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1. Introduction to Physical Examination V. Erosion
A. a method used to determine texture, W. Lichenification
temperature, vibration, position, consistency of
X. Scales
organs, and alike.
B. A position where one of the contraindications Y. Crust
include those elderly and weak clients that may Z. Ulcer
require support.
AA. Fissure
C. it is a visual assessment of the patient. Nurses
use this almost all the time. BB. Scar
D. This is used to determine the size and shape of CC. Keloid
internal organs by establishing their borders.
DD. Excoriation
E. It is an extreme dullness produced by a very
dense tissue. EE. Anasarca
F. It is a thud-like sound produced by dense FF. Bilateral edema
tissue, such as the spleen.
GG.Pathological edema
G. It is a hollow sound produced by the lungs.
H. A sound produced by an air-filled stomach. HH. Hyperhidrosis
II. Bromhidrosis
2. Skin
JJ. Diaphoresis
KK. Cushing’s disease
A. Pallor
LL. Addison’s disease
B. Cyanosis
MM. Linear configuration
C. Jaundice
NN.Annular configuration
D. Erythema
OO.Zosteriform configuration
E. Vitiligo
PP. Discrete configuration
F. Edema
QQ. Polycyclic configuration
G. Primary skin lesion
RR. Confluent configuration
H. Secondary skin lesion
Identify the skin lesion of the following
I. Macule
A. Pimple
J. patch
B. Petechiae
K. Papule
C. Rubella
L. plaque
D. Athlete’s foot
M. Nodule
E. Vitiligo
N. Ecchymosis
F. Warts
O. tumor
G. striae
P. Pustule
H. Fibroma
Q. Vesicle
I. stasis
R. bulla
J. Rubeola
S. Cyst
K. Ruptured vesicles
T. Wheal
L. Hemangioma
M. Impetigo a. Visual Acuity
N. Chronic dermatitis b. Visual field
O. Healed acne c. Extraocular movement
P. eczema d. Myopia
Q. Herpes simplex e. Hyperopia
R. dandruf f. Presbyopia
S. Mosquito bites g. Astigmatism
T. Chalazion of the eyelid h. Iritis
3. Hair i. Entropion
A. Kwashiorkor j. Dacryocystitis
B. Hirsutism k. Glaucoma
C. Pediculosis capitis l. Cataract
D. Alopecia m. Hordeolum
E. Pediculosis pubis n. Ectropion
- A pt, in her 20s noticed that that she has thin, o. Anisocoria
brittle hair. Possible diagnosis related to PA of p. Miosis
q. Mydriasis
4. Nails
r. Conjunctivitis
Identify the following
s. Exophthalmos
a. what is the normal angle between the nail and
the nail bed? t. Enopthalmos

b. In what condition does the nail curves upward u. Direct pupil response

c. It is a condition where the angle of the nail and v. Consensual pupil response
the nail bed is at 180. w. PERRLA
d. Inflammation of the surrounding tissues of the x. Normal pupil size
y. Normal blink times
e. What does excessively thick nail indicate? z. This condition is the loss of visual field on the
f. What does excessively thin nail indicate? same side of the eye.
g. These are horizontal depression in the nail that aa. Used to see the inner structure of the eye
resulted from injury or severe illness bb. Nystagmus
h. The Blanch test is used to test the cc. Strabismus
dd. Ptosis
5. Head
ee. Hirschberg test
a. Normocephalic
ff. Macular degeneration
b. Exophthalmos
7. Ears
c. Myxedema
a. is the result to the damage of the inner ear,
d. Causes of moon face? auditory nerve, and the hearing center in the
e. Causes of sunken eyes? brain
6. Eyes and Vision
b. possible causes are the tear in the tympanic c. It is a permanent deformity of the thorax. It may
membrane or an obstruction, due to swelling or or may not be surgically repaired unless there is
other causes, in the auditory canal. an efect to the person.
c. Presbycusis d. A congenital defect that narrows the chest in
d. Lateralization of the vibration in the head anteroposterior to transverse diameter.

e. A test that compares air conduction to bone e. A lateral deviation of the spine.
conduction. f. This type of chest deformity is seen in patients
8. Nose with thoracic kyphosis and those with chronic
pulmonary condition.
a. Anosmia
g. Sometimes referred to as the abnormal
9. Mouth and Oropharynx breathing sound.
a. The two most common problems that afect the h. One of the four types of abnormal breath sound
teeth. that is sometimes referred to as crepitations.
b. Largest salivary gland. i. Upon auscultation, the nurse noticed an
c. The gland that empties to the Wharton’s duct. absence of breath sound over the RLL. What is
the probable cause for this?
d. Situated at the floor of the mouth
j. The nurse auscultates the posterior thorax of a
e. An invisible short film that adheres to the
pt who is a 25-y/o patient that was admitted
enamel of the teeth.
D/T a complaint of asthma. Upon auscultation,
f. This forms at the lining of the gums the nurse should hear what type of adventitious
g. This characterizes periodontal disease breath sound?
h. Inflammation of the tongue k. This type of breath sound can be heard over a
pt with pneumonia best when the pt is laying
i. Accumulation of the foul matter on the teeth
and the gums.
l. Superficial grating or creaking sound
j. What does a smooth red tongue probably
indicate about the person? m. Continuous, low-pitched, coarse, gurgling sound
that resembles a snoring quality
k. These are prominences growing from the hard
palate. n. Uninterrupted fine, short crackling sound.
l. Grading of the tonsils (explain) o. It is a type of normal breath sound that
characterizes a soft-intensity, low-pitched,
m. Caviar spots are most evident in ______
“gentle sighing” and is heard best over the base
10. Neck (includes the Lymph nodes) of the lung.
a. A series of lymph that are grouped serially are p. Moderate intensity and pitch; sounds created by
referred to as ___________. air moving through larger airway.
b. Inflammation of the lymph nodes are referred q. Sound heard over the trachea.
to as __________.
12. Heart and Peripheral Vessel
11. Thorax and Lung
a. It is an area of the chest where the heart is
a. the junction between the body of the sternum situated.
and the manubrium that is important in locating
b. A phase in the cycle of the heart in which the
the ribs anteriorly.
ventricles contract.
b. The normal shape of the thorax and its ration in
c. Occurs near at the very end of the diastole.
anteroposterior to transverse
d. It is a vibrating sensation felt during the
palpation of either a peripheral vessel or the
chest. It may be described as the purring of the e. This specific branch of the nerve innervated the
cat or a water flowing through a hose. muscles for mastication. Identify the specific
e. It is important to auscultate the carotid artery nerve and its branch.
for? f. This nerve innervates to functions in the body.
f. This supplies the head the oxygen that it needs. one for the balance and the other is for hearing.
What specific nerve is responsible for these?
g. After auscultating for the bruit, what is then Give the two branches of that nerve
being checked?
g. Uncoordinated body movements.
h. What indicates a protodiastolic gallop?
h. This is the test to know if the trigeminal nerve
i. A phase that allows the nurse to know if the of the patient is functioning.
ventricle is relaxed.
i. A branch of the trigeminal nerve that is
j. It is a condition involving the heart in which, responsible for the anterior of the oral mucosa
upon palpation, the PMI is palpated in the and the teeth.
lateral side of the chest.
j. It is a nerve defect.
k. An exact area where the nurse can auscultate
for the aortic valve. k. As you assess the patient’s immediate recall
memory, you noticed that the patient has
l. This is the best spot for auscultating the difficulty of saying remembered words. What is
tricuspid valve. the probable cause of this?
m. It is the suggested position for the patient if the l. When assessing the patient’s LOC, it is
nurse would like to check for the distention of important to know the orientation of the
the jugular vein of the patient. patient to these 4 aspects.
13. Abdomen m. A part of the brain that is possibly damaged if
a. it is the accumulation of the fluid in the the patient is able to see or hear words but
abdominal cavity. does not understand its meaning.
b. An area of the abdomen that allows you to n. The three main divisions of the Glasgow Coma
palpate for the right lobe of the liver best. Scale and the specific highest possible number
for each division.
c. This is where the pancreas is located.
o. this is a bruising behind the ears, over the
d. The location of the gallbladder in the abdominal
e. The bladder and the uterus is located at the
f. Why is it necessary for the nurse to do an
auscultation first rather than doing the
palpation or the percussion?
g. Two common methods of subdividing the
14. Neurologic
a. a tool used to measure the LOC of the patient.
b. Explain the grading for the DTR
c. A reflex being tested at the plantar area of the
d. Inability to perform fast alternating movements