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1999 PCED OBDII SECTION 4: Diagnostic Subroutines

Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Descriptions


DTC Description Possible Causes Diagnostic Aides
P0102 - Mass Air The MAF sensor MAF sensor A MAF V PID (MAF PID)
Flow (MAF) circuit is monitored disconnected reading less than 0.23 volts
Circuit Low Input by the PCM for low MAF circuit open to (Refer to equivalent
air flow (or voltage) PCM grams/second chart in
input through the VPWR open to MAF Pinpoint Test DC) in
comprehensive sensor continuous memory or key
component monitor PWR GND open to MAF ON and engine running
(CCM). If during key sensor indicates a hard fault.
ON engine running MAF RTN circuit open to
the air flow (or PCM
voltage) changes MAF circuit shorted to
below a minimum GND
calibrated limit, the Intake air leak (near
test fails. MAF sensor)
A closed [throttle
indication throttle
position (TP) sensor
system]
Damaged MAF sensor
Damaged PCM
P0103 - Mass Air The MAF sensor MAF sensor screen is A MAF V PID (MAF PID)
Flow (MAF) circuit is monitored blocked reading less than 4.6 volts
Circuit High Input by the PCM for high MAF circuit shorted to (Refer to equivalent
air flow (or voltage) VPWR grams/second chart in
input through the Damaged MAF sensor Pinpoint Test DC) in
comprehensive Damaged PCM continuous memory or key
component monitor ON and engine running
(CCM). If during key indicates a hard fault.
ON engine OFF or
key ON engine
running the air flow
(or voltage) changes
above a maximum
calibrated limit, the
test fails.
P0106 - Baro sensor input to Slow responding BARO VREF voltage should be
Barometric the PCM is sensor between 4.0 and 6.0 volts
(BARO) Pressure monitored and is not Electrical circuit failure PID reading is in
Sensor Circuit within the calibrated Damaged BARO sensor frequency
Performance value. Damaged PCM

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P0107 - BARO Sensor operating Open in the circuit, or VREF should be greater
Sensor Low voltage is less than short to ground than 4.0 volts
Voltage Detected 5.0 volts (VREF), as VREF circuit open, or PID reading is in
a result it failed short to ground frequency
below the minimum Damaged BARO sensor
allowable calibrated Damaged PCM
parameter.
P0108 - BARO Sensor operating VREF shorted to VWPR VREF should be less than
Sensor High voltage is greater BARO signal shorted to 6.0 volts.
Voltage Detected than 5.0 volts VPWR PID reading is in
(VREF), as a result it Damaged BARO sensor frequency
failed above Damaged PCM
maximum allowable
calibrated
parameter.
P0109 - BARO The sensor signal to Loose electrical Check harness and
Sensor Circuit the PCM is failing connection connection.
Intermittent intermittently. Damaged BARO sensor
P0112 - Intake Air Indicates the sensor Grounded circuit in Using signal simulation,
Temperature signal is less than harness disconnect sensor and
(IAT) Circuit Low Self-Test minimum. Damaged sensor simulate 1.0V on sensor
Input The IAT sensor Improper harness signal circuit. Simulated
minimum is 0.2 volts connection 1.0V signal and scan PID
or 121°C (250°F). Damaged PCM voltage value should be
similar. If voltage is similar
check sensor, if voltage is
not similar check related
circuit and PCM.
P0113 - Intake Air Indicates the sensor Open circuit in harness Using signal simulation,
Temperature signal is greater than Sensor signal short to disconnect sensor and
(IAT) Circuit High Self-Test maximum. power simulate 1.0V on sensor
Input The IAT sensor Damaged sensor signal circuit. Simulated
maximum is 4.6 volts Improper harness 1.0V signal and scan PID
or -50°C (-46°F). connection voltage value should be
Damaged PCM similar. If voltage is similar
check sensor, if voltage is
not similar check related
circuit and PCM.
P0117 - Engine Indicates the sensor Grounded circuit in Using signal simulation,
Coolant signal is less than harness disconnect sensor and
Temperature Self-Test minimum. Damaged sensor simulate 1.0V on sensor
(ECT) Circuit Low The ECT sensor Improper harness signal circuit. Simulated
Input minimum is 0.2 volts connection 1.0V signal and scan PID
or 121°C (250°F). Damaged PCM voltage value should be
Note on some similar. If voltage is similar
vehicles that are not check sensor, if voltage is
equipped with an not similar check related
ECT sensor, CHT circuit and PCM.
can be used and can
set this DTC.

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P0118 - Engine Indicates the sensor Open circuit in harness Using signal simulation,
Coolant signal is greater than Sensor signal short to disconnect sensor and
Temperature Self-Test maximum. power simulate 1.0V on sensor
(ECT) Circuit The ECT sensor Damaged PCM signal circuit. Simulated
High Input maximum is 4.6 volts Improper harness 1.0V signal and scan PID
or -50°C (-46° F). connection voltage value should be
Note on some Damaged sensor similar. If voltage is similar
vehicles that are not check sensor, if voltage is
equipped with an not similar check related
ECT sensor, CHT circuit and PCM.
can be used and can
set this DTC.
P0121 - Throttle The TP sensor Binding throttle linkage Drive vehicle, bring to a stop,
Position (TP) circuit is monitored Damaged throttle body turn key OFF. Start vehicle,
Circuit by the PCM for a TP circuit open to PCM run key ON engine running
Performance none closed throttle Damaged TP sensor self-test at idle. Access
Problem position at idle. If key SIG RTN circuit open to KOER diagnostic trouble
ON engine running TP sensor codes on scan tool.
self-test terminates
upon placing the
transmission range
selector in gear
(DRIVE or
REVERSE) or when
closing the throttle
(idle) after opening it
(in PARK or
NEUTRAL) the TP
closed throttle
position is not
attained, the test
fails.
P0122 - Throttle The TP sensor TP sensor not seated A TP PID (TP V PID) reading
Position (TP) circuit is monitored properly less than 3.42% (0.17 volt) in
Circuit Low Input by the PCM for a low TP circuit open to PCM key ON engine OFF,
TP rotation angle (or VREF open to TP continuous memory or key
voltage) input sensor ON engine running indicates
through the TP circuit short to GND a hard fault.
comprehensive Damaged TP sensor
component monitor Damaged PCM
(CCM). If during key
ON engine OFF or
key ON engine
running the TP
rotation angle (or
voltage) changes
below a minimum
calibrated limit, the
test fails.

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P0123 - Throttle The TP sensor TP sensor not seated A TP PID (TP V PID) reading
Position (TP) circuit is monitored properly greater than 93% (4.65 volts)
Circuit High Input by the PCM for a TP circuit short to PWR in key ON engine OFF,
high TP rotation VREF short to PWR continuous memory or key
angle (or voltage) SIG RTN circuit open to ON engine running indicates
input through the TP sensor a hard fault.
comprehensive Damaged TP sensor
component monitor Damaged PCM
(CCM). If during key
ON engine OFF or
key ON engine
running the TP
rotation angle (or
voltage) changes
above maximum
calibrated limit, the
test fails.
P0125 - Indicates the ECT Insufficient warm up Compare ECT PID to
Insufficient sensor has not time thermostat specification when
Coolant achieved the Low engine coolant level vehicle is at operating
Temperature For required temperature Leaking or stuck open temperature. Temperature
Closed Loop Fuel level to enter closed thermostat readings should be similar.
Control loop operating Malfunctioning ECT
conditions within a sensor
specified amount of
time after starting
engine.
P0127 - Intake Air Indicates that IAT2 Blockage of heat Monitor IAT2 PID. Typical
Temperature Too sensor has detected exchangers IAT2 temperature should be
High a potential Low fluid level greater than IAT1. Refer to
abnormality in the Fluid leakage Section 6 , Reference Values
intercooler system. Intercooler pump or for ranges.
This condition will relay failure
cause the boost from Crossed intercooler
the supercharger to coolant lines
be bypassed to
avoid potential
engine damage.
P0131 - HO2S The HO2S sensor is Contaminated HO2S
Sensor Circuit monitored for a (water, fuel, etc)
Out of Range negative voltage Crossed HO2S
Low Voltage known as signal/signal return
(HO2S-11) characteristic shift wiring
downward (CSD). If
the sensor is thought
to be switching from
0 volts to -1 volts
during testing, the
PCM will use this
input and remain in
fuel control.

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P0133 - HO2S The HEGO Monitor Contaminated HO2S Access HO2S test results
Sensor Circuit checks the HO2S sensor. from the Generic OBD-II
Slow Response Sensor frequency Exhaust leaks. menu to verify DTC.
(HO2S-11) and amplitude. If Shorted /open wiring.
during testing the Improper fueling.
frequency and MAF sensor.
amplitude were to Deteriorating HO2S
fall below a sensor.
calibrated limit, the Inlet air leaks.
test will fail.
P0135 - HO2S During testing the Short to VPWR in wiring.
Sensor Circuit HO2S Heaters are harness or HO2S. Damaged HO2S heater.
Malfunction checked for Water in harness Damaged PCM.
(HO2S-11) opens/shorts and connector.
excessive current Open VPWR circuit.
draw. The test fails Open GND circuit.
when current draw Low battery voltage.
exceeds a calibrated Corrosion or poor
limit and/or an open mating terminals and
or short is detected. wiring
Damaged HO2S heater.
Damaged PCM.
P0136 - HO2S The downstream Pinched, shorted, and
Sensor Circuit HO2S sensor(s) are corroded wiring and
Malfunction continuously pins.
(HO2S-12) checked for Crossed sensor wires.
maximum and Exhaust leaks.
minimum voltages. Contaminated or
The test fails when damaged sensor.
the voltages fail to
meet the calibrated
limits.
P0141 - HO2S See DTC P0135
Sensor Circuit
Malfunction
(HO2S-125)
P0151 - HO2S See DTC P0131
Sensor Circuit
Out of Range
Low Voltage
(HO2S-21)
P0153 - HO2S See DTC P0133.
Sensor Circuit
Slow Response
(HO2S-21)

DTC Description Possible Causes Diagnostic Aides

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P0155 - HO2S Sensor See DTC P0135
Circuit Malfunction
(HO2S-21)
P0156 - HO2S Sensor See DTC P0136
Circuit Malfunction
(HO2S-22)
P0161 - HO2S Sensor See DTC P0135
Circuit Malfunction
(HO2S-22)
P0171 - System to The Adaptive Fuel
Lean (Bank 1) Strategy continuously
monitors fuel delivery
hardware. The test
fails when the
adaptive fuel tables
reach a rich
calibrated limit.
P0172 - System to The Adaptive Fuel See Possible Causes for DTC
Rich (Bank 1) Strategy continuously P0171
monitors the fuel
delivery hardware.
The test fails when
the adaptive fuel
tables reach a lean
calibrated limit.
P0174 - System to The Adaptive Fuel See Possible Causes for DTC
Lean (Bank 2) Strategy continuously P0171.
monitors the fuel
delivery hardware.
The test fails when
the adaptive fuel
tables reach a rich
calibrated limit.
P0175 - System to The Adaptive Fuel See Possible Causes for DTC A SHRTFT-1,2 PID
Rich (Bank 2) Strategy continuously P0171. value between -25%
monitors the fuel For lean and rich DTCs: to +35% and a
delivery hardware. LONGFT-1,2 PID
The test fails when Fuel system value between -35%
the adaptive fuel Excessive fuel pressure. to +35% is
tables reach a lean Leaking/contaminated fuel acceptable. Reading
calibrated limit. injectors. beyond these values
Leaking fuel pressure indicate a failure.
regulator.
Low fuel pressure or
running out of fuel.
Vapor recovery system.
Induction system:
Air leaks after the
MAF.
Vacuum Leaks.

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PCV system.
Improperly seated
engine oil dipstick.
EGR system:
Leaking gasket.
Stuck EGR valve.
Leaking diaphragm
or EVR.
Base Engine:
Oil overfill.
Cam timing.
Cylinder
compression.
Exhaust leaks before
or near the HO2Ss.
P0176 - Flexible Fuel The FF sensor input Open or short in FF sensor A flex fuel (FF) PID
(FF) Sensor Circuit signal to PCM is VPWR circuit reading of 0 Hz with
Malfunction continuously Open in battery ground to the key ON and
monitored. The test FF sensor circuit engine OFF or with
fails when the signal Open in FF sensor signal engine at idle
falls out of a circuit indicates a hard fault.
maximum or Short to ground in FF
minimum calibrated sensor signal circuit
range. Fuel contamination
Short to VPWR in FF
sensor battery ground
circuit
Short to VPWR in FF
sensor signal circuit
Fuel separation
Damaged FF sensor
Damaged PCM
P0180 - Engine Fuel The comprehensive Open or short in harness. Verify EFT-PID value
Temperature Sensor component monitor Low ambient temperature to determine open or
A Circuit Low Input (CCM) monitors the operation. short.
(EFT) EFT sensor circuit to Improper harness
the PCM for low and connection.
high voltage. If Damaged EFT sensor.
voltage were to fall Damaged PCM.
below or exceed a
calibrated limit and
amount of time
during testing, the
test will fail.

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P0181 - Engine Fuel The comprehensive Open or short in harness. Verify EFT-PID value
Temperature Sensor component monitor Low ambient temperature to determine open or
A Circuit Range/ (CCM) monitors the operation. short.
Performance (EFT) EFT Temperature for Improper harness
acceptable operating connection.
temperature. If during Damaged EFT sensor.
testing voltage were Damaged PCM.
to fall below or
exceed a calibrated
limit, a calibrated
amount of time the
test will fail.
P0182 - Engine Fuel The comprehensive Short in harness. Verify EFT-PID and
Temperature Sensor component monitor VREF open or shorted. VREF values to
A Circuit Low Input (CCM) monitors the Low ambient temperature determine open or
(EFT) EFT sensor circuit to operation. short.
the PCM for low Improper harness
voltage. If voltage connection.
were to fall below a Damaged EFT sensor.
calibrated limit and Damaged PCM.
amount of time
during testing, the
test will fail.
P0183 - Engine Fuel The comprehensive Open or short to PWR in Verify EFT-PID value
Temperature Sensor component monitor harness. to determine open or
A Circuit High Input (CCM) monitors the Damaged EFT sensor. short.
(EFT) EFT sensor circuit to Improper harness
the PCM for high connection.
voltage. If voltage Damaged PCM.
were to exceed a
calibrated limit and a
calibrated amount of
time during testing,
the test will fail.
P0186 - Engine Fuel See DTC P0181.
Temperature Sensor
B Circuit
Range/Performance
(EFT)
P0187 - Engine Fuel See DTC P0182.
Temperature Sensor
B Circuit Low Input
(EFT).
P0188 - Engine Fuel See DTC P0183.
Temperature Sensor
B Circuit High Input
(EFT)

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P0190 - Fuel Rail The comprehensive VREF open in harness. Verify VREF voltage
Pressure Sensor component monitor VREF open in sensor. between 4.0 and
Circuit Malfunction (CCM) monitors the VREF open in PCM. 6.0V.
(FRP) FRP sensor to the
PCM for VREF
voltage. The test fails
when the VREF
voltage from the
PCM drops to a
voltage less than a
minimum calibrated
value.
P0191 - Fuel Rail The comprehensive High fuel pressure. A FRP PID value
Pressure Sensor component monitor Low fuel pressure. during KOER of 138
Circuit Performance (CCM) monitors the Damaged FRP sensor. kpa (20 psi) and 413
(FRP) FRP pressure for Excessive resistance in kpa (60 psi) for
acceptable fuel circuit. gasoline or 586 kpa
pressure. The test Low or no fuel. (85 psi) and 725 kpa
fails when the fuel (105 psi) for natural
pressure falls below gas vehicles (NG) is
or exceeds a acceptable.
minimum/maximum
calibrated value for a
calibrated period of
time.
P0192 - Fuel Rail The comprehensive FRP signal shorted to SIG A FRP PID value
Pressure Sensor component monitor RTN or PWR GND. during KOER or
Circuit Low Input (CCM) monitors the FRP signal open (NG only) KOEO less than 0.3
(FRP) FRP sensor circuit to Low fuel pressure (NG volts for gasoline or
the PCM for low only) 0.5 volts for natural
voltage. If voltage Damaged FRP sensor. gas vehicles (NG)
were to fall below a Damaged PCM. would indicate a hard
calibrated limit and fault.
amount of time
during testing, the
test will fail.
P0193 - Fuel Rail The comprehensive FRP signal shorted to A FRP PID value
Pressure Sensor component monitor VREF or VPWR. during KOER or
Circuit High Input (CCM) monitors the FRP signal open (gasoline KOEO less than 0.3
(FRP) FRP sensor circuit to only) volts for gasoline or
the PCM for high Low fuel pressure (NG 0.5 volts for natural
voltage. If voltage only) gas vehicles (NG)
were to fall below a Damaged FRP sensor. would indicate a hard
calibrated limit and a Damaged PCM. fault.
calibrated amount of High fuel pressure (caused
time during testing, by damaged fuel pressure
the test will fail. regulator) NG.

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P0217 - Engine Indicates an engine Engine cooling system Monitor CHT PID for
Coolant Over- overheat condition concerns overheat condition.
temperature was detected by the Low engine coolant level Typical CHT
Condition cylinder head Base engine concerns temperature should
temperature be close to cooling
(CHT)sensor. This system opening
condition will cause thermostat
the boost from the specification.
supercharger to be
bypassed to avoid
potential engine
damage.
P0230 - Fuel Pump NOTE: For natural Open or shorted fuel pump When the FPF
Primary Circuit gas applications, the (FP) circuit PID reads YES, a
Malfunction following description Open VPWR circuit to fuel fault is currently
applies to the fuel pump relay present.
shutoff valve (FSV) Damaged fuel pump relay An open circuit or
circuit. The PCM Damaged PCM short to ground
monitors the fuel can only be
pump (FP) circuit detected with the
output from the PCM. fuel pump
The test fails if: With commanded OFF.
the FP output A short to power
commanded ON can only be
(grounded), detected with the
excessive current fuel pump
draw is detected on commanded ON.
the FP circuit; or with During KOEO and
the FP output KOER self-test,
commanded OFF, the fuel pump
voltage is not output command
detected on the FP will be cycled ON
circuit (the PCM and OFF.
expects to detect
VPWR voltage
coming through the
fuel pump relay coil
to the FP circuit).
P0231 - Fuel Pump NOTE: For natural Open B+ circuit to the fuel During KOEO self-
Secondary Circuit gas applications, the pump relay test, the PCM will
Low following description Open FP PWR circuit command the fuel
applies to the fuel between the fuel pump pump ON so this test
shutoff valve monitor relay and its connection to can be performed.
(FSVM) and the fuel the FPM circuit
shutoff valve power Damaged fuel pump relay
(FSV PWR) circuits. Damaged PCM (engine will
The PCM monitors start)
the fuel pump For 4.6L Mustang, open FP
monitor (FPM) circuit. PWR circuit from low speed
The test fails if the fuel pump relay, through
PCM commands the resistor to FPM splice

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fuel pump ON and (engine will start)
B+ voltage is not For 5.4L SC Lightning,
detected on the FPM damaged IFS switch, IFS
circuit. switch relay, or concern
with related circuits.
P0232 - Fuel Pump NOTE: For natural Inertia fuel shutoff (IFS) P0232 can be set if
Secondary Circuit gas applications, the switch not reset or the fuel pump circuit
High following description electrically open is activated when the
applies to the fuel Open circuit between the PCM expected the
shutoff valve monitor fuel pump and the FPM circuit to be off (i.e.
(FSVM) and the fuel connection to the FP PWR fuel system test or
shutoff valve power circuit prime procedure).
(FSV PWR) circuits. Poor fuel pump ground
The PCM monitors Fuel pump electrically open EDIS system
the fuel pump Fuel pump secondary failure
monitor (FPM) circuit. circuits short to power High speed fuel
This test fails when Fuel pump relay contacts pump failure
the PCM detects always closed Engine speed
voltage on the FPM Open FPM circuit between exceeds
circuit while the fuel PCM and connection to FP calibrated
pump is commanded PWR circuit threshold
OFF. The FPM circuit Damaged low speed fuel Transmission
is wired to a pull-up pump relay or concern with electronic
voltage inside the related circuits (if pressure control
PCM. The FPM equipped). (EPC) solenoid
circuit will go high if, Damaged PCM failure
with the key ON and Cylinder head
the fuel pump temperature
commanded OFF, (CHT) exceed
the FPM/FP PWR calibrated limit
circuit loses its path
to ground through the
fuel pump. The FPM
circuit will also go
high if the FPM/FP
PWR circuit is
shorted to power.
P0234 - Supercharger The PCM disables Brake torque (brake on and Check for other
Overboost Condition (bypasses) the throttle at wide open) diagnostic trouble
supercharger boost Transmission oil codes accompanying
and sets a diagnostic temperature (TOT) the P0234 or check
trouble code (DTC) to exceeds calibrated appropriate and
keep from damaging threshold available PIDs
the powertrain Engine over temperature related to above
(engine or Ignition misfire exceeds possible causes.
transmission) during calibrated threshold
potential harmful Knock sensor (KS) failure
operating conditions. or knock detected
Low speed fuel pump relay
not switching

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P0243 - Supercharger The PCM monitors VPWR circuit open to SCB Disconnect SCB
(Boost) Bypass the supercharger solenoid solenoid. Connect
Solenoid Circuit (boost) bypass (SCB) SCB solenoid circuit test lamp to SCB
Malfunction solenoid circuit for an shorted to PWR GND or solenoid harness
electrical failure. The CHASSIS GND connector. Cycle
test fails when the Damaged SCB solenoid SCB driver in PCM
signal moves outside SCB solenoid circuit open by Output Test
the minimum or SCB solenoid circuit Mode. Test lamp
maximum allowable shorted to VPWR cycle on and off -
calibrated Damaged PCM SCB solenoid is
parameters for a suspect. Test lamp
specified SCB always on - SCB
solenoid duty cycle signal short in
(100% or 0%) by harness or PCM.
PCM command. Test always off -
SCB signal or VPWR
open in harness or
PCM.
P0298 - Engine Oil Indicates the Engine Very high engine rpm for Engine operating in
Over Temperature Oil Temperature extended period of time. high rpm range, due
Condition Protection strategy in Over-heating condition. to improper gear
the PCM has been Malfunction EOT sensor or selection. May cause
activated. This will circuit (vehicles w/EOT Lack/Loss of Power
temporarily prohibit sensor). or Surge customer
high engine speed Base engine concerns. concern.
operation by
disabling injectors,
therefore reducing
the risk of engine
damage from high
engine oil
temperature. Note:
On engines which
are equipped with an
oil temperature
sensor, the PCM
reads oil temperature
to determine if it is
excessive. When an
oil temperature
sensor is not present,
the PCM uses an oil
algorithm to infer
actual temperature.
Engine shutdown
strategy function is
the same on vehicles
with and without oil
temperature sensors.

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DTC Description Possible Causes Diagnostic Aides
P0300 - Random Misfire The random Camshaft position sensor
misfire DTC (CMP)
indicates multiple Low fuel: less than 1/8 tank
cylinders are Stuck open EGR valve
misfiring or the
PCM cannot
identify which
cylinder is
misfiring.
P0301 through P0310 - The misfire Ignition system The MIL will blink
Misfire Detection detection monitor Fuel injectors once per second
Monitor is designed to Running out of fuel when a misfire is
monitor engine EVAP canister purge valve detected severe
misfire and Fuel pressure enough to cause
identify the Evaporative emission catalyst damage. If
specific cylinder system the MIL is on steady
in which the Base engine state, due to a misfire,
misfire has this will indicate the
occurred. Misfire threshold for
is defined as lack emissions was
of combustion in exceeded and cause
a cylinder due to the vehicle to fail an
absence of spark, inspection and
poor fuel maintenance tailpipe
metering, poor test.
compression, or
any other cause.
P0320 - Ignition Engine The ignition Loose wires/ connectors. The DTC indicates
Speed Input Circuit engine speed Arcing secondary ignition that two successive
Malfunction sensor input components (coil, wires and erratic PIP pulses
signal to PCM is plugs) occurred.
continuously On board transmitter (2-way
monitored. The radio)
test fails when
the signal
indicates that two
successive
erratic profile
ignition pickup
(PIP) pulses have
occurred.
P0325 - Knock Sensor 1
Circuit Malfunction
(Bank 1)

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P0326 - Knock Sensor 1 The knock sensor Knock sensor circuit short to A knock sensor
Circuit Range/ detects vibrations GND voltage greater than
Performance (Bank 1) upon increase Knock sensor circuit short to 0.5V with the key ON
and decrease in PWR and engine OFF
engine rpm. The Knock sensor circuit open indicates a hard fault.
knock sensor Damaged knock sensor
generates a Damaged PCM
voltage based on
this vibration.
Should this
voltage go
outside a
calibrated level a
DTC will set.
P0330 - Knock Sensor 2
Circuit Malfunction
(Bank 2)
P0331 - Knock Sensor 2 The knock sensor Knock sensor circuit short to A knock sensor
Circuit detects vibration GND voltage greater than
Range/performance upon increase Knock sensor circuit short to 0.5V with the key ON
(Bank 2) and decrease in PWR and engine OFF
engine rpm. The Damaged knock sensor indicates a hard fault.
knock sensor Damaged PCM
generates a Knock sensor circuit open
voltage based on
this vibration.
Should this
voltage go
outside a
calibrated level a
DTC will set.
P0340 - Camshaft The test fails CMP circuit open Harness routing,
Position (CMP) Sensor when the PCM CMP circuit short to GND harness alterations,
Circuit Malfunction can no longer CMP circuit short to PWR improper shielding, or
detect the signal SIG RTN open (VR sensor) electrical interference
from the CMP CMP GND open (Hall effect from other improperly
sensor. sensor) functioning systems
CMP misinstalled (Hall may have intermittent
effect sensor) impact on the CMP
Damaged CMP sensor signal.
shielding
Damaged CMP sensor
Damaged PCM

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P0350 - Ignition Coil Each ignition Open or short in Ignition
(Undetermined) primary circuit is START/RUN circuit
Primary/ Secondary continuously Open coil driver circuit
Circuit Malfunction monitored. The Coil driver circuit shorted to
test fails when ground
the PCM does Damaged coil
not receive a Damaged PCM
valid IDM pulse Coil driver circuit shorted to
signal from the VPWR
ignition module
(integrated in
PCM).
P0351 Through P0360 - Each ignition Open or short in Ignition
Ignition Coil A through primary circuit is START/RUN circuit
J Primary/ Secondary continuously Open coil driver circuit in
Circuit Malfunction monitored. The harness
test fails when Coil driver circuit shorted to
the PCM does ground
not receive a Damaged coil
valid IDM pulse Damaged PCM
signal from the Coil driver circuit shorted to
ignition module PWR
(integrated in
PCM).
P0401 - EGR Flow The EGR system Vacuum supply Perform KOER self-
Insufficient Detected is monitored EGR valve stuck closed test and look for DTC
during steady EGR valve leaks vacuum P1408 as an
state driving EGR flow path restricted indication of a hard
conditions while EGRVR circuit shorted to fault. If P1408 is not
the EGR is PWR present, look for
commanded on. VREF open to DPF EGR contamination,
The test fails sensor restrictions, leaks, and
when the signal DPF EGR sensor intermittents.
from the DPF downstream hose off or
EGR sensor plugged
indicates that EGRVR circuit open to PCM
EGR flow is less VPWR open to EGRVR
than the desired solenoid
minimum. DPF EGR sensor hoses
both off
DPF EGR sensor hoses
reversed
Damaged EGR orifice tube
Damaged EGRVR solenoid
Damaged PCM

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P0402 - EGR Flow The EGR system EGR valve stuck open A DPFEGR PID
Excessive Detected is monitored for Plugged EGR vacuum reading that is greater
undesired EGR regulator solenoid vent at idle than during key
flow during idle. Plugged EGR tube ON and engine OFF
The EGR monitor Slow responding DPF EGR by 0.5 volt or a rough
looks at the DPF sensor engine idle, may
EGR signal at Damaged DPF EGR sensor indicate a hard fault.
idle and Improper vacuum hose
compares it to connection
the stored signal Plugged vacuum hoses
measured during EGRVR circuit shorted to
key ON and ground
engine OFF. The Damaged EGR vacuum
test fails when regulator solenoid
the signal at idle Damaged PCM
is greater than at
key ON engine
OFF by a
calibrated
amount.
P0411 - Secondary Air See DTC P1411
Injection (AIR) system
upstream flow
P0412 - Secondary Air The PCM AIR circuit open The AIR circuit is
Injection System (AIR) attempts to AIR bypass solenoid fault normally held high
circuit malfunction control when air Damaged PCM through the AIR
is injected in the AIR circuit short to power bypass solenoid and
exhaust. The Solid state relay fault SSR when the output
DTC indicates a Damaged AIR pump driver is off.
Secondary Air Therefore, a low AIR
injection system circuit indicates a
AIR circuit fault. driver is always on
and a high circuit
indicates an open in
the PCM.
P0420 - Catalyst Indicates Bank 1 Use of leaded fuel Compare HO2S
System Efficiency catalyst system Damaged HO2S upstream &
Below Threshold (Bank efficiency is Malfunctioning ECT downstream switch
1) below the High fuel pressure rate. Under normal
acceptable Damaged exhaust manifold closed loop fuel
threshold Damaged catalytic converter conditions, high
Oil contamination efficiency catalysts
Cylinder misfiring have oxygen
Downstream HO2S wires storage which
improperly connected makes the
Damaged exhaust system switching
pipe frequency of the
Damaged muffler/tailpipe downstream HO2S
assembly quite slow
Retarded spark timing compared to the
upstream HO2S.

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As catalyst
efficiency
deteriorates, its
ability to store
oxygen declines
and the
downstream HO2S
signal begins to
switch more
rapidly
approaching the
switching rate of
the upstream
HO2S. Once
beyond an
acceptable limit
the DTC is set.
P0430 - Catalyst Indicates Bank 2 Use of leaded fuel Compare HO2S
System Efficiency catalyst system Damaged HO2S upstream &
Below Threshold (Bank efficiency is Malfunctioning ECT downstream switch
2) below the High fuel pressure rate. Under normal
acceptable Damaged exhaust manifold closed loop fuel
threshold. Damaged catalytic converter conditions, high
Oil contamination efficiency catalysts
Cylinder misfiring have oxygen storage
Downstream HO2S wires which makes the
improperly connected switching frequency of
Damaged exhaust system the downstream
pipe HO2S quite slow
Damaged muffler/ tailpipe compared to the
assembly upstream HO2S. As
Retarded spark timing catalyst efficiency
deteriorates, its ability
to store oxygen
declines and the
downstream HO2S
signal begins to switch
more rapidly
approaching the
switching rate of the
upstream HO2S.
Once beyond an
acceptable limit the
DTC is set.

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P0442 - EVAP Control The PCM After-market EVAP
System Leak Detected monitors the hardware (such as fuel filler
(Small Leak) complete EVAP cap) non-conforming to
control system for required specifications
presence of a Small holes or cuts in fuel
small fuel vapor vapor hoses/tubes
leak. The system Canister vent solenoid stays
failure occurs partially open on closed
when a fuel vapor command
leak from an Damaged, cross-threaded
opening as small or loosely installed fuel filler
as 0.10 cm (0.04 cap
inch) is detected Loose fuel vapor hose/tube
by the EVAP connections to EVAP
running loss system components
monitor test. EVAP system component
seals leaking (EVAP
canister purge valve, fuel
tank pressure sensor,
canister vent solenoid, fuel
vapor control valve tube
assembly or fuel vapor vent
valve assembly)
P0443 - EVAP Control The PCM VPWR circuit open Monitor EVAPPDC
System Canister Purge monitors the EVAP canister purge valve PID and voltage
Valve Circuit EVAP canister circuit shorted to GND between EVAP
Malfunction purge valve Damaged EVAP canister canister valve signal
circuit for an purge valve and PWR GND in
electrical failure. EVAP canister purge valve output test mode with
The test fails circuit open key ON engine OFF
when the signal EVAP canister purge valve (or in key ON engine
moves outside circuit shorted to VPWR RUNNING mode).
the minimum or Damaged PCM EVAPPDC PID at 0%
maximum and voltage less than
allowable 1.0 volts (or
calibrated EVAPPDC PID at
parameters for a 100% and voltage
specified purge less than 0.5 volts)
duty cycle by indicates a hard fault.
PCM command.
P0451 - FTP Sensor The fuel tank Intermittent open or short in Monitor the FTP PID
Circuit Noisy pressure the FTP sensor or the FTP and does it change
changes greater sensor signal from above 15 inches
than 14 inches of of H2O to below a
H2O in 0.10 minus (-) 15 inches of
seconds. H2O often in 1.0
minute.

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P0452 - FTP Sensor The PCM Contamination internal to FTP V PID reading
Circuit Low Voltage monitors the FTP sensor connector less than 0.22 volt
Detected EVAP control Damaged PCM with key ON and
system FTP FTP circuit shorted to GND engine OFF or during
sensor input or SIG RTN any engine operating
signal to the Damaged FTP sensor mode indicates a hard
PCM. The test fault.
fails when the
signal average
drops below a
minimum
allowable
calibrated
parameter.
P0453 - FTP Sensor The PCM FTP circuit open FTP V PID reading
Circuit High Voltage monitors the VREF shorted to VPWR greater than 4.50 volts
Detected EVAP control Damaged PCM with key ON and
system FTP FTP circuit shorted to VREF engine OFF or during
sensor input or VPWR any engine operating
signal to the SIG RTN circuit open mode indicates a hard
PCM. The test Damaged FTP sensor fault.
fails when the
signal average
jumps above a
minimum
allowable
calibrated
parameter.
P0455 - EVAP Control The PCM After-market EVAP Check for audible
System Leak Detected monitors the hardware (such as fuel filler vacuum noise or
(No Purge Flow or complete EVAP cap) non-conforming to significant fuel odor in
Large Leak) control system for required specifications the engine
no purge flow, Disconnected or cracked compartment or near
the presence of a fuel EVAP canister tube, the EVAP canister
large fuel vapor EVAP canister purge outlet and fuel tank.
leak or multiple tube or EVAP return tube
small fuel vapor EVAP canister purge valve
leaks. The stuck closed
system failure Damaged EVAP canister
occurs when no Damaged or missing fuel
purge flow filler cap
(attributed to fuel Insufficient fuel filler cap
vapor blockages installation
or restrictions), a Loose fuel vapor hose/tube
large fuel vapor connections to EVAP
leak or multiple system components
fuel vapor leaks Blockages or restrictions in
are detected by fuel vapor hoses/tubes
the EVAP (items also listed under
running loss disconnections or cracks)
monitor test with Fuel vapor control valve

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the engine tube assembly or fuel vapor
running (but not vent valve assembly
at idle). blocked
Canister vent (CV) solenoid
stuck open
Mechanically inoperative
fuel tank pressure (FTP)
sensor
P0457 - EVAP Control A fuel tank Fuel filler cap not installed Check for missing fuel
System Leak Detected pressure change on refueling (storing filler cap or integrity of
(Fuel Filler Cap greater than a continuous memory DTC). the cap. If OK, clear
Loose/Off) minus(-) 7 inches Fuel filler cap missing, loose continuous memory
of H2O in 30 or cross-threaded. DTCs and reinitiate
seconds has EVAP Emission
occurred after Running Loss Monitor
refueling; or there Drive Cycle.
is excessive
purge (fuel vapor)
flow greater than
0.06 pounds per
minute.
P0460 - Fuel Level The PCM Empty fuel tank Monitor FLI PID and
Sensor Circuit monitors the fuel Fuel pump (FP) module FLI V PID in key ON
Malfunction level input (FLI) stuck open engine RUNNING. FLI
circuit for Incorrectly installed fuel PID at 25% fill (with
electrical failure. gauge none matching fuel
The test fails Damaged instrument cluster gauge) and FLI V PID
when the signal CASE GND circuit open less than 0.90 volts [
moves outside FLI shorted to VPWR for FLI PID at 75% fill
the minimum or Damaged PCM (with none matching
maximum Overfilled fuel tank fuel gauge) and FLI V
allowable Fuel pump (FP) module PID greater than 2.45
calibrated stuck closed volts] indicates a hard
parameters for a Damaged fuel gauge fault.
specified fuel fill FLI circuit open
percentage in the FLI circuit shorted to CASE
fuel tank. GND or PWR GND
CSE GND shorted to VPWR
P0500 - Vehicle Speed Indicates the Open in VSS+/VSS- Diagnostic Aids: -
Sensor (VSS) powertrain harness circuit. Monitor VSS PID
Malfunction control module Open in TCSS signal or while driving vehicle.
(PCM) detected TCSS signal return harness This DTC is set when
an error in the circuit. the PCM detects a
vehicle speed Short to GND in VSS sudden loss of VSS
information. harness circuit. signal over a period of
Vehicle speed Short to GND in TCSS time. If vehicle speed
data is received harness circuit. data is lost, check
from either the Short to PWR in VSS source of where
vehicle speed harness circuit. vehicle speed signal
sensor (VSS), Short to PWR in TCSS originates. Note TCSS
transfer case harness circuit. does not have a PID,

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speed sensor Open or short in the vehicle circuitry frequency
(TCSS), anti-lock speed circuit(s) (VSC) must be checked for
brake system between the PCM and sudden loss of sensor
(ABS) control appropriate control module. signal.
module, generic Damaged VSS or TCSS.
electronic module Damaged wheel speed
(GEM), or central sensors.
timer module Damaged wheel speed
(CTM). If the sensor harness circuits.
engine rpm is Damage in module(s)
above the torque connected to VSC/VSS
converter stall circuit.
speed (automatic Damage drive mechanism
transmission) and for VSS or TCSS.
engine load is
high, it can be
inferred that the
vehicle must be
moving. If there is
insufficient
vehicle speed
data input, a
malfunction is
indicated and a
DTC is set. On
most vehicle
applications the
malfunction
indicator lamp
(MIL) will be
triggered when
this DTC is set.
P0501 - Vehicle Speed Indicates the Refer to possible causes for Refer to diagnostic
Sensor (VSS) Range/ powertrain P0500. aids for P0500.
Performance control module
(PCM) detected
an error in the
vehicle speed
information. This
DTC is set the
same way as
P0500, however
the malfunction
indicator lamp
(MIL) is not
triggered.

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P0503 - Vehicle Speed Indicates poor or Noisy VSS/TCSS input Monitor VSS PID
Sensor (VSS) noisy VSS signal from Radio while driving vehicle,
Intermittent performance. Frequency check for intermittent
Vehicle speed Interference/Electro- vehicle speed
data is received Magnetic Interference indication. Verify
from either the (RFI/EMI) external sources ignition and charging
vehicle speed such as ignition components system are
sensor (VSS), or charging circuit. functioning.
transfer case Damaged VSS or driven
speed sensor gears.
(TCSS), anti-lock Damaged TCSS.
brake system Damaged wiring harness or
(ABS) control connectors.
module, generic Malfunction in module(s) or
electronic module circuit connected to
(GEM), or central VSS/TCSS circuit.
timer module After market add-on.
(CTM).
P0503 - Vehicle Speed Indicates poor or Noisy VSS input signal from Verify ignition and
Sensor (VSS) noisy VSS Radio Frequency charging system are
Intermittent performance. Interference/ Electro- functioning correctly.
Magnetic Interference Check for good VSS (-
(RFI/EMI) external sources ) to ground.
such as ignition components
or charging circuit.
Damaged VSS or driven
gears.
Damaged wiring harness or
connectors.
Malfunction in module(s) or
circuit connected to VSS
circuit.
P0505 - Idle Air Control The PCM IAC circuit open The IAC solenoid
System Malfunction attempts to VPWR to IAC solenoid open resistance is from 6 to
control engine IAC circuit shorted to PWR 13 ohms.
speed during Air inlet is plugged
KOER self-test. Damaged IAC valve
The test fails Damaged PCM
when the desired
rpm could not be
reached or
controlled during
the self-test.

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P0552 - Power Steering The PSP sensor PSP sensor damaged The DTC indicates the
Pressure (PSP) Sensor input signal to the SIG RTN circuit open or PSP sensor circuit is
Circuit Malfunction PCM is shorted open or shorted to
continuously VREF circuit open or ground.
monitored.The shorted
test fails when PSP sensor signal circuit
the signal is open open or shorted
or shorted to Damaged PCM
ground.

DTC Description Possible Causes Diagnostic Aides


P0553 - Power The PSP sensor PSP sensor damaged The code indicates the
Steering input signal to PCM SIG RTN circuit shorted to PSP sensor circuit is
Pressure is continuously power shorted to power.
(PSP) Sensor monitored. The test VREF circuit shorted to power
Circuit fails when the signal PSP sensor signal circuit
Malfunction is shorted to power. shorted to power
Damaged PCM
P0602 - This Diagnostic VID data corrupted by the scan Using the scan tool,
Control Trouble Code (DTC) tool during VID reprogramming reprogram the VID block.
Module indicates If PCM does not allow
Programming programming error reprogramming of the
Error within Vehicle ID VID block, reflashing
block (VID). PCM will be required.
P0603 - Indicates the PCM Reprogramming If KAPWR is interrupted
Powertrain has experienced an Battery terminal corrosion to the PCM because of a
Control internal memory KAPWR to PCM interrupt/open battery or PCM
Module KAM fault. However there Loose battery connection disconnect, DTC can be
Test Error are external items Damaged PCM generated on the first
that can cause this power-up.
DTC.
P0605 - PCM The PCM ROM has An attempt was made to change Reprogram or update
Read Only been corrupted. the calibration calibration
Memory Module programming error Reprogram VID block
(ROM) error Physically damaged PCM (use as built data)
Check for other
DTC's or drive
symptoms for further
action

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P0703 - Brake Indicates PCM did Open or short in BPP circuit Check for proper
Switch Circuit not receive a brake Open or short in stoplamp function of stoplamps.
Input pedal position (BPP) circuits Follow correct Self-Test
Malfunction input. Damaged PCM procedures, refer to
Malfunction in module(s) Section 2 of Quick Test .
connected to BPP circuit. (Rear
Electronic Module [REM]
Windstar and LS6/LS8 or
Lighting Control Module (LCM)
Continental and Town Car.
Damaged brake switch
Misadjusted brake switch
P0704 - Clutch When the clutch CPP circuit short to PWR When depressing the
Pedal Position pedal is depressed Damaged CPP switch CPP switch the voltage
Switch the voltage goes to CPP circuit open in the SIGRTN should cycle from 5.0V
Malfunction low. If the PCM does Damaged PCM down.
not see this change
from high to low the
DTC is set.
P0720 - The output shaft OSS sensor circuit short to GND Verify sensor signal
Insufficient speed sensor inputs OSS sensor circuit short to PWR output varies with vehicle
input from a signal to the PCM, OSS sensor circuit open speed.
Output Shaft based on the speed Damaged OSS sensor
Speed sensor of the output shaft of Damaged PCM
the transmission.
The PCM compares
this signal with the
signal of the VSS or
TCSS and
determines correct
tire size and axle
gear ratio.
P0721 - Noise The output shaft Wiring misrouted Check routing of
interference speed sensor signal After market add-on harness.
on Output is very sensitive to Wiring damaged Check wiring and
Shaft Speed noise. This noise Wiring insulation wear connector for
sensor signal distorts the input to damage.
the PCM.
P0722 - No The output shaft Damaged OSS connector
signal from speed sensor failed Damaged OSS sensor, or not
Output Shaft to provide a signal to installed properly
Speed sensor the PCM upon initial Harness intermittently shorted or
movement of open
vehicle.

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P0723 - The output shaft Harness connector not properly Verify harness and
Output Shaft speed sensor signal seated connector integrity
Speed sensor to the PCM is Harness intermittently shorted, Verify OSS sensor
circuit irregular or or open proper installation
intermittent interrupted. Harness connector damaged
failure OSS sensor damaged, or not
installed properly
P0812 - The DTC indicates Transmission shift not indicating Check RS PID while
Reverse that the voltage is neutral while in KOEO Self-Test exercising shift lever in
Switch (RS) high when it should RS circuit short to PWR and out of reverse.
input circuit be low. Damaged reverse switch
malfunction RS circuit open or short to
SIGRTN
Damaged PCM
P1000 - The on board Vehicle is new from the factory The DTC does not need
Monitor diagnostic II (OBD Battery or PCM had recently to be cleared from the
Testing Not II) monitors are been disconnected PCM except to pass an
Complete performed during An OBD II monitor failure had inspection/maintenance
the OBD II Drive occurred before completion of an test.
Cycle. The DTC will OBD II drive cycle
be stored in PCM DTCs have recently been
continuous memory cleared with a scan tool
if any of the OBD II PTO circuit is shorted to VPWR
monitors do not or B+ or PTO is on during testing
complete.
P1001 - KOER This Non-MIL Incorrect Self-Test Procedure. Rerun Self-Test following
Not Able To (Malfunction Unexpected response from Self- QT1 in Section 3 ,
Complete, Indicator Lamp) Test monitors. Symptom Charts, STEP
KOER code will be set rpm out of specification. 1: PCM Quick Test .
Aborted when Key On
Engine Running
(KOER) Self-Test
does not complete in
the time intended.
P1100 - Mass The MAF sensor Poor continuity through the MAF While accessing the
Air Flow circuit is monitored sensor connectors MAF V PID on the scan
(MAF) Sensor by the PCM for Poor continuity through the MAF tool, lightly tap on the
Intermittent sudden voltage (or sensor harness MAF sensor or wiggle
air flow) input Intermittent open or short inside the MAF sensor
change through the the MAF sensor. connector and harness.
comprehensive If the MAF V PID
component monitor suddenly changes below
(CCM). If during the 0.23 volt or above 4.60
last 40 warm-up volts, an intermittent fault
cycles in key ON is indicated.
engine running the
PCM detects a
voltage (or air flow)
change beyond the
minimum or
maximum calibrated

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limit, a continuous
memory diagnostic
trouble code (DTC)
is stored.
P1101 - Mass The MAF sensor Low battery charge A MAF V PID reading
Air Flow circuit is monitored MAF sensor partially connected greater than 0.27 volts
(MAF) Sensor by the PCM for an MAF sensor contamination (KOEO) or a MAF V PID
Out of Self- out of range air flow PWR GND open to MAF sensor reading outside the 0.46
Test Range (or voltage) input. If MAF RTN circuit open to PCM volt to 2.44 volts range
during key ON Damaged MAF sensor (KOER) indicates a hard
engine OFF the air Damaged PCM fault.
flow (or voltage)
reading is greater
than (grams/second
equivalent chart in
pinpoint test DC [
0.27 volt]), the test
fails. Likewise, if
during key ON
engine running an
air flow (or voltage)
reading is not within
(gram/second
equivalent chart in
pinpoint test DC
[0.46 volt to 2.44
volts]), the test fails.
P1109 - Intake Indicates IAT2 Damaged harness Monitor IAT2 on scan
Air circuit became Damaged sensor tool, look for sudden
Temperature 2 intermittently open Damaged harness connector changes in reading when
Sensor or shorted while Damaged PCM harness is wiggled or
Intermittent engine was running. sensor is tapped.
P1112 - Intake Indicates IAT sensor Damaged harness Monitor IAT on scan tool,
Air signal was Damaged sensor look for sudden changes
Temperature intermittent during Damaged harness connector in reading when harness
(IAT) Sensor the comprehensive Damaged PCM is wiggled or sensor is
Intermittent component monitor. tapped.
P1114 - Intake Indicates the sensor Grounded circuit in harness Monitor IAT2 PID.
Air signal is less than Improper harness connection Typical IAT2
Temperature 2 Self-Test minimum. Damaged sensor temperature should be
Circuit Low The IAT2 sensor Damaged PCM greater than IAT1. Refer
Input minimum is 0.2 volts to Section 6 , Reference
or 121°C (250°F). Values for ranges.
P1115 - Intake Indicates the sensor Open circuit in harness Monitor IAT2 PID.
Air signal is greater Sensor signal short to power Typical IAT2
Temperature 2 than Self-Test Damaged PCM temperature should be
Circuit High maximum. The IAT2 Improper harness connection greater than IAT1. Refer
Input sensor maximum is Damaged sensor to Section 6 , Reference
4.6 volts or -50°C (- Values for ranges.
46°F).

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P1116 - Indicates the ECT Overheating condition Engine coolant
Engine sensor is out of Self- Malfunctioning thermostat temperature must be
Coolant Test range. Correct Damaged ECT sensor greater than 10°C (50°
Temperature range is 0.3 to 3.7 Low engine coolant F) to pass the KOEO
(ECT) Sensor volts. Damaged harness connector Self-Test and greater
Out of Self- Damaged PCM than 82° C (180°F) to
Test Range pass the KOER Self-
Test.
P1117 - Indicates ECT circuit Damaged harness Monitor ECT on scan
Engine became Damaged sensor tool, look for sudden
Coolant intermittently open Damaged PCM changes in reading
Temperature or shorted while Damaged harness connector when harness is
(ECT) Sensor engine was running. Low engine coolant wiggled or sensor is
Intermittent tapped.
TP circuit
intermittent
open
Damaged TP
sensor
Damaged PCM
P1120 - The TP sensor TP circuit with frayed wires A TP PID (TP V PID)
Throttle circuit is monitored Corrosion on TP circuit between 3.42 and 9.85%
Position (TP) by the PCM for a connectors (0.17 and 0.49 volt) in
Sensor Out of low TP rotation VREF open to TP sensor key ON engine OFF,
Range Low angle (or voltage) VREF short to SIG RTN continuous memory or
(RATCH too input below the TP sensor loose pins key ON engine running
Low) closed throttle indicates a hard fault.
position through the
comprehensive
component monitor
(CCM). If during key
ON engine OFF or
key ON engine
running the TP
rotation angle (or
voltage) remains
within the calibrated
self-test range but
falls between 3.42
and 9.85% (0.17
and 0.49 volt), the
test fails.

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P1121 - The PCM monitors a Air leak between MAF sensor Drive vehicle and
Throttle vehicle operation and throttle body exercise throttle and TP
Position (TP) rationality check by TP sensor not seated properly sensor in all gears. A TP
Sensor comparing sensed Damaged TP sensor PID (TP V PID) less than
Inconsistent throttle position to Damaged MAF sensor 4.82 % (0.24 volt) with a
with MAF mass air flow LOAD PID greater than
Sensor readings. If during 55% or a TP V PID
key ON engine greater than 49.05%
running self-test the (2.44 volts) with a LOAD
comparison of the PID less than 30%
TP sensor and MAF indicates a hard fault.
sensor readings are
not consistent with
calibrated load
values, the test fails
and a diagnostic
trouble code is
stored in continuous
memory.
P1124 - The TP sensor Binding or bent throttle linkage A TP PID (TP V PID)
Throttle circuit is monitored TP sensor not seated properly reading not between
Position (TP) by the PCM for an Throttle plate below closed 13.27 and 23.52% (0.66
Sensor Out of out of range TP throttle position and 1.17 volts) in key
Self-Test rotation angle (or Throttle plate/screw misadjusted ON engine OFF or key
Range voltage) input. If Damaged TP sensor ON engine running
during key ON Damaged PCM indicates a hard fault.
engine OFF or key
ON engine running
the TP rotation
angle (or voltage)
reading is less than
13.27% (0.66 volt)
or greater than
23.52% (1.17 volts),
the test fails.
P1125 - The TP sensor Poor continuity through the TP While accessing the TP
Throttle circuit is monitored sensor connectors V PID on the scan tool,
Position (TP) by the PCM for Poor continuity through the TP lightly tap on the TP
Sensor sudden TP rotation harness sensor or wiggle the TP
Intermittent angle (or voltage) Intermittent open or short inside sensor connector and
input change the TP sensor harness. If the TP V PID
through the suddenly changes below
comprehensive 0.49 volt or above 4.65
component monitor volts, an intermittent fault
(CCM). If during the is indicated.
last 80 warm-up
cycles in key ON
engine running the
PCM detects a TP
rotation angle (or
voltage) changes

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beyond the
minimum or
maximum calibrated
limit, a continuous
diagnostic trouble
code (DTC) is
stored.
P1127 - The HEGO monitor Engine not operating long Monitor HO2S Heater
Exhaust Not uses an exhaust enough prior to performing PIDs to determine their
Warm temperature model KOER self-test. ON/OFF state. DTC
Enough, to determine when Exhaust system too cool. P1127 will be present if
Downstream the HO2S heaters the exhaust is not hot.
Sensor Not are cycled ON. The
Tested test fails when the
inferred exhaust
temperature is
below a minimum
calibrated value.
P1128 - The HEGO monitor Crossed HO2S harness
Upstream checks and connectors (upstream).
Oxygen determines if the Crossed HO2S wiring at the
Sensors HO2S signal harness connectors (upstream).
Swapped from response for a fuel Crossed HO2S wiring at the 104-
Bank to Bank shift corresponds to pin harness connectors
(HO2S-11-21) the correct engine (upstream).
bank. The test fails
when a response
from the HO2S(s)
being tested is not
indicated.
P1129 - The HEGO monitor Crossed HO2S harness
Downstream checks and connectors (downstream).
Oxygen determines if the Crossed HO2S wiring at the
Sensors HO2S signal harness connectors
Swapped from response for a fuel (downstream).
Bank to Bank shift corresponds to Crossed HO2S wiring at the 104-
(HO2S-12-22) the correct engine pin harness connectors
bank. The test fails (downstream).
when a response
from the HO2S(s)
being tested is not
indicated.

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P1130 - Lack The HEGO Sensor Electrical: A fuel control HO2S PID
of HO2S-11 is monitored for Short to VPWR in harness switching across 0.45
Switch, Fuel switching. The test or HO2S volt from 0.2 to 0.9 volt
Trim at Limit fails when the HO2S Water in harness indicates a normal
fails to switch due to connector switching HO2S.
circuit or fuel at or Open/Shorted HO2S
exceeding a circuit
calibrated limit. Corrosion or poor mating
terminals and wiring
Damaged HO2S
Damaged PCM
Fuel System:
Excessive fuel pressure
Leaking/contaminated fuel
injectors
Leaking fuel pressure
regulator
Low fuel pressure or
running out of fuel
Vapor recovery system
Induction System:
Air leaks after the MAF
Vacuum Leaks
PCV system
Improperly seated engine
oil dipstick
EGR System:
Leaking gasket
Stuck EGR valve
Leaking diaphragm or
EVR
Base Engine:
Oil overfill
Cam timing
Cylinder compression
Exhaust leaks before or
near the HO2S(s)
P1131 - Lack A HEGO sensor See Possible Causes for DTC
of HO2S-11 indicating lean at the P1130
Switch, end of a test is trying
Sensor to correct for an over-
Indicates Lean rich condition. The
test fails when the
fuel control system
no longer detects
switching for a
calibrated amount of
time.

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P1132 - Lack A HEGO sensor See Possible Causes for DTC
of HO2S-11 indicating rich at the P1130
Switch, end of a test is trying
Sensor to correct for an over-
Indicates Rich lean condition. The
test fails when the
fuel control system
no longer detects
switching for a
calibrated amount of
time.
P1137 - Lack The downstream Pinched, shorted, and corroded
of HO2S-12 HO2S sensors are wiring and pins
Switch, forced rich and lean Crossed sensor wires
Sensor and monitored by Exhaust leaks
Indicates Lean the PCM. The test Contaminated or damaged
fails if the PCM does sensor
not detect the output
of the HO2S in a
calibrated amount of
time.
P1138 - Lack See DTC P1137
of HO2S-12
Switch,
Sensor
Indicates Rich
P1150 - Lack See DTC P1130
of HO2S-21
Switch, Fuel
Trim at Limit
P1151 - Lack A HEGO sensor See Possible Causes for DTC
of HO2S-21 indicating lean at the P1130
Switch, end of a test is trying
Sensor to correct for an over-
Indicates Lean rich condition. The
test fails when fuel
control system no
longer detects
switching for a
calibrated amount of
time.

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P1152 - Lack A HEGO sensor See Possible Causes for DTC
of HO2S-21 indicating rich at the P1130
Switch, end of a test is trying
Sensor to correct for an over-
Indicates Rich lean condition. The
test fails when the
fuel control system
no longer detects
switching for a
calibrated amount of
time.
P1157 - Lack See DTC P1137
of HO2S-22
Switch,
Sensor
Indicates Lean
P1158 - Lack See DTC P1137
of HO2S-22
Switch,
Sensor
Indicates Rich
P1168 - Fuel The comprehensive Low fuel pressure A FRP PID value
Rail Pressure component monitor Damaged FRP sensor below 551 kpa (80
Sensor in (CCM) monitors the Excessive resistance in circuit psi) indicates a failure
Range But FRP pressure for Low or no fuel Low or no fuel
Low acceptable fuel A FRP PID value
pressure. The test greater than 896 kpa
fails when the fuel (130 psi) indicates a
pressure falls below failure
a calibrated value.
P1169 - Fuel The comprehensive High fuel pressure
Rail Pressure component monitor Low fuel pressure
(FRP) Sensor (CCM) monitors the Damaged FRP sensor
in Range But FRP pressure for Excessive resistance in circuit
High acceptable fuel
pressure. The test
fails when the fuel
pressure falls below
or exceeds a
minimum/maximum
calibrated value for
a calibrated period
of time.

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P1180 - Fuel The PCM receives Restriction in the fuel line
Delivery fuel tank pressure Plugged fuel filter
System - Low (FTP) information
from the natural gas
module (NG), which
uses the information
to infer fuel rail
pressure (FRP). The
test fails when the
inferred pressure is
less than a minimum
calibrated value.
P1181 - Fuel The PCM receives Fuel pressure regulator
Delivery fuel tank pressure
System - High (FTP) information
from the natural gas
module (NG), which
uses the information
to infer fuel rail
pressure (FRP). The
test fails when the
inferred pressure is
higher than a
maximum calibrated
value.
P1183 - Indicates EOT circuit Damaged harness Using signal simulation,
Engine Oil became Damaged sensor disconnect sensor and
Temperature intermittently open Damaged harness connector simulate 1.0V on sensor
(EOT) Sensor or shorted while Damaged PCM signal circuit. Simulated
Circuit engine was running. 1.0V signal and scan
Malfunction PID voltage value should
be similar. If voltage is
similar check sensor, if
voltage is not similar
check related circuit and
PCM.

DTC Description Possible Causes Diagnostic Aides

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P1184 - Engine Oil Indicates EOT Damaged harness Using signal simulation,
Temperature (EOT) signal was out of Damaged sensor disconnect sensor and
Sensor Out of Self-Test Self-Test range. Damaged harness simulate 1.0V on sensor
Range Correct range for connector signal circuit. Simulated
KOER is.3-1.2 Damaged PCM 1.0V signal and scan
volts. PID voltage value should
be similar. If voltage is
similar check sensor, if
voltage is not similar
check related circuit and
PCM.
P1229 - Supercharger The ICP DTC will Pump motor open Check for voltage at
Intercooler Pump (ICP) be set when the circuited relay, check fuse in
Pump Not Operating PCM is calling for Pump relay coil open power feed, check
the pump to be Open circuit between ground connection of
operating but no relay and pump pump motor, PID reading
current is being Damaged PCM is on/off.
detected. Pump motor shorted
Open circuit between
PCM and relay
Poor pump ground
connection
P1232 - Low Speed Fuel Monitors the low Open or shorted low An open circuit or
Pump Primary Circuit speed fuel pump fuel pump (LFP) short to ground can
Malfunction (LFP) primary circuit only be detected with
circuit output from Open VPWR to low the low speed fuel
the PCM. The test speed fuel pump pump.
fails if: When the relay A short to power can
LFP circuit is Damaged low speed only be detected with
commanded on fuel pump relay the low speed fuel
(grounded), Damaged PCM pump commanded
excessive current on.
draw is detected During KOEO and
on the LFP circuit; KOER Self-Test, the
or when the LFP low speed fuel pump
circuit is output command will
commanded off, be cycled on and off.
voltage is not
detected on the
LFP circuit (the
PCM expects to
detect VPWR
voltage coming
through the low
speed fuel pump
relay coil to the
LFP circuit).

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P1233 - Fuel System Note: For Inertia fuel shutoff The PCM expects to see
Disabled or Offline LS6/LS8, P1233 (IFS) switch needs to one of the following duty
indicates the PCM be reset cycle signals from the
is not receiving the Open FPDM ground FPDM on the FPM
fuel level circuit circuit: 1) 50% (500
information on Open or shorted FPM msec on, 500 msec off),
SCP from the rear circuit all OK. 2) 25% (250
electronics module Damaged IFS switch msec on, 750 msec off),
(REM). Refer to Damaged FPDM FPDM did not receive a
the Workshop Damaged PCM fuel pump (FP) duty
Manual Section Also for Escort/Tracer cycle command from the
413-01 for and Mustang: PCM, or the duty cycle
diagnostics. Open FPDM that was received was
Monitors the fuel PWR circuit invalid. 3) 75% (750
pump monitor Open B+ circuit msec ON, 250 OFF), the
(FPM) circuit from to constant FPDM has detected a
the fuel pump control relay fault in the circuits
driver module module between the FPDM and
(FPDM). With the (CCRM) pin 11 the fuel pump.
key on, the FPDM Open ground to
continuously sends CCRM pin 18
a duty cycle signal (Mustang)
to the PCM Damaged
through the FPM CCRM
circuit. The test Also for Continental:
fails if the PCM Open VPWR
stops receiving the circuit to FPDM
duty cycle signal.
P1234 - Fuel System See DTC P1233.
Disabled or Offline P1234 is identical
to P1233 except
P1234 will not
illuminate the MIL.
P1235 - Fuel Pump Note: For FP circuit open or The FPDM sends a 25%
Control Out Of Range LS6/LS8, the shorted duty cycle (250 msec
FPDM functions Damaged FPDM. ON, 750 msec OFF)
are incorporated in Damaged PCM through the FPM circuit
the Rear to the PCM while the
Electronics Module fault is being detected by
(REM). Also, the the FPDM. If the fault is
REM does not use no longer detected, the
a FPM circuit. PDM will return to
Diagnostic sending an "all OK"
information will be (50% duty cycle)
sent through SCP. message to the PCM.
Indicates that the The PCM will keep
FPDM has P1235 stored in
detected an invalid Continuous Memory.
or missing FP
circuit signal from
the PCM. The

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FPDM will send a
message to the
PCM through the
FPM circuit,
indicating that this
failure has been
detected. The
PCM will set the
DTC when the
message is
received.
P1236 - Fuel Pump See DTC P1235.
Control Out Of Range P1236 is identical
to P1235 except
P1236 will not
illuminate the MIL.
P1237 - Fuel Pump Note: For Open or shorted FP The FPDM sends a
Secondary Circuit LS6/LS8, the PWR circuit 75% duty cycle (750
Malfunction FPDM functions Open FP Rtn circuit msec ON, 250 msec
are incorporated in to FPDM OFF) through the
the rear electronics Open or shorted FPM circuit to the
module (REM). circuit in the fuel PCM while the fault is
Also, the REM pump being detected by the
does not use a Locked fuel pump FPDM. If the fault is
FPM circuit. rotor no longer detected,
Diagnostic Damaged FPDM the PCM will return to
information will be For LS6/LS8, circuits sending an "all OK"
set through SCP. associated with the (50% duty cycle)
Indicates that the Fuel Pump relay message to the PCM.
FPDM has The PCM will keep
detected a fuel P1237 stored in
pump secondary Continuous Memory.
circuit fault. The The FPDM controls
FPDM will send a pump speed by
message to the supplying a "variable"
PCM through the ground on the RTN
FPM circuit, circuit.
indicating that this
failure has been
detected. The
PCM will set the
DTC when the
message is
received.
P1238 - Fuel Pump See DTC P1237.
Secondary Circuit P1238 is identical
Malfunction to P1237 except
P1238 will not
illuminate the MIL.

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P1244 - Generator Load The PCM monitors ALI circuit open or Verify operation of
Input Low the GLI circuit, and short charging system.
will set the DTC Damaged voltage
when the input is regulator/generator
below calibrated Damaged PCM
limit for a
calibrated amount
of time.
P1245 - Generator Load The PCM monitors ALI circuit open or Verify operation of
Input High the GLI circuit, and short charging system.
will set the DTC Damaged voltage
when the input is regulator/generator
above a calibrated Damaged PCM
limit for a
calibrated amount
of time.
P1246 - Generator Load The PCM monitors ALI circuit concern. Verify operation of
Input (2.0L the GLI circuit, and Damaged voltage charging system.
Contour/Mystique/Cougar) will set the DTC regulator/generator Verify battery is at
when the input is Damaged PCM. proper charge.
not within a
calibrated limit for
a calibrated
amount of time.
P1246 - Generator Load The PCM monitors Generator circuit Verify battery voltage
Input Failed (All Others) generator load short to GND is 14.5V.
from the Generator circuit Verify
generator/regulator short to PWR generator/regulator
in the form of Generator circuit has the correct part
frequency. The open number.
frequency range is Generator drive
determined by the mechanism
temperature of the Damaged
voltage regulator generator/regulator
where 97% assembly
represents full Damaged PCM
load, below 6%
means no load.
P1260 - Theft Detected - Indicates the anti- Previous theft Using the proper key or
Vehicle Immobilized theft system has condition remote or keyless entry
determined a theft Anti-Theft System to unlock the door will
condition existed failure disarm the anti-theft
and the engine is system and enable fuel
disabled. delivery to start the
vehicle. Also check anti-
theft system for DTCs.

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P1270 - Engine Indicates the Wheel slippage The DTC indicates the
RPM/Vehicle Speed vehicle has been (water, ice, mud and vehicle has been
Limiter operated in a snow) operated in a manner
manner which Excessive engine which caused the engine
caused the engine rpm in Neutral or vehicle speed to
or vehicle to Vehicle drive at a exceed a calibrated limit.
exceed a high rate of speed
calibration limit.
The engine rpm
and vehicle speed
are continuously
monitored by the
PCM. The DTC is
set when the rpm
or speed fall out of
calibrated range.
For additional
information on the
engine rpm/vehicle
speed limiter, refer
to Section 1 ,
Electronic Engine
Control (EC)
System,
Powertrain Control
Software.
P1285 - Cylinder Head Indicates an Low engine coolant On some applications
Over Temperature Sensed engine overheat level when this fault occurs
condition was Base engine the Engine Temperature
sensed by the concerns warning indicator will
cylinder head Engine cooling illuminate or force the
temperature system concerns temperature gauge to full
sensor. H (Hot) zone by ground
circuit 39.
P1288 - Cylinder Head Indicates the CHT Engine overheating Bring engine to operating
Temperature (CHT) sensor is out of Damaged harness temperature. If cold, re-
Sensor Circuit Out of Self- Self-Test range. connector run self-test. If engine
Test Range Engine not at Damaged PCM over-heats check cooling
operating Low engine coolant system.
temperature. level
Damaged CHT
sensor

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P1289 - Cylinder Head Indicates a CHT Grounded circuit in Using signal simulation,
Temperature (CHT) sensor circuit CHT harness disconnect sensor and
Sensor Circuit High Input malfunction Damaged CHT simulate a voltage on
(PCM STRATEGIES UP TO (shorted). sensor sensor signal circuit.
AND INCLUDING 1998) Improper harness Simulated 1.0V signal
connection and scan PID voltage
Damaged PCM value should be similar.
If voltage is similar check
sensor, if voltage is not
similar check related
circuit and PCM. Note
DTC P0117 may also be
reported, this will
activate the MIL light.
P1289 - Cylinder Head Indicates a CHT Open circuit in CHT Using signal simulation,
Temperature (CHT) sensor circuit harness disconnect sensor and
Sensor Circuit High Input malfunction Damaged CHT simulate a voltage on
(PCM STRATEGIES 1999 (open). sensor sensor signal circuit.
AND BEYOND) Improper harness Simulated 1.0V signal
connection and scan PID voltage
Damaged PCM value should be similar.
If voltage is similar check
sensor, if voltage is not
similar check related
circuit and PCM. Note:
DTC P0118 may also be
reported, this will
activate the MIL light.
P1290 - Cylinder Head Indicates a CHT Open circuit in CHT Using signal simulation,
Temperature (CHT) sensor circuit harness disconnect sensor and
Sensor Circuit Low Input malfunction Damaged CHT simulate a voltage on
(PCM STRATEGIES UP TO (open). sensor sensor signal circuit.
AND INCLUDING 1998) Improper harness Simulated 1.0V signal
connection and scan PID voltage
Damaged PCM value should be similar.
If voltage is similar check
sensor, if voltage is not
similar check related
circuit and PCM. Note
DTC P0118 may also be
reported, this will
activate the MIL light.

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P1290 - Cylinder Head Indicates a CHT Grounded circuit in Using signal simulation,
Temperature (CHT) sensor circuit CHT harness disconnect sensor and
Sensor Circuit Low Input malfunction Damaged CHT simulate a voltage on
(PCM STRATEGIES 1999 (shorted). sensor sensor signal circuit.
AND BEYOND) Improper harness Simulated 1.0V signal
connection and scan PID voltage
Damaged PCM value should be similar.
If voltage is similar check
sensor, if voltage is not
similar check related
circuit and PCM. Note
DTC P0117 may also be
reported, this will
activate the MIL light.
P1299 - Cylinder Head Indicates an Engine cooling Refer to Section 1 ,
Over Temperature engine overheat system concerns Electronic Engine
Protection Active condition was Low engine coolant Control (EC) System, for
detected by the level more information on Fail-
cylinder head Base engine safe Cooling Strategy
temperature (CHT) concerns and cylinder head
sensor. An FMEM temperature sensor.
Strategy called Fail-
safe Cooling was
activated to cool
the engine.
P1309 - Misfire Monitor When the misfire Camshaft position Verify the CMP is
Disabled monitor is sensor installed correctly and
disabled, usually Powertrain control not out of
due to the input module synchronization.
signal generated ECT, MAF, and CKP
by the camshaft sensors
position (CMP)
sensor, by sensing
the passage of
teeth from the
CMP wheel.
P1380 - Variable Cam The Open or short VCT DTC P1380 is a VCT
Timing Solenoid A Circuit comprehensive circuit circuit check. Testing
Malfunction component Open VPWR circuit should include wires,
monitor(CCM) Damaged PCM solenoid coil and PCM.
monitors the VCT Open or short VCT
circuit to the PCM solenoid valve
for high and low
voltage. If during
testing voltage was
to fall below a
calibrated limit a
calibrated amount
of time the test will
fail.

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P1381 - Variable Cam The Cam timing P1381 DTC is a check of
Timing Over-advanced comprehensive improperly set the VCT unit. Testing
(Bank 1) component No oil flow to the VCT should not include
monitor (CCM) piston chamber electrical checks.
monitors the VCT Low oil pressure Diagnostics and repair
position for an over- VCT solenoid valve for the VCT unit are
advanced stuck closed located in the Workshop
camshaft timing. Camshaft advance Manual.
The test fails when mechanism binding
the camshaft (VCT unit)
timing exceeds a
maximum
calibrated value or
remains in an
advanced position.
P1383 - Variable Cam The Cam timing DTC P1383 is a check of
Timing Over-retarded comprehensive improperly set the VCT unit. Testing
(Bank 1) component Continuous oil flow to should not include
monitor (CCM) the VCT piston electrical checks. Engine
monitors the VCT chamber will idle rough, hard
position for over- VCT solenoid valve starting and may stall.
retarded camshaft stuck open Diagnostics and repair
timing. The test Camshaft advance for the VCT unit are
fails when the mechanism binding located in the Workshop
camshaft timing (VCT unit) Manual.
exceeds a
maximum
calibrated value or
remains in an
retarded position.
P1390 - Octane Adjust The octane adjust Powertrain control Do not activate the
(OCTADJ) is software module (PCM) octane adjust software
activated in the unless directed by a
powertrain control Technical Service
module, used to Bulletin.
retard spark timing
by three degrees.
The hardware
shorting bar has
been removed.

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P1400 - DPF EGR Sensor The EGR monitor DPFEGR circuit short A DPF EGR PID reading
Circuit Low Voltage checks the DPF to GND less than 0.2 volt with
Detected EGR sensor signal Damaged DPF EGR the key ON and engine
to the PCM for low sensor OFF or running,
voltage. The test VREF short to GND indicates a hard fault.
fails when the Damaged PCM
average voltage to
the PCM drops to
a voltage less than
the minimum
calibrated value.
P1401 - DPF EGR Sensor The EGR monitor DPF EGR circuit A DPF EGR PID reading
Circuit High Voltage checks the DPF open greater than 4.5 volts
Detected EGR sensor signal VREF short to PWR with the key ON and
to the PCM for Damaged DPF EGR engine OFF or running,
high voltage. The sensor indicates a hard fault.
test fails when the DPFEGR circuit short
average voltage to to PWR
the PCM goes to a SIG RTN circuit open
voltage greater Damaged PCM
than the maximum
calibrated value.
P1405 - DPF EGR Sensor While driving, the Upstream hose is Look for signs of
Upstream Hose Off or EGR monitor disconnected water or icing in hose
Plugged commands the Upstream hose is Verify hose
EGR valve closed plugged (ice) connection and
and checks the Plugged or damaged routing (no excessive
differential EGR tube dips)
pressure across Verify DPF EGR
the EGR orifice. sensor proper
The test fails when mounting and
the signal from the function (view DPF
DPF EGR sensor EGR PID while
indicates EGR flow applying and
is in the negative releasing vacuum
direction. directly to sensor with
a hand pump)
P1406 - DPF EGR Sensor While driving, the Downstream hose is Look for signs of
Downstream Hose Off or EGR monitor disconnected water or icing in hose
Plugged commands the Downstream hose is Verify connection and
EGR valve closed plugged (ice) routing (no excessive
and checks the Plugged or damaged dips)
differential EGR tube Verify DPF EGR
pressure across sensor proper
the EGR orifice. mounting and
The test fails when function (view
the signal from the DPFEGR PID while
DPF EGR sensor applying and
continues to releasing vacuum
indicate EGR flow directly to sensor with
even after the a hand pump)

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EGR valve is
commanded
closed.
P1408 - EGR Flow Out of This test is See Possible Causes for
Self-Test Range performed during DTC P0401.
the KOER on
demand self-test
only. The EGR
system is
commanded ON at
a fixed engine
speed. The test
fails and the DTC
is output when the
measured EGR
flow falls below the
required calibrated
minimum.
P1409 - EGR Vacuum This test checks EGRVR circuit open The EGR vacuum
Regulator Solenoid the electrical VPWR open to regulator solenoid
Circuit Malfunction function of the EGRVR solenoid resistance is from 26 to
EGRVR. solenoid. EGRVR circuit short 40 ohms.
The test fails when to VPWR or GND
the EGRVR circuit Damaged EGRVR
voltage is either solenoid
too high or too low Damaged PCM
when compared to
the expected
voltage range. The
EGR system must
be enabled for the
test to be
completed.

DTC Description Possible Causes Diagnostic Aides


P1411 - Secondary The secondary air Electric AIR Pump In order to test the AIR
Air Injection (AIR) injection system does Hose from AIR pump pump, it must be capable
system not detect the leak of driving the HO2S lean.
downstream flow presence of air in the AIR bypass solenoid
exhaust when leak/blocked
introduced by the Hose from AIR pump
secondary air injection blocked
system AIR bypass solenoid
stuck open/closed

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P1413 - Secondary The secondary air Open B+ circuit The AIR Monitor circuit is
Air Injection injection system Open AIR circuit held low by the resistance
system monitor monitor circuit is low, Damaged PCM path through the AIR
circuit low indicating the electrical AIR circuit short to pump when the pump is
AIR pump is off ground off. Also, look for open
although the electrical Damaged AIR pump circuit from SSR to AIR
AIR pump was Damaged Solid State pump.
commanded on by the Relay
PCM.
P1414 - Secondary The secondary air Open AIR monitor
Air Injection injection system circuit from the pump
system monitor monitor circuit is high, AIR circuit short to
circuit high indicating the electrical power
AIR pump is on Damaged Solid State
although the electrical relay
AIR pump was Open AIR pump ground
commanded off by the Damaged AIR pump
PCM. Damaged PCM
P1443 - EVAP Monitors the fuel vapor Pinched, blocked or Check for audible vacuum
Control System flow between the plugged fuel vapor noise in the engine
Canister Purge engine intake manifold tubes/hoses (except compartment or significant
Valve (Mechanical) and the EVAP between fuel tank and fuel odor in the engine
Malfunction canister. The system EVAP canister) compartment or near the
failure occurs when a Damaged EVAP EVAP canister.
leak or blockage canister
between the intake Disconnected, cracked
manifold, the EVAP or cut fuel vapor
canister purge valve tubes/hoses (except
and the EVAP canister between fuel tank and
is detected by the EVAP canister)
PCM. Damaged EVAP
canister purge valve
P1443 - Very Small A fuel tank pressure Blocked fuel vapor Check for blockages
Or No Purge Flow change greater than a hose between EVAP between the fuel tank,
Condition (mid- minus (-) 7 inches of canister purge valve EVAP canister purge
year 4.0L SOHC H2O in 30 seconds and FTP sensor. valve and engine intake
Explorer only) has occurred with Blocked fuel vapor manifold. Check
purge (fuel vapor) flow hose between EVAP obstructions in the EVAP
less than 0.02 pounds canister purge valve canister purge valve
per minute. and engine intake diaphragm and ports.
manifold.
Blocked vacuum hose
between EVAP canister
purge valve-solenoid
and engine intake
manifold.
EVAP canister purge
valve stuck closed
(mechanically).

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P1450 - Unable to Monitors the fuel vapor Blockages or kinks in
Bleed Up Fuel Tank vacuum and pressure EVAP canister tube or
Vacuum in the fuel tank. The EVAP canister purge
system failure occurs outlet tube (between
when the EVAP fuel tank, EVAP
running loss monitor canister purge valve
detects excessive fuel and EVAP canister)
tank vacuum with the Fuel filler cap stuck
engine running (but closed (no vacuum
not at idle). relief)
Contaminated fuel
vapor elbow on EVAP
canister
Restricted EVAP
canister
CV solenoid stuck open
(partially or fully)
Plugged CV solenoid
filter
EVAP canister purge
valve stuck open
VREF circuit open
(harness near FTP
sensor, FTP sensor or
PCM)
Damaged FTP sensor
P1451 - EVAP Monitors the canister VPWR circuit open Monitor EVAPCV PID
Control System vent (CV) solenoid CV solenoid circuit and voltage between
Canister Vent circuit for an electrical shorted to PWR GND canister vent solenoid
Solenoid Circuit failure. The test fails or CHASSIS GND signal and PWR GND
Malfunction when the signal moves Damaged CV solenoid in output test mode
outside the minimum CV solenoid circuit with key ON engine
or maximum allowable open OFF (or in key ON
calibrated parameters CV solenoid circuit engine RUNNING
for a specified canister shorted to VPWR mode)
vent duty cycle by Damaged PCM EVAPCV PID at 0%
PCM command. and voltage less than
1.0 volt (or EVAPCV
PID at 100% and
voltage greater than
0.5 volt) indicates a
hard fault

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P1460 - Wide Open NOTE: For Open or shorted WAC When the WACF PID
Throttle A/C Cutout applications that use a circuit reads YES, a fault is
Primary Circuit normally open relay to Damaged WAC relay currently present
Malfunction control the A/C clutch, (or CCRM) An open circuit or short
the following Open VPWR circuit to to ground can only be
description applies to WAC relay detected when the
the A/C clutch relay Damaged PCM PCM is not grounding
control circuit. the circuit
Monitors the wide A short to power can
open throttle A/C only be detected when
cutoff (WAC) circuit the PCM is grounding
output from the PCM. the circuit
The test fails if: When During KOEO and
the PCM grounds the KOER self-test, the
WAC circuit, excessive WAC circuit will be
current draw is cycled ON and OFF
detected on the WAC Verify A/C and defrost
circuit; or with the were OFF during
WAC circuit not KOEO and KOER self-
grounded by the PCM, test (Check ACCS PID
voltage is not detected to verify)
on the WAC circuit If vehicle is not
(the PCM expects to equipped with A/C,
detect VPWR voltage DTC P1460 can be
coming through the ignored
WAC relay coil to the
WAC circuit).
P1461 - Air ACP inputs a voltage ACP sensor circuit Verify VREF voltage
Conditioning to the PCM. If the short to PWR between 4.0 and 6.0V.
Pressure Sensor voltage is above a ACP circuit open
(ACP) Sensor High calibrated level the Damaged PCM
Voltage Detected DTC will set. ACP circuit short to
VREF
ACP circuit short to
SIGRTN
Damaged ACP sensor
P1462 - Air ACP inputs a voltage ACP circuit short to Verify VREF voltage
Conditioning to the PCM. If the GND or SIGRTN between 4.0 and 6.0V.
Pressure Sensor voltage is below the VREF circuit open
(ACP) Sensor Low calibrated level the Damaged PCM
Voltage Detected DTC will set. Open ACP circuit
Damaged ACP sensor

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P1463 - Air Each time the A/C A/C system mechanical Verify A/C system
Conditioning clutch engages, the failure function, including
Pressure Sensor PCM is looking for a Open ACP or VREF refrigerant charge.
(ACP) Insufficient pressure change in the circuit
Pressure Change refrigerant. If the A/C sensor damaged
change in pressure is A/C system electrical
outside of the failure
calibration the DTC A/C clutch always
will set. engaged
P1464 - A/C Indicates the ACCS A/C was on during self- If A/C or defrost were on
Demand Out Of input to the PCM was test during self-test, turn off
Self-Test Range high during Self-Test. A/C Clutch PWR circuit and rerun test.
short to power
(applications with N/C
WAC relay contacts)
ACCS circuit short to
power
Damaged A/C demand
switch
Damaged WAC relay
(or CCRM)
Damaged PCM
P1469 - Low A/C Indicates frequent A/C Mechanical A/C system An intermittent open
Cycling Period compressor clutch concern (such as low circuit, although
cycling. refrigerant charge, possible, is unlikely
damaged A/C cycling This test was designed
switch) to protect the
Intermittent open transmission. In some
between the cycling strategies, the PCM
pressure switch and pin will unlock the torque
41 (ACCS) to the PCM converter during A/C
Intermittent open in IGN clutch engagement. If a
RUN circuit to cycling concern is present that
pressure switch (if results in frequent A/C
applicable) clutch cycling, damage
could occur if the
torque converter was
cycled at these
intervals. This test will
detect this condition,
set the DTC and
prevent the torque
converter from
excessive cycling.

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P1474 - Low Fan Monitors the low fan Open or shorted When the LFC PID
Control Primary control (LFC) (fan LFC/FC circuit reads YES, a fault is
Circuit Failure control [FC] for one Open VPWR circuit to currently present
speed fan application) low speed fan relay An open circuit or short
primary circuit output Damaged fuel pump to ground can only be
from the PCM. The relay (or CCRM) detected when the
test fails if: When the Damaged PCM PCM is not grounding
PCM grounds the the LFC/FC circuit
LFC/FC circuit, A short to power can
excessive current only be detected when
draw is detected on the PCM is grounding
the LFC/FC circuit; or the LFC/FC circuit.
with the LFC/FC circuit During KOEO and
not grounded by the KOER Self-Test, the
PCM, voltage is not LFC/FC circuit will be
detected on the cycled on and off
LFC/FC circuit (the
PCM expects to detect
VPWR voltage coming
through the low speed
fan relay [or CCRM]
coil to the LFC/FC
circuit).
P1474 - Hydraulic This test checks the HCF circuit open The HCF solenoid is
Cooling Fan electrical function of HCF circuit short to integrated in the HCF
Primary Circuit the (HCF) primary power pump which looks like a
Failure (HCF) circuit. The test fails if: HCF circuit short to power steering pump. The
the PCM detects ground electrical resistance of the
voltage either too high Damaged HCF solenoid windings is
or too low when solenoid nominally 10 ohms.
compared to the Damaged PCM
expected voltage
range on the (HCF)
primary circuit.
P1479 - High Fan Monitors the high fan Open or shorted HFC When the HFC PID
Control Primary control (HFC) primary circuit reads YES, a fault is
Circuit Failure circuit output from the Open VPWR circuit to currently present
PCM. The test fails if: high speed fan relay An open circuit or short
With the HFC output Damaged high speed to ground can only be
commanded on fan relay (or CCRM) detected when the
(grounded), excessive Damaged PCM PCM is not grounding
current draw is the HFC circuit
detected on the HFC A short to power can
circuit; or with the HFC only be detected when
circuit commanded off, the PCM is grounding
voltage is not detected the HFC circuit
on the HFC circuit (the During KOEO and
PCM expects to detect KOER self-test, the
VPWR voltage coming HFC circuit will be
through the high cycled on and off
speed fan relay [or

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CCRM] coil to the HFC
circuit).
P1500 - Vehicle Indicates the VSS Intermittent VSS
Speed Sensor input signal was connections
(VSS) Intermittent intermittent. This DTC Intermittent open in
is set when a VSS VSS harness circuit(s)
fault interferes with Intermittent short in
other OBDII tests, VSS harness circuit(s)
such as Catalyst Damaged VSS
efficiency monitor, Damaged PCM
EVAP monitor, HO2S
monitor, etc.
P1501 - Vehicle Indicates the VSS Noisy VSS input signal Check for VSS input to be
Speed Sensor input signal is out of from Radio Frequency 0 mph when vehicle
(VSS) Out of Self Self Test range. If the Interference/ Electro- transmission is in Park.
Test Range PCM detects a VSS Magnetic Interference
input signal any time (RFI/EMI) external
during Self Test, a sources such as
DTC P1501 will be set ignition wires, charging
and the test will abort. circuit or after market
equipment.
P1502 - Vehicle Indicates the Refer to possible Refer to diagnostic aids
Speed Sensor powertrain control causes for P0500. for P0500.
(VSS) Intermittent module (PCM)
detected an error in
the vehicle speed
information. Vehicle
speed data is received
from either the vehicle
speed sensor (VSS),
transfer case speed
sensor (TCSS), anti-
lock brake system
(ABS) control module,
generic electronic
module (GEM), or
central timer module
(CTM). This DTC is
set the same way as
P0500. However, it is
intended to flash the
transmission control
indicator lamp (TCIL)
for first time VSS
circuit
error/malfunctions.

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P1502 - Vehicle Indicates the Refer to possible causes Refer to diagnostic aides
Speed Sensor powertrain control for P0500 for P0500
(VSS) Intermittent module (PCM)
(TCIL illuminates) detected an error in
the vehicle speed
information. Vehicle
speed data is received
from either the vehicle
speed sensor (VSS),
anti-lock brake system
(ABS) control module,
generic electronic
module (GEM), or
central timer module
(CTM). This DTC is
set the same way as
P0500. However, it is
intended to flash the
transmission control
indicator lamp (TCIL)
for first time VSS
circuit
error/malfunctions.
P1504 - Idle Air This DTC is set when IAC circuit open The IAC solenoid
Control (IAC) the PCM detects an VPWR to IAC solenoid resistance is from 6 to
Circuit Malfunction electrical load failure open 13 ohms.
on the IAC output IAC circuit short to IAC valve stuck
circuit. PWR open
IAC circuit short to Vacuum leaks
GND Failed EVAP
Damaged IAC valve system
Damaged PCM Damaged PCM
The IAC solenoid
resistance is from 6 to
13 ohms.
P1506 - Idle Air This DTC is set when IAC circuit short to Disconnect IAC valve and
Control (IAC) the PCM detects GND look for little or no change
Overspeed Error engine idle speed that Damaged IAC valve in engine rpm as an
is greater than the indication of a stuck or
desired rpm. damaged valve.
P1507 - Idle Air This DTC is set when IAC circuit open The IAC solenoid
Control (IAC) the PCM detects IAC circuit short to resistance is from 6 to
Underspeed Error engine idle speed that PWR 13 ohms
is less than the VPWR to IAC solenoid Disconnect IAC valve
desired rpm. open and look for no change
Air inlet is plugged in engine rpm as an
Damaged IAC solenoid indication of a stuck or
Damaged PCM damaged valve

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P1516 - Intake
Manifold Runner
Control Input Error
(Bank 1)
P1517 - Intake The IMRC system is Mechanical concern - An IMRCM PID
Manifold Runner monitored for failure bind, seize, damage or reading at closed
Control Input Error during continuous or obstruction of IMRC throttle that is less than
(Bank 2) key ON engine OFF hardware VREF may indicate a
self-test. Each DTC fault
will distinguish the An IMRCM PID
corresponding failed reading near 1 volt or
bank for IMRC greater with engine
actuator assemblies rpm of at least 3000
with dual monitor may indicate a fault
switches. The test fails
when the signal on the
monitor pin is outside
an expected calibrated
range.
P1518 - Intake The IMRC system is IMRC monitor signal An IMRCM PID reading
Manifold Runner monitored for failure circuit shorted to PWR approximately near 1 volt
Control during continuous, key GND or SIG RTN at closed throttle may
Malfunction (Stuck ON engine OFF or key Damaged IMRC indicate a fault
Open) ON engine running actuator
self-test. The test fails Damaged PCM
when the signal on the
monitor pin is less
than an expected
calibrated range at
closed throttle.
P1519 - Inlet The IMRC system is IMRC monitor circuit An IMRCM PID reading at
Manifold Runner monitored for failure open VREF with engine rpm of
Control during continuous, key IMRC control circuit at least 3000 may indicate
Malfunction (Stuck ON engine OFF or key open a fault.
Closed) ON engine running IMRC monitor circuit
self-test. The test fails short to VREF
when the signal on the IMRC monitor return
monitor pin is more circuit open
than an expected Damaged IMRC
calibrated range with actuator
IMRC activated. IMRC VPWR circuit
open
Damaged PCM

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P1520 - Intake The IMRC system is Open IMRC control The use of Active
Manifold Runner monitored for failure circuit Command Mode or Output
Control Circuit during continuous key Open VPWR circuit State Control on a generic
Malfunction ON engine OFF or key Shorted IMRC circuit scan tool may indicate a
ON engine running Damaged IMRC fault.
self-test. The test fails solenoid
when the signal on the Damaged PCM
monitor pin is outside
the expected
calibrated range.
P1537 - Intake The IMRC system is Mechanical hardware The use of Active
Manifold Runner monitored for failure concern Command Mode or Output
Control during continuous key Shorted IMRC circuit State Control on a generic
Malfunction (Bank ON engine OFF or key Damaged IMRC scan tool may indicate a
One Stuck Open) ON engine running actuator fault. In IMRCM PID
self-test. The test fails Damaged PCM reading of approximately 1
when the signal on the volt at closed throttle may
monitor pin is less indicate a fault.
than an expected
calibrated range.
P1538 - Intake The IMRC system is Mechanical hardware The use of Active
Manifold Runner monitored for failure concern Command Mode or Output
Control during continuous key Shorted IMRC circuit State Control on a generic
Malfunction (Bank ON engine OFF or key Damaged IMRC scan tool may indicate a
Two Stuck Open) ON engine running actuator fault. In IMRCM PID
self-test. The test fails Damaged PCM reading of approximately 1
when the signal on the volt at closed throttle may
monitor pin is less indicate a fault.
than an expected
calibrated range.
P1549 - Intake The IMCC or intake Open IMT valve circuit An IMT valve fault PID
Manifold manifold tuning (IMT) Open VPWR circuit (IMTVF) displaying
Communication valve system is Shorted IMT valve YES status may
Control Circuit monitored for failure circuit indicate a fault
Malfunction during continuous or Damaged IMT valve The DTC indicates the
key ON engine OFF Damaged PCM PSP sensor is out of
self-test. The test fails PSP sensor damaged Self-Test range.
when the PCM detects Damaged PCM
a concern with IMT
valve output circuit.
P1550 - Power The PSP sensor input
Steering Pressure signal to PCM is
(PSP) Sensor continuously
Malfunction monitored. The test
fails when the signal
falls out of a maximum
or minimum calibrated
range.

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P1605 - Keep Alive Indicates the PCM has Reprogramming If KAPWR is interrupted to
Memory Test experienced an Battery terminal the PCM, because of a
Failure internal memory test corrosion battery or PCM
failure. However there Damaged PCM disconnect, DTC can be
are external items that KAPWR to PCM generated on the first
can cause this DTC. interrupt/open power-up.
Loose battery
connection
P1633 - Keep Alive Indicates that the Open KAPWR circuit
Power Voltage Too Keep Alive Power Damaged PCM
Low (KAPWR) circuit has Intermittent KAPWR
experienced a power Circuit
interrupt.
P1635 - Tire/Axle This Diagnostic Incorrect tire size Using the scan tool, view
Ratio Out Of Trouble Code (DTC) Incorrect axle ratio the tire and axle
Acceptable Range indicates the tire and Incorrect VID parameters within the VID.
axle information configuration They must match vehicle
contained in Vehicle parameters hardware.
ID block (VID) does
not match vehicle
hardware.
P1636 - Inductive Indicates the PCM has PCM damaged.
Signature Chip lost communication
Communication with the Inductive
Error Signature Chip.
P1640 - Powertrain Vehicles using a DTCs stored in a Call-up PID address 0946
DTC's Available in secondary Engine secondary module, to determine secondary
Another Module Control Module can which requested the module requesting MIL
request that the MIL to be turned on. illumination. Once
Powertrain Control secondary module is
Module illuminate the determined request DTCs
Check Engine Light from module.
when a failure occurs
which affect emission.
P1650 - Power The PSP switch input PSP switch/shorting bar The DTC indicates the
Steering Pressure signal to PCM is damaged PSP switch is out of Self-
(PSP) Switch continuously SIG RTN circuit open Test range.
Malfunction monitored. The test PSP circuit open or
fails when the signal shorted to SIGRTN
falls out of a maximum PCM damaged
or minimum calibrated
range.
P1651 - Power The PSP switch input PSP switch/shorting bar The DTC indicates the
Steering Pressure signal to PCM is damaged PSP switch is open or
(PSP) Switch continuously SIG RTN circuit open shorted
Signal Malfunction monitored. The test PSP circuit open or Check for proper
fails when the signal is shorted to SIGRTN function of stoplamps.
open or shorted. PCM damaged Follow correct Self-
Test procedures, refer
to Section 2 Quick Test

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P1703 - Brake Indicates that during Open or short in (BPP) Check for proper function
Switch Out of Self- Key On Engine Off circuit of stoplamps. Follow
Test Range (KOEO) Self-Test, Open or short in correct Self-Test
BPP signal was high. stoplamp circuits procedures, refer to
Or during Key On Damaged PCM Section 2 Quick Test .
Engine Running Malfunction in
(KOER) Self -Test, the module(s) connected to
BPP signal did not BPP circuit (Rear
cycle high and low. Electronic Module
[REM] Windstar and
LS6/LS8 and Lighting
Control Module (LCM)
Continental and Town
Car)
Damaged Brake Switch
Misadjusted Brake
Switch
P1705 -
Transmission
Range Sensor Out
of Self-Test Range
P1709 - The DTCs indicate PNP/CPP circuit short When exercising either the
Park/Neutral that the voltage is high to PWR PNP or CPP switch the
Position Switch when it should be low. Damaged PNP or CPP voltage should cycle from
Out of Self-Test switch 5.0V to low
Range PNP/CPP circuit open
in the SIGRTN
Damaged PCM
P1729 - 4x4L The 4x4L switch is an 4x4L harness open or Verify the 4x4L switch
Switch Malfunction ON/OFF. If the PCM shorted cycles ON/OFF.
does not see low Damaged electronic
voltage when the shift module
switch is ON a DTC Damaged PCM
will set.
P1780 - During KOER self-test TCS circuit short or Verify the TCS switch
Transmission the TCS has to be open cycles ON/OFF
Control Switch Out cycled, if not cycled a Damaged TCS switch
of Self-Test Range DTC is set. Damaged PCM
P1781 - 4x4L The 4x4L switch is an 4x4L harness open or Verify the 4x4L switch
Switch Out of Self- ON/OFF. If the PCM shorted cycles ON/OFF
Test Range does not see low Damaged electronic
voltage when the shift module
switch is on a DTC will Damaged PCM
set.
P1900 - Output See DTC P0723
Shaft Speed
sensor circuit
intermittent failure

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