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A

Seminar Report
on
“GREEN BUILDING”
Submitted
In
partial fulfillment for the award of degree of

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY
In
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Submitted To: Submitted By:


Dr. V. N. Shukla Mohit Tatweadi
Mr. Sanjay Singh 16EGJME200

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING


GLOBAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
JAIPUR (RAJASTHAN)-302022
CERTIFICATE

I hereby declare that the work, which is being presented in the seminar, entitled
“GREEN BUILDING” in partial fulfillment for the award of Degree of “Bachelor of
Technology” in Dept. of Mechanical Engineering submitted to the Department of
Mechanical Engineering, Global Institute of Technology, Rajasthan Technical
University is a record of my own investigations carried under the Guidance of
Dr. V.N. Shukla & Mr. Sanjay Singh, Assistant Professors of Department of
Mechanical Engineering, Global Institute of Technology.
I have not submitted the matter presented in this project anywhere for the award of
any other Degree.

(Name and Signature of Candidate)


Mohit Tatweadi
Roll no. : 16EGJME200
Global Institute of Technology, Jaipur

Counter Signed by:

Dr. V. N. SHUKLA
(Asst. Professor)

Mr. Sanjay Singh


(Asst.Professor)

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I express my sincere thanks to my seminar coordinator Dr. V. N. Shukla and


Mr. Sanjay Singh for guiding me right from the inception till the successful
completion of the seminar. I sincerely acknowledge them for extending their
valuable guidance, support for literature, critical reviews of project and the re-
port and above all the moral support. They had provided me with all the stages
of this seminar.

A special thanks goes out to the HEAD OF DEPARTMENT (Mechanical


Engineering) Dr. Anuj Mathur who has always given a patience hearing to all
out doubts and provided useful suggestions for completing the report. I would
also like to thanks the supporting staff of Department of ME (GIT) for their help
and cooperation throughout the seminar.

At last but not the least I want to thank my friends who treasured me for my
hard work and encouraged me and finally to God who made all the things
possible for me till the end. My heartiest love to my parents.

Mohit Tatweadi (16EGJME200)


Section-C
IV Year, VIII Semester
Mechanical Engineering Department
Global Institute of Technology, Jaipur

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ABSTRACT

Green Building refers to a structure and using a process that is environmentally


responsible and resource efficient throughout a building’s lifecycle. Since buildings
consume nearly 50% of World’s Total Energy, Green Buildings, on the other hand,
consume minimum amount of energy with the use of energy efficient materials. Hence,
location of green buildings in the close proximity would create a green zone and
providing much healthier environment with minimum heat island effect. In India,
there are 2 primary rating systems for green building: GRIHA (Green Rating for
Integrated Habitat Assessment); LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental
Design).

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy have adopted a national rating system-
GRIHA which was developed by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI). It
evaluates the environmental performance of a building over the entire life cycle and
hence subsequently awards the points. It is a 100 point system where the points are
allotted as per the ability of the project to successfully meet the criterion standards of
construction listed by GRIHA. This point bracket specifies the star allotted to a
particular building. GRIHA takes into account the provisions of the National Building
Code 2005; the Energy Conservation Building Code 2007 announced by BEE and
other IS codes.

The LEED Green Building Rating System developed and managed by the USGBC, is
the most widely used rating system nationally and internationally. Buildings are given
ratings of platinum, gold, and silver or “certified”, based on green building attributes.
The Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) founded by the collaboration between the
Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and the private manufacturer Godrej, has
taken steps to promote the green building concept in India. LEED-India rates
buildings on environmental performance and energy efficiency during design,
construction and operation stages.

Green Building when compared to a conventional building seems same externally and
in building use but differs in the operational savings and concerns for human comfort
and indoor environment.

Green Buildings enjoy the benefits of saving 40-50% energy by reducing CO2
emissions into the atmosphere. It also saves about 20-30% water by using rain
harvesting or grey water reuse techniques. It also reduces VMT (Vehicles Miles
Travelled) by choosing the location near by public transport and conveniences which
helps in reduction of gasoline consumption. But on the other hand, green buildings
face many barriers like the high initial investment required for construction, Split
incentives, whereby , the benefits of investing in a green building project is enjoyed by
the people who actually use the building and not by the person investing on its
construction cost.

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The financial institutions face major hurdles of low financial returns, credit risks,
uncertainty and difficulty in evaluating the added financial value of green buildings.
Since green buildings save approximately 50% of the energy, so the annual power
consumption is also reduced significantly thus saving the electricity bill.

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LIST OF CONTENTS

CERTIFICATE ii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iii

ABSTRACT iv

LIST OF CONTENT vi

LIST OF FIGURES x

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1

1.1 Goals of Green Building 2

1.1.1 Reducing enviromental impact 2

CHAPTER 2: WHY GREEN BUILDING? 4

2.1 Life cycle assessment(LCA) 5

CHAPTER 3: EFFICIENCY OF GREEN BUILDING 6

3.1 Siting and structure design efficiency 6

3.2 Energy efficiency 6

3.3 Water efficiency 7

3.4 Material efficiency 7

3.5 Indoor environmental quality enhancement 8

3.6 Operations and maintenance optimization 9

3.7 Waste Reduction 10

3.8 Cost and pay-off 10

3.9 Regulation and operation 11

3.10 Water conservation features 11

CHAPTER 4: THE GREEN CONCEPT 12

4.1 What is a green building? 14


4.2 Why make a green building? 14

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4.3 Solution is a green sustainable building 17

4.4 Economic Benefits 17

4.4.1 Reality 17

4.5 Green building movement in India 18

4.6 Green concept in institutional building 18

4.7 Rating systems for green building 19

4.8 Limitations of green building 19

CHAPTER 5: PRODUCT ANALYSIS & MATERIALS 21

5.1 Specification 21

5.1.1 Life cycle analysis 21

5.1.2 Production 21

5.1.3 Resource depletion(Biological) 22

5.1.4 Resource depletion(Non-Biological) 22

5.1.5 Global warming 22

5.1.6 Ozone depletion 22

5.1.7 Toxics 22

5.1.8 Acid rain 22

5.1.9 Photochemical oxidants 22

5.1.10 Other 22

5.1.11 Use 23

5.1.12 Energy use 23

5.1.13 Durability/maintenance 23

5.1.14 Recycling/reuse/disposal 23

5.1.15 Health hazards 23

5.1.16 Other 23

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5.1.17 Alert 23

CHAPTER 6: Advantages and disadvantages of green building 24

6.1 Advantages 24

6.1.1 Efficient technologies 24

6.1.2 Easier maintenance 24

6.1.3 Improved indoor air quality 24

6.1.4 Return on investment 25

6.1.5 Energy efficiency 25

6.1.6 Tax incentives 25

6.2 Disadvantages 25

6.2.1 Cost 25

6.2.2 Air cooling features 25

6.2.3 Structural orientation 25

6.2.4 Green roofs 25

6.2.5 Labor laws 26

CHAPTER 7: Rainwater harvesting system 27

7.1 Introduction 27

7.2 Benefits of rainwater harvesting 28

7.3 Utility of rainwater 28

7.4 Different methods of rainwater harvesting 28

7.4.1 Roof top water harvesting 28

7.5 Design of rainwater harvesting sysrem 29

7.5.1 The potential 29

7.5.2 Infleuncing factors 29

7.6 Rainfall 29

7.7 Catchment area characteristics 30


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7.8 Design of storage tanks 30

7.9 Dry season demand versus supply approach 31

7.10 Salient features of this approach 31

CHAPTER 8: SOLAR PANEL SYSTEM 33

8.1 Types of solar panels 34

8.2 How pv panels works? 34

8.3 Details on how pv panels work. 34

8.4 Where is pv panels installed? 35

8.5 What happens at night and cloudy days? 35

8.6 Off-Grid vs. Grid-tied systems 35

8.7 Off Grid advantages 36

8.8 Off Grid disadvantages 36

8.9 Gried Tied advantages 36

8.10 Gried Tied disadvantages 36


8.11 What happens if a solar system produces more
energy than home needs? 36

CHAPTER 9: The green building rating system 38

9.1 Need for the rating system 38

9.2 The LEED rating system 38

9.3 IGBC (INDIAN GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL) 39

CHAPTER 10: CASE STUDIES 40

10.1 Case study 1 40

10.2 Case study 2 41

10.3 Case study 3 42

CHAPTER 11: CONCLUSIONS 43

BIBLIOGRAPHY 44

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LIST OF FIGURES

Figure No. Name of Figure Page No.

1.1 A Green Building Project 2

1.2 Roof top with Grasses 3

3.1 A Bungalow with Green Building concept 4

3.2 A Green Project 8

3.3 A Living Room 9

4.1 A Pie Chart for Energy Distribution 11

4.2 Pie chart showing percentage of construction waste 16

4.3 LEED Graph 17

7.1 A flow chart of Rain Water Harvesting 18

7.2 Design of Rain Water Harvesting System 18

7.3 Rain Water Harvesting System 23

8.1 Solar Panel System 25

8.2 How PV Panel work 26

8.3 Solar Power System 35

9.1 U.S. Green Building Council 36

10.1 Suzlon one earth,Pune 37

10.2 Biodiversity Conservation India Ltd.(BCIL) 37

10.3 Pixel Building,Melbourne 38

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