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Public International Law

Ricardo A. Sunga III1


ricardo_sunga@yahoo.com

2nd Term 2013-2014

I. Description

The course introduces students to public international law. It aims to assist students
to develop an understanding of the issues involved in the regulation of human affairs
beyond the State; and to give students a basic working knowledge of the structure of
the international legal system and its relationship to the Philippine legal system. The
course is meant to equip students with the necessary knowledge to respond adequately
to Philippine bar examination questions in the area of public international law. At the
same time, it explores the potential contribution of public international law to foster
greater respect for human dignity and to promote human rights.

II. Grading System

1
Ricardo A. Sunga III, BS ME (Ateneo de Manila University), LLB (University of the Philippines)
and LLM (University of New South Wales),
http://law.upd.edu.ph/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=337&Itemid=522,
viewed 9 January 2013. His research interests include the international human rights law on torture
and enforced disappearances. See, for example, Ricardo A. Sunga III, ‘The Committee on Enforced
Disappearances and Its Monitoring Procedures’ (2012), 17(1) Deakin Law Review 151, available at
http://www.deakin.edu.au/buslaw/law/dlr/docs/vol17-iss1/vol17-1-6.pdf, viewed 7 November
2012, ISSN 1 321-3660, Ricardo A. Sunga III, ‘On Locating the Rights of Lost’ (2012), 45(4) John
Marshall Law Review 1051, available at http://lawreview.jmls.edu/articles/show/54, viewed 22
November 2012, and Ricardo A. Sunga III, ‘Protecting the Children of the Lost’ (2012), 86(4)
Philippine Law Journal 796, available at http://plj.upd.edu.ph/protecting-the-children-of-the-lost/,
viewed 29 May 2013.
 Participation 40%
◦ Report, Recitation and Surprise Quiz 30%
◦ Attendance in Class 10%
 Final Exam 60%

III. Outline

1. General Principles

Peter Malanczuk, Akehurst’s Modern Introduction to International Law (7th ed


Routledge 1997) 1-34, 63-74

a. Concepts

i. Obligations Erga Omnes Malanczuk 58-60


ii. Jus Cogens Malanczuk 57-58
iii. Concept of Aeguo Et Bono Malanczuk 56-57

b. International and National Law

Article II, Section 2, 1987 Constitution of the Philippines

Gonzales vs. Hechanova, G.R. No. L-21897, October 22, 1963


Ichong v. Hernandez, G.R. No. L-7995, May 31, 1957
Kuroda v. Jalandoni, G.R. No. L-2662, March 26, 1949
Co Kim Cham v. Valdez Tan Keh, G.R. No. L-5, September 17, 1945

2. Sources

Malanczuk 35-62

Statute of the International Court of Justice 1945, Articles 38, 59


Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties 1969, Articles 34, 53
Sec. 2, Art. II, 1987 Constitution
Sec. 4(2), Sec. 5 (2) (b), Art. VIII, 1987 Constitution
Datu Firdausi Abbas v. Comelec, G.R. Nos. 89651 & 89965, November 10,
1989
Gonzales v. Hechanova, G.R. No. L-21897, October 22, 1963
Ichong v. Hernandez, G.R. No. L-7995, May 31, 1957
Kuroda v. Jalandoni, G.R. No. L-2662, March 26, 1949
Co Kim Chan v. Valdez Tan Keh, G.R. No. L-5, September 17, 1945
North Sea Continental Shelf Case, ICJ Reports, 1969
Asylum Case, ICJ Reports, 1950
Corfu Channel Case, ICJ Reports, 1949

3. Subjects

Malanczuk 82-90, 91-108, 364-384

a. States

Co Kim Cham v. Valdez Tan Keh, G.R. No. L-5, November 16, 1945
Intl. Catholic Migration Commission v. Ferrer-Calleja, G.R. No. 85750, Sept.
28, 1990
Southeast Asia Fisheries Development Center v. NLRC, G.R. No. 82631,
February 23, 1995
United States v. Guinto, G.R. No. 76607, February 26, 1990
Comm. of Internal Revenue v. Gotanco & Sons Inc. & CA, G.R. No. L-31092,
February 27, 1987
United States v. Ruiz, G.R. No. L-35645, May 22, 1985
Jose B.L. Reyes v. Ramon Bagatsing, G.R. No. L-65366, November 9, 1983
Baer v. Tizon, G.R. No. L-24294, May 3, 1974
World Health Organization v. Aquino, G.R. No. L-35131, November 29, 1972

b. International Organizations

UN Charter

c. Individuals

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court 1998, opened for signature
17 July 1998, 2187 UNTS 3, entered into force 1 July 2002
The Prosecutor v. Thomas Lubanga Dyilo, ICC-01/04-01/06, http://www.icc-
cpi.int/iccdocs/doc/doc1379838.pdf viewed 30 May 2013

R. A. No. 9851

Antonio Cassese, International Criminal Law (Oxford University Press, 2003)

4. Diplomatic and Consular Law

Isagani Cruz, International Law (Central Lawbook, 2003), Chapter 13 on Consuls

Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations; Vienna Convention on Consular


Relations and Optional Protocols

Cases:

US Diplomatic & Consular Staff (US v. Iran), ICJ Reports, 1980


Case Concerning Avena and other Mexican Nationals (Mexico v. USA), 31
March 2004

5. Treaties

Malanczuk 130-146

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties

Cases:

Definition of ‘treaty’

Abaya v. Sec. Ebdane, G.R. No. 167919, February 14, 2007

DBM v. Kolonwel Trading, G.R. No. 175608, June 8, 2007

Definition of ‘ratification’

Lim v. Exec. Sec., G.R. No. 151445. April 11, 2002


Bayan v. Zamora, G.R. No. 138570, October 10, 2000
Pimentel v. Exec. Sec., G.R. No. 158088, July 6, 2005
Tanada v. Angara, G.R. No. 118295, May 2, 1997

Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. US),


ICJ Reports, 1986

6. Nationality and Statelessness

Cruz, Chapter 15 on Nationality and Statelessness

Philippine Constitution, Art. III, Sec.2


Sec. 5, Art. IV, Philippine Constitution
Anzar v. Comelec, G.R. No. 83820, May 25, 1990
Labo v. Comelec, G.R. No. 86564, August 1, 1989
Moy Ya Lim Yao v. Commissioner of Immigration, G.R. No. L-21289,
October 4, 1971

7. Treatment of Aliens

Cruz, Chapter 16 on Treatment of Aliens

a. Extradition
(1) Fundamental Principles
(2) Procedure
(3) Distinguished from Deportation

Sec. 12, Rule 24 of the Rules of Court of the Philippines


Gov’t of Hongkong Special Administrative Region vs. Felixberto T. Olalia, et.
al., G.R. No. 153675, April 19, 2007
Borovsky v. Commissioner of Immigration, G.R. No. L-4352, September 28,
1951

8. International Human Rights Law

Malanczuk 209-221

a. Universal Declaration of Human Rights


b. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
c. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
Velázquez Rodriguez v Honduras (1988), Inter-American Court of Human Rights,
4 Inter-Am.Ct.H.R. (ser C)
Soering v. United Kingdom (1989), European Court of Human Rights, 11 EHRR
439
Hernandez v Philippines (2007), UN Human Rights Committee, Communication
No. 1559/2007

9. International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and Neutrality

Malanczuk 342-355

a. Categories of Armed Conflicts

(1) International Armed Conflicts


(2) Internal or Non-International Armed Conflict
(3) War of National Liberation

b. Core International Obligations of States in IHL

c. Principles of IHL

(1) Treatment of Civilians


(2) Prisoners of War

d. Law on Neutrality

Geneva Conventions of 1949 and Additional Protocols

10. Law of the Sea

Malanczuk 173-197

a. Baselines
b. Archipelagic States
(1) Straight Archipelagic Baselines
(2) Archipelagic Waters
(3) Archipelagic Sea Lanes Passage
c. Internal Waters
d. Territorial Sea
e. Exclusive Economic Zone
f. Continental Shelf
(1) Extended Continental Shelf
g. Tribunal of the Law of the Sea

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, opened for signature 10
December 1982, 1833 UNTS 3 (entered into force 16 November 1994)

Case: Dispute Concerning the Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary between Bangladesh
and Myanmar in the Bay of Bengal (Case No.16 of ITLOS)
http://www.itlos.org/fileadmin/itlos/documents/cases/case_no_16/C16_Jud
gment_14_03_2012_rev.pdf viewed 30 May 2013.

Merlin Magallona, Fundamentals of International Law (C & E Pub, 2005)

11. Madrid Protocol and the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial
Property

Jerome Gilson and Anne Gilson Lalonde, ‘The Madrid Protocol: A Slumbering
Giant Awakens at Last’ (Lexis Nexis 2003)
John Murphy, ‘Demystifying the Madrid Protocol’ (2004) 2(2) Northwestern
Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property 1

12. International Environment Law

Malanczuk 241-253

a. Principle 21 of Stockholm Declaration

States have, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the
principles of international law, the sovereign right to exploit their own
resources pursuant to their own environmental policies, and the responsibility
to ensure that activities within their jurisdiction or control do not cause damage
to the environment of other States or of areas beyond the limits of national
jurisdiction.
Günther Handl, ‘Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human
Environment (Stockholm Declaration), 1972 and the Rio Declaration on
Environment and Development, 1992

13. International Economic Law

WTO and GATT


Marrakesh Agreement and Annexes
United States v Philippines, DISPUTE DS403,
http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dispu_e/cases_e/ds403_e.htm and
https://docs.wto.org/dol2fe/Pages/FE_Search/FE_S_S006.aspx?Query=(%4
0Symbol%3d+wt%2fds403%2f*)&Language=ENGLISH&Context=FomerScr
iptedSearch&languageUIChanged=true and
https://docs.wto.org/dol2fe/Pages/FE_Search/FE_S_S006.aspx?Query=(%4
0Symbol%3d+wt%2fds403%2f*)&Language=ENGLISH&Context=FomerScr
iptedSearch&languageUIChanged=true (For the decision on the appeal see the
sixth document on this page) viewed 31 May 2013.
Mitsuo Matsushita, The World Trade Organization: Law, Practice and Policy (Oxford
University Press, 2006)
Understanding the WTO: Settling Disputes,
http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/disp1_e.htm viewed
30 May 2013

IV. Schedule

Session One

Recitation

Article II, Section 2, 1987 Constitution of the Philippines


Peter Malanczuk, Akehurst’s Modern Introduction to International Law (7th ed
Routledge 1997) 1-34, 63-74

Gonzales vs. Hechanova, G.R. No. L-21897, October 22, 1963


Ichong v. Hernandez, G.R. No. L-7995, May 31, 1957
Kuroda v. Jalandoni, G.R. No. L-2662, March 26, 1949
Co Kim Cham v. Valdez Tan Keh, G.R. No. L-5, September 17, 1945

Reporting

Obligations Erga Omnes Malanczuk 58-60


Jus Cogens Malanczuk 57-58
Concept of Aeguo Et Bono Malanczuk 56-57

Session Two

Recitation

Sec. 2, Art. II, 1987 Constitution


Sec. 4(2), Sec. 5 (2) (b), Art. VIII, 1987 Constitution

Datu Firdausi Abbas v. Comelec, G.R. Nos. 89651 & 89965, November 10,
1989
Gonzales v. Hechanova, G.R. No. L-21897, October 22, 1963
Ichong v. Hernandez, G.R. No. L-7995, May 31, 1957
Kuroda v. Jalandoni, G.R. No. L-2662, March 26, 1949
Co Kim Chan v. Valdez Tan Keh, G.R. No. L-5, September 17, 1945

Reporting
Statute of the International Court of Justice 1945
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties 1969
Malanczuk 35-62
Session Three

Recitation
Co Kim Cham v. Valdez Tan Keh, G.R. No. L-5, November 16, 1945
Intl. Ctholic Migration Commission v. Ferrer-Calleja, G.R. No. 85750, Sept. 28,
1990
Southeast Asia Fisheries Development Center v. NLRC, G.R. No. 82631,
February 23, 1995
United States v. Guinto, G.R. No. 76607, February 26, 1990
Comm. of Internal Revenue v. Gotanco & Sons Inc. & CA, G.R. No. L-31092,
February 27, 1987

Reporting

North Sea Continental Shelf Case, ICJ Reports, 1969


Asylum Case, ICJ Reports, 1950
Corfu Channel Case, ICJ Reports, 1949

Session Four

Recitation

United States v. Ruiz, G.R. No. L-35645, May 22, 1985


Jose B.L. Reyes v. Ramon Bagatsing, G.R. No. L-65366, November 9, 1983
Baer v. Tizon, G.R. No. L-24294, May 3, 1974
World Health Organization v. Aquino, G.R. No. L-35131, November 29, 1972

Reporting
Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations
Vienna Convention on Consular Relations and Optional Protocols
US Diplomatic & Consular Staff (US v. Iran), ICJ Reports, 1980
Case Concerning Avena and other Mexican Nationals (Mexico v. USA), 31
March 2004

Session Five

Recitation
Abaya v. Sec. Ebdane, G.R. No. 167919, February 14, 2007
DBM v. Kolonwel Trading, G.R. No. 175608, June 8, 2007
Lim v. Exec. Sec., G.R. No. 151445. April 11, 2002
Bayan v. Zamora, G.R. No. 138570, October 10, 2000
Pimentel v. Exec. Sec., G.R. No. 158088, July 6, 2005
Tanada v. Angara, G.R. No. 118295, May 2, 1997

Reporting
Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. US),
ICJ Reports, 1986
UN Security Council and General Assembly
The Prosecutor v. Thomas Lubanga Dyilo, ICC-01/04-01/06, http://www.icc-
cpi.int/iccdocs/doc/doc1379838.pdf viewed 30 May 2013
R. A. No. 9851

Session Six

Recitation

Anzar v. Comelec, G.R. No. 83820, May 25, 1990


Labo v. Comelec, G.R. No. 86564, August 1, 1989
Moy Ya Lim Yao v. Commissioner of Immigration, G.R. No. L-21289,
October 4, 1971
Gov’t of Hongkong Special Administrative Region vs. Felixberto T. Olalia, et.
al., G.R. No. 153675, April 19, 2007
Borovsky v. Commissioner of Immigration, G.R. No. L-4352, September 28,
1951

Reporting

Extradition
(1) Fundamental Principles
(2) Procedure
(3) Distinguished from Deportation

Case: Dispute Concerning the Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary between Bangladesh
and Myanmar in the Bay of Bengal (Case No.16 of ITLOS)

Session Seven

Recitation
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
Hernandez v Philippines (2007), UN Human Rights Committee, Communication
No. 1559/2007
Malanczuk 209-221

Reporting
Madrid Protocol and the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial
Property
Jerome Gilson and Anne Gilson Lalonde, ‘The Madrid Protocol: A Slumbering
Giant Awakens at Last’ (Lexis Nexis 2003)
John Murphy, ‘Demystifying the Madrid Protocol’ (2004) 2(2) Northwestern
Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property 1

United States v Philippines, DISPUTE DS403,


http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dispu_e/cases_e/ds403_e.htm and
https://docs.wto.org/dol2fe/Pages/FE_Search/FE_S_S006.aspx?Query=(%4
0Symbol%3d+wt%2fds403%2f*)&Language=ENGLISH&Context=FomerScr
iptedSearch&languageUIChanged=true and
https://docs.wto.org/dol2fe/Pages/FE_Search/FE_S_S006.aspx?Query=(%4
0Symbol%3d+wt%2fds403%2f*)&Language=ENGLISH&Context=FomerScr
iptedSearch&languageUIChanged=true (For the decision on the appeal see the
sixth document on this page) viewed 31 May 2013.

Session Eight

Recitation
International Humanitarian Law
Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols
Malanczuk 342-355

Reporting

International Environmental Law, Kyoto Protocol and Other Treaties

Malanczuk 241-253

Principle 21 of Stockholm Declaration

States have, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the
principles of international law, the sovereign right to exploit their own
resources pursuant to their own environmental policies, and the responsibility
to ensure that activities within their jurisdiction or control do not cause damage
to the environment of other States or of areas beyond the limits of national
jurisdiction.

Günther Handl, ‘Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human


Environment (Stockholm Declaration), 1972 and the Rio Declaration on
Environment and Development, 1992