUTION Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

2. THE END OF BIPOLARITY


UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS

FORMED IN 1922 12

OPPOSITION TO CAPITALISM
10

PRIMACY TO THE STATE AND


8

COMMUNIST PARTY 6
Column 1
Column 2
Column 3

OPPOSITION WAS 4

NOT ALLOWED
2

PLANNED AND 0

CONTROLLED
Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

ECONOMY
2. THE END OF BIPOLARITY
SOVIET SYSTEM - MERITS
COMPLEX COMMUNICATION 12

NETWORK 10

VAST ENERGY RESOURCES


SELF SUFFICIENT CONSUMER 8

INDUSTRY 6
Column 1
Column 2

MINIMUM STANDARD OF
Column 3

LIVING TO ALL CITIZENS


BASIC NECESSITIES TO
2

ALL(HEALTH, EDUCATION, CHILDCARE etc)


0
Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

NO UNEMPLOYMENT

2. THE END OF BIPOLARITY


SOVIET SYSTEM - DEMERITS

BUREAUCRATIC AND 12

AUTHORITARIAN 10

DOMINATION OF A SINGLE 8

PARTY 6
Column 1

UNACCOUNTABLE
Column 2
Column 3

ADMINISTRATION
4

DOMINATION OF 2

RUSSIA 0
Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

INFERIOR
TECHNOLOGY
2. THE END OF BIPOLARITY
GORBACHEV AND THE
DISINTEGRATION
MIKHAIL GORBACHEV, 12

GENERAL SECRETARY 10

OF SOVIET COMMUNIST
PARTY IN 1985,SOUGHT 8

TO REFORM THE SYSTEM. 6


Column 1
Column 2
Column 3

HE DECIDED TO
NORMALISE THE RELATIONS
2

WITH THE WEST 0


Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

DEMOCRATISE AND REFORM


THE SOVIET UNION
2. THE END OF BIPOLARITY
GORBACHEV ADOPTED
GLASNOST – 12

OPENNESS AND TRANSPARENCY


10

IN GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS
8

PERESTROIKA – 6
Column 1
Column 2

RESTRUCTURING OF
Column 3

SOVIET POLITICAL AND


ECONOMIC SYSTEM
2

0
Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

2. THE END OF BIPOLARITY


DISINTETATION OF SOVIET UNION
A COUP TOOK PLACE IN 1991.
12

IT WAS ENCOURAGED BY COMMUNIST


10

PARTY HARDLINERS
PEOPLE WERE AGAINST 8

COMMUNIST RULE 6
Column 1
Column 2

BORIS YELTSIN EMERGED


Column 3

AS NATIONAL HERO
YELTSIN OPPOSED THE
2

CENTRALISED CONTROL 0
Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

2. THE END OF BIPOLARITY


1991 DECEMBER 26 12

UNDER THE
LEADERSHIP
10

OF YELTSIN, 8

RUSSIA, 6
Column 1
Column 2

UKRAINE AND 4
Column 3

BELARUS
DECLARED 2

INDEPENDENCE 0
Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

2. THE END OF BIPOLARITY


YELTSIN AND HIS SUPPORTERS
ALSO DECLARED THAT
SOVIET UNION WAS DISBANDED 12

AND COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE 10

SOVIET UNION WAS BANNED


8

POST SOVIET REPUBLICS


Column 1
6
Column 2
Column 3

ADOPTED CAPITALISM AND 4

DEMOCRACY 2

0
Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

2. THE END OF BIPOLARITY


COMMONWEALTH OF
INDEPENDENT STATES (CIS)
12

CIS WAS FORMED


10

AFTER THE 8

DISINTEGRATION OF 6
Column 1
Column 2

USSR 4
Column 3

RUSSIA WAS
ACCEPTED AS THE 2

SUCCESSOR OF SOVIET 0
Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

UNION

2. THE END OF BIPOLARITY


DISINTEGRATION OF USSR -
REASONS.
ECONOMIC STAGNATION
12

10

EXPENSIVE ARMS RACE 8

ECONOMIC ADVANCE
Column 1
6
Column 2
Column 3

IN THE WEST 4

UNACCOUNTABLE 2

ADMINISTRATIVE 0
Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

SYSTEM

. THE END OF BIPOLARITY


DISINTEGRATION OF USSR - REASONS.

CORRUPTION AND NON TRANSPARENCY


12

IN BUREAUCRACY 10

CENTRALISATION OF AUTHORITY
8

Column 1
6
Column 2

REFORMS OF GORBACHEV Column 3

IMMEDIATE REASON – 2

NATIONALISATION 0

IN PROVINCES Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

. THE END OF BIPOLARITY


CONSEQUENCES OF
DISINTEGRATION
12

END OF COLD WAR 10

UNIPOLAR WORLD
8

Column 1
6
Column 2

EMERGENCE OF NEW COUNTRIES


Column 3

0
Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

. THE END OF BIPOLARITY


SHOCK THERAPY
IN POST COMMUNIST REGIMES
12

TRANSITION FROM
10

AN AUTHORITARIAN SOCIALIST SYSTEM


TO A DEMOCRATIC CAPITALIST SYSTEM
8

IN RUSSIA CENTRAL ASIA


6
Column 1
Column 2

AND EASTERN EUROPE


Column 3

THAT WAS INFLUENCED BY THE


WORLD BANK AND THE IMF
2

CAME TO BE KNOWN
0

AS SHOCK THERAPY
Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

. THE END OF BIPOLARITY


FEATURES OF SHOCK THERAPY
12

1. TOTAL SHIFT TO CAPITALISM


10

2. THE FREE TRADE REGIME AND


FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT (FDI)
8

3. BREAK UP OF THE TRADE ALLIANCES


6
Column 1
Column 2

AMONG THE COUNTRIES OF SOVIET


Column 3

BLOC.
STARTED TRADE RELATIONS WITH
2

WEST 0
Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

. THE END OF BIPOLARITY


CONSEQUENCES OF SHOCK
THERAPY
12

1. State Controlled Industrial


10

Complex Almost Collapsed


8

2. High Inflation 6
Column 1

3. Poverty
Column 2
Column 3

4. Growth of Mafia
4

5. Dictatorship of Presidents
2

6. Economic Inequality
0
Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

7. Civil Wars and Insurgencies


in Former Soviet Republics
. THE END OF BIPOLARITY
INDIA AND THE USSR
ECONOMIC – TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC
ASSISTANCE IN INDIA'S
12

PUBLIC SECTOR COMPANIES


10

POLITICAL - SUPPORT IN KASHMIR ISSUE


AND 1971 WAR
8

MILITARY - SOVIET UNION SUPPLIED


6
Column 1
Column 2

MILITARY HARDWARE AND Column 3

TECHNOLOGY
4

CULTURE – HINDI FILMS WERE


2

POPULAR IN USSR.
0

CULTURAL Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

EXCHANGE

. THE END OF BIPOLARITY


INDIA AND POST - COMMUNIST
COUNTRIES
INDIA HAS MAINTAINED GOOD
12

RELATION WITH POST - COMMUNIST


10

COUNTRIES. 8

INDIA – RUSSIA RELATION IS THE Column 1

STRONGEST 6
Column 2
Column 3

INDIA AND RUSSIA SUPPORTED THE


4

CONCEPT OF 2

MULTI – POLAR WORLD 0


Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

. THE END OF BIPOLARITY


RUSSIA- INDIA RELATIONS
BENEFITS TO INDIA
12

SUPPORT IN KASHMIR ISSUE


ENERGY SUPPLIES
10

SHARING INFORMATION
8

ON INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM
6
Column 1

ACCESS TO CENTRAL ASIA


Column 2
Column 3

BALANCING IT'S RELATIONS


4

WITH CHINA
2

NUCLEAR ENERGY PLANS


SCIENTIFIC PROJECTS
0
Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4

ASSISTANCE DURING OIL CRISIS

. THE END OF BIPOLARITY


RUSSIA- INDIA RELATIONS

BENEFITS TO RUSSIA
INDIA IS THE SECOND LARGEST ARMS
12

MARKET FOR RUSSIA


10

Column 1
6
Column 2
Column 3

2 PREPARED BY
MATHEW JOSEPH
HSST POLITICAL SCIENCE
0
KPRGS
Row 1 GHSS
Row 2 KALLIASSERY
Row 3 Row 4
KANNUR

. THE END OF BIPOLARITY