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ESCI Reviewer

1. Source of anti-gravity which resists the effect of gravity.

2. It states that the gravity is a distortion of space-time.
3. When an observer is moving away from the light source, what will be his observation?
4. Hubble’s Law states that the galaxy recede at speeds proportional to its distance from the
observer. In what way Edwin Hubble proved that the galaxy is receding?
5. A faint glow of microwave band called Cosmologic Microwave Background, which was
supposedly propagated at what year approximately?
6. A spiral galaxy has a diameter of what range?
7. A spiral galaxy is composed of what kind of stars?
8. In a microscale observation, which of the following is a property of a solar system?
a. Most planets rotate prograde
b. All planets revolve around the sun
c. Orbits of the planets are elliptical and are on the same plane
d. Much of its mass is concentrated at the center (sun) and the angular momentum is
held by the outer planets
e. The periods of revolutions of the planets increase with increasing distance from the
sun the innermost, the fastest, the outermost the slowest.
9. Composition of a terrestrial planet
10. How old is our solar system?
11. The measure of the star’s brightness is called?
12. Which color of the main sequence star has the lowest surface temperature?
13. What part of the HR Diagram can you identify the main-sequence star?
14. It is a stage where the stars haven’t started thermonuclear yet.
15. States that the universe is continuously expanding in an accelerating manner
16. Which variables are related to classify a star in HR Diagram?
17. What do you call an observed group where its parts are interacting with each other and
somehow it shows its complex as a whole?
18. What percent of the Earth’s atmosphere is argon?
19. Refers to the g part of the Earth
20. Solid region that is composed of entirely metallic in composition
21. What is the atmospheric pressure of Venus?
22. How much of the total volume of the hydrosphere are freshwater in the form of ice?
23. The form of energy the Earth is receiving
24. The earth’s surface was formed due to what process
25. Factors that sustains life
26. What is the isotropic property of a system?
27. What is the homogenous property of a system?]
28. Explain why a red giant becomes a planetary nebula.
29. What is the major factor why planetary nebulae form white dwarf instead of a new born star?
30. Explain the nebular hypothesis.

(FOR NOS. 31-33 refer to image)

31. What is the drawback of the nebular

32. What are the process of the planetesimal
33. *
34. What kind of system does an air
conditioning have? (open or closed)
35. Processes driven by solar energy
36. Importance of liquid medium
37. If the heat on the molten core is exhausted then it is not habitable because
38. What could happen if carbon dioxide is not present?
39. If a planet has a thick atmosphere and is composed of mostly carbon dioxide, the planet cannot
be habitable. Why?
40. If it is so massive that is has a gravitational attraction of about 45 g (45 times the gravitational
acceleration of the earth0 the planet would be __
41. The objects in the pre- solar system that was used to form protoplanets are called __?
42. The terrestrial proto-planet was formed due to accretion of__?
43. Proto- Jupiter and proto- Saturn was formed due to accretion of ___?