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Closed-form Solutions of Beam on Elastic Foundation (Winkler & Hentenyi Method)

fc' = 25.00 MPa


E = 4730000√fc' = 2.365E+07 kPa Concentrated load:
Beam width B = 1.000 m P, kN a, m b, m W, m Points
Beam thickness T = 0.400 m 155.00 0.175 11.725 0.350 19
Beam length L = 11.900 m 210.00 4.025 7.875 0.350 19
Beam inertia I = 5.333E-03 m4 210.00 7.875 4.025 0.350 19
Modulus of subgrade reaction: 155.00 11.725 0.175 0.350
ks = 65,000 kN/m³ 11.900
ks' = B·ks = 65,000 kN/m² 11.900
l = 4√[ks'/(4EI)] = 0.5991090 m-1 11.900
l·L = 7.1294 (2.2694·π) 11.900
11.900
Semi-infinite Beam 11.900
Infinite Beam 11.900
11.900
11.900
11.900
11.900
Applied moment:
M, kN-m a, m
40.00 0.175
-25.00 4.025
-25.00 7.875
40.00 11.725

Bearing Pressure Diagram

qmax = 63.42 qmin = 43.25

0.000 2.000 4.000 6.000 8.000 10.000 12.000 14.000


0

10

20
q, kN/m²

30

40

50

60

70

Bending Moment Diagram

Mmax = 74.01 Mmin = -35.12

-60
-40
-200.000 2.000 4.000 6.000 8.000 10.000 12.000 14.000
0
M, kN-m

20
40
60
80
100

Deflection

0.000 2.000 4.000 6.000 8.000 10.000 12.000 14.000


0

0.0002

0.0004
y, m

0.0006
412417375.xls:Analyse Printed :03/19/2019 08:33:50
0.0008
0.0004

y, m
0.0006

0.0008

0.001

Issued Date:
0.0012 June 21, 2007

412417375.xls:Analyse Printed :03/19/2019 08:33:50


Verification Table (Winkler)
lx Alx Blx Clx Dlx
0.0 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.1 0.9907 0.0903 0.8100 0.9003
0.5 0.8231 0.2908 0.2415 0.5323
1.0 0.5083 0.3096 -0.1108 0.1988
1.5 0.2384 0.2226 -0.2068 0.0158
2.0 0.0667 0.1231 -0.1794 -0.0563
3.0 -0.0423 0.0070 -0.0563 -0.0493
4.0 -0.0258 -0.0139 0.0019 -0.0120
5.0 -0.0045 -0.0065 0.0084 0.0019
6.0 0.0017 -0.0007 0.0031 0.0024
7.0 0.0013 0.0006 0.0001 0.0007
8.0 0.0003 0.0003 -0.0004 0.0000
9.0 -0.0001 0.0001 -0.0002 -0.0001

### #VALUE! ### ### ###

Verification Table : Semi-Infinite Beam (P)


Distance y M Q Q' la Cla Dla a b lx
lL = 1.0000
Load at 0.0·L la = 0.00
0.00 #VALUE! ### ### ### 0.00 #VALUE! ### ### ### 0.00
1.00 #VALUE! ### ### ### 0.00 #VALUE! ### ### ### 1.00
Load at 0.4·L la = 0.40
0.00 #VALUE! ### ### ### 0.40 #VALUE! ### ### ### 0.00
0.20 #VALUE! ### ### ### 0.40 #VALUE! ### ### ### 0.20
0.50 #VALUE! ### ### ### 0.40 #VALUE! ### ### ### 0.50
0.80 #VALUE! ### ### ### 0.40 #VALUE! ### ### ### 0.80
1.00 #VALUE! ### ### ### 0.40 #VALUE! ### ### ### 1.00

### #VALUE! ### ### ###


ks = 65,000
P= 200.00 l = 0.59911 lL = 2.26936·π
L= 11.900 a= 2.380 a = 0.000 0
x y M q y M q
0.00 #VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### ###
2.38 #VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### ###
5.95 #VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### ###
9.52 #VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### ###
11.90 #VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### ###

Deflection
1.2000E+01 0.00
0.00
1.0000E+01
2.00
8.0000E+00
4.00
6.0000E+00
6.00
4.0000E+00
8.00
2.0000E+00
10.00
0.0000E+00
0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 12.00
Bearing Pressure
12.00

10.00

8.00

6.00

4.00

2.00

0.00
0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00

Verification Table : Semi-Infinite Beam (P) - Hetenyi y


Distance y M Q la lb lx Div. term_1 term_2
lL = 1.0000
### Load at 0.0·L la = 0.00
0.00 4.0378 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 1.0000 0.0000 0.6730 2.7176 0.0000
0.20 2.8005 -0.2550 0.3164 1.00 0.0000 0.8000 0.6730 -1.2365 1.5782
0.50 0.9814 -0.2478 -0.2496 1.00 0.0000 0.5000 0.6730 -1.3132 0.9979
1.00 -1.9717 0.0000 0.0000 1.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.6730 -1.3270 0.0000
### Load at 0.5·L la = 0.50
0.00 0.9814 0.0000 0.0000 0.50 0.5000 0.0000 0.6730 0.6605 0.0000
0.50 1.0124 0.2486 0.5000 0.50 0.5000 0.5000 0.6730 0.6536 0.9979
lL = 2.0000
### Load at 0.4·L la = 0.80
0.00 0.6708 0.0000 0.0000 0.80 1.2000 0.0000 12.3273 8.2692 0.0000
0.20 0.6716 0.1075 0.2688 0.80 1.2000 0.4000 12.3273 8.2339 0.7993
0.50 0.5734 0.2664 0.3468 1.20 0.8000 1.0000 12.3273 1.0182 1.9334
0.80 0.3015 0.0267 0.0802 1.20 0.8000 0.4000 12.3273 1.2160 0.7993
1.00 0.0991 0.0000 0.0000 1.20 0.8000 0.0000 12.3273 1.2212 0.0000

lL = 2.0000 0.4000 Load at 0.4·L


0.80 #VALUE! ### ### 0.80 1.6000
ks = 65,000
P= 200.00 l = 0.59911 lL = 2.26936·π
L= 11.900 a= 4.760 0.4000 Load at 0.4·L Excel Formula
x A' B' C' y M q Q
0.00 #VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### ### ###
2.38 #VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### ### ###
5.95 #VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### ### ###
9.52 #VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### ### ###
11.90 #VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### ### ###

Bearing Pressure Moment

Semi-Infinite Inifinite Semi-Infinite Infin

12.00 12.00

10.00 10.00

8.00 8.00

6.00 6.00

4.00 4.00

2.00 2.00

0.00 0.00
10.00 10.00

8.00 8.00

6.00 6.00

4.00 4.00

2.00 2.00

0.00 0.00
0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10

Deflection Shear

Semi-Infinite Infinite Semi-Infinite Infin


1.2000E+01 12.00

1.0000E+01 10.00

8.0000E+00 8.00

6.0000E+00 6.00

4.0000E+00 4.00

2.0000E+00 2.00

0.0000E+00 0.00
0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 1
Alx Blx Clx Dlx l(a+x) Al(a+x) l(a-x) Cl(a-x) Dl(a-x)

#VALUE! ### ### ### 0.00 #VALUE! 0.00 ### ###


#VALUE! ### ### ### 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 ### ###

#VALUE! ### ### ### 0.40 #VALUE! 0.40 ### ###


#VALUE! ### ### ### 0.60 #VALUE! 0.60 ### ###
#VALUE! ### ### ### 0.90 #VALUE! 0.90 ### ###
#VALUE! ### ### ### 1.20 #VALUE! 1.20 ### ###
#VALUE! ### ### ### 1.40 #VALUE! 1.40 ### ###

Moment
0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00
0.00

2.00

4.00

6.00

8.00

10.00

12.00
M Q
term_3 term_4 term_1 term_2 term_3 term_4 term_1 term_2 term_3 term_4

-1.3811 -0.7081 0.0000 0.0000 -1.3811 -0.7081 0.0000 0.0000 -1.3811 -0.7081
0.9889 0.9889 -0.8454 0.3407 0.9889 0.9889 -1.0471 0.6371 0.9889 0.9889
0.9889 0.9889 -0.3315 0.0833 0.9889 0.9889 -0.6621 0.2498 0.9889 0.9889
0.9889 0.9889 0.0000 0.0000 0.9889 0.9889 0.0000 0.0000 0.9889 0.9889

0.0979 -0.0701 0.0000 0.0000 0.0979 -0.0701 0.0000 0.0000 0.0979 -0.0701
0.0979 -0.0701 0.1650 0.0833 0.0979 -0.0701 0.3296 0.2498 0.0979 -0.0701

0.8967 -0.8409 0.0000 0.0000 0.8967 -0.8409 0.0000 0.0000 0.8967 -0.8409
0.8967 -0.8409 1.3227 0.0427 0.8967 -0.8409 3.3049 0.1600 0.8967 -0.8409
3.3539 -0.2248 1.2077 0.6635 3.3539 -0.2248 1.1806 0.9889 3.3539 -0.2248
3.3539 -0.2248 0.1953 0.0427 3.3539 -0.2248 0.4881 0.1600 3.3539 -0.2248
3.3539 -0.2248 0.0000 0.0000 3.3539 -0.2248 0.0000 0.0000 3.3539 -0.2248

VBA Function VBA Function : Infinite Beam


y M q Q y M q Q
#VALUE! ### ### ### #VALUE! ### ### ###
#VALUE! ### ### ### #VALUE! ### ### ###
#VALUE! ### ### ### #VALUE! ### ### ###
#VALUE! ### ### ### #VALUE! ### ### ###
#VALUE! ### ### ### #VALUE! ### ### ###

3.1416E+00 λL > π
Moment 0.78539816 λL < π/4 π/4 ≤ λL ≤ π
7.12939758
Semi-Infinite Infinite
4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00

Shear

Semi-Infinite Infinite

4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00