Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 71

Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 1
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 4
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 5
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 6
Channel Configuration and Random Access

A PICH is defined by its PHICH group number and an orthogonal sequence number
within the group. A PHICH group is a set of PHICH transmitted in the same set of
RE. For normal CP, 8 UEs can be addressed with 1 PHICH group

RA41213EN30GLA0 7
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 8
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 9
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 10
Channel Configuration and Random Access

The earfcnDL must be 18000 lower than earfcnUl

E-UTRA Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number in downlink.


Supported Bands and related downlink EARFCNs are the following:
Band 1 (2110-2170 MHz): 0 - 599
Band 2 (1930-1990 MHz): 600 - 1199
Band 3 (1805-1880 MHz): 1200 - 1949
Band 4 (2110-2155 MHz): 1950 - 2399
Band 5 (869-894 MHz): 2400 - 2649
Band 6 (875-885 MHz): 2650 - 2749
Band 7 (2620-2690 MHz): 2750 - 3449
Band 8 (925-960 MHz): 3450 - 3799
Band 9 (1844.9-1879.9 MHz): 3800 - 4149
Band 10 (2110-2170 MHz): 4150 - 4749
Band 12 (729.4-744.8 MHz): 5014 - 5167
Band 14 (758-768 MHz): 5280 - 5379
Band 17 (734.0-744.8 MHz): 5730 - 5837
Band 18 (860-875 MHz): 5850 - 5999
Band 19 (875-890 MHz): 6000 - 6149
Band 20 (791-821 MHz): 6150 - 6449
Band 24 (1526.0-1536.5 MHz and 1545.2-1555.5 MHz): 7710 - 7814 and 7902 -
8004

RA41213EN30GLA0 11
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 12
Channel Configuration and Random Access

Physical layer cell identity is used to differentiate neighbor cells . It consists of two
parts; physical layer cell identity group and physical layer identity, and is calculated
with the following formula:
physical layer cell identity = 3 x physical layer cell identity group + physical layer
identity.

Guidance for configuration:


Neighbor cells should have different values, and in a three cell eNB all cells should
have phyCellId which belongs to same physical layer cell identity group. For example,
in a three cell eNB, good PhyCellIds values are 0, 1, 2

RA41213EN30GLA0 13
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 14
Channel Configuration and Random Access

Subcarrier spacing= 15kHz; max. FFT size= 2048

RA41213EN30GLA0 15
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 16
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 17
Channel Configuration and Random Access

Cell ID:
One of 504 IDs detected from the index of PSS and the combination
of two SSS segments
CP length:
Detected from the relative PSS-to-SSS time distance
TDD/FDD:
Detected from the relative PSS-to-SSS time distance
5ms timing:
Detected from PSS time position
10ms timing:
Detected from the interlaced SSS segments swapping:
主同步信号是ZC序列。
ZC序列是频域序列,复值序列,特点是恒定幅度,循环移位的序列互相之间有很好的自/互相
关特性。(产生出来的没有循环移位的序列称为基序列。)
相同序列循环移位相乘结果为0, 不同序列相乘结果为序列长度开根号的倒数,值很小。

辅同步信号是两个31位的二进制序列交织合并之后,再和主同步信号进行加扰产生的。
最下面一行:黄色和紫色就是两个二进制的序列,各31bit长。分别是由另一个m序列不同的循
环移位(m0,m1)产生的。
中间一行:红色和蓝色,C0,C1也是两个二进制序列,31bit长,由一个m序列循环移位产生,
但产生过程中包含着layer id的信息,即跟PSS的选择有关。
最上面一行:绿色和深蓝,第三条m序列,不同循环移位产生(m0, m1)
168个组的识别是通过m0,m1的组合(168种),这样产生的不同循环移位来区分的(36.211,
P75)
Primary Synchronization Signal (PSS) (so called primary synchronization channel), random
access preamble (PRACH) , HARQ ACK/NACK responses (PUCCH) and sounding reference
signals(SRS). The ZC sequences are used in LTE because they provide an advantage of
having a lower Peak-to-Average-Power (PAPR) ratio

RA41213EN30GLA0 18
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 19
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 20
Channel Configuration and Random Access

Frequency:
Occupies central 72 sub-carriers (excluding the DC)
Time:
TTI/scrambling period: 40ms
Duration: first 4 OFDM symbols in slot #1
TBS:
Fixed TB size of 40 bits (including 16 bit CRC)
Transmission Scheme:
QPSK, Tail Biting Convolutional Coding
TX diversity: none, SFBC, SFBC-FSTD depending on the number of
cell-specific antenna ports

The System Frame Number is provided to synchronize the UE with eUTRAN


total SFN is 10 bit long
• eNodeB dynamically broadcast the 8 MSB of SFN to UE (i.e. inside MIB)
• UE implicitly can decode the 2 least significant bits from SFN to identify
the TTI for MIB de-interleaving

00 first radio frame


01 second radio frame
10 third radio frame
11 last (fourth) radio frame

RA41213EN30GLA0 21
Channel Configuration and Random Access

PBCH Structure:
Frequency:
- Occupies central 72 subcarriers (excluding DC)

Time:
- TTI / scrambling period: 40ms
- Duration: first OFDM symbols in slot #1

TBS:
- Fixed TB size of 40 bits (including 16 bit CRC)
(MIB = 14 Bits / Spare Bits = 10 / CRC 16 Bits)
(Available bits in 40ms = 1920 in case of normal cyclic prefix)

Transmission Scheme:
- QPSK, Tail Biting Convolution Coding
- Tx diversity: none, SFBC (Space-Frequency Block code), SFBC-FSTD
(Frequency Switched Transmit Diversity-SFBC) depending on the number of
cell-specific antenna ports. In addition for decoding the CRC (Cyclic
Redundancy Check) on each MIB is masked with a codeword representing
the number of transmit antenna ports.

RA41213EN30GLA0 22
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 23
Channel Configuration and Random Access

Start position depends on cell id


Distance between mini-CCE = 18 for 72 RB case

Nsc(rb) is the number of subcarriers in frequency domain for one resource


block

See TS 36.211 for details

RA41213EN30GLA0 24
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 25
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 26
Channel Configuration and Random Access

The target error probability for a missed detection of a PDCCH is 10-2

RA41213EN30GLA0 27
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 28
Channel Configuration and Random Access

The information fields are multiplexed according to the order they are
listed in each DCI format. The first bit of each information field
corresponds to MSB.

RA41213EN30GLA0 29
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 30
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 31
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 32
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 33
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 34
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 35
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 36
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 37
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 38
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 39
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 40
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 41
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 42
Channel Configuration and Random Access

The UE shall report a type 1 report per bandwidth part 。


Type 1 report supports CQI feedback for the UE selected sub-bands
Type 2 report supports wideband CQI and PMI feedback.
Type 3 report supports RI feedback
Type 4 report supports wideband CQI

RA41213EN30GLA0 43
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 44
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 45
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 46
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 47
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 48
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 49
Channel Configuration and Random Access

Normal PHICH duration: PHICH uses the first OFDMA symbol of a a subframe.
Extended duration: PHICH uses the first 3 OFDMA symbols of a subframe.
The maximum value of nCqiRb depends on ulChBw (in PRB)
- if ulChBw is set to '5 MHz', nCqiRb is limited to 25
- if ulChBw is set to '10 MHz', nCqiRb is limited to 50
- if ulChBw is set to '15 MHz', nCqiRb is limited to 75
- if ulChBw is set to '20 MHz', nCqiRb is not limited

RA41213EN30GLA0 50
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 51
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 52
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 53
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 54
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 55
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 56
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 57
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 58
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 59
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RACH only carries the preambles ( no additional signalling or user data like in
WCDMA Rel 99)
The eNodeB may also schedule data in the resource blocks reserved for random
access channel preamble transmission.

RA41213EN30GLA0 60
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 61
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 62
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 63
Channel Configuration and Random Access

• Open loop power control together with optional power ramp-up is used during
the random access process at the beginning of the connection until more
accurate control information is available.
• A preamble index, a target preamble received power
(PREAMBLE_RECEIVED_TARGET_POWER), a corresponding RA-RNTI
and a PRACH resource are indicated by higher layers as part of the request.

• PPRACH = min{Pmax, PREAMBLE_RECEIVED_TARGET_POWER + PL}

• Power loss due to transmission distance depends on to the increase of the


distance between NodeB and the UE. In such a case, feedback information
from another side is not necessary for estimating power loss. This type of
power loss is controlled by the open loop power control. PRACH (Physical
Random Access Channel) uses open loop power control.
• The Open Loop Power Control is performed by the UE, based on received
information transmitted on system information block in broadcast channel
(BCH) and the measured path loss in the downlink.
• The NodeB broadcasts the initial transmission power level and the power
step to the UE in the BCH (Broadcast channel).
• The UE sets the initial transmission power in the first preamble and waits for
the UL grant on PDCCH. If not acknowledged, the MS increases the preamble
transmission power by a specified power offset step.

RA41213EN30GLA0 64
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 65
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 66
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 67
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 68
Channel Configuration and Random Access

The Random Access procedure involved the UE accessing with a preamble. LTE
has two forms:
Contention based - this is applicable to all requirements to use the PRACH.
Non-contention based - this is applicable to handover and DL data arrival. It
therefore required additional information to be sent to the UE.
64 preamble codes can be used on a cell, these can be split into contention and
non-contention based.

RA41213EN30GLA0 69
Channel Configuration and Random Access

raMsgPoffGrB :RA Message Power Offset For Group B Selection: Path loss
threshold in dB required for selecting one of the two groups of Random
Access Preambles.
The UE will only use preambles from group B if it needs to send a large Msg3
AND its measured path loss is less than Pmax -
PREAMBLE_INITIAL_RECEIVED_TARGET_POWER -
DELTA_PREAMBLE_MSG3 - messagePowerOffsetGroupB (see 36.321 ch 5.1.2)

RA41213EN30GLA0 70
Channel Configuration and Random Access

raSmallVolUl :Data volume assigned for the small size RACH access procedure in
case of UL or DL data arrival

RA41213EN30GLA0 71
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 72
Channel Configuration and Random Access

RA41213EN30GLA0 73