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Three-Winding Y-Y-D AutoTransformer - Interpretation of Factory Test Data Educational Use Only!

Bruce Mork, Jun 25, 2005 C:\RSCH\XFMR\3WIND.xls = Input Data


(All other cells are locked)

Winding Ratings, OA Freq, Hz Omega


kVL-L MVA CurrentZBASE, RATEDZBASE, 100
ZBASE, TER 60 376.991
H 345 296 495.35 402.11 1190.25 1545.78
X 118 296 1448.27 47.04 139.24 180.83
Y 13.8 77 3221.45 2.47 1.90 2.47

Binary Short Circuit Tests (Using Base of Source Winding):

Source Shorted Test MVA ISOURCE ISHORT PMEAS R, Ohms QCALC %ZMEAS %RCALC %XCALC
345 118 296 495.35 1448.27 376,940 0.512 18,377,735 6.21% 0.1273% 6.21% H-X
345 13.8 77 128.86 3221.45 95,448 1.916 43,042,894 55.90% 0.1240% 55.90% H-Y
118 13.8 77 376.75 3221.45 96,588 0.227 32,416,856 42.10% 0.1254% 42.10% X-Y

On 100-MVA Base: ZHX = 48.76 2.10% 0.0430% 2.10%


ZHY = X/R = 450.96 72.60% 0.1610% 72.60%
ZXY = 335.62 54.68% 0.1629% 54.68%

Calculate 3-Winding Star-Equivalent Short-Circuit Impedances:


% on 100-MVA Base
Terminal R, Ohms PAC P Check %R %X
H 0.2446 PHX = 376,940 ZH 0.0205% 10.010%
X 0.0313 PHY = 95,448 ZX 0.0225% -7.912%
Y (Y-Equiv) 0.0027 PXY = 96,588 ZY 0.1404% 62.587%

Ratings of Actual Coils, OA


kVPH MVA CurrentZBASE, RATEDZBASE, 100
ZBASE, TER
S 131.06 64.92 495.35 264.58 515.29 669.21
C 68.13 64.92 952.92 71.49 139.24 180.83
D 13.80 25.67 1859.90 7.42 5.71 7.42

Calculate Autotransformer Coil Impedances Based on Conservation of Short-Circuit P & Q:

Coil IRATED KVRATED R, Ohms X, Ohms PAC P Check QAC Q Check VA Chk
Series 495.35 131.06 0.3361 86.9311 PHX = 376,940 QHX = 18,377,735 18,381,600
Common 952.92 68.13 0.0476 -16.7440 PHY = 95,448 QHY = 43,042,894 43,043,000
Delta 1859.90 13.80 0.0074 3.8107 PXY = 96,588 QXY = 32,416,856 32,417,000

Short-Circuit Test Conditions in Each Coil:


Test: H-X H-Y X-Y
Coil KVRATED Isc MVATEST PCOIL,KW Isc MVATEST PCOIL,KW Isc MVATEST PCOIL,KW
Series 131.06 495.35 194.76 247.39 128.86 50.66 16.74 0.00 0.00 0.00
Common 68.13 952.92 194.76 129.55 128.86 26.34 2.37 376.75 77.00 20.25
Delta 13.80 0.00 0.00 0.00 1859.90 77.00 76.34 1859.90 77.00 76.34
Total PSC : 376.94 Total PSC : 95.448 Total PSC : 96.588

Synthesized Short-Circuit Tests for S-C-D windings:


Test: S-C S-D C-D
Coil KVRATED Isc MVATEST PCOIL,KW Isc MVATEST PCOIL,KW Isc MVATEST PCOIL,KW
Series 131.06 495.35 194.76 247.39 195.84 77.00 38.67 0.00 0.00 0.00
Common 68.13 952.92 194.76 129.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 376.75 77.00 20.25
Delta 13.80 0.00 0.00 0.00 1859.90 77.00 76.34 1859.90 77.00 76.34
Total PSC : 376.94 Total PSC : 115.007 Total PSC : 96.588

Details of Synthesized Binary Short Circuit Tests for S-C-D windings (Using Base of Source Winding):

Source Shorted Test MVA ISOURCE ISHORT PCALC QCALC R, Ohms X, Ohms %ZCALC %RCALC %XCALC
131.06 68.13 194.76 495.35 952.92 376,940 18,377,735 0.512 24.966 9.44% 0.1935% 9.44% S-C
131.06 13.80 77.00 195.84 1859.90 115,007 49,549,077 1.000 430.632 64.35% 0.1494% 64.35% S-D
68.13 13.80 77.00 376.75 1859.90 96,588 32,416,856 0.227 76.130 42.10% 0.1254% 42.10% C-D

On 100-MVA Base: ZSC = 48.76 4.85% 0.0994% 4.85%


ZSD = X/R = 430.83 83.57% 0.1940% 83.57%
ZCD = 335.62 54.68% 0.1629% 54.68%

Calculate 3-Winding Star- and Delta-Equivalent Short-Circuit Impedances: % on 100-MVA Base


%R %X
ZS 0.0652% 16.87%
Coil Resitances: Calculate [A] matrix: ZC 0.0342% -12.03%
S C D ZD 0.1288% 66.70% L-1 Referred
RS, OHMS 0.3361 S 33.253 -78.039 69.458 ZS-C 0.1167% 1.80% 150.125 C
RC, OHMS 0.0476 C -78.039 188.096 -187.452 ZS-D 0.4398% -10.00% -659.638 D
RD, OHMS 0.0074 D 69.458 -187.452 265.769 ZC-D 0.2303% 7.13% 925.408 D
VD : VC 0.203 XS-C // (XS-D + XC-D) 4.85% \
VD : VS 0.105 XS-D // (XS-C + XC-D) 83.57% | == Check
VC : VS 0.520 XC-D // (XS-C + XS-D) 54.68% /

DC Resistance Measurements:
(From factory Report) Calculated Values: % Extra
Winding 3 x RMEAS Coil R, Ohms PDC P Check 60 Hz
"H" 0.6356 Series 0.21187 PHX = 317,410 18.75%
"X" 0.1778 Common 0.05927 PHY = 85,804 11.24%
"Y" 0.0209 Delta 0.00697 PXY = 97,535 -0.97%

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