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Sunlight Shores Armor Removal As-Built Monitoring Report

Funded by
Salmon Recovery Funding Board/Puget Sound Acquisition and Restoration
Honda Marine Science Foundation
National Fish and Wildlife Foundation

Prepared for the Northwest Straits Foundation


Prepared by Coastal Geologic Services, Inc.
Contributors: Jim Johannessen, Adam Tullis, Lauren Øde, Alison Lubeck

February 27, 2019


COASTAL GEOLOGIC SERVICES, INC.

Introduction and Purpose


This report provides post-project as-built and monitoring information for the Sunlight Shores Shore
Armor Removal and Nearshore Restoration on west Whidbey Island, in Island County. This work was
completed under contract with the Northwest Straits Foundation (NWSF; Sheet 1). This was for a
project sponsored by Island County called Landowner Incentives to Reduce Puget Sound Shoreline
Armoring in Island County and the Northwest Straits Marine Conservation Foundation. Project design
was funded through the Marine Nearshore Grant Program and the Habitat Strategic Initiative, which
source funds from the U.S. EPA to fund actions that advance Puget Sound recovery by protecting and
restoring marine and nearshore habitats and ecosystem functions. Project construction was funded
through the Salmon Recovery Funding Board/Puget Sound Acquisition and Restoration (SFRB/PSAR),
the Honda Marine Science Foundation, and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation. Lisa Kaufman,
the Nearshore Project Manager for the Northwest Straits Foundation, coordinated this project.
This report provides documentation of the pre-construction and as-built conditions for the removal
of apparently treated wood piles, angular boulders, fill and debris from the bank and beach, as well
as beach regrading and vegetation enhancement along 350 FT of the Sunlight Shores Country Club
shoreline.

Methods
Prior to completing the restoration design, the site was visited by Jim Johannessen and Adam Tullis of
CGS, and Lisa Kaufman of the Northwest Straits Foundation, on May 10th, 2018 to characterize the
quantity of rock, fill, concrete debris, and wood piles on the beach. Armor at the site was mapped
using an Emlid Reach RTK GPS unit, and a total station survey documented beach profiles and pre-
project conditions. Photographs of the site were also taken to help illustrate and document the types
and distribution of armor and debris on the beach. Volumes were estimated in the field on a debris-
group (reach) basis, and mapped as part of the GPS mapping effort.
Project work was completed in November 2018. The site was mapped again by CGS on December 6th,
2018 in order to capture as-built project conditions. Mapping was conducted using high-resolution,
low-altitude aerial photography after the completion of the armor removal project to document as-
built conditions and post-project baseline conditions for future monitoring at the project site.
New orthographic photo maps and 3D models of the Sunlight Shores project area were generated
using Structure from Motion (SfM), a photogrammetry technique using 3D color images, in this case
acquired with the use of a drone (UAV or UAS). The SfM data was processed into a 3D model and
orthophoto (georectified aerial photo mosaic) using Agisoft PhotoScan. This included a 3D PDF that
can be viewed (zoom/pan/tilt) with most free PDF readers. The 3D model was anchored in
geographic space using existing and new ground control points collected with a high accuracy RTK
(Real Time Kinematic) GPS system just before the drone flight. This GPS data was post-processed
using data from the continuously-operating reference station (CORS) in Coupeville. GPS data was
compared to monuments used in the initial conditions survey in order to ensure spatial coincidence.

1711 Ellis St. Suite 103, Bellingham, WA 98225 (360) 647-1845 www.coastalgeo.com
Sunlight Shores Armor Removal As-built Monitoring Report
February 27, 2019, p. 2 COASTAL GEOLOGIC SERVICES, INC.

Site Restoration Summary


Project work limits were established by Lisa Kaufman of NWSF and Jim Johannessen of Coastal
Geologic Services, Inc. (CGS). Lisa Kaufman or Adam Tullis of CGS were both present for the majority
of the work period for construction oversight. Construction equipment mobilization occurred on
November 12, 2018. Mechanical armor removal took place November 16 through November 21st,
2018, over a 350 FT reach along Sunlight Shores.
During and after armor removal, fill sediment was re-used on-site and placed in the upper intertidal
and backshore and graded to approximate design elevations and extents. Some amount of
transplanting of salvaged salt marsh vegetation (Salicornia virginica or pickleweed) was conducted by
the contractor. A small amount of the existing angular rock armor was maintained at the northern
site boundary and a shore-perpendicular rock revetment was also constructed to ensure the very old
wood bulkhead on the adjacent property to the north was not jeopardized.
Work Area Pre-Project Conditions
The mean higher high water (MHHW) elevation meandered along the toe of the rock shore armor
structure prior to removal. The average width of the removed angular rock shore armor structure
was 9 FT, with a maximum width of 12.5 FT. The lowest exposed elevation of angular boulders was
7.34 FT NAVD88, and the average exposed rock toe was 8.1 FT NAVD88. An old, degraded wood
soldier pile wall was embedded in the rock shore armor structure for the full length of the property
shore (Photo Page 1).The average width of rubble landward of the rock and piles was 2.5 FT. Rock
and debris removal included scattered material (greater than 0.4 by 0.6 FT in size) located within 15
FT of the toe of the existing rock revetment. This material was primarily located in the northern one-
third of the revetment length.
Pickleweed (Salicornia virginica) was present in most locations immediately waterward of the shore
armor. Restoration activity was designed to protect this vegetation in place. Native dunegrass
(Leymus mollis) was observed in several small patches where erosion had occurred landward of the
bulkhead. However, the majority of the property uplands were vegetated with lawn grass and other
herbaceous vegetation.
Restoration Activities
Table 1 outlines the material removed from the beach and the site during beach restoration. The
failing creosote-treated soldier pile wall was removed across all 350 FT of the shore (approximately
42 cubic yards (CY) of material), preventing the continued leaching of toxic chemicals into the ground
and water. Approximately 242 CY of angular boulders and debris was removed. A selection of the
largest boulders that had been part of the armor structure were repurposed to the short rock
revetment adjacent to the northern property line. Approximately 298 cubic yards of gravelly sand
was excavated, 133 CY of which was sidecast, regraded, and left on-site to fill voids left by shore
armor removal. The remaining 165 CY was used to construct the backshore berm. Photo Page 2
shows project activities underway.
Sunlight Shores Armor Removal As-built Monitoring Report
&ĞďƌƵĂƌLJϮϳ, 2019, p. 3 COASTAL GEOLOGIC SERVICES, INC.

Table 1. Summary of material removed from site, according to contractor records.


Material Quantity Removed from Beach

Rubble (concrete and small rock) 33 CY


Large Rock 279 CY

Wood Piles 42 CY

The voids left by boulder and other shore armor removal were backfilled with adjacent suitable
regraded fill in a stable configuration. The waterward end of a pre-existing drainage pipe was
uncovered with removal of the northern end of the rock revetment. This was a green PVC pipe,
which drained a portion of the low area of the north-central portion of the lawn waterward of the
parking lot. Several salvaged boulders were placed around the mouth of the pipe during armor
removal. Some amount of beach sand had reportedly accumulated around and sometimes covered
the mouth of the pipe in the weeks following the removal project due to minor readjustment of
beach sediment under southerly wind and wave conditions. CGS is advising NWSF on this issue
separately.
Approximately 162 CY of topsoil was imported to the site and used to construct a restored backshore
berm landward of the former shore armor structure. Approximately 108 CY of mulch was imported
and spread atop the topsoil. Three large logs were imported to the site. These and additional large
logs salvaged from on-site were installed on the berm to provide habitat complexity for introduced,
native backshore vegetation.
Prior to armor removal, only a small, patchy band of salt marsh habitat was present just waterward
of the former bulkhead. The removal of artificial fill, boulders, and wood piles uncovered valuable
salt marsh and will allow this habitat to naturally expand in the future. Saltmarsh vegetation adjacent
to construction activities was transplanted to the newly graded intertidal area after rock and debris
removal. Transplanting was conducted by harvesting existing saltmarsh vegetation (pickleweed, with
lesser amounts of native dunegrass) using an excavator or similar bucket where feasible, (with roots
intact) and transplanting. Transplanted saltmarsh vegetation extended from the lower edge of the
former armor area up to 9.5 FT NAVD88.
Other native shrub species such as snowberry, ocean spray, Nootka rose, and shore pine were
planted in imported topsoil and mulch landward of 11 FT NAVD, along with dunegrass at low density
(6 FT on center). Two 5-foot-wide trails through the planting area remained unplanted for
community access.

As-built Survey Results


As-built Photo Page 3 shows post-project, as-built beach conditions. The finished beach surface was
considerably “cleaner” after rock and debris removal, as shown in the site plan (Sheet 1) and Photo
Page 3. All large rocks, with the exception of those left intentionally at the site at the north end and
on the berm, were removed from the bank and intertidal beach.
Approximately 17,800 square feet (SF), or 0.41 acres of beach was restored through this project.
Approximately 3,000 SF of the restored beach was below MHHW (measured from the toe of the old
Sunlight Shores Armor Removal As-built Monitoring Report
&ĞďƌƵĂƌLJϮϳ, 2019, p. 4 COASTAL GEOLOGIC SERVICES, INC.

rock armor to MHHW), and an additional approximately 14,800 SF (0.34 acres) of the restored beach
was above MHHW (measured from MHHW to the landward edge of the backshore berm, which
constitutes part of the restored beach backshore; Table 2).
Table 2. Summary of restored areas at site.
Section Restored Surface Area (SF) Surface Area (Acre)

Toe of old rock to MHHW 3,032 0.07

MHHW to landward edge of berm 14,769 0.34

Total 17,801 0.41

The sediment for beach enhancement, which consisted largely of coarse sand, with lesser amounts of
pebble (gravel), was sourced from on-site during re-grading. The majority of the material under the
regraded, former lawn, with the exception of imported rock and piles and minor fill, was found to be
native beach sand and gravel, and was suitable for the restored beach surface (CGS, 2016).
Observations during the as-built survey revealed that the beach appeared to have about the same
sediment mix as adjacent beaches.
The orthophoto from the December 6, 2018 site mapping is shown in Sheet 1. The dark band visible
in the orthophoto is the constructed soil berm, which was covered in topsoil and mulch. Large logs
that had been placed and pinned with large boulders are easily observed in the image, as well as
patches of pickleweed that were preserved in the construction process.
Beach topography is shown in Sheet 2. The as-built profile of the beach has a much smoother
gradient across the beachface than pre-project conditions. The MHHW line now meanders
approximately 15 – 20 FT waterward of the toe of the soil berm (8.67 FT NAVD88).
The difference in elevations project area elevations from the pre-project survey to the as-built survey
are shown in Sheet 3. Considerable elevation loss was indicated at the site of the former shore armor
structure, where large volumes of debris and wood piles were removed, and where the beach was
regraded in a more natural and stable configuration. Elevation gain was indicated all along the site of
the constructed soil berm. The results of this elevation comparison follow the design.
Cross sections comparing pre-project, proposed project design, and as-built beach topography are
shown in Sheet 4. The topsoil and mulch berm was not included in initial project design surface.
Mapped beach topography of the as-built conditions very closely conforms to design specifications
across Sections 1 – 3 (within several inches), except where the soil berm was introduced. The as-built
elevation at section 4 is approximately 4 – 6 inches lower than the design specifications in the
intertidal beach (this could also reflect minor distortion at the edge of the model. The formation of
small active beach berms is visible in Sections 1 and 2 near 7.5 FT NAVD88.
Suitable spawning habitat for surf smelt (fine gravel and very coarse sand; rich in 1–7 mm sediment)
was observed across the upper beach and into the backshore area. Samples with greater than 40% of
1–8 mm sediment has been shown elsewhere to provide excellent surf smelt spawning substrate
(Johannessen, 1998). The newly exposed beach sediment on-site appeared to have well over 40% 1–
8 mm sediment, such that the appropriate substrate appeared to be present for surf smelt spawning.
Sunlight Shores Armor Removal As-built Monitoring Report
February 27, 2019, p. 5 COASTAL GEOLOGIC SERVICES, INC.

References
Johannessen, J., Blue, A., 2016. Sunlight Shores Shore Armor Removal and Nearshore Restoration - Preliminary
Design. Coastal Geologic Services Inc.
Johannessen, J.W., 1998. Physical Monitoring/Beach Profiling at Lummi Shore Road Project: Summer, Pre-
Construction, 1998 (Prepared for Lummi Nation). Coastal Geologic Services Inc., Bellingham, WA.

Coastal Geologic Services, Inc.

Jim Johannessen,
Licensed Engineering Geologist, MS

ATTACHMENTS:
Photo Pages 1–3
Photo Page 1. Pre-project beach area ground photos, January 2016.
Photo Page 2. Construction ground photos, November 2018.
Photo Page 3. As-built project conditions, ground and aerial photos, December 2018.
Sheet 1. Site plan as-built conditions and aerial photo
Sheet 2. Site plan as-built conditions; topography
Sheet 3. Site plan surface change; 3/29/16 – 12/6/18
Sheet 4. Cross sections details
As-built 3D photo model (large file, included separately)
As-built orthophoto (1 inch pixels; large file, included separately)
Sunlight Shores Photo Page 1
February 27, 2019 COASTAL GEOLOGIC SERVICES, INC.

Photo Page 1. Sunlight Shores pre-project beach area ground photos by CGS taken January 28, 2016.  


Sunlight Shores Photo Page 2
February 27, 2019 COASTAL GEOLOGIC SERVICES, INC.

Photo Page 2. Sunlight Shores construction ground photos by CGS taken November 12 through November 21, 2018.
Sunlight Shores Photo Page 3
February 27, 2019 COASTAL GEOLOGIC SERVICES, INC.

Photo Page 3. Sunlight Shores as-built ground and aerial photos by CGS taken November 21 (lower, left corner) and December
6, 2018 (all others).
K:\IslandCo\SunlightShores\SunlightShores_SitePlan_CGS_AsBuilt.dwg

20'
0
10'
N
20'

HORIZONTAL SCALE
USELESS BAY

40'
1
4'
4

MH
AP W H
RO P
XIM
AT
PR E
2

OP
ER
TY
LIN
E
1'

MHH
W
3
CGS1

MHHW
2'
R32919-266-3850
ISLAND COUNTY APN

3'

CGS2
S8225-00-02019-0
APPROXIMATE PROP

ISLAND COUNTY APN


ERTY LINE

APPROXIMATE PROP
ERTY LINE
R32919-223-4460
ISLAND COUNTY APN
APPROXIMATE PROP
ERTY LINE
S8225-00-01013-0
ISLAND COUNTY APN
S8225-00-01014-0
ISLAND COUNTY APN

AS-BUILT
CONDITIONS

DRAWN BY: REVISIONS


ADT
OF: 4
SHEET:

Sunlight Shores - Bulkhead Removal DESIGNED BY:


JWJ / ACB
CHECKED BY: COASTAL GEOLOGIC SERVICES
1

Site Plan - Aerial Photo (12/6/2018)


DATE: 2/21/2019

JWJ
NAVD88

SCALE: AS SHOWN

DATE SURVEYED: 1711 Ellis St, Suite 103


MLLW= -1.75 FT

As-Built Conditions 12/6/2018


MHHW= +8.67 FT

Bellingham, WA 98225
SURVEYED BY: 360-647-1845 - coastalgeo.com
Northwest Straits Foundation JFW & RJC
COASTAL GEOLOGIC SERVICES

360-647-1845 - coastalgeo.com
1711 Ellis St, Suite 103
Bellingham, WA 98225
ISLAND COUNTY APN
R32919-266-3850
4
CGS1

APPROXIMATE PROP
ERTY LINE
LAWN DRAINAGE OUTFALL

RESTORED BEACH SURFACE

MH
1'

H
TOPSOIL AND MULCH

REVISIONS
4'
DRIFT LOGS

DATE SURVEYED:
AP

SURVEYED BY:
DESIGNED BY:

CHECKED BY:
P

DRAWN BY:

12/6/2018

JFW & RJC


JWJ / ACB
RO

ADT
XIM

JWJ
AT

Sunlight Shores - Bulkhead Removal


E
PR
OP

Site Plan - Topography (12/6/2018)


2'

ER
TY
ISLAND COUNTY APN

LIN
S8225-00-01014-0

Northwest Straits Foundation


ERTY LINE
E

MHH

As-Built Conditions
2 ISLAND COUNTY APN
USELESS BAY S8225-00-02019-0

APPROXIMATE PROP
3'

3 ISLAND COUNTY APN

MHHW
S8225-00-01013-0

CGS2
K:\IslandCo\SunlightShores\SunlightShores_SitePlan_CGS_AsBuilt.dwg

APPROXIMATE PROP
ERTY LINE NAVD88
MLLW= -1.75 FT
MHHW= +8.67 FT
ISLAND COUNTY APN SCALE: AS SHOWN
R32919-223-4460
N
DATE: 2/21/2019
SHEET:

20' 0 10' 20' 40' AS-BUILT 2


HORIZONTAL SCALE
CONDITIONS OF: 4
COASTAL GEOLOGIC SERVICES
Surface Change Table 3/29/2016 - 12/6/2018

360-647-1845 - coastalgeo.com
Minimum Maximum Area Volume

1711 Ellis St, Suite 103


Color

Bellingham, WA 98225
Elevation (ft) Elevation (ft) (sf) (cy) ISLAND COUNTY APN
R32919-266-3850
-3.70 -3.00 663.9 6.1 4
CGS1
-3.00 -2.00 3255.9 84.2

-2.00 -1.00 2834.4 198.7 APPROXIMATE PROP


ERTY LINE
-1.00 -0.50 1413.5 137.9

-0.50 0.50 2858.8 300.0

MH
0.50 1.00 1748.4 109.0
1'

WH
1.00 2.00 4928.4 72.7

REVISIONS
4'
2.00 3.00 28.5 0.7

3.00 3.66 5.3 0.0

Site Plan - Surface Change (3/29/2016 - 12/6/2018)


1

DATE SURVEYED:
AP

SURVEYED BY:
DESIGNED BY:

CHECKED BY:
P

DRAWN BY:

12/6/2018

JFW & RJC


JWJ / ACB
RO

ADT
XIM

JWJ
AT

Sunlight Shores - Bulkhead Removal


E
PR
OP
2'

ER
TY
ISLAND COUNTY APN

LIN
S8225-00-01014-0

Northwest Straits Foundation


ERTY LINE
E

MHH

As-Built Conditions
2 ISLAND COUNTY APN
USELESS BAY S8225-00-02019-0

APPROXIMATE PROP
3'

3 ISLAND COUNTY APN

MHHW
S8225-00-01013-0

CGS2
K:\IslandCo\SunlightShores\SunlightShores_SitePlan_CGS_AsBuilt.dwg

APPROXIMATE PROP
ERTY LINE NAVD88
MLLW= -1.75 FT
MHHW= +8.67 FT
ISLAND COUNTY APN SCALE: AS SHOWN
R32919-223-4460
N
DATE: 2/21/2019
SHEET:

20' 0 10' 20' 40' AS-BUILT 3


HORIZONTAL SCALE
CONDITIONS OF: 4
COASTAL GEOLOGIC SERVICES
18 18

360-647-1845 - coastalgeo.com
16

1711 Ellis St, Suite 103


16

Bellingham, WA 98225
14 14
Elevation (ft NAVD88)

Elevation (ft NAVD88)


12 12

10 10

MHHW +8.67' MHHW +8.67'


8 8

REVISIONS
6 6

4 4

DATE SURVEYED:

SURVEYED BY:
DESIGNED BY:
SECTION 1

CHECKED BY:
2 SECTION 4 (REVETMENT TYP.)

DRAWN BY:
2

12/6/2018

JFW & RJC


JWJ / ACB
0 20 40 60 80
Horizontal Distance (ft) 0 20 40 60

ADT

JWJ
18 Horizontal Distance (ft)

Sunlight Shores - Bulkhead Removal


16

14
LEGEND:
Elevation (ft NAVD88)

Cross Sections - Details


12 2016 PRE PROJECT

Northwest Straits Foundation


10 PROPOSED DESIGN

As-Built Conditions
(NO TOPSOIL OR MULCH)
MHHW +8.67'
8
2018 AS-BUILT
(WITH TOPSOIL AND MULCH)
6

2 SECTION 2
0 20 40 60 80
Horizontal Distance (ft)
18

16

14
Elevation (ft NAVD88)

12
K:\IslandCo\SunlightShores\SunlightShores_SitePlan_CGS_AsBuilt.dwg

10

MHHW +8.67'
8
NAVD88
MLLW= -1.75 FT
MHHW= +8.67 FT
6 SCALE: AS SHOWN
DATE: 2/21/2019
SHEET:
4
AS-BUILT 4
2
0
SECTION 3
20 40 60 80 CONDITIONS
Horizontal Distance (ft) OF: 4