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L I N D O C # : 1844

SG1844/SG1845 Series
CURRENT MODE PWM CONTROLLER
T H E I N F I N I T E P O W E R O F I N N O VA T I O N P R O D U C T I O N D A T A S H E E T

DESCRIPTION K E Y F E AT U R E S

The SG1844/45 family of control ICs and start-up current of less than 1mA. ■ OPTIMIZED FOR OFF-LINE CONTROL
provides all the necessary features to The totem-pole output is optimized to ■ LOW START-UP CURRENT (<1mA)
implement off-line fixed frequency, drive the gate of a power MOSFET. The ■ AUTOMATIC FEED FORWARD
current-mode switching power supplies output is low in the off state to provide COMPENSATION
with a minimum number of external direct interface to an N-channel device. ■ TRIMMED OSCILLATOR DISCHARGE
CURRENT
components. Current-mode architecture Both operate up to a maximum duty
■ PULSE-BY-PULSE CURRENT LIMITING
demonstrates improved line regulation, cycle range of zero to <50% due to an
■ ENHANCED LOAD RESPONSE
improved load regulation, pulse-by- internal toggle flip-flop which blanks the
CHARACTERISTICS
pulse current limiting and inherent output off every other clock cycle.
■ UNDER-VOLTAGE LOCKOUT WITH 6V
protection of the power supply output The SG1844/45 is specified for HYSTERESIS (SG1844 only)
switch. operation over the full military ambient
■ DOUBLE PULSE SUPPRESSION
The bandgap reference is trimmed to temperature range of -55°C to 125°C.
■ HIGH-CURRENT TOTEM-POLE OUTPUT
±1% over temperature. Oscillator The SG2844/45 is specified for the
■ INTERNALLY TRIMMED BANDGAP
discharge current is trimmed to less than industrial range of -25°C to 85°C, and REFERENCE
±10%. The SG1844/45 has under- the SG3844/45 is designed for the ■ 500kHz OPERATION
voltage lockout, current-limiting circuitry commercial range of 0°C to 70°C. ■ UNDERVOLTAGE LOCKOUT
SG1844 - 16 volts
PRODUCT HIGHLIGHT SG1845 - 8.4 volts
■ LOW SHOOT-THROUGH CURRENT <75mA
T Y P I C A L A P P L I C AT I O N OF S G 3 8 4 4 I N A F LY B A C K C O N V E R T E R OVER TEMPERATURE

HIGH RELIABILITY FEATURES


RST
■ AVAILABLE TO MIL-STD-883B
■ LINFINITY LEVEL "S" PROCESSING AVAILABLE
AC IST
INPUT
VCC

SG3844

PA C K A G E O R D E R I N F O R M AT I O N
TA (°C) Plastic DIP Plastic DIP Plastic SOIC Plastic SOIC Ceramic DIP Ceramic DIP Cer. Flatpack Ceramic LCC
M 8-pin N 14-pin DM 8-pin D 14-pin Y 8-pin J 14-pin F 10-pin L 20-pin
SG3844M SG3844N SG3844DM SG3844D SG3844Y SG3844J — —
0 to 70
SG3845M SG3845N SG3845DM SG3845D SG3845Y SG3845J — —
SG2844M SG2844N SG2844DM SG2844D SG2844Y SG2844J — —
-25 to 85
SG2845M SG2845N SG2845DM SG2845D SG2845Y SG2845J — —
— — — — SG1844Y SG1844J — SG1844L
-55 to 125
— — — — SG1845Y SG1845J — SG1845L
— — — — SG1844Y/883B SG1844J/883B — SG1844L/883B
MIL-STD/883
— — — — SG1845Y/883B SG1845J/883B — SG1845L/883B
— — — — SG1844Y/DESC SG1844J/DESC SG1844F/DESC SG1844L/DESC
DESC
— — SG1845Y/DESC SG1845J/DESC SG1845F/DESC SG1845L/DESC
Note: All surface-mount packages are available in Tape & Reel.

F O R F U R T H E R I N F O R M AT I O N C A L L ( 7 1 4 ) 8 9 8 - 8 1 2 1
Copyright © 2000 11861 W ESTERN A VENUE , G ARDEN G ROVE , CA. 92841 1
Rev. 1.6 12/14
PRODUCT DATABOOK 1996/1997
SG1844/SG1845 Series
CURRENT-MODE PWM CONTROLLER
P R O D U C T I O N D A T A S H E E T

A B S O L U T E M A X I M U M R AT I N G S (Notes 1 & 2) PACKAGE PIN OUTS

Supply Voltage (ICC < 30mA) ............................................................... Self Limiting


Supply Voltage (Low Impedance Source) ........................................................ 30V COM 1 8 VREF
VFB 2 7 VCC
Output Current (Peak) ....................................................................................... ±1A
ISENSE 3 6 OUT UT
Output Current (Continuous) ....................................................................... 350mA RT/CT 4 5 GND
Output Energy (Capacitive Load) ....................................................................... 5µJ
Analog Inputs (VFB, ISENSE) ................................................................ -0.3V to +6.3V M & Y PACKAGE
Error Amp Output Sink Current ..................................................................... 10mA (Top View)
Operating Junction Temperature
COM 1 8 VREF
Hermetic (J, Y, F, L Packages) ................................................................... 150°C
VFB 2 7 VCC
Plastic (N, M, D, DM Packages) ................................................................ 150°C ISENSE 3 6 OUT UT
Storage Temperature Range .......................................................... -65°C to +150°C RT/CT 4 5 GND
Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 Seconds) .................................................. 300°C
DM PACKAGE
Note 1. Exceeding these ratings could cause damage to the device.
(Top View)
Note 2. All voltages are with respect to Pin 5. All currents are positive into the specified
terminal.
COM 1 14 VREF
N.C. 2 13 N.C.
VFB 3 12 VCC
T H E R M A L D ATA N.C. 4 11 VC
ISENSE 5 10 OUT UT
N.C. 6 9 GND
M PACKAGE:
RT/CT 7 8 WR GND
THERMAL RESISTANCE-JUNCTION TO AMBIENT, θJA 95°C/W
D PACKAGE
N PACKAGE: (Top View)
THERMAL RESISTANCE-JUNCTION TO AMBIENT, θJA 65°C/W
COM 1 14 VREF
DM PACKAGE:
N.C. 2 13 N.C.
THERMAL RESISTANCE-JUNCTION TO AMBIENT, θJA 165°C/W VFB 3 12 VCC
D PACKAGE: N.C. 4 11 VC
ISENSE 5 10 OUT UT
THERMAL RESISTANCE-JUNCTION TO AMBIENT, θJA 120°C/W N.C. 6 9 GROUND
Y PACKAGE: RT/CT 7 8 OWER GND

THERMAL RESISTANCE-JUNCTION TO AMBIENT, θJA 130°C/W J & N PACKAGE


J PACKAGE: (Top View)
THERMAL RESISTANCE-JUNCTION TO AMBIENT, θJA 80°C/W
1. COM 10.VREF
1 10
F PACKAGE: 2. VFB 2 9 9. VCC
3. ISENSE 3 8 8. VC
THERMAL RESISTANCE-JUNCTION TO CASE, θ JC 80°C/W 4. RT/CT 4 7
7. OUT UT
5 6
5. OWER GND 6. GND
THERMAL RESISTANCE-JUNCTION TO AMBIENT, θJA 145°C/W
L PACKAGE:
F PACKAGE
THERMAL RESISTANCE-JUNCTION TO CASE, θ JC 35°C/W (Top View)
THERMAL RESISTANCE-JUNCTION TO AMBIENT, θJA 120°C/W
3 2 1 20 19
1. N.C. 11. N.C.
Junction Temperature Calculation: TJ = TA + (PD x θJA). 2. N.C. 12. WR GND
The θJA numbers are guidelines for the thermal performance of the device/pc-board 4 18 3. COM . 13. GND
system. All of the above assume no ambient airflow. 4. N.C. 14. N.C.
5 17
5. VFB 15. OUT UT
6 16
6. N.C. 16. N.C.
7 15 7. ISENSE 17. VC
8 14 8. RT/CT 18. VCC
9. N.C. 19. N.C.
9 10 11 12 13
10. N.C. 20. VREF

L PACKAGE
(Top View)

Copyright © 2000
2 Rev. 1.6 12/14
PRODUCT DATABOOK 1996/1997
SG1844/SG1845 Series
CURRENT-MODE PWM CONTROLLER
P R O D U C T I O N D A T A S H E E T

R E C O M M E N D E D O P E R AT I N G C O N D I T I O N S (Note 3)

Recommended Operating Conditions


Parameter Symbol Units
Min. Typ. Max.
Supply Voltage Range 30 V
Output Current (Peak) ±1 A
Output Current (Continuous) 200 mA
Analog Inputs (Pin 2, Pin 3) 0 2.6 V
Error Amp Output Sink Current 5 mA
Oscillator Frequency Range 0.1 500 kHz
Oscillator Timing Resistor RT 0.52 150 kΩ
Oscillator Timing Capacitor CT 0.001 1.0 µF
Operating Ambient Temperature Range:
SG1844/45 -55 125 °C
SG2844/45 -25 85 °C
SG3844/45 0 70 °C
Note 3. Range over which the device is functional.

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(Unless otherwise specified, these specifications apply over the operating ambient temperatures for SG1844/SG1845 with -55°C ≤ TA ≤ 125°C, SG2844/
SG2845 with -25°C ≤ TA ≤ 85°C, SG3844/SG3845 with 0°C ≤ TA ≤ 70°C, VCC = 15V (Note 7), RT = 10kΩ, and CT = 3.3nF. Low duty cycle pulse testing
techniques are used which maintains junction and case temperatures equal to the ambient temperature.)
SG1844/45 SG2844/45 SG3844/45
Parameter Symbol Test Conditions Units
Min. Typ. Max. Min. Typ. Max. Min. Typ. Max.
Reference Section
Output Voltage TJ = 25°C, IO = 1mA 4.95 5.00 5.05 4.95 5.00 5.05 4.90 5.00 5.10 V
Line Regulation 12 ≤ VIN ≤ 25V 6 20 6 20 6 20 mV
Load Regulation 1 ≤ IO ≤ 20mA 6 25 6 25 6 25 mV
Temperature Stability (Note 4) 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.4 mV/°C
Total Output Variation (Note 4) Line, Load, Temp. 4.90 5.10 4.90 5.10 4.82 5.18 V
Output Noise Voltage (Note 4) VN 10Hz ≤ f ≤ 10kHz, TJ = 25°C 50 50 50 µV
Long Term Stability (Note 4) TA = 125°C, 1000hrs 5 25 5 25 5 25 mV
Output Short Circuit -30 -100 -180 -30 -100 -180 -30 -100 -180 mA
Oscillator Section
Initial Accuracy (Note 8) TJ = 25°C 47 52 57 47 52 57 47 52 57 kHz
Voltage Stability 12V ≤ VCC ≤ 25V .02 1 0.2 1 0.2 1 %
Temperature Stability (Note 4) TMIN ≤ TA ≤ TMAX 5 5 5 %
Amplitude VRT/CT (Peak to Peak) 1.7 1.7 1.7 V
Discharge Current TJ = 25°C 7.8 8.3 9.1 7.5 8.4 9.3 7.5 8.4 9.3 mA
TMIN ≤ TA ≤ TMAX 6.8 9.3 7.2 9.5 7.2 9.5 mA
Error Amp Section
Input Voltage VCOMP = 2.5V 2.45 2.50 2.55 2.45 2.50 2.55 2.42 2.50 2.58 V
Input Bias Current -0.3 -1 -0.3 1 -0.3 -2 µA
Open Loop Gain AVOL 2 ≤ VO ≤ 4V 65 90 65 90 65 90 dB
Unity Gain Bandwidth (Note 4) TJ = 25°C 0.7 1 0.7 1 0.7 1 MHz
Power Supply Rejection Ratio PSRR 12 ≤ VCC ≤ 25V 60 70 60 70 60 70 dB
Output Sink Current VVFB = 2.7V, VCOMP = 1.1V 2 6 2 6 2 6 mA
Output Source Current VVFB = 2.3V, VCOMP = 5V -0.5 -0.8 -0.5 -0.8 -0.5 -0.8 mA
VOUT High VVFB = 2.3V, RL = 15K to gnd 5 6 5 6 5 6 V
VOUT Low VVFB = 2.7V, RL = 15K to VREF 0.7 1.1 0.7 1.1 0.7 1.1 V
(Electrical Characteristics continue next page.)

Copyright © 2000
Rev. 1.6 12/14 3
PRODUCT DATABOOK 1996/1997
SG1844/SG1845 Series
CURRENT-MODE PWM CONTROLLER
P R O D U C T I O N D A T A S H E E T

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (Cont'd.)

SG1844/45 SG2844/45 SG3844/45


Parameter Symbol Test Conditions Units
Min. Typ. Max. Min. Typ. Max. Min. Typ. Max.
Current Sense Section
Gain (Notes 5 & 6) 2.85 3 3.15 2.85 3 3.15 2.85 3 3.15 V/V
Maximum Input Signal (Note 5) VCOMP = 5V 0.9 1 1.1 0.9 1 1.1 0.9 1 1.1 V
Power Supply Rejection Ratio (Note 5) PSRR 12 ≤ VCC ≤ 25V 70 70 70 dB
Input Bias Current -2 -10 -2 -10 -2 -10 µA
Delay to Output (Note 4) 150 300 150 300 150 300 ns
Output Section
Output Low Level ISINK = 20mA 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 V
ISINK = 200mA 1.5 2.2 1.5 2.2 1.5 2.2 V
Output High Level ISOURCE = 20mA 13 13.5 13 13.5 13 13.5 V
ISOURCE = 200mA 12 13.5 12 13.5 12 13.5 V
Rise Time (Note 4) T J = 25°C, CL = 1nF 50 150 50 150 50 150 ns
Fall Time (Note 4) TJ = 25°C, CL = 1nF 50 150 50 150 50 150 ns
Under-Voltage Lockout Section
Start Threshold 1844 15 16 17 15 16 17 14.5 16 17.5 V
1845 7.8 8.4 9.0 7.8 8.4 9.0 7.8 8.4 9.0 V
Min. Operation Voltage After Turn-On 1844 9 10 11 9 10 11 8.5 10 11.5 V
1845 7.0 7.6 8.3 7.0 7.6 8.2 7.0 7.6 8.2 V
PWM Section
Maximum Duty Cycle 46 48 50 46 48 50 46 48 50 %
Minimum Duty Cycle 0 0 0 %
Power Consumption Section
Start-Up Current 0.5 1 0.5 1 0.5 1 mA
Operating Supply Current VFB = VISENSE = 0V 11 17 11 17 11 17 mA
VCC Zener Voltage ICC = 25mA 34 34 34 V
∆ VCOMP
Notes: 4. These parameters, although guaranteed, are not 100% tested in 6. Gain defined as: A = ∆ V ; 0 ≤ VISENSE ≤ 0.8V.
ISENSE
production.
5. Parameter measured at trip point of latch with VVFB = 0. 7. Adjust VCC above the start threshold before setting at 15V.
8. Output frequency equals one half of oscillator frequency.

Copyright © 2000
4 Rev. 1.6 12/14
PRODUCT DATABOOK 1996/1997
SG1844/SG1845 Series
CURRENT-MODE PWM CONTROLLER
P R O D U C T I O N D A T A S H E E T

BLOCK DIAGRAM

VCC*
34V
UVLO
VREF
5V
S/R 5.0V
REF
GROUND** 50mA
16V (1844) 6V (1844)
8.4 (1845) 0.8V (1845)
INTERNAL
2.5V BIAS

VREF
VC*
GOOD LOGIC

RT/CT OSCILLATOR

T OUTPUT

ERROR AMP S
2R
POWER GROUND**
R PWM
VFB R 1V LATCH
COMP
CURRENT SENSE
CURRENT SENSE COMPARATOR

* - VCC and VC are internally connected for 8-pin packages.


** - POWER GROUND and GROUND are internally connected for 8-pin packages.

Copyright © 2000
Rev. 1.6 12/14 5
PRODUCT DATABOOK 1996/1997
SG1844/SG1845 Series
CURRENT-MODE PWM CONTROLLER
P R O D U C T I O N D A T A S H E E T

GRAPH / CURVE INDEX FIGURE INDEX

Characteristic Curves Application Information


FIGURE # FIGURE #
1. DROPOUT VOLTAGE vs. TEMPERATURE 12. OSCILLATOR TIMING CIRCUIT
2. OSCILLATOR TEMPERATURE STABILITY 13. OSCILLATOR FREQUENCY vs. RT FOR VARIOUS CT
3. CURRENT SENSE TO OUTPUT DELAY vs. TEMPERATURE
4. START-UP CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE Typical Applications Section
5. REFERENCE VOLTAGE vs. TEMPERATURE FIGURE #
6. START-UP VOLTAGE THRESHOLD vs. TEMPERATURE 14. CURRENT SENSE SPIKE SUPPRESSION
7. START-UP VOLTAGE THRESHOLD vs. TEMPERATURE 15. MOSFET PARASITIC OSCILLATIONS
8. OSCILLATOR DISCHARGE CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE 16. BIPOLAR TRANSISTOR DRIVE
9. OUTPUT SATURATION VOLTAGE vs. OUTPUT CURRENT AND 17. ISOLATED MOSFET DRIVE
TEMPERATURE (SINK TRANSISTOR)
18. ADJUSTABLE BUFFERED REDUCTION OF CLAMP LEVEL WITH
10. CURRENT SENSE THRESHOLD vs. ERROR AMPLIFIER OUTPUT SOFTSTART
11. OUTPUT SATURATION VOLTAGE vs. OUTPUT CURRENT AND 19. EXTERNAL DUTY CYCLE CLAMP AND MULTI-UNIT
TEMPERATURE (SOURCE TRANSISTOR) SYNCHRONIZATION
20. OSCILLATOR CONNECTION
21. ERROR AMPLIFIER CONNECTION

Copyright © 2000
6 Rev. 1.6 12/14
PRODUCT DATABOOK 1996/1997
SG1844/SG1845 Series
CURRENT-MODE PWM CONTROLLER
P R O D U C T I O N D A T A S H E E T

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES

FIGURE 1. — DROPOUT VOLTAGE vs. TEMPERATURE FIGURE 2. — OSCILLATOR TEMPERATURE STABILITY

10.0 0 VIN = 15V


Minimum Operating Voltage - (V)

Duty Cycle = 50%


SG1844

Frequency Drift - (%)


9.6 -2

9.2 -4

8.8 -6

8.4 -8

8.0 SG1845 -10

-75 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 -75 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125

Junction Temperature - (°C) Junction Temperature - (°C)

FIGURE 3. — CURRENT SENSE TO OUTPUT DELAY vs. FIGURE 4. — START-UP CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE
TEMPERATURE

220 0.7
SG1844
Current Sense Delay - (nS)

Start-Up Current - (mA)

200 0.6

180 0.5
VPIN3 = 1.1V
160 0.4

140 0.3

SG1845
120 0.2

-75 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 -75 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125

Junction Temperature - (°C) Junction Temperature - (°C)

Copyright © 2000
Rev. 1.6 12/14 7
PRODUCT DATABOOK 1996/1997
SG1844/SG1845 Series
CURRENT-MODE PWM CONTROLLER
P R O D U C T I O N D A T A S H E E T

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES

FIGURE 5. — REFERENCE VOLTAGE vs. TEMPERATURE FIGURE 6. — START-UP VOLTAGE THRESHOLD vs.
TEMPERATURE
5.02

8.32
5.01 SG1845
8.30
Reference Voltage - (V)

Reference Voltage - (V)


VCC = 15V

8.28
5.00

8.26

4.99
8.24

8.22
4.98
8.20

8.18
-75 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 -75 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125

Junction Temperature - (°C) Junction Temperature - (°C)

FIGURE 7. — START-UP VOLTAGE THRESHOLD vs. FIGURE 8. — OSCILLATOR DISCHARGE CURRENT vs.
TEMPERATURE TEMPERATURE
16.08 8.2
Oscillator Discharge Current - (mA)

16.06 8.0
Start Up Voltage - (V)

SG1844

16.04 7.8

16.02 7.6

16.00 7.4

15.98 7.2
-75 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 -75 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125

Junction Temperature - (°C) Junction Temperature - (°C)

Copyright © 2000
8 Rev. 1.6 12/14
PRODUCT DATABOOK 1996/1997
SG1844/SG1845 Series
CURRENT-MODE PWM CONTROLLER
P R O D U C T I O N D A T A S H E E T

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES

FIGURE 9. — OUTPUT SATURATION VOLTAGE vs. FIGURE 10. — CURRENT SENSE THRESHOLD vs.
OUTPUT CURRENT & TEMPERATURE ERROR AMPLIFIER OUTPUT
2.5 1.0

0.9

Current Sense Threshold - (V)


2.0 0.8
C
-55°
Saturation Voltage - (V)

5°C
°C 0.7
+25

°C
12

°C
25
-55
1.5 0.6
5°C
+12
0.5

1.0 0.4

VIN = 15V 0.3


Duty Cycle < 5%
0.5 0.2

0.1

0 0
100 200 300 400 500 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0

Output Current - (mA) Error Amp Output Voltage - (V)

FIGURE 11. — OUTPUT SATURATION VOLTAGE vs.


OUTPUT CURRENT & TEMPERATURE

4.0 VIN = 15V


Duty Cycle < 5%
Saturation Voltage - (V)

°C
25
+1 5°C
3.0 +2
°C
-55

°C
2.0 +25

5°C
+12
1.0

0
100 200 300 400 500

Output Current - (mA)

Copyright © 2000
Rev. 1.6 12/14 9
PRODUCT DATABOOK 1996/1997
SG1844/SG1845 Series
CURRENT-MODE PWM CONTROLLER
P R O D U C T I O N D A T A S H E E T

A P P L I C AT I O N I N F O R M AT I O N

OSCILLATOR
The oscillator of the 1844/45 family of PWM's is programmed by
the external timing components (RT, CT) as shown in Figure 13.

VREF 100K
47

10
nF

22

10

4.

2.

1n
7n

2n

F
0n

nF

nF
RT - ( )

F
F
RT

RT/CT 10K

CT
GND

1K
1.86 100 1K 10K 100K 1M
F≈ where RT ≥ 5kΩ
RTC T
Oscillator Frequency - (Hz)
FIGURE 12 — OSCILLATOR TIMING CIRCUIT FIGURE 13 — OSCILLATOR FREQUENCY vs. RT FOR VARIOUS CT

Copyright © 2000
10 Rev. 1.6 12/14
PRODUCT DATABOOK 1996/1997
SG1844/SG1845 Series
CURRENT-MODE PWM CONTROLLER
P R O D U C T I O N D A T A S H E E T

T Y P I C A L A P P L I C AT I O N C I R C U I T S
Pin numbers referenced are for 8-pin package and pin numbers in parenthesis are for 14-pin package.

VCC VIN VCC VIN

7 (12) 7 (12)

7 (11) Q1 7 (11)
R1 Q1
6 (10)
SG1844/45 SG1844/45 6 (10)
IPK
5 (8)
R

3 (5) IPK(MAX) = 1.0V 5 (8)


RS RS
C RS
3 (5)

FIGURE 14. — CURRENT SENSE SPIKE SUPPRESSION FIGURE 15. — MOSFET PARASITIC OSCILLATIONS

The RC low-pass filter will eliminate the leading edge current spike A resistor (R1) in series with the MOSFET gate reduce overshoot and
caused by parasitics of Power MOSFET. ringing caused by the MOSFET input capacitance and any inductance
in series with the gate drive. (Note: It is very important to have a
low inductance ground path to insure correct operation of the I.C.
This can be done by making the ground paths as short and as wide
as possible.)

IB VCC VIN
VC +
» R2 VIN
Isolation
7 (12) Boundary
VC1
» R1|| R2 _ 7 (11) Q1

VC1 6 (10) VGS Waveforms


VC
7 (11) +
C1 SG1844/45 0
R2 _
SG1844/45 Q1 5 (8) 50% DC
6 (10) R1 +
R
0
_
3 (5)
RS NS NP 25% DC
5 (8) C

3 (5)
RS V (PIN 1) - 1.4 N 
IPK =  P
3RS  NS 
FIGURE 16. — BIPOLAR TRANSISTOR DRIVE FIGURE 17. — ISOLATED MOSFET DRIVE
The 1844/45 output stage can provide negative base current to Current transformers can be used where isolation is required
remove base charge of power transistor (Q1) for faster turn off. This between PWM and Primary ground. A drive transformer is then
is accomplished by adding a capacitor (C1) in parallel with a resistor necessary to interface the PWM output with the MOSFET.
(R1). The resistor (R1) is to limit the base current during turn on.

Copyright © 2000
Rev. 1.6 12/14 11
PRODUCT DATABOOK 1996/1997
SG1844/SG1845 Series
CURRENT-MODE PWM CONTROLLER
P R O D U C T I O N D A T A S H E E T

T Y P I C A L A P P L I C AT I O N C I R C U I T S (continued)

VCC VIN

8 (14)
7 (12)
8 4
8 (14) RA
7 (11) 6
4 (7) Q1 SG1844/45
6 (10)
555 3 4 (7)
2 (3)
SG1844/45 RB TIMER
1 (1) 5 (8)
1N4148

R2
2
C
2N2907 3 (5) 1
C R1 5 (9) RS
5 (9)

V1  VC  R 1 R2 f= 1.44 To other
Where: 0 ≤ V1 ≤ 1.0V tSOFTSTART = -ln 1 - (RA + 2RB)C
V2  R1+R 2
IPK = C SG1844/45
RS
  RB
R1
1.43 - 0.23 f=
R2 0.5 RA + 2RB
and V1 = where: V2 =
R R1
1+ R1 1+
R2
2

FIGURE 18. — ADJUSTABLE BUFFERED REDUCTION OF CLAMP LEVEL FIGURE 19. — EXTERNAL DUTY CYCLE CLAMP AND
WITH SOFTSTART MULTI-UNIT SYNCHRONIZATION

Softstart and adjustable peak current can be done with the external Precision duty cycle limiting for a duty cycle of <50%, as well as
circuitry shown above. synchronizing several 1844/45's is possible with the above circuitry.

5V
2.8V 7 (11)
2.5V
1.1V RT
SG1844/45

0.5mA
6 (10)
2 (3)
CT
SG1844/45
Ri
1 (1)
RF
Discharge RF ³ 10K
Id = 8.2mA
Current

FIGURE 20. — OSCILLATOR CONNECTION FIGURE 21. — ERROR AMPLIFIER CONNECTION


The oscillator is programmed by the values selected for the timing Error amplifier is capable of sourcing and sinking current up to 0.5mA.
components RT and CT. Refer to application information for
calculation of the component values.

Copyright © 2000
12 Rev. 1.6 12/14
This datasheet has been download from:

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