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DESIGN, FABRICATION,SUPPLY, INSTALLATION &

COMMISSIONING OF A PILOT PLANT FOR


DEHYDRATION OF GAS

DOCUMENT TITLE:
OPERATION AND CONTROL PHILOSOPHY

Rev: 0 DOCUMENT NO: OGX-991-H-PCS-DOC-2001 PAGE 1 OF 14

OPERATIONS AND
CONTROL PHILOSOPHY
DESIGN, FABRICATION,SUPPLY, INSTALLATION &
COMMISSIONING OF A PILOT PLANT FOR
DEHYDRATION OF GAS

DOCUMENT TITLE:
OPERATION AND CONTROL PHILOSOPHY

Rev: 0 DOCUMENT NO: OGX-991-H-PCS-DOC-2001 PAGE 2 OF 14

INDEX SHEET
Sl.No. Contents Page No
1.0 Introduction 3
2.0 Scope of Work 3
3.0 Purpose of the Document 3
4.0 Reference Document 3
5.0 Abbreviation 4
6.0 General Process Description 5
6.1 PLC Based Control System 5
6.2 Operator Interface 6
7.0 Process Control Description 6
7.1 Process Gas 6
7.2 Filter Separator (FS-001) 6
7.3 Molecular Sieve Column (M-001/M-002) 7
7.4 Process Gas Cooler (C-001) 9
7.5 Silica Gel Column (S-001 – S-006) 10
7.6 Knock Out Drum (K-001) 12
7.7 Heaters (HE-001/HE-002) 13
7.7 Regenerated Gas Cooler (C-002) 14

Annexure A 16
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DOCUMENT TITLE:
OPERATION AND CONTROL PHILOSOPHY

Rev: 0 DOCUMENT NO: OGX-991-H-PCS-DOC-2001 PAGE 3 OF 14

1.0 Introduction

Oil India Limited (hereinafter referred to as OIL) is a premier National Oil Company engaged in the
business of Exploration, Production & Transportation of Crude Oil & Natural Gas. Its operations are
largely based in the North-Eastern part of India particularly in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh but
extended its activities in different parts of India and abroad.

OIL uses natural gas for artificial lifting after compression from 13-15 kg/cm²g to 80-90 kg/cm²g.
This gas contains considerable amount of heavier (C5+) hydrocarbons and saturated water
vapour. OIL is interested to establish a suitable plant for removal of these heavier fractions of
hydrocarbons (C5+) and saturated water vapor through adsorption process.

IIT Guwahati is the consultant for the said project and is associated with OIL for the whole project
including installation & Commissioning till testing of the complete pilot plant project in cycle.

2.0 Scope of Work

Initially, OIL is setting up a Pilot plant to study the feasibility of the same. The scope of work
covered under this contract are Design, Fabrication, Supply, Installation and Commissioning of a
Pilot Plant in the field of OIL INDIA LIMITED in Upper Assam region of India. BGR Energy has
been awarded this contract for the Pilot plant.

3.0 Purpose of the Document

The purpose of this document is to describe in brief the operating and control philosophy of the
Pilot GDU in Upper Assam region of India. This document is considered as a supplement to the
project modified P&ID’s.

4.0 Reference Document

Reference is made to the following listed documents while preparing this Operation & Control
Philosophy.

DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NUMBER


P&ID for Gas Dehydration Unit OGX-991-H-PCS-PID-1002 SHEET 1 – 3 OF 4
General arrangement drawing for filter
OGX-0991-H-MEC-DWG-2301
separator
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DOCUMENT TITLE:
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General arrangement drawing for molecular


OGX-0991-H-MEC-DWG-2302
sieve column
General arrangement drawing for silica gel
OGX-0991-H-MEC-DWG-2304
adsorber column
General arrangement drawing for process
OGX-0991-H-MEC-DWG-2310
cooler
General arrangement drawing for
OGX-0991-H-MEC-DWG-2311
regenerated gas cooler
General arrangement drawing for knock out
OGX-0991-H-MEC-DWG-2312
drum

5.0 Abbreviation

DPG Differential Pressure Gauge


FCV Flow Control Valve
FE Flow Element
FIT Flow Indicator Transmitter
FS Filter Separator
GCS Gas Collection Stations
HC Hydro Carbon
HMI Human Machine Interface
KOD Knock Out Drum
LG Level Gauge
OIL Oil India Limited
PG Pressure Gauge
PIT Pressure Indicator Transmitter
PLC Programmable Logic Controllers
PRV Pressure Reducing Valve
PS Pressure Switch
PSV Pressure Safety Valve
PT Pressure Transmitter
SCMD Standard Cubic Meter Per Day
SP Sample Point
TE Temperature Element
TG Temperature Gauge
TIC Temperature Indicator Controller
TIT Temperature Indicator Transmitter
TS Temperature Switch
TT Temperature Transmitter
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6.0 General Process Description

Objective of the process is to remove moisture and C5+ Hydrocarbons (HC).

Natural gas at 50°C (approx.) and 15 kg/cm2 pressure shall pass through a Coalescence type Filter
Separator (FS-001) for removal of any liquid in the flow stream. There are eight adsorption beds in
the process (two for water vapour (M-001 & M-002) and six for (S-001 to S-006) HC removal). At a
time, four (one for water vapour and three for HC removal) will run in adsorption mode and the
other four will run in the desorption mode. The outlet stream of natural gas from the filters will pass
successively through adsorption beds for water vapour and HC removal. Once adsorption beds are
saturated, they will be switched over to the regeneration mode and the regenerated beds will be
switched into the adsorption mode.

The dry gas (free of water vapor and heavier HCs) shall be delivered for downstream utilization. A
part of the processed dry gas shall be used for high temperature regeneration of the saturated
adsorption beds. In addition, if the required flow of hot regenerated gas is large, some raw feed
gas may also be mixed with this stream before sending it through the electric heaters. The electric
heaters are provided – one for heating regeneration gas to 290°C for Modular Sieve column
regeneration and to 160°C for Silica gel columns. The hot gas from the heaters is then sent to the
beds for regeneration at low pressure (2-3 kg/cm2g). Since the temperature of this stream laden
with high content of moisture and/or heavy HC is high, it is cooled to 35°C and delivered to a
nearby oil processing station.

6.1 PLC Based Control System:

The GDU plant will be controlled by PLC based system along with panel HMI. The PLC’s main
function will be to control the sequence of Adsorption and Regeneration cycle and protect the
system during abnormal conditions and for acquiring various Level, Flow, temperature and
pressure inputs.

HMI:
The HMI shall be fixed on the panel, and which shall be fixed at field. Operators shall monitor the
process and alarm management from HMI.

PLC:
The PLC Control panel along with its associated hardware and power supply units is located in the
field. The PLC consists of input/output cards to acquire the I/Os from field.

The I/O system supplied is capable of accepting and providing signals, which are:

 4-20mA receives from field transmitters as an analog input.


 Providing 4-20mA signals to the Field Control Elements as an analog output.
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 Digital-Potential free contact inputs from field switches as a digital input.


 Providing controlled outputs to the Solenoid valves as a digital output.

System configuration of PLC system shall be as per enclosed Annexure-A.

Third Party Device to Be Integrated


2nos. of Electrical heater control panels controllers in safe area through RS485 MODBUS
communication loop.

6.2 Operator Interface:

The Operator interface with the plant shall be through HMI which shall enable full surveillance and
supervision of the process. HMI shall have operation and control button like Start/Stop PB’s,
Local/Remote Selection, Auto/Manual selector’s switches wherever applicable. All Control and
alarm functions shall be displayed in HMI’s screen.

7.0 Process Control Description

7.1 Process Gas:

The process gas is a slip stream from an existing pipeline network at one of the GCS of OIL. This
stream is passed through a filter separator (FS-001) to remove entrained liquid before passing into
Molecular sieve column (M-001/M-002) and Knock out drum (K-001). The gas is delivered at the
flow rate of 2000 SCMD @ 15 kg/cm2g & 50oC.

7.2 Filter Separator (FS-001):

The entrained liquid (5 microns and above) in the process gas is removed with 99%
efficiency, by coalescing into droplets, to settle out of the gas rapidly into the drain. This operation
will reduce the load in the molecular sieve column (M-001/M-002). The pressure drop across the
filter separator is 0.1 kg/cm2.

The operating process variables are ensured persistently through the instruments listed in the
below table 1.1.
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DOCUMENT TITLE:
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TABLE 1.1
S.NO TAG DESCRIPTION RANGE SET POINT
1. PG 101 Pressure Gauge 0 – 24 kg/cm2g -
2. DPG 101 Differential Pressure Gauge 0 – 1 kg/cm2 -

3. TG 101 Temperature Gauge 0 – 100 oC -


4. LG 101 Level Gauge - -
2 H – 18 kg/cm2g
5. PT 101 Pressure Transmitter 0 – 24 kg/cm g
L – 13.1 kg/cm2g
6. PSV 101 Pressure Safety Valve - 20 kg/cm2g

If the pressure lowers, due to filter clogging or any other unpredictable scenario, the filter elements
are protected by prompt closing of ON-OFF valve (XV-101) in response to the low pressure alarm
from the pressure transmitter (PT-101). PSV is provided to protect the vessel from exceeding the
design pressure of 20 kg/cm2g.

7.3 Molecular Sieve Column (M-001/M-002):

The main two process involved are as below,


 Adsorption – 12 hours (720 minutes)
 Regeneration (desorption) – 12 hours (720 minutes)

During adsorption mode the molecular sieve column (M-001) receives the gas of 1000 MD in a
controlled volume at 13.6 kg/cm2g and 50 oC through an Orifice Flow meter (FE-101), Flow
Transmitter (FIT-101) & a Flow control valve (FCV-101). Once the gas enters from the bottom of the
vessel, it passes through the molecular sieves of type Adsorbmax 100 (4A), where
the moisture content is removed. Flow controller FIC-101 controls to 1000 SCMD.

While above adsorption is on in molecular sieve column (M-001), the molecular sieve column (M-
002) will be under regeneration, where the molecular sieve column receives the heated gas of 164
SCMD in a controlled volume at 2.5 kg/cm2g and 290 oC.

Once the gas enters the column, passes through the molecular sieves, where the desorption of
moisture taken place due to the high temperature of regeneration gas. This stream of rich, high
temperature and high moisture content gas is sent to inlet common header of regenerated gas
cooler (C-002).

The regeneration process cycle is a cluster of the following consecutive sub-processes.

1. Depressurization
2. Heating
3. Cooling
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4. Pressurization

For the regeneration of column M-002, the depressurization valve (XV 109) opens & allows the
pressurized gas in the column (M-002) to safe vent header, in order to favor the consequent
process parametric condition (2.5 kg/cm2g) of depressurization. This process extends up to 5
minute.

After 5 minute of depressurization, the valve (XV 109) is closed and the heater (HE-001) switched
ON, then low pressure hot gas is passed to the column (M-002). Here the low pressure hot gas will
carry moisture from adsorbents (molecular sieve) and leaves to the LP unit through a regenerated
gas cooler (C-002). This process is called heating and extends up to 430 minutes.

After heating process, the heater (HE-001) will be switch off and runs for 270 minutes. Here the
adsorbents will cool down to 40 oC. This process is called cooling.

After cooling, the column (M-002) will be pressured up to operating pressure to favor the
adsorption condition. This process extends up to 15 minutes and is called pressurization.

After 720 minutes, the bed changeover will take place automatically, the column (M-002) will be in
adsorption mode and the column (M-001) will go in regeneration mode.

The operating process variables are ensured persistently through the list of instruments listed in
the below table 1.2.

TABLE 1.2
S.NO TAG DESCRIPTION RANGE SET POINT
H – 43.2 kg/hr
1. FIT 101 Flow Indicating Transmitter -
L – 28.8 kg/hr
H – 43.2 kg/hr
2. FCV 101 Flow control valve -
L – 28.8 kg/hr
3. PG 102/103 Pressure Gauge 0 – 24 kg/cm2g -
4. PS 101/102 Pressure Switch 0 – 2.5 kg/cm2g L – 2.1 kg/cm2g
H – 16.3 kg/cm2g
5. PT 102/103 Pressure Transmitter 0 – 24 kg/cm2g
L – 2.1 kg/cm2g
H – 295 oC
6. TT 102/103 Temperature Transmitter 0 – 470 oC
L – 45 oC
7. TS 101/102 Temperature Switch - H – 295 oC
8. PSV 102/103 Pressure Safety Valve - 20 kg/cm2g

The sequence of adsorption and regeneration operation is as of below table 1.3.


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TABLE 1.3 OPERATION SEQUENCE TABLE


M-001 Drying Drying Drying Drying Depressurization Heating Cooling Pressurization
M-002 Depressurization Heating Cooling Pressurization Drying Drying Drying Drying
HE-001 OFF ON OFF OFF OFF ON OFF OFF
XV 102 ON ON ON ON OFF OFF OFF OFF
XV 104 ON ON ON ON OFF OFF OFF OFF
XV 105 OFF OFF OFF OFF ON ON ON ON
XV 106 OFF ON ON OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF
XV 107 OFF OFF OFF ON OFF OFF OFF ON
XV 108 OFF OFF OFF OFF ON OFF OFF SOFF
XV 109 ON OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF
XV 110 OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF ON ON OFF
XV 111 OFF ON ON OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF
XV 112 OFF OFF OFF OFF ON ON ON ON
XV 113 OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF ON ON OFF
XV 126* OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF
0 5 435 705 720 725 1155 1425 1440
MINUTES
* to be used as heater bypass when required due to maintenance.

In case of Flow control valve (FCV-101) failure or bed clog during adsorption, the prompt action of
ON-OFF valve (XV-101) protects the column based on the high/low flow alarm
from the flow indicating transmitter (FIT-101) or based on high/low alarm from the pressure
transmitter (PT 102).

The instruments like pressure and temperature switch provided to protect the column from
extreme parametric conditions by prompt action of ON-OFF valve (XV-103) during regeneration.
In addition, PSV is provided to protect the column from exceeding the design pressure of 20
kg/cm2g.

7.4 Process Gas Cooler (C-001) - Natural Draft (Air):

A natural draft (air) process gas cooler (C-001) is provided to cool the dehydrated gas. It is
cooled to a temperature of 35 oC in order to favor the adsorption process in silica gel column (i.e.) f
or the better C5+ HC adsorption.

The operating process variables are ensured persistently through the list of instruments
listed in the below table 1.4.

TABLE 1.4
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DOCUMENT TITLE:
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S.NO TAG DESCRIPTION RANGE SET POINT


2
1. PG 104 Pressure Gauge 0 – 24 kg/cm g -
2
2. PG 105 Pressure Gauge 0 – 24 kg/cm g -
3. TG 104 Temperature Gauge 0 – 50 oC -
4. TS 103 Temperature Switch - H – 55 oC

7.5 Silica Gel Column (S-001 – S-006):

As same as molecular sieve column, silica gel column also undergoes adsorption
and regeneration mode.

 Adsorption – 8 hours (480 minutes)


 Regeneration (desorption) – 8 hours (480 minutes)

In adsorption process, the outlet stream of the process gas cooler (C-001) at 13.6 kg/cm2g and 35
o
C passes through the silica gel bed of type spherical beads 2.5 mm for the removal of C5+ HC.

While above process is taking place at silica gel column (S-001/002/003), the silica gel column (S-
004/005/006) will be under regeneration, where the silica gel column receives the heated gas of
1780 SCMD in a controlled volume at 2.5 kg/cm 2g and 160 oC for the removal of deposited C5+
HC.

The regeneration process is a cluster of the following consecutive sub-processes.


1. Depressurization
2. Heating
3. Cooling
4. Pressurization

The depressurization valve (XV 124) opens & allows the compressed air in the column (S-
004/005/006) to safe vent header, in order to favor the consequent process parametric condition
(2.5 kg/cm2g) of depressurization. This process extends up to 10 minute.

After 10 minute of depressurization, the valve (XV 124) is closed and the heater (HE-002) switched
ON, then low pressure hot gas is passed to the column (S-004/005/006). Here the low pressure
hot gas will carry the removed C5+ Hydrocarbon compound during adsorption from adsorbents
(silica gel) and leaves to the LP unit through a regenerated gas cooler (C-002). This process is
called heating and extends up to 293 minutes.

After heating process, the heater (HE-002) will be switch off and runs up to 148 minutes. Here the
adsorbents will cool down to 40 oC. This process is called cooling.
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After cooling, the column (S-004/005/006) will be pressured up to operating pressure to favor the
adsorption condition. This process extends up to 29 minutes and is called pressurization.

After 480 minutes, the bed changeover will take place automatically, the column (M-002) will be in
adsorption mode and the column (M-001) will go in regeneration mode.

For a study purpose, activated carbon is used as a replacement for the silica gel adsorbent. The
main purpose of this study is to minimize the regeneration requirement for silica gel bed, as less
quantity of activated carbon is required to remove heavier hydrocarbons compared to silica gel.

The adsorption and regeneration cycle time is same as of the silica gel adsorbent. The only
difference is in the regeneration temperature, for activated carbon it is 130 oC, the rest of the
parameters are the same.

The operating process variables are ensured persistently through the list of instruments listed in
the below table 1.5.

TABLE 1.5
S.NO TAG DESCRIPTION RANGE SET POINT
1. PG 106 - 111 Pressure Gauge 0 – 24 kg/cm2g -
2. PS 103 - 108 Pressure Switch 0 – 2.5 kg/cm2g L – 2.1 kg/cm2g
H – 16.1 kg/cm2g
3. PT 106 - 111 Pressure Transmitter 0 – 24 kg/cm2g
L – 2.1 kg/cm2g
H – 165 oC
4. TT 105 - 134 Temperature Transmitter 0 – 260 oC
L – 30 oC
5. TS 104 - 109 Temperature Switch 0 – 260 oC H – 165 oC
6. PRV 102 Pressure Reducing Valve 0 – 24 kg/cm2g 2.2 kg/cm2g
7. PSV 104 - 109 Pressure Safety Valve - 20 kg/cm2g

The status of various shut off valves during the sequence of adsorption and regeneration operation
is as of below table 1.6.
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TABLE 1.6 OPERATION SEQUENCE TABLE


S-
Drying Drying Drying Drying Depressurization Heating Cooling Pressurization
001/002/003
S-
Depressurization Heating Cooling Pressurization Drying Drying Drying Drying
004/005/006
HE-002 OFF ON OFF OFF OFF ON OFF OFF
XV 114 ON ON ON ON OFF OFF OFF OFF
XV 115 OFF OFF OFF OFF ON ON ON ON
XV 116 OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF ON ON OFF
XV 117 OFF OFF OFF OFF ON OFF OFF OFF
XV 118 OFF OFF OFF ON OFF OFF OFF ON
XV 119 OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF ON ON OFF
XV 120 ON ON ON ON OFF OFF OFF OFF
XV 121 OFF ON ON OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF
XV 122 OFF ON ON OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF
XV 123 OFF OFF OFF OFF ON ON ON ON
XV 124 ON OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF
XV 125 ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON
XV 127* OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF
0 10 303 451 480 490 783 931 960
MINUTES
* to be used as heater bypass when required due to maintenance.

In case of Process upsets, the action of ON-OFF valve (XV-101) protects the complete GDU based
on the high/low pressure alarm from the pressure transmitter (PT 106/107/108).

The dedicated PSV of each vessel, protects adsorbers from exceeding the design pressure of 20
kg/cm2.

The lean gas (after removal of moisture content and C5+ HC’s) is sent to nearby oil processing
system.

7.6 Knock Out Drum (K-001):

The objective of KOD is to entrain the liquid content in mixed gas (i.e.) part of the incoming gas of
1000 SCMD @ 14.50 kg/cm2 & 50 oC and part of the lean gas from silica gel column 944 SCMD @
13.19 kg/cm2 & 35 oC. Since a low pressure conditions is required for the regeneration process,
PRV is provided at each stream of the gas, reduced to 3.05 kg/cm2.
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The operating process variables are ensured persistently through the list of instruments listed in
the below table 1.7.

TABLE 1.7

S.NO TAG DESCRIPTION RANGE SET POINT


H – 40.8 kg/hr
1. FIT 104 Flow Indicating Transmitter -
L – 27.2 kg/hr
H – 40.8 kg/hr
2. FCV 104 Flow Control Valve -
L – 27.2 kg/hr
3. PRV 101 Pressure Reducing Valve 0 – 24 kg/cm2g 3.05 kg/cm2g
2
4. PRV 103 Pressure Reducing Valve 0 – 24 kg/cm g 3.05 kg/cm2g
H – 3.66 kg/cm2g
5. PT 112 Pressure Transmitter 0 – 24 kg/cm2g
L – 2.65 kg/cm2g
6. PG 114 Pressure Gauge 0 – 24 kg/cm2g -
7. LG 102 Level Gauge - -
8. PSV 110 Pressure Safety Valve - 20 kg/cm2g

In case of demister pad clog or any other unpredictable scenario, the vessel is protected by prompt
closing of ON-OFF valve (XV-125) & (XV-103). In addition, PSV is provided to protect the vessel
from exceeding the design pressure of 20 kg/cm2.

7.7 Heaters (HE-001/HE-002):

The objective of the heaters is to heat the process gas for regeneration process. Two electric
heaters, one for molecular sieve columns and the other for silica gel columns are provided.

Heater (HE-001) receives the gas of 164 SCMD in a controlled volume at 2.6 kg/cm 2g and 36 oC
through an Orifice meter (FE-102) & a Flow control valve (FCV-102). Once the gas enters the
heater, it is heated to 290 oC, a suitable temperature for the removal of deposited moisture content
from the molecular sieve column.

Heater (HE-002) receives the gas of 1780 SCMD in a controlled volume at 2.6 kg/cm 2g and 36 oC
through an Orifice meter (FE-103) & a Flow control valve (FCV-103). Once the gas enters the
heater, it is heated to 160 oC, a suitable temperature for the removal of deposited C5+ HC’s
content from the silica gel columns.

The process gas is heated with respect to the closure of ON-OFF valves such as
XV-126 & XV-127. It may be used for passing heaters HE-001 & HE-002 respectively in case
under maintenance.

The operating process variables are ensured persistently through the list of instruments listed in
the below table 1.8.
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TABLE 1.8

S.NO TAG DESCRIPTION RANGE SET POINT


H – 40.8 kg/hr
1. FIT 102 Flow Indicating Transmitter -
L – 27.2 kg/hr
H – 40.8 kg/hr
2. FIT 103 Flow Indicating Transmitter -
L – 27.2 kg/hr
H – 40.8 kg/hr
3. FCV 102 Flow Control Valve -
L – 27.2 kg/hr
H – 40.8 kg/hr
4. FCV 103 Flow Control Valve -
L – 27.2 kg/hr
5. PG 112 Pressure Gauge 0 – 24 kg/cm2g 3.05 kg/cm2g
2
6. PG 113 Pressure Gauge 0 – 24 kg/cm g 3.05 kg/cm2g
HH - 300 oC
H - 295 oC
7. TT 141 Temperature Transmitter 0 – 470 oC
L - 285 oC
LL - 280 oC
HH - 300 oC
H - 295 oC
8. TT 142 Temperature Transmitter 0 – 470 oC
L - 285 oC
LL - 280 oC
HH - 300 oC
H - 295 oC
9. TT 137 Temperature Transmitter 0 – 470 oC
L - 285 oC
LL - 280 oC
HH - 170 oC
H - 165 oC
10. TT 143 Temperature Transmitter 0 – 260 oC
L - 155 oC
LL - 150 oC
HH - 170 oC
H - 165 oC
11. TT 144 Temperature Transmitter 0 – 260 oC
L - 155 oC
LL - 150 oC
HH - 170 oC
H - 165 oC
12. TT 138 Temperature Transmitter 0 – 260 oC
L - 155 oC
LL - 150 oC
13. TG 102 Temperature Gauge 0 – 400 oC -
14. TG 103 Temperature Gauge 0 – 275 oC -
15. PSV 111/112 Pressure Safety Valve - 20 kg/cm2g

A dedicated local heater panel is provided to control (ON/OFF) the respective heater through PLC.
In addition, PSV is provided to protect the heaters from exceeding the design pressure of 20
kg/cm2.

7.8 Regenerated Gas Cooler (C-001) - Forced Draft (Air):

The outlet product of the regenerated molecular sieve column of 164 SCMD @ 2.5 kg/cm 2g and
290 oC, the silica gel column of 1780 SCMD @ 2.5 kg/cm2g and 160 oC gets collected in common
header of the regenerated gas cooler inlet. Since the product is at high temperature, it has to be
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cooled before letting it out to the LPS system.

The operating process variables are ensured persistently through the list of instruments listed in
the below table 1.9.

TABLE 1.9
S.NO TAG DESCRIPTION RANGE SET POINT
1. PG 115 Pressure Gauge 0 – 24 kg/cm2g -
2. PG 116 Pressure Gauge 0 – 24 kg/cm2g -
H – 2.9 kg/cm2g
3. PT 104 Pressure Transmitter 0 – 24 kg/cm2g
L – 1.9 kg/cm2g
H – 2.5 kg/cm2g
4. PT 105 Pressure Transmitter 0 – 24 kg/cm2g
L – 1.6 kg/cm2g
5. TG 105 Temperature Gauge 0 – 250 oC -
6. TG 106 Temperature Gauge 0 – 50 oC -

The equipment is protected from extreme parametric conditions by pressure transmitter (PT 104 &
PT 105) by shut down of XV 103.

This cooler will be controlled through PLC in a manual ON-OFF mode i.e., when to switch on &
switch off. OIL will take care if there is any change in downstream temperature of this cooler.
DESIGN, FABRICATION,SUPPLY, INSTALLATION &
COMMISSIONING OF A PILOT PLANT FOR
DEHYDRATION OF GAS

DOCUMENT TITLE:
OPERATION AND CONTROL PHILOSOPHY

Rev: 0 DOCUMENT NO: OGX-991-H-PCS-DOC-2001 PAGE 16 OF 14

ANNEXURE A