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20 december 2017

Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken


Berichtenverkeer

BZ-Vertrouwelijk
Afrika, Sub-Sahara- : Centraal-Afrika - VN - Veiligheidsraad -
Conflictpreventie - Wordt Kameroen de nieuwe testcase voor
conflictpreventie in de Veiligheidsraad?
Van : NYV
Verzonden op : 20 december 2017 04:35
Land/regio : Afrika, Sub-Sahara- : Centraal-Afrika
Forum : VN - Veiligheidsraad
Thema : Conflictpreventie

Samenvatting
• Halfjaarlijkse UNOCA briefing resulteert in een ‘early warning’ voor de situatie in Kameroen.

• different topic

Commentaar
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Bericht
Op 13 december vonden de halfjaarlijkse consultaties over Centraal-Afrika plaats. Op Uruguay en Bolivia na spraken
alle leden in de besloten consultaties. Het rapport besloeg de volledige regio maar de meeste VR-leden selecteerden
2-3 landensituaties in hun interventies. 10 2 a10 2 a voegden daar aan toe deze regionale briefing een nuttig
instrument te vinden voor early warning en om de regionale connecties tussen de verschillende conflicten in kaart te
brengen.

Kameroen

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http://sbv/sbv/message/show/id/406242/flag/search 20-02-2019
Document 3

10 2 e

From: 10 2 e
Sent: donderdag 11 januari 2018 09:12
To: 10 2 e

Cc: 10 2 e
Subject: FW: Newsroom RTM: Reuters - At least 15,000 Cameroonian refugees
flee to Nigeria amid crackdown

Dag allen,

Ter info: berichtgeving kwartier geleden binnengekomen via BZ Newsroom.

Hartelijke groet,
10 2
e

From: Newsroom
Sent: donderdag 11 januari 2018 14:47
To: Newsroom <Newsroom@minbuza.nl>
Subject: Newsroom RTM: Reuters - At least 15,000 Cameroonian refugees flee to Nigeria amid
crackdown

At least 15,000 Cameroonian refugees flee to Nigeria amid crackdown


DONDERDAG 11 JANUARI 2018 | 14:21 | Reuters | Prioriteit: 3 | 1 | Woorden: 469

By Paul Carsten
ABUJA, Jan 11 (Reuters) - More than 15,000 Cameroonian refugees have fled to Nigeria amid a
crackdown on Anglophone separatists, the United Nations (UN) refugee agency and Nigerian
government officials said on Thursday.
The once-fringe English-speaking movement in majority French-speaking Cameroon has
gathered pace in the last few months after a military crackdown on protests, leading it to
declare independence in October for a breakaway "Ambazonia" state it wants to create.
The move poses the biggest challenge yet to the 35-year rule of President Paul Biya, who will
seek re-election this year, and the violent repression he has unleashed has driven thousands of
people from English-speaking regions across the border into Nigeria.
More than 8,000 refugees have been registered in the southeastern state of Cross River alone,
said Antonio Jose Canhandula, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees' (UNHCR)
representative in Nigeria, at a briefing in Abuja.
A further 6,700 or so Cameroonian refugees have crossed into neighbouring Benue state, said
Sadiya Umar Farouq, the head of Nigeria's National Commission for Refugees, Migrants and
Internally Displaced Persons, citing Benue officials.
There are also at least 350 refugees in the states of Taraba and Akwa Ibom, said Tamuno
Dienye Jaja, deputy comptroller general of the Nigeria Immigration Service.
The refugees are mostly children, women and the elderly, with very few young men, the
officials said.

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"Certainly there are more, how many more we are not able to state," said the UNHCR's
Canhandula.
"They are still coming, and they are coming daily," he said. "It is a crisis."
More food assistance, education and social services are needed, particularly as a number of
the women are pregnant at a young age, were are all issues, Canhandula said.
Nigeria's Farouq pledged the government's support.
"We are going to do all that we can to bring some kind of relief," she said.
Nigerian and Cameroonian officials have met to discuss the refugees and those talks are
ongoing, she said, although she declined to give details.
The separatist movement, including armed radical elements, has strained bilateral relations
between the two countries.
Last week, Nigerian authorities took 12 leaders of the separatists, including the chairman of
the self-declared Governing Council of Ambazonia, into custody after they gathered for a
meeting in a hotel in the Nigerian capital Abuja, people familiar with the matter said.
Cameroonian troops last month crossed into Nigeria in pursuit of rebels without seeking
Nigerian authorization, leading to diplomatic wrangling behind the scenes.
The unrest in Cameroon began in November, when English-speaking teachers and lawyers in
the Northwest and Southwest regions of Cameroon that neighbour Nigeria, frustrated with
having to work in French, took to the streets calling for reforms and greater autonomy. French
is the official language for most of Cameroon, but English is spoken in the two regions.
(Reporting by Paul Carsten; Editing by Hugh Lawson)

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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Deze e-mail is onderdeel van de Real Time Monitoring (RTM) van de Newsroom van de Directie Communicatie
(COM).
Met RTM houden we u op de hoogte van relevante berichten op de beleidsthema’s van BZ.
Vragen? Neem contact op met newsroom@minbuza.nl.
Vind onze mediabeelden en persoverzichten op 247 Plaza.

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Document 4
Document 5
**SUDAN
The Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, Virginia Gamba,
concluded a five-day mission to Sudan, including to Darfur and South Kordofan. She
expressed satisfaction at the progress made in the implementation of the Action Plan to end and prevent
the recruitment and use of children in armed conflict signed in 2016 by the Government of Sudan, but
she noted that more needs to be done to ensure that all children in Sudan continue to be protected from
violence.
Progress includes the issuance of command orders by all Government security forces and allowing
dialogue between the UN and non-state armed groups who are also engaged in Action Plans with the
UN. Access has also allowed for joint UN-Government monitoring and verification missions, and training
of security forces in all affected conflict states in 2017. But despite the good news, violence still affects
hundreds of children across Sudan, particularly in Darfur.

**CHAD
Our humanitarian colleagues tell us that clashes in northern Central African Republic (CAR) have
continued to trigger influxes of people seeking refuge into neighbouring southern Chad.
The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and the National Refugee Agency (CNARR) in Chad have registered
over 20,000 new refugees with groups of people continuing to cross the border.
UNHCR is coordinating humanitarian assistance and distributing non-food items, while the World Food
Programme is carrying out food distributions as Non-Governmental Organizations run mobile clinics.
Relocations are ongoing to refugee camps or host villages, further away from the border, but these are
challenged by limited hosting capacities and lack of resources.
Southern Chad is already hosting some 77,000 refugees and 43,000 Chadian returnees.

**LIBYA
Turning to Libya, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs says they are deeply
concerned by the intensification of armed conflict in Sebha, in southern Libya, over the past week. At
least six civilians have been killed and several more have been injured since the beginning of hostilities
in Sebha in early February. Sebha’s main hospital has been hit by crossfire multiple times over this
period. Some 600 people are reported to have fled the impacted neighbourhoods to other locations
within Sebha district but most people are confined to their homes as a result of the clashes.
Humanitarian health providers are supporting medical facilities in the area to cope with incoming
casualties. The Humanitarian Coordinator for Libya, Maria do Valle Ribeiro, has called on all parties to
abide by their obligations under international humanitarian law, and to protect civilians and civilian
infrastructure.

**FOOD PRICE
An update from iur colleagues at the Food and Agriculture Organization in Rome, who released their
Food Price Index for last month.
It shows that rising world prices for staple grains and dairy products more than offset lower prices for
vegetable oils, leading global food commodity prices up 1.1 percent in February.
The FAO also lowered its projections for worldwide wheat harvests this year, while noting that inventory
levels are poised to hit a record high.
Unfavorable weather in South America and Southern Africa, along with an expected contraction in
plantings, points to a likely output decline for maize in the southern hemisphere.

**IODINE DEFICIENCY
UNICEF and the NGO Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition say today in a report that nearly 19 million
babies born globally every year are at risk of permanent brain damage and reduced cognitive function
due to a lack of iodine in the earliest years of life.
More than 1 in 4 of these children – 4.3 million – lives in South Asia.
Insufficient iodine during pregnancy and infancy results in neurological and psychological deficits,
reducing a child’s IQ.
This translates into major losses in the cognitive capital of entire nations and thus [has] a negative impact
on their socio-economic development.

**DRUGS
The International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) launched its Annual Report for 2017 in Vienna
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today. In the report, the Board highlights that the need for treatment and rehabilitation largely outstrips
the availability of services.
The Board urges Governments to place more emphasis on treatment and rehabilitation – with particular
attention to the needs of special populations – rather than just focusing on prevention.
The Board also calls on the international community and Afghanistan to work together to reprioritize
responses to the drug challenge in that country.

**HONOUR ROLL
Now that the Winter Olympics are finished, our friends in Seoul have paid their regular budget dues in
full.
The Republic of Korea brings us up to 62, in our count.

**PRESS CONFERENCE
This afternoon at 3:00 p.m., Ambassador Karel van Oosterom, Permanent Representative of the
Kingdom of the Netherlands and President of the Security Council for the month of March will be here to
answer everything that you always wanted to ask him.

Bookmark the Spokesperson’s website: http://www.un.org/sg/en/spokesperson

4
Document 7
From: 10 2 e
Sent: dinsdag 8 mei 2018 12:09
To: 10 2 e
Subject: FW: UPR Cameroon: urgent update

Ter info ivm UPR Kameroen

From: 10 2 e
Sent: dinsdag 8 mei 2018 12:00
To: 10 2 e
Subject: UPR Cameroon: urgent update

Dear colleagues,

HRW emergencies researchers have just returned from a three-week mission to Cameroon.

They documented human rights violations by government security forces against the country’s Anglophone
minority, including arbitrary arrests, excessive force against demonstrators, extrajudicial executions, and the
burning of homes and villages (including 18 villages reported to have been totally or partially destroyed
between January and April 2018). They also documented abuses by armed separatist groups, including
threats, killings, and attacks on schools.

HRW is deeply concerned at the escalation of violations and abuses since the government’s violent
repression in late 2017 of largely peaceful protests organised by members of the Anglophone minority
campaigning for independence.

These concerns are reflected in a joint statement by 6 UN Special Procedures underlining that “human rights
must be respected to end the cycle of
violence”: http://www.ohchr.org/en/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=22409&LangID=E

Cameroon’s UPR review will take place in just over a week, on Wednesday, 16 May. We are aware that
delegations will have already drafted their interventions, but in view of the recent and continuing escalation
of violence, we urge delegations to include recommendations, if they have not already done so, designed to
restore the rule of law before the situation further deteriorates.

Please find below and attached our one-page update with an overview of the situation and suggested UPR
recommendations.

Feel free to contact us if you would like additional information, and thank you for your consideration of this
urgent matter.

Best regards,

10 2
e

UPR Update: Cameroon

3
30th session of the UPR, May 2018

During a recent three-week research mission to Cameroon in April 2018, Human Rights Watch (HRW)
documented numerous human rights violations committed by government forces, including arbitrary arrests,
use of excessive force against demonstrators, the burning of homes and property in villages, and extrajudicial
executions. Humanitarian sources have documented the total or partial burning of 18 villages between
January and April 2018, most likely by government forces. Witnesses interviewed by HRW described seeing
gendarmes place fuel canisters against houses, and those who had fled to the bush reported seeing plumes of
black smoke coming from villages shortly after the arrival of government security forces. In at least four cases,
older persons left behind were reported burnt alive in their homes.

HRW also documented abuses by armed separatist groups, including attacks on schools, killings of members
of the security forces and other state workers as well as threats and extortion. HRW heard from witnesses
that separatist activists threatened the lives of teachers and children and committed arson on schools.
According to local authorities, at least 32,000 children have been out of school since November 2017. Between
20,000 and 50,000 Cameroonians are estimated to have fled to Nigeria's Benoue and Cross River states.

Violence has escalated since events in November 2016, and between September and October 2017, when
government security forces used excessive force against five largely peaceful demonstrations organized by
members of the country’s Anglophone minority, located primarily in the south-west of the country, who were
calling for the region’s independence. Security forces, equipped with anti-riot gear including shields, helmets
and tear gas, used live ammunition, including from helicopters, against demonstrators equipped at most with
stones, and against unarmed bystanders, killing at least a dozen people and injuring scores.

Since then, the government crackdown has led to an escalation in violence, with armed separatists attacking
government workers, and security forces carrying out abusive and indiscriminate attacks against localities
suspected of supporting secessionist groups.

Several UN Special Procedures, in a joint statement issued in November 2017, urged the government to
respect human rights to end the cycle of violence. HRW is concerned that left unchecked, violations and abuses
will continue to escalate. The UPR represents an important opportunity to ensure international scrutiny and
recommend measures to restore the rule of law.

Recommendations

· Ensure that any counter separatist operations are conducted with full respect for international human
rights law and that all victims of human rights violations have access to effective remedies.
· Ensure all reported cases of violations and abuses are investigated and perpetrators held to account in
accordance with the rule of law;

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· Release all those arbitrarily detained in the context of the crisis and ensure that those charged with
offences enjoy full due process, and any and all charges are supported by credible evidence, admissible at
trial;
· Allow and facilitate unhindered humanitarian assistance to the affected areas in order to provide relief for
victims of violations abuses;
· Accept visits by relevant UN Special Procedures and facilitate monitoring and reporting to the Human
Rights Council.

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Messages Page 1 of 8

Document 18

14 juni 2018

Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken


Berichtenverkeer

Rijks-Intern
Afrika, Sub-Sahara- : Centraal-Afrika - VN - Veiligheidsraad -
Vredesoperaties - UNOCA Briefing en Consultaties: “We need to
be true to our talk on prevention… and Cameroon is a situation we
should be worried about.”
Van : NYV
Verzonden op : 14 juni 2018 05:20
Land/regio : Afrika, Sub-Sahara- : Centraal-Afrika
Forum : VN - Veiligheidsraad
Thema : Vredesoperaties

Bijlagen
UNOCA Briefing Speaking Points.DOCX (17.55 KB)

Samenvatting
• Op 13 juni vonden een open briefing en besloten consultaties over de United Nations Office in Central Africa
(UNOCA) plaats in de VNVR. De briefing en consultaties over UNOCA vinden plaats elke zes maanden, waarna
het mandaat van UNOCA onderhandeld en naar verwachting verlengd met drie jaar.

• VNVR-leden werden gebriefd door SRSG Fall en SG van de Economic Community of Central African States
(ECCAS).

• De briefing ging met name over de situatie in de hele regio met specifieke focus op CAR, DRC, Kameroen,
Burundi, en Guinee.

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Bericht
Background

1 This was the first UNOCA briefing of 2018. The following briefing (every six months) will be in December 2018.

2 The mandate of UNOCA expires at the end of August 2018. The recommendation of the SG is to extend the
mandate by three years as done usually.

3 In preparation for the mandate renewal, which will be done through an exchange of letters between the SGUN
and the UNSC, the UK, penholder on UNOCA, is planning to negotiate a Presidential Statement.

Briefing and Consultations

1 SRSG Fall and the SG of ECCAS, Ambassador Ahmad Allam-mi briefed the Council on the situation in Central
Africa and the role of UNOCA.

2 Following their briefings, UK, EqG, US, PER, CdI, KAZ, BOL, ETH, SWE, POL spoke in the open chamber.

3 The meeting then moved to consultations 10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a
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4 In closed consultations, 10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a
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Briefing: SRSG Fall

(See full statement attached)

1. First, the SRSG zoomed in on the most recent developments in Chad, Burundi, Gabon, Cameroon, Congo, Sao
Tomé, Equatorial Guinea, and the Lake Chad Basin Region.

2. On Cameroon, highlighted the grave IDP and refugee situation and encouraged inclusive dialogue. Supports the
work of the Multiculturalism and Bilingualism Commission in Cameroon, and stressed the need to ensure
peaceful, fair and inclusive elections.

3. Thereafter he highlighted the importance of the support provided by UNOCA in the region.

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Briefing: SG ECCAS

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2 Concerned about the situation in Cameroon and urged President Biya to act with restraint. Further expressed
support for UNOCA’s engagement and early warning and requested SRSG to remain actively engaged.
Requested that the UNSC follow the situation closely, with regular information from UNOCA.

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EqG

1 Highlighted the important role of UNOCA in the region, and made in-depth references to various countries in
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USA

1 Utilized the briefing as a way to single out the situation in Cameroon and stress the importance of monitoring
this issue. Important to address the issues in Cameroon before elections as this could lead to further violence.

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The Multiculturalism and Bilingualism Commission is an important body, and hopes that it is able to resolve the
issues in Cameroon in collaboration with President Biya.

PER

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KAZ

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2 Important to continue to share warnings. Concerned about the situation in the Gulf of Guinea and the situation
in Cameroon. In Cameroon it is important work towards dialogue and building trust among stakeholders.

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3. Concerned about the situation in Cameroon – instability in Cameroon will have direct implications on peace in
the whole region, especially in light of upcoming elections.

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Closed Consultations

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Document 19
10 2 e

International Crisis Group


708 3rd Avenue, Suite 1705
New York, NY 10017
United States
newyork@crisisgroup.org
www.crisisgroup.org
Crisis Group – The international conflict prevention organisation

--
-----------------------------------
10 2 e

International Crisis Group


708 3rd Avenue, Suite 1705
New York, NY 10017
United States
newyork@crisisgroup.org
www.crisisgroup.org
Crisis Group – The international conflict prevention organisation

--
-----------------------------------
10 2 e

International Crisis Group


708 3rd Avenue, Suite 1705
New York, NY 10017
United States
newyork@crisisgroup.org
www.crisisgroup.org
Crisis Group – The international conflict prevention organisation
4
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van welke aard ook, die verband houdt met risico's verbonden aan het elektronisch verzenden
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inherent in the electronic transmission of messages.

--
-----------------------------------
10 2 e

International Crisis Group


708 3rd Avenue, Suite 1705
New York, NY 10017
United States
newyork@crisisgroup.org
www.crisisgroup.org
Crisis Group – The international conflict prevention organisation

5
Document 20
Dear colleague,

The Minister Delegate to the Minister of External Relations of Cameroon and the Chef of Cabinet of the
Prime Minister of Cameroon would like to request the meeting with your Ambassador tomorrow or on
Thursday 12 2018 at his convenience regarding the political situation in Cameroon.
Best regards and waiting to hear you very soon.

10 2
Cameroon Mission
10 2 e

3
Messages Page 1 of 3

Document 21

21 juli 2018

Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken


Berichtenverkeer

BZ-Vertrouwelijk
VN - Veiligheidsraad - Weekbericht week 29: KNL Lidmaatschap
Van : NYV
Verzonden op : 21 juli 2018 01:00
Forum : VN - Veiligheidsraad

Samenvatting
• Deze week stond in het teken van Afrika en de samenwerking tussen de VN en de Afrikaanse Unie.
• De VNVR en AUPSC werden het 19/7 eens over het Joint Communiqué, waarin wordt ingegaan op de situatie in de DRC en
Zuid-Sudan, en manieren om het partnerschap tussen de VN en de AU verder te versterken. Het is de eerste keer dat er op de
dag van de consultaties een communiqué is aangenomen.
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Producten

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Document 22

27 juli 2018

Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken


Berichtenverkeer

BZ-Vertrouwelijk
VN - Veiligheidsraad - Weekbericht week 30: KNL Lidmaatschap
Van : NYV
Verzonden op : 27 juli 2018 23:30
Forum : VN - Veiligheidsraad

Samenvatting
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Afgerond:

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Work in Progress:

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• Resolution UNOWAS (eerste ronde verwacht op ma/di)
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http://sbv/sbv/message/show/id/416918/flag/search 20-02-2019
Messages Page 4 of 4

Awareness Briefings en gaf aan graag te zien dat Kameroen door DPA alsnog meegenomen wordt in een volgende
briefing.

Communicatie

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Berichtgegevens [BZ-V]
Aan : 10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e
10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e
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Opsteller : 10 2 e10 2 e
Afgestemd : 10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e
Kenmerk : NYV/2018/875
Type : Beleids
Prioriteit : Routine
Rubricering : BZ-Vertrouwelijk
Categorie : Verslag/Info

Dit bericht kan informatie bevatten die niet voor u is bestemd. Indien u niet de geadresseerde bent of dit bericht abusievelijk aan
u is toegezonden, wordt u verzocht dat aan de afzender te melden en het bericht te verwijderen. De Staat aanvaardt geen
aansprakelijkheid voor schade, van welke aard ook, die verband houdt met risico's verbonden aan het elektronisch verzenden
van berichten.

This message may contain information that is not intended for you. If you are not the addressee or if this message was sent to
you by mistake, you are requested to inform the sender and delete the message. The State accepts no liability for damage of
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Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken

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Document 23

28 juli 2018

Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken


Berichtenverkeer

BZ-Vertrouwelijk
Papoea-Nieuw-Guinea - VN - Veiligheidsraad - Situational
Awareness Briefing over o.a. Bougainville-referendum juni 2019
Van : NYV
Verzonden op : 28 juli 2018 01:03
Land/regio : Papoea-Nieuw-Guinea
Forum : VN - Veiligheidsraad

Samenvatting
VR-leden ontvangen van DPA een Situational Awareness Briefing (27/7) over Papua Nieuw-Guinea (PNG) en
dan met name het Bougainville-referendum dat in juni 2019 georganiseerd gaat worden als sluitstuk van de
lokale onafhankelijkheidsstrijd die in de jaren negentig tot 20.000 doden heeft geleid.

Commentaar
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Bericht
1. Op vrijdag 27/7 organiseerde DPA sinds lange tijd weer een zogeheten ‘Situational Awareness Briefing’ . Er
zaten veelal experts aan tafel en niet alle VR-leden waren vertegenwoordigd.
2. DPA Directeur Asia-Pacific Mari Yamashita briefte alleen over Papua Nieuw-Guinea (PNG) different topic
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Messages Page 2 of 3

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Reacties VR-leden
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11. Ook KNL sprak zich uit voor regelmatige(re) Situational Awareness Briefings en gaf aan graag te zien dat
Kameroen door DPA alsnog meegenomen wordt in een volgende briefing. different topicdifferent topic
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Berichtgegevens [BZ-V]
Aan : 10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e
10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e
Opsteller : 10 2 e10 2 e
Kenmerk : NYV-2018/878
Type : Beleids
Prioriteit : Routine
Rubricering : BZ-Vertrouwelijk
Categorie : Verslag/Info

Dit bericht kan informatie bevatten die niet voor u is bestemd. Indien u niet de geadresseerde bent of dit bericht abusievelijk aan
u is toegezonden, wordt u verzocht dat aan de afzender te melden en het bericht te verwijderen. De Staat aanvaardt geen
aansprakelijkheid voor schade, van welke aard ook, die verband houdt met risico's verbonden aan het elektronisch verzenden
van berichten.

This message may contain information that is not intended for you. If you are not the addressee or if this message was sent to
you by mistake, you are requested to inform the sender and delete the message. The State accepts no liability for damage of
any kind resulting from the risks inherent in the electronic transmission of messages.

Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken

http://sbv/sbv/message/show/id/416921/flag/search 20-02-2019
Document 24
I’ve pasted our press release below for your convenience.

Please do reach out should you have any questions.

Very best,
10 2
e

Human Rights Watch


10 2 e

Cameroon: Killings, Destruction in Anglophone Regions


Government and Separatists Abuse Civilians

(New York, July 19, 2018) – Government security forces and armed separatists have committed
grave abuses against residents of Cameroon’s Anglophone region, Human Rights Watch said in a
report released today. The region has been roiled by protests and violent clashes rooted in long-
standing political grievances by the country’s Anglophone minority.

Based on research in the region, satellite imagery analysis and video analysis, the 59-page report
“‘These Killings Can Be Stopped’: Government and Separatist Groups Abuses in Cameroon’s
Anglophone Regions” found that both government forces and armed separatists have abused
civilians in the western part of the country, displacing over 180,000 people since December
2017. Anglophone separatists have extorted, kidnapped and killed civilians, and prevented
children from going to school. In response to protests and violence by armed separatists,
government forces have killed civilians, used excessive force against demonstrators, tortured
and mistreated suspected separatists and detainees, and burned hundreds of homes in several
villages.

“The human rights situation in Cameroon has reached crisis level and could still get much
worse,” said Mausi Segun, Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “International action is
needed to ensure that both sides protect civilians and ensure justice for crimes against them.”

Human Rights Watch documented abuses by both government forces and a variety of separatist
between late 2016 and May 2018. Human Rights Watch interviewed 51 victims, relatives of
victims, or witnesses of abuse, as well as 31 education and medical professionals, lawyers, and
key international sources. The interviews were conducted in the northwest and southwest
regions of Cameroon in April.

Human Rights Watch also analyzed satellite imagery of villages in these regions, reviewed
written complaints to a local organization following abuses by security forces, and collected
dozens of videos and photographs that appear to show government security forces abusing
civilians or burning villages, or the aftermath of such abuses. For six of the videos, Human Rights
Watch confirmed the location and time of the recordings.

2
The crisis in the Anglophone regions stems from events in late 2016, when local lawyers and
teachers mobilized over demands for respect of the region’s Anglophone educational and
judicial systems. This escalated into armed confrontations following heavy-handed repression by
government security forces. The Cameroonian government negotiated with lawyers and
teachers’ unions in early 2017, but its security forces continued to clamp down on Anglophone
protesters, including the arrest of two prominent negotiators on January 17, 2017.

At the same time, separatist activists who seek an independent state for the country’s English-
speaking regions began to set fire to schools and attack teachers and students to enforce a
boycott they had declared on local schools. In June 2018, UNICEF reported that at least 58
schools had been damaged since the beginning of the crisis in 2016. Human Rights Watch
documented 19 threats or attacks on schools, and 10 threats or attacks on education personnel.

In late 2017, Anglophone diaspora groups formed an interim government for the self-declared
“Republic of Ambazonia” and called for mass demonstrations. Government security forces
responded violently, killing over 20 people and arresting hundreds.

On January 29, 2018, Nigerian authorities arrested and handed over 47 Anglophone activists –
including the interim president of the “Republic of Ambazonia” – to Cameroonian authorities.
Since then, armed separatists have mobilized more supporters and resources and ramped up
attacks on government security forces.

In response, government security forces conducted abusive counterinsurgency operations in the


area. In armed operations in 12 villages in the northwest and southwest regions between
January and April 2018, government security forces shot and killed in total over a dozen
civilians, including at least seven people with intellectual and/or psychosocial or physical
disabilities who were unable or refused to flee. Witnesses also told Human Rights Watch that at
least four older women who were left behind by their relatives at the time of the attack were
burnt alive when security forces set their houses on fire.

A 43-year-old man described finding his 69-year-old mother’s remains after a government
operation in Bole in the northwest region on March 23, 2018. “I found that everything in the
house was burned, including my mother,” he said. “When the military came, my wife and
children ran but my mother couldn’t. She died a terrible death. We only found her head and
intestines. Everything else was burned.”

Human Rights Watch reviewed satellite images of 131 villages in the southwest region. From
those, 20 of the villages had clear evidence of building destruction consistent with arson. The
total number of destroyed buildings came to at least 1,800.

Human Rights Watch interviewed people from five of these 20 locations who described fleeing
as security forces entered the village, and then watching from a distance as smoke rose in the
air.

Videos posted to YouTube and Twitter appear to show burned buildings in the southwest
region. Human Rights Watch verified the location of six videos that showed destruction in four
villages. In a video from one of the villages, Azi, security forces can be seen setting a building on

3
fire.

As of May, at least 160,000 people were internally displaced, with 80 percent of them hiding in
the forest. At least 20,000 Cameroonians have sought refuge in Nigeria since late 2017,
according to United Nations agencies.

In meetings with Human Rights Watch in the capital Yaoundé in June, senior government
ministers said President Paul Biya has authorized investigations into the allegations of abuses
and acknowledged it was possible that some security personnel had committed “excesses.” But
officials expressed doubts that government forces had burned buildings on a large scale. In a
June 2018 humanitarian aid plan, however, the government budgeted for the reconstruction of
10,000 family homes.

The Cameroonian government should swiftly follow through on its promises to investigate these
allegations and do so in a transparent manner, and take concrete actions to protect civilians,
such as the deployment of military judicial police officers on operations to monitor the conduct
of security forces and advise commanding officers, as it responds to armed separatists, Human
Rights Watch said. It should allow independent international monitors, including the UN Office
of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, to access and work in the regions.

On July 16, the Government of Cameroon formally responded to Human Rights Watch's
findings.

Armed separatist leaders should call on their supporters to stop abuses against civilians and to
allow children to attend school, Human Rights Watch said.

International entities, including the UN and African Union, and international partners of
Cameroon – including the United States and France – should press both sides to take swift and
concrete action to protect civilians and ensure justice for crimes against them.

“Despite the abuses and provocations by armed separatists, the government should never be
attacking civilians and burning villages,” Segun said. “Both sides should recognize they won’t
reach their goal by perpetuating the cycle of violence, and work toward a negotiated solution.”

“‘These Killings Can Be Stopped’: Government and Separatist Groups Abuses in Cameroon’s
Anglophone Regions” is available at:
https://www.hrw.org/node/320434

An interview with researcher Jonathan Pedneault on the building crisis in Cameroon is available
at:
https://www.hrw.org/news/2018/07/12/interview-stoking-fires-cameroon

For more Human Rights Watch reporting on Cameroon, please visit:


https://www.hrw.org/africa/cameroon

4
Messages Page 1 of 5

Document 27

3 augustus 2018

Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken


Berichtenverkeer

BZ-Vertrouwelijk
VN - Veiligheidsraad - Weekbericht week 31: KNL Lidmaatschap
Van : NYV
Verzonden op : 3 augustus 2018 20:00
Forum : VN - Veiligheidsraad

Bijlagen
Security Council Statistics 2017 July 2018.pdf (430.05 KB)

Samenvatting
• different topic

Afgerond

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Work in Progress

di
ff
e

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http://sbv/sbv/message/show/id/416977/flag/search 20-02-2019
Messages Page 4 of 5

8. Op 1 augustus vond de eerste ronde van de onderhandeling van de UNOCA PRST plaats, onder voorzitterschap van
penvoerder VK. UNOCA, het regionale kantoor in Centraal-Afrika, is opgericht op verzoek van de regio en het mandaat
wordt daarom door de SG vastgesteld voor een periode van 3 jaar d.m.v. een uitwisseling van brieven met de
voorzitter van de VR. Met de PRST geeft de VR aan wat de aandachtspunten in de regio zijn. De zero draft dekte
grotendeels de KNL prioriteiten voor de regio. KNL heeft voorgesteld om de klimaatparagraaf te spiegelen aan de
klimaatparagraaf in de UNOWAS PRST, die op dit moment onderhandeld wordt. Dit betekent dat als de tekst in
UNOWAS uitgebreid wordt, dit wordt overgenomen in de UNOCA PRST. 10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a
10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a . 10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a
een zin opgenomen waarin zorgen worden geuit over escalatie van geweld in Kameroen. Dat was voor KNL een
prioriteit vanuit het oogpunt van conflictpreventie. KNL heeft voorgesteld deze paragraaf uit te breiden, en kreeg
hiervoor steun van 10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a
10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a10 2 a De komende dagen wordt gekeken of er draagvlak is onder
andere likeminded om de tekst over Kameroen uit te breiden.

PRST Counter-Terrorism

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Informal Working group on International Mechanism Criminal Tribunals

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Communicatie

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Vooruitblik

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Berichtgegevens [BZ-V]
Aan : 10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e
10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e
10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e10 2 e

http://sbv/sbv/message/show/id/416977/flag/search 20-02-2019
Document 29

10 2 e

From: 10 2 e
Sent: maandag 6 augustus 2018 16:53
To: 10 2 e
Subject: RE: Cameroon

I have booked a room right outside the elevators on the river side of the building, which is called
10 2 e You cannot miss it. I will be there to meet you.

Best,
10
2e

From: 10 2 e
Sent: Monday, 06 August, 2018 4:49 PM
To: 10 2 e
Subject: RE: Cameroon

Perfect that works for me as well. Do you have an office number or should I wait for you at the
elevators?

From: 10 2 e
Sent: maandag 6 augustus 2018 16:47
To: 10 2 e
Subject: RE: Cameroon

Thank you, 10 2 e
In fact I have a meeting right before and it would be actually appreciated if we could meet at the UN. If
you would not mind stopping by the 10 floor of the Secretariat where my office is located, that would
be much appreciated. 2e

Many thanks.

Best,
10
2e

From: 10 2 e
Sent: Monday, 06 August, 2018 4:13 PM
To: 10 2 e
Subject: RE: Cameroon

You’re welcome at our mission at 666 Third Ave (between 42 and 43) or I could come to your office?
Best,
10 2 e

From: 10 2 e
Sent: maandag 6 augustus 2018 16:12

1
Help save paper! Do you really need to print this email?

Dit bericht kan informatie bevatten die niet voor u is bestemd. Indien u niet de geadresseerde bent of
dit bericht abusievelijk aan u is toegezonden, wordt u verzocht dat aan de afzender te melden en het
bericht te verwijderen. De Staat aanvaardt geen aansprakelijkheid voor schade, van welke aard ook, die
verband houdt met risico's verbonden aan het elektronisch verzenden van berichten.

This message may contain information that is not intended for you. If you are not the addressee or if
this message was sent to you by mistake, you are requested to inform the sender and delete the
message. The State accepts no liability for damage of any kind resulting from the risks inherent in the
electronic transmission of messages.

Help save paper! Do you really need to print this email?

Dit bericht kan informatie bevatten die niet voor u is bestemd. Indien u niet de geadresseerde bent of
dit bericht abusievelijk aan u is toegezonden, wordt u verzocht dat aan de afzender te melden en het
bericht te verwijderen. De Staat aanvaardt geen aansprakelijkheid voor schade, van welke aard ook, die
verband houdt met risico's verbonden aan het elektronisch verzenden van berichten.

This message may contain information that is not intended for you. If you are not the addressee or if
this message was sent to you by mistake, you are requested to inform the sender and delete the
message. The State accepts no liability for damage of any kind resulting from the risks inherent in the
electronic transmission of messages.

Help save paper! Do you really need to print this email?

Dit bericht kan informatie bevatten die niet voor u is bestemd. Indien u niet de geadresseerde bent of
dit bericht abusievelijk aan u is toegezonden, wordt u verzocht dat aan de afzender te melden en het
bericht te verwijderen. De Staat aanvaardt geen aansprakelijkheid voor schade, van welke aard ook, die
verband houdt met risico's verbonden aan het elektronisch verzenden van berichten.

This message may contain information that is not intended for you. If you are not the addressee or if
this message was sent to you by mistake, you are requested to inform the sender and delete the
message. The State accepts no liability for damage of any kind resulting from the risks inherent in the
electronic transmission of messages.

Help save paper! Do you really need to print this email?

Dit bericht kan informatie bevatten die niet voor u is bestemd. Indien u niet de geadresseerde bent of
dit bericht abusievelijk aan u is toegezonden, wordt u verzocht dat aan de afzender te melden en het
bericht te verwijderen. De Staat aanvaardt geen aansprakelijkheid voor schade, van welke aard ook, die
verband houdt met risico's verbonden aan het elektronisch verzenden van berichten.

This message may contain information that is not intended for you. If you are not the addressee or if
this message was sent to you by mistake, you are requested to inform the sender and delete the
message. The State accepts no liability for damage of any kind resulting from the risks inherent in the
electronic transmission of messages.

4
Help save paper! Do you really need to print this email?

Dit bericht kan informatie bevatten die niet voor u is bestemd. Indien u niet de geadresseerde bent of
dit bericht abusievelijk aan u is toegezonden, wordt u verzocht dat aan de afzender te melden en het
bericht te verwijderen. De Staat aanvaardt geen aansprakelijkheid voor schade, van welke aard ook, die
verband houdt met risico's verbonden aan het elektronisch verzenden van berichten.

This message may contain information that is not intended for you. If you are not the addressee or if
this message was sent to you by mistake, you are requested to inform the sender and delete the
message. The State accepts no liability for damage of any kind resulting from the risks inherent in the
electronic transmission of messages.

5
Document 30

10 2 e

From: 10 2 e
Sent: maandag 6 augustus 2018 16:27
To: 10 2 e
Subject: RE: Kameroen

Perfect!

10 2 e
Political Affairs Officer
Africa II Division
Department of Political Affairs
10 2 e

From: 10 2 e
Sent: Monday, 06 August, 2018 4:23 PM
To: 10 2 e
Subject: RE: Kameroen

Great, 4.15 in the DL?

From: 10 2 e
Sent: maandag 6 augustus 2018 16:22
To: 10 2 e
Subject: RE: Kameroen

Dear 10 2 e

Wednesday afternoon works for me. 3 or 4pm at the DL?

10 2

10 2 e
Political Affairs Officer
Africa II Division
Department of Political Affairs
10 2 e

From: 10 2 e
Sent: Monday, 06 August, 2018 4:09 PM
To: 10 2 e

Subject: RE: Kameroen


1
This message may contain information that is not intended for you. If you are not the addressee or if
this message was sent to you by mistake, you are requested to inform the sender and delete the
message. The State accepts no liability for damage of any kind resulting from the risks inherent in the
electronic transmission of messages.

Help save paper! Do you really need to print this email?

Dit bericht kan informatie bevatten die niet voor u is bestemd. Indien u niet de geadresseerde bent of
dit bericht abusievelijk aan u is toegezonden, wordt u verzocht dat aan de afzender te melden en het
bericht te verwijderen. De Staat aanvaardt geen aansprakelijkheid voor schade, van welke aard ook, die
verband houdt met risico's verbonden aan het elektronisch verzenden van berichten.

This message may contain information that is not intended for you. If you are not the addressee or if
this message was sent to you by mistake, you are requested to inform the sender and delete the
message. The State accepts no liability for damage of any kind resulting from the risks inherent in the
electronic transmission of messages.

Help save paper! Do you really need to print this email?

Dit bericht kan informatie bevatten die niet voor u is bestemd. Indien u niet de geadresseerde bent of
dit bericht abusievelijk aan u is toegezonden, wordt u verzocht dat aan de afzender te melden en het
bericht te verwijderen. De Staat aanvaardt geen aansprakelijkheid voor schade, van welke aard ook, die
verband houdt met risico's verbonden aan het elektronisch verzenden van berichten.

This message may contain information that is not intended for you. If you are not the addressee or if
this message was sent to you by mistake, you are requested to inform the sender and delete the
message. The State accepts no liability for damage of any kind resulting from the risks inherent in the
electronic transmission of messages.

3
Messages Page 1 of 5

Document 36

10 augustus 2018

Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken


Berichtenverkeer

BZ-Vertrouwelijk
VN - Veiligheidsraad - Weekbericht 32: KNL Lidmaatschap
Van : NYV
Verzonden op : 10 augustus 2018 23:50
Forum : VN - Veiligheidsraad

Samenvatting
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Afgerond

• PRST UNOWAS (10/8 aangenomen)


• PRST UNOCA (10/8 aangenomen)
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Work in Progress

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Commentaar
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http://sbv/sbv/message/show/id/417208/flag/search 20-02-2019
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10.2.a.

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DRC persstatement
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Burundi persstatement
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PRST Protection of Civilians (PoC)

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PRST Counter-Terrorism
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Document 38

Report of the hearing on 5 December 2018, regarding the notice of objection from 24
October 2018, submitted by Mr. Lee (the applicant), against the decision of the Minister
of Foreign Affairs of 17 October 2018, concerning the Wob request of 22 August 2018 to
receive documents with regard to Cameroon or documents related to questions or
comments received at the United Nations stakeouts.

Members of the hearing committee

Mr. D. Stolwijk (chairman), Department of Legal Affairs


Mr. S. Hulisz, Sub-Saharan Africa Department
Ms. C.N. Perrick, Department of Legal Affairs

Applicant

Mr. M.R. Lee

The chairman opens the hearing, and gives the attendees the opportunity to introduce themselves. He
explains that the purpose of the hearing is to exchange information between the parties and that no
decision will be made during this session.

Subsequently, the chairman summarizes the grounds of the notice of objection that Mr. Lee submitted
on 24 October 2018 against the decision of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of 17 October 2018. In his
notice of objection Mr. Lee has stated that the second part of his request, regarding communications
about questions or comments received at the United Nations stakeouts, has not been considered.
Furthermore, he has argued that the way the Wob exemption grounds have been exercised, are not in
accordance with the legislative intent, since they mean that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs would be
completely excluded from the Wob. The chairman asks if Mr. Lee would like to clarify his notice of
objection.

Mr. Lee states that a meeting has taken place with Ambassador Van Oosterom and Cameroonian
ministers, which was not a normal bilateral meeting. He thinks there were lobbyists present, who were
urging not to have a Security Council meeting about the human rights crisis in the North and
Southwest region of Cameroon. Mr. Lee believes that it is very important to know about the presence
of lobbyists at this meeting, and about their role there.

Mr. Lee emphasizes that the decision to disclose information is a balancing act. He holds that in this
case the balance has been misapplied. Since there are substantial questions of public interest at stake
here, he considers disclosure to be more important than other interests. For the past two years there
has been a human rights crisis in Cameroon, but there has not been a single Security Council meeting
on this subject. Mr. Lee states that even assuming that it would be correct to withhold normal bilateral
meetings, the meeting between Ambassador Van Oosterom and the government of Cameroon was a
special kind of meeting, since its purpose was to prevent a Security Council meeting about this subject
to take place. Mr. Lee holds that, taking into account the purpose of the Security Council membership,
and the policy of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign affairs, it would be good to disclose the requested
documents.

Mr. Lee explains that, in the course of reporting on the United Nations’ failure with regard to the
situation in Cameroon, he has encountered major issues. He’s been thrown out of the United Nations,
but still wants to pursue this issue, which is why he asks questions on the sidewalk. To get an insight
in the situation, it’s important for him to know, if there is any record about whether issues on a human
rights crisis should result in the exclusion of a journalist.

The chairman confirms that the decision about a Wob request is a balancing act.
He acknowledges that in the decision of 17 October 2018 the part of the Wob request regarding
questions or comments received at the United Nations stakeouts has not been taken into account. He
assures Mr. Lee that this part will be addressed in the decision on the objection.

The chairman clarifies the terms, which are used in Dutch Wob procedures. The applicant has 6 weeks
to object the decision. When these 6 weeks are over, another term of 6 weeks start, in which the
decision on the objection must be made. In this case this means that the decision on the objection has
to be made before the 28th of January. If necessary, this deadline can be extended with another six
weeks.
Mr. Lee notifies that he was confused with the US-law under which an accelerated procedure is
possible. He notices that the decision was written on October 17th, but e-mailed to him on October
22th, which is five days later.

Mr. Lee emphasizes that he wants the information as soon as possible, because things have gotten
worse in terms of the human rights crisis in Cameroon. He further explains that the fact that he has is
banned from the United Nations security stakeouts for the 145th day, has an impact on his ability to
pursue these questions himself, as he’s been doing for 10 years. Mr. Lee says he realizes that the Wob
procedure only concerns his request to make certain documents public, and not the fact that he is not
allowed to work at the United Nations Premises anymore.

Mr. Lee states that he is under the impression that journalists are considered hostile by the United
Nations. Ambassador Van Oosterom has not in any way responded to his questions about Cameroon
(or other subjects), which he has asked him at the Delegates Entrance stakeout. He says he may
assume that if a journalist asks questions to an Ambassador, that even if it doesn’t result in any
response to him, there would be some kind of response, even if it’s just e-mails to others. That’s why
he finds it surprising that none of these documents have been found.

The chairman explains the general terms under which the Ministry of Foreign Affairs discloses
information. The starting point is that information should be disclosed. Nevertheless, sometimes
information is not made public, because of other justified interests. One of these is the situation in
which disclosure would harm the relationship between the Dutch government and another
government. Personal opinions of civil servants are not made public either, because what matters is
the final and official decisions of the Ministry. If all discussions between civil servants would be made
public, it would be very hard to make policy.

Mr. Lee urges on the side of disclosure and not secrecy. According to him, the membership in the
Security Council should be considered, as well as the Dutch diplomatic status.
Mr. Lee also suggest that in this case it is more imperative to make internal documentation public,
because there is no official decision, and no action whatsoever has been taken in the Cameroon case.
He also states that even though the Netherlands prides itself for being an open country, there are
other countries who have released the kind of documents he has requested in this case.

The chairman concludes the meeting by explaining that Mr. Lee can appeal to the decision on the
objection at a district court. If Mr. Lee doesn’t agree with this report, he can address this in his appeal.