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BHARAT HEAVY ELECTRICALS LIMITED is the

largest engineering and manufacturing enterprise in India in


energy-related and infrastructure sector which includes Power,
Railways, Telecom, Transmission and Distribution, Oil and Gas
Sectors and many more. BHEL was established more than 50
years ago, ushering in the indigenous Heavy Electrical Equipment
industry in India. The company has been earning profits since
1971-72 and paying dividends since 1976-77.
BHEL is one of India’s nine largest Public Sector Undertakings or
PSUs, known as the NAVRATNAS or ‘the nine jewels’.
BHEL manufactures over 180 products under 30 major product
groups and caters to core sectors of the Indian economy viz.,
Power Generation and Transmission, Industry, Transportation,
Telecommunication, Renewable Energy, etc. The wide network of
BHEL’s 14 manufacturing divisions, four Power Sector regional
centers, over 100 project sites, 8 service centers and 18 regional
offices, enables the company to promptly serve its customers and
provide them with suitable products, systems and services
efficiently and at competitive prices.
Over 65% of power generated in India comes from BHEL-
supplied equipments.
Overall it has installed power equipment for over 90000MW .It
also among India’s fastest growing Industries.

MANUFACTURING UNITS AND PRODUCT PROFILE:


NAME OF PLANT PLACE PRODUCT

Steam less plant. Tiruchirappali Steam less steel tubes,

(Tiruchy). Sriral fin welded tubes.

Boiler auxiliaries. Ranipet. Electrostatic precipitation ,

Air pre-heater ,

Fans ,

Wind electric generators ,

Desalination plants.

Industrial valves plant . Govindwal. Industrial valves and

Fabrication.

Heavy electrical Hardwar. Steam – turbines ,


equipment plant.
Hydro – turbines ,

Gas – turbine ,

Turbo generators ,
Control panels,

Light aircrafts ,

Electrical machines.

Central foundry forge Hardwar. Heavy casting and forging.


plant.

Heavy electrical plant. Bhopal. Steam turbines ,

Turbo generators ,

Hydro sets ,

Switch gear controllers,

Transformer plant. Jhansi. Transformers ,

Diesel shunt less ,

AC locos ,

AC EMU.

Heavy power equipment Hyderabad. Power generating set ,


plant.
Industrial turbo – sets,

Compressors ,

Pumps and heaters ,

Bow – mills ,

Heat exchangers oil rings ,

Gas turbines ,

Switch gears.

Electronic division. Bangalore . Energy meters ,

Water meters ,

Control equipment ,

Capacitors ,

Photovoltaic panels and

Electronic private automatic branch


exchange.

Insulator plant. Jagdishpur. Insulators and bushing.

Electronic system Bangalore. Simulator,


division, electronic city.
Telecommunication system ,

Other advanced micro –processor


based control system.

Electro –porcelain Bangalore. Insulator and bushing ,


division.
Ceramic liners.

Component fabrication Rudrapur. Windmill ,


plant .
Solar water heating system .

Amerphass silicon solar Guragaon. Solar cells ,


cell plant.
Solar lanterns chargers ,

Solar clocks.

Heavy electrical Varanasi. Repair shop for power generating


equipment repair plant. equipment.

Electrical machine repair Mumbai. Repair of electrical machines.


shop .

HARIDWAR PLANT
BHARAT HEAVY ELECTRICALS LTD.

HARDWAR

HARDWAR

HEEP (HEAVYEL ECTRICAL CFFP (CENTRAL FOUNDARY

EQUIPMENT PLANT) FORGED PLANT)

BLOCK-1: ELECTRICAL MACHINE SHOP

BLOCK-2: HEAVY FABRICATION SHOP

BLOCK-3: TURBINE MANUFACTURING


BLOCK

BLOCK-4: CIM (COILS & INSULATION


MANU-

FACTURING) BLOCK

BLOCK-5: CONDENCER FABRICATION &


FORGR BLOCK
BLOCK-6: FABRICATION SHOP, DIE SHOP

STAMPING SHOP)

BLOCK-7: CARPANTARY SHOP & HEAT


TREATMENT SHOP

HEEP PRODUCT PROFILE


BLOCK-8: HEAT EXCHANGER SHOP

1. THERMAL SETS :
Steam turbines and generators up to 500 MW capacity for utility and

combined cycle applications; capability to manufacture up to 1000 MW unit cycle.

2. GAS TURBINES:

 Gas turbines for industry and utility application; range-3 to 200 MW (ISO).
 Gas turbines based co-generation and combined cycle system .

3. HYDRO – SETS :

 Custom– built conventional hydro turbine of Kaplan, Francis and Pelton with

matching generators up to 250 MW unit size.

 Pump turbines with matching motor-generators.

 Mini / micro hydro sets.

 Spherical butterfly and rotary valves and auxiliaries for hydro station .

4. EQUIPMENT FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS:

 Turbines and generators up to 500MW unit size.

 Steam generator up to 500MW unit size.

 Reheaters / separators.

 Heat exchangers and pressure vessels.

5. ELECTRICAL MACHINES :
 DC general purpose and rolling mill machines from 100 to 19000KW suitable for

operation on voltage upto 1200V. These are provided with STDP, totally enclosed and

duct ventilated enclosures .

 DC auxiliary mill motors .

210 MW THRI-108/39 TYPE GENERATOR STATOR

6. CONTROL PANEL:

Control panel for voltage up to 400KW and control desks for generating stations

and EMV sub–stations.

7. CASTING AND FORGINGS:

Sophisticated heavy casting and forging of creep resistant alloy steels, stainless steel and other

grades of alloy meeting stringent international specifications.

8. DEFENCE PROCEDURE :
Naval guns with collaboration of Italy.
CLASSIFICATION OF BLOCK 3

Bay-1 is further divided into three parts

1 HMS -In this shop heavy machine work is done with the help of different
NC & CNC machines such as center lathes, vertical and horizontal boring &
milling machines. Asia’s largest vertical boring machine is installed here and
CNC horizontal boring milling machines from Skoda of Czechoslovakia.

2 Assembly Section (of hydro turbines) - In this section assembly of


hydro turbines are done. Blades of turbine are Ist assemble on the rotor & after it
this rotor is transported to balancing tunnel where the balancing is done. After
balancing the rotor, rotor & casings both internal & external are transported to
the customer. Total assembly of turbine is done in the company whish purchased
it by B.H.E.L.

3 OSBT (over speed balancing tunnel)-In this section, rotors of all type of
turbines like LP(low pressure) , HP(high pressure)& IP(Intermediate pressure)
rotors of Steam turbine , rotors of Gas & Hydro turbine are balanced .In a large
tunnel , Vacuum of 2 tor. is created with the help of pumps & after that rotor is
placed on pedestal and rotted with speed of 2500-4500 rpm .After it in a
computer control room the axis of rotation of rotor is seen with help of computer
& then balance the rotor by inserting the small balancing weight in the grooves
cut on rotor.
`

For balancing and over speed testing of rotors up to 320 tones in weight,
1800 mm in length and 6900 mm diameter under vacuum conditions of 1
Torr.

• Bay –2 is divided in to 2 parts:

1 HMS – In this shop several components of steam turbine like LP, HP & IP rotors,
Internal & external casing are manufactured with the help of different operations
carried out through different NC & CNC machines like grinding, drilling, vertical &
horizontal milling and boring machines, center lathes, planer, Kopp milling
machine.

2 Assembly section – In this section assembly of steam turbines up to 1000 MW


are assembled. Ist moving blades are inserted in the grooves cut on
circumferences of rotor, then rotor is balanced in balancing tunnel in bay-1. After
it final assembly operation is done in whish guide blades are assembled inside
the internal casing & then rotor is fitted inside this casing. After it this internal
casing with rotor is inserted into the external.
• Bay 3 is divided into 3 parts:

1 Bearing section – In this section Journal bearings are manufactured whish are
used in turbines to overcome the vibration & rolling friction by providing the proper
lubrication.
2 Turning section – In this section small lathe machines, milling & boring
machines, grinding machines & drilling machines are installed. In this section
small jobs are manufactured like rings, studs, disks etc.
3 Governing section – In this section governors are manufactured. These
governors are used in turbines for controlling the speed of rotor within the certain
limits. Ist all components of governor are made by different operations then these
all parts are treated in heat treatment shop for providing the hardness. Then these
all components are assembled into casing. There are more than 1000
components of Governor.

• Bay-4 is divided into 3 parts:

1 TBM (turbine blade manufacturing) shop- In this shop solid blade of both steam
& gas turbine are manufactured. Several CNC & NC machines are installed here
such as Copying machine, Grinding machine, Rhomboid milling machine, Duplex
milling machine, T- root machine center, Horizontal tooling center, Vertical &
Horizontal boring machine etc.
2 Turning section- Same as the turning section in Bay-3, there are several small
machines like lathes machines, milling, boring, grinding machines etc.

Heat treatment shop- In this section there are several tests performed for checking the
hardness of different components. Tests performed are Sterelliting , Nitriding ,DP test
BLADE SHOP
Blade shop is an important shop of Block 3. Blades of all the stages of turbine are made
in this shop only. They have a variety of centre lathe and CNC machines to perform the
complete operation of blades. The designs of the blades are sent to the shop and the
respective job is distributed to the operators. Operators perform their job in a fixed
interval of time.

TYPES OF BLADES
Basically the design of blades is classified according to the stages of turbine. The size
of LP TURBINE BLADES is generally greater than that of HP TURBINE BLADES. At
the first T1, T2, T3 & T4 kinds of blades were used, these were 2nd generation blades.
Then it was replaced by TX, BDS (for HP TURBINE) & F shaped blades. The most
modern blades are F & Z shaped blades.
OPERATIONS PERFORMED ON BLADES
Some of the important operations performed on blade manufacturing are:-

Milling

Blank Cutting

Grinding of both the surfaces

Cutting

Root milling

MACHINING OF BLADES

Machining of blades is done with the help of Lathe & CNC machines. Some of the
machines are:-

Centre lathe machine

Vertical Boring machine*

Vertical Milling machine*

CNC lathe machine

*- Digital read output type

NEW DE SHOP
A new blade shop is being in operation. Mostly 500MW turbine blades are
manufactured in this shop. This is a highly hi tech shop where complete manufacturing
of blades is done using single advanced CNC machines.

Complete blades are finished using modernized CNC machines. Some of the machines
are:-

Pama CNC Ram Boring machine

Wotum Horizontal m/c- with- 6 axis CNC c2ontrol

CNC shaping machine


CNC SHAPINMACHINE

STEAM TURBINES
INTRODUCTION
Of all heat engines and prime movers the steam turbine is nearest to the ideal and it is widely
used in power plants and in all industries where power and/or heat are needed for processes.
These include: pulp mills, refineries, petrochemical plants, food processing plants, desalination
plants and district heating plants.

Advantages include
1. Ability to utilize high pressure and high temperature steam.
2. High efficiency.
3. High rotational speed.
4. High capacity/weight ratio.
5. Smooth, nearly vibration-free operation.
6. No internal lubrication.
7. Oil free exhausts steam.
8.
Disadvantages are
For slow speed application reduction gears are required. The steam turbine cannot be made
reversible. The efficiency of small simple steam turbines is poor.

STEAM TURBINES THE MAINSTAY OF BHEL


• BHEL has the capability to design, manufacture and commission steam turbines of up to
1000 MW rating for steam parameters ranging from 30 bars to 300 bars pressure and
initial & reheat temperatures up to 600 oC.
• Turbines are built on the building block system, consisting of modules suitable for a
range of output and steam parameters.
• For a desired output and steam parameters appropriate turbine blocks can be selected.
APPLICATION RANGE OF STEAM TURBINE
SERIES TYPE OF SPEED POWER MAIN STEAM REHEAT BACK
STEAM OUTPUT CONDITION STEAM PRESSURE
GENERATOR RPM CONDITION
MW BAR O
C BAR O
C MBAR

Turbines for Fossil Fuel 3000 100-1000 130- 500-540 30-70 500-600 20-300
Fossil Fuel Steam 250
Power Plants Generator

Turbines for Pressurized 3000 Upto 1000 40-70 250-300 8-15 200-250 20-300
Nuclear Power Light Water
Plants Reactor

Turbines for Heat recovery 3000 Upto 300 30- 500-540 30-50 500-540 20-300
Combined Steam 140
Cycle Generator
Applications

TYPES OF TURBINES
CONDENSING TURBINES
With the condensing turbine, the steam exhausts to the condenser and the latent heats
of the steam is transferred to the cooling water. The condensed steam is returned to the
boiler as feed water.

 CONDENSING BLEEDER TURBINES


The condensing bleeder turbine reduces the condenser losses as steam is bled off at
several points of the turbine. The bleed-steam is used for feed water heating up to 20%
of the total steam flow may be bled off.

 BACK-PRESSURE TURBINES
Back-pressure turbines are often used in industrial plants; they act as a reducing station
between boiler and process steam header. The process steam pressure is kept constant
and the generator output depends on the demand for process steam. The backpressure
turbine may also have bleed points and is then called a back-pressure-bleeder-turbine.

 TOPPING TURBINES
Topping turbines have been used when old boilers are replaced with new high pressure
boilers. The turbine is a backpressure turbine exhausting to the old boiler header still
supplying steam to the old lower pressure turbines.

 MIXED PRESSURE TURBINES


Mixed pressure turbines are used where excess steam from process is available for the
low pressure part of the turbine, while steam at boiler pressure may be added to the
high pressure part of the turbine when more loads is applied to the turbine.
OPERATING PRINCIPLE
IMPULSE TURBINE
The principle of the impulse steam turbine consists of a casing containing stationary steam
nozzles and a rotor with moving or rotating buckets.

The steam passes through the stationary nozzles and is directed at high velocity against rotor
buckets causing the rotor to rotate at high speed.

The following events take place in the nozzles:

1. The steam pressure decreases.


2. The enthalpy of the steam decreases.
3. The steam velocity increases.
4. The volume of the steam increases.
5. There is a conversion of heat energy to kinetic energy as the heat energy from the
decrease in steam enthalpy is converted into kinetic energy by the increased steam
velocity.

The nozzles may be convergent nozzles or they may be convergent-divergent nozzles.


Convergent nozzles are used for smaller pressure drops where the minimum exit pressure is
0.577 x the inlet pressure (the critical pressure for nozzles).

If the exit pressure is less than 0.577 x inlet pressures, eddy-currents are developed and the
exit velocity will be less than calculated.

The convergent-divergent nozzles prevent eddy-currents and the calculated velocity will be
obtained even at large pressure drops.

The Impulse Principle


If steam at high pressure is allowed to expand through stationary nozzles, the result will be a
drop in the steam pressure and an increase in steam velocity. In fact, the steam will issue from
the nozzle in the form of a high-speed jet. If this high steam is applied to a properly shaped
turbine blade, it will change in direction due to the shape of the blade. The effect of this change
in direction of the steam flow will be to produce an impulse force, on the blade causing it to
move. If the blade is attached to the rotor of a turbine, then the rotor will revolve. Force applied
to the blade is developed by causing the steam to change direction of flow (Newton’s 2nd Law –
change of momentum). The change of momentum produces the impulse force.

The fact that the pressure does not drop across the moving blades is the distinguishing feature
of the impulse turbine. The pressure at the inlet to the moving blades is the same as the
pressure at the outlet from the moving blades.
Reaction principle
A reaction turbine has rows of fixed blades alternating with rows of moving blades. The steam
expands first in the stationary or fixed blades where it gains some velocity as it drops in
pressure. It then enters the moving blades where its direction of flow is changed thus producing
an impulse force on the moving blades. In addition, however, the steam upon passing through
the moving blades again expands and further drops in pressure giving a reaction force to the
blades. This sequence is repeated as the steam passes through additional rows of fixed and
moving blades.

Special Aspects of Reaction Turbines


There is a difference in pressure across the moving blades. The steam will therefore tend to
leak around the periphery of the blades instead of passing through them. Blade clearances
therefore must be kept to a minimum. Also, due to be developed upon rotor and some
arrangement must be made to balance this.

Impulse Turbine Staging


In order for the steam to give up all its kinetic energy to the moving blades in an impulse
turbine, it should leave the blades at zero absolute velocity. This condition will exist if the blade
velocity is equal to one half of the steam velocity. Therefore, for good efficiency the blade
velocity should be about one half of steam velocity.

In order to reduce steam velocity and blade velocity, the following methods may be used:

1. Pressure compounding.

2. Velocity compounding.

3. Pressure-velocity compounding.

4. Pressure Compounding
TURBINE PARTS
TURBINE BLADES
• Cylindrical reaction blades for HP, IP and LP Turbines
• 3-DS blades, in initial stages of HP and IP Turbine, to reduce secondary losses
• Twisted blade with integral shroud, in last stages of HP, IP and initial stages of LP
turbines, to reduce profile and Tip leakage losses
• Free standing LP moving blades
o Tip sections with supersonic design
o Fir-tree root
o Flame hardening of the leading edge
• Banana type hollow guide blade
o Tapered and forward leaning for optimized mass flow distribution
o Suction slits for moisture removal

COMPUTATIONAL MESH FOR 3D ANALYSIS

TURBINE CASING

Casings or cylinders are of the horizontal split type. This is not ideal, as the heavy flanges of
the joints are slow to follow the temperature changes of the cylinder walls. However, for
assembling and inspection purposes there is no other solution.

The casing is heavy in order to withstand the high pressures and temperatures. It is general
practice to let the thickness of walls and flanges decrease from inlet- to exhaust-end.

The casing joints are made steam tight, without the use of gaskets, by matching the flange
faces very exactly and very smoothly. The bolt holes in the flanges are drilled for smoothly
fitting bolts, but dowel pins are often added to secure exact alignment of the flange joint.

Double casings are used for very high steam pressures. The high pressure is applied to the
inner casing, which is open at the exhaust end, letting the turbine exhaust to the outer
casings.
TURBINE ROTORS
The design of a turbine rotor depends on the operating principle of the turbine. The impulse
turbine with pressure drop across the stationary blades must have seals between stationary
blades and the rotor. The smaller the sealing area, the smaller the leakage; therefore the
stationary blades are mounted in diaphragms with labyrinth seals around the shaft. This
construction requires a disc rotor. Basically there are two types of rotor:

• Disc Rotors
All larger disc rotors are now machined out of a solid forging of nickel steel; this should
give the strongest rotor and a fully balanced rotor. It is rather expensive, as the weight of
the final rotor is approximately 50% of the initial forging. Older or smaller disc rotors
have shaft and discs made in separate pieces with the discs shrunk on the shaft. The
bore of the discs is made 0.1% smaller in diameter than the shaft. The discs are then
heated until they easily are slid along the shaft and located in the correct position on the
shaft and shaft key. A small clearance between the discs prevents thermal stress in the
shaft.

• Drum Rotors
The first reaction turbines had solid forged drum rotors. They were strong, generally well
balanced as they were machined over the total surface. With the increasing size of
turbines the solid rotors got too heavy pieces. For good balance the drum must be
machined both outside and inside and the drum must be open at one end. The second
part of the rotor is the drum end cover with shaft. The end cover is made with a shrink fit
and welded of 600-700 *10^6 Pascal.

 TUEBINE SEALS

• Blade seals
The efficiency of reaction turbines depends to a large extent on the blade seals; radial
as well as axial seals are often part of the shroud with the seal clearances kept as small
as possible. As protection for the axial seals some manufacturers apply an adjustable
thrust bearing. The whole thrust block is able to be axially adjusted. During startup the
thrust block is pushed against a stop in the direction of exhaust of exhaust for maximum
seal clearances. When turbine is heated up and has been on load for a short time the
thrust block is pulled forward against a forward stop for minimum seal clearance and
maximum blade efficiency.
. Shaft Seals
Shaft seals must be provided in order to prevent or at least reduce steam leakage where
the shafts extend through the casings. Also when low pressure turbines are under
vacuum the seals must prevent air from leaking into the casing.

Ordinary soft packing may be used for shaft sealing in small turbines. Carbon rings are
also very common for small turbines. The carbon ring is made up of three segments
butting together tightly under the pressure of a garter spring. The ring has a few
hundreds of millimeter clearance around the shaft and is prevented from turning by a
locking pin. The ring has a slight side clearance in the housing allowing it to move freely
in radial directions. Carbon rings are self-lubricating but have a tendency to corrode the
shaft when the turbine is shut down.

• Water Seal
The water seal cannot operate properly at low speed and gland steam must be applied
for sealing during start-up until the turbine speed is approximately 2000rev/mm. Water
seals are supplied with clean cool condensate from the extraction pump. It may be
supplied directly or via a head tank with automatic level-control.

TURBINE COUPLINGS

The purpose of couplings is to transmit power from the prime mover to the driven piece
of machinery. For heavy loads the solid flange coupling is used. The flanges are
generally integral parts of the shafts, but they may be separate parts for smaller
turbines. In this case each coupling part has a tapered bore and keyway to fit the
tapered end o f the shaft. Following the taper the shaft has a large thread allowing the
coupling to be secured tightly with a large nut.

The friction between the coupling halves and the shear force of the bolts transmits the
power. For maximum shear stress the bolts must be fitted. The coupling bolts should be
undercut, that is machined off to a diameter slightly less than the bottom diameter of the
thread to avoid any strain on the thread.

In some cases the couplings must compensate for axial expansion and contraction of
the rotors and in this case a flexible coupling is applied. The outer half has internal
gears, while the inner part has matching external gears. The coupling works like the
spline on a driveshaft for a car.

The couplings for very large shafts will need a large diameter if the bolts are used to
transmit the power. The bolts can be much smaller if they are not allowed to transmit
power. In the coupling shear pins carry the load. The area exposed to shear is the shear
pins to be located at a large radius from the shaft centre. The coupling bolts are not
fitted as they are exposed to tensile stress only.
GOVERNING OF STEAM TURBINE

Governing of steam turbine is done through electro-hydraulic systems.

TURBINES WITH ADVANCED STEAM PARAMETERS

Application of higher parameters is the most direct way of increasing heat input
to the cycle

• Steam parameters of 300 bar pressure and 600 oC


temperature
• Six percent improvement in thermal cycle efficiency
• New materials for high temperature applications
• Impulse diagonal blading for the first stage HP and IP
turbines
• Heat shield at inlet of IP turbine
• Increased wall sections for increased pressures.
SALIENT FEATURES
• Turbines for both nozzle control as well as throttle control mode.
• Turbines can operate with any boiler and are suitable for
i. Constant pressure as well as sliding pressure operation
ii. Base load as well as two-shift operation
iii. Sub critical as well as super critical parameters
• All the rotors are monoblock
• HP & IP casings have double shell construction and LP has three-shell
construction.
• IP turbines with single flow or with double flow.
• LP turbines are designed for normal as well as high back pressure conditions.
• Hollow guide blades with suction slits for moisture removal in last LP stage.
• Bearing pedestals isolated from turbine casings.
• Combined stop & control valves with individual servomotor.
• Sophisticated control and monitoring equipment such as Electro-hydraulic
governing, automatic turbine run up system, turbine stress controller, automatic
turbine tester etc.
• High operational flexibility
i. Fast start up and shut down
ii. Sharp load changes
Operation under wide frequency range (47.5 to 51.5 Hz)
TURBINE CONSTRUCTION
MANUFACTURING FACILITIES

The plant is fully equipped with the modern and sophisticated manufacturing and
testing facilities to produce sets upto1000MW rating. These include:-

1. Blade shop for manufacture of both moving and stationary blades.

2. Special purpose CNC tools.

3. Over speed & Vacuum-Balancing Tunnel.

Some of special purpose CNC lathe machines are:-


MILLING OF BLADE ROOTS OF LP ROTOR ON KOPP MACHINE
ENGINEERING CAPABILITIS:
BHEL carries out life extension programs on steam turbines of various ratings, which
forewarn the impending failure and help in reducing costly plant breakdowns by
recommending replacement and up gradation of defective components.

Over the past two decades, BHEL has gained a vast experience in design, manufacture,
erection and commissioning of various capacities of Turbine Generator sets ranging from 100
MW to 500 MW.

Many specific features to suit the customer requirements, layout & operation are taken
care of. To name a few:

• HP/LP bypass Turbine Stress Evaluator, hand Barring Gear and Automatic Turbine
Run-up System for 210 MW Russian Turbine.
• Base load/cycle /Two-shift operations
• Throttle /Nozzle governing
• Constant/Sliding pressure operation

RENOVATION & MODERNISATION (R&M)

Depending on the actual operating conditions, material properties of the components


degrade as function of service life due to one or more time dependent material damage
mechanisms such as creep, fatigue, corrosion, erosion, wear embattlement etc.

Life extension programme (LEP) is a special package comprising systems and


methodologies, which evaluates the residual life of components through sophisticated
NDT, FEM stress analysis and metallurgical technique.

Many improvements in material and design of critical components with state-of-art


design is a part of the life extension process. Thus the performance, availability and
efficiency of the plant may be improved by R&M Programs.
Technology / Collaborations
The technological base of BHEL in the area of Steam turbines and Turbo Generators
has been created by acquiring technological information from the collaborators. Initially
BHEL had collaboration with M/s LMW USSR for 100 and 210 MW sets. In 1976, BHEL
entered into technical collaboration agreement with M/s Siemens-KWU, Germany to
acquire the know-how and know-why for turbine generator sets upto 1000 MW. This
collaboration still continues. This helps BHEL to keep pace with the worldwide
technological progress and offer state of the art equipment to its customer. Under this
collaboration agreement, BHEL has established strong design, manufacturing and
servicing base for unit up to 500 MW ratings.
BHEL PROGRESS REPORT CHART OF 2008-2009
Mandi Gobindgarh

VOCATIONAL TRAINING REPORT


ON
BHEL HARIDWAR

Topic : Turbine System

Submitted to: Submitted by:


Mechanical Deptt. Amit Kumar
Of D.B.E.C. 5th Sem
M.E. - I
INDEX
1. Introduction
2. Manufacturing Unit & Production Profile
3. Plant Section
4. Heep Product Profile
5. Classification of Turbine Block
6. Introduction of Steam Turbine
7. Types of Steam Turbine
8. Operating Principal
9. Turbine Parts
10. Salient Features
11. Turbine Constructions
12. Manufacturing Facilities
13. Technology Collaboration
14. BHEL Progress Report Chart of 2008-09