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Valve Sizing Calculator

Please use this form to help select the correct valve for your application. Use the selection as a
guide only. Hass Manufacturing Company accepts no responsibility for the acceptability or fitness
of use. The equations used are here.

Follow these 3 steps: 1. Select your fluid: water, viscous liquid or gas. 2. Enter the information in
the form. 3. Press the "Calculate" button when done.

Water
w ater

Maximum flow rate: GPM


Inlet pressure: psi
Outlet pressure: psi
Calculate Reset Form

Viscous Liquid
liquid

Maximum flow rate: GPM


Inlet pressure: psi
Outlet pressure: psi
Specific gravity: 1

Viscosity: centipoise
Calculate Reset Form

Gas
gas

Maximum flow rate: SCFM


Inlet pressure: psia
Outlet pressure: psia
Specific gravity: 1

Temperature: 70
degrees F
Calculate Reset Form

Equations

Water

Cv = Q / (SQRT (P1 - P2)) (Eqn. 1)


Where:

Cv = valve sizing coeffecient


Q = flow rate in Gallons Per Minute
P1 = upstream pressure
P2 = downstream pressure

Viscous Liquid

Turbulent Flow

FpCv = (Q/(N1 * Fr)) * SQRT(SG/(P1-P2)) (Eqn. 2)

Laminar Flow

FpCv = (1/Fs)((Q*U)/(N10*(P1-P2)))^2/3 (Eqn. 3)

CvRatio = (Eqn. 2) / (Eqn. 3) (Eqn. 4)

If CvRatio < .46, use Eqn. 3, else use Eqn. 2.

Where:

Cv = valve sizing coeffecient


Q = flow in Gallons Per Minute
U = viscosity in centipoise
SG = density liquid / density water @ 60F
P1 = upstream pressure in psi (psi)
P2 = downstream pressure in psi (psi)
N1 = 1.0, units constant
N10 = 52.3, units constant
Fp = 1.0, correction factor for piping around valve (adjust for your conditions)
Fr = 1.0, Reynolds factor, turbulent flow
Fs = 1.05, valve factor for plug valve

Gas

Cv = Q/(16.05 * SQRT((P1^2 - P2^2)/(SG * (T+460)))) (Eqn. 5)

Where:

Cv = valve sizing coeffecient


Q = flow in SCFM
P1 = upstream pressure in psia
P2 = downstream pressure in psia
SG = Specific Gravity = density gas / density air at 14.696 psia and 60F
T = temperature in degrees F
References

Hutchison, J.W. ISA Handbook of Control Valves, 2nd Ed. Research Triangle Park, NC: Instrument
Society of America, 1976.

Technical Bulletin 8, Swagelok Corporation, October 1995.