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Job Description : GAPENA-HOSTEL

Designed by : IRFAN

Date and Time : Friday, March 22, 2019 5:16:36 PM

(License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1)

_____________________________________________________________________

Code of Practice fcu (N/mm²) Ec, (N/mm²) fy (N/mm²) fyv (N/mm²) γc γs

24597

BS8110 : 1997 30 460 250 1.5 1.05

(User Defined)

Cover (mm) Side Cover (mm) Conc. Unit Weight (kN/m³) Steel Unit Weight (kg/m³)

25 25 24 7860

DETAIL CALCULATION FOR BEAM 2B1(150x350)

Beam Located along grid 4/A-H

Number of Span within beam = 7

Number of Section defined by user = 7

Number of Supports = 8

Beam Cantilever End = Nil.

Length Width Begin Depth End Depth

Span Section

(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)

1 1 3300 150 350 350

2 2 3300 150 350 350

3 3 3300 150 350 350

4 4 3300 150 350 350

5 5 3300 150 350 350

6 6 3300 150 350 350

7 7 3300 150 350 350

MATERIAL PROPERTIES

Maximum Concrete Strain, Ecc = 0.0035

Average Concrete Stress above Neutral Axis, k1 = 12.12 N/mm²

Concrete Lever Arm Factor, k2 = 0.4518

Limiting Effective Depth Factor, cb = 0.50

k2 / k1 Factor, kkk = 0.0373

Limiting Concrete Moment Capacity Factor, kk1 = cb × k1 × (1 - cb * k2) = 0.50 × 12.12 × (1 - 0.50 × 0.4518) = 4.6911 N/mm²

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 4.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 4.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.288 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.288 <= 4.691

1/321

Design as Singly Reinforced Rectangular Beam

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 7.434 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 7.434 / 1000 = 13.51 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 13.51 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 31 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 13.51 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 7.434) / 1000 = 4.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 3.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.252 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.252 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 6.481 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 6.481 / 1000 = 11.78 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 11.78 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 27 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 11.78 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 6.481) / 1000 = 3.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 4.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 4.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.284 N/mm²

2/321

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.284 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 7.328 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 7.328 / 1000 = 13.32 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 13.32 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 31 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 13.32 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 7.328) / 1000 = 4.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 3.7 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.7 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.256 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.256 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 6.594 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 6.594 / 1000 = 11.99 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 11.99 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 28 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 11.99 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 6.594) / 1000 = 3.7 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

3/321

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 5.9 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 5.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.13 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.13 + 0.00 = 0.13 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 5.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.12 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.115 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

4/321

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 2.1 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 2.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.05 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.05 + 0.00 = 0.05 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 2.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.06 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.063 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 8.3 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

5/321

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 8.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.18 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.18 + 0.00 = 0.18 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.17 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.168 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 10.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 4.1 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 69 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 69) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 92.5 N/mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

6/321

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 92.5) / (120 × (0.9 + (4.1 × 1000000 / (150 × 309.0²)))}

= 3.25 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)))}

= 1.14 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 2.00 × 1.14) / 10.7 = 5.55

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 2.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 2.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.168 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.168 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 4.321 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 4.321 / 1000 = 7.86 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 7.86 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 18 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 7.86 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 4.321) / 1000 = 2.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 1.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 1.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.110 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.110 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 2.827 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 2.827 / 1000 = 5.14 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 5.14 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 12 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 5.14 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 2.827) / 1000 = 1.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 4.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 4.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.289 N/mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

7/321

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.289 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 7.453 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 7.453 / 1000 = 13.55 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 13.55 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 31 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 13.55 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 7.453) / 1000 = 4.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 2.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 2.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.203 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.203 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 5.222 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 5.222 / 1000 = 9.49 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 9.49 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 22 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 9.49 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 5.222) / 1000 = 2.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 4.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 4.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.280 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.280 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 7.213 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 7.213 / 1000 = 13.11 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 13.11 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 30 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 13.11 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 7.213) / 1000 = 4.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 3.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.252 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.252 <= 4.691

8/321

Design as Singly Reinforced Rectangular Beam

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 6.499 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 6.499 / 1000 = 11.82 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 11.82 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 27 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 11.82 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 6.499) / 1000 = 3.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.036 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.036 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 0.912 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 0.912 / 1000 = 1.66 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 1.66 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 4 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 1.66 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 0.912) / 1000 = 0.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 7.5 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

9/321

Section Dimension: Dmin = 150.0 mm, Dmax = 350.0 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.16 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.16 + 0.00 = 0.16 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.15 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 7022 × 350.0 / 4141350 = 0.59

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-89.4 / 52500.0) × 0.59 = 0.563 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -89.4 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.563 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.152 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 2.1 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

10/321

Section Dimension: Dmin = 150.0 mm, Dmax = 350.0 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 2.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.05 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.05 + 0.00 = 0.05 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 3.7 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.08 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 3691 × 350.0 / 1398587 = 0.92

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-89.4 / 52500.0) × 0.92 = 0.563 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -89.4 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.563 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.080 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 7.4 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

11/321

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.16 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.16 + 0.00 = 0.16 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 6.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.15 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 6918 × 350.0 / 4009367 = 0.60

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-89.4 / 52500.0) × 0.60 = 0.563 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -89.4 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.563 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.149 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 10.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 2.4 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 69 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

12/321

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 69) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 92.8 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 92.8) / (120 × (0.9 + (2.4 × 1000000 / (150 × 309.0²)))}

= 3.55 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)))}

= 1.14 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 2.00 × 1.14) / 10.7 = 5.55

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 2.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 2.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.178 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.178 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 4.568 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 4.568 / 1000 = 8.31 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 8.31 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 19 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 8.31 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 4.568) / 1000 = 2.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 1.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 1.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.129 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.129 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 3.297 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 3.297 / 1000 = 5.99 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 5.99 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 14 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 5.99 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 3.297) / 1000 = 1.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

13/321

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 4.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 4.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.290 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.290 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 7.464 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 7.464 / 1000 = 13.57 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 13.57 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 31 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 13.57 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 7.464) / 1000 = 4.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 3.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.211 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.211 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 5.430 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 5.430 / 1000 = 9.87 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 9.87 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 23 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 9.87 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 5.430) / 1000 = 3.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 3.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.253 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.253 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 6.517 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 6.517 / 1000 = 11.85 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 11.85 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 28 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 11.85 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 6.517) / 1000 = 3.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

14/321

Top Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 3.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.223 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.223 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 5.738 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 5.738 / 1000 = 10.43 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 10.43 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 24 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 10.43 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 5.738) / 1000 = 3.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.036 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.036 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 0.925 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 0.925 / 1000 = 1.68 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 1.68 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 4 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 1.68 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 0.925) / 1000 = 0.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

15/321

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 7.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.16 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.16 + 0.00 = 0.16 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.15 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 7101 × 350.0 / 4147235 = 0.60

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-271.6 / 52500.0) × 0.60 = 0.562 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -271.6 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.561 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.153 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

16/321

LOCATION : SECTION 1 MIDDLE ZONE

(B:825 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 3.9 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 3.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.08 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.08 + 0.00 = 0.08 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 3.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.08 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 3874 × 350.0 / 1428105 = 0.95

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-271.6 / 52500.0) × 0.95 = 0.561 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -271.6 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.561 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.084 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

17/321

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 7.3 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.16 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.16 + 0.00 = 0.16 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 6.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.15 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 6804 × 350.0 / 3626361 = 0.66

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-271.6 / 52500.0) × 0.66 = 0.562 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -271.6 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.561 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.147 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

18/321

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 10.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 2.5 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 69 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 69) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 93.4 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 93.4) / (120 × (0.9 + (2.5 × 1000000 / (150 × 309.0²)))}

= 3.52 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)))}

= 1.14 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 2.00 × 1.14) / 10.7 = 5.55

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 2.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 2.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.168 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.168 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 4.316 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 4.316 / 1000 = 7.85 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 7.85 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 18 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 7.85 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 4.316) / 1000 = 2.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 1.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 1.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.123 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.123 <= 4.691

19/321

Design as Singly Reinforced Rectangular Beam

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 3.157 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 3.157 / 1000 = 5.74 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 5.74 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 14 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 5.74 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 3.157) / 1000 = 1.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 3.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.265 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.265 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 6.831 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 6.831 / 1000 = 12.42 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 12.42 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 29 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 12.42 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 6.831) / 1000 = 3.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 2.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 2.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.177 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.177 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 4.544 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 4.544 / 1000 = 8.26 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 8.26 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 19 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 8.26 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 4.544) / 1000 = 2.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 4.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 4.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.291 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.291 <= 4.691

20/321

Design as Singly Reinforced Rectangular Beam

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 7.504 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 7.504 / 1000 = 13.64 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 13.64 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 32 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 13.64 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 7.504) / 1000 = 4.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 3.7 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.7 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.261 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.261 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 6.720 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 6.720 / 1000 = 12.22 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 12.22 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 28 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 12.22 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 6.720) / 1000 = 3.7 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.038 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.038 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 0.972 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 0.972 / 1000 = 1.77 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 1.77 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 5 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 1.77 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 0.972) / 1000 = 0.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

21/321

Top Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 7.4 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.16 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.16 + 0.00 = 0.16 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 6.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.15 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 6883 × 350.0 / 3799165 = 0.63

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-426.2 / 52500.0) × 0.63 = 0.561 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -426.2 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.560 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

22/321

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.149 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 2.0 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 2.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.04 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.04 + 0.00 = 0.04 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 3.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.08 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 3862 × 350.0 / 1425914 = 0.95

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-426.2 / 52500.0) × 0.95 = 0.559 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -426.2 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.560 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

23/321

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.083 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 7.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.16 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.16 + 0.00 = 0.16 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.15 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 7089 × 350.0 / 4169335 = 0.60

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-426.2 / 52500.0) × 0.60 = 0.561 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -426.2 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.560 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

24/321

νss = 0.153 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 10.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 2.5 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 70 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 70) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 93.8 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 93.8) / (120 × (0.9 + (2.5 × 1000000 / (150 × 309.0²)))}

= 3.52 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)))}

= 1.14 <= 1.5

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 2.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 2.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.177 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.177 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 4.544 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 4.544 / 1000 = 8.26 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 8.26 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 19 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 8.26 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 4.544) / 1000 = 2.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

25/321

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 1.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 1.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.125 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.125 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 3.208 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 3.208 / 1000 = 5.83 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 5.83 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 14 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 5.83 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 3.208) / 1000 = 1.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 68 + 0 = 69 mm²

Final Bottom Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 68 + 1 = 70 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 4.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 4.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.297 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.297 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 7.665 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 7.665 / 1000 = 13.93 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 13.93 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 32 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 13.93 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 7.665) / 1000 = 4.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 3.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.221 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.221 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 5.681 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 5.681 / 1000 = 10.33 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 10.33 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 24 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 10.33 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 5.681) / 1000 = 3.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

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Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 68 + 0 = 69 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 68 + 1 = 70 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 3.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.244 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.244 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 6.277 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 6.277 / 1000 = 11.41 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 11.41 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 27 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 11.41 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 6.277) / 1000 = 3.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 3.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.219 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.219 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 5.617 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 5.617 / 1000 = 10.21 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 10.21 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 24 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 10.21 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 5.617) / 1000 = 3.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 68 + 0 = 69 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 68 + 1 = 70 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

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Design Bending Moment = 0.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.040 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.040 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 1.022 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 1.022 / 1000 = 1.86 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 1.86 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 5 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 1.86 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 1.022) / 1000 = 0.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 68 + 0 = 69 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 68 + 1 = 70 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Tension Force (Max) From 3D Analysis, P3D = 0.6 kN

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

* Steel area required by tensile force applied to top and bottom reinforcement only

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 7.7 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.7 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.17 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

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Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.17 + 0.00 = 0.17 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.16 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 7185 × 350.0 / 4257615 = 0.59

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-584.7 / 52500.0) × 0.59 = 0.560 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -584.7 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.558 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.155 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 4.0 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 4.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.09 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.09 + 0.00 = 0.09 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

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Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 4.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.09 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 3958 × 350.0 / 1370407 = 1.01 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-584.7 / 52500.0) × 1.00 = 0.557 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -584.7 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.558 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.085 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 7.2 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.16 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.16 + 0.00 = 0.16 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

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Part 2: Clause 2.4.5

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 6.7 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.14 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 6714 × 350.0 / 3493914 = 0.67

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-584.7 / 52500.0) × 0.67 = 0.560 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -584.7 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.558 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.145 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 10.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 2.5 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 70 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 70) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 94.3 N/mm²

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Modification Factor for Tension Reinforcement, Equation 7

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 94.3) / (120 × (0.9 + (2.5 × 1000000 / (150 × 309.0²)))}

= 3.51 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)))}

= 1.14 <= 1.5

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 2.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 2.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.166 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.166 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 4.258 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 4.258 / 1000 = 7.74 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 7.74 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 18 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 7.74 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 4.258) / 1000 = 2.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 1.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 1.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.125 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.125 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 3.207 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 3.207 / 1000 = 5.83 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 5.83 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 14 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 5.83 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 3.207) / 1000 = 1.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 68 + 0 = 69 mm²

Final Bottom Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 68 + 1 = 70 mm²

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Top Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 3.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.253 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.253 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 6.524 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 6.524 / 1000 = 11.86 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 11.86 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 28 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 11.86 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 6.524) / 1000 = 3.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 2.7 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 2.7 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.188 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.188 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 4.822 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 4.822 / 1000 = 8.77 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 8.77 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 21 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 8.77 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 4.822) / 1000 = 2.7 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 68 + 0 = 69 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 68 + 1 = 70 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 4.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 4.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.313 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.313 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 8.072 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 8.072 / 1000 = 14.67 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 14.67 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 34 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 14.67 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 8.072) / 1000 = 4.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

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Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 3.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.239 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.239 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 6.145 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 6.145 / 1000 = 11.17 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 11.17 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 26 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 11.17 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 6.145) / 1000 = 3.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 68 + 0 = 69 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 68 + 1 = 70 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.054 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.054 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 1.388 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 1.388 / 1000 = 2.52 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 2.52 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 6 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 2.52 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 1.388) / 1000 = 0.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

34/321

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 68 + 0 = 69 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 68 + 1 = 70 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Tension Force (Max) From 3D Analysis, P3D = 0.6 kN

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

* Steel area required by tensile force applied to top and bottom reinforcement only

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 7.2 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.16 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.16 + 0.00 = 0.16 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 6.7 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.15 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

35/321

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 6729 × 350.0 / 3629862 = 0.65

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-575.0 / 52500.0) × 0.65 = 0.560 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -575.0 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.558 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.145 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 1.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 1.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.04 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.04 + 0.00 = 0.04 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 4.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.09 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

36/321

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 4010 × 350.0 / 1249497 = 1.12 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-575.0 / 52500.0) × 1.00 = 0.557 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -575.0 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.558 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.087 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 7.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.17 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.17 + 0.00 = 0.17 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.16 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

37/321

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 7237 × 350.0 / 4481040 = 0.57

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-575.0 / 52500.0) × 0.57 = 0.560 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -575.0 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.558 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.156 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 10.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 2.4 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 70 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 70) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 94.3 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 94.3) / (120 × (0.9 + (2.4 × 1000000 / (150 × 309.0²)))}

= 3.54 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)))}

= 1.14 <= 1.5

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 3.7 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.7 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.261 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.261 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 6.732 mm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

38/321

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 6.732 / 1000 = 12.24 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 12.24 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 28 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 12.24 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 6.732) / 1000 = 3.7 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 3.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.240 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.240 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 6.181 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 6.181 / 1000 = 11.24 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 11.24 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 26 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 11.24 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 6.181) / 1000 = 3.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 4.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 4.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.304 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.304 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 7.835 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 7.835 / 1000 = 14.24 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 14.24 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 33 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 14.24 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 7.835) / 1000 = 4.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 3.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.272 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.272 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 7.006 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 7.006 / 1000 = 12.74 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 12.74 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 30 mm²

39/321

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 12.74 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 7.006) / 1000 = 3.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

40/321

SHEAR & TORSION DESIGN CALCULATION

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 8.5 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 8.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.18 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.18 + 0.00 = 0.18 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.17 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.171 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 3.9 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

41/321

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 3.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.08 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.08 + 0.00 = 0.08 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 3.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.08 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.084 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 5.7 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 5.7 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.12 N/mm²

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Part 2 : Clause 2.4.6 and Table 2.3

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.12 + 0.00 = 0.12 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 5.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.11 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.112 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 10.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 3.8 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 69 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 69) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 92.5 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 92.5) / (120 × (0.9 + (3.8 × 1000000 / (150 × 309.0²)))}

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

43/321

= 3.31 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)))}

= 1.14 <= 1.5

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Current Beam Grid Mark: 4/A-H

Support Reaction, kN

Support No. Grid Mark Support Type

Dead Load Live Load

1 A Column 2.8 1.1

2 B Column 7.4 2.9

3 C Column 6.9 2.6

4 D Column 6.6 2.6

5 E Column 7.1 2.7

6 F Column 6.4 2.6

7 G Column 7.7 3.0

8 H Column 2.7 1.0

DETAIL CALCULATION FOR BEAM 2B2(150x300/600/300/600/300/600/300)

Beam Located along grid 3/A-H

Number of Span within beam = 7

Number of Section defined by user = 13

Number of Supports = 8

Beam Cantilever End = Nil.

Length Width Begin Depth End Depth

Span Section

(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)

1 1800 150 300 300

1

2 1500 150 600 600

3 1500 150 600 600

2

4 1800 150 300 300

5 1800 150 300 300

3

6 1500 150 600 600

7 1500 150 600 600

4

8 1800 150 300 300

9 1800 150 300 300

5

10 1500 150 600 600

11 1500 150 600 600

6

12 1800 150 300 300

7 13 3300 150 300 300

MATERIAL PROPERTIES

Maximum Concrete Strain, Ecc = 0.0035

Average Concrete Stress above Neutral Axis, k1 = 12.12 N/mm²

Concrete Lever Arm Factor, k2 = 0.4518

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

44/321

Limiting Effective Depth Factor, cb = 0.50

k2 / k1 Factor, kkk = 0.0373

Limiting Concrete Moment Capacity Factor, kk1 = cb × k1 × (1 - cb * k2) = 0.50 × 12.12 × (1 - 0.50 × 0.4518) = 4.6911 N/mm²

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 27.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 557.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 27.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 557.0²) = 0.587 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.587 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 27.592 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 27.592 / 1000 = 50.16 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 50.16 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 115 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 50.16 × (557.0 - 0.4518 × 27.592) / 1000 = 27.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 23.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 257.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 23.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 257.0²) = 2.380 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 2.380 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 55.969 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 55.969 / 1000 = 101.75 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 101.75 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 233 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 101.75 × (257.0 - 0.4518 × 55.969) / 1000 = 23.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 233 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 0 = 59 mm²

Final Bottom Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 232 + 1 = 234 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T16 (402 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

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Top Tension Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 0 = 59 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 1 = 60 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T16 (402 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 7.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 7.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.170 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.170 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 7.868 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 7.868 / 1000 = 14.30 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 14.30 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 33 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 14.30 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 7.868) / 1000 = 7.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 3.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.084 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.084 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 3.893 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 3.893 / 1000 = 7.08 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 7.08 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 17 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 7.08 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 3.893) / 1000 = 3.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

46/321

Design Bending Moment = 3.7 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.7 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.080 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.080 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 3.684 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 3.684 / 1000 = 6.70 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 6.70 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 16 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 6.70 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 3.684) / 1000 = 3.7 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 0 = 118 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 1 = 119 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T16 (402 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 27.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 257.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 27.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 257.0²) = 2.743 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 2.743 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 65.777 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 65.777 / 1000 = 119.58 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 119.58 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 273 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 119.58 × (257.0 - 0.4518 × 65.777) / 1000 = 27.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 273 mm²

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 23.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 257.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 23.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 257.0²) = 2.380 N/mm²

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Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 2.380 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 55.977 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 55.977 / 1000 = 101.77 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 101.77 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 233 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 101.77 × (257.0 - 0.4518 × 55.977) / 1000 = 23.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 233 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 0 = 118 mm²

Final Bottom Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 232 + 1 = 234 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Tension Force (Max) From 3D Analysis, P3D = 0.6 kN

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

* Steel area required by tensile force applied to top and bottom reinforcement only

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 22.9 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 257.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 22.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 257.0) = 0.59 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.59 + 0.00 = 0.59 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

48/321

Part 2 : Clause 2.4.6 Table 2.3

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 21.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 257.0) = 0.57 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 1.04 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 257.0 = 1.556

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.117 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {1.04}⅓ × 1.117 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.76 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.565 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:1800 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 15.1 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 257.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 15.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 257.0) = 0.39 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.39 + 0.00 = 0.39 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 15.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 257.0) = 0.39 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

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Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 1.04 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 257.0 = 1.556

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.117 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {1.04}⅓ × 1.117 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.76 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.392 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:1800 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 15.2 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 557.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 15.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 557.0) = 0.18 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.18 + 0.01 = 0.19 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 18.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 557.0) = 0.22 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.48 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 557.0 = 0.718

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.921 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

50/321

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.48}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.53 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.219 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 27.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 27.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.33 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.33 + 0.01 = 0.34 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 26.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.31 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.314 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

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Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 257.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.8

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 27.3 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 275 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 402 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 275) / (3 × 402)} × (1 / 1.00) = 209.4 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 209.4) / (120 × (0.9 + (27.3 × 1000000 / (150 × 257.0²)))}

= 1.16 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 257.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 257.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.16 × 1.16) / 12.8 = 2.73

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 257.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.8

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 27.2 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 273 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 402 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 273) / (3 × 402)} × (1 / 1.00) = 208.2 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 208.2) / (120 × (0.9 + (27.2 × 1000000 / (150 × 257.0²)))}

= 1.16 <= 2.0

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

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MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 257.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 257.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.16 × 1.16) / 12.8 = 2.74

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 20.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 20.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.435 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.435 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 20.402 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 20.402 / 1000 = 37.09 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 37.09 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 85 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 37.09 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 20.402) / 1000 = 20.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 16.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 16.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.361 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.361 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 16.897 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 16.897 / 1000 = 30.72 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 30.72 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 71 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 30.72 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 16.897) / 1000 = 16.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 0 = 118 mm²

Final Bottom Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 1 = 119 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 8.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.182 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

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Mu / bd² = 0.182 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 8.454 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 8.454 / 1000 = 15.37 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 15.37 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 36 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 15.37 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 8.454) / 1000 = 8.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 3.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.065 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.065 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 3.017 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 3.017 / 1000 = 5.49 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 5.49 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 13 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 5.49 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 3.017) / 1000 = 3.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 4.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 4.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.095 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.095 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 4.413 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 4.413 / 1000 = 8.02 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 8.02 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 19 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 8.02 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 4.413) / 1000 = 4.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 0 = 118 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 1 = 119 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

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LOCATION : RIGHT SUPPORT (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 19.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 19.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.892 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.892 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 43.783 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 43.783 / 1000 = 79.60 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 79.60 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 182 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 79.60 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 43.783) / 1000 = 19.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 16.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 16.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.613 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.613 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 36.847 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 36.847 / 1000 = 66.99 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 66.99 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 153 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 66.99 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 36.847) / 1000 = 16.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 153 + 0 = 154 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 1 = 60 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 20.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 20.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 2.007 N/mm²

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Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 2.007 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 46.692 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 46.692 / 1000 = 84.89 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 84.89 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 194 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 84.89 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 46.692) / 1000 = 20.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 194 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 16.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 16.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.683 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.683 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 38.557 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 38.557 / 1000 = 70.10 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 70.10 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 161 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 70.10 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 38.557) / 1000 = 16.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 161 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 0 = 59 mm²

Final Bottom Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 160 + 1 = 162 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Tension Force (Max) From 3D Analysis, P3D = 0.6 kN

* Steel area required by tensile force applied to top and bottom reinforcement only

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

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Maximum Torsion within Zone, T = 0.1 kNm

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 25.5 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 25.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.30 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.30 + 0.01 = 0.31 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 24.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.29 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.290 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:1500 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 16.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

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Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 16.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.20 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.20 + 0.01 = 0.21 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 16.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.20 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.198 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:1500 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 17.2 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 17.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.44 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.44 + 0.01 = 0.45 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

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Part 2: Clause 2.4.5

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 22.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.57 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.566 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 29.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 29.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.77 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.77 + 0.01 = 0.77 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

59/321

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 28.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.73 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.733 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 20.4 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 196 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 196) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 265.5 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 265.5) / (120 × (0.9 + (20.4 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 1.15 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.15 × 1.16) / 12.7 = 2.73

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

60/321

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 20.2 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 194 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 194) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 262.7 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 262.7) / (120 × (0.9 + (20.2 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 1.16 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.16 × 1.16) / 12.7 = 2.76

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 19.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 19.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.405 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.405 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 18.987 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 18.987 / 1000 = 34.52 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 34.52 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 79 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 34.52 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 18.987) / 1000 = 19.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 12.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 12.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.278 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.278 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 28.747 mm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

61/321

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 28.747 / 1000 = 52.26 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 52.26 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 120 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 52.26 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 28.747) / 1000 = 12.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 120 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 0 = 59 mm²

Final Bottom Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 119 + 1 = 121 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 19.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 19.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.916 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.916 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 44.372 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 44.372 / 1000 = 80.67 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 80.67 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 185 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 80.67 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 44.372) / 1000 = 19.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 16.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 16.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.643 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.643 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 37.561 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 37.561 / 1000 = 68.29 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 68.29 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 156 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 68.29 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 37.561) / 1000 = 16.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 156 + 0 = 157 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 1 = 60 mm²

62/321

Top Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 12.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 12.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.268 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.268 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 12.499 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 12.499 / 1000 = 22.72 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 22.72 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 52 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 22.72 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 12.499) / 1000 = 12.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 1.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 1.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.024 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.024 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 1.086 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 1.086 / 1000 = 1.97 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 1.97 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 5 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 1.97 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 1.086) / 1000 = 1.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 8.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.182 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.182 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 8.442 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 8.442 / 1000 = 15.35 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 15.35 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 36 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 15.35 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 8.442) / 1000 = 8.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

63/321

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 0 = 118 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 1 = 119 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 18.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 18.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.873 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.873 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 43.292 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 43.292 / 1000 = 78.70 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 78.70 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 180 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 78.70 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 43.292) / 1000 = 18.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 180 mm²

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 12.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 12.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.278 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.278 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 28.752 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 28.752 / 1000 = 52.27 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 52.27 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 120 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 52.27 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 28.752) / 1000 = 12.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 120 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 0 = 118 mm²

64/321

Final Bottom Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 119 + 1 = 121 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Tension Force (Max) From 3D Analysis, P3D = 0.6 kN

* Steel area required by tensile force applied to top and bottom reinforcement only

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 29.0 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 29.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.75 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.75 + 0.01 = 0.75 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 27.7 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.71 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

65/321

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.712 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:1800 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 21.2 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 21.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.55 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.55 + 0.01 = 0.55 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 21.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.55 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.546 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

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LOCATION : SECTION 2 LEFT ZONE

(B:1800 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 12.7 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 12.7 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.15 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.15 + 0.01 = 0.16 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 15.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.19 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.189 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 25.3 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

67/321

Section Dimension: Dmin = 150.0 mm, Dmax = 600.0 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 25.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.30 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.30 + 0.01 = 0.31 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 24.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.29 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.287 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 19.0 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 182 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

68/321

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 182) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 245.7 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 245.7) / (120 × (0.9 + (19.0 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 1.24 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.24 × 1.16) / 12.7 = 2.94

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 18.8 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 180 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 180) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 243.6 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 243.6) / (120 × (0.9 + (18.8 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 1.25 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.25 × 1.16) / 12.7 = 2.97

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 19.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 19.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.411 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.411 <= 4.691

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

69/321

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 19.245 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 19.245 / 1000 = 34.99 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 34.99 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 80 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 34.99 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 19.245) / 1000 = 19.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 14.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 14.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.312 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.312 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 14.572 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 14.572 / 1000 = 26.49 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 26.49 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 61 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 26.49 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 14.572) / 1000 = 14.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 0 = 118 mm²

Final Bottom Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 1 = 119 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 12.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 12.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.269 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.269 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 12.556 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 12.556 / 1000 = 22.83 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 22.83 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 53 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 22.83 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 12.556) / 1000 = 12.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 1.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 1.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.021 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

70/321

Mu / bd² = 0.021 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 0.991 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 0.991 / 1000 = 1.80 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 1.80 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 5 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 1.80 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 0.991) / 1000 = 1.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 8.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.179 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.179 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 8.305 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 8.305 / 1000 = 15.10 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 15.10 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 35 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 15.10 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 8.305) / 1000 = 8.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 0 = 118 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 1 = 119 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 18.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 18.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.865 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.865 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 43.085 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 43.085 / 1000 = 78.33 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 78.33 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 179 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 78.33 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 43.085) / 1000 = 18.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

71/321

LOCATION : RIGHT SUPPORT (3-D ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 15.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 15.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.569 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.569 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 35.771 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 35.771 / 1000 = 65.03 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 65.03 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 149 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 65.03 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 35.771) / 1000 = 15.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 148 + 0 = 149 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 1 = 60 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 19.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 19.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.894 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.894 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 43.823 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 43.823 / 1000 = 79.67 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 79.67 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 182 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 79.67 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 43.823) / 1000 = 19.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 182 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 14.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

72/321

Mu / bd² = 14.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.454 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.454 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 32.968 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 32.968 / 1000 = 59.94 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 59.94 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 137 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 59.94 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 32.968) / 1000 = 14.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 137 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 0 = 59 mm²

Final Bottom Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 137 + 1 = 139 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Tension Force (Max) From 3D Analysis, P3D = 0.6 kN

* Steel area required by tensile force applied to top and bottom reinforcement only

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 26.7 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 26.7 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.32 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.32 + 0.01 = 0.33 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

73/321

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 25.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.30 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 25535 × 600.0 / 12630400 = 1.21 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.434 + 0.60 × (-71.5 / 90000.0) × 1.00 = 0.433 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.434 × √[1 + -71.5 / (90000.0 × 0.43)] = 0.434 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.305 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:1500 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 17.9 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 17.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.21 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.21 + 0.01 = 0.22 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

74/321

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 17.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.21 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 17855 × 600.0 / 15566067 = 0.69

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.434 + 0.60 × (-71.5 / 90000.0) × 0.69 = 0.434 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.434 × √[1 + -71.5 / (90000.0 × 0.43)] = 0.434 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.213 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:1500 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 16.3 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 16.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.42 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.42 + 0.01 = 0.42 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

75/321

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 21.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.54 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 21029 × 300.0 / 6105047 = 1.03 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.625 + 0.60 × (-172.8 / 45000.0) × 1.00 = 0.623 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.625 × √[1 + -172.8 / (45000.0 × 0.63)] = 0.623 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.541 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 28.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 28.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.74 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.74 + 0.01 = 0.75 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

76/321

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 27.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.71 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 27507 × 300.0 / 18762491 = 0.44

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.625 + 0.60 × (-172.8 / 45000.0) × 0.44 = 0.624 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.625 × √[1 + -172.8 / (45000.0 × 0.63)] = 0.623 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.708 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 19.3 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 184 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 184) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 249.3 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 249.3) / (120 × (0.9 + (19.3 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 1.22 <= 2.0

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

77/321

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.22 × 1.16) / 12.7 = 2.90

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 19.1 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 182 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 182) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 246.6 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 246.6) / (120 × (0.9 + (19.1 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 1.24 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.24 × 1.16) / 12.7 = 2.94

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 19.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 19.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.405 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.405 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 18.952 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 18.952 / 1000 = 34.46 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 34.46 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 79 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 34.46 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 18.952) / 1000 = 19.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

78/321

LOCATION : SPAN (3-D ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 13.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 13.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.288 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.288 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 28.993 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 28.993 / 1000 = 52.71 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 52.71 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 121 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 52.71 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 28.993) / 1000 = 13.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 121 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 0 = 59 mm²

Final Bottom Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 120 + 1 = 122 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 18.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 18.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.871 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.871 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 43.250 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 43.250 / 1000 = 78.63 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 78.63 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 180 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 78.63 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 43.250) / 1000 = 18.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 15.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 15.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.581 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.581 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 36.056 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 36.056 / 1000 = 65.55 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 65.55 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 150 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 65.55 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 36.056) / 1000 = 15.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

79/321

Top Tension Steel Area Required = 150 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 150 + 0 = 150 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 1 = 60 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 14.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 14.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.301 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.301 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 14.039 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 14.039 / 1000 = 25.52 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 25.52 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 59 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 25.52 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 14.039) / 1000 = 14.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.006 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.006 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 0.277 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 0.277 / 1000 = 0.50 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 0.50 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 2 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 0.50 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 0.277) / 1000 = 0.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 9.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 9.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.203 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.203 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 9.447 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 9.447 / 1000 = 17.17 kN

80/321

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 17.17 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 40 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 17.17 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 9.447) / 1000 = 9.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 0 = 118 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 1 = 119 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 18.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 18.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.869 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.869 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 43.202 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 43.202 / 1000 = 78.54 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 78.54 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 180 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 78.54 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 43.202) / 1000 = 18.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 180 mm²

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 13.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 13.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.288 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.288 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 28.997 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 28.997 / 1000 = 52.72 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 52.72 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 121 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 52.72 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 28.997) / 1000 = 13.0 kNm

81/321

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 121 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 0 = 118 mm²

Final Bottom Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 120 + 1 = 122 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Tension Force (Max) From 3D Analysis, P3D = 0.6 kN

* Steel area required by tensile force applied to top and bottom reinforcement only

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 28.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 28.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.74 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.74 + 0.00 = 0.74 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 27.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.70 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

82/321

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 27310 × 300.0 / 18828270 = 0.44

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.625 + 0.60 × (-205.3 / 45000.0) × 0.44 = 0.624 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.625 × √[1 + -205.3 / (45000.0 × 0.63)] = 0.623 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.703 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:1800 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 20.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 20.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.54 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.54 + 0.00 = 0.54 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 20.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.54 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

83/321

Tension Steel Area Provided, Ast = 226 mm²

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 20832 × 300.0 / 5964446 = 1.05 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.625 + 0.60 × (-205.3 / 45000.0) × 1.00 = 0.622 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.625 × √[1 + -205.3 / (45000.0 × 0.63)] = 0.623 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.536 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:1800 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 13.4 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 13.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.16 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.16 + 0.01 = 0.17 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 16.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.20 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

84/321

Tension Steel Area Provided, Ast = 226 mm²

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 16579 × 600.0 / 15014971 = 0.66

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.434 + 0.60 × (-163.8 / 90000.0) × 0.66 = 0.433 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.434 × √[1 + -163.8 / (90000.0 × 0.43)] = 0.433 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.198 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 26.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 26.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.32 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.32 + 0.01 = 0.33 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 25.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.30 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

85/321

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 25273 × 600.0 / 14105695 = 1.08 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.434 + 0.60 × (-163.8 / 90000.0) × 1.00 = 0.433 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.434 × √[1 + -163.8 / (90000.0 × 0.43)] = 0.433 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.301 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 19.0 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 181 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 181) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 245.3 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 245.3) / (120 × (0.9 + (19.0 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 1.24 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.24 × 1.16) / 12.7 = 2.95

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 18.8 kNm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

86/321

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 180 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 180) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 243.1 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 243.1) / (120 × (0.9 + (18.8 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 1.25 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.25 × 1.16) / 12.7 = 2.97

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 20.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 20.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.443 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.443 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 20.780 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 20.780 / 1000 = 37.78 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 37.78 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 87 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 37.78 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 20.780) / 1000 = 20.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 16.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 16.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.345 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.345 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 16.133 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 16.133 / 1000 = 29.33 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 29.33 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 67 mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

87/321

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 29.33 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 16.133) / 1000 = 16.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 0 = 118 mm²

Final Bottom Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 1 = 119 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 13.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 13.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.293 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.293 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 13.683 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 13.683 / 1000 = 24.88 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 24.88 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 57 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 24.88 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 13.683) / 1000 = 13.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.009 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.009 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 0.438 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 0.438 / 1000 = 0.80 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 0.80 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 2 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 0.80 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 0.438) / 1000 = 0.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 9.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 9.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.197 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.197 <= 4.691

88/321

Design as Singly Reinforced Rectangular Beam

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 9.153 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 9.153 / 1000 = 16.64 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 16.64 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 38 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 16.64 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 9.153) / 1000 = 9.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 0 = 118 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 117 + 1 = 119 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 12.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 12.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.190 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.190 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 26.664 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 26.664 / 1000 = 48.47 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 48.47 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 111 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 48.47 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 26.664) / 1000 = 12.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 9.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 9.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.926 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.926 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 20.528 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 20.528 / 1000 = 37.32 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 37.32 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 86 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 37.32 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 20.528) / 1000 = 9.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 85 + 0 = 86 mm²

89/321

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 1 = 60 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 20.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 20.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 2.050 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 2.050 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 47.792 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 47.792 / 1000 = 86.89 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 86.89 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 199 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 86.89 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 47.792) / 1000 = 20.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 199 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 16.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 16.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.608 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.608 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 36.706 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 36.706 / 1000 = 66.73 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 66.73 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 153 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 66.73 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 36.706) / 1000 = 16.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 153 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 0 = 59 mm²

Final Bottom Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 152 + 1 = 154 mm²

90/321

LOCATION : SECTION 12 - TOP TENSION (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Tension Force (Max) From 3D Analysis, P3D = 0.6 kN

* Steel area required by tensile force applied to top and bottom reinforcement only

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 28.2 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 28.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.34 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.34 + 0.01 = 0.35 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 26.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.32 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

91/321

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 26902 × 600.0 / 13751550 = 1.17 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.434 + 0.60 × (-296.5 / 90000.0) × 1.00 = 0.432 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.434 × √[1 + -296.5 / (90000.0 × 0.43)] = 0.432 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.321 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:1500 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 18.2 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 18.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.22 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.22 + 0.01 = 0.23 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 18.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.22 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

92/321

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 18229 × 600.0 / 16243032 = 0.67

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.434 + 0.60 × (-296.5 / 90000.0) × 0.67 = 0.433 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.434 × √[1 + -296.5 / (90000.0 × 0.43)] = 0.432 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.217 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:1500 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 14.1 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 14.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.36 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.36 + 0.00 = 0.37 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 18.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.48 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

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VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 18760 × 300.0 / 9097725 = 0.62

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.625 + 0.60 × (-641.6 / 45000.0) × 0.62 = 0.620 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.625 × √[1 + -641.6 / (45000.0 × 0.63)] = 0.618 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.483 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 26.5 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 26.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.68 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.68 + 0.00 = 0.69 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 25.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.65 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 25238 × 300.0 / 11970931 = 0.63

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Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.625 + 0.60 × (-641.6 / 45000.0) × 0.63 = 0.620 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.625 × √[1 + -641.6 / (45000.0 × 0.63)] = 0.618 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.650 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 20.8 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 200 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 200) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 270.8 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 270.8) / (120 × (0.9 + (20.8 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 1.13 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.13 × 1.16) / 12.7 = 2.68

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 20.6 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 199 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

95/321

Design Service Stress in Tension Reinforcement, Equation 8

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 199) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 268.9 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 268.9) / (120 × (0.9 + (20.6 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 1.14 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.14 × 1.16) / 12.7 = 2.70

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 8.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.814 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.814 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 17.960 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 17.960 / 1000 = 32.65 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 32.65 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 75 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 32.65 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 17.960) / 1000 = 8.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 75 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 6.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 6.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.640 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.640 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 14.027 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 14.027 / 1000 = 25.50 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 25.50 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 59 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 25.50 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 14.027) / 1000 = 6.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

96/321

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 0 = 59 mm²

Final Bottom Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 1 = 60 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 12.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 12.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.217 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.217 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 27.317 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 27.317 / 1000 = 49.66 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 49.66 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 114 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 49.66 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 27.317) / 1000 = 12.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 9.7 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 9.7 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.963 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.963 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 21.387 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 21.387 / 1000 = 38.88 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 38.88 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 89 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 38.88 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 21.387) / 1000 = 9.7 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 89 + 0 = 90 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 1 = 60 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

97/321

LOCATION : RIGHT SUPPORT (3-D ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 0 = 59 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 1 = 60 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 3.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.322 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.322 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 6.966 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 6.966 / 1000 = 12.66 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 12.66 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 29 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 12.66 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 6.966) / 1000 = 3.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Top Reinforcement, AstTop = Ast / 4 = 0 mm²

Additional Tension Steel Required by Bottom Reinforcement, AstBot = Ast = 1 mm²

Final Top Tension Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 0 = 59 mm²

Final Bottom Compression Steel Area Required (3D) = 59 + 1 = 60 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Tension Force (Max) From 3D Analysis, P3D = 0.6 kN

98/321

Additional Tension Steel Required along span (Axial Load), Ast = Ft / (fyy × fy) = 0.6 × 10³ / (0.9524 × 460) = 1 mm²

* Steel area required by tensile force applied to top and bottom reinforcement only

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 18.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 18.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.48 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.48 + 0.00 = 0.48 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 17.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.45 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 17302 × 300.0 / 12249833 = 0.42

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.625 + 0.60 × (-409.0 / 45000.0) × 0.42 = 0.623 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.625 × √[1 + -409.0 / (45000.0 × 0.63)] = 0.621 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.445 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

99/321

Shear Reinforcement Provided : R6-175

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 9.1 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.23 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.23 + 0.00 = 0.24 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.23 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 9097 × 300.0 / 5697070 = 0.48

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.625 + 0.60 × (-409.0 / 45000.0) × 0.48 = 0.623 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.625 × √[1 + -409.0 / (45000.0 × 0.63)] = 0.621 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.234 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

100/321

Shear Reinforcement Provided : R6-175

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 12.1 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 12.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.31 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.31 + 0.00 = 0.31 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 11.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.28 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 11011 × 300.0 / 1214409 = 2.72 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.625 + 0.60 × (-409.0 / 45000.0) × 1.00 = 0.620 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.625 × √[1 + -409.0 / (45000.0 × 0.63)] = 0.621 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.283 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

101/321

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 8.2 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 75 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 75) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 101.0 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 101.0) / (120 × (0.9 + (8.2 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 2.38 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 2.00 × 1.16) / 12.7 = 4.74

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Current Beam Grid Mark: 3/A-H

Support Reaction, kN

Support No. Grid Mark Support Type

Dead Load Live Load

1 A Column 11.0 3.7

2 B Beam 26.3 7.7

3 C Beam 28.6 8.9

4 D Beam 24.5 7.3

5 E Beam 27.2 8.6

6 F Beam 26.9 7.6

7 G Beam 19.6 8.8

8 H Column 3.9 3.2

DETAIL CALCULATION FOR BEAM 2B3(150x300/600/300/600/300/600/300)

Beam Located along grid 2/A-H

Number of Span within beam = 6

Number of Section defined by user = 13

Number of Supports = 7

Beam Cantilever End = Nil.

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

102/321

Section Dimension Data

Length Width Begin Depth End Depth

Span Section

(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)

1 1800 150 300 300

2 1500 150 600 600

1

3 1500 150 600 600

4 1800 150 300 300

5 1800 150 300 300

2

6 1500 150 600 600

7 1500 150 600 600

3

8 1800 150 300 300

9 1800 150 300 300

4

10 1500 150 600 600

11 1500 150 600 600

5

12 1800 150 300 300

6 13 3300 150 300 300

MATERIAL PROPERTIES

Maximum Concrete Strain, Ecc = 0.0035

Average Concrete Stress above Neutral Axis, k1 = 12.12 N/mm²

Concrete Lever Arm Factor, k2 = 0.4518

Limiting Effective Depth Factor, cb = 0.50

k2 / k1 Factor, kkk = 0.0373

Limiting Concrete Moment Capacity Factor, kk1 = cb × k1 × (1 - cb * k2) = 0.50 × 12.12 × (1 - 0.50 × 0.4518) = 4.6911 N/mm²

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 24.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 557.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 24.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 557.0²) = 0.534 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.534 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 25.050 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 25.050 / 1000 = 45.54 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 45.54 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 104 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 45.54 × (557.0 - 0.4518 × 25.050) / 1000 = 24.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 20.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 257.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 20.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 257.0²) = 2.079 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 2.079 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 48.154 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 48.154 / 1000 = 87.54 kN

103/321

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 87.54 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 200 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 87.54 × (257.0 - 0.4518 × 48.154) / 1000 = 20.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 200 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T16 (402 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T16 (402 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 16.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 16.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.629 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.629 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 37.241 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 37.241 / 1000 = 67.70 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 67.70 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 155 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 67.70 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 37.241) / 1000 = 16.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 13.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 13.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.333 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.333 <= 4.691

104/321

Design as Singly Reinforced Rectangular Beam

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 30.053 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 30.053 / 1000 = 54.64 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 54.64 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 125 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 54.64 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 30.053) / 1000 = 13.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T16 (402 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 23.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 257.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 23.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 257.0²) = 2.357 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 2.357 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 55.372 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 55.372 / 1000 = 100.67 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 100.67 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 230 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 100.67 × (257.0 - 0.4518 × 55.372) / 1000 = 23.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 230 mm²

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 20.7 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 20.7 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.441 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.441 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 20.698 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 20.698 / 1000 = 37.63 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 37.63 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 86 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 37.63 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 20.698) / 1000 = 20.7 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

105/321

Top Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

No hogging moment (2D) within this section, calculation is not required

No hogging moment (3D) within this section, calculation is not required

Design Bending Moment = 21.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 21.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.461 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.461 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 21.657 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 21.657 / 1000 = 39.37 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 39.37 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 90 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 39.37 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 21.657) / 1000 = 21.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 13.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 13.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.290 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.290 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 13.544 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 13.544 / 1000 = 24.62 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 24.62 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 57 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 24.62 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 13.544) / 1000 = 13.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

No hogging moment (2D) within this section, calculation is not required

No hogging moment (3D) within this section, calculation is not required

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T16 (402 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 15.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

106/321

Mu / bd² = 15.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.542 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.542 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 35.108 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 35.108 / 1000 = 63.83 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 63.83 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 146 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 63.83 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 35.108) / 1000 = 15.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 146 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 10.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 10.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.069 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.069 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 23.835 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 23.835 / 1000 = 43.33 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 43.33 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 99 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 43.33 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 23.835) / 1000 = 10.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 99 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T16 (402 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 (B:0 mm E:1800 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 21.4 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 257.0 mm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

107/321

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 21.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 257.0) = 0.55 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.55 + 0.00 = 0.56 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 20.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 257.0) = 0.52 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 1.04 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 257.0 = 1.556

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.117 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {1.04}⅓ × 1.117 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.76 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 19958 × 300.0 / 2574648 = 2.33 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.761 + 0.60 × (-35.4 / 45000.0) × 1.00 = 0.760 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.761 × √[1 + -35.4 / (45000.0 × 0.76)] = 0.760 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.518 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 6.5 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 557.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 6.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 557.0) = 0.08 N/mm²

108/321

Part 2 : Clause 2.4.6 and Table 2.3

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.08 + 0.01 = 0.09 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 15.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 557.0) = 0.19 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.48 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 557.0 = 0.718

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.921 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.48}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.53 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.185 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 11.5 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 557.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 11.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 557.0) = 0.14 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.14 + 0.01 = 0.15 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

109/321

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 12.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 557.0) = 0.15 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.48 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 557.0 = 0.718

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.921 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.48}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.53 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.147 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 25.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 25.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.66 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.66 + 0.00 = 0.67 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

110/321

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 24.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.63 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.629 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 6600.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 11.8

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 24.9 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 118 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 402 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 118) / (3 × 402)} × (1 / 1.00) = 89.3 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 89.3) / (120 × (0.9 + (24.9 × 1000000 / (150 × 559.0²)))}

= 2.81 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 559.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 559.0)))}

= 1.08 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 2.00 × 1.08) / 11.8 = 4.77

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 6600.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 257.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 25.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 23.4 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 230 mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

111/321

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 402 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 230) / (3 × 402)} × (1 / 1.00) = 175.2 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 175.2) / (120 × (0.9 + (23.4 × 1000000 / (150 × 257.0²)))}

= 1.32 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 257.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 257.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.32 × 1.16) / 25.7 = 1.56

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 18.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 18.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.392 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.392 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 18.354 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 18.354 / 1000 = 33.37 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 33.37 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 77 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 33.37 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 18.354) / 1000 = 18.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 10.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 10.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.215 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.215 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 10.010 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 10.010 / 1000 = 18.20 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 18.20 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 42 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 18.20 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 10.010) / 1000 = 10.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

112/321

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 16.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 16.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.651 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.651 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 37.763 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 37.763 / 1000 = 68.65 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 68.65 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 157 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 68.65 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 37.763) / 1000 = 16.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 13.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 13.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.350 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.350 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 30.471 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 30.471 / 1000 = 55.40 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 55.40 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 127 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 55.40 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 30.471) / 1000 = 13.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 3.7 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.7 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.079 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.079 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 3.655 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 3.655 / 1000 = 6.65 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 6.65 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 16 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 6.65 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 3.655) / 1000 = 3.7 kNm

113/321

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 17.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 17.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.380 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.380 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 17.780 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 17.780 / 1000 = 32.32 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 32.32 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 74 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 32.32 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 17.780) / 1000 = 17.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 14.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 14.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.421 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.421 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 32.169 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 32.169 / 1000 = 58.48 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 58.48 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 134 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 58.48 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 32.169) / 1000 = 14.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 134 mm²

114/321

Design Bending Moment = 8.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.843 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.843 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 18.608 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 18.608 / 1000 = 33.83 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 33.83 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 78 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 33.83 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 18.608) / 1000 = 8.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 78 mm²

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 25.0 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 25.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.64 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.64 + 0.00 = 0.65 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

115/321

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 23.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.61 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.608 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:1800 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 16.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 16.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.43 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.43 + 0.00 = 0.43 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

116/321

Part 2 : Clause 2.4.6 Table 2.3

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 16.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.43 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.428 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:1800 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 10.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 10.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.13 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.13 + 0.01 = 0.14 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 10.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.13 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

117/321

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.129 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 12.9 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 12.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.15 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.15 + 0.01 = 0.16 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 11.7 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.14 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

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Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.139 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 5.9

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 18.4 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 118 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 118) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 158.7 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 158.7) / (120 × (0.9 + (18.4 × 1000000 / (150 × 559.0²)))}

= 2.60 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 559.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 559.0)))}

= 1.08 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 2.00 × 1.08) / 5.9 = 9.54

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 14.3 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 134 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

119/321

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 134) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 181.0 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 181.0) / (120 × (0.9 + (14.3 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 1.61 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.61 × 1.16) / 12.7 = 3.83

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 18.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 18.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.394 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.394 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 18.424 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 18.424 / 1000 = 33.49 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 33.49 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 77 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 33.49 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 18.424) / 1000 = 18.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 10.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 10.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.217 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.217 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 10.077 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 10.077 / 1000 = 18.32 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 18.32 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 42 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 18.32 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 10.077) / 1000 = 10.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

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LOCATION : LEFT SUPPORT (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 3.7 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.7 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.079 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.079 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 3.632 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 3.632 / 1000 = 6.60 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 6.60 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 16 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 6.60 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 3.632) / 1000 = 3.7 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 17.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 17.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.381 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.381 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 17.806 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 17.806 / 1000 = 32.37 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 32.37 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 74 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 32.37 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 17.806) / 1000 = 17.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 16.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 16.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.618 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.618 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 36.948 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 36.948 / 1000 = 67.17 kN

121/321

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 67.17 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 154 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 67.17 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 36.948) / 1000 = 16.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 13.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 13.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.318 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.318 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 29.706 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 29.706 / 1000 = 54.00 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 54.00 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 124 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 54.00 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 29.706) / 1000 = 13.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 14.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 14.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.435 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.435 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 32.506 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 32.506 / 1000 = 59.10 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 59.10 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 135 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 59.10 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 32.506) / 1000 = 14.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 135 mm²

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LOCATION : SECTION 8 - BOTTOM TENSION (3-D ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 8.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.854 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.854 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 18.881 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 18.881 / 1000 = 34.33 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 34.33 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 79 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 34.33 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 18.881) / 1000 = 8.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 79 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 13.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 13.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.16 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.16 + 0.01 = 0.17 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

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Part 2 : Clause 2.4.6 Table 2.3

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 12.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.15 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.150 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:1500 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 7.1 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.08 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.08 + 0.01 = 0.09 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 10.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.13 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

124/321

Tension Steel Area Provided, Ast = 226 mm²

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.125 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:1500 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 12.2 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 12.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.31 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.31 + 0.00 = 0.32 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 16.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.43 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

125/321

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.426 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 24.9 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 24.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.64 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.64 + 0.00 = 0.65 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 23.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.61 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.606 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

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DEFLECTION CHECKING FOR SPAN

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 5.9

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 18.4 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 118 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 118) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 158.7 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 158.7) / (120 × (0.9 + (18.4 × 1000000 / (150 × 559.0²)))}

= 2.60 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 559.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 559.0)))}

= 1.08 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 2.00 × 1.08) / 5.9 = 9.54

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 14.4 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 135 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 135) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 182.9 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 182.9) / (120 × (0.9 + (14.4 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 1.60 <= 2.0

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

127/321

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.60 × 1.16) / 12.7 = 3.79

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 18.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 18.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.397 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.397 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 18.585 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 18.585 / 1000 = 33.79 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 33.79 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 78 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 33.79 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 18.585) / 1000 = 18.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 11.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 11.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.236 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.236 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 10.959 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 10.959 / 1000 = 19.92 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 19.92 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 46 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 19.92 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 10.959) / 1000 = 11.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 16.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 16.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.619 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.619 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 36.978 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 36.978 / 1000 = 67.23 kN

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

128/321

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 67.23 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 154 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 67.23 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 36.978) / 1000 = 16.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 13.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 13.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.314 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.314 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 29.614 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 29.614 / 1000 = 53.84 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 53.84 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 123 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 53.84 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 29.614) / 1000 = 13.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 3.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.067 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.067 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 3.120 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 3.120 / 1000 = 5.67 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 5.67 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 13 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 5.67 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 3.120) / 1000 = 3.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 17.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 17.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.383 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.383 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 17.905 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 17.905 / 1000 = 32.55 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 32.55 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 75 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 32.55 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 17.905) / 1000 = 17.9 kNm

129/321

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 14.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 14.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.434 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.434 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 32.474 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 32.474 / 1000 = 59.04 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 59.04 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 135 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 59.04 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 32.474) / 1000 = 14.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 135 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 9.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 9.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.917 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.917 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 20.318 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 20.318 / 1000 = 36.94 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 36.94 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 85 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 36.94 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 20.318) / 1000 = 9.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 85 mm²

130/321

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 24.9 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 24.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.64 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.64 + 0.00 = 0.64 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 23.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.60 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

131/321

Tension Steel Area Provided, Ast = 226 mm²

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.604 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:1800 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 16.5 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 16.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.42 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.42 + 0.00 = 0.43 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 16.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.42 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

132/321

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.424 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:1800 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 10.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 10.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.13 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.13 + 0.01 = 0.14 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 10.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.13 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.128 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

133/321

LOCATION : SECTION 2 RIGHT SUPPORT

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 12.9 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 12.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.15 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.15 + 0.01 = 0.16 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 11.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.14 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.139 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 5.9

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 18.6 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 118 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

134/321

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 118) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 158.7 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 158.7) / (120 × (0.9 + (18.6 × 1000000 / (150 × 559.0²)))}

= 2.60 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 559.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 559.0)))}

= 1.08 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 2.00 × 1.08) / 5.9 = 9.54

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 14.4 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 135 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 135) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 182.7 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 182.7) / (120 × (0.9 + (14.4 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 1.60 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.60 × 1.16) / 12.7 = 3.80

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

135/321

FLEXURAL DESIGN CALCULATION

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 19.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 19.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.412 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.412 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 19.293 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 19.293 / 1000 = 35.08 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 35.08 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 81 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 35.08 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 19.293) / 1000 = 19.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 11.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 11.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.245 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.245 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 11.423 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 11.423 / 1000 = 20.77 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 20.77 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 48 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 20.77 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 11.423) / 1000 = 11.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 2.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 2.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.060 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.060 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 2.777 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 2.777 / 1000 = 5.05 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 5.05 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 12 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 5.05 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 2.777) / 1000 = 2.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

136/321

LOCATION : LEFT SUPPORT SAGGING MOMENT (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 18.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 18.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.389 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.389 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 18.213 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 18.213 / 1000 = 33.11 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 33.11 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 76 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 33.11 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 18.213) / 1000 = 18.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 11.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 11.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.095 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.095 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 24.447 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 24.447 / 1000 = 44.44 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 44.44 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 102 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 44.44 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 24.447) / 1000 = 11.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 9.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 9.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.907 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.907 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 20.079 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 20.079 / 1000 = 36.50 kN

137/321

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 36.50 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 84 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 36.50 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 20.079) / 1000 = 9.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 15.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 15.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.579 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.579 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 36.002 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 36.002 / 1000 = 65.45 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 65.45 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 150 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 65.45 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 36.002) / 1000 = 15.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 150 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 10.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 10.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.012 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.012 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 22.507 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 22.507 / 1000 = 40.92 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 40.92 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 94 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 40.92 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 22.507) / 1000 = 10.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 94 mm²

138/321

LOCATION : SECTION 12 - TOP TENSION (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 13.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 13.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.16 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.16 + 0.01 = 0.17 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 12.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.15 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

139/321

νss = 0.148 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:1500 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 7.0 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.01 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.08 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.08 + 0.01 = 0.09 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.01 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.01 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 10.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.12 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.123 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

140/321

(B:1500 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 10.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 10.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.28 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.28 + 0.00 = 0.28 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 15.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.39 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.391 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 23.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

141/321

Section Dimension: Dmin = 150.0 mm, Dmax = 300.0 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 23.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.61 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.61 + 0.00 = 0.61 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 22.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.57 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.570 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 5.9

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 19.3 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 118 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

142/321

= {(2 × 460.0 × 118) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 158.7 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 158.7) / (120 × (0.9 + (19.3 × 1000000 / (150 × 559.0²)))}

= 2.57 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 559.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 559.0)))}

= 1.08 <= 1.5

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 15.9 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 150 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 150) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 202.5 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 202.5) / (120 × (0.9 + (15.9 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 1.47 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 1.47 × 1.16) / 12.7 = 3.49

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 9.7 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 9.7 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.967 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.967 <= 4.691

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

143/321

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 21.464 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 21.464 / 1000 = 39.02 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 39.02 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 90 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 39.02 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 21.464) / 1000 = 9.7 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 90 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 7.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 7.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.739 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.739 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 16.254 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 16.254 / 1000 = 29.55 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 29.55 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 68 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 29.55 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 16.254) / 1000 = 7.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 68 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 10.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 10.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.083 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.083 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 24.166 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 24.166 / 1000 = 43.93 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 43.93 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 101 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 43.93 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 24.166) / 1000 = 10.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 9.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 9.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.899 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.899 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 19.912 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 19.912 / 1000 = 36.20 kN

144/321

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 36.20 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 83 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 36.20 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 19.912) / 1000 = 9.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 2.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 2.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.207 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.207 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 4.448 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 4.448 / 1000 = 8.09 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 8.09 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 19 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 8.09 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 4.448) / 1000 = 2.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

145/321

Top Tension Steel Area Required = 59 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 19.3 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 19.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.50 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.50 + 0.00 = 0.50 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 17.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.46 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.461 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

146/321

Shear Reinforcement Provided : R6-175

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 9.1 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.23 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.23 + 0.00 = 0.24 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.23 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.233 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 13.6 kN

147/321

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 13.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.35 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.35 + 0.00 = 0.35 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 12.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.32 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.320 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 9.7 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 90 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

148/321

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 90) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 120.8 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 120.8) / (120 × (0.9 + (9.7 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 2.14 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 2.00 × 1.16) / 12.7 = 4.74

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Current Beam Grid Mark: 2/A-H

Support Reaction, kN

Support No. Grid Mark Support Type

Dead Load Live Load

1 A Beam 10.0 3.6

2 C Beam 23.2 8.0

3 D Beam 6.7 3.8

4 E Beam 22.4 7.8

5 F Beam 7.1 3.8

6 G Beam 17.7 8.8

7 H Column 4.5 3.6

DETAIL CALCULATION FOR BEAM 2B4(150x350)

Beam Located along grid 1/A-H

Number of Span within beam = 7

Number of Section defined by user = 13

Number of Supports = 8

Beam Cantilever End = Nil.

Length Width Begin Depth End Depth

Span Section

(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)

1 1800 150 350 350

1

2 1500 150 350 350

3 1500 150 350 350

2

4 1800 150 350 350

5 1800 150 350 350

3

6 1500 150 350 350

7 1500 150 350 350

4

8 1800 150 350 350

9 1800 150 350 350

5

10 1500 150 350 350

6 11 1500 150 350 350

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

149/321

12 1800 150 350 350

7 13 3300 150 350 350

MATERIAL PROPERTIES

Maximum Concrete Strain, Ecc = 0.0035

Average Concrete Stress above Neutral Axis, k1 = 12.12 N/mm²

Concrete Lever Arm Factor, k2 = 0.4518

Limiting Effective Depth Factor, cb = 0.50

k2 / k1 Factor, kkk = 0.0373

Limiting Concrete Moment Capacity Factor, kk1 = cb × k1 × (1 - cb * k2) = 0.50 × 12.12 × (1 - 0.50 × 0.4518) = 4.6911 N/mm²

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 9.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 9.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.688 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.688 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 18.011 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 18.011 / 1000 = 32.74 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 32.74 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 75 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 32.74 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 18.011) / 1000 = 9.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 75 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 9.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 9.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.626 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.626 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 16.362 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 16.362 / 1000 = 29.75 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 29.75 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 68 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 29.75 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 16.362) / 1000 = 9.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

150/321

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 10.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 10.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.719 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.719 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 18.858 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 18.858 / 1000 = 34.28 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 34.28 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 79 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 34.28 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 18.858) / 1000 = 10.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 10.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 10.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.696 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.696 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 18.221 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 18.221 / 1000 = 33.13 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 33.13 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 76 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 33.13 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 18.221) / 1000 = 10.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

151/321

LOCATION : SECTION 1 - BOTTOM TENSION (3-D ANALYSIS RESULT)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 9.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 9.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.688 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.688 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 18.011 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 18.011 / 1000 = 32.74 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 32.74 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 75 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 32.74 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 18.011) / 1000 = 9.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 75 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 9.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 9.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.627 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.627 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 16.377 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 16.377 / 1000 = 29.77 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 29.77 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 68 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 29.77 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 16.377) / 1000 = 9.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

152/321

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 9.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.21 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.21 + 0.00 = 0.21 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.20 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.199 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:1800 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 5.5 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

153/321

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 5.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.12 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.12 + 0.00 = 0.12 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 5.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.12 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.118 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:1800 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 11.1 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 11.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.24 N/mm²

154/321

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.24 + 0.00 = 0.24 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 11.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.24 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.238 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 17.7 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 17.7 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.38 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.38 + 0.00 = 0.38 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

155/321

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 17.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.37 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.369 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 10.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 9.9 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 75 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 75) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 101.3 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 101.3) / (120 × (0.9 + (9.9 × 1000000 / (150 × 309.0²)))}

= 2.52 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)))}

= 1.14 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 2.00 × 1.14) / 10.7 = 5.55

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

156/321

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 8.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.563 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.563 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 14.673 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 14.673 / 1000 = 26.68 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 26.68 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 61 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 26.68 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 14.673) / 1000 = 8.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 6.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 6.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.477 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.477 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 12.375 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 12.375 / 1000 = 22.50 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 22.50 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 52 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 22.50 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 12.375) / 1000 = 6.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 10.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 10.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.703 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.703 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 18.428 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 18.428 / 1000 = 33.50 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 33.50 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 77 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 33.50 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 18.428) / 1000 = 10.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

157/321

Top Tension Steel Area Required = 77 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 9.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 9.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.635 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.635 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 16.585 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 16.585 / 1000 = 30.15 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 30.15 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 69 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 30.15 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 16.585) / 1000 = 9.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 8.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.583 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.583 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 15.209 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 15.209 / 1000 = 27.65 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 27.65 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 64 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 27.65 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 15.209) / 1000 = 8.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 7.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 7.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.529 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.529 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 13.771 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 13.771 / 1000 = 25.04 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 25.04 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 58 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 25.04 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 13.771) / 1000 = 7.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

158/321

Top Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 8.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.563 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.563 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 14.673 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 14.673 / 1000 = 26.68 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 26.68 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 61 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 26.68 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 14.673) / 1000 = 8.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 6.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 6.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.476 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.476 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 12.370 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 12.370 / 1000 = 22.49 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 22.49 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 52 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 22.49 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 12.370) / 1000 = 6.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

159/321

Top Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 16.3 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 16.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.35 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.35 + 0.00 = 0.35 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 15.7 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.34 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 15694 × 350.0 / 10073309 = 0.55

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-113.2 / 52500.0) × 0.55 = 0.563 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -113.2 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.563 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

160/321

νss = 0.339 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:1500 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 9.9 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.21 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.21 + 0.00 = 0.21 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.21 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 9871 × 350.0 / 8065820 = 0.43

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-113.2 / 52500.0) × 0.43 = 0.563 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -113.2 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.563 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.213 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

161/321

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:1500 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 6.3 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 6.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.14 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.14 + 0.00 = 0.14 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.20 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 9445 × 350.0 / 2318234 = 1.43 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-82.8 / 52500.0) × 1.00 = 0.563 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -82.8 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.563 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.204 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

162/321

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 13.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 13.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.30 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.30 + 0.00 = 0.30 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 13.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.28 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 13196 × 350.0 / 8354128 = 0.55

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-82.8 / 52500.0) × 0.55 = 0.563 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -82.8 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.563 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.285 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

163/321

Shear Reinforcement Provided : R6-175

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 10.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 8.1 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 69 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 69) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 92.9 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 92.9) / (120 × (0.9 + (8.1 × 1000000 / (150 × 309.0²)))}

= 2.74 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)))}

= 1.14 <= 1.5

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 8.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.577 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.577 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 15.036 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 15.036 / 1000 = 27.34 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 27.34 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 63 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 27.34 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 15.036) / 1000 = 8.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

164/321

LOCATION : SPAN (3-D ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 7.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 7.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.492 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.492 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 12.779 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 12.779 / 1000 = 23.23 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 23.23 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 54 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 23.23 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 12.779) / 1000 = 7.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 8.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.586 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.586 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 15.289 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 15.289 / 1000 = 27.80 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 27.80 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 64 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 27.80 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 15.289) / 1000 = 8.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 7.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 7.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.515 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.515 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 13.393 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 13.393 / 1000 = 24.35 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 24.35 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 56 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 24.35 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 13.393) / 1000 = 7.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

165/321

LOCATION : RIGHT SUPPORT (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 8.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.619 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.619 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 16.170 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 16.170 / 1000 = 29.40 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 29.40 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 68 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 29.40 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 16.170) / 1000 = 8.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 8.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.567 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.567 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 14.776 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 14.776 / 1000 = 26.86 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 26.86 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 62 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 26.86 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 14.776) / 1000 = 8.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 8.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.577 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.577 <= 4.691

166/321

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 15.036 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 15.036 / 1000 = 27.34 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 27.34 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 63 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 27.34 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 15.036) / 1000 = 8.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 7.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 7.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.492 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.492 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 12.784 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 12.784 / 1000 = 23.24 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 23.24 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 54 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 23.24 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 12.784) / 1000 = 7.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 13.9 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 13.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.30 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

167/321

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.30 + 0.00 = 0.30 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 13.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.29 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.288 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:1800 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 9.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.21 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.21 + 0.00 = 0.21 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

168/321

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.21 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.207 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:1800 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 9.1 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.20 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.20 + 0.00 = 0.20 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

169/321

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.20 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.197 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 15.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 15.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.34 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.34 + 0.00 = 0.34 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 15.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.32 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

170/321

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.323 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 10.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 8.3 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 69 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 69) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 92.5 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 92.5) / (120 × (0.9 + (8.3 × 1000000 / (150 × 309.0²)))}

= 2.72 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)))}

= 1.14 <= 1.5

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 8.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.572 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.572 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 14.904 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 14.904 / 1000 = 27.10 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 27.10 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 62 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 27.10 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 14.904) / 1000 = 8.2 kNm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

171/321

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 6.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 6.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.484 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.484 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 12.559 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 12.559 / 1000 = 22.83 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 22.83 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 53 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 22.83 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 12.559) / 1000 = 6.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 8.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.624 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.624 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 16.285 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 16.285 / 1000 = 29.61 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 29.61 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 68 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 29.61 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 16.285) / 1000 = 8.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 7.7 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 7.7 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.541 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.541 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 14.076 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 14.076 / 1000 = 25.59 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 25.59 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 59 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 25.59 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 14.076) / 1000 = 7.7 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

172/321

Top Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 8.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.594 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.594 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 15.492 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 15.492 / 1000 = 28.16 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 28.16 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 65 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 28.16 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 15.492) / 1000 = 8.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 7.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 7.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.545 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.545 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 14.194 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 14.194 / 1000 = 25.81 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 25.81 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 59 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 25.81 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 14.194) / 1000 = 7.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

173/321

LOCATION : SECTION 8 - BOTTOM TENSION (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 8.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.572 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.572 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 14.904 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 14.904 / 1000 = 27.10 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 27.10 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 62 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 27.10 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 14.904) / 1000 = 8.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 6.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 6.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.483 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.483 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 12.553 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 12.553 / 1000 = 22.82 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 22.82 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 53 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 22.82 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 12.553) / 1000 = 6.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 15.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

174/321

Section Dimension: Dmin = 150.0 mm, Dmax = 350.0 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 15.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.34 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.34 + 0.00 = 0.34 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 15.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.32 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 14954 × 350.0 / 8930453 = 0.59

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-14.4 / 52500.0) × 0.59 = 0.564 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -14.4 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.564 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.323 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:1500 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 9.1 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

175/321

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.20 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.20 + 0.00 = 0.20 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.20 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 9117 × 350.0 / 8190078 = 0.39

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-14.4 / 52500.0) × 0.39 = 0.564 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -14.4 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.564 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.197 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:1500 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 6.5 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

176/321

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 6.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.14 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.14 + 0.00 = 0.14 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.21 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.207 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 14.0 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 14.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.30 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.30 + 0.00 = 0.30 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

177/321

Part 2: Clause 2.4.5

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 13.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.29 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.288 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 10.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 8.2 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 69 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 69) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 92.6 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 92.6) / (120 × (0.9 + (8.2 × 1000000 / (150 × 309.0²)))}

= 2.73 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

178/321

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)))}

= 1.14 <= 1.5

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 8.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.575 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.575 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 14.991 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 14.991 / 1000 = 27.25 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 27.25 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 63 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 27.25 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 14.991) / 1000 = 8.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 7.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 7.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.496 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.496 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 12.881 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 12.881 / 1000 = 23.42 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 23.42 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 54 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 23.42 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 12.881) / 1000 = 7.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 8.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.592 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.592 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 15.443 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 15.443 / 1000 = 28.08 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 28.08 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 65 mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

179/321

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 28.08 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 15.443) / 1000 = 8.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 7.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 7.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.521 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.521 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 13.555 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 13.555 / 1000 = 24.64 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 24.64 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 57 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 24.64 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 13.555) / 1000 = 7.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 9.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 9.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.630 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.630 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 16.465 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 16.465 / 1000 = 29.93 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 29.93 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 69 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 29.93 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 16.465) / 1000 = 9.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 8.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.581 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.581 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 15.142 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 15.142 / 1000 = 27.53 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 27.53 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 63 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 27.53 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 15.142) / 1000 = 8.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

180/321

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 8.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.575 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.575 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 14.991 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 14.991 / 1000 = 27.25 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 27.25 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 63 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 27.25 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 14.991) / 1000 = 8.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 7.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 7.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.496 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.496 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 12.887 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 12.887 / 1000 = 23.43 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 23.43 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 54 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 23.43 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 12.887) / 1000 = 7.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

181/321

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 14.0 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 14.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.30 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.30 + 0.00 = 0.30 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 13.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.29 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.289 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

182/321

Shear Reinforcement Provided : R6-175

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:1800 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 9.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.21 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.21 + 0.00 = 0.21 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.21 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.208 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:1800 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

183/321

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 9.2 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.20 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.20 + 0.00 = 0.20 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.20 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.199 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 15.7 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

184/321

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 15.7 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.34 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.34 + 0.00 = 0.34 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 15.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.32 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.325 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 10.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 8.2 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 69 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 69) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 92.5 N/mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

185/321

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 92.5) / (120 × (0.9 + (8.2 × 1000000 / (150 × 309.0²)))}

= 2.72 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)))}

= 1.14 <= 1.5

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 8.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.597 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.597 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 15.564 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 15.564 / 1000 = 28.30 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 28.30 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 65 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 28.30 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 15.564) / 1000 = 8.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 7.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 7.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.503 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.503 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 13.085 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 13.085 / 1000 = 23.79 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 23.79 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 55 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 23.79 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 13.085) / 1000 = 7.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 9.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 9.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.640 N/mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

186/321

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.640 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 16.733 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 16.733 / 1000 = 30.42 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 30.42 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 70 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 30.42 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 16.733) / 1000 = 9.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 7.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 7.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.552 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.552 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 14.373 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 14.373 / 1000 = 26.13 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 26.13 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 60 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 26.13 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 14.373) / 1000 = 7.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 7.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 7.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.512 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.512 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 13.311 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 13.311 / 1000 = 24.20 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 24.20 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 56 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 24.20 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 13.311) / 1000 = 7.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 6.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 6.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.481 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.481 <= 4.691

187/321

Design as Singly Reinforced Rectangular Beam

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 12.491 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 12.491 / 1000 = 22.71 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 22.71 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 52 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 22.71 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 12.491) / 1000 = 6.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 8.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.597 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.597 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 15.564 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 15.564 / 1000 = 28.30 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 28.30 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 65 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 28.30 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 15.564) / 1000 = 8.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 7.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 7.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.503 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.503 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 13.079 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 13.079 / 1000 = 23.78 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 23.78 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 55 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 23.78 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 13.079) / 1000 = 7.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

188/321

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 16.0 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 16.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.34 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.34 + 0.00 = 0.34 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 15.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.33 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

189/321

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 15371 × 350.0 / 9170197 = 0.59

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-85.2 / 52500.0) × 0.59 = 0.563 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -85.2 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.563 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.332 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:1500 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 9.5 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.21 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.21 + 0.00 = 0.21 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.21 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

190/321

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 9524 × 350.0 / 8544260 = 0.39

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-85.2 / 52500.0) × 0.39 = 0.564 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -85.2 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.563 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.205 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:1500 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 6.1 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 6.1 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.13 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.13 + 0.00 = 0.13 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.20 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

191/321

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 9256 × 350.0 / 2823863 = 1.15 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-40.8 / 52500.0) × 1.00 = 0.564 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -40.8 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.564 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.200 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 13.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 13.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.29 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.29 + 0.00 = 0.29 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 13.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.28 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

192/321

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 13007 × 350.0 / 7331838 = 0.62

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-40.8 / 52500.0) × 0.62 = 0.564 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -40.8 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.564 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.281 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 10.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 8.5 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 69 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 69) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 92.8 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 92.8) / (120 × (0.9 + (8.5 × 1000000 / (150 × 309.0²)))}

= 2.69 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)))}

= 1.14 <= 1.5

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 4.1 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 4.1 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.284 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.284 <= 4.691

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

193/321

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 7.314 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 7.314 / 1000 = 13.30 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 13.30 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 31 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 13.30 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 7.314) / 1000 = 4.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 3.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 3.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.247 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.247 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 6.351 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 6.351 / 1000 = 11.55 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 11.55 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 27 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 11.55 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 6.351) / 1000 = 3.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 6.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 6.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.452 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.452 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 11.734 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 11.734 / 1000 = 21.33 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 21.33 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 49 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 21.33 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 11.734) / 1000 = 6.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 5.9 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 5.9 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.410 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.410 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 10.606 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 10.606 / 1000 = 19.28 kN

194/321

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 19.28 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 45 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 19.28 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 10.606) / 1000 = 5.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.8 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.8 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.057 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.057 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 1.459 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 1.459 / 1000 = 2.65 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 2.65 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 7 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 2.65 × (309.0 - 0.4518 × 1.459) / 1000 = 0.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 309.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 350.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 350.0 = 69 mm²

195/321

Top Tension Steel Area Required = 69 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:825 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 10.3 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 10.3 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.22 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.22 + 0.00 = 0.22 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.7 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.21 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 9675 × 350.0 / 6478642 = 0.52

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-327.7 / 52500.0) × 0.52 = 0.562 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -327.7 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.561 N/mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

196/321

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.209 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:825 mm E:2475 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 5.0 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 5.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.11 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.11 + 0.00 = 0.11 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 5.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.11 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 4957 × 350.0 / 2274932 = 0.76

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-327.7 / 52500.0) × 0.76 = 0.561 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -327.7 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.561 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

197/321

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.107 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:2475 mm E:3300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 6.4 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 350 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 286 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 286 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 309.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 6.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.14 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.14 + 0.00 = 0.14 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 286.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 286.0 / 550 = 2.28 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 2.28 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 5.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 309.0) = 0.12 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.49 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 309.0 = 1.294

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.067 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.49}⅓ × 1.067 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 5752 × 350.0 / 628284 = 3.20 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.564 + 0.60 × (-327.7 / 52500.0) × 1.00 = 0.560 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.564 × √[1 + -327.7 / (52500.0 × 0.56)] = 0.561 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

198/321

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.124 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 3300.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 309.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 10.7

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 4.1 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 69 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 69) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 93.5 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 93.5) / (120 × (0.9 + (4.1 × 1000000 / (150 × 309.0²)))}

= 3.25 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 309.0)))}

= 1.14 <= 1.5

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Current Beam Grid Mark: 1/A-H

Support Reaction, kN

Support No. Grid Mark Support Type

Dead Load Live Load

1 A Column 4.8 1.6

2 B Column 17.3 5.4

3 C Column 13.5 4.4

4 D Column 15.4 4.8

5 E Column 13.7 4.5

6 F Column 15.8 4.9

7 G Column 11.4 4.3

8 H Column 2.7 1.3

DETAIL CALCULATION FOR BEAM 2B5(300x600)

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GENERAL AND DIMENSION DATA

Beam Located along grid A/4-1

Number of Span within beam = 2

Number of Section defined by user = 3

Number of Supports = 3

Beam Cantilever End = Nil.

Length Width Begin Depth End Depth

Span Section

(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)

1 1 1600 300 600 600

2 3150 300 600 600

2

3 2050 300 600 600

Maximum Concrete Strain, Ecc = 0.0035

Average Concrete Stress above Neutral Axis, k1 = 12.12 N/mm²

Concrete Lever Arm Factor, k2 = 0.4518

Limiting Effective Depth Factor, cb = 0.50

k2 / k1 Factor, kkk = 0.0373

Limiting Concrete Moment Capacity Factor, kk1 = cb × k1 × (1 - cb * k2) = 0.50 × 12.12 × (1 - 0.50 × 0.4518) = 4.6911 N/mm²

Deflection check bypassed

Design Bending Moment = 1.6 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 1.6 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.017 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.017 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 0.804 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 0.804 / 1000 = 2.92 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 2.92 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 7 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 2.92 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 0.804) / 1000 = 1.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 234 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 1.3 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 1.3 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.014 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.014 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 0.638 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 0.638 / 1000 = 2.32 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 2.32 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 6 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 2.32 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 0.638) / 1000 = 1.3 kNm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

200/321

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 234 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T12 (339 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 21.7 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 21.7 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.231 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.231 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 10.757 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 10.757 / 1000 = 39.11 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 39.11 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 90 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 39.11 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 10.757) / 1000 = 21.7 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 234 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 18.6 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 18.6 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.198 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.198 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 9.205 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 9.205 / 1000 = 33.47 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 33.47 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 77 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 33.47 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 9.205) / 1000 = 18.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 234 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T12 (339 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 10.4 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 10.4 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.111 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.111 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 5.163 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 5.163 / 1000 = 18.77 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 18.77 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 43 mm²

201/321

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 18.77 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 5.163) / 1000 = 10.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 234 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 8.3 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 8.3 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.089 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.089 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 4.097 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 4.097 / 1000 = 14.90 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 14.90 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 35 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 14.90 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 4.097) / 1000 = 8.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 234 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T12 (339 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:400 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 11.3 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 236 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 11.3 × 1000 / (300.0 × 559.0) = 0.07 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.07 + 0.00 = 0.07 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

202/321

Part 2 : Clause 2.4.6 Table 2.3

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 11.9 × 1000 / (300.0 × 559.0) = 0.07 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.20 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.20}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.39 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 11883 × 600.0 / 1632721 = 4.37 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.394 + 0.60 × (-117.0 / 180000.0) × 1.00 = 0.394 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.394 × √[1 + -117.0 / (180000.0 × 0.39)] = 0.394 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.071 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 300) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.646 mm²/mm > 0.573 mm²/mm

(B:400 mm E:1200 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 14.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 236 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 14.8 × 1000 / (300.0 × 559.0) = 0.09 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.09 + 0.00 = 0.09 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

203/321

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 14.8 × 1000 / (300.0 × 559.0) = 0.09 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.20 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.20}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.39 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 14846 × 600.0 / 10449439 = 0.85

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.394 + 0.60 × (-117.0 / 180000.0) × 0.85 = 0.394 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.394 × √[1 + -117.0 / (180000.0 × 0.39)] = 0.394 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.089 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 300) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.646 mm²/mm > 0.573 mm²/mm

(B:1200 mm E:1600 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 19.7 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 236 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 19.7 × 1000 / (300.0 × 559.0) = 0.12 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.12 + 0.00 = 0.12 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

204/321

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 18.9 × 1000 / (300.0 × 559.0) = 0.11 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.20 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.20}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.39 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 18928 × 600.0 / 21674413 = 0.52

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.394 + 0.60 × (-117.0 / 180000.0) × 0.52 = 0.394 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.394 × √[1 + -117.0 / (180000.0 × 0.39)] = 0.394 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.113 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 300) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.646 mm²/mm > 0.573 mm²/mm

No Sagging Moment on Span, No Deflection Check is Proceeded.

Deflection check is not required for this span due to reverse behaviour which may be caused by uplift effect or short span.

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 36.6 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 36.6 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.391 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.391 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 18.286 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 18.286 / 1000 = 66.49 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 66.49 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 152 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 66.49 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 18.286) / 1000 = 36.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 234 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 35.8 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 35.8 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.382 N/mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

205/321

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.382 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 17.877 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 17.877 / 1000 = 65.00 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 65.00 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 149 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 65.00 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 17.877) / 1000 = 35.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 234 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T12 (339 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 20.7 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 20.7 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.221 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.221 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 10.287 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 10.287 / 1000 = 37.41 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 37.41 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 86 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 37.41 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 10.287) / 1000 = 20.7 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 234 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 17.9 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 17.9 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.191 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.191 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 8.864 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 8.864 / 1000 = 32.23 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 32.23 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 74 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 32.23 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 8.864) / 1000 = 17.9 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Compression Steel Area Required = 234 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T12 (339 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

206/321

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T12 (339 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 36.6 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 36.6 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.391 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.391 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 18.286 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 18.286 / 1000 = 66.49 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 66.49 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 152 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 66.49 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 18.286) / 1000 = 36.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 234 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 35.8 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 35.8 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.382 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.382 <= 4.691

207/321

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 17.876 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 17.876 / 1000 = 65.00 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 65.00 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 149 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 65.00 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 17.876) / 1000 = 35.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 234 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T12 (339 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:1300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 28.7 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 236 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 28.7 × 1000 / (300.0 × 559.0) = 0.17 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.17 + 0.00 = 0.17 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 27.9 × 1000 / (300.0 × 559.0) = 0.17 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

208/321

Tension Steel Area Provided, Ast = 339 mm²

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.20 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.20}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.39 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.166 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 300) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.646 mm²/mm > 0.573 mm²/mm

(B:1300 mm E:3150 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 19.1 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 236 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 19.1 × 1000 / (300.0 × 559.0) = 0.11 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.11 + 0.00 = 0.11 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 19.1 × 1000 / (300.0 × 559.0) = 0.11 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.20 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.20}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.39 N/mm²

209/321

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.114 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 300) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.646 mm²/mm > 0.573 mm²/mm

(B:3150 mm E:3900 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 12.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 236 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 12.6 × 1000 / (300.0 × 559.0) = 0.08 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.08 + 0.00 = 0.08 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 14.8 × 1000 / (300.0 × 559.0) = 0.09 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.20 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.20}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.39 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.088 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 300) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.646 mm²/mm > 0.573 mm²/mm

210/321

LOCATION : SECTION 2 RIGHT SUPPORT

(B:3900 mm E:5200 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 24.1 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 236 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 24.1 × 1000 / (300.0 × 559.0) = 0.14 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.14 + 0.00 = 0.14 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 23.3 × 1000 / (300.0 × 559.0) = 0.14 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.20 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.20}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.39 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.139 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 300) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.646 mm²/mm > 0.573 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 26.0

Span Length, l = 5200.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 9.3

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 36.6 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 235 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 339 mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

211/321

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 339 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 235) / (3 × 339)} × (1 / 1.00) = 211.5 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 211.5) / (120 × (0.9 + (36.6 × 1000000 / (300 × 559.0²)))}

= 2.26 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 339 / (300.0 × 559.0)) / (3 + (100 × 339 / (300.0 × 559.0)))}

= 1.06 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (26.0 × 2.00 × 1.06) / 9.3 = 5.94

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Current Beam Grid Mark: A/4-1

Support Reaction, kN

Support No. Grid Mark Support Type

Dead Load Live Load

1 4 Column -5.4 -1.1

2 3 Column 30.2 2.9

3 1 Column 14.5 1.8

DETAIL CALCULATION FOR BEAM 2B6(150x600/300)

Beam Located along grid A1/3-1

Number of Span within beam = 1

Number of Section defined by user = 2

Number of Supports = 2

Beam Cantilever End = Nil.

Length Width Begin Depth End Depth

Span Section

(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)

1 3150 150 600 600

1

2 2050 150 300 300

Maximum Concrete Strain, Ecc = 0.0035

Average Concrete Stress above Neutral Axis, k1 = 12.12 N/mm²

Concrete Lever Arm Factor, k2 = 0.4518

Limiting Effective Depth Factor, cb = 0.50

k2 / k1 Factor, kkk = 0.0373

Limiting Concrete Moment Capacity Factor, kk1 = cb × k1 × (1 - cb * k2) = 0.50 × 12.12 × (1 - 0.50 × 0.4518) = 4.6911 N/mm²

212/321

BEAM 2B6(150x600/300) SPAN NO. 1

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 25.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 25.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.533 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.533 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 25.074 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 25.074 / 1000 = 45.58 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 45.58 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 105 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 45.58 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 25.074) / 1000 = 25.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 23.2 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 23.2 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.495 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.495 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 23.272 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 23.272 / 1000 = 42.31 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 42.31 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 97 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 42.31 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 23.272) / 1000 = 23.2 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

213/321

Top Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 20.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 20.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 2.029 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 2.029 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 47.247 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 47.247 / 1000 = 85.90 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 85.90 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 197 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 85.90 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 47.247) / 1000 = 20.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 197 mm²

214/321

LOCATION : SECTION 2 - BOTTOM TENSION (3-D ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 19.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 19.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 1.913 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.913 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 44.315 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 44.315 / 1000 = 80.57 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 80.57 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 184 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 80.57 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 44.315) / 1000 = 19.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 184 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:1300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 20.5 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 20.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.24 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.24 + 0.00 = 0.24 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

215/321

Part 2 : Clause 2.4.6 Table 2.3

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 20.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.24 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 20019 × 600.0 / 1670285 = 7.19 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.434 + 0.60 × (-49.7 / 90000.0) × 1.00 = 0.434 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.434 × √[1 + -49.7 / (90000.0 × 0.43)] = 0.434 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.239 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:1300 mm E:3150 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 6.2 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 6.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.07 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.07 + 0.00 = 0.07 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

216/321

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.6 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.11 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 9641 × 600.0 / 20527572 = 0.28

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.434 + 0.60 × (-49.7 / 90000.0) × 0.28 = 0.434 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.434 × √[1 + -49.7 / (90000.0 × 0.43)] = 0.434 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.115 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:3150 mm E:3900 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 8.9 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 8.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.23 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.23 + 0.00 = 0.23 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

217/321

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.24 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 9404 × 300.0 / 15858440 = 0.18

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.625 + 0.60 × (-100.9 / 45000.0) × 0.18 = 0.625 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.625 × √[1 + -100.9 / (45000.0 × 0.63)] = 0.624 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.242 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:3900 mm E:5200 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 11.5 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 11.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.30 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.30 + 0.00 = 0.30 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

218/321

Maximum Shear within Zone, V = 11.4 kN

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 11.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.29 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 11363 × 300.0 / 831741 = 4.10 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.625 + 0.60 × (-100.9 / 45000.0) × 1.00 = 0.624 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.625 × √[1 + -100.9 / (45000.0 × 0.63)] = 0.624 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.292 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 20.0

Span Length, l = 5200.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 9.3

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 25.0 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 118 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 118) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 158.9 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 158.9) / (120 × (0.9 + (25.0 × 1000000 / (150 × 559.0²)))}

= 2.40 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 559.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 559.0)))}

= 1.08 <= 1.5

219/321

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (20.0 × 2.00 × 1.08) / 9.3 = 4.65

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 20.0

Span Length, l = 5200.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 20.1

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 20.4 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 197 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 197) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 265.8 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 265.8) / (120 × (0.9 + (20.4 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 1.15 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (20.0 × 1.15 × 1.16) / 20.1 = 1.33

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Current Beam Grid Mark: A1/3-1

Support Reaction, kN

Support No. Grid Mark Support Type

Dead Load Live Load

1 3 Beam 12.2 1.8

2 1 Beam 6.4 1.1

DETAIL CALCULATION FOR BEAM 2B7(300x600)

Beam Located along grid B/4-1

Number of Span within beam = 1

Number of Section defined by user = 3

Number of Supports = 2

Beam Cantilever End = Nil.

Length Width Begin Depth End Depth

Span Section

(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)

1 1600 300 600 600

1

2 3150 300 600 600

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

220/321

3 2050 300 600 600

Maximum Concrete Strain, Ecc = 0.0035

Average Concrete Stress above Neutral Axis, k1 = 12.12 N/mm²

Concrete Lever Arm Factor, k2 = 0.4518

Limiting Effective Depth Factor, cb = 0.50

k2 / k1 Factor, kkk = 0.0373

Limiting Concrete Moment Capacity Factor, kk1 = cb × k1 × (1 - cb * k2) = 0.50 × 12.12 × (1 - 0.50 × 0.4518) = 4.6911 N/mm²

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 181.1 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 555.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 181.1 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 555.0²) = 1.960 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.960 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 97.498 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 97.498 / 1000 = 354.50 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 354.50 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 810 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 354.50 × (555.0 - 0.4518 × 97.498) / 1000 = 181.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 810 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 178.5 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 555.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 178.5 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 555.0²) = 1.932 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.932 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 95.977 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 95.977 / 1000 = 348.97 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 348.97 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 797 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 348.97 × (555.0 - 0.4518 × 95.977) / 1000 = 178.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 797 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T20 (942 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

221/321

Top Tension Steel Area Required = 234 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T20 (942 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T20 (942 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 149.3 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 555.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 149.3 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 555.0²) = 1.616 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.616 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 79.083 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 79.083 / 1000 = 287.55 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 287.55 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 657 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 287.55 × (555.0 - 0.4518 × 79.083) / 1000 = 149.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 657 mm²

222/321

LOCATION : SECTION 1 - BOTTOM TENSION (3-D ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 146.4 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 555.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 146.4 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 555.0²) = 1.585 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.585 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 77.445 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 77.445 / 1000 = 281.59 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 281.59 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 643 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 281.59 × (555.0 - 0.4518 × 77.445) / 1000 = 146.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 643 mm²

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T20 (942 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

No hogging moment (2D) within this section, calculation is not required

No hogging moment (3D) within this section, calculation is not required

Design Bending Moment = 138.6 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 557.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 138.6 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 557.0²) = 1.489 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.489 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 72.728 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 72.728 / 1000 = 264.44 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 264.44 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 604 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 264.44 × (557.0 - 0.4518 × 72.728) / 1000 = 138.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 604 mm²

223/321

Design Bending Moment = 136.1 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 557.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 136.1 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 557.0²) = 1.462 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.462 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 71.334 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 71.334 / 1000 = 259.37 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 259.37 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 593 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 259.37 × (557.0 - 0.4518 × 71.334) / 1000 = 136.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 593 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T20 (942 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 (B:0 mm E:1600 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 98.2 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 236 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 555.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 98.2 × 1000 / (300.0 × 555.0) = 0.59 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.59 + 0.00 = 0.59 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

224/321

Maximum Shear within Zone, V = 97.4 kN

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 97.4 × 1000 / (300.0 × 555.0) = 0.59 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.57 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 555.0 = 0.721

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.921 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.57}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 97404 × 600.0 / 11968057 = 4.88 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.556 + 0.60 × (-26.9 / 180000.0) × 1.00 = 0.555 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.556 × √[1 + -26.9 / (180000.0 × 0.56)] = 0.555 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.585 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 300) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.646 mm²/mm > 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 39.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 236 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 555.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 39.6 × 1000 / (300.0 × 555.0) = 0.24 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.24 + 0.00 = 0.24 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

225/321

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 45.9 × 1000 / (300.0 × 555.0) = 0.28 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.57 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 555.0 = 0.721

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.921 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.57}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.276 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 300) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.646 mm²/mm > 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 73.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 236 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 555.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 73.8 × 1000 / (300.0 × 555.0) = 0.44 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.44 + 0.00 = 0.44 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 73.1 × 1000 / (300.0 × 555.0) = 0.44 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.57 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 555.0 = 0.721

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.921 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

226/321

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.57}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.439 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 300) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.646 mm²/mm > 0.573 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 20.0

Span Length, l = 6800.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 555.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.3

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 181.1 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 810 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 942 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 339 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 810) / (3 × 942)} × (1 / 1.00) = 263.3 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 263.3) / (120 × (0.9 + (181.1 × 1000000 / (300 × 555.0²)))}

= 1.17 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 339 / (300.0 × 555.0)) / (3 + (100 × 339 / (300.0 × 555.0)))}

= 1.06 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (20.0 × 1.17 × 1.06) / 12.3 = 2.04

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Current Beam Grid Mark: B/4-1

Support Reaction, kN

Support No. Grid Mark Support Type

Dead Load Live Load

1 4 Column 56.3 11.1

2 1 Column 42.9 8.1

DETAIL CALCULATION FOR BEAM 2B8(150x600/300)

Beam Located along grid B1/3-1

Number of Span within beam = 1

Number of Section defined by user = 2

Number of Supports = 2

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

227/321

Beam Cantilever End = Nil.

Length Width Begin Depth End Depth

Span Section

(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)

1 3150 150 600 600

1

2 2050 150 300 300

Maximum Concrete Strain, Ecc = 0.0035

Average Concrete Stress above Neutral Axis, k1 = 12.12 N/mm²

Concrete Lever Arm Factor, k2 = 0.4518

Limiting Effective Depth Factor, cb = 0.50

k2 / k1 Factor, kkk = 0.0373

Limiting Concrete Moment Capacity Factor, kk1 = cb × k1 × (1 - cb * k2) = 0.50 × 12.12 × (1 - 0.50 × 0.4518) = 4.6911 N/mm²

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 27.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 557.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 27.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 557.0²) = 0.581 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.581 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 27.287 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 27.287 / 1000 = 49.61 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 49.61 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 114 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 49.61 × (557.0 - 0.4518 × 27.287) / 1000 = 27.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 25.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 557.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 25.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 557.0²) = 0.547 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.547 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 25.693 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 25.693 / 1000 = 46.71 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 46.71 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 107 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 46.71 × (557.0 - 0.4518 × 25.693) / 1000 = 25.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T16 (402 mm²)

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

228/321

LOCATION : LEFT SUPPORT (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T16 (402 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T16 (402 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

229/321

LOCATION : SECTION 2 - BOTTOM TENSION (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 23.6 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 257.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 23.6 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 257.0²) = 2.378 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 2.378 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 55.922 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 55.922 / 1000 = 101.67 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 101.67 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 233 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 101.67 × (257.0 - 0.4518 × 55.922) / 1000 = 23.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 233 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 22.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 22.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 2.235 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 2.235 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 52.574 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 52.574 / 1000 = 95.58 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 95.58 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 219 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 95.58 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 52.574) / 1000 = 22.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 219 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T16 (402 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:1300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 21.0 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

230/321

Section Dimension: Dmin = 150.0 mm, Dmax = 600.0 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 557.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 21.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 557.0) = 0.25 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.25 + 0.00 = 0.25 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 20.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 557.0) = 0.24 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.48 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 557.0 = 0.718

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.921 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.48}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.53 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 20401 × 600.0 / 1737276 = 7.05 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.526 + 0.60 × (-4.8 / 90000.0) × 1.00 = 0.526 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.526 × √[1 + -4.8 / (90000.0 × 0.53)] = 0.526 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.244 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:1300 mm E:3150 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 7.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

231/321

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 557.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 7.8 × 1000 / (150.0 × 557.0) = 0.09 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.09 + 0.00 = 0.09 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 557.0) = 0.11 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.48 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 557.0 = 0.718

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.921 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.48}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.53 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 9033 × 600.0 / 23668099 = 0.23

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.526 + 0.60 × (-4.8 / 90000.0) × 0.23 = 0.526 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.526 × √[1 + -4.8 / (90000.0 × 0.53)] = 0.526 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.108 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:3150 mm E:3900 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 10.4 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

232/321

Effective depth, d = 257.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 10.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 257.0) = 0.27 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.27 + 0.00 = 0.27 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 10.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 257.0) = 0.28 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 1.04 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 257.0 = 1.556

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.117 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {1.04}⅓ × 1.117 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.76 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.284 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:3900 mm E:5200 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 13.0 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 257.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 13.0 × 1000 / (150.0 × 257.0) = 0.34 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.34 + 0.00 = 0.34 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

233/321

Part 2: Clause 2.4.5

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 12.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 257.0) = 0.33 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 1.04 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 257.0 = 1.556

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.117 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {1.04}⅓ × 1.117 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.76 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.335 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 20.0

Span Length, l = 5200.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 9.3

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 27.0 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 118 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 402 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 118) / (3 × 402)} × (1 / 1.00) = 89.2 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 89.2) / (120 × (0.9 + (27.0 × 1000000 / (150 × 559.0²)))}

= 2.74 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

234/321

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 559.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 559.0)))}

= 1.08 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (20.0 × 2.00 × 1.08) / 9.3 = 4.65

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 20.0

Span Length, l = 5200.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 257.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 20.2

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 23.6 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 233 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 402 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 233) / (3 × 402)} × (1 / 1.00) = 177.0 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 177.0) / (120 × (0.9 + (23.6 × 1000000 / (150 × 257.0²)))}

= 1.31 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 257.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 257.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (20.0 × 1.31 × 1.16) / 20.2 = 1.51

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Current Beam Grid Mark: B1/3-1

Support Reaction, kN

Support No. Grid Mark Support Type

Dead Load Live Load

1 3 Beam 12.5 1.9

2 1 Beam 7.4 1.4

DETAIL CALCULATION FOR BEAM 2B9(300x600)

Beam Located along grid C/4-1

Number of Span within beam = 1

Number of Section defined by user = 3

Number of Supports = 2

Beam Cantilever End = Nil.

Span Section Length Width Begin Depth End Depth

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

235/321

(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)

1 1600 300 600 600

1 2 3150 300 600 600

3 2050 300 600 600

Maximum Concrete Strain, Ecc = 0.0035

Average Concrete Stress above Neutral Axis, k1 = 12.12 N/mm²

Concrete Lever Arm Factor, k2 = 0.4518

Limiting Effective Depth Factor, cb = 0.50

k2 / k1 Factor, kkk = 0.0373

Limiting Concrete Moment Capacity Factor, kk1 = cb × k1 × (1 - cb * k2) = 0.50 × 12.12 × (1 - 0.50 × 0.4518) = 4.6911 N/mm²

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 128.7 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 557.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 128.7 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 557.0²) = 1.383 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.383 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 67.239 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 67.239 / 1000 = 244.48 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 244.48 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 559 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 244.48 × (557.0 - 0.4518 × 67.239) / 1000 = 128.7 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 559 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 125.0 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 557.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 125.0 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 557.0²) = 1.343 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.343 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 65.146 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 65.146 / 1000 = 236.87 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 236.87 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 541 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 236.87 × (557.0 - 0.4518 × 65.146) / 1000 = 125.0 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 541 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T16 (603 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

236/321

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T16 (603 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T16 (603 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 117.4 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 557.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 117.4 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 557.0²) = 1.261 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.261 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 60.971 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 60.971 / 1000 = 221.69 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 221.69 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 507 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 221.69 × (557.0 - 0.4518 × 60.971) / 1000 = 117.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

237/321

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 507 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 113.4 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 557.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 113.4 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 557.0²) = 1.218 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.218 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 58.797 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 58.797 / 1000 = 213.79 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 213.79 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 488 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 213.79 × (557.0 - 0.4518 × 58.797) / 1000 = 113.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 488 mm²

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T16 (603 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

No hogging moment (2D) within this section, calculation is not required

No hogging moment (3D) within this section, calculation is not required

Design Bending Moment = 124.6 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 557.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 124.6 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 557.0²) = 1.338 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.338 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 64.929 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 64.929 / 1000 = 236.08 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 236.08 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 539 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 236.08 × (557.0 - 0.4518 × 64.929) / 1000 = 124.6 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 539 mm²

238/321

LOCATION : SECTION 3 - BOTTOM TENSION (3-D ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 120.8 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 557.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 120.8 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 557.0²) = 1.298 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.298 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 62.842 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 62.842 / 1000 = 228.49 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 228.49 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 522 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 228.49 × (557.0 - 0.4518 × 62.842) / 1000 = 120.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 522 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T16 (603 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 (B:0 mm E:1600 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 78.2 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 236 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 557.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 78.2 × 1000 / (300.0 × 557.0) = 0.47 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.47 + 0.00 = 0.47 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

239/321

Part 2 : Clause 2.4.6 Table 2.3

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 77.4 × 1000 / (300.0 × 557.0) = 0.46 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.36 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 557.0 = 0.718

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.921 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.36}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.48 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 77442 × 600.0 / 9472680 = 4.91 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.478 + 0.60 × (-16.5 / 180000.0) × 1.00 = 0.478 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.478 × √[1 + -16.5 / (180000.0 × 0.48)] = 0.478 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.463 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 300) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.646 mm²/mm > 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 16.6 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 236 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 557.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 16.6 × 1000 / (300.0 × 557.0) = 0.10 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.10 + 0.00 = 0.10 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

240/321

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 16.6 × 1000 / (300.0 × 557.0) = 0.10 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.36 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 557.0 = 0.718

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.921 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.36}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.48 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 16578 × 600.0 / 117375294 = 0.08

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.478 + 0.60 × (-5.7 / 180000.0) × 0.08 = 0.478 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.478 × √[1 + -5.7 / (180000.0 × 0.48)] = 0.478 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.099 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 300) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.646 mm²/mm > 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 67.0 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 236 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 557.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 67.0 × 1000 / (300.0 × 557.0) = 0.40 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.40 + 0.00 = 0.40 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

241/321

Maximum Shear within Zone, V = 66.2 kN

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 66.2 × 1000 / (300.0 × 557.0) = 0.40 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.36 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 557.0 = 0.718

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.921 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.36}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.48 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.396 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 300) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.646 mm²/mm > 0.573 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 20.0

Span Length, l = 6800.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 557.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.2

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 128.7 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 559 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 603 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 339 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 559) / (3 × 603)} × (1 / 1.00) = 283.7 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 283.7) / (120 × (0.9 + (128.7 × 1000000 / (300 × 557.0²)))}

= 1.26 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 339 / (300.0 × 557.0)) / (3 + (100 × 339 / (300.0 × 557.0)))}

= 1.06 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (20.0 × 1.26 × 1.06) / 12.2 = 2.19

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Current Beam Grid Mark: C/4-1

Support No. Grid Mark Support Type Support Reaction, kN

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

242/321

Dead Load Live Load

1 4 Column 43.5 9.2

2 1 Column 37.6 7.7

DETAIL CALCULATION FOR BEAM 2B10(150x600/300)

Beam Located along grid C1/3-1

Number of Span within beam = 1

Number of Section defined by user = 2

Number of Supports = 2

Beam Cantilever End = Nil.

Length Width Begin Depth End Depth

Span Section

(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)

1 3150 150 600 600

1

2 2050 150 300 300

Maximum Concrete Strain, Ecc = 0.0035

Average Concrete Stress above Neutral Axis, k1 = 12.12 N/mm²

Concrete Lever Arm Factor, k2 = 0.4518

Limiting Effective Depth Factor, cb = 0.50

k2 / k1 Factor, kkk = 0.0373

Limiting Concrete Moment Capacity Factor, kk1 = cb × k1 × (1 - cb * k2) = 0.50 × 12.12 × (1 - 0.50 × 0.4518) = 4.6911 N/mm²

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 26.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 26.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.564 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.564 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 26.565 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 26.565 / 1000 = 48.30 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 48.30 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 111 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 48.30 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 26.565) / 1000 = 26.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 24.7 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 24.7 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.527 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.527 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 24.785 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 24.785 / 1000 = 45.06 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 45.06 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 103 mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

243/321

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 45.06 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 24.785) / 1000 = 24.7 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

244/321

LOCATION : SECTION 1 - BOTTOM TENSION (3-D ANALYSIS RESULT)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Design Bending Moment = 22.5 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 22.5 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 2.239 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 2.239 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 52.688 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 52.688 / 1000 = 95.79 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 95.79 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 219 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 95.79 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 52.688) / 1000 = 22.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 219 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 21.4 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 21.4 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 2.126 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 2.126 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 49.748 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 49.748 / 1000 = 90.44 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 90.44 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 207 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 90.44 × (259.0 - 0.4518 × 49.748) / 1000 = 21.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 207 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

245/321

LOCATION : SECTION 1 LEFT SUPPORT

(B:0 mm E:1300 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 21.2 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 21.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.25 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.25 + 0.00 = 0.25 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 20.7 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.25 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 20681 × 600.0 / 1720205 = 7.21 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.434 + 0.60 × (-20.7 / 90000.0) × 1.00 = 0.434 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.434 × √[1 + -20.7 / (90000.0 × 0.43)] = 0.434 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.247 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

246/321

LOCATION : SECTION 1 RIGHT ZONE

(B:1300 mm E:3150 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 6.9 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 559.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 6.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.08 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.08 + 0.00 = 0.08 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.2 × 1000 / (150.0 × 559.0) = 0.11 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.27 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 559.0 = 0.716

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.920 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.27}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.43 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 9225 × 600.0 / 22643546 = 0.24

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.434 + 0.60 × (-20.7 / 90000.0) × 0.24 = 0.434 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.434 × √[1 + -20.7 / (90000.0 × 0.43)] = 0.434 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.110 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

247/321

(B:3150 mm E:3900 mm from left grid of span)

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 9.9 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 9.9 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.25 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.25 + 0.00 = 0.26 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 10.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.27 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 10436 × 300.0 / 17443116 = 0.18

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.625 + 0.60 × (-62.2 / 45000.0) × 0.18 = 0.625 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.625 × √[1 + -62.2 / (45000.0 × 0.63)] = 0.624 N/mm²

Select νc2' as νc' for design

νss = 0.269 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

(B:3900 mm E:5200 mm from left grid of span)

248/321

Maximum Torsion within Zone, T = 0.0 kNm

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 12.5 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 150 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 86 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 86 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 236 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 259.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 12.5 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.32 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.32 + 0.00 = 0.32 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 236.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 236.0 / 550 = 1.88 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 1.88 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 12.4 × 1000 / (150.0 × 259.0) = 0.32 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.58 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 259.0 = 1.544

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 1.115 ≥ 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.58}⅓ × 1.115 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.63 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 12394 × 300.0 / 909047 = 4.09 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.625 + 0.60 × (-62.2 / 45000.0) × 1.00 = 0.624 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.625 × √[1 + -62.2 / (45000.0 × 0.63)] = 0.624 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.319 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 150) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.286 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.323 mm²/mm > 0.286 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 20.0

Span Length, l = 5200.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

249/321

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 9.3

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 26.4 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 118 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 118) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 158.8 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 158.8) / (120 × (0.9 + (26.4 × 1000000 / (150 × 559.0²)))}

= 2.36 > 2.0

MFt taken as 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 559.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 559.0)))}

= 1.08 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (20.0 × 2.00 × 1.08) / 9.3 = 4.65

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 20.0

Span Length, l = 5200.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 20.1

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 22.5 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 219 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 226 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 226 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 219) / (3 × 226)} × (1 / 1.00) = 296.4 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

= 0.55 + {(477 - 296.4) / (120 × (0.9 + (22.5 × 1000000 / (150 × 259.0²)))}

= 1.03 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)) / (3 + (100 × 226 / (150.0 × 259.0)))}

= 1.16 <= 1.5

250/321

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (20.0 × 1.03 × 1.16) / 20.1 = 1.19

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Current Beam Grid Mark: C1/3-1

Support Reaction, kN

Support No. Grid Mark Support Type

Dead Load Live Load

1 3 Beam 12.6 1.9

2 1 Beam 7.0 1.3

DETAIL CALCULATION FOR BEAM 2B11(300x600)

Beam Located along grid D/4-1

Number of Span within beam = 1

Number of Section defined by user = 3

Number of Supports = 2

Beam Cantilever End = Nil.

Length Width Begin Depth End Depth

Span Section

(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)

1 1600 300 600 600

1 2 3150 300 600 600

3 2050 300 600 600

Maximum Concrete Strain, Ecc = 0.0035

Average Concrete Stress above Neutral Axis, k1 = 12.12 N/mm²

Concrete Lever Arm Factor, k2 = 0.4518

Limiting Effective Depth Factor, cb = 0.50

k2 / k1 Factor, kkk = 0.0373

Limiting Concrete Moment Capacity Factor, kk1 = cb × k1 × (1 - cb * k2) = 0.50 × 12.12 × (1 - 0.50 × 0.4518) = 4.6911 N/mm²

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 178.8 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 555.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 178.8 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 555.0²) = 1.935 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.935 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 96.133 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 96.133 / 1000 = 349.54 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 349.54 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 798 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 349.54 × (555.0 - 0.4518 × 96.133) / 1000 = 178.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 798 mm²

251/321

LOCATION : SPAN (3-D ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 174.4 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 555.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 174.4 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 555.0²) = 1.888 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.888 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 93.573 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 93.573 / 1000 = 340.23 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 340.23 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 777 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 340.23 × (555.0 - 0.4518 × 93.573) / 1000 = 174.4 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 777 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T20 (942 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T20 (942 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

252/321

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T20 (942 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 147.1 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 555.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 147.1 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 555.0²) = 1.592 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.592 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 77.835 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 77.835 / 1000 = 283.01 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 283.01 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 647 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 283.01 × (555.0 - 0.4518 × 77.835) / 1000 = 147.1 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 647 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 141.8 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 141.8 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 559.0²) = 1.513 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.513 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 74.234 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 74.234 / 1000 = 269.91 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 269.91 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 617 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 269.91 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 74.234) / 1000 = 141.8 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 617 mm²

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Use Left Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T20 (942 mm²)

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

253/321

Use Mid Span Design Calculation Above

No hogging moment (2D) within this section, calculation is not required

No hogging moment (3D) within this section, calculation is not required

Design Bending Moment = 136.7 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 557.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 136.7 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 557.0²) = 1.469 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.469 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 71.660 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 71.660 / 1000 = 260.55 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 260.55 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 595 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 260.55 × (557.0 - 0.4518 × 71.660) / 1000 = 136.7 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 595 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 132.5 kNm Width, b = 300.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 557.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 132.5 × 1000000 / (300.0 × 557.0²) = 1.423 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 1.423 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 69.314 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 300 × 69.314 / 1000 = 252.03 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 252.03 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 576 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 252.03 × (557.0 - 0.4518 × 69.314) / 1000 = 132.5 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 300.0 × 600.0 = 234 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 576 mm²

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Use Right Support Design Calculation Above

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 3T20 (942 mm²)

No tension force within span from 3D analysis, tension reinforcement for beam is not required

LOCATION : SECTION 1 (B:0 mm E:1600 mm from left grid of span)

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

254/321

Maximum Torsion within Zone, T = 0.0 kNm

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 96.8 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 236 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 555.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 96.8 × 1000 / (300.0 × 555.0) = 0.58 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.58 + 0.00 = 0.58 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 96.0 × 1000 / (300.0 × 555.0) = 0.58 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.57 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 555.0 = 0.721

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.921 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.57}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6a

VhM Ratio = V × h / M = 96031 × 600.0 / 11796451 = 4.88 > 1.00, VhM Ratio taken as 1.00

Design Shear Capacity, νc1' = νc + 0.60 × (N / Ac) × VhM = 0.556 + 0.60 × (-2.3 / 180000.0) × 1.00 = 0.556 N/mm²

Clause 3.4.5.12: eqn. 6b

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' = νc × √[1 + N / (Ac × νc)] = 0.556 × √[1 + -2.3 / (180000.0 × 0.56)] = 0.556 N/mm²

Design Shear Capacity, νc2' > νc1' --> Use νc1' for design

νss = 0.577 < νc' + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 300) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.646 mm²/mm > 0.573 mm²/mm

255/321

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 40.2 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 236 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 555.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 40.2 × 1000 / (300.0 × 555.0) = 0.24 N/mm²

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.24 + 0.00 = 0.24 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 45.9 × 1000 / (300.0 × 555.0) = 0.28 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.57 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 555.0 = 0.721

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.921 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.57}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.276 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 300) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.646 mm²/mm > 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear at Location of Maximum Torsion, V = 72.9 kN

Link Horizontal Dimension, h1 = b - 2 × Side Cover - DiaLink = 300 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 236 mm

Link Vertical Dimension, v1 = h - 2 × Cover - DiaLink = 600 - 2 × 29 - 6 = 536 mm

Dimension x1 = Min (h1, v1) = 236 mm, y1 = Max (h1, v1) = 536 mm

Torsion Stress, νst = 2 × T × 106 / (Dmin² × (Dmax - Dmin / 3)) = 0.00 N/mm²

Effective depth, d = 555.0 mm

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 72.9 × 1000 / (300.0 × 555.0) = 0.44 N/mm²

256/321

Part 2 : Clause 2.4.6 and Table 2.3

Maximum Combined Stress Allowed, νtu = Min (0.8 × √fcu, 5) = 4.38 N/mm²

Total Stress, νTot = νss + νst = 0.44 + 0.00 = 0.44 N/mm² ≤ νtu (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Combined Stress Allowed Pass

Additional Checking While Small Cross Section (y1 < 550 mm)

Larger Link Dimension, y1 = 536.0 mm < 550 mm

νtu × y1 / 550 = 4.38 × 536.0 / 550 = 4.27 N/mm²

νst = 0.00 N/mm² ≤ 4.27 N/mm²

Checking for Torsion Stress Allowed Pass

Torsion Strength contributed by concrete, νt,min = Min (0.067 × √fcu, 0.4) = 0.37 N/mm²

Torsion Stress, νst = 0.00 N/mm² < νt,min = 0.37 N/mm² -> No Torsion Reinforcement is needed

Maximum Shear Stress Allowed, νMax = Min (0.8 × √30, 5) = 4.38 N/mm² - Clause 3.4.5.2

Shear Stress, νss = V × 1000 / (b × d) = 72.1 × 1000 / (300.0 × 555.0) = 0.43 N/mm² ≤ νMax (4.38 N/mm²)

Checking for Maximum Shear Stress Allowed Pass

- Table 3.8: Values of νc, design concrete shear stress

Steel Percentage, 100 × As / (bv × d) = 0.57 % ≤ 3.0 %

Effective Depth Ratio, edr = 400 / d = 400 / 555.0 = 0.721

(400 / d)^ ¼ = 0.921 < 1, (400 / d)^ ¼ taken as 1

Minimum fcu, fcuMin = 25 N/mm², Concrete Grade Ratio, Min(fcu, 40) / fcuMin = 30 / 25 = 1.200

Concrete Shear Capacity, νc = 0.79 {100 As / (bv d)}⅓ (400 / d)¼ (fcu / 25)⅓ / γm

= 0.79 × {0.57}⅓ × 1.000 × (1.200)⅓ / 1.25 = 0.56 N/mm²

Minimum Design Shear Stress, νMin = 0.40 N/mm²

νss = 0.433 < νc + 0.4, Provides only minimum link

Design for minimum Shear Stress, νd = νmin = 0.40 N/mm²

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio, SAsv_Sv = (vd × b) / (fyy × fy) = (0.40 × 300) / (0.95 × 220) = 0.573 mm²/mm

Shear Link Area / Spacing Ratio Provided = 0.646 mm²/mm > 0.573 mm²/mm

Basic Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Br = 20.0

Span Length, l = 6800.0 mm, Effective Depth, d = 555.0 mm

Actual Span / Effective Depth Ratio, Ar = 12.3

Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = 178.8 kNm

Design Steel Strength, fy = 460.0 N/mm²

Tension Steel Area Required, AsReq = 798 mm²

Tension Steel Area Provided, AsProv = 942 mm²

Compression Steel Area Provided, AsProv (Comp.) = 339 mm²

- Table 3.9: Basic span / effective depth ratio for rectangular or flange beams

- Table 3.10: Modification factor for tension reinforcement

- Table 3.11: Modification factor for compression reinforcement

fs = {(2 × fy × AsReq) / (3 × AsProv)} × (1 / ßb)

= {(2 × 460.0 × 798) / (3 × 942)} × (1 / 1.00) = 259.6 N/mm²

MFt = 0.55 + {(477 - fs) / (120 × (0.9 + (M/bd²)))}

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

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= 0.55 + {(477 - 259.6) / (120 × (0.9 + (178.8 × 1000000 / (300 × 555.0²)))}

= 1.19 <= 2.0

MFc = 1 + {(100 × AsProv / (b × d)) / (3 + (100 × AsProv / (b × d)))}

= 1 + {(100 × 339 / (300.0 × 555.0)) / (3 + (100 × 339 / (300.0 × 555.0)))}

= 1.06 <= 1.5

New Deflection Ratio = (Br × MFt × MFc) / Ar = (20.0 × 1.19 × 1.06) / 12.3 = 2.06

Ratio >= 1.0 : Deflection Checked PASSED

Current Beam Grid Mark: D/4-1

Support Reaction, kN

Support No. Grid Mark Support Type

Dead Load Live Load

1 4 Column 54.7 10.7

2 1 Column 41.9 7.8

DETAIL CALCULATION FOR BEAM 2B12(150x600/300)

Beam Located along grid D1/3-1

Number of Span within beam = 1

Number of Section defined by user = 2

Number of Supports = 2

Beam Cantilever End = Nil.

Length Width Begin Depth End Depth

Span Section

(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)

1 3150 150 600 600

1

2 2050 150 300 300

Maximum Concrete Strain, Ecc = 0.0035

Average Concrete Stress above Neutral Axis, k1 = 12.12 N/mm²

Concrete Lever Arm Factor, k2 = 0.4518

Limiting Effective Depth Factor, cb = 0.50

k2 / k1 Factor, kkk = 0.0373

Limiting Concrete Moment Capacity Factor, kk1 = cb × k1 × (1 - cb * k2) = 0.50 × 12.12 × (1 - 0.50 × 0.4518) = 4.6911 N/mm²

LOCATION : SPAN (2-D PLAN ANALYSIS RESULT)

Design Bending Moment = 26.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 26.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.561 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.561 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 26.416 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 26.416 / 1000 = 48.02 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 48.02 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 110 mm²

License Number: Timer-SN111-C0-1

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Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 48.02 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 26.416) / 1000 = 26.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 24.3 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 24.3 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.517 N/mm²

Singly Reinforced Design, limit Mu / bd² < kk1

Mu / bd² = 0.517 <= 4.691

Concrete Neutral Axis, x = 24.347 mm

Concrete Compression Force, Fc = k1 × b × x / 1000 = 12.12 × 150 × 24.347 / 1000 = 44.26 kN

Steel Area Required, AsReq = Fc × 1000 / (fy / γs) = 44.26 × 1000 / (460 / 1.05) = 102 mm²

Moment Capacity = Fc × (d - k2 × x) / 1000 = 44.26 × (559.0 - 0.4518 × 24.347) / 1000 = 24.3 kNm

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Tension Steel Area Required = 117 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 559.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 559.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 600.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 600.0 = 117 mm²

Bottom Reinforcement Provided = 2T12 (226 mm²)

Design Bending Moment = 0.0 kNm Width, b = 150.0 mm Effective Depth, d = 259.0 mm

Mu / bd² = 0.0 × 1000000 / (150.0 × 259.0²) = 0.000 N/mm²

Design to minimum steel percentage specified by code,

Maximum Depth of Section = 300.0 mm

Minimum Tension Steel Area Required = 0.13% × 150.0 × 300.0 = 59 mm²

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Top Tension

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