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Squat test Ankles, knees and hips for pathological conditions

Lumbar Kemps test This is loading the IVF and impacts the facets by creating extension and rotation of
the lumbar spine

Djerine’s triad
(Valsalva, cough,
To reproduce the symptoms felt with sneezing. Looking for pressure from a
possible IVD herniation

Flip or Bechterew’s Testing for impingement on the sciatic nerve


Straight leg raising Stretches the nerve root of the sciatic up to a 70* angle, past that it is probably
test (SLR) joint pain from the lumbo sacral area a sacro iliac joints

Well straight leg This is testing for a space occupying lesion, complaint would be on the opposite leg
raising test (WSLR) to the one that is being raised.

Braggard’s test Putting the foot into dorsi flexion to determine if there is stretching of the dura
mater of the spinal cord

Bowstring’s test Stiff leg test is performed, if there is pain leg gets bent and pressure applied to the
popliteal area to test for radicular pain. Testing for pressure on sciatic nerve

Bonnet’s test Stretching the piriformis to test for sciatic nerve irritation

Kernigs test Testing much the same as the straight leg test except the patient is actively doing
the movement. Looking for irritation that could possibly indicate meningeal
irritation, nerve root involvement or dural irritation.

Sign of the buttock Passively raising the leg straight as far as it will go then flexing at the knee to see if
there is any more movement to come from the hip joint. This is testing for bursitis,
tumour or abscess in the ilio-femoral joint.

Slump test This is testing for increased tension in the neuromeningeal tract

Milgrams test Laying supine and raising both straight legs off the table to a hold to test for space
occupying lesion

Sacral thrust Subject test to feel for springing of the sacrum

(Springing the sacrum)

SIJ distraction This test stresses the anterior sacroiliac ligaments

SIJ compression This test stresses the posterior sacroiliac ligaments

Thigh thrust This test is used to distinguish between pelvic girdle and lower back pain

Gaenslen Testing the Psoas muscle

Nachlas test (prone Bending the knee to the buttock to test for shooting pain up the thigh indication a
knee bending lesion to the L2 L3 nerve root

Ely’s test Testing for femoral nerve tension L2 – L4

Yeoman’s test Testing for pain in the lumbar and sacroiliac joints

Lumbar springing test Testing for pain while doing spring test on the lumbar vertebral segments

Stoop test By having the patients stand in a forward flexing position pain from neurogenic
intermittent claudication will be relieved

Hoover test Testing consistency in muscle strength between both legs

Trendelenberg’s test This is testing the ability of the abductors to stabilise the pelvis on the femur as the
knee bends into flexion. A positive result is when the hip drops to the side of the
bent knee

Patrick Fabere test By putting the leg into a flexed abducted and externally rotated position you are
testing for iliopsoas spasms or a lesion of the sacro-iliac joint

Rotational deformities Checking the patella for alignment to indicate tilting of the pelvis

Thomas test By having the patient laying supine and bringing one leg up to the chest you can
check to see if there is contracture at the hip. The leg not raised should rise off the

Test for true leg Using a tape measure to measure from the ASIS to the lateral malleolus

Ober’s test Testing the tensor facia latae for contracture

Pelvic Rock test Pressing on the ASIS and Iliac tubercles to test for movement

Homer pheasant test Trying to decrease the size of the IVF by putting the spine into extension

Schober test To measure the amount of flexion in the lumbar spine

Bicycle test of Van Patient sitting on an exercise bike, arching back to increase lordosis then leaning
Felderen forward in flexion to see if neurogenic claudication is relieved