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# 2017 Iranian Geometry Olympiad

4th IGO

– Elementary Level

1 Each side of square ABCD with side length of 4 is divided into equal parts by
three points. Choose one of the three points from each side, and connect the
points consecutively to obtain a quadrilateral. Which numbers can be the area
of this quadrilateral? Just write the numbers without proof.

A B

D C

## 2 Find the angles of triangle ABC.

B C

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2017 Iranian Geometry Olympiad

## 3 In the regular pentagon ABCDE, the perpendicular at C to CD meets AB at

F . Prove that AE + AF = BE.
Proposed by Alireza Cheraghi

4 P1 , P2 , . . . , P100 are 100 points on the plane, no three of them are collinear. For
each three points, call their triangle clockwise if the increasing order of them
is in clockwise order. Can the number of clockwise triangles be exactly 2017?
Proposed by Morteza Saghafian

## 5 Intermediate level, problem 4 (https://artofproblemsolving.com/community/

u290969h1513413p8996898)

– Intermediate Level

## 1 Let ABC be an acute-angled triangle with A = 60◦ . Let E, F be the feet of

altitudes through B, C respectively. Prove that CE − BF = 32 (AC − AB)
Proposed by Fatemeh Sajadi

## 2 Two circles ω1 , ω2 intersect at A, B. An arbitrary line through B meets ω1 , ω2

at C, D respectively. The points E, F are chosen on ω1 , ω2 respectively so that
CE = CB, BD = DF . Suppose that BF meets ω1 at P , and BE meets ω2 at
Q. Prove that A, P, Q are collinear.
Proposed by Iman Maghsoudi

3 On the plane, n points are given (n > 2). No three of them are collinear.
Through each two of them the line is drawn, and among the other given points,
the one nearest to this line is marked (in each case this point occurred to be
unique). What is the maximal possible number of marked points for each given
n?
Proposed by Boris Frenkin (Russia)

4 In the isosceles triangle ABC (AB = AC), let l be a line parallel to BC through
A. Let D be an arbitrary point on l. Let E, F be the feet of perpendiculars
through A to BD, CD respectively. Suppose that P, Q are the images of E, F
on l. Prove that AP + AQ ≤ AB
Proposed by Morteza Saghafian

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2017 Iranian Geometry Olympiad

5 Let X, Y be two points on the side BC of triangle ABC such that 2XY = BC
(X is between B, Y ). Let AA′ be the diameter of the circumcirle of triangle
AXY . Let P be the point where AX meets the perpendicular from B to BC,
and Q be the point where AY meets the perpendicular from C to BC. Prove
that the tangent line from A′ to the circumcircle of AXY passes through the
circumcenter of triangle AP Q.
Proposed by Iman Maghsoudi

1 In triangle ABC, the incircle, with center I, touches the sides BC at point D.
Line DI meets AC at X. The tangent line from X to the incircle (different
from AC) intersects AB at Y . If Y I and BC intersect at point Z, prove that
AB = BZ.
Proposed by Hooman Fattahimoghaddam

2 We have six pairwise non-intersecting circles that the radius of each is at least
one (no circle lies in the interior of any other circle). Prove that the radius of
any circle intersecting all the six circles, is at least one.
Proposed by Mohammad Ali Abam - Morteza Saghafian

## 3 Let O be the circumcenter of triangle ABC. Line CO intersects the altitude

from A at point K. Let P, M be the midpoints of AK, AC respectively. If P O
intersects BC at Y , and the circumcircle of triangle BCM meets AB at X,
prove that BXOY is cyclic.
Proposed by Ali Daeinabi - Hamid Pardazi

## 4 Three circles ω1 , ω2 , ω3 are tangent to line l at points A, B, C (B lies between

A, C) and ω2 is externally tangent to the other two. Let X, Y be the inter-
section points of ω2 with the other common external tangent of ω1 , ω3 . The
perpendicular line through B to l meets ω2 again at Z. Prove that the circle
with diameter AC touches ZX, ZY .
Proposed by Iman Maghsoudi - Siamak Ahmadpour

5 Sphere S touches a plane. Let A, B, C, D be four points on the plane such that
no three of them are collinear. Consider the point A′ such that S in tangent to
the faces of tetrahedron A′ BCD. Points B ′ , C ′ , D′ are defined similarly. Prove
that A′ , B ′ , C ′ , D′ are coplanar and the plane A′ B ′ C ′ D′ touches S.
Proposed by Alexey Zaslavsky (Russia)

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