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Service Training

Meeting Guide 758 SERV1758


April 2002

TECHNICAL PRESENTATION

D10R TRACK-TYPE TRACTOR


INTRODUCTION
D10R TRACK-TYPE TRACTOR
INTRODUCTION
MEETING GUIDE 758 VISUALS AND SCRIPT
AUDIENCE
Level II - Service personnel who understand the principles of machine systems operation, diagnostic
equipment, and procedures for testing and adjusting.

CONTENT
This presentation discusses the major design changes including component locations and functions and
system operation for the D10R Track-Type Tractor. The operator's station, engine, power train,
implement system, and Vital Information Display Systems (VIDS) are covered.

OBJECTIVES
After learning the information in this presentation, the serviceman will be able to:
1. locate and identify the components in each machine system;
2. explain the function of each component in the machine systems;
3. explain the operation of each system; and
4. trace the oil flow through the power train and the implement hydraulic systems.

REFERENCES
D10R Track-Type Tractor Service Manual RENR3920
D10R Track-Type Tractor Parts Book SEBP3086
VIDS Message Center and Keypad Operator Instruction TEJB6017

PREREQUISITES
Interactive Video Course "Fundamentals of Mobile Hydraulics" (CD ROM) TEMV9001
Interactive Video Course "Fundamentals of Electrical Systems" (CD ROM) TEMV9002
STMG 546 "Graphic Fluid Power Symbols" SESV1546

Estimated Time: 2 Hours


Visuals: 102
Serviceman Handouts: 11 Checklists/Worksheets
Form: SERV1758
Date: 4/02

© 2002 Caterpillar Inc.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................5

OPERATOR'S STATION........................................................................................................7

ENGINE................................................................................................................................14
Cooling System...............................................................................................................15

POWER TRAIN ...................................................................................................................19


Power Train Electronic Control System .........................................................................21
Power Train Hydraulic System .......................................................................................37
Power Train Hydraulic System Operation ......................................................................43

IMPLEMENT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM..............................................................................53


Implement Electronic Control System............................................................................59
Pilot Hydraulic System ...................................................................................................69
Dozer Lift Circuit............................................................................................................74
Dozer Tilt Circuit ............................................................................................................92
Ripper Hydraulic Circuit...............................................................................................102
ATAAC Fan Hydraulic Circuit .....................................................................................106

VITAL INFORMATION DISPLAY SYSTEM (VIDS) .....................................................111


VIDS Operation ............................................................................................................122

CONCLUSION...................................................................................................................138

VISUALS LIST ..................................................................................................................139

SERVICEMAN'S HANDOUTS.........................................................................................141
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INSTRUCTOR NOTES
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D10R TRACK-TYPE TRACT OR


INTRODUCTION

© 2002 Caterpillar Inc.

INTRODUCTION

• D10R Track-type The D10R Track-type Tractor has been redesigned to meet U.S.
tractor Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Tier II Emissions Regulations
for North America and Stage II European Emissions Regulations.

The D10R is equipped with the 3412E Hydraulic Electronic Unit


Injection (HEUI) engine, which includes the Advanced Diesel Engine
Management (ADEM II) engine control system. The tractor is also
equipped with an Air To Air AfterCooler (ATAAC).

Major changes to the D10R also include an Electronic Clutch Pressure


Control (ECPC) transmission, an electro-hydraulic implement system,
and the Vital Information Display System (VIDS).

Machine weights, payload ratings, altitude de-rate, and fuel efficiency


will not change.
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D10R TRACK-TYPE TRACTOR


KEY NEW FEATURES
• Operator Electronic Implement Controls
• 3412E Emissions Engine
• Air To Air AfterCooler (ATAAC)
• Five-Section Power Train Pump
• Electronic Clutch Pressure Control (ECPC) Transmission
• Electro-Hydraulic Implement System
• Vital Information Display System (VIDS)

• D10R key new The above graphic shows some of the key new features for the D10R
features Track-type Tractor.
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OPERATOR'S STATION

• Operator's station The D10R operator's station is equipped with the Vital Information
Display System (VIDS) and electronic implement control levers.
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2 3 4

• VIDS components: The Vital Information Display System (VIDS) consists of an action
alarm (not visible), an action lamp (1), the quad gauge module (2), the
1. Action lamp tachometer/speedometer module (3), the VIDS message center
module (4), and the keypad (5) for operator input.
2. Quad gauge module

3. Tachometer/ The VIDS provides the operator with continuous feedback on machine
speedometer operation. The VIDS provides three warning categories to alert the
module operator of abnormal machine conditions. The monitoring system also
records data on machine performance, which aids in diagnosis and
4. VIDS message troubleshooting.
center module

5. Keypad
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4
3

2
1

• Right console: The blade control lever (1), located on the right console, is an input
device to the Implement Electronic Control Module (ECM) located below
1. Blade control lever
the implement control levers.
2. Thumb switch
Moving the blade control lever forward or rearward lowers or raises the
3. Left button blade. Moving the lever left or right allows the blade to TILT LEFT or
TILT RIGHT. The thumb switch (2) allows the operator to PITCH the
4. Right button blade forward or rearward.

5. Throttle control The left button (3) on the blade control handle allows the operator to
switch
change the blade position while in the Automatic Blade Assist (ABA)
Mode. The right button (4) cancels the ABA Mode, so that the blade may
be controlled manually.

Located on the front of the blade control handle is a trigger switch (not
visible). When this switch is engaged, the blade will PITCH FORWARD
to dump the blade load. The trigger switch performs the same function as
the thumb lever when moved to the right.

Also located in this view is the throttle control switch (5), which controls
engine low and high idle.
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3
1
2

4 5

7
8

• Right console: The ripper control lever (1), located on the right console, is another input
component to the Implement ECM.
1. Ripper control lever
Ripper RAISE and LOWER positions are controlled by the thumb
2. Thumb switch
switch (2) at the front of the ripper control lever. The finger switch (3)
3. Finger switch allows the operator to control SHANK IN and SHANK OUT. Pushing
the Auto Stow button (4) on the ripper control lever raises the ripper to
4. Auto Stow button maximum height, or moves the ripper to the maximum height and the
ripper tip to the full SHANK IN position.
5. Implement lockout
switch
Located to the rear of the ripper controls is the implement lockout
switch (5) that enables or disables implement pilot pressure.
6. Action lamp

7. Horn switch Also located to the rear of the ripper controls is a second action lamp (6),
and the horn switch (7).
8. Ripper shank pin
puller toggle switch The ripper shank pin puller toggle switch (8) engages and releases the
ripper shank pin for height adjustment.
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2 3
1
4

• Left console: At the front of the left console is the Finger Tip Control (FTC). The left
steering clutch and brake lever (1) controls gradual or sharp left turns and
1. Left steering clutch the right steering clutch and brake lever (2) controls gradual or sharp right
and brake lever
turns.
2. Right steering
clutch and brake FORWARD, NEUTRAL, and REVERSE are controlled by the rotating
lever paddle (3). The upshift button (4) upshifts the tractor one gear range at a
time and the downshift button (5) downshifts the tractor one gear range at
3. Rotating paddle a time.

4. Upshift button

5. Downshift button
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• Left of operator's The parking brake switch (1) engages and disengages the parking brake
seat: and locks the transmission in FIRST SPEED NEUTRAL.

1. Parking brake
The ignition key is used to lock the parking brake switch by inserting the
switch
key into the key slot (2) and rotating the key to the LOCK position.
2. Key slot
The left console can be adjusted using the fore/aft adjustment lever (3)
3. Fore/aft adjustment and the height adjustment switch (4).
lever

4. Height adjustment
switch
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• Cat® ET service Below the dash and behind a hinged panel is the service connector
connector (arrow) (arrow) for the Caterpillar® Electronic Technician (ET) Service Tool.
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10

ENGINE

• 3412E HEUI engine The D10R is equipped with the 3412E Hydraulic Electronic Unit
Injection (HEUI) engine, which has been redesigned to meet U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Tier II Emissions Regulations
for North America and Stage II European Emissions Regulations.

• ADEM II engine The 3412E HEUI engine also includes the Advanced Diesel Engine
control system Management (ADEM II) engine control system and twin turbochargers.

• 12 cylinder "V" The 3412E engine is a 12 cylinder "V" arrangement with a displacement
arrangement of 27 liters and is rated at 432kW (580 hp).
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2 2

11

Cooling System

• Radiator housing: The D10R cooling system is equipped with the Advanced MOdular
Cooling System (AMOCS) radiator (1) which includes 11 modular cores.
1. AMOCS radiator Four of the cores (two on each end) are smaller to allow room for the
aftercooler air ducts (2) at the top of the radiator housing.
2. Aftercooler air
ducts
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12

• Air ducts (arrows) This view shows the inside of the radiator housing. The aftercooler is
connected to air ducts (arrows), which allow hot air that passes over the
aftercooler heat exchangers to be vented to the outside air.
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ATAAC 2
ASSEMBLY 1 3

13

• ATAAC assembly: The ATAAC assembly is located in the hood above the engine. Hot air
from the turbochargers flows in the aftercooler inlets (1). The hot air
1. Aftercooler inlets passes though the aftercooler and exits through the aftercooler outlets (2)
and into the engine.
2. Aftercooler outlets

3. Hydraulic fan motor A fan (not visible) on the inside of the ATAAC assembly is rotated by the
hydraulic fan motor (3). The fan distributes air evenly over the heat
4. Heat exchangers exchangers (4) to cool the turbocharged air. The hot air passing over the
heat exchangers is vented to the outside air through air ducts at the top of
the radiator housing as discussed on the previous page.

NOTE: The fan motor is driven by oil supplied from the rear section
of the implement hydraulic pump. The rear section of the implement
hydraulic pump also supplies oil to the implement pilot system and
the dual tilt valve.
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14

• Above engine: This view shows the ATAAC assembly (1) mounted above the engine.
An access panel (2) is located on each side of the ATAAC assembly to
1. ATAAC assembly allow the area around each heat exchanger to be cleaned out.
2. Access panel
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D10R ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED


POWER TRAIN HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
TO STEERING CLUTCHES TC
AND BRAKES SCAVENGE
TRANS. TRANS. TC TRANS./TC
SCAVENGE CHARGE CHARGE CHARGE

TO E D C B A
PARKING STEERING
BRAKE CLUTCH AND
BRAKE VALVE

ECPC 6 SOLENOID
TO
TRANSMISSION VALVES
5 SOLENOID OIL
CLUTCHES
VALVES COOLER

PRIORITY
VALVE
TORQUE
CONVERTER
TRANSMISSION TORQUE OUTLET
SPEED SENSORS (4) CONVERTER RELIEF
ENGINE OUTPUT INLET RELIEF VALVE
SPEED SENSOR VALVE
SHIFT
TORQUE CONVERTER
INDICATORS
OUTPUT SPEED SENSOR
LUBE
TRANSMISSION OIL MANAGEMENT TO CLUTCH AND
POWER TRAIN BRAKE LUBE
TEMP SENSOR ECM VALVE
FTC SWITCHES
AND SENSORS (7) BACKUP
BRAKE PEDAL ALARM
POSITION SENSOR
VIDS ECM
AUTOSHIFT SWITCH CAT DATA LINK IMPLEMENT ECM
AUTO KICKDOWN SWITCH ENGINE ECM
CAT ® ET

15

POWER TRAIN

• Electronically The D10R power train hydraulic system is electronically controlled by the
controlled power train Power Train ECM. The Power Train ECM receives inputs from various
sensors and switches and sends corresponding output signals to control
the transmission, steering clutches and brakes, and the priority and lube
management valves.

• ECPC transmission The D10R is equipped with an Electronic Clutch Pressure Control
(ECPC) transmission similar to the medium size track-type tractor
transmissions. The ECPC transmission includes five proportional
solenoid valves that are electronically modulated. Each solenoid valve
directs oil to a single clutch in the transmission.


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• Steering clutch and The steering clutch and brake valve includes four electronically controlled
brake valve proportional solenoid valves, which direct oil to the steering clutches and
service brakes. The electronically controlled parking brake solenoid
valve drains oil to engage the parking brakes. The secondary brake
solenoid valve is energized by a switch to drain all oil and engage the
brakes when the service brake pedal is depressed approximately 75
percent of full travel.

• Priority valve The priority valve which is housed in the priority valve group is
electronically controlled by the Power Train ECM. The priority valve
allows transmission/torque converter charging section oil (A) to
supplement transmission charging section oil (D) when the engine speed
is below 1485 rpm, during a transmission shift, or when the power train
oil is cold.

• Lube management The lube management valve is also housed in the priority valve group and
valve is electronically controlled by the Power Train ECM. The lube
management valve directs oil from the power train pump transmission
scavenge section and the power train oil cooler to the transmission for
lubrication. When the lube management valve is DE-ENERGIZED some
of the oil is directed to the tank.

• Five-section power The power train pump is a five-section pump that provides oil to the
train pump transmission ECPC valves, the torque converter, and the steering clutch
and brake control valve.

The five sections in the transmission pump are:


- Transmission/torque converter charging section (A)
- Torque converter charging section (B)
- Torque converter scavenge section (C)
- Transmission charging section (D)
- Transmission scavenge section (E)
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POWER TRAIN ELECTRONIC


TRANS. DIRECTION LEVER SENSOR
DIRECTION SWITCH CONTROL SYSTEM
FTC UPSHIFT SWITCH
CONTROLLER DOWNSHIFT SWITCH VIDS ECM
LEFT STEER LEVER SENSOR IMPLEMENT ECM
RIGHT STEER LEVER SENSOR ENGINE ECM
CAT DATA LINK
PARKING BRAKE SWITCH CAT ET

BRAKE PEDAL POSITION SENSOR PARKING BRAKE SOLENOID


SECONDARY BRAKE SOLENOID STEERING
LEFT BRAKE SOLENOID AND BRAKE
RIGHT BRAKE SOLENOID CONTROL
AUTOSHIFT SWITCH LEFT STEER CLUTCH SOLENOID
VALVE
RIGHT STEER CLUTCH SOLENOID

AUTO KICKDOWN SWITCH


POWER TRAIN IMPLEMENT ECM (TORQUE
ELECTRONIC CONVERTER SPEED INPUT)

HARNESS CODE CONTROL


MODULE SHIFT INDICATORS (1F/2R)
(ECM)
ENGINE OUTPUT SPEED SENSOR
FORWARD CLUTCH No. 2 SOLENOID
REVERSE CLUTCH No. 1 SOLENOID
TRANSMISSION OIL TEMPERATURE FIRST GEAR CLUTCH No. 5
TRANSMISSION
SENSOR SOLENOID
SECOND GEAR CLUTCH No. 4
SOLENOID
TRANSMISSION INTERMEDIATE
THIRD GEAR CLUTCH 3 SOLENOID
SPEED SENSOR No. 1
TRANSMISSION INTERMEDIATE
SPEED SENSOR No. 2 BACK-UP ALARM
TRANSMISSION TRANSMISSION OUTPUT
SPEED SENSOR No. 1
TRANSMISSION OUTPUT
PRIORITY VALVE AND
SPEED SENSOR No. 2 LUBE MANAGEMENT SOLENOID
TORQUE CONVERTER OUTPUT SPEED PRIORITY VALVE SOLENOID LUBE MANAGEMENT
SENSOR VALVE GROUP

16

Power Train Electronic Control System

• Power Train ECM The Power Train Electronic Control System components are shown in this
input and output view. The components that provide input signals to the Power Train ECM
components
are located on the left and the components that receive output signals from
the Power Train ECM are on the right.

INSTRUCTOR NOTE: The input and output components shown


here will be explained in detail later in the presentation.
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17

• Below left console: The Power Train ECM (1) is the main component of the Power Train
Electronic Control System. The Power Train ECM makes decisions
1. Power Train ECM based on input information and memory information, and sends
corresponding output signals to the power train output components.
2. 40 pin connectors

The Power Train ECM receives input signals and sends output signals
through two 40 pin connectors (2). The Power Train ECM is located
below the left console.

The Power Train ECM sends information to the other machine ECMs via
the CAT data link. The Power Train Electronic Control System
information is also displayed on the Vital Information Display System
(VIDS) message center.
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18

• Left console in cab: The parking brake switch (1) sends a signal to the Power Train ECM
when the switch is activated. The Power Train ECM DE-ENERGIZES
1. Parking brake the left and right brake solenoids. The brake solenoids drain oil from the
switch
brakes, allowing the brakes to be engaged by spring force. The Power
2. Steering clutch and Train ECM also shifts the transmission into FIRST SPEED NEUTRAL.
brake levers
When activated, the parking brake switch also sends a signal directly to
3. Steering clutch and the parking brake solenoid, which ENERGIZES the solenoid and drains
brake lever position any residual oil from the brakes.
sensors

The steering clutch and brake levers (2) control position sensors (3) which
send Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) signals to the Power Train ECM
indicating lever position. The Power Train ECM sends a corresponding
output signal to the appropriate steering clutch and brake solenoid. The
sensor signal duty cycle decreases as the steering clutch and brake lever is
pulled.
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2
1

19

• Floor of cab: The brake pedal position sensor (1) is attached to the brake pedal
linkage (2). The position sensor sends a PWM signal to the Power Train
1. Brake pedal ECM indicating the brake pedal position. The sensor signal duty cycle
position sensor
decreases as the pedal is pressed.
2. Brake pedal linkage
The Power Train ECM sends a corresponding output signal to
proportionally decrease the current to the left and right brake solenoids.
The brake solenoids drain oil from the brakes, allowing the brakes to be
engaged by spring force.

When the brake pedal is depressed approximately 75 percent of full


travel, the service brake switch (not visible), attached to the brake pedal
linkage, closes and the secondary brake solenoid is ENERGIZED. The
secondary brake solenoid drains all oil from the brakes and the brakes are
fully engaged.

The service brake pedal switch operates independently of the Power Train
ECM and is a backup to the Power Train ECM and brake pedal position
sensor. Normally, the Power Train ECM applies the left and right brakes
according to the position of the brake pedal position sensor. The service
brake switch ensures that the brakes are engaged if either the brake pedal
position sensor or the Power Train ECM are not functioning properly.


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NOTE: The brake pedal position sensor is used to diagnose a faulty


service brake pedal switch. The Power Train ECM monitors the
sensor position and the secondary brake solenoid output. The sensor
signals the Power Train ECM when the brake pedal is at full travel.
If the Power Train ECM does not detect battery voltage at the
secondary brake solenoid output terminal and the brake pedal is at
full travel, a service brake pedal switch diagnostic code will be
logged. The VIDS will also generate a Level III Warning.
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1 3

20

• Left console in cab: The transmission shift lever (1) is located at the front of the left console.
The shift lever is attached to a position sensor which sends a PWM signal
1. Transmission shift to the Power Train ECM indicating the lever position (FORWARD,
lever
NEUTRAL, or REVERSE). The sensor signal duty cycle increases as the
2. Upshift switch direction lever is moved toward the forward position.

3. Downshift switch The Power Train ECM sends a corresponding signal to the appropriate
transmission ECPC solenoids to engage the required clutches in the
transmission.

The direction switch (not visible) is located inside the left console. The
direction switch is a backup to the transmission lever position sensor.
The direction switch sends a signal to the Power Train ECM when the
shift lever is moved to the reverse position. The Power Train ECM only
responds to the status of the direction switch when a failure in the
transmission direction position sensor is detected.

The upshift switch (2) and the downshift switch (3) signal the Power
Train ECM when a gear shift is requested. The Power Train ECM sends a
corresponding signal to the appropriate transmission ECPC solenoids to
engage the required clutches in the transmission.

NOTE: The status of the inputs (upshift and downshift switches)


must be correct for the Power Train ECM to perform shifting at the
correct time.
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1 2

21

• Left lower dash in Located at the bottom left side of the dash are the Autoshift switch (1) and
cab: the Auto Kickdown switch (2). The Autoshift switch allows the operator
to preset the gear speed for directional shifting. The Autoshift switch
1. Autoshift switch
sends a signal to the Power Train ECM when the Autoshift switch is
2. Auto Kickdown pressed.
switch
Pressing the Autoshift switch will signal the Power Train ECM to engage
the appropriate transmission solenoids to obtain 1F2R. Pressing the
Autoshift switch again will turn the Autoshift function OFF.

The Auto Kickdown switch, when activated, sends a signal to the Power
Train ECM. The Power Train ECM will engage and release the
appropriate transmission solenoids to automatically downshift the
transmission.
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22

• Engine output speed The engine output speed sensor (arrow) is located on the pump drive at
sensor (arrow) the rear of the engine on the right side. The engine output speed sensor
sends a signal to the Power Train ECM indicating engine speed. The
speed sensor produces a signal frequency (Hz) that varies as the engine
speed changes. The sensor generates a sine wave by passing gear teeth.

The speed difference between the engine speed sensor and the torque
converter output (transmission input) speed sensor establishes an actual
slippage value. That measured value is compared to a calculated value
stored in the Power Train ECM software.

The measured value compared with the calculated value in the Power
Train ECM determines how the transmission clutch valves are energized
to provide smooth shifting.
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23

• Rear of torque The torque converter output speed sensor (1) provides a signal to the
converter: Power Train ECM indicating torque converter output (transmission input)
speed.
1. Torque converter
output speed
sensor
Other power train components visible at the rear of the torque converter
include the torque converter outlet relief valve (2) and the power train oil
2. Torque converter temperature sensor (3).
outlet relief valve

3. Power train oil


temperature sensor
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TRANSMISSION
SPEED 2 1

SENSORS

24

• Rear of transmission: Two speed sensors measure the transmission intermediate speed and two
speed sensors measure the transmission output speed. The intermediate
1. Transmission
speed sensors (1) monitor the speed and direction of the No. 4 ring gear.
intermediate speed
sensors
The output speed sensors (2) monitor the speed and direction of the
transmission output shaft.
2. Transmission
output speed The Power Train ECM uses the transmission intermediate speed and
sensors output speed sensor information to determine clutch fills during shifting.
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25

• Steering oil The steering oil temperature sensor (arrow) sends a PWM signal to the
temperature sensor Power Train ECM indicating the transmission oil temperature.
(arrow)

The Power Train ECM uses this temperature signal information to control
transmission shifting time and to perform adjustments on the commands
for brake control.
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2
3

26

• Steering clutch and The steering clutch and brake valve is located below the cab on top of the
brake valve: transmission case. The steering clutch and brake valve contains six
solenoid valves that control oil flow to the steering clutches and brakes.
1. Steering clutch and
brake solenoids
The four steering clutch and brake solenoids (1) are proportional
2. Parking brake solenoids. When a steering clutch and brake lever is moved or the brake
solenoid pedal is pressed, the Power Train ECM sends a PWM signal that varies
the current to the appropriate solenoids.
3. Secondary brake
solenoid Solenoid plunger movement is proportional to the electrical current sent
from the Power Train ECM. Plunger position determines the amount of
oil pressure at the clutch or brake. A DECREASE in electrical current
causes a decrease in oil pressure which DECREASES the clutch
engagement. Since the brakes are spring applied and hydraulically
released, a decrease in oil pressure INCREASES the brake engagement.

The parking brake solenoid (2) and the secondary brake solenoid (3) are
ON/OFF solenoids. When the parking brake switch is activated, the
Power Train ECM sends the maximum amount of electrical current to
ENERGIZE the parking brake solenoid valve. The parking brake
solenoid drains all residual oil from the brakes and the brakes are fully
engaged.


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During normal operation, the parking brake solenoid valve operates


independently of the Power Train ECM and the solenoid valve is actuated
by the parking brake switch.

The secondary brake solenoid operates independently of the Power Train


ECM and is actuated by the service brake pedal switch when the brake
pedal reaches approximately 75 percent of full travel. The secondary
brake solenoid drains all residual oil from the brakes and the brakes are
fully engaged.

NOTE: Solenoid current values can be viewed on the VIDS display


window or on the Cat® ET parameter screens.

Clutch and brake calibrations can also be performed using VIDS or


the Cat® ET Service Tool.
STMG 758 - 34 -
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1
D10R TRANSMISSION
CONTROL GROUP 5

TRANSMISSION GEAR AND SOLENOID VALVE LOGIC

SOLENOID CLUTCHES
GEAR
VALVES ON ENGAGED

1F 5 and 2 5 and 2

2F 4 and 2 4 and 2 2

3F 3 and 2 3 and 2

Neutral 3 3 3 4
1R 5 and 1 5 and 1

2R 4 and 1 4 and 1

3R 3 and 1 3 and 1

27

• Transmission ECPC The transmission ECPC solenoid valves are mounted on top of the
solenoid valves transmission and can be accessed through the cover on the rear of the
transmission housing. Each proportional solenoid valve directs oil to a
single clutch in the transmission planetary group.

The Power Train ECM sends a PWM signal to vary the current to the
solenoids. The solenoid current determines the amount of oil pressure
that is applied to the clutch. The amount of solenoid plunger movement is
proportional to the electrical current sent from the Power Train ECM.
The position of the plunger controls the amount of oil pressure and the
amount of clutch engagement. An increase in electrical current causes an
increase in oil pressure, which increases clutch engagement.

The Power Train ECM applies electrical current to the appropriate


transmission clutch solenoids, based on the operator's request from the
upshift switch, the downshift switch, or the transmission direction control
lever.

STMG 758 - 35 -
04/02

The chart shows which solenoid valves are energized and which clutches
are engaged for each gear.

NOTE: Solenoid current values can be viewed on the VIDS display


window or on the Cat® ET parameter screens.

Transmission calibrations can also be performed using VIDS or the


Cat® ET Service Tool.
STMG 758 - 36 -
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5 3

28

• Right front of main The priority valve group is located below the cab inside the right frame
case: rail. The Power Train ECM controls the priority valve solenoid (1) and
the lube management valve solenoid (2).
1. Priority valve
solenoid
The priority valve solenoid when DE-ENERGIZED, allows power train
2. Lube management pump transmission/torque converter charging section oil to supplement
valve solenoid transmission charging section oil when the engine speed is below 1485
rpm, during a transmission shift, or when the power train oil is cold.
3. Torque converter
inlet relief valve The lube management valve solenoid, when de-energized, directs oil from
the power train pump transmission scavenge section and the power train
4. Lube pressure tap
oil cooler to the transmission for lubrication. The Power Train ECM will
5. Torque converter ENERGIZE the lube management valve solenoid, which will direct some
inlet pressure tap of the oil flow to the tank if all of the following conditions exist:
- A transmission shift has not occurred for at least 10 seconds
- The engine speed is above 1550 rpm
- The transmission is in 3F, 3R, or 2R
- The power train oil temperature is above 45º C (113º F) and below
105º C (221º F)

Also located inside the priority valve group is the torque converter inlet
relief valve (3). Pressure taps located on the priority valve group include
the lube pressure tap (4) and the torque converter inlet pressure tap (5).
STMG 758 - 37 -
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D10R POWER TRAIN HYDRAULIC SYSTEM


TO LEFT
STEERING TO LEFT CLUTCH
CLUTCH BRAKE LUBE TRANSMISSION
AND BRAKE LB1 CHARGING
TRANSMISSION T/C T/C TRANSMISSION/
TRANSMISSION
SCAVENGE SCAVENGE CHARGING T/C CHARGING
FILTER BYPASS

PV

E D C B A

P1
STEERING AND
ECPC CLUTCH
BRAKE VALVE
POWER
TRAIN OIL
TORQUE CONVERTER COOLER
OUTLET RELIEF VALVE
M1
MAIN
RELIEF TORQUE
VALVE CONVERTER
PRIORITY
VALVE
L1 N
M1

CL

T/C
INLET
TORQUE CONVERTER RELIEF
FILTER BYPASS VALVE

TO RIGHT L2
STEERING
CLUTCH
AND BRAKE
TO RIGHT
CLUTCH LUBE
BRAKE LUBE MANAGEMENT
LB2 VALVE

29

Power Train Hydraulic System

• Five-section gear The power train hydraulic system includes a five-section gear pump that
pump provides oil to the transmission, steering clutch and brake valve, priority
valve group, and the torque converter.

• Transmission and Oil from transmission and torque converter charging section (A) flows
torque converter through the transmission oil filter to the priority valve. When the priority
charging section (A)
valve is ENERGIZED, oil is allowed to flow through the priority valve
and provide supplemental oil to the torque converter.

When the priority valve is DE-ENERGIZED, oil is blocked at the priority


valve and the oil from pump section A flows through a check valve and
combines with pump oil from section D to provide oil to the transmission
and steering clutch and brake valve.


STMG 758 - 38 -
04/02

• Torque converter Oil from torque converter charging section (B) flows through the torque
charging section (B) converter oil filter to the torque converter. The torque converter inlet
relief valve, located inside the priority valve group limits torque converter
inlet oil pressure. Oil from the torque converter flows through the power
train oil cooler to the priority valve and lube management valve group for
lubrication of the transmission and steering clutches and brakes.

• Torque converter The torque converter scavenge section (C) pulls oil from the torque
scavenge section (C) converter and return the oil to the main case.

• Transmission Oil from transmission charging section (D) provides oil to the steering
charging section (D) clutch and brake valve, and the transmission. The main relief valve,
limits oil pressure in the transmission valve group.

• Transmission The transmission scavenge section (E) pulls oil from the transmission and
scavenge section (E) supplies oil to the to the priority valve group for lubrication of the
transmission and steering clutches and brakes.
STMG 758 - 39 -
04/02

6 4
2
5

30

• Power train hydraulic The five-section pump power train gear pump (1) is located at the left
system components: front of the main case below the cab and is driven by a shaft extending
1. Power train pump
from the left side of the engine.

2. Check valve
The five sections in the transmission pump from front to rear are:
3. Transmission oil
filter - Transmission/torque converter charging section

4. Steering oil
- Torque converter charging section
temperature sensor - Torque converter scavenge section
5. Transmission oil - Transmission charging section
filter bypass switch
- Transmission scavenge section
6. Priority valve
pressure tap A check valve (2) is located in the hydraulic line between the priority
7. Torque converter oil valve and transmission charging section of the pump. The check valve
filter allows transmission/torque converter charging section oil to supplement
8. S•O•S Tap transmission charging section oil and blocks flow in the opposite
direction.
9. Power train oil
cooler ➥
STMG 758 - 40 -
04/02

The transmission oil filter (3) is located on the rear of the machine at the
left of the transmission. The transmission filter housing contains the
steering oil temperature sensor (4), the oil filter bypass pressure
switch (5) and the priority valve pressure tap (6).

The transmission filter bypass valve operates when the filter becomes
clogged or when the oil is cold and thick. Filter bypass occurs at
approximately 317 kPa (46 psi). When the oil is cold the temperature
switch prevents the signal from alerting the operator. If the filter is
restricted after the oil warms, the bypass valve pressure switch opens and
sends a signal to the Vital Information Display System via the Cat Data
Link.

The torque converter oil filter (7) is located on the rear of the machine at
the right of the transmission. The torque converter filter housing contains
the S•O•S tap (8).

The torque converter filter contains a bypass valve which operates when
the filter becomes clogged or when the oil is cold and thick. Filter bypass
occurs at approximately 317 kPa (46 psi).

The power train oil cooler (9) is located at the front of the engine. The
cooler is an oil-to-water design. Oil from the torque converter outlet
relief valve is sent to the oil cooler. After the oil flows through the cooler,
it returns to the priority valve group to lube the final drives, the steering
clutches and brakes, and the transmission.
STMG 758 - 41 -
04/02

POWER TRAIN
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
RELIEF VALVES

31

• Power train hydraulic The power train hydraulic system contains three relief valves to limit
system relief valves: hydraulic pressures in the system.

1. Main relief valve


The transmission main relief valve (1) is located in the transmission
control valve group and limits oil pressure in the transmission charging
2. Torque converter
outlet relief valve circuit.

3. Torque converter The torque converter outlet relief valve (2), located at the rear of the
inlet relief valve torque converter, limits oil pressure in the torque converter.

The torque converter inlet relief valve (3) is located inside the priority
valve group and limits oil pressure in the torque converter hydraulic
circuit.
STMG 758 - 42 -
04/02

1 2 3 1 2
3

32

• Power Train hydraulic Pressure taps are located at the rear of the tractor for checking power train
system pressure taps: hydraulic system oil pressure. The pressure taps are:

1. Transmission oil
- P1: Transmission oil pressure tap (1)
pressure tap (P1)
- M1: Torque converter oil pressure tap (2)
2. Torque converter oil - L1: Lube oil pressure tap (3)
pressure tap (M1)
- Steering clutch and brake lube taps (4)
3. Lube oil pressure
tap (L1)

4. Steering clutch and


brake lube taps
STMG 758 - 43 -
04/02

TRANSMISSION
CHARGING
TRANSMISSION T/C T/C TRANSMISSION/
SCAVENGE SCAVENGE CHARGING T/C CHARGING

D10R PRIORITY VALVE


TO STEERING AND
BRAKE VALVE AND ENERGIZED
TRANSMISSION D C B A
E
TRANSMISSION/
FROM TORQUE CONVERTER
TRANSMISSION CHARGE SECTION

TORQUE CONVERTER
FROM TORQUE CONVERTER CHARGE SECTION

PRIORITY AND LUBE


PRIORITY
VALVE
MANAGEMENT VALVE GROUP
FROM PRIORITY VALVE ENERGIZED
STEERING AND
BRAKE VALVE AND TORQUE CONVERTER
TRANSMISSION INLET RELIEF VALVE
TO CLUTCH
AND
BRAKE LUBE TO TORQUE CONVERTER

TO TRANSMISSION FROM OIL COOLER

LUBE
MANAGEMENT
VALVE

TRANSMISSION
CHARGING
TRANSMISSION T/C T/C TRANSMISSION/
SCAVENGE SCAVENGE CHARGING T/C CHARGING

TO STEERING AND
D10R PRIORITY VALVE
BRAKE VALVE AND DE-ENERGIZED
TRANSMISSION D C B A
E
TRANSMISSION/
FROM TORQUE CONVERTER
TRANSMISSION CHARGE SECTION

TORQUE CONVERTER
FROM TORQUE CONVERTER CHARGE SECTION

PRIORITY AND LUBE


PRIORITY
VALVE
MANAGEMENT VALVE GROUP
FROM PRIORITY VALVE DE-ENERGIZED
STEERING AND
BRAKE VALVE AND TORQUE CONVERTER
TRANSMISSION INLET RELIEF VALVE
TO CLUTCH
AND
BRAKE LUBE TO TORQUE CONVERTER

TO TRANSMISSION FROM OIL COOLER

LUBE
MANAGEMENT
VALVE

33

Power Train Hydraulic System Operation

• Priority valve When the engine is running, oil from the transmission/torque converter
operation: charging section (A) provides supplemental oil flow to the torque
converter or to the transmission and steering clutch and brake valve.

- Priority valve When the priority valve is ENERGIZED by the Power Train ECM, the
ENERGIZED priority valve spool moves right against spring force. Oil from the
transmission/torque converter charge section (A) is allowed to flow
through the priority valve and provide supplemental oil to the torque
converter.


STMG 758 - 44 -
04/02

- Priority valve When the priority valve is DE-ENERGIZED, spring force moves the
DE-ENERGIZED priority valve spool left and oil from the transmission/torque converter
charge section (A) is blocked. Oil pressure increases which opens the
check valve and allows oil from section (A) to combine with pump oil
from section (D) to provide oil to the transmission and steering clutch and
brake valve.

Oil that flows through the main relief valve is combined with oil from the
torque converter charging pump (B) to provide supplemental oil flow to
the torque converter.

The Power Train ECM will DE-ENERGIZE the priority valve solenoid if
any of the following conditions exist:

- The engine speed is below 1485 rpm


- During a transmission shift
- When the power train oil temperature is below 40º C (104º F)
STMG 758 - 45 -
04/02

TRANSMISSION
CHARGING RETURN OIL FROM
TRANSMISSION T/C T/C TRANSMISSION/
SCAVENGE SCAVENGE CHARGING T/C CHARGING
TRANSMISSION SCAVENGE SECTION
AND COOLER
TO STEERING AND D10R LUBE L2
BRAKE VALVE AND PRESSURE
TRANSMISSION D C B A MANAGEMENT VALVE TAP
E
DE-ENERGIZED
FROM
RANSMISSION

FROM TORQUE CONVERTER

PRIORITY AND LUBE


PRIORITY
MANAGEMENT VALVE GROUP
VALVE LUBE MANAGEMENT VALVE DE-ENERGIZED
FROM
STEERING AND
LUBE
BRAKE VALVE AND TORQUE CONVERTER
TRANSMISSION INLET RELIEF VALVE MANAGEMENT
VALVE
TO CLUTCH
AND
SOLENOID
BRAKE LUBE TO TORQUE CONVERTER

TO TRANSMISSION FROM OIL COOLER

LUBE
TO TO
MANAGEMENT TANK TRANSMISSION
VALVE

TRANSMISSION RETURN OIL FROM


CHARGING
TRANSMISSION T/C T/C TRANSMISSION/ TRANSMISSION SCAVENGE SECTION
SCAVENGE SCAVENGE CHARGING T/C CHARGING
D10R LUBE AND COOLER
L2
TO STEERING AND MANAGEMENT VALVE PRESSURE
BRAKE VALVE AND
ENERGIZED TAP
TRANSMISSION E D C B A

FROM
TRANSMISSION

FROM TORQUE CONVERTER

PRIORITY AND LUBE


PRIORITY
VALVE
MANAGEMENT VALVE GROUP
FROM LUBE MANAGEMENT VALVE ENERGIZED
STEERING AND LUBE
BRAKE VALVE AND TORQUE CONVERTER MANAGEMENT
TRANSMISSION INLET RELIEF VALVE VALVE
TO CLUTCH SOLENOID
AND
BRAKE LUBE TO TORQUE CONVERTER

TO TRANSMISSION FROM OIL COOLER


TO TO
LUBE TANK TRANSMISSION
MANAGEMENT
VALVE

34

• Lube management When the engine is running, oil from the transmission scavenge
valve operation: section (E) and the oil cooler provide lubrication oil to the transmission,
the steering clutches, and the brakes.

- Lube management When the lube management solenoid valve is DE-ENERGIZED by the
valve Power Train ECM, spring force moves the lube management valve spool
DE-ENERGIZED
left. All oil flow from the transmission scavenge section (E) and the oil
cooler is directed to lube the transmission.

- Lube management When the lube management valve is ENERGIZED by the Power Train
valve ENERGIZED ECM, the lube management valve spool moves right against spring force.
Oil from the transmission scavenge section (E) and the oil cooler is
directed to the transmission and to the tank.


STMG 758 - 46 -
04/02

The Power Train ECM will ENERGIZE the lube management valve
solenoid to direct oil to the transmission and the tank if all of the
following conditions exist:

- A transmission shift has not occurred for at least 10 seconds


- The engine speed is above 1550 rpm
- The transmission is in 3F, 3R, or 2R
- The power train oil temperature is above 45º C (113º F) and below
105º C (221º F)
STMG 758 - 47 -
04/02

D10R TRANSMISSION
CONTROL GROUP
ECPC TRANSMISSION
MODULATING VALVES 3
2

TRANSMISSION MODULATION CYCLE

TRANSMISSION
MODULATING VALVE FILL FILL CALIBRATION ENGAGEMENT
PULSE PARAMETERS CALIBRATION
PARAMETERS
PRESSURE AND CURRENT CLUTCH
PILOT REDUCING ENGAGEMENT
SOLENOID SHAFT BALL VALVE ORIFICE SPOOL LEVEL
MAXIMUM CLUTCH
PRESSURE
RAMP LEVEL
MODULATION

HOLD LEVEL

TO TO SUPPLY
5
DRAIN 3
CLUTCH OIL
PULSE PULSE RAMP HOLD DESIRED FULL ON
DELAY TIME TIME TIME SLIP TIME TIME

35

• ECPC transmission The Power Train ECM controls transmission shifting by modulating the
modulating valves current to the transmission modulating valves, which varies the oil
pressure to the clutches.

• Transmission The lower left view shows the oil flow in the transmission modulating
modulating valve valve. Increased current forces the shaft to the right, which pushes the
operation
ball to the right and restricts the oil flow to drain. The reducing spool also
moves to the right due to the pressure increase in the chamber at the left of
the orifice. This movement allows more oil to flow from the supply
passage, across the metering surfaces to the clutch.

As the clutch pressure rises, the signal from the Power Train ECM to the
solenoid is varied to control the movement of the reducing spool.


STMG 758 - 48 -
04/02

• Transmission In the lower right view, the transmission modulation cycle is shown. The
modulation cycle vertical axis represents current (orange) and clutch pressure (blue). The
current represented is from the Power Train ECM to the modulating
solenoid valve. The pressure represented is supplied to each individual
clutch. When the clutch is filled and the piston is in contact with the
plates, the current and pressure are directly proportional, and are
represented on the same axis. The horizontal axis represents time in
intervals that relate to the hydraulic pressure supplied to the clutch.

• Pulse and ramp time The pulse time is caused by an initial high current applied to the valve to
begin pressurizing the clutch when a clutch is engaged. The ramp level
begins a reduction in the current applied to the valve which lowers the
current to the hold level.

• Hold time When the current is at the hold level, the clutch is full. The clutch
pressure then follows the current applied to the solenoid.

• Desired slip time At the end of the hold time, the current increases as the clutch is
engaging. This time is called the "desired slip time," and the pressure
ramp is called "modulation."

• Full on time Modulation continues until the clutch is fully engaged and the maximum
clutch pressure is reached. The clutch pressure stays at maximum for a
short time called the "full on time." The clutch pressure is then reduced
to the clutch engagement level. The clutch is still fully engaged, but at a
lower pressure. This pressure reduction increases clutch seal life.
STMG 758 - 49 -
04/02

PRESSURE
REACTION REDUCING OUTLET SUPPLY
CHAMBER VALVE CHAMBER CHAMBER

PARKING
BRAKE
SOLENOID

SECONDARY
BRAKE
SOLENOID

STEERING AND BRAKE


CONTROL VALVE
BRAKES ENGAGED

TO RIGHT CLUTCH

TO RIGHT BRAKE

SUPPLY OIL

TO LEFT BRAKE

TO LEFT CLUTCH

36

• Steering clutch and Shown here are the conditions which occur when the parking brake is
brake control valve: engaged or the service brake pedal is fully depressed. The brakes are
- Brakes ENGAGED spring engaged and hydraulically released.

• Parking brake When the parking brake switch is activated, the Power Train ECM
de-energizes the brake solenoids allowing the brakes to be engaged by
spring force.

The parking brake switch also sends a signal directly to the parking brake
solenoid, which ENERGIZES the solenoid and drains any residual oil
from the brakes. The oil is instantaneously drained directly to the tank
with no modulated drop in oil pressure and the brakes are FULLY
ENGAGED.

• Secondary brakes The secondary brake solenoid operates independently of the Power Train
ECM and is actuated by the service brake pedal switch when the brake
pedal reaches approximately 75 percent of full travel. The secondary
brake solenoid drains all residual oil from the brakes and the brakes are
fully engaged.
STMG 758 - 50 -
04/02

PRESSURE
REACTION REDUCING OUTLET SUPPLY
CHAMBER VALVE CHAMBER CHAMBER

PARKING
BRAKE
SOLENOID

SECONDARY
BRAKE
SOLENOID

STEERING AND BRAKE


CONTROL VALVE
GRADUAL RIGHT TURN

TO RIGHT CLUTCH

TO RIGHT BRAKE

SUPPLY OIL

TO LEFT BRAKE

TO LEFT CLUTCH

37

• Steering clutch and When the right steering clutch and brake lever is pulled toward the rear of
brake control valve: the machine approximately one-half of its total travel distance, the
- GRADUAL RIGHT machine makes a GRADUAL RIGHT TURN.
TURN
The right steering clutch and brake position sensor sends a signal to the
Power Train ECM. The Power Train ECM sends a corresponding reduced
PWM signal to the right steering clutch solenoid. The plunger (valve)
retracts and blocks oil flow from the supply chamber to the outlet
chamber. The outlet chamber, the clutch, and the reaction chamber in the
pressure reducing valve are open to drain past the reducing valve spool
and the steering clutch is completely released.

During a gradual turn, the Power Train ECM does not de-energize the
brake solenoid and the right brake remains fully released. Releasing only
the right steering clutch allows the tractor to make a GRADUAL RIGHT
TURN.
STMG 758 - 51 -
4/02

PRESSURE
REACTION REDUCING OUTLET SUPPLY
CHAMBER VALVE CHAMBER CHAMBER

PARKING
BRAKE
SOLENOID

SECONDARY
BRAKE
SOLENOID

STEERING AND BRAKE


CONTROL VALVE
SHARP RIGHT TURN

TO RIGHT CLUTCH

TO RIGHT BRAKE

SUPPLY OIL

TO LEFT BRAKE

TO LEFT CLUTCH

38

• Steering clutch and When the right steering clutch and brake lever is pulled completely to the
brake control valve: rear of the machine, the machine makes a SHARP RIGHT TURN.
- SHARP RIGHT TURN
The right steering clutch and brake position sensor sends a signal to the
Power Train ECM. The Power Train ECM sends a corresponding reduced
PWM signal to the right steering clutch solenoid. The plunger (valve)
retracts and blocks oil flow from the supply chamber to the outlet
chamber. The outlet chamber, the clutch, and the reaction chamber in the
pressure reducing valve are open to drain past the reducing valve spool
and the steering clutch is completely released.

During a sharp turn, the Power Train ECM also de-energizes the right
brake solenoid and the right brake begins to engage. As the brake lever is
pulled toward the rear, the brake pressure decreases until the brake is fully
engaged. Residual oil pressure is maintained on the brake to improve
machine response when the lever is released.
STMG 758 - 52 -
04/02

PRESSURE
REACTION REDUCING OUTLET SUPPLY
CHAMBER VALVE CHAMBER CHAMBER

PARKING
BRAKE
SOLENOID

SECONDARY
BRAKE
SOLENOID

STEERING AND BRAKE


CONTROL VALVE
STRAIGHT TRAVEL

TO RIGHT CLUTCH

TO RIGHT BRAKE

SUPPLY OIL

TO LEFT BRAKE

TO LEFT CLUTCH

39

• Steering clutch and This schematic shows the oil flow and the valve positions during the
brake control valve: STRAIGHT TRAVEL operation when the steering clutch and brake levers
are released and the brake pedal is not depressed.
- STRAIGHT TRAVEL

When no steering requests are received from the operator, both steering
clutch solenoids are energized with maximum current. The corresponding
pressure reducing valves provide maximum oil pressure to engage the
steering clutches. The plungers and springs control the modulating
reducing valve pressure settings based on the pressure from the energized
steering clutch solenoids.

Both brake solenoids are also energized with maximum current to open
the corresponding brake valves. Maximum oil pressure releases the
brakes.
STMG 758 - 53 -
04/02

BLADE LIFT
CYLINDERS
D10R IMPLEMENT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
WITH ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED BLADE TILT BLADE TILT
PILOT SYSTEM CYLINDER CYLINDER

MANUAL
LOWER LOGIC VALVE RAISE/LOWER VALVE
VALVE
RIPPER BLADE
CONTROL CONTROL
LEVER LEVER
TILT VALVE

DOZER VALVE ATAAC FAN

IMPLEMENT ELECTRO-
LOCKOUT SWITCH HYDRAULIC ATAAC
IMPLEMENT
MANIFOLD MOTOR
ELECTRONIC
CONTROL DUAL TILT VALVE
PUMP PRESSURE MODULE
SENSORS
PRESSURE
COMPENSATION PILOT PRESSURE
OVERRIDE AND FAN SPEED
CAT VALVE CONTROLVALVE
DATA
LINK

VIDS ECM RIPPER VALVE


PT ECM
ENGINE ECM
CAT ET IMPLEMENT OIL
PUMP COOLER

RIPPER TILT RIPPER TILT


CYLINDER CYLINDER

RIPPER LIFT
CYLINDERS

40

IMPLEMENT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

• Electro-hydraulic The D10R is equipped with an Electro-hydraulic Implement Control


implement system System similar to the D11R, which controls the hydraulic pilot valves for
the blade and ripper.

• Input and output The Implement ECM receives input signals from the blade control lever
components position sensors, ripper control lever position sensors, and various other
sensors and switches. The ECM sends corresponding output signals to
energize the appropriate pilot solenoid valves on the electro-hydraulic
manifold. The pilot solenoid valves control the amount of pilot oil that is
sent to the dozer or ripper control valves to shift the appropriate spools
and direct implement pump oil to the head or rod end of the cylinders.


STMG 758 - 54 -
04/02

The Implement ECM also sends corresponding output signals to energize


the pitch and single tilt ON/OFF solenoid valves on the dual tilt valve.
The pitch and single tilt ON/OFF solenoid valves direct oil to shift the
dual tilt valve, which determines blade tilt and pitch angles.

• Hydraulic system oil The implement hydraulic system for the D10R Track-type Tractor is a
flow fixed displacement flow design that permits minimum pressure in the
system when the implement control valves are not activated. The oil flow
for operation of the bulldozer and ripper is provided by two sections (tilt
and lift) of the three-section implement vane pump.

• ATAAC fan circuit The third section of the implement pump supplies oil to the ATAAC fan
motor, the pilot oil for the implement system, and the pilot oil for the dual
tilt valve. The cooling oil for the hydraulic circuits is also provided by
the ATAAC fan circuit.

• Pressure A Pressure Compensation Override (PCO) valve provides engine


Compensation overspeed protection when energized by the Engine ECM. When
Override (PCO) valve
energized by the Implement ECM, the override valve allows the dozer lift
relief valve to act as the relief valve for the ripper circuit.

• Logic valve The logic valve resolves the highest implement cylinder pressure. The
highest resolved pressure is directed through the E/H manifold and acts as
pilot oil. This oil is used to lower the implements when the engine won't
run or the implement pump will not operate.

• Dead engine lower When the engine won't run and machine electrical power is not available,
function the manual lower valve is used to lower the implements. The manual
lower valve directs the highest resolved implement cylinder pressure from
the logic valve to the tank which lowers the implements.
STMG 758 - 55 -
04/02

D10R IMPLEMENT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM


COMPONENTS IDENTIFICATION

ELECTRO-HYDRAULIC PILOT IMPLEMENT


PILOT VALVE GROUP FILTER PUMP

QUICK-DROP VALVE
IMPLEMENT
ECM DUAL TILT VALVE

ATAAC FAN MOTOR

OIL COOLER

RIPPER QUICK-DROP VALVE


CONTROL
VALVE
DOZER
HYDRAULIC CONTROL MANUAL LOGIC
TANK VALVE LOWER VALVE VALVE

41

• Implement hydraulic This view shows the locations of the D10R implement hydraulic system
system component components.
locations
STMG 758 - 56 -
04/02

1 4
3 2

42

• Implement system The three-section implement pump provides the oil flow for the dozer,
components: ripper, and pilot oil circuits. The fixed displacement vane pump is located
below the floor plate on the right rear of the engine and driven off the
1. Implement pump
front section
flywheel housing.

2. Implement pump The front section (1) of the pump provides oil to the dozer lift valve and
center section ripper valve. The center section (2) of the pump provides oil to the dozer
tilt valve. Oil from the center section of the pump is combined with oil
3. Implement pump from the front section to supplement the dozer lift and ripper circuits
rear section
when the dozer tilt valve is in HOLD.
4. Dozer valve
The rear section (3) of the implement pump supplies oil to the ATAAC fan
5. Dual tilt valve motor, to the dual tilt valve, and to the E/H manifold.

6. Ripper valve


STMG 758 - 57 -
04/02

The dozer valve (4), located below the cab on the right side of the
machine, contains a lift spool and tilt spool. The lift spool directs oil from
the implement pump to raise or lower the blade. The tilt spool directs oil
from the implement pump to the dual tilt valve (5).

The dual tilt valve directs oil to the tilt cylinders and contains a solenoid.
The solenoid contains two coils; a pitch solenoid coil and a single tilt
solenoid coil. If both of the solenoid's coils are de-energized, both tilt
cylinders will operate in the dual tilt mode. If the single tilt solenoid coil
is energized, the right tilt cylinder acts as a brace and only the left tilt
cylinder will tilt the blade. If the pitch solenoid coil is energized both tilt
cylinders will pitch the blade forward or to the rear.

The ripper valve (6) contains a lift spool and shank in/out spool. The lift
spool directs oil from the implement pump to raise or lower the ripper.
The shank in/out spool directs oil from the implement pump to move the
shank in or out.
STMG 758 - 58 -
04/02

43

• Hydraulic tank: The hydraulic tank is located on the right side of the machine to the right
of the cab. The tank contains a sight gauge (1) to check the hydraulic oil
1. Sight gauge
level from outside the machine. Three filter elements are located inside
the tank and can be accessed through two covers on the top of the tank.
2. Fill cap

3. Vacuum breaker The hydraulic tank also contains a fill cap (2) and a vacuum breaker
valve valve (3) to vent excess oil pressure inside the tank.
STMG 758 - 59 -
04/02

IMPLEMENT ELECTRONIC
VIDS ECM
CONTROL SYSTEM POWER TRAIN ECM
ENGINE ECM
CAT DATA LINK
BLADE RAISE/LOWER SENSOR CAT ET
BLADE TILT SENSOR
BLADE MANUAL SELECT SWITCH
MODE SELECT SWITCH
OPERATING
CONTROL AUTO PITCH INDICATOR
PITCH FORWARD SWITCH FUNCTION
BLADE FLOAT
LEVER PITCH BACK SWITCH INDICATOR
SINGLE TILT
PITCH FORWARD TRIGGER PANEL
SWITCH
IMPLEMENT
ELECTRONIC RIPPER RAISE SOLENOID
RIPPER RIPPER RAISE/LOWER SENSOR CONTROL RIPPER LOWER SOLENOID
CONTROL SHANK IN/OUT SENSOR MODULE SHANK IN SOLENOID
LEVER RIPPER AUTO STOW SWITCH SHANK OUT SOLENOID
(ECM) IMPLEMENT PILOT
BLADE RAISE SOLENOID
BLADE LOWER/FLOAT SOLENOID VALVE MANIFOLD
IMPLEMENT HARNESS CODE PLUG BLADE TILT LEFT SOLENOID
BLADE TILT RIGHT SOLENOID
IMP LOCKOUT SOLENOID
IMPLEMENT LOCKOUT SWITCH

MAIN PUMP PRESSURE SENSOR PITCH SOLENOID DUAL TILT VALVE


SINGLE TILT SOLENOID

TILT PUMP PRESSURE SENSOR


PRESSURE COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE SOLENOID VALVE
KEY START SWITCH

44

Implement Electronic Control System

• Implement ECM The Implement Electronic Control System components are shown in this
input and output view. The components that provide input signals to the Implement ECM
components
are located on the left and the components that receive output signals from
the Implement ECM are on the right.

INSTRUCTOR NOTE: The input and output components shown


here will be explained in detail later in the presentation.
STMG 758 - 60 -
04/02

45

• Right side of The Implement ECM (1) and Vital Information Display System (VIDS)
operator's station: ECM (2) are located behind a panel on the right side of the operator's
station. The Implement ECM receives input signals from various
1. Implement ECM
switches and sensors, processes the information, and sends output signals
2. VIDS ECM to the implement system output components. The Implement ECM
receives input signals and sends output signals through two 70 pin
connectors.

The Implement ECM sends information to the other machine ECMs via
the CAT data link. Implement system warning and diagnostic information
is also displayed on the VIDS message center.
STMG 758 - 61 -
04/02

4
3

2
1

46

• Right console: At the base of the blade control lever (1) are the blade lift position sensor
and the blade tilt position sensor. When the blade lever is moved forward
1. Blade control lever or rearward, the blade lift position sensor sends a signal to the Implement
ECM. The Implement ECM sends a corresponding signal to the blade
2. Thumb switch
lower or raise solenoid.
3. Left button
When the blade lever is moved left or right, the blade tilt position sensor
4. Right button sends a signal to the Implement ECM. The Implement ECM sends a
corresponding signal to the blade tilt left or tilt right solenoid.

The thumb switch (2) sends a signal to the Implement ECM when
activated. The Implement ECM sends a corresponding signal to the pitch
solenoid.

The left button (3) on the blade control handle sends a signal to the
Implement ECM, which allows the operator to change the blade position
while in the Automatic Blade Assist (ABA) Mode. Pressing this button
the first time after the ABA key on the keyboard has been pressed, resets
the blade to LOAD position. When the ABA feature is reset, pressing this
button cycles the blade from LOAD to CARRY position. The second
time the left button is pressed cycles the blade from CARRY to SPREAD
position. Shifting to reverse will then reset the blade to LOAD position.

When the right button (4) is pressed the Implement ECM cancels the
ABA Mode, so that the blade may be controlled manually.

STMG 758 - 62 -
04/02

Located on the front of the blade control handle is a trigger switch (not
visible). When this switch is pressed, the Implement ECM will signal the
pitch solenoid and the blade will PITCH FORWARD to dump the blade
load. The trigger switch performs the same function as the thumb switch
when moved to the right. This is for use in manual mode only.
STMG 758 - 63 -
04/02

3 4

47

• Right console: The ripper raise/lower lever (1) is attached to a position sensor that sends
a signal to the Implement ECM when the lever is moved. The Implement
1. Ripper raise/lower
ECM sends an output signal to the ripper lower or raise solenoid.
lever

2. Ripper shank in/out


The ripper shank in/out lever (2) is attached to a position sensor that sends
lever a signal to the Implement ECM when the lever is moved. The Implement
ECM sends a corresponding signal to the ripper shank in or shank out
3. Ripper auto stow solenoid.
button
The ripper Auto Stow button (3) is connected to a switch that sends a
4. Implement lockout
signal to the Implement ECM when the button is pressed. The Implement
switch
ECM sends a signal to the appropriate ripper solenoid to raise the ripper
to maximum height or raise the ripper to maximum height and move the
ripper tip to the full SHANK IN position.

The implement lockout switch (4) sends a signal to the implement ECM.
The Implement ECM sends a corresponding signal to the implement
lockout solenoid which enables or disables pilot hydraulic pressure.

When engine speed is less than 1000 rpm, the Implement ECM will
de-energize the lockout solenoid. The Implement ECM will energize the
solenoid momentarily if requested by the operator.
STMG 758 - 64 -
04/02

3 1
2

48

• Below cab: The dozer lift and ripper pump pressure sensor (not shown) and the tilt
pump pressure sensor (1) are located below the floor plate on the right
1. Tilt pump pressure
side of the machine. The sensors send signals to the Implement ECM
sensor
indicating pump output pressures.
2. Lift pump section
pressure tap Located opposite and to the left of the sensors are the implement lift
pump section pressure tap (2) and the implement tilt pump section
3. Tilt pump section pressure tap (3) for checking implement pump output pressures.
pressure tap
STMG 758 - 65 -
04/02

6 1

5
7 9

49

• Below floor plate: The electro-hydraulic (E/H) manifold (1) is located below the floor plate
on top of the main case. The E/H manifold contains four proportional
1. E/H manifold solenoids that receive PWM signals from the Implement ECM. If the
2. Ripper shank in
machine is equipped with a ripper, the E/H manifold will contain four
solenoid additional proportional solenoids. The proportional solenoids are:

3. Ripper lower - Ripper shank in solenoid (2)


solenoid
- Ripper lower solenoid (3)
4. Tilt right solenoid - Tilt right solenoid (4)
- Tilt left solenoid (opposite tilt right solenoid)
5. Blade raise
solenoid - Blade raise solenoid (5)
- Blade lower/float solenoid (opposite blade raise solenoid)
6. Ripper shank out
solenoid - Ripper shank out solenoid (6)
- Ripper raise solenoid (7)
7. Ripper raise
solenoid
Solenoid plunger movement is proportional to the electrical current sent
8. Implement lockout from the Implement ECM. Plunger position determines the amount of oil
solenoid pressure at the dozer or ripper valve spools. An increase in electrical
current causes an increase in oil pressure which moves the dozer valve
9. Pilot oil test tap
spool. Each solenoid includes a pressure tap for checking pilot pressure
to the corresponding spool.

STMG 758 - 66 -
04/02

The Implement ECM sends only high current signals to the ripper pilot
solenoid valves. The ripper pilot solenoid valves are used only as
ON/OFF valves.

The implement lockout solenoid (8) is an ON/OFF solenoid. When the


implement lockout switch is activated, the Implement ECM energizes the
implement lockout solenoid valve. The solenoid valve allows pilot oil to
flow from the pump to the electro-hydraulic E/H manifold.

Also visible in this view is the pilot oil test tap (9).
STMG 758 - 67 -
04/02

50

• In front of radiator: The dual tilt control valve (1), located in front of the radiator, includes an
ON/OFF solenoid valve. When energized by the Implement ECM, the
1. Dual tilt valve
pitch solenoid valve coil (2) directs pilot oil from the rear section of the
2. Pitch solenoid implement pump to shift the dual tilt valve spool. The dual tilt valve
spool directs rod end oil from the left tilt cylinder to the head end of the
right tilt cylinder to pitch the blade forward.

When energized by the Implement ECM, the single tilt solenoid


valve coil directs oil to shift the dual tilt valve spool. The dual tilt valve
spool directs oil to only the left tilt cylinder to tilt the blade. The right tilt
cylinder acts as a brace because oil is blocked from flowing to the
cylinder.

NOTE: The single tilt key on the VIDS keypad must be pressed to
obtain the single tilt mode.
STMG 758 - 68 -
04/02

51

• Pressure The Pressure Compensation Override (PCO) solenoid valve (arrow) is


Compensation located below the floor plate on the right side of the machine. The PCO
Override (PCO)
solenoid valve is an ON/OFF solenoid valve.
solenoid valve (arrow)

The PCO valve provides engine overspeed protection when energized by


the Engine ECM. When the operator requests a ripper function, the PCO
valve is energized by the Implement ECM. The PCO valve allows pilot
oil to be directed to shift a shuttle valve in the dozer control valve. The
dozer lift relief valve now acts as the relief valve for the ripper circuit.
STMG 758 - 69 -
04/02

MANUAL
LOWER VALVE

FROM LOGIC VALVE

PILOT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM


HOLD PRESSURE PRESSURE
REDUCING REDUCING ACCUMULATOR
VALVE VALVE
TO DOZER
SHUTTLE VALVE

SHUTTLE
VALVE
PRESSURE SHUTOFF
COMPENSATION VALVE
OVERRIDE
VALVE PILOT OIL
TO DOZER FILTER
LIFT VALVE
DOZER DOZER
LOWER RAISE

TO DOZER
TILT VALVE
TILT TILT
RIGHT LEFT

TO RIPPER
LIFT VALVE
RIPPER RIPPER
RAISE LOWER

TO RIPPER
SHANK VALVE
SHANK SHANK
OUT IN
TO DUAL
TILT VALVE

TO ATAAC
FAN CIRCUIT
TO DOZER TILT VALVE
TO DOZER LIFT
AND RIPPER VALVE

52

Pilot Hydraulic System

• Pilot hydraulic system The pilot hydraulic system controls pilot oil flow to the ends of the dozer
components and ripper valve spools. The ATAAC fan pump supplies pilot oil to the
pilot accumulator and the E/H manifold.

The E/H manifold includes two pressure reducing valves that reduce the
oil pressure to pilot pressure. The fan pump supplies oil to one pressure
reducing valve. The other pressure reducing valve receives oil from the
logic valve. The shuttle valve directs the highest pressure from the
reducing valves to the implement shutoff valve. When energized by the
Implement ECM, the shutoff valve allows pilot oil to flow to the the dozer
and ripper pilot solenoid valves.


STMG 758 - 70 -
04/02

When the Implement ECM receives a signal from the blade or ripper
lever, the Implement ECM sends an output signal to the appropriate
solenoid. The solenoid valve opens proportionally based on the signal
received from the Implement ECM. The higher the signal, the more the
solenoid valve opens to allow more flow to the dozer or ripper valve
spool.
STMG 758 - 71 -
04/02

ELECTRO-HYDRAULIC TO DOZER TILT SPOOL


PILOT MANIFOLD TILT TO DOZER LIFT SPOOL TO DUAL
HOLD RIPPER RIGHT/ BLADE TILT CONTROL
IMPLEMENT LOCKOUT
LOWER DUMP RAISE TO DOZER VALVE
SOLENOID
LIFT AND
VALVE RIPPER TO DOZER
RIPPER CIRCUITS
TEST TILT CIRCUIT
SHANK IN
PORT ACCUMULATOR

TO ATAAC
TO RIPPER TIP SPOOL FAN
MOTOR

TO RIPPER LIFT SPOOL

TO DOZER TILT SPOOL

TO RIPPER TIP SPOOL

SHUTTLE FROM
VALVE LOGIC
PRESSURE VALVE
REDUCING
RIPPER SHANK OUT VALVES
RIPPER TILT TO DOZER LIFT SPOOL
RAISE LEFT/
RACK TO DOZER TILT SPOOL
BLADE LOWER/FLOAT

53

• Electro-hydraulic pilot The E/H manifold contains four proportional solenoid valves that control
manifold the amount of pilot oil directed to the dozer control valve spools. Pilot oil
sent to the ends of the dozer lift spool controls BLADE RAISE, LOWER,
and FLOAT. Pilot oil sent to the ends of the dozer tilt spool controls
BLADE TILT LEFT, and BLADE TILT RIGHT.

If the tractor is equipped with a ripper, the E/H manifold is equipped with
two additional bolt-on blocks. These blocks contain four more
proportional solenoid valves that are used only as ON/OFF valves to
direct pilot oil to the ripper control valve.

Pilot oil sent to the ends of the ripper lift spool controls RIPPER RAISE
and RIPPER LOWER. Pilot oil sent to the ends of the tip spool controls
SHANK IN and SHANK OUT.
STMG 758 - 72 -
04/02

54

• Pilot hydraulic system The ATAAC fan pump (1) supplies oil to the pilot hydraulic system. The
components: ATAAC fan pump is the rear section of the three-section implement pump.

1. ATAAC fan pump The pilot oil filter (2) is located below the cab on the right side of the
machine. The filter housing contains a bypass valve and pressure switch.
2. Pilot oil filter
The filter bypass pressure switch (3) sends a signal to the VIDS ECM if
3. Oil filter bypass the differential oil pressure across the switch exceeds
pressure switch 345 kPa (50 psi).

4. Pilot accumulator The pilot accumulator (4) is located below the floorplate on the right rear
of the main beam and stores oil for the pilot hydraulic system. The
5. Check valve
accumulator is precharged to 3100 kPa (450 psi). A check valve (5) is
6. E/H manifold located below the accumulator to prevent accumulator oil from flowing
back to the pump.

The E/H manifold (6) is located below the cab on top of the main case.
The E/H manifold, as previously described, directs pilot oil to the dozer
and ripper valve spools.
STMG 758 - 73 -
04/02

FROM DOZER FROM DOZER


FROM DOZER RAISE TILT LEFT FROM RIPPER
LOWER LOWER
FROM DOZER FROM RIPPER
TILT RIGHT RAISE

IMPLEMENT MANUAL LOGIC VALVE


LOWERING
TO PILOT
MANIFOLD

MANUAL
LOWER VALVE

2
1

55

• Implement manual The logic valve (1) is located on the inside of the right frame rail. The
lowering components: logic valve resolves the highest implement cylinder pressure. The highest
resolved pressure is used to lower the implements when the engine won't
1. Logic valve
run or the implement pump will not operate.
2. Manual lower valve
Oil from the logic valve flows to the pressure reducing valve in the E/H
manifold and is used as pilot oil to lower the implements if electrical
power is available.

When the engine won't run and electrical power is not available, the
manual lower valve (2), located between the cab and the hydraulic tank, is
used to lower the implements. The manual lower valve directs the highest
resolved implement cylinder pressure from the logic valve to the tank
which lowers the implements.
STMG 758 - 74 -
04/02

TILT LIFT LIFT TILT


CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

QUICK- QUICK-
DROP DROP
VALVE VALVE

FROM E/H FROM E/H D10R IMPLEMENT


MANIFOLD MANIFOLD
LOGIC
VALVE DUMP HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
MANUAL LOWER
VALVE HOLD
VALVE DOZER VALVE
LIFT
RELIEF
SINGLE VALVE TILT
TILT RAISE LEFT
(S2)

PITCH
(S1) SHUTTLE
VALVE TILT
DUAL TILT VALVE DUMP RELIEF
VALVE VALVE

ELECTRO-
HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD

TO ATAAC
PRESSURE FAN CIRCUIT
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE IMPLEMENT
VALVE PUMP

RIPPER VACUUM
TILT DIVERTER VALVE
VALVE GROUP

RIPPER
LIFT

RIPPER VALVE

RIPPER TILT RIPPER LIFT RIPPER TILT


CYLINDER CYLINDERS CYLINDER

56

Dozer Lift Circuit

• Lift spool and tilt The dozer control valve contains a four position lift spool (RAISE,
spool HOLD, LOWER, and FLOAT) and three position tilt spool (TILT RIGHT,
HOLD, and TILT LEFT). The dozer lift spool is a "closed-center" spool,
and the blade tilt spool is an "open-center" spool.

• HOLD position In this view, both spools are in the HOLD (or center) position. Oil from
the dozer lift and ripper pump section enters the dozer valve and is
blocked at the dozer lift spool. Oil from the tilt pump section flows
through the open-center tilt spool, and combines with pump oil from the
dozer lift and ripper section. Both the lift and tilt circuits contain load
check valves and a relief valve.


STMG 758 - 75 -
04/02

• Dump valve With the lift and tilt spools in the HOLD position, the dump valve
provides a constant low system pressure which is available for instant
implement response or for "feathering" the implements. The spring for
the dump valve and tank pressure have a combined force that provides a
restriction to flow. When the supply pressure increases above the spring
force plus the tank oil pressure, the dump valve will open and permit the
combined flow from the two sections of the pump to return to the tank.

• Shuttle valve The shuttle valve resolves which hydraulic function (dozer lift or ripper)
will provide pressure feedback to the spring chamber of the dump valve.
The shuttle valve is spring biased to the dozer lift function. The stem
shifts against spring force when the pressure compensation override
• Pressure solenoid valve is ENERGIZED. The override solenoid valve is
compensation ENERGIZED when the ripper function is requested by the operator or
override valve
during an engine overspeed condition.

When the pressure compensation override solenoid valve is


DE-ENERGIZED and the dozer lift spool is in HOLD position, the spring
chamber of the dump valve is connected to the tank. Tank pressure is
transmitted through passages in the lift spool that travel through the ball
resolver valve and the shuttle valve before filling the spring chamber of
the dump valve.

• Ball resolver valve During dozer lift functions, the cylinder load pressure signal is
transmitted to the ball resolver valve, through the shuttle valve, to the
spring chamber of the dump valve. The cylinder load pressure signal is
from the lift cylinder rod end during RAISE and from the cylinder head
end during LOWER. The ball resolver valve directs the higher of the
cylinder rod or head end pressure to the shuttle valve.
STMG 758 - 76 -
04/02

LIFT RELIEF
VALVE
D10R DOZER CONTROL VALVE
HOLD

FROM PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE VALVE

SHUTTLE VALVE
BALL RESOLVER

LARGE PUMP
INLET
LOAD CHECK
VALVE
ROD END HEAD END
SMALL PUMP INLET

57

• Lift spool in HOLD The lift spool is hydraulically operated by pilot oil. When the valve
spools in both the dozer control valve and the ripper control valve are in
the HOLD position, the supply oil pressure through the dozer control
valve is maintained at approximately 550 kPa (80 psi).

When pilot oil shifts the lift spool to the right, supply oil is directed to the
rod end of the lift cylinders, causing the blade to RAISE. When pilot oil
shifts the lift spool to the left, supply oil is directed to the head end of the
lift cylinders, causing the blade to LOWER.

This view also shows the location of the shuttle valve, ball resolver and
line relief valve for the lift circuit.
STMG 758 - 77 -
04/02

LOAD CHECK
BALL RESOLVER LIFT SPOOL
VALVE
VALVE

SHUTTLE
VALVE
TO LIFT
CYLINDERS

LIFT RELIEF TANK


VALVE PASSAGE

TO TILT
CYLINDERS

TILT RELIEF
VALVE
DUMP LOAD CHECK TILT SPOOL
VALVE VALVE

D10R DOZER CONTROL VALVE


RAISE SMALL PUMP
INLET

58

• Load check valve Oil flow from the dozer lift and ripper pump section opens the load check
valve and flows to the lift spool. The lift spool directs the oil to the lift
cylinder to raise or lower the blade. The load check valve prevents
reverse oil flow from the cylinders.

• Tilt circuit Oil flow from the tilt pump section flows past the tilt spool and combines
with oil from the dozer lift and ripper pump section when the tilt spool is
in the HOLD position. When the a tilt function is activated, the tilt spool
blocks tilt pump oil flow to the dozer lift and ripper circuits. Oil flows
past the tilt circuit load check valve and the tilt spool directs the oil to the
dual tilt valve and tilt cylinders.


STMG 758 - 78 -
04/02

• Dump valves During an implement function, the pressure in the spring chamber behind
the dump valves is equal to the pump pressure plus the spring force. The
pressure is felt on the spring chamber through a small hole in the center of
the dump valve. This pressure plus the spring force is enough to keep the
• Relief valves relief valve closed, which allows oil flow to the cylinders. When the load
on the cylinder becomes too high, oil pressure increases and the relief
valve opens to the tank. This reduces the pressure in the spring chamber
and the dump valve opens. High pressure pump oil is allowed to return to
the tank.
STMG 758 - 79 -
04/02

MANUAL
LOWER VALVE
FROM LOGIC VALVE

PILOT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM PRESSURE


BLADE RAISE PRESSURE
REDUCING ACCUMULATOR
REDUCING
VALVE
VALVE
TO DOZER
SHUTTLE VALVE
SHUTTLE
VALVE
PRESSURE
COMPENSATION SHUTOFF
OVERRIDE VALVE
VALVE
PILOT OIL
TO DOZER FILTER
LIFT VALVE
DOZER DOZER
LOWER RAISE

TO DOZER
TILT VALVE
TILT TILT
RIGHT LEFT

TO RIPPER
LIFT VALVE
RIPPER RIPPER
RAISE LOWER

TO RIPPER
SHANK VALVE
SHANK SHANK
OUT IN

TO DUAL TILT VALVE

TO ATAAC FAN CIRCUIT

TO DOZER TILT VALVE


TO DOZER LIFT AND RIPPER VALVE

59

• Blade RAISE When the operator moves the blade lever to the rear, the blade lever
position sensor sends a signal to the Implement ECM. The Implement
ECM sends a corresponding output signal to ENERGIZE the dozer raise
pilot solenoid valve on the E/H manifold. The pilot solenoid valve directs
pilot oil flow to the end of the dozer lift valve spool.
STMG 758 - 80 -
04/02

LIFT
TILT LIFT TILT
CYLINDER
CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

QUICK- QUICK-
DROP DROP
VALVE VALVE

FROM E/H FROM E/H D10R IMPLEMENT


MANIFOLD MANIFOLD
LOGIC
VALVE DUMP
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
MANUAL LOWER
VALVE BLADE RAISE
VALVE DOZER VALVE

LIFT RAISE
RELIEF TILT
SINGLE
VALVE LEFT
TILT
(S2)

PITCH
(S1)
SHUTTLE
TILT
DUAL TILT VALVE VALVE
DUMP RELIEF
VALVE VALVE

ELECTRO-
HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD

TO ATAAC
PRESSURE FAN CIRCUIT
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE IMPLEMENT
VALVE PUMP

RIPPER VACUUM
TILT DIVERTER VALVE
VALVE GROUP

RIPPER
LIFT

RIPPER VALVE

RIPPER TILT RIPPER LIFT RIPPER TILT


CYLINDER CYLINDERS CYLINDER

60

• Blade RAISE During blade RAISE, the dozer lift valve spool shifts and directs supply
oil to the rod end of the lift cylinders and to the resolver valve. The
resolver valve directs oil through the shuttle valve to the spring chamber
of the dump valve.

Lift cylinder rod end pressure is transmitted to the spring chamber of the
dump valve through the ball resolver and the shuttle valve. The dump
valve uses the rod end cylinder pressure combined with the spring to
maintain the supply pressure 550 kPa (80 psi) above the cylinder pressure.

If the pressure in the dump valve spring chamber reaches the relief valve
setting due to cylinder load, the relief valve will open and allow the spring
chamber oil to drain to the tank. When oil is allowed to drain from the
dump valve spring chamber the dump valve allows pump flow to pass
around the dump valve to the tank.


STMG 758 - 81 -
04/02

• Blade "feathering" An additional condition can exist during dozer operation which is referred
to as "feathering the blade." If the operator moves the control handle a
small distance to gradually raise the blade, flow to the cylinders goes
through the throttling slots in the lift spool.

Flow through the throttling slots can create the same effect as an orifice
by restricting the flow of oil to the lift cylinders. This restriction to flow
causes a pressure difference between the oil in the center chamber of the
valve body (system pressure) and the oil transmitted to the spring
chamber of the dump valve (cylinder pressure). If the pressure difference
is greater than the spring force, the dump valve will open and permit some
of the pump flow to return to the tank at the same time that oil flows to
the lift cylinders.
STMG 758 - 82 -
04/02

LIFT RELIEF
VALVE D10R DOZER CONTROL VALVE
RAISE

FROM PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE VALVE

SHUTTLE VALVE
BALL RESOLVER

LARGE PUMP
INLET
LOAD CHECK
VALVE
ROD END HEAD END
SMALL PUMP INLET

61

• Blade RAISE This view of the dozer control valve shows spool movement and oil flow
when the control lever is moved to the RAISE position. Movement of the
dozer lift spool to the RAISE position directs oil flow to the rod end of the
lift cylinders. Since the oil around the lift spool is no longer blocked,
pressure oil from the center chamber of the valve body can open the load
check valve and flow around the lift spool to the rod end of the lift
cylinders.

At the same time that pressure oil is sent to the lift cylinders, oil also
flows to the ball resolver valve. The ball resolver valve operates similarly
to a check valve. With the lift spool in the RAISE position, the ball
resolver valve permits pressure oil to flow to the shuttle valve, but blocks
flow to the head end and tank at the right end of the ball resolver valve.
STMG 758 - 83 -
04/02

TILT
CYLINDER LIFT LIFT TILT
CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

QUICK- QUICK-
DROP DROP
VALVE VALVE

FROM E/H FROM E/H D10R IMPLEMENT


MANIFOLD MANIFOLD
LOGIC
VALVE DUMP
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
MANUAL LOWER VALVE BLADE FLOAT
VALVE DOZER VALVE

LIFT RAISE
RELIEF
SINGLE TILT
VALVE
TILT LEFT
(S2)

PITCH
(S1)
SHUTTLE
DUAL TILT VALVE VALVE TILT
DUMP RELIEF
VALVE VALVE

ELECTRO-
HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD

TO ATAAC
PRESSURE FAN CIRCUIT
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE IMPLEMENT
VALVE PUMP

RIPPER
VACUUM
TILT
DIVERTER VALVE
VALVE GROUP

RIPPER
LIFT

RIPPER VALVE

RIPPER TILT RIPPER LIFT RIPPER TILT


CYLINDER CYLINDERS CYLINDER

62

• Blade FLOAT To operate the dozer in FLOAT, the operator must "arm" the blade control
handle by pressing the float button on the Vital Information Display
System (VIDS) keypad. The blade control lever must be moved to the
maximum forward position to activate FLOAT, then returned to the
HOLD position.

The Implement ECM ENERGIZES the dozer lower pilot solenoid valve
on the E/H manifold. The pilot solenoid valve directs pilot oil flow to the
end of the dozer lift valve spool. The dozer lift valve spool shifts fully to
the float position. When the lift valve spool is in the FLOAT position the
rod end passage, the head end passage, the supply passage and the tank
passage are all connected.

When an outside force moves the blade up or down, oil can freely flow
from passage to passage in the dozer lift valve.


STMG 758 - 84 -
04/02

NOTE: Any ripper activation will temporarily suspend FLOAT


operation since both circuits are supplied by the same hydraulic
pump. The Implement ECM temporarily DE-ENERGIZES the
dozer lower pilot solenoid valve and the lift valve spool returns to the
HOLD position. When the ripper activation is stopped, the
Implement ECM RE-ENERGIZES the dozer lower pilot solenoid to
return the lift valve spool to the FLOAT position.
STMG 758 - 85 -
04/02

LIFT RELIEF
VALVE D10R DOZER CONTROL VALVE
FLOAT

FROM PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE VALVE

SHUTTLE VALVE
BALL RESOLVER

LARGE PUMP
INLET
LOAD CHECK
VALVE
ROD END HEAD END

SMALL PUMP INLET

63

• FLOAT position This view of the dozer control valve shows spool movement and oil flow
when the control lever is moved to the FLOAT position. When the lift
spool is in the FLOAT position, the load check valve is open. The supply
oil in the center chamber flows through the open load check valve to both
the head end and the rod end of the lift cylinders. The oil from the head
end and the rod end of the lift cylinders is also open to the tank when the
lift spool is in the FLOAT position. The center chamber is thus open to
the tank.
STMG 758 - 86 -
04/02

QUICK-DROP VALVE
RAISE
VALVE
ORIFICE ORIFICE SPOOL
ROD
END OIL

FROM LIFT TO LIFT


HEAD
VALVE VALVE
END OIL
SPRING CHAMBER PLUNGER

64

• Quick-drop valve in All flow to and from the blade lift cylinders must go through the quick-
RAISE position drop valves that are installed on top of each cylinder. The primary
function of the quick-drop valve is to allow rapid blade lower without
voiding the head end of the lift cylinders. Minimizing the amount of
cylinder voiding reduces the time delay that can occur when a rapid blade
lower is followed by an operator request for blade down pressure.

The quick-drop valve is activated when a sufficient pressure difference


occurs between the cylinder rod end oil and the oil in the spring cavity.
This pressure difference is caused by rod end oil flow through an orifice
in the quick-drop valve. The quick-drop valve is de-activated by high
pressure in the head end felt through a slot in the spool. The quick-drop
valves help control four functions of the bulldozer: RAISE, LOWER at
slow speeds, rapid LOWER (quick-drop), and LOWER with down
pressure.


STMG 758 - 87 -
04/02

When the blade control handle is moved to the RAISE position, supply oil
enters the quick-drop valve through an inlet passage and an orifice and is
directed to the rod end of the lift cylinder. A small amount of oil passes
through another orifice and fills the spring chamber behind the plunger.
The pressure of this oil adds to the force of the spring, which pushes the
plunger against the valve spool. This condition causes all the oil entering
the quick-drop valve to be directed to the rod end of the lift cylinders and
all the oil from the head end of the lift cylinders to return to the tank.
STMG 758 - 88 -
04/02

QUICK-DROP VALVE
LOWER
VALVE
ORIFICE ORIFICE SPOOL
ROD
END OIL

TO LIFT FROM LIFT


HEAD VALVE VALVE
END OIL
SPRING CHAMBER PLUNGER

65

• Quick-drop valve in When the blade control handle is at less than approximately 75% of full
LOWER lever travel, the lowering of the blade is controlled or modulated. The
flow of oil that can pass through the control valve lift spool at any given
position is a function of the pressure difference across the spool and the
temperature of the oil. As stated earlier, the quick-drop valve is activated
by high lift cylinder rod end oil flow in combination with low lift cylinder
head end pressure. For this reason, the actual control handle position
when the quick-drop valve is actuated can vary based on oil temperature
and the blade weight, which determine the rod end oil pressure.


STMG 758 - 89 -
04/02

When the blade control handle is moved to the LOWER position, supply
oil enters the quick-drop valve through a port and flows to the head end of
the lift cylinders. The oil being pushed from the rod end of the cylinders
returns through the control valve to the tank. Because of the weight of the
blade and the resistance to flow, the pressure of the rod end oil may be
higher than the head end oil. The flow of oil through the orifice is not
high enough to create a large pressure difference between the oil in the
port and the oil behind the plunger. The spring holds the plunger against
the valve spool and all the oil leaving the rod end of the lift cylinder
returns through the control valve to the hydraulic tank.
STMG 758 - 90 -
04/02

QUICK-DROP VALVE
QUICK-DROP
VALVE
ORIFICE ORIFICE SPOOL

ROD
END OIL

TO LIFT FROM LIFT


VALVE VALVE
HEAD
SPRING PLUNGER END OIL
CHAMBER

66

• Quick-drop LOWER When the blade control handle exceeds approximately 75% of lever travel
and the cylinder head end pressure is low, the quick-drop valve is
activated and the blade drops very rapidly.

The oil flow for a quick-drop is the same as slow lower except that some
of the oil leaving the rod end of the lift cylinder is directed into the head
end of the cylinder. When the flow of oil through the orifice creates
enough pressure differential between the rod end oil and the plunger
spring chamber, the valve spool and plunger shift to the left and permit oil
leaving the rod end to be added to the supply oil filling the head end of the
lift cylinders. As stated earlier, during a rapid blade drop, the rod end
pressure will be higher than the head end pressure due to the blade weight.
The resulting pressure differential and valve movement allow the rod end
oil to flow to the head end of the cylinder and minimize cylinder voiding.
STMG 758 - 91 -
04/02

QUICK-DROP VALVE
LOWER WITH DOWN PRESSURE
VALVE
ORIFICE ORIFICE SPOOL
ROD
END

TO LIFT FROM LIFT


VALVE VALVE
HEAD
SPRING END
CHAMBER PLUNGER

67

• LOWER with down When down pressure must be applied to the blade, the operator moves the
pressure blade control handle to the LOWER position. Pressure oil from the dozer
control valve is sent to the head end of the lift cylinders. At the same
time, oil fills the chamber at the left end of valve spool. As the head end
pressure and resistance to downward movement increase, pressure in the
chamber at the left end of the valve spool moves the plunger to the left
against the force of the spring and moves the valve spool completely to
the right. All the pressure oil from the dozer control valve is then sent to
the head end of the lift cylinders. All the rod end oil is returned through
the dozer control valve to the tank.
STMG 758 - 92 -
04/02

HEAD END ROD END

D10R TILT CIRCUIT


TILT RIGHT

LOAD CHECK SMALL PUMP LOAD CHECK


VALVE INLET VALVE
FROM PILOT FROM PILOT
MANIFOLD MANIFOLD

68

Dozer Tilt Circuit

• Tilt spool in TILT The tilt spool has three positions: TILT RIGHT, HOLD, and TILT LEFT.
RIGHT position In the HOLD position, the oil from the tilt pump section goes around the
tilt spool and joins the oil from the dozer lift and ripper pump section.

In the TILT RIGHT position, pilot oil pressure moves the tilt spool to the
right. Tilt pump oil pressure opens the load check valve and flows to the
tilt spool. The tilt spool directs oil to the dual tilt valve and the tilt
cylinders.
STMG 758 - 93 -
04/02

TILT LIFT LIFT TILT


CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

QUICK- QUICK-
DROP DROP
VALVE VALVE

D10R IMPLEMENT
FROM E/H FROM E/H HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
MANIFOLD MANIFOLD TILT RIGHT
LOGIC
VALVE DUMP
VALVE
MANUAL LOWER
VALVE DOZER VALVE

LIFT RAISE
SINGLE RELIEF TILT
TILT VALVE LEFT
(S2)

PITCH
(S1)
SHUTTLE
DUAL TILT VALVE VALVE TILT
DUMP RELIEF
VALVE VALVE

ELECTRO-
HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD

TO ATAAC
PRESSURE FAN CIRCUIT
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE
VALVE
IMPLEMENT
PUMP

RIPPER VACUUM
TILT DIVERTER VALVE
VALVE GROUP

RIPPER
LIFT

RIPPER VALVE

RIPPER TILT RIPPER LIFT RIPPER TILT


CYLINDER CYLINDERS CYLINDER

69

• Pilot oil moves tilt Movement of the blade control lever to the right sends an electrical signal
spool to the Implement ECM. The Implement ECM sends an output signal to
the tilt right proportional solenoid on the E/H manifold. As the solenoid
valve opens, pilot oil flows to the tilt spool. The pilot oil pressure moves
the spool to the TILT RIGHT position.

• Load check valve In the TILT RIGHT position, the oil from the tilt section of the pump
opens cannot combine with the oil from the lift section, and the pressure of the
oil increases. The increased pressure opens the load check valve. Before
the start of flow to the left tilt cylinder, oil fills the spring chamber
• Oil sent to left tilt between the relief valve and the dump valve. This condition raises the
cylinder pressure setting of the tilt relief valve. As the tilt spool moves farther, the
pump flow is sent to the left tilt cylinder, and the supply pressure
increases due to the load.


STMG 758 - 94 -
04/02

• Tilt circuit relief valve Because the tilt section flow cannot combine with the oil in the center
chamber, the dump valve for the dozer lift circuit does not control the tilt
circuit pressure. Instead, the tilt relief valve is used to limit the pressure
in the tilt circuit. When the tilt cylinder pressure increases to the relief
valve setting, the tilt relief will opens and drains oil from the dump valve
spring chamber. This condition permits the dump valve to open and limit
the pressure in the tilt circuit.

In the TILT RIGHT position, when in dual tilt, pump oil is sent to the
head end of the left tilt cylinder, which pushes the oil through the dual tilt
valve to the rod end of the right tilt cylinder. When the blade control
handle is released springs return the tilt spool to the HOLD position.
STMG 758 - 95 -
04/02

DUAL TILT VALVE


HOLD
TO ROD END FROM
ATAAC FAN
PUMP

S2 S1
TO HEAD END

TILT FROM BLADE


CYLINDERS TILT VALVE

70

• Dual tilt valve has The dual tilt valve provides the blade tilt circuit with three different modes
three modes: of operation: DUAL TILT, SINGLE TILT, and BLADE PITCH. The
control valve is located between the radiator grill doors and the radiator
- Dual tilt
on the left side of the machine. The valve is activated by ATAAC pump
- Single tilt pressure. The dual tilt valve contains a spring centered, hydraulically
- Blade pitch actuated spool valve and an electrically energized solenoid valve.

• Solenoid valve The solenoid valve contains two coils and has three different positions.
contains two When neither solenoid coil is energized, the system operates in the DUAL
positioning coils
TILT Mode. When the SNGL TILT key is pressed on the VIDS keypad,
• Toggle switch the S2 coil in the solenoid valve is energized, and the system operates in
activates S2 coil the SINGLE TILT Mode. When the trigger switch on the blade control
handle is depressed, the system energizes the S1 coil in the solenoid and
• Trigger switch activates the BLADE PITCH Mode.
activates S1 coil


STMG 758 - 96 -
04/02

• Tilt cylinders contain The S1 solenoid is also energized if the operator pitches (or racks) the
bypass valves blade with the thumb switch located at the top rear of the blade control
lever. The appropriate solenoids are energized if the automatic functions
of the dozing cycles are selected by the operator through the VIDS
keypad.

Both the left and right tilt cylinder pistons contain bypass valves. These
valves allow the completion of the tilt operation. When one of the
cylinders reaches the end of its travel, the oil goes through the bypass
valve to continue filling the other cylinder. The bypass valve opens when
the cylinder reaches the end of the stroke and allows oil to flow from one
end of the cylinder to the other cylinder.

NOTE: During a TILT function, the single tilt solenoid (S2) is


ENERGIZED only when the SNGL TILT Hot Key is activated.
STMG 758 - 97 -
04/02

DUAL TILT CIRCUIT


DUAL TILT RIGHT

FROM TILT
TO ROD END
CONTROL VALVE
LEFT TILT
CYLINDER

RIGHT TILT
CYLINDER
TO HEAD END

TO TILT
CONTROL VALVE

FROM ATAAC FAN


PUMP

FROM TRIGGER
SWITCH

FROM VIDS
KEYPAD

71

• Dual tilt operation The default position of the dual tilt valve is DUAL TILT. In the DUAL
TILT mode, pilot oil flow is blocked at the solenoid valve and the dual tilt
directional spool remains centered by the spring force.
• DUAL TILT RIGHT
When the operator moves the blade control handle to the TILT RIGHT
position, pump oil from the dozer control valve tilt circuit is sent to the
head end of the left tilt cylinder. This condition causes oil from the rod
end of the left tilt cylinder to be forced through the dual tilt control valve.
• Cylinders move in
The oil travels around the spool and is directed to the rod end of the right
opposite directions
tilt cylinder. As the right tilt cylinder retracts, the oil in the head end of
the cylinder is directed back through the dual tilt control valve and the
dozer tilt control valve to the tank. Movement of the tilt cylinders in
opposite directions causes the blade to tilt.


STMG 758 - 98 -
04/02

This action of the dual tilt cylinders causes the blade to tilt to the right.
When the control lever is released, the oil is blocked at the control valve,
and the blade remains tilted to the right until the control lever is moved
again.

• Bypass valve The bypass valve in the left tilt cylinder piston allows oil to continue
flowing to the right cylinder after the rod is fully extended from the left
cylinder. The bypass valve allows oil to continue to flow to the right tilt
cylinder rod end and provides full retraction for maximum blade tilt.
STMG 758 - 99 -
04/02

DUAL TILT CIRCUIT


SINGLE TILT RIGHT

FROM TILT TO ROD END


CONTROL VALVE
LEFT TILT
CYLINDER

RIGHT TILT
CYLINDER
TO HEAD END

TO TILT
CONTROL VALVE

FROM ATAAC FAN


PUMP

FROM TRIGGER
SWITCH

FROM VIDS
KEYPAD

72

• Single tilt S2 coil To change from the DUAL TILT to the SINGLE TILT Mode, the SNGL
energized TILT key on the VIDS keypad is pressed. The SNGL TILT function is
selected and the S2 coil in the solenoid valve is energized. The valve
allows pilot oil from the solenoid valve to flow to the upper end of the
directional spool and opens the lower end of the spool to drain. The
directional spool moves down against the spring force to the SINGLE
TILT position. In this condition, only the left tilt cylinder will extend or
retract to change the position of the blade.

• SINGLE TILT RIGHT When the operator moves the blade control handle to the SINGLE TILT
RIGHT position, supply oil is sent to the head end of the left tilt cylinder.
The rod extends forcing oil from the rod end to the tank. In the SINGLE
TILT mode, the directional spool blocks oil to and from the right tilt
cylinder to keep it stationary. The right tilt cylinder then functions as a
brace.

When the control handle is released, the oil is blocked at the tilt control
valve, and the blade remains tilted to the right until the control handle is
moved again.
STMG 758 - 100 -
04/02

DUAL TILT CIRCUIT


BLADE PITCH FORWARD

FROM TILT
TO ROD END
CONTROL VALVE
LEFT TILT
CYLINDER

RIGHT TILT
CYLINDER
TO HEAD END

TO TILT
CONTROL VALVE

FROM ATAAC FAN


PUMP

FROM TRIGGER
SWITCH

FROM
TOGGLE SWITCH

73

• Pitch S1 coil To change the blade pitch, the trigger switch on the blade control lever is
energized depressed, the thumb switch is pushed to the right, or the left mode button
is pressed and the Auto Blade Assist (ABA) feature is activated. To
PITCH the blade, the S1 coil in the solenoid valve is energized. The
solenoid valve directs pilot oil to the lower end of the directional spool
and opens the upper end of the spool to drain. The valve spool then shifts
up against the spring force to the BLADE PITCH Mode.
• BLADE PITCH For BLADE PITCH FORWARD, flow from the dozer tilt circuit is sent to
FORWARD the head end of the left tilt cylinder. As the cylinder extends, oil from the
rod end is pushed through the dual tilt valve to the head end of the right
tilt cylinder. The oil in the rod end of the right tilt cylinder is pushed back
through the dual tilt valve to the hydraulic tank. As both tilt cylinders
extend, the blade pitches forward.


STMG 758 - 101 -
04/02

The cylinder extension rate is not the same between the left and right tilt
cylinders. This difference is caused by the unequal volume of oil entering
the two cylinder head ends. The volume of oil being pushed from the left
cylinder rod end is used to extend the right tilt cylinder.

The left rod end displaces a volume equivalent to the volume entering the
left head end of the cylinder minus the cylinder rod volume.

Since the right tilt cylinder head end receives oil from the rod end of the
left cylinder, the right cylinder will extend at a slower rate than the left
cylinder.

When the blade control handle is released, the oil is blocked at the control
valve and the blade remains pitched forward until the control lever is
moved again.

NOTE: The BLADE PITCH mode has priority over the SNGL TILT
mode.
STMG 758 - 102 -
04/02

TILT LIFT LIFT TILT


CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

QUICK- QUICK-
DROP DROP
VALVE VALVE

FROM E/H FROM E/H D10R IMPLEMENT


LOGIC MANIFOLD MANIFOLD
VALVE DUMP HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
MANUAL LOWER
VALVE RIPPER RAISE
VALVE DOZER VALVE

LIFT RAISE
SINGLE RELIEF TILT
TILT VALVE LEFT
(S2)

PITCH
(S1)
SHUTTLE
DUAL TILT VALVE VALVE TILT
DUMP RELIEF
VALVE VALVE

ELECTRO-
HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD

TO ATAAC
PRESSURE FAN CIRCUIT
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE
VALVE
IMPLEMENT
PUMP

RIPPER VACUUM
TILT DIVERTER
VALVE
VALVE
GROUP

RIPPER
LIFT

RIPPER VALVE

RIPPER TILT RIPPER LIFT RIPPER TILT


CYLINDER CYLINDERS CYLINDER

74

• Ripper RAISE Ripper Hydraulic Circuit

When a ripper function is requested, oil from the dozer lift and ripper
pump section flows to the dozer lift spool and ripper valve. In the ripper
RAISE position, oil is blocked at the dozer lift spool. Oil flows to the
ripper valve where it is directed to the rod end of the ripper lift cylinders.

At a synchronized time, the Implement ECM sends a signal to energize


the PCO solenoid valve. The PCO solenoid valve directs pilot oil to the
shuttle valve in the dozer control valve. The shuttle valve shifts and
allows oil from the implement pump to fill the spring chamber of the
dump valve, which now functions as the relief valve for the ripper circuit.


STMG 758 - 103 -
04/02

When the shuttle valve is shifted, the oil from the implement pump is
directed to the load check valve in the ripper control valve. The increased
pressure opens the load check valve and allows oil to flow to the rod end
of the ripper lift cylinders to RAISE the ripper.
STMG 758 - 104 -
04/02

RIPPER AND PILOT SYSTEMS


TILT BLADE IMPLEMENT RAISE
RIPPER RIPPER RIGHT/ RAISE LOCKOUT
IN LOWER DUMP SOLENOID
VALVE

TO ATAAC
FAN MOTOR

BLADE TO PRESSURE
RIPPER RIPPER TILT LOWER/ COMPENSATION
OUT RAISE LEFT/ FLOAT OVERRIDE SOLENOID
RACK VALVE

MAKEUP
VALVE
LOAD CHECK
VALVE

LIFT
RIPPER IN/OUT
CYLINDERS
SPOOL

RIPPER LIFT
SPOOL

75

• Ripper RAISE When the operator requests the RIPPER RAISE function, an electrical
signal from the ripper raise/lower lever position sensor is sent to the
Implement ECM. The Implement ECM sends an output signal to the
ripper raise solenoid on the E/H manifold. The solenoid valve opens,
sending pilot oil to the upper end of the ripper lift spool.

Oil from the implement pump is directed to the load check valve in the
ripper control valve. The increased pressure opens the load check valve
and allows oil to flow to the rod end of the ripper lift cylinders to RAISE
the ripper.

The ripper functions are electronically prioritized so ripper LIFT has


priority over ripper SHANK IN/OUT if they are requested
simultaneously. All ripper functions have priority over blade FLOAT.
STMG 758 - 105 -
04/02

TILT BLADE IMPLEMENT


RIPPER RIPPER RIGHT/ RAISE LOCKOUT
OUT LOWER DUMP SOLENOID RIPPER AND PILOT SYSTEMS
VALVE SHANK OUT

TO ATAAC
FAN MOTOR

TO PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE
SOLENOID
VALVE BLADE
RIPPER RIPPER TILT LOWER/
IN RAISE LEFT/ FLOAT
RACK

MAKEUP
VALVE
LOAD CHECK
VALVE

TIP
RIPPER IN/OUT
CYLINDERS
SPOOL

RIPPER LIFT
SPOOL

76

• Shank out When the operator requests the ripper SHANK OUT function, an
electrical signal from the ripper shank in/out lever is sent to the
Implement ECM. The Implement ECM sends an output signal to the
ripper tip solenoid on the E/H manifold. The solenoid valve opens,
sending pilot oil to the upper end of the ripper tip spool.

At a synchronized time, the Implement ECM sends a signal to energize


the PCO solenoid valve as previously discussed. Oil from the implement
pump is directed to the load check valve in the ripper control valve. The
increased pressure opens the load check valve and allows oil to flow to the
rod end of the ripper tip cylinders to extend the ripper tip. If, due to
machine movement, the ripper tip extends faster than the pump can
provide flow to the cylinders, the makeup valve opens and allows drain oil
to fill the rod end of the cylinders to prevent cylinder voiding.
STMG 758 - 106 -
04/02

2 3
1

5
7

77

• ATAAC fan circuit ATAAC Fan Hydraulic Circuit


components:
The ATAAC fan pump (1) is the rear section of the implement pump (2).
1. ATAAC fan pump
The fan pump supplies oil flow to the ATAAC fan circuit, E/H manifold,
2. Implement pump
and the dual tilt valve.

3. Pilot pressure and The pilot pressure and fan speed control valve (3) is located below the cab
fan speed control inside the right frame rail and includes two relief valves (4). The relief
valve valves control oil flow to the pilot hydraulic system, dual tilt valve, and
the ATAAC fan motor (5).
4. Relief valves

Also located on the pilot pressure and fan speed control valve are two
5. ATAAC fan motor
pressure taps (6) to check discharge pressure from the rear section of the
6. Pressure taps implement pump and fan motor inlet pressure.

7. Hydraulic oil cooler


STMG 758 - 107 -
04/02

The ATAAC fan motor, located on the ATAAC assembly, drives the
ATAAC fan (not visible). The fan distributes air evenly over the heat
exchangers (not visible) to cool the turbocharged air.

The hydraulic oil cooler (7) is located on the right side of the engine. Oil
from the fan motor flows through the cooler to cool the hydraulic system
oil.
STMG 758 - 108 -
04/02

ATAAC FAN HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT


LOW OIL TEMPERATURE

RESTRICTOR
VALVE
FROM ATAAC
FAN PUMP

RELIEF FAN
PILOT VALVE MOTOR
PRESSURE AND
FAN SPEED
CONTROL VALVE
TEMPERATURE
CONTROL VALVE

OIL
TO TANK COOLER
TO TANK

78

• ATAAC fan hydraulic The ATAAC fan hydraulic circuit drives the ATAAC fan, controls oil
circuit: pressure to the pilot hydraulic system, and cools the oil for the hydraulic
system.
- Low oil temperature

The ATAAC fan pump supplies oil to the pilot pressure and fan speed
control valve. The restrictor valve maintains a minimum pressure in the
ATAAC pump circuit.

Oil from the restrictor valve flows to the fan drive motor. The fan drive
motor contains a check valve, which prevents cavitation in the fan drive
motor. When the engine speed decreases quickly, the check valve allows
oil from the outlet passage of the fan drive motor to flow into the inlet
passage of the fan drive motor.

When the oil temperature in the hydraulic tank is less than 61º C (140º F),
the temperature control valve opens and oil flows to the hydraulic tank.


STMG 758 - 109 -
04/02

• Relief valve The relief valve controls the maximum pressure to the pilot hydraulic
system and the fan drive motor. When pressure to the pilot system or the
fan drive motor exceeds the pressure setting of the relief valve, the relief
valve opens. Oil from the relief valve flows to the hydraulic oil cooler or
to the temperature control valve. Oil from the hydraulic oil cooler and
temperature control valve flows to the hydraulic tank.
STMG 758 - 110 -
04/02

ATAAC FAN HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT


HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE

RESTRICTOR
VALVE
FROM ATAAC
FAN PUMP

RELIEF FAN
PILOT VALVE MOTOR
PRESSURE AND
FAN SPEED
CONTROL VALVE
TEMPERATURE
CONTROL VALVE

TO TANK OIL
COOLER
TO TANK

79

• ATAAC fan hydraulic When the oil temperature in the hydraulic tank is greater than
circuit: 61º C (140º F), the temperature control valve closes and oil flows to the
hydraulic oil cooler. Oil from the hydraulic oil cooler flows to the
- High oil temperature
hydraulic tank.
STMG 758 - 111 -
04/02

2 3 4

80

VITAL INFORMATION DISPLAY SYSTEM (VIDS)

• VIDS components: The Vital Information Display System (VIDS) continuously monitors the
machine systems. VIDS contains both software and hardware
1. Keypad components. The hardware components consist of the VIDS ECM (not
shown), a keypad (1), quad gauge module (2), speedometer/tachometer
2. Quad gauge module
module (3), message center (4), and various switches, sensors, lamps, and
3. Speedometer/ alarms.
tachometer module

4. Message center
STMG 758 - 112 -
04/02

VITAL INFORMATION DISPLAY SYSTEM


ENGINE ECM
IMPLEMENT ECM CAT
POWER TRAIN OIL TEMPERATURE
POWER TRAIN ECM DATA LINK
SENSOR
CAT ET

POWER TRAIN FILTER BYPASS SWITCH


ACTION LAMPS (2)

HYDRAULIC FILTER BYPASS SWITCH

GAUGE CLUSTER MODULE


FUEL LEVEL SENDER
VIDS
VIDS MESSAGE CENTER MODULE SPI DATA LINK
ELECTRONIC
FAN FILTER BYPASS SWITCH CONTROL
MODULE SPEEDOMETER/TACHOMETER
MODULE
(ECM)
KEY SWITCH

ALTERNATOR "R" TERMINAL ACTION ALARM

HYDRAULIC OIL TEMPERATURE


SENSOR
+8V VDC SENSOR SUPPLY

HARNESS CODE PLUG


+12V VDC IINSTRUMENT SUPPLY

KEY PAD

81

• VIDS components The VIDS components are shown in this view. The components that
provide input signals to the VIDS ECM are located on the left and the
components that receive output signals from the VIDS ECM are on the
right.

The VIDS components communicate with each other and with other
electronic controls on the machine through Data Links. VIDS uses the
following Data Links:

• CAT Data Link CAT Data Link: This two wire Data Link allows communication
between the VIDS ECM, Engine ECM, Power Train ECM, Implement
ECM, and Caterpillar ET software.

• Serial Peripheral Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Data Link: This four wire Data Link
Interface (SPI) Data allows communication between the VIDS ECM and all VIDS display
Link
components.
STMG 758 - 113 -
04/02

82

• Right side of The Implement ECM (1) and VIDS ECM (2) are located behind a panel
operator's station: on the right side of the operator's station. The Implement ECM receives
input signals from various switches and sensors, processes the
1. Implement ECM
information and sends output signals to the implement system output
2. VIDS ECM components and over the Cat Data Link.

The Implement ECM uses the Vital Information Display System (VIDS)
to display system diagnostic information. Diagnostic information is also
available on a laptop computer using the Caterpillar ET software.
STMG 758 - 114 -
04/02

1 6
2 8

9
10

3 4 7

83

• Dash panel: The display components of the Vital Information Display System are:

1. Gauge cluster Quad Gauge Module (1): Contains engine coolant temperature gauge
module
(top left), power train oil temperature gauge (top right), hydraulic oil
temperature gauge (bottom left) and the fuel level gauge (bottom right).
2. Speedometer/
tachometer module
Speedometer/Tachometer Module: Contains a tachometer (2), digital
3. Speedometer speedometer (3) and a transmission actual gear display (4).

4. Gear display Message Center Module: Contains an alert indicator (5), universal
gauge (6) and a message area (7).
5. Alert indicator

One action lamp (8) is located on the dash panel and a second action lamp
6. Universal gauge
(visual No. 7) is located on the right console to alert the operator of
7. Message area abnormal machine conditions.

8. Action lamp Also located at the bottom left side of the dash are the Autoshift switch
(9) and the Auto Kickdown switch (10). The Autoshift switch allows the
9. Autoshift switch operator to preset the gear speed for directional shifting. The Auto
Kickdown switch, when activated, sends a signal to the Power Train
10. Auto Kickdown
ECM. The Power Train ECM will automatically downshift the
switch
transmission.
STMG 758 - 115 -
04/02

3
1

2 4

84

• Right side of The VIDS keypad (1) includes 18 keys, which allow the operator or
operator's station: service technician to communicate with the VIDS. The nine keys on the
left side of the keypad are used to select items from the VIDS menu and
1. VIDS keypad
perform various operations. The data is displayed on the VIDS message
2. Auto Blade Assist center.
(ABA) lamp
Some of the operations that can be performed include: adjust contrast,
3. Single tilt lamp adjust backlighting, select units of measurement, select a language, view
events, view machine parameters, perform diagnostic tests, and perform
4. Float lamp calibrations.

The nine keys on the right side of the VIDS keypad are the "Hot Keys"
used to access Implement Electronic Control System functions. When a
function is activated, the corresponding indicator below the keypad
illuminates.

In this view, the Auto Blade Assist (ABA) lamp (2), Single Tilt lamp (3),
and Float lamp (4) are illuminated.

NOTE: For more information on the VIDS keypad operation, refer


to the "VIDS Message Center and Keypad Operator Instruction"
(Form TEJB6017) and the Vital Information Display System (VIDS)
Systems Operation, Testing, Adjusting, and Troubleshooting Service
Manual Module (Form SENR9413).
STMG 758 - 116 -
04/02

85

• Rear of torque The power train oil temperature sensor (1) is located at the rear of the
converter: torque converter on the torque converter outlet relief valve (2).

1. Power train oil


The power train oil temperature sensor provides a signal to the VIDS
temperature sensor
ECM indicating power train oil temperature. The VIDS uses the power
2. Torque converter train oil temperature sensor signal to display the oil temperature on the
outlet relief valve quad gauge module.
STMG 758 - 117 -
04/02

86

• Rear of transmission: The transmission oil filter bypass switch (1) is located in the base of the
transmission filter (2). The filter bypass switch sends a signal to the
1. Transmission filter VIDS ECM if the differential oil pressure across the switch is too high.
bypass switch

Also visible in this view is the steering oil temperature sensor (3). The oil
2. Transmission filter
temperature sensor sends a signal to the Power Train ECM indicating
3. Steering oil steering oil temperature.
temperature sensor
STMG 758 - 118 -
04/02

2
1

87

• Rear of hydraulic The hydraulic oil temperature sensor (1) and the fan filter bypass
tank: switch (2) are located at the rear of the hydraulic tank.

1. Hydraulic oil
The hydraulic oil temperature sensor sends a signal to the VIDS ECM
temperature sensor
indicating hydraulic oil temperature. The VIDS uses the temperature
2. Fan filter bypass sensor signal information to display the temperature on the quad gauge
switch module.

The fan filter bypass switch sends a signal to the VIDS ECM if the
differential oil pressure across the switch exceeds
151 ± 19 kPa (22 ± 3 psi).
STMG 758 - 119 -
04/02

88

• Ultra-sonic fuel level The ultra-sonic fuel level sensor (arrow) is located at the bottom of the
sensor (arrow) fuel tank. The fuel level sensor sends a signal to the VIDS ECM
indicating the fuel level. The VIDS uses the fuel level sensor signal
information to display the fuel level on the quad gauge module.
STMG 758 - 120 -
04/02

1
2

89

• Below cab, right side The pilot oil filter bypass switch (1) is located in the base of the pilot oil
of machine: filter (2) below the floor plate on the right side of the machine.

1. Pilot oil filter


The pilot filter bypass switch sends a signal to the VIDS ECM if the
bypass switch
differential oil pressure across the switch exceeds 345 kPa (50 psi).
2. Pilot oil filter
STMG 758 - 121 -
04/02

90

• Alternator "R" The alternator "R" terminal (arrow) is located on the back of the alternator
terminal (arrow) and sends a frequency (Hz) signal to the VIDS ECM. The alternator
frequency is used to determine the condition of the tractor electrical
charging system.
STMG 758 - 122 -
04/02

2 3

91

VIDS Operation

• Message center During normal operation and whenever the "Cancel" ("X" key on the
module: keypad) is pressed the message area (1) displays the default information
(background mode) as shown here.
1. Message area

When the key start switch is turned to the ON position, the VIDS
2. Alert indicator
performs a self test of the display modules (quad gauge,
3. Universal gauge speedometer/tachometer, and message center modules). The display
components indicate whether the VIDS ECM is operating properly.

When an abnormal machine condition exists, the alert indicator (2)


flashes and the message area displays the system parameter that is
experiencing the abnormal condition. The universal gauge (3) may also
show the approximate value of the abnormal system parameter.

The event is stored the VIDS ECM. If the event is a Level II warning, the
action lamp will flash. If the event is a Level III warning, the action lamp
flashes and the action alarm sounds.

NOTE: Level I and Level II events that are displayed on the message
center module must be acknowledged by pressing the "OK" key
before the machine default information will return.
STMG 758 - 123 -
04/02

MAIN MENU
1: PREFERENCES
2: EVENT MENU
3: SYSTEM MENU
VIDS MENU ACCESS 4: SERVICE OPTIONS

2 3
TO ACCESS THE VIDS MENUS:
1

OK • PRESS THE "MENU" KEY AND;


SNGL TILT

4 5 6 • USE THE NUMERIC KEYS ON THE KEYPAD

MENU GAUGE SETUP SET PITCH SET MACH OR


7 AUT 8 9
X ? i+ • USE THE ARROW KEYS AND THE "OK" KEY
CANCEL HELP MORE ABA FLOAT

1: PREFERENCE MENU 2: EVENT MENU 3: SYSTEM MENU 4: SERVICE OPTIONS

1: ADJUST CONTRAST 1: ACTIVE EVENTS 1: MACHINE STATS 1: PERFORM CALIBRATIONS


2: ADJUST BACKLIGHT 2: SUMMARY LOG 2: TEST DISPLAY
3: SELECT UNITS 3: AUTOLUBE MENU
4: SELECT LANGUAGE

92

• VIDS menu access The VIDS menus shown here, are available to the operator and service
technician. The menus can be accessed to adjust various machine settings
and perform service operations.

To access the VIDS menus, the key start switch must be ON. Press the
"Menu" key and use the numeric keys on the keypad, or use the arrow
keys and the "OK" key.

NOTE: A password may be required to perform the calibrations


under the 'Service Options" menu.

Level I and Level II events that are displayed on the message center
module must be acknowledged by pressing the "OK" key before the
menus, the machine parameters, or other keys can be accessed.
STMG 758 - 124 -
04/02

VIDS MENU CHART

MAIN MENU
1: PREFERENCES
2: EVENT MENU
3: SYSTEM MENU
4: SERVICE OPTIONS

1: PREFERENCE MENU 2: EVENT MENU 3: SYSTEM MENU 4: SERVICE OPTIONS

1: ADJUST CONTRAST 1: ACTIVE EVENTS 1: MACHINE STATS 1: PERFORM CALIBRATIONS


2: ADJUST BACKLIGHT 2: TEST DISPLAY
2: SUMMARY LOG
3: SELECT UNITS 3: AUTOLUBE MENU
4: SELECT LANGUAGE

93

• Preferences Menu: The "Adjust Contrast" option is the first option under the "Preference
Menu". The display screen contrast level may be adjusted from 25 to 75
- Adjust Contrast percent.
- Adjust Backlight
The "Adjust Backlight" option allows the display screen backlight to be
- Select Units
adjusted from 20 to 100 percent.
- Select Language
The "Select Units" option allows the user to change the units of
measurement from "English to Metric" or from "Metric to English."

The "Select Language" option allows the user to select the language that
will be displayed on the message center.
STMG 758 - 125 -
04/02

VIDS MENU CHART

MAIN MENU
1: PREFERENCES
2: EVENT MENU
3: SYSTEM MENU
4: SERVICE OPTIONS

1: PREFERENCE MENU 2: EVENT MENU 3: SYSTEM MENU 4: SERVICE OPTIONS

1: ADJUST CONTRAST 1: ACTIVE EVENTS 1: MACHINE STATS 1: PERFORM CALIBRATIONS


2: ADJUST BACKLIGHT 2: TEST DISPLAY
2: SUMMARY LOG
3: SELECT UNITS 3: AUTOLUBE MENU
4: SELECT LANGUAGE

94

• Events menu: The "Active Events" menu is used to display machine events that are
presently active.
- Active Events

- Summary Log The "Summary Log" displays logged events. The events are displayed in
the order of the warning category.
STMG 758 - 126 -
04/02

ACTIVE AND LOGGED EVENTS

SYSTEM EVENT (Failed Electrical Component)


FUEL LVL SNSR ERR Press FUEL LVL SNSR ERR
1120.2 000:05:35 2 "MORE" MID051 CID0096 FMI04
Key

DATA EVENT (Abnormal Condition)


HYD OIL TEMP HIGH
251.60 000:05:35

95

• Active and logged This view shows the information displayed on the VIDS message center
events: area when a system event (failed electrical component) or data event
(abnormal condition) occurs.
- Active event

- System event When a system event occurs, the first line on the message center area
- Data event displays the name of the event and the condition. The second line
displays the following information from left to right:
• The service hourmeter reading of the machine at the first
occurrence of the event
• The duration of the event
• The warning category of the event
Pressing the "More" key will allow the operator to view additional
information about the parameter.


STMG 758 - 127 -
04/02

If the event that is currently active is a failed electrical component, the


second line of the message center will display the following information
as shown in the upper right view:
• Module Identifier (MID)
• Component Identifier (CID)
• Failure Mode Identifier (FMI)
Pressing the "More" key again will toggle back to the initial display.

If the event that is currently active is is caused by an abnormal condition,


(bottom view) the first line on the message center area displays the name
of the event and the condition. The second line displays the parameter
value and the duration of the event.
Pressing the "more" key will display instructions for the operator or
service technician.

Pressing the "More" key again will toggle back to the initial display.
STMG 758 - 128 -
04/02

VIDS MENU CHART

MAIN MENU
1: PREFERENCES
2: EVENT MENU
3: SYSTEM MENU
4: SERVICE OPTIONS

1: PREFERENCE MENU 2: EVENT MENU 3: SYSTEM MENU 4: SERVICE OPTIONS

1: ADJUST CONTRAST 1: ACTIVE EVENTS 1: MACHINE STATS 1: PERFORM CALIBRATIONS


2: ADJUST BACKLIGHT 2: TEST DISPLAY
2: SUMMARY LOG
3: SELECT UNITS 3: AUTOLUBE MENU
4: SELECT LANGUAGE

96

• System menu: The "System Menu" is used to display machine configuration information
and perform a display components test.
- Machine Stats

- Test Display The "Show Machine Stat" menu item allows the operator to view the
following information:
- Autolube Menu

• Current VIDS software version


• VIDS ECM serial number
• VIDS ECM part number
• Machine model
• Machine serial number
• Equipment ID
• Harness code
• Current Operator ID

STMG 758 - 129 -
04/02

The "Test Display" option allows the operator or service technician to test
the following components:

• Gauges
• Alarm lights
• Status lights
• Message center

NOTE: The "Test Display" is also performed automatically when


they key start switch is turned to the ON position.
STMG 758 - 130 -
04/02

VIDS MENU CHART

MAIN MENU
1: PREFERENCES
2: EVENT MENU
3: SYSTEM MENU
4: SERVICE OPTIONS

1: PREFERENCE MENU 2: EVENT MENU 3: SYSTEM MENU 4: SERVICE OPTIONS

1: ADJUST CONTRAST 1: ACTIVE EVENTS 1: MACHINE STATS 1: PERFORM CALIBRATIONS


2: ADJUST BACKLIGHT 2: TEST DISPLAY
2: SUMMARY LOG
3: SELECT UNITS 3: AUTOLUBE MENU
4: SELECT LANGUAGE

97

• Service options menu: The "Service Options" menu is used to perform power train and
implement system calibrations. The "Service Options" menu will also
- Perform calibrations
allow the implements to be moved with the keypad (LIMP HOME mode)
and test the implement pump relief pressures ("MAIN PMP RELIEF
TEST" and "TILT PMP RELIEF TEST").

INSTRUCTOR NOTE: For a complete list of machine system


calibrations, refer to the D10R Track-Type Tractor Vital Information
Display System (VIDS) Systems Operation, Testing and Adjusting
Troubleshooting" Service Manual Module (SENR9413).

NOTE: The VIDS must be in the "SERVICE MODE" before the


calibration procedures may be accessed. The VIDS may require a
password before the user is allowed to toggle ON the "SERVICE
MODE."
STMG 758 - 131 -
04/02

CALIBRATIONS
-SERVICE OPTIONS- BLD CNTRL FULL RIGHT
2. PERFORM CALS PRESS TRIG SW OR [ ]

SELECT A CALIBRATION BLD CNTRL FULL RAISE


BLADE CONTROL HANDLE PRESS TRIG SW OR [ ]

BLD CNTRL FULL LOWER


PRESS [ ] TO START
PRESS TRIG SW OR [ ]

RELEASE CONTROLS [ ] RELEASE CONTROLS

BLD CNTRL FULL LEFT COMPLETED OK


PRESS TRIG SW OR [ ]

98

• Calibration: This view displays the steps shown on the VIDS message area as the
blade control lever calibration procedure is performed.
- Blade control lever
The directions on the VIDS message area screen step the service
technician through all the calibration procedures.
STMG 758 - 132 -
04/02

GAUGE KEY
1 2 3

OK SNGL TILT

4 5 6

MENU GAUGE SETUP SET PITCH SET MACH

7 AUT 8 9
X ? i+
CANCEL HELP MORE ABA FLOAT

PARAMETER PARAMETER
NAME ENG SPD 100 NUMBER

PARAMETER 1000 RPM


VALUE

99

• Gauge key displays The gauge key is used to display machine parameters. When a parameter
machine parameters is selected, the parameter name, parameter value, and parameter number is
displayed in the message area as shown here. The parameter value will
also be displayed on the universal gauge.

• Pressing gauge key The gauge key may be used in three ways. Pressing the gauge key once
once: displays the parameter that was last displayed on the message center area.
- Parameter selection Using the arrow keys will allow the user to continue scrolling through the
screen parameters.


STMG 758 - 133 -
04/02

• Pressing gauge key If the gauge key is pressed twice, the parameter category can be selected.
twice: The parameter categories available are:
- Parameter selection
• All
categories
• Engine
• Power Train
• Implement
• Service
• Operator

• Pressing gauge key If the gauge key is pressed three times, the three digit parameter number
three times: can be entered which will display the requested parameter information on
- Parameter entry the message center.
mode
INSTRUCTOR NOTE: For a complete list of machine parameters,
refer to the D10R Track-Type Tractor Vital Information Display
System (VIDS) Systems Operation, Testing and Adjusting
Troubleshooting" Service Manual Module (SENR9413).
STMG 758 - 134 -
04/02

SETUP KEY
1 2 3

OK SNGL TILT

4 5 6

MENU GAUGE SETUP SET PITCH SET MACH

7 AUT 8 9
X ? i+
CANCEL HELP MORE ABA FLOAT

- ID MENU -
1: SELECT OPERATOR 4: OPERATOR SETUP
2: SAVE ALL SETTINGS 5: SERV MODE TOGGLE
3: RECALL OPERATOR 6: FACTORY DEFAULTS

100

• Setup key: The setup key is used to access the "ID Menu."

- Select Operator The "Select Operator" option allows the selection of an "OPERATOR ID"
- Save All Settings from a list. There are twenty available operator identifiers.
- Recall Operator
The "Save All Settings" option allows the user to save changes that were
- Operator Setup made to the current settings to the currently selected "OPERATOR ID."
- Serv Mode Toggle
The "Recall Operator" option allows the operator to recall the settings that
- Factory Defaults
are stored for a designated "OPERATOR ID."

The "Operator Setup" option includes "CHANGE OPER NAME and


"RESET TO FACTORY." "CHANGE OPER NAME" option will only
change the currently selected "OPERATOR ID." The "RESET TO
FACTORY" option can reset any of the "OPERATOR ID's" except the
currently selected "OPERATOR ID."


STMG 758 - 135 -
04/02

The :"Serv Mode Toggle" option allows the user to toggle the "SERVICE
MODE" from OFF to ON.

The "Factory Defaults" option restores the current setting for the "VIDS
display" and the "machine setup" to the default factory settings. Once the
"OK" key is pressed, the current settings are restored to the factory
settings.

NOTE: A password may be required to perform the calibrations


under the 'Service Options" menu. A password is not required if the
password is set to zero with the Cat® ET Service Tool.
STMG 758 - 136 -
04/02

3 5

1
2

8
6

101

• VIDS keys: There are five "Hot Keys" on the VIDS keypad that allow the operator to
setup the implements to perform specific operations. The "Hot Keys" are:
1. Float key
Float Key (1): The float key is used to "ARM" the blade float feature or
2. Auto ABA key
turn off the blade float feature. The blade float feature was previously
3. Set Pitch key described with the implement hydraulic system.

4. Set Machine key Auto ABA Key (2): The "AUT ABA" key provides automatic
adjustment to the blade pitch during various dozing modes, which helps
5. Single Tilt key reduce operator fatigue.

6. Auto Blade Assist Set Pitch Key (3): The "SET PITCH" key allows the operator to change
(ABA) lamp
the following three blade pitch settings that are used by the auto blade
7. Single tilt lamp assist feature:

8. Float lamp - Set Load Pitch

- Set Carry Pitch

- Set Spread Pitch


STMG 758 - 137 -
04/02

Set Machine Key (4): The "SET MACH" key allows the operator to
modify the following three functions:

- View Operator

- BLD Response

- Autostow Config

Single Tilt Key (5): The "SNGL TILT" key allows the machine to
operate in the single tilt mode. The single tilt mode was previously
described with the implement hydraulic system.

In this view, the Auto Blade Assist (ABA) lamp (6), Single Tilt lamp (7)
and Float lamp (8) are illuminated.

NOTE: For more information on the VIDS keypad operation, refer


to the "VIDS Message Center and Keypad Operator Instruction"
(Form TEJB6017) and the Vital Information Display System (VIDS)
Systems Operation, Testing, Adjusting, and Troubleshooting Service
Manual Module (Form SENR9413).
STMG 758 - 138 -
04/02

102

CONCLUSION

This presentation has covered the major changes on the D10R Track-type
Tractor. When used in conjunction with the service manual, the
information in this package should help the service technician diagnose
machine problems.

Always refer to the latest service information when performing


maintenance and service on the D10R.
STMG 758 - 139 -
04/02

VISUALS LIST
1. Model view 39. Steering clutch and brake control valve--
2. New features STRAIGHT TRAVEL
3. Operator's station 40. Implement hydraulic system block diagram
4. Dash panel 41. Implement system component locations
5. Blade control lever 42. Implement system components
6. Ripper control lever 43. Hydraulic tank
7. Finger Tip Control 44. Implement ECM inputs and outputs
8. Parking brake switch 45. Implement ECM
9. Cat® ET service connector 46. Blade control lever
10. 3412E HEUI engine 47. Ripper control lever
11. AMOCS radiator 48. Implement pump pressure sensors
12. Air ducts 49. E/H manifold
13. ATAAC assembly off machine 50. Dual tilt valve
14. ATAAC assembly 51. Pressure compensation override solenoid
15. Power train hydraulic system block diagram valve
16. Power Train ECM inputs and outputs 52. Pilot hydraulic system
17. Power train ECM 53. E/H manifold--HOLD
18. Parking brake switch 54. Pilot hydraulic system components
19. Brake pedal 55. Logic valve
20. Transmission switches 56 Implement hydraulic system--HOLD
21. Autoshift and Auto Kickdown switches 57. Dozer control valve--HOLD
22. Engine output speed sensor 58. Dozer control valve side view--RAISE
23. Torque converter outlet relief valve 59. Pilot hydraulic system--BLADE RAISE
24. Transmission speed sensors 60. Implement hydraulic system--BLADE
25. Steering oil temperature sensor RAISE
26. Steering clutch and brake valve 61. Dozer control valve--RAISE
27. Transmission control group 62. Implement hydraulic system--BLADE
28. Priority valve group FLOAT
29. Power train hydraulic system schematic 63. Dozer control valve--FLOAT
30. Power train hydraulic system components 64. Quick-drop valve--RAISE
31. Power train hydraulic system relief valves 65. Quick-drop valve--LOWER
32. Final drive 66. Quick-drop valve--QUICK DROP
33. Priority valve 67. Quick-drop valve--LOWER with down
34. Lube management valve pressure
35. Transmission modulating valve 68. Tilt spool--TILT RIGHT
36. Steering clutch and brake control valve-- 69. Implement hydraulic system--TILT RIGHT
BRAKES ENGAGED 70. Dual tilt valve--HOLD
37. Steering clutch and brake control valve-- 71. Dual tilt circuit--DUAL TILT RIGHT
GRADUAL RIGHT TURN 72. Dual tilt circuit--SINGLE TILT RIGHT
38. Steering clutch and brake control valve-- 73. Dual tilt circuit--BLADE PITCH
SHARP RIGHT TURN FORWARD
STMG 758 - 140 -
04/02

SLIDE LIST
74. Implement hydraulic system--Ripper RAISE 89. Pilot oil filter bypass switch
75. Ripper and pilot systems--RAISE 90. Alternator "R" terminal
76. Ripper and pilot systems--SHANK OUT 91. VIDS message center
77. ATAAC fan circuit components 92. VIDS menu access
78. ATAAC fan circuit--Low oil temperature 93. VIDS Preference menu
79. ATAAC fan circuit--High oil temperature 94. VIDS Events menu
80. VIDS components 95. Active and logged events display
81. VIDS ECM inputs and outputs 96. VIDS System menu
82. Implement ECM 97. VIDS Service Options menu
83. Dash panel 98. Blade lever calibration steps
84. VIDS keypad 99. Gauge key
85. Torque converter outlet relief valve 100. Setup key
86. Transmission oil filter 101. VIDS keypad
87. Rear of hydraulic tank 102. Model view
88. Fuel level sensor
STMG 758 - 141 - Serviceman's Handout No. 1
04/02

Machine Walk-around Checklist

Directions: Use this sheet to identify the machine maintenance items during a walk-around inspection.
Place a check in the blank space when the item has been identified.

___ Engine oil dipstick


___ Engine oil filter
___ Engine oil cap
___ Air filter
___ Air filter indicator
___ Crankcase breather
___ Engine oil S•O•S tap
___ Fuel filters
___ Coolant sight glass
___ Transmission oil filter
___ Torque converter oil filter
___ Transmission oil dipstick
___ Transmission oil fill cap
___ Transmission oil breather
___ Differential and final drive oil level
___ Cab air filter
___ Hydraulic oil filter
___ Hydraulic oil level
___ Hydraulic S•O•S tap
___ Windshield washer reservoir
STMG 758 - 142 - Serviceman's Handout No. 2
04/02

Power Train Electronic Control System Checklist


Directions: Use this sheet to identify the power train electronic control system components on the
machine during a walk-around inspection and on the machine electrical schematic. Place a check in the
blank space next to the component name after the component has been identified on the machine.
Locate each component on the electrical schematic and list the schematic grid location and part number.

___Power Train ECM Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________


___Transmission Direction
Lever Sensor Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Direction Switch Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Upshift Switch Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Downshift Switch Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Left Steer Lever Sensor Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Right Steer Lever Sensor Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Parking Brake Switch Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Brake Pedal Position Sensor Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Autoshift Switch Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Auto Kickdown Switch Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Engine Output Speed Sensor Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Steering Oil Temperature
Sensor Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Transmission Intermediate
Speed Sensor No. 1 Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Transmission Intermediate
Speed Sensor No. 2 Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Transmission Output Speed
Sensor No. 1 Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Transmission Output Speed
Sensor No. 2 Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Torque Converter Output
Speed Sensor Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
STMG 758 - 143 - Serviceman's Handout No. 3
04/02

Power Train Electronic Control System Checklist (continued)

___Parking Brake Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________


___Secondary Brake Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Left Brake Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Right Brake Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Left Steer Clutch Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Right Steer Clutch Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Shift Indicators
(1F/2R and 2F/2R) Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Forward Clutch No. 2 Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Reverse Clutch No. 1 Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___First Gear Clutch No. 5
Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Second Gear Clutch No. 4
Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Third Gear Clutch No. 3
Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Lube Management Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Priority Valve Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
STMG 758 - 144 - Serviceman's Handout No. 4
04/02

Electro-Hydraulic Implement Control System Checklist

Directions: Use this sheet to identify the electro-hydraulic implement system components on the
machine during a walk-around inspection and on the machine electrical schematic. Place a check in the
blank space next to the component name after the component has been identified on the machine.
Locate each component on the electrical schematic and list the schematic grid location and part number.

___Implement ECM Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________


___Blade Raise/Lower Sensor Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Blade Tilt Sensor Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Manual Select Switch Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Mode Select Switch Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Pitch Forward/Back Switch Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Pitch Forward Trigger Switch Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Ripper Raise/Lower Sensor Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Shank In/Out Sensor Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Ripper Auto Stow Switch Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Implement Lockout Switch Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Lift/Ripper Pump Pressure Sensor Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Tilt Pump Pressure Sensor Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Ripper Raise Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Ripper Lower Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Shank In Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Shank Out Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Blade Raise Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Blade Lower Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Blade Tilt Left Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Blade Tilt Right Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Implement Lockout Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Pitch Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Single Tilt Solenoid Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Pressure Compensation
Override Solenoid Valve Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
STMG 758 - 145 - Serviceman's Handout No. 5
04/02

Vital Information Display System (VIDS) Checklist

Directions: Use this sheet to identify the VIDS components on the machine during a walk-around
inspection and on the machine electrical schematic. Place a check in the blank space next to the
component name after the component has been identified on the machine. Locate each component on
the electrical schematic and list the schematic grid location and part number.

___VIDS ECM Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________


___Power Train Oil
Temperature Sensor Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Power Train Filter Bypass
Switch Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Hydraulic Filter Bypass
Switch Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Fuel Level Sensor Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Fan Filter Bypass Switch Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Alternator "R" Terminal Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Hydraulic Oil Temperature
Sensor Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Key Pad Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Rear Action Lamp Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Front Action Lamp Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Gauge Cluster Module Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___VIDS Message Center
Module Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
___Speedometer/Tachometer
Module Schematic Grid:________ Part No. ________________
04/02
DIRECTIONS: Match the letter to the component STMG 758

A LIFT SPOOL C

B
LIFT
CYLINDER

F
- 146 -

TILT
CYLINDER

E
D
TILT SPOOL

D10R DOZER CONTROL VALVE


SMALL PUMP
INLET

____ Shuttle valve ____ Resolver valve


____ Tilt relief valve ____ Lift relief valve
____ Lift load check valve ____ Tilt load check valve
Serviceman's Handout No. 6
DIRECTIONS: Match the letter to the component

04/02
STMG 758

A
D10R DOZER CONTROL VALVE
HOLD

FROM PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE VALVE

B
C
- 147 -

ROD END HEAD END


SMALL PUMP INLET

____ Large pump inlet ____ Resolver valve


____ Shuttle valve ____ Lift relief valve
____ Lift load check valve
Serviceman's Handout No. 7
04/02
DIRECTIONS: Match the letter to the component STMG 758

B B
A A

FROM E/H FROM E/H D10R IMPLEMENT


MANIFOLD MANIFOLD
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
I HOLD

C
F E D
G ___ Lift cylinders
H ___ Ripper lift cylinders
___ Accumulator
- 148 -

ELECTRO-
___ Dozer lift spool
HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD ___ Implement pump
___ Quick drop valves
TO ATAAC
FAN CIRCUIT
J ___ Logic valve
M ___ Dozer tilt spool
___ Pressure compensation
VACUUM
VALVE
GROUP override valve
___ Shuttle valve
L ___ Ripper lift spool
___ Dozer lift relief valve
___ Dual tilt solenoid valve
K K
Serviceman's Handout No. 8
DIRECTIONS: Match the letter to the component
04/02
STMG 758

ELECTRO-HYDRAULIC
PILOT MANIFOLD
TO DUAL
TILT CONTROL
N O A B C VALVE

TEST
PORT

D
TO ATAAC
FAN
G MOTOR

E F
- 149 -

FROM
H LOGIC
I VALVE

M L K J

____ Ripper raise solenoid ____ Implement dozer lift/ripper pump ____ Ripper shank out solenoid
____ Dozer raise solenoid ____ ATAAC fan pump ____ Implement tilt pump
____ Ripper shank in solenoid ____ Tilt right solenoid ____ Ripper lower solenoid
____ Implement lockout solenoid ____ Tilt left solenoid ____ Dozer lower solenoid
____ Shuttle valve ____ Accumulator
Serviceman's Handout No. 9

____ Pressure reducing valves


04/02
D10R POWER TRAIN HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
TO LEFT
STEERING TO LEFT CLUTCH
STMG 758

CLUTCH BRAKE LUBE


AND BRAKE LB1

M E D C B A

E D C B A

STEERING AND
ECPC CLUTCH
BRAKE VALVE

F
L PV

K G
M1 N

CL H
- 150 -

TO RIGHT L2
STEERING
CLUTCH
N AND BRAKE
TO RIGHT
CLUTCH I
BRAKE LUBE
LB2

DIRECTIONS: Match the letter to the component

____ Transmission charging pump ____ Transmission scavenge pump ____ Transmission filter
____ Priority valve ____ Torque converter charging pump ____ Torque converter scavenge pump
____ Oil cooler ____ Torque converter outlet relief valve ____ Lube management valve
____ Transmission/torque converter ____ Torque converter filter ____ Torque converter inlet relief valve
charging pump ____ Main relief valve ____ Torque converter
Serviceman's Handout No. 10
STMG 758 - 151 - Serviceman's Handout No. 11
04/02

Diagnosis and Calibration Checklist

Directions: Using the Caterpillar Electronic Technician (ET) Service Tool, perform the following
tasks:

___ View active and logged diagnostic codes


___ Clear active and logged diagnostic codes
___ View the status of machine parameters (Engine, Power Train, and Implement)
___ Perform machine calibrations
___ View machine configurations
___ Flash the ECM (Engine, Power Train or Implement)

Directions: Using the Vital Information Display System (VIDS), perform the following tasks:

___ View active and logged diagnostic codes


___ Clear active and logged diagnostic codes
___ Perform machine calibrations
___ View machine parameters
___ Access Operator Setup menu and select an Operator ID
___ Activate the AutoBlade Assist (ABA) function
___ Adjust the VIDS screen contrast and backlight
___ Display the machine specifications
___ Configure the machine using the SET MACH key
SERV1758 Printed in U.S.A.
04/02