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UMMAH:

Ummah means to be subordinate or to follow someone.

MUSLIM-UMMAH
the followers of Hazrat Muhammad (S.AW) is called Muslim Ummah.
Islam, as we all know, is the majority religion in some 52 states. Followers of this dynamic
'Deen' are spread all over the globe and they number about 800 million in Muslim
majority areas. In addition, there are over 400 million Muslims, spread over in various
parts of the world.

SOCIAL PROBS FACED BY MUSLIM UMMAH:



Islamic Ummah is stuck in the mud of imported Eastern and Western material
civilization and being intellectually and culturally attacked from all sides.

The absence of an honest Islamic leaders.

The involvement of Muslim leaders in petty and individual matters and
the weakness of the spirit of enjoining good and forbidding evil.

The clash of material civilization against Islam.

Absence of pious leaders.

MEASURES TO SOLVE SOCIAL PROBLEMS:


 LEADERSHIP
 PROMOTE-BROTHERHOOD

UNITY AND ACT AS SINGLE BODY
 Modernization-without-Westernization

Objectives of Muslim Ummah

 To offset the negative influences of the West


 Self-Imposed Dependence
 Strong Economic Systems
REVELATION-(WAHY)

Revelation is a religious term that designates the disclosure of divine or sacred reality
or purpose to men. In the religious view, such disclosure may come through mystical
insights, historical events, or spiritual experiences that transform the lives of
individuals and groups.

NATURE-AND-SIGNIFICANCE

The media by which revelation occurs are variously conceived. Most religions refer to
signs, such as auditory phenomena, subjective visions, dreams, and ecstasies. In
primitive religions, revelation is often associated with magical techniques of
divination. In the prophetic religions, revelation is primarily understood as the "Word
of God," enabling the prophet to speak with certainty about God's actions and
intentions. In mystical religion (e.g., Islamic Sufism, Tantric Buddhism) revelation is
viewed as an ineffable experience of the transcendent or the divine.

DIVINITY-AND-SUPREMACY-OF-WAHY:

The Holy Quran claims to be book of Hidayah i..e, Guidance ,for man. It addresses
itself by and large, to the totality of mankind. Its message is relevant to different people
living in different parts of the world. Not only this it's message is valid for all times to
come .In other words it is not a book that will ever be out of date. There are numerous
indications in the Divine Book itself which can enable a discerning and perceptive
student to appreciate the truth of the claim of the Quran that it presents the message
of universal significance.

The Quran as a book of guidance must be regarded as an embodiment of the code of


life which God, the Creator and Lord of the Universe has revealed for the "hidaya" of
mankind. This revealed truth relating to the various aspects of human life has been
shown to man through the process of revelation. This procedure has been
communicated in the message that has been brought by the Prophet of Islam to
mankind. It may be said that Islam itself provides for the education of the human race.
In Islam religion has been perfected .That is another way of saying that with Islam the
age of new revelation has come to an end, and that the age of realization of the
principles of revealed religions has been inaugurated. That is why in all the earliest
scripture references have been found to the advent of the Prophet of Islam. The Bible,
for instance provides us with the reference of this revelation as Jesus had said,
Types of wahi:
1 Wahee-e-Matlu:
It means the revelation which God has transmitted in His own words and speech, for
example the Quran. It is essential that such revealed words should be recited in the same
accent, diction and pronunciation as they were revealed. Thus even after 1400 years
Quran has remained unchanged.

2 Wahee-e-Ghair Matlu:
It is the revelation which Allah projected in the heart of the Holy Prophet. These are not
the words of the Almighty, but the Holy Prophet (PBUH) transmitted these revealed
edicts to the people in his own words.

Morality in Islam is a comprehensive term that serves to include the concept of


righteousness, good character, and the body of moral qualities and virtues prescribed
in Islamic religious texts. The underlying idea of Islamic morality is that of love: love
for God and love for God's creatures

LEGISLATIVE-SYSTEM:

The responsibility for the administration of the Government in an Islamic state is


entrusted to an Amir (leader) who may be likened to the President or the Prime
Minister in a Western democratic state.

The basic qualifications for the election of an Amir are that:


 He should command the confidence of the largest number of people in respect
of his knowledge and grasp of the spirit of Islam;
 He should possess the Islamic attribute of fear of Allah; he should be endowed
with the quality of statesmanship.
 He should be both able and virtuous.

A Shura (consultative council), elected by the people, will assist and guide the Amir.
It is obligatory for the Amir to administer the country with the advice of his Shura. The
Amir can retain office only so long as he enjoys the confidence of the people, and must
resign when he loses this confidence.

Legislation in an Islamic state should be within the limits prescribed by the Shariah. The
injunctions of Allah and His Prophet are to be accepted and obeyed and no legislative
body can alter or modify them or make any new laws which are contrary to their spirit.
The duty of ascertaining the real intent of those commandments which are open to more
than one interpretation should devolve on people possessing a specialized knowledge of
the law of Shariah.

Prophet hood (RISALAT)


The second most important belief in Islam is the belief in Mohammad’s (p.b.u.h) prophet
hood. God conveyed His message through prophets to the mankind, and Mohammad
(p.b.u.h) being the last in this chain of prophets. In his case the divine message was
conveyed by two means:
 The Quran that God revealed to the Prophet in his own language
 The Sunnah of the prophet who is an unerring guide to man in respect of all that is
permissible and all that is prohibited in the eyes of God.
Need, significance and reality of Prophet Hood:

God alone can show The right path (Quran 16:9)


We see here that the creator. He has taken the Responsibility of guiding his creatures for
righteous life. For this purpose there are various signs, which always leads to God. But
there are some minds that are so obsessed with material things that they miss this
spiritual pointer. God could have done this by either forcing all men to the right path
forcibly but this is against His will and plan, hence He chose to train man’s free will
through signs in nature and Revelation (of course through His messengers)
Messenger for every people:

Due to the significance of sending messenger, God spared no people (or nation) from
prophets. (Quran 16:36)
Message of prophets:
This was one and the same, and it was:

1. Worship none but God


2. To warn against evil and to bring glad tidings of mercy and greed.
3. Turn Him in repentance. (Quran 11:2-3)

Special Features of Prophet Mohammad (p.b.u.h):

 Firstly Prophet Mohammad (p.b.u.h) was sent towards all the men who are to come
till the end of this universe.
 Secondly his prophet-hood is not confined to any particular tribe, clan, or
geographical area nor is it confined to any particular period.
 Thirdly Prophet Mohammad (p.b.u.h) is the last messenger of God in the chain of
messengers. This is why M.A.A. Maududi has rightly called him “Leader of the
world”.

He further argues on this point and justifies his claim by giving four reasons:

A. Prophet Mohammad (p.b.u.h) was engaged in welfare of the entire humanity.


B. He propounded such principles for human life, which are helpful in solving all the
problems of humanity.
C. His teachings are universal and can be tested at any place and at any time. This has
stood the test in the fifteen centuries and could do so till eternity.
D. Lastly he not only propagated but also practiced those principles in his life, and on
the basis of those principles he successfully revolutionized the lives of people.

The seal of all the prophets:


Prophet Mohammad (p.b.u.h) prophet-hood has another unique feature, which
distinguishes him from the other messengers of God. With him the chain of prophet hood
(Risalat) and Revelation (wahy) has come to an end. God reveals this fact in the Quran by
saying:
---The messenger of God, And the seal of prophets. And God has full knowledge Of all
things. (Quran 33:40)

Islamic Political System


The political system of Islam has been based on three principles, viz., Tawheed (Oneness
of God), Risalat (Prophet Hood) and Khilafat (Caliphate). It is difficult to appreciate the
different aspects of the Islamic policy with- out fully understanding these three principles.
I will, therefore, begin with a brief exposition of them. Tawheed (Oneness) means that
one God alone is the Creator, Sustainer and Master of this universe and of all that exists
in it organic or inorganic.
The sovereignty of this kingdom rests only in Him. He alone has the right to command or
forbid Worship and obedience are due to Him alone, none else sharing it in any degree or
form. Life, in all its multifarious forms, our physical organs and faculties, the apparent
control which we have over everything that exists in this universe, and the things
themselves none of them has been created or acquired by us in our own right.
 Fundamental Rights
 Executive and legislature
 Judiciary
 Economic system