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SevemthSernesterts"E.DegreeExaminatioea"
Decemhen20X0
GomputatioaaaE FBuid Dynamaics
T i m e :3 h r s . F l a x . N ' i a r l c s 0: iC
Note: Answer any FII/Efwltr questions,selecting
at least TWO qwestiorcsfrom eacfuparf"
o

'- "-'c.'
cJ

5 1 a. Commgnton CFD andparalleicomputing.., ( i 0 F{an!rs)

d
b. Derivean expression 0f velocity.
for divergence (l0lVlarks)

50- a. Whatarephysicalboundaryconditions?Explain. {n0lVlarlis)


y. b. DerivePDEof continuifyequation
in thenon-conservative
form. (10l!trarks)
tr^"
6e
-tl
50 'Apply Cramerrule to a mathenratical
.= +
".c A
andhyperbqlic.
.....'pJ,r1!o.lic
'4.
-'o.

'Y\
a " - . . .... 7.
a-:

'a ?a- -.1

O
LX
7

PAR.T'_B
5 a.Explainthefeatures
of thefollorving:
'F.*
grids
i) Structured grids.
ii) Unstructured (i0lv{ar'lts)
26
b. WhatareadaptiveSrids? ( 1 0h l a r k s )
,
'- ^
o!
6 a. Derivetheexpression (J)in thefollorvingform:
for a Jacobian
;v

(12Marks)
L

>;;
AE i.

LO
b Explainthe grid stretching,with a typicalexample. (08 Marks)
^"o
co0
7 a. Whatis iinitevolumescheme? Explain. (I0 lVlarlts)
4O
b, Elp!{n thecell centered
technique. (i0 Niarks)
EI

(r< 8 a. Explainthetime marchingtr:chnique. (i0 Marks)


directorimplicit(ADI)technique?
b. Whatis alternating Expiain. (i0 Marks)
;
Z
>k***'+
e
r N .6 06AE7s2
S e v e n t hS e m e s t e B
r . E . n e g r e eE x a m i n a t i o n ,D e c . 0 9 / J a n . l 0
Gomputational Fluid Dynamics
T i m e :3 h r s ,
I V I a xM
. arks:100
Note: Answ,er on1,FIVE full questions,selectittg
ol leost TIVO quesliotts j,i.ont each part.

- ^
a. Explainrhevarious
fluidflou,,roo.l^ot
'. .': (05 i\Iarks)
.::b. Dgpv..,e,
gxpression.lbr ........
strbstantial.ileriv-ar'ive.'.:

a :what'is
\ ] n a rr srhe-difference
r n ed r t f e r e n- clbeiu,een
.:'
bee t * e c nshock
: '.
,-.;'l',';. - tlro
shocKc a p t u r i r and'sirock
capturiig r gr r d ' s h o fitting?
a fcikr r i n e ? lrrrrrrl
b' Whatisthe clifference betueett.onr.n'oii." unLl,ro,',-.o,.rservative lbrmsof equations?
(10NIarks)
Apply eigen value method ro a
Quasi- linear partial.differenrjalequationfor the
mathematical
classification
ascllipric.parabolic.
or hipcrboiic.. (201\larks)

:.

.JJJ
I
I

AvL
.333

Meshfor the solutionof Laplaceequation, Boundan'conditjons are shorvnin the Fig4(b),


i - e . g : o o n x : 0 a n d, v : 0 , 9 = I o nx = l , g : 0 o n l .
)j.: (l2l\{arks)

PART _ B
5a. What are the featuresof the structuredgrids?
I (10 I\larks)
D. Explain the algebraicgrid generation.
( 1 0M a r k s )

6 Transform the follor.ving equation from ph1'sicalp lane


in x, ), coordinatesinto a
computational
planein _{,I coordinates.
ato a2o
-_+
^l^l 0 , u,here_(= E (*, v) andI = I (x, y). ( 2 0N I a r k s )
OX- .j\"

a. what is thecell-centered
schenrein thefinite'olume discretization? ( 1 0N I a r k s )
i b' Explainthedualcontrolt'olumetechnique in llnitevolunrediscretiz-ation.
a (10 i\'lark,s)
i

iq ExplaintheLax-\\;e.droffrechnique
iu
i fbr limemarchins. (l 2 IIarks)
t b. \\'hatis uplr'indschenre?
h (t)8i\lark-s)
t
t
Ue2,uAlsN,Q 06AE752

seventh semester B.E. DegreeExamination, June/July z0ll


Gomputational Fluid Dynamics
Time:3 hrs.
Max.Marks:100

la. Explainthevariousflow models.


(05Marks)
b . Explaintheneedfor CFD.
(05Marks)
Deriveexpression
for divergence
of velocity. (10Marks)

...:' :.e5'
--'
\:.; ivt'i:r_rli),
r'-r':?ru,r".
-'.,,-
( 0 8M a r k )
(07 i\{arks)

PART _ B

Explainadaptivegrid generation.
(10I\tarks)
Explainalgebraicgrid generation.
(10Marks)

considerfollowing transformation
for accomplishing
grid stretching:
€:x
I=/n(y+l).
Whatlappensto gov-eming flow equationsin boththe physicalandthe computationalplane
with this abovetransformation?
Showthis with z - o coniinultyequationfor-incompressible

Briefly explainthe finite volumediscretization. (20Marks)

over- relaxationandunder- relaxation?


what is successive
(08Marks)
Whatis numericaldissipationanddispersion? (12Mark)
06A8752
[ :-Q
fice>tzSLe.-,
seventh semester B.8,. f)egree Examination, December 2011
GomPutational Fluid DYnamics
Max.Marks:100
Time:3 hrs.
Note: Answer any FIVE fuII questions,selecting
ot leastTWO questionsfrom eachpart'

an arbitraryvolttnte,
Derive the equationsof conservationof a massand momentum,for
(20 Marks)
fixed in space,in the integralform. .
that reflect different
Explain the different mathematical behavior of the equations in CFD
cases' (20Marks)
behaviorsof a flow field. Give an examplefor the each one'of the

PART _ B
Explaintheimportance of variousco - ordinatesystems
in grid generation' (t0 Marks)
(05 Marks)
b. Whatarethe adaptivegrids?Explain'
of the grids. (05 Marlc)
L. properties
List the essential

in brief' (04 Marks)


6a. Whatis a jacobianmatrix?Explainits importance,
(06 Nlarks)
b. Why transformationsareneeded?Explain-
- (10 Marks)
Transformthe laplaceeguationfrom (x,y)to ((, n) co ordinates'

7a. Whatis a finite volumemethod?Explainandlist the importantfeaturesof an FVN4'


fl0 Marks)
Explain.
why is it needbd? (10Marks)
andvalidation?
b . what is verification

8 Writeshortnoteion:
a- Tineandspace marchingin CFD
b. Variousgeneralschemes of solutionof PDESnumerically
c. Upwindschemes in CFD
(20 Marks)
d. Fluxvectorsplitting.
U€ouSte N^c, 0648752

Seventh Semester B.E. Degree Examination, January 2Ol3


Gomputational Fluid Dynamics
Time: 3 hrs. Max. Marks:100
Note: Answer FIVEfull questions, selecting
o
atleast TWO questions from each pait.
o

E b' Derive the equation lor substantialdbrivativeoperarorin vector rotation and explain the
., q physical significanceof eachterm. (08Marks)
$i c. List few CFD applicationsis non aerospacefield. (04Marks)
gE
€ 3 2 a. Derive the continuity equation by consideringthe model of finite control volume fixed in
g; . space. (08 Marks)
'= -+ t rr
:= + .. . .b, .Writethe commentoh
-..,...
; '.,, .$.{0.. ..,:-"j.."epr-irt.irr.- '"rri""rlthe integral.verSus'differential
form:of.equations.
*,i*d.'.-bffiil;;,;t,r :;;:.;id.
(04ivrarks)
rrrrsru,T, H;b'lr.examp.les

" ' . ' : ' . ' . " - - . " , '""-''' . : . , , ' - ' - ' t ' - . ' . : . : ' , . ' : : . . , { i d t f f i i r k s ) " .
b.
= &0- I /dx'
a ) ^ ' ^ )

(10Marks)

4a. Describethe essentialfeaturesof hyperbolicequationimpact on physical behaviourof CFD


problems. --:-(AG Marks)
b. For the one dimensionalunsteadythermal conductiontlrough a semi infinite fluid, write the
governing equatid-n,Toindaryconditionsand plot the typical solution characteristics.

Consider 2 -?.-*g1"tional,steady
theinotationa,l, flowof a compresstofi;ffi#*
field is slightlyFert-uffedfromTeesTieu* iit"-flo* over a-Thinpiont":Tind the roots of
equationsinvolvedin suchkind of flow problem,usingeigenhetltodl (08 Marks)

PART - B

5a. Explainthe boundaryfittedcoordinate


systemfor thedivergentduct. (06 Marks)
b. Explain the elliptic grid generdtion,with suitableexample. (08 Marks)
Write short noteson adaptivegrids. (06 Marks)

6a. For the two dimensionalsteadyflow, continuity equationin Cartesiancoordinatesobtain the


transformation from physical plane to computational plane, using direct and inverse
transformations. (10Marks)
b. Derive the genericform of the governingflow equationwith strong conservativeform in the
transformedspacefor two dimensionalunsteadyflow with no sourceterm. (10Marks)
I ot2
1-{r*4tu-tl*, t -\\{4 l0AE752
USN
I D s 3 + a t.1
SeventhSemesterB.E. DegreeExamination, Dec.2013
/Jan.2ol4
Gomputational Fluid Dynamics
Time: 3 hrs. Max. Marks:100
Note: Answer FIVEfull questions, selecting
"i at least TWO questions from euch part.

PART _ A
!

la. Briefly explainthe needof parallelcomputingandexplainits types. (06 Marks)


b. Derive an expressionfbr substantialderivativeand explain its physicalmeaning. (06Marks)
Explain the varioustypesof fluid flow model with suitablesketchand bring out what type of
C)

K q.)
model leadsto what type of governingequationsforms. (08Marks)

2 a. What is Euler's form of NS equation?Derive the same for a finite volume Eulerian flow
=vl
-l
model along x-direction. (06Marks)
q€ b. Differentiatebetween:
i) Shock fitting and shock capturing methods
iCO
ii) Neumannand Dirichlet boundaryconditions. (04Marks)
.<!? c. Representthe generic form of governing equation suitable for CFD in case of steady.
oE inviscid flow, expand the terms involved in it. Also describethe procedure of obtaining
3s primitive variablesof suchgenericform of equations. (t0 Marks)
6;

tol 3 a. Assuming a system of quasi-linearequations,with the help of a characteristiccurve at a


point p(x, y), classifythe different typesof PDE's, statingexamplefor eachtype. (t0 Mart<s)
b. Determinethe typeol PDE for the followingequation:
DuAv^AuAv
^ - ^ =0: ^ - ^ =0
,G
i-r
ox oy ay ox
2a
OE
Also if a variable'd' is introducedsuchthat u =
oQ
and u =
ad
. determinethe natureof
^: au n
PDE. (10Marks)
o=
=ii 4 a. Considera laplaceform of steadyheatconductionequation,and obtain the discretevaluesof
.vc
temperatureat grid points indicated in the Fig.Qa(a). Assume the grid ds structuredwith
=g
5.Y Ax: Ay. Use a FDM schemewhich hasa Truncationerror of order O[(Ax)2,(ny)'].

=t/

: L

lr<
/nac'
;
/-
Ot c-
F
Fig.Qa(a) (12Marks)
b. What is CFL criterion?Obtain the CFL criterion for a first order wave equation. (08Marks)

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