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American Society of Testing
Definition of ASTM. (No Choices!) and Material
the ability of a metal to undergo cold plastic deformation without breaking, particularly by pulling in cold drawing.
[A] Ductility [B] Malleability [C] Elasticity [D] Flexibility
the strain energy stored in an elastic material per unit of volume. [A] Resilience [B] Elasticity [C] Opacity [D]
Ductility
the vertical plate joining the flanges of any beam or rail, or whatever material. [A] Collar Plate [B] Web [C] Studs
[D] Sinturon
a weld roughly triangular cross section between two pieces at right angles; A weld with a triangular cross section
joining two surfaces that meet in an interior right angle (D.K. Ching p. 86). [A] Fillet Weld [B] Lap Weld [C] Puddle
Weld [D] Butt Weld
In using sand backfill in the annular space around column not embedded in poured footings, the sand shall be
thoroughly compacted by tamping in layers not more than _____mm in depth? (NSCP 305.7.3) A. 500 mm., B.
400 mm., C. 200 mm., D. 300 mm.
Pre-cast pre-stressed concrete piles shall have a specified compressive strength Fc of not less than ____Mpa.
[A] 25 Mpa [B] 35 Mpa [C] 45 mpa [D] 55 Mpa
(NSCP 307.5.1)
The minimum outside diameter of pipe piles when used must be? (NSCP 307.6.3): A. 300 mm., B. 250 mm., C.
350 mm., D. 400 mm.

The longitudinal forces on crane runway beams, except for bridge cranes with hand geared bridges shall be
calculated as _____% of the max. wheel load of the crane. (NSCP 206.9.5): A. 15%, B. 10%, C. 25%, D. 20%
Low rise buildings is an enclosed or partially enclosed with mean roof height less than or equal to? (NSCP
207.20): A. 70 Mts., B. 50 mts., C. 15 mts., D. 18 mts.

Definition of ACI. (No Choices!)


The wind load importance factor lw for essential facilities is equal to? (NSCP 207.50) [A] 1.0 [B] 1.15 [C] 0.87 [D]
0.70
The wind load importance factor for hazardous facilities is equal to? [A] 1.0 [B] 1.15 [C] 0.87 [D] 0.70

The wind load importance factor for standard occupancy structures is equal to? [A] 1.0 [B] 1.15 [C] 0.87 [D] 0.70

The wind load importance factor for miscellaneous structures is equal to? [A] 1.0 [B] 1.15 [C] 0.87 [D] 0.70
In testing concrete laboratory cured specimens, no individual strength test (average of 2 cylinders) falls below fc’
by more than _______. (NSCP 405.7.3.3): A. 5 mpa, B. 4.25 mpa, C. 3.50 mpa, D. 4.0 mpa
Spacing for a lateral support for a beam shall not exceed _______times the least width b of compression flange
or face.
(NSCP 410.5.10): A. 40, B. 50, C. 60, D. 30
For a rectangular reinforced concrete compression member, it shall be permitted to take the radius of gyration
equal to _______times the overall dimension of the direction of stability is being considered. (NSCP 410.12.20):
A. .30, B. .45, C. .50, D. .75
For members whose design is based on compressive force, the slenderness ratio kL/r preferably should not
exceed ________?
(NSCP 502.8.1): A. 300, B. 250, C. 200, D. 350

Definition of ANSI. (No Choices!)


For members whose design is based on tensile force, the slenderness ratio L/r preferably should not exceed
_________.: A. 300, B. 250, C. 200, D. 350
Other than pin connected members, the allowable tensile stress shall not exceed _______ on the gross area.
(NSCP 504.2.1): A. .60 fy, B. .45 fy, c. .33 fy, D. .66 fy

For pin connected plates, the minimum net area beyond the pinhole parallel to the axis of the member shall not
be less than _______of the net area across the pinhole. (NSCP 504.4.2.1): A. 3/4, B. 2/3, C. 3/5, D. 1/3
For pin connected members in which the pin is expected to provide for relative movement between connected
parts while under full load, the diameter of the pinhole shall not be more than ______mm greater than the
diameter of the pin. (NSCP 504.4.2.3): A. 1mm, B. .5 mm, C. .80 mm, D. 2 mm

The maximum longitudinal spacing of bolts, nuts and intermittent welds correctly two rolled shapes in contact for
a built up section shall not exceed ________. (NSCP 505.5.4) [A] 300 mm. [B] 450 mm. [C] 600 mm. [D] 750 mm.
The ratio L/r for lacing bars arranged in single system shall not exceed ________. (NSCP 505.5.80) [A] 140 mm.
[B] 200 mm. [C] 260 mm. [D] 320 mm.
The ratio L/r for lacing bars arranged in double system shall not exceed ________. [A] 140 mm. [B] 200 mm. [C]
260 mm. [D] 320 mm.
For members bent about their strong or weak axes, members with compact sections where the flanges
continuously connected to web the allowable bending stress is _________. (NSCP 506.4.1.1): A. .75 fy, b .60 fy,
c. .45 fy, d. .66 fy
For box type and tabular textural members that meet the non compact section requirements of section 502.6, the
allowable bending stress is ________. (NSCP 506.4.1.1): A. .75 fy, B. .60 fy, C. .45 fy, D. .66 fy
Bolts and rivets connecting stiffness to the girder web shall be spaced not more than ______mm on centers.
(NSCP 507.5.3) [A] 300 mm. [B] 450 mm. [C] 600 mm. [D] 750 mm.
Ira composite beam section, the actual section modulus of the transformed composite section shall be used in
calculating the concrete flexural compressed stress and for construction without temporary shores, this stress
shall be based upon loading applied after the concrete has reached _____% of its required strength.: A. 50%, B.
60%, C. 80%, D. 75%
Shear connectors shall have at least ________mm of lateral concrete covering. (NSCP 509.5.8) [A] 25 mm. [B]
50 mm. [D] 75 mm. [D] 100 mm.

Definition of UL. (No Choices!)


The minimum center to center spacing of stud connectors along the longitudinal axis of supporting composite
beam is ____________. (NSCP 509.5.8) [A] 6 Dia. Of Connector [B] 8 Dia. Of connector [C] 10 dia. Of connector
[D] 12 dia. Of connector
The maximum center to center spacing of stud connectors along the longitudinal axis of supporting composite
beam is ____________. (NSCP 509.5.8) [A] 6 Dia. Of Connector [B] 8 Dia. Of connector [C] 10 dia. Of connector
[D] 12 dia. Of connector
Connections carrying calculated stresses, except for lacing, sag bars and girts, shall be designed to support not
less than ________Kn of force. (NSCP 510.10.61): A. 30, B. 50, C. 26.70, D. 35
The connections at ends of tension or compression members in trusses shall develop the force due to the design
load, but no less than _______% at the effective strength of the member unless a smaller percentage is justified
by engineering analysis that considers other factors including handling, shipping and erection. (NSCP 510.2.5.1):
A. 50, B. 70, C. 65, D. 100
When formed steel decking is a part of the composite beam, the spacing of stud shear connector along the length
of the supporting beam or girder shall not exceed _______mm. (NSCP 509.6.1.2) [A] 600 mm. [b] 750 mm. [C]
900 mm. [D] 1200 mm.
The minimum sizes of filler weld for plates with thickness greater than 20mm is ________. (NSCP 510.3.3.2): a.
10, B. 8, C. 15, D. 20
The minimum sizes of filler weld for plates with thickness 6mm is ________? (NSCP 510.3.3.2): A. 3 mm., B. 6
mm., C. 8 mm., D. 10 mm.
a pile (usually driven, not bored) at an angle to the vertical. [A] Batter Pile [B] Drilled Pile [C] Bored Pile [D]
Isolated Pile

Definition of ISO. (No Choices!)


a change in length caused usually by a force applied to a piece, the change being expressed as a ratio, the
increase or decrease divided by the original length [A] Stress [B] Strain [C] Torsion [D] Moment
also called as a link. [A] Ties [B] Stirrups [C] Anchor Bolts [D] Hooks
ACI term for grip length. [A] Development Length [B] Embedment Length [C] Effective Length [D] None of the
Above

a graphic representation of the relationship between unit stress values and the corresponding unit strains for a
specific material [A] Shear Moment Diagram [B] Moment Diagram [C] Stress Strain Diagram [D] Strain Diagram
the stress beyond which futher load causes permanent set. In most materials, the __________ is also the limit of
proportionality. [A] Yield Limit [B] Yield Strength [C] Elastic Limit [D] None of the Above
The max. distance that the toe of fill slope made to the site boundary: (NSCP 302.4.3) [A] 3.00 mts. [B] 4.50 mts.
[C] 6.00 mts. [D] 7.50 mts.

an imaginary line passing through the centroid of the cross section of a beam, other member subject to bending,
along which no bending stresses occur [A] Negative Axis [B] Moment of Inertia [C] Neutral Axis [D] Axial Axis
the maximum stress that can be attained immediately before actual failure or rupture [A] Yield Strength [B]
Ultimate Strength [C] Design, Strength [D] None of the Above
a natural disaster which sinks a part of the earth surface along a fault plane. [A] Typhoon [B] Twister [C]
Earthquake [D] Tsunami
steel bar wound continuously round the main bars of a cylindrical concrete column or pile instead of links. [A]
Spiral Reinforcement [B] Round Reinforcement [C] Circular Reinforcement [D] None of the above
a simple beam extending beyond one of its supports. The overhanging reduces the positive moment at midspan
while developing a negative moment at the base of the cantilever over the support [A] Cantilever Beam [B]
Continous Beam [C] Overhanging Beam [D] None of the above
an admixture which slows up the setting rate of concrete, sometimes applied to formwork so that when it is
stripped the cement paste which has been in contact with it can be removed by light brushing. [A] Accelerator [B]
Retarder [C] Shotcrete [D] None of the above
is an anchorage device used with any single 16 mm. Or smaller diameter bar that satisfies the anchorage device
requirements of the post tensionings institute of "specification for unbonded single stand tendons" [A] basic
monostrand anchorage device [B] Advance monostrand anchorage device [C] Intermediate monostrand
anchorage device [A] Extreme monostrand anchorage device
a temporary change in the dimensions or shape of a body produced by a stress less than the elastic limit of the
material [A] Elastic Limit [B] Deformation [C] Elastic Deformation [D] None of the above
it is the total bending effect at any section of a beam. [A] Shearing Moment [B] Bending Moment [C] Moment of
Inertia [D] Modulus of Elasticity
an admixture which hastens the hardening rate and or initial setting time of concrete. [A] Accelerator [B] Retarder
[C] Shotcrete [D] None of the above
a beam having both ends restrained against translation and rotation. The fixed ends transfer bending stresses,
increase the rigidity of the beam and reduces its maximum deflection [A] Cantilevered Beam [B] Overhanging
Beam [C] Fixed and End Beam [D] None of the above
The minimum one way slab thickness for a BOTH end continuous slab is: (NSCP 409.6.2) [A] L/28 [B] L/24 [C]
L/10 [D] L/20
Development length Ld for deformed bars in tension shall be less than: (NSCP 412.3.1) [A] 150 mm. [B] 300 mm.
[C] 450 mm. [D] 600 mm.

Definition of AISC. (No Choices!)


Before commencing the excavation work, the person making the excavation shall notify in writing the owner of the
adjoining building not less than _____days before such excavation is to be made. (NSCP 302.2.4) A. 15 Days, B.
10 Days, C. 30 Days, D. 60 Days
Fill slopes shall not be constructed on natural slopes steeper than ____% slope (NSCP 302.3.1) A. 50%, B. 10%,
C. 20%, D. 60%
it is a bending moment that produces a convex curvature at a section of a structure [A] Shearing Moment [B]
Negative Moment [C] Bending Moment [D] None of the Above
In the determination of seismic dead load with a minimum of ________% of floor live load shall be applicable for
storage and warehouse occupancies. (NSCP 208.5.1.1) [A] 25% [B] 50% [C] 75% [d] 100%
The minimum one way slab thickness for a ONE end continuous slab is: (NSCP 409.6.2) [A] L/28 [B] L/24 [C]
L/10 [D] L/20
The slope of cut surfaces shall be no steeper than _______% slope. (NSCP 302.2.2) A. 50%, B. 60%, C. 30%, D.
40%
The minimum distance that the toe of fill slope made to the site boundary line: (NSCP 302.4.3) A. .80, B. .60, C.
1.50, D. 2.00
What is the concrete beam placed directly on the ground to provide foundation for the superstructure? (D.K.
Ching p. 101) [A] Grade Beam [B] Foundation Beam [C] Gerber Beam [D] Cantilevered Beam
In ultimate strength design, the strength reduction factor Ø for flexure without axial loads: (NSCP 409.2.1) [A] 1.00
[B] 0.85 [C] 0.90 [D] 1.05
The minimum bend diameter for 28mm Ø through 36mm Ø bars (NSCP 407.30) [A] 4 db [B] 6 Db [C] 8 db [D] 10
db
The minimum clear concrete covering for cast in place slab: (NSCP 407.8.1) [A] 80 mm. [B] 60 mm. [C] 40 mm.
[D] 20 mm.
in devices that measures earthquake magnitudes, it is somewhat a subjective device, because the apparent
intensity of an earthquake depends on how far away from its center the observer is located. Rating intensities
from I to XII, it describes and rates earthquakes in terms of human reactions and observations. [A] Richter Scale
[B] Weighing Scale [C] Modified Mercalli Scale [D] None of the above
In ultimate strength design, the strength reduction factor Ø for shear and torsion: (NSCP 409.4.2.3) [A] 0.75 [B]
0.85 [C] 0.90 [D] 0.95
The minimum one way slab thickness which is simply supported at the ends only is: (NSCP 409.6.2) [A] L/28 [B]
L/24 [C] L/10 [D] L/20
what is the method of analyzing intermediate modular building frames by assuming hinges at the center of beam
spans and column heights? (D.K. Ching p. 105) [A] Modular Method [B] Portal method [C] Cantilever Method [D]
Moment Distribution Method

what is a round, steel bolt embedded in concrete or masonry used to hold down masonry, steel columns, or beam
casting, shock beam plates and engine heads? [A] Machine Bolt [B] Anchor Bolt [C] Toggle Bolt [D] Nut and Bolt
two M.S. Plates are to be welded by end butt joint by a partial penetration groove weld. The thickness of the
plates are 16 mm. What is the minimum effective throat thickness of the weld? A. 6.0 mm., B. 9.0 mm., C. 7.5
mm., D. 12.0 mm.
a relatively fixed point whose level is known and used as a datum for levelling. [A] Plumb Bob [B] Benchmark [C]
Spirit Level [D] 3-4-5 Technique
The minimum nominal diameter of steel bolts when wood plates or sill shall be bolted to foundation wall in zone 2
seismic area in the Philippines. (NSCP 305.60): A. 10 mm., B 12 mm., C. 16 mm., D. 20 mm.
The minimum nominal diameter of steel bolts when wood plates or sill shall be bolted to foundation wall in zone 4
seismic area in the Philippines. (NSCP 305.60): A. 10 mm., B 12 mm., C. 16 mm., D. 20 mm.
Individual pile caps and caissons of every structure subjected to seismic forces shall be interconnected by ties.
Such ties shall be capable of resisting in tension or compression a minimum horizontal force equal to _____% of
the largest column vertical load. (NSCP 306.20): A. 15%, B. 20%, C. 10%, D. 25%
Such piles into firm ground may be considered fixed and laterally supported at _____M below the ground surface.
(NSCP 306.20): A. 1.50 mts., B. 2.00 mts., C. 2.50 mts., D. 3.00 mts.
Such piles into soft ground may be considered fixed and laterally supported at _____M below the ground surface.
(NSCP 306.20): A. 1.50 mts., B. 2.00 mts., C. 2.50 mts., D. 3.00 mts.
The maximum length of cast in place piles/bored piles shall be _____times the average diameter of the pile.
(NSCP 307.2.1): A. 10 times. B. 20 times, C. 30 times, D. 15 times
Cast in place/bored piles shall have a specific compressive strength Fc of not less than ______Mpa. (NSCP
307.2.1): A. 17.50 mpa, B. 20 mpa, C. 15 mpa, D. 25 mpa
Pre-cast concrete piles shall have a specific compressive strength Fc of not less than _____Mpa. (NSCP
304.7.1): A. 17.50 mpa, B. 20 mpa, C. 15 mpa, D. 25 mpa
The maximum spacing of ties and spirals in a driven pre-cast concrete pile center to center. (NSCP 307.5.1) [A]
25 mm. [B] 50 mm/ [C] 75 mm. [D] 100 mm.
Temporary open air portable bleachers may be supported upon wood sills or steel plates placed directly upon the
ground surface, provided soil pressure does not exceed ____Kpa. (NSCP 305.9): A. 100 Kpa, B. 50 Kpa, C. 150
Kpa, D. 200 Kpa
a long column, usually of wood or metal, not necessarily vertical. [A] Chord [B] Girder [C] Struts [D] Beam
a flat roof or quay, jetty or bridge floor, generally a floor with no roof over. [A] Deck [B] Flooring [C] Ceiling [D]
None of the above
The minimum sizes of filler weld for plates with thickness over 12mm to 20mm is ________? (NSCP 510.3.3.2):
A. 8mm., b. 10 mm., c. 6 mm., d. 5 mm.
Deep continuous flexural members has overall depth to clear span ratio greater than: (NSCP 410.8.10) A. .40, B. .
60, C. .75, D. .70
Deep simple span flexural members has overall depth to clear span ratio greater than: (NSCP 307.4.2) A. .40, B. .
60, C. .75, D. .70
Spacing of shear reinforcement placed perpendicular to axis of non-prestressed member shall not exceed:
(NSCP 411.6.4.1) [A] D/4 [B] D/3 [C] d/2 [D] D/1

In using a concrete backfill in the annular space around column not embedded in poured footings, the concrete
shall have ultimate strength of ____Mpa at 28 days. (NSCP 305.7.3): A. 30 Mpa, B. 15 Mpa, C. 10 Mpa, D. 5 Mpa
When grillage footings of structural steel shapes are used on soils, they shall be completely embedded in
concrete. Concrete cover shall be at least _____mm on the bottom. (NSCP 305.8) [A] 100 mm [B] 150 mm. [C]
200 mm. [D] 250 mm.
The minimum cantilevered slab thickness is : (NSCP 409.6.2) [A] L/28 [B] L/24 [C] L/10 [D] L/20
What kind of test for the freshly mixed concrete to ensure the specified slump is being attained? [A] Slump test [B]
Compressive strength test [C] Mixed Test [D] Tensile Test
Is any structure used or intented for supporting or sheltering any use or occunpancy. [A] Shell [B] Shelter [C]
Building [D] Structure
is in place solid rock. [A] Foundation Bed [B] Bedrock [C] Earth Compartments [D] All of the above
is an inclined ground surface the inclination which is expressed as a ratio of vertical distance to harizontal
distance. [A] Ramp [B] Slope [C] Curb [D] Angle of repose
is the vertical location of the ground surface. [A] Grade [B] Level [C] Higher Ground [D] None of the above
is any lot or parcel of land or contagious combination thereof, under the same ownership, where grading is
performed or permitted. [A] Parcel [B] Site [B] Lot [D] Property
is a condition in which a structure or component is judged either to be no longer useful for its intended function
(serviceability limit state) or to be unsafe (strength limit state). [A] Elastic Limit [B] Deformation [C] Limit State [D]
None of the above
is the space between levels. [A] Storey [B] Level [C] Floor [D] None of the above
is a member with a ratio of height to least lateral dimension of 3 or greater used primarily to support axial
compressive load. [A] Wall [B] Column [C] Footing [D] Post
is a method of prestressing in which tendons are tensioned after concrete has hardened. [A] Pre Tensioning [B]
Space Frame [C] Post tensioning [D] Bracing Frame
is a hook on a stirrup, hoop or crosstie having a bend not less than 135º, except that circular hoops shall have a
bend of not less than 90º. Hooks shall have a six diameter (but not less than 75mm.), extension that engages the
longitudinal reinforcement and projects into the interior of the stirrup or hoop. [A] Hook Bend [B] Angular Hook [C]
Seismic Hook [D] Standard Hook
a is panel of laminated veneers. [A] Plywood [B] Gypsum Board [C] Facia Board [D] Hardiflex

is a void space having a gross cross sectional area greater than 967 sq. Mm. [A] Cell [B] Void [C] Grain [D] Sap
is that which is build or constructed, an edifice or building of any kind, or any piece of work artificially built up or
composed of parts joined together in some definite manner. [A] Building [B] Infrastructure [C] Structure [D] None
of the above
is a relatively level step excavated into earth material on which fills is to be placed. [A] Cut and Fill [B] Benchmark
[C] Grade [D] Bench
is a deposit of earth material placed by artificial means. [A] Cut [B] Fill [C] Grading [D] Cut and Fill
is a designed compacted fill placed in a trench excavated in earth material beneath the toe of a proposed fill
slope. [A] Bench [B] Benchmark [C] Key [D] None of the above
is a naturally occuring superficial deposits overlying bedrock. [A] Earth [B] Soil [C] Rocks [D] Loam
is a relatively level step constructed in the face of a graded slope surface for drainage and maintenance
purposes. [A] Balcony [B] Terrace [C] Canopy [D] Grade
is the wearing away of the ground surface as a result of the movement of wind, water or ice. [A] Erosion [B]
Corrosion [C] landslide [D] mudslide
is the mechanical removal of earth materials. [A] Compaction [B] Cut [C] Fill [D] Excavation
is the grade prior to grading. [A] Grade, Rough [B] Grade, Existing [C] Grade, Finish [D] Grading
is a registered civil engineer with special qualification in the practice of structural engineering as recognized by
the board of civil engineering of the professional regulation comission of the philippines. [A] Architect [B] Civil
Engineer [C] Structural Engineer [D] Geodetic Engineer
is the densification of a fill by mechanical means. [A] Compaction [B] Cut [C] Fill [D] Excavation
is earth material acquired from an off site location for use on grading on a site. [A] Compaction [B] Excavation [C]
Borrow [D] Soil

is any rock, natural soil or fill or any combination thereof. [A] Earth Material [B] Soil [C] Earth Composites [D] Silt
is any excavating or filling or combination thereof. [A] Grade, Rough [B] Grade, Existing [C] Grade, Finish [D]
Grading
is the final grade of the site that conforms to the approved plan. [A] Grade, Rough [B] Grade, Existing [C] Grade,
Finish [D] Grading
is the stage at which the grade approximately conforms to the approved plan. [A] Grade, Rough [B] Grade,
Existing [C] Grade, Finish [D] Grading
is the equivalent static force to be used in the determination of wind loads for open buildings and other structures.
[A] Design Pressure, P [B] Design Force, F [C] Importance Factor, I [D] None of the above
is a factor that accounts for the degree of hazard to human life and damage to property. [A] Design Pressure, P
[B] Design Foce, F [C] Importance Factor, I [D] None of the above
is the equivalent static pressure to be used in the determination of wind loads for buildings. [A] Design Pressure,
P [B] Design Foce, F [C] Importance Factor, I [D] None of the above
is wood treated with an approved preservative under treating and quality control procedures. [A] Green Lumber
[B] Treated Wood [C] Planed Wood [D] Rough Wood
Zone 1 of the philippine map has a wind load of __________ kph. [A] 400 [B] 250 [C] 200 [D] 125
a fracture phenomenon resulting from a fluctuating stress cycle (NSCP Def. Of Terms). [A] Stress [B] Fatigue [C]
Torsion [D] Caisson
the resulting moment of a fully yielded cross section (NSCP Def. Of Terms) [A] Plastic moment [B] negative
moment [D] bending moment [D] Moment of inertia
in walls and slabs other than concrete joist construction, primary flexural reinforcement shall not be spaced
farther part than 3 times wall or slab thickness nor farther than? [A] 300 mm. [B] 450 mm. [C] 600 mm. [D] 750
mm.

an open building is a structure having all walls at least __________% open. [A] 100% [B] 80% [C] 60% [D] 40%
is a quality which measures the resistance of the mass to being revolved about a line? [A] Moment of Elasticity [B]
Moment of Inertia [C] Modulus of Rigidity [D] Modulus of Elasticity
Zome 3 of the Philippine map has a wind load of _________ kph. [A] 400 [B] 250 [C] 200 [D] 125
a tensile or compressive force acting along the longitudinal axis of a structural member and at the centroid of the
cross section, producing axial stress without bending, torsion or shear. [A] Concentric Force [B] Axial Force [C]
Lateral Force [D] Jacking Force
the magnitudes of the loads specified by the applicable codes (NSCP def. Of terms) [A] Axial Loads [B] Occupant
Loads [C] Nominal Loads [D] None of the above
concrete filled driven piles of uniform section shall have a nominal outside diameter of less than (NSCP 307.7.3)
[A] 800 [B] 600 [C] 400 [D] 200
Zone 2 of the philippine map has a wind load of __________ kph. [A] 800 [B] 600 [C] 400 [D] 200
This refers to the length of reinforcement or mechanical anchor or hook, or combination thereof, beyond point of
zero stress in reinforcement (NSCP Sec. 5.2.1) [A] Front Anchorage [B] Side Anchorage [C] End Anchorage [D]
Nona
The stress that remains in an unloaded member after it has been formed into a finished product. (NSCP Def. of
Terms) [A] Remaning Stress [B] Residual Stress [C] Yielding Stress [D] Bending Stress
What is the allowable deflection for members carrying flat roofs not supporting or attached to non-structural
elements likely to be damaged by large deflections? [A] L/480 [B] L/360 [C] L/240 [D] L/180
Urban and suburban areas, wooded areas or other terrain with numerous closely spaced obstructions having the
size of single family dwelling or larger falls on what exposure category for wind loading? [A] Exposure A [B]
Exposure B [C] Exposure C [D] Exposure D
Flat unobstructed areas exposed to wind flowing over open water for a distance of at least 2 km falls on what
exposure category for wind loading? [A] Exposure A [B] Exposure B [C] Exposure C [D] Exposure D
Open terrain with scattered obstructions having heights less than 9M. Falls on what exposure category for wind
loading? [A] Exposure A [B] Exposure B [C] Exposure C [D] Exposure D

Large city centers with at least 50% of the buildings having a height greater than 21M. Falls on what exposure
category for wind loading? (NSCP 207.5.3) [A] Exposure A [B] Exposure B [C] Exposure C [D] Exposure D
Retaining walls shall be designed to resist sliding by at least _______times the lateral force. (NSCP 206.6) [A] 1.5
[B] 2 [C] 3 [D] 4
The allowable deflection for any structural member loaded with dead load and live load only. (NSCP 104.2.2) [A]
L/480 [B] L/360 [C] L/240 [D] L/180
Retaining walls shall be designed to resist overturning by at least ______times the overturning moment. (NSCP
206.6) [A] 1.5 [B] 2 [C] 3 [D] 4
Private garages, carports, sheds, agricultural buildings fall to what type of occupancy? (CDEP IV-35) [A] Essential
facility [B] Standard facility [C] Miscellaneous Occupancy [D] Hazardous Facility
Groups of parallel reinforcing bars bundled in contact to act as one unit shall be united to ___ pieces in one
bundle. (NSCP 407.7.6.1) [A] 1 [B] 2 [C] 3 [D] 4
The minimum bend diameter for 10mm Ø through 25mm Ø bars (NSCP 407.30) [A] 12 db [B] 10 db [C] 8 Db [D] 6
db
is the highest part of a bridge pier, on which the bridge bearings or rollers are seated. It may be of stone, brick or
plain or reinforced concrete, usually the last for heavy loads. [A] End Cap [B] Bridge Cap [C] reinforcement Cap
[D] none of the above
making a hole in rock blasting, using a rotative or percussive drill. [A] Hole [B] Boring [C] Tux [D] None of the
above
piece of steel plate, usually roughly rectangular or triangular, w/c connects the members of a truss. [A] Collar
Plate [B] Sole Plate [C] Gusset Plate [D] None of the above
the distance between the supports of a bridge, truss, arch, girder, floor, beam, etc. [A] Beam [B] Chord [C] Span
[D] Bridge

that which tends to accelerate a body or to change its movement. [A] Stress [B] Torsion [C] Moment [D] Force
a test for the stiffness of wet concrete. A conical mold is filled with concrete, well rammed, and then carefully
inverted and emptied over a flat plate. [A] Mixed Test [B] Compressive Strength Test [C] Slump Test [D] Tensile
Test
a structural member designed to resist loads which bend it. The bending effect at any point in a ____ is found by
calculating the bending moment. [A] Studs [B] Column [C] Beam [D] Chord
the U.S. Term for ground beam. (D.K. Ching p. 101) [A] Gerber Beam [B] Lintel Beam [C] Grade Beam [D]
Foundation Beam
the waste glass like product from a metallurgical furnace which flows off above the metal. [A] Slab [B] Slag [C]
Studs [D] None of the above

a paste of cement, sand and water laid between bricks, blocks or stones, and usually now made with masonry
cement, formerly with cement and lime putty. [A] Mortar [B] Plaster [C] Adhessive [D] None of the above
the ratio of the shear stress to the shear strain in a material. [A] Modulus of Elasticity [B] Modulus of Rigidity [C]
Modulus of Inertia [D] None of the Above
How many CHB's can you placed in a 1 square meter wall? [A] 12.0 [B] 12.5 [C] 13.0 [D] 13.5
What is the allowable deflection for member’s roof or floor construction supporting or attached to non structural
elements likely to be damaged by large deflections? [A] L/480 [B] L/360 [C] L/240 [D] L/180
buildings or structures therein housing and supporting toxic or explosive chemicals or substances fall to what kind
of category? (CDEP IV-35) [A] Essential facility [B] Standard facility [C] Miscellaneous Occupancy [D] Hazardous
Facility
buildings used for college or adult education with a capacity of 500 or more students (CDEP IV-35) [A] Essential
facility [B] Special Occupancy [C] Miscellaneous Occupancy [D] Hazardous Facility
the allowable deflection for any structural member loaded with live load only. [A] L/480 [B] L/360 [C] L/240 [D]
L/180
aviation control towers fall to what kind of occupancy? (CDEP IV-35) [A] Essential facility [B] Standard facility [C]
Miscellaneous Occupancy [D] Hazardous Facility
are elements that serve to transmit the inertial forces within structural diaphragms to members to the lateral force
resisting system. [A] Diaphragm [B] Collector [C] Collector Elements [D] Diaphragm Elements
are elements that serve to transmit inertia forces and prevents separation of building components such as
footings and walls. [A] Collector [B] Tie [C] Tie Elements [D] Collector Elements
is a space frame in which members and joints resist forces through flexure, shear and axial forces. [A] Moment
Resisting Frame [B] Space Frame [C] Moment Frame [D] Fatal frame
is the concrete outside the transverse reinforcement confining the concrete [A] Insulating Concrete [B] Shell
Concrete [C] Air Entrained concrete [D] Natural Concrete

the classification of lumber in regard to strength and utility in accordance with the grading rules of an approved
lumber grading agency. [A] Grade (Lumber) [B] Grade (Size) [C] Grade (Class) [D] Grade (texture)
a widening of any structure at the foot to improve its stability, in breakwaters, earth or other dams, or simple walls.
[A] Wall [B] Column [C] Footing [D] Wall Footing
is all concrete used for structural purposes, including plain and reinforced concrete. [A] Reinforced Concrete [B]
Structural Concrete [C] Plain Concrete [D] Rough Concrete
is a connection that remains elastic, while the designated nonlinear action regions undergo inelastic response
under the design basis ground motion. [A] Weak Connection [B] Strong Connection [C] Elastic Connection [D]
None of the above
are walls proportioned to resist combinations of shears, moments, and axial forces, induced by earthquake
motions. [A] Load Bearing Wall [B] Retaining Wall [C] Structural Wall [D] Cantilevered Wall
is a type of construction whose primary structural elements are formed by a system of repetitive wood framing
members. [A] Space Frame [B] Braced Frame [C] Conventional Light Frame Construction [D] Timber Frame
Construction
is a material encasing a prestressing tendon to prevent bonding the tendon with the surrounding concrete, to
provide corrosion protection, and to contain the corrosion inhibiting coating. [A] Furring [B] Sheating [C] Flashing
[D] Beam Blocking
is the adhesion between masonry units and mortar or grout. [A] Mortar Bond [B] Reinforcing Bond [C] Adhesion
Bond [D] Bond Beam
is a harizontal grouted element within masonry in which reinforcement is embedded. [A] Bond beam [B] Beam
Bond [C] Adhesion Bond [D] Reinforcement Bond
is the mortared or grouted space between whytes of masonry. [A] top Joint [B] Collar Joint [D] Butt Joint [D] Lap
Joint
How many years is the civil liability for an architect? [A] 5 years [B] 10 years [C] 15 years [D] 20 years

uses any of the splicing methods to connect precast members and uses cast in place concrete or grout to fill the
splicing closure. [A] Strong Connection [B] Weak Connection [C] Wet Connection [D] None of the above
is a tendon that is permanently prevented from bonding to the concrete after stressing. [A] Bonded tendon [B]
Unbonded Tenddn [C] Bond Beam [D] Adhesion Bond
is the act of transferring stress in prestressing tendons from jacks or pretensioning bed to concrete member. [A]
Transmit [B] Transfer [C] Relocate [D] Absorb
is the specified minimum yield point of reinforcement in megapascals (Mpa). [A] Yield Stress [B] Yield Strength [C]
Yield Point [D] Ultimate Strength
is the minimum total strength design base shear, factored and distributed. [A] Strength Design [B] Design seismic
force [C] Design Force Method [D] Ultimate Design Strength
is a braced frame in which the members are subjected primarily to axial forces. [A] Braced Frame [B] Concentric
Braced Frame [C] Eccentric Braced Frame [D] Building Frame system
is a wall designed to resist lateral forces parallel to the plane of the wall (sometimes referred to as a vertical
diaghpragm). [A] Foundation Wall [B] Retaining Wall [C] Shear Wall [D] Masonry Wall
is the capacity of an element or a member to resist factored load. [A] Strength [B] Yield Point [C] Resistance [D]
Allowable Deflection
is a granular material, such as sand, gravel, crushed stone and iron blast furnace slag, and when used with a
cementing medium forms a hyrdraulic cement concrete or mortar. [A] Aggregate [B] Admixtures [C] Concrete [D]
Adhesives

is a characteristic of structures where the actual strength is larger than the design strength. The degree of over
strength is material and system dependent. [A] Weak Storey [B] Soft Storey [C] Overstrength [D] Overdesign
is a method of prestressing in which tendons are tensioned before concrete is placed. [A] Post Tensioning [B]
Pretensioning [C] PreCast [D] None of the above
is the load, multiplied by appropriate load factors used to proportion members by the strength design method. [A]
Load, Factored [B] Strength, Design [C] Load, Nominal [D] K-Factor
is the nominal strength multiplied by a strength reduction factor. [A] Load, Factored [B] Strength, Design [C] Load,
Nominal [D] K-Factor
is a loop of reinforcing bar or wire enclosing longitudunal reinforcement. A continuosly wound bar or wire in the
form of a circle, rectangle or other polygon shape without re entrant corners in acceptable. [A] Ties [B] Stirrups [C]
Hooks [D] Re-Bars
is a member, usually vertical, used to enclosed or separate spaces. [A] Partition [B] Wall [C] Dividers [D] None of
the above
is a material excluding prestressing tendons unless specifically included. [A] Plaster [B] Finish [C] Reinforcement
[D] Grout
is the reinforcement (prestressed or non prestressed) that is the farthest from the extreme compression fiber. [A]
Prestressed Steel [B] Post tensioned Steel [C] Tension Steel [D] Extreme Tension Steel
is a structural concrete reinforced with no less than the minimum amounts of prestressing tendons or non
prestressed reinforcement. [A] Plain Concrete [B] Structural Concrete [C] Reinforced Concrete [D] Deformed
Concrete
is a structural concrete element cast in other than its final position in the structure. [A] Pre Cast Concrete [B] Plain
Concrete [C] Reinforced Concrete [D] Structural Concrete

is the stress remaining in prestressing tendons after all losses have occured, excluding effects of dead load and
superimposed load. [A] Deffective Prestress [B] Effective Prestress [C] Post tensioning [D] Pre tensioning
is a steel element such as wire, cable, bar, rod or strand, or a bundle of such elements, used to impart prestress
forces to concrete. [A] Tendon [B] Stirrup [C] Tie [D] Hooks
is a part or element of an architectural, electrical, mechanical, and structural system. [A] Component, equipment
[B] Component [C] Component, Rigid [D] Component, Flexible
is a component, including its attachments, having a fundamental period greater than 0.06 second. [A]
Component, equipment [B] Component [C] Component, Rigid [D] Component, Flexible
is a component, including its attachments, having a fundamental period less than or equal to 0.06 second. [A]
Component, equipment [B] Component [C] Component, Rigid [D] Component, Flexible
is one which the lateral stiffness is less than 70% of the stiffness of the story above. [A] Weak Storey [B] Soft
Storey [C] Open Storey [D] High Storey

is a frame in which members and joints are capable of resisting forces primarily by flexure; also called as rigid
frame (D.K. Ching p. 104). [A] Braced Frame [B] Moment resisting frame [C] Hinged Frame [D] Space Frame
is one whose deformation under lateral load is significantly larger than adjoining parts of the system. [A] Collector
Element [B] Tie Element [C] Flexible Element [D] None of the above
is a concrete frame (IMRF) [A] Braced Frame [B] Moment Frame [C] Intermediate Moment Resisting Frame [D]
Concetric Braced Frame
is a masonry wall frame especially detailed to provide ductile behavior. [A] Moment frame [B] Moment resisting
frame [C] moment Resisting wall frame [D] Moment building frame
is a steel braced frame for a concrete braced frame. [A] Ordinary braced Frame [B] braced frame [D] Concentric
braced frame [D] Eccentric Braced frame
is a space frame designed to carry vertical gravity loads. [A] Load Carrying Vertical Frame [B] vertical Load
carrying Frame [C] Building Load Carrying Frame [D] Moment Load carrying frame
is a portion of a larger wood diaphragm designed to anchor and transfer local forces to primarily diaphragm struts
and the main diaphragm. [A] Diaphragm [B] Subdiaphragm [C] Beam [D] Sub Beam

is a moment resisting frame specially detailed to provide ductile behavior. [A] Special truss moment Frame [B]
Special Moment Resisting Frame [C] Moment resisting frame [D] Ordinary Moment resisting Frame
is a mixture of portland cement or any hydraulic cement, fine aggregate, coarse aggregate and water, with or
without admixtures. [A] Stone [B] Marble [C] Concrete [D] Brick
is a formed, sawed, or tooled groove in a concrete structure to create a weakened plane and regulate the location
of cracking resultng from the dimensional change of different parts of the structure. [A] Construction Joint [B] Cold
Joint [C] Contraction Joint [D] Expansion Joint
is the distanced measured from extreme compression fiber to centroid of tension reinforcement. [A] Effective
Length [B] Effective Depth of Section [D] Development Length [D] Embedment Length

is deformed reinforcing bars, bar and rod mats, deformed wire, welded smooth wire fabric and welded deformed
wire fabric. [A] Deformed Bars [B] Deformed reinforcement [C] Deformed Concrete [D] Deformation
Is the live load [A] Live Load [B] Dead Load [C] Occupant Load [D] Nominal Load

is the dead weight supported by a member. [A] Live Load [B] Dead Load [C] Occupant Load [D] Nominal Load

is a column element provided to transfer lateral force resisting system that cantilevers from a fixed base and has
minimal moment capacity at the top, with lateral force applied essentially at the top. [A] Cantilevered Column
Element [B] Cantilevered Beam Element [C] Suspended Beam Element [D] None of the above
Minimum number of stories recommended to be provided with at least 3 approved recording accelerographs. [A]
10 [B] 12 [C] 14 [D] 16
Maintenance and service of accelerographs shall be provided by the___. [A] Architect [B] Owner [C] Contractor
[D] Neighbor

Who shall be responsible for keeping the actual live load below the allowable limits and shall be liable for any
failure on the structure due to overloading. [A] Occupant Load [B] Nominal Load [C] Dead Load [D] Live Load

The period of continuous application of a given load or the aggregate of periods of intermittent application of the
same load. [A] Application Duration [B] Load Duration [C] Time History Analysis [D] None of the Above
Minimum area in square meters a member supports which the design live load may be reduced. [A] 14 sqm [B]
18 sqm [C] 22 sqm [D] 26 sqm
Minimum height of any wall requiring structural design to resist loads onto which they are subjected (In Meters).
[A] 1.00 [B] 1.25 [C] 1.50 [D] 1.75
Maximum deflection of a brittle finished wall subjected to a load of 250 Pascal applied perpendicular to said wall.
[A] 1/480 of wall span [B] 1/240 of wall span [C] 1/360 of wall span [D] 1/120 of wall span
Maximum deflection of a flexible finished wall subjected to a load of 250 Pascal applied perpendicular to said
wall. [A] 1/480 of wall span [B] 1/240 of wall span [C] 1/360 of wall span [D] 1/120 of wall span
Maximum floor area for a low-cost housing unit. [A] 20 sqm [B] 40 sqm [C] 60 sqm [D] 80 sqm

The level at which the earthquake motions are considered to be imparted to the structure or the level at which the
structure, as a dynamic vibrator, is supported. [A] Basement [B] base [C] Foundation [D] Grade Beam
A member or an element provided to transfer lateral forces from a portion of a structure to vertical elements of the
lateral force resisting system. [A] Diaphragm [B] Collector [C] Beam [D] Column
A horizontal or nearly horizontal system acting to transmit lateral forces to the vertical resisting elements, it
includes horizontal bracing system. [A] Diaphragm [B] Collector [C] Beam [D] Column
The total designed lateral force or shear at the base of a structure. [A] Base Shear, B [B] Base Shear, V [C] Base
Shear, M [D] Base Shear P
An element at edge of opening or at perimeters of shear walls or diaphragm. [A] Collector Element [B] Tie
Element [C] Boundary Element [D] None of the above

An essentially vertical truss system of the concentric or eccentric type which is provided to resist lateral forces; a
structural frame whose resistance to lateral forces is provided by diagonal or other type of bracing. (D.K. Ching p.
104) [A] concentric braced frame [B] eccentric braced frame [C] braced frame [D] moment frame
An essentially complete space frame which provides supports for gravity loads. [A] concentric braced frame [B]
eccentric braced frame [C] Hinged Frame [D] building frame system
A combination of a Special or Intermediate Moment Resisting Space Frame and Shear Walls or Braced Frames.
[A] Dual System [B] Space Frame [C] Moment resisting Frame [D] Braced Frame

That form of braced frame where at least one end of each brace intersects a beam at a point away from the
column girder joint. A] concentric braced frame [B] eccentric braced frame [C] braced frame [D] moment frame
The entire assemblage at the intersection of the members. [A] Joint [B] Weld [C] Splice [D] None of the above
The horizontal member in a frame system, a beam. [A] Girt [B] Girder [C] Rafters [D] Purlins
An element of a diaphragm parallel to the applied load which collects and transfers diaphragm shear to vertical
resisting elements or distributes loads within the diaphragm. [A] Diaphragm Strut [B] Diaphragm [C] Collector
Strut [D] Collector
Such members may take axial tension or compression. [A] Diaphragm Strut [B] Diaphragm [C] Collector Strut [D]
Collector
The boundary element of a diaphragm or a shear wall which is assumed to take axial stresses analogous to the
flanges of a beam [A] Top Chord [B] Bottom Chord [C] Diaphragm Chord [D] Collector Chord
Those structures which are necessary for emergency post-earthquake operations. [A] Special Occupancy [B]
Hazardous Facility [C] Essential Facilities [D] Miscellaneous Occupancy
That part of the structural system assigned to resist lateral forces. [A] Harizontal Braced System [B] Lateral Force
Resisting system [C] Moment Resisting Frame [D] Building Braced Frame

Moment resisting space frame not meeting special detailing requirements for ductile behavior. [A] Ordinary
Moment Resisting Space frame [B] Braced Frame [C] Moment Resisting Frame [D] Moment frame
The displacement of one level relative to the level above or below. [A] Storey [B] Weak Storey [B] Soft Storey [D]
Storey Drift
The usable capacity of a structure or its members to resist loads within the deformation limits prescribed in this
document. [A] resistance [B] Load Capacity [C] Endurance [D] Strength
The lower rigid portion of a structure having a vertical combination of structural system. [A] Podium [B] Platform
[C] Beam [D] Girder
Horizontal truss system that serves the same function as a diaphragm. [A] Eccentric Braced Frame [B] Concentric
Braced Frame [C] Harizontal Braced Frame [D] Moment Resisting Space Frame
An assemblage of framing members designed to support gravity loads and resist lateral forces. [A] Building [B]
Structure [C] Scaffolding [D] Space Frames
A structural system without complete vertical load carrying space frame. This system provide support for gravity
loads. Resistance to lateral load is provided by shear walls or braced frames. [A] Retaining Wall System [B]
Bearing Wall System [C] Moment Resisting Frame System [D] Cavity Wall System
A structural system with essentially complete space frame providing support for gravity loads. Resistance to
lateral load is provided by shear walls or braced frames. [A] concentric braced frame [B] building frame system
[C] Rigid Frame [D] Moment frame

A structural system with an essentially complete space frame providing support for gravity loads. __________
provide resistance to lateral load primarily by flexural action of members; also called as rigid frame (D.K. Ching p.
104). [A] concentric braced frame [B] eccentric braced frame [C] braced frame [D] moment resisting frame system
Is one in which the story strength is less than 80% of that of the story above. [A] Storey Drift [B] Soft Storey [C]
Weak Storey [D] Storey
An elastic or inelastic dynamic analysis in which a mathematical model of the structure is subjected to a ground
motion time history. The structure's time-dependant dynamic response to these motion is obtained through
numerical integration of its equations of motions. [A] Slump test [B] Time History Analysis [C] Structural Analysis
[D] load Analysis
The effects on the structure due to earthquake motions acting in directions other than parallel to the direction of
resistance under consideration. [A] P-Delta Effect [B] Orthogonal Effect [C] Effective Prestess [D] None of the
above
The secondary effect on shears and moments of frame members induced by the vertical loads acting on the
laterally displaced building frame. [A] P-Delta Effect [B] Orthogonal Effect [C] Effective Prestess [D] None of the
above

Material other than water, aggregate, or hydraulic cement, used as an ingredient of concrete and added to
concrete before or during its mixing to modify its properties. [A] Adhesive [B] Admixture [C] Aggregates [D] Water
Concrete that does not conform to definition of reinforced concrete. [A] Plain Concrete [B] Reinforced Concrete
[C] Lightweight Concrete [D] Structural Concrete
Upright compression member with a ratio of unsupported height to average least lateral dimension of less than
three. [A] Niche [B] Pedestal [C] Column [D] Wall
Ratio of normal stress to corresponding strain for tensile or compressive stresses below proportional limit of
material. [A] Modulus of Gyration [B] Modulus of Elasticity [C] Modulus of Rupture [D None of the Above
In prestressed concrete, temporary force exerted by device that introduces tension into prestressing tendons. [A]
Axial Force [B] lateral Force [C] Jacking Force [D] Upward Force
Length of embedded reinforcement provided beyond a critical section. [A] Development Length [B] Embedment
Length [C] Effective Length [D] Nominal Length

Stress remaining in prestressing tendons after all losses have occurred, excluding effects of dead load and
superimposed loads. [A] Effective Threshold [B] Effective Prestress [C] Effective Precast [D] None of the above
Length of embedded reinforcement required to develop the design strength of reinforcement at a critical section.
[A] Development Length [B] Embedment Length [C] Effective Length [D] Nominal Length
Friction resulting from bends or curves in the specified prestressing tendon profile. [A] Curvature Friction [B]
Wobble Friction [C] Bending Friction [D] None of the above
Concrete made with strong lightweight aggregate having a unit weight of 1,362 to 1,840 kg/m³ and comprssive
strength comparable to that of a normal concrete (D.K. Ching p. 43). [A] Structural Lightweight Concrete [B]
Reinforced Lightweight Concrete [C] Plain Lightweight Concrete [D] Prestressed Concrete
prestressing tendon that is bonded to concrete either directly or through grouting. [A] Bond Beam [B] Bonded
Tendon [C] Adhesion Bond [D] reinforcing bond
ASTM A36 [A] Structural Steel [B] Structural Concrete [C] Reinforced Concrete [D] Prestress Concrete
High-Yield Strength Quenched and Tempered Alloy Steel Plate, Suitable for Welding. [A] ASTM A36 [B] ASTM
A510 [C] ASTM A514 [D] ASTM A600
True or False, Bar larger than 32mm in diameter shall not be bundled in beams. [A] True [B] False
Minimum concrete cover for a Prestressed concrete for beams and columns for primary reinforcements. [A]
20mm [B] 40mm [C] 50mm [D] 75mm
In a material under tension or compression, the absolute value of the ratio of transverse strain to the
corresponding longitudinal strain. [A] Slenderness Ratio [B] Poisson's ration [C] Stiffness ratio [D] None of the
above
In column, the ratio of its effective length to its least radius of gyration. [A] Slenderness Ratio [B] Poisson's ration
[C] Stiffness ratio [D] None of the above
A quantity which measures the resistance of the mass to being revolved about a line. [A] Torsion [B Shear [C]
Stress [D] Equilibrium
A type of concrete floor which has no beam. [A] One Way Slab [B] Flat Slab [C] Cantilevered Slab [D] 2 Way Slab
The tendency for one part of a beam to move vertically with respect to an adjacent part. [A] Torsion [B Shear [C]
Stress [D] Equilibrium
A change in shape of a material when subjected to the action of force. [A] Shear [B] Deflection [C] Deformation
[D] Strain
The maximum value of tension, compression, or shear respectively the material sustain without failure. [A]
Yielding Stress [B] Allowable Stress [C] Yielding Moment [D] Elastic Limit
It means that by which a body develops internal resistance to '__________'. [A] Torsion [B Shear [C] Stress [D]
Equilibrium

The greatest stress which a material is capable of developing without permanent deformation remaining upon the
complete release of stress. [A] Yielding Stress [B] Allowable Stress [C] Yielding Moment [D] Elastic Limit
Intensity of force per unit area. [A] Torsion [B Shear [C] Stress [D] Equilibrium
Loop of reinforcing bar or wire enclosing longitudinal reinforcement. [A] Hooks [B] Tie [C] Stirrup [D] B or C [E] A
or B [F] A or C
The measure of stiffness of a material. [A] Slenderness Ratio [B] Poisson's ration [C] Stiffness ratio [D] None of
the above
The failure in a base when a heavily loaded column strikes a hole through it. [A] Punching Shear [B] Bending
Shear [C] Deformation [D] Deflection
The deformation of a structural member as a result of loads acting on it. [A] Shear [B] Deflection [C] Deformation
[D] Strain
Nominal thickness of of a timber. [A] 2" [B] 4" [C] 6" [D] 8"
The sum of forces in the othorgonal directions and the sum of all moments about any points are zero. [A] Torsion
[B Shear [C] Stress [D] Equilibrium
The complete records of tests conducted (slump, compression test, etc.) shall be preserved and made available
for inspection during the progress of construction and after completion of the project for a period of not less than.
[A] 1 Year [B] 2 Years [C] 4 Years [D] 5 Years
Wood board should have a thickness specification of. [A] less than 1" x 4" [B] Not less than 1" x 4" [C] less than 2"
x 5" [D] not less than 2" x 5"
The distance from the first to the last riser of a stair flight. [A] Rise [B] Total Run [C] Run [D] Total Rise
A high-speed rotary shaping had power tool used to make smooth cutting and curving on solid wood. [A]
Handsaw [B] Chainsaw [C] Portable Hand Router [D] Rip Cut Saw
The major horizontal supporting member of the floor system. [A] Girt [B] Rafters [C] Purlins [D] Girder
Wood defects are: heart shake, cup shake, star shake, and___. [A] knots [B] Nots [C] Moats [D] Notes
Dressed lumber is referred to ___. [A] Green Lumber [B] Rough Lumber [C] Smoothed or Planed Lumber [D]
Treated Lumber
The other kind of handsaw other than rip-cut saw. [B] Chainsaw [C] Cross Cut Saw [D] Rip Cut Saw
It refers to the occupancy load which is either partially or fully in place or may not be present at all. [A] Live Load
[B] Nominal Load [C] Occupant Load [D] Dead Load
The distance between inflection points in the column when it breaks. [A] Effective Length [B] Development Length
[D] Embedment Length [D] Nominal Length
The amount of space measured in cubic units. [A] Area [B] Perimeter [C] Height [D] Volume
In the formula e=PL/AE, E stands for___. [A] Modulus of Rigidity [B] Modulus of Rupture [C] Modulus of Gyration
[D] Modulus of Elasticity
An expansion joint of adjacent parts of a structure to permit expected movements between them. [A] Expansion
Joint [B] Construction Joint [C] Cold Joint [D] Contraction Joint
the total of all thread widths in a stair. [A] Rise [B] Run [C] Total Run [D] Total Rise
The force adhesion per unit area of contact between two bonded surfaces. [A] Flexure Stress [B] Shear Stress [C]
Bond Stress [D] Stress
A structural member spanning from truss to truss or supporting a rafter. [A] Reostra [B] Guililan [C] Kilo [D]
Barakilan
Size of camber for a 25 meters steel truss. [A] Size of Dead Load Deflection [B] Size of Live Load Deflection [C]
Size of Occupant Load Deflection [D] Size of Nominal Load Deflection
A connector such as a welded strut, spiral bar, or short length of channel which resists horizontal shear between
elements. [A] Strong Connection [B] Wet Connection [C] Shear Connector [D] None of the above
The force per unit area of cross section which tends to produce shear. [A] Flexure Stress [B] Shear Stress [C]
Bond Stress [D] Stress
How is a 90 Degree Bend standard hook for concrete reinforcement constructed? [A] 90º bend + 10 db extension
@ free end of bar [B] 90º bend + 12 db extension @ free end of bar [B Degree bend + 6 db extension @ free end
of bar [D] degree bend + 4 db extension @ free end of bar
The law that relates the linear relationship between stresses and strains [A] Poissons Ratio [B] Hook's Law [C]
Law of Inertia [D] Stiffness Ratio
Minimum spacing of Bolts in timber connectionn measured from center of bolts parallel for parallel to grain
loading is equal to ___. [A] 2x diameter of bolt [B] 3x diameter of bolt [C] 4x diameter of bolt [D] 5x diameter of
bolt
According to the provisions of the NSCP on timber connections and fastenings, the loaded edge distance for
perpendicular to grain loading shall be at least ___. [A] 2x diameter of bolt [B] 3x diameter of bolt [C] 4x diameter
of bolt [D] 5x diameter of bolt
NSCP specifies spacing between rows of bolts for perpendicular to grain loading shall be at least ___ times bolt
diameter for L/d ratio of 2. [A] 2.0 [B] 2.5 [C] 3.0 [D] 3.5
Minimum diameter of bolts to be used in timber connections and fastening in accordance with NSCP
specifications. [A] 10mm [B] 12mm [C] 14mm [D] 16mm
Simple solid timber columns have slenderness ratio not exceeding ___. [A] 200 [B] 150 [c] 100 [D] 50
Nails or spikes for which the wire gauges or lengths not set forth in the NSCP specifications shall have a required
penetration of not less than ___. [A] 8 diameters [B] 11 diameters [C] 14 diameters [D] 17 diameters

Notches in sawn lumber bending members in accordance with the NSCP specifications shall not exceed. [A] 1/4
depth of member [B] 1/5 depth of member [C] 1/6 depth of member [D] none of the above
Notches in sawn lumber shall not be located in the ___. [A] Middle Second Span [B] Left Side of Span [C] Right
Side of Span [D] Middle Third Span
Notches in the top and bottom of joists shall not exceed ___. [A] 1/4 depth of member [B] 1/5 depth of member [C]
1/6 depth of member [D] none of the above
Allowable stresses for tension in structural steel in terms of gross area. [A] 0.50 of specified minimum tensile
strength [B] 0.60 of specified minimum yield stress [D] 0.60 of minimum yield tensile strength [D] 0.50 of specified
minimum yield stress
Allowable tensile stress of structural steel based on effective area. [A] 0.50 of specified minimum tensile strength
[B] 0.60 of specified minimum yield stress [D] 0.60 of minimum yield tensile strength [D] 0.50 of specified
minimum yield stress
Allowable stress for tension on pin connected members based on net area. [A] 0.45 Fy [B] 0.60 Fy [C] 0.66 Fy [D]
0.87 Fy
Allowable shear stress on structural steel on the cross sectional area effective in resisting shear. [A] 0.40 Fy [B]
0.45 Fy [C] 0.66 Fy [D] 0.87 Fy
For structures carrying live loads which induce impact, the assumed live load shall be increased sufficiently to
provide for same, for supports of elevators the increase shall be. [A] 50% [B] 75% [C] 100% [D] 150%
The slenderness ratio of compression members shall not exceed ___. [A] 180 [B] 220 [C] 200 [D] 240
The slenderness ratio main members in tension shall not exceed ___. [A] 180 [B] 200 [C] 220 [D] 240
Concrete cover for pipes, conduits, and fittings shall not be less than ___ for concrete exposed to earth or
weather. [A] 20mm [B] 40mm [C] 50mm [D] 75mm
Concrete cover for pipes, conduits, and fittings shall not be less than ___ for concrete not exposed to earth or
weather. [A] 20mm [B] 40mm [C] 50mm [D] 75mm
Curing of concrete (other than high-early strength) shall be maintained above 10°C and in moist condition for at
least the first ___ days after placement. [A] 7 [B] 14 [C] 21 [D] 28
If concrete in structure will dry under service conditions, cores shall be air-dried for ___ days before test and shall
be tested dry. [A] 7 [B] 14 [C] 21 [D] 28
Curing for high-early strength concrete shall be maintained above 10°C and in moist condition for at least the ___
days after placement. [A] 3 [B] 4 [C] 5 [D] 6
The minimum clear spacing between parallel bars in layer shall be db (diameter of bar) but not less than ___. [A]
20mm [B] 25mm [C] 40mm [D] 50mm

A three-dimensional spatial structure made up of one or more curved slabs or folded plateshose thicknesses are
small compared to their other dimensions. [A] Space Frame [B] Braced Frame [C] Geodesic Domes [D] Thin Shell
a 90º, 135º, 180º bend made at the end of a reinforcing bar according to standards [A] Standard Hooks [B]
Bending Hooks [C] Normal Hooks [D] None of the above
It refers to a piece or pair of diagonal braces to resist wind or other horizontal forces on a building. [A] Eccentric
Bracing [B] Concentric Bracing [C] Sway Brace [D] None of the above
This is designed as special foundation for intense column loads on a platform consisting usually of two layers of
rolled steel joists, one on top of other, at right angles; A framework of crossing beams for spreading heavy loads
over large areas. (D.K. Ching p. 101). [A] Mat foundation [B] Isolated Foundation [C] Grillage Foundation [D]
shallow foundation
Referring to any artificial method of strengthening the soil to reduce its shrinkage and ensure that it will not move.
Common methods are mixing the soil with cement or compaction [A] Atmospheric Pressure [B] Soil Bearing
Pressure [C] Soil Stabilization [D] Earthfill
A pit dug in the basement floor during excavation made to collect water into which a pump is placed the liquid to
the sewer pipe. [A] Slump [B] Sump [C] Cistern [D] Septic Tank
It is a long, straight beam which by the inspection if two hinges in alternate spans, functions essentially as a
cantilever beam. [A] Lintel Beam [B] Gerber Beam [C] Cantilevered Beam [D] none of the above
An instrument which measures the actual displacement of the ground with respect to a stationary point during an
earthquake. [A] Mercalli Scale [B] Richter Scale [C] Seismometer [D] Anemometer
The behavior of sandy soil to weaken its capacity to carry imposed loads when subjected to vibration such as
earthquake particularly when water table saturates this layer. [A] Compaction [B] Excavation [C] Liquefaction [D]
Erosion
It is a beam especially provided over an opening for a door or window to carry the wall over opening. [A] Lintel
Beam [B] Gerber Beam [C] Cantilevered Beam [D] none of the above
For any given granular material, the steepest angle with horizontal, a heaped soil surface will make in normal
condition that will not slide. [A] Angle of Inclination [B] Angle of Cohesion [C] Angle of Surface Tension [D] Angle of
repose
Standard hooks used in reinforced concrete beam shall mean. [A] 90º bend + 10 db extension @ free end of bar
[B] 180º bend + 12 db extension but not less than 65mm @ free end of bar [C] Degree bend + 6 db extension @
free end of bar [D] degree bend + 4 db extension @ free end of bar
Standard hooks for stirrups and tie hooks 16mm bar and smaller. [A] 90º bend + 10 db extension @ free end of
bar [B] 90º bend + 12 db extension @ free end of bar [C] 90º Degree bend + 6 db extension @ free end of bar [D]
90º degree bend + 4 db extension @ free end of bar
Standard hooks for stirrups and tie hooks 20-25mm bar. [A] 90º bend + 10 db extension @ free end of bar [B] 90º
bend + 12 db extension @ free end of bar [C] Degree bend + 6 db extension @ free end of bar [D] degree bend +
4 db extension @ free end of bar
Allowable tolerance on minimum concrete cover for depths greater than 200mm [A] (-) 10mm [B] (-) 12mm [C] (-)
14mm [D] (-) 14mm
Allowable tolerance for longitudinal location of bends and ends of reinforcement. [A] (+/-) 25mm [B] (+/-) 50mm
[C] (+/-) 75mm [D] None of the above
Individual bars with a bundle terminated within the span of flexural members shall teminate at different points with
a stagger of at least ___. [A] 20 db [B] 40 db [C] 60 Db [D] 80 db
Clear distance between pre-tensioning tendons at each end of member shall not be less than ___ for strands. [A]
1 Db [B] 2 Db [C] 4 Db [D] 3 Db
Clear distance between pre-tensioning tendons at each end of member shall not be less than ___ for wire. [A] 1
Db [B] 2 Db [C] 3 Db [D] 4 Db
What is the weight of 1 cu. m. of steel? [A] 8750 kilos [B] 8750 kilos [C] 7850 kilos [D] 7580 kilos
A type of gunite mixed with an accelerating admixture with aggregate larger than 10mm originally sprayed under
high air pressure of lining tunnels. [A] Shotcrete [B] Pneumatic Gunite [C] Pneumatic Mortar [D] Early Strength
Gunite
Constructing a high- rise building requires concrete that can easily be pumped. What type of admixture in
concrete the contractor will provide which can reduce the requirement of mixing water and produce a flowing
concrete that does not segregate and needs very little vibration. [A] Accelerator [B] Plasticizer [C] Retarder [D]
Shotcrete
A phenomenon of failure or damage that may result in sudden and brittle fracture of a ductile material due to
reversals of stresses applied to a body repeatedly or a great number of times. [A] Metal Creep [B] Metal Fatigue
[C] Fatigue [D] Creep
__________ act parallel to each other (offset to each other, a distance “d” apart), of the same magnitude but
__________ [A] Bundled [B] Couple [C] Group [D] None of the above
The load at which a perfectly straight member under compression assumes a deflected position. [A] Axial Load
[B] Buckling Load [C] Lateral Load [D] Occupant Load
It is a point within the structure at which a member (beam/column) can rotate slightly to eliminate all bending
moment in the member at that point. [A] Hinge [B] Roller [C] Support [D] Jamb
It is a beam type supported by a hinge/roller at one end and the other end is projecting beyond a fixed support.
[A] Fixed and End Beam [B] Semi Continuous Beam [C] Cantilevered Beam [D] Lintel Beam
Floors in office buildings and in other buildings where partition locations are subject to change shall be designed
to support in addition to all other loads, a uniformly distributed load equal to __________. [A] 500 Pa [B] 750 Pa
[C] 1000 Pa [D] 1250 Pa

The upward pressure against the bottom of the basement floor of a structure or road slab caused by the presence
of water. [A] Atmosheric Pressure [B] Hydrostatic Pressure [C] Soil Bearing Pressure [D] Uplift Pressure

A revetment consisting of rough stones of various sizes placed compactly to protect the banks or bed of a river
from the eroding effects of the flowing water. [A] Retaining Wall [B] Load Bearing Wall [C] Rip Rap [D] Fence
The particular type of pin-connected tension member of uniform thickness with forged loop or head of greater
width than the body, with is proportioned to provide approximately equal strength both in the head and the body.
[A] Eyeball [B] Eyebar [C] Crowbar [D] None of the above

is a separation between adjoining parts of a concrete structure, usually a vertical plane, at a designed location
such as to interfere least with performance of the structure, yet such as to allow relative movement in three
directions and avoid formation of cracks elsewhere in the concrete and through which all or part of the bonded
reinforcement is interrupted. [A] Contraction Joint [B] Isolation Joint [C] Conduction Joint [D] Construction Joint
are materials, which have cementing value when used in concrete either by themselves, such as portland
cement, blended hydraulic cements and expansive cement, or such materials in combination with fly ash, raw or
other calcined natural pozollans, silica fume, or ground granulated blast furnace slag. [A] Adhesive Materials [B]
Concrete materials [C] Cementitious Materials [D] Building Materials
is a 3 dimensional structural system, without bearing walls, composed of members interconnected so as to
function as a complete self contained unit with or without the aid of harizontal diaphragms or floor bracing
systems. [A] Bearing Wall System [B] Space Frame [C] Parellel Truss System [D] Concrete Roof System
is a mechanical or electrical component or element that is a part of a mechanical and or electrical system. [A]
Component, Rigid [B] Component, Flexible [D] Component [D] Component, Equipment
are slender buildings and other structures that have a fundamental natural frequency less than 1 Hz. Included are
other structures that have a height, h, exceeding four times the least harizontal dimension. [A] Intelligient
Buildings [B] Structural Buildings [C] Essential Buildings [D] Flexible Buildings
is the area of the surface of a masonry unit, which is in contact with mortar in place of the joint. [A] Foundation [B]
Bedded Area [C] Foundation Bed [D] Excavation Area
are structural members such as floors and roof slabs, that transmit inertial forces to lateral force resisting
members. [A] Structural Columns [B] Structural Walls [C] Structural Concrete [D] Structural Diaphragms
is the strength of a member or cross section calculated in accordance with provisions and assumptions of the
strength design method before application of any strength reduction factors. [A] Overstrength [B] Strength, Design
[C] Strength, Normal [D] none of the above
in prestressed concrete, is friction caused by unintended deviation of prestressing sheath or duct from its
specified profile. [A] Curvature Friction [B] Wobble Friction [C] Kinetic Friction [D] Static Friction

is the story drift divided by the story height. [A] Storey Drift [B] Storey Drift ratio [C] Weak Storey [D] Soft Storey
in post-tensioning is a device used to anchor tendons to concrete member; in pretensioning, a device used to
anchor tendons during hardening of concrete. [A] Tendon Device [B] Anchorage Device [C] Post tensioning device
[D] Pre tensioning Device
is a aggregate with a dry, loos weight of 1120 kg. / cu.m. Or less. [A] Aggregate, Lightweight [B] Aggregate,
Heavyweight [C] Aggregate, Middleweight [D] Aggregate, Welterweight

The tendency of most materials to move or deform over time under a constant load. The amount of movement
varies enormously depending upon the material. The area that is highly stressed will move the most. The
movement causes stresses to be redistributed. [A] Creep [B] Fatigue [C] Deformation [D] Deflection
The lateral force on a crane runway beam with electrically powered trolleys shall be calculated as __________%
of the sum of the rated capacity of the crane and the weight of the hoist and trolley (NSCP 206.9.4) A. 20%, B.
15%, C. 30%, D. 50%
as per NSCP 2001 sec. 206.9.3 vertical impact force for crane load, if powered monorail cranes are considered,
that maximum wheel load of the crane shall be increased by what percent to determine the induced vertical
impact? A. 50%, B. 25%, C. 15%, D. 20%

bars larger than _______ mm. Shall not be bundled in beams. A. 25 mm., B. 16 mm., C. 28 mm., D. 36 mm.
In spirally reinforced or tied reinforced compression members, clear distance between longitudinal bars shall not
be less than? A. 2.0 db, B. 2.15 db, C. 1.50 db, D. 1.75 db
Inside diameter of bend for stirrups and ties for 16 mm. Bar and smaller shall be not less than (NSCP sec.
5.7.2.2) A. 4 db, B. 6 db, c. 8 Db, D. 10 db

A method proportioning structural components such that no applicable limit state is exceeded when the structure
is subjected to all appropriate load combinations. (NSCP Def. Of Terms) [A] Load and Resistance Factor Design
[B] Structural Design [B] Structural Analysis [D] Load and Endurance Factor Design
The ratio between the effective length and the unbraced length of the member measured between the centers of
gravity of the bracing member (NSCP Def. Of Terms) [A] Effective Length Ratio [B] Effective Length Factor [C]
Effective Length Data [D] Effective Length
Minimum concrete cover provided for reinforcement of cast in place against permanently exposed to earth or
weather using bars larger than 36mm. [A] 20mm [B] 40mm [C] 50mm [D] 75mm
It is the most common performance measure used by engineers in designing buildings and other structures by
breaking cylindrical concrete speciments in a compression testing machine. [A] Compressive Strength Test [B]
Mixed Test [C] Tensile Strength [D] Slump Test
A concrete slab with a size of 2.00 x 10.00, in slab anaylsis, what will be the preferable design of the slab? [A]
Flat Slab [B] 2 Way Slab [C] One Way Slab [D] Ribbed Type Slab
Unit stress in a bar just before it breaks is called? [A] Vertical Shear [B] Punching Shear [C] Yield Point [D]
Working Stress
it is a tendency of a force to cause rotation about a given point or axis [A] shear [B] stiffness [C] Moment [D]
Inertia
it is a method of concrete building construction in which floor (and roof) slabs are cast usually at ground level and
then raised into position by jacking [A] Flat Slab [B] Lift Slab [C] Cupping [D] Seasoning
in computing for the slenderness ratio of steel compression members, what takes into account the effect of the
degree of restraint at the top and bottom supports? [a] Radius of Gyration [B] K-Factors [C] Length [D] Cross
Sectional Area

What class of concrete mixture can be used for slab on fill? [A] Class A [B] Class B [C] Class C [D] Class D
If a column rest on a footing that is not reinforced with rebars, what will happen? [A] Footing Will Crack [B]
Punching Shear will occur [C] There will be a noticeable settlement [D] Nothing will happen

The type of footing for a structural Column within a property line [A] Combined [B] Isolated [C] Continuous [D] Mat
Which is not a part of the truss system? [A] Girder [B] Top Chord [C] Girt [D] Web
In designing of a large shopping centers where space is required, intervals of columns can be wider than the
ordinary by adopting a structural method of construction called [A] Compressioning [B] Pre cast [C] Pre
Tensioning [D] Post tensioning
In Question #402 what is the best type of roofing to be used? [A] Simple Truss System [B] Space frame [C]
Parellel Truss System [D] Concrete roof System
What is the minimum inside diameter of a standard hook for stirrups and ties for a 16mm bar and smaller in
diameter? [A] 4db [B] 6db [C] 8db [D] 12db
To prevent flooding specially in the basement, what component can be provided that collects water into which
pump is placed the liquid to the sewer pipe? [A] Sump [B] Cistern [C] Cofferdam [D] Septic Tank
a rigid structural member designed to carry and transfer transverse loads across spaces supporting elements? [A]
Truss [b] Girder [C] Column [D] Beam
In design of large shopping malls or high rise buildings, what component can be provided to prevent the formation
of harmful cracks? This is designed break in a structure to allow for the drying and temperature shrinkage of
concrete [A] control Joint [B] Expansion Joint [C] Construction Joint [D] Wall Joint

When laying construction blocks, this is the material binds construction blocks together and fills that gaps
between them. It becomes hard when it sets, resulting in a rigid aggregate structure. It is typically made from a
mixture of sand, a binder such as cement, or lime and water [A] Grout [B] Mortar [C] Cement [D] Plaster
What is the required strength U to resist dead load DL and live load LL? [A] U=1.4DL+1.7LL [B] U=0.75
(1.4DL+1.7LL+1.7W) [C] U=0.75 (1.4DL+1.7LL+1.87E) [D] U=0.75 (1.4DL+1.4T+1.7LL)
This element at any transverse cross section of a straight beam is the algebraic sum of the components acting
transverse to the axis of the beam of all loads and reactions applied to the portion of the beam on either side of
the cross section: [A] Axial Force [B] Lateral Force [C] Parallel Force [D] Shear Force
The minimum wall thickness of fireplace chimneys with flue lining as per national building code [A] 0.25 [B] 0.15
[C] 0.10 [D] 0.20
it is the general term applied for all forces which act upon a structure and anything else which causes stress or
deformation within a structure, or part thereof: [A] Loads [B] Unit Weights [C] Reactions [D] Stresses
These are members that are inclined joists used to support sloping roofs [A] Plates [B] Purlins [C] Rafters [D]
Planks
Concrete slab should have a minimum concrete cover of [A] 20mm [B] 40mm [C] 15mm [D] 30mm
any displacement in a body from its static position, or from an established direction of plane is: [A] tension [B]
torsion [C] Variation [D] Deflection
The state or condition of being pulled or stretched: [A] tension [B] torsion [C] Variation [D] Deflection
Wall capable of supportin an imposed load, also called as structural [A] Retaining wall [B] Curtain Wall [C]
Shearing Wall [D] Bearing Wall
in a tall building of steel frame construction, an exterior wall that in non load bearing having no structural function
[A] Retaining wall [B] Curtain Wall [C] Shearing Wall [D] Bearing Wall
a concrete floor slab in which the main reinforcement runs in two directions [A] One Way Slab [B] Flat Slab [C]
Two Way Slab [D] Ribbed Floor
Maximum Unit stress permitted under working loads by codes and specifications [A] Allowable Stress [B] Moment
of Inertia [C] Bending Stress [D] Proportional Limit
The weight of the structure itself, including the weight of fixtures of equipment Permanently [A] Load Bearing
Walls [B] Dead Load [C] Shoring Walls [D] Fixture Load
The minimum length of straight reinforcing bar or reinforcing rod which is required to anchor it i concrete [2] the
length of embedded reinforment required to develop the design streight at a critical section [A] development
length [b] cross sectional area [c] effective length [d] equivalent distance
A bended rod to resist shear and diagonal stresses in a concrete beam is called [a] bottom bar [b] stirrups [c]
metal plate [d] temperature bar
the stress per unit area of the original cross section of a material which rest its elongation is [a] alowable stress
[b] tensile stress [c] flexural stress [d] bending stress
a rectangular reinforced concrete slab which spans a distance very much greater in one direction than the other;
under these situations, most of the load [a] flat slab [b] 2 way slab [c] one way slab [d] ribbed floor
a wall which in its own place carries shear, resulting from force such as wind, blast or earthquake [a] bearing wall
[b] curtain wall [c] grade wall [d] shear wall
a load which acts evenly over a structural member or over a surface that supports the load [a] live load [b] dead
load [c] concentrated load [d] distributed load
a relatively slender structural member designed primarily to support axial, compressive loads, applied at the
member ends [A] beam [B] Post [C] Column [D] Footing
plain or reinforced concrete element cast elsewhere than its final position in the structure [a] pre cast [b]
foundation [c] cast insitu concrete [d] cast in place
a slight convex curvature intentionally built into beam, girder, or truss to compensate for an anticipated deflection
[a] deflection [b] camber [c] bending [d] buckling
the amount of concrete required to protect steel reinforcement from fire and corrosion, measured from the surface
of the reinforcement to outer surface of the concrete section [a] Concrete gap [b] concrete cover [c] minimum
depth [d] none of the above
a design in which the steel reinforcement is more than what is required for balanced condition [a] balanced design
[b] under reinforced [c] over reinforced [d] safe design
a massive concrete wall that resist overturning by virtue of its own strength [a] gravity wall [b] blockwall [c]
shearwall [d] massconcrete wall
minimum thickness of load bearing walls [a] 100mm [b] 200mm [c] 150mm [d] 250mm
which is more dangerous? [a] shear wall at the center [b] shear wall with many openings [c] shear wall at the
outer edge of the building [d] it does not matter
transformer vault is considered as [a] live load [b] dead load [c] moving load [d] uniform distributed load
The process of removing concrete forms from the cured concrete are called [a] clearing [b] stripping [c]
dismantling [d] deforming
for very large roof spans (auditoria, transport buildings, exhibition halls) of over 150ft. These structures are
suggested economical solutions [A] pre stressed concrete [b] space frames [c] reinforced concrete [d] post
tensioned concrete
in one way slab the cantilevered thickness of the slab is L/10. if the span of the slab is 3 meters., what would be
the thickness of the slab? [a] 250mm [b] 300mm [c] 200mm [d] 350mm
the span of the slab is 4 meters, what is the thickness of the slab, if the slab itself is simply supported in solid one
way only? [a] 200mm [b] 250mm [c] 300mm [d] 350mm
Same question in #440, what if you used ribbed one way slab, what will be the thickness of the slab? [a] 200mm
[b] 250mm [c] 300mm [d] 350mm
for bundled bars according to NSCP, what is the size of the bar that shall not be bundled? [a] 36mm [b] 28mm[ c]
30mm [d] 32mm
ASTM A 884M is also known as? [A] epoxy coated steel wire and welded wire fabric [b] zinc coated (galvanized)
steel bars [c] steel welded wire fabric, deformed[ d] steel welded wire fabric, plain
What is the minumum number of vertical bars for spiral column [A] 4 [b] 6 [C] 8 [D] 10
What is the maximum live load for ground Floor? [A] 100 KG [B] 150 KG [C] 200 KG [D] 200 KG

your client has entered the bathroom at his newly built house, however, he immediately went out due to
unpleasant smell that is coming out from the water closet. As the architect of the project, he requested you to
inspect and determine what might be the problem. during your inspection, you noticed that even the bowl is clean
still the foul smell exist. during the construction, the contractor have implemented and complied in the design
intent. proper venting was provided. what might be the solution for this? [A] Check water closet for trap seal loss
[B] Replace Vent [c] Provide air freshener [D] remove existing water closet and install with a new one
During construction a concrete ready mix is delivered but should be tested before pouring in place. Where should
be the concrete mix be tested? [a] Plant [B] Site [C] Mixer during travel [D] Portable Mixer
when the ratio of the short span to the long span of a slab is less than 0.50, slab is a: [A] One Way Slab [B] Slab
On Fill [C] Two Way Slab [D] Cantilever Slab
The analysis of the stress, strain and deflection characteristics of structural behavior is referred to as: [A] Plastic
Analysis [B] Stress Analysis [C] Structural Analysis [D] Seismic Analysis
As a truss replacement what member can be provided to support roofing materials? [A] Plates [B] Purlins [C]
Rafters [D] Planks
Referring to question number 447, what kind of test for concrete should be called? [A] Slump Test [B]
Compressive Strength Test [C] Field Test [D] Control Test
if the building has swimming pool at the roof deck, what kind of load should be considered in answer on item
number 449? It is the load that may accumulate on a roof because of its form, deflection, or clogging of its
drainage [A] Dead Load [B] Live Load [c] Moving Load [D] water Load
What is the treatment for cracks on walls? [A] Additional Plaster [B] Injection of Grout [C] Injection of Bonding
Chemical [D] injection of concrete
A combination of compressive and tension stresses developed at a cross section of a structural member to resist
transverse force (D.K. Ching p. 15) [A] Vertical Shearing Stress [B] Harizontal Shearing Stress [C] Bending Stress
[D] Neutral Axis
It is the sum of the products of each element of an area and the square of its distance from a coplanar axis of
rotation (D.K. Ching p.16) [A] Moment of Rupture [B] Moment of Rigidity [C] Moment of Inertia [D] Section
Modulus

The buckling of a structural member reduced by compressive stresses acting on a slender portion insufficiently
rigid in the lateral direction (D.K. Ching p. 16) [A] Axial Bucking [B] Lateral Bucking [C] Buckling [D] Deformation
A beam extending over more than two supports in order to develop greater rigidity and smaller moments than a
series of simple beams having similar spans and loading (D.K. Ching p. 17) [A] Fixed and End Beam [B]
Continuous Beam [C] Cantilever Beam [D] Overhanging Beam
The perpendicular distance of a spanning member deviates from a true course under transverse loading.
Increasing with load and span and decreasing with an increase in the moment of inertia of the section or the
modulus of elasticity of the material (D.K. Ching p. 15) [A] bending moment [B] resisting moment [C] Deflection
[D] Transverse Shear
It is a projecting beam supported at only one fixed ends (D.K. Ching p. 17) [A] Fixed and End Beam [B]
Continuous Beam [C] Cantilever Beam [D] Overhanging Beam
A rigid, relatively slender structural member designed primarily to support axial, compressive loads applied at the
member ends [A] Walls [B] Columns [C] Beam [D] Footing
The ratio of the effective length of a column to its least radius of gyration (D.K. Ching p. 40) [A] Stiffness Ration
[B] Slenderness Ratio [C] Poisson's Ratio [D] Radius of Gyration
The sudden lateral or torsional instability of a slender structural member induced by the action of a compressive
load. (D.K. Ching p. 40) [A] Tension [B] Compression [C] Deformation [D] Buckling
A slender column subjct to failure by buckling rather than crushing (D.K. Ching p. 40) [A] Short Column [B]
Intermediate Column [C] Long Column [D] None of the above
A column having a mode of failure between that of a short column and a long column, often partly inelastic by
crushing and partly elastic by buckling (D.K. Ching p. 40) [A] Short Column [B] Intermediate Column [C] Long
Column [D] None of the above

A thick column subject to failure by crushing rather than by buckling. Failure occurs when the direct stress from
an axial load exceeds the compressive strength of the material available in the cross section (D.K. Ching p. 40)
[A] Short Column [B] Intermediate Column [C] Long Column [D] None of the above
The axial load at which a column begins to deflect laterally and becomes unstable (D.K/ Ching p. 40) [A]
Compressive Load [B] tensile Load [C] Buckling Load [D] Axial Load
The critical point at which a column carrying it's critical buckling load may either buckle or remain undeflected.
The column is therefore in a state of neutral equilibrium (D.K. Ching p. 40) [A] Critical Buckling Load [B] Critical
Buckling Stress [C] Bifurcation [D] Radius of Gyration
The maximum axial load than can theoretecally be applied to a column without causing it to buckle (D.K. Ching p.
40) [A] Critical Buckling Load [B] Critical Buckling Stress [C] Bifurcation [D] Radius of Gyration
The critical buckling load for a column divided by the area of its cross section (D.K. Ching p. 40) [A] Critical
Buckling Load [B] Critical Buckling Stress [C] Bifurcation [D] Radius of Gyration
The radial distance from any axis to a point at which the mass of a body could be concentrated without altering
the moment of inertia of the body about that axis (D.K. Ching p. 40) [A] Critical Buckling Load [B] Critical Buckling
Stress [C] Bifurcation [D] Radius of Gyration
The proposition that a compressive load should be located within the middle third of a harizontal section of a
column or wall to prevent tensile stresses from developing in the section (D.K. Ching p. 41) [A] P-Delta Effect [B]
Effective Length Factor [C] Middle Third Rule [D] Radius of Gyration
A coefficient for modifying the actual length of a column according to its end conditions in order to determine its
effective length (D.K. Ching p. 41) [A] P-Delta Effect [B] Effective Length Factor [C] Middle Third Rule [D] Radius
of Gyration
Additional moment developed in structural member as its longitudinal axis deviates from the line of action of a
compressive force, equal to the product of the load and the member deflection at any point (D.K. Ching p. 41) [A]
P-Delta Effect [B] Effective Length Factor [C] Middle Third Rule [D] Radius of Gyration

A set of tensile and compressive stresses resulting from the superposition of axial and bending stresses at a
cross section of a structural member, acting the same direction and equal at any point to their algebraic sum (D.K.
Ching p. 41) [A] Compressive Stress [B] Buckling Stress [C] Tensile Stress [D] Combined Stress
The distance between the points at which a structural member is braced againsts buckling in any direction normal
to its length (D.K. Ching p. 41) [A] Effective Length [B] Development Length [C] Embedment Length [D] Unbraced
Length
The bracing of a column or other compression member to reduce its effective length. (D.K. Ching p. 41) [A]
Lateral Bracing [B] Unbraced Length [C] Kern [D] Kern Point
An artificial stoneline building material made by mixing cement and various mineral aggregates with sufficient
water to cause the cement to set and bind the intire mass (D.K. Ching p. 42) [A] Bricks [B] Concrete [C] Stone [D]
Marble
A pigment or dye added to a concrete mix to alter or control its color (D.K. Ching p. 43) [A] Surface Active agent
[B] Water reducing agent [C] Coloring agent [D] Air entraining agent
A calcined mixture of clay and limestone, finely pulverized and used as an ingridient in concrete and mortar. The
term is frequently incorrectly for concrete (D.K. Ching p. 42) [A] Cement [B] Admixtures [C] Aggregates [D]
Concrete
Cement capable of setting and hardening by a reaction with water (D.K. Ching p. 42) [A] Portland Cement [B]
Natural Cement [C] Hydraulic Cement [D] Pozzolan
A expansive reaction occuring when the cement matrix of concrete or mortar comes in contact with sulfates
dissolved in ground water or in soil (D.K. Ching p. 42) [A] Sulfate Action [B] Entrained Air [C] honeycomb [D]
Crazing

Lightweight concrete having a unit weight of less than 960 kg/m³ and low thermal conductivity. (D.K. Ching p. 43)
[A] Structural Lightweight concrete [B] Lightweight concrete [C] Reinforced Concrete [D] Insulating concrete
A mixture of cement and water for coating, setting, and binding aggregate particles together in a concrete or
mortar mix (D.K. Ching p. 43) [A] Grout [B] Mortar [C] Cement Paste [D] Admixture

A volcanic glass expanded by heat to form lightweight, spherical particles used as non structural lightweight
aggregate and as loose fill thermal insulation (D.K. Ching p. 43) [A] Vermiculite [B] Pumice [C] Perlite [D] Hydite
Aggregate consisting of sand having particle size smaller than 1/4 inch. Spefically the portion of aggregates tha
will pass through a 3/8 inches sieve, almost entirely through a no. 4 sieve, and be predominantly retained on a
no. 200 sieve (D.K. Ching p. 43) [A] Coarse Aggregates [B] Fine Aggregates [C] Graded Aggregates [D] Particule
Size Distribution Aggregates
Aggregate consisting of crushed stone, gravel or blast furnaced slag having a particle size larger than 1/4 inches
(D.K. Ching p. 43) [A] Coarse Aggregates [B] Fine Aggregates [C] Graded Aggregates [D] Particule Size
Distribution Aggregates
A naturally occuring clayley limestone which, when calcined and finely pulverized produces a hydraulic cement
(D.K. Ching p. 42) [A] Portland Cement [B] Natural Cement [C] Hydraulic Cement [D] Pozzolan
A method for determining the cosistency and workability of freshly mixed concrete by measuring the slump of the
test specimen (D.K. Ching p. 44) [A] Compressive Strength Test [B] Water Cement Ratio [C] Slump Test [D]
Abram's Law
A test for determining the compressive strength of concrete batch, using a hydraulic press to measure the
maximum load a test cylinder can support in axial compression before fracturing (D.K. Ching p. 44) [A]
Compressive Strength Test [B] Water Cement Ratio [C] Slump Test [D] Abram's Law

A portland cement produced from raw materials low in iron oxide ang manganese oxide. The substances that give
concrete its gray color, used in precast concrete work and in the making of terazzo, stucco and tile grout (D.K.
Ching p. 42) [A] Natural Cement [B] Pozzolan [C] White Portland Cement [D] Air Entraining Portland Cement
A compression test of a cylinder cut from a hardened concrete structure, usually by means of a core drill (D.K.
Ching p. 44) [A] Core Test [B] Slump Test [C] Compressive Strength Test [D] Test Cylinder
A concrete or mortar mix that flows sluggishly without segregating and is readily molded (D.K. Ching p. 44) [A]
Wet Mix [B] Dry Mix [C] Plastic Mix [D] None of the Above
A concrete or mortar mix having relatively high water content and runny consistency (D.K. Ching p. 44) [A] Wet
Mix [B] Dry Mix [C] Plastic Mix [D] None of the Above

A hydraulic cement made by burning a mixture of clay and limestone in a rotary kiln and pulverizing the resulting
clinker into a very fine powder, named for its resemblance to a limestone quarried on the isle of Portland, England
(D.K. Ching p. 42) [A] Portland Cement [B] Natural Cement [C] Hydraulic Cement [D] Pozzolan
A partition closing the end of a form or preventing the passage of newly placed concrete at a construction joint
(D.K. Ching p. 45) [A] Yoke [B} Keyway [C] Bulkhead [D] Wale
A clamping device for keeping column forms or the top of wall froms from spreading under the pressure of newly
placed concrete (D.K. Ching p. 45) [A] Yoke [B} Keyway [C] Bulkhead [D] Wale
The height of quanity of concrete placed in a form at one time (D.K. Ching p. 45) [A] Climbing Form [B] Lift [C]
Slip Form [D] Flying Form
A form that can be moved slowly and continuously as concrete is being placed during the construction of a
concrete pavement or building (D.K. Ching p. 45) [A] Climbing Form [B] Lift [C] Slip Form [D] Flying Form
A form that can be raised vertically or succeeding lifts of concrete during the construction of a multi storey building
(D.K. Ching p. 45) [A] Climbing Form [B] Lift [C] Slip Form [D] Flying Form
A siliceous material, as fly ash, that reacts chemically with slated lime in the presence of moisture to form a slow
hardening cement. (D.K. Ching p. 42) [A] Portland Cement [B] Natural Cement [C] Hydraulic Cement [D]
Pozzolan
A brace, usually of wood for spacing and keeping wall or footing forms apart. Also called as a spacer (D.K. Ching
p. 45) [A] Spreader [B] Wale [C] Strongback [D] Wedge

A harizontal timber or steel beam for reinforcing various vertical members as in formwork or sheet pilling, or for
retaining earth at the edge of an embankment (D.K. Ching p. 45) [A] Spreader [B] Wale [C] Strongback [D] Wedge
A wood strip fixed to the inside face of a form to indicate the top of concrete lift (D.K. Ching p. 45) [A] Grade Strip
[B] Chamfer Strip [C] Rustication Strip [D] Wedge
A strip of wood or other material attached to the inside face of a form to produce a groove in the surface of a
concrete member (D.K. Ching p. 45) [A] Grade Strip [B] Chamfer Strip [C] Rustication Strip [D] Wedge

The temporary structure required to support newly placed concrete. Including the forms and all necessary
supporting members, bracing and hardware (D.K. Ching p. 45) [A] Form [B] Formwork [C] Form Tie [D] Snap Tie
A form consisting of waler rods which are inserted through the form and threaded into the ends of the inner rod.
(D.K. Ching p. 45) [A] She Bolts [B] Cone Bolt [C] Snap Tie [D] Form Tie
A large form that can be moved by a crane, used in constructing the concrete floors and roofs of multi storey
buildings (D.K. Ching p. 45) [A] Climbing Form [B] Lift [C] Slip Form [D] Flying Form
A strip of wood or other material attached to a form to produce a smooth, rounded or beveled edge on the outside
corner of a concrete member (D.K. Ching p. 45) [A] Grade Strip [B] Chamfer Strip [C] Rustication Strip [D] Wedge
A metal tie for keeping wall forms from spreading under the fluid pressure of newly placed concrete (D.K. Ching p.
45) [A] Form Tie [B] Snap Tie [C] Cone Bolt [D] She Bolt
Concrete mixed at a batch plant for delivery by an agitator truck to a construction site (D.K. Ching p. 46) [A]
Ready Mixed Concrete [B] Shrink Mixed Concrete [C] Transit Mixed Concrete [D] Pneumatic Placement

Concrete dry batch at batch plant and mixed in a truck mixer en route to the construction site (D.K. Ching p. 46)
[A] Ready Mixed Concrete [B] Shrink Mixed Concrete [C] Transit Mixed Concrete [D] Pneumatic Placement
Fine particles of ash recovered from the waste gases of a solid fuel furnace (D.K. Ching p. 42) [A] Slag [B] Mica
[C] Fly Ash [D] Silica
Concrete partially mixed ata batch plant and then mixed more completely in a truck mixer en route to a
construction site (D.K. Ching p. 46) [A] Ready Mixed Concrete [B] Shrink Mixed Concrete [C] Transit Mixed
Concrete [D] Pneumatic Placement
A milky deposit containing cement and aggregate fines on the surface of new concrete. Caused by the bleeding
of excess mixing water, overworking of the mix or improper finishing (D.K. Ching p. 46) [A] Segregation [B]
Stratification [C] Bleeding [D] Laitance
Separation of coarse aggregates from the mortar or of water from the other ingridients of freshly mixed concrete
(D.K. Ching p. 46) [A] Segregation [B] Stratification [C] Bleeding [D] Laitance
The emergence of excess mixing water on the surface of newly placed concrete caused by settlement of solids
within the mass (D.K. Ching p. 46) [A] Segregation [B] Stratification [C] Bleeding [D] Laitance
The delivery of concrete, slurry or plaster by a pipleline or hose to the point of placement on a construction site,
either in a plastic state for depositing in place or for spraying, or in a dry state with water added at the nozzle from
which it is sprayed (D.K. Ching p. 46) [A] Ready Mixed Concrete [B] Shrink Mixed Concrete [C] Transit Mixed
Concrete [D] Pneumatic Placement
A portland cement having a reduced content of tricalcium silicate and an increased content of dicalcium silicate
causing it to generate less heat of hydration than normal portland cement. Used particularly for construction of
massive concrete structure, as gravity dams, where a large buildup in heat can be damaging (D.K. Ching p. 42)
[A] Type I: Normal [B] Type II: Moderate [C] Type III: High Early Strength [D] Type IV: Low Heat [E] Type V: Sulfate
Resisting

The separation of an excessively wet or overvibrated concrete mix into harizontal layers with increasingly lighter
material migrating toward the top (D.K. Ching p. 46) [A] Segregation [B] Stratification [C] Bleeding [D] Laitance
The process of leveling, smoothing, compacting and treating of newly placed concrete surface to produce the
desired texture and apperance (D.K. Ching p. 47) [A] Grouting [B] Finishing [C] Plastering [D] Curing
A flat tool for spreading and smoothing of fresg concrete, stucco, or plaster surface (D.K. Ching p. 47) [A] Float [B]
Bull Float [C] Trowel [D] Power trowel

A portable machine having steel trowels mounted on radial arms that rotate about a vertical shaft to smooth,
compact, and finish a fresh concrete surface (D.K. Ching p. 47) [A] Float [B] Bull Float [C] Trowel [D] Power trowel
A portland cement used for general construction, having none of the distinguishing qualities of other types (D.K.
Ching p. 42) [A] Type I: Normal [B] Type II: Moderate [C] Type III: High Early Strength [D] Type IV: Low Heat [E]
Type V: Sulfate Resisting
A trowel having a long curved lip for rounding the edges of a fresh concrete slab as it begins to set (D.K. Ching p.
47) [A] Edger [B] Bull Float [C] Float [D] Trowel
Any of various flat bladed hand tools for applying, spreading, working or smoothing plastic materials. Such as
concrete, mortar and plaster (D.K. Ching p. 47) [A] Float [B] Bull Float [C] Trowel [D] Power trowel
A portland cement having a reduced content of tricalcium aluminate, lessening the need for gypsum, a sulfate
normally added to cement to retard its setting time. Used where resistance to severe sulfate action is required V:
Sulfate Resisting
To maintain newly placed concrete or mortar at the required temperature and humidity for the first 7 days
following placement, casting, or finishing to ensure satisfatorily hydration of cementitious materials and proper
hardening (D.K. Ching p. 47) [A] Curing [B] Hardening [C] Tempering [D] Glazing
A fine textured finish obtained by smoothing a fresh concrete, plaster, stucco surface with a wood float (D.K.
Ching p. 47) [A] Dry Shake Finish [B] Trowel Finish [C] Float Finish [D] Broom Finish
A portland cement having a reduced content of tricalcium aluminate, making it more resistant to surfaces and
causing it to generate less heat of hydration. Used in general construction where resistance to moderate sulfate
action is required or where heat builtup can be damaging, as in the construction of large piers and heavy retaining
walls (D.K. Ching p. 42) [A] Type I: Normal [B] Type II: Moderate [C] Type III: High Early Strength [D] Type IV: Low
Heat [E] Type V: Sulfate Resisting
The process in which a substance combines chemically with water, as the occuring when cement is mixed with
water (D.K. Ching p. 47) [A] Evaporation [B] Hydration [C] Curing [D] Hardening
A wheel mounted, rotary power saw equipped with a silicon carbide or diamond blade for cutting a control joint in
a hardened concrete slab (D.K. Ching p. 47) [A] Portable Hand Router [B] Pavement Saw [C] Cross Cut Saw [D]
Handsaw
A float having a large, flat bladed attached to a long handle (D.K. Ching p. 47) [A] Float [B] Bull Float [C] Trowel
[D] Power trowel
A very finely ground portland cement having an increased content of tricalcium silicate causing it to cure faster
and gain strength earlier than normal portland cement. Used when the early removal of formwork is desired, or in
cold weather construction to reduce the time required for protection from low temperatures (D.K. Ching p. 42) [A]
Type I: Normal [B] Type II: Moderate [C] Type III: High Early Strength [D] Type IV: Low Heat [E] Type V: Sulfate
Resisting
A dense, smooth finish obtained by working a fresh concrete or plaster surface with a steel trowel (D.K. Ching p.
47) [A] Dry Shake Finish [B] Trowel Finish [C] Float Finish [D] Broom Finish
A textured finish given to a fresh plaster or concrete surface by trowelling with a circular overlapping motion (D.K.
Ching p. 47) [A] Swirl Finish [B] Broom Finish [C] Dry Shake Finish [D] Brush hammered Finish
A striated obtained by stroking a broom or stiff brush over a freshly troweled concrete surface (D.K. Ching p. 47)
[A] Swirl Finish [B] Broom Finish [C] Dry Shake Finish [D] Brush hammered Finish

Voids on a formed concrete surface caused by segregation during placement or by insufficient consolidation (D.K.
Ching p. 47) [A] Spalling [B] Crazing [C] Honeycomb [D] Drying Shrinkage [E] Setting Shrinkage

Of or pertaining to an arrangement under which a person or organization designs and constructs a building for
sale or lease when ready for occupancy (D.K. Ching p. 48) [A] Design Build [B] Fast Track [C] Turn Key [D] Top
Out
The insuring of property, life or one's persons againsts less or harm arising in specified contingencies in
consideration of a payment proportionate to the risk involved (D.K. Ching p. 48) [A] Bond [B] Insurance [C]
License [D] Loans

Having a monetary commitment set aside to ensure that all obligations set forth are fulfilled; usually goes for
contractors and subcontractors in construction (D.K. Ching p. 48) [A] Bond [B] Insurance [C] License [D] Loans
The chipping of a hardened concrete or masonry surface caused by freeze thaw cycles or the applications of
delcing salts (D.K. Ching p. 47) [A] Spalling [B] Crazing [C] Honeycomb [D] Drying Shrinkage [E] Setting
Shrinkage
To install in the highest structural member on a construction or complete the most uppermost portion in a
masonry wall (D.K. Ching p. 49) [A] Scaffold [B] Falsework [C] Top Out [D] Finishing
A temporary structure or platform for supporting workers and materials at a height above the floor or ground
during the construction or repair the building. (D.K. Ching p. 49) [A] Scaffold [B] Falsework [C] Top Out [D]
Finishing
A technical investigation and analysis conducted to determine the financial, technical, or other advisability of a
proposed construction project (D.K. Ching p. 49) [A] Programming [B] Financial Analysis [C] Feasibility Studies
[D] Budget Financing
A reduction in volume of concrete, mortar or plaster caused by a loss of moisture (D.K. Ching p. 47) [A] Spalling
[B] Crazing [C] Honeycomb [D] Drying Shrinkage [E] Setting Shrinkage
of or pertaining to project scheduling in which the design and construction phases of the building project overlap
to copmpress the total time required for completion (D.K. Ching p. 48) [A] Design Build [B] Fast Track [C] Turn
Key [D] Top Out

A colored finish produced by sparkling a dry mixture of cement, sand and a pigment of fresh concrete surface
following screeding and after any free water has evaporated and then working the mixture into the surface with a
float (D.K. Ching p. 47) [A] Swirl Finish [B] Broom Finish [C] Dry Shake Finish [D] Brush hammered Finish
A method for planning, scheduling and managing a project combining all relevant information into a flow chart.
(D.K. Ching p. 49) [A] CPM [B] Gantt Chart [C] Fast Track [D] Design Build
The competetive process of offering to perform the work described in the contract for a specified sum (D.K. Ching
p. 49) [A] Competition [B] Bidding [C] Construction [D] Design Build

A formal acceptance of a bid or a negotiated proposal (D.K. Ching p. 49) [A] Deed [B] Bid [C] Contract [D] Award

Numerous hairline cracks occuring in the surface of a newly hardened concrete slab as a result of rapid drying
shrinkage (D.K. Ching p. 47) [A] Spalling [B] Crazing [C] Honeycomb [D] Drying Shrinkage [E] Setting Shrinkage
A legally enforceable agreement, usually in written form, between two or more parties to do or not to do
something specified (D.K. Ching p. 49) [A] Deed [B] Bid [C] Contract [D] Award
A written authorization to proceed with construction of a building project in accordance with approved drawings
and specifications. Issued by local government agency having jurisdiction after plans have been filed and
reviewed (D.K. Ching p. 49) [A] Occupancy Permit [B] Building Permit [C] Notice to Proceed [D] Certificate of
Completion
Exposed Concrete work requiring special care in the selection of materials forming, placing and finishing to
acquire the desired appearance (D.K. Ching p, 47) [A] Beton Brut [B] Architectural Concrete [C] Reinforced
Concrete [D] Lightweight Concrete
The part of the contract documents consisting of detailed description of the technical nature of the materials,
standards, and quality of execution of work to be placed under contract (D.K. Ching p. 50) [A] Construction
Documents [B] Specifications [C] Contract Documents [D] Uniform System
The legal documents comprising a construction contract, including the owner contractor agreement, conditions of
the contract, and the construction drawings and specifications for the project, including all addenda,
modifications, and any other items stipulated as being specifically included (D.K. Ching p. 50) [A] Construction
Documents [B] Specifications [C] Contract Documents [D] Uniform System
The construction drawings and specifications setting forth in detail the requirements for the construction of a
project (D.K. Ching p. 50) [A] Construction Documents [B] Specifications [C] Contract Documents [D] Uniform
System
A format developed by the Construction Specifications Institute for coordinating specifications, filling of technical
data and product literature, it is organized into 16 divisions; it is also called as the Masterformat (D.K. Ching p.
50) [A] Construction Documents [B] Specifications [C] Contract Documents [D] Uniform System
A method of casting reinforced concrete wall panels on site in a harizontal position, then tilting them up into their
final position (D.K. Ching p. 50) [A] Tilt up construction [B] Prefabrecated Construction [C] Lift Slab Construction
[D] Modular Construction
Concrete left in its natural state after formwork is removed, especially when the concrete surface reflects the
texture, joints, and fastened of a board form (D.K. Ching p, 47) [A] Beton Brut [B] Architectural Concrete [C]
Reinforced Concrete [D] Lightweight Concrete
To construct by assembling diverse and usually standarization parts (D.K. Ching p. 50) [A] Prefabricate [B]
Fabricate [C] Module [D] Modular Coordination
To fabricate or manufacture beforehand, especially in standarized units or components for quick assembly and
erection (D.K. Ching p. 50) [A] Prefabricate [B] Fabricate [C] Module [D] Modular Coordination

Any in a series of standarized, frequently interchangeable components used in assembling units of differing size,
complexity and function (D.K. Ching p. 50) [A] Prefabricate [B] Fabricate [C] Module [D] Modular Coordination
A reduction in volume of concrete prior its final set, caused by hydration of the cement paste (D.K. Ching p. 47)
[A] Spalling [B] Crazing [C] Honeycomb [D] Drying Shrinkage [E] Setting Shrinkage
A document issued by a building official certifying that all or a designated portion of a building complies with the
provisions of the building code, and permitting occupancy for its designated use [A] Occupancy Permit [B]
Building Permit [C] Notice to Proceed [D] Certificate of Completion
A person designated by a governmental authority to administer and enforce the building codes of a certain
country (D.K. Ching p. 49) [A] President [B] Senators [C] Congressman [D] Building Official
A coarse texture finish obtained by fracturing a concrete or stone surface with a power driven hammer having a
rectangular head with a corrugated, serrated or toothed face (D.K. Ching p. 47) [A] Brush hammered finish [B]
Exposed aggregate finish [C] Broom Finish [D] Swirl finish
What is Division 16 in the Uniform System of "Specifications? [A] Electrical [B] Mechanical [C] Specilities [D]
Equipment
A specification that stipulates the exact quantities and qualities of materials to be furnished and how they are to
be assembled in construction (D.K. Ching p. 50) [A] Performance Specification [B] Descriptive Specification [C]
Reference Specification [D] Proprietary Specification
A specification that stipulates how a particular component or system must perform without giving the means to be
employed to achieve the results (D.K. Ching p. 50) [A] Performance Specification [B] Descriptive Specification [C]
Reference Specification [D] Proprietary Specification
What is Division 11 in the Uniform System of "Specifications? [A] Special Construction [B] Conveying Systems [C]
Specilities [D] Equipment
The process of diagnosing the technical, functional and behavioral aspects of a completed building in order to
accumulate information for future programming and design activities (D.K. Ching p. 49) [A] Building Maintenance
[B] Building Administration [C] Post Occupancy Evaluation [D] Design Build Services
Planning and design utilizing prefabricated modues or modular coordination for ease of erection, flexible
arrangement or variety of use (D.K. Ching p. 50) [A] Architectural Design [B] Structural Design [C] Modular Design
[D] Interior Design
A technique of constructing multi story buildings in which all harizontal slabs are cast at ground level and, when
cured, are raised into position by hydraulic jacks (D.K. Ching p. 50) [A] Tilt up construction [B] Prefabrecated
Construction [C] Lift Slab Construction [D] Modular Construction
A decorative finish produced by sandblasting, etching with an acid or scrubbing a concrete surface after the initial
set in order to remove the outer layer of cement paste and expose to aggregate (D.K. Ching p. 47) [A] Brush
hammered finish [B] Exposed aggregate finish [C] Broom Finish [D] Swirl finish
What is Division 12 in the Uniform System of "Specifications? [A] Furnishings [B] Conveying Systems [C]
Specilities [D] Equipment

A specification that refers to a standard specification to indicated the properties desired in a material or
component and the methods of testing required to substantiate the performance of products (D.K. Ching p. 50) [A]
Performance Specification [B] Descriptive Specification [C] Reference Specification [D] Proprietary Specification
A specification that stipulates the use of specific products, systems, or processes without provision for substitution
(D.K. Ching p. 50) [A] Performance Specification [B] Descriptive Specification [C] Reference Specification [D]
Proprietary Specification
What is Division 13 in the Uniform System of "Specifications? [A] Furnishings [B] Conveying Systems [C]
Specilities [D] Special Construction
A code regulating the design construction, alteration and repair of buildings adopted and enforced by a local
government agency to protect the public, safety and welfare (D.K. Ching p. 51) [A] Variance [B] Building Code [C]
Model Code [D] Zoning Ordinance
An official permit to do something normally forbidden by regulations, especially by building in a way or for a
purpose normally forbidden by a building code or zoning ordinance (D.K. Ching p. 51) [A] Variance [B] Building
Code [C] Model Code [D] Zoning Ordinance

A building code the sets minimum standards for energy conservation and energy efficient design of buildings
(D.K. Ching p. 51) [A] Variance [B] Building Code [C] Energy Code [B] Variance [D] Zoning Ordinance
An ordinance regulating the division of land into zones, as to restrict the height, bulk, density and use of buildings
and the provision of any ancillary facilities, as parking a principal instrument in the implementation of a master
plan (D.K. Ching p. 51) [A] Variance [B] Building Code [C] Energy Code [B] Variance [D] Zoning Ordinance
Construction having a structure of steel, concrete, masonry and walls, floors and roof of non combustible
materials (D.K. Ching p. 51) [A] Combustible Construction [B] Non Combustible Construction [C] Light Wood
Frame Construction [D] Heavy Timber Construction
Any construction that does not fullfull the requirements for combustible construction (D.K. Ching p. 51) [A]
Combustible Construction [B] Non Combustible Construction [C] Light Wood Frame Construction [D] Heavy
Timber Construction
A hinged, sliding, or folding barrier of wood, metal or glass for opening and closing an entrance to a building,
room or cabinet (D.K. Ching p. 62) [A] Windows [B] Doors [C] Walls [D] Floors
A rigid frame connected to its supports with pin joints. The pin joints prevent high bending stresses from
developing by allowing the frame to rotate as a unit when strained by support settelements (D.K. Ching p. 104)
[A] Braced Frame [B] Rigid Frame [C] Hinged Frame [D] Fixed Frame
A method of analyzing a multi story frame as a cantilever subject to bending. (D.K. Ching p. 105) [A] Modular
Method [B] Portal method [C] Cantilever Method [D] Moment Distribution Method
A rigid frame of two columns and a beam defining a single bay. Also called as single bay frame (D.K. Ching p.
105) [A] Multibay Frame [B] Portal [C] Multistory Frame [D] Bent
A braced or rigid frame designed to carry vertical and lateral loads transverse to the length of framed structure
(D.K. Ching p. 105) [A] Multibay Frame [B] Portal [C] Multistory Frame [D] Bent
The act, process, or manner of fitting and joining together relatively slender members to give shape and support
to a structure (D.K. Ching p. 106) [A] Scaffolding [B] Framing [C] Planning [D] Bracing
Best Roofing material for a bakery [A] Tegula [B] Concrete [C] Terra Cota [D] Asphalt Shingles
Best Roofing material for a house located near a coastal area [A] Asphalt Shingles [B] G.I Sheet [C] Concrete [D]
tegula
A rigid frame connected to its supports with fixed joints. (D.K. Ching p. 104) [A] Braced Frame [B] Rigid Frame [C]
Hinged Frame [D] Fixed Frame
A door that slides into and out of a recess in a doorway wall (D.K. Ching p. 62) [A] Sliding door [B] Pocket Door
[C] Bifold Door [D] Dutch Door
A rigid frame having a continuous beam supported by and rigidly connected to three or more columns (D.K. Ching
p. 105) [A] Multibay Frame [B] Portal [C] Multistory Frame [D] Bent
What roofing material is best suited for an industrial plant where hazardouz/toxic fumes are emitted? [A]
Polycarbonate roofing [B] Corrugated G.I. Roofing [C] Plain galvanized Iron Sheath [D] Concrete Roofing
What type of roofing materials is overbaked and waterproofed? [A] Shingles [B] Tegula [C] Clay Roof Tiles [D]
Long Span G.I Roofing
A skeletal structure of parts, fitted and joined together in order to support, define or enclose (D.K. Ching p. 106)
[A] Plantilya [B] Plancha [C] Balangkas [D] Bolada
It is used for shedding rainwater so as to keep it from running down a wall or from entering a sill [A] Downspout
[B] Gutter [C] Drip Mould [D] Catch Basin
True or False, is Rigid insulation / loose fill a type of insulation used between the roof and the ceiling? (D.K. Ching
p. 119) [A] True [B] False
A virtual hinge that developes when all fibers are fully yielded at a cross section of a structural member (D.K. p.
104) [A] A-Frame [B] Plastic Hinge [C] Three Hinged Frame [D] Sidesway

A folding door that divides into two parts, the inner leaf of each part being hung from an overhead track and the
outer leaf pivoted the jamb (D.K. Ching p. 62) [A] Sliding door [B] Pocket Door [C] Bifold Door [D] Dutch Door
What do you call an opening in wall or parapet wall that allows water to drain from a roof? [A] Gutter [B]
Downspout [C] Scappel [D] Facia board
It is the most common roofing size [A] 6m - 12m [B] 6m - 14m [C] 6m - 10m [D] 6m - 20m
What is the nominal roofing dimension of a corrugated G.I. roof? [A] 4' x 8' [B] 5' x 3' [C] 6' x 10' [D] 3' x 7'
A structual assembly of two rigid sections connected to each other and to its supports with pin joints. While more
sensitive to deflection than either the fixed or hinged frame (D.K. p. 104) [A] A-Frame [B] Plastic Hinge [C] Three
Hinged Frame [D] Sidesway

A method for analyzing an indeterminate structure through an iterative process of fixing a rigid point in space.
(D.K. Ching p. 105) [A] Modular Method [B] Portal method [C] Cantilever Method [D] Moment Distribution Method
A vertical series of superimposed rigid frames (D.K. Ching p. 105) [A] Multibay Frame [B] Portal [C] Multistory
Frame [D] Bent
A multileafed door that is hung from an overhead track and opens by folding back in the manner of an accordion
(D.K. Ching p. 62) [A] Sliding door [B] Pocket Door [C] Bifold Door [D] Accordion Door
The lateral displacement produced in a rigid frame by lateral loads or asymetrical vertical loading (D.K. p. 104) [A]
A-Frame [B] Plastic Hinge [C] Three Hinged Frame [D] Sidesway
A system of construction utilizing a framework of columns and beams to transmit building loads down to the
foundation (D.K. Ching p. 106) [A] Light Frame Construction [B] Post and Beam Construction [C] Pole
Construction [D] Skeleton Construction
Minimum end lapping for corrugated GI Sheet [A] 30cm [B] 25cm [D] 20cm [D] 40cm
Minimum side lapping for a corrugated GI Roofing? [A] 1 1/2" [B] 2" [C] 2 1/2" [D] 3"
A building constructed with a steep triangular frame resting directly on a foundation (D.K. p. 104) [A] A-Frame [B]
Plastic Hinge [C] Three Hinged Frame [D] Sidesway
Gutter and Roof Accessories are [A] thicker than roof [B] Thinner than roof [C] Equal in thickness [D] it depends
on the taste!
Aside from Roofing purposes, where can you use Polycarbonate? [A] Wall Sidings [B] Sound walls [C] Dome
lights [D] Curved Glazings [E] All of the Above
A skeletal frame of relatively slender members designed to give shape and support to a building or other
construction (D.K. Ching p. 104) [A] Foundation [B] Frame [C] Scaffolding [D] None of the Above
Roof for entry of light [A] Clerestory [B] Skylight [C] Triforium [D] Refectory

A large door constructed of one or several leaves opening by swinging or rolling up to a horizontal position above
the door opening (D.K. Ching p. 62) [A] Overhead Door [B] Pivoted Door [C] Rolling Door [D] Sliding Door
It is a type of glass which is used for roof deck with skylights [A] Fixed Glass [B] Patterned Glass [C] Float glass
[D] Laminated Glass
A tapered, semicylindrical in roofing tile, laid convex side up to overlap planking, similar tiles laod concave side up
[A] Roman Tiles [B] Tegula [C] Mission Tiles [D] Pantiles
A material used for roofing that melts when exposed to the sun. Hence is transformed as one [A] G.I [B]
Polycarbonate [C] Asphalt [D] Clay Tiles
In polycarbonate roofing, why is there a need to provide gaps? [A] For thermal Insulation [B] For Sealant
purposes [C] For thermal Expansion [D] For Moisture Protection
Floor or Roof construction utilizing a framework of timber beams to support wood planks or decking (D.K. Ching
p. 106) [A] Light Frame Construction [B] Post and Beam Construction [C] Pole Construction [D] Plank and Beam
Construction
What is galvanized? [A] Zinc Coated on one side [B] Zinc Coated on two sides [C] Zinc Chomated Finish [D]
None really matters
In a busy airport, what materials is used on the roof? [A] Concrete Slab [B] Thich Thatch Roof [C] Ceramic tile [D]
G.I. roof with bubble foil insulation
For a structure at sea, what is the best type of roofing? [A] Galvanized Iron roofing [B] Asphalt Singles [C]
Concrete [D] Fiber Cement board
Where is the gutter being attached? [A] Cleats [B] Purlins [C] Facia Board [D] Rafters
How are gutters joined? [A] Mighty Bond [B] Vulcaseal [C] Tekscrew [D] Aluminum Rivets
A iron coated with zinc are called [A] Stainless [B] Chromed [C] Galvanized [D] Rivetted
Material To fasten G.I. Sheet [A] Bolt and Nut [B] Weld [C] Rivet [D] Vulcaseal
Used to connect G.I. Sheets to a steel purling [A] Roof Nail [B] Machine Bolt with nut [C] Expansion Bolt [D] Self
Tapping Screw
Commercial Length of Long Span Roof [A] 16' [B] 18' [C] 20' [D] 22'
What is the better way of insulating the roof? [A] Roofing Sheet, an air space or gap then aluminum insulation [B]
Roofing Sheet with aluminum insulation underneath [C] Air Space, Aluminum Insulation the Roofing Sheet [D}
Aluminum Insulation, Roofing Sheet and the air space
The type of roof to be used in a forested area [A] Flat Roof [B] Steep Roof [C] Gable Roof [D] Hip Roof
Wall constructiong utilizing a framework of vertical post and harizontal beams to carry floor and roof loads. Also
called as post and lintel construction (D.K. Ching p. 106) [A] Light Frame Construction [B] Post and Beam
Construction [C] Pole Construction [D] Plank and Beam Construction
It is used to attach aluminum gutter to a roof [A] Nails [B] Weld [C] Rivets [D] Screws
Where is a gutter attached [A] Top Plate [B] Batter boards [C] Ceiling Joists [D] Fascia Board

What can be an alternative for connecting the truss? [A] Welding [B] Soldering [C] Brazing [D] None of the above
Steel coated with zinc is also called [A] Stainless [B] Chromed [C] Galvanized [D] Rust Free

Wjat is the commercial length of a long span roofing? [A] 15 meters [B] 18 meters [C] 21 meters [D] 24 meters
Which roofing material is best for a beach rest house? [A] Metal Deck [B] Shingles [C] Long Span [D]
Polycarbonate
Whar roof is ideal for a green house? [A] Metal Deck [B] Shingles [C] Long Span [D] Polycarbonate

What type of roof is suitable for a sidewalk? [A] Slate [B] Concrete [C] Curvilinear G.I. Sheet [D] Polycarbonate
what will you recommend for a roofing of a warehouse/factory? [A] Metal Deck [B] Shingles [C] Long Span [D]
Polycarbonate
Heat absorbing glass with blue green or gray color reflects heat coming into space. This is because of its [A]
Strength pf stress [B] Chemical Composition and Color [C] Weight and Density [D] Thickness
It is a tool to cut glass [A] Diamond [B] Scissors [C] Cross Cut Saw [D] Cutter
What do you call the type of glass with minimal distortion? [A] Plate [B] Sheet [C] Float [D] Wired
What does a double insulating glass have that is able to let short wavelengths thru such as light but blocks long
wavelengths such as ultraviolet heat? [A] acts as an Ultraviolet Absorber [B] It rectifies Ultraviolet rays [C] It acts
as an ultraviolet filter [D] None of the above
What does fire resistive glass contain in the gap between two glass panels that other glass does not have? [A] Air
[B] PVB layer [C] Water [D] Oil
In a reflective glass, what will you see at around 8PM when you are inside and the lights are on? [A] People
outside [B] Yourself [C] Nothing [D] Yourself, and the people outside
What will happen to brightly colored packages in a display window when they are exposed to sunlight? [A] The
will be bigger [B] they will look thinner [C] Nothing will happen [D] None of the above
Disregarding canopy, what will be the best kind of window for protection of rain? [A] Casement Window [B]
Dormer Window [C] Fixed Window [D] Awning Window
For a high rise building and considering safety, what would be the most economical and effective window against
rain? [A] Casement Window [B] Dormer Window [C] Fixed Window [D] Awning Window
It is a type of glass used in mirrors for a distortion free surface [A] Plate [B] Sheet [C] Float [D] Wired
What do you cal etching glass? [A] Annealed glass [B] Plate Glass [C] Patterned glass [D] Flat glass
What glass is used when distortion is of not importance? [A] Sheet [B] Plate [C] Float [D] Patterned

What happens if someone tries to break a tempered glass? [A] It will not break [B] It will break but will not splinter
across the room [C] It will break into smaller particles [D] The person who break the glass will get injured
A system of construction employing a vertical structure of pressure treated wood poles which are firmly
embedded in the ground as a pier foundation (D.K. Ching p. 106) [A] Light Frame Construction [B] Post and
Beam Construction [C] Pole Construction [D] Plank and Beam Construction

What happens if someone tries to break a laminated glass? [A] It will not break [B] It will break but will not splinter
across the room [C] It will break into smaller particles [D] The person who break the glass will get injured
It Is a type of glass used for display of windows [A] Tinted Glass [B] Reflective Glass [C] Clear Glass [D]
Tempered Glass
What type of glass would should be used as a flooring material at the second floor if the owner specifically
instructed the architect that he wants a clear view of the ground floor? [A] Tempered Glass [B] Glass Blocks [C]
Laminated Safety Glass [D] Clear Glass
A type of glass wherein you can see the people inside the building during night time [A] Tinted Glass [B]
Reflective Glass [C] Tempered Glass [D] Insulated Glass

A high end residential s adjacent to a busy and heavy traffic main road. Because of the nuisance of vehicles. The
upper floors are afftected. What should be done to minimize the noise if price would not be a problem [A] Heavy
Drapes [B] Double Glazing Window [C] Clear Glass [D] Just stay away from the busy and crowded area

What Type of glass has the waviest face? [A] Plate Glass [B] Clear Glass [C] Sheet Glass [D] Reflective Glass
If you are inside a building using a reflective glass, you can see buildings in front of you in the morning. At night,
when you are inside, you can see [A] Cars [B] Birds [C] Trees [D] Yourself

A type of glass used for skylight [A] Corn Glass [B] Laminated Glass [C] Wire Glass [D] Single Strength Glass
A system of construction utilizing closely spaced and sheated members of dimension lumber or light gauge metal
to form the structural elements of the building (D.K. Ching p. 106) [A] Light Frame Construction [B] Post and
Beam Construction [C] Pole Construction [D] Plank and Beam Construction
What window is hardest to reach? [A] Casement [B] Clerestory [C] Awning [D] Jalousie
What kind of window is easiest to clean? [A] Sliding [B] Casement [C] Awning [D] Skylights
What type if glass is dust free? [A] Glass Block [B] Jalousie [C] Laminated [D] Float

What type of glass is ideal for skylights? [A] Tempered Glass [B] Float Glass [C] Laminated Glass [D] Wire Glass
What window is easiest to clean? [A] Awning [B] Casement [C] Double Hung [D] Sliding
Which window type is easiest to clean? [A] Awning [B] Casement [C] Louvers [D] Sliding
It is the desired window for high rise buildings [A] Picture Window [B] Awning [C] Casement [D] Sliding

What type of window does not require weatherproof sealant? [A] Louver [B] Awning [C] Sliding [D] Casement
What type of window is commonly used In condominiums, where safety and waterproofing are main concerns?
[A] Tilt and Turn [B] Awning [C] Casement [D] Sliding
In the installation of anodized windows, what should you do first? [A] Attach first the window frames then finish the
sides [B] Finish the Opening then install the frame [C] Either will work fine [D] None really matters
Where do we use gondola? [A] To have a general tour between the exterior walls of the structure in high rise
height [B] For cleaning windows / curtain walls [C] For painting related matters [D] For decoration, to make your
building stand out that it means that it's a skyscrapper
What is provided between glazed windows? [A] Air [B] Siicon [C] Water [D] Screen
What window is usually used at T and B especially at shower? [A] Casement [B] Sliding [C] Awning [D] Double
Hung
Window commonly used at hospitals [A] Casement [B] Sliding [C] Jalousie [D] Awning
This type of window provides the best natural ventilation [A] Casement [B] Sliding [C] Jalousie [D] Awning
What is the main reason why jalousie window is widely accepted by the public? [A] Cost [B] Installation [C] 100%
ventilation [D] All of the above

Why are uPVC Frames recommended to be colored white? [A] To distinguish from aluminum [B] Expensive when
using another color [C] Will fade under constant sun exposure [D] Not appealing in another color
In tropical countries, what is the best type of window that allows maximum airflow? [A] Sliding [B] Casement [C]
Awning [D] Louvers
Windows that does not require any finishing before installation [A] Louver [B] Casement [C] Sliding [D] Double
Hung
Why is the frame of a sliding window limited to 1.6m? [A] Frame will bend [B] For aesthetic consideration [C]
Glass will break [D] For expensive calculation of estimates
What type of window is not recommended for high rise buildings? [A] Pivoted [B] Hopper [C] Casement [D]
Awning
What is the most effective mechanism for a window in a stormy weather? [A] Hole and Peg [B] Magnetic Catch
[C] Hook and Eye [D] Frictional Resistance
It is a moulding strip used as a stopper between to doors [A] Transom [B] Astragal [C] Mullion [D] Overhead
It Is placed on one leaf of a double leafed door to prevent smoke from penetrating [A] Astragal [B] Cornice [C]
Moldura [D] Mullions

What type of door is best for maintenance? [A] Panel Door [B] Hollow Core Door [C] Sliding Door [D] Rolling Door
Which could be used for doors? [A] Gypsum [B} Ficem [C] Plywood [D] Fiber
If an architect wants a door to look like part of the wood panelling on the walls, what type of hinge should be
specified? [A] Pivot Hinge [B] Invinsible Hinge [C] Piano Hinge [D] Double Spring Hinge
What type of door gives the most amount of opening? [A] Accordion Door [B] Revolving Door [C] Sliding Door
with Side Pockets [D] Rolling Door
A wooden leaf louvered door is to be installed in the doorway of a utility room. However, when the doors were
measured, it turned out that the doorway was bigger and that the leaves would not meet in the middle. There is a
problem in installing the lock, but the workmanship of the door was above standard. what is the best possible
solution for this? [A] Install a solid wood strip on the door frames to equal the gap [B] Install an astragal [C] Adjust
the jambs [D] Remove the door and replace it with another one
What do you call the beam on top of the door? [A] Lintel Beam [B] Cantilevered Beam [C] Overhanging Beam [D]
Fixed and End Beam
What type of door is best suited for an industrial building? [A] Flush Door [B] Panel Door [C] Rolling Door [D]
Revolving Door
A type of doorknob commonly used in hotel rooms that can be locked/unlocked on either side. (D.K. Ching p. 116)
[A] Dead Bolt [B] Mortise Lock [C] Barrel Bolt [D] Escutcheon
It is the horizontal distance from the face of a lock or latch to the center of the keyhole, knob or block cylinder [A]
Inset [B] Backset [C] Onset [D] Escutcheon
A type of hinge with a removable pin(D.K. Ching p. 115) [A] Loose Pin [B] Fixed Pin [C] Adjustable Pin [D] Gravity
Hinge
It is found above doors and windows [A] Lintel beam [B] Cantilevered Beam [C] Grade Beam [D] Fixed and End
Beam
A type of stud that is used above a door or above or beneath a window. They are not very different from other
studs except that they are cut shorter so there is room for the opening [A] Horizontal Studs [B] Vertical Studs [C]
Cripple Studs [D] King Stud
It is a hinge used for frameless glass doors [A] Invinsible hinge [B] Double acting hinge [C] Gravity Hinge [D]
Fiber hinge
It is an ornament or protective plate around a keyhole (D.K. Ching p. 116) [A] Escutcheon [B] Backset [C] Inset [D]
Faceplate
Which is not a part of lockset? [A] Knob [B] Escutcheon [C] Striking Plate [D] Hasp
Which is not a part of sliding door? [A] hanger [B] roller [C] mortise hinge [D] none of the above
What is added to the jamb of a door to allow it to swing in one direction only? [A] Muntin [B] Mullion [C] Door
Stopper [D] Astragal
Where do you place a door stopper to prevent the door from hitting the wall? [A] Door Jamb [B] Floor [C] Wall [D]
Ceiling
What do you call a door stopper? [A] Muntin [B] Mullion [C] Astragal [D] Vaciada
What door is used in hospital operating rooms? [A] Single Door, Outswing [B] Single door, Inswing [C] Double
Door, Double Swing [D] Double Door, Single Swing
When a solid wooden door is installed where the exterior side is cold and the interior side temperature is different,
what was the prime consideration? [A] Strength [B] Dimensional Stability [C] Thermal Insulation [D] Waterproof
Application
What do you use when there's a difference in the room elevation and cooridor? [A] Weatherstrip [B] Gap [C]
Threshold [D] None of the Above
What is used between 2 different materials at door entry? [A] Weatherstrip [B] Gap [C] Threshold [D] None of the
Above

Which type of door does not need hinges? [A] Panel Door [B] Swing Door [C] Accordion Door [D] Sliding Door

A type of bolt than can be accessed on one side only? [A] Dead Bolt [B] Barrel Bolt [C] Flushbolt [D] Lockset
Which is not a hardware that supports a door? [A] Pivot hinge [B] Jamb [C] Floor Flange [D] Lockset
What is used in a hospital door? [A] Gravity Hinge [B] Double Action Hinge [C] Vertical Spring Hinge [D] Pivot
hinge
Which among the following is the most rigid door frame? [A] Canto Mesa [B] Tenon and Mortise [C] Rabetted [C]
Overlapping Frame
In a heavy panel door, what is the most appropriate to use so that the door will automatically close without
pushing or pulling? [A] Door Closer [B] Gravity Hinge [C] Key Operated Lock [D] Automatic Door Controller
What prevents sliding door from swaying vertically? [A] U-Channel at the bottom [B] Harizontal railing at top [C]
Rollers beneath the door leaf [D] Hinge installed directly at the side lapping

a type of hinge used in a folding door [A] Invinsible hinge [B] Butt Hinge [C] Double action Hinge [D] Gravity Hinge
What is the type of hinge used in a flush type of door? [A] Butt Hinge [B] Invinsible Hinge [C] Concealed Hinge [D]
Gravity hinge

A type of hinge for a single swing door [A] Butt Hinge [B] Invinsible Hinge [C] Concealed Hinge [D] Gravity hinge
A fireproof door witn metal covering [A] PVC Door [B] Metal Door [D] Wood Door [D] Kalamein Door
What is used to stop a single swing door? [A] Door Stopper [B] Jamb [C] Astragal [D] Vaciada
What is the most appropriate type of door for a hotel entrance? [A] Revolving door [B] Double Swing Door [C]
Double Sliding Door [D] Double Panel Door
For adjacent hotel rooms with connecting door, which is the most appropriate? [A] Deadbolt on one side [B] Knob
type door lock on one side and dead bolt on the other side [C] Lever type locksets on both sides [D] Magnetic
Strip Lock
The most appropriate type for a residential door is [A] Door knob with push luck on both sides of the door leaf [B]
Lever type locksets on both sides [C] Knob type door lock on one side and deadbolt on the other side [D] Sliding
Door with barrel lock
Type of lockset which is best for toilet doors [A] No Lock on both sides [B] No doors attached [C] Outside knob
can be opened with coin [D] Outside and Inside knobs can be opened with keys

A type of joint used for tensioned joinery [A] Fish joint [B] Mortise Joint [C] Scarf Joint [D] Square Splice Joint
It is the art of forming joints especially in woodworks [A] Nailing [B] Welding [C] Nut and bolt [D] Joinery
Wood Connectors are stronger when [A] Perpendicular to grain [B] Parallel to grain [C] Diagonal to Grain [D]
None of the above
How are you going to put 3/4" thick plywood, in uneven surface? [A] Angle Bar Plus Wood [B] Liquid Nail [C]
Concrete Nail [D] give up, no chance at all
Which of the following mouldings is used to avoid termination? [A] Cyma reversa [B] Cyma Recta [C] Ovolo [D]
Astragal
It is the least effective joining method, but most commonly used due to its ease [A] Rabbet [B] Butt [C] Lap [D]
Dado
Where is coco lumber less used? [A] Furniture [B] Door Jamb [C] Forms [D] Slabs
Which of the following is not a millwork? [A] Railings [B] Cornice [C] Dresser [D] Chair handle

What is used to hide imperfections at edges of ceilings? [A] Baseboard [B] Cornice [C] Mullions [D] Senepa
Which of the following is not a hardware? [A] Door Jamb [B] Door Stopper [C] Door Panel [D] Door Knob
A piece of lumber with knots can be used with what? [A] Door Jamb [B] Interior Beam [C] It is too weak and
cannot be used [D] Floor Framing
It is a wood covered with solignum [A] Galvanized Wood [B] Rough Wood [C] Treated Wood [D] Manufactured
Wood
How will you prevent termite infestation? [A] Lason [B] Soil Treatment [C] Soil Poison [D] Solignum
Why are round columns better? [A] It has the same redius of gyration on all sides [B] Easier to detail [C] More
economical [D] Faster to install
When rust is present in structural steel, it can be remedied by: [A] Scraping the rust off [B] Coating with rust
converter [C] etched the part with acid to make the rust easily to wear off [D] Don’t Do anything, rust has some
good factors on deformed bars
What steel channel is commonly used for ordinary trusses? [A] I-Channel [B] H-Channel [C] C. Purlins [D] Angle
Bar
Pouring of concrete was scheduled but weather forecast says that a storm is about to come, what are you going
to do? [A] Change the mix of concrete [B] Add enhancers [C] Provide Large cloth over the area [D] Reschedule
the pouring of concrete

Why is a 15 x 30 beam / column not advisable? [A] Deformation [B] Buckling [C] Deflection [D] Compression

At the start of concrete pouring, a cylinder test is done. How many days is the concrete cured being tested to ge
roughly half the strength of its final cured strenght? [A] 7 days [B] 14 days [C] 28 days [D] None of the above
Class A Ratio: [A] 1-2-4 [B] 1-2-5 [C] 1-21/2-5 [D] 1-2-6
In prefab construction, what do you call the process of transferring and reconstruction of parts on the site? [A]
Installation [B] Assembly [C] Fabricate [D] Reassembly
What is the disadvantage of using precast concrete beams? [A] Larger beam depths [B] Weak concrete [C] The
beams tend to lose anchorage [D] expensive
What type of precast is popular because aside from providing structural support, it could be also utilized as a
floor? [A] Soffit [B] Waffle Slabs [C] Tee and Double tee beams [D] Flat Slab

what is the best way to avoid damage of aluminum sections during concreting / masonry works? [A] Powder Coat
[B] Finish All Masonry Works before installation [C] Cover With Plastic [D] Don’t do anything stupid
Given 300mm x 300mm columns and 200mm wide beams, for simplicity of design, structural stability and
economical purposes, where is the best placement of perimeter beams? [A] center of the columns [B] Outer side
of the columns [C] inner side of columns [D] does not matter
Walls are property lines [A] Retaining Wall [B] Firewall [C] Shearwall [D] Cantilevered Wall
Walls at the basement [A] Retaining Wall [B] Firewall [C] Shearwall [D] Cantilevered Wall
When building a small residence house, which of the following is not practical? [A] Pre Cast [B] On Site [C] Cast
In Place [D] None of the above
A small residential project with an area of __________ on the second floor will be poured with concrete. What is
best method to use? [A] Manual Mix [B] Ready Mix Conrete [C] 2 bagger [D] 1 bagger
What is the most practical method to use if you will pour concrete for a 4 cu.m. slab? [A] Manual Mix [B] Ready
Mix Conrete [C] 2 bagger [D] 1 bagger
In a 150mm CHB wall, a 150mm x 200mm column is not desirable because [A] It will buckle [B] Interface between
the wall and column will crack [C] Punching shear will occur [D] Nonthing will happen
How do you make CHB load bearing? [A] Column and Lintel [B] Altered during manufacturing [C] Metal inserted
[D] Horizontal and Vertical Rebars
What is the purpose of hollow core in CHB load bearing? [A] For alignment [B] Greater Strength with Less Weight
[C] For Economy [D] For aesthetical purposes
What happens to CHB walls if there were no horizontal and vertical bars? [A] It will buckle [B] It will deflect [C] It
will collapse [D] Punching shear will occur
A mason is best suited for [A] demolition [B] CHB layout [C] Concrete Mixing [D] Multi tasking
Water used for concrete [A] Mineral water [B] Clean water [C] Potable water [D] Distilled water
What is remove from concrete when screeding? [A] Water [B] Oil [C] Dirt [D] Powder
What is used to adhere concrete plaster on the surface of a plywood wall? [A] Cement [B] Mortar [C] Grout [D]
Lath
How many CHB can you place in a 1 sqm. Wall? [A] 12 [B] 12.5 [C] 13 [D] 13.5
CHB is also called in other countries as: [A] Concrete Masonry Unit [B] Concrete Masonry block [C] Concrete
Hollow Unit [D] Concrete Block Unit
A hardener mixture mixed with dust to fill up gaps in marble and wall finishes [A] teflon [B] polymer [C] Truscon [D]
Plasticizer
What will absorb more heat? [A] dark brick [B] light brick [C] clay brick [D] biege brick
What material will decrease heat gain? [A] Yellow Pavers [B] Concrete pavers [C] Black Pavement [D] None of
these
What could be used for a exterior wall? [A] Gypsum [B] 19mm plywood [C] Hardboard [D] Plyboard
A mixture of amorphous silica that reacts to the disentegration of water [A] Cement [B] Sand [C] Gravel [D]
Plywood
What heppens to the newly placed concrete in the beams, slabs or columns if it is not properly vibrated? [A]
Honeycomb [B] Slow to Harden [C] The concrete will not achieve its desired strength [D] It will explode
The concrete is already mixed but there is an unexpected rain, what is the best thing to do? [A] Put Tarpaulin on
the concrete after pouring [B] Add admixtures to decrease the time of hardening [C] Reschedule pouring of
concrete [D] Concrete is useless anymore, throw it away
What is curing? [A] fast drying of concrete [B] Retaining of water through hydration [C] Voids in concrete after
drying [D] Mixing of water and cement
In a one storey building, what do you call the concrete where foundation rest? [A] Slip Form [B] Mat [C] Blinding /
Lean Concrete [D] Concrete Hollow Blocks
What concrete has no reinforcement [A] Concrete Hollow Block [B] Mass Concrete [C] Lean Concrete [D]
Reinforced Concrete
Ready mix concrete should be tested at [A] ASTM Office [B] Site [C] Office [D] Plant
Rough Plaster finish obtanined by flinging on a wall [A] Broom Finish [B] Tyrolean Finish [C] Ducco Finish [D]
Satin Finish
A skilled person who is utilized for finishing / plastering / block laying / installing tiles / etc [A] Carpenter [B]
Finishing Mason [C] Labor [D] Foreman
System to be used in filloing beams and slabs of concrete together at second floor of the building [A] Transit Mix
[B] 1 Bagger [C] 2 bagger [D] Transit Mix with duct
System that is used for a 4 cubic meter concrete mix [A] Transit Mix [B] 1 Bagger [C] 2 bagger [D] Transit Mix
with duct
Materials used to fill gap between tiles [A] Mortar [B] Grout [C] Aggregates [D] Adhessive
What type of tiles is best for toilet? [A] Cement Tiles [B] Vitrified Tiles [C] Pantiles [D] Terra Cota
Used as adhesives for ceramic tiles, aside from cement [A] Contact Cement [B] Grout [C] Tile Adhesives [D]
Mortar
Thickness of tile setting [A] 1/2" [B] 1/4" [C] 3/4" [D] 1"
It is the best floor tile in terms of accoustics [A] Vinyl [B] Carpet [C] Cermaic tiles [D] terra Cota
What is used to apply tile adhesives? [A] Notch trowel [B] Squeegee [C] Face Trowel [D] Facy Putty
Which of the following is the most resilient material suitable for installation of in a warehouse? [A] Vinyl tile [B]
Linoleum [C] Ceramic tile [D] Vinyl Strip
What are the advanges of using white ceramic tile on walls? [A] your interior will look excellent [B] expensive [C]
clean [D] maintenance free
Aside from adjustments in the layout of tiles, what is the space between tiles for? [A] to provide space for prying
off tiles during reworking/replacement [B] to provide a compression point so that when a tile cracks, it does not
affect the other tiles [C] for aesthetic decoration [D] None of the above
What causes marble to have foul oder when it is already old? [A] Resilience [B] Permeability [C] Hardness [D]
Brittleness
What is mixed with marble dust to cover defects in marble tiles? [A] Polymer [B] Grout [C] Mortar [D] Lath
What is used to remove mold from natural stone? [A] Steel Brush [B] Paint it [C] Apply Muriatic Acid [D] Use
"Tide" washing powder and rinse it
What materials is used at T and B? [A] Granite [B] Vitrified tile [C] Marble [D] Cement Tile
What area is not recommended to use cement tile? [A] Lanai [B] Terrace [C] Balcony [D] Toilet
What flooring is best for a generator room where the equipment is already provided with generator pad? [A] Plain
Concrete with hardener [B] Rubber Coating [C] Vitrified Tiles [D] Acoustic Flooring
What is the most suitable flooring material for children and elderly people which is low maintenance and has a
horny feeling? [A] Vinyl Tiles [B] Vinyl Sheet [C] T and G Wood Parquet [D] Carpet

Which flooring is best for heavy traffic? [A] Vitrified Tiles [B] Porcelain Tiles [C] Place Concrete [D] Vinyl Tiles

Ceramic tiles of varying shapes for finishing an angle [A] Trimmer [B] Edging [C] Tile Trim [D] All of the above
What is the common profile of a tile trim? [A] Flat [B] Square [C] Quarter Round [D] Half Round
What is the purpose of placing space between pebblewash finish? [A] Prevent Slipping [B] Prevent creeping
crack [C] Prevent accumulation of dust [D] Aesthetics only
What material is best suited to be used for a gym fitness center of a food manufacturing plant? [A] 3mm vinyl tiles
[B] Tanguile T and G [C] Laminated wood planks with rubber pad [D] Granite
What is the most appropriate florring material for use in a Gym of a factory? [A] Vinyl Tiles [B] Carpet [C] Asphalt
[D] Granite
Best Material to be used in a ship terminal (high class) in flooring, walls and ceiling? [A] Ship Deck Flooring
Materials [B] Residential Flooring [C] Industrial Flooring [D] Depends on the choice of the Naval Architect
What material should be used in a walkway pavement to prevent accidents? [A] Tile/Brick on cement [B]
Flagstones [C] Asphalt [D] Concrete tile
Which material should not be used in a walkway to prevent accidents? [A] Tile/Brick on cement [B] Flagstones [C]
Asphalt [D] Concrete Tile
You are asked to cover a floor with new tiles but the surface has an uneven level, what do you do? [A] Lay the
tiles as usual since its easy to level the tiles as they are laid [B] Apply leveling grout first [C] Pour concrete so that
it will be the same level [D] Does not matter
What material is used to adhere vinyl tiles to the floor? [A] Pozzolan Cement [B] Contact Cement [C] Portland
Cement [D] White Portland cement
Tiles to use in an area where heavy traffic is expected? [A] Brittle Surface Flooring [B] Resilient Flooring [C]
Slippery Flooring [D] Soft and yet, Aesthetic Flooring
What is used to clean bricks? [A] Muriatic Acid [B] Wired Brush [C] Paints [D] Water
What tool is used to cealn bricks? [A] Steel Brush [B] Sponge with Water [C] Applying Muriatic Acid [D] Re-Paint it
After accomplising steel framing, what is next? [A] Scaffolds [B] Forms [C] Steel decking [D] Truss
Wat is the advantage of steel scaffoding to wood scaffolding? [A] More expensive [B] Requires more space [C]
Shorter time to assemble [D] Can only support light loads
Which of the following is not an advantage of Space Frame Construction? I. random column replacement II.
Column free spaces III. Minimal Perimeter Support IV. Controlled load distribution [A] I and II [B] II and III [C] III
and IV [D] I and IV [E] All of the above
Which of the following is not an advantage of Space Frame Construction? I. redundant integrity II. Design
freedom III. Supports all types of roofing IV. Exposing building exterior to view adds color, texture, and style [A] I
and II [B] II and III [C] III and IV [D] I and IV [E] All of the above
In a passenger ferry terminal, what system will an architect use if he wants to minimize the use of columns
considering the cost? [A] Prestressed Beam [B] Precast Concrete Beam [C] Space Frame [D] Post-tensioned
Beam
It Is a strand cable consist of high strength steel wires twisted about a core [A] Tendons [B] Stirrups [C] Ties [D]
Wires
It is a kind of jackbilt blocks used for beams [A] Fixed and End Beam [B] Lintel Beam [C] Cantilevered Beam [D]
Overhanging beam
It is a cable composed of high strength steel strand or bars for prestressing [A] Tendons [B] Stirrups [C] Ties [D]
Wires
Given a 1.60m x 1.60m x 400mm footing, find the volume of concrete? [A] 1,024m³ [B] 1.024m³ [C] 102.4m³ [D]
10.24m³
What is the minumum number of boring test to be used in site? [A] 1 [B] 2 [C] 3 [D] 4
An instrument used for horizontal levelling [A] Plumb Bob [B] Spirit Level [C] Meter [D] Steel Tape
What is used to create 6 inch high letters out of plywood or wood board? [A] Jigsaw [B] Rotary Saw [C] Circular
Saw [D] Router
What do you use to measure property lines? [A] T-Square [B] Triangle [C] Steel Tape [D] Plumb bob
It is used to determine the horizontal alignment of windows, and door jambs [A] Pitik [B] Hulog [C] Level Hose [D]
Transit
It is used economically to obtain elevations over short/adjacent distances [A] Level [B] Transite [C] Levelling Hose
with Water [D] Laser oriented levelling device
Woodwork equipment used to form different wood mouldings, balusters, newels, post, etc. [A] Jigsaw [B] Wood
Lathe machine / torno [C] Router [D] Scoring Knife
Used for cutting curves on thin plywood [A] Jigsaw [B] Handsaw [C] Rip Cut Saw [D] Portable hand router
Used to cut wooden balusters to its curved shape [A] Router [B] handsaw [C] Jigsaw [D] Circular Saw
What tool is used to cut wood into circular shapes? [A] Router [B] handsaw [C] Jigsaw [D] Circular Saw
What is used to measure property lines? [A] T-Square [B] Triangles [C] Compass [D] Steel Tape
It is the most economical and fastest way to get the right angle at a line [A] 3-4-5 [B] Brand new plywood [C] hire
a geodetic engineer [D] Plumb Bob
It is used to determine horizontal alignment [A] Pitik [B] Buhos [C] ]Transite [D] Level hose with water
Tool used for cutting intricate wood patterns [A] Hot Wire [B] Jigsaw [C] Circular Saw [D] Scissors
What is a sill plate? [A] It is the first wood element to support a joist [B] A wood member that should be installed
first after installing the studs [C] It is a member which is located at the ceiling framing of a light wood construction
house, located near the Gusset Plate [D] None of the above
A door bolt so designed that when applied. It is flush with the face or edge of the door (D.K. Ching p. 116) [A]
Dead Bolt [B] Mortise and Lock [C] Flush Bolt [D] Panic Hardware
It is a type of hinge having a single joint of the pivot type [A] Olive Knuckle [B] Spring Action Hinge [C] Single
Action Hinge [D] Gravity hinge
It is used to disinfect water [A] Muriatic Acid [B] Chlorine [C] Salt [D] Phosporous
What type of partition gives the most flexibility for use of a given space? [A] Modular System [B] Prefabricated
System [C] Space Frame System [D] None really matters
Where do you conceal cables and transmissions lines in an office building? [A] Walls [B] Ceilings [C] Partitions [D]
Floors
When fabricating sound insulation panels, which of the following will best produce a good insulating panel? [A]
Attach the absorbent material rigidly to the frame [B] Attach the absorbent material to the frame but provide air
space [C] Attach the absorbent material rigidly along the sides while still providing air space [D] None of the
above
What is the best thing to do in sound proofing a second floor slab? [A] Construct a separate ceiling system [B]
Suspend ceiling panels from the slab with wire suspension system [C] use a much more thickened ceiling
covering material [D] none of the above
What is used to join PVC pipes? [A] Solvent [B] Thread [C] Fusion [D] Fittings
A material used in ceilings that is most likely to deform over time [A] Gypsum Board [B] Accoustic board [C]
Marine plywood [D] None of the above
What is the advantage of using a laminated countertop? [A] Aesthetics [B] Easy Installation [C] Expensive [D]
Maintenance Free
What is the advantage of Pre Assembled partitions in rest rooms with a battery of fixtures? [A] Maintenance Free
[B] Cost [C] List of Installation Cost [D] Aesthetics
A galvanized wire basket filled with stone and used in constructing an abutment or retaining structure [A] Gabion
[B] Concrete [C] Flagstones [D] Asphalt
Z Channels are used for [A] Purlins [B] Rafters [C] Windows [D] Doors
What materials is used in billboards because it posseses high digital imaging, translucent and easy to cut? [A]
Fiber Board [B] Tarpaulin [C] Cloth [D] Wood
Advantage of plywood over acoustic board when used for ceiling? [A] Aesthetics [B] Durable [C] It does not Sag
[D] Maintenance Free
What is not recommended for ceiling? [A] Ordinary Plywood [B] Acoustical Tile [C] Marine Plywood [D] Fiberboard
What is not recommended for exterior? [A] Marine Plywood [B] Ordinary Plywood [C] Hardiflex [D] All of them are
not suitable for exterior
A type of nail without a head [A] CWN [B] Finishing Nail [C] Umbrella Nail [D] Concrete Nail
What is used as a substitute for bolts due to its east of installation? [A] Welding [B] Nails [C] Rivets [D] Anchors
True or false, will you use contact cement for installing vinyl tile flooring? [A] True [B] False
What is the purpose of Epoxy A and B? [A] For Aesthetics [B] For Coating [C] Strength Purposes [D] Fastening
Material
For a tool finished wall, what is used to fill in the gap? [A] Grout [B] Mortar [C] Plaster [D] Water
Advantage of modular construction [A] Maintenance Free [B] Aesthetics Friendly [C] Cost [D] Easy Installation
Which among the following is a component of Modular Kitchen System? [A] Splashboard [B] Marble Countertop
[C] Laminated Fiberboard [D] Concealed Hinges
A system of mass production and prefabrication of furniture and cabinets [A] Le Modulor [B] Modular Systems [C]
Grid System [D] Industrialization
A system of horizontal and vertical elements where sheating is installed [A] Light Timber Construction [B] Space
Frame [C] Precast System [D] Post tensioning
What metarial is not fire resistant? [A] gypsum [B] Wood [C] CHB [D] All of them are resistant
What is the advantage of polybutylene over PVC pipes? [A] Color [B] Flexible [C] Small Diameter [D] Cheap
What is the advantage of of space frame during the modern movement? [A] The building Structure will be lighter
[B] Better fenestration [C] For windbreaker [D] As an architectural innovation
What is the advantage of using prefabricated toilet partitions? [A] Aesthetic Advantages [B] Expensive [C] Easy
Installation [D] Maintenance Free
Daylight type of lighting is applicable in what kind of project? [A] Bakery [B] Textile Manufacturing [C] Furniture
Display [D] Exterior Landscape
What is the most common alternative for plywood? It is made out of silica with binders and is highly weather
resistant [A] Gypsum Board [B] Asphalt Board [C] Ceramic Tile [D] Ficem Board
It is a putty mixture that is composed of carbon silicate and oil [A] Wood and Putty [B] Elastic Glazing [C]
Polybutylene Tape [D] Sealant
What sealant is used for self tapping screw? [A] Epoxy [B] Silicon [C] Vulcaseal [D] Polybutylene
A property owner wants to renovate his resort at the beachfront. He wants the construction to be fast. What is the
most appropriate type of cladding for this kind? [A] Regular CHB [B] Aluminum Cladding [C] Steel Cladding [D]
Precast
What is the other purpose of Neoprene Washer in tekscrews inside from sealing of water? [A] Prevent Corrision
[B] Aesthetics [C] Better Fit [D] None of the Above
Materials of Tensile Fabric [A] Polycarbonate [B] Tarpaulin fabric [C] PTFE Fiberglass membrane [D] none of the
above
Inflatable structure is made of [A] Ploysterene with PVC layers [B] Polycarbonate [C] Polybutylene [D] Flouride
Where is Inflated Structures used? [A] Permanent Structures [B] Temporary Structures [C] A and B [D] None of
the above
A low maintenance stailness railing finish [A] Satin Finish [B] Mirror Finish [C] Hairline Finish [D] None of the
Above
Materials best used for stairs in a fire restrictive zone [A] Steel [B] Wood [C] Reinforced Concrete [D] All of the
above
What is used for rat proofing? [A] Neutralizer [B] Raccillin [C] GI Sheet [D] Broken Glass
Used to connect PVC Pipes [A] Solvent cement [B] Teflon Tape [C] Fusion Welding [D] Bulldog Super Glue
What is roughing in? [A] To Install [B] To Finish [C] To Start [D] To Check
Safest material to be used for exits [A] Steel [B] Reinforced Concrete [C] Mortar [D] All of the above
Which is green architecture material? [A] Metal [B] Wool [C] PVC [D] None of the above
Which is a green architecture material? [A] Wood [B] Aluminum [C] Steel [D] PVC
Which material has the most carbon footprint? [A] Sun Dried Brick [B] Kiln Baked Brick [C] Ceramic Tile [D] None
of the above
Which of the following materials conforms to green architecture principles? [A] Steel [B] Plastic [C] Wood [D]
Aluminum
which material is not a finished material? [A] Acid Dipped [B] Stainless Steel [C] Polished Brass [D] Stain Finish
What is the purpose of metal decking? [A] For aesthetic decorations [B] Formworks of slab [C] for strength
concerns [D] None of the above
Coomon thickness of plywood used for formworks [A] 3/8" [B] 1/4" [C] 1/2" [D] 3/4"
Material used for susceptible UV Rays [A] G.I. [B] Iron [C] PVC [D] Aluminum

Is a thin strip of solid material, typically made from wood, plastic or metal. Used in building construction and
various other fields. Also referred as "top hats" [A] Roofing battens [B] Batten [C] Batten trim [D] board and batten
are used to provide the fixing point for roofing steet or roof tiles [A] Roofing battens [B] Batten [C] Batten trim [D]
board and batten
also called as batten moulding, it is a thin strip of trim, typically with a rectangular cross section, used to cover
seams between panels of exterior siding or interior panelling. [A] Roofing battens [B] Batten [C] Batten trim [D]
board and batten
Siding is an exterior treatment of vertical boards with batten covering the seams [A] Roofing battens [B] Batten [C]
Batten trim [D] board and batten
For cement plaster to hold, what should you do? [A] Make Plaster very thin [B] Splash it with water [C] Add more
cement [D] Sprinkle it with sand
It is a mixture of silica and lime [A] Grout [B] Putty [C] Cement [D] Mortar
Most common frame material used for warehouses [A] Concrete [B] Steel [C] Aluminum [D] Wood
What is the fastest way to install wooded cladding to masonry wall plastered unevently? [A] nail properly treated
wooden studs to masonry wall then cover with cladding [B] fix steel furring to masonry wall then cover with
wooden cladding [C] Chip the walls then replaster before placing the wooden cladding [D] Nail the wooden
cladding directly on it
Best treatment for cracks on concrete walls [A] Injection of bonding chemical [B] Place a masking tape then paint
[C] More Putty [D] Demolished it
A heavy timber serving as a principal beam orr girder (D.K. Ching p. 107) [A] Trave [B] Breast Summer [C]
Summer [D] Binder

To keep walls from moving forward, what is done beside the wall? [A] Loosen the soil to allow water to drain [B]
Introduce weep holes [C] Compact the soil to prevent water seepage [D] Don’t do anything reckless
Which of the following is not a used as a beam? [A] PVC [B] Wood [C] Steel [D] Concrete
Wood banned as an architectural material? [A] Imported Teak [B] Philippine Hardwood [C] Philippine Bamboo [D]
Vietnamese Bamboo
What "CW' has a size number of 3"? [A] Clergy of Works [B] Common Wire Nail [C] Concrete Hollow Block [D]
Common Wedge

It is a common stainless steel finish [A] Mirror Finish [B] Hairline Finish [C] Satin Finish [D] None of the above
Having a timber framework with the spaces filled with masonry or plaster (D.K. Ching p. 107) [A] Open Timber [B]
Solar [C] Half Timber [D] Jetty
Which of the following is not a stainless steel finish? [A] Mirror Finish [B] Hairline Finish [C] Satin Finish [D] None
of the above
What do you call a thin nail with a small head? [A] Spike [B] Brad [C] Screw Eye [D] Tekscrew
It is the most common framing material for warehouses [A] Wood [B] Steel [C] Concrete [D] Glass
Metal Studs is used for [A] Ceiling Frame [B] Drywall Partitions [C] Floor Joists [D] None of the above
Metal Furring is used for [A] Ceiling Frame [B] Drywall Partitions [C] Floor Joists [D] None of the above
What ceremony is undertaken before commencement of a project [A] Padugo [B] Thanksgiving mass [C] Ground
breaking [D] Topping off
A crossbeam or a bay formed by crossbeams (D.K. Ching p. 107) [A] Trave [B] Breast Summer [C] Summer [D]
Binder
In a CHB wall that is hidden from view and where aesthetics is not a primary concern, what is done when you fill
cement mortar to chb joints to prevent insects from staying in the gaps? [A] Kostura [B] Palitada [C] Takip Silipan
[D] Paupo
Constructed so that a framework of timbers is exposed (D.K. Ching p. 107) [A] Open Timber [B] Solar [C] Half
Timber [D] Jetty
The vernacular term for applying concrete neutralizer is [A] Pintura [B] Buhos [C] Lason [D] Palitada
The vernacular term for dish strainer is [A] Banggerahan [B] Batalan [C] Salaan [D] Escombro
What do you call the space in the bahay kubo used for storage and diswashing of pots, kitchen utensils [A]
Banggerahan [B] Batalan [C] Salaan [D] Escombro
The vernacular term for a house is [A] Bahay [B] Balay [C] Tirahan [D] Tahanan
A summer supporting a wall over an opening. Also called as breast beam (D.K. Ching p. 107) [A] Trave [B] Breast
Summer [C] Summer [D] Binder
What do you call the measurement from the tip of your thumb to the tip of your small finger? [A] Dangkal [B] Metro
[C] Lapad [D] None of the above
In a construction site, if someone post "escombro for sale" outside, what is he/she selling? [A] Scrap Metals [B]
Salvaged Materials [C] Fill Materials [D] Pirated DVD's and CD's
What material is extensively used nowadays in toilet partitions? [A] Melamine [B] PVC [C] Fiberboard [D] Phenolic

What material is used in a greenhouse? [A] G.I Sheet [B] Corrugated Thermoplastic [C] Polycarbonate [D] Wood
Best application for pre engineered wood planks / t and g: [A] Banks [B] Function halls [C] Mall [D] None of the
above
A horizontal timber connecting the post of a braced frame at an intermediate level above the ground floor (D.K.
Ching p. 107) [A] Girder [B] Floor Joists [C] Ceiling Joists [D] Girt
Best application for aluminum composite panels: [A] Banks [B] Office buildings [C] Residential [D] Malls
What is the most appropriate material for a building near the sea, considering aesthetics? [A] Concrete finish [B]
Stucco [C] Metal Cladding [D] None of the above
Best application of pre painted G.I. long span: [A] Commercial [B] Industrial / Warehouse [C] Armory [D] Mallss
A large principal beam designed to support concentrated loads at isolated points along its length (D.K. Ching p.
106) [A] Girder [B] Girt [C] Rafter [D] Purlin
Which of the following term does not fit with the term "eskwalado" [A] Gable Roof [B] Rectangular Column [C]
Domes [D] None of the above
Commonly utilized in warehouses [A] Glass [B] Concrete [C] Steel [D] Aluminum
A building frame employing a heavy, braced framework of solid girts mortised into solid posts the full height of the
frame, with studs one story high filling the interstices. Also called full frame (D.K. Ching p. 107) [A] Space Frame
[B] Moment Resisting Frame [C] Brace Frame [D] Rigid Frame
What glass is not recommended for high rise buildings? [A] Fixed [B] Awning [C] casement [D] Hopper
How do you attach a nailer on a CHB wall for finishing? [A] embed nailer in wall [B] G.I. strap [C] Concrete Nail
[D] Mightbond super glue
What do you call the metal used to connect a wooden column to a concrete pedestal? [A] Metal Strut [B] Wood
Battens [C] Aluminum Sheets [D] Anchor Bolt
What is used to attach a plywood sheet to a metal frame? [A] Liquid Nail [B] Metal Screw [C] Wood Screw [D]
Common Wire Nail
A principal beam supporting the ends of two sets of floor joists (D.K. Ching p. 107) [A] Binder [B] Girt [C] Girder
[D] Rafter
What is used to connect steel and wood? [A] Nails [B] Soldering [C] Screw and Rivets [D] Weld
What is used to connect steel to steel? [A] Rivets [B] Weld [C] Nails [D] Rubber
What is used to connect concrete to steel? [A] Toggle Bolts [B] Anchor Bolts [C] Expansion Bolts [D] Nails
What is used to connect concrete to concrete? [A] Bulldog Super Glue [B] Epoxy / Mortar [C] Concrete Nail [D]
Weld
What is used to connect wood and wood? [A] Nails [B] Screws [C] Stickwell [D] All of the above
What is used to connect wood and wood? [A] Liquid Nail [B] Weld [C] Anchor Bolt [D] Brazing
Type of wood used for post or girder attached to concrete [A] Yakal [B] Guiho [C] Apitong [D] Narra
Used to connect a steel column to a base plate [A] Machine bolt [B] Anchor bolt [C] expansion bolt [D] None of the
above
What is the proper method of fastening a steel girder to a steel column? [A] welded on girder and bolted on
column [B] bolted on girder and welded on column [C] welded on girder and bolted on column [D] All of them
One of several piles or posts for supporting a structure above the surface of land or water (D.K. Ching p. 106) [A]
Stilts [B] Pole [C] Column [D] Studs
What wall finish will most reflect sound? [A] Ducco Finish [B] Wall paper [C] Painted Matte Finish [D] Wood
Laminate
True or False, Is CWN called as Common Wire Nail? [A] False [B] True
What happens to a short column? [A] Elongates [B] Buckles [C] Deforms [D] Deflects
What usually happens when steel is stressed? [A] It will bend [B] It will twist [C] It will break [D] It will rupture
What is a method of prestressing wherein tendons are stressed after concrete has hardened? [A] Prestressing [B]
Pretensioning [C] Post tensioning [D] Prefabricating
What is the most determinant of concrete strength? [A] Water [B] Sand [C] Cement [D] Gravel
What deformation does a beam contain? [A] Deformation [B] Deflection [C] Elongation [D] Compression
A long, cylindrical, often slender piece of wood or metal (D.K. Ching p. 106) [A] Stilts [B] Pole [C] Column [D]
Studs
What do you call the point wherein a material is about to rupture? [A] Ultimate Strength [B] Point of Braeking [C]
Point of no return [D] None of the above
Torsion [A] Bend [B] Twist [C] Compress [D] Deflect
Bending Moment [A] Compressive Stress [B] Flexural Stress [C] Tensile Stress [D] Axial Stress
Casting Bed [A] Post tensioning [B] Pre Cast [C] Prestressed [D] Pretensioning
What is a punching shear? [A] Load [B] Force [C] Structural Member [D] None of the above
What wall is used to protect different levels [A] Firewall [B] retaining Wall [C] Cantilevered Wall [D] Shear wall

It is used to retain the wall for erosion of earth [A] Firewall [B] retaining Wall [C] Cantilevered Wall [D] Shear wall
Sheet Piles [A] Protection for erosion [B] Excavation for drainage [C] Underpinning [D] None of the above
batter piles [A] Protection for erosion [B] Excavation for drainage [C] Underpinning [D] None of the above
A structural member whose function is to transfer the loads from a building safely into the ground [A] Column [B]
Beam [C] Footing [D] Roof
It is the depth below ground water level multiplied by the weight of water [A] Atmospheric Pressure [B] Soil
bearing pressure [C] Hydrostatic pressure [D] None of the above
What do you call the upward force acting on a spread footing? [A] Atmospheric Pressure [B] uplift pressure [C]
Hydrostatic pressure [D] Soil Pressure
What causes the upward forces that acts on footings? [A] Loads [B] reactions [C] Stress [D] None of the above
What needs to be done to the footing dimension to reduce soil bearing pressure? [A] Enlarge it [B] reduce it [C]
put more water on it [D] increase the number of escombro in it
The top of footing is in: [A] Compression [B] Tension [C] Elongation [D] None of the above
The bottom of footing is in: [A] Compression [B] Tension [C] Elongation [D] None of the above
What do you call the act / process of enlarging existing foundation? [A] Sheating [B] Underpinning [C] Cladding
[D] Furring
Where will you see the details for the foundation anchor bolts? [A] Foundation Plan [B] Base Plate Plan [C]
Framing Plan [D] Schedule of Doors and Windows
Why do we use tie beams? [A] For decoration [B] To serve as a stiffener [C] Structural reasons [D] None of the
above
What happens to a footing when it is starting to deform? [A] Cracks at the bottom [B] Explodes [C] Bend upward
[D] Nothing will happen
True or False, Is the neutral axis the tension and compression zone of an I Beam? [A] True [B] False
Of or pertaining to a system of construction employing arches or arched forms (D.K. Ching p. 106) [A] Arcuate [B]
Trabeated [C] Domical [D] Vaulted
Which part carries most of the weight of the structure? [A] Flange of I Beam [B] Web of I Beam [C] Ends of I
Beam [D] None of the above
What do you call the vertical and diagonal members of the truss? [A] Top Chord [B] Bottom Chord [C] Web
Members [D] Purlins
A large beam supporting secondary beams, also known as a primary beam [A] Girts [B] Blind [C] Girder [D]
Purlins

In reinforced concrete beams, which portion is in tension? [A] Top [B] bottom [C] Middle [D] None of the above
In reinforced concrete beams, which portion is in compression? [A] Top [B] bottom [C] Middle [D] None of the
above
Live loads are: [A] Fixed in one position [B] Mounted in such area [C] Transferable to any location [D] None of the
above
Restrained Support is: [A] Flexible [B] Movable [C] Fixed [D] None of the above
What do you call the distance between the supports? [A] Beams [B] Span [C] Struts [D] Measurement
As the depth of beam increases, its ability to resist bending __________ [A] Decreases [B] Increases [C]
Depends in the situation [D] No effect
Usual failure on short columns [A] Bends [B] Deflects [C] Crushes [D] Buckles
Least dimension of a column [A] 130cm [b] 140cm [C] 150cm [D] 160cm
For flat slab construction, when additional loading is imposed on the slab, why is there a need to thicken the
section of the slab [A] To use more concrete [B] To avoid punching shear [C] For aesthetic purposes [D] It really
depends on the owner
Wooden joists are subject to lateral buckling and the end connections move. However, no adjustments are
necessary, why? [A] Decking [B] Bridging [C] Framing [D] None of the above
For buildings with heavy exterior cladding and hollow ground floor, during an earthquakethe weak floor buckles,
this is because the forces are not __________ to the floor [A] Concentrated [B] Uniformly Distributed [C] removed
[D] Transferred
What loads are really considered for high rise buildings [A] Live Load [B] Wind Load [C] Dead Load [D] A and B
[E] B and C [F] A and C
Earthquakes have vertical and lateral effects in high rise structures, which are more critical? [A] Axial [B] Lateral
[C] Flexural [D] Tensile
Of or pertaining to a system of construction employing beams or lintels, also, trabeated (D.K. Ching p. 106) [A]
Arcuate [B] Trabeated [C] Domical [D] Vaulted
The amount of heat which is absorbed or evolved in changing the state of a substance without changing its
temperature. (D.K. Ching p. 116) [A] Sensible Heat [B] Convection [C] radiation [D] Latent Heat
A system of devices, usually installed below ground level, to scatter or spray water droplets over a lawn, golf
course, or the like. [A] Upright Sprinkler System [B] Pendent Sprinkler System [C] Lawn Sprinkler System [D]
None of the Above
Minimum width of a septic tank In centimeters [A] 100 [B] 90 [C] 80 [C] 70
Minimum length of a septic tank in meters [A] 2.00 [B] 1.75 [C] 1.50 [D] 1.25
Minimum liquid depth for a septic tank in centimeters [A] 50 [B] 60 [C] 70 [D] 80
Maximum liquid depth for septic tank in meters [A] 2.20 [B] 1.80 [C] 1.40 [D] 1.00
Minimum capacity, in cubic meters, of the secondary compartment of a septic tank. [A] 1.00 m³ [B] 1.25 m³ [C]
1.50 m³ [D] 1.75 m³
Minimum dimension of a manhole access to a septic tank in millimeters [A] 508 mm. [B] 524 mm. [C] 540 mm. [D]
556 mm.
Minimum length of the secondary compartment of a septic tank with a capacity of more than 6 cubic meters. (in
meters) [A] 1.30 Mts. [B] 1.40 Mts [C] 1.50 Mts [D] 1.60 Mts
Wooden septic tanks are allowed, true or false. [A] True [B] False
Minimum distance of a water supply well from a septic tank. [A] 15.00 Mts. [B] 15.20 Mts. [C] 15.40 Mts. [D] 15.60
Mts.
Minimum distance of a water supply well from a seepage pit or cesspool. [A] 45.00 Mts. [B] 45.70 Mts. [C] 46.40
Mts. [D] 46.10 Mts.
Minimum distance of a water supply well from a disposal field. [A] 25.50 Mts. [B] 26.50 Mts. [C] 29.50 Mts. [D]
30.50 Mts.
Minimum Gauge of galvanized sheet used for downspouts. [A] 24 [B] 26 [C] 28 [D] 30
Minimum height of a water seal for each fixture trap. [A] 25 mm. [B] 51 mm. [C] 75 mm. [D] 100 mm.
Maximum height of a water seal for each fixture trap. [A] 51 mm. [B] 102 mm. [C] 150 mm. [D] 200 mm.
Maximum length of the tailpiece from any fixture. [A] 30 cms. [B] 45 cms. [C] 60 cms. [D] 75 cms.
Minimum extension of the VSTR above the roof. [A] 10 cms [B] 15 cms. [C] 20 cms. [D] 25 cms.
Minimum extension of the VSTR above an openable window, door opening, air intake, or vent shaft. [A] 0.75 mts.
[B] 0.90 mts. [C] 1.05 mts. [D] 1.20 mts.
Minimum trap diameter for a bathtub [A] 30 mm. [B] 35 mm. [C] 38 mm. [D] 40 mm.
Minimum trap diameter for a shower stall. [A] 25 mm. [B] 40 mm. [C] 51 mm. [D] 65 mm.
Required number of water closets for females for an auditorium serving 16-35. [A] 10 [B] 7 [C] 5 [D] 3
Required number of water closets for males for an auditorium serving 16-35. [A] 1 [B] 2 [C] 3 [D] 4
Required number of urinals for an auditorium serving 10-50. [A] 1 [B] 3 [C] 5 [D] 7
Required number of water closets for females for a theater serving 51-100. [A] 3 [B] 4 [C] 5 [D] 6
Two Classifications of copper pipes. I. Rigid II. Made of Cast Iron and Silicon III. Flexible IV. It is the Oldest Pipe
used in Plumbing System [A] I and II [B] I and III [C] I and IV [D] II and III [E] II and IV [F] III and IV
A rough or sharp edge left on metal by a cutting tool. [A] Switch Knife [B] Burr [C] Cross Cut Saw [D] Portable
Hand Router
Two types of passenger elevator. I. Electric II. Dumbwaiter III. Freight IV. Electric [A] I and II [B] I and III [C] I and
IV [D] II and III [E] II and IV [F] III and IV
Minimum elevator width of single slide door elevator for small commercial or residential Building. [A] 2.40 mts. [B]
1.80 mts. [C] 1.20 mts. [D] 0.60 mts.
A device that is basically a double throw switch of generally 3-pole connection that will automatically transfer the
power from the standby generator to the building circuitry during electrical power failure. [A] UPS [B] Circuit
Breaker [C] ATS [D] ELCB

The bulk of energy utilized is in the form of __________ generators produced by alternators; an electric current
that reverses direction at regularly recurring intervals. Having a magnitude that varies in a sinusidial manner,
abbreviated as AC (D.K. Ching p. 75). [A] Alternator [B] Alternating Current [C] Direct Current [D] Transformer

when a service load is bigger a-c say 480v and you need only 120v to lower a-c. then use a __________
transformer (D.K. Ching p. 75). [A] Slide Down [B] Step Down [C] Run Down [D] Change down
another electric service is by ___________ or direct burial techniques. The advantages of this is attractiveness
(lack of overhead visual clutter) service reliability and long life. Disadvantages is high cost. [A] Basement Service
[B] Deep earth service [C] Underground service [D] cremation service
which of the following would not be appropriate for fire protection in an elementary school? [A] Ionization
detectors [B] Temperature rise detectors [c] Photoelectric Detectors [D] None of the Above
when all devices are circuited and panels are located and scheduled. We are ready to prepare a __________.
This shows the vertical relationships. All panels, feeders, switches, switchboards and major components are
shown. [A] Riser Diagram [B] Vertical Diagram [C] Circuit Diagram [D] Wiring Diagram
High voltages are used in commercial buildings because [A] conductors and conduits are smaller [B] a wider
variety of loads can be accomodated [C] commercial buildings require more power [D] transformers can step
down the voltages to whatever is required.
a transformer rated 120/480v transforms the lower volt 120v a-c to 480v a-c bigger load. This is called
__________ transformer (D.K. Ching p. 75) [a] step up [B] increase up [C] raise up [D] rear up
Materials display different resistances to the flow of electric current. Metals generally, have the least resistance
and are therefore called __________; A substance, body or device that conducts heat, sound or electricity (D.K.
Ching p. 78) [A] Insulator [B] Conductor [C] Isolator [D] Compressor
conversely, materials that resist the flow of current are called __________; A material that is a poor conductor of
electricity, used for separating or supporting conductors to prevent the undesired flow of current. (D.K. Ching p.
78) [A] Insulator [B] Conductor [C] Isolator [D] Compressor
a __________ or block diagram is done using rectangles to indicate the major components. It shows the spatial
relations between components. An example is shown vertical relationship of floors in vertical section [A] Riser
Diagram [B] Connecting Diagram [C] multi story diagram [D] circuit diagram
__________ of a typical electrical building system, from the incoming service to the utilization items at the end of
the system. This is also so called when electrical symbols are used in leiu of blocks [A] electrical plan [B] serial
symbol diagram [C] single line diagram [D] electrical circuit diagram

Meaning of Napocor. (No Choices!)

Meaning of NGCP. (No Choices!)

Meaning of PEC. (No Choices!)

it is also called as the unit of electric potential; Potential difference or electromotive force, defined as the
difference of electric potential between two points of a conductor carrying a constant current of one ampere (D.K.
Ching p. 74). [A] Watt [B] Amphere [C] Volt [D] resistance
When two or more branches or loads in a circuit are connected between the same two points. They are said to be
connected in __________ circuits or multiple; arrangement of components is an electric circuit in which all
positive terminals are connected to one conductor and all negative terminals are connected to a second
conductor. (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A] Single [B] Parallel [C] Triad [D] Combination
One arrangement of a circuit is the __________ circuits. In this way, the elements are connected one after the
other; arrangement of components in an electric circuit in which the same current flows through each component
in turn without branching (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A] Single [B] Parallel [C] Triad [D] Combination
The supplying of utilities, as water, gas, and electricity required or demanded by the public (D.K. Ching p. 75) [A]
Service [B] Service Drop [C] Service Lateral [D] Feeder
in order to provide access to the conduits for installing the necessary wires and for making connections to them,
the continuos conduit runs are interrupted at frequent intervals by sheet metal or cast metal boxes. [A] junction
boxes [B] union boxes [C] pull boxes and connection boxes [D] safe boxes
__________ must be provided at either the utility of facility voltage, and at either the service point or inside the
buildings which must be accessible to the utility (electric consumption reader) [a] metering [B] reading [C] adding
[D] computing

it also called as the unit of electrical resistance (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A] OHM [B] VOLT [C] WATT [D] AMPERE

Generators are utilized for special applications requiring large quantities of this. In the building field. Such a
requirement found in elevator work. Smaller quantities for this generator, furnished either by batteries or by
rectifiers are utilities for telephone and signal equipment, controls, etc.; An electric current flowing in one direction
only by having a magnitude that does not vary or varies only slightly (D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] Distribution Circuit [B]
Alternating Current (A-C) [C] demand current [D] Direct-Current (D-C)
No parts of the swimming and wading pools shall be placed under existing service drop conductors or any other
overhead wiring; nor shall such wiring be installed above the following except: [A] Diving Balconies [B] balconies
and area available [C] swimming and wading pools and the area extending 3.00 meters outward horizontally from
the inside of the walls of the pool [D] observation stands, towers or platforms

A device that is basically a double throw switch of generally 3-pole connection that will automatically transfer the
power from the standby generator to the building circuitry during the electrical power failure. [A] Brown Out
Control Switch [B] Automatic Transfer Switch (ATS) [C] Single Throw Switch [D] Double Throw Switch

Clearance of electric service drop from above ground at its point of attachment to the building or pedestal shall be
not less than: [A] 2.50 M. [B] 2.80 M. [C] 2.35 M. [D] 3.00 M.
An apparent shift in the frequency occurring when an acoustic source and listener are in motion relative to each
other, the frequency increasing when the source and the listener approach each other and decreasing when they
move apart. [A] Wave Front [B] Logarithm effect [C] Amplitude [D] Droppler Effect
What type of building wire has a trade name as Moisture and Heat Resistant Thermoplastic used for dry and wet
locations [A] TW [B] MW [C] THW [D] THHN
What type of wire or cable with specification as Polyethylene insulated weather resistant wire with an operating
temperature of 75 degrees centigrade? [A] Aluminum Line Wire [B] High Temperature Wire [C] Bare Copper Wire
[D] Copper Line Wire
A type of alternating current where the alternator comprises three armature windings set at 120 degrees to each
other, current will be produced in the form of triple wave: (D.K. Ching p. 76) [A] Multi Phase [B] Three Phase [C]
Single Phase [D] Two Phase
What is the minimum required vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground over
residential and commercial properties and driveways not subjected to truck traffic over 600 volts to ground? [A]
5500 mm. [B] 4600 mm. [C] 4800 mm. [D] 4500 mm.
The minimum inside diameter for electrical wire conduits as per Philippine Electrical Code: [A] 3/8" Dia [b] 1/2" dia
[C] 1-1/4" Dia [D] 1" dia.
True or False, The higher the impact insulation class rating, the less effective is the construction in isolating
impact noise. The IIC rating replaces the previously used Impact Noise Rating and is approximately greater to the
INR rating + 51 db for a given construction [A] True [B] false
TW in electrical wire specification means. [A] Moisture and Heat Resistant Thermoplastic [B] Moisture and Heat
Resistant Rubber [C] Moisture Resistant, In Wet and Dry Locations [D] None of the Above
Another name for passenger elevator; it is also a british term for elevator (D.K. Ching p. 80). [A] Elevator [B] Lift
[C] Dumbwaiter [D] Freight
The minimum face to face distance between elevators in three and four car grouping. [A] 1.00 mts. [B] 1.50 mts.
[C] 2.00 mts. [D] 2.50 mts.
Collection line of a plumbing system is sometimes referred to as. [A] Strainer [B] Catch Basin [C] House Drain [D]
None of the Above
Maximum height of a dumbwaiter. [A] 0.60 mts. [B] 1.20 mts. [C] 1.80 mts. [D] 2.40 mts.
A type of lighting that provides illumination to special objects like sculptures, flower arrangements, etc. [A]
Valance Lighting [B] Cove Lighting [C] Specific Lighting [D] Direct Lighting
True or False, Is it advisable to install sprinkler system in generator rooms, substations and electrical rooms? [A]
True [B] False [C] It Varies in the Specifications [D] It Varies to the Situation
Standard length of an electrical metal conduit. [A] 5 Meters [B] 10 Meters [C] 15 Meters [D] 20 Meters
An assembly consisting of a pulley wheel, side plates, shaft, and bearings over which a cable or roped is passed.
[A] Shaft [B] Governor [C] Sheave [D] Safety Shoe
The other type of flame detector other than the ultraviolet type. [A] Beam Detector [B] Infra red Detector [C]
Smoke Detector [D] Heat Detector

PABX or PBX means. (No Choices!)


Farad is the unit capacity of a ___. [A] Conductor [B] Capacitor [C] Insulator [D] Conveyor
Another name for distribution panel. [A] Fire Alarm Control Panel [B] Power Panel [C] Public Address Panel [D]
Voice Evacuation Panel
Type of plastic pipe other than polyvinyl chloride and polybutylene. [A] Styrene Rubber Plastic (SR) [B]
Polypropylene (PP) [C] Polyethlene (PE) [D] Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) [E] All of the Above
Standard size of wire for a circuit line. [A] No. 9 [B] No. 10 [C] No. 11 [D] No. 12
Standard size of wire for a switch line. [A] No. 13 [B] No. 14 [C] No. 15 [D] No 16
A device for converting alternating current to direct current. [A] Generator [B] Converter [C] Rectifier [D] None of
the Above
Another name for a Rectifier. [A] A.C. Generator [B] D.C. Generator [C] Inverter [D] None of the Above
A controller sensitive to the degree of moisture in the air. (D.K. Ching p. 121) [A] Thermostat [B] Humidistat [C] A
and B [D] None of the Above
Another name for Humidistat. [A] Thermostat [B] Hygrostat [C] Humidistat [D] None of the Above
Consist of a flyball or flyweight device designed to stop an elevator. [A] Mayor [B] Governor [D] Emergency Brake
[D] telephone Jack
A stop valve placed in the service pipe close to the connection at the water main. [A] Corporation Stop [B] Bib
Cock [C] Check Valve [D] Gate Valve
A vent with a function to provide circulation if air between drainage and vent system. [A] Stack Vent [B] Waste
Vent [C] Main Vent [D] Relief Vent
The quality of a galvanized iron pipe is rated by? [A] Class-Steel [B] Schedule [C] Diameter [D] Gauge
Length along the centerline of the pipe and fitting. [A] Embedment Lengh [B] Development Length [c] Effective
Length [D] Maximum Length
A valve used in a flush tank controlling the flushing of fixture. [A] Gate Valve [B] Flash Valve [C] Flush Valve [D]
Ball Valve
Any liquid waste containing animal or vegetable matter in suspension or solution. [A] Sump [B] Slump [C] Sewage
[D] Solid Waste
If you are to designed a Septic tank, which is the best suitable place should it be located? [A] Rear Side of the
House [B] Either Side of the House [C] Front of the House [D] Near RROW
Interrelationship between value of voltage and current with the same frequency. [A] Wavelength [B] Phase [C]
Frequency [D] Synchronization
Descriptive of any material such as synthetic resin which hardens when heated or cured, and does not soften
when reheated. [A] Thermostat [B] Thermosetting [C] Thermometer [D] Thermoplastic
An Instrument which responds to changes in temperature, and directly or indirectly controls temperature. (D.K.
Ching p. 121) [A] Humidistat [B] Control Panel [C] Hygrostat [D] Thermostat
Thin sheets that are used for controlling heat in drywall construction. [A] Sheet Piles [B] Aluminum Sheets [C]
Rigid Board Insulation [D] Gypsum Board Insulation
Conveys storm water and terminates into a natural drainage such as lakes or rivers. [A] Catch basin [B] Storm
Sewer [C] Public Sewer [D] Private Sewer
A machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy (D.K. Ching p. 75). [A] Generator [B] Alternator
[C] Electric Motor [D] Battery
Freon in air-con must be compressed and liquefied in order to absorb ___. [A] Energy [B] Air [c] Heat [D] None of
the Above
Standard size of a wet standpipe outlet for each floor. [A] 25 mm. [B] 38 mm. [C] 51 mm. [D] 65 mm.
A type of pipe fitting for a Yoke Vent. [A] 1/2 Bend [B] 1/4 Bend [C] 1/8 Bend [D] 1/16 Bend
A device installed on an electric water heater used to detect the working temperature to activate a switch. (D.K.
Ching p. 121) [A] Humidifier [B] Thermostat [B] Thermometer [D] Humidistat
Minimum size of trap or branch for a bidet. [a] 1 1/2" [B] 2" [C] 3" [D] 6"
Minimum fixture supply pipe diameter for tank type water closet. [A] 3/8" [B] 1/2" [C] 1 1/2" [D] 2"
True or false, 1 3/4" diameter is 'not' a commercial size of G.I. Pipe for water supply. [A] True [B] False
True or false, 3" diameter is 'not' a commercial size of G.I. Pipe for water supply. [A] False [B] True
Term applied to the interconnection of the same fixtures in one soil or waste branch with one branch vent. [a] Set
of Fixtures [B] Group of Fixtures [D] Assembly of Fixtures [D] Battery of Fixtures
A single vent that ventilates multiple traps in the case of a back to back vent. [A] Unit vent [B] Loop vent [C]
Common Vent [D] Relief Vent
Minimum size of a standpipe for a building in which the highest outlet is 23 meters or less from the fire service
connection. [A] 1" [B] 2" [C] 3" [D] 4"
Minimum size of a wet standpipe for a riser of more than 15 meters from the source. [A] 1" [B] 2" [C] 3" [D] 4"
Single lever valves used in kitchen sink and lavatory faucets or at shower valves works by the principle of a ___.
[A] Gate Valve [B] Check Valve [C] Ball Valve [D] Angle valve
Treats hard water. [A] Filtration [B] Sodium Silicate [C] Zeolite Process [D] Chlorination
Minimum height of a branch vent above the fixture it is venting. [A] 8" [B] 6 " [C] 4" [D] 3"
Minimum wire size in square millimeter for a branch circuit with a 30 ampere rating using Type THW stranded
copper conductor in a raceway. [A] 4.50 sqmm. [B] 5.50 sqmm. [C] 6.50 sqmm. [D] 7.50 sqmm.
Standard frequency of power supplied by the local power utility company like Meralco. [A] 40 cycles [B] 50 cycles
[C] 60 cycles [D] 70 Cycles
The overhead service conductors from the last pole or other aerial support to and including splices, if any,
connecting to the service entrance conductors at the building; Overall portion of service conductors extending
from the nearest utility pole to the service equipment of the building (D.K. Ching p. 75). [A] Feeder [B] Service
Lateral [C] Service Drop [D] Service Conductor
Unit of loudness level. [A] Pitch [B] Sound Intensity [C] Sabin [D] Phon
The process of dissipating sound energy by converting it to heat. [A] Wavelength [B] Sound Absorption [C] Sound
Attenuation [D] Sound of Diffraction
Distance sound travels during each cycle of vibration. [A] Wavelength [B] Sound Absorption [C] Sound
Attenuation [D] Sound of Diffraction
The reduction in the intensity or in the sound pressure level of sound which is transmitted from one point to
another. [A] Wavelength [B] Sound Absorption [C] Sound Attenuation [D] Sound of Diffraction
Unit of sound absorption equivalent to 1 square foot of perfectly absorptive material. [A] Pitch [B] Sound Intensity
[C] Sabin [B] Phon
Acoustical phenomenon which causes sound wave to be bent or scattered around. [A] Wavelength [B] Sound
Absorption [C] Sound Attenuation [D] Sound of Diffraction
Minimum sound pressure level that is capable of being detected by the human ear. [A] Phon [B] Threshold of
Audibility [C] Frequency [D] Intensity
Fluctuation in pressure, a particle displacement in an elastic medium. [A] Light [B] Sound [c] Heat [D] Force
[1] Sound sensation in a single frequency, [2] one energy, one frequency [A] Musical tone [B] intensity [C]
amplitude [D] pure tone
Wave produced by a pure tone. [A] Wavelength [B] Sine Wave [C] Echo [D] Resonance
Synonymous with a lighting fixture. [A] Lumens [B] Luminaire [C] Illuminate [D] Illumination
The luminous intensity of light is expressed in ___. [A] Candlepower [B] Candela [C] Lux [D] Lumen
It refers to an individual who worked in the sanitary field of ancient Rome. [A] Plumbum [B] Plumbarius [C]
Plumber [D] Sanitary Engineer
In Latin, it means 'lead'. [A] Plumbum [B] Plumbarius [C] Plumber [D] Sanitary Engineer
A specially designed system of waste piping embodying the horizontal wet venting of one sized to provide free
movement of air above the flow line of the drain. [A] Main vent [B] Vent Stack Thru Roof [C] Combination waste
and vent [D] Waste Vent
Vertical flow of air used to separate different functions of spaces. [A] Air Curtain [B] Air Chamber [C] Air Release
vent [D] Vent Stack Thru Vent
Type of lighting dealing with relatively large area lighting. [A] General Light [B] Specific Lighting [C] Accent
Lighting [D] Indirect Lighting
During elevator emergency, to rescue passengers, this part of the elevator is used to open the doors from the
outside. [A] Control Panel [B] Outside Door Latch [C] Idle Sheave [D] Safety Shoe
A device which extends across at least 1/2 the width of each door leaf which will open if subjected to pressure. [A]
Panic Door [B] Panic Bar [C] Panic Button [D] Fire Exit
Sanitary sewage from buildings shall be discharged directly to the nearest ___. [A] Storm Sewer [B] House Sewer
[C] sanitary Sewer Main [D] Cistern
Receptacles intended to receive and discharge water, water-carried waste into a drainage system with which they
are connected. [A] Pipes [B] Fittings [C] Fixture [D] Drains
The simplest type of building automation system. [A] CCTV [B] Telecommunication System [C] Voice Evacuation
System [D] Fire Alarm System
Standard size of an outlet for a dry standpipe located at each floor. [A] 2 1/2" [B] 3" [C] 4" [D] 1"
A vent pipe connected to a vent stack. [A] Unit Vent [B] Loop vent [C] Circuit vent [D] Common Vent
A vent pipe connected to a stack vent. [A] Unit Vent [B] Loop vent [C] Circuit vent [D] Common Vent
Instrument used for measuring atmospheric pressure. [A] Thermometer [B] barometer [C] Anemometer [D]
Humidistat
Bets type of fire detection that can detect fire during the incipient stage. [A] Thermal [B] Ionization [C]
Temperature Rise [D] Photoelectric
Condensing unit is a part of a ___. [A] Heating Process [B] Refrigiration Process [C] Cooling Process [D]
Dehumidification Process
What is the minimum required distance of a septic tank to a well? [a] 10 Meters [B] 15 Meters [C] 20 Meters [D]
25 Meters
metal that expands when exposed to heat to detect a fire. [A] Smoke Detector [B] Heat Detector [C] Beam
Detector [D] Flame Detector
A faucet fitted with a nozzle curving downward used as a draw-off tap. [A] Compression cock [B] Key Cock [C] Bib
Cock [D] Ball Faucet
Heat rating for a fixed temperature heat detector. [A] 125-187 Fº [B] 115-177 Fº [C] 135-197Fº [D] 145-207 Fº
Reference in measuring the depth of a trap seal of a trap. [A] Top Dip to Crown Weir [B] Bottom Dip to Crown
Weir [C] Middle Dip to Crown Weir [D] None of the Above
A pipe fitting shaped like 'S'. [A] Single bend [B] Double Bend [C] Triple Bend [D] S-Trap
Minimum size of trap and waste branch for a shower stall. [A] 2" [B] 3" [C] 4" [D] 6"
Minimum size of trap and waste branch for a pedestal urinal. [A] 2" [B] 3" [C] 4" [D] 6"
Ratio of water closets for male population for elementary and secondary school. [A] 1:30 [B] 1:20 [C] 1:10 [D] 1:40
Ratio of water closets for female population for elementary and secondary school. [A] 1:35 [B] 1:25 [C] 1:15 [D]
1:45
Ratio of urinals for elementary school. [A] 1:65 [B] 1:75 [C] 1:85 [D] 1:95
Ratio of water closets for female population for Principal Worship Places. [A] 1:65 [B] 1:75 [C] 1:85 [D] 1:95
Minimum required number of water closets for female for office and public buildings serving 55 occupants for
employees. [A] 2 [B] 3 [C] 4 [D] 5
Where there is exposure to skin contamination due to poisonous materials, what is the ratio of lavatory to number
of occupants. [A] 1:20 [B] 1:15 [C] 1:10 [D] 1:5
Minimum head of water, in meters, required for each section of plumbing for water test. [A] 2 [B] 3 [C] 4 [D] 5
How many days, at least, shall be given before any plumbing work inspection is done after written notice for
inspection. [A] 2 [B] 3 [C] 4 [D] 5
Minimum time, in minutes, required for water to stay in the system or pipes for a water test without any leaks to
satisfy said testing. [A] 60 Minutes [B] 45 Minutes [C] 30 Minutes [D] 15 Minutes
Consist of a body, a checking member, and an atmospheric opening. [A] Soil Bearing Pressure [B] Atmospheric
Pressure [C] Atmospheric vacuum Breaker [D] Hydrostatic Pressure
Minimum lead content in percent for pipes and fittings safe for humans. [A] 4% [B] 6% [C] 8% [D] 10%
Minimum vertical distance from the bottom of water pipes to the top of sewer or drain pipe if laid in the same
trench on top of the other. [A] 150 mm. [B] 300 mm. [C] 450 mm. [D] 600 mm.
Minimum distance of water pipings from any regulating equipment, water heater, conditioning tanks, and similar
equipment requiring union fittings. [A] 150 mm. [B] 300 mm. [C] 450 mm. [D] 600 mm.
Maximum spacing of pipe supports at intervals. [A] 2" [B] 4" [C] 6" [D] 8"
Equivalent of 1/6 bend in degrees. [A] 30º [B] 45º [C] 60º [D] 75º
True or false, 60˚ branches or offsets may be used only when installed in a true vertical position. [A] True [B]
False
Cleanouts may be omitted on a horizontal drain less than 1.5 meters in length unless such line is serving sinks or
urinals, true or false. [A] True [B] False
Minimum clearance in front of any cleanout in meters for pipes 51mm or less in diameter. [A] 0.150 mts. [B] 0.200
mts. [C] 0.305 Mts. [D] 0.400 mts.
Minimum clearance in front of any cleanout in meters for pipes larger than 51 mm. Dia. [A] 0.45 mts. [B] 0.50 mts.
[C] 0.55 mts. [D] 0.60 mts.
Maximum distance of any underfloor cleanout from any access door, crawl space, or crawl hole. [A] 4.60 mts. [B]
6.10 mts. [D] 2.30 mts. [D] 3.05 mts.
Maximum length of a tailpiece. [A] 150 mm. [B] 300 mm. [C] 450 mm. [D] 600 mm.
Minimum length of any branch requiring separate venting. [A] 4.60 mts. [B] 6.10 mts. [D] 2.30 mts. [D] 3.05 mts.
True or false, no galvanized wrought iron or galvanized steel pipe shall be used underground and shall be kept at
least 15 cms above ground. [A] False [B] true
Minimum extension of a vent stack through roof above the roof. [A] 150 mm. [B] 300 mm. [C] 450 mm. [D] 600
mm.
Minimum extension of a vent stack through roof above any other vertical surface. [A] 150 mm. [B] 300 mm. [C]
450 mm. [D] 600 mm.
Minimum vertical distance of VSTR from above of any openable window or opening. [A] 0.75 Mts. [B] 0.90 mts.
[C] 1.05 mts. [D] 1.20 mts
Minimum vertical extension of VSTR from any roofdeck where it is protruded. [A] 2.10 mts. [B] 2.40 mts. [C] 1.80
mts. [D] 1.50 mts.
Minimum horizontal distance of any VSTR from a roofdeck used for other purposes aside from protection from
weather. [A] 2.00 mts. [B] 3.00 mts. [C] 4.00 mts. [D] 5.00 mts.
Minimum number of stories served by a waste stack requiring a parallel ventstack. [A] 5 [B] 10 [C] 15 [D] 20
The rate of flow of light through a surface. [A] Lumens [B] Luminous Flux [C] Luminance [D] Lux
The luminous intensity of any surface in a given direction per unit of projected area. [A] Lumens [B] Luminous
Flux [C] Luminance [D] Lux
A unit of illumination equivalent to 1 lumen per square foot. [A] Lux [B] Foot Candle [C] Candle Power [D] Candela
A unit of illumination equivalent to 1 lumen per square meter. [A] Lumens [B] Luminous Flux [C] Luminance [D]
Lux
Type of lighting system where 90-100% of light output is directed to the ceiling and upper walls of the room. [A]
Direct Lighting [B] Accent Lighting [C] Cove Lighting [D] Indirect Lighting
The material used for filament in an incandescent bulb. [A] Sodium [B] Mercury [C] Tungstem [D] Nitrogen
The equivalent of filament in a fluorescent lamp. [A] Anode [B] Cathode [C] Node [D] None of the Above
An automatic device used for converting high, fluctuating inlet water pressure to a lower constant pressure. [A]
Pressure Relieft Valve [B] Pressure regulating Valve [C] Zone Control Valve [D] Gate Valve
An air-operated device used to open or close a damper or valve. [A] Pump [B] Air Motor [C] Gate Valve [D] None
of the Above
In theater stage house, a weight usually of iron or sand used to balance suspended scenery, or the like. [A]
Governor [B] Sheave [C] Counterweight [D] Safety Shoe
On elevators, a gear-driven machine having a drum to which the wire ropes that hoist the car are fastened, and
on which they wind. [A] Drumwaiter [B] dumbwaiter [C] Wind Drum Machine [D] None of the Above
Vertical tracks that serves as a guide for the car and the counterweight. [A] Hosting cables [B] Guiderails [C]
Handrails [D] Hoistway rope
Under NBC, the clearance between the underside of the car and the bottom of the pit shall not be less than ___.
[A] 150 mm. [B] 300 mm. [C] 450 mm. [D] 600 mm.
Under NBC, the minimum diameter of hoisting and counterweight rope. [A] 20 mm. [B] 30 mm/ [C] 40 mm. [D] 50
mm.
Under NBC, the minimum width between balusters in an escalator. [A] 458 mm. [B] 558 mm. [C] 658 mm. [D] 348
mm.
Under NBC, the maximum rated speed of an escalator along the angle of travel. [A] 38.00 mts. [B] 41.00 mts. [C]
44.oo mts [D] 47.00 mts.
The effective room temperature in air-conditioning. [A] 63 - 67 Fº [B] 68 - 74Fº [C] 75 -- 80 Fº [D] None of the
Above
A private telephone system that interconnects with public telephone systems. [A] PABX [B] CCTV [C] Fax [D]
Intercom
Resistance in alternating current system. [A] Conductance [B] Resistance [C] Impedance [D] Capacitance
The reciprocal of conductance. [A] Conductance [B] Resistance [C] Impedance [D] Capacitance
The rate of flow of sound energy [A] Sound Attenuation [B] Sound Intensity [C] Loudness Level [D] Frequency
Lighting used primarily to draw attention to particular points of interest. [A] Direct Lighting [B] Indirect Lighting [D]
General Lighting [D] Accent Lighting
A means of producing light from gaseous discharge. [A] Luminance [B] Efflourescense [C] Flouresence [D] None
of the Above
A type of High-Intensity-Discharge lamp (HID). [A] Low Pressure Sodium [B] High Pressure Sodium [C] Medium
Pressure Sodium [D] None of the Above
Sound system input device that reacts to and converts variable sound pressure into variable electrical current. [A]
Loudspeaker [B] Sounder [C] Microphone [D] Alarm bell
What is the minimum size of a trap or branch of a residential kitchen? [A] 1 3/4" [B] 2" [C] 1 1/4" [D] 1 1/2"
Light originating from sources not facing each other, as from windows in adjacent walls. [A] Standard Light [B]
Cross Light [C] Pin Light [D] Spot Light
The process of removing calcium and magnesium deposits in water. [A] Hardening [B] Softening [C]
Sedimentation [D] Filtration
A lighting unit consisting of one or more electrical lamps. [A] Lumens [B] Luminaire [C] Limunance [D] Luminous
Flux
A louvered construction divided into cell-like areas and used for redirecting the light emitted by an overhead
source. [A] Accoustical Boards [B] Gypsum Boards [C] Eggcrates [D] None of the Above
A graph used in air-conditioning and showing the properties of air-system mixtures. [A] ACU Chart [B] FCU Chart
[C] Psychometric Chart [D] Air-Ventilation Graph Chart
Heat that raises air temperature; the quantity of heat absorbed or released by a substance during a change in
termperature without a change in phase (D.K. Ching p. 117). [A] latent heat [B] Conduction [C] Sensible Heat [D]
Covnection
The transmission of heat energy from one place to another by circulatory movement of a mass of fluid. [A]
Convection [B] Radiation [C] Absorption [D] Microwave
A lamp designed to project and diffuse a uniform level of illumination over a large area. [A] Pin Light [B] Flood
Light [C] Warm light [D] Cool Light
True or False, In boilers, they function only when exceeds prescribed unsafe operating conditions. Hence they
are called as "Limit Controls and Interlocks [A] False [B] True
What type of sound absorbent is best for lower band frequencies. [A] Sound Absorbers [B] Porous Absorbents [C]
Insulation Materials [D] Accoustic Boards
The bending of sound wave when traveling forward changes direction as it passes through different densities. [A]
Reflection [B] Refraction [C] Echo [D] Wavelength
True or false, number of fixture unit is one parameter in sizing a drainage pipe. [A] False [B] True
Water distribution system which constantly rely its pressure from the main water pipe applied only if the highest
fixture is supplied continuously with the flow rate and minimum required working pressure. [A] Direct/Upfeed
System [B] Downfeed/Gravity System [C] Air Pressure System [D] It varies
What combination of pipe fittings is installed at the base of a soil stack? [A] Wye and 1/8 bend [B] Elbow and 1/4
bend [C] tee and 1/16 bend [D] wye and 1/4 bend
What is the rating index of an air-conditioning/refrigeration system which rates the unit for the number of BTU's of
heat removed per watt of electrical input energy? (D.K. Ching p. 124) [A] Energy Efficiency Ratio [B] Energy
Efficiency Coefficienct [C] Energy Efficiency Rating [D] Energy Efficiency Factor

What mechanical equipment, coupled with a central air-conditioning system, is used to to dehumidify and cool the
air stream injected to a conditioned space. [A] Fan Coil Unit [B] Condenser [C] Motor [D] Cooling Fan
A rigid metal housing for a group of heavy conductors or buses insulated from each other and the enclosure, also
called Busduct; (D.K. Ching p. 78). [A] Raceway [B] Busway [C] Bushing [D] Conduit
A heavy conductor, usually in the form of a solid copper bar, used for collecting, carrying, and distributing large
electric currents, also called a busbar (D.K. Ching p. 76). [A] Bus [B] taxi [C] Busway [D] Motor

An approved assembly of insulated conductors with fitting and conductor terminations in completely enclosed
ventilated protective metal housing where the assembly is designed to carry fault current and to withstand the
magnetic forces of such current. (D.K. Ching p. 78). [A] Raceway [B] Busway [C] Bushing [D] Conduit
A type of perimeter detector which detects object in heat range of body temperature. [A] Thermal [B] Heat [C]
Passive Infrared [D] Microwave
A type of perimeter detector which detects interruption of light beam. [A] Smoke Detector [B] Lightbeam [C] Laser
Beam [D] Infrared
A type of perimeter detector which detects change in sound wave pattern. [A] Microwave [B] Ultrasonic [C] Motion
Detector [D] Passive Infra Red
Women's urinal fixture. [A] Siphon Jet [B] Siphon Vortex [C] Washdown [D] Reverse Trap

True or false, brass and cast iron body cleanouts shall not be used as a reducer or adapter. [A] False [B] True
A box with a blank cover which serves the purpose of joining one different runs of raceways or cables and
provided with sufficient space for connection and branching of the enclosed conductors. [A] tool box [B] Push box
[C] Pull box [D] Junction Box
A type of water closet that is least efficient, subject to clogging, noisy, and use a simple washout action through a
small irregular passageway. [A] Siphon Jet [B] Siphon Vortex [C] Washdown [D] Reverse Trap

This type of water closet is similar to that of the siphon-jet except that it has a smaller trap passageway and
smaller water surface area, moderately noisy. [A] Siphon Jet [B] Siphon Vortex [C] Washdown [D] Reverse Trap
A type of water closet that is noisy but highly efficient. Strong jet into up leg forces contents out. Use only with
flush valve, requires higher pressure. [A] Washdown [B] Reverse Trap [C] Siphon Jet [D] Blowout
Water closet that is quiet, extremely sanitary, water is directed through the rim. It scours bowl, folds over into jet;
siphon. [A] Siphon Jet [B] Siphon Vortex [C] Washdown [D] Reverse Trap
A water closet that is sanitary, efficient, and very quiet. Water enters through the rim and through the down leg. [A]
Siphon Jet [B] Siphon Vortex [C] Washdown [D] Reverse Trap
A toilet bowl similar to the siphon-jet, but having the flushing water directed to the rim to create circular motion or
vortex which scours the bowl. [A] Siphon Jet [B] Siphon Vortex [C] Washdown [D] Reverse Trap

A toilet bowl in which the flushing water enters through the rim and a siphonic action initiated by a water jet draws
the contents of the bowl through the trapway. [A] Siphon Jet [B] Siphon Vortex [C] Washdown [D] Reverse Trap
A water closet similar to that of the siphon jet but with a smaller water surface and trapway. [A] Siphon Jet [B]
Siphon Vortex [C] Washdown [D] Reverse Trap
This type of water closet is prohibited by some health codes. [A] Siphon Jet [B] Siphon Vortex [C] Washdown [D]
Reverse Trap
The concussion and banging noise that results when a volume of water moving in a pipe suddenly stops or loses
momentum. [A] Back Siphonage [B] Back Flow [C] Water Hammer [D] Expansion/Contraction [E] Friction head
Loss
The length of a pipeline measured along the centerline of the pipe and pipe fittings. [A] Developed Length [B]
Embedment length [C] Development Length [D] Effective Length
A shutoff valve closed by lowering a wedge-shaped gate across the passage. [A] Check valve [B] gate valve [C]
Non return valve [D] Drain valve
A valve closed by a disk seating on an opening in an internal wall. [A] Globe valve [B] Glove Valve [C] gate Valve
[D] Ball valve
Liquid sewage that has been treated in a septic tank or sewage treatment plant. [A] Scum [B] Sludge [C] Effluent
[D] Fecal matter
The centerline of pipe. [A] Centerline [B] center Axis [C] Spring Line [D] None of the Above
The interior top surface of a pipe. [A] Corona [B] Crown [C] Pinnacle [D] End Cap
The interior bottom surface of a pipe. [A] culvert [B] Invert [C] Corona [D] Crown
A type of perimeter detector which is subject to false alarm from aircraft radar and from movement outside
building through window, wood doors, and the like. It uses radio waves. [A] Ultrasonic [B] Microwave [C] Passive
Infrared [D] Motion Sensor
This type of perimeter detector uses both the Passive infrared and Ultrasonic or Microwave system. [A]
Proximity/Capacitance [B] Passive Infrared/Ultrasonic [C] Smoke/Heat [D] Multisensor
This type of perimeter detector detects a change in capacitance of the area covered, caused by intrusion. [A]
Proximity/Capacitance [B] Passive Infrared/Ultrasonic [C] Smoke/Heat [D] Multisensor
Color code for pipes containing acid. [A] Red [B] Blue [C] Yellow [D] Black
A high intensity discharge lamp in which the light is produced by the radiation from a mixture of a metallic vapor,
similar to that of a mercury lamp in construction. [A] Metal Halide Lamp [B] Flourescence Lamp [B] Incadecent
Lamp [D] Sodium Lamp
A type of lamp popular for lighting commercial interiors, uses argon gas to ease starting, it produces light by
means of an electric discharge in mercury vapor. [A] Metal Halide Lamp [B] Flourescence Lamp [c] Mercury Lamp
[D] Sodium Lamp
A type of lamp which produces light by means of the reaction of halogen additive in the bulb reacts with
chemically with tungsten. [A] Metal Halide Lamp [B] Flourescence Lamp [c] Mercury Lamp [D] Tungsten Halogen
Lamp
A type of lamp generally used for roadways and sidewalks, uses sodium gas. [A] Metal Halide Lamp [B] High
Pressure Sodium [c] Mercury Lamp [D] Tungsten Halogen Lamp

It is a costumary that full open type of valve is used in several locations in a water distribution system, which in
the following list DOES NOT require one? [A] On every Hose Bib [B] On water supplies to pressured tank [C] On
the water service pipe ner that source connection [D] On the main water distribution pipe near the water service

A device containing a strip of wire or fusible metal that melts under the heat, produced by excess current, thereby
interrupting the circuit (D.K. Ching p. 76) [A] Fusible Metal [B] Cord [C] Circuit Breaker [D] Fuse

In elevator, it detects the obstacles during the door closing, and reopens the door if there is something. Photocell
can be used together with this. [A] Governor [B] Weighting Device [C] Idle Sheave [D] Safety Shoe
It prevents passengers from falling into the hoistway when they try to get out of the car which is stopped between
the floors. [A] fascia Board [B] Fascia Plate [C] Gusset Plate [D] Aluminum Plate
In elevator, it makes the buzzer alarm when the car is overloaded and the door remains open until overloading is
eliminated. [A] Weight Device [B] Load Device [C] Loading Device [D] Weighing Device
In elevator, it protects the equipment from over current. [A] ATS [B] UPS [C] Circuit Breaker [D] Limit Switch

In elevator, these prevent the excessive car travel at the highest and lowest floor; A switch that automatically cuts
off current to an electric motor when an object moved it. as an elevator car, has passed a given point (D.K. Ching
p. 80). [A] Emergency Switch [B] Limit Switch [C] Buffer [D] Break Glass
In escalators, these stop the escalator if a foreign object becomes wedged at the guard. [A] Limit Switch [B]
Handrail Guard Switches [C] Weighing Device [D] Circuit Breaker
In escalators, this is located at the bottom truss of the escalator and provided with on and off positions to stop or
prevents the escalator from starting during maintenance service. [A] Connect Switch [B] Disconnect Switch [C]
Starting Switch [D] None of the Above
This device, in escalators, is provided at the drive unit location to protect against accidental movement of the
escalator during inspection of the drives or during general maintenance. [A] Circuit Breaker [B] Limit Switches [C]
Mechanical Maintenance Locking Device [D] Handrail Guard Switches

This device, in escalators, stops the escalator automatically if an abnormal current is supplied to the motor. [A]
Current Overload Safety Switch [B] Limit Switch [C] Handrail Guard Switch [D] Automatic Transfer Switch
This switch cuts off all current supply to the escalator for inspection, maintenance, or repairs. [A] Knife Switch [B]
Toggle Switch [C] Single Phase Switch [D] Emergency Switch
In a lightning protection system, the combination of a metal rod and its brace or footing, on the upper part of a
structure. [A] Air Chamber [B] Air Duct [C] Air Terminal [D] Air Vent
One of the earlier plastic to be developed in 1938, a du pont trade name for the white, soft, waxy, and non-
adhesive polymer of tetrafluoroethylene. [A] Tepal [B] Thermoplastic [C] Teflon [D] None of the Above
The number of cycles per unit time of a wave or oscillations expressed in hertz of cycles per second. [A]
Frequency [B] Wavelenght [C] Resonance [D] Echo
Of a partition, the number of decibels by which sound is reduced in transmission through it; a measure of the
sound insulation value of the partition, the higher the number, the greater the insulation value. [A] Sound
Absorption [B] Transmission Loss [C] Sound Attenuation [D] Sound Reverberation
The cooling effect obtained when 1 ton of ice at 32 oF (0 oC) melts to water at the same temperature in 24 hrs.
(equivalent to 12,000 Btu/hr) (D.K. Ching p. 124) [A] Kilo of refrigiration [B] Ton of refrigiration [C] pound of
refrigiration [D] Weight of refrigiration
What does AHU mean in the HVAC System? [A] Fan Coil Unit [B] Air Handling Unit [C] Airconditioning System [D]
Centralized Air Conditioning System
A branch of science the deals with the control and propagation of sound. [A] Accoustics [B] Sound Engineering
[C] Music [D] None of the Above
It is the instantaneous, local reduction in density of a gas resulting from passage of a soundwave, or the region in
which the density is reduced at some instant. [a] Reflection [B] Rarefaction [C] Reverberation [D] None of the
Above

__________ is a physical wave or simply a series of pressure vibrations. [A] Light [b] Sound [C] Heat [D] Power
It is the amount of decibels limited for a comfortable hearing. [A] 20DB [B] 30DB [C] 40DB [D] 50DB
The SI unit of electric charge equal to the quantity of electricity transferred along the conductor by a current of
one ampere in one second (D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] Watt [B] Volt [C] Coulumb [D] Resistance
A set of conductors which extends from the main switch board to a distributing center with no other circuit
connected to it between the source and the distributing center. At the center, it is terminated at the panel board
which is actually lower capacity switch board [A] Subfeeder Circuit [B] Main Switchboard [C] Branch Circuit [D]
Feeder Circuit

Any of service conductors extending from a main power line or transformer to the service equipment of a building
(D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] Service Lateral [B] Service Drop [C] Service Conductor [D] Service Equipment

The underground position of service conductors extending from a main power line or transformer to a building
(D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] Service Lateral [B] Service Drop [C] Service Conductor [D] Service Equipment

Electrical term “raceway” applies to: [A] Where electric car passes [B] conductor of heavy load energy [C] a
channel system in carrying electric wires [D] a grouping of transformers
In electrical wiring, a metal enclosure for housing and protecting electrical wires or cable that are joined together
in connecting or branching electric circuits (D.K. Ching p. 78) [A] Junction Box [B] Cut Out Box [C] Fuse Box [D]
Pull out box
The energy per unit charge available for conversion from a chemical, mechanical, or other form of energy into
electrical energy, or vise versa, in conversion devices as a battery, generator, or motor. (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A]
amperage [B] potential Difference [C] watt [D] Electromotive Force
A flexible, non metallic, fire-resistant tubing for conductors in knob-and-tube wiring (D.K. Ching p. 79). [A] Loom
[B] Cord [C] Connector [D] Terminal
The materials widely used as an insulation covering in electric cables which are made of metal and phenollic
compound [a] Bakelite [B] Mica [C] Polyester Nylon [D] Polyethylene

A condition resulting from bridging any part of a circuit with a conductor of a very low resistance; an abnormal,
usually accidental condition of low resistance between two points in an electric circuit resulting in a flow of excess
current (D.K. Ching p. 76) [A] Branch Circuit [B] Open Circuit [C] Series Circuit [D] Short Circuit

In a water system with constat water supply supplying series of plumbing fixtures, water supply drop is
experience when the fixtures in the series are simultaneously opened. Whch poor design in the plumbing system
causes this? [A] Choice in the ststem of water distribution [B] Insufficiency in the size of the water service and
distribution pipe [C] too many fixtures opened simulteneously [D] Use of PVC or other plastic pipes

What is the standard length of steel conduits? [A] 10 Meters [B] 10 feet [C] 10 Millimeters [D] 10 Centimeters
It is a type of steel conduit that has a thickness of 0.071mm? [A] Intermediate Metal Conduit (IMC) [B] Rigid Steel
Conduit [C] Electric Metal Tubing [D] None of the Above
What is the minimum branch circuit rating for household ranges and cooking appliances? [A] 20 Amperes [B] 30
Amperes [C] 40 Amperes [D] 50 Amperes
What type of wire or cable with specifications as underground service entrance cable single conductor with
operating temperature of 75 degrees centigrade; a single or multi conductor assembly provided with or without an
overall covering primarily used for service wire. [A] USE [B] XHHW [C] THWN [D] UF

What is the minimum required vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground, at the
electrical service entrance to buildings, or at the drip loop of the building electric entrance, or above areas or
sidewalks accessible only to pedestrians, measured from the final grade or other accessible surface only for
service drop cables supported on and cabled together with grounded bare messenger wire and limited to 300
volts to ground? (Phil. Electrical Code) [A] 3000 mm. [B] 3500 mm. [C] 3200 mm. [D] 3100 mm.

A device for converting chemical into electric energy, usually consisting of a receptacle with electrodes in an
electrolyte. (D.K. Ching p. 74) (EL 001) [A] Battery [B] Electrode [C] Cell [D] Generator
A factory assembled conductors insulated with a highly compressed refractory mineral insulation enclosed in a
liquid and gas tight continuous copper sheath. To maintain its integrity termination are made with compression
rings, glands and sealing compounds (D.K. Ching p. 78) [A] Metal Clad Cable type MC [B] Armored Cable type
ACL [C] Armored Cable type AC [D] Mineral Insulated Cable Type MI

A type of Alternating current generated by the alternator where its wave rises to a peak, sinks to zero, drops to a
negative peak, and rises again to zero a number of times each second, depending on the frequency for which the
machine is designed (D.K. Ching p. 76) [A] Two Phase [B] Three Phase [C] Single Phase [D] Double Phase

Type of flexible cable which is fabricated assembly of insulated conductors in a flexible metal sheath: [A] Metal
Clad Cable type MC [B] Armored Cable type ACL [C] Armored Cable type AC [D] Mineral Insulated Cable Type MI

What type of wire or cable with specification as building wire for wet and dry locations with an operating
temperature of 75 degrees centigrade? (EL 023) [A] THW-Oil [B] XHHW [C] USE [D] UF
What type of building wire has a trade name as Moisture and Heat Resistant Thermoplastic used for dry and wet
locations. (EL 024 / CDEP VI-22) [A] TW [B] THHN [C] MTW [D] THW
It is a switch in which a hinge copper blade is placed between two contact clips. (EL 005) (D.K. Ching p. 79) [A]
Toggle Switch [B] Knife Switch [C] Float Switch [D] Mercury Switch
A rubber or plastic washer inserted in a hole in a metal part to prevent grounding of a wire passing through the
hole. (EL 005) (D.K. Ching p. 78) [A] Bushing [B] Shield [C] Grommet [D] Insulator
It is a switch in which a lever or knob, moving through a small arc, causes the contacts to open or close an
electric circuit. (EL 005A / CDEP IV-24) (D.K. Ching p. 79). [A] Toggle Switch [B] Knife Switch [C] Float Switch [D]
Mercury Switch
True or False, The specification on the electric wire THWN refers to Moisture and Heat Resistant Thermoplastic
[A] False [B] True
True or False, The specification on the electric wire XHHW refers to Moisture and Heat Resistant Cross Linked
Thermosetting Polyethylene [A] False [B] True
The minimum allowable clearance from the highest point of the roof to the service drop conductor as per National
building code: (NBC p. 212) [A] 2.50 M. [B] 3.00 M. [C] 2.00 m. [D] 4.00 m.
What is the vertical clearance of unguarded rigid energized parts, over 750 V to 22 kV over roofs accessible to
vehicles but not subject to truck traffic. (NBC p. 213) [A] 4000 mm. [B] 4100 mm. [C] 3800 mm. [C] 3900 mm.

What is the vertical clearance of an open supply conductors, over 750 V to 22 kV over or under roofs or
projections not readily accessible to pedestrians. (NBC p. 213) [A] 4000 mm. [B] 4100 mm. [C] 3800 mm. [C]
3900 mm.
These devices operates either at microwave frequencies or at ultrasonic frequencies, detect motion in the
protected area by the Doppler effect; (mech&elec eqmt for bldg by stein pg.1197) [A] Acoustic Detectors [B]
reflexive Beam devices [C] Motion Detectors [D] Photoelectric Devices
lighting that provides illumination to special object like sculptures [A] Specific Lighting [B] Indirect Lighting [C]
Accent Lighting [D] General Lighting
type of lighting where 90- 100% of light output is directed to ceiling or upper walls [A] Specific Lighting [B] Indirect
Lighting [C] Accent Lighting [D] General Lighting
lighting used primarily to draw attention to particular points of interest [A] Specific Lighting [B] Indirect Lighting [C]
Accent Lighting [D] General Lighting
the sensation by which an observer is able to distinguish between differences in luminance [A] Lightness [B]
Brightness [C] Darkness [D] Dullness
luminous intensity expressed in candelas [A] Lux [B] Candlepower [C] Footcandle [D] Lumens
Provision for building with an expected electric load demand of 200KVA [A] Transformer Box [B] transformer
Room [C] Transformer Vault [D] Transformer Kit
If you are designing a water supply system, what will you provide to prevent water hammer? [A] Water Meter Seal
[B] Float Valve [C] Check Valve [D] Air Chamber
A kind of flourescent lamp that does not use starter element [A] Standard Flourescent Lamp [B] Energy Saving
CFL [C] Rapid Start Flourescent Lamp [D] High Sodium Pressurized Flourescent Lamp
Where will you locate the ACCU in a convinience store? [A] On the ceiling [B] Outside the store [C] In Front of the
store [D] Right in the front door
Another type of circuit breaker element other than bolt-on [A] Plug Out Type [B] Plug In type [C] Fixed In Type [D]
Mounted Type
The most practical conductor of electricity [A] Gold Wire [B] Iron Wire [C] Copper Wire [D] Silver Wire
A channel system in carrying electrical wire; A channel expressly designed to hold and protect electric wires and
cables (D.K. Ching p. 78) [A] Surface Raceway [B] Underfloor Raceway [C] Raceway [D] Multi Outlet Assembly
A device used to convert voltage from higher to lower or vise versa; an electric device consisting of two or more
windings wound on the same core which employs the principle of mutual induction to convert variations of
alternating current to a primary circuit into variations of voltage and current in a secondary circuit (D.K. Ching p.
75) [A] Generator [B] Substation [C] Power Panel [D] Transformer
Metal containing no iron such as copper, brass and aluminum [A] Ferrous Metal [B] Non ferrous Metal [C]
Aluminum Metal [D] NONE
a type of Wiring not concealed by the building structure [A] Open Wiring [B] Closed Wiring [C] Concelead Wiring
[D] Merged Wiring
The voltage across the welding arc [A] Arc Voltage [B] Open Voltage [C] Closed Voltage [D] Weld Arc
A synthetic non-flammable insulating liquid which, when decomposed by an elctric arc evolves only non-explosive
gases [A] Askarel [B] Alkaline [C] Alkyd [D] NONE

Is combination of all or a portion of component parts included in an electric apparatus, mounted on a supporting
frame or panel and properly interwined [A] Prefabrication [B] Assembly [C] Synchronization [D] Fusion

Minimum load over a given period of time [A] Standard Load [B] Minimum Load [C] Load Capacity [D] base Load
Is a conductor, or group of conductors, in switchgear assemblies which serves as a common, also called as a
busbar (D.K. Ching p. 76) [A] Raceway [B] Bus [C] Conduit [D] Cable
Approved assembly of insulated conductors with fitting and conductor terminations in a completely enclosed,
ventilated protective metal housing where the system is design to carry fault current and to withstand the
magnetic forces of the current; (D.K. Ching p. 76) [A] Wire [B] Cord [C] Bus [D] Conduit
System of conductor forming an essentially continuous conducting network over the object protected and
including any conductors necessary for interconnections of the object protected and an adequate ground [A]
Cage [B] Hub [C] Box [D] NONE
A device design to open under abnormal conditions a current carrying circuit without injury itself; a switch that
automatically interrupts an electric circuit to prevent excess current from damaging apparatus in the circuit or from
causing it to fire (D.K. Ching p. 76) [A] ATS [B] UPS [C] Circuit Breaker [C] ELCB

A device or group of devices which serves to govern in some predetermined manner, the electric power delivered
to the apparatus to which it is connected [A] Controller [B] Panels [C] Switches [D] Touchscreen Flicking
A luminous discharge due to ionization of the air surrounding a conductor caused by voltage gradient exceeding a
certain critical value [A] Corona [B] Korona [C] Crown [D] None of the Above
A metal housing that houses the circuit breaker or fuses; surface mounted [A] Pull Box [B] Tool Box [C] Cut Out
Box [D] Panel Box
Is the ratio of the maximum demand of the system or part of the system to the total connected load of the system
(D.K. Ching p. 77) [A] Diversity Factor [B] Demand factor [C] Load Factor [D] None of the above
A unit of electrical system which is intended to carry but not utilize electrical energy [A] Device [B] Load [C] Circuit
[D] Connection
A single enclosed runway for conductor cables [A] Vent [B] Duct [C] Chase [D] Shaft
Machine which transforms electric power into mechanical power; (D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] Generator [B] Electric
Pump [C] Electric Motor [D] Battery
The circuit conductors between the service equipment or the generator switchboard of an isolated plant and the
branch circuit overcurrent device [A] Armature [B] Service Drop [C] Feeders [D] Service Lateral
An overcurrent protective device with a circuit opening fusible member which is heated and severed by the
passage of the overcurrent through it [A] Battery [B] Fuse [C] Cell [D] None of the Above
Density of the luminous flux on a surface [A] Lightness [B] Brightness [C] Illumination [D] Lighting
True of False, is a Lamp a Artificial source of light [A] True [B] False
Device for mechanical support of light [A] candleholder [B] Lampholder [C] Stand [D] None of the Above
True or False, Is light a type of Radiant Energy? [A] True [B] False
Protective device for limitting surge voltage on equipment by discharging or by-passing surge current; device for
protecting electric equipment from damage by lightning or other high voltage current. (D.K. Ching p. 77) [A]
Lightning Rod [B] Lightning Arrester [C] Soark Gap [D] Circuit Breaker
Is a transient electric disturbance in an electric circuit caused by lightning [A] Lightning Surge [B] Lighting Surge
[C] Light Surge [D] Power Surge
Point of the wiring system at which current is taken to supply utilization equipment (D.K. Ching p. 79) [A] Switch
[B] Wires [C] Conduit [D] Outlet
Maximum load consumed by a unit in a stated period of time [A] Demand Factor [B] Peak Load [C] Standard Load
[D] Occupant Load
Device or equipment which is supended from overhead either by means of the flexible cord [A] Upright [B]
Concealed [C] Pendent [D] NONE
Auxillary conductor used in connection with remote measuring devices for operating apparatus at a distant point
[a] Alloy Wire [B] Copper Wire [C] Pilot Wire [D] Lead Wire

Box with a blank cover which is inserted in one or more runs of raceway to facilitate pulling in the conductors and
the distributing of the conductors [A] Manual Pull Box [B] Pull box [C] Outlet Box [D] Tool Box
A raceway especially constructed for the purpose of physical protection of conductors, the pulling in or the
withdrawing of wires or cables after the conduit is in place and made of metal pipe of standard width and
thickness [A] Flexible Conduit [B] Fixed and Mount Conduit [C] Rigid Metal conduit [D] None
Enclosure of porcelain or other insulating material fitted with terminals and intended for connecting the flexible
cord carrying a pendent to permanent wiring [A] Conduits [B] Rosette [C] Pendet [D] surge
A fire rated room housing a transformer and auxillary equipment for a large building, usually located on a grade or
below ground and ventilated directly to the outside air (D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] Transformer Vault [B] Switchgear
Room [C] Substation [D] Electric Room
The raceway that encloses the service entrance conductors [A] Service Raceway [B] Surface Raceway [C] Multi
Assembly [D] Underfloor raceway
Cable designed for service under water [A] Underground Cable [B] Water cable [C] Submarine Cable [D] Carbon
cable
Is a transient variation in the current potential or power [A] Current [B] Load [C] Surge [D] resistance

This is used to supply a single phase lighting load and three phase power load simultaneously [a] Alpha-Alpha for
Power/Lighting [B] Delta-Alpha for Power/Lighting [C] Delta-Detal for Power/Lighting [D] None of the Above
Definition of "T" in electrical wiring cables [A] Underground feeder [B] Moisture Temperature Resistant [C]
Thermoplastic [D] Heat Resistant Rubber
Definition of "TW" in electrical wiring cables [A] Underground feeder [B] Moisture Temperature Resistant [C]
Thermoplastic [D] Heat Resistant Rubber
Definition of "UF" [A] Underground feeder [B] Moisture Temperature Resistant [C] Thermoplastic [D] Heat
Resistant Rubber
Definition of "FEPW" [A] Flourinated Ethylene Propylene Moisture Resistant [B] Flourine Ethyl Propylene Moisture
Resistant [C] Flauric Ethylene Propyaea Moist Resistant [D] NONE
Definition of "RH" in electrical wiring cables [A] Underground feeder [B] Moisture Temperature Resistant [C]
Thermoplastic [D] Heat Resistant Rubber

Definition of "RHw" in electrical wiring cables [A] Heat Resistant Latex rubber [B] Moisture and Heat resistant
Thermoplastic [C] Heat and Moisture Resistant Rubber [D] Moisture and Heat resistant Cross Link Polymer

Definition of "Ruw" in electrical wiring cables [A] Heat Resistant Latex rubber [B] Moisture and Heat resistant
Thermoplastic [C] Heat and Moisture Resistant Rubber [D] Moisture and Heat resistant Cross Link Polymer
Definition of "THW" in electrical wiring cables [A] Thermoplastic Heat Resistant [B] Moisture and Heat Resistant
Thermoplastic [C] Heat and Moisture Resistant Thermoplastic with Nylon [D] Polyethelene
Definition of "THWN" in electrical wiring cables [A] Thermoplastic Heat Resistant [C] Moisture and Heat Resistant
Thermoplastic [C] Heat and Moisture Resistant Thermoplastic with Nylon [D] Polyethelene

Definition of "XHHW" in electrical wiring cables [A] Heat Resistant Latex rubber [B] Moisture and Heat resistant
Thermoplastic [C] Heat and Moisture Resistant Rubber [D] Moisture and Heat resistant Cross Link Polymer
Definition of "BX" in electrical wiring cables [A] Silicon Asbestos [B] Asbestos and Varnish Finish cambric [C]
Armored Cable [D] Polyethelene
Definition of "THHN" in electrical wiring cables [A] Thermoplastic Heat Resistant [C] Moisture and Heat Resistant
Thermoplastic [C] Heat and Moisture Resistant Thermoplastic with Nylon [D] Polyethelene
Definition of "PE" [A] Thermoplastic Heat Resistant [C] Moisture and Heat Resistant Thermoplastic [C] Heat and
Moisture Resistant Thermoplastic with Nylon [D] Polyethelene
Definition of "SA" [A] Silicon Asbestos [B] Asbestos and Varnish Finish cambric [C] Armored Cable [D]
Polyethelene
Definition of "AVA" [A] Silicon Asbestos [B] Asbestos and Varnish Finish cambric [C] Armored Cable [D]
Polyethelene
The term used to the main water pipe delivering potable water to a building is called [A] Maynilad [B] Water
Service Pipe [C] Main Pipe [D] Water Utility Pipe
A chamber to detect fire [A] Sensor [B] Detector [C] Tester [D] Device
Uses the interruption of small current flow between electrodes by smoke in ionized sampling [A] Ionization Smoke
Heat Detector [B] Smoke Detector [C] Heat Detector [D] Beam Detector
It responds to the high-frequency radiant energy from flames. Alarm is only triggered when IR energy flickers at
rate which is chracteristics of flame [A] Smoke Detector [B] Beam Detector [C] Motion Detector [D] Infrared Flame
Detector
Use of the scattering of light by smoke into view of photo cell through incandescent or diode [A] Photoelectric
Smoke Detector [D] Motion Detector [C] Smoke Detector [D] Heat Detector
Fabricated assembly of insulated conductors enclosed in flexible metal sheath. It is used both on exposed and
concealed work; Electric cable consisting of two or more insulated conductors protected by a flexible, helically
wound metal wrapping, also called as a BX cable (D.K. Ching p. 78) [A] Mineral Insulated Cable [B] Co axial
Cable [C] Armored Cable [D] Rigid Metal Conduit
Is a single or multi conductor solid dielectric insulated cable rated at 2,000 volts or higher. This type is used for
power system up to 35,000 volts [A] Low Voltage Cable [B] Medium Voltage cable [C] High Voltage Cable [D]
Ultra Voltage Cable
Part of the facility which accept the house cable riser and house the terminal block at each floor and at the
highest or end of a feeder riser cable [A] Telephone Feeder [B] Telephone Jack [C] Telephone Terminal Cabinet
[D] None of the Above

Is the simplest type of building automation system, which intercoms, PABX, microwave links, analog and digital
telephone system, video conferencing, satellite links, structured cabling and similar devices [A] Voice Evacuation
Ststem [B[ Automated Retractable Pillar System [C] Telecommunication System [D] Public Address System
Parking management system for two types of vehicular deterrent either articulated arm type or straight beam
type. It can be activated by means of radio frequency remote control, push push button switch, photocell,
magnetic loop or acces control [A] Voice Evacuation Ststem [B[ Automated Retractable Pillar System [C]
Telecommunication System [D] Public Address System
Higher than 20,000 Hertz [A] Supersonic [B] Ultrasonic [C] Ultimate Sonic [D] NONE
Perceptual characteristic of sound which is the average rate of flow of energy per unit area perpendicular to the
direction of propagation [A] Power [B] Luminance [C] Intensity [D] value

Natural energy source derived from force of wind acting on oblique blades that radiates froma shaft attached to a
dynamo to produce electricity [A] Wind Turbine [B] Wind Energy [C] Sustainable Wind Use [D] Wind Mill
it is a government corporation in the philippines where Meralco buys its own electricity if their ample supply is low
[A] PHILEC [B] Transco [C] NGCP [D] Napocor
which criterion is not needed in sizing a vent pipe for individual, branch and circuit vent based on the total linear
footage of the pipe making up the vent? [A] Developed Length of the vent pipe [B] Size of the Drain Pipe [C]
Slope of the drain Pipe [D] Number of Fixture Units

What method is the first defence from external noise by site protection and site planning for a quite internal
acoustic environment? [A] Using non sensitive parts of the buildings as barriers [B] positioning of openings away
from the noise source [C] Use of noise insulating building envelope [D] Avoiding Zones of directional sound
which of the following statements does NOT describe velocity of sound correctly" [A] if the temeperature in a room
increases, the speed of sound also increases [B] changes in pressure at controlled density have virtually no effect
on the speed of the sound [C] sound travels slightly slower in moist air than in dry air because moist air contains a
greater number of lighter molecules [D] the product of wavelength and frequency is equal to the spead of
propagation of the sound wave
What effective method can be employed to reduced direct noise, which is transmitted airborn, for noise reduction
within a space? [A] Install Absorbent materials within the wall of the enclosure [B] Placement of functional Screen
between the source and the listener [C] use of flexible mounting and connections between equipment and its
foundation [D] Isolate the base foundations of the equipment
These are three basic elements that exist in a accoustical situation, these are: [A] Propagation, Reciever,
Response [B] Propagation, Transmission Path, Response [C] Source, Propagation, reception [D] Source,
Transmission Path, Receiver
A unit of acoustic absorption equivalent to the absorption bt one square root of a perfect absorber [A] Hertz [B]
Decibel [C] Sabin [D] Sound Absorption Coefficient
Which light source should be used in lighting fixtures best specified in areas such as those requireing high
illumination levels for detailed work such as needle work? Flourescent Lamp [B] High Pressure Sodium [C] Metal
Halide [D] Low Pressure Sodium
The main purpose of the pit in the elevator shaft is to allow a space for the: [A] car over run [B] car Buffer and Idle
sheave [C] Car to be stalled for maintenance [D] Counterweight and buffer

a safety device of a passsenger elevator which activates if the car travels faster than its rated speed by grapsing
the guide rail to stop the car safely [A] Safety Gear [B] Safety Shoe [C] Governor [D] Magnetic Brake
Accomplished by cooling the humid ambient air below its dew point and then to heat it? [A] Heating [B] Cooling
[C] Ventilation [D] Dehumidification
A client wants to build a bungalow in an area where there is a frequent power interruption. The water pressure
during daytime can supply up to 2 storeys high but from 6PM to 4AM the water pressure from the main is not
sufficient to reach the lowest fixture. what is the most economical water distribution system you can introduced to
the client? [A] Upfeed system plus overhead tank [B] Use ground water as source [C] Cistern tank + Pneumatic
Tank [d] Use booster pumps

A device that is basically a double throw switch of generally 3 Pole Connection that will automatically transfer the
power from the standby generator to the building circuitry during the electrical power failure [A] Brown Out Control
Switch (BSS) [B] Automatic Transfer Switch (ATS) [C] Single Throw Switch (STS) [D] Double Throw Switch (DTS)
The specification on the electric Wire XHHW refers to: (EL 024/CDEP VI-22) [A] Moisture and Heat Resistant
Thermoplastic [B] Moisture and Heat Resistant Cross Linked Thermosetting Polyethylene [C] Moisture and Heat
Resistant Rubber [D] None of the Above
The Specification for Electric Wire THWN refers to: [A] Moisture and Heat Resistant Thermoplastic [B] Moisture
and Heat Resistant Cross Linked Thermosetting Polyethylene [C] Moisture and Heat Resistant Rubber [D] None
of the Above
Under signal system, these devices are very sensitive and can be activated by sonic booms, wind, and even a
heavy truck passing by; any appreciable motion of the surface on which the device is placed will caused the
contacts to make momentarily, turning in an alarm [A] Mechanical Motion Detector [B] Acoustic Detector [C]
Motion Detector [D] Passive Infrared Presences Detector
An Assymetrical distribution of light and normally allows for adjustments in the lamp position. Used in gallery and
other small areas [A] Accent Light with adjustable reflector lamp [B] Down Light with Reflector Lamp [C] Down
Light with elliptical Lamp [D] Accent Light with Fresnel Lens
any detector signals off site security company that notifies public safety, owner, etc. [A] Local Alarm [B] Wireless
Alarm [C] Central Station Alarm [D] Propriety Control System
What type of building wire has a trade name as Moisture and Heat Resistant Thermoplastic used for dry and wet
Locations? (EL 024/CDEP VI-22) [A] TW [B] THHN [C] MTW [D] THW
A type of wire of cable with specification as Polyethylene Insulated weather resistant wire with an operating
temperature of 75 degrees centigrade? [A] Aluminum Wire Line [B] High Temperature Wire [C] Brass Copper Wire
and Standed [D] Copper Line Wire
A rheostat or similar device for regulating the intensity of an electric light without appreciably affecting spatial
distribution. (D.K. Ching p. 79) [A] Knife Switch [B] Dimmer Switch [C] Float Switch [D] Key Switch
Where buildings exceed 15.00 meters in height, overhead lines shall be arranged where practicable so that clear
space or zone at least __________ meters (harizontal will be left adjacent to the building or beginning no over
__________ meters (harizontal from the building to facilitate the raising of ladders where necessary for fire
fighting. [A] 1.85 / 2.40 [B] 1.65 / 2.60 [C] 1.80 / 2.45 [D] 1.60 / 2.50
In 25mm diameter conduit pipe, how many data cables can be inserted? [A] 2 [B] 3 [C] 4 [D] 5
an extremely hot luminous bridge formed by passage of an electric current across a space between two
conductors or terminals due to the incandescence of the conducting vapor [A] Jumper [B] Overloading Circuits [C]
Electrical Arc [D] Electrical Circuits
A service drop conductors of 300 volts or less which do not pass over other than a maximum of 1.20 meters of the
overhang portion of the roof for the purpose of terminating at a through the roof service raceway or approved
support may be maintained at a minimum of __________ from any portion of the roof over which they pass [A]
500mm [B] 600mm [C] 1000mm [D] 1100mm
A procedure for calculating the illumination on a surface by a point source from any angle [A] Lumen Method [B]
Point Method [C] Spacing Criteria [D] None of the Above
Impenetrable To Light [A] Opaque [B] Translucent [C] Transparent [D] None of the above
A type of lamp, a high intensity discharge lamp similar in construction to a mercury lamp [A] Sodium Lamp [B]
Mercury Lamp [C] Metal Halide Lamp [D] Low Pressure Sodium Lamp
A type of perimeter detector which detects objects in heat range of body temperature [A] Passive Infrared [B]
Ultrasonic [C] Light Beam [D] Proximity
Indirect lighting directed upward or downward from a light source concealed by a harizontal board [A] Cove
Lighting [B] Cornice Lighting [C] Valance Lighting [D] Sconce
when the predominant light on the illuminated area is fed directly from the lighting units wherein the greater
amount of light is obtained from the ceiling through reflection [A] Direct Lighting [B] Indirect Lighting [C] Semi
Indirect Lighting [D] Semi-Direct Lighting
When the light is diffused and reflected from a wide ceiling area. This kind of light produces a soft and subdued
effect due to low brightness and absence of sharp shadows [A] Direct Lighting [B] Semi-Direct Lighting [C] Semi-
Indirect Lighting [D] Indirect Lighting
This device act only on a time base minus actual field or special condition [A] Dimming [B] Initiated Control [C]
Static Control [D] Dynamic Control
This lamp is popularly called a quartz lamp [A] Tungsten Halogen Lamp [B] Metal Halide Lamp [C] Low Pressure
Sodium Lamp [D] High Pressure Sodium Lamp
required minimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground over residential and
commercial properties and driveways not subjected to truck traffic and over 600 voltz to ground [A] 5.5m [B] 3.5m
[C] 7.5m [D] 4.0m
A safety device used in electrical installation with high earth impedance to prevent electric Shock [A] Circuit
Breaker [B] ELCB [C] UPS [D] Generators
A safety device that often installed where a backup generator is located, so that the generator may provide
temporary electrical power if the utility source fails [A] UPS [B] ATS [C] Battery [D] Generators
A device that works by photoelectric and inonization to increase sensitivity to smoke [A] Photoelectric [B] Smoke
Detector [C] Passive Infrared [D] Microwave
A device that contains a physical mechanism or electronic sensor that quantifies motion that can be either
integrated with or connected to other devices that alert the user of the presence of moving obeject within the field
of view [A] PTZ Camera [B] Microwave [C] Passive Infrared [d] Motion Detector
An electrical device design to protect electrical circuit from damage caused by overload or short circuit [A] ELCB
[B] Circuit Breaker [C] UPS [D] Bare Copper
That harizontal run of pipe, starting from 5" outside the building which recieves the sewage from the house drain
or building and conveys the same to the sewer main or approved point of disposal [A] Building Sewer [B] House
Drain [C] Fixture Drain [D] Plumbing System
The vertical run of pipe, which discharges from fixture without fecal matter [A] Soil Pipe [B] Soil Stack [C] Waste
Stack [D] Drain Pipe

Metal Halide Lamps are usually used in stadium while Low Pressure Sodium lamps are commonly used in? [A]
Household Use [B] Roads and Parking [C] For Entertaining, Concerts, Etc. [D] Manufacturing, Industrial
A hoisting and lowering mechanism with a car or platform which move in guides in a vertical direction; A moving
platform or cage for carrying passengers or freight from one level of a building to another (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A]
Dumbwaiter [B] Elevator [C] Escalator [D] Freight Elevator
From answer for #1429, attached to this is the apparatus for raising and lowering the load by application of
building force. [A] Pulley [B] Shaft [C] Hoist [D] Crane

A test to determine the rate at which soil will absorb effluent, made to measure the rate at which the water drops
after a hole is dug in the soil and filled with water. [A] Sludge [B] Percolation [C] Water [D] None of the Above
Minimum distance of water supply from a septic tank [A] 15mts [B] 30mts [C] 45mts [D] 20mts
Which is not considered a fixture? [A] Water Closet [B] Bidet [C] Shower Tray [D] Lavatory Mixer
Which of the following spaces is considered to be costly and not practical for pre-cast construction [A] Garage [B]
Toilet [C] Kitchen [D] Balcony
What is the minimum size for a septic tank? [A] 0.80 x 1.30 x 1.10 [B] 1.0 x 1.20 x 1.20 [C] 0.90 x 1.50 x 1.20 [D]
0.80 x 1.50 x 1.20
It is a single number rating derived from the measured value of noise reduction between 2 rooms [A] Noise
Reduction [B] Noise Isolation Class [C] Noise Reduction Coefficient [D] Outdoor-Indoor Transmission Class
The dimension of commercial acoustic boards for Aluminum T-Runners used for dropped ceiling offices is: [A] 30"
x 60" x 1" [B] 24" x 50" x 7/8" [C] 24" x 48" x 1/2" [D] 24" x 60" x 1/2"
Which installation is not allowed? [A] Connect the branch supply air duct to the main supply air duct [B] Connect
the toilet exhaust duct in the kitchen exhaust Duct [C] Connect the fresh air duct to the Air handling Unit, AHU [D]
Connect the main supply air duct to the Air Handling Unit, AHU

The decrease in voltage between two points on a powerline, usually caused by resistance or leakage along the
line (D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] Service Drop [B] Line Drop [C] Service Lateral [D] Service Entrance Conductor
In Airconditioning, what types of damper is being installed and automatically closes during fire? [A] Volume
Damper [B] Back Draft Damper [C] Fire Damper [D] Motorized Fire Damper
A pit in basement floor made to collect water into which a pump is placed to pump the liquid to the sewer pipe [A]
Sump [B] Drain Hole [C] Slump [D] None of these
Which among the choices below is not part of the principles which involve in handling fire? [A] Fire Detection [B]
Fire Avoidance [C] Fire Growth Restriction [D] Fire Control
When to consider that septic tank is not allowed? [A] If there is public sewer pipe [B] Of there is a underground
water tank [C] IF there is water treatment plant [D] All of the Above
What is the most convinient and cheapest way in water distribution line? [A] Provide Suction Line in every floor
[B] Provide overhead water tank and distribute water by gravity [C] Provide boosting line from the ground level [D]
All of the Above
Number of times a cycle is repeated [A] Amplitute [B] Frequency [C] Wavelength [D] Celocity

As NEC provision, how many convinience outlets can be provided for 15 ampere circuit? [A] 12 [B] 10 [C] 8 [D] 6
refers to the unit of intensity of light of one standard candle whose light is concentrated at a point and the light
source is assumed to be placed at the center of a hollow sphere of one foot radius [A] Candlepower [B] reflection
[C] Footlamber [D] candela
Which of the following characterizes centralized air conditioning system? [A] It uses ducks [B] has cooling tower
[C] Provided with AHU [D] All of these
Which type of refrigirant is recommended for residential, commercial, and industrial application using split type of
air conditioning system? [A] R-11 [B] R12 [C] R-22 [D] R-23
A continuous belt (chair) attached to the handrail and directly connected to the steps is known as [A] Endless Belt
[B] Balustrade Assembly [C] Spocket Assembly [D] Hanrdrail
The recommended speed for escalators are: [A] 90 - 120 FPM [B] 165 - 180 FPM [C] 130 - 180 FPM [D] 60 - 80
FPM
A moving platform/cage for carrying passengers/freight from one level of a building to another [A] Escalator [B]
Elevator [C] Dumbwaiter [D] Moving Walks
An Elevator for carrying heavy cargo on which the operator and the person necessary for unloading and loading
the freight are permitted to ride: (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A] Hydraulic Elevator [B] Freight Elevator [C] Passenger
Elevator [D] Dumbwaiter
Elevator Used exclusively for passengers (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A] Hydraulic Elevator [B] Freight Elevator [C]
Passenger Elevator [D] Dumbwaiter
A small elevator for conveying food dishes, or other materials between the floors of a building (D.K. Ching p. 80)
[A] Hydraulic Elevator [B] Freight Elevator [C] Passenger Elevator [D] Dumbwaiter
An Elevator system consisting of a car that is mounted on guiderails supported by hoisting machinery. Also called
as a traction elevator (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A] Dumbwaiter [B] Electric Elevator [C] Hydraulic Elevator [D] Passenger
Elevator

An elevator system consisting of a car support by a piston that is moved by or moves against a fluid under
pressure (D.K. Ching p. 81) [A] Dumbwaiter [B] Electric Elevator [C] Hydraulic Elevator [D] Passenger Elevator
Structure housing elevator machinery on the roof of a building; (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A] Machine Room [B]
Penthouse [C] Control Room [D] Bulkhead
A boxlike structure on a roof providing access to a stairwell or an elevator shaft (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A] Machine
Room [B] Penthouse [C] Control Room [D] Bulkhead
A room Housing the hoisting machinery, control equipment and sheaves for rising and lowering an elevator car
(D.K. Ching p. 81) [A] Machine Room [B] Penthouse [C] Control Room [D] Bulkhead
The load carrying unit of an elevator consisting of a car frame, platform light metal enclosure to door and gate
(D.K. Ching p. 81) [A] Hoistway Door [B] Elevator Pit [C] Elevator Car [D] Hoistway
a door between a hoistway and an elevator landing, normally close except when an elevator car is stop at the
landing (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A] Hoistway Door [B] Elevator Pit [C] Elevator Car [D] Hoistway
The portion of the hoistway extending from the level of the lowest landing to the floor of the hoistway (D.K. Ching
p. 80) [A] Hoistway Door [B] Elevator Pit [C] Elevator Car [D] Hoistway
A vertical enclosed space for the travel of one or more elevators, also called as an elevator shaft (D.K. Ching p.
80) [A] Hoistway Door [B] Elevator Pit [C] Elevator Car [D] Hoistway
One of a heavy steel beams supporting the hoisting machinery of the elevator (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A] Hoisting
machinery [B] Machine beam [C] Idle Sheave [D] Driving Sheave
A pulley for thightening and guiding the hoisting cables of an elevator system. Also called as deflector sheaves [A]
Hoisting machinery [B] Machine beam [C] Idle Sheave [D] Driving Sheave
A wheel or disk with a ground rim, used as a pulley for hoisting (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A] Hoisting machinery [B]
Machine beam [C] Idle Sheave [D] Driving Sheave
The machinery for rising and lowering an elevator car, consisting of a motor generator set, fraction machines,
speed, governor, brake, drive shaft, driving sheave and gear if used (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A] Hoisting machinery [B]
Machine beam [C] Idle Sheave [D] Driving Sheave
A panel consisting switches, buttons and other equipments for regulating electrical services (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A]
Limit switch [B] Buffer [C] Control Panel [D] Elevator Car safety
a mechanical device for slowing down and stopping an elevator car in the event of excessive speed or freefall,
altered by a governor and clamping the guiderails by a wedging action (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A] Limit switch [B]
Buffer [C] Control Panel [D] Elevator Car safety

A piston or string device for absorbing the impact of a descending elevator car on counterweight at the extreme
lower limit of travel (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A] Limit switch [B] Buffer [C] Control Panel ]D\ Elevator Car safety
One of the vertical steel tracks controlling the travel of an elevator car or counterweight (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A]
Guiderail [B] Hoisting Cable [C] Travelling Cable [D] Counterweight
A weight balancing another weight as the rectangular cast iron blocks mounted in a steel frame to counter
balance the load placed on the hoisting machine by an elevator car (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A] Guiderail [B] Hoisting
Cable [C] Travelling Cable [D] Counterweight
One of the electric cables connecting an elevator car to be fixed electrical outlet in the hoistway (D.K. Ching p.
80) [A] Guiderail [B] Hoisting Cable [C] Travelling Cable [D] Counterweight
One of the wire cables or rod used for rising and lowering elevator car (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A] Guiderail [B]
Hoisting Cable [C] Travelling Cable [D] Counterweight
The portion of a door adjacent to an elevator hoistway, used for recieving and discharge of passengers or freight
(D.K. Ching p. 80) [A] Hoisting Door [B] Bottom Car Clearance [C] Top Car Clearance [D] Landing
A row of elevators in a high rise building, controlled by a common operating system and responding to a single
call button (D.K. Ching p. 80) [A] Bank [B] Rise [C] Travel [D] Landing

What is the minimum sizr of trap or fixture of a bidet? (In diameters) [A] 75mm [B] 50mm [C] 63mm [D] 38mm

The following are list of purposes providing ventilation system in the plumbing system. Which in the list is not a
purpose? [A] To Minimize the use of pipes, fittings and fixtures [B] To protect the seal in the trap from being lost
[C] To enable drains to drain faster and better [D] To remove combustible sewer gas out of the building
Which in the list is NOT a standard commercial size of GI pipe for water supply? [A] 1 3/4" dia [B] 2 1/2" dia [C] 4"
dia [D] 3" dia

Which of the following do not required installation of a cleanout? [A] at every branch interval along the soil stack
[B] Any harizontal run of waste or soil pipe 15 meters or more in developed length [C] at the upper end of every
harizontal waste or soil branch [D] Any change in direction of a harizontal soil and waste branch 22.5" and over
What is the minimum fixture supply pipe diameter for tank type water closet? (In Diameters) [A] 10mm [B] 19mm
[C] 25mm [D] 13mm
A threaded fitting used to join two threaded fittings as close as possible but not exceeding 3" [A] Nipple [B] Union
[C] Coupling [D] None of the above
The most important factor used in sizing drainage pipe [A] Number of Fixture units [B] Location of Fixtures [C]
Size of Fixture trap [D] Type of piping material
A pipe in plumbing system which conveys the discharge of liquid and solid wastes from water closets with or
without the discharge from other fixtures to the house drain [A] Waste Pipe [B] Soil Pipe [C] Stack Pipe [D]
Special Waste Pipe
The term applies to the interconnection of the same fixtures in one soil or waste branch with one branch vent [A]
Battery of fixtures [B] Series of Fixtures [C] Multiple Fixtures [D] A Fixture Unit
The minimum size of a standpipe for a building in which the highest outlet is 23 meters or less from the fire
services connection [A] 76mm (3") dia [B] 102mm (4") dia [C] 153mm (6") dia [d] 63mm (2 1/2") dia
Water closets of these type use oil and chemicals as a substitute for water. What type of water closet is it? [A]
Blow Out [B] Water Saver [C] Waterless Water Closet [D] Conventional Water Closet
A common term for a two way fire service connection [A] Siamese Connection [B] Wet Standpipe [C] Combination
Standpipe [D] Dry Standpipe
Water distibution system, which constantly rely its pressure from the main water pipe applied only if the highest
fixture is supplied continuously with the flow rate and minimum required working pressure [A] Zoning System [B]
Upfeed/Direct [C] Booster Method [D] Downfeed Method
A system of building which includes the water supply, distribution pipes, fixtures and fixture traps, the soil, waste
and vent pipes, the house drain and house sewer, the storm water drainage system with their devices,
appurtenances and connections all within or adjacent to the building [A] Sanitary System [B] Plumbing System [C]
Water Supply System [D] Drainage System
Single lever used in kitchen and lavatory faucets or at shower valves, works by principle of [A] Gate Valve [B]
Angle Valve [C] Ball valve [D] Globe Valve
The minimum size of a wet standpipe riser of more than 15 meters from the source (In Diameters) [A] 64mm [B]
102mm [C] 51mm [D] 76mm
A fitting installed at the base of a soil stack and building drain [A] 1/4 Bend [B] Wye and 1/8 Bend Combination [C]
Short Sweep bend [D] 1/8 Bend and 1/8 Bend Combination
Which in the list is not a standard commercial size of GI pipe for water supply? [A] 3/8" dia [B] 3/4" dia [C] 1 1/4"
dia [D] 1/2" dia
The following are the bases in sizing house drain except: [A] Number of harizontal soil or waste branch [B]
Number of branch vents [C] Number of Fixtures [D] Number of Soil and waste stacks
The suitable type of waste pump for deep well for 4" to 6" casing to deliver 35 GPM against 450 ft. Total dynamic
head (TDH) [A] Jack Pump [B] Submersible Pump, Multi Stage [[C] Centrifugal Pump with multi stage impellers
[D] Jet Pump with injector
Method of water connection done by passing water through it thus making hard water a soft water [A] Zeolite
Process [B] Chlorination [C] Aeration [D] Filtration
A type of vent where the vertical pipe takes off in front of the last fixture and connects it to the soil stack which
acts as a vent [A] Circuit vent [B] Loop vent [C] Yoke vent [D] Relieft Vent
The standard size of a wet standpipe outlet for each floor is [A] 38mm dia [B] 32mm dia [C] 51mm dia [D] 64mm
dia
A type of vent applied on installations with multi branch interval where the vertical pipe takes off in front of the first
fixtures and connects with the vent stack [A] relief vent [B] Loop vent [C] Circuit vent [D] Yoke Vent
Which of the following is NOT a description of a downfeed and gravity return system? [A] hot water rises on the
highest point of the plumbing system and travels to the fixture by gravity [B] Overhead and Gravity System [C]
With the continuing network of pipes to provide a constant circulation of water. [D] Water distribution is dependent
on the expansion of hot water gravity [E] none of the above
The flow of water or other liquids, mixtures or other substances into the distributing pipes of a porable supply of
water from any source other than its from its intended source [A] back flow [B] back siphonage [C] Boiler Valve [D]
Back water
A valve outlet of a boiler that permits discharge of accumulated sediment [A] Blow Off [B] Blow Valve [C] Boiler
Valve [D] Boiler Blow Off
it is a joint for soft copper water tubing that shall be made with fittings meeting approved standrads [A] Flared
Joint [B] Burned Lead Joints [C] Asbestos Cement Sewer Pipe Joint [D] None of the above
a layer of sewage matter that rises to the surface of the sewage in the septic tank [A] Sludge [B] Scum [C] Grease
[D] Leach
A pipe or tubing the connects the outlets of a plumbing fixture to a traop [A] Trap Pipe [B] tail Piece [C] Tube [D]
Trap Tube
What does PE stands for? [A] Polyethylene [B] Plastic Extra Pipe [C] Polybutylene [D] Polyvinyl extra pipe
What is the minimum diameter for laundy tubs? [A] 51 [B] 76 [C] 32 [D] 38
Which of the following is not generally describes a vitrified clay pipe? [A] one of the oldest materials used for
sewer line [b] Highly resistant to most acids [C] cheapest [D] Brittle [E] None of the above
It is an arch having a pointed crown (D.K. Ching p. 14) [A] Corbelled Arch [B] Roman Arch [C] French Arch [D]
Pointed Arch
It is an arch having a harizontal intrados with voussoirs radiating from a center below, often built with a slight
camber to allow for settling. Also called as lack arch (D.K. Ching p. 14) [A] Round Arch [B] Triangular Arch [C] Flat
Arch [D] Segmental Arch
The distance between the inner faces of the supports of a span [A] Span [B] Distance [C] Inner Span [D] Effective
Span
Potential Difference or electromotive force expressed in volts; analogous to pressure in water flow (D.K. Ching p.
74) [A] Volt [B] Voltage [C] Potential [D] Resistance
The product of potential difference and current in a direct-current circuit. In an alternating current circuit,
__________ is equal to the product of the effective voltage (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A] Watt [B] Wattage [C] Kilowatt
[D] Power
A unit of power, equal to 1000 watts (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A] Watt [B] Wattage [C] Kilowatt [D] Power
an amount of power, especially the power required to operated an electrical device or appliances, expressed in
watts. (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A] Watt [B] Wattage [C] Kilowatt [D] Power
SI Unit of power, equal to one joule per second or to the power represented by a current of one ampere (D.K.
Ching p. 74) [A] Watt [B] Wattage [C] Kilowatt [D] Power
The complete path of an electric current, including the source of electric energy (D.K. Ching p. p 74) [A] Series
Circuit [B] Parallel Circuit [C] Circuit [D] None of the above
The rate of flow of electric charge in a circuit per unit of time, measured in amperes (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A]
Amperage [B] Ampere [C] Current [D] Resistance
The negative terminal of a primary cell or a battery (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A] Anode [B] Cathode [C] Electrolyte [D]
Electrode
The positive terminal of a primary cell or a battery (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A] Anode [B] Cathode [C] Electrolyte [D]
Electrode

The opposition of conductor to the flow of current, causing some of the electric energy to be transferred into heat
and usually measurred in ohms (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A] Conductivity [B] Resistivity [C] Resistance [D] Current
The strength of an electric current measured or expressed in amperes (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A] Amperage [B]
Ampere [C] Current [D] Resistance
A measure of the ability of a substance to conduct electric current, equal to the reciprocal of the resistivity of the
substance (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A] Conductivity [B] Resistivity [C] Resistance [D] Current
A generator for producing alternating currents (D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] Armature [B] Alternator [C] Generator [D]
Electric motor
The basic SI Unit of electric current, equivalent to a flow of one coulumb per second or to the steady current
produced by one volt applied across a resistance of one ohm (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A] Amperage [B] Ampere [C]
Current [D] Resistance
An auxillary station where electrical current is converted as from DC to AC, or where voltage is stepped or down
(D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] High Voltage [B] Substation [C] Transformer [D] Switchboard
The portion of a service conductor extending from a service drop or service lateral to the service equipment of a
building (D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] Service entrance conductor [B] Service Conductor [C] Service Drop [D] Line Drop
The work required to move a unit charge from a reference point to a designated point (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A]
Electromotive force [B] Potential Difference [C] Potential [D] Coulomb

the voltage difference between two points that represents the work involved in the transfer of a unit charge from
one point to the other (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A] Electromotive force [B] Potential Difference [C] Potential [D] Coulomb
The main current carrying winding of a motor or generator in which electromotive force is induced [A] Armature
[B] Alternator [C] Generator [D] Electric motor
An electric current flowing in one direction only and having a magnitude that does not vary or varies only slightly
(D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] Alternating Current [B] Direct Current [C] Volt-Amphere [D] High Voltage
The voltage supplied bya power line measured at the line of use (D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] Arc Voltage [B] Line
Voltage [C] Line Drop [D] Feeder
Any of the conductors extending from the equipment to various distribution points in a building (D.K. Ching p. 75)
[A] Feeder [B] Service Drop [C] Service Lateral [D] Line Drop

The law that for any circuit, the electric current is directly proportional to the voltage and inversely proportional to
the resistance (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A] Hook's Law [B] Joule's Law [C] Ohm's Law [D] Poisson's Ratio
The principle that the rate of production of heat by a direct current is directly proportional to the resistance of the
circuit and the square of the current (D.K. Ching p. 74) [A] Hook's Law [B] Joule's Law [C] Ohm's Law [D]
Poisson's Ratio
a room containing the service equipment for a large building (D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] Transformer Vault [B]
Switchgear Room [C] Electrical Room [D] Substation
one or a group of panels on which are mounted switches, overcurrent devices, metering intruments, and buses
for controlling and protecting a number of electric circuits. (D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] Switchboard [B] Unit Substation
[C] Transformer [D] Feeder
A generator for providing emergency power during a power outgage. (D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] Automatic Transfer
Switch [B] Uninterrupted Power Supply [C] Standby Generator [D] Circuit Breaker
Ab emergency system designed to provide power automatically and intantaneously upon failure of the normal
power supply (D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] Automatic Transfer Switch [B] Uninterrupted Power Supply [C] Standby
Generator [D] Circuit Breaker
a freestanding enclosure housing a disconnect switch, a step down transformer, and switchgear for a number of
electric units (D.K. Ching p. 75) [A] Switchboard [B] Unit Substation [C] Transformer [D] Feeder

Of or pertaining to a circuit energized by two alternating current or voltages differing in phase by one quarter of a
cycle or 90º (D.K. Ching p. 76) [A] One Phase [B] Two Phase [C] Three Phase [D] None of the above
The main disconnect for the entire electrical system of a building, except for any emergency power systems (D.K.
Ching p. 76) [A] Panel [B] Dimmer [C] Service Switch [D] Feeder
A local failure in the insulation or continuity of a conductor, or in the functioning of an electrical system (D.K.
Ching p. 76) [A] Shock [B] Short Circuit [C] Fault [D] Dead
A fuse having one time or renewable fuse link enclosed in an insulating fiber tube (D.K. Ching p. 76) [A] Plug
Fuse [B] Catridge Fuse [C] Knife blade fuse [D] Time Delay fuse
A catridge fuse having a metal blade at each end for making contact with the fusible link within (D.K. Ching p. 76)
[A] Plug Fuse [B] Catridge Fuse [C] Knife blade fuse [D] Time Delay fuse
Any of several conducting rods installed at the top of a structure and grounded to divert lightning away from the
structure, it is also called as air terminal (D.K. Ching p. 77) [A] Lightning Surge [B] Lightning Rod [C] Lightning
Arrester [D] Spark Gap
A panel for distributing power to other panels or to motors and other heavy power consuming loads (D.K. Ching p.
77) [A] Low Voltage [B] Transformer [C] Distribution Panel [D] Circuit Breaker
The muscular spasm caused by an electric shock passing through the body (D.K. Ching p. 76) [A] Shock [B]
Short Circuit [C] Fault [D] Dead
The total load on an electrical system or circuit if all connected apparatus and equipment are energized
simultaneously (D.K. Ching p. 77) (D.K. Ching p. 77) [A] Connected Load [B] Load [C] Load Factor [D] Demand
Factor
The power delivered by a generator or transformer, or the power consumed by an appliance or device (D.K.
Ching p. 77) [A] Connected Load [B] Load [C] Load Factor [D] Demand Factor
Pertaining to a circuit in which alternating current below 50 voltz is supplied by a step down transformer from the
normal line voltage, commonly used in residential systems to control doorbells, intercoms, heating and cooling
systems, and remote lighting fixtures (D.K. Ching p. 77) [A] High Voltage [B] Low Voltage [C] Step Down [D] Step
Up
a momentary, usually accidental, grounding of an conducting wire (D.K. Ching p. 76) [A] Ground Fault [B] Shock
[C] Short Circuit [D] Live
a circuit breaker that senses currents caused by ground faults and instantaneously shuts off power before
damage or injury can occur (D.K. Ching p. 76) [A] Circuit Breaker [B] Automatic Transfer Switch [C] Fuse [D]
Ground Fault Interrupter
The greatest load delivered to an electrical system or circuit over a specified interval of time (D.K. Ching p. 77) [A]
Connected Load [B] Load [C] Load Factor [D] Maximum Demand
The portion of an electrical system extending from the final overcurrent device protecting a circuit to the outlets
served by the circuit (D.K. Ching p. 77) [A] Individual Circuit [B] Appliance Circuit [C] General Purpose Circuit [D]
Branch Circuit
A type of branch circuit that supplies current only to a single piece of electrical equipment (D.K. Ching p. 77) [A]
Individual Circuit [B] Appliance Circuit [C] General Purpose Circuit [D] Branch Circuit
A branch circuit that supplies current to a number of outlets for lighting and appliances (D.K. Ching p. 77) [A]
Individual Circuit [B] Appliance Circuit [C] General Purpose Circuit [D] Branch Circuit
A flexible insulated conductor for electrically connecting an apparatus to another or to a circuit (D.K. Ching p. 79)
[A] Pigtail [B] Lead [C] Terminal [D] Cord
A protective plate sorrounding an electric outlet or light switch (D.K. Ching p. 79) [A] Switch [B] Faceplate [C]
Terminal [D] Dimmer
A switch controlled by a conductor floating in a liquid (D.K. Ching p. 79) [A] Air switch [B] Knife Switch [C] Dimmer
[D] Float Switch
A resistor for regulating a current by means of variable resistances (D.K. Ching p. 79) [A] Dimmer [B] Rheostat [C]
Mercury Switch [D] Airswitch
A single insulated conductor or a bound or sheathed combination of conductors insulated from one another (D.K.
Ching p. 78) [A] cable [B] Conduit [C] Cord [D] Wire
A small , flexible insulated cable fitted with a plug to connect a portable lamp or appliance to a receptacle (D.K.
Ching p. 78) [A] cable [B] Conduit [C] Cord [D] Wire
A tube, pipe or duct for enclosing and protecting electric wires or cable (D.K. Ching p. 78) [A] cable [B] Conduit [C]
Cord [D] Wire
A pliable metallic strand, or a twisted or woven assembly of such strands often insulated with dielectric material
and used as a conductor of electricity (D.K. Ching p. 78) [A] cable [B] Conduit [C] Cord [D] Wire
An insulating and protective lining for one or more conductors passing through a hole (D.K. Ching p. 78) [A]
Knockout [B] Bushing [C] Grommet [D] Junction Box
An enclosed runway for housing conductors or cables (D.K. Ching p. 78) [A] Duct [B] Bushing [C] Grommet [D]
Knockout
A switch operated only by a key (D.K. Ching p. 79) [A] Key switch [B] Float Switch [C] toggle Switch [D] Knife
switch
A junction box designed to facilitate connecting an electric device or receptacle to a wiring system (D.K. Ching p.
79) [A] Outlet box [B] Convinience Outlet [C] Receptacle [D] Junction box
A device for making, breaking or directing an electric load (D.K. Ching p. 79) [A] Terminal [B] Receptacle [C]
Switch [D] Dimmer

A single pole, double pole throw switch used in conjunction with another to control lights from two locations (D.K.
Ching p. 79) [A] Single Pole Switch [B] Double Throw Switch [C] Three Way Switch [D] Four way Switch
A switch used in conjunction with two three way switches to control lights from three locations (D.K. Ching p. 79)
[A] Single Pole Switch [B] Double Throw Switch [C] Three Way Switch [D] Four way Switch
An obsolete wiring system consisting of single, insulated conductors secured to and supported on porcelain
knobs and tubes (D.K. Ching p. 79) [A] Knob and tube wirng [B] Loom [C] Pigtail [D] Terminal
An outlet usually mounted on a wall and housing one or more receptacles for portable lamps or appliances (D.K.
Ching p. 79) [A] Receptacle [B] Loom [C] Knob and Tube [D] Convinience Outlet
A female fitting connected to a power supply and equipped to receive a plug. It is also called as a socket (D.K.
Ching p. 79) (D.K. Ching p. 79) [A] Receptacle [B] Loom [C] Knob and Tube [D] Convinience Outlet
A conductive element or device for establishing an electric connection to an apparatus (D.K. Ching p. 79) (D.K.
Ching p. 79) [A] Receptacle [B] Loom [C] Knob and Tube [D] Terminal
A raceway designed for exposed installation in dry, nonhazardous, and noncorrosive locations (D.K. Ching p. 78)
[A] Open Raceway [B] Surface Raceway [C] Multi Outlet Assembly [D] Underfloor Raceway
A raceway suitable for installation under a floor, often used in office buildings to allow for the flexible placement of
power, signal and telephone outles (D.K. Ching p. 78) [A] Open Raceway [B] Surface Raceway [C] Multi Outlet
Assembly [D] Underfloor Raceway
A male fitting for making an electrical connection to a circuit by insertion in a receptacle (D.K. Ching p. 79) [A]
Receptacle [B] Plug [C] Receptacle [D] Wire nut
Thin walled, tubular steel conduit joined by compression or setscrew couplings, abbrevation as EMT (D.K. Ching
p. 78) [A] Rigid Metal Conduit [B] Flexible Metal Conduit [C] Electrical Mettalic tubing [D] Intermediate Metallic
Conduit
A flexible, helically wound metal conduit, used for connections to motors or other vibrating equipment. Also called
as Greenfield conduit (D.K. Ching p. 78) [A] Rigid Metal Conduit [B] Flexible Metal Conduit [C] Electrical Mettalic
tubing [D] Intermediate Metallic Conduit
Heavy wall, tubular steel conduit joined by screwing directly into a threaded hub with locknuts and bushings (D.K.
Ching p. 78) [A] Rigid Metal Conduit [B] Flexible Metal Conduit [C] Electrical Mettalic tubing [D] Intermediate
Metallic Conduit
It is also called as a Romex cable, and an electric cable consisting of two or more insulated conductors enclosed
in a non-metallic moisture resistant, flame retardant sheath. (D.K. Ching p. 78) [A] Shielded cable [B] Co-Axial
cable [C] Non metallic sheated cable [D] cable tray
An open metal framework for supporting insulated electrical conductors (D.K. Ching p. 78) [A] Shielded cable [B]
Co-Axial cable [C] Non metallic sheated cable [D] cable tray
A cable for transmitting high frequency telephone, digital, or television signals. (D.K. Ching p. 78) [A] Shielded
cable [B] Co-Axial cable [C] Non metallic sheated cable [D] cable tray

An electric cable enclosed within a metallic sheath in order to reduce the effects of external electric or magnetic
fields (D.K. Ching p. 78) [A] Shielded cable [B] Co-Axial cable [C] Non metallic sheated cable [D] cable tray
The structural steel frame of an elevator car to which are attached the platform, guide shoes, elevator car safety,
hoisting cables and control equipment (D.K. Ching p. 81) [A] Elevator Shaft [B] Elevator Car [C] Car Frame [D]
Elevator Pit
A light, usually over the entrance to an elevator on each floor of a multistorey building, that signals the approach
of the elevator (D.K. Ching p. 81) [A] Annunciator [B] Lantern [C] Newel [D] Call Button
Any of various forms of mass transits, as moving sidewalks or automated driverless vehicles, used for shuttling
people around airports or in congested human areas (D.K. Ching p. 81) [A] Elevator [B] Moving Sidewalk [C]
Escalator [D] People Mover
A chair or platform mounted on a steel guiderail and driven by an electric motor, used for raising or lowering a
person or goods along a stairway. Also called as a stair lift (D.K. Ching p. 81) [A] Elevator [B] Moving Sidewalk [C]
Escalator [D] Inclined Lifts
a push button for calling an elevator (D.K. Ching p. 81) [A] Annunciator [B] Lantern [C] Newel [D] Call Button

A power driven, continuously moving surface, similar to a conveyor belt, used for carrying pedestrians horizontally
or along low inclines (D.K. Ching p. 81) [A] Elevator [B] Moving Sidewalk [C] Escalator [D] Inclined Lifts
A safety device for preventing the operation of an elevator car unless the hoistway door is locked in the closed
position (D.K. Ching p. 81) [A] Newel [B] Combplate [C] Door Contact [D] Door Interlock
A signalling apparatus in an elevator car or at a landing that displays a visual identification of floor landings (D.K.
Ching p. 81) [A] Annunciator [B] Lantern [C] Newel [D] Call Button
The toothed portion of the threshold plate at both ends of an escalator or moving walk. Designed to mesh with the
grooved surface of the moving steps of threadway (D.K. Ching p. 81) [A] Newel [B] Combplate [C] Door Contact
[D] Door Interlock
A safety device for preventing the operation of an elevator unless its door is fully closed. Also called as a gate
contact (D.K. Ching p. 81) [A] Newel [B] Combplate [C] Door Contact [D] Door Interlock
A power driven stairway consisting of steps attached to a continuously circulating belt, used for moving
passengers up and down between floors. It is also called as moving staircase (D.K. Ching p. 81) [A] Elevator [B]
Moving Sidewalk [C] Escalator [D] Inclined Lifts
The harizontal section of railing at the upper or lower end of escalator (D.K. Ching p. 81) [A] Newel [B] Combplate
[C] Door Contact [D] Door Interlock
How can we determine if the existing slab is structurally sound if there is no data given? [A] Core cylinder test [B}
Compression cylinder test [C] rebound hammer [D] X Ray
What supports the shear wall? [A] Footing [B] Column [C] Beam [D] None of the above
What equipment is used for pile driving? [A] Pickwork [B] rotary drill [C] Auger [D] Pile hammer
What is poured after drilling a hole for bored piles? [A] Steel [B] Wood [C] Concrete [D] Epoxy Polymer

Where can we stop pourung ready mixed concrete on slab if the pouring can not be done in one setting? [A] At
the center [B] Middle third of the slab [C} At the shearing points [D] if the owner stops it anywhere, so be it

Where can we stop pourung ready mixed concrete on column if the pouring can not be done in one setting? [A] At
the center [B] Middle third of the column [C} At the shearing points [D] if the owner stops it anywhere, so be it

Where can we stop pourung ready mixed concrete on beam if the pouring can not be done in one setting? [A] At
the center [B] Middle third of the Beam [C} At the shearing points [D] if the owner stops it anywhere, so be it
On Concrete pouring of beams and slabs, which should be poured first with one day interval? [A] Beam First [B]
Slab First [C] Does not matter if who comes first [D] Footings first
What will transmit the loads of the structure to the piles? [A] Footing [B] Pile Caps [C] Column [D] Beams
Most likely failure for a retaining wall [A] Explosion [B] No effect [C] Punch a hole on the hole [D] Failure at
moment arm
"Old concrete to be joined" [A] Contraction Joint [B] Cold Joint [C] Construction Joint [D] Expansion Joint
As a rule for convention of signs [A] Positive moment is counter clockwise and negative moment is clockwise [B]
Positive moment is clockwise and negative moment is counter clockwise [C] Any directions will just suit fine [D]
None really matters
What is bending stress? [A] Compressive Stress [B] Tensile Stress [C] Axial Stress [D] Flexural Stress
What is Torsion? [A] bending [B] Compressing [C] Elongation [D] Twisting
It is a wall that resist lateral forces [A] Firewall [B] Common wall [C] Shearing Wall [D] Party Wall
An instrument used to measure velocity and acceleration of earthquakes [A] Seismograph [B] Accelograph [C]
Geiger Counter [D] Hose filled with water
An instrument used to measure deformation [A] Strain gauge [B] Extensometer [C] Deformation measurement
Devices [D] Instinct
Fatigue is: [A] Load [B] Reations [C] Stress [D] Members
What is the best column? [A] Circular [B] Square [C] Rectangle [D] Star
Minimum thickness for bearing walls [A] 125mm [B] 150mm [C] 100mm [D] 50mm
A transformer vault is considered as [A] Live Load [B] Dead Load [C] Concentrated Load [D] Uniformly Distributed
Load
Which is more dangerous? [A] Shear wall with many opening [B] Shear wall at center [C] Shear wall at the outer
edge of building [D] Enclosed Shear wall at any sides of the building
Where do shear walls rest? [A] Footing [B] Foundation [C] Ground Floor [D] 2nd Floor
Overreinforced concrete is: [A] More dangerous that underreinforced concrete [B] Less dangerous than
underreinforced concrete [C] Equal [D] Does not matter
Which is more dangerous during earthquake? [A] Rupture [B] Shaking [C] Sublimation [D] None of the above, all
of them are safe hazards
Ties are used for what structural element? [A] Beams [B] Columns [C] Slabs [D] Footings
What usually happens to steel in a slab or reinforced concrete beam if such members is about to collapse? [A]
Crack [B] Rupture [C] Deflect [D] Yield
What is the minimum concrete covering for footings? [A] 50mm [B] 75mm [C] 100mm [D] 150mm
What do you call bars that are perpendicular to the main reinforcement of slabs on fill where they resist
shrinkage? [A] Deformed Bars [B] Temperature bars [C] Main Bars [D] Stirrups

Which among the list is the preferred location for shear wall (utility core) considering seismic condition in a 15
storey building with a width of 15 meters and legth of 25 meters? [A] left side [B] Right Side [C] Front [D] Center
Which of the following do not determine the number of boring? [A] Size of lot [B] Height of Building [C] Presence
of geological Conditions [D] Local Building Code
What forces does a curtain wall resist? [A] Its own weight [B] its own weight and wind load [C] Wind Load [D]
Occupant Load
If a glass can withstand high compression on its outer fiber and tension at the center, how would you describe it?
[A] highly resistant to breakage [B] highly susceptible to breakage [C] Flexibilty [D] No effect
What do you call 2 or more materials combined together? [A] Lamianted [B] Composite [C] Chemical Compound
[D] Mix
It is a web found in a structural member [A] Rafter [B] Roof truss [C] Purlins [D] Batten
It is the middle part of a wide flange [A] Wing [B] Web [C] Side Flange [D] Floor Flange
What is produced on continuous process of cold roll and hot roll steel? [A] Deformed bars [B] Wide varieties of
steel [C] Wide flanges [D] Steel Channels
Which is not included in the computation of reinforced concrete slab? [A] Floor Finish [B] Slab [C] Beam [D]
Columns
It is also known as elastic limit [A] Deformation [B] Deflection [C] Buckling [D] Cracking
When a beam is in elastic limit, which among the situation below would most likely happen? [A] beam will
continue to deform with slight load [B] beam will continue to deform without load [C] beam will break eventually
after some time [D] beam will come back to its original state
The maximum axial load that can theoretically be a applied to a column without causing it to buckle [A] Critical
Buckling stress [B] Critical Buckling load [C] Buckling [D] Eccentricity
What does slenderness ratio determine? [A] Effective length [B] Buckling [C] Effective Depth [D] Maximum height
of column
Soil testing is done in: [A] During Site investigation [B] Before excavation [C] After Excavation [D] After
Construction
A strip of metal or wood attached to a surface to restrain or support an element or member [A] Cleats [B] Joist [C]
Corbel [D] Purlin
Any of series of small parallel beams for supporting roofs, ceilings or flat roofs [A] Cleats [B] Joist [C] Corbel [D]
Purlin

A brick or stone projecting from within a wall, usually to support a weight [A] Cleats [B] Joist [C] Corbel [D] Purlin

To avoid hydrostatic pressure to force forward a retaining wall, what is the best thing to do [A] Soil should be well
compacted [B] Provide a drainage [C] Apply more water for more soft soil [D] Don’t proceed with the construction
An exterior wall supported wholly by the structural frame of a building and carrying no loads other than its own
weight and wind loads [A] Curtain Wall [B] Firewall [C] Shear Wall [D] Retaining Wall
A vertical diaphragm acting as a thin, deep centilevered beam in transferring lateral loads to the ground formation
[A] Curtain Wall [B] Firewall [C] Shear Wall [D] Retaining Wall
A wall of treated lumber, masonry or concrete for holding in a mass of earth [A] Curtain Wall [B] Firewall [C] Shear
Wall [D] Retaining Wall
The tendency of a force to produce rotation of a body about a point of line, equal in magnitude to the product of
the force and the moment arm and acting in a clockwise or counterclockwise direction [A] Shear [B] Tension [C]
Compression [D] Moment
Force that causes one part of the bodt to slide relative to an adjacent part in a direction parallel to their plance of
contact [A] Shear [B] Tension [C] Compression [D] Moment
the act of stretching or state of being pulled apart [A] Shear [B] Tension [C] Compression [D] Moment
Combination of Intermidiate moment resisting frame and shear walls [A] Dual System [B] Combined [C] Braced
Frame [D] Space Frame

Furniture is considered as [A] Dead Load [B] Live Load [C] Concentrated Load [D] Uniformly distributed Load
Testing of concrete when using transit mix [A] On Site [B] Bacthing Plant [C] Testing Laboratory [D] Anywhere but
witnessed
What do you call for a foundation which is much more larger than the perimeter of the building? [A] Mat
Foundation [B] Raft Foundation [C] Combined Foundation [D] Floating Foundation
Concrete reinforced by pre tensioning or post tensioning high strength steel tendons within their elastic limit to
actively resist a service load [A] Pre Cast [B] Pre Stressed [C] Cast In Place [D] Reinforced Concrete
Will mostly likely fail due to buckling [A] Short Column [B] Long Column [C] Pedestal [D] Intermediate
Which is a better design? [A] Concrete and steel should be designed to fail simultaneously [B] Steel should be
designed to fail first before concrete [C] Concrete should be designed to fail first before steel [D] Does not matter
coz buildings will collapse anyway
What makes a long column to buckle? [A] Lateral Forces [B] Compressive Forces [C] Axial Compression Forces
[D] None of the above
Method of prestressing after concrete has hardened [A] Post tensioning [B] Pretensioning [C] Pre Cast [D] Cast In
Situ
It is the most important component in determining the strength of concrete [A] Cement [B] Water [C] Sand [D]
Temperature
Where should be cylindrical test done? [A] Site [B] Batching Plant [C] House [D] Laboratory
Why is it that rebars should have concrete cover? [A] To prevent rust [B] for aesthetic decoration [C] Strength [D]
Adhesion
Minimum concrete covering for column footing is [A] 75mm [B] 100mm [C] 50mm [D] 40mm
On a swampy area, what type of soil should the foundation rest? [A] Hard to very hard [B] Very soft to soft [C]
Medium to Soft [D] Medium to Hard
Assuming the site will be on a converted rice field, on what soil must the foundation rest? [A] Soft [B] Medium [C]
Hard [D] Very Hard
Assuming the site will be on a flood plain, on what soil must the foundation rest? [A] Soft [B] Medium [C] Hard [D]
Very Hard
Assuming the site will be in an adobe soil, what kind of footing should be used? [A] Bored Pile [B] Sheet Pile [C]
Isolated Footing [D] Footing with tie beams
What foundation presents the most distrurbance and potential damage to neighboring lots? [A] Bored Pile [B]
Sheet Pile [C] Isolated Footing [D] Footing with tie beams
What type of foundation should be use so that the construction would not affect adjacent structures? [A] Bored
Pile [B] Sheet Pile [C] Strip Footing [D] Pile / Caisson
What foundation presents the least distrurbance and potential damage to neighboring lots? [A] Bored Pile [B]
Sheet Pile [C] Isolated Footing [D] Footing with tie beams
Which would you use to minimize disturbance to adjoining properties? [A] Bored Pile [B] Driven Piles [C] Floating
Fondatuin [D] None of the above
The soil or rock directly beanth the footing is [A] Foundatino Bed [B] Soil [C] Grade Rock [D] The Rock
When perfectly straight members under compression assumes a deflected position [A] Buckling [B] Creeping [C]
Elongation [D] Cracking
What happens when a column rest on a footing that is not reinforced with rebars? [A] Footing will crack at an
angle [B] Column will punch a hole through the footing [C] There will be a noticeable settelemt [D] None of the
above

While traversing EDSA you will see the elevated MRT. What do you call the concrete portion of MRT running
parallel to the road where the tracks of the train are placed? [A] Girder [B] Box Girder [C] Rail Beam [D] Rail Gun
Installation of two parallel panes of glass with a sealed air space between to reduce the transmission of heat and
sound (D.K. Ching p. 113) [A] Glazing [B] Double Glazing [C] Wet Glazing [D] Dry Glazing
A glazing system in which sheets of tempered glass at suspended from special clamps, stablized by
perpendicular stiffeners of tempered glass, and joined by a structural silicone sealant and sometimes by metal
punch plates (D.K. Ching p. 113) [A] Double Glazing System [B] Glass Mullion System [C] Fenestrations [D] None
of the above
A compound of whiting and linseed oil, of doughlike consistency when fresh, used in securing windowpanes or
patching woodwork defects (D.K. Ching p. 113) [A] Cement [B] Mortar [C] Grout [D] Putty
An adhesive compound used as puuty, formulated so as not to become brittle with age [A] Accelerator [B]
Retarder [C] Glazing Compound [D] Face Putty
The setting of glass in a window frame with glazing tape or liquid sealant (D.K. Ching p. 113) [A] Wet Glazing [B]
Dry Glazing [C] Double Glazing [D] Face Glazing
The setting of glass in a window frame with a compression gasket instead of glazing tape or a liquid sealant
(D.K. Ching p. 113) [A] Wet Glazing [B] Dry Glazing [C] Double Glazing [D] Face Glazing
The setting of glass in a rabbetted frame. Holding it in place with glazier's points and sealing it with a beveled
bead of putty and glazing compound (D.K. Ching p. 113) [A] Wet Glazing [B] Dry Glazing [C] Double Glazing [D]
Face Glazing

A preformed ribbon of synthetic rubber having adhesive properties andused in glazing to form a watertight seal
between glass and frame (D.K. Ching p. 113) [A] Putty [B] Glazing Tape [C] Flush Glazing [D] Butt Joint Glazing
A glazing system in which the glass panes or units are supported at the head and sell in a conventional manner,
with their vertical edges being joined with a structural silicone sealant without mullions (D.K. Ching p. 113) [A]
Glass Mullion System [B] Glazing Tape [C] Flush Glazing [D] Butt Joint Glazing
A glazing system in which the framing members are set entirely behind the glass panes or units to form a flush
exterior surface, the glass adhering to the framing with a structural silicone sealant (D.K. Ching p. 113) [A] Putty
[B] Glazing Tape [C] Flush Glazing [D] Butt Joint Glazing
An Adhesive liquid of synthetic rubber injected into the joint between a glass pane or unit and a window frame,
curing to form a watertight seal. Also called as cap bead (D.K. Ching p. 113) [A] Glazing Tape [B] Putty [C] Cap
Sealant [D] Glazing Bead
A hydraulic or penumatic drvice for controlling the closing of a door and preventing it from slamming. Also called
as door check and usually installed at the top of the door (D.K. Ching p. 114) [A] Push Plate [B] Door Closer [C]
Kick Plate [D] Panic Hardware
A protective plate of metal or plastic mounted vertically on the lock stile of a door (D.K. Ching p. 114) [A] Push
Plate [B] Door Closer [C] Kick Plate [D] Panic Hardware
A protective metal plate fastened at the bottom of a door to resist blows and scratches (D.K. Ching p. 114) [A]
Push Plate [B] Door Closer [C] Kick Plate [D] Panic Hardware
A door closer installed in a recess in the floor (D.K. Ching p. 114) [A] Floor Closer [B] Kick Plate [C] Door Pull [D]
Door Handle
Bolts, Screws, Nails and other metal fittings that are concealed in a finished costruction (D.K. Ching p. 114) [A]
Finish Hardware [B] Rough Hardware [C] Panic Hardware [D] Door Hardware
Exposed hardware serving as decorative as well as a utilitarian purpose, as the locks, hinges and other
accessories for doors, windows, cabinetwork. Also called as architectural hardware (D.K. Ching p. 114) [A] Finish
Hardware [B] Rough Hardware [C] Panic Hardware [D] Door Hardware
A bar fixed across a glazed door, used for opening or closing the door and providing protection for the glass (D.K.
Ching p. 114) [A] Door Pull [B] Knocker [C] Pull Bar [D] Mortise and Lock
A hinged ring, bar, or knob on a door for use in knocking (D.K. Ching p. 114) [A] Door Pull [B] Knocker [C] Pull Bar
[D] Mortise and Lock
A small identifying plate on the outside door of a house or room, bearing the occupant's name, the house or an
apartment number or the like (D.K. Ching p. 114) [A] Judas [B] Door Plate [C] Knocker [D] Mail Slot
A short chain with a removable slide fitting that can be attached between the inside of a doro and doorjamb to
prevent door from being opened more than a few inches without the chain being removed (D.K. Ching p. 114) [A]
Judas [B] Door Chain [C] Door Plate [D] Mortise Lock
It is also called as a Letter Slot. (D.K. Ching p. 114) [A] Judas [B] Door Plate [C] Knocker [D] Mail Slot
A device for holding a door open, as a wedge or small weight (D.K. Ching p. 114) [A] Doorstop [B] Bumper [C]
Door Chain [D] Automatic Door Bottom
A projecting rim, guard, pad or disk for absorbing shock or preventing damage from bumping (D.K. Ching p. 114)
[A] Doorstop [B] Bumper [C] Door Chain [D] Automatic Door Bottom
Having the hinges on the left of an inward opening door when seen from the exterior of the building or room to
which the doorway leads (D.K. Ching p. 114) [A] Left Hand [B] Right Hand [C] Left Hand Reverse [D] Right Hand
Reverse
Having the hinges on the right of an outward opening door when seen from the exterior of the building or room
which the doorway leads (D.K. Ching p. 114) [A] Left Hand [B] Right Hand [C] Left Hand Reverse [D] Right Hand
Reverse
A hinge that closes by the means of gravity (D.K. Ching p. 115) [A] Butt Hinge [B] Gravity Hinge [C] Strap Hinge
[D] Invinsible Hinge
A hinge composed of two plates secured to the abutting surfaces of a door and doorjamb (D.K. Ching p. 115) [A]
Butt Hinge [B] Gravity Hinge [C] Strap Hinge [D] Invinsible Hinge
A hinge permitting a door to swing In either direction, usually fitted with springs to bring the door to a closed
position after opening (D.K. Ching p. 115) [A] Butt Hinge [B] Strap Hinge [C] Olive Knuckle Hinge [D] Double
Acting Hinge
A hinge having a knuckle formed from half of each leaf, with the upper half removable from the pin. (D.K. Ching p.
115) [A] Spring Hinge [B] Invinsible Hinge [C] Loose Joint Hinge [D] Piano Hinge
A joined device, usually consisting of two leaves joined together by a pin, on which a door, gate, or shutter
swings, turns or moves (D.K. Ching p. 115) [A] Locks [B] Hinges [C] Welds [D] Anchors
A hinge having a non removable pin (D.K. Ching p. 115) [A] Loose Joint Hinge [B] Fast Pin Hinge [C] Loose Pin
Hinge [D] None fo the above
A hinge consisting of a number of flat plates rotating about a central pin, with shoulders mortised into the door
edge and doorframes so as to concealed when closed (D.K. Ching p. 115) [A] Rising Hinge [B] Invisible Hinge [C]
Double Acting Hinge [D] Gravity Hinge
A gravity type of hinge causing a door to rise slightly when opened (D.K. Ching p. 115) [A] Rising Hinge [B]
Invisible Hinge [C] Double Acting Hinge [D] Piano Hinge

A long narrow, hinge that runs the full length of the two surface which its leaves are joined. Also called as
continuous hinge (D.K. Ching p. 115) [A] Rising Hinge [B] Invisible Hinge [C] Double Acting Hinge [D] Piano Hinge
A higne having two leaves for securing to the adjacent faces of a door and door jamb (D.K. Ching p. 115) [A]
Cross Garnet [B] Strap Hinge [C] Gravity Hinge [D] Spring Hinge

A T-Shaped hinge with the crosspiece as the stationary member and the long stem being the movable leaf. Also
called as T-Hinge (D.K. Ching p. 115) [A] Cross Garnet [B] Strap Hinge [C] Gravity Hinge [D] Spring Hinge
A hinge having a single pivoting joint (D.K. Ching p. 115) [A] Paumelle [B] Parliament Hinge [C] Dovetail Hinge [D]
Gravity Hinge
An H-Shaped hinge having a protruding knuckle so that a door can stand away from the wall when fully opened
(D.K. Ching p. 115) [A] Paumelle [B] Parliament Hinge [C] Dovetail Hinge [D] Gravity Hinge
A strap hinge having leaves which are narrower at their junction than at their other extremities (D.K. Ching p. 115)
[A] Paumelle [B] Parliament Hinge [C] Dovetail Hinge [D] Gravity Hinge
A hinge equipped with ball bearing between the knuckles to reduce friction and ensure case of operation (D.K.
Ching p. 115) [A] Template Hinge [B] Ball Bearing Hinge [C] Flap Hinge [D] Mortise Hinge
A butt hinge mortised into the abutting surfaces of a doro and doorjamb (D.K. Ching p. 115) [A] Template Hinge
[B] Ball Bearing Hinge [C] Flap Hinge [D] Mortise Hinge
A mortised hinge manufactured to fit the recess and match the arrangement of holes and hollow metal door
frames and frames (D.K. Ching p. 115) [A] Template Hinge [B] Ball Bearing Hinge [C] Flap Hinge [D] Mortise
Hinge
A device for securing a door, drawer or lid in position when closed. Consisting of a bolt or combination of bolts
propelled and withdrawn by a key or combination operated mechanism (D.K. Ching p. 116) [A] Hinge [B] Locks
[C] Welds [D] Anchor
A lock house within a mortise cut into a doro edge so that the lock mechanism is covered on both sides (D.K.
Ching p. 116) [A] Escutcheon [B] Mortise Lock [C] Cylinder Lock [D] Panic Bar
An assemby of parts making up a complete locking system, including knobs, plates, and locking mechanism (D.K.
Ching p. 116) [A] Escutcheon [B] Lockset [C] Latch [D] Backset
A lock bolt having a beveled head that is moved into position by a spring except when retracted by a doorkbnow,
or when pushed againsts the lip of the strike plate as the door is closed (D.K. Ching p. 116) [A] Flush Bolt [B]
Barrel Bolt [C] Latchbolt [D] Dead Bolt

A lockbolt having a square head that is moved into position by the turning of a knob or key rather than by spring
action. Also called as Deadlock (D.K. Ching p. 116) [A] Flush Bolt [B] Barrel Bolt [C] Latchbolt [D] Dead Bolt
The edge plate or surface through which the bolt or a lock passes. Also called as selvage (D.K. Ching p. 116) [A]
Escutcheon [B] Faceplate [C] Bevel [D] Strike
A metal bar or rod in the mechanism of a lock that is propelled or withdrawn, as by turning a knob or a key (D.K.
Ching p. 116) [A] Bolt [B] Latch [C] Lip [D] Strike
A device for holding a door closed, consisting essentially of a bar that falls or slides into a groove or hole (D.K.
Ching p. 116) [A] Bolt [B] Latch [C] Lip [D] Strike
A lock house within two holes bored at right angles to each other, one through the face of a door and the other in
the door angle (D.K. Ching p. 116) [A] Cylinder Lock [B] Rim Lock [C] Unit Lock [D] Mortise Lock
A horizontal bar that spans the interior of an emergency exit doro at waist height and that opens that latch when
pressure is applied (D.K Ching p. 116) [A] Finish Hardware [B] Rough Hardware [C] Panic Hardware [D] Door
Hardware
A metal plate on a doorjamb having a hole for receiving the end of a lockbolt when the door is closed (D.K. Ching
p. 116) [A] Lip [B] Box Strike [C] Strike [D] Strike Plate
A projecting edge or rim of a strike (D.K. Ching p. 116) [A] Lip [B] Box Strike [C] Strike [D] Strike Plate
An insulating board made of wood or cane fibers compressed and cemented into rigid sheets. Used as an
inexpensive wall finish or as ceiling tiles (D.K. Ching p. 119) [A] Styrofoam [B] Fiberboard [C] Fiberglass [D]
Plywood
A material consisting of extremely fine filaments of glass, woven into fabric, massed for use as a thermal and
accoustical insulator, or ebendded into various materials (D.K. Ching p. 119) [A] Styrofoam [B] Fiberboard [C]
Fiberglass [D] Plywood
The ability of a surface to emit heat by radiation, equal to the ratio of the radiant energy emitted to that emitted by
a black body at the same temperature (D.K. Ching p. 119) [A] Enthalpy [B] Emissivity [C] Resistivity [D]
Conductivity
Spun glass fibers resembling wool and used for thermal insulation and air filters (D.K. Ching p. 119) [A] Mineral
Wool [B] Glass Wool [C] Rock Wool [D] Wood Wool

Fine wood shavings, usually of pine or chemically treated wood fibers, used as an insulating material, as a binder
in plaster and for packing. (D.K. Ching p. 119) [A] Mineral Wool [B] Glass Wool [C] Rock Wool [D] Wood Wool
Mineral wool made by blowing steam or air through molten slags or rocks (D.K. Ching p. 119) [A] Mineral Wool [B]
Glass Wool [C] Rock Wool [D] Wood Wool

Any of various lightweight, inorganic fibrous materials used especially for thermal and sound insulation, as glass
wool and rock wool (D.K. Ching p. 119) [A] Mineral Wool [B] Glass Wool [C] Rock Wool [D] Wood Wool
A rigid, expanded polyutherane having a closed cell structure and used as thermal insulation (D.K. Ching p. 119)
[A] Polyutherane Foam [B] Molded Polystyrene [C] Extruded Polystyrene [D] Styrofoam

Plastic as polyutherane or polystyrene, made light and cellular by the introduction of pockets of gas or air and
used as thermal insulation (D.K. Ching p. 119) [A] Foam Glass [B] Styrofoam [C] Foamed Plastic [D] Fiberglass

To make a house or building secure againsts cold or stormy weather, as by adding thermal insulation or storm
windows, or by sealing joints (D.K. Ching p. 119) [A] Waterproof [B] Weatherproof [C] Fireproof [D] Damp Proof
Flexible, fibrous thermal insulation of glass or mineral wool, made in various thicknesses and lengths to fit
between studs, joists, and rafters in light wood construction (D.K. Ching p. 119) [A] Rigid Board Insulation [B]
Loose Fill Insulation [C] Batt Insulation [D] Reflective Insulation

Thermal Insulation in the form of material of high reflectivity and low emissivity, as paper backed aluminium foil or
foil backed gypsum board, used in conjunction with a dead air space to reduce the transfer of heat (D.K. Ching p.
119) [A] Rigid Board Insulation [B] Loose Fill Insulation [C] Batt Insulation [D] Reflective Insulation

Thermal Insulation in the form of mineral wood fibers, granular vermiculite or perlite, or treated cellusic fibers,
poured by hand or blown through a nozzle into a cavity or over a supporting membrane (D.K. Ching p. 119) [A]
Rigid Board Insulation [B] Loose Fill Insulation [C] Batt Insulation [D] Reflective Insulation
Thermal insulation in the form of foamed plastic, as polyutherane, that is sprayed or injected into cavity where it
adheres sorrounding surfaces (D.K. Ching p. 119) [A] Rigid Board Insulation [B] Loose Fill Insulation [C] Batt
Insulation [D] Foamed In Place Insulation
A preferred nonstructural insulating board of foamed plastic or cellular glass. Cellular glass insulation is fire
resistant, impervious to moisture and dimensionally stable, but has a lower thermal resistance value. (D.K. Ching
p. 119) [A] Rigid Board Insulation [B] Loose Fill Insulation [C] Batt Insulation [D] Reflective Insulation
Any of the systems that provide essential services to a building, as water supply, sewage disposal, electric power,
heating, ventilation, air conditioning, vertical transportation and fire fighting (D.K. Ching p. 121) [A] Plumbing
System [B] HVAC System [C] Mechanical System [D] Electrical System
A pipe or duct fitting having several outlets for making multiple connections (D.K. Ching p. 122) [A] Leader [B]
Bonnet [C] Manifold [D] Diffuser
Also called as plenum, a chamber a the top of a hot air furnace from which the leaders emerge (D.K. Ching p.
122) [A] Leader [B] Bonnet [C] Manifold [D] Diffuser
Also called as a main trunk, a duct for conveying warm air from a furnace to a stack or branch duct (D.K. Ching p.
122) [A] Leader [B] Bonnet [C] Manifold [D] Diffuser
A device having slats at different angles for deflecting warm or conditioned air from an outlet in various directions
(D.K. Ching p. 122) [A] Leader [B] Bonnet [C] Manifold [D] Diffuser
A grille through which return air is withdrawn from an air conditioned space (D.K. Ching p. 122) [A] Cold Air
Return [B] Return Grille [C] Diffuser [D] Manifold
A grating or perforated screen for covering, concealling, or protecting a wall, floor, or ceiling opening (D.K. Ching
p. 122) [A] Duct [B] Difusser [C] Grille [D] Chase
A pipe or conduit of sheet metal or fiberglass for conducting heated or conditioned air (D.K. Ching p. 122) [A]
Chase [B] Stack [C] Duct [D] Pipe

A pliable , airtight fitting installed between two ducts, or between a fan and a duct, to prevent the transmission of
noise and vibrations along the ductwork (D.K. Ching p. 122) [A] Duct Liner [B] Flexible Duct [C] Chase [D] Stack
A vertical duct for conveying warm air from a leader to a register on an upper floor (D.K. Ching p. 122) [A] Duct
Liner [B] Flexible Duct [C] Chase [D] Stack
A device for controlling the flow of warm or conditioned air from an outlet, composed of a grill with a number of
parallel blades that may be adjusted so as to overlap and close the opening (D.K. Ching p. 122) [A] Duct Liner [B]
Flexible Duct [C] Chase [D] Register
A perimeter heating system in which a loop of ductwork, usually embedded in a concrete ground slab, distributes
warm air to each floor register (D.K. Ching p. 122) [A] Perimeter Loop System [B] Perimeter Radial System [C]
Both A and B [D] None of the above
A perimeter heating system in which a leader from a centrally located furnace carries warm air directly to each
floor register (D.K. Ching p. 122) [A] Perimeter Loop System [B] Perimeter Radial System [C] Both A and B [D]
None of the above
Heat generated by the resistance of a conductor to the flow of electric current (D.K. Ching p. 123) [A] Laten Heat
[B] Sensible Heat [C] Electric Heat [D] Specific Heat
A heating device consisting of a series of coil of pipes through which hot water or steam passes (D.K. Ching p.
123) [A] Generator [B] Radiator [C] Convector [D] Conveyor
A valve that opens when actuated by static pressure above a predetermined level in order to reduce pressure to it
(D.K. Ching p. 123) [A] Gate Valve [B] Check Valve [C] Relief Valve [D] Safety Valve
A relief valve that opens when actuated by a gas or vapor pressure above a prederminted level, allowing the gas
or vapor to escape until its pressure is reduced to a safe or acceptable level (D.K. Ching p. 123) [A] Gate Valve
[B] Check Valve [C] Relief Valve [D] Safety Valve
A small faucet or valve for draining or releasing compression in piles, radiators and boilers (D.K. Ching p. 123) [A]
Bibcock [B] Petcock [C] Ball Valve [D] Angle Valve
A heating unit in which air is heated by contact with a radiator or fin tube circulates by convection (D.K. Ching p.
123) [A] Generator [B] Radiator [C] Convector [D] Conveyor
A return pipe in a steam heating system that carries both air and water of condensation (D.K. Ching p. 123) [A]
Reverse Return [B] Direct Return [C] Dry Return [D] None of the above
A system or process for simultaneuously controlling the temperature, humidity, purity, distribution and motion of
the air in an interior space, especially one capable of cooling (D.K. Chimg p. 124) [A] Heating [B] Air Conditioning
[C] Dehumidifiying [D] Plumbing
The hourly rate of heat gain in an enclosed space, expressed in BTU per hour and used as the basis for selecting
an air conditioning unit or system (D.K. Ching p. 124) [A] Cooling Load [B] Cooling Medium [C] Maximum
Demand [D] Demand Factor

A Fluid agent for reducing the temperature of a system below a specific value by conducting away the heat
produced in the operation of the system (D.K. Ching p. 124) [A] Sealant [B] Coolant [C] Solvent [D] Pigment
A valve that reduces the pressure and evaporation temperature of a refrigirant as it flows to the evaporator (D.K.
Ching p. 124) [A] Gate Valve [B] Check Valve [C] Expansion Valve [D] Relief Valve
A liquid capable of vaporizing at a low temperature, as ammonia used in mechanical refrigiration (D.K. Ching p.
124) [A] Solvent [B] Refrigirant [C] Coolant [D] Sealant

The component of refirigiration system in which the refrigirant absorbs heat from a cooling medium and changes
from liquid to gas (D.K. Ching p. 124) [A] Compressor [B] Condenser [C] Evaporator [D] None of the above
A pump or other machine for reducing the volume and increasing the pressure of gas (D.K. Ching p. 124) [A]
Compressor [B] Condenser [C] Evaporator [D] None of the above
A device for reducing a vapor or gas to liquid or solid form (D.K. Ching p. 124) [A] Compressor [B] Condenser [C]
Evaporator [D] None of the above
A refrigiration process that uses a generator and an absorber instead of a compressor to transfer heat (D.K.
Ching p. 124) [A] Compressive Refrigiration [B] Centralized Air Conditioning [C] Absorption Refrigiration [D] None
of the above
An air conditioning system that treats air at a central location and distributes conditioned air to entire network of
ductworks (D.K. Ching p. 125) [A] Heating [B] Air Conditioning System [B] Centralized Air Conditioning System [D]
Passive Cooling
A structure usually on the roof of a building in which heat is extracted from water that has been used for cooling
(DK. Ching p. 125) [A] Transformer Vault [B] Spires [C] Cooling Tower [D] Water Tank
Any room containing permanently installed machinery and equipment for the mechanical systems of a building
(D.K. Ching p. 125) [A] Electrical Room [B] Mechanical Equipment Room [C] Transformer Vault [D] Machine
Room
A device employing the compressive refrigiration cycle to chill the water used in cooling a building (D.K. Ching p.
125) [A] Filter [B] Chilled Water Tank [C] Chiller [D] Air Handling Unit
An Air conditioning assembly containing the fans, filters and other components necessary to treat and distribute
air to an entire building or to specific zones within the building (D.K. Ching p. 125) [A] Filter [B] Chilled Water Tank
[C] Chiller [D] Air Handling Unit
Outdoor air drawin In for treatment in an air conditioning system (D.K. Ching p. 125) [A] Return Air [B] Exhaust Air
[C] Fresh Air [D] None of the above
A fan for supplying air at a moderate pressure, as to supply forced drafts in a heating or air conditioning system
(D.K. Ching p. 125) [A] Pump [B] Blower [C] Chiller [D] Filter
A movable plate for regulating the draft in an air outlet, air duct or the throat of a fireplace (D.K. Ching p. 125) [A]
Damper [B] Filter [C] Shaft [D] Leader
The conditioned air delivered by an air conditioning system to the served spaces (D.K. Ching p. 125) [A] Fresh Air
[B] Supply Air [C] Exhaust Air [D] Return Air
A device for maintaining or increasing the amount of water vapor in the air of a room or a building (D.K. Ching p.
125) [A] Thermostat [B] Humidifier [C] Pump [D] Seismograph
The conditioned air supplied at high pressure and high velocity by a centrail air handling unit (D.K. Ching p. 126)
[A] Fresh Air [B] Primary Air [C] Return Air [D] Exhaust Air
A terminal unit containing an air filter. Heating or cooling coils, and a centrifugal fan for drawing in a mixture of
room air and outside air (D.K. Ching p. 126) [A] Air Handling Unit [B] Fan Coil Unit [C] Induction Unit [D] None of
the Above

An air conditioning system in which central fans distribute conditioned air to the served spaces by the means of
ducts (D.K. Ching p. 126) [A] All Water System [B] All Air System [C] Air Water System [D] None of the above

An all air system in which a single duct conveys conditined air to the served places (D.K. Ching p. 126) [A] Dual
Duct System [B] Constant Air Volume System [C] Single Duct System [D] Variable Air Volume System
An all air system in which a master thermostat automatically regulates the quantity of conditioned air to supplied
spaces (D.K. Ching p. 126) [A] Dual Duct System [B] Constant Air Volume System [C] Single Duct System [D]
Variable Air Volume System
An all air system in which a thermostatically controlled variable volume box regulates the quanity of conditioned
air supplied to each zone (D.K. Ching p. 126) [A] Dual Duct System [B] Constant Air Volume System [C] Single
Duct System [D] Variable Air Volume System
A central air handling unit capable of serving up to eight zones simultaneously (D.K. Ching p. 126) [A] Fan Coil
Unit [B] Air Handling Unit [C] Multi Zone System [D] Zone
A space or group of spaces in a building whose temparature and air quality is regulated by a single control (D.K.
Ching p. 126) [A] Fan Coil Unit [B] Air Handling Unit [C] Multi Zone System [D] Zone
A pipe for conveying water from a fan coil unit to the boiler or chilled water plant (D.K. Ching p. 126) [A] Supply
Pipe [B] Return Pipe [C] Waste Pipe [D] Soil Pipe
A pipe for conveying hot or chilled water from the boiler or chilled water plant to a fan coil unit (D.K. Ching p. 126)
[A] Supply Pipe [B] Return Pipe [C] Waste Pipe [D] Soil Pipe
A connected series of pipes or tubing in rows or layers, often having fins attached to dissipated heat (D.K. Ching
p. 126) [A] Chase [B] Duct [C] Coil [D] Caisson
A channel, groove, or notch cut along or near one edge of a member so that something else can be fitted to it.
(D.K. Ching p. 140) [A] Dado [B] Rabbet [C] Dovetail [D] Miter

A lenghtening joint made by overlapping the tapered, notched or halved ends of two members and holding them
in place with bolts, straps, keys or fishplates to resist tension or compression (D.K. Ching p. 140); usually used for
Boat and Ship building, wood bridge construction (Wikipedia) [A] Rabbet [B] Dado [C] Dovetail [D] Scarf
A fan shaped tenon broader at its end than its base (D.K. Ching p. 141); (Wikipedia) [A] Rabbet [B] Dado [C]
Dovetail [D] Scarf
A joint made by fitting a raised area or tongue on the edge of one member into a corresponding groove in the
edge of another member to produce a flush surface (D.K. Ching p. 140) [A] Tongue and Groove [B] Butt Joint [C]
Finger Joint [D] Dado Joint

A joint made by inserting the end or edge of one member into a corresponding dado in the other. It is also called
as Housing Joint (D.K. Ching p. 140) [A] Tongue and Groove [B] Butt Joint [C] Finger Joint [D] Dado Joint
Any of various joints formed by abbuting the surface of the two members squarely together without overlapping
(D.K. Ching p. 140) [A] Tongue and Groove [B] Butt Joint [C] Finger Joint [D] Dado Joint
A lengthened joint formed by interlacing finger like projections on the ends of joined members (D.K. Ching p. 140)
[A] Tongue and Groove [B] Butt Joint [C] Finger Joint [D] Dado Joint
Any of various joints between two members made by housing a tenon in a mortise. (D.K. Ching p. 141) [A] Lap
Joint [B] Mortise Joint [C] Dovetail Joint [D] Rabbet Joint
It is a woodworking joint, similar to mortise and tenon, in that a tenin is cut in the end of one member and a
mortise is cut into the other to accept it. The distinguishing feature is that the tenon and mortise are cut to the full
width of the tenon member. (Wikipedia) This joint is commonly used to house a rail in uprights and best in
workbench construction [A] Lap Joint [B] Bridle Joint [C] Coped Joint [D] Dovetail Joint
A joint between two mouldings made by undercutting the end of one of them to the profile of the other. Also called
as scribed joint (D.K. Ching p. 140) [A] Lap Joint [B] Rabbet Joint [C] Dado Joint [D] Coped Joint
Any joint formed by uniting two members from end to end so as to increase their lengths. Also called as
lengthening joint (D.K. Ching p. 140) [A] Angle Joint [B] Edge Joint [C] End Joint [D] None of the above
Any joint formed by uniting two members from edge to edge so as to increase their width (D.K. Ching p. 140) [A]
Angle Joint [B] Edge Joint [C] End Joint [D] None of the above
Any joint formed by uniting two members at a corner so as to change direction (D.K. Ching p. 140) [A] Angle Joint
[B] Edge Joint [C] End Joint [D] None of the above
A reactangular groove cut in a member to receive the end of another (D.K. Ching p. 140) [A] Rabbet [B] Dado [C]
Miter [D] Dovetail
An obliqued surface formed as to butt againsts another oblique surface to be joined with it (D.K. Ching p. 140) [A]
Rabbet [B] Dado [C] Miter [D] Dovetail
A beveled surface, usually formed or cut at 45º angle to the adjacent principal faces (D.K. Ching p. 140) [A]
Chamfer [B] Joggle [C] Dado [D] Rabbet
A projection on one or two joining members fitting into a corresponding recess in the other to prevent slipping
(D.K. Ching p. 140) [A] Chamfer [B] Joggle [C] Dado [D] Rabbet
A thin strip of material inserted into the grooved edges of two members to make a butt joint between them (D.K.
Ching p. 140) [A] Spline [B] Butterfly [C] Miter [D] Dado
A fastener in the form of a double dovetail for joining two members at their edges (D.K. Ching p. 140) [A] Spline
[B] Butterfly [C] Miter [D] Dado
A metal plate bolted to each of two abutting members (D.K. Ching p. 140) [A] Fishplate [B] Brazing [C] Solder [D]
Butterfly Wedge
A lenghtening joint in which the abutting members are held in alignment and strengtened by fishplates (D.K.
Ching p. 140) [A] Scarf Joint [B] Fish Joint [C] Rabbet Joint [D] Dado Joint
An angle joint formed by halving each member for length equal to the width of the other (D.K. Ching p. 141) [A]
End Lap [B] Halved [C] Cross Lap [D] Mitered [E] Plain
A lap joint formed cutting away half of each member at the place of joining so that a flush surface results (D.K.
Ching p. 141) [A] End Lap [B] Halved [C] Cross Lap [D] Mitered [E] Plain
A halved joint formed by two crossing members (D.K. Ching p. 141) [A] End Lap [B] Halved [C] Cross Lap [D]
Mitered [E] Plain
An endlap joint incorporating a miter on one face (D.K. Ching p. 141) [A] End Lap [B] Halved [C] Cross Lap [D]
Mitered [E] Plain
A lap joint formed by overlapping two members without any change in form (D.K. Ching p. 141) [A] End Lap [B]
Halved [C] Cross Lap [D] Mitered [E] Plain

A halved joint made by fitting a dovetail at end of one member into a corresponding mortise in the second
member (D.K. Ching p. 141) [A] Dovetail Halving [B] Secret Dovetail [C] Lap Dovetail [D] Common Dovetail
A cormer dovetail joint visible on both faces (D.K. Ching p. 141) [A] Dovetail Halving [B] Secret Dovetail [C] Lap
Dovetail [D] Common Dovetail
A lap corner dovetail joint visible on one face only and is also called as half blind dovetail (D.K. Ching p. 141) [A]
Dovetail Halving [B] Secret Dovetail [C] Lap Dovetail [D] Common Dovetail
A corner dovetail showing only the line of miter. (D.K. Ching p. 141) [A] Dovetail Halving [B] Secret Dovetail [C]
Lap Dovetail [D] Common Dovetail
A mortise that does not pass completely through a member. Also called as stopped mortise (D.K. Ching p. 141)
[A] Blind Mortise [B] Chase Mortise [C] Open Mortise [D] None of the above
A blind mortise having one inclined narrow side so that a tenon can be slid in it sideways (D.K. Ching p. 141) [A]
Blind Mortise [B] Chase Mortise [C] Open Mortise [D] None of the above
A open mortise on three sides, also called slipped mortise (D.K. Ching p. 141) [A] Blind Mortise [B] Chase Mortise
[C] Open Mortise [D] None of the above
A notch or hole, usually rectangular, cut into piece to receive tenon of the same dimensions (D.K. Ching p. 141)
[A] Tenon [B] Dado [C] Mortise [D] Rabbet
A projection formed on the end of a member for insertion into a mortise of the same dimension (D.K. Ching p.
141) [A] Tenon [B] Dado [C] Mortise [D] Rabbet
A joint fastened or secured by a key (D.K. Ching p. 141) [A] Bridle Joint [B] Coped Joint [C] Keyed Joint [D]
Scarfed Joint
A tenon that extends completely through or beyond the place into which it fits to its corresponding mortise (D.K.
Ching p. 141) [A] Through [B] Stub [C] Haunched [D] Undercut

A tenon that is narrower at its tip than its root (D.K. Ching p. 141) [A] Through [B] Stub [C] Haunched [D] Undercut
A tenon having its shoulder cut at an angle to ensure that it bears on the mortised piece (D.K. Ching p. 141) [A]
Through [B] Stub [C] Haunched [D] Undercut

A short tenon for fitting into a blind mortise (D.K. Ching p. 141) [A] Through [B] Stub [C] Haunched [D] Undercut
What is the color coding for pipes of portable water? [A] Black [B] Yellow [C] Red [D] Blue
What is the color of pipes used for steam? [A] Light Blue [B] Gray [C] Blue [D] White
What is the maximum and minimum speed of escalators? [A] 80 and 110 FPM [B] 90 and 120 FPM [C] 100 and
130 FPM [D] None of the above
Which lamp emits the brightest light? [A] Mercury [B] Flourescent [C] Incandescent [D] Energy Saving CFL
Terms as Light reflection [A] Plastic [B] Glass [C] Wood [D] Brick

Kind of power which is used for Railway transits [A] Mechanical [B] Electrical [C] Solar [D] None of the above
Best location for a generator [A] Basement [B] Ground Floor [C] Second Floor [D] Swimming Pool
How do generators work in principle? [A] Electromotive Induction [B] Electromotive Reduction [C] Water [D]
Gasoline
What is the main advantage of Centralized Aircon? [A] Noise from AHU room is hard to control [B] Room
Temperature can't be controlled [C] It is commonly used for large complexes such as Multi Use Condominiums
[D] It also consumes electricity
What is the pipe that leads to a Condenser from the compressor? [A] Liquid Line [B] Discharge Line [C] Fire Lane
[D] None of the above
Minimum clearance from floor of pipes for air conditioning units when crossing a hallway or corridor? [A] 2.30
meters [B] 2.50 meters [C] 2.10 meters [D] 2.40 meters
It is located at the top of structure where heat (from water) is rejected [A] Glue [B] Flue [C] Water [D] Oil
The best location to put a cooling tower [A] Ground Floor [B] Basement [C] Roofdeck [D] Podium
It is commonly termed as refrigirant [A] Gas [B] Freon [C] Coolant [D] Sealant
What is the temperature range for comfortable cooling? [A] 5 - 9 degrees centigrade [B] 18 - 22 degrees
centigrade [C] 33 - 37 degrees centigrade [D] 50 - 54 degrees centigrade
1 Ton = __________ BTH/Hr [A] 10000 [B] 12000 [C] 15000 [D] 0
What is the parameter (SQM/TR) for a room the is exposed to normal conditions? [A] 10 - 12 Sqm/Mtr [B] 16 - 18
Sqm/Mtr [C] 4 - 6 Sqm/Mtr [D] None of the above
Slope of Escalator [A] 34º [B] 35º [C] 38º [D] 60º
Maximum speed of escalator [A] 90FPM [B] 100FPM [C] 120FPM [D] 150FPM
Usual Speed of escalator [A] 90FPM [B] 100FPM [C] 120FPM [D] 150FPM
What is the purpose of buffers for elevators? [A] Aesthetics [B] Strength [C] Shock Absorber [D] None of the
above
What is a service drop? [A] Highest Service Entrance [B] Lowest Service Entrance [C] Drop of Electricity [D] None
of the above
What is the use of ground wire? [A] Negate Surges [B] Accept Surge [C] Reflect Surge [D] All of the above

What is the minimum size of wire to be use for a service drop? [A] 14 mm² [B] 22 mm² [C] 8 mm² [D] 3.5 mm²
What is a utility box? [A] Switch and Convinience Outlet [B] Box for utility tools [C] For Miter Joints [D] None of the
above
What is the purpose of a 50amp main breaker [A] Lighting [B] Non Lighting [C] Both A and B [D] None of them
really matters
Minimum size of wire for a 60amp circuit breaker [A] 14 mm² [B] 22 mm² [C] 8 mm² [D] 3.5 mm²

Which does not need an individual branch circuit? [A] Range [B] Mircowave [C] Pump [D] Air Conditioning System

Which of the following consumes the least electricity? [A] Computer [B] Television [C] Electric Fan [D] Heater
What is not a wattage for flourescent lamp? [A] 36 watts [B] 20 watts [C] 40 watts [D] 100 watts
Prolonged Sound [A] Reflection [B] Reverberation [C] Phon [D] Echo
What is echo? [A] Prolonged Sound [B] Magnitude or delay [C] Sound Diffraction [D] None of the above
What is flutter? [A] Reverberation [B] Resonance [C] Echo [D] Phon
What is delay in sound? [A] Phon [B] Sabin [C] Delay [D] Refract
Resonance is: [A] Magnitude or Delay of Sound [B] A series of repeated echo [C] Reflection of sound [D] None of
the above
What is amplification of sound from a source such the repititions are heard from reflections as well as from the
source? [A] Electronic Sound Reinforcement [B] Natural Sound Reinforcement [C] Deformed Reinforcement [D]
None of the above
Purpose of Intercom System [A] Motion Sensor [B] Security Cameras [C] Dialogs [D] Local Area Network
What is the color of communication line piping? [A] White [B] Gray [C] Orange [D] Silver
What is the best way to reduce air borne sound? [A] Cover the source [B] Use Absorptive materials [C] Relocate
the building to another place [D] Stop the airplanes from coming in your air zone
Transmission Coefficient is 0.001, What is TL? [A] 50 DB [B] 40 DB [C] 30 DB [D] 20 DB
Accoustic Materials [A] Carpet [B] Wood Planks [C] Gypsum Board [D] All of the above
For a music hall with a lot of audience, what is the best flooring material? [A] Carpet Tiles [B] Vinyl Tiles [C]
Linoleum Tiles [D] Marble
Which does not affect the transmission of sound from one room to another? [A] Size of Room [B] Thickness of
wall [C] Area of Wall [D] Material of wall of the next room
Plumbing permit shall be invalid if work has not commenced after a period of [A] 180 Days [B] 6 Months [C] 1
Year [D] 48 Hours
It is added to water to reduce salinity [A] Chlorine [B] Gasoline [C] Oil [D] Electrolite
What is the use of chlorine? [A] Water Disinfectant [B] Water Purifier [C] Conversion to Mineral Water [D] All of the
above
What is the standard water pressure from NAWASA - Maynilad - Manila Water? [A] 20 psi [B] 40 psi [C] 60 psi [D]
80 psi

A valve right angle to the flow of water [A] Check Valve [B] Globe Valve [C] Gate Valve [D] None of the above
A roofing tile which has the shape of an “S” laid on its side is a ________: A. Pantile, B. S-Tile, C. Mission Tile, D.
French Tile
That part of the building foundation which forms the permanent retaining wall of the structure below grade is a; A
wall occuring below the floor nearest grade, designed to support and anchor the supper structure (D.K. Ching p.
101) [A] Shear Wall [B] Bearing Wall [C] Masonry Wall [D] Foundation Wall
Joint employed to reduce restraint by accommodating movement of masonry walls are known as: A. Control Joint,
B. Cold Joint, Hot Joint, D. Block Outs
A system of framing a building in which the studs are continuous to roof supporting second floor joints is known
as __________. [A] Western Framing [B] Space Framing [C] Baloon Framing [D] Braced Framing
Rough plaster finish obtained by flinging plaster on a wall with a hand operated machine is: A. Trowel Finish, B.
Tryolean Finish, C. Rough Finish, D. Broom Stripped Finish
A principal member of the truss which extends from one end to the other primarily to resist bending is a: A. Chord,
B. Girt, C. Girder, D. Harizontal Stud
A protein: the chief nitrogenous ingredient in milk is: A. Calcium, B. Casein, C. Tempera, D. Alabasher
a composition of two or more metals fused together usually to obtain a desired property. [A] Alloy up [B] Built Up
[C] Fusion Weld [D] None
The horizontal distance from the face of a lock or latch to the center of the knob or lock cylinder. (D.K. Ching p.
116) [A] Back Fill [B] Backset [C] Estucheon [D] None
A commercially pure iron of fibrous nature, valued for its corrosion resistance and ductility is __________. [A]
Alloy [B] Cast Iron [C] Wrought Iron [D] Malleable Iron

The English Term for Pabalagbag. [A] Vertical Stud [B] Harizontal Stud [C] Stringer Open [D] Stringer Closed
The English Term for Takip Silipan. [A] Run [B] Riser [C] Balustrade [D] Handrail
The English Term for Sinturon. [A] Soleplate [B] KickPlate [C] Collar Plate [D] Gusset Plate
The Filipino Term for Temper (Metalwork). [A] Poleya [B] suban [C] Estunyo [D] Liyabe
The Filipino term for Plumb Line. [A] Metro [B] Hulog [C] Kilo [D] Reostra
A beam that projects beyond one or both its support: A. Cantilever, B. Lintel, C. Grade, D. Gerber
A wall (bearing or non-bearing) designed to resist lateral forces parallel to the wall: A. Masonry Wall, B. Bearing
Wall, C. Shearing Wall, D. Non Bearing Wall
Using stair tread-riser proportion formula RT = 75, given riser equals 6 ¼ “ how many risers will there be between
two floors having floor line to floor line distance of 7.8125 feet? A. 14, B. 15. C. 16, D. 17
A modern method of installing wood parquet flooring on wooden boards sub-flooring is by __________. [A] [A]
Parqueting [B] Gluing / Pasting [C] Glazing [D] Nut and Bolt
The standard height of window sills for office rooms in upper floors is: A. .90, B. 1.20, C. 1.50, D. 2.10
The dimension of commercial acoustic boards for aluminum T-runners used for dropped-ceiling in offices is
__________. [A] 30" x 60" x 1" [B] 24" x 50" x 7/8" [C] 24" x 48" x 1/2" [D] 24" x 60" x 1/2"
In the design of a large shopping centers where space is required, intervals of columns can be wider than the
ordinary by adopting a structural method of construction called __________. [A] Pre tensioning [B] Post
Tensioning [C] Pre Cast [D] Pre Stressed
True or False, Humidification and condensation in exterior walls can be minimized by providing building paper
sheathing and space filled. [A] False [B] True
Heat gain through the structure of a habitable room occur in tropical region at walls and roofs by conduction. This
can be minimized by the use of __________. [A] Marble [B] Stone [C] Wood [D] Brick
A material used to remedy vapor flow: A. Wall Paper, B. Asbestos Cement board, C. Glossy Surfaced Asphalt
Saturated Paper, 50 lbs or more, D. NONA
Dry walls do not require appreciable amount of moisture and they are customarily finished with __________. [A]
Stucco Finish [B] Lath and Plaster [C] Mortar [D] Grout
Wallboards or plywood maybe applied over studs. They can also be applied over CHB masonry wall by using: A.
Wood battens, B. Furring, C. Sheating, D. Carpentry
is a joint between two pieces which come together at a corner. It is a finish joint and should not be used where
strength is an important requirement, usually 45º. (D.K. Ching p. 140) [A] Dado Joint [B] Rabbet Joint [C] Miter
Joint [D] Lap Joint
To turn back water whenever joints occur in which dissimilar materials come together, it is necessary to provide:
A. Flashing Material, B. Binding Material, C. Counter Flashing, D. Vulcaseal
The part of a foundation system which supports the exterior walls of a superstructure and bears directly on the
column footing is a __________. (D.K. Ching p. 101) [A] Lintel Beam [B] Grade Beam [C] Gerber Beam [D]
Overhanging Beam
A narrow strip of wood applied to cover a joint along the edges of two parallel boards in the same plane is a: A.
Chamfer, B. Trim, C. Fillet, D. Batten
The stressing of unbounded tendons after concrete has cured is __________. [A] Pre Stress [B] Pre Cast [C] Pre
Tensioning [D] Post Tensioning
The boxing in of covering a joist, beam or girder to give the appearance of a larger beam is known as: A. Beam
blocking, B. Beam Formworks, C. Grade Beam, D. Lintel Beam
A system of framing a building on which floor joists of each storey rest on the top plates of the storey below and
the bearing walls and partitions rest on the subfloor of each storey is known as: A. Baloon Framing, B. Eastern
Framing, C. Flank Framing, D. Western Framing
The English term for Asintada. [A] Anchor [B] Rabbet [C] Soldier [D] Alignment
The English Term for Liyabe. [A] Anchor [B] Rabbet [C] Soldier [D] Alignment
Pressure exerted against the underground portion of a building created by the presence of water in the soil is
known as: A. Atmospheric Pressure, B. Soil Bearing Pressure, Hydrostatic Pressure, D. NONA
A window which projects outside the main line of a building and the compartment in which it is located extends to
the floor is known as: A. Rose Window, B. Oriel Window, C. Hopper Window, D. Bay Window
A form of brick bond in which each course is alternately composed of entirely of headers or of stretchers is known
as [A] Common Bond [B] Flemish Bond [C] Soldier Bond [D] Double Stretcher Bond
A joint formed when a concrete surface hardens before the next batch of concrete is placed against it is
__________. [A] Cold Joint [B] Expansion Joint [C] Construction Joint [D] Contraction Joint
An iron alloy usually including carbon and silicon which has high compressive strength but low tensile strength is
__________. [A] Wrought Iron [B] Cast Iron [C] Alloy [D] Malleable Iron
The English Term for Kusturada. [A] Gravel Course [B] Finishes Schedule [B] Plastered Course [D] Earthfill
The English Term for Barakilan. [A] Top Chord [B] Bottom Chord [C] King Post [D] Queen Post
The English Term for Reostra. [A] Rafters [B] Girders [C] Girt [D] Purlins
The English Term for Sibe. [A] Sepo [B] Senepa [C] Sibe [D] Guililan
The Filipino term for Top Chord. [A] Barakilan [B] Tahilan [C] Escombro [D] Plantilya
Plaster or plywood ceiling on nailers or joists below a ventilated roof space may show “pattern staining” on the
ceiling. This can be prevented by: A. Cleaning, B. Snagging, C. Adequate Insulation, D. Re-Painting
True or false, Heat gain through the walls in buildings exposed to afternoon sun intensifies discomfort of
inhabitants because of conductivity. However, this can be minimized by the use of Steel Sheets. [A] True [B]
False
True or False, does using double wall plywood on horizontal and vertical studs with absorbents can reduced
Sound or noise between bedrooms? [A] True [B] False
The staircase of a house has a total run of 3 meters and a total rise of 2.16 meters, the tread width is 11 inches
and riser is 7 7/8”, therefore, the stringer length is: A. 3.20 m., B. 3.75 m., C. 3.69 m., D. 2.70 m.

Dry walls are customarily finished with __________. [A] Mortar [B] Grout [C] Lath and Plast [D] None of the above
One method of leveling batterboards without the transit is the use of: A. Plumb Bob, B. Eyesight, C. 1/2 Dia.
Plastic hose Filled with water, D. Meter
A manual method of squaring the corners of a building lines in building layout, is the use of __________ multiple
with the use of steel tape measure. [A] 1-2-3 [B] 2-3-4 [C] 3-4-5 [D] 4-5-6

Due to temperature effects in materials, concrete walls, slabs of long buildings, new buildings adjoining existing
buildings should be provided with: A. Flashing, B. Welded Joints, C. Contraction Joints, D. Expansion Joints
A typical block or panel type insulating material used in flat roof of commercial or industrial building: A. Corkboard,
B. Acacia Lumber, C. Washed Pebbles, D. Fiberboard
What is the height of the RC curtain wall surrounding a water tank located at the penthouse whose capacity is
5000 U.S. gallons. The diameter of the tank is 2.5 meters (I.D.) and freeboard of 0.30 meters. The wall shall be as
high as the water tank: A. 4.00 M., B. 4.19 M., C. 4.16 M., 4.20 M.
Select the grouping one subject of which is a criterion used by architects in planning and design of buildings: [A]
Column, Splices, Materials, Lot [B] Roofing Sheets, Function, Elevation, [C] Concrete, Lumber, Steel, Cement [D]
AOTA
Narrow, high ceiling spaces where ceiling area is small compared to wall area, will normally require acoustical
treatment of the: A. wall or part of several walls, B. floor and ceiling, C. Raised Floor and Ceiling Floor, D. Ceiling
Only
A ferrous metal that offers great resistance to abrassion and finds important use in the cutting edges of heavy
digging tools is a: [A] Titanium Steel [B] Alloy Steel [C] Nickel Steel [D] Manganese Steel
A building stone of igneous origin and composed of quartz, hornblende and mica is a: [A] Metamorphic [B]
Serpentine [C] Travertine [D] Granite
A form of brick bond in which the course consists of alternate stretchers and headers in known as __________.
[A] Soldier Bond [B] Common Bond [C] Flemish Bond [D] Firebrick
A system of framing a building on which floor joist of each storey rests on the top plates of the storey below and
the bearing walls and partitions rest on the subfloor of each storey is known as [A] Space Frame [B] Western
Framing [C] Baloon Framing [D] Braced Frame
The Filipino Term for Rabbet. [A] Masilya [B] Vaciada [C] Bolada [D] Biga
The English term for bolada. [A] Rabbet [B] Projection [C] King Post [D] Queen Post

A geological or ground condition considered in determining the size and type of foundation of the building. [A]
Hydrostatic Pressure [B] Soil Bearing Pressure [C] Atmospheric Pressure [D] None of the above
These are materials excellent as vapor barrier in the roofing system of residential buildings: [A] G.I. Sheets [B]
Lawanit boards [C] Particle boards [D] Aluminum Foil Sheets
The chief structural materials, used for tall buildings are: [A] built-up beams, girders, foundations [B] Footing,
Column, Beam, Truss [C] cement, deformed wrought iron, gravel and sand [D] reinforced concrete and high
grade steel
These are classified as good and less expensive insulating materials used in buildings: [A] Glass Blocks, 5000
Psi Concrete [B] Steel Sheets, Reinforced Conrete [C] porous concrete, glass fibers, guilt materials [D] steel
plates, marble slabs, granite

This is a material that holds less moisture, is very light, less water absorptive capacity and is very good in sidings
of dwelling units. [A] GI Roofing Sheet [B] Asphalt Shingles [C] Asbestos Cement Shingles [D] terra Cota
The finished frame surrounding a door is a __________. [A] Studs [B] Door Jamb [C] Mouldings [D] one of the
above
A door lock with a spring bolt controlled by one or both knobs and dead bolt controlled by a key is a __________.
[A] Knob Latch [B] Knob Bolt [C] Estcutcheon [D] Backset
A door consisting of two separate leaves, one above the other, this leaves may operate independently or together
is a; A door divided into horizontally so that the upper or lower part can be opened or closed separately (D.K.
Ching p. 64): [A] Dwarf Door [B] Panel Door [C] Dutch Door [D] Window Door
A joint formed by overlapping the edges of metal sheet or plated and joining them by riveting, soldering or brazing
is a: [A] Lap Joint [B] Lap Seam [C] End Joint [D] End Seam
A clay roofing tile approximately semi cylindrical in shape laid in courses with units having their convex side
alternately up and down is a: [A] Pantile [B] Mission Tile [C] Roman Tile [D] NONA
A reinforced concrete beam footing for a perimeter column or foundation wall extended to support an interior
column load (D.K. Ching p. 101) [A] Cantilever Footing [B] Steeped Footing [C] Combined Footing [D] Strip
Footing
The wall of Intramuros is __________. [A] Aqueduct [b] Moat [c] Bridge [D] Fortification
The English Term for Guililan. [A] Purlins [B] Girt [C] Girder [D] Rafter
The Filipino Term for Truss is. [A] Biga [B] Poste [C] Kilo [D] Gramo
The Filipino term for baseboard is. [A] Senepa [B] Kostilyahe [C] Rodapis [D] Estunyo
A climatic factor that is considered in the structural and architectural design of tall buildings: [A] Thunderstorm [B]
Gusts [C] Lightning [D] Rain
This is a ground condition that determines the size, type and shape of the building footing/foundation: [A] Soil
Bearing Pressure [B] Loam and Clay Formation [C] Adobe Underlay [D] NONA
Select the grouping one subject of which is a general criterion used by architects in planning and design of
buildings: [A] colored roofing sheets, esthetics, symmetry of windows [B] columns, doors, windows, split type [C]
concrete, steel and wood, type of floor finish [D] AOTA
The most common materials used for roofing of urban residential houses __________. [A] Anahaw [B] Shingles
[C] G.I. Roofing Sheets [D] Clay Roofing tiles
For very large roof spans (for auditoria, transport buildings, exhibition halls) of over 150 ft these structures are
suggested economical solutions: [A] pre-stressed concrete [B] reinforced concrete [C] space frames, light steel
skeleton structures [D] NONA
Rise is the vertical distance between the upper surface of two consecutive steps. The horizontal distance
between the nosing of two consecutive steps is the: [A] Going [B] String [C] Newel [D] NONA

Noise inside the building is on two kinds, namely, airborne noise and impact noise . Insulation must be provided
against both of these by internal walls and floors. Examples of better sound insulation are: [A] concrete hollow
block walls [B] ¼” double wall on 2” x 4” studs [C] asbestos board walls on wooden studs [D] AOTA
When the soil beneath the building is not exceptionally well drained and it is necessary to exclude dampness, the
best material to be used which is installed beneath the concrete slab is __________. [A] Pitch or Bituminous Felt
[B] Damp Proofing [C] Loam [D] Earth Compacted Materials
This material holds less moisture, is very light with less absorptive capacity and is very good in exterior sidings of
residential houses in tropical regions. [A] asbestos cement shingles [b] wood shingles [c] vinly shingles [d]
fiberglass sidings
Standard size overlap for corrugated G.I. roofing is __________. [A] 2" [B] 2 1/2" [C] 3" [D] 3 1/2"
A continuous recess built into a wall to receive pipes, ducts, etc. is called: (D.K. Ching p. 122) [A] alcove [B]
Ductwork [C] Chase [D] Conduit
A twisting force is __________. [A] Torsion [B] Strain [C] Force [D] Stress
A barrier or diaphragm formed to prevent the movement of soil to stabilize foundation, etc. is __________. [a]
Sheet piling [b] retaining wall [c] shear wall [d] Rip rap
The term stone-cut refers to a __________. [a] Masonry finish [b] wood siding [c] adobe stone work [d] marble
flooring
Wood with metal cladding is called __________. [a] synthetic [b] kalamein [c] reinforced wood [d] prime
The Filipino term for Floor Joist. [A] Kostilyahe [B] Soleras [C] Sinturon [D] Liyabe
The Filipino Term for Bottom Chord [A] Kostilyahe [B] Senepa [C] Tirante [D] Tahilan
Standard concrete mix for beams, girders, slabs, stairs and columns is: [A] Class AA [B] Class A [C] Class B [D]
Class C
Chord splice connectors for trusses is; A timber connector consisting of a metal ring inserted into corresponding
grooves cut into the faces of the joining members are held In place by a single bolt: (D.K. Ching p. 85) [A] Split
Ring [B] Wood Block [C] Fish Plate [D] Wood Cleats
A vertical line check uses a __________. [A] Spirit Level [B] Plumb Bob [C] Meter [D] Hose With Water
A specialized fastener used to pull on to hold mitered joints together is: [A] Vise [B] Wood Screw [C] Clamp Nail
[D] Nut and Bolt
Most waterproofed type of mortar joints for wall is __________. [A] Mortrared [B] Weathered [C] Waterproofed [D]
None of the above
Rafters laid diagonally from corner of a plate or girts to the ridge: [A] Jack rafter [B] valley Plate [C] Hip Rafter [D]
End Rafter
The horizontal boards nailed to corner post to assist in the accurate layout of foundation and excavation lines are
called: [A] Form boards [B] Box boards [C] Batter Boards [D] Hard Board
Columns in which a concrete core is reinforced with a steel or cast-iron core designed to support a part of load is
__________. [A] Lally [B] Composite [C] Rebars [D] None of the above
The Filipino Term for Ceiling Joist. [A] Biga [B] Soleras [C] Suelo [D] Kostilyahe
The English Term for Biga. [A] Biga [B] Soleras [C] Suelo [D] Kostilyahe
Instrument or tool capable of vertical and horizontal line check is called __________. [A] Level [B] Plumb Bob [C]
Spirit Level [D] Meter
The vertical and horizontal surface is reinforced concrete where concreting was stopped and continued later is
called: [A] Expansion Joint [B] Control Joint [C] Cold Joint [D] Construction Joint
It is also called as a twisting force: [A] Torsion [B] Moment [C] Shear [D] Compression
A system of ducts, connectors and dampers for conveying air in a heating, ventilating, or air conditioning system.
(D.K. Ching p. 122) [A] Glazing [B] Ducting [C] Decking [D] None of the above
It is a special type of plate girder consisting of tees, angles and multiple web: [A] Box girder [B] Hybrid Girder [C]
T-Flange Girder [D] Bridging
When the ratio of short span to the long span of a slab is less than 0.50, slab is a: [A] One Way Slab [B] Slab on
Fill [C] Two Way Slab [D] Cantilever Slab
Longitudinal beams which rest on the top chord and preferably at the joints of the truss: [A] Girders [B] Rafters [C]
Girt [D] Purlins
A three-dimensional structural system without bearing walls composed of interconnected laterally supported so as
to function as a complete self-contained unit with or without the aids of horizontal diaphragms or floor-bracing
system: [A] Special Moment Frame System [B] Moment Resisting Frame [C] Space Frame [D] Intermediate
Moment resisting Frame

Concrete slab should have a minimum clearance of __________. [A] 10mm [B] 15mm [C] 20mm [D] 30mm
It is designed to resist lateral forces parallel to the plane of the wall: [A] Grade Wall [B] Curtain wall [C] Bearing
Wall [D] Shear Wall
The section of which the moment changes from positive to negative is called __________. [A] Depth of Cross
Section [B] Inflection Point [C] Flash Point [D] Infection Point
What is the appropriate painting material type for wood surfaces? [A] Zinc Chromate [B] Alkyd [C] Latex [D]
Polyurethane
Commercially made corrugated G.I. sheets, of gauge 26, having standard corrugation are coated both sides with
__________. [A] Gutter [B] Facia Board [C] Aluminum Coating [D] GI Sheet

Wood flooring finishing material. [A] V Cut wood Planks [B] Gypsum board [C] Ply board [D] 7 & 6 Wood Planks
What hardware/material is needed to fasten an asphalt strip roof shingle on wooden sheets/planks? [A] CV nail
[B] Staple Wire [C] Tekscrew [D] Fin Nail
The time required for the removal of a form works of a concrete footing __________ hours. [A] 12 [B] 24 [C] 36
[D] 48
Wall partition wooden framing is called __________. [A] walls [B] Post [C] Studs [D] None of the above
How many corrugation is required as the minimum side lap of an ordinary standard G.I. sheet roofing? [A] 1 1/2
[B] 2 1/2 [C] 2 [D] 1
What is the appropriate paint material for G.I. sheet roofing? [A] Alkyd Type [B] Acrylic Latex type [C] Lacquer
Type [D] Urethane
The paint finishing material of long-span pre-painted roofing sheet is" [A] Acrylic Paint [B] Duco Paint [C]
Polyester paint [D] Automotive Paint
What hardware/material is needed to fasten corrugated asbestos cement roofing sheet on a steel purlin: [A] Metal
Screw [B] L Hook Bolt [C] M Bolt [D] Aluminum Screw
A common paint film defect where progressive powdering from the surface inward occurs. It is called: [A] Chalking
[B] Blistering [C] Alligatoring [D] Peeling
A joint where two successive placement of concrete meet is called: [A] Truss Joint [B] Contraction Joint [C]
Construction Joint [D] Expansion Joint
A wall which supports vertical loads in addition to its weight without the benefit of a complete vertical load carrying
space frame is called: [A] Bearing Wall [B] Shearing Wall [C] Curtain Wall [D] Retaining Wall
A type of concrete floor which has no beam is called __________. [A] Overhanging Slab [B] Ribbed Slab [C] Flat
Slab [D] Cantilever Slab
True or False, A one-way concrete slab are used when the slab is being supported by two parallel beams [A]
False [B] True
True or False, Level tool is a tool used to check the water level [A] True [B] False
True or False, Steel square is a tool for testing and for framing work [A] True [B] False

The vertical surface on face of a stair step is called __________. [A] Run [B] Riser [C] Total Run [D] total Riser
Tin shear is a: [A] Mechanical tool [B] Painter Tool [C] Masonry Tool [D] Electrical tool
Auger bit is part of: [A] Guiding Tool [B] Bearing Tool [C] Rough Facing tool [D] Fastener Tool
The complete records of test conduction (slump, compression test, etc.) shall be preserved and made available
for inspection during the progress of construction and after completion of the projects for a period of not less than
__________ Years. [A] 5 [B] 4 [C] 3 [D] 2
Wood board should have a thickness specification of __________. [A] Not less than 1" x 4" [B] less than 1" x 4"
[B] Not Less than 2" x 5" [D] less than 2" x 5"
Wood plank is a piece of lumber that is [A] 2" to 5" thick [B] 6" to 8" thick [C] 5" to 7" thick [D] 8" up thick
The distance from the first to the last riser of a stair flight is called __________. [A] Total Run [B] Total Rise [C]
Run [D] Rise
A high-speed rotary shaping hand power tool used to make smooth cutting and curving on solid wood is called
__________. [A] Rip Cut Saw [B] Portable Hand Router [C] Chainsaw [D] Cross Cut Saw
The major horizontal supporting member of the floor system is called [A] Girder [B] rafter [C] Purlins [D] Girt
These are the four wood defects: Heart Shake, Knots, cup Shake and __________ [A] Star Shake [B]
Discoloration [C] Rotten [D] Deterioration
Dressed lumber is referred to __________. [A] Treated Lumber [B] Green Lumber [C] Smooth/Planed Lumber [D]
Coco Lumber
The other kind of handsaw other than rip-cut saw is: [A] Cross Cut Saw [B] Diagonal Cut Saw [C] coping Saw [D]
Circular Saw
Walls that support weight from above as well as their own dead weight: [A] Curtain Walls [B] Load Bearing Walls
[C] Shoring Walls [D] NONA
It refers to the occupancy load which either partially or fully in place or may not be present at all is called
__________. [A] Dead Load [B] Live Load [C] Occupant Load [D] Moving Load
The distance between inflection point in the column when it breaks is called __________; The distance between
the inflection points in a column subject to buckling (D.K. Ching p. 41). [A] Inflection Point [B] Development
Length [C] Embedment Length [D] Effective Length
The amount of space measured in cubic units. [A] Area [B] Perimeter [C] Volume [D] Density
An expansion joints adjacent parts of a structure to permit expected movements between them is called: [A]
Construction Joint [B] Conduction Joint [C] Contraction Joint [D] Conjunction Joint
To find the volume of water in a cylindrical tank, multiply the area of its base by its __________. [A] Width [B]
Length [C] Height [D] Radius
The most important component to determine the strength of a concrete mix is __________. [A] Lime [B] Cement
[C] Gravel [D] Sand
A beam that projects beyond one or both its support is called __________. [A] Overhanging Beam [B] Cantilever
Beam [C] Gerber Beam [D] Grade Beam
Jack rafter is used for: [A] Long Span Beam [B] Hip roof Support [C] Cantilevered Truss [D] NONA

The total of all the tread widths in a stair is called __________. [A] Total Rise [B] Rise [C] Total Run [D] Run
The face or front elevation of a building [A] Front View [B] Facade [D] Cross Section [D] Elevation
A pit in a basement floor made to collect water into which a pump is placed to pump the liquid to the sewer pipe.
[A] Cistern [B] Sump [C] Septic Tank [D] reservoir

True or False, Prefabrication refers to pre-construction of components as a part of a whole [A] False [B] True

An opening in the roof for admitting light is called [A] Natural Lighting [B] Skylight [B] Ocules Lighting [D] NONA
Wood coming out from trees with needle leaves, rather than broad leaves are called __________. [A] Hardwood
[B] Softwood [C] Philippine Mahogany [D] Philippine Narra

A kind of brick used for high temperature [A] Fire Brick [B] Cinder Brick [C] Fly Ash Brick [D] Thermal Brick
The building frame construction system that uses one piece structural stud from the foundation to the roof [A]
Upright Framing [B] Baloon Framing [C] Wall Framing [D] Lath Framing
A nailer strip incorporated in rough concrete wall to be plastered to act as guide and support for finish trim around
openings and near the base of the wall [A] NONA [B] Plaster ground [C] Gravel Stop [D] Trimming Guard
True or False, a Span is The distance between two structural supports
[A] True [B] False
True or False, The scientific name for wood is XYLEM [A] False [B] true
In designing a stair, to find the height of the riser, divide the height of the stair by the number of [A] Runs [B]
Risers [C] Handrails [D] Balusters
A kind of roof that has four sloping sides [A] Gable Roof [B] Mansard Roof [C] Hip Roof [D] Lean to
Stone placed on a slope to prevent erosion [A] Riprap [B] embankment [C] Flag stone [D] Border Stone
A tough used for carrying off water [a] Moat [B] Gutter [C] Downspout [D] NONA
The process of removing concrete forms from the cured concrete __________. [A] Shaking [B] Curing [C]
Stripping [D] removing
A structural member spanning from truss-to-truss or supporting rafters __________. [A] Girder [B] Rafter [C] Girt
[D] Purlins
A threaded steel bent inserted of masonry construction for securing wood or metal plates to concrete construction
is a __________ Bolt. [A] Anchor [B] Nail [C] Screw [D] Machine Bolt
A horizontal piece of wood, stone, steel or concrete across the top of door or window opening to bear the weight
of the walls above the opening: [A] Lintel [B] Transome [C] Transverse Rafter [D] Beam

The placing and installing of glass (D.K. Ching p. 113) [A] Glazing [B] Pasting / Gluing [C] Fittings [D] Finishing
A rejected building material because of its below standard grade is called __________. [A] Below Standard [B]
Cult [C] Low grade [D] None of the above
Another word for handmill on a stair construction [A] Balustrade [B] Banister [C] Stringer [D] Hand Guard
A joint produced by lapping two pieces of materials __________. (D.K. Ching p. 141) [A] Lap Seam [B] Lap Joint
[C] End Joint [D] Splice
True or False, Green lumber is lumber that still contains moisture or sap [A] False [B] True

The internal angle formed by the two roof slopes of a roof is called [A] Valley [B] Ridge Cap [C] Gutter [D] Canal
A vertical board attached on the ends of the rafters. It is a part of the cornice __________. [A] Facia Board [B]
Baseboard [C] Plywood [D] Gutter
A large heavy nail is referred to as; A heavy nail for fastening together heavy timber (D.K. Ching p. 82) [A] Spike
[B] Dowel Rod [C] Anchorage Hardware [D] Staple
Underwater watertight chamber to allow construction work to be done __________. [A] Bent Chamber [B] sump
pit [c] caisson [d] Submersible air chamber
True or False, Stakes and batter board in a construction layouting procedure refers to initial formworks done in
construction [A] False [B] True
True or False, Lumber specification S4S means smooth for surfacing jobs [A] True [B] False
The term used to indicate top and lower principal member of a roof or bridge truss __________, [A] Girder [B]
Beam [C] Chord [D] Girt
Strips of hardwood, usually 2x2” laid over a concrete slab floor __________. [A] sleepers [b] wood saddle [c]
leveling blocks [d] anchor blocks
Miter square is a guiding and testing tool that has a permanent blade set at: [A] 30 [B] 45 [C] 20 [D] 60
A wall that holds back on earth embankment __________. [A] Riprap [B] Retaining Wall [C] Sheating [D] Metal
Furring
True or False, In structural steel section joints, it is recommended NOT to use oxy/acetyline welding. [A] True [B]
False
A wall that serves two (2) dwelling units, known also as party wall __________. [A] Firewall [B] Interior Wall [C]
Exterior Wall [D] Common Wall

Pertaining to a material description that resembles glass [A] Alabaster [B] Vitreous [C] Fiber glass [D] Cellulose
To allow concrete to dry by keeping it moist to attain maximum strength [A] permentate [B] Stabilize [D] Tempering
[D] Curing
The hardware on a door to accommodate the knob and lockset keyhole __________. (D.K. Ching p. 116) [A]
Backset [B] Knob latch [C] Knob lock [D] Escutheon
The material used for the process of making watertight the roof intersection and other exposed areas on the
exterior of a building [A] Gutter [B] fascia [C] Flashing [D] Caping
A vertical space in a building intended for ducts, pipes, wire and cables [A] Ductwork [B] Trench [C] Chase [D]
Niche
The term to describe the putting up of the skeleton of the building __________. [A] Scaffolding [B] Formworks [B]
Staking [D] Layouting
True or False, The zig-zag rule is a carpenter measuring tool [A] False [B] True
True or False, Keystone is a wedge-shaped stone of an arch [A] True [B] False
Kalomein door is: [A] an indoor decorative door [B] a door product of Kuala Lumpur [C] a fireproof door with metal
covering [D] NONA
Lumber that is notsquared or finished: [A] Milled Lumber [B] Undressed Lumber [C] Scaled Lumber [D] Green
Lumber
What are piles at an inclination to resist forces that are not critical? [A] Guide Piles [B] batter Piles [C] Slope Piles
[D] Fender Piles
A reinforced concrete footing connected by a time beam to another footing in order to balance an assymetrically
imposed load, as at the perimeter of a building site. Also called as strap footing (D.K. Ching p. 101) [A] Cantilever
Footing [B] Steeped Footing [C] Combined Footing [D] Strip Footing

A lead or plastic sleeve inserted into a predrilled hole and expanded by driving a bolt or screw on it. It is also
called a expansion sleeve (D.K. Ching p. 84) [A] Expansion Bolt [B] Expansion Shield [C] Molly [D] Turnbuckle

A concrete flooring and finish which transforms ordinary plain concrete into an elegant and decorative textured
surface. This is done by adding dust-on-color pigments to the concrete to give a fast color and imprinted with a
patented pattern and texture while the concrete is still plastic to create the look and finish of stone, slate or brick
[A] Impressio-Crete [B] Textfloor-Crete [C] Stucco Floor Finish [D] Concrete Block Fusion

Vernacular term for Concrete Hollow Block (CHB) laying. [A] Asintado [B] Asintada [C] Escombro [D] Bisagra
An installation method where the cabinet covers is recessed and flushed with the cabinet sidings [A] Inset or
Interior [B] Concealed [C] Party Wall or Half Lap [D] Full Lap or Over lap
Type of carpet weave important for an architect/designer to know to guide him as to what type of construction and
specification should he recommend. What simplest type of fiber carpet weaving where pile forms as the wrap
yarns loop over removable “wires” inserted consecutively across the loom? [A] Axminster [B] Wilton [C] Velvet [D]
Knitted
A pretreatment of poured concrete such as walls beams and columns where a thin layer of lean cement grout
mixed with flexible base additives is splattered by tampico brush or masonry spoon to the surface to give a “tooth”
for excellent plaster adhesion [A] Scratch Coat [B] Splash Coat [C] Cement roughing [D] Concrete Roughing by
Chiseling
Local species of wood commonly used for wall studding, cabinet framing, and flush door framing, though scarcely
available in the market now due to forestry ban. This type of species is due to cheaper cost than the other listed
below [A] Narra [B] Molave [C] Mahogany [D] Tanguile
A special coating system with a high gloss shine while maintaining the natural wood qualities, maintenance free,
used to finish and topcoat wood flooring [A] Polyethylene Floor Coating [B] Tile Floor Coating [C] Epoxy Floor
coating [D] Polyurethane Floor Coating
A common and cheap masonry finish wherein dry consistency mortar mix is sprayed by mechanical or pneumatic
means. The sprayed cement is left to dry and give a rustic finish. Optional paint coat maybe required [A] Spraytex
[B] Anay finish [C] Stucco Finish [D] Sandblast
A type of wood end joint where both wood are cut at equal angles diagonally [A] Finger [B] Lap [C] Splice [D]
Scarf
True or false, utilizing “knock-down” modular system of cabinets and furniture, an end user is constrain of using:
standard sizes, shapes and forms [A] True [B] False
A type of terazzo floor described by its physical appearance whereby the stone or pebble is intentionally exposed
while the cement matrix is depressed [A] Palladiana Terazzo [B] Rustic terrazo [C] Venetian terazzo [D] Standard
Terrazo
A type of window where the ventilating sash rotates 90 degrees to 180 degrees about the header and sill or about
the side jamb [A] Pivoted [B] Combination [C] Awning [D] Jalousie
A type of “hands of door” where the hinge is at the left and the door leaf swings inside the room to the left [A]
Right hand [B] Left Hand [C] Right Hand Reverse [D] Left Hand Reverse
What type of joint is used to install a glass into a lite of a French window? [A] dado [B] Rabbet [C] Tenon [D]
Mortise
An equipment to uniformly distribute tile adhesive at the underside of a ________ tile during installation [A]
Masonry wall [B] Notch Trowel [C] Edge Strip Trowel [D] Flat Steel Trowel
A water-mixed product mixed to a ratio of 1:20 to stabilize lime activity in new masonry surface. Without preparing
the surface with this mixture will cause the subsequent painting to be defective [A] Acrylic Emulsion [B] Aquaseal
[C] Etching Solution [D] Masonry Neutralizer
A paint defect which indicates imperfect adhesion of paint to the surface, with the film getting stripped off in a
relatively large pieces due to application on damp or greasy surface [A] Bleeding [B] Cracking [C] Peeling [D]
Alligatoring
A type of shutter proof opaque glass used to construct a door with glass to allow natural light only [A] Bevel Glass
[B] Etched Glass [C] Smoked glass [D] Figured Wired Glass
Vernacular term for rough plastering / scratch coate. [A] Rebokada [B] Liyabe [C] Bolada [D] Asintada
What is the minimum concrete cover for primary reinforcement of beams and columns not exposed to earth or
weather for precast manufactured under plant control conditions? [A] db but not less than 25 mm [B] db but not
less than 15 mm and need not exceed 40 mm [C] db but not less than 20 mm and not to exceed 50 mm [D] db
but not less than 30 mm
What is the act of excavating or filling of earth or any sound material or combination thereof, in preparation for a
finishing surface such as paving? [A] Grading [B] Cut and Fill [C] Bencing [D] Site Preparation
A floor finish commercially size 1” x 12” x 12” utilizing clay and fired in traditional manner making interesting and
attractive rustic clay shade patterns. Because of the rustic effect the floor is finished rough and simply adhere by
cement with some irregularities [A] cement non skid blocks [B] vigan tiles [C] adobe cobbled stones [D] mosaic
tiles
What is a steel element such as wire, cable, bar, rod or strand, or a bundle of such elements, used to impart
prestress to concrete? [A] Struts [B] Bars [C] cables [D] Tendons
The Vernacular Term for Sidings (External) [A] Bisagra [B] Tabike [C] Masilya [D] Plantilya
A wall jointly used by two parties under easement agreement. [A] Firewall [B] retaining Wall [C] Party Wall [D]
Shear Wall
Type hinge containing one or more springs, when a door is opened, the hinge returns it to the open position
automatically, may act in one direction only, or in both directions. (D.K. Ching p. 115) [A] Spring Hinge [B] Loose
Pin Hinge [C] Lock Up Hinge [D] Mortise and Tenor Hinge
Vernacular Term for Varnish. [A] Galbanisado [B] Alahado [C] Barnisado [D] None of the above
A group of more-or-less transparent liquids which are used to provide a protective surface coating at the same
time they allow the original surface to show but add a lustrous and glossy finish to it: [A] Varnish [B] Fillers [C]
Shellac [D] Enamel

A soft mineral consisting of a hydrated calcium sulfate from which gypsum plaster is made (by heating); colorless
when pure used as a retarder in Portland cement. [A] Gypsum [B] Plywood [C] Hardboard [D] Chipboard
Vernacular Term for Vertical Studs. [A] Pabalagbag [B] Pilarete [C] Kaliwete [D] Sibe
English Term for Pabalagbag. [A] Vertical Studs [B] Queen Post [C] Harizontal Studs [D] King Post
Is a cellular framework of squared steel, concrete, or timber members, assembled in layers at right angles, and
filled with earth or stones. [A] riprap [B] Cribbling [C] Gabions [D] Bin wall

Bigger than ceiling joist usually place every 1.20m o.c. [A] Nailers [B] Bridging [C] Ceiling Rafters [D] Girders
Vernacular Term for Ceiling Joist [A] Soleras [B] Suelo [C] Sahig [D] Kostilyahe
Used for bearing walls of light buildings, the height usually restricted to four stories. Structural load bearing wall
tile are made in 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 in thickness. [A] Floor Tile [B] Fireproofing Tile [C] Load Bearing wall tile [D]
Back up tile
What should be the maximum spacing of stirrups applied if the depth of he girder is 0.40 m? [A] 4" [B] 8" [C] 10"
[D] 12"
English Term for Sombrero. [A] Window Head [B] Window Jamb [D] Door Jamb [D] Rabbet
A wall which separates two abutting living units as to resist the spread of fire. [A] Firebrick [B] Fireblock/Firewall
[C] Common Wall [D] Party Wall
Measures the density of granular soils and the consistency of some clay. [A] Slump test [B] Soil Bearing Test [D]
Standard Penetration Test [D] Compressive Strength Test
Materials often added to the concrete or applied to the surface of freshly placed concrete to produce some
special result [A] retarders [B] Concrete Additives [C] Air entairning agents [D] Accelerators
Vernacular Term for Jamb. [A] Pasamano [B] Bisagra [C] Hamba [D] Moldura
Which of the following is not a Sheet Glass? [A] Insulating Glass [B] Picture glass [C] Window Glass [D] Heavy
Sheet Glass
A door made up of small horizontal interlocking metal slats which are guided in a track; the configuration coils
about an overhead drum which is housed at the head of the opening, either manual or motor-driven. [A] roll up
door [B] Panel door [C] Flush door [D] Overhead Swing up door
The minimum length of splice needed for column. [A] 40 cm. [b] 30 cm. [C] 60 cm. [d] 50 cm.
English Term for Hardinera [A] Closed Stringer [B] Open Stringer [C] Exterior Sidings [D] Interior Sidings
Minimum angle of inclination of an escalator [A] 30º [B] 35º [C] 33º [D] 38º
Which are timber, steel, or pre-cast planks driven side by side to retain earth and prevent water from seeping into
the exaction? [A] sheet Piles [B] Wales [c] Rakers [D] Lagging
Vernacular Term for Closed Stringer. [A] Hardinera [B] Tabike [C] Alulod [D] Made De Escalera
The main feed line of an electrical circuit to which branch circuits are connected. Panel Board [B] Single Circuit
[C] Parallel Circuit [D] Distribution Line
Are wooden sticks used as posts sharpened at once end driven into the ground to serve as boundaries? [A]
Stakes [B] batter boards [C] Ledger [D] Diagonals or Brace
English Term for Baytang. [A] Run [B] Rise [C] Thread [D] Balusters
is a secondary ceiling, hung below the main (structural) ceiling. They may also be referred to as a suspended
ceiling, and are a staple of modern construction and architecture. [A] Raised Floor [B] Dropped Cieling [C]
Natural Grade Line [D] Ceiling
are types of floor that provide an elevated structural floor above a solid substrate (often a concrete slab) to create
a hidden void for the passage of mechanical and electrical services. [A] Raised Floor [B] Dropped Cieling [C]
Natural Grade Line [D] Ceiling
English Term for Gabay [A] Balusters [B] Thread [C] Handrail [D] Rise
An excavator used for general digging which is usually mounted on either the crawler or truck frame: [A] Trencher
[B] Backhoe [C] Grader [D] Front End Loader
A special kind of excavator which dogs long, narrow ditches for pipelines or cables: [A] Trencher [B] Grader [C]
Backhoe [D] Front End Loader
Vernacular Term for Moulding [A] Hamba [B] Pasamano [C] Sombrero [D] Moldura
A large shoveling machine that can scoop or deposit a large amount of material. [A] Trencher [B] Front End
Loader [C] Backhoe [D] Grader
Is a special type of handsaw that has a very thin bade and makes very straight cuts such as those on trims and
moldings. [A] Ripsaw [B] Cross cut Saw [C] Backsaw [D] Hacksaw

mortar containing a considering amount of water so that it has the consistency of a viscous liquid, permitting it to
be poured or pumped into joints, spaces, and cracks within masonry walls and floors, between pieces of ceramic
tiles, and into joints between performed roof deck units. [A] Grout [B] Reinforcement [C] Plaster [D] Wythe
Vernacular Term for Framework [A] Lastilyas [B] Kostilyahe [C] Balangkas [D] Kanal
English Term for Kanal [A] Downspout [B] Sewer [C] Gutter [D] Drainage
These are obtainable with depths ranging from 6” to 16” and are now commonly used instead of built-up columns
in steel skeleton construction. [A] Latticed Columns [B] Built Up Columns [C] Rolled H Columns [D] Starred
Angles
Of two four connected by batten plate spaced at intervals of 3 to 4 ft. these are used to support the light loads. [A]
Rolled H Columns [B] Starred Angles [c] Built up Columns [D] Latticed Columns
These are columns made up of a cylindrical steels pipe shell filled with 1:1-1/2:3 Portland cement concrete. [A]
Steel Column [B] Lally Column [C] Battened Column [D] Built Up Column
Vernacular Term for Conductor [A] Tubo De Banada [B] Alulod [C] Plantsuwela [D] Kilo

Granular material, such as crushed stone, iron blast-furnace slag, sand or gravel used with cementing medium to
form a hydraulic cement concrete or mortar. [A] Aggregates [B] Admixtures [C] Concrete [D] Cement
Vernacular term for Wrought Iron Strap [B] Alulod [C] Plantsuwela [D] Kilo
A process which employs an electric arc, wherein energy in the form of heat is supplied by establishing an arc
between the base or parent metal and a metal electrode. [A] Fusion Welding [B] Groove Welding [C] Electrode
Welding [D] Coated Electrodes

Serves as a tensile reinforcement for the concrete slab to which it is bonded with embossed rib pattern; Metal
Decking serving as permanent formwork and tensile reinforcement for slab bonded to it by a deformed or dovetail
rib pattern (D.K. Ching p. 93) [A] Cellular Decking [B] From Decking [C] Composite Decking [D] Metal Decking
Is manufacture by welding a corrugated sheet to a steel sheet, forming a series of spaces or raceways for
electrical and communication wirings (D.K. Ching p. 93) [A] Composite Decking [B] Form Decking [C] Cellular
Decking [D] Metal Decking
A polyurethane product made by combining a polyisocyanete and a polyester resin. [A] Rigid Slab Insulation [B]
Blanket Insulation [C] Formed in place Insulation [D] Sprayed on Insulation
English Term for Pierno [A] Nail [B] Bolt [C] Anchor [D] Hook
English term for Plantsa [A] Frameworks [B] Scaffolding [C] Staking [D] Levelling
The space between an arch and the beam over the same; or an any exterior non bearing wall in skeleton
construction built between columns or piers and wholly supported at each story. [A] Sprandel Wall [B] Panel Wall
[C] Retaining Wall [D] Foundation Wall
These are double reinforced beams used for long spans. [A] cantilevered beams [B] Hollow Box Girders [C]
Corbels [D] Beam with Compression Reinforcement
These are piles usually moulded in a yard or at the site allowed to cure for 4 week before using. [A] Pre Cast
Piles [B] Cast In Place Piles [C] Cased Piles [D] Steel Pipe Piles
______________ are the continuous spread footings of foundation walls. (D.K. Ching p. 101) [A] Isolated Footing
[B] Stripped Footing [C] Mat Footing [D] Pile
Vernacular term for Stake [A] Istaka [B] Plantilya [C] Plancha [D] Kornisa
This type of footing maybe used in place of a combined footing under the same condition. Footings of the interior
and the exterior columns are connected by a tie beam. D.K. Ching p. 101) [A] Cantilevered Footing [B] Combined
Footing [C] Isolated Footing [D] Continous Footing
_______________ is the glazing compound formed on the exterior side of a glass plane. (D.K. Ching p. 113) [A]
Plaster [B] Mortar [C] grout [D] Face Putty
vernacular Term for Plastered Course [A] Palitada [B] Kusturada [C] Labaha [D] Buhos
Vernacular term for Stucco or Plaster [A] Palitada [B] Kusturada [C] Labaha [D] Buhos
What type of concrete when air-dried weights 1900 kg per cubic meter? [A] Reiforced Concrete [B] Air Entrained
Concrete [C] Concrete [D] Lightweight Concrete
has one or both sides acid-etched or sand blasted. Either process weakens the glass and makes it difficult to
clean. [A] Tempered Glass [B] Obscured Glass [C] Insulated Glass [D] Laminated GlASS

It is a timber that most widely used for wharf and bridge construction, ships, posts, foundation sills, railroad tiles
and other construction where strength and durability is required. [A] dao [B] Guijo [C] Narra [D] Bansalagin
Vernacular term for Pickwork on masonry [A] Piketa [B] Monyeka [C] Sepo [D] Alulod
Vernacular term for Varnish Finish. [A] Piketa [B] Monyeka [C] Sepo [D] Alulod
These aluminum finishes are based on the specific ability of aluminum to develop a protective coating of oxide on
its surface. [A] Electroplating [B] Chemical Finishes [C] Mechanical Finishes [D] Electrolytic Finishes

True or False, the required reinforcement of a 4” hallow block is 10 mm diameter (3/8”) vertical bars at 600 mm on
centers and 3/8” Ǿ horizontal bars every third course. [A] False [B] True
Standard concrete mix for beams, girders, slabs, stairs and columns is: [A] Class AA [B] Class A [C] Class B [D]
Class C
English term for Biyento [A] Spacing/Gap [B] Punsol [C] Larga Masa [D] Baldosa
Vernacular Term for [A] Diagonal Brace [B] Pie De Gallo [C] liyabe [D] Buhos
Vernacular term for Nail Setter [A] Spacing/Gap [B] Punsol [C] Larga Masa [D] Baldosa
Vernacular Term for Concrete Slab (Rough) [A] Spacing/Gap [B] Punsol [C] Larga Masa [D] Baldosa
Vernacular term for cement tiles [A] Spacing/Gap [B] Punsol [C] Larga Masa [D] Baldosa
Composed of stable silicates, and is inert and thus durable for use as a lightweight aggregate or for insulation. [A]
Hydite [B] Pumice [C] Perlite [D] Vermicilite
A Portland cement concrete to which chemical foam is added to generate gases in the process of deposition,
resulting in lightweight pre-cast or shop-made unit in both hallow and solid forms [A] Porete [B] Hydite [C]
Aerocrete [D] Gunite
Vernacular Term for cabinet hinge [A] Bisagra [B] Poleya [C] Espolon [D] Batidura
Vernacular term for wiring Knob [A] Bisagra [B] Poleya [C] Espolon [D] Batidura
English Term for Ladrilyo [A] Liyabe [B] Cabinet Hinge [C] Wiring Knob [D] Cement Brick
Vernacular term for door fillet [A] Bisagra [B] Poleya [C] Espolon [D] Batidura
Materials used to reduce or stop the penetration of moisture through the concrete. Reduces permeability. [A]
Accelerators [B] Retarders [C] Plasticizers [D] Damproofers
An admixture which is used to speed up the initial set of concrete. Such a material maybe added to the mix to
increase the rate of early-strength development for several reasons [A] Accelerators [B] Retarders [C] Plasticizers
[D] Damproofers
A traditional building material, it is easily worked, has durability and beauty. It has great ability to absorb shocks
from sudden load. [A] Stone [B] Brick [C] Steel [D] Wood
A mixture consisting of vehicles or binders, with or without coloring pigments, adjusted and diluted with correct
amounts and types of additives and thinners, which when applied on a surface, forms as adherent continuous film
which provides protection, decoration, sanitation, identification and other functional properties [A] Varnish [B]
Paint [C] Thinner [D] Water Color
Vernacular term for Groove [A] Alulod [B] Tubo De Banada [C] Kanal [D] Masilya
Which of the following is not a nonferrous metal? [A] tin [B] Lead [c] Aluminum [D] Steel
A hard, brittle inorganic substance, ordinarily transparent or translucent; produced by melting a mixture of silica, a
flux and stabilizer. (D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Brick [B] Metal [C] Glass [D] Wood
Vernacular term for wood grain [A] Hamba [B] Haspe [C] Lastilyas [D] Ladrilyo
vernacular term for pattern or schedule [A] Plantilya [B] Lastilyas [C] Ladrilyo [D] Masilya
The ability of a material to fix itself and cling to an entirely different material. [A] Resilience [B] Cohesiveness [C]
Adhesiveness [D] Elasticity
The ability of particles of a material to cling tightly to one another. [A] Resilience [B] Cohesiveness [C]
Adhesiveness [D] Elasticity
English term for Bisagra [A] Espolon [B] Hinge [C] Moulding [D] Bolt
A vent installed so as to permit additional circulation of air between the drainage and vent system where the
drainage system might otherwise be air bound. [A] Relief Vent [B] Ventilation [C] Dry vent [D] air vent
Written or printed description of work to be done describing the qualities of materials and mode of construction.
[A] Bid Bullentin [B] Punchlist [C] Specification [D] Material Specifications
Vernacular term for panelled door [A] De Bandeha [B] tubo De banada [C] Masilya [D] Pinto
Additional information contract documents [A] Bid Bullentin [B] Punchlist [C] Specification [D] Material
Specifications
Space in a building without a basement, an unfinished accessible space below the first floor which is usually less
than a full story height. [A] Slab on Fill [B] Crawling space [C] Substructure [D] Superstructure
A class of rock composed silica grains. Colors include gray, buff, light brown and red [A] Sandstone [B] Marble [C]
Granite [D] Limestone
A vent that does not serve as drain and is located where if is not exposed to back up waste from drainage pipe [A]
Air Vent [B] Relief Vent [C] Ventilation [D] Dry Vent
Vernacular term for earthfill [A] Buhos [B] Pundasyon [C] Eskumbro [D] Planch
Basic ingredient in clay [A] Wood [B] Plastic [C] Clay [D] metal
English term for lastilyas [A] Masonry Fill [B] Pickwork [C] Cement Brick [D] CHB Alignment
Vernacular term for Soldier [A] Sepo [B] Poleya [C] Estanyo [D] Hinang
Vernacular term for soldering lead [A] Estanyo [B] Poleya [C] Sepo [D] Sibe
It is a type of oil-type wood preservatives that has high protection against decay fungi and termites; can be
painted; has no unpleasant odor; is less easily ignite than coal-tar creosotes. [A] Creosotes Solutions [B]
Chromate Zinc Chloride [C] Coal tar Creosotes [D] Pentachlorophenol
These are timber connectors that are made in sizes of 1-1/2, 4 and 6 in. in diameter. They are used for heavy
construction. [A] Split Rings [B] Toothrings [C] Shear Plates [D] Claw Plates

A column designed to support concentrated load; a member, usually in the form of a thickened section, which
forms an integral vertical part of a wall. [A] pedestal [B] Suspended Column [C] Pier [D] Planted Column

This is a modification of the compression halved splice. It has an extra notch to keep it from slipping and is
usually used in the combination with scabs or fishplates [A] Square Splice [B] Fished Splice [C] Scarfed Splice [D]
Halved Splice
Refers to the continuous vertical section of a wall that is one masonry unit in thickness. [A] Wythe [B] Plaster [C]
Grout [D] Reinforcement
The shape most commonly associated with historic clay roofing tiles is probably that of convex or rounded tiles
often grouped together generically. [A] Pantile [B] Plain Tile [C] Flat Tile [D] Double Lapped Tiles
It’s a favorite wood for flooring and window sills; furniture’s and cabinet work; used for bridges and wharves and
other permanent structure. [A] Yakal [B] Kalamansanai [C] Narig [D] Guijo
A commercially pure iron of fibrous nature, valued for its corrosion resistance and ductility is a [A] Pig Iron [B]
Cast Iron [C] Wrought Iron [D] Crude Iron
these are made from compressed sugar cane or wood fibers with perforations on the surface of the tile: [A]
Cellulose Fiber Tile [B] Ceiling Board [C] Mineral Wood Tile [C] Parquet Tile
it is characterized by streaking on the surface, fading color, the final exposure of the original surface and
accumulation of pigment particles below the painted area [A] Washing [b] Stain [C] Blistering [D] Checking
is characterized by swelling of he entire film which is usually followed by a break in the film and subsequent
peeling [A] Stain [B] washing [C] Checking [D] Blistering
is made synthetically, and is closely related to rayon or nylon fabrics. It requires a special thinner sold by each
manufacturer for his own brand. [A] Lacquer [B] Wood Fillers [C] Shellac [D] varnish
It is consist of a topping with a mixture of 1 part cement, 1 part sand and 1 part finely crushed stone [A] Steel
Trowel Finish [B] Granolithic Finish [C] Terazzo finish [D] Sand Blast Finish
A 100% acrylic water-based latex paint with very good opacity and durability. It’s a non-toxic, non-flammable paint
with non-mercurial fungicide additive to prvent mold and mildew growth. (Boysen Product Manual) [A] Boysen
Permacoat Flat Latex [B] Boysen Permacoat Gloss Latex [C] Boysen Decore [D] Boysen Permatex
A horizontal member which ties together two opposite common rafters, usually at a point about halfway up the
rafters. [A] Collar Beam [B] Web [C] Chord [D] Purlin
A roof truss having two vertical posts between the rafters and the tie beam [A] King Post [B] Pratt truss [C] King
Post truss [D] queen post truss
Is any rafter that is shorter than the full length of the roof slope, as one meeting a hip or a valley: [A] Hip Rafter [B]
Valley Jack [C] Jack Rafter [D] Valley rafter
A short or square bar driven into holes bored in timber, for attaching adjacent sticks to each other or to piles [A]
Drive band [b] Bolt [C] Driftbolt [D] NONA
Standard size overlap for corrugated G.I. roofing is [A] 1 1/2 [B] 2 1/2 [C] 3 [D] 3 1/2
When the soil beneath the building is not exceptionally well drained and it is necessary to exclude dampness, the
best material to be used which is installed beneath the concrete slab is [A] NONA [B] Aluminum Foil [C] Graved
Course [D] Bituminous Felt
The english term for rodapis [A] Anchor Bolt [B] Wrought Iron Strap [C] Baseboard [D] Scaffolding
A joint formed by overlapping the edges of metal sheet or plated and joining them by riveting, soldering or brazing
is a [A] Miter Joint [B] Lap Seam [C] Lap Joint [D] Butt Joint
A short flat piece of lumber which is bolted, nailed, or screwed to two butting pieces I order to splice them
together [A] Scab [B] Fishplate [C] Scarf [D] NONA
Narrow battens or wood strips attached to the joints of T&G sheathing. Wood strips are lumber less than 4” wide.
[A] batten siding [B] T & G Siding [C] Corrugate Siding [D] Batten and Board
A steel band which encircles the head of a timber pile to prevent it from splitting when being driven [A] Pile Ring
[B] Drift Pin [C] drift Bolt [D] Band Ring
A polyurethane product made by combining a polyisocyanete and a polyester resin. [A] Formed in Place
Insulation [B] Sprayed On Insulation [C] Blanket Insulation [D] Rigid Slab Insulation
It is a process where girders are used in cases where part or all of the weight of the wall has to be carried, as
when the old footing is removed and the wall carried down to a new footing at a greater depth [A] Loose Pin [B]
Underpinning [C] Sheating [D] Furring
The act of water seeping through a porous material, such as soil [A] Percolate [B] Sedimentation [C] Densification
[D] Resilience
shallow depressions formed by the intersection of two ground slopes, designed to direct or divert the runoff of
surface water [A] Swales [B] Area Drain [C] Ponds [D] Absorption Trench
Heavy timber planked joined together horizontally to retain the face of the excavation. [A] Lagging [B] rakers [C]
Wales [D] Tiebacks
secured to rock or soil anchors are resorted to when crossbracing or rakers would interfere with the excavation
procedure [A] Lagging [B] wales [C] Rakers [D] Tie backs
Continuous horizontal beams which tie the sheet piles in place [A] batter Board [B] Wales [C] Sheating [D]
Underpinning
A wood or metal piece used to fasten together the ends of two members with nails or bolts [A] Lap Seam [B] Fish
Splice [C] Fishplate [D] Lap Joint
are diagonals which support the wales and soldier piles bearing on heel blocks or footing [A] Rakers [B] Lagging
[D] Tie backs [D] wales
Class of Concrete Mix: Concrete which is used in water / Underwater / retaining walls [A] Class AA [B] Class A [C]
Class B [D] Class C
Layers of waterproofing materials used in this method range from ordinary tar paper lay with coal-tar pitch to
asbestos or asphalted felt laid in asphalt. [A] Membrane Waterproofing [B] Impermeable waterproofing [C]
Waterproofing Coatings [D] Permeable Waterproofing
These are bricks ordinarily made from mixture of flint clay and plastic clay [A] Terracota [B] Firebrick [C] Common
Brick [D] None of the above
These are corner stones at the angle of the building, usually rusticated so as to project from the normal surface of
the wall. [A] Soldier [B] Marine [C] Police [D] Tanod
Class of Concrete Mix: Concrete which is used for Mass concrete works [A] Class D [B] Class C [C] Class B [C]
Class A
Hard, durable, and dimensionally stable, these similar plastics are resistant to chemicals, electric potential, and
heat [A] Alkyds [B] Phenolics [C] Urethanes [D] Melamine and Urea
It is a type of hard board light brown in color and has a fairly hard, smooth surface on one side and a screened
impression on the other [A] Panel hard Board [B] Standard Hardboard [C] chip Hardboard [D] Tempered
Hardboard
___________________ is dissolved in water for pressure treating, producing a product that is clean and
odorless. It is bond with plywood after pressure treating I a chemical process known as fixation [A] Coal tar
Creosetes [B] Chromated Zinc Chloride [C] Pentachlorophenol [D] Ammonical Copper Arsenate
Class of Concrete Mix: Concrete which is used for walls thicker than 100 mm. / footings [A] Class D [B] Class C
[C] Class B [C] Class A
When all free water is removed but all absorbed water remains is called__________. [A] Evaporation Point [B]
Fiber Saturation Point [C] Saturation Point [D] Point of seasoning
________________ in which the heat and added metal make the weld [A] Acid Weld [B] Metallic Weld [C] Fusion
Weld [D] Standard Weld
Class of Concrete Mix: Concrete which is used for standard slabs / beams / columns / arches / stairs / walls [A]
Class D [B] Class C [C] Class B [C] Class A
. it leaves residue which are non-conductive and therefore need not to remove. Rosin is the principal flux of this
type. [A] Neutral Fluxes [B] Corrosive Fluxes [C] Non Corrosive Fluxes [D] NONA
Class of Concrete Mix: Concrete which is used for Plant Boxes / Non Critical Structures [A] Class D [B] Class C
[C] Class B [C] Class A
Used to fasten materials to plaster, gypsum board and other thin wall materials. They have two hinged wings that
close against a spring when passing through a predrilled hole and open as they immerge to engage the inner
surface; An anchor bolt having two hinged wings that close agaists a spring when passing through a predrilled
hole and open as they emerge to engage the inner surface of a hollow wall (D.K. Ching p. 84) [A] Toggle Bolts [B]
Expansion Bolts [C] Machine Bolt [D] Expansion Shield
A threaded bolt having a straight shank and a conventional head such as a square, hexagonal, button, or
countersunk type; A bolt having a flat bearing surface and a square or hexagonal head for turning witha wrench
(D.K. Ching p. 84) [A] Toggle Bolts [B] Expansion Bolts [C] Machine Bolt [D] Expansion Shield
An anchoring device having an expandable socket that swells as a bolt is tightened into it; used in masonry walls
for attaching timbers; An Anchor bolt having a split casing that expands mechanically to engage the sides of a
hole drilled in masonry or concrete (D.K. Ching p. 84) [A] Toggle Bolts [B] Expansion Bolts [C] Machine Bolt [D]
Expansion Shield
The hardware on a door to accommodate the knob and lockset keyhole (D.K. Ching p. 116) [A] Escutcheon [B]
Embellisher [C] Door Lock Up [D] Push Plate
A pretreatment of poured concrete such as walls beams and columns where a thin layer of lean cement grout
mixed with flexible base additives is splattered by tampico brush or masonry spoon to the surface to give a “tooth”
for excellent plaster adhesion [A] Scratch Coat [B] Cement roughing [C] Splash Coat [D] Concrete Roughing by
Chiseling
A common and cheap masonry finish wherein dry consistency mortar mix is sprayed by mechanical or pneumatic
means. The sprayed cement is left to dry and give a rustic finish. Optional paint coat maybe required [A] Spraytex
[B] Anay finish [C] Stucco Finish [D] Sand Blast
It is butt hinge where it is necessary to throe doors clear of carcass frame with the whole or with the hinge
knuckle protruding.
it has wide plates for table leaves and rabbeted full flaps. [A] Ball tip hinged [B] Strap Hinge [C] Stopped Hinge [D]
Back Flap Hinge

__________________ are used on the inactive leaf of a pair of doors to lock the door in place; A bolt set flush
with the face or edge of the door (D.K. Ching p. 116). [A] Flush Bolt [B] Barrel Bolt [C] Chain Bolt [D] Foot Bolt
A type of shutter proof opaque glass used to construct a door with glass to allow natural light only [A] Bevel Glass
[B] Etched Glass [C] Smoked glass [D] Figured Wired Glass
Xyladecor is a product of: [A] Dutch boy [B] Davies [C] Boysen [D] AOTA
A small fishing nail is called. (D.K. Ching p. 82) [A] Brad [B] Spike [C] Concrete Nail [D] Finishing Nail

The arrangement and design of window in a building. [A] Aesthetics [B] Fenestration [C] Canopy [D] Glazing
Hammer is a [A] Striking Tool [B] Smashing Tool [C] AOTA [D] NONA
In a building frame, a structural element that is shorter than usual, as a stud above a door opening or below a
window sill is called ________. [A] Harizontal Stud [B] Vertical Stud [C] Cripple Stud [D] Diagonal Stud
A carpentry joint by two uneven timbers, each of which is notched at the place where they cross __________. [A]
Cold Joint [B] conduction joint [C] Cogged joint [D] Expansion Joint
a massive concrete wall that resists overturning by virtue of its own weight. [A] Bearing wall [B] Gravity wall [C]
Shearing Wall [D] Load Bearing Wall
The technical term for earthquake. [A] Shake [B] Seismic [C] Vibration [D] Disaster
The english term for balangkas [A] Scaffolding [B] Finish Schedule [C] Framework [D] Alignment
Any of various hard, inert mineral and materials,as sand and gravel, added to a cement paste to make concrete
or mortar (D.K. Ching p. 43) [A] Cement Paste [B] Cement [C] Aggregates [D] Admixtures
Vertical Frame of a paneled door [A] Studs [B] Stile [C] Jamb [D] Door Leaf
The Filipino term for wainscoating tiles. [A] Bainera [B] Asolehos [C] Lastilyas [D] Ladrilyo
The Filipino term for bathtub [A] Bainera [B] Asolehos [C] Lastilyas [D] Ladrilyo
A tradename for plastic materials [A] Formica [B] Cosmoplast [C] Interplast [D] Orocan
The tradename for flouroplastic which is transparent to opaque in character and is used primarily for electrical
fixture and pipe sealing [A] Tepal [B] teflon [C] PVC [D] uPVC
A Portland Cement Specification [A] ASTM 514A [B] ASTM 30 [C] ASTM C 150 [D] NONA
A step usually lowest in a flight, having one or both ends rounded to a semi-circle and projecting beyond the face
of the stair string/s [A] Riser [B] Run [C] Bull Nose Step [D] NONA
In masonry, a hard stone or brick used to reinforce an external corner of a wall [A] Adobe [B] Quioin [C] Brick [D]
Stone

A type of half lapped joint used to resist tension. [A] Fish Joint [B] End Joint [C] Scarf Joint [D] Finger Joint
Lateral ties used for 36mm main bars for column is [A] 10 mm. [B] 12 mm. [C] 14 mm. [D] 16 mm.
A brick laid on its edge so that its end is visible [A] Fire Brick [B] Rowlock [C] Soldier [D] Common Brick
A short flat piece of lumber which is bolted, nailed or screwed to butting pieces in order to splice them together [A]
Scab [B] Slag [C] Spike [D] None
Diagonal bracing in pairs between adjacent floor joist to prevent the joist from twisting [A] Perpendicular Bridging
[B] Cross Bridging [C] Eccentric Bracing [D] Concentric Bracing
A bar used to hold the reinforcement on a beam [A] Web [B] flange [C] Stud [d] Post
A roof wherein the four sides are sloping towards the center terminating at a point [A] Hip Roof [B] Helm Roof [C]
Mansard Roof [D] Pyramid roof
A metal sheet used to connect girder and floor joist at the same level [A] Tie [B] Stirrup [C] Hook [D] None
A slender structural unit introduced onto the ground to transmit load to underground strata [A] End Bearing Pile
[B] Batter pile [C] Pile [D] Driven Pile
Brick Set on end with the narrow side showing is called __________. [A] Soldier [B] Stack Bond [C] Stretching
Bond [D] Heading Course
Finely divided solid particles added to the vehicle to contribute color and durability to the paint [A] Binder [B]
Pigment [C] Vehicle [D] Solvent
End lapping of corrugated G.I. roofing sheets [A] 45 cm. [B] 20 cm. [C] 60 cm. [D] 30 cm.
Inclined structural member that supports the steps of a stair [A] Handrail [B] Run [C] Riser [D] Carriage
Structural steel shape having unsymmetrical balance [A] Busway [B] Channel [C] Conductor [D] raceway
Hooked end of a 12mm. Stirrups [A] 6 cm. [B] 8 cm. [C] 10 cm. [D] 12 cm.
A device used as a guide of the hand saw in cutting object to form a miter joint [A] Tool Box [B] Miter Box [C]
Junction Box [D] Union Box
The best and accurate tool for guiding the work in establishing a horizontal level [A] Spirit Level [B] Plumb Bob [C]
Plastic Hose with Level [D] Ruler
The minimum thickness of suspended R.C. Slab [a] 5 mm. [b] 10 mm. [c] 15 mm. [D] 20 mm.
Another term for plaster board. [A] Gypsum board [B] Hardboard [C] Cardboard [D] acoustic board
A bended rod to resist shear and diagonal stresses in a concrete [A] tendons [B] Stirrup [C] tie [D] Hooks

A nailer strip incorporated in rough concrete wall to be plastered to act as guide and support for finish trim around
opening and near the base of the wall [A] Lath and Plaster [B] Plaster Ground [C] Grout [D] Mortar
Fascia between floor and wall [A] Senepa [B] Baseboard [C] Gutter [D] Louver
The curing of concrete or mortar without the gain or loss of heat during the curing period [A] Fastcrete Curing [B]
Thermal Curing [C] Adiabatic Curing [D] None

A floor tile composed principally of polyvinyl chloride [A] Ceramic Tile [B] Vinyl Tile [C] Marble Tile [D] Granite Tile
The permanent deformation of a materials under a sustained load [A] Creep [B] Fatigue [C] Metal Fatigue [D]
Metal Creep
A groove extended along the edge or face of the wood member being cut parallel to grain [A] Rough [B] Plough
[C] Grooved [D] None
A brick whose face has been hacked to resemble roughly hacked stone [A] Firebrick [B] Ashlar Brick [C] Thermal
Brick [D] Common Brick
A type of tape used in finishing joints between gypsum board [A] Fire Brick [B] Flemish Bond [C] Common Bond
[D] Perforated Brick
A Joint Employed to reduce restraint by accomodating movement of masonry walls [A] Construction Joint [B]
Control Joint [C] Contraction Joint [D] Expansion Joint
A window sash which opens inward and is hinged at the bottom [A] Awning window [B] Casement window [C]
Hopper Window [D] Double Hung Window
Inlaid wood flooring usually set in simple geometric pattern [A] T & G [B] Wood Parquet [C] Wodd Sidings [D]
None
Common hardware fastener for truss braces [A] SER Screw [B] Lag Screw [C] Sheet and Metal Screw [D] None
of the above
Sealer type of washer for G.I. roofing sheets [A] Vulcaseal [B] Lead [C] Elastoseal [C] none of the above

Trade name for anti-termite surface application on wood [A] Solignum [B] Malabanan [C] Vulcaseal [D] Xyladecor
Coated with zinc [A] Ionized [B] Galvanized [C] Chromatic [D] Stainless

Horizontal surfaces on which the stone units lie on course [A] Soil [B] Bed [C] Bedrock [D] None of the above
A horizontal timber which serves as a base for the stud in a stud partition [A] Collar Plate [B] Soleplate [C] Gusset
Plate [D] None of the above
Stakes and Batter board in a construction layouting procedure refers to: [a] building components where
permanent harizontal and vertical measurement are indicated [b] initial formworks done in construction [c] vertical
and harizontal wood sticks and lumber used to determine the elevation and distances of the reference points of
proposed building [d] a cliche for layouting work
What is the height of a curtain wall for down feed water tank at the deck roof with 22712.47 liters capacity and
diameter of 3 meters, freeboard of 0.30 meters, shall be as high as the water tank: [a] 3.510m [b] 3.550m [c]
3.625m [d] 3.573m
IF the water content of the soil is high, it is better to make the footing [a] deeper [b] thicker [c] wider [d] it does not
matter
total board feet of 10 pcs of 2"x2"x12" [a] 40 pcs [b] 50 pcs [c] 60 pcs [d] 80 pcs
Hardiflex Board is commercially available in what size? [a] 24" x 48" [b] 36" x 72" [c] 48" x 96" [d] None of the
above
Street line elevation is +11.00m, the reference point is 2.00m above street line, the natural grade line is 3.00
below the reference point. Column footing depth is 2.00m from the natural grade line. What is the elevation of the
foundation bed? [a] -8m [b] 06m [c] -7m [d] -5m
What is the typical procedure of mixing concrete manually? [A] mix proportion of sand and cement, then put
gravel on top, water it, then mix [B] Mix cement, sand and gravel, then put water and mix [C] mix proportion of
sand and gravel, then put cement on top, water it, then mix [D] None
Space Provided on a water tank above water level [A] free Board [b] overflow [C] Air Space [D] air gap
The reinforcement bar used in a 3 storey building is 16mm and 8 meter long, how much is the weight in KG if the
total numbers of reinforcement bars are 30 pcs? [A] 12.82 Kg [B] 12.66 Kg [C] 12.63 Kg [D] 12.70 Kg

Fine Aggregates and sand are those who passes through what specific number of sieve? [a] 4 [b] 5 [c] 6 [d] 7

If the beam is in elastic state, what will be the reaction of the beam? [a] after applying force, the beam deformed
but it did not return to it's original state [b] after applying force, the beam deformed and continuous to deform, and
in some portion decrease its section [C] after applying force, it deformed but, return to its original state [D] None
What paint finished is not used for ceilings? [a] Textured Finish [B] Roller Finish [C] Ducco Finish [D] None
What is the commercial width of longspan G.I. Commercially? [A] 70cm [b] 80cm [C] 90cm [D] 100cm
How many chb can be placed in 1 sqaure meter of wall? [A] 12 pcs [B] 12.5 pcs [C] 14 pcs [D] 14.5 pcs

Concrete class Mixture that is used for columns and beams [A] Class B [B] Class A [C] Class AA [D] Class C
among the choices, it is a binder for concrete: [A] Cement [B] Water [C] Orange [D] Lime
What is used to join PVC pipes? [A] Thread [B] Solvent [C] Welding [D] Fusion

Gutter and Roof Accessories are: [A] thicker than roof [B] Thinner than Roof [C] Eqaul In Thickness [D] None
What do you call the underlying structure forming the foundation of the building or other structures? [A] Base [B]
Substructure [C] Superstructure [D] None
overreinforced concrete is: more dangerous than underreinforced concrete [B] less dangerous than
underreinforced concrete [C] Equal [D] Does not matter
What component of steel dictates its Ductility? [A] Phosporus [B] Sulfur [C] Carbon [D] Calcium
What type of window is NOT recommended to be used in an area where the opening pf the window is in a
hallway? [A] casement Window [B] Louver [C] Picture Window [D] Sliding Window
what do you call an opening in a wall or parapet that allows water to drain from the roof? Gorgoyles [B]
downspout [C] Scupper [D] Gutter
what is the most common appropriate flooring material for use in a gym or factory? [A] vinyl tiles [B] Carpet [C]
asphalt [D] Linoleum

A metal link or sleeve internally threaded at each end, used for coupling and tightening two parts, as the threaded
ends of two rods or strays (D.K. Ching p. 84) [A] Clevis [B] Turnbuckle [C] Molly [D] Expansion Shield
which of the following is not a steel finish? [A] Mirror Finish [B] hairline Finish [C] Satin Finish [D] Reflective Finish
[E] None of the above
It is used to economically obtain elevations over short/adjacent distance [A] Level [B] Transit [C] Leveling Hose
with Water [D] Laser Meter
What happens to the newly placed concrete in the beams, slabs or columns if it is not properly vibrated? [A]
Honeycomb [B] Slow to harden [C] Concrete Will fail [D] The concrete will not achieve its desired strength
the concrete is already mixed but there's an anticipated heavy rain, what is the best thing to do? Put tarpaulin on
concrete after pouring [B] Add admixtures to decrease the time of hardening [C] Reschedule the pouring of
concrete [D] Continue pouring of concrete and wait for it to harden
system to be used in filling beams and slabs of concrete together at second floor of the building [A] Transit Mix [B]
1 Bagger [C] 2 bagger [D] Transit Mix Via Duct
System that will use in a 4 cubic meter concrete mix [A] 1 bagger [B] 2 Bagger [C] Transit Mix [D] Hand Mix
In a passenger ferry terminal whatsystem will an architect use if he wants to minimize the use of columns
considering the cost? [A] Pre Stressed Beam [B] Space Frame [C] Wood Construction [D] Pre Cast
at what distance do the "buhos" stop prior to the work of "Biga"? [A] 12" below the biga [B] 6" below the biga [C]
24" below the biga [D] 6" above the biga
Which has the minimum 5 years of warranty? [A] Roofdeck waterproofing [B] T & B Waterproofing [C] Floor
Laminate [D] Glass Window
Wood banned as an architectural material [B] Philippine Hardwood [B] Imported Teak [C] Philippine bamboo [D]
Vietnamese Bamboo
What is the most important component to determine the strength of concrete [A] Cement Mixture [B] Water /
Cement ratio [C] Amount of cement [D] Amount of water
What is the most common type of roofing material used for flat roofs? [A] G.I. Corrugated [B] Monomer [C]
Concrete Slab [D] None of the above
When the soil beneath the building is not exceptionally well drained and it is necessary to exclude dampness, the
best materialto be used which is installed beneath the concrete slab is: Gravel Course [b] Bituminous felt [C]
Aluminum Foil [D] None of the Above

which type of window allows half opening of window opening? [A] Casement [B] Sliding [C] Casement [D] Awning
Given a 1.60m x 1.60m x 400mm footing, find the volume of concrete [A] 1.024cum [B] 1024cum [C] 102.4cum
[D] 10.24cum
It is also called as the Hospital Window [A] Awning [B] Casement [C] Sliding [D] Hopper

For a 20cum of concrete, using class "A" mixture and a 40 kg bag of cement, we need [A] 180 bags of cement, 10
cum of sand and 20 cum of gravel [B] 200 bags of cement, 10 cum of sand, 20 cum of gravel [C] 180 bags of
cement, 10 cum of sand and 10 cum of gravel [D] 200 bags of cement, 10 cum of sand and 10 cum of gravel
A mat providing a footing on a yielding soil usually for an entire building, placed so that the weight of the
displaced soil exceeds the weight of the construction (D.K. Ching p. 101) [A] Cellular Mat [B] Raft [C] Mat [D]
Ribbed Mat
What do you call the 3 coatings for plastering? I. Lath II. Weather barrier III. Finish Coat IV. Brown Coat V. Scratch
Coat [A] I, II, III [B] V, IV, III [C] I, III, V [D] All of the Above
What is the purpose of providing deformation for the deformed bars? [A] Grip for carrying the deformed bars by
hand [B] Grip for concrete [C] Grip for Ties [D] Grip for Rebars
Which is not a classification of yard lumber? [A] Board [B] Dimension Lumber [C] Timber [D] Flitch
If your house is near the seashore, which roofing is not recommended to use? [A] Asphalt Roof [B] Pre Painted GI
Roofing [C] GI Roofing [D] Roof/Clay Tiles
Before construction begins, what kind of consent must be secure from the local authorities concerned? [A]
Demolition Permit [B] Building Permit [C] Excavation Permit [D] Temporary Connection Permit

A metamorphic rock made up mostly of calcite or dodlomite [A] Limestone [B] Sandstone [C] Marble [D] Granite
Refers to the vertical structure used to support a building made up of stone concrete, steel or combinations of
above materials [A] Post [B] Column [c] Storey [D] Pile
It is an artificial stone made out from the mixture of concrete, sand and gravel [A] Aggregate [B] Admixture [C]
Concrete [D] Mortar
It is a kind of glass that is used for vehicles [A] tempered Glass [B] Laminated Glass [C] Wired Glass [D] Float
Glass [E] A and B [F] A and C [G] A and D
this water repellent material which turn water aside and force it to return to the earth caused by penetration of
moisture from the outside or consideration of water vapor generated on the inside [A] waterproofing [B] damp--
Proproofing [C] Rust Proofing [D] Thermal Proofing
It is the tagalog Term for Astragal [A] Batidura [B] Vaciada [C] Escumbro [D] Sibe
The required KG force for an exit door to open [A] 4kgs [B] 5kgs [C] 6kgs [D] 7kgs
Which of the following is not considered to be a door hardware? (D.K. Ching p. 118) [A] Level Handle [B]
Weatherstrip [C] Ball Bearing Butt Hinge [D] Latchset
For laying ceramic tiles, which type of tool is appropriate to use to provide mortar a striated texture? [A] Masonry
Trowel [B] Plasterer's Trowel [C] Notch Trowel [D] Gauging Trowel
Which of the following spaces is considered to be costly and not practical for pre cast construction? [A] kitchen [B]
balcony [C] Toilet [D] Garage
Which is not considered a fixture? [A] Bidet [B] water Closet [C] Lavatory Mixer [D] Shower Tray
A type of glass used for Fire Exit [A] Laminated [B] Obscured [C] Wired [D] Tempered
A type of glass that is translucent in the morning but like a mirror at night when viewed inside the building (D.K.
Ching p. 112) [A] Float Glass [B] reflective Glass [C] Clear Glass [D] Smoke Glass
When applying paint on a surface, what should be done to avoid the chalking? [A] Apply New Paint [B] Do Not
Paint when humid [C] But a new roller [D] Apply surface on thinner
Why does enamel is not appropriate in application for metals? [A] It will not bond [B] It will not Dry [C] It takes long
time for drying [D] It will immediately Dry
What area is NOT recommended to use capillary membrane waterproofing? [A] Cistern [B] Escalator and
Elevator Pit [C] 2nd floor balcony [D] Storage Tank
What has to be done before commencing site excavation on site? [A] Verify Correct lot and grid lines [B] Verify
relocation Points [C] Set up Stakes and batter Boards [D] Verify Alignment of Lot
Referring to answer in number 2506, what should this describe? [A] Verifying Correct Lot and Grid Lines [B] Verify
Monuments are in correct location [C] Verify alignment of lot [D] Alignment of Grid
Referring to answer in number 2507, who is responsible for this process? [A] Architect [B] Contractor [C] Geodetic
Engineer [D] Project Manager
After grading of site, you need to raise the existing grade to meet the required ;eve; pf the structure. What kind of
materials can be used to satisfy the requirment? [A] Rocks [B] Cement [C] Asphalt [D] Fill Materials
referring to answer number 2509, What consist of this materials? [A] Soil, Crushed Stone, and Sand [B] Escombo
[C] Crushed Aggregates [D] Silts and Fine Sand
In steel construction, what suitable design can be used in a warehouse? [A] Spaced Frame [B] Rigid Frame [C]
Simple Truss [D] Bracing System
If the excavation is beyond 3 meters with an adjacent structure, what should you use? [A] Wooden Pile [B] Sheet
Pile [C] Plyboard [D] Bored Pile
What Flooring material is suited for a Gym Fitness Center? [A] 3mm vinyl Tiles [B] Tanguile T & G [C] Laminated
Wood Planks with Rubber Pad [D] Granite
What material can be used in connecting G.I. Roofing sheet to a steel purlin? [A] Roof Nail [B] Machine bolt with
nut [C] Self tapping Screw [D] Expansion Bolt
Why does acrylic latex considered to be as the most flexible paint? [A] Can be mixed with any kind of thinner [B]
Can be applied on wood, concrete and steel [C] can be used in interior and exterior and Odorloess [D] can be
mixed with lacquer thinner
In tropical countries, what suitable type of window can be used to allow maximum air flow? [A] Sliding [B]
casement [C] Awning [D] Louvered
What is the proper method of installing a steel window frame? [A] Finish with window opening first before
installing the frame [b] Install the frame first before finishing the window opening [C] Either way is good, depends
on the installer [D] It does not matter
If you want a low maintenance stainless finish, what could possibly be the best finish you can use? [A] Satin
Finish [B] Mirror Finish [C] Brushed Finish [D] Hairline Finish
What Suitable glass material in a curtain wall can be used to reduce heat during daytime wherein you can ssee
the people inside during at night? [A] Tempered Glass [B] Clear Glass [C] Laminated Safety Glass [D] Reflected
Glass
What is the fastest way to install wooden cladding to masonry wall plastered evenly? [A] Nail the wooded directly
on it [B] nail Properly treated wooden studs to masonry wall then cover with cladding [C] Fix Steel furring to
masonry wall then cover with cladding [D] Chip the walls then replaster before placing the wooden cladding

What is the most effective and practical sun shade can be used as a solar shading device if the building is in the
southern orientation? [A] Vertical Louvers [B] Hung Louvers [C] Harizontal Louvers [D] Harizontal Overhangs
A hard brittle usually transparent or translucent substance, produced by fusing silica together with a flux and a
stabilizer onto a mass that cools into a rigid mass without crystallization [A] Glass [B] Plastic [C] PVC [D]
Laminated Sheet
A wood panel product made by bonding veneers together under heat and pressure, usually at right angles to
each other [A] Plywood [B] Particle Board [C] Gypsum Board [D] cement Board
A non veneered wood panel productmade by bonding small wood particles under heat and pressure [A] Plywood
[B] Particle Board [C] Gypsum Board [D] cement Board
The term applied to wood after is sawed or sliced into boards, planks, slabs, etc. used for commercial purposes
[A] Plank [B] Lumber [C] Kiln Dried Wood [D] Hardwood
What kind of window that can receive most air? [A] Louver [B] casement [C] Sliding [D] Bay
for structure near seashore, which is the best suitable type of roofing to use? [A] Asphalt roofing [B] G.I. Roofing
[C] Concrete [D] Fiber Cement Board
A property owner wants to renovate his resort at the beachfront. He wants the construction to be fast. What is the
most appropriate type of cladding for this kind? [A] Regular CHB [B] Aluminum Cladding [C] Steel Cladding [D]
Precast
What is division 16 in line with the 16 part specifications? [A] Specialties [B] Special Construction [C] Mechanical
[D] Electrical
What is Division 8 in Line with the 16 part specifications? [A] Masonry [B] Metals [C] Woods and Plastics [D]
Doors and Windows
What is Division 3 in line with the 16 part specifications? [A] General Conditions [B] Sitework [C] Concrete [D]
Masonry
What is Division 6 in line with the 16 part specifications? [A] Metals [B] Wood and Plastic [C] Thermal and
Moisture protection [D] Finishes
What is Division 10 in line with the 16 part specifications? [A] Specialties [B] Furnishes [C] Conveyor Systems [D]
Special Constructions
A masonry of clay, formed into a rectangular prism while plastic and hardened by drying In the sun or firing in a
kiln (D.K. Ching p. 18) [A] Concrete [B] Stones [C] Bricks [D] Bonds
it is a white powdery deposit that forms on an exposed masonry or concrete surface, caused by the leeching and
crystallization of soluble salts from within the material (D.K. Ching p. 18) [A] Chalking [B] Efflourescence [C]
Cracking [D] Bubbling
A furnace or oven for burning, baking or drying something, especially one for fining pottery, baking bricks and
drying timber (D.K. Ching p.18) [A] Cull [B] Flashing [C] Kiln [D] Sun Drying

A brick or timber rejected as being of inferior quality (D.K. Ching p.18) [A] Cull [B] Flashing [C] Kiln [D] Sun Drying
A brick made of fire clay and used for lining furnaces and fireplaces (D.K. Ching p.18) [A] Common Brick [B]
Soldier Brick [C] Firebrick [D] Facing Brick

Also called as a building brick (D.K. Ching p.18) [A] Common Brick [B] Soldier Brick [C] Firebrick [D] Facing Brick
A brick or other masonry unit laid harizontally in a wall with the longer edge exposed or parallel to the surface
(D.K. Ching p.19) [A] Stretcher [B] Soldier [C] Bull Stretcher [D] Rowlock
A Brick harizontally laid on the longer edge with the broad face exposed. (D.K. Ching p.19) [A] Stretcher [B]
Soldier [C] Bull Stretcher [D] Rowlock
A brick laid vertically with the longer face edge exposed. (D.K. Ching p.19) [A] Stretcher [B] Soldier [C] Bull
Stretcher [D] Rowlock
A brickwork or masonry bond composed of overlapping stretchers, also called as a stretcher bond (D.K. Ching p.
20) [A] Common Bond [B] English bond [C] Running Bond [D] Flemish Bond
A brickwork bond having alternate courses of headers and stretchers in which the headers are centered on
stretchers and the joitns between stretchers line up vertically on all courses (D.K. Ching p. 20) [A] Common Bond
[B] English bond [C] Running Bond [D] Flemish Bond

A brickwork bond having a course of headers between every five or six courses of stretchers. Also called as
american bond (D.K. Ching p. 20) [A] Common Bond [B] English bond [C] Running Bond [D] Flemish Bond
it is a continuous courses of soldiers in a brick work (D.K. Ching p. 20) [A] Stack Bond [B] Soldier Course [C]
Flemish Cross bond [D] Flemish diagonal bond
A brickwork or masonry bond having successive courses of stretchers with all head joints aligned vertically (D.K.
Ching p. 20) [A] Stack Bond [B] Soldier Course [C] Flemish Cross bond [D] Flemish diagonal bond
It is also called as a Dutch Bond (D.K. Ching p. 20) [A] Stack Bond [B] Soldier Course [C] Flemish Cross bond [D]
Englis Cross bond
A three quarter brick for finishing a course or for spacing regular bricks, a type of closure (D.K. Ching p. 20) [A]
Flare header [B] Queen Closer [C] King Closer [D] Closer
A brick having a darker and exposed as a header patterned brickwork (D.K. Ching p. 20) [A] Stack Bond [B]
Soldier Course [C] Flare Header [D] Stretching course
A continuous course of stretchers in brickwork (D.K. Ching p.20) [A] Soldier Course [B] Stretching Course [C]
Heading Course [D] Bond Course
It is the vertical extension of a building or other construction abbove the foundation (D.K. Ching p. 21) [A]
Substructure [B] Foundation [C] Shell [D] Superstructure
The exterior framework or walls and roof of a building (D.K. Ching p. 21) [A] Substructure [B] Foundation [C]
Shell [D] Superstructure
The underlying structure forming the foundation of a building or other construction (D.K. Ching p. 21) [A]
Substructure [B] Foundation [C] Shell [D] Superstructure
A building of exceptional height and many stories supported by a steel or concrete framework from which the
walls are suspended (D.K. Ching p. 22) [A] High Rise [B] Edifice [C] Skyscrapper [D] Mid Rise
A building esoecially one of large size, massive structure or imposing apperance (D.K. Ching p. 22) [A] High Rise
[B] Edifice [C] Skyscrapper [D] Mid Rise
Describing a building having a comparatively large number of stories equipped with elevators (D.K. Ching p. 22)
[A] High Rise [B] Edifice [C] Skyscrapper [D] Mid Rise
A building having several floors with large areas of unobstructed space, originally rented out for light industrial
purposes and now frequently converted to residential occupancy (D.K. Ching p. 22) [A] Loft building [B] Low Rise
[C] Loft [D] Story
An area in a building having a clearance less than human height, but accessible by crawling. Such a space below
the first floor that is enclosed by foundation walls (D.K. Ching p. 23) [A] Cellar [B] Attic [C] Crawling Space [D]
Cyclone Cellar

A continuous supporting surface extending harizontally throughout the building having a number of rooms and
constituting one level in the structure (D.K. Ching p. 23) [A] Mezzanine [B] Ground Floor [C] First Floor [D] Floor
The front of the building or any of its sides facing a public way or space, especially one distinguished by its
architectural treatment (D.K. Ching p. 24) [A] Pavillion [B] Façade [C] Frontispiece [D] Fenestration
An elevated platform projecting from a wall of a building and enclosed by a railing or parapet (D.K. Ching p. 24)
[A] Bay [B] Blindstory [C] Balcony [D] False Front
A major harizontal division of a wall having no exterior windows (D.K. Ching p. 24) [A] Story [B] bay [C] Blind [D]
Blindstory
The design, proportioning and disposition of windows or other exterior openings of a building (D.K. Ching p. 24)
[A] Pavillion [B] Façade [C] Frontispiece [D] Fenestration
A porch having a roof supported by columns, often leading to the entrance of a building (D.K. Ching p. 25) [A]
Portico [B] Colonnade [C] Forecourt [D] Postern
A courtyard before the entrance to a building or a group of buildings (D.K. Ching p. 25) [A] Portico [B] Colonnade
[C] Forecourt [D] Postern
A principal façade, or a part or feature of a façade, often treated as a separate element of the design and
highlighted by ornamentation (D.K. Ching p. 24) [A] Pavillion [B] Façade [C] Frontispiece [D] Fenestration
A large open porch, usually roofed and partly enclosed, as by a railing. Often extending across the front and sides
of a house (D.K. Ching p. 25) [A] Stoop [B] Veranda [C] Lanai [D] Terrace
An open, often paved area connected to a house or building and serving as an outdoor area (D.K. Ching p. 25)
[A] Stoop [B] Veranda [C] Lanai [D] Terrace
A private or side entrance, as one for pedestrians next to porte-cochere (D.K. Ching p. 25) [A] Portico [B]
Colonnade [C] Forecourt [D] Postern
A large principal courtyard of an itallian palazzo (D.K. Ching p. 26) [A] Cortile [B] Pilotti [C] Atrium [D] Court
Any series of columns supporting a building above an open ground level (D.K. Ching p. 26) [A] Cortile [B] Pilotti
[C] Atrium [D] Court
An area open to the sky and mostly of entirely sorrounded by walls or buildings (D.K. Ching p. 26) [A] Cortile [B]
Pilotti [C] Atrium [D] Court
An open, skylit court around which a house or building is built (D.K. Ching p. 26) [A] Cortile [B] Pilotti [C] Atrium
[D] Court
A vertical or inclined compression member in a suspension or cable-strayed structure supporting the sum of the
vertical force components In the primary guy cables (D.K. Ching p. 27) [A] Mast [B] Suspension Structure [B]
Suspension Bridge [D] Primary Cable
The overhead interior surface or lining of a room, often concealing the underside of the floor and roof above (D.K.
Ching p. 30) [A] Floor [B] Ceiling [C] Attic [D] Basement
A ceiling, a soffit, or vault adorned with a pattern of recessed panels (D.K. Ching p. 30) [A] Coffer [B] Lacunar [C]
Plafond [D] Cove

A flat or vaulted ceiling of decorative character (D.K. Ching p. 30) [A] Coffer [B] Lacunar [C] Plafond [D] Cove
One of a number of recessed, usually square or octagonal panels in a celing, soffit or vault. (D.K. Ching p. 30) [A]
Coffer [B] Lacunar [C] Plafond [D] Cove
A ceiling having the form of a trucnated pyramid (D.K. Ching p. 30) [A] Cove ceiling [B] Beam Ceiling [C] Camp
ceiing [D] Plafond
The position of a building on a site in relation to true North, to points on the compass, to a specific place or
feature, or local conditions of sunlight, wind and drainage (D.K. Ching p. 27) [A] Sun Path Diagram [B] Orientation
[C] Site Allocation [D] Space Planning

A structure of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of beams and crossing rafters or trelliswork, over
which clmbing plants are trained to grow (D.K. Ching p. 27) [A} Gazebo [B[ Pergola [C] Trellis [D] Lattice
A frame supporting open latticework, used as a screen or a support for growing vines or plants (D.K. Ching p. 27)
[A} Gazebo [B[ Pergola [C] Trellis [D] Lattice
A public Square or open space in a city or town (D.K. Ching p. 27) [A] Quadrangle [B] Piazza [C] Plaza [D]
Promenade
An open square or public place in a city or town especially in Italy (D.K. Ching p. 27) [A] Quadrangle [B] Piazza
[C] Plaza [D] Promenade
Also called as a quad (D.K. Ching p. 27) [A] Quadrangle [B] Piazza [C] Plaza [D] Promenade
An area used for a stroll or walk, especially in a public space, as for pleasure or display (D.K. Ching p. 27) [A]
Quadrangle [B] Piazza [C] Plaza [D] Promenade
A freestanding roofed structure, usually open on the sides, affording shade and rest in a garden or park (D.K.
Ching p. 27) [A] Pavillion [B] Folly [C] Gazebo [D] Belvedre
A flexible structural member, as wire rope or metal chain having tensile strength but offering no resistance to
compression or bending (D.K. Ching p. 28) [A] Sag [B] Cable [C] Rope [D] Cartenary
the vertical distance from the supports to the lower point of a cable structure (D.K. Ching p. 28) [A] Sag [B] Cable
[C] Rope [D] Cartenary
A secondary ceiling formed to provide space for piping or ductwork, or so alter proportions of a room (D.K. Ching
p. 31) [A] Louvered Ceiling [B] Luminous Ceiling [C] Drop Ceiling [D] Plenum
The space between a suspended ceiling and the floor structure above, especially one that serves as a receiving
chamber for air conditioned air to be distributed to inhabited spaces of for return air to be conveyed back to a
central plant for processing (D.K. Ching p. 31) [A] Plenum [B] Suspended Ceiling [C] Drop ceiling [D] Accoustical
ceiling
Tile made in various sizes and textures from a soft, sound absorbing material such as cork, mineral fiber or glass
fiber (D.K. Ching p. 31) [A] Accoustical Tile [B] Accoustical Ceiling [C[ Plenum [D] Metal Pan

Any of various hard, brittle, non corrosive and nonconductive matrials formed by the ionic bonding of a non metal,
as brick, concrete and natural stone (D.K. Ching p. 32) [A] Marble [B] Ceramic [C] Brick [D] Porcelain
A hard, vitreious, translucent ceramic material consisting essentially of kaolin, feldspar, and quartz, fired at a very
high temperature (D.K. Ching p. 32) [A] Marble [B] Ceramic [C] Brick [D] Porcelain
A vitreous, usually opaque, decorative or pretective coating applied by fusion to the surface of metal, glass or
pottery (D.K. Ching p. 32) [A] Enamel [B] Ceramic [C] Porcelain [D] China
Any of various fired clay tiles used for surfacing walls, floors and countertops (D.K. Ching . 33) [A] Paver Tile [B]
Quarry Tile [C] Glazed Wall Tile [D] Ceramic Mosaic Tile [E] Ceramic Tile
Unglazed ceramic floor tile having a natural clay body. Also called as a promenade tile (D.K. Ching . 33) [A] Paver
Tile [B] Quarry Tile [C] Glazed Wall Tile [D] Ceramic Mosaic Tile [E] Ceramic Tile

Unglazed ceramic tile similar in composition to ceramic mosaic tile but thicker and larger in surface area (D.K.
Ching . 33) [A] Paver Tile [B] Quarry Tile [C] Glazed Wall Tile [D] Ceramic Mosaic Tile [E] Ceramic Tile
Ceramic tile having a non vitreous body and a bright, matte, or crystalline glaze. Used for surfacing interior walls
and light duty floors (D.K. Ching . 33) [A] Paver Tile [B] Quarry Tile [C] Glazed Wall Tile [D] Ceramic Mosaic Tile
[E] Ceramic Tile

Small ceramic tile having a porcelain or natural clay body, glazed for surfacing walls or unglazed for use on both
floors and walls and usually face or back mounted on sheets to facilitate handling and speed installation (D.K.
Ching . 33) [A] Paver Tile [B] Quarry Tile [C] Glazed Wall Tile [D] Ceramic Mosaic Tile [E] Ceramic Tile
A hollow tile of fired clay having parallel cells or cores, used in building walls and partitions (D.K. Ching p/ 34) [A]
Hollow Tile [B] Structural Facing Tile [C] Structural Clay Tile [D] Brick Tile
any of various cellular building units of fired clay, concrete or gypsum, used for building walls, floors and roofs, or
for fireproofing steelwork (D.K. Ching p/ 34) [A] Hollow Tile [B] Structural Facing Tile [C] Structural Clay Tile [D]
Brick Tile
Structural clay tile having a glazed surface, used for facing walls and partitions especially in areas subject to
heavy wear, moisture problems and strict sanitation requirements (D.K. Ching p/ 34) [A] Hollow Tile [B] Structural
Facing Tile [C] Structural Clay Tile [D] Brick Tile
Sun dried brick made of clay and straw, commonly used in cuntries with little rainfall (D.K. Ching p. 34) [A]
Concrete [B] Terra Cotta [C] Adobe [D] Rammed Earth
A hardm fired claym raddish brown in color when unglazed, used for architectural facings and ornaments, tile
units and pottery (D.K. Ching p. 34) [A] Concrete [B] Terra Cotta [C] Adobe [D] Rammed Earth

hard burnedm glazed or unglazed terra cotta, hand madded or machine extruded to order as a ceramic veneer for
walls or ornamentation (D.K. Ching p. 34) [A] Architectural Terra Cotta [B] Rammed Earth [C] Adobe [D] Bricks
Load bearing structural clay tile suitable for masonry wall exposed to weathering or frostt action (D.K. Ching p.
34) [A] LB [B] LBX [C] FTS [D] FTS
Structural facing tile suitable for exposed exterior and interior masonry walls and partitiones where moderate
absorption, slight variation in face dimensions, minor defects in surface finish and medium color range are
acceptable (D.K. Ching p. 34) [A] LB [B] LBX [C] FTS [D] FTS
Smooth structural facing tile suitable for exposed exterior and interior masonry walls and partitions where low
absorption and stain resistance are required, and where a high degree of mechanical perfection, minimum
variation in face dimensions and narrow color range are desired (D.K. Ching p. 34) [A] LB [B] LBX [C] FTS [D]
FTS
Load bearing structural clay tile suitable for masonry walls not exposed to frost action or in exposed masonry
where protected by a facing of 3 inches (76.2mm) or more of stone, brick, terra cotta or other masonry (D.K.
Ching p/ 34) [A] LB [B] LBX [C] FTS [D] FTS
Concrete deposited, formed, cured, and finished in its final position as part of a structure. Also called as cast-in-
situ concrete (D.K. Ching p. 46) [A] Precast concrete [B] Cast In Place Concrete [C] Reinforced Concrete [D] Pre
Stressed Concrete
An electric, pneumatic oscillating tool for agitating and consolidating newly placed concrete (D.K. Ching p. 46) [A]
Vibrator [B] Gunite [C] Consolidator [D] Spade
The period of first contact between mixing water and cmenet to completion of discharge of the freshly mixed
concrete from a truck mixer (D.K. Ching p. 46) [A] Time History Analysis [B] Time of Haul [C] Mixing time [D] None
of the Above
A machine having a revolving drum, often motor driven, for mixing cement, aggregate and water to produce
concrete (D.K. Ching p. 46) [A] Agitator Truck [B] Truck Mixer [C] Concrete Mixer [D] Buggy
A cross piece separating a doorway from a window or fanlight above it (D.K. Ching p. 63) [A] Overdoor [B]
Transom [C] Transom Window [D] Sconcheon
An ornamental painting, carving or section of woodwork directly above a doorway (D.K. Ching p. 63) [A] Overdoor
[B] Transom [C] Transom Window [D] Sconcheon
A window above the transom of a doorway, also called transom, transom light (D.K. Ching p. 63) [A] Overdoor [B]
Transom [C] Transom Window [D] Sconcheon
A door that operates or moves by sliding on a track, usually parallel to a wall (D.K. Ching p. 62) [A] Sliding door
[B] Pocket Door [C] Bifold Door [D] Dutch Door
A large door consisting of horizontal interlocking metal slats guided by a track on either side, opening by coiling
about an overhead drum at the head of the door opening (D.K. Ching p. 62) [A] Sliding door [B] Pivoted Door [C]
Rolling Door [D] Folding Door
A semi circular or semi elliptical windows over a doorway or another window (D.K. Ching p. 63) [A] Fanlight [B]
Sidelight [C] Transom Window [D] Oriel Window
A window at the side of the door or another window, also called as winglight (D.K. Ching p. 63) [A] Fanlight [B]
Sidelight [C] Transom Window [D] Oriel Window
The frame of a doorway consisting of two jambs, head or a lintel (D.K. Ching p. 63) [A] Doorway [B] Door Jamb
[C] Doorframe [D] Door Casing
Parts of a doorframe: it is either the two side pieces of a doorframe (D.K. Ching p. 63) [A] Head [B] Jamb [C] Stop
[D] Sill
Parts of a doorframe: it is the harizontal member beneath a door or window opening (D.K. Ching p. 63) [A] Head
[B] Jamb [C] Stop [D] Sill
Parts of Doorframe: it is the uppermost member of a doorframe or window frame (D.K. Ching p. 63) [A] Head [B]
Jamb [C] Stop [D] Sill
Parts of a Doorframe: it is the part of a doorframe againsts which a door closes, also called as a doorstop (D.K.
Ching p. 63) [A] Head [B] Jamb [C] Stop [D] Sill
An opening in a wall into which a doorframe or window frame is fitted (D.K. Ching p. 63) [A] Rough Opening [B]
Cased Opening [C] Doorframe [D] Door Jamb
A door that turns on hinges or pivots about a vertical edge when pushed or pulled (D.K. Ching p. 62) [A] Sliding
door [B] Pocket Door [C] Pivoted Door [D] Swinging Door
A door carried on and swinging about on a center or offset pivot, as distinguished from one hung on hinges (D.K.
Ching p. 62) [A] Sliding door [B] Swinging Door [C] Pivoted Door [D] Rolling Door
A door with hinged sections that can be folded flat againsts one another when opened (D.K. Ching p. 62) [A]
Folding Door [B] Rolling Door [C] Sliding Door [D] Accordion door
A mechanism that automatically opens a door when actuated by radio transmitter, electric eye or other devices
(D.K. Ching p. 62) [A] Door Closer [B] Door Opener [C] Automatic Door [D] Balanced Door
A doorless opening finished with trimwork (D.K. Ching p. 63) [A] Rough Opening [B] Cased Opening [C]
Doorframe [D] Door Jamb
A raised piece of flooring between the jambs of a doorway, to which a door fits closely so as to prevent its binding
when opened (D.K. Ching p. 63) [A] Threshold [B] Saddle [C] Sill [D] Soleplate
The entrance door for excluding drafts from the interior of a building, consisting of four leaves set in form of a
cross and rotating about a central vertical pivot within a cylindrical shaped vestibule (D.K. Ching p. 62) [A] Sliding
door [B] Pocket Door [C] Bifold Door [D] Revolving Door
A door hung on hinges that permit it to swing in either direction from a closed position (D.K. Ching p. 62) [A]
Single Acting door [B] Double Acting Door [C] Double Doors [D] None of the above
A doorway having a form similar of a Palladian Window (D.K. Ching p. 63) [A] Venetian Door [B] French door [C]
Dutch Door [D] Accordion Door
For doorstops: a kind of doorstop formed integrally by a rabbet in a doorframe or window frame (D.K. Ching p. 63)
[A] Planted Stop [B] Rabbet Stop [C] Blank Jamb [D] Dado Stop
A pair of doors hung in the same doorframe (D.K. Ching p. 62) [A] Single Acting door [B] Double Acting Door [C]
Double Doors [D] None of the above
A door having a framework of stiles, rails and muntins filled with panels of a tinner material (D.K. Ching p. 64) [A]
Flush Door [B] Panelled Door [C] Kalamein Door [D] Hollow Metal Door
A door having a structural wood core clad with galvanized sheet metal (D.K. Ching p. 65) [A] Flush Door [B]
Panelled Door [C] Kalamein Door [D] Hollow Metal Door
A door having face sheets of light gauge steel bonded to a steel channel frame, reinforced with channels, a kraft
honeycomb structure or rigid plastic foam core (D.K. Ching p. 65) [A] Flush Door [B] Panelled Door [C] Kalamein
Door [D] Hollow Metal Door
A door having smooth surfaced faces (D.K. Ching p. 65) [A] Flush Door [B] Panelled Door [C] Kalamein Door [D]
Hollow Metal Door
A door having a sound deadening core, gasketed stops along the top and sides an automatic drop seal along the
bottom, also called as a sound insulating door (D.K. Ching p. 65) [A] Solid Core Door [B] Hollow Core Door [C]
Acoustical Door [D] Screen Door
A wood flush door having a solid core of staved lumber, particle board or a mineral composition (D.K. Ching p. 65)
[A] Solid Core Door [B] Hollow Core Door [C] Acoustical Door [D] Screen Door
An exterior door having wood or aluminum stiles and rails that hold a wire or plastic mesh to admit air but exclude
insects (D.K. Ching p. 64) [A] Solid Core Door [B] Hollow Core Door [C] Acoustical Door [D] Screen Door
A molding attached to one or both meeting stiles of a pair of double doors to prevent drafts or the passage of
light, noise or smoke (D.K. Ching p. 62) [A] Mullion [B] Astragal [C] Leaf [D] Transom

A hinge or sliding section of a door or shutter (D.K. Ching p. 62) [A] Mullion [B] Astragal [C] Leaf [D] Transom
A slender vertical member dividing the opening for a pair of double doors, sometimes removable to permit the
passage of large objects (D.K. Ching p. 62) [A] Mullion [B] Astragal [C] Leaf [D] Transom
A wood flush door having a framework of stiles and rails encasing an expanded honeycomb core of corrugated
fiberboard or a grid of interlocking horizontal and vertical wood strips (D.K. Ching p. 65) [A] Solid Core Door [B]
Hollow Core Door [C] Acoustical Door [D] Screen Door
A door hinged to be flush with the wall on either side and treated so as to be indescernible when closed, also
called as gib door (D.K. Ching p. 64) [A] Batten Door [B] Jib Door [C] Louverred Door [D] Storm Door
An outer or supplementary door, usually glazed for protecting an entrance door from drafts, driving rain or severe
weather (D.K. Ching p. 64) [A] Batten Door [B] Jib Door [C] Louverred Door [D] Storm Door
A door hung in a doorframe before installation in a wall, sometimes prefinished and prefitted with all necessary
hardware and casing trim (D.K. Ching p. 65) [A] Prehung Door [B] Glass Door [C] Combination Door [D] French
Door

A door having rectangular glass panes extending throughout its length, and often hung in paris. Also called as a
casement door (D.K. Ching p. 64) [A] Prehung Door [B] Glass Door [C] Combination Door [D] French Door
A door having a louvered opening for the passage or circulation of air. It is also called as a blind door (D.K. Ching
p. 64) [A] Batten Door [B] Jib Door [C] Louverred Door [D] Storm Door
A door of heat strength or tempered glass, with or without rails or stiles, used primarily as an entrance door (D.K.
Ching p. 65) [A] Prehung Door [B] Glass Door [C] Combination Door [D] French Door

An exterior door having a frame into which different types of panels can be inserted, as a screen for summer or
storm sash for winter (D.K. Ching p. 65) [A] Prehung Door [B] Glass Door [C] Combination Door [D] French Door
A door constructted of vertical boards held together by harizontal battens and diagonal bracing (D.K. Ching p. 64)
[A] Batten Door [B] Jib Door [C] Louverred Door [D] Storm Door
An opening fitted with slanting, fixed or movable slats to admit air but exclude rain and snow or provide privacy
(D.K. Ching p. 64) [A] Jalousie [B] Louver [C] Stiles [D] Muntins

In parts of a panel door, it is of any various horizontal members framing panels, as in a system of panelling, a
paneled door, window sash or chest of drawers (D.K. Ching p. 64) [A] Rails [B] Stiles [C] Muntin [D] Frames
A distinct section or division of a wall ceiling, or door, recessed below or raised above the general level or
ecnlosed by a frame (D.K. Ching p. 64) [A] Rails [B] Stiles [C] Muntin [D] Panel
Any of various upright members framing panels, as in a system of paneling, a paneled door, window sash or
chest of drawers (D.K. Ching p. 64) [A] Rails [B] Stiles [C] Muntin [D] Panel

A stile within the frame of a door (D.K. Ching p. 64) [A] Muntin [B] Meeting Stile [C] Hinge Stile [D] Lock Stile
The lowest rail connecting the stiles of a panelled door or a window sash (D.K. Ching p. 64) [A] Lock Rail [B] Top
rail [C] Bottom Rail [D] Meeting Rail
In doors, it is a wooden construction, as in a door, forming a backing for face veneers (D.K. Ching p. 65) [A]
Doorskin [B] Crossbanding [C] Cores [D] Throat
A doorframe having a head and jambs formed from a single piece of metal (D.K. Ching p. 65) [A] Flush Frame [B]
Hollow Metal Frame [C] Grouted Frame [D] Knockdown Frame
A metal doorframe designed to be installed during the construction of a masonry or stud wall (D.K. Ching p. 65)
[A] Flush Frame [B] Hollow Metal Frame [C] Grouted Frame [D] Knockdown Frame
A metal doorframe completely filled with plaster or mortar for structural rigidity ad increased fire resistance (D.K.
Ching p. 65) [A] Flush Frame [B] Hollow Metal Frame [C] Grouted Frame [D] Knockdown Frame
A metal doorframe composed of three or more parts for assembly in the field (D.K. Ching p. 65) [A] Flush Frame
[B] Hollow Metal Frame [C] Grouted Frame [D] Knockdown Frame
A metal doorframe that is completely set up and welded at the factory (D.K. Ching p. 65) [A] Welded Frame [B]
Drywall frame [C] Double Egress Frame [D] Adjustable frame
A knockdown frame having a double return backbend for installation after a drywall pattern is finished (D.K. Ching
p. 65) [A] Welded Frame [B] Drywall frame [C] Double Egress Frame [D] Adjustable frame
A metal doorframe prepared to receive a pair of single acting doors that swing in opposite directions (D.K. Ching
p. 65) [A] Welded Frame [B] Drywall frame [C] Double Egress Frame [D] Adjustable frame
Any of various metal devices for securing the jamb of a doorframe to masonry, steel stud or wood stud (D.K.
Ching p. 65) [A] Anchor [B] Jamb Anchor [C] Base Anchor [D] Spat
Any of various metal devices for binding one part of a structure to another (D.K. Ching p. 65) [A] Anchor [B]
Anchor Jamb [C] Base Anchor [D] Spat
A metal clip or device for securing the base of a doorframe to the door (D.K. Ching p. 65) [A] Anchor [B] Anchor
Jamb [C] Base Anchor [D] Spat
A protective lining usually of stainless steel, at the base of a doorframe (D.K. Ching p. 65) [A] Anchor [B] Anchor
Jamb [C] Base Anchor [D] Spat
A small light in the upper portion of a door glazed with clear glass for viewing (D.K. Ching p. 64) [A] Clerestory [B]
Vision Light [C] Transom Window [D] Dormer Window
A nail having a slender shank, a flat head, and a diamond point (D.K. Ching p. 82) [A] Box Nail [B] Common Nail
[C] Finishing Nail [D] Concrete Nail
A hardened steel nail having a fluted or treaded shank and a diamond point for hammering into concrete or
masonry. Also called as a masonry nail (D.K. Ching p. 82) [A] Box Nail [B] Common Nail [C] Finishing Nail [D]
Concrete Nail

A nail having a slender shank and a small, barrel shaped head that is driven slightly below the surface and
covered with putty or the like (D.K. Ching p. 82) [A] Box Nail [B] Common Nail [C] Finishing Nail [D] Concrete Nail
A nail for fastening floor boards, having a small conical head, a mechanically deformed shank and a blunt
diamond point (D.K. Ching p. 82) [A] Roofing Nail [B] Floor Nail [C] Casing Nail [D] Wire Nail
A nail having a barbed, threaded or cement coated shank and a broad, flat head for fastening shingles or the like
(D.K. Ching p. 82) [A] Roofing Nail [B] Floor Nail [C] Casing Nail [D] Wire Nail

A nail having a small comical head and a shank more slender than a common nail used in finish work in which the
head may remain visible (D.K. Ching p. 82) [A] Roofing Nail [B] Floor Nail [C] Casing Nail [D] Wire Nail
A nail made by cutting and shaping a piece of round or elliptical wire (D.K. Ching p. 82) [A] Roofing Nail [B] Floor
Nail [C] Casing Nail [D] Wire Nail

A straight, slender piece of metal having one end pointed and the other enlarged and flattened for hammer into
wood or other building materials as a fastener (D.K. Ching p. 82) [A] Staple [B] Nail [C] Driftbolt [D] Bolt
A spike having a round shank, driven into predrilled holes to fasten heavy timbers together. Also called as driftpin
(D.K. Ching p. 82) [A] Staple [B] Nail [C] Driftbolt [D] Bolt
A strip of wood or other partly yielding material attached to a hard surface, so that objects may be fastened to the
surface (D.K. Ching p. 82) [A] Nailing Strip [B] Countersink [C] Clinch [D] Blind Nail
To secure a nail or screw in position by hammering down the protruding point (D.K. Ching p. 82) [A] Clinch [B] Set
[C] End Nail [D] Toe Nail
To fasten by nailing perpendicular to the face of the work (D.K. Ching p. 82) [A] End Nail [B] Toe Nail [C] Face Nail
[D] Blind Nail
A U Shaped piece of metal or heavy wire with pointed ends, driven to a surface to secure sheet material or to
hold a hasp, pin or bolt (D.K. Ching p. 82) [A] Nail [B] Bolt [C] Staple [D] Corrugated Fastener
A helically or spiral edge of a screw, nut or bolt (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Pitch [B] Pilot Hole [C] Thread [D]
Countersink
A metal fastener having a tapared, helically threaded shank and a slotted head. Designed to be driven into wood
or like, by turning or using a screwdriver (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Nail [B] Screw [C] Bolt [D] Anchor
A screw head having a single slot, driven by a flat tipped screw driver (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Security head [B]
Philips Head [C] Allen Head [D] Slotted Head
A screw head having two partial slots crossing at right angles, driven by a philips screwdriver (D.K. Ching p. 83)
[A] Security head [B] Philips Head [C] Allen Head [D] Slotted Head
A screw head having an axial hexagonal recess, driven by an allen wrench (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Security head
[B] Philips Head [C] Allen Head [D] Slotted Head
A heavy, coarse threaded screw having a square or hexagonal head driven by a wrench, used in areas
inaccessible to the placement of a nut or where an exceptionally long bolt would be needed to penetrate a joint
full. Also called as coach screw and lag bolt (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Machine Screw [B] Lag Screw [C] Cap Screw
[D] Self Tapping Screw
A coarse threaded screw designed to tap its corresponding female thread as it is driven. Also called as a tapping
screw (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Machine Screw [B] Lag Screw [C] Cap Screw [D] Self Tapping Screw
A metal fastener used with a nut or driven into a tapped hole, having a straight, threaded shank and a slotted or
philips head for turning with a screwdriver (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Machine Screw [B] Lag Screw [C] Cap Screw [D]
Self Tapping Screw

A metal fastener for machine parts, having a straight, threaded shank held by threads tapped in the hole into
which it is screwed (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Machine Screw [B] Lag Screw [C] Cap Screw [D] Self Tapping Screw
A coarse metal theaded screw for fastening sheet metal and other thin metal (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Wood Screw
[B] Sheet Metal Screw [C] Screw Eye [D] Thumbscrew
A screw having a slotted head and a threaded point that permits its form its own mating threads when driven to a
wood with a screwdriver (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Wood Screw [B] Sheet Metal Screw [C] Screw Eye [D]
Thumbscrew
A screw having a ring shaped head (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Wood Screw [B] Sheet Metal Screw [C] Screw Eye [D]
Thumbscrew
A screw having a flattened, knurled head designed to be turned by the thumb and forefinger (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A]
Wood Screw [B] Sheet Metal Screw [C] Screw Eye [D] Thumbscrew
A guiding hole for a nail or screw or for drilling a large size hole (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Pitch [B] Pilot Hole [C]
Countersink [D] Tap
To tear or damage the threads on a bolt or screw by appling to much force (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Tap [B] Strip [C]
Set [D] Pitch
A screw head having a flat upper surface and a conical bearing surface (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Round Head [B]
Truss Head [C] Flat Head [D] Pan Head
A screw head having a shallow, spherical shaped with a conical bearing surface (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Oval Head
[B] Filister Head [C] Bugle Head [D] Pan Head
A screw or bolt head havign a spherical shaped with a conical bearing surface (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Round Head
[B] Truss Head [C] Flat Head [D] Pan Head
A cylindrical screw head havign a slightly domed upper surface and a flat bearing surface (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A]
Oval Head [B] Filister Head [C] Bugle Head [D] Pan Head
A screw or bolt head having a shallow spherical shaped with a flat bearing surface (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Round
Head [B] Truss Head [C] Flat Head [D] Pan Head
A screw head having a flat upper surface and an underside shaped like a bell of a bugle (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A]
Oval Head [B] Filister Head [C] Bugle Head [D] Pan Head
A screw or rivet head having a cylindrical shape with a rounded shoulder (D.K. Ching p. 83) [A] Round Head [B]
Truss Head [C] Flat Head [D] Pan Head
A threaded metal pin rod, usually having a head at one end, designed to be insterted through holes in assembled
parts and secured by a mating nut (D.K. Ching p. 84) [A] Nail [B] Screw [C] Bolt [D] Anchor
A bolt with neck for non ratating mounting; A bolt having a rounded head, a flat bearing surface, and a square
shoulder for preventing rotation, used where the head may be inaccessible during tightening (D.K. Ching p. 84)
[A] Machine Bolt [B] Anchor Bolt [C] Carriage Bolt [D] Knob Bolt
A bolt having a ring shaped head to receive a hook or rope (D.K. Ching p. 84) [A] Eyebolt [B] Stove Bolt [C] U-Bolt
[D] J-Bolt
A bolt or screw head having a square shape designed to be turned by a wrench (D.K. Ching p. 84) [A] Neck [B]
Square Head [C] Hex Head [D] Flat Head
A square or hexagonal metal block perforated with a threaded hole to fit around and secure a bolt or screw (D.K.
Ching p. 84) [A] Lock Nut [B] Nut [C] Wing Nut [D] Washer
A nut specially constructed to provide extra friction between itself and a screw or bolt (D.K. Ching p. 84) [A] Lock
Nut [B] Nut [C] Wing Nut [D] Washer

A perforated disk of metal, rubber or plastic used under the head of a nut or bolt or at a koint to distribute
pressure, prevent leakage or relieve friction (D.K. Ching p. 84) [A] Lock Nut [B] Nut [C] Wing Nut [D] Washer
A nut having two flat projecting pieces that provide a grip for tightening with the thumb and forefinger, also called
thumbnut (D.K. Ching p. 84) [A] Lock Nut [B] Nut [C] Wing Nut [D] Washer
A nut having a hexagonal base and domed top to cover the threaded end of a screw, also called as a acorn nut
(D.K. Ching p. 84) [A] Castellated Nut [B] Cap Nut [C] Lock Washer [D] Load Indicating washer
To increase the diameter of a portion of the length of a drilled hole to receive the head or nut of a bolt of a screw
(D.K. Ching p. 84) [A] Counterbore [B] Turnbuckle [C] Molly [D] Clevis
An anchor bolt having a wedge shaped and around which concrete or lead is poured into it (D.K. Ching p. 84) [A]
Fox Bolt [B] Lewis Bolt [C] Stove Bolt [D] Expansion Bolt
An anchor bolt having a split end to receive a foxtail wedge as it is screwed into a blind hole (D.K. Ching p. 84) [A]
Fox Bolt [B] Lewis Bolt [C] Stove Bolt [D] Expansion Bolt
An of various U-Shaped metal brackets for supporting the end of a beam, joists, purlin or truss at a girder or wall.
(D.K. Ching p. 85) [A] Dowel [B] Hanger [C] Timber Connector [D] Framing Anchor
A cylidrical pin fitting snugly into holes in two adjacent pieces to prevent their slipping or to align them. Also called
dowel pin (D.K. Ching p. 85) [A] Spiked Grid [B] Dowel [C] Beam Seat [D] Post Cap
It is also called as a column cap; A U shaped metal bracket for securing a timber beam to a supporting post (D.K.
Ching p. 85) [A] Post base [B] Beam Seat [C] Post cap [D] Spike Grid
Any of various steet metal connectors for joining light wood framing members, using special nails which are
loaded laterally rather than in withdrawal (D.K. Ching p. 85) [A] Framing Anchor [B] Timber Connector [C] Hanger
[D] Weld
A framing anchor for securing a sill plate to a concrete slab or foundation wall (D.K. Ching p. 85) [A] Hurricane
Anchor [B] Joist Anchor [C] Floor Anchor [D] Sill Anchor

A framing anchor for tying a rafter or truss to a wall plate and securing at againsts lateral and uplifting wind and
seismic forces. (D.K. Ching p. 85) [A] Hurricane Anchor [B] Joist Anchor [C] Floor Anchor [D] Sill Anchor
A metal tie strap for securing the joists of a floor or roof diaphragm to a concrete or masonry wall in order to
transmit lateral wind or seismic forces (D.K. Ching p. 85) [A] Hurricane Anchor [B] Joist Anchor [C] Floor Anchor
[D] Sill Anchor
A metal tie strap for restraining a floor ofa light wood frame structure againsts uplifiting wind or seismic forces
(D.K. Ching p. 85) [A] Hurricane Anchor [B] Joist Anchor [C] Floor Anchor [D] Sill Anchor
A metal device for restraining a wood frame structure againsts uplifting wind or seismic forces. Consisting of a
stiffened steel angle bolted to a wall stud and secured by a threaded rod to the concrete foundation (D.K. Ching p.
85) [A] Timber Connectors [B] Shear Plate [C] Hold Down [D] Molly
A metal ring, plate or grid for transferring shear between the faces of two timber members, used with a single bolt
that serves to restrain and clamp the assembly together (D.K. Ching p. 85) [A] Timber Connectors [B] Shear Plate
[C] Hold Down [D] Molly
A timber connector consisting of a round plate of malleable iron inserted into a corresponding groove, flush with
the face of a timber, and held in place by a single bolt (D.K. Ching p. 85) [A] Timber Connectors [B] Shear Plate
[C] Hold Down [D] Molly
To unite two pieces of metal by applying any of various non ferrous solders, usually a tin lead alloy at a
temperature of 800ºF (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Weld [B] Solder [C] Braze [D] Rivet
Any of various fusible alloys applied in a molten state to the joint between two metal parts to unite them without
heating the parts to the melting point (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Weld [B] Solder [C] Braze [D] Rivet
A metal pin having a head at one end, used for uniting two or more plates by passing the shank through a hole in
each piece and hammering down the plain end to form a second head (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Rivet [B] Drift [C]
Dolly [D] Solder
To unite two pieces of metal by applying any of various non ferrous solders, usually a copper alloy at a
temperature of 800ºF (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Weld [B] Solder [C] Braze [D] Rivet
To unite or fuse two pieces of metal by heating and allowing the metals to flow together, sometimes with pressure
and the addition of an intermediate or filler weld (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Weld [B] Solder [C] Braze [D] Rivet
A sustained luminous discharge of electricity across a gap in a circuit or between two electrodes. Also called as
electric arc (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Arc [B] Flux [C] Drift [D] Rivet

Any of a group of welding processes utilizing the heat produced by the combustion of oxygen and a fuel gas, as
acetyline (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Gas Welding [B] Arc Welding [C] Resistance Welding [D] Flux Cored Arc Welding
A weld made along the beams of two overlapping pieces of metal (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Fillet Weld [B] Lap Weld
[C] Puddle Weld [D] Butt Weld
A weld between two pieces of butted metal together (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Fillet Weld [B] Lap Weld [C] Puddle
Weld [D] Butt Weld
The metal that is added during a welding, brazing or soldering process (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Bead [B] Base
Metal [C] Filler Metal [D] Dolly
It is a continuous deposits of fused metal. Also called as weld bead (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Bead [B] Base Metal [C]
Filler Metal [D] Dolly
The principal metal to be welded, brazed or soldered or cut as distinguished from filler metal (D.K. Ching p. 86)
[A] Bead [B] Base Metal [C] Filler Metal [D] Dolly
A weld made by burning a hole in a piece of metal or sheet metal and filling with a small pool of molten metal
(D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Fillet Weld [B] Lap Weld [C] Puddle Weld [D] Butt Weld
Any of a group of welding processes utilizing the heat of an arc between an electrode and the base metal (D.K.
Ching p. 86) [A] Arc Weliding [B] Gas Welding [C] Resistance Welding [D] None of the above
A weld made in a preformed indentation between two abutting pieces of metal. (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Butt Weld
[B] Fillet Weld [C] Groove Weld [D] Lap Weld
Any of a group of welding processes utilizing the heat generated by resistance to the passge of a electric current
(D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Arc Weliding [B] Gas Welding [C] Resistance Welding [D] None of the above
A wire or rod of filler metal used in gas welding and brazing processes in which the electrode does not furnish the
filler metal (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Flux [B] Welding Rod [C] Rivet [D] Root
A substance, as rosin, applied to remove oxides from prevent further oxidation of metal surfaces to be joined by
welding, brazing, or soldering (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Flux [B] Bead [C] Drift [D] Arc
A groove weld in which the edge of one abutting member is beveled from one side. (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Double
Bevel Weld [B] Single Bevel Weld [C] Single Vee Weld [D] Double Vee Weld
A groove weld in which the edge of each abutting member is beveled from both sides (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A]
Double Bevel Weld [B] Single Bevel Weld [C] Single Vee Weld [D] Double Vee Weld

A butt weld having a depth equal to the thickness of the smaller of the two members being joined (D.K. Ching p.
86) [A] Partial Penetration Weld [B] Full Penetration Weld [C] Double Bevel Weld [D] Single Vee Weld
A pneumatic hammer used with a rivet set to form the second head of a rivet (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Rivet Set [B]
Explosive Rivet [C] Pneumatic Riveter [D] Aligning Punch
A drift for bringing holes in line to receive a rivet or bolt (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Rivet Set [B] Explosive Rivet [C]
Pneumatic Riveter [D] Aligning Punch
A tool for shaping the second head of a rivet (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Rivet Set [B] Explosive Rivet [C] Pneumatic
Riveter [D] Aligning Punch
A round, tapering piece of metal for enlarging or aligning holes to receive rivets or bolts. Also called as drift pin
(D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Rivet Set [B] Explosive Rivet [C] Drift [D] Aligning Punch
A rivet for joint accessible from one side only having an explosive filled shank that is detonated by striking the
head with a hammer to expand the shank on the far side of the hole (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Rivet Set [B] Explosive
Rivet [C] Pneumatic Riveter [D] Aligning Punch
A methrod of arc welding in which the weld area is shielded by a blanket of fusible, granular metal that melts to
form a layer of protective slag. The filler metal may be supplied by a consumable electrode or by a separate
welding rod (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Submerged Arc Weld [B] Shield Metal Arc Weld [C] Inert Gas Shielding Arc
Weld [D] Flux Cored Arc Weld
A method of arc welding using tubular steel electrode containing a core of vaporizing flux that forms a gaseous
shield around the weld areas (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Submerged Arc Weld [B] Shield Metal Arc Weld [C] Inert Gas
Shielding Arc Weld [D] Flux Cored Arc Weld
A method of arc welding using a consumable metal electrode that releases an inert gas tp form a shield around
the arc (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Submerged Arc Weld [B] Shield Metal Arc Weld [C] Inert Gas Shielding Arc Weld [D]
Flux Cored Arc Weld
A method of arc welding in which the weld area is shielded by a continuous flow of inert gas from an external
source. (D.K. Ching p. 86) [A] Submerged Arc Weld [B] Shield Metal Arc Weld [C] Inert Gas Shielding Arc Weld
[D] Flux Cored Arc Weld
A vertical, incombustible structure containing a flue through which the smoke and gases of a fire or furnace are
carried off to the outside and by means of which a draft is created (D.K. Ching p. 87) [A] Flue [B] Chimney [C]
Damper [D] Draft

The chamber containing the fire of a fireplace (D.K. Ching p. 87) [A] Firebox [B] Hearth [C] Inglenook [D] Hood
A metal cover or canopy for a stove, fireplace, chimney or ventilator (D.K .Ching p. 87) [A] Hood [B] Ashpit [C]
Mantel [D] Cowl
A device consisting of wire netting or the like, used to stop or deflect sparks or embers thrown from an open
fireplace of chimney (D.K. Ching p. 87) [A] Bonnet [B] Fire Screen [C] Mantel Free [D] Spark Arrester
A stone or wooden lintel over a fireplace opening, a masonry arch used in place of such a lintel (D.K. Ching p. 87)
[A] Bonnet [B] Fire Screen [C] Mantel Free [D] Spark Arrester
A screen placed in front of a fireplace to prevent sparks or embers from entering the room (D.K. Ching p. 87) [A]
Bonnet [B] Fire Screen [C] Mantel Free [D] Spark Arrester
A downward current of air in a chimney or flue, often carrying smoke with it (D.K. Ching p. 87) [A] Downdraft [B]
Smoke Dome [C] Smokestack [D] Smoke Chamber
An Incumbustible passage or duct for smoke in a chimney (D.K. Ching p. 87) [A] Flue [B] Chimney [C] Damper [D]
Draft
A Corner or nook near a large, open fireplace usually provided with a seating. Also called as chimney corner (D.K.
Ching p. 87) [A] Firebox [B] Hearth [C] Inglenook [D] Hood
A construction framing the opening of a fireplace and usually covering part of the chimney breast in a decorative
manner. Also called as mantelpiece (D.K .Ching p. 87) [A] Hood [B] Ashpit [C] Mantel [D] Cowl
The smoke chamber covering of a prefabricated metal fireplace unit (D.K. Ching p. 87) [A] Downdraft [B] Smoke
Dome [C] Smokestack [D] Smoke Chamber
A pipe for the escape of the smoke or gases of combustion (D.K. Ching p. 87) [A] Downdraft [B] Smoke Dome [C]
Smokestack [D] Smoke Chamber
An enlarged area between the throat of a fireplace and the flue of a chimney (D.K. Ching p. 87) [A] Downdraft [B]
Smoke Dome [C] Smokestack [D] Smoke Chamber
A current of air in any enclosed space, as in a room, chimney or stove. Caused by the difference in temperature
or pressure; A device for regulating the current of air in a stove or fireplace (D.K. Ching p. 87) [A] Flue [B]
Chimney [C] Damper [D] Draft
A movable plate for regulating the draft in a fireplace, stove or furnace (D.K. Ching p. 87) [A] Flue [B] Chimney [C]
Damper [D] Draft
The floor of the fireplace, usually of brick, tile or stone, often extending a short distance to a room (D.K. Ching p.
87) [A] Firebox [B] Hearth [C] Inglenook [D] Hood
A hoodlike covering for increasing the draft of a chimney or ventilator (D.K .Ching p. 87) [A] Hood [B] Ashpit [C]
Mantel [D] Cowl
The receptacle in the bottom of a fireplace or firebox for collection and removal of ashes (D.K .Ching p. 87) [A]
Hood [B] Ashpit [C] Mantel [D] Cowl
A cover for an open fireplace, or a cown, hood or wind cap to increase the draft of a chimney (D.K. Ching p. 87)
[A] Bonnet [B] Fire Screen [C] Mantel Free [D] Spark Arrester
A raised cover for a chimney, usually in the form of slab or concrete (D.K. Ching p. 87) [A] Chimney Pot [B]
Chimney Cap [C] Smoke Shelf [D] Throat
The narrow opening between a fireplace and its flue or smoke chamber, often closed with dampers (D.K. Ching p.
87) [A] Chimney Pot [B] Chimney Cap [C] Smoke Shelf [D] Throat
A ledge at the bottom of a smoke chamber, so made as to deflect or break the downdrafts from the chimney (D.K.
Ching p. 87) [A] Chimney Pot [B] Chimney Cap [C] Smoke Shelf [D] Throat
A cylindrical pipe of earthenware or metal, fitted on top of a chimney to increase draft and disperse smoke (D.K.
Ching p. 87) [A] Chimney Pot [B] Chimney Cap [C] Smoke Shelf [D] Throat
A smooth surface unit of heat-resistant fire clay or lightweight concrete, having a square, rectangular or oval
section used for lining the flue of a chimney (D.K. Ching p. 87) [A] Flue Lining [B] Pargeting [C] Chimney bar [D]
Chimney Cheek
A steel lintel for carrying the masonry above the fireplace opening (D.K. Ching p. 87) [A] Flue Lining [B] Pargeting
[C] Chimney bar [D] Chimney Cheek
The sides of the fireplace opening supporting the mantel (D.K. Ching p. 87) [A] Flue Lining [B] Pargeting [C]
Chimney bar [D] Chimney Cheek
A smooth lining of mortar or plaster for a chimney flue (D.K. Ching p. 87) [A] Flue Lining [B] Pargeting [C]
Chimney bar [D] Chimney Cheek
The level, base surface of a room or hall upon which stands or walks (D.K. Ching p. 92) [A] Ceiling [B] Floor [C]
Wall [D] Roof
The wearing surface of a floor, usually laid over a subfloor (D.K. Ching p. 92) [A] Subfloor [B] Finished Floor [C]
Deck [D] Raised floor
It is a base for a finishing floor, consisting of boards, plywoods, or other structural sheating laid over and fixed to
the floor joists (D.K. Ching p. 92) [A] Subfloor [B] Finished Floor [C] Deck [D] Raised floor
Metal decking serving as permanent formwork for a reinforced concrete slab with the slab can support itself (D.K.
Ching p. 93) [A] Metal Decking [B] Form Decking [C] Cellular Decking [D] Composite Decking
A heavy woven, knitted, needed tufted or felted fabric for covering a floor (D.K. Ching p. 95) [A] Mastic [B] Carpet
[C] Underlayment [D] Linoleum
Material especially a non fabric material as vinyl or ceramic tile, used to cover a floor (D.K. Ching p. 95) [A] Floor
Covering [B] Mastic [C] Underlayment [D] Resilient Flooring
Any of various pasty substances used as a sealant, adhesive or protective coating (D.K. Ching p. 95) [A] Floor
Covering [B] Mastic [C] Underlayment [D] Resilient Flooring
The cotinuous spread footing of a foundation wall (D.K. Ching p. 101) [A] Strip Footing [B] Isolated Footing [C]
Spread Footing [D] Continuous Footing
Something that underlies or serves as a base or foundation, also called as substrate (D.K. Ching p. 101) [A]
Statum [B] Substratum [C] Base Course [D] Ground Slab
A cast in place pile having an enlarged foot to increase its bearing area and strengthen the bearing stratum by
compression, formed by forcing concrete out at the bottom of the casing into the sorrounding soil (D.K. Ching p.
103) [A] Pedestal Pile [B] Cast In Place Concrete Pile [C] Cased Pile [D] Sand Pile
Sheet strengthened for use as floor or roof decking bt cold rolling a series of ribs or flutes into it, and usually
galvanized for corrosion resistance (D.K. Ching p. 93) [A] Form Decking [B] Accoustic Decking [C] Metal Decking
[D] Cellular Decking
Flooring composed of square units pre assembled at the mill and usually installed with mastic over a wood
subfloor or concrete slab (D.K. Ching p. 94) [A] Plank Flooring [B] Strip Flooring [C] Block Flooring [D] Finish
Flooring [E] Wood Flooring
A material or plywood, or hardware, laid over a subfloor to provide a smooth, even base for resilient flooring,
carpet or other nonstructural flooring (D.K. Ching p. 95) [A] Floor Covering [B] Mastic [C] Underlayment [D]
Resilient Flooring
Finish flooring in the form of wood strips, planks or blocks (D.K. Ching p. 94) [A] Plank Flooring [B] Strip Flooring
[C] Block Flooring [D] Finish Flooring [E] Wood Flooring
Flooring composed of boards, narrow wood strips, usually side and end matched (D.K. Ching p. 94) [A] Plank
Flooring [B] Strip Flooring [C] Block Flooring [D] Finish Flooring [E] Wood Flooring
A single spread footing supporting a freestanding column or pier (D.K. Ching p. 101) [A] Strip Footing [B] Isolated
Footing [C] Spread Footing [D] Continuous Footing

A continuous or strip footing that changes levels in stages to accommodate to a sloping site or bearing stratum
(D.K. Ching p. 101) [A] Spread Footing [B] Steeped Footing [C] Combined Footing [D] Isolated Footing
Metal Decking containing glass fiber between the perforated webs of ribbed decking or in the perforated cells of
cellular decking. It us used as a sound absorbing ceiling (D.K. Ching p. 93) [A] Form Decking [B] Accoustic
Decking [C] Metal Decking [D] Cellular Decking
A resilient floor covering composed principally of polyvinyl chloride in combination with mineral fibers, pigments,
and a fiber, felt, or foam backing (D.K. Ching p. 95) [A] Rubber tile [B] Cork Tile [C] Vinyl Sheet [D] Vinyl Tile [E]
Linoleum
Two or more piles of flat glass bonded under heat and pressure to interlayers of polyvinyl butryal resin that retains
the fragments, it is also called as safety glass (D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Laminated Glass [B] Reflective Glass [C]
Float Glass [D] Tinted Glass
Glass having a chemical admixture to absorb a portion of the radiant heat and visible light that strike it. (D.K.
Ching p. 112) [A] Laminated Glass [B] Reflective Glass [C] Float Glass [D] Tinted Glass

A flat soda lime silica glass formed by rolling molten glass into plate that is subsequently ground and polished
after cooling (D. K. Ching p. 112) [A] Crown Glass [B] Insulated Glass [C] Plate Glass [D] Sheet Glass

A concrete slab placed over a dense or compacted base and supported directly by the ground, usually reinforced
with welded wire fabric or a grid of reinforcing bars to control any cracking casued by drying shrinkage or thermal
stresses (D.K. Ching p. 101) [A] Statum [B] Substratum [C] Base Course [D] Ground Slab
A base for footing in soft soil, made by compacting sand in a cavity left by a timber pile (D.K. Ching p. 103) [A]
Pedestal Pile [B] Cast In Place Concrete Pile [C] Cased Pile [D] Sand Pile
An old form of window glass formed by blowing and whirling of hollow sphere of glass into a flat, circular disk with
a center lump left by the workers rod (D. K. Ching p. 112) [A] Crown Glass [B] Insulated Glass [C] Plate Glass [D]
Sheet Glass
A composite structure of reinforced concrete slabs and basement wails serving as a mat foundation (D.K. Ching
p. 101) [A] Cellular Mat [B] Raft [C] Mat [D] Ribbed Mat
A Flat soda lime silica glass fabricated by drawing the molten glass from a furnace (Drawn glass), or by forming a
cylinder dividing it lengthwise and flattening it (D. K. Ching p. 112) [A] Crown Glass [B] Insulated Glass [C] Plate
Glass [D] Sheet Glass
The part of foundation bearing directly upon the supporting soil, set below the Frostline and enlarged to distribute
its load over a greater area (D.K. Ching p. 100) [A] Footing [B] Beam [C] Column [D] Slab
Material as masonry or concrete, for filling the spaces between joists or beams in or on top of a masonry wall,
stiffening the members, and providing increased fire resistance (D.K. Ching p. 93) [A] Beam Pocket [B] Beam Fill
[C] Grade Beam [D] Decking
Flooring composed of boards wider than strip flooring, usually side and end matched (D.K. Ching p. 94) [A] Plank
Flooring [B] Strip Flooring [C] Block Flooring [D] Finish Flooring [E] Wood Flooring
A reinforced concrete footing extended to support a row of columns (D.K. Ching p. 101) [A] Strip Footing [B]
Isolated Footing [C] Spread Footing [D] Continuous Footing
Laminated glass having exceptional tensile and impact strength, consisting of multiple piles of glass bonded
under heat and pressure to interlayers of polyvinyl butryal resin (D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Pattern Glass [B] Spandrel
Glass [C] Acoustical glass [D] Security Glass
A translucent, hollow block of glass with clear, textured or patterned faces. Made by fusing two halves together
with a partial vacuum inside and used for glazing opening (D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Glass Brick [B] Glass Block [C]
Low Emissivity Glass [D] Double Strength Glass

A solid impact resistant glass block unit sometimes having an insert or coated to reduce solar heat transmission
(D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Glass Brick [B] Glass Block [C] Low Emissivity Glass [D] Double Strength Glass
The gradual subsiding of a structure as the soil beanth its foundation consolidates under loading (D.K. Ching p.
100) [A] Consolidation [B] Arching [C] Settlement [D] Frost line
A concrete pile constructed by driving a steel pipe or casing into the ground until it meets the required resistance
and then filling it with concrete (D.K. Ching p. 103) [A] Pedestal Pile [B] Cast In Place Concrete Pile [C] Cased
Pile [D] Sand Pile
A glass unit consisting of two or more sheet of glass separated by hermetically sealed airspaces (D. K. Ching p.
112) [A] Crown Glass [B] Insulated Glass [C] Plate Glass [D] Sheet Glass
Glass having a thin, translucent metallic coating bonded to the exterior and interior surface to reflect a portion of
the light and radiate heat that strike it (D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Laminated Glass [B] Reflective Glass [C] Float
Glass [D] Tinted Glass
A layer of coarse granular materials placed and compacted on undisturbed soil or prepared fill to prevent the
capillary rise of moisture to a concrete ground slab (D.K. Ching p. 101) [A] Statum [B] Substratum [C] Base
Course [D] Ground Slab

It is the common waterproofing for roofdeck [A] Elastomeric [B] Sahara [C] 3.0 Kg. Polybond [D] 4.5mm polybond
True or False, Is "Interior Partitions" always used in Drywalls? [A] False [B] True
The maximum depth at which soil is fronzen or frost penetrates the ground (D.K. Ching p. 100) [A] Frost boil [B]
Frost Heave [C] Frost Line [D] Arching
A system of removable and intechangeable floor panels supported on adjustable pedestals or stringers to allow
free access to the space beneath. It is also called as raised floor system (D.K. Ching p. 93) [A] Access Flooring
System [B] Suspended ceiling System [C] Drop ceiling system [D] Floor framing System
A bridging consisting of short boards fixed vertically between floor or roof joists (D.K. Ching p. 92) [A] Cross
Bridging [B] Space Frame [C] Solid bridging [D] Building Bracing System
Bridging consisting of diagonal braces set in pairs between floor or roof joists (D.K. Ching p. 92) [A] Cross
Bridging [B] Space Frame [C] Solid bridging [D] Building Bracing System
A concrete pile constructed by driving a concrete plug into the ground along with a steel casing until it meets the
required resistance, and then ramming concrete into place as the casing is withdrawn (D.K. Ching p. 103) [A]
Uncased Pile [B] Cased Pile [C] Pedesal Pile [D] Sand Pile
A flat soda lime silica glass that is extremely smooth and nearly distortion free, manufacture by pouring molten
glass into surface of molten tin and allowing to cool slowly (D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Laminated Glass [B] Reflective
Glass [C] Float Glass [D] Tinted Glass

The gradual reduction in the volume of soil mass resulting fro the applicatino of a sustained load and an increase
in compressive stress (D.K. Ching p. 100) [A] Consolidation [B] Arching [C] Settlement [D] Frost line
The horizontal component of resistance developed by a soil mass against the horizontal movement of a vertical
structure (D.K. Ching p. 100) [A] Soil Pressure [B] Allowable Bearing Pressure [C] Active Earth Pressure [D]
Passive Earth Pressure
A mat foundation reinforced by grid of ribs above or below the slab (D.K. Ching p. 101) [A] Cellular Mat [B] Raft
[C] Mat [D] Ribbed Mat
Why is enamel not appropriate for metals? [A] It will not bond [B] It takes to long to dry [C] Expensive [D] It takes
too much paint to coat a metal surface
What paint is not commonly used for spraying? [A] Latex [B] QDE [C] Acrylic [D] Lacquer
What happens when enamel is applied to metals? [A] It will not adhere to metal [B] It takes a long time for paint to
bond/adhere [C] The applied paint on metal will wear out fast [D] None really matters
Area to avoid flat paint [A] Rough Surfaces [B] Crowded Busy Kitchen [C] Wood [D] Ceiling
An Opening in the vertical face of a structural member to receive a beam (D.K. Ching p. 93) [A] Beam Pocket [B]
Beam Fill [C] Grade Beam [D] Decking
Material used for the wearing surface of a floor, as hardwood, terrazo or floor tile (D.K. Ching p. 94) [A] Plank
Flooring [B] Strip Flooring [C] Block Flooring [D] Finish Flooring [E] Wood Flooring
A pile constructed by placing concrete into a shaft in the ground (D.K. Ching p. 103) [A] Pedestal Pile [B] Cast In
Place Concrete Pile [C] Cased Pile [D] Sand Pile

The actual pressure developed between a footing and the supporting soil mass, equal to the quotient of the
magnitude of the forces transmitted and the area of contact. Also called as contact pressure (D.K. Ching p. 100)
[A] Soil Pressure [B] Allowable Bearing Pressure [C] Active Earth Pressure [D] Passive Earth Pressure
Why is glossy paint not used in primer? [A] It will not bond [B] It has no strong adhesion [C] It's expensive to use
[D] It will rust in a very fast manner
The best kind of finish for a high quality narra door? [A] Lacquer [B] Epoxy [C] Varnish [D] Primer
A thick sublike flooring or reinforced concrete supporting a number of columns or an entire building (D.K. Ching p.
101) [A] Cellular Mat [B] Raft [C] Mat [D] Ribbed Mat
What paint will you use for a doctors office? [A] Enamel [B] Flat [C] Epoxy [D] Lacquer
It is to make water tight or air tight by filling or sealing [A] Glazing [B] Caulking [C] Chalking [D] Bonding
Self supporting units of wood, metal or concrete capable of spamming beams, joists or rafters or purlins abd
sevubgas a base for flooring or roofing (D.K. Ching p. 93) [A] Beam Pocket [B] Beam Fill [C] Grade Beam [D]
Decking
Carpet made by simultaneuously interweaving the backing and pile yarns on a loom (D.K. Ching p. 95) [A] Carpet
tile [B] Flocked Carpet [C] Woven Carpet [D] Tufted Carpet
What area does not require waterproofing? [A] Balcony over lanai [B] Toilet at Ground Floor [C] Toilet at Second
Floor [D] None of the Above
It is the best waterproofing for balconies, roofdecks and basements [A] 1/8" thick membrane [B] 3/16" membrane
[C] 4/20" Thick Membrane [D] None of the above
It is a material used to waterproof G.I. Gutters [A] Rivets [B] Contact cement [C] Vulcaseal [D] Mighty Bond
An angular cut at the end of a joists or beam where it enters a masonry wall, allowing the members to fail without
damaging the wall if it burns through somewhere along its length (D.K. Ching p. 93) [A] Shear Studs [B Decking
[C] Firecut [D] Bridging

The horizontal component of pressure that soil mass exerts on a vertical retaining structure (D.K. Ching p. 100)
[A] Soil Pressure [B] Allowable Bearing Pressure [C] Active Earth Pressure [D] Passive Earth Pressure
Waterproofing can be rendered ineffective or damaged by what factor? [A] Acids and Alkalli transmitted by direct
contact to waterproofing [B] Moisture [C] Temperature [D] None of these really matters
Concrete treatment wherin a material, usually a member or applied compound, is a material to make a surface
impervious to water [A] damnproofing [B] admixture [C] waterproofing [D] fireproofing
What is the main reason why waterproofing and paint sometimes do not adhere to the surface? [A] It depends on
the kind of paints which is to be used [B] there is always a compatibility of waterproofing material to the kind of
paint to be used [C] Improper preparation [D] None of these really matters
What type of nail is used for asphalt shingles? [A] Brad [B] Spike [C] Staple Wire [D] Elastomeric
What is the system of triangles to support the roof? [A] Girders [B] Truss [C] Ceiling Joists [D] Girts
What is the advantage of using Long Span Roofing? [A] It has much more space to cover than a shirt span [B]
Less Maintenance [C] Easy to install than short span [D] All of them are all advantages
A steel pin welded to the top flange of a steel beam or girder and embedded in a concrete slab so as to cause the
beam and the concrete to act as a structural unit (D.K. Ching p. 93) [A] Web [B] King Post [C] Shear Stud [D]
Pagbalagbag
A bungalow house is constructed between two storey houses, what is the best roofing material to be used? [A]
Long Span G.I. roof [B] Corrugated G.I. Roof [C] Asphalt Shingles [D] Roof Tiles
Which amont the given has the best insulating material? It is usually brown colored, processed from wood pulp
and sized with resin (D.K. Ching p. 119) [A] Foil [B] Felt Paper [C] Kraft Paper [D] bond paper
What is the best roofing material to be used for a bakery? [A] Asphalt Shingles [B] Terra Cota Tiles [C] G.I. Sheet
[D] Tegula
A cap for projecting a pile head as well as the pile hammer during a driving operation. Also called as cushion
block, cushion head (D.K. Ching p. 102) [A] Anvil [B] Cushion [C] Drive Band [D] Pile Driver
An opaque glass for concealing the structural elements in curtain wall construction, produced by fusing a ceramic
frit to the interior surface of tempered or heat strengthened glass (D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Pattern Glass [B]
Spandrel Glass [C] Acoustical glass [D] Security Glass

Carpet made by mechanically stitching pile yarn through a primary fabric backing and bonded with latex to a
secondary backing (D.K. Ching p. 95) [A] Carpet tile [B] Flocked Carpet [C] Woven Carpet [D] Tufted Carpet
The maximum unit pressure a foundation is permitted to impose vertically or laterally on a supporting mass. (D.K.
Ching p. 100) [A] Soil Pressure [B] Allowable Bearing Pressure [C] Active Earth Pressure [D] Passive Earth
Pressure
A framing member crossing and supporting the ends of joists, studs, or rafters so as to transfer the weight to
parallel joists, studs or rafters (D.K. Ching p. 92) [A] Joists [B] Tailpiece [C] Trimmer [D] Header
A joist set on top of the sill forming the perimeter of a wood framed floor, also called as header (D.K. Ching p. 92)
[A] Joists [B] Rim Joist [C] Trimmer [D] Tail Piece
where should be the waterproofing be installed? [A] Above the FFL [B] Under slab [C] Above the top flooring [D] In
between the slab and topping
Which has a minimum of 5 years warranty? [A] Roofdeck waterproofing [B] T and B Waterproofing [C] Floor
Laminate [D] Glass Window
Waterproofing on roofdeck falls and there is seepage. What is not the reason it failed? [A] Corners were not
properly sealed [B] It melts in the rain [C] It was not properly protected by flashing [D] The waterproofing material
that was used was below standard, cheap!
A treatment of concrete or mortar to retard the passage or absorption of water or water vapor, either by applying a
suitable coating to exposed surfaces or by using a suitable admixture [A] Waterproofing [B] Fireproofing [C]
Damproofing [D] Moisture Protection
A terrazzo topping installed directly over a rough finished concrete slab. A chemical bonding agent is used if the
concrete surface is too smooth for a mechanical bond (D.K. Ching p. 94) [A] Thin Set Terrazzo [B] Monolithic
Terrazzo [C] Bonded Terrazzo [D] Sand Cushion Terrazzo
Sheet Glass having a thickness of 3/32 inches (D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Glass Brick [B] Glass Block [C] Single
Strength Glass [D] Double Strength Glass
Situation: In a condominium high rise design; Most windows are fixed and minimal openings are provided for
safety purposes, what does this sacrifice? [A] View [B] Cost [C] Comfort, in line with proper ventilation [D] None of
the above
Glass having an irrugular surface pattern formed in the rolling process to obscure vision or to diffuse light. Also
called as figure glass (D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Pattern Glass [B] Spandrel Glass [C] Acoustical glass [D] Security
Glass
Laminated or insulating glass used for sound control (D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Pattern Glass [B] Spandrel Glass [C]
Acoustical glass [D] Security Glass
A flooring tile made of carpenting material (D.K. Ching p. 95) [A] Carpet tile [B] Flocked Carpet [C] Woven Carpet
[D] Tufted Carpet
Refer to question number 2885: What special feature does the main entry door of the condominium have as an
additional security feature? [A] No duplicates for the key [B] Only one company is allowed to do the duplication
[C] it is required to ask The city hall for the duplication of the key [D] None of these matters
Refer to question number 2885: A kind of hinge that is used for a door between the main kitchen and the dining
area [A] Pivot hinge [B] Drop Leaf hinge [C] Double Acting Gravity hinge [D] Continuous Hinge
A floor composed of short strips or blocks of wood forming in patterns, sometimes with inlays of other woods or
other materials (D.K. Ching p. 94) [A] Parquet [B] Slat block [C] Laminated Block [D] Unit block
Sheet Glass Having a thickness of 1/3 Inches (D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Glass Brick [B] Glass Block [C] Single
Strength Glass [D] Double Strength Glass
A pile driven at a specified angle to the vertical in order to provide resistance against lateral forces (D.K. Ching p.
102) [A] Pipe Pile [B] H-Pile [C] Batter Pile [D] End Bearing Pile
What type of window gives you protection from rain in the absence of canopy? [A] Casement [B] Sliding [C]
Awning [D] Fixed
Which type of window admits 95% of air? [A] Casement [B] Sliding [C] Awning [D] Louvers with 150mm width
blades
To block excessive sunlight, what new material is used for windows? [A] Louvers [B] Painted Tint [C] Solar tint [D]
Blinds
Carpet made by propelling short strands of pile fiber electrostatically againsts an adhesive coated backing (D.K.
Ching p. 95) [A] Carpet tile [B] Flocked Carpet [C] Woven Carpet [D] Tufted Carpet
A flooring block made by assembling narrow slats or fingers of hardwood into larger units (D.K. Ching p. 94) [A]
Parquet [B] Slat block [C] Laminated Block [D] Unit block
Glass having both side acid etched or sandblasted to obscure vision (D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Wire Glass [B]
Annealed Glass [C] tempered Glass [D] Obscure Glass
The act, process or manner of constructing the structural frame of a floor (D.K.. Ching p. 92) [A] Roof Framing [B]
Scaffolding [C] Floor Framing [D] Bridging
Which window is the easiest to clean? [A] Awning [B] Sliding [C] Louvers [D] Casement
Match the following: Studs [A] Wall Framing [B] Floor Framing [C] Slip Form [D] Ceiling Framing
Match the following: Silo [A] Wall Framing [B] Floor Framing [C] Slip Form [D] Ceiling Framing
Match the following: Furring [A] Wall Framing [B] Floor Framing [C] Slip Form [D] Ceiling Framing
Match the following: Joists [A] Wall Framing [B] Floor Framing [C] Slip Form [D] Ceiling Framing
A flooring block made by bonding three or more wood veneers with a moisture resistant adhessive usually
tongued on two opposing sides and grooved on the other two to ensure proper alighnment in setting (D.K. Ching
p. 94) [A] Parquet [B] Slat block [C] Laminated Block [D] Unit block
Glass that transmits visible light while selectively reflecting the longer wavelengths of radiant heat. Also called as
Low-E Glass (D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Glass Brick [B] Glass Block [C] Low Emissivity Glass [D] Double Strength
Glass
A Steel H-Section driven as a pile, sometimes encased in concrete to point below the water table to prevent
corrosion, H-Sections can be welded together in the driving process to form any legth of pile (D.K. Ching p. 102)
[A] Pipe Pile [B] H-Pile [C] Batter Pile [D] End Bearing Pile
What tyoe of paint is used for wood? [A] Latex [B] Enamel [C] Acrylic [D] Primer
What tyoe of paint is used for metal? [A] Latex [B] Enamel [C] Acrylic [D] Primer
What paint is used to prepare the surface of masonry walls for painting? [A] Acrylic [B] Epoxy [C] Thinner [D]
Neutralizer / Primerial
A resilient floor covering formed by coating burlap or canvass with heated linseed oil, powdered cork, and rosin,
and adding pigments to achive the desired colors and patterns. (D.K. Ching p. 95) [A] Rubber tile [B] Cork Tile [C]
Vinyl Sheet [D] Vinyl Tile [E] Linoleum
What is the activity that the surveyor performs after he verifies the points of the lot? [A] Relocation [B]
Monumenting [C] Verification [D] Surveying
Before setting up batter boards and staking, what activity should be done first? [A] Obtain supply of water and
electricity [B] Verify monuments are in correct position [C] Build quarters for workers and storages of materials [D]
Erect fences over the site
What is relocation of points? [A] Verifying and Location of monuments [B] Alignment of grid [C] Setting up of
stakes and batter boards [D] Surveying
What will happen if excavation is not correctly followed? [A] Increase in number of bars [B] Increase in volume of
concrete [C] Increase in number of labors [D] No effect!
The component of a pile hammer, located just below the ram, that transfers the driving force to the pile head (D.K.
Ching p. 102) [A] Anvil [B] Cushion [C] Drive Band [D] Pile Driver
At every how many millimeters should a fill be compacted? [A] 100mm [B] 150mm [C] 200mm [D] 300mm
What is the distance from the excavation to the batter boards? [A] 1.00 meters [B] 1.50 meters [C] 2.00 meters [D]
3.00 meters
A resilient floor tile composed principally of polyvinyl chloride in combination with mineral fibers and pigments
(D.K. Ching p. 95) [A] Rubber tile [B] Cork Tile [C] Vinyl Sheet [D] Vinyl Tile [E] Linoleum

A flooring block made by joining short lenghts of strip flooring edgewise, usually tongued on two adjoining sides
and grooved on the other. (D.K. Ching p. 94) [A] Parquet [B] Slat block [C] Laminated Block [D] Unit block
Any of a number of wooden strips laid upon a concrete slab to provide a means of attaching a subfloor or flooring
(D.K. Ching p. 94) [A] Parquet [B] Hollow Backed [C] Sleeper [D] Solid Block Flooring
If excavation is within 3 meters with an adjacent structure, what should you use? [A] Bored Pile [B] Sheet Pile [C]
Wooden Pile [D] Plyboard
A hydrological soil test should be made [A] before excavation [B] After excavation [C] During Excavation [D] After
Construction
When excavating, what will you do if you over excavated the soil? [A] Put all of the soil to a desired elevation [b]
Fill the excavation with gravel [C] Place mass concrete [D] None of the Above
When preparing electrical plans for submission, the plans must be duly signed by an: [A] Master Electrician with
excellent experience [B] Licensed Electrical Engineer [C] Architect [D] Electronics Engineer
What is the minimum slope for G.I. roof? [A] 1 [B] 2 [C] 3 [D] 5
What is the widrg of a longspan G.I? [A] 72" [B] 82" [C] 92" [D] 102"
What kind of roofing is made of thermoplastic material and has strips which under the sun's heat will melt and
cause it to bind as one roof? [A] Sheating [B] Polycarbonate [C] Metal Shkes [D] Asphalt Shingles
A heavy steel pipe driven with the lower end either open or closed by a heavy steel plate or point and filled with
concrete. (D.K. Ching p. 102) [A] Pipe Pile [B] H-Pile [C] Batter Pile [D] End Bearing Pile
Flat or patterned glass having a square or diamond wire mesh embedded within it to prevent shattering in the
event of breakage or excessive heat (D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Wire Glass [B] Annealed Glass [C] tempered Glass
[D] Obscure Glass
Why should rags NOT be left beside a can of paints at a jobsite especially during night time when it is most likely
to be un attended? [A] It will increase humidity [B] It will absorb moisture and affect the paint [C] It might ignite a
fire [D] Rags will get stolen, its precious so dont left it unattended
A carpet made looping the backing, stitching, and pile yarns with three sets of needles (D.K. Ching p. 95) [A]
Fusion Bonded Carpet [B] Knitted Carpet [C] Needle punch Carpet [D] Woven Carpet
To avoid chalking of paint, what should be done? [A] Buy a new roller [B] Buy a new paint [C] Hire a professional
Painter [D] Do not paint when its humid
Why is there a need to provide spacing in between sheets of polycarbonate roofing? [A] Thermal Insulation [B]
Thermal and Moisture Protection [C] Thermal Expansion [D] None of these really matters
What is used for aluminum roofing consisting of a pin head and a long shank? [A] Blind Rivet [B] Pin Rivet [C]
Bolt [D] Tekscrew
What is used to support Purlons on a wooder roof frame? [A] Cleats [B] Rafters [C] Joists [D] Girders
What are the longitudinal members on top of chords supporting the roof? [A] Purlins [B] Joists [C] Rafter [D]
Girder
What material is used for purlins of G.I. roofing? [A] Light gauge metal channel [B] W-Flange [C] Standard Steel
Channel [D] H-Flange
Any of series of small, parallel beams for supporting floors, ceiling or flat roofs (D.K. Ching p. 92) [A] Joists [B]
Girt [C] Purlins [D] Girders
A socketed caisson having a steel H-Section crore within a concrete filled pipe casing (D.K. Ching p. 103) [A]
Socketed Caisson [B] Rock Caisson [C] Bell Bucket [D] None of the above
Annealed glass that is reheated to just below the softening point and then rapidly cooled to induce compressive
stresses In the surfaces and edges of the glass and tensile stresses In the interior. (D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Wire
Glass [B] Annealed Glass [C] tempered Glass [D] Obscure Glass
A ground and polished terrazzo finish consisting mainly of relatively small chips (D.K. Ching p. 94) [A] Palladiana
[B] Standard Terrazzo [C] Vemetian Terrazzo [D] Rustic Terrazzo
A pile depending principally on the bearing resistance of soil or rock beneath its footing for support, the
sorrounding soil mass provides a degree of lateral stability for the long compression member. Also called as point
bearing pile (D.K. Ching p. 102) [A] Pipe Pile [B] H-Pile [C] Batter Pile [D] End Bearing Pile
A terrazzo system for controlling cracking when structural movement is expected (D.K. Ching p. 94) [A] Bonded
Terrazzo [B] Thin Set Terrazzo [C] Monolithic Terrazzo [D] Sand Cushion Terrazzo
When a surface is uneven and cannot be totally flattened, what is the best paint to use to hide the uneven
surface? [A] Semi Gloss [B] Eggshell [C] Flat Paint [D] Glossy

Of or pertaining to a wood or stone place having a back face hollowed out so that it can fit more tightly againsts
an irregular surface (D.K. Ching p. 94) [A] Parquet [B] Hollow Backed [C] Sleeper [D] Solid Block Flooring
A pile depending principally on the frictional resistance of sorrounding earth for support (D.K. Ching p. 102) [A]
Precast Concrete Pile [B] Composite Pile [C] Timber Pile [D] Friction Pile

A ground and polished terrazzo finish consisting mainly of large stone chips, with smaller chips filling spaces
between (D.K. Ching p. 94) [A] Palladiana [B] Standard Terrazzo [C] Vemetian Terrazzo [D] Rustic Terrazzo
A concrete footing extended laterally to distribute the foundation load over a whole enough area that the allwoable
bearing capacity of the supporting soil is not exceeded (D.K. Ching p. 101) [A] Strip Footing [B] Isolated Footing
[C] Spread Footing [D] Continuous Footing
A beam, joists, or rafter supporting one end of a header at the edge of an opening in a floor or roof frame (D.K.
Ching p. 92) [A] Joists [B] Tailpiece [C] Trimmer [D] Header
A cabinet in a kitchen was fabricated using marine plywood, what paint should you use inside the cabinet? [A]
Polyurethane [B] Epoxy Enamel [C] High Gloss Varnish [D] Aqua Epoxy
How is concrete neutralizer mixed? [A] Dillute at 1:1 [B] Dillute at 1:16 [C] Dillute at 1:10 [D] Dillute at 1:5
What kind of thinner is used for Alkyd Paint? [A] Water [B] Lacquer thinner [C] Paint Thinner [D] Oil
Lomg wearing flooring composed of solid wood blocks set in adhesive with their grain or oriented vertically (D.K.
Ching p. 94) [A] Parquet [B] Hollow Backed [C] Sleeper [D] Solid Block Flooring

A system of pies, pile caps, and tie beams for transferring building loads down to a suitable bearing stratum, used
especially when the soil mass directly below the construction is suitable for the direct bearing of the footings (D.K.
Ching p. 102) [A] Deep Foundation [B] Pile Foundation [C] Shallow Foundation [D] Floating Foundation
A mosaic floor or paving composed of marble or other stone chips, set in a cementitious or resinous matrix and
ground when dry (D.K. Ching p. 94) [A] Linoleum [B] Terrazzo [C] Vinyl Sheet [D] Wood flooring
A test for determining the allowable axial load on a single pile (D.K. Ching p. 102) [A] Slump Test [B] Compressive
Strength Test [C] Static Load Test [D] Dynamic Test
A long slender column of wood, steel or reinforced concrete, driven or hammered vertically in the earth to form a
part of the foundation system (D.K. Ching p. 102) [A] Column [B] Post [C] Struts [D] Piles
A relatively short beam, joist or rafter supported by a wall at one end and by a header at the other. Also called as
stringer (D.K. Ching p. 92) [A] Joists [B] Tailpiece [C] Trimmer [D] Header
What is Flourocarbon? [A] Freion [B] Oxygen [C] Refrigirant [D] Cooling Power
What is the term used for the initial coat on structural steel from the factory prior to shipment? [A] Inhibiting Primer
[B] Top Coat [C] Shop Coat [D] Red Paint
Which is a water based paint? [A] Enamel [B] Epoxy [C] Latex [D] Lacquer
A number of steel bars has been left on the rain and had rusted, what would you do with them? [A] Brush them
with steel brush and use them since a little rust is good for adhesion to concrete [B] Pour Oil in them to remove
the rust [C] Preheat the steel bars in a hot oven and remove the rust [D] Throw the rusted steel bars, it's useless
It is used to remove rust in rebars [A] Oil [B] Thinner [C] Steel Brush [D] Heat
A foundation system that extends down through unstable soil to transfer building loads to a more appropriate
bearing startum well below the superstructure (D.K. Ching p. 102) [A] Deep Foundation [B] Pile Foundation [C]
Shallow Foundation [D] Floating Foundation
A resilient floor tile composed of granulated cork and synthetic resin binders, finished with a protective coat of
wax or a film of clear polyvinyl chloride. (D.K. Ching p. 95) [A] Rubber tile [B] Cork Tile [C] Vinyl Sheet [D] Vinyl
Tile [E] Linoleum
Glass that is cooled slowly to relieve internal stress (D.K. Ching p. 112) [A] Wire Glass [B] Annealed Glass [C]
tempered Glass [D] Obscure Glass
Why do we put epoxy primer before painting with epoxy paint? [A] For a much more expensive painting [B]
Proper Adhesion of paints [C] For excellent Finish [D] Because it’s a rule of thumb in painting
A structural frame of linear members rigidly connected at their joints. Applied loads produce axial, bending, and
shear forces in all members of the frame since the rigid joints restrain the ends of the members from rotating
freely; it is also called as moment resisting frame (D.K. Ching p. 104) [A] Braced Frame [B] Rigid Frame [C]
Hinged Frame [D] Fixed Frame
A precast, often prestressed concrete column, having a round, square or polygonal section and sometimes an
open core, driven to the earth by a pile driver until it meets the required resistance (D.K. Ching p. 102) [A] Precast
Concrete Pile [B] Composite Pile [C] Timber Pile [D] Friction Pile
A terrazzo topping installed over a mortar underbed that is bonded to a rough finish concrete slab (D.K. Ching p.
94) [A] Bonded Terrazzo [B] Thin Set Terrazzo [C] Monolithic Terrazzo [D] Sand Cushion Terrazzo
A caisson that is drilled into a stratum of solid rock rather than belled (D.K. Ching p. 103) [A] Socketed Caisson
[B] Rock Caisson [C] Bell Bucket [D] None of the above
An Attachment to an earth auger having expanding blades for excavating a bell at the bottom of a caisson shaft
(D.K. Ching p. 103) [A] Bell Bucket [B] Bell [C] Bulb [D] Mandrel
The case of the caisson enlarged to increase its bearing area (D.K. Ching p. 103) [A] Bell Bucket [B] Bell [C] Bulb
[D] Mandrel
The structural surface to which the flooring or roofing is applied (D.K. Ching p. 93) [A] Floor [B] Floor Framing [C]
Roof Framing [D] Deck
A heavy steel tube or core that is inserted into a thin walled casing to prevent it from collapsing in the driving
process, and then withdrawn before concrete is placed in the casing (D.K. Ching p. 103) [A] Mandrel [B] Bell [C]
Bell Bucket [D] Casing
A cast in place concrete foundation formed by boring with a large auger or excavating by hand a shaft in the earth
to a suitable bearing stratum and filling the shaft with concrete (D.K. Ching p. 103) [A] Pier [B] Mat [C] Raft [D]
Floating
A startum of soil or rock on which a footing bears, or to which a building load is transferred by a pile or caisson
(D.K. Ching p. 102) [A] Substratum [B] Bearing Stratum [C] Stratum [D] Foundation Bed
A pier, especially when the boring is 2 feet or larger in diameter to permit inspection at the bottom (D.K. Ching p.
103) [A] Pier [B] Caisson [C] Bell [D] Bell Bucket

A log driven usually as a friction pile, often fitted with steel shoe and a drive band to prevent it from splitting or
shattering (D.K. Ching p. 102) [A] Precast Concrete Pile [B] Composite Pile [C] Timber Pile [D] Friction Pile
Carpet made by heat fusing face yarns to a vinyl backing supported by other materials (D.K. Ching p. 95) [A]
Fusion Bonded Carpet [B] Knitted Carpet [C] Needle punch Carpet [D] Woven Carpet
A reinforced concrete beam distributing the horizontal forces from an eccentrically loaded pile cap or spread
footing to other pile caps or footings (D.K. Ching p. 103) [A] Grade Beam [B] Tie Beam [C] Gerber Beam [D]
Cantilevered Beam
It is also called as a pile ring, A steel band encircling the head of a timber pile to prevent it from splitting when
driven (D.K. Ching p. 102) [A] Anvil [B] Cushion [C] Drive Band [D] Pile Driver

A reinforced concrete slab or mat joining the heads of a cluster of piles to distribute the load from a column or
grade beam equally among the piles (D.K. Ching p. 103) [A] Pile Driver [B] Pile Cap [C] Anvil [D] Cushion
Any of various floor coverings capable of springing back to its original state or form after being being or
compressed, available in either tile or sheet form and set in mastic over a suitable underlayment. (D.K. Ching p.
95) [A] Floor Covering [B] Mastic [C] Underlayment [D] Resilient Flooring
A foundation used in yeilding soil, having its footing a raft placed deep enough that the weight of the excavated
soil is eqaul or greater than the weight of the construction supported (D.K. Ching p. 101) [A] Deep Foundation [B]
Pile Foundation [C] Shallow Foundation [D] Floating Foundation
A uniformly texture terrazzo finish produced by washing the matrix prior to setting so as to expose the chips,
which are not ground polished terrazzo finish consisting mainly of relatively small chips (D.K. Ching p. 94) [A]
Palladiana [B] Standard Terrazzo [C] Vemetian Terrazzo [D] Rustic Terrazzo

A bulge cast or formed at the bottom of a cast in place concrete pile to enlarge its bearing area and strengthen
the bearing stratum by compression (D.K. Ching p. 103) [A] Pile Cap [B] Bulb [C] Caisson [D] Bell
A resilient floor tile composed of natural or synthetic rubber with mineral fibers (D.K. Ching p. 95) [A] Rubber tile
[B] Cork Tile [C] Vinyl Sheet [D] Vinyl Tile [E] Linoleum
A cylindrical steel section, sometimes corrugated or tapered for increased stiffness, driven or dropped in place to
serve as a for for a cast in place concrete piles (D.K. Ching p. 103) [A] Mandrel [B] Casing [C] Pier [D] Bell Bucket
A machine for driving piles, usually composed of a tall framework supporting machinery for lifting a pile in position
before driving (D.K. Ching p. 102) [A] Anvil [B] Cushion [C] Drive Band [D] Pile Driver
A pile constructed of two materials, as a timber pile having a concrete upper section to prevent the portion of the
pile above the water table from deteriorating (D.K. Ching p. 102) [A] Precast Concrete Pile [B] Composite Pile [C]
Timber Pile [D] Friction Pile
A thin resinous terrazzo topping directly over a sound wood, metal or concrete subfloor (D.K. Ching p. 94) [A]
Bonded Terrazzo [B] Thin Set Terrazzo [C] Monolithic Terrazzo [D] Sand Cushion Terrazzo
The lowest division of a building or other construction, partly or wholly below the surface of the ground, designed
to support and anchor the superstructure and transmit its loads directly to the earth (D.K. Ching p. 100) [A] Slab
[B] Footing [C] Foundation [D] Walls
Carpet made by punching carpet fibers back and forth through a woven polyphropylene sheet with barbed
needles to form a fiber mat (D.K. Ching p. 95) [A] Fusion Bonded Carpet [B] Knitted Carpet [C] Needle punch
Carpet [D] Woven Carpet
A foundation system placed directly below the lowest part of a substructure and transferring building loads directly
to the supporting soil by vertical pressure (D.K. Ching p. 100) [A] Deep Foundation [B] Pile Foundation [C]
Shallow Foundation [D] Floating Foundation
A mosaic terrazzo finish consisting of cut or fractured marble slabs set by hand in the desired pattern, with
smaller chips filling the spaces between polished terrazzo finish consisting mainly of relatively small chips (D.K.
Ching p. 94) [A] Palladiana [B] Standard Terrazzo [C] Vemetian Terrazzo [D] Rustic Terrazzo
An arrangement of braces of blocking between joists or rafters to prevent their rotation or lateral discplacement,
especially when their width to depth ration exceeds to 6 (D.K. Ching p. 92) [A] Floor Framing [B] Roof Framing [C]
Bridging [D] Scaffolding
Situation A: In a town house development project, who is in charge of roughing in of the sanitary pipes? [A]
Mason [B] Foreman [C] Labor [D] Plumber

Who is in charge of plotting points and staking in the site? [A] Architect [B] Engineer [C] Owner [D] Foreman
What is an illegal thing to do? [A] Booster pump directly getting water directly from water main then distributed to
townhouse units [B] Tap directly from water main then directly to fixture units [C] Providing a cistern then provide
water main to townhouse units [D] None of the above
Where would you least place a PVC pipe? [A] Under the carport [B] Underneath a tree [C] both a and b [D] None
of the above

Which of the following lamp has the filament? [A] LED [B] Flourescent [C] Incandescent [D] None of the above

What fitting is used when there is a change in direction? [A] Angle Valve [B] Elbow [C] Gate Valve [D] End Cap
What will you provide in the entrance door to control air from coming in and out? [A] Air Curtain [B] Exhaust Fan
[C] Dehumidifier [D] None of the above
In a convinience store installed with ACCU system, which is not needed in the said system? [A] ACCU [B] FHU
[C] AHU [D] Condenser Drain Pipe
Situation: A home theater is to be renovated, What will you use on the walls to minimize sound transmission? [A]
CHB [B] Gypsum Board on studs [C] Bricks [D] None of the above
Refer to #3008, What part of wall will you cover? [A] Edges of the door [B] Upper Panel [C] Lower Panel [D] Face
of the Door
What inexpensive yet effective wall treatment will you suggest for a renovated home theather room? [A] Sawali
[B] Eggcrate [C] Bamboo [D] None of the above
For a renovated home theater, what flooring finish is the best to use? [A] Carpet [B] Wood Planks [C] Vinyl Tiles
[D] Linoleum
For a renovated home theater, what type of door will you use? [A] Flush with hollow core [B] Panel Type [C] PVC
Door [D] All of the above
Bunso is watching cartoons inside the movie room constructed with drywall partitions. Ate is studying at the room
adjacent to the movie room, Will ate hear what bunso is watching? [A] Yes [B] No [C] Ate Will slightly hear the
cartoons [D] Definitely not
A client wants to open a dance studio on the ground floor of a building. The existing room for the studio is fronting
the road and the floor above is an office area. What materials should be used on the ceiling? [A] Gypsum [B]
Suspended Accoustial Ceiling [C] Wood Flanks [D] All of the above
Refer to #3014, What material should be used at the fron facing of the road? [A] CHB [B] Sound and Heat Absorb
Bricks [C] Sheet Piles [D] None of the above
Situation: A client awarded you to design a medium end BPO office to be in an existing residential house of 1000
sqm., it will be a renovation project. In consideration of the cables, what system will you use to conceal them? [A]
On Ceilings [B] Raised Floor [C] Dry Walls [D] Dont Conceal them
Refer to #3016, If data are needed to be shared with others, what system is appropriate? [A] Lan [B] Router [C]
Wireless [D] All of the above
Refer to #3016 What communication system is used to link one office to another for a private dialogue? [A]
Intercom [B] Telephone Door Entry [C] Fax [D] PABX
Refer to #3016 If data is need to be amplified from the main server, what system is needed? [A] Router [B] Lan
[C] PABX [D] Intercom
Situation: Your architectural team is designing a 3-storey hospital: How many elevators would you suggest? [A]
Three, one for every floor [B] One, but it is ideal to have one for passenger and one for patients in stretchers [C]
Only one for passenger [D] Only one for patients
Refer to #3020, What type of elevator would you suggest? [A] Electric [B] Machine Room Less [C] Either Traction
or Hydraulic [D] Dumbwaiter
Refer to #3020, Which fire suppression system is not integrated in the building structure? [A] Wet Standpipe [B]
Dry Standpipe [C] Fire Extinguisher [D] Sprinkler
Refer to #3020, How many dry standpipe will you use? [A] 3 [B] 2 [C] 0 [D] 1

Situation: Owner A decides to hire an electrician to work for him instead of a professional electrical engineer.
Upon roughing in and installation, the electrician proposed to the owner to alter the specified wires into bigger
size in order to accommodate larger loads. The owner agrees as it seems to be reasonable and he was confident
because his house was equipped by circuit breakers. Several days later, Owner A's house burned down. After
inspection of BPF, it was learned that the fire was caused by faulty electrical connection. Why did not the circuit
breakers function properly? [A] It did not trip due to the over sized wires [B] It was not installed properly [C] It is in
poor quality [D] None of the above

Refer to #3023, Who should be blamed for the incident? [A] Architect for not supervising the work done [B] Owner
for not hiring a professional engineer [C] Electrician for not following the specifications [D] All of the above
Refer to #3023, Who should make the first move to settle the problem? [A] Architect, arbitration is part of his
services [B] Owner, he was the one who gave the authorization [C] Electrician, he was the one who installed the
incorrect wiring [D] BFP, it is in their mandate

At day, artificial lighting comes from the skylight above, making the beams and columns produce different plays of
light. How do you achieve this at night? [A] Put a spotlight atop the skylight [B] Floor Mounted light projecting
upwards [C] Place Light just below the beam projecting downwards [D] Place a light anywhere, does not matter
Where would you locate water distribution pipe farthest from? [A] Large Tress [B] Carport [C] Carpark [D] None of
the above
In elevator default system, where would the elevator car go in case of fire emergency? [A] Floor where it last
stopped [B] Uppermost Floor [C] It will be stationary [D] Ground Floor
Where will you least place a downspout? [A] At corner of walls [B] Inside a column [C] Wall hung [D] In between
window openings
Copper wires are classified as what? [A] Rigid [B] Expensive [C] Galvanized [D] All of the above
Which should no be used for water main pipe? [A] Galvanized Iron [B] Ceramic [C] Stainless Steel [D] PVC
Which pipe is susceptible to UV Rays? [A] Cast Iron [B] PVC [C] G.I. Pipe [D] All of the above
Water traps are used to prevent foul odor from coming out. Which of the following does not have a water trap? [A]
Lavatory [B] Kitchen Sink [C] Floor Drain [D] Water Closet

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