Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 1
M411 Imeriock Stress The interlock stresses at the junction between the main cells and connecting ares are not easy to determine due to the difficulty arising in the evalua- tion of the lateral earth pressure in confined areas. However, on plane oa along the center line of the cofferdam, Fig. 14-10, the ring tension tis obvious. ly equal to pL. Similarly, cutting a Ft goitecarn Plane be, the ring tension Ke: bE “ fru = pLsee@ (14-7) where p is the horizontal pressure due tocel fil, L and @ are as shown in the fig. 1440 tnueclock stress in eiccular figure, The difference of ring tension, cofferdams, From TVA, fou and f, is taken up by friction between the piling and the cell fill, In computing the maximum ting tension, the maximum unit horizontal Pressure p should be taken at a point above the bottom. of cell, because the Piling being well driven into the ground or to rock is restricted by the over- burden, or rock, from developing the full ring tension, As already discussed in the preceding article, TVA engineers use the active earth pressuce plus the hydraulic pressure at the lower quarter point above the rock or above the ground surface as the maximum design pressure. If the cells are filled bya hydraulic method, the fill immediately after placement is practically a fluid, and the full fluid pressure equal to the saturated weight should be used in connection with the low water stage of the river. This unit pressure may exceed the value calculated for the dry side of the cell. The computed maximum interlock stress should not exceed the maximum Stress specified by the manufacturers of the steel sheetpiles. A minimum of 12,000 pounds per inch is commonly assumed for the straight web type sheet piles manufactured in the U.S.A, If a factor of safety of 1.5 is desired, the design stress should be 8000 Jb per in, At special request, a maximum guaranteed tension of 16,000 Ib per in. may be obtained. For an interlock tension of 12,000 Ib per in., the tensile stress in a in. thick web may reach 24,000 psi and § in. thick web, 32,000 psi. Therefore, it can readily be seen that the interlock stress, not the weh tension, is usually the governing factor. Ito