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Active and Passive Voice & The Land and The Rain

Active and Passive Voice

The voice of the verb refers to whether the subject of the
verb is performing the action or not. There are two voices
of a verb: the active and passive.
A verb is in the active voice if the subject performs or the
doer of the action.
A verb is in the passive voice if the subject receives the
action of the verb.

ACTIVE: John Green wrote the book “The Fault In Our
PASSIVE: The book “ The Fault In Our Stars” was written
by John Green.

Overuse of the passive voice can make one’s writing

vague and boring. This is why the active voice is often
preferable. Sometimes, a sentence in the passive voice
does not have an explicit doer of the action. To convert
the sentence to the active voice, one must provide the

Active and Passive Voice & The Land and The Rain
PASSIVE: The book was edited within two months.
ACTIVE: A professor edited the book within two months.

Study the chart below:

Active and Passive Voice & The Land and The Rain
The Land and The Rain: by Nestor Vicente Madali
Main Characters:
Ama Daniw – he is a guy who is hardworking and cares a
lot for his plantations.
Berio – he is adventurous, and does things that are risky,
but he also knows his limits.
Sanoy – he is a guy who gets excited with things and still
thinks positively through tough times.
This story is a 1st person view wherein the character is also
the narrator or the narrator is also part of the story.
Summary of the Story:
After how many days it still continued to rain so Ama
Daniw had a week to rid some of the twigs and pile
bigger logs to one side, to form a fence knee-high. The
rain fell all night long, then Berio said to the narrator to
come with him and see the river but then the narrator’s
mother was objecting, still the narrator did not follow the
mother so the both of them ran to the river. At the time
they were on front of the river they saw a flood, it
covered the islands of cogon grass. The bamboos
trembled nervously with the wave upon wave of flood.
“Can we swim this?” asked the narrator, but then Berio
said that it was too dangerous and that they won’t be
able to swim. Sanoy said it pleased him that the rain
Active and Passive Voice & The Land and The Rain
would make his work easier because he could work with
his carabao in the field and that the soil is softerand
easier to plow. But still, even with all the heavy rain, Ama
Danaw still tried planting on mornings and afternoons.
Then at one late afternoon, Ama Daniw came in running,
breathless as he delivered an alarming news. That there
was going to be a big flood he predicted, then about one
week the water rose and quickly, Berio, who first saw it
began shouting “The flood! The flood!”. Then everyone
evacuated and went up to Ama Daniw’s hill and witnessed
the yellowish-brown jelly like mass spread over the abaca
plantation and the open field. Soon the flood swept past
their house and they stood there, speechless, as they
watched their very own roof be swept away.
Literary Skill/ Literary Device:
The literary device used in this story is called conflict.
Conflict may either be external or internal.
An internal conflict is a struggle within the character’s
mind. The kind of conflict that was used in this story was
external, which was the flood, rain, and etc. which was the
nature (Man vs. Nature).