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ROLL # 03-111191-013
Core values of subcontinent countries:
Pakistan :
Mostly people belong to Muslim religion and even Pakistan came into existence to provide its people a system of
life based on Islam. The people, in spite of some differences of languages, customs and traditions usually follow
one religion of Islam. On the other hand, Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha are our two main religious festivals. They are
celebrated with great happiness throughout the country.

There are number of languages which are presently spoken in Pakistan. Some of them are Balochi, Punjabi, Sindhi
and Pushto. But Urdu which is our national language, is spoken and understand in all parts of Pakistan. Being the
official language, it is the media of communication between all regions of Pakistan.
Literature is a significant aspects of our cultural life. Most of our poets reflect Islamic code and trend in their
poetry. They gave the message of love and brotherhood. Similarity of thoughts amongst poets and writers of all
regions is a significant factor of our cultural life.


Dress is also an important manifestation of culture. The regional dresses of Pakistan undergo changes in the light of
local traditions, economic conditions, way of living and wealth in the region. But in all provinces people generally
wear Shalwar-Kameez. Furthermore, our eating habits, foods and social etiquette are strictly in conformity with
Islamic thoughts.


The iconoclasm of Islam has given a characteristic form and pattern in the use of elegant designs, based on
geometric figures and floral forms borrowed from nature. The Shah Jahan Masjid, Shalimar Garden, Badshahi
Masjid, Shahi Qila and many such graceful buildings are a living proof of the excellent Mughal architecture.

Sir Lanka :

Buddhism, the religion of the majority of people in Sri Lanka, is given a place of preference in the national constitution and
public life, although Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity are also practiced by significant portions of the population. Except in the
case of Christians, who are drawn from a variety of ethnic groups, these religious traditions map directly onto the three major
ethnic groups: Sinhala/Buddhist, Tamil/Hindu, and Muslims.

Sri Lanka's staple meal is a large serving of rice accompanied by up to twelve different side dishes of vegetables,
egg, meat, or fish stewed together with peppers, spices, and often coconut milk. This rice and curry meal is
traditionally eaten at midday, although it may also be served in the evening. The traditional morning and evening
meals are usually composed of a traditional starchy staple, such as string hoppers(fresh rice noodles),hoppers(cup-
shaped pancakes),rot(coconut flat bread), orthosai(sourdough pancakes), served with asambol(a mixture of hot
peppers and other vegetables, served cool) and one or two curries.
A variety of snacks and beverages are also eaten periodically throughout the day. Strong, sweat tea, usually with
milk, is drunk alone or following a small serving of finger food or sweets, especially at mid-morning and late
afternoon. Curd a yogurt made from the milk of water buffaloes or cows, is often served as a dessert with palm
syrup or sugar. A rich variety of fruits is available year-round.
Sri Lankan Curries

Sri Lanka has a long and prolific history of written as well as oral literature. As early as the fifth century C.E., both
Sinhala and Tamil writers were recording histories and religious stories, as well as writing on more secular topics.
This tradition continues today as fiction writers, poets, playwrights, and journalists write in all three of the nation's

languages, some of their works have been translated into other languages as well. However, Sri Lanka's university
and public libraries, once reputed to be the best in South Asia, are underfunded and poorly maintained as a result
of increased budgetary constraints since 1975.

Language :
Linguistic Affiliation.There are three official languages in Sri Lanka: Sinhala, Tamil, and English. Sinhala, the
language of the majority, and Tamil, spoken by Muslims as well as ethnic Tamils, are the

Sri Lanka

primary languages of the island. English was introduced during British rule and continues to be the language of
commerce and the higher levels of both public and private sector administration. Language has been a volatile
issue in Sri Lanka, particularly following independence when the "Sinhala Only" campaign came to the political fore,
provoking resistance from the Sri Lankan Tamils in particular, and thus paving the way toward the civil war.

Culture :
The country has a rich artistic tradition, with distinct creative forms that encompass music, dance, and the visual
arts. Sri Lankan culture is internationally associated with cricket, a distinct cuisine, an indigenous holistic
medicine practice, religious iconography such as the Buddhist flag, and exports such as tea, cinnamon,
and gemstones, as well as a robust tourism industry. Sri Lanka has longstanding ties with the Indian
subcontinent that can be traced back to prehistory. Sri Lanka's population is predominantly Sinhalese with siz

India :
Unity in diversity :
We all know India is culturally a very rich country. There are so many religion, language , faith which are being
followed in India. People of different faith and religion live together in the society and share their culture with
others. Notwithstanding so many different beliefs people live in harmony which signifies the unity in diversity
aspect of Indian society.
Yoga and Ayurveda :
Indians have the art of healthy living from ancient times by practicing Yoga and taking recourse of Ayurveda while
falling sick. Today yoga is popular worldwide while ayurveda is also in course of becoming popular in the world.

Spirituality :
Indians are very spiritual, we believe in God. There are so many festivals for different God and Goddesses. Atithi
devo bhawa or guest is God is an ancient Indian tradition of great Indian hospitality .We still follow this tradition in
contemporary period due to which the tourist who come to India fall in love with the Indian values and cultures.

Food :Indian’s history with food is lengthy and diverse. Given the range of difference in soil type, climate,
culture, ethnic gatherings, and occupations across India, the country’s cuisines fluctuate significantly from each
other.Taking into account the vastness of India, its cuisine can be split regionally as follows:

 North Indian cuisine ~ Benaras, Kashmir, Mughlai, Punjab and Rajasthan

 South Indian cuisine ~ Andhra, Kannada, Kerala and Tamil
 East Indian cuisine ~ Assamese and Bengali
 West Indian cuisine ~ Gujarat, Maharashtrian and Malwani
Each region is prone to use locally available spices, vegetables, herbs, and fruits. Agriculture plays an important part
in dictating the types of food that different regions will eat. This also explains how wheat is a staple in some parts
of India but not others.
For example in the north of India, kebabs, parathas and kormas are popular, whereas in the south you will find Bisi
Bele Bath, Neer Dosa and Ragi Mudde.

Festival :

1. Diwali: The Grand Festival Of Lights (27th October, Sunday)

Diwali, one of the most prominent Hindu festivals of India, is celebrated with a lot of pomp and show. During this
festival of lights, houses are decorated with clay lamps, candles, and Ashok leaves. People wear new clothes,
participate in family puja, burst crackers, and share sweets with friends, families, and neighbors.