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‫هيئة التقييس لدول مجلس التعاون لدول الخليج العربية‬

STANDARDIZATION ORGANIZATION FOR G.C.C (GSO)

Final Draft

GSO 05 /FDS 995 / 2013

‫المحليات المسموح باستخدامها في المواد الغذائية‬


Sweeteners Permitted In Food

Prepared by:
Gulf Technical Committee for Food and Agricultural Products

This document is a draft Gulf Standard circulated for comments. It is, therefore,
subject to Alteration and modification, and may not be referred it as a Gulf
Standard, until by the Board of Director

ICS: 67.220
GULF STANDARD GS ...../2013

1. SCOPE AND FIELD OF APPLICATION


The standard is concerned with sugar substitutes permitted for use in energy-reduced
Food as sweeteners, or food without added sugar or diabetics and foods for specia
nutrition uses.

2. COMPLEMENTARY REFERENCES
2.1 GSO 9 "Labelling of Prepackaged Foods"
2.2 GSO 654 "General Requirement for Prepackaged Food for Special Dietary
Use.
2.3 GSO 840 "Methods for determination of sweeteners permitted for use in food
products - part 1".
2.4 GSO/CAC/GL1 "General guidelines on claims
2.5 GSO 2233 "Requirements of nutritional labeling.

3. DEFINITION
3.1 Acceptable daily intake: The amount of a sweeteners, expressed on a body
weight basis, that can be ingested daily over a lifetime without apprecible
health risk and expressed as mg/kg body weight.
3.2 The term infant means a person not more than 12 months of age.
3.3 Children mean persons between 1 to 3 years of age.
3.4 Polyolos: chemically defined as sacharide derivative in which a ketone or aldehyde group
is replaced by a hydroxyl group, and are classified according to the number of existing saccharide
unit in the molecule.

4. REQUIREMENTS
The following shall be met in foods containing sweeteners:

4.1 Sweeteners shall comply with the relevant GSO standards.


4.2 Sweeteners mentioned in table (1) shall be permitted only.
4.3 The maximum limits of sweeteners in the product shall not exceed the levels
mentioned in table 2.
4.4 Acceptable daily intake from sweeteners shall not exceed the limits mentioned in
table (1).
4.5 Combination of more than one sweetener shall be permitted, the maximum
limits of each sweetener shall not exceed the maximum permitted level in
individual form calculated on percent of combination.
4.6 Combination of sweeteners and polyols with sugar is permitted.
4.7 Sweeteners are not allowed in all foods for infant and children, except foods for
special dietary uses.

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GULF STANDARD GS ...../2013

Table (1)
Sweeteners permitted for use in food products

INS sweeteners Acceptable daily intake


(mg/kg from body weight
954 Saccharin and its salts 0 - 5
951 Aspartame 0 - 40
950 Acesulfam potassium 0 - 9
955 Sucralose 0 -5
957 Thaumatin Not specified
420 Sorbitol Not specified
420 Sorbitol syrup Not specified
421 Mannitol Not specified
953 Isomaltitol Not specified
965 Maltitol Not specified
965 Maltitol syrup Not specified
966 Lactitol Not specified
967 Xylitol Not specified
968 Erythritol* Not specified
961 Neotame 0 - 2
956 Alitame Not specified
960 Steviol glycosides 0-4
962 Aspartame-acesulfame salt Not specified
*The maximum limit from the erythritol in beverages shall not exceed 2.5% for purposes other
than sweetening.

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GULF STANDARD GS ...../2013

Table 2
Maximum Limit of sweeteners in Foodstuff
MG/KG or L in final product
Stevia Saccharin Aspartame-
Stevia Acesulfam
polyols (Steviol
(Steviol
Alitame Neotame Thaumation and its Sucralose Aspartame acesulfame potassium
Sweeteners/product
equivalent) salts salt
glycoside)
20 (except
milk powder Non-alcoholic drinks
GMP 198 600 100 - 80 300 600 - 350
& cream (such as milk drinks)
powder 65)

GMP 330 1000 - 32 - 100 400 1000 - 350 Breakfast cereals

300
(except
32 (except 1000 (except
frozen Canned or bottled
GMP 330 1000 - cooked fruit - 200 fruit nectar 350 350
400 fruits
65) 600)
dried
1500)
Jams jellies &
GMP 200 1000 100 32 - 200 400 1000 1000 1000
marmalades

GMP 200 800 100 26 - 100 320 800 - 800 Edible ices

(Solid & soft


chocolate 65
sweet and
sweet and
nojah and
chocolate
Solid sweet powder
pudding
1000 soft mixtures of
filling and Confectionery,
GMP 270 sweet and 300 50 500 1800 cocoa, cocoa - 500
coverage 65 chocolate, pudding.
nojah and templates,
mixtures of
cocoa 2000 chocolate
cocoa as
filling and
liquid 32
coverage
3000)

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GULF STANDARD GS ...../2013

(mixtures of
cocoa as
liquid 1000)

GMP 3300 10000 300 250 50 1200 3000 5500 1000 2000 Chewing gum

GMP 330 1000 - 70 - 170 700 1700 1000 1000 Bakery product

- - - - 12 - - - 3000 - - Vinegar

Sauce 350 Sauce 160 Sauce 450


Sauces, mustard,
- 120 mustard - 12 - mustard mustard 350 350 350
mayonise
350 320 140
Solid 670
Solid 500 Solid 800 Solid 500
Liquid 200 Solid 60 Solid 2000 Solid 500
Syrup Liquid 80 Liquid 240 Liquid 350
Chewable Liquid 20 Liquid 600 Liquid 350
type or Syrup type or Syrup type Syrup type Syrup type
1800 - - Syrup type Syrup type or Syrup type or Food formula
Chewable Chewable 400 or or or
Syrup type or or Chewable Chewable Chewable
GMP Chewable Chewable Chewable
Chewable 185 5500 2000
1200 2400 2000
1800
Soups and sauces
- 36.3 110 40 5 - - - 110 110 -

Nectar vegetables
- 100 200 - 20 - - - 600 - - and concentrates

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GULF STANDARD GS ...../2013

Table (3)

Table top sweeteners

Powder Sweeteners
Compound Quantity
(ml/kg)
Acesulfame potassium -
Aspartame -
Saccharin and its salts, sodium and -
potassium.
Sucralose -
Thaumatin -
Neohesperidine DC -
Neotame -
Aspartame-acesulfame salt -
Calcium lactate -
Citric acid -
Sodium citrates -
Potassium tartrates -
Calcium phosphates -
Carrageenan -
Locust bean gum -
Guar gum -
Tragacanth -
Gum Arabic (acacia gum) -
Xanthan gum -
Gellan gum -
Pectins -
Cellulose -
Methyl cellulose -
Hydroxypropyl cellulose -
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose -
Ethyl methyl cellulose -
Carboxy methyl cellulose -
Cross-linked sodium carboxy methyl 50.000
cellulose
Sodium carbonates -
Potassium carbonates -
Silicon dioxid‫ـــــ‬silicates 10.000
Glucono-delta-lactone -
Sodium gluconate -
Potassium gluconate -
Calcium gluconate -
Glycine and its sodium salt -
Polydextrose -
Polyethylene glycol -

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GULF STANDARD GS ...../2013

Table (4)
Table top sweeteners

Tablets Sweeteners
Compound Quantity
(ml/kg)
Acesulfame potassium -
Aspartame -
Saccharin and its salts, sodium and potassium. -
Sucralose -
Thaumatin -
Neohesperidine DC -
Neotame -
Aspartame-acesulfame salt -
Malic acid -
Citric acide -
Sodium citrates -
Tartaric acid (L(+)-) -
Potassium tartrates -
Gum Arabic (acacia gum) -
Pectins -
Cellulose -
Microcrystalline cellulose -
Powdered cellulose -
methyl cellulose -
Hydroxypropyl cellulose -
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose -
Ethyl methyl cellulose -
Carboxy methyl cellulose
Cross-linked sodium carboxy methyl 50.000
cellulose
Sodium, potassium and calcium of fatty -
acids
Magnesium salts of fatty acids -
Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids -
Sodium carbonates -
Potassium carbonates -
Silicon dioxid‫ـــــ‬silicates -
Glucono-delta-lactone -
Sodium gluconate -
Potassium gluconate -
Calcium gluconate -
Glycine and its sodium salt -
Polydextrose -
Polyvinylpyrrolidone -
Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone -

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GULF STANDARD GS ...../2013

5. SAMPLING

Sampling shall be carried out according to the method prescribed in the appropriate
food product standard.

6. METHOD OF TEST
Determination of permitted sweeteners shall be carried out according to Gulf
Standard mentioned in item 2.3.

7. LABELLING

Without prejudice to what is stated in items (2.1 , 2.2,4.5) the


following shall be declared on the label.
7.1 The name of sweeteners or E number.
7.2 Food products formulated specifically for use by diabetics or for other special
nutritional uses shall contain the statement "Food for special dietary use, or
food for diabetic.
7.3 The amount of sweeteners matter, mg/ liter or kg, in case of using combination
of sweeteners, the amount of each in combination shall be declared
7.4 Food containing sweetener (s) or mixture of sweetener (s) and sugar (s) shall be
marked or labeled with the indication "with sweeteners" next to the name of the
product.
7.5 In case of Sucralose as table top sweeteners ”temperature should not exceed 25C”
shall be mentioned the following warnings: (clearly and prominently in the same
font size).
7.6 The following warning statements shall be written clearly and prominently as the
same type size of the product's name:
7.6.1 In the case of aspartame, "Not to be used by persons who have phenyl ketonuria".
7.7.2 In the case of saccharine "Use of this product may be hazardous to your health".
7.6.2 In the case of Mannitol "Excess of consumed quantity 20 gm per day could be
cause laxative effects".
7. 6.3 In the case of Sorbitol or Xylitol "Excess of consumed quantity 40 gm per day
could be cause laxative effects.
7.6.4 In the case of Erythritol or Lactitol "Excess of consumed quantity could be cause
laxative effects.
7.6.5 "Not suitable for children under three years old", excluded those with special
nutritional uses.
7.6.6 Shall not include any misleading statements.

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GULF STANDARD GS ...../2013

References

-The sweeteners in food (UK) Regulation 2003 (labelling).

-Code federal Regulation part 1 (170.3) (Sucralose).

-European Regulation Directive sweeteners 115/EC.

-European Union Legislation L 259/122.

-European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)


EFSA Panel on food Additives and Nutrient Sources (ANS)
Statement in relation to the safety of Erythritol (E 968).