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# Design of Bearings Viaduct 74+790-75+361 (P14-P19)

## Reference Description Output

GENERAL

are to be used in this 5 span simply supported bridge which connected by link
slab.and they are noted as Type 4 & Type 5.relevant stiffnesses were assigned to

Type 5 bearing are used for initial pier (P14) & Abutment (A2) which having
expansion joints, 2 lines of type 4 bearing are used at middle three piers which
having Dowels.(Refer figure below).

## Type 4- 350 x400 x69

Type 5- 350 x450 x99

Symbols

## δb = Maximum horizontal relative displacement of parts of the bearing in

the direction of dimension b of the bearing due to all design load
effects

## δ1 = Maximum horizontal relative displacement of parts of the bearing in

the direction of dimension l of the bearing due to all design load
effects

## δr = Maximum resultant relative displacement of parts of the bearing

obtained by vectorical addition of δb and δl. δr=sqrt(δb^2+δl^2)

## be = Effective width of the bearing (= width of reinforcing plates)

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Design of Bearings Viaduct 74+790-75+361 (P14-P19)
Reference Description Output

## lp = Force-free perimeter of the bearing, including that of any holes if

there are not later effectively plugged. For a rectangular bearing
without holes lp = 2 (l + b)

Ae = Effective plan area of the bearing, i.e. the plan area common to
elastomer and steel plate, excluding the area of any holes if theses
are not later effectively plugged. For a rectangular bearing without
holes, Ae=le x be

## A1 = Reduced effective plan area due to the loading effect,

A1=Ae x (1-δb/be-δl/le)

## te = Effective thickness of an individual elastomer lamination

compression, it is taken as the actual thickness, ti for inner layers,
and 1.4 ti for outer layers

## S = Shape factor. For laminated bearing, S=Ae/(lp x te)

k = Factor. For live load affects k=1.5, For all other effects (including
wind and temperature) k=1.0

## t2 = Thickness of elastomer on either side of the plate

σs = Stress in the steel, which should be taken as not greater than the yiel
stress, nor greater than 120N/mm 2 for plates with holes, 290 N/mm 2
for plate without holes

(in N)

## δ = Vertical deflection of an individual layer of elastomer

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Design of Bearings Viaduct 74+790-75+361 (P14-P19)
Reference Description Output
th
ELASTOMERIC LAMINATED BEARING - TYPE 5 (ON 14 pier)
Bearing type - 350 x 450 H= 99 mm te = 71 mm

5
11
2.5 4

## Vertical Maximum = 1674 kN

Vertical Permanent = 860 kN
Vertical Minimum = 632 kN

Translation
Transvers = 0.00 mm
Longitudinal = 13.57 mm

Rotation

Bearing Dimensions

## Width of bearing (b) = 350 mm

Length of bearing (l) = 450 mm
Inner layer thickness (ti) = 11 mm
No. of inner layers = 6 Layers
Outer layer thickness (to) = 2.5 mm
Thickness of steel plate (ts) = 4 mm
No. of steel plates = 7 Layers
Edg cover (E) = 5 mm
Total bearing thickness (t) = 99 mm

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Design of Bearings Viaduct 74+790-75+361 (P14-P19)
Reference Description Output

Moduli of Elastomers

BS 5400 IRHD = 60
Part 9.1 Shear (G) = 0.9 N/mm2
1983 Bulk (Eb) = 2000 N/mm2
Table 8
Parameters
tq = 11 x 6 + 2.5 x 2 mm
= 71 mm

δb = 13.57 mm
δ1 = 0.00 mm

## δr = ( δb2 + δl2 )0.5

δr = 13.6 mm

be = 340 mm
le = 440 mm

lp = 1600 mm
Ae = 149600 mm2
A1 = 143631 mm2

k = 1.5

t1 = 2.5 mm
t2 = 11 mm
σs = 290 N/mm2

S' = 8.5
Σti = 71 mm
2beGS'/3Σti = 24.4
be/4 = 85 mm

Inner layer ti = 11 mm
te = 11 mm
Si = 8.5
εc = 2.29
εα = 0.37

## Outer layer ti = 2.5 mm

te = 3.5 mm
So = 26.7
εc = 0.73
εα = 1.62

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Design of Bearings Viaduct 74+790-75+361 (P14-P19)
Reference Description Output
Vti Vti
δ = +
5AeGS2 Ae Eb
Inner layer δ = 0.440 mm
Outer layer δ = 0.023 mm

Checkings

## Check for shear strain

10.2 Shear Strain (εq=δr/tq) = 0.19 < 0.7 Hence ok

## 10.6 Maximum design strain ( εt )

εt = k(εc+εq+εα)
Inner layer = 4.27 < 5 Hence ok
Outer layer = 3.8 < 5 Hence ok

## Check for reinforcing plate thickness

10.7 Minimum thickness of steel = 1.3V(t1 +t2)/A1σs but not less than 2 mm
plate
= 2.0 mm < 4 mm Hence ok

## Check for stability

10.8 V/A1 = 11.65
2beGS'/3Σti = 24.4
V/A1 < 2beGS'/3Σti Hence ok

Σti = 71
be/4 = 85
Σti < be/4 Hence ok

## 10.9 Vertical Deflection ( Δ ) = Σδ

= 0.44 x 6 + 0.023 x 2
= 2.69 mm