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d 1 d 2

ln x  , x  2x
1. (a) dx x dx (seen anywhere) A1A1
attempt to substitute into the quotient rule (do not accept product rule) M1
1
x 2    2 x ln x
 x
e.g. x4
correct manipulation that clearly leads to result A1
x  2 x ln x x1  2 ln x  x 2 x ln x
, , 4 
e.g. x4 x4 x x4
1  2 ln x
g  x  
x3 AG N0 4

(b) evidence of setting the derivative equal to zero (M1)


e.g. g′(x) = 0, 1– 2ln x = 0
1
ln x 
2 A1
1
x  e2 A1 N2 3
[7]

2. (a) v=1 A1 N1 1

d
 2t   2
(b) (i) dt A1
d
 cos 2t   2 sin 2t
dt A1A1
Note: Award A1 for coefficient 2 and A1 for –sin 2t.
evidence of considering acceleration = 0 (M1)
dv
 0, 2  2 sin 2t  0
e.g. dt
correct manipulation A1

e.g. sin 2k  1, sin 2t  1


π π
2k   accept 2t  
2 2 A1
π
k
4 AG N0

IB Questionbank Maths SL 1

t
(ii) attempt to substitute 4 into v (M1)
  2 
2   cos 
e.g.  4   4 


v
2 A1 N2 8

(c)

A1A1A2 N4 4
Notes: Award A1 for y-intercept at (0, 1), A1 for curve having
π

zero gradient at t 4 , A2 for shape that is concave down to
π π
the left of 4 and concave up to the right of 4 . If a correct
π
curve is drawn without indicating t = 4 , do not award the
second A1 for the zero gradient, but award the final A2 if
appropriate. Sketch need not be drawn to scale. Only essential
features need to be clear.

(d) (i) correct expression A2


1
1  sin 2t  sin 2 1
  2t  cos 2t  dt, t 
2
  , 1 , vdt
e.g.
0 2 0 2 0

IB Questionbank Maths SL 2
(ii)

A1 3
π
t
Note: The line at t = 1 needs to be clearly after 4.
[16]

3. METHOD 1 (quotient)
derivative of numerator is 6 (A1)
derivative of denominator is –sin x (A1)
attempt to substitute into quotient rule (M1)
correct substitution A1
 cos x   6   6 x    sin x 
e.g.  cos x  2
substituting x = 0 (A1)
 cos 0  6   6  0   sin 0
e.g  cos 0 2
h′(0) = 6 A1 N2
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 3
METHOD 2 (product)
–1
h(x) = 6x × (cos x)
derivative of 6x is 6 (A1)
–1 –2
derivative of (cos x) is (–(cos x) (–sin x)) (A1)
attempt to substitute into product rule (M1)
correct substitution A1
–2 –1
e.g. (6x) (–(cos x) (–sin x)) + (6) (cos x)
substituting x = 0 (A1)
–2 –1
e.g. (6× 0) (–(cos 0) (–sin 0)) + (6) (cos 0)
h′(0) = 6 A1 N2
[6]

4. (a) f (1) = 2 (A1)


f ′(x) = 4x A1
evidence of finding the gradient of f at x =1 M1
e.g. substituting x =1 into f ′(x)
finding gradient of f at x =1 A1
e.g. f ′(1) = 4
evidence of finding equation of the line M1
e.g. y – 2 = 4(x –1), 2 = 4(1) + b
y = 4x – 2 AG N0 5

(b) appropriate approach (M1)


e.g. 4x – 2 = 0
1
x= 2 A1 N2 2

(c) (i) bottom limit x = 0 (seen anywhere) (A1)


approach involving subtraction of integrals/areas (M1)
e.g. ∫ f (x) – area of triangle, ∫ f – ∫l
correct expression A2 N4
1 1 1 1 0.5 1
 2 x dx    4 x  2 dx,  f  x  dx  , 
2
2 x 2 dx   f  x   4 x  2 dx
e.g. 0 0.5 0 2 0 0.5

IB Questionbank Maths SL 4
(ii) METHOD 1 (using only integrals)
correct integration (A1)(A1)(A1)
2x 3
 2 x 2 dx    4 x  2 dx  2 x
2
,  2x
3
substitution of limits (M1)
1 2 1 1 
  2  2     1
e.g. 12 3  12 2 

1
area = 6 A1 N4

METHOD 2 (using integral and triangle)


1
area of triangle= 2 (A1)
correct integration (A1)
2x 3
 2 x 2 dx 
3
substitution of limits (M1)
2 3 2 3 2
1   0 ,  0
e.g. 3 3 3
correct simplification (A1)
2 1

e.g. 3 2
1
area = 6 A1 N4 9
[16]

5. (a) f (x) = –10(x + 4)(x – 6) A1A1 N2 2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 5
(b) METHOD 1
attempting to find the x-coordinate of maximum point (M1)
e.g. averaging the x-intercepts, sketch, y′ = 0, axis of symmetry
attempting to find the y-coordinate of maximum point (M1)
e.g. k = –10(1+ 4)(1– 6)
2
f (x) = –10(x –1) + 250 A1A1 N4 4
METHOD 2
attempt to expand f (x) (M1)
2
e.g. –10(x – 2x – 24)
attempt to complete the square (M1)
2
e.g. –10((x –1) –1– 24)
2
f (x) = –10(x –1) + 250 A1A1 N4 4

(c) attempt to simplify (M1)


e.g. distributive property, –10(x –1)(x –1) + 250
correct simplification A1
2 2
e.g. –10(x – 6x + 4x – 24), –10(x – 2x +1) + 250
2
f (x) = 240 + 20x –10x AG N0 2

(d) (i) valid approach (M1)


e.g. vertex of parabola, v′(t) = 0
t =1 A1 N2

(ii) recognizing a(t) = v′(t) (M1)


a(t) = 20 – 20t A1A1
speed is zero  t = 6 (A1)
–2
a(6) = –100 (m s ) A1 N3 7
[15]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 6
6. attempt to set up integral expression M1
2 2 2
  16  4 x 2 dx, 2π  (16  4 x 2 ),  16  4 x 2 dx
e.g. 0

4x 3
 
16dx  16x, 4 x 2 dx 
3 (seen anywhere) A1A1
evidence of substituting limits into the integrand (M1)
 32   32  64
 32      32  , 64 
e.g.  3  3 3
128π
volume = 3 A2 N3
[6]

2
7. (a) f′(x) = x – 2x – 3 A1A1A1
evidence of solving f′(x) = 0 (M1)
2
e.g. x – 2x – 3 = 0
evidence of correct working A1
2  16
e.g. (x + 1)(x – 3), 2
x = –1 (ignore x = 3) (A1)
evidence of substituting their negative x-value into f(x) (M1)
1 1
(1) 3  (1) 2  3(1),   1  3
e.g. 3 3
5
y= 3 A1
 5
  1, 
coordinates are  3 N3

(b) (i) (–3, –9) A1 N1

(ii) (1, –4) A1A1 N2

(iii) reflection gives (3, 9) (A1)


3 
 , 9
stretch gives  2  A1A1 N3
[14]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 7
d d
sin x  cos x, cos x   sin x
8. (a) dx dx (seen anywhere) (A1)(A1)
evidence of using the quotient rule M1
correct substitution A1
sin x( sin x)  cos x(cos x)  sin 2 x  cos2 x
,
e.g. sin 2 x sin 2 x
 (sin 2 x  cos 2 x)
f′(x) = sin 2 x A1
1
2
f′(x) = sin x AG N0

(b) METHOD 1
appropriate approach (M1)
–2
e.g. f′(x) = –(sin x)
 2 cos x 
 3

f″(x) = 2(sin x)(cos x)  sin x 
–3
A1A1 N3
–3
Note: Award A1 for 2 sin x, A1 for cos x.

METHOD 2
2
derivative of sin x = 2 sin x cos x (seen anywhere) A1
evidence of choosing quotient rule (M1)
sin 2 x  0  ( 1) 2 sin x cos x
2
e.g. u = –1,v = sin x, f″(x) = (sin 2 x) 2
2 sin x cos x  2 cos x 
2 2
 
f″(x) = (sin x )  sin 3 x  A1 N3

π
(c) evidence of substituting 2 M1
π
2 cos
1 2
,
π π
sin 2 sin 3
e.g. 2 2
p = –1, q = 0 A1A1 N1N1

(d) second derivative is zero, second derivative changes sign R1R1 N2


[13]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 8
9. gradient of tangent = 8 (seen anywhere) (A1)
3
f′(x) = 4kx (seen anywhere) A1
recognizing the gradient of the tangent is the derivative (M1)
setting the derivative equal to 8 (A1)
3 3
e.g. 4kx = 8, kx = 2
substituting x = 1 (seen anywhere) (M1)
k=2 A1 N4
[6]

10. (a) x-intercepts at –3, 0, 2 A2 N2

(b) –3 < x < 0, 2 < x < 3 A1A1 N2

(c) correct reasoning R2


e.g. the graph of f is concave-down (accept convex), the first
derivative is decreasing
therefore the second derivative is negative AG
[6]

11. (a) substituting into the second derivative M1


 4
   1
e.g. 3 ×  3 
 4
 
f″  3  = –5 A1
since the second derivative is negative, B is a maximum R1 N0

(b) setting f′(x) equal to zero (M1)


 4
 or x   
evidence of substituting x = 2  3 (M1)
e.g. f′(2)
correct substitution A1
2
3 3  4  4
(2) 2  2  p,         p
e.g. 2 2  3  3

correct simplification
8 4

e.g. 6 – 2 + p = 0, 3 3 + p = 0, 4 + p = 0 A1
p = –4 AG N0

IB Questionbank Maths SL 9
(c) evidence of integration (M1)
1 3 1 2
x  x  4x  c
f(x) = 2 2 A1A1A1
 4 358 
 , 
substituting (2, 4) or  3 27  into their expression (M1)
correct equation A1
1 3 1 2 1 1
 2   2  4  2  c  4,  8   4 – 4  2  c  4, 4  2  8  c  4
e.g. 2 2 2 2
1 1
f ( x)  x 3  x 2  4 x  10
2 2 A1 N4
[14]

12. (a) (i) sin x = 0 A1


x = 0, x = π A1A1 N2

(ii) sin x = –1 A1

x= 2 A1 N1


(b) 2 A1 N1

(c) evidence of using anti-differentiation (M1)


e.g. 
0
(6  6 sin x)dx
2

correct integral 6x – 6 cos x (seen anywhere) A1A1


correct substitution (A1)
 3π   3π 
6   6cos   (6 cos 0),
e.g.  2   2  9π – 0 + 6
k = 9π + 6 A1A1 N3

π
 
2
0
(d) translation of   A1A1 N2

(e) recognizing that the area under g is the same as the shaded region in f (M1)
π
p= 2,p=0 A1A1 N3
[17]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 10
13. (a) evidence of choosing the product rule
e.g. uv′ + vu′ (M1)
correct derivatives cos x, 2 (A1)(A1)
g′(x) = 2 x cos x + 2 sin x A1 N4

(b) attempt to substitute into gradient function (M1)


e.g. g′(π)
correct substitution
e.g. 2π cos π + 2 sin π (A1)
gradient = –2π A1 N2
[7]

14. evidence of integration

e.g. f(x) = 
sin(2 x  3)dx
(M1)
1
 cos(2 x  3)  C
= 2 A1A1
substituting initial condition into their expression (even if C is missing) M1
1
 cos 0  C
e.g. 4 = 2
C = 4.5 (A1)
1
 cos(2 x  3)  4.5
f(x) = 2 A1 N5
[6]

y1  y 2
15. (a) (i) substitute into gradient = x1  x 2 (M1)
f (a)  0
2
a
e.g. 3
3
substituting f(a) = a
a3  0
2
a
e.g. 3 A1
a3
2
a
gradient = 3 AG N0

IB Questionbank Maths SL 11
(ii) correct answer A1 N1
3
a
2
2
a
e.g. 3a , f′(a) = 3, f′(a) = 3

(iii) METHOD 1
evidence of approach (M1)
3
a
2
2
a
e.g. f′(a) = gradient, 3a = 3
simplify A1
 2
a  
e.g. 3a 
2 3  = a3

rearrange A1
3 2 3
e.g. 3a – 2a = a
evidence of solving A1
3 2 2
e.g. 2a – 2a = 2a (a – 1) = 0
a=1 AG N0

METHOD 2
8
2
2
gradient RQ = 3 A1
simplify A1
8
8

e.g. 3 , 3
evidence of approach (M1)
3
a8
, 3
2 2
2 a
2 3 3
e.g. f′(a) = gradient, 3a =
simplify A1
2 2
e.g. 3a = 3, a = 1
a=1 AG N0

IB Questionbank Maths SL 12
(b) approach to find area of T involving subtraction and integrals (M1)
k k

e.g. 
f  (3x  2)dx,  (3x  2)   
x 3 , ( x 3  3x  2)
2 2

correct integration with correct signs A1A1A1


1 4 3 2 3 1
x  x  2 x, x 2  2 x  x 4
e.g. 4 2 2 4
correct limits –2 and k (seen anywhere) A1
k
k 1 4 3 2 

3
( x  3 x  2)dx,  x  x  2 x 
e.g.
2 4 2  2

attempt to substitute k and –2 (M1)


correct substitution into their integral if 2 or more terms A1
1 4 3 2 
 k  k  2k   ( 4  6  4)
e.g.  4 2 
setting their integral expression equal to 2k + 4 (seen anywhere) (M1)
simplifying A1
1 4 3 2
k  k 20
e.g. 4 2
4 2
k – 6k + 8 = 0 AG N0
[16]

16. evidence of choosing the product rule (M1)


x x x x
f′(x) = e × (–sin x) + cos x × e (= e cos x – e sin x) A1A1
substituting π (M1)
π π π π
e.g. f′(π) = e cos π – e sin π, e (–1 – 0), –e
taking negative reciprocal (M1)
1


e.g. f ( π)
1
π
gradient is e A1 N3
[6]

17. (a)
Function Graph
displacement A
acceleration B

A2A2 N4

IB Questionbank Maths SL 13
(b) t=3 A2 N2
[6]

attempt to substitute into formula V = 


2
πy dx
18. (M1)
integral expression A1
a

e.g.
π 
0 
( x ) 2 dx, π x

correct integration (A1)


1
e.g.

xdx  x 2
2
1 
π a 2 
correct substitution V =  2  (A1)
equating their expression to 32π M1
1 
π a 2 
e.g.  2  = 32π
2
a = 64
a=8 A2 N2
[7]

19. (a) (i) x = 3 cos θ A1 N1

(ii) y = 3 sin θ A1 N1

(b) finding area (M1)


1
e.g. A = 2x × 2y, A = 8 × 2 bh
substituting A1
1
e.g. A = 4 × 3 sin θ × 3 cos θ, 8 × 2 × 3 cos θ × 3 sin θ
A = 18(2 sin θ cos θ) A1
A = 18 sin 2θ AG N0

dA
(c) (i) d = 36 cos 2θ A2 N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 14
(ii) for setting derivative equal to 0 (M1)
dA
e.g. 36 cos 2θ = 0, d = 0
π
2θ = 2 (A1)
π
θ= 4 A1 N2

(iii) valid reason (seen anywhere) R1


π d2 A
, 2 0
e.g. at 4 d ; maximum when f″(x) < 0
d2A
finding second derivative d
2
= –72 sin 2θ A1
π
evidence of substituting 4 M1
 π π
 2  ,72 sin ,72
e.g. –72 sin  4 2
π
θ = 4 produces the maximum area AG N0
[13]

20. (a) METHOD 1


evidence of substituting –x for x (M1)
a( x)
2
f(–x) = (  x )  1 A1
 ax
2
f(–x) = x  1 (= –f(x)) AG N0
METHOD 2
y = –f(x) is reflection of y = f(x) in x axis
and y = f(–x) is reflection of y = f(x) in y axis (M1)
sketch showing these are the same A1
 ax
2
f(–x) = x  1 (= –f(x)) AG N0

IB Questionbank Maths SL 15
(b) evidence of appropriate approach (M1)
e.g. f″(x) = 0
to set the numerator equal to 0 (A1)
2 2
e.g. 2ax(x – 3) = 0; (x – 3) = 0
  
 3 , a 3 ,   3 , a 3 
 
4   4 
(0, 0),  (accept x = 0, y = 0 etc.) A1A1A1A1A1 N5

(c) (i) correct expression A2


7
a 2  a a a
2 ln( x  1)  , 2 ln 50  2 ln 10, 2 (ln 50  ln 10)
e.g.  3
a
ln 5
area = 2 A1A1 N2

(ii) METHOD 1
recognizing that the shift does not change the area (M1)
8 7 a
e.g. 4  3 
f ( x  1)dx  f ( x)dx, ln 5
2
recognizing that the factor of 2 doubles the area (M1)
8 8
  2 7f ( x )dx 
e.g. 4  4 
2 f ( x  1)dx  2 f ( x  1)dx 
 3 


8
 2 f ( x  1)dx  a ln 5 (i.e. 2 × their answer to (c)(i))
4 A1 N3

METHOD 2
changing variable
dw
let w = x – 1, so dx = 1
2a

2 f ( w)dw 
2
ln(w 2  1)  c
(M1)
substituting correct limits

e.g.
a ln[(x 1) 2
 
8
 7
 1] 4 , a ln(w 2  1) 3 , a ln 50  a ln 10
(M1)
8
 2 f ( x  1)dx  a ln 5
4 A1 N3
[16]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 16
21. (a) METHOD 1
2
f″(x) = 3(x – 3) A2 N2
METHOD 2
3
attempt to expand (x – 3) (M1)
3 2
e.g. f′(x) = x – 9x + 27x – 27
2
f″(x) = 3x – 18x + 27 A1 N2

(b) f′(3) = 0, f″(3) = 0 A1 N1

(c) METHOD 1
f″ does not change sign at P R1
evidence for this R1 N0
METHOD 2
f′ changes sign at P so P is a maximum/minimum (i.e. not inflexion) R1
evidence for this R1 N0
METHOD 3
1
4
finding f(x) = 4 (x – 3) + c and sketching this function R1
indicating minimum at x = 3 R1 N0
[5]

–3x
22. (a) (i) –3e A1 N1

 π
cos x  
(ii)  3 A1 N1

IB Questionbank Maths SL 17
(b) evidence of choosing product rule (M1)
e.g. uv′ + vu′
correct expression A1
 π  π
sin x    e 3 x cos x  
e.g. –3e
–3x  3  3

π
complete correct substitution of x = 3 (A1)
π π
3 π π  3 3 π π
 3e 3 sin   e cos  
e.g. 3 3 3 3
π
 
h′  3  = e
–π
A1 N3
[6]

23. Note: In this question, do not penalize absence of units.

(a) (i) s=  (40  at)dt (M1)


1 2
 at  c
s = 40t 2 (A1)(A1)
substituting s = 100 when t = 0 (c = 100) (M1)
1
 at 2  100
s = 40t 2 A1 N5

1 2
 at
(ii) s = 40t 2 A1 N1

(b) (i) stops at station, so v = 0 (M1)


40
t = a (seconds) A1 N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 18
(ii) evidence of choosing formula for s from (a) (ii) (M1)
40
substituting t = a (M1)
2
40 1 40
 a 2
e.g. 40 × a 2 a
setting up equation M1
2
40 1 40 1600 800
 a  2 , 500  
e.g. 500 = s, 500 = 40 × a 2 a a a
evidence of simplification to an expression which obviously
8
leads to a = 5 A1
8
e.g. 500a = 800, 5 = a , 1000a = 3200 – 1600
8
a= 5 AG N0

(c) METHOD 1
v = 40 – 4t, stops when v = 0
40 – 4t = 0 (A1)
t = 10 A1
substituting into expression for s M1
1
2
s = 40 × 10 – 2 × 4 × 10
s = 200 A1
since 200 < 500 (allow FT on their s, if s < 500) R1
train stops before the station AG N0

METHOD 2
40
from (b) t = 4 = 10 A2
substituting into expression for s
1
 2
e.g. s = 40 × 10 2 × 4 × 10 M1
s = 200 A1
since 200 < 500, R1
train stops before the station AG N0

IB Questionbank Maths SL 19
METHOD 3
a is deceleration A2
8
4> 5 A1
so stops in shorter time (A1)
so less distance travelled R1
so stops before station AG N0
[17]

p
2
24. (a) f′(x) = 2x – x A1A1 N2
p

Note: Award A1 for 2x, A1 for x2 .
(b) evidence of equating derivative to 0 (seen anywhere) (M1)
evidence of finding f′(–2) (seen anywhere) (M1)
correct equation A1
p

e.g. –4 4 = 0, –16 – p = 0
p = –16 A1 N3
[6]

25. (a) (i) coordinates of A are (0, –2) A1A1 N2

2
(ii) derivative of x – 4 = 2x (seen anywhere) (A1)
evidence of correct approach (M1)
e.g. quotient rule, chain rule
finding f′(x) A2
( x 2  4)(0)  (20)(2 x)
2 –2
e.g. f′(x) = 20 × (–1) × (x – 4) × (2x), ( x 2  4) 2
substituting x = 0 into f′(x) (do not accept solving f′(x) = 0) M1
at A f′(x) = 0 AG N0

(b) (i) reference to f′(x) = 0 (seen anywhere) (R1)


reference to f″(0) is negative (seen anywhere) R1
evidence of substituting x = 0 into f″(x) M1
40  4   5 
3
 
finding f″(0) = ( 4)  2 
A1
then the graph must have a local maximum AG

IB Questionbank Maths SL 20
(ii) reference to f″(x) = 0 at point of inflexion, (R1)
recognizing that the second derivative is never 0 A1 N2
4
2 2 2

e.g. 40(3x + 4) ≠ 0, 3x + 4 ≠ 0, x ≠ 3 , the numerator is
always positive
Note: Do not accept the use of the first derivative in part (b).

(c) correct (informal) statement, including reference to approaching y = 3 A1 N1


e.g. getting closer to the line y = 3, horizontal asymptote at y = 3

(d) correct inequalities, y ≤ –2, y > 3, FT from (a)(i) and (c) A1A1 N2
[16]

26. (a) finding derivative (A1)


1
1 2 1
x ,
e.g. f′(x) = 2 2 x

correct value of derivative or its negative reciprocal (seen anywhere) A1


1 1
,
e.g. 2 4 4
1

gradient of normal = gradientof tangent (seen anywhere) A1
1
  4,  2 x
e.g. f (4)

substituting into equation of line (for normal) M1


e.g. y – 2 = –4(x – 4)
y = –4x + 18 AG N0

(b) recognition that y = 0 at A (M1)


e.g. –4x + 18 = 0
18  9 
 
x = 4  2 A1 N2

(c) splitting into two appropriate parts (areas and/or integrals) (M1)
correct expression for area of R A2 N3
4 4.5 4 1
e.g. area of R = 0  4 
x dx  (4 x  18)dx,
0 
x dx   0.5  2
2 (triangle)
Note: Award A1 if dx is missing.

IB Questionbank Maths SL 21
(d) correct expression for the volume from x = 0 to x = 4 (A1)

 π f ( x) dx,  π
4 4 2 4

2
x dx, πxdx
e.g. V = 0 0 0

4
1 2 
 πx 
V = 2 0 A1
1 1 
π  16   0 
V= 2 2  (A1)
V = 8π A1
finding the volume from x = 4 to x = 4.5
EITHER
recognizing a cone (M1)
1
2
e.g. V = 3 πr h
1 1
π ( 2) 2 
V= 3 2 (A1)

= 3 A1
2  26 
π  π
total volume is 8π + 3  3  A1 N4
OR
4. 5

V=
π 
4
( 4 x  18) 2 dx
(M1)
4. 5

= 
4
π(16x 2  144x  324)dx
4.5
16 
π  x 3  72x 2  324x 
= 3 4 A1

= 3 A1
2  26 
π  π
total volume is 8π + 3  3  A1 N4
[17]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 22
1 1  1 
 2 x  3 dx  2 ln  2 x  3  C  accept ln  2 x  3  C 
 2 
27. (a) A1A1 N2
3
3 1 1 
 dx   ln  2 x  3 
0 2x  3 2 0
(b)
evidence of substitution of limits (M1)
1 1
ln 9  ln 3
e.g. 2 2
a
evidence of correctly using ln a  ln b = ln b (seen anywhere) (A1)
1
ln 3
e.g. 2
a
evidence of correctly using a ln b = ln b (seen anywhere) (A1)
9
e.g. ln 3

P=3 (accept ln 3 ) A1 N2
[6]

28. evidence of anti-differentiation (M1)


  6e 
3x
 4 dx
e.g. s =
3t
s = 2e + 4t + C A2A1
substituting t = 0, (M1)
7=2+C A1
C=5
3t
s = 2e + 4t + 5 A1 N3
[7]

2
29. (a) f  (x) = x + 4x  5 A1A1A1 N3

(b) evidence of attempting to solve f (x) = 0 (M1)


evidence of correct working A1
 4  16  20
,
e.g. (x + 5) (x  1), 2 sketch
x =  5, x = 1 (A1)
so x =  5 A1 N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 23
(c) METHOD 1
f (x) = 2x + 4 (may be seen later) A1
evidence of setting second derivative = 0 (M1)
e.g. 2x + 4 = 0
x=2 A1 N2
METHOD 2
evidence of use of symmetry (M1)
e.g. midpoint of max/min, reference to shape of cubic
correct calculation A1
 5 1
,
e.g. 2
x=2 A1 N2

(d) attempting to find the value of the derivative when x = 3 (M1)


f (3) = 16 A1
valid approach to finding the equation of a line M1
e.g. y  12 = 16(x  3), 12 = 16  3 + b
y = 16x  36 A1 N2
[14]

30. (a) evidence of factorizing 3/division by 3 A1


5
3 f  x  dx  3
5 12 53f  x  dx
e.g.
1  f  x  dx , 3 , 
1 1 3
(do not accept 4 as this is show that)
evidence of stating that reversing the limits changes the sign A1
1 5

e.g.
 f  x  dx    f  x  dx
5 1

1
 f  x  dx   4
5
AG N0

IB Questionbank Maths SL 24
(b) evidence of correctly combining the integrals (seen anywhere) (A1)
2 5 5

e.g. I =
  x  f  x   dx    x  f  x   dx    x  f  x   dx
1 2 1

evidence of correctly splitting the integrals (seen anywhere) (A1)


5 5

e.g. I =
1
xdx   f  x  dx
1

x2
 xdx 
2 (seen anywhere) A1
5
5  x2  25 1  24 
1
xdx        ,12
 2 1 2 2  2 
A1
I = 16 A1 N3
[7]

31. (a) (i) range of f is [1, 1], (1 £ f (x) £ 1) A2 N2


3
(ii) sin x = 1  sin x = 1 A1
justification for one solution on [0, 2] R1

e.g. x 
2 , unit circle, sketch of sin x
1 solution (seen anywhere) A1 N1

2
(b) f (x) = 3 sin x cos x A2 N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 25
b

(c) using
V  a
 y 2 dx
(M1)
2

 1

V  2   3 sin x cos 2 x  dx
0  
  (A1)

  0
2 3 sin 2 x cos x dx
A1

  
   
V   sin 3 x 02     sin 3    sin 3 0  
   2  A2

1
evidence of using sin 2 and sin 0 = 0 (A1)
e.g. (1  0)
V= A1 N1
[14]

32. (a) (i) f′(x) = 0 A1 N1

(ii) METHOD 1
f′(x) < 0 to the left of C, f′(x) > 0 to the right of C R1R1 N2
METHOD 2
f″(x) > 0 R2 N2

(b) A A1 N1

(c) METHOD 1
f″(x) = 0 R2
Discussion of sign change of f″(x) R1
e.g. f″(x) < 0 to the left of B and f″(x) > 0 to the right of B; f″(x) changes
sign either side of B
B is a point of inflexion AG N0
METHOD 2
B is a minimum on the graph of the derivative f′ R2
Discussion of sign change of f″(x) R1
e.g. f″(x) < 0 to the left of B and f″(x) > 0 to the right of B; f″(x) changes
sign either side of B
B is a point of inflexion AG N0
[7]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 26
33. (a) substituting t = 0 (M1)
e.g. a(0) = 0 + cos0
a(0) = 1 A1 N2

(b) evidence of integrating the acceleration function (M1)

e.g. 
(2t  cos t )dt
2
correct expression t + sin t + c A1A1
Note: If “+c” is omitted, award no further marks.
evidence of substituting (0, 2) into indefinite integral (M1)
e.g. 2 = 0 + sin 0 + c, c = 2
2
v(t) = t + sin t + 2 A1 N3

t3
(c)
 (t 2  sin t  2)dt 
3
 cos t  2t
A1A1A1
Note: Award A1 for each correct term.
evidence of using v(3) – v(0) (M1)
correct substitution A1
e.g. (9 – cos3 + 6) – (0 – cos0 + 0), (15 – cos 3) – (–1)
16 – cos 3 (accept p = 16, q = –1) A1A1 N3

(d) reference to motion, reference to first 3 seconds R1R1 N2


e.g. displacement in 3 seconds, distance travelled in 3 seconds
[16]

34. Attempt to differentiate (M1)


dy
 2e 2 x
dx A1
dy
 2e 2
At x = 1 d x A1
2
y=e A1
2 2 2 2
Equation of tangent is y – e = 2e (x – 1) (y = 2e x – e ) M1A1 N2
[6]

35. (a) 1
2
 
(3x 2  2)dx  x 3  2 x 1
2

A1A1
= (8 – 4) – (1 – 2) (A1)
=5 A1 N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 27
(b)
1
 2e
0
2x
 
dx  e 2 x
1
0
A1
2 0
=e –e (A1)
2
=e –1 A1 N2
[7]

dv
36. (a) a = dt (M1)
-2
= –10 (m s ) A1 N2

(b) s = ∫v dt (M1)
2
= 50t – 5t + c A1
40 = 50(0) – 5(0) + c  c = 40 A1
2
s = 50t – 5t + 40 A1 N2
Note: Award (M1) and the first A1 in part (b) if c is
missing, but do not award the final 2 marks.
[6]

37. (a) Attempt to differentiate (M1)


2
g′(x) = 3x – 6x – 9 A1A1A1
for setting derivative equal to zero M1
2
3x – 6x – 9 = 0
Solving A1
e.g. 3(x – 3)(x + 1) = 0
x = 3 x = –1 A1A1 N3

(b) METHOD 1
g′(x < –1) is positive, g′(x > –1) is negative A1A1
g′(x < 3) is negative, g′(x > 3) is positive A1A1
min when x = 3, max when x = –1 A1A1 N2

METHOD 2
Evidence of using second derivative (M1)
g′′(x) = 6x – 6 A1
g′′(3) = 12 (or positive), g′′(–1) = –12 (or negative) A1A1
min when x = 3, max when x = –1 A1A1 N2
[14]


38. (a) period = 2 = π M1A1 N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 28
π
(b) m= 2 A2 N2

(c) Using A =  0
2 sin 2 xdx
(M1)
π
 1  2
 2 cos 2 x 
Integrating correctly, A =  0 A1
1 1
 cos π  ( cos 0)
Substituting, A = 2 2 (M1)
1 1  1 1
 (1)  (  (1))   
Correct values, A = 2 2  2 2 A1A1
A=1 A1 N2
[10]

39. Evidence of integration (M1)


2t 2
s = 0.5 e + 6t + c A1A1
Substituting t = 0, s = 2 (M1)
eg 2 = 0.5 + c
c = 2.5 (A1)
2t 2
s = 0.5 e + 6t + 2.5 A1 N4
[6]

40. (a) (i) 0 A1 N1


1

(ii) 2 A1 N1

IB Questionbank Maths SL 29
(b)
y
5

3
2
1

x
–5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5
–1
–2

–3
–4
–5
A2 N2

(c)
y
5

3
2
1

x
–5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5
–1
–2

–3
–4
–5
A2 N2
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 30
41. (a) EITHER
Recognizing that tangents parallel to the x-axis mean maximum
and minimum (may be seen on sketch) R1
Sketch of graph of f M1

OR
Evidence of using f (x) = 0 M1
2
Finding f (x) = 3x  6x  24 A1
2
3x  6x  24 = 0
Solutions x = 2 or x=4
THEN
Coordinates are P(2, 29) and Q(4, 79) A1A1 N1N1

(b)

N 2
N 1

(i) (4, 29) A1 N1


(ii) (2, 79) A1 N1
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 31
42. (a) 10 A1 N1

3 3 3
 3x 2  f  x  dx   3x 2 dx   f  x  dx
1 1 1
(b)

1
3
3x 2 dx  x 3   3
1  27  1
(A1)
= 26 (may be seen later) A1
Splitting the integral (seen anywhere) M1

 3x dx   f  x  dx
2
e. g.

Using
 f  x dx  5
1
(M1)
3
 3x 2  f  x  dx  26  5
1
eg
3
 3 x 2  f  x  dx  31
1
A1 N3
[6]

43. f (x) = 12x 2  2 dx  (M1)


3
f (x) = 4x 2x + c A1A1
Substituting x = 1, y = 1 (M1)
3
eg 1 = 4(1)  2(1) + c
c=3 (A1)
3
f (x) = 4x  2x + 3 A1 N4
[6]

dv
a
44. (a) Evidence of using dt (M1)
3t  2
eg 3e
a(1) = 3e (= 8.15) A1 N2

3t  2
(b) Attempt to solve e = 22.3 (M1)
eg (3t  2) (ln e) = ln 22.3, sketch
t = 1.70 A1 N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 32
(c) Evidence of using s =  vdt (limits not required) M1


e. g . e 3t  2 dt ,
3

1 3t  2
e 
1
0


1 1 2
3
e e   1
 2


 3 e  e  0.861
  A1 N1
[6]

45. (a) METHOD 1


f (x) = 6 sin 2x + 2 sin x cos x A1A1A1
= 6 sin 2x + sin 2x A1
= 5 sin 2x AG N0
METHOD 2
1  cos 2 x
sin 2 x 
2 (A1)
1 1
 cos 2 x
f (x) = 3 cos 2x + 2 2 A1
5 1
cos 2 x 
f (x) = 2 2 A1
5
2     sin 2 x 
f (x) =  2  A1
f (x) =  5 sin 2x AG N0


 1.57
(b) k= 2 A2 N2
[6]

2
 3 cos xdx
46. (a) 2 A1 N1

(b) Area of A = 1 A1 N1

IB Questionbank Maths SL 33
(c) Evidence of attempting to find the area of B (M1)
3

 4  y dx
2

eg 3 ,  0.134
Evidence of recognising that area B is under the curve/integral is
negative (M1)
3 4 3
  2
4 y dx ,  3
3 cos x dx ,  2
4 cos x dx
eg 3 2 3

 
 accept 2  3 
 2 
Area of B = 0.134  (A1)
Total Area = 1 + 0.134
 
 accept 4  3 
 2 
= 1.13  A1 N4
[6]

2
47. f (x) = 12x + 2 A1A1
When x = 1, f (1) = 6 (seen anywhere) (A1)
When x = 1, f  (1) = 14 (A1)
Evidence of taking the negative reciprocal (M1)
1 1
x, ,  0.0714
eg 14  14


1
 x 1  y   1 x  85 , y   0.0714x  6.07
Equation is y  6 = 14  14 14  A1 N4
[6]

dy
 3 cos 3x
48. (a) dx A1 N1

dy x
  tan x
(b) dx cos2 x 2
accept x sec x + tan x A1A1 N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 34
(c) METHOD 1
Evidence of using the quotient rule (M1)
1
x   ln x
dy x

dx x2 A1A1
dy 1  ln x

dx x2 N3
METHOD 2
1
y=x In x
Evidence of using the product rule (M1)
dy
dx
1
 
 x 1   ln x  1 x  2
x A1A1
dy 1 ln x
 
dx x 2 x 2 N3
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 35
49.
y

(1 , 2 )
2

0 x
–2 –1 1 2

–1
(0 , – 1 )

–2

–3

–4

A1A1A1A1A1A1 N6
Notes: On interval [ 2,0], award A1
for decreasing, A1 for concave
up.
On interval [0,1], award A1
for increasing, A1 for concave
up.
On interval [1,2], award A1
for change of concavity, A1
for concave down.
[6]

5x
50. (a) f (x) = 5e A1A1 N2

(b) g (x) = 2 cos 2x A1A1 N2

(c) h = fg + gf ′ (M1)


IB Questionbank Maths SL 36
5x 5x
= e (2 cos 2x) + sin 2x (5e ) A1 N2
[6]

51. (a)

A B E
f (x) negative 0 negative

A1A1A1 N3

(b)
A B E
f (x) positive positive negative

A1A1A1 N3
[6]

3
52. Finding anti-derivative of 4t  2t (M1)
4 2
s=t t +c A1A1
4 2
Substituting correctly 8 = 2  2 + c A1
Note: Exception to the FT rule. Allow full FT on
incorrect integration.
c = 4 (A1)
4 2
s=t t 4 A1 N3
[6]

53. (a)

Interval g g
a<x<b positive positive
e<x<f negative negative

A1A1
A1A1 N4

IB Questionbank Maths SL 37
(b)

Conditions Point
g (x) = 0, g (x) < 0 C
g (x) < 0, g (x) = 0 D

A1 N1
A1 N1
[6]

54. (a) Attempting to use the formula V =


 a
y 2dx
(M1)

  2 x  x  dx
2 2
2

0
Volume = A2 N3

 4x 
2
2
  4 x 3  x 4 dx
0
(b) Volume = (A1)
2
 x3 x4 x5 
4  4  
3 4 5 0
=  (A1)
16
= 15 or 3.35 (accept 1.07) A1 N3
[6]

55. (a) f (x) = 6x  5 A1 N1

(b) f (p) = 7 (or 6p 5 = 7) M1


p=2 A1 N1

(c) Setting y (2) = f (2) (M1)


2
Substituting y (2) = 7  2  9 (= 5), and f (2) = 3  2  5  2
+ k (= k + 2) A1
k+2=5
k=3 A1 N2
[6]

x 2 x 2 x x
56. (a) f  (x) = 2xe x e (= (2x  x )e = x (2  x)e ) A1A1 N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 38
(b) Maximum occurs at x = 2 (A1)
2
Exact maximum value = 4e A1 N2

 2 

 
 x  4 x  2  0 , x  4  16  8 , etc.
2 
(c) For inflexion, f ²(x) = 0   M1

x
4 8
2

2 2 
A1 N1
[6]

57. (a) Smin = 6.05 (accept (1, 6.05)) A1 N1

ds
  15 sin 3t  2t
(b) dt A1
d 2s
2
a = dt (M1)
d 2s
2
a = dt =  45 cos 3t + 2 (Exception to FT rule : allow FT
ds
from dt ) A1 N2

(c) EITHER
Maximum value of a when cos 3t is minimum ie cos 3t = 1 (A1)
OR
da
0
At maximum dt (135 sin 3t = 0) (A1)
THEN

t= 3 (accept 1.05; do not accept 60°) A1 N2
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 39
58.
Diagra
Graph
m
(a) f (x) I A3 N3
(b) f ² (x) IV A3 N3
[6]

59. 
s  v dt
(M1)
1
s  e 2t -1  c
2 A1A1
Substituting t = 0.5
1
 c 10
2
c = 9.5 (A1)
Substituting t = 1 M1
1
e  9.5   10.9 to 3 s. f .
s= 2 A1 N3
[6]

Using V = 
2
y dx
60. (M1)
2
 1 2
 x 2  dx  x
  
  2
Correctly integrating A1
a
 x2 
 
2
V =   0 A1
a 2
= 2 (A1)
1 2 
 a  0.845 
Setting up their equation  2  M1
2
a = 1.69
a = 1.3 A1 N2
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 40
61. (a) Using the chain rule (M1)
f (x) =(2 cos (5x–3)) 5 (= 10 cos (5x – 3)) A1
f ²(x) = –(10 sin (5x–3)) 5
= –50 sin (5x – 3) A1A1 4
Note: Award (A1) for sin (5x – 3), (A1) for –50.
2
(b) f (x)dx = cos (5x – 3) + c
5 A1A1 2
2
Note: Award (A1) for cos (5x–3), (A1) for 5 .
[6]

a  dv
62. (a) dt (M1)
= –10 A1 3

(b) s = vdt (M1)


2
= 50t – 5t + c A1
40 = 50(0) – 5(0) + c  c = 40 A1
2
s = 50t – 5t + 40 A1 3
Note: Award (M1) and the first (A1) in part (b) if c is missing,
but do not award the final 2 marks.
[6]

( x)  5(3x  4)4 �3   15(3x  4)4 


f�
63. (a) (A1)(A1)(A1) (C3)
1 1 � (3x  4)6 �
� (3 x  4)6  c �  c�
�  5
(3 x 4) dx 3 6 � 18 �
(b) = (A1)(A1)(A1) (C3)
[6]

64. Attempting to integrate. (M1)


y  x3  5 x  c (A1)(A1)(A1)

substitute (2, 6) to find c


62 3
 5(2)  c 
(M1)
c 8 (A1)
y  x3  5 x  8 (Accept x3  5 x  8 ) (C6)
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 41
d
 f ( x)  g ( x )   f � ( x)   f �
( x)  g � (4) 
(4)  g �
65. (a) dx (M1)
74
 11 (A1) (C2)

( x )  6  dx   g ( x )    6 x 
3
� g �
3 3
1 1
(b) 1
(A1)(A1)
  g (3)  g (1)    18  6    (2  1)  12 
(A1)
 13 (A1) (C4)
[6]

1
66.
  ln x
Using x (may be implied) (M1)
k
1
 x  2 dx  [ln ( x  2)]
k
3
3 (A1)
= ln (k  2)  ln1 (A1)(A1)
ln (k  2)  ln1 = ln 7
k2=7 (A1)
k=9 (A1) (C6)
[6]

2
67. (a) f (x) = 3(2x + 7)  2 (A1)(A1)
2 2
= 6 (2x + 7) ( = 24x + 168x + 294) (C2)

(b) g (x) = 2 cos (4x)( sin (4x))(4) (A1)(A1)(A1)(A1)


= 8 cos (4x) sin (4x) (= 4 sin (8x)) (C4)
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 42
68. METHOD 1
l + 2w = 60 (M1)
l = 60  2w (A1)
2
A = w(60  2w) (= 60w  2w ) (A1)
dA
dw = 60  4w (A1)
dA
Using dw = 0 (60  4w = 0) (M1)
w = 15 (A1) (C6)
METHOD 2
w + 2l = 60 (A1)
w = 60  2l (A1)
2
A = l(60  2l) (= 60l  2l ) (A1)
dA
dl = 60  4l (A1)
dA
Using dl = 0 (60  4l = 0) (M1)
l = 15
w = 30 (A1) (C6)
[6]

2
69. (a) f (x) = 3x – 4x – 0 (A1)(A1)(A1)
2
= 3x – 4x (C3)

(b) Gradient = f (2) (M1)


=3×4–4×2 (A1)
=4 (A1) (C3)
[6]

4
 (4t  5  5e
–t
)
0
70. (a) d= dt (M1)(A1)(A1) (C3)
Note: Award (M1) for , (A1) for both limits, (A1) for 4t + 5 –
–t
5e

IB Questionbank Maths SL 43
2 -t 4
(b) d = [2t  5t  5e ]0 (A1)(A1)
2 –t
Note: Award (A1) for 2t + 5t, (A1) for 5e .
–4
= (32 + 20 + 5e ) – (5)
–4
= 47 + 5e (47.1, 3sf ) (A1) (C3)
[6]

71. METHOD 1
2
f ( x)  6 x 3 (A2)
� 4 4 �
1
� 1 3 �
 � 3 x�
( x)  4 x
f� 3
�x � (A2)(A2) (C6)

METHOD 2
1
f ( x)  6( x 2 ) 3 (A1)
2
1 
( x)  6 � ( x 2 ) 3 �2 x
f�
3 (A2)(A2)
1

( x)  4 x
f� 3
(A1) (C6)
[6]

ds
72. (a) Velocity is dt . (M1)
ds
 10  t
dt (A1)
–1
10 (m s ) (A1) (C3)

ds
0
(b) The velocity is zero when dt (M1)
10  t  0
t  10 (secs) (A1) (C2)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 44
(c) s = 50 (metres) (A1) (C1)
Note: Do not penalize absence of units.
[6]

73. (a) p  100e0 (M1)


 100 (A1) (C2)

dp
(b) Rate of increase is dt (M1)
dp
 0.05 �100e0.05t
dt  5e 0.05t (A1)(A1)
When t  10

dp
 5e0.05(10)
dt

 5e0.5   8.24  5 e  (A1) (C4)


[6]

1
f ( x)   e2 x  ln (1  x)  c
74. 2 (M1)(A1)(A1)

1 � 1 �
or 4    ln1  c �
4   e2(0)  ln(1  0)  c �
Substituting 2 � 2 � (M1)
c  4.5 (A1)
1
f ( x)   e 2 x  ln(1  x)  4.5
2 (A1)(C2)(C2)(C2)
[6]

75. (a) (i) 16 (A2) (C2)


3 3

(ii)
�f ( x)dx  �2dx
0 0
(or appropriate sketch) (M1)
 14 (A1) (C2)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 45
d

(b)
�f ( x  2)d x  8
c

c  2, d  5 (A2) (C2)
[6]

76. (a) (i) 1 (A1) (C1)


(ii) 2 (A1) (C1)
(2)  or f �
(14)  f �
f� (8) 
(5) or f �
(iii) (M1)
= –1 (A1) (C2)

(b) There are five repeated periods of the graph, each with two solutions, (R1)
(ie number of solutions is 5 × 2)
 10 (A1) (C2)
[6]

d  3 1 3
x x
e   e
dx   3
77. (A1)(A1)
d
dx (5 cos2 x) = –10 cos x sin x (A1)(A1)(A1)
x
1
e 3

f (x) = 3 – 10 cos x sin x (A1) (C6)


[6]

1
78. (a) 2 × 10 = 5 (M1)(A1) (C2)

3 3
 g  x  dx   4dx
1 1
(b) (M1)
4 dx 4 x  13
3
1
(A1)
=4×2=8 (A1)
3
  g  x   4 dx
1
= 10 + 8 = 18 (A1) (C4)

[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 46
dy
79.

y = dx dx (M1)
4 2
x 2x

= 4 2 –x+c (A1)(A1)
Note: Award (A1) for first 3 terms, (A1) for “+ c”.
16
13 = 4 + 4 – 2 + c (M1)
c=7 (A1)
x4
2
y= 4 +x –x–7 (A1) (C6)
[6]

80. (a)  (1  3 sin ( x  2))dx = x – 3 cos (x + 2) + c (A1)(A1)(A1) (C3)


Notes: Award A1 for x, A1 for –cos (x + 2) A1 for coefficient 3,
ie A1 A1 for the second term, which may be written as
+3(–cos (x + 2))
Do not penalize the omission of c.

(b) 1 + 3 sin (x + 2) = 0 (M1)


1
sin (x + 2) = – 3
x + 2 = –0.3398, π + 0.3398, ... (A1)
x = –2.3398, 1.4814, ...
Required value of x = 1.48 (A1) (C3)
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 47
81.
y

(A2)(A1)(A1)(A2) (C6)
Note: Award A2 for correct shape (approximately parabolic),
A1 A1 for intercepts at 0 and 4, A2 for minimum between
x = 1.5 and x = 2.5.
[6]

 1 
  x  1 – 0.5 sin x  dx
82. f (x) = (M1)
= ln ½x + 1½ + 0.5 cos x + c (A1)(A1)(A1)
2 = ln 1 + 0.5 + c (M1)
c = 1.5 (A1)
f (x) = ln ½x + 1½ + 0.5 cos x + 1.5 (C6)
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 48
83.
Function Derivative
diagra
m
f1 (d) (AG)
f2 (e) (A2)
f3 (b) (A2)
f4 (a) (A2)

(C6)
[6]

f (x) = x
2
84. (M1)
3 1
3 2 –1 3 2 3
x x x
(a) f (x) = 2 = 2 (or 2 ) (M1)(A1) (C3)

3
1 1
x c 2
3 3
(b)  x dx = 2  1
2
(M1)
5
2 2 2 5
x c x
= 5 (or 5 + c) (A1)(A1) (C3)
Notes: Do not penalize the absence of c.
5 5

Award (A1) for 2 and (A1) for x 2


.
[6]

85. METHOD 1
y

0 x

Using gdc coordinates of maximum are


(0.667, 26.9) (G3)(G3) (C6)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 49
METHOD 2
dy
At maximum dx = 3x – 20x + 12 = 0 = (3x – 2) (x – 6)
2
(M1)(A1)(M1)
2
=> x = 3 must be where maximum occurs (A1)
3 2
2 2 2 2 725
     
x = 3 => y = 3  – 10  3  + 12  3  + 23 = 27 (= 26.9, 3 sf) (M1)(A1)
 2 725 
 , 
Maximum at  3 27  (C4)(C2)
[6]

86. Area =
 a
sin x dx
(M1)

a = 0, b = 4 (A1)
3

Area =
 0
4 sin x dx
= [–cos x] 0
4
(A1)
 3π 
 – cos 
= 4  – (– cos 0) (A1)
 
– 2 
 2 
= –  – (–1) (A1)
2
=1+ 2 (A1) (C6)
Note: Award (G3) for a gdc answer of 1.71 or 1.707.
[6]

87. y = sin (2x – 1)


dy
dx = 2 cos (2x – 1) (A1)(A1)
1 
 , 0
At  2  , the gradient of the tangent = 2 cos 0 (A1)
=2 (A1) (C4)
[4]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 50
88. Note: Do not penalize for the omission of C.
1
(a)
 sin (3x  7)dx   3 cos (3x  7)  C (A1)(A1) (C2)
1
Note: Award (A1) for 3 , (A1) for –cos (3x + 7).

1
e
4 x
dx  
(b) 4 e–4x + C (A1)(A1) (C2)
1
–4x
Note: Award (A1) for – 4 , (A1) for e .
[4]

89. (a) f  (x) = k cos x + 3 (A1)(A1) (C2)

π
 
(b) k cos  3  + 3 = 8 (M1)
1
 
 k 2 + 3 = 8
 k = 10 (A1) (C2)
[4]

2
90. f (x) = 1 – x
x3
f (x) =
 (1  x 2 )dx  x 
3
C
(A1)
f (3) = 0  3 – 9 + C = 0 (M1)
c=6 (A1)
x3
f (x) = x – 3 + 6 (A1)
[4]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 51
2
91. f (1) = 1 – 3b + c + 2 = 0 (M1)
f (x) = 2x – 3b,
f (3) = 6 – 3b = 0 (M1)
3b = 6, b = 2 (A1)
1 – 3(2) + c + 2 = 0, c = 3 (A1)
Note: In the event of no working shown, award (C2) for 1
correct answer.
[4]

2
92. y=x –x
dy
dx = 2x – 1 = gradient at any point. (M1)
Line parallel to y = 5x
 2x – 1 = 5 (M1)
x=3 (A1)
y=6 (A1)
Point (3, 6) (C2)(C2)
[4]

93. f (x) = cos x  f (x) = sin x + C (M1)


π π
   
f  2  = –2  –2= sin  2  + C (M1)
C = –3 (A1)
f (x) = sin x – 3 (A1) (C4)
[4]

f (5  h)  f (5) (5.1) 3  5 3

94. (a) h 0.1
= 76.51 (or 76.5 to 3 sf) (A1) (C1)

f (5  h)  f (5)
lim
(b) h 0 h = f (5) (M1)
2
= 3(5) (A1)
= 75 (A1) (C3)
[4]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 52
95. f (x) = –2x + 3
 2x 2
f (x) = 2 + 3x + c (M1)
Notes: Award (M1) for an attempt to integrate. Do not penalize
the omission of c here.
1 = –1 + 3 + c (A1)
c = –1 (A1)
2
f (x) = –x + 3x – 1 (A1) (C4)
[4]

2
96. (a) f (x) = 3(2x + 5) × 2 (M1)(A1)
Note: Award (M1) for an attempt to use the chain rule.
2
= 6(2x + 5) (C2)

(2 x  5) 4
(b)
 f ( x)dx 
4 2 + c (A2) (C2)
4
Note: Award (A1) for (2x + 5) and (A1) for /8.
[4]

97.

2 2 1
1
1 xdy  1
1
( y  1)
dy
Area = 3 3 (M1)(A1)
 ln ( y  1) 2
1
1
= 3

1
= ln 1 – ln 3 (A1)
= ln 3 (A1) (C4)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 53
OR
3 1

3
1  dx  [ x  ln x]1
Area from x = 1 to x = 3, A =  1 x 
= (3 + ln 3) – (1 + ln 1) (M1)
= 2 + ln 3 (A1)
1 2 2 2

Area rectangle 1 = 2 × 1 3 = 2 3 , area rectangle 2 =1× 3 3
2 2

Shaded area = 2 + ln 3 – 2 3 3 (M1)
= ln 3 (A1) (C4)

OR
3 1
Area from x = 1 to x = 3, A =
 1  dx
1 x (M1)
A = 3.0986 … (G0)
1 2 2 2
Area rectangle
1 = 2 × 1 3 = 2 3 , area rectangle 2 = 1 × 3  3
2 2

Shaded area = 3.0986 – 2 3 3 (M1)
= 1.10 (3 sf) (A1) (C4)
Notes: An exact value is required. If candidates have obtained
the answer 1.10, and shown their working, award marks as
above. However, if they do not show their working, award (G2)
for the correct answer of 1.10.
Award no marks for the giving of 3.10 as the final answer.
[4]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 54
3
98. y=x +1
dy
dx = 3x2
= Slope of tangent at any point
Therefore at point where x = 1, slope = 3 (M1)
1
 Slope of normal = – 3 (M1)(A1)
1
 Equation of normal: y – 2 = – 3 (x – 1)
3y – 6 = –x + 1
x + 3y – 7 = 0 (A1) (C4)
1 1
Note: Accept equivalent forms eg y = – 3 x + 2 3
[4]

99. (a) p=3 (A1) (C1)


(b) Area =
 0
2 3 cos xdx
(M1)

= [3 sin x]02 (A1)


= 3 square units (A1) (C3)
[4]

100. (a) y= 3  4 x  (3  4 x) 2
1
dy 1 
 (3  4 x) 2
dx 2 (–4) (A1)(A1) (C2)
Note: Award (A1) for each element, to a maximum of [2 marks].

sin x
(b) y=e
dy
dx = (cos x)(esin x) (A1)(A1) (C2)
Note: Award (A1) for each element.
[4]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 55
1
 12x
2
0
101. (a) (1 – x)dx (A1) (C1)
1

(b) 12
 0
(x 2  x 3 )
dx
1
x x  3 4

  
3 4 0
= 12  (M1)
1 1
  
= 12  3 4  (A1)
=1 (A1) (C3)
[4]

d
102. (a) dx (x2 + 1)2
2
= 2(x + 1) × (2x) (M1)(M1) (C2)
2
= 4x(x + 1)

d
(b) dx (ln(3x – 1))
1
= 3 x  1 × (3) (M1)(M1) (C2)
3
= 3x  1
[4]

1 a

103.

1 x dx = 2 (M1)
a
 [ln x]1 = 2 (M1)
 ln a = 2 (A1)
2
a=e (A1) (C4)
2
Note: If 7.39 given instead of e then deduct [1 mark].
[4]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 56