Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 49

Portal Pier Design

1. Dimension & levels:

Formation level (FRL) 215.8 m


Bearing Level 212.235 m
Pier. Cap top level 211.835 m
Pile Cap Top Level 194.79 m
Founding Level 167.99 m
Groung Level GL 195.29 m
C/C bearing distance (in trans. direction) 22.9 m
Column Dia 3.5 m
Pile dia. 1.2 m
Pile length 25 m
Pier cap width 3.7 m
Pier cap depth 3m
Left side Span length 45 m
Right side Span length 72 m
Total width of superstructure 21.25 m

Material Property
Concrete Grade of substructure M40
Secant modulus of elasticity of conc. E cm 33 GPa
Mean value of axial tensile strength of concrete, f ctm 3 MPa
Concrete Grade of foundation M40
Secant modulus of elasticity of conc. E cm 33 GPa
Mean value of axial tensile strength of concrete, f ctm 3 MPa
Steel Reinf. Grade 500 MPa
Density of concrete 2.5 t/m3
Modulus of elasticity of steel reinf. Es 200 GPa

2. Loads
2.1. Dead Load and SIDL

Unit weight of crash barrier 1 t/m


Unit weight of wearing course 0.163 t/m2

Self weight of box girder 1937 t


Weight of Crash barrier 90.0 t
SIDl of wearing course 148.1 t

Self weight of truss 2263.8 t


Weight of Crash barrier 144 t
SIDl of wearing course 236.9 t

Dead+SIDL Load Reaction in left bearing 1087.5 t


Dead+SIDL Load Reaction in right bearing 1322.4 t
Longitudinal (ML) 234.8 t-m

2.2. Live Load

(2a) For 70R wheeled

Both Span Loaded


Reaction at the free end of left span 51.99 t
Reaction on fixed bearing under truss 87.911 t
Reaction on free bearing under truss 63.089 t
Trans. Eccent.of CG of load wrt centre of carriageway 7.96 m
Trans. Moment (MT) 1113.57 t-m
Long. Moment (ML) 35.93 t-m

Braking force

Bearing Type POT-PTFE


Cooefficient of friction at bearing 0.05
Load present in left Span 117 t
Load present in right span 151 t
Braking load in left Span 11.7 t As per cl. 211.2 IRC
Braking load in Right Span 25.1 t 6:2017
Decrease in React. due to braking force in left bearing side -2.62 t
Increase in Reaction due to braking force in right bearing side 1.661 t
Live Load Reaction in left bearing (free end) 49.36 t
Live Load Reaction in right bearing (free end) 64.75 t
Total Braking force (Fhr) 25.1 t

Pier supports simple span spans from its right (r) and left (l) sides through fixed and free bearings

and

{𝐹_ℎ𝑟−𝜇(𝑅_𝑔𝑟+𝑅_𝑞𝑟 )}+𝜇(𝑅_𝑔𝑙+𝑅_𝑞𝑙 )
Rgr Reaction at the free end of right span due to dead load
{𝐹_ℎ𝑟/2+𝜇(𝑅_𝑔𝑟+𝑅_𝑞𝑟 )−𝜇(𝑅_𝑔𝑙+𝑅_𝑞𝑙 )}
Rqr Reaction at the free end of right span due to live load
Rgl Reaction at the free end of left span due to dead load
Rql Reaction at the free end of left span due to live load

Total horiontal force (HL) 25.06 t

One Span Loaded


Reaction at the free end of left span 0.00 t
Reaction on fixed bearing under truss 125.65 t
Reaction on free bearing under truss 74.35 t
Trans. Moment (MT) 1000.14 t-m
Long. Moment (ML) 125.65 t-m
Load present in right span 200 t
Braking load in Right Span 30 t
Increase in Reac. due to braking force in right bearing side 1.99 t
Live Load Reaction in right bearing (free end) 76.34 t
Total horiontal force (HL) 30.56 t

(2b) For class A

Both Span Loaded


Reaction at the free end of left span 29.34 t
Reaction on fixed bearing under truss 56.964 t
Reaction on free bearing under truss 37.036 t
Trans. Eccent.of CG of load wrt centre of carriageway 8.825 t
Trans. Moment (MT) 761.63 t-m
Long. Moment (ML) 27.62 t-m

Load present in left Span 72.2 t


Load present in right span 94 t
Braking load in left Span 9.4 t
Braking load in Right Span 14.94 t
Decrease in React. due to braking force in left bearing side -2.11 t
Increase in Reaction due to braking force in right bearing side 0.99 t
Live Load Reaction in left bearing (free end) 27.23 t
Live Load Reaction in right bearing (free end) 38.02 t
Total Braking force (Fhr) 14.94 t
Total horiontal force (HL) 19.75 t

One Span Loaded


Reaction at the free end of left span 0.00 t
Reaction on fixed bearing under truss 66.07 t
Reaction on free bearing under truss 44.73 t
Trans. Moment (MT) 583.07 t-m
Long. Moment (ML) 66.07 t-m

Load present in right span 110.8 t


Braking load in Right Span 16.62 t
Increase in Reac. due to braking force in right bearing side 1.10 t
Live Load Reaction in right bearing 45.83 t
Total horiontal force (HL) 22.34 t

(2c) For Class A+70R (W)

Both Span Loaded


Reaction at the free end of left span 81.33 t
Reaction on fixed bearing under truss 144.88 t
Reaction on free bearing under truss 100.13 t
Trans. Eccent.of CG of load wrt centre of carriageway 6.58 m
Trans. Moment (MT) 1489.14 t-m
Long. Moment (ML) 63.55 t-m

Braking load in left Span 16.40 t


Braking load in Right Span 29.80 t
Decrease in React. due to braking force in left bearing side -3.68 t
Increase in Reaction due to braking force in right bearing side 1.97 t
Live Load Reaction in left bearing (free end) 77.65 t
Live Load Reaction in right bearing (free end) 102.10 t
Total Braking force (Fhr) 29.80 t
Total horiontal force (HL) 27.86 t

One Span Loaded


Reaction at the free end of left span 0.00 t
Reaction on fixed bearing under truss 191.72 t
Reaction on free bearing under truss 119.08 t
Trans. Moment (MT) 1262.12 t-m
Long. Moment (ML) 191.72 t-m
Load present in right span 310.80 t
Braking load in Right Span 35.54 t
Increase in Reac. due to braking force in right bearing side 2.35 t
Live Load Reaction in right bearing 121.44 t
Total horiontal force (HL) 35.58 t

(2d) For 70R (W)-2lanes


Both Span Loaded
Reaction at the free end of left span 103.97 t
Reaction on fixed bearing under truss 175.82 t
Reaction on free bearing under truss 126.18 t
Trans. Eccent.of CG of load wrt centre of carriageway 4.76 m
Trans. Moment (MT) 1330.41 t-m
Long. Moment (ML) 71.85 t-m
Braking load in left Span 17.55 t
Braking load in Right Span 32.65 t
Decrease in React. due to braking force in left bearing side -3.94 t
Increase in Reaction due to braking force in right bearing side 2.161 t
Live Load Reaction in left bearing (free end) 100.03 t
Live Load Reaction in right bearing (free end) 128.34 t
Total Braking force (Fhr) 32.65 t
Total horiontal force (HL) 29.48 t

One Span Loaded


Reaction at the free end of left span 0.00 t
Reaction on fixed bearing under truss 251.29 t
Reaction on free bearing under truss 148.71 t
Trans. Moment (MT) 1194.89 t-m
Long. Moment (ML) 251.29 t-m
Load present in right span 400.00
Braking load in Right Span 40.00 t
Increase in Reac. due to braking force in right bearing side 2.65 t
Live Load Reaction in right bearing (free end) 151.36 t
Total horiontal force (HL) 39.31 t

(2e) For IRC SV loading


Both Span Loaded
Reaction at the free end of left span 131.349 t
Reaction on fixed bearing under truss 202.881 t
Trans. Eccent.of CG of load wrt centre of carriageway 0.30 m

One Span Loaded


Reaction at the free end of left span 0.00 t
Reaction on fixed bearing under truss 304.53 t
Long. Moment (ML) 304.53 t-m
Both Span Loaded
Load Case Loading cond. P HL ML MT
Both Span loaded 139.90 25.06 35.93 1113.57
1 lane 70R-W
One Span loaded 66.07 30.56 125.65 1000.14
Both Span loaded 86.30 19.75 27.62 761.63
1 lane Class A
One Span loaded 66.07 22.34 66.07 583.07
Both Span loaded 226.20 27.86 63.55 1489.14
Class A+70R-W
One Span loaded 191.72 35.58 191.72 1262.12
Both Span loaded 279.79 29.48 71.85 1330.41
70R-W -2 lane
One Span loaded 251.29 39.31 251.29 1194.89
Both Span loaded 334.23 0 71.532 100.269
IRC Class Special vehicle
One Span loaded 304.53 0 304.53 91.36002

Load Case Loading cond. P HL ML MT


LL1 -Max. HL 251.29 39.31 251.292 1194.893
70R(W) -2 lane One
LL2 -Max. ML Span loaded 251.29 39.31 251.29 1194.893
LL3 -Max. MT Class A+70R-W Both 226.20 27.86 63.55 1489.14
LL4 -Max. P 70R-W - 2lane Both s 279.79 29.48 71.852 1330.411
LL5 - SV 304.53 0.00 91.36

2.3. Effect of Differential Settlement


Differential Settlement 25 mm

Since in the staad file modulus of elasticity of concrete is taken as full value, therefore differential settlement
have been reduced to half for including effect of creep

Differential Settlement 12.5 mm

2.4. Effect of variation in body Mean tempearture


Maximum shade air temperture 45 oC
As per fig. 15 of IRC
Minimum shade air temperture 12.5 oC 6:2017
As per fig. 16 of IRC
Difference between Max. & Min. Air temperature 32.5 oC 6:2017
Effective bridge temp. at the time of restraint,Max. 38.75 oC
Effective bridge temp. at the time of restraint,Min. 18.75 oC
As per cl. 215.2 of
Temperature Rise, ∆T1 26.25 oC IRC 6:2017
Temperature fall, ∆T2 26.25 oC

Since in the staad file modulus of elasticity of concrete is taken as full value, therefore temp. rise and fall
have been reduced to half for including effect of creep
Temp. rise for applying in staad 13.1 oC
Temp. fall for applying in staad -13.1 oC

2.5. Effect of shrikange


As per cl. 217.3 of
Shrikage Coefficient 2.00E-04 IRC 6:2017

2.3. Seimic Force

Load Case Node Average


1 deflectiom (mm) 0.03
2 deflectiom (mm) 0.0740

Hori. Force (t) Stiffness (t/mm)


Long. direction 1 33.33 �= 2.0 √(�/(1000
Trans. direction 1 13.51 𝐹))

DL reaction on pier cap 2409.90 t

As per Annex D of
Fundamental Time Period IRC 6:2017

D Appropriate Dead Load of the Superstructure and Live Load in KN

First natural time period along long. direction 0.538 sec


First natural time period along trans. direction 0.845 sec
Type of soil Soft soil
Average response acceleration coefficient (Sa/g)
Spectral acceleration coefficient in long. 2.50
Spectral acceleration coefficient in trans. 1.98

Seismic Zone IV
Zone factor (Z) 0.24 As per Table 16 IRC 6:2017
(𝑍/2)(𝐼/𝑅)(𝑆_𝑎/𝑔)
Importance factor (I) 1.2 As per Table 19 IRC 6:2017
Response Reduction Factor "R"
Along long. direction 3 As per Table 20 IRC 6:2017
Along trans. direction 3 As per Table 20 IRC 6:2017

Horizontal Seismic Coefficient Ah

along long. direction 0.12 As per cl. 9.4.1 IS


along trans. direction 0.095 1893 part 3 2014
Vertical Seismic Coefficient Av 2/3*Ah
0.08
Note:
1. Total Longitudinal force are transferred to fixed bearing which is under truss
2. Total transverse and vertical force are transferred eqally to fixed and free bearing

(3a) Total Seismic load from superstructure


Full seismic force in longitudinal direction (Left Side) 0t
Full seismic force in longitudinal direction (Right Side) 317.37 t
Full seismic force in transverse direction (Left Side) 103.22 t
Full seismic force in transverse direction (Right Side) 125.51 t
Full seismic force in vertical direction (left side) 87.00 t
Full seismic force in vertical direction (right side) 105.79 t

(3b) Total Seismic load from live load As per cl. 219.5.2(i)
Full seismic force in longitudinal direction 0 IRC 6:2017
Full seismic force in transverse direction Ah*(0.2 LL)
As per cl. 219.5.2(ii)
5.31 t IRC 6:2017
Full seismic force in vertical direction 4.48 t

2.4. Wind Force


(4a) Wind Force on superstructure As per fig.10 of IRC
Basic wind speed 47 m/s 6:2017
Length of structure 45.0 m
Depth including superstructure and Railing height 4.57 m
Exposed solid area, A1 205.43 m2
Width of deck, b 16 m
Supstructure Depth, d 3.50 m
b/d 4.57
𝐹_�=𝑃_𝑧 𝐴_1 𝐺 𝐶_� As per cl. 209.3.3 of
Drag Coefficient CD 1.3 IRC 6:2017
Type of terrain Plain Terrain
Avg. Height of exposed surface from ground level 15.0 m
Mean Wind Speed ,Vz 41.588 m/s
Mean Wind Pressure , Pz 1039.59 N/m2 As per cl. 209.3.3 of
Gust factor, G 2 IRC 6:2017
Transverse wind force 56.6 t acting at 3.7 m c/l of
pier cap
On left Span
Structure type Box Girder As per cl. 209.3.6
IRC 6:2017
As per cl. 209.3.6
Longitudinal wind force 14.15 t IRC 6:2017
Lift Coefficient, CL 0.75
As per cl. 209.3.5
plan area, A3 956.25 m2 IRC 6:2017
Upward or downward vertical wind load F v Pz x A 3 x G x C L
Vertical load 152.00 t

On Right Span
Structure type Truss

Overall Area of truss 735 m2 from Auto cad


Net Area of truss 210.504 m 2
from Auto cad

Solidity Ratio (ϕ) 0.286


Drag Coefficient CD for windward truss 1.71 As per cl. Annex C
Truss Spacing Ratio 1.91 IRC 6:2017
Sheilding Factor ɳ 0.820
Drag Coefficient CD for leeward truss 1.405
Exposed solid area, 282.50
Transverse wind force FT Pz x A 1 x G x C D 102.60 t for windward truss
49.08 t for leeward truss
Total Transverse wind force 151.7 t acting at 8.3 m c/l of
Longitudinal wind force 75.84 t pier cap
plan area, A4 1530 m2
Vertical load 243.21 t

Total horiontal force (HL) 75.84 t


Longitudinal Moment (ML) 144.10 t
Total horiontal force (HT) 104.14 t
Tranverse Moment (MT) 838.37 t-m
Total Vertical force (P1) 76.00 t
Total Vertical force (P2) 121.60 t

(4b) Wind Force on substructure


Mean Wind Pressure , Pz 1039.59 N/m2
Gust factor, G 2
Drag Coefficient CD 1.20 As per table 13 of
IRC 6:2017
Exposed solid area, A1 3.50 m2/m
Total Transverse wind force FT 0.89 t/m

ULS comb. For design of pier cap

1.35 DL +1.35 SIDL(fixed)+ 1.75 SIDL (Surfacing) + Max.of (1.5 LL As per table B.2 of
ULS 1 (IRC Normal including impact or congestion)) and (1.0 LL (IRC SV IRC 6:2017
Load))+ 0.9 Thermal Load (Heating)
1.35 DL +1.35 SIDL(fixed)+ 1.75 SIDL (Surfacing) + Max.of (1.5 LL
ULS 2 (IRC Normal including impact or congestion)) and (1.0 LL (IRC SV
Load))+ 0.9 Thermal Load (Cooling)

1.35 DL +1.35 SIDL(fixed)+ 1.75 SIDL (Surfacing) + Max.of (0.9 LL As per table B.2 of
ULS 3 (IRC Normal including impact or congestion)) and (0.9 LL (IRC SV IRC 6:2017
Load))+ 1.5 Thermal Load (Heating)

1.35 DL +1.35 SIDL(fixed)+ 1.75 SIDL (Surfacing) + Max.of (0.9 LL


ULS 4 (IRC Normal including impact or congestion)) and (0.9 LL (IRC SV
Load))+ 1.5 Thermal Load (Cooling)

SLS combination

1.0 DL +1.0 SIDL(fixed) + 1.2 SIDL (Surfacing) + Max.of (1.0 LL (IRC As per table B.3 of
SLS 1 Normal including impact or congestion)) and (1.0 LL (IRC SV Load)) IRC 6:2017
+ 0.6 Thermal Load (Heating)+1.0 Settlement

1.0 DL +1.0 SIDL(fixed) + 1.2 SIDL (Surfacing) + Max.of (1.0 LL (IRC


SLS 2 Normal including impact or congestion)) and (1.0 LL (IRC SV Load))
+ 0.6 Thermal Load (Cooling)+1.0 Settlement

1.0 DL +1.0 SIDL(fixed) + 1.2 SIDL (Surfacing) + Max.of (1.0 LL (IRC As per table B.3 of
SLS 3 Normal including impact or congestion)) and (1.0 LL (IRC SV Load)) IRC 6:2017
+ 0.6 Thermal Load (Heating)+1.0 Settlement

1.0 DL +1.0 SIDL(fixed) + 1.2 SIDL (Surfacing) + Max.of (1.0 LL (IRC


SLS 4 Normal including impact or congestion)) and (1.0 LL (IRC SV Load))
+ 0.6 Thermal Load (Cooling)+1.0 Settlement

Design load for pier cap

56 1.35 DL +1.15 LL3


Design sagging moment -6315.772 t-m +0.9 TEMP FALL +1.5
WL
71 1.35 DL +0.2 LL3
Design hogging moment 4714.986 t-m +0.9 TEMP RISE +1.5
LS
53 1.35 DL +1.5 LL3
Design Torsion moment 906.382 t-m +0.9 TEMP RISE +1.5
WL
71 1.35 DL +0.2 LL3
Design Shear -1382.430 t +0.9 TEMP RISE +1.5
LS
+0.6 TEMP FALL +
SLS sagging moment -5267.828 t-m 1.0 SETTL.+ 1.0
SHRINKAGE +1.0 WL
+0.6 TEMP RISE +
SLS hogging moment 1983.608 t-m 1.0 SETTL.+ 1.0
SHRINKAGE

Material Property
Concrete Grade of Slab M40
Mean value of axial tensile strength of concrete, f ctm 3 MPa
Secant modulus of elasticity of conc. E cm 33 GPa
Steel Reinf. Grade 0.0035∕(0.0035+0.87 𝑓_𝑦∕𝐸_𝑠
500 MPa )
Modulus of elasticity of steel reinf. Es 200 GPa
0.36 𝑓_𝑐𝑘 𝑥_𝑢𝑚𝑎𝑥∕� (1−0.416 𝑥_𝑢𝑚𝑎𝑥∕�)
Clear cover, c 50 mm
Eff. cover (c') 114 mm
Eff. cover (c') 146 mm
Overall depth of section ,D√(𝐌�/ 3m
(� ∗�))
Effective depth provided, d 𝐥𝐢� for hogging moment 2886 mm
Effective depth provided, d for sagging moment 2854 mm
Width of section ,b 3700 mm
𝑥_𝑢= �/(2 �_2 ) - √((�/(2
xu lim /d �_2 ))^2 − �_𝐸�/(�_1 �_2 〖 𝑏
𝑓〗 _𝑐� ))
0.61674
xu lim 1760.18 mm
R lim
6.60 N/mm2

𝑧=�−0.416𝑥_𝑢 1389.3 mm
Effective depth Required for hogging moment
for sagging moment 1607.90 mm
𝐴_𝑠𝑡= �_𝐸�/
To find value(0.87𝑓_𝑦
of neutral𝑧)axis

β1 0.80952
Table C 8.1 of IRC SP
β2 0.41597 105-2015

Neutral axis, xu for hogging moment 320.6 mm


for sagging moment 442.71 mm
𝐴_(𝑠𝑡,𝑚𝑖�" " ) = 0.26 (𝑓_𝑐𝑡𝑚 " " )/𝑓_𝑦𝑘
𝑏_𝑡darm
Lever ≥ 0.0013 𝑏_𝑡d for hogging moment 2752.65 mm
for sagging moment 2669.83 mm

Ast Required for hogging moment 39376.795 mm2


for sagging moment 54381.716 mm2

Provide 32 φ @ 60 No. for hogging moment


32 φ @ 90 No. for sagging moment

Ast Provided for hogging moment 48254.86 mm2


Ast Provided for sagging moment 72382.29 mm2
As per Cl.
�_1= 𝐴_𝑠𝑙/(𝑏_𝑤 16.5.1.1(1), IRC:112-
�)≤0.02 16657.99 mm2 2011

𝐾 = 1+ √(200/�)
≤2
(b) Check for One way shear
�_𝑚𝑖� = 0.031 𝐾^(3/2)
〖���〗
Shear resistance
^(1/2)without shear reinf. -
VRd,c = [0.12K (80ρ1fck)0.33 + 0.15σcp] bwd
≥ [νmin + 0.15σcp] bwd
As per Cl. 10.3.2,
IRC:112-2011
Overall depth of section ,D at deff distance 3000 mm
Effective depth, d �_𝑅�𝑠 = 𝐴_𝑠𝑤/𝑠 z
2886 mm
Lever arm = 0.9d for RCC section, z 𝑓_𝑦𝑤� cot � 2597.4 mm
Longitudinal reinf. Asl �_(𝑅�𝑚𝑎𝑥.) = �_𝑐𝑤 𝑏_𝑤 𝑧 �_1 𝑓_𝑐�/
((𝑐𝑜𝑡�+𝑡𝑎��) ) 48254.86 mm2
Reinforcement Ratio 0.0045
0.6 (1−
𝑓_𝑐𝑘/310)
K 1.053

vmin. 0.212 N/mm2

Design Shear resistance VRd,c 325.707 t/m


Design Shear VEd 1382.43 t

�_(�� ��� .)/�=Shear


Design �_𝐸�/(𝑧 𝑓_𝑦𝑤�with
resistance 𝑐𝑜𝑡�)
vertical shear reinf.

�_(�� ���.)/� As per Cl. 10.3.3.2 ,


IRC:112-2011

v1 Strength Reduction Factor 0.523


σcp 0 Mpa
Mean compressive stress due to design
force𝑚𝑎𝑥) 〖 �〗 _𝑦𝑤�)/
(𝐴_(𝑠𝑤
axial
(𝑏_(𝑤 ) 𝑠). ≤ 1/2 �_𝑐𝑤 �_1
αcw 𝑓_𝑐�
Coefficeint �_(𝑤
taking 𝑚𝑖�.)of=state
account ((0.072
of 1
stress of compression
√(𝑓_𝑐𝑘chord
)))/(𝑓_𝑦𝑘 )
z Lever arm = 0.9d
�_𝑤 for RCC section
= 𝐴_𝑠𝑤/(𝑠 2597.4 mm
fywd 𝑏_(𝑤 𝑠𝑖��)
Design Yeild strength ) reinf. = 0.87 f ywk
of shear 435 Mpa

Assumed strut angle θ 45 o

12.235 mm2/mm
from torsion requirement 1.671 mm2/mm

Provide 8 legged 16 φ @ 100 c/c


Asw Cross-sectional area of shear �_(𝑡,𝑖) = �_𝐸�/ 1608.5 mm2
reinforcement (2 𝐴_𝑘
Aswprovid./s 𝑡_(𝑒𝑓,𝑖) ) 16.1 mm2/mm

Asw max 3964.9 mm2 As per Cl. 10.3.3.2 ,


IRC:112-2011

Min. Shear Reinf. Ratio 0.0009 As per Cl. 16.5.2 ,


IRC:112-2011
Shear Reinf. Ratio 0.004
VRds 1817.4 t

VRdmax. 4843.0 t
𝐴_𝑠𝑡/𝑠 = �_𝐸�/(2
𝐴_(𝑘 ) 𝑓_𝑦𝑤� " cot " �)
Design Shear resistance with vertical shear reinf. V Rd 1817.4 t OK
(∑▒ 〖
〖�_𝑠𝑙 𝑓_𝑦� 〗 )/𝑢_𝑘 = �_𝐸�/(2 𝐴_𝑘 ) 𝑐𝑜𝑡θ
Check for torsion : As per Cl. 10.5.2 ,
IRC:112-2011
Shear stress due to torsion 0.877 N/mm2

τt,i torsional shear stress in wall i


c' Effective cover to long. reinf. 114 mm
�_(𝑅�.𝑚𝑎𝑥)=
A 2� �_𝑐𝑤 𝑓_𝑐� 𝐴_𝑘 𝑡_(𝑒𝑓,𝑖) sinθ cosθ
Total area of cross section within outer perimeter 11.1 m2
u�_𝐸�/�_(𝑅�.𝑚𝑎𝑥)
Outer perimeter
+ of cross section 13.4 m
�_𝐸�/�_(𝑅�.𝑚𝑎𝑥)
tef,i ≤1
Effective wall thickness =A/u 828.36 mm
Ak Area enclosed by centerline of connecting wall 6236177.3 mm2
z1 Length of median line in top/bottom wall 2171.64 mm
z2 Length of median line in side wall 2871.642 mm

Design torsional shear force


1.671 mm2/mm

1.671 mm2/mm

Provide 16 φ @ 90 c/c 2.234 mm2/mm


𝑥_𝑢 = (−m Ast+√((m Ast)2+2b d
m Ast))/b
Capacity of concrete strut

4815.98 t-m
As per Cl. 10.5.2.4 ,
𝐼_𝑐𝑟 = (𝑏 𝑥_𝑢 0.4941
3)/
3 + m 𝐴_𝑠𝑡 (� − IRC:112-2011
𝑥_𝑢 )^2
(d) SLS check
Check for stress after all creep effect has taken place
φ(∞,�o) Final Creep coefficient 1
Es Effective modulus of elasticity of Steel 200000 MPa
Ecm Secant modulus of elasticity of conc. 33000 MPa
Eeff Effective modulus of elasticity of conc. 16500 MPa
Ast1 Tensile reinforcement for hogging 48254.86 mm2
Ast2 Tensile reinforcement for Sagging 72382.29 mm2
d Effective depth provided 2886 mm
Effective depth provided 2854 mm
m Modular Ratio 12.12
Concrete Grade M40
Steel Reinf. Grade 500 MPa
Neutral Axis Depth

xu Neutral axis depth for hogging 810.13 mm


Neutral axis depth for sagging 950.20 mm

Cracked second moment of area in concrete units

Icr Cracked second moment of area 3.18E+12 mm4


4.24E+12 mm5
for hogging moment
Concrete stress at top 5.06 MPa
Tensile stress at bottom 157.14 MPa
for sagging moment
Concrete stress at bottom 11.81 MPa
Tensile stress at top 286.84 MPa
Compression limit 19.2 MPa
Tension limit 300 MPa

ULS comb. For design of column and footing

1.35 DL +1.35 SIDL(fixed)+ 1.75 SIDL (Surfacing) + Max.of (1.5 LL


ULS 5 (IRC Normal including impact or congestion))+ 0.9 Thermal Load
(Heating)+ 0.9 [Wind]

1.35 DL +1.35 SIDL(fixed)+ 1.75 SIDL (Surfacing) + Max.of (1.5 LL


ULS 6 (IRC Normal including impact or congestion))+ 0.9 Thermal Load
(Cooling)+ 0.9 [Wind]

1.35 DL +1.35 SIDL(fixed)+ 1.75 SIDL (Surfacing) + Max.of (1.15 LL


ULS 7 (IRC Normal including impact or congestion))+ 1.5 Thermal
Load(heating)+ 0.9 [Wind]

1.35 DL +1.35 SIDL(fixed)+ 1.75 SIDL (Surfacing) + Max.of (1.15 LL


ULS 8 (IRC Normal including impact or congestion))+ 1.5 Thermal
Load(cooling)+ 0.9 [Wind]

1.35 DL +1.35 SIDL(fixed)+ 1.75 SIDL (Surfacing) + Max.of (1.15 LL


ULS 9 (IRC Normal including impact or congestion))+ 0.9 Thermal
Load(heating)+ 1.5 [Wind]

1.35 DL +1.35 SIDL(fixed)+ 1.75 SIDL (Surfacing) + Max.of (1.15 LL


ULS 10 (IRC Normal including impact or congestion))+ 0.9 Thermal
Load(cooling)+ 1.5 [Wind]

1.35 DL +1.35 SIDL(fixed)+ 1.75 SIDL (Surfacing) + Max.of (0.2 LL


ULS 11 (IRC Normal including impact or congestion))+ 0.5 Thermal Load
(heating)+ 1.5 [Seismic]

1.35 DL +1.35 SIDL(fixed)+ 1.75 SIDL (Surfacing) + Max.of (0.2 LL


ULS 12 (IRC Normal including impact or congestion))+ 0.5 Thermal Load
(cooling)+ 1.5 [Seismic]
ULS Load Case
At top of pIer
For First Column For Second Column
Load NEd (t) ML (t-m) MT (t-m) Md (t-m) NEd (t) ML (t-m) MT (t-m) Md (t-m)
Case No.
13 2619.5 353.1 4432.0 4446.055 2478.0 316.0 4559.7 4570.63
14 2631.5 218.6 4771.6 4776.638 2428.5 187.4 4680.3 4684.03
15 2661.0 223.8 4832.4 4837.622 2479.3 198.3 4747.8 4751.95
16 2512.6 276.3 4495.5 4503.992 2512.6 276.3 4495.5 4503.99
17 2619.5 353.1 4361.6 4375.895 2478.0 316.0 4489.3 4500.41
18 2631.5 218.6 4701.2 4706.326 2428.5 187.4 4609.9 4613.70
19 2661.0 223.8 4762.1 4767.312 2479.3 198.3 4677.4 4681.62
20 2512.6 276.3 4425.1 4433.741 2512.6 276.3 4425.1 4433.74
21 2559.0 299.6 4470.3 4480.323 2450.6 271.2 4568.2 4576.22
22 2568.2 196.6 4730.7 4734.748 2412.6 172.6 4660.6 4663.83
23 2590.8 200.5 4777.3 4781.493 2451.6 181.0 4712.4 4715.88
24 2512.6 276.3 4519.0 4527.41 2512.6 276.3 4519.0 4527.41
25 2559.0 299.6 4353.0 4363.282 2450.6 271.2 4450.9 4459.12
26 2568.2 196.6 4613.4 4617.541 2412.6 172.6 4543.3 4546.60
27 2590.8 200.5 4660.0 4664.289 2451.6 181.0 4595.1 4598.65
28 2512.6 276.3 4401.7 4410.325 2512.6 276.3 4401.7 4410.32
45 2697.1 428.3 4353.0 4374.027 2577.5 383.7 4897.2 4912.22
46 2709.0 293.8 4692.6 4701.818 2528.0 255.1 5017.8 5024.28
47 2738.5 299.0 4753.4 4762.833 2578.8 266.0 5085.3 5092.28
48 2697.1 428.3 4282.6 4303.984 2577.5 383.7 4826.8 4842.05
49 2709.0 293.8 4622.2 4631.571 2528.0 255.1 4947.4 4953.99
50 2738.5 299.0 4683.1 4692.587 2578.8 266.0 5014.9 5021.99
51 2688.3 425.0 4315.2 4336.033 2616.4 384.0 5107.3 5121.66
52 2697.5 321.9 4575.5 4586.839 2578.4 285.4 5199.7 5207.53
53 2720.1 325.9 4622.2 4633.624 2617.4 293.7 5251.5 5259.68
54 2688.3 425.0 4244.8 4265.99 2616.4 384.0 5036.9 5051.48
55 2697.5 321.9 4505.1 4516.629 2578.4 285.4 5129.3 5137.25
56 2720.1 325.9 4551.8 4563.414 2617.4 293.7 5181.1 5189.41
57 2636.6 374.8 4391.3 4407.257 2550.1 338.9 4905.7 4917.39
58 2645.8 271.7 4651.7 4659.593 2512.1 240.3 4998.2 5003.92
59 2668.4 275.7 4698.3 4706.367 2551.1 248.6 5049.9 5056.04
60 2636.6 374.8 4274.0 4290.383 2550.1 338.9 4788.4 4800.37
61 2645.8 271.7 4534.4 4542.488 2512.1 240.3 4880.8 4886.75
62 2668.4 275.7 4581.0 4589.263 2551.1 248.6 4932.6 4938.87
63 2396.7 662.6 4095.9 4149.14 2460.4 647.7 5043.1 5084.55
64 2398.3 644.7 4141.2 4191.053 2453.8 630.6 5059.2 5098.35
65 2402.2 645.3 4149.3 4199.171 2460.6 632.0 5068.2 5107.47
66 2396.7 662.6 4025.5 4079.672 2460.4 647.7 4972.7 5014.75
67 2398.3 644.7 4070.8 4121.519 2453.8 630.6 4988.8 5028.51
68 2402.2 645.3 4078.9 4129.635 2460.6 632.0 4997.8 5037.63
69 2354.3 328.6 3484.2 3499.666 2503.2 292.8 5654.8 5662.40
70 2355.8 310.7 3529.5 3543.133 2496.6 275.6 5670.9 5677.60
71 2359.8 311.4 3537.6 3551.271 2503.4 277.1 5679.9 5686.66
72 2354.3 328.6 3413.8 3429.597 2503.2 292.8 5584.4 5592.11
73 2355.8 310.7 3459.1 3473.024 2496.6 275.6 5600.5 5607.30
74 2359.8 311.4 3467.2 3481.161 2503.4 277.1 5609.5 5616.36

ULS Load Case


At bottom of pIer
For First Column
Load NEd (t) ML (t-m) MT (t-m) Md (t-m) Horiz.
FY (t) FZ (t)
Case No. Force
13 3057.66 710.93 2403.45 2506.386 486.683 25.480 487.349
14 3069.61 505.13 2620.46 2668.7 526.315 20.400 526.710
15 3099.10 528.64 2657.63 2709.699 533.291 21.704 533.733
16 2950.73 276.26 2544.69 2559.642 501.260 0.000 501.260
17 3057.66 710.93 2015.22 2136.944 454.030 25.480 454.744
18 3069.61 505.13 2232.23 2288.672 493.662 20.400 494.083
19 3099.10 528.64 2269.41 2330.164 500.638 21.704 501.108
20 2950.73 276.26 2156.46 2174.087 468.607 0.000 468.607
21 2997.19 573.99 2565.81 2629.23 500.969 19.535 501.349
22 3006.35 416.21 2732.19 2763.708 531.353 15.640 531.583
23 3028.97 434.23 2760.69 2794.63 536.702 16.640 536.960
24 2950.73 276.26 2674.10 2688.331 512.145 0.000 512.145
25 2997.19 573.99 1918.77 2002.781 446.547 19.535 446.974
26 3006.35 416.21 2085.14 2126.278 476.931 15.640 477.188
27 3028.97 434.23 2113.64 2157.788 482.280 16.640 482.567
28 2950.73 276.26 2027.05 2045.793 457.723 0.000 457.723
45 3135.23 1278.74 1941.54 2324.811 443.368 60.554 447.484
46 3147.17 1072.94 2158.55 2410.507 483.000 55.473 486.175
47 3176.67 1096.45 2195.73 2454.263 489.977 56.778 493.255
48 3135.23 1278.74 1553.31 2011.952 410.715 60.554 415.155
49 3147.17 1072.94 1770.32 2070.084 450.347 55.473 453.751
50 3176.67 1096.45 1807.50 2114.06 457.324 56.778 460.835
51 3126.47 1520.34 1666.56 2255.847 417.893 77.991 425.109
52 3135.63 1362.56 1832.93 2283.903 448.278 74.096 454.360
53 3158.24 1380.58 1861.43 2317.529 453.626 75.096 459.800
54 3126.47 1520.34 1278.33 1986.344 385.240 77.991 393.056
55 3135.63 1362.56 1444.71 1985.887 415.625 74.096 422.178
56 3158.24 1380.58 1473.21 2018.996 420.973 75.096 427.619
57 3074.76 1141.80 2103.90 2393.767 457.654 54.608 460.901
58 3083.92 984.02 2270.28 2474.362 488.039 50.713 490.666
59 3106.53 1002.04 2298.78 2507.684 493.387 51.713 496.090
60 3074.76 1141.80 1456.86 1850.986 403.232 54.608 406.913
61 3083.92 984.02 1623.24 1898.208 433.617 50.713 436.572
62 3106.53 1002.04 1651.74 1931.922 438.965 51.713 442.001
63 2834.85 5832.41 1365.56 5990.136 373.446 397.300 545.261
64 2836.44 5804.97 1394.50 5970.114 378.730 396.622 548.403
65 2840.38 5808.10 1399.46 5974.321 379.661 396.796 549.172
66 2834.85 5832.41 977.34 5913.725 340.793 397.300 523.438
67 2836.44 5804.97 1006.27 5891.538 346.077 396.622 526.383
68 2840.38 5808.10 1011.23 5895.474 347.008 396.796 527.126
69 2792.40 1963.20 180.25 1971.455 212.116 126.117 246.777
70 2793.99 1935.76 151.31 1941.662 217.401 125.439 250.994
71 2797.93 1938.89 146.36 1944.408 218.331 125.613 251.887
72 2792.40 1963.20 568.47 2043.846 179.463 126.117 219.346
73 2793.99 1935.76 539.54 2009.542 184.747 125.439 223.308
74 2797.93 1938.89 534.58 2011.238 185.678 125.613 224.176

For Second Column


Load NEd (t) ML (t-m) MT (t-m) Md (t-m) Horiz.
FY (t) FZ (t)
Case No. Force
13 2916.17 372.09 2689.69 2715.305 516.154 3.991 516.169
14 2866.60 487.64 2711.81 2755.305 526.315 21.376 526.749
15 2917.48 514.36 2742.27 2790.089 533.291 22.501 533.766
16 2950.73 276.26 2544.69 2559.642 501.260 0.000 501.260
17 2916.17 372.09 2301.46 2331.348 483.501 3.991 483.517
18 2866.60 487.64 2323.58 2374.201 493.662 21.376 494.124
19 2917.48 514.36 2354.04 2409.58 500.638 22.501 501.143
20 2950.73 276.26 2156.46 2174.087 468.607 0.000 468.607
21 2888.72 314.22 2785.26 2802.932 523.563 3.060 523.572
22 2850.71 402.80 2802.22 2831.025 531.353 16.388 531.606
23 2889.72 423.29 2825.57 2857.104 536.702 17.251 536.979
24 2950.73 276.26 2674.10 2688.331 512.145 0.000 512.145
25 2888.72 314.22 2138.22 2161.185 469.141 3.060 469.151
26 2850.71 402.80 2155.18 2192.498 476.931 16.388 477.213
27 2889.72 423.29 2178.53 2219.272 482.280 17.251 482.588
28 2950.73 276.26 2027.05 2045.793 457.723 0.000 457.723
45 3015.68 907.47 3287.83 3410.771 587.575 37.294 588.757
46 2966.11 1023.02 3309.95 3464.443 597.736 54.679 600.231
47 3016.99 1049.74 3340.41 3501.471 604.712 55.804 607.282
48 3015.68 907.47 2899.61 3038.294 554.922 37.294 556.173
49 2966.11 1023.02 2921.73 3095.653 565.083 54.679 567.722
50 3016.99 1049.74 2952.19 3133.265 572.059 55.804 574.774
51 3054.57 1206.51 3652.77 3846.863 631.714 58.565 634.422
52 3016.56 1295.10 3669.72 3891.549 639.504 71.893 643.532
53 3055.57 1315.58 3693.07 3920.402 644.852 72.756 648.944
54 3054.57 1206.51 3264.54 3480.356 599.061 58.565 601.916
55 3016.56 1295.10 3281.50 3527.819 606.851 71.893 611.094
56 3055.57 1315.58 3304.85 3557.074 612.199 72.756 616.507
57 2988.23 849.59 3383.41 3488.448 594.984 36.363 596.094
58 2950.22 938.18 3400.37 3527.42 602.774 49.691 604.819
59 2989.23 958.66 3423.72 3555.403 608.123 50.554 610.220
60 2988.23 849.59 2736.37 2865.224 540.562 36.363 541.784
61 2950.22 938.18 2753.32 2908.777 548.352 49.691 550.599
62 2989.23 958.66 2776.68 2937.51 553.701 50.554 556.004
63 2898.58 5787.42 3802.26 6924.702 645.198 395.156 756.590
64 2891.97 5802.83 3805.21 6939.2 646.553 397.474 758.957
65 2898.75 5806.39 3809.28 6944.407 647.483 397.624 759.828
66λ_𝑙𝑖𝑚 2898.58 5787.42 3414.04 6719.37 612.545
= 20.𝐴.𝐵.𝐶/√� 395.156 728.944
67 2891.97 5802.83 3416.99 6734.141 613.900 397.474 731.340
68 2898.75 5806.39 3421.05 6739.272 614.830 397.624 732.202
69 𝐴 =2941.39 1908.94 5348.08 5678.554 806.528
1/(1+0.2∅_𝑒𝑓) 124.806 816.127
70 ∅_𝑒𝑓𝑓= 𝜑 (" ∞" ,𝑡_𝑜 ) �_𝑜𝐸𝑞𝑝/�_𝑜𝐸�
2934.78 1924.35 5351.02 5686.527 807.882 127.124 817.823
∅_𝑒𝑓
71 2941.57 1927.91 5355.09 5691.555 808.813 127.274 818.765
72 2941.39 1908.94 4959.85 5314.525 773.875 124.806 783.874
73 2934.78 1924.35 4962.80 5322.828 775.229 127.124 785.583
74 2941.57 1927.91 4966.86 5327.902 776.160 127.274 786.526

∅_((∞,𝑡_0)) = ∅_𝑅𝐻 �(𝑓_𝑐𝑚)


Check for slenderness
�(𝑡_0)
Slenderness Ratio, λ le/i
As per cl. 11.2.1(1)
of IRC 112:2011
lol Clear height of comp. memb. b/w end restraint in long. direction 17.445 m
lot Clear height of comp. memb. b/w end restraint in trans. direction 15.545 m
le Effective Length of compression member = Klo
∅_𝑅𝐻 = ["1 + " (1 −𝑅𝐻/100)/(0.1
Kl ))in" long.
∛(ℎ_0 " �_1direction
] �_2 i.e parallel to traffic 1.4 As per cl. 11.2.2
table 11.1 of IRC
Kt in trans. direction 1.5 112:2011
�_1lel = [43.75/𝑓_𝑐𝑚
in long. direction
] 24.423 m
^0.7
let in trans. direction 23.318 m
i Radius of gyration of uncracked section 0.818 m
�_2λ = [43.75/𝑓_𝑐𝑚 ]
^0.2l in long. direction 29.839 m
λt in trans. direction 28.489 m

99.010 in long direction


�(𝑓_𝑐𝑚)" "=
18.78/√(𝑓_𝑐𝑚 ) 163.549 in trans. direction
where

Effective creep ratio


�(𝑡_0) = 1/(0.1+
𝑡_0 0.2)
MoEqp First order B.M. in quasi permament comb. 1112.3 t-m
MoEd First order B.M. in ULS load comb. 6944.4 t-m

𝜔 = (𝐴_𝑠
𝑓_𝑦�)/(𝐴_𝑐 As per Appendix A2
𝑓_𝑐� ) of IRC 112:2011
φ𝐵=
RH
√(1+2𝜔)
factor to allow for effect of relative humidity on notional creep coefficient
RH Relative Humidity of ambient environment in percent 5%
h0𝐶= 1.7 - 𝑟_𝑚
notional size of member in mm 1750 mm
fcm𝑟_𝑚 = Mean
�_01/value of conc. cube strength 50 MPa
�_02
� = �_𝐸�/(𝐴_𝑐 1.67
𝑓_𝑐�)
α1/2/3 coefficients to consider the influence of conc. strength
0.911

0.974

β(fcm) factor to allow for effect of concrete strength on notional creep coefficient
2.66

β(t0) factor to allow for effect of concrete age at loading on notional creep coefficient
t0 age of concrete at loading in days 28 days

0.488
φ(∞,to) 2.17
φef 0.348
A 0.935
mechanical reinforcement ratio 0.2038

1.19

1.28 in long direction


2.12 in trans. direction
moment ratio 0.42 in long direction
moment ratio -0.42 in trans. direction
0.0825

SLS Load Case


At top of pIer
For First Column For Second Column
Load NEd (t) ML (t-m) MT (t-m) Md (t-m) NEd (t) ML (t-m) MT (t-m) Md (t-m)
Case No.
29 1957.08 244.57 3317.55 3326.553 2115.52 257.25 290.80 388.257
30 1965.04 154.93 3543.96 3547.347 2082.47 334.28 305.55 452.886
31 1984.70 158.39 3584.50 3587.999 2116.39 352.10 325.85 479.741
32 1936.52 244.10 3359.88 3368.737 2189.30 244.10 194.13 311.886
33 1957.08 244.57 3270.63 3279.757 2115.52 257.25 31.98 259.232
34 1965.04 154.93 3497.04 3500.468 2082.47 334.28 46.73 337.535
35 1984.70 158.39 3537.58 3541.121 2116.39 352.10 67.04 358.421
36 1936.52 244.10 3312.96 3321.938 2189.30 244.10 64.68 252.525
37 1913.88 206.40 3343.77 3350.139 2095.91 215.91 352.91 413.715
38 1919.86 139.17 3513.58 3516.339 2071.13 273.69 363.97 455.385
39 1934.61 141.77 3543.99 3546.822 2096.57 287.04 379.20 475.587
40 1898.47 206.05 3297.32 3303.748 2151.25 206.05 150.96 255.427
41 1913.88 206.40 3265.57 3272.084 2095.91 215.91 78.46 229.723
42 1919.86 139.17 3435.38 3438.194 2071.13 273.69 67.40 281.862
43 1934.61 141.77 3465.78 3468.679 2096.57 287.04 52.17 291.746
44 1898.47 206.05 3297.32 3303.748 2151.25 206.05 150.96 255.427
75 2008.79 294.70 3264.88 3278.154 2181.87 614.17 689.56 923.419
76 2016.75 205.07 3491.29 3497.310 2148.81 691.20 704.31 986.820
77 2036.41 208.53 3531.83 3537.983 2182.74 709.01 724.62 1013.789
78 2008.79 294.70 3217.96 3231.423 2181.87 614.17 430.75 750.164
79 2016.75 205.07 3444.37 3450.467 2148.81 691.20 445.49 822.329
80 2036.41 208.53 3484.91 3491.141 2182.74 709.01 465.80 848.333
81 2000.07 289.95 3240.35 3253.298 2206.48 810.77 931.24 1234.731
82 2006.04 222.73 3410.16 3417.426 2181.69 868.55 942.30 1281.524
83 2020.79 225.32 3440.56 3447.935 2207.14 881.91 957.53 1301.776
84 2000.07 289.95 3193.43 3206.563 2206.48 810.77 672.42 1053.330
85 2006.04 222.73 3363.24 3370.603 2181.69 868.55 683.48 1105.226
86 2020.79 225.32 3393.64 3401.112 2207.14 881.91 698.71 1125.147

At Bottom of pIer
For First Column
Load NEd (t) ML (t-m) MT (t-m) Md (t-m) Horiz.
FY (t) FZ (t)
Case No. Force
29 2281.63 483.14 721.88 868.639 184.81 16.99 185.590
30 2289.59 345.94 577.20 672.932 211.23 13.60 211.670
31 2309.25 361.61 552.42 660.251 215.88 14.47 216.368
32 2261.08 244.10 627.71 673.506 194.53 0.00 194.530
33 2281.63 483.14 980.69 1093.247 163.04 16.99 163.925
34 2289.59 345.94 836.02 904.767 189.46 13.60 189.951
35 2309.25 361.61 811.24 888.183 194.11 14.47 194.653
36 2261.08 244.10 886.53 919.523 172.76 0.00 172.761
37 2238.44 385.33 612.06 723.257 194.50 12.74 194.914
38 2244.41 282.43 503.56 577.353 214.31 10.20 214.556
39 2259.16 294.18 484.97 567.221 217.80 10.85 218.071
40 2223.02 206.05 972.80 994.386 165.50 0.00 165.505
41 2238.44 385.33 1043.43 1112.303 158.22 12.74 158.728
42 2244.41 282.43 934.92 976.648 178.03 10.20 178.324
43 2259.16 294.18 916.33 962.398 181.52 10.85 181.844
44 2223.02 206.05 972.80 994.386 165.50 0.00 165.505
75 2333.34 861.68 1029.82 1342.764 155.93 40.37 161.076
76 2341.30 724.48 885.14 1143.830 182.36 36.98 186.068
77 2360.97 740.15 860.36 1134.919 187.01 37.85 190.799
78 2333.34 861.68 1288.63 1550.184 134.17 40.37 140.108
79 2341.30 724.48 1143.96 1354.072 160.59 36.98 164.791
80 2360.97 740.15 1119.17 1341.782 165.24 37.85 169.518
81 2324.62 1016.23 1211.57 1581.333 139.11 51.71 148.414
82 2330.59 913.33 1103.06 1432.100 158.93 49.17 166.362
83 2345.34 925.08 1084.47 1425.433 162.42 49.82 169.888
84 2324.62 1016.23 1470.38 1787.386 117.34 51.71 128.233
85 2330.59 913.33 1361.88 1639.780 137.16 49.17 145.708
86 2345.34 925.08 1343.29 1631.014 140.65 49.82 149.213

For Second Column


NEd (t) ML (t-m) MT (t-m) Md (t-m) Horiz.
FY (t) FZ (t) Force
29 2115.52 257.25 290.80 388.257 204.46 2.66 204.476
30 2082.47 334.28 305.55 452.886 211.23 14.25 211.713
31 2116.39 352.10 325.85 479.741 215.88 15.00 216.404
32 2189.30 244.10 194.13 311.886 194.53 0.00 194.530
33 2115.52 257.25 31.98 259.232 182.69 2.66 182.709
34 2082.47 334.28 46.73 337.535 189.46 14.25 189.999
35 2116.39 352.10 67.04 358.421 194.11 15.00 194.693
36 2189.30 244.10 64.68 252.525 172.76 0.00 172.761
37 2095.91 215.91 352.91 413.715 209.23 2.00 209.242
38 2071.13 273.69 363.97 455.385 214.31 10.69 214.579
39 2096.57 287.04 379.20 475.587 217.80 11.25 218.092
40 2151.25 206.05 150.96 255.427 165.50 0.00 165.505
41 2095.91 215.91 78.46 229.723 172.95 2.00 172.963
42 2071.13 273.69 67.40 281.862 178.03 10.69 178.352
�_�/�±(�_𝐿 𝑙_𝑖)/(∑▒ 〖𝑙 _𝑖 〗 ^2 )±(�_� 𝑡_𝑖)/(∑▒
52.17 〖𝑡 _𝑖291.746
〗 ^2 )
43 2096.57 287.04 181.52 11.25 181.868
44 2151.25 206.05 150.96 255.427 165.50 0.00 165.505
75 2181.87 614.17 689.56 923.419 252.07 24.86 253.296
76 2148.81 691.20 704.31 986.820 258.85 36.45 261.401
77 2182.74 709.01 724.62 1013.789 263.50 37.20 266.111
78 2181.87 614.17 430.75 750.164 230.30 24.86 231.642
79 2148.81 691.20 445.49 822.329 237.08 36.45 239.864
80 2182.74 709.01 465.80 848.333 241.73 37.20 244.575
81 2206.48 810.77 931.24 1234.731 281.33 39.00 284.023
82 2181.69 868.55 942.30 1281.524 286.41 47.69 290.357
83 2207.14 881.91 957.53 1301.776 289.90 48.25 293.890
84 2206.48 810.77 672.42 1053.330 259.56 39.00 262.478
85 2181.69 868.55 683.48 1105.226 264.64 47.69 268.908
86 2207.14 881.91 698.71 1125.147 268.13 48.25 272.440

ti

MT li
T T

ML

�= √(5&𝐸𝐼/𝜂_ℎ )

L
Pile Load Distribution
Assume Pile Cap flexural stiffness wrt to axial stiffness is very high
n No. of pile per column in pile cap 12 No.

Pile No. li ti li2 ti 2


1 3.6 5.4 12.96 29.16
2 0 5.4 0 29.16
3 -3.6 5.4 12.96 29.16
4 3.6 1.8 12.96 3.24
5 0 1.8 0 3.24
6 -3.6 1.8 12.96 3.24
7 3.6 -1.8 12.96 3.24
8 0 -1.8 0 3.24
9 -3.6 -1.8 12.96 3.24 �_𝑓=𝑚 (𝐻 (𝑒+𝑧_𝑓 ))/2
10 3.6 -5.4 12.96 29.16
11 0 -5.4 0 29.16
12 -3.6 -5.4 12.96 29.16
Total 103.68 194.4

Pile cap Dimension


Length (L) 12.3 m
Length (T) 8.7 m
Depth 2.3 m
Pile cap Weight 615.3 t
For pile in sand and normally loaded clay
As per Annex C-2.3
of IS 2911.1.2.2010
Fixed head

D Pile Diameter 1.20 m


E Young's modulus of pile material 33000 MPa
I Moment of inertia of the pile cross section 0.10 m4
N Corrected SPT 10 No.
Condition of soil Submerged
ɳh Modulus of subgrade reaction 1.40 MN/m3
T Stiffness factor in m 4.74 m
L1 Unsupported length =e 0m
L1/T 0
Type of Pile Head Fixed head
As per fig. 4 of IS
Lf/T 2.2 2911.1.2.2010
Lf = zf Depth of Virtual fixity 10.43 m
L Embedded length of pile 25 m As per table 5 of IS
Type of Pile behaviour Long (elastic) pile 2911.1.2.2010

As per Annex C-4.3


Fixed End Moment of long elastic pile for the equivalent cantiliver approach of IS 2911.1.2.2010
for fixed head pile
As per fig. 5A of IS
m reduction factor 0.83 2911.1.2.2010

SLS Load Case


For First Column
Pile No.
LC 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
29 278.24 261.46 244.69 264.87 248.10 231.32 251.50 234.73 217.95
30 270.12 258.11 246.10 259.43 247.42 235.41 248.74 236.73 224.72
31 271.61 259.06 246.50 261.38 248.83 236.27 251.15 238.60 226.04
32 265.61 257.14 248.66 253.99 245.51 237.04 242.36 233.89 225.41
33 285.43 268.65 251.88 267.27 250.49 233.72 249.11 232.33 215.55
34 277.31 265.30 253.29 261.83 249.82 237.80 246.35 234.33 222.32
35 278.80 266.25 253.69 263.78 251.22 238.67 248.76 236.20 223.65
36 272.80 264.32 255.85 256.38 247.91 239.43 239.97 231.49 223.01
37 268.19 254.81 241.43 256.86 243.48 230.10 245.52 232.14 218.77
38 262.10 252.30 242.49 252.78 242.97 233.17 243.45 233.65 223.84
39 263.22 253.01 242.80 254.24 244.03 233.81 245.26 235.05 224.83
40 270.70 263.55 256.40 252.69 245.53 238.38 234.67 227.52 220.37
41 280.18 266.80 253.42 260.85 247.47 234.09 241.53 228.15 214.77
42 274.09 264.28 254.47 256.77 246.97 237.16 239.46 229.65 219.85
43 275.21 264.99 254.78 258.24 248.02 237.81 241.27 231.05 220.84
44 270.70 263.55 256.40 252.69 245.53 238.38 234.67 227.52 220.37
75 304.25 274.33 244.41 285.18 255.26 225.34 266.10 236.19 206.27
76 296.13 270.97 245.82 279.74 254.58 229.42 263.34 238.19 213.03
77 297.62 271.92 246.22 281.69 255.99 230.29 265.76 240.06 214.36
78 311.44 281.52 251.60 287.57 257.65 227.73 263.71 233.79 203.87
79 303.32 278.16 253.01 282.13 256.98 231.82 260.95 235.79 210.64
80 304.81 279.11 253.41 284.09 258.39 232.69 263.36 237.66 211.96
81 313.93 278.65 243.36 291.50 256.21 220.93 269.06 233.78 198.49
82 307.85 276.13 244.42 287.42 255.71 223.99 266.99 235.28 203.57
83 308.97 276.85 244.72 288.88 256.76 224.64 268.80 236.68 204.56
84 321.12 285.84 250.55 293.89 258.61 223.32 266.67 231.38 196.09
85 315.03 283.32 251.61 289.81 258.10 226.39 264.59 232.88 201.17
86 316.16 284.03 251.91 291.28 259.16 227.04 266.40 234.28 202.16

LC 10 11 12 Hor. force/Fixed end moment (t-m)


29 238.13 221.36 204.58 15.466 66.97
30 238.05 226.04 214.03 17.639 76.38
31 240.92 228.37 215.81 18.031 78.07
32 230.74 222.26 213.79 16.211 70.19
33 230.95 214.17 197.39 13.660 59.15
34 230.86 218.85 206.84 15.829 68.54
35 233.74 221.18 208.62 16.221 70.24
36 223.55 215.07 206.60 14.397 62.34
37 234.19 220.81 207.43 16.243 70.33
38 234.13 224.32 214.52 17.880 77.42
39 236.28 226.07 215.85 18.173 78.69
40 216.66 209.51 202.35 13.792 59.72
41 222.21 208.83 195.45 13.227 57.27
42 222.15 212.34 202.53 14.860 64.35
43 224.30 214.08 203.87 15.154 65.62
44 216.66 209.51 202.35 13.792 59.72
75 247.03 217.11 187.19 13.423 58.12
76 246.95 221.80 196.64 15.506 67.14
77 249.82 224.12 198.42 15.900 68.85
78 239.84 209.93 180.01 11.676 50.56
79 239.76 214.61 189.45 13.733 59.46
80 242.63 216.93 191.23 14.127 61.17
81 246.63 211.34 176.05 12.368 53.55
82 246.56 214.85 183.14 13.864 60.03
83 248.72 216.60 184.48 14.157 61.30
84 239.44 204.15 168.86 10.686 46.27
85 239.37 207.66 175.95 12.142 52.58
86 241.53 209.41 177.29 12.434 53.84

For Second Column


Pile No.
LC 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
29 244.58 235.65 226.71 239.19 230.26 221.33 233.81 224.88 215.94
30 244.91 233.30 221.70 239.25 227.64 216.04 233.59 221.99 210.38
31 248.92 236.69 224.47 242.88 230.66 218.43 236.85 224.62 212.40
32 247.59 239.11 230.63 243.99 235.51 227.04 240.40 231.92 223.44
33 237.39 228.46 219.53 236.80 227.87 218.93 236.21 227.27 218.34
34 237.72 226.11 214.51 236.85 225.25 213.64 235.99 224.38 212.78
35 241.73 229.50 217.28 240.49 228.26 216.04 239.25 227.02 214.80
36 243.99 235.51 227.04 242.79 234.32 225.84 241.59 233.12 224.64
37 243.24 235.74 228.24 236.70 229.20 221.71 230.16 222.67 215.17
38 243.48 233.98 224.48 236.74 227.24 217.74 230.00 220.50 211.00
39 246.49 236.52 226.56 239.47 229.50 219.53 232.45 222.48 212.51
40 241.89 234.74 227.58 239.10 231.94 224.79 236.30 229.15 221.99
41 235.61 228.11 220.62 234.16 226.66 219.16 232.71 225.21 217.71
42 235.24 225.74 216.24 234.00 224.49 214.99 232.75 223.25 213.74
43 237.41 227.44 217.47 236.44 226.47 216.51 235.47 225.51 215.54
44 241.89 234.74 227.58 239.10 231.94 224.79 236.30 229.15 221.99
75 273.58 252.25 230.93 260.81 239.48 218.16 248.04 226.71 205.39
76 273.91 249.91 225.91 260.87 236.86 212.86 247.82 223.82 199.82
77 277.92 253.30 228.68 264.50 239.88 215.26 251.08 226.46 201.84
78 266.39 245.06 223.74 258.41 237.09 215.76 250.43 229.11 207.78
79 266.72 242.72 218.72 258.47 234.47 210.47 250.22 226.22 202.22
80 270.73 246.11 221.49 262.10 237.48 212.86 253.48 228.86 204.24
81 289.17 261.02 232.87 271.92 243.77 215.62 254.68 226.53 198.37
82 289.42 259.26 229.10 271.97 241.81 211.65 254.52 224.36 194.20
83 292.42 261.80 231.18 274.69 244.07 213.45 256.96 226.34 195.72
84 281.98 253.83 225.68 269.53 241.38 213.22 257.07 228.92 200.77
85 282.23 252.07 221.91 269.57 239.41 209.25 256.91 226.75 196.60
86 285.23 254.61 223.99 272.29 241.67 211.05 259.36 228.73 198.11

LC 10 11 12 Hor. force/Fixed end moment (t-m)


29 228.42 219.49 210.56 17.040 73.78
30 227.93 216.33 204.72 17.643 76.39
31 230.82 218.59 206.36 18.034 78.09
32 236.80 228.32 219.85 16.211 70.19
33 235.61 226.68 217.75 15.226 65.93
34 235.12 223.52 211.91 15.833 68.56
35 238.01 225.78 213.55 16.224 70.25
36 240.40 231.92 223.44 14.397 62.34
37 223.63 216.13 208.64 17.437 75.50
38 223.26 213.76 204.26 17.882 77.43
39 225.42 215.46 205.49 18.174 78.69
40 233.51 226.35 219.20 13.792 59.72
41 231.25 223.76 216.26 14.414 62.41
42 231.50 222.00 212.49 14.863 64.36
43 234.51 224.54 214.57 15.156 65.62
44 233.51 226.35 219.20 13.792 59.72
75 235.27 213.94 192.62 21.108 91.40
76 234.78 210.78 186.78 21.783 94.32
77 237.66 213.04 188.42 22.176 96.02
78 242.46 221.13 199.81 19.303 83.58
79 241.97 217.97 193.97 19.989 86.55
80 244.85 220.23 195.61 20.381 88.25
81 237.43 209.28 181.13 23.669 102.48
82 237.07 206.91 176.75 24.196 104.77
83 239.23 208.61 177.98 24.491 106.05
84 244.62 216.47 188.32 21.873 94.71
85 244.26 214.10 183.94 22.409 97.03
86 246.42 215.79 185.17 22.703 98.31

ULS Load Case


For First Column
Pile No.
LC 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
13 415.47 390.79 366.10 370.97 346.28 321.60 326.46 301.77 277.09
14 415.35 397.81 380.27 366.83 349.29 331.75 318.30 300.76 283.22
15 419.66 401.30 382.95 370.44 352.09 333.73 321.23 302.87 284.52
16 395.39 385.80 376.21 348.27 338.68 329.09 301.15 291.55 281.96
17 404.69 380.01 355.32 367.37 342.69 318.00 330.05 305.37 280.68
18 404.57 387.03 369.49 363.23 345.69 328.15 321.89 304.35 286.81
19 408.88 390.52 372.16 366.85 348.49 330.14 324.82 306.47 288.11
20 384.61 375.02 365.43 344.68 335.08 325.49 304.74 295.15 285.56
21 410.19 390.26 370.33 362.68 342.75 322.82 315.16 295.23 275.30
22 410.10 395.65 381.19 359.50 345.05 330.60 308.91 294.45 280.00
23 413.40 398.32 383.24 362.28 347.20 332.12 311.15 296.07 281.00
24 398.99 389.40 379.80 349.47 339.88 330.28 299.95 290.36 280.76
25 392.22 372.29 352.36 356.68 336.75 316.82 321.15 301.22 281.29
26 392.12 377.67 363.22 353.51 339.06 324.61 314.90 300.44 285.99
27 395.43 380.35 365.27 356.28 341.21 326.13 317.14 302.07 286.99
28 381.02 371.42 361.83 343.48 333.89 324.29 305.94 296.35 286.75
45 428.82 384.42 340.02 392.87 348.47 304.07 356.91 312.51 268.11
46 428.70 391.45 354.19 388.73 351.47 314.22 348.75 311.50 274.25
47 433.01 394.94 356.87 392.35 354.28 316.20 351.68 313.61 275.54
48 418.04 373.64 329.24 389.27 344.87 300.47 360.51 316.11 271.71
49 417.92 380.66 343.41 385.13 347.88 310.62 352.35 315.09 277.84
50 422.22 384.15 346.08 388.75 350.68 312.61 355.28 317.21 279.14
51 428.84 376.05 323.26 397.98 345.19 292.40 367.12 314.33 261.54
52 428.75 381.44 334.13 394.81 347.50 300.19 360.86 313.55 266.24
53 432.05 384.12 336.18 397.58 349.64 301.71 363.11 315.17 267.24
54 418.06 365.27 312.48 394.39 341.60 288.81 370.71 317.92 265.14
55 417.97 370.66 323.34 391.21 343.90 296.59 364.46 317.15 269.84
56 421.27 373.33 325.39 393.99 346.05 298.11 366.71 318.77 270.83
57 423.54 383.89 344.25 384.58 344.93 305.29 345.62 305.97 266.33
58 423.45 389.28 355.11 381.40 347.24 313.07 339.36 305.19 271.03
59 426.75 391.95 357.16 384.18 349.38 314.59 341.61 306.81 272.02
60 405.57 365.92 326.27 378.59 338.94 299.30 351.61 311.96 272.32
61 405.47 371.31 337.14 375.41 341.25 307.08 345.35 311.19 277.02
62 408.77 373.98 339.19 378.19 343.39 308.60 347.60 312.81 278.01
63 545.91 343.39 140.88 520.62 318.10 115.59 495.33 292.82 90.30
64 545.89 344.33 142.77 520.07 318.50 116.94 494.24 292.68 91.12
65 546.46 344.79 143.12 520.55 318.88 117.21 494.63 292.96 91.29
66 535.12 332.61 130.09 517.02 314.51 112.00 498.92 296.41 93.90
67 535.11 333.54 131.98 516.47 314.91 113.35 497.84 296.28 94.71
68 535.68 334.01 132.34 516.95 315.28 113.61 498.23 296.56 94.89
69 375.10 306.93 238.76 371.76 303.59 235.42 368.42 300.25 232.09
70 373.47 306.26 239.04 370.67 303.46 236.24 367.87 300.65 233.44
71 373.77 306.45 239.13 371.06 303.74 236.42 368.35 301.03 233.70
72 385.88 317.71 249.55 375.35 307.19 239.02 364.83 296.66 228.49
73 384.26 317.04 249.83 374.26 307.05 239.84 364.27 297.06 229.85
74 384.55 317.23 249.91 374.66 307.33 240.01 364.76 297.43 230.11

LC 10 11 12 Hor. force/Fixed end moment (t-m)


13 281.95 257.26 232.58 40.612 175.85
14 269.77 252.23 234.69 43.892 190.05
15 272.01 253.66 235.30 44.478 192.59
16 254.02 244.43 234.84 41.772 180.87
17 292.73 268.05 243.36 37.895 164.09
18 280.56 263.02 245.48 41.174 178.28
19 282.80 264.44 246.09 41.759 180.82
20 264.81 255.21 245.62 39.051 169.09
21 267.65 247.72 227.79 41.779 180.90
22 258.31 243.86 229.41 44.299 191.81
23 260.03 244.95 229.87 44.747 193.75
24 250.43 240.84 231.24 42.679 184.80
25 285.62 265.69 245.76 37.248 161.28
26 276.28 261.83 247.38 39.766 172.18
27 278.00 262.92 247.85 40.214 174.13
28 268.40 258.81 249.22 38.144 165.16
45 320.96 276.56 232.16 37.290 161.47
46 308.78 271.53 234.27 40.515 175.43
47 311.02 272.95 234.88 41.105 177.98
48 331.74 287.34 242.94 34.596 149.80
49 319.57 282.31 245.06 37.813 163.73
50 321.81 283.74 245.67 38.403 166.28
51 336.26 283.47 230.68 35.426 153.39
52 326.92 279.61 232.30 37.863 163.95
53 328.64 280.70 232.77 38.317 165.91
54 347.04 294.25 241.46 32.755 141.83
55 337.70 290.39 243.08 35.181 152.34
56 339.42 291.49 243.55 35.635 154.30
57 306.66 267.01 227.36 38.408 166.31
58 297.32 263.15 228.98 40.889 177.05
59 299.04 264.24 229.45 41.341 179.01
60 324.63 284.98 245.34 33.909 146.83
61 315.29 281.13 246.96 36.381 157.53
62 317.01 282.22 247.43 36.833 159.49
63 470.04 267.53 65.01 45.438 196.75
64 468.42 266.86 65.30 45.700 197.88
65 468.72 267.05 65.38 45.764 198.16
66 480.83 278.31 75.80 43.620 188.87
67 479.20 277.64 76.08 43.865 189.94
68 479.50 277.83 76.16 43.927 190.20
69 365.08 296.92 228.75 20.565 89.05
70 365.07 297.85 230.64 20.916 90.57
71 365.64 298.32 230.99 20.991 90.89
72 354.30 286.13 217.96 18.279 79.15
73 354.28 287.07 219.85 18.609 80.58
74 354.86 287.53 220.21 18.681 80.89

For Second Column


Pile No.
LC 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
13 399.87 386.95 374.03 350.06 337.14 324.22 300.25 287.33 274.41
14 400.37 383.43 366.50 350.15 333.21 316.28 299.93 283.00 266.06
15 406.38 388.52 370.66 355.60 337.74 319.88 304.81 286.95 269.09
16 395.39 385.80 376.21 348.27 338.68 329.09 301.15 291.55 281.96
17 389.09 376.17 363.25 346.47 333.55 320.63 303.85 290.93 278.01
18 389.58 372.65 355.72 346.55 329.62 312.69 303.52 286.59 269.66
19 395.60 377.74 359.88 352.00 334.14 316.28 308.41 290.55 272.69
20 384.61 375.02 365.43 344.68 335.08 325.49 304.74 295.15 285.56
21 398.23 387.32 376.41 346.65 335.74 324.83 295.07 284.16 273.25
22 398.61 384.62 370.63 346.71 332.73 318.74 294.82 280.83 266.85
23 403.22 388.52 373.82 350.89 336.19 321.50 298.57 283.87 269.17
24 398.99 389.40 379.80 349.47 339.88 330.28 299.95 290.36 280.76
25 380.25 369.34 358.43 340.66 329.75 318.84 301.06 290.15 279.24
26 380.63 366.65 352.66 340.72 326.74 312.75 300.81 286.83 272.84
27 385.24 370.55 355.85 344.90 330.20 315.51 304.56 289.86 275.16
28 381.02 371.42 361.83 343.48 333.89 324.29 305.94 296.35 286.75
45 443.37 411.86 380.35 382.48 350.97 319.46 321.60 290.09 258.58
46 443.86 408.34 372.82 382.57 347.05 311.52 321.27 285.75 250.23
47 449.88 413.43 376.98 388.02 351.57 315.12 326.16 289.71 253.26
48 432.58 401.07 369.56 378.89 347.38 315.87 325.19 293.68 262.17
49 433.08 397.56 362.04 378.97 343.45 307.93 324.87 289.34 253.82
50 439.09 402.64 366.19 384.42 347.97 311.52 329.75 293.30 256.85
51 467.13 425.24 383.34 399.48 357.59 315.70 331.84 289.95 248.06
52 467.51 422.54 377.57 399.55 354.58 309.61 331.59 286.62 241.65
53 472.12 426.44 380.76 403.73 358.05 312.37 335.34 289.66 243.98
54 456.34 414.45 372.56 395.89 354.00 312.10 335.44 293.54 251.65
55 456.72 411.76 366.79 395.96 350.99 306.02 335.19 290.22 245.25
56 461.33 415.65 369.97 400.13 354.45 308.77 338.93 293.25 247.57
57 441.72 412.22 382.73 379.07 349.57 320.07 316.41 286.91 257.41
58 442.10 409.53 376.95 379.13 346.56 313.98 316.16 283.59 251.01
59 446.71 413.43 380.14 383.31 350.03 316.74 319.91 286.62 253.34
60 423.75 394.25 364.75 373.08 343.58 314.08 322.40 292.90 263.40
61 424.13 391.56 358.98 373.14 340.57 307.99 322.16 289.58 257.00
62 428.74 395.45 362.17 377.32 344.03 310.75 325.90 292.61 259.33
63 617.34 416.39 215.44 546.93 345.98 145.02 476.52 275.56 74.61
64 617.41 415.92 214.43 546.94 345.45 143.97 476.47 274.99 73.50
65 618.21 416.60 214.99 547.67 346.06 144.45 477.12 275.51 73.90
66 606.56 405.60 204.65 543.33 342.38 141.43 480.11 279.16 78.21
67 606.62 405.14 203.65 543.35 341.86 140.37 480.07 278.58 77.09
68 607.43 405.81 204.20 544.07 342.46 140.85 480.72 279.11 77.50
69 529.18 462.90 396.61 430.14 363.86 297.57 331.10 264.82 198.54
70 529.24 462.43 395.61 430.15 363.33 296.52 331.06 264.24 197.42
71 530.05 463.10 396.16 430.88 363.94 297.00 331.71 264.77 197.83
72 518.39 452.11 385.83 426.55 360.26 293.98 334.70 268.41 202.13
73 518.46 451.64 384.82 426.56 359.74 292.92 334.65 267.84 201.02
74 519.26 452.32 385.38 427.28 360.34 293.40 335.30 268.36 201.42

LC 10 11 12 Hor. force/Fixed end moment (t-m)


13 250.44 237.52 224.60 43.014 186.25
14 249.71 232.78 215.85 43.896 190.07
15 254.03 236.17 218.31 44.480 192.60
16 254.02 244.43 234.84 41.772 180.87
17 261.23 248.31 235.39 40.293 174.47
18 260.49 243.56 226.63 41.177 178.30
19 264.82 246.96 229.10 41.762 180.83
20 264.81 255.21 245.62 39.051 169.09
21 243.49 232.58 221.67 43.631 188.92
22 242.93 228.94 214.96 44.300 191.82
23 246.24 231.54 216.85 44.748 193.76
24 250.43 240.84 231.24 42.679 184.80
25 261.46 250.55 239.64 39.096 169.28
26 260.90 246.92 232.93 39.768 172.19
27 264.21 249.52 234.82 40.216 174.13
28 268.40 258.81 249.22 38.144 165.16
45 260.71 229.20 197.69 49.063 212.44
46 259.98 224.45 188.93 50.019 216.58
47 264.30 227.85 191.40 50.607 219.13
48 271.49 239.98 208.48 46.348 200.69
49 270.76 235.24 199.72 47.310 204.85
50 275.08 238.63 202.18 47.898 207.40
51 264.20 222.30 180.41 52.869 228.92
52 263.63 218.67 173.70 53.628 232.21
53
�_𝐸� = �_(𝐸�𝑟𝑒𝑞.)/(𝑢
266.95 221.27
�)
175.59 54.079 234.16
[1+𝑘 (�_(𝐸� ) 𝑢)/
54 274.98 233.09
(�_(𝐸�𝑟𝑒𝑞.) �)]191.20 50.160 217.19
55 274.42 229.45 184.48 50.925 220.50
56 277.73 232.05 186.37 51.376 222.46
57 253.76 224.26 194.76 49.675 215.09
58 253.20 220.62 188.04 50.402 218.24
59 256.51 223.22 189.93 50.852 220.19
60 271.73 242.23 212.73 45.149 195.49
61 271.17 238.59 206.02 45.883 198.67
𝐾 62 274.48 241.19
= 1+ √(200/�) 207.91 46.334 200.62
≤263 406.10 205.15 4.20 63.049 273.00
64 𝐴_𝑠𝑙𝑦/
�_𝑙𝑦= 406.01 204.52 3.03 63.246 273.86
(𝑏_𝑤
65 �_𝑦 406.58
) 204.97 3.36 63.319 274.17
66 416.89 215.94 14.98 60.745 263.03
�_𝑙𝑧=
67 𝐴_𝑠𝑙𝑧/
416.79 215.30 13.82 60.945 263.89
(𝑏_𝑤 �_𝑧 )
68 417.37 215.76 14.14 61.017 264.20
𝑝_𝑙69 = √(𝑝_𝑙𝑦
232.06
𝑝_𝑙𝑧 )165.78
≤ 99.50 68.011 294.49
0.02
70 231.97 165.15 98.33 68.152 295.10
71 232.54 165.60 98.66 68.230 295.44
�_𝑚𝑖�
72 = 0.031 𝑘^(3/2)
242.85 176.56 110.28 65.323 282.85
〖�73_𝑐𝑘 〗242.75
^(1/2) 175.93 109.11 65.465 283.46
74 = 0.12
�_𝑅�𝑐 k (80176.38
243.33 ρ𝑙 𝑓_𝑐𝑘 )^(1/3)
109.44 2�/𝑎
65.544≥ �_min
283.80
2�/𝑎
Pile Cap Design
Total Depth (D) 2.3 m
Clear cover, c �_(𝑅�𝑚𝑎𝑥.)= 1/2 v 75 mm
𝑓_𝑐�
Eff. cover (c') in trans direction 91 mm
Eff. cover (c') in long. direction 123 mm
Effective Depth(dt) in trans direction 2209 mm
Effective Depth(dl) in long. direction 2177 mm
Average Effective depth (d) 2193 mm

Punching shear stress for pile caps As per cl. 10.4.5 of


IRC 112:2011
C1 Column dimen. across axis about which M act 1.2 m
C2 Column dimen. along axis about which M act 1.2 m
k Coefficient depend upon column dimension 0.6

Assume eccentricity is toward of Interior of foundation slab


u2 Reduced length of control perimeter
VEd Design Shear 618.21 t

1.302

0.0036

0.0037

0.0037

Punching Shear Resisitance


As Per cl. 10.4.5 of
IRC 112:2011

Checking Punching shear stress at face of corner pile as per cl.10.4.6.(2) IRC-112:2011

Maximum punching shear resistance

Section fr a u2 u1 β vEd vRd


<d 2.4 4.712 6.21 1.318 59.82 64.886
d/2 1.0965 2.665 4.16 1.563 105.78 142.021
at face 0 0.942 2.44 1.000 115.42 466.14

Pile Anchorage into pile cap


All pile reinforcement must be properly anchorage into pile caps
Pile head must be cast into the pile cap by 75mm

Ductile Detailing of Column/Pile


Y

X X

Dimensions & material details:


Diameter of section, D 3500 mm
Total no. of bars 100 No.
Bar diameter along perimeter φ 32 mm
Effective cover to r/f 82 mm
Grade of concrete 40 MPa
Grade of steel 500 MPa
Bar spacing along perimter 105 mm
Subtended angle betwn. bars 0.063 rad.
Area of steel 80424.8 mm2
steel % 0.8359 %

Xu/ D Xu along D Puy (KN) MRdy (KN-m)

0.01 35.0 -34781.1 325.2


0.03 105.0 -30708.3 7074.4
0.05 175.0 -26146.2 14423.1
0.07 245.0 -22357.1 20291.0
0.09 315.0 -18867.0 25471.9
0.11 385.0 -15461.1 30313.0
0.13 455.0 -12095.7 34892.6
0.15 525.0 -8711.5 39287.8
0.17 595.0 -5295.8 43517.7
0.19 665.0 -1844.8 47584.7
0.21 735.0 1641.0 51480.4
0.23 805.0 5178.9 55225.7
0.25 875.0 8755.7 58790.9
0.27 945.0 12386.4 62191.8
0.29 1015.0 16056.4 65405.2
0.31 1085.0 19772.7 68436.9
0.33 1155.0 23532.5 71270.9
0.35 1225.0 27338.9 73906.5
0.37 1295.0 31179.5 76327.1
0.39 1365.0 35070.1 78537.8
0.41 1435.0 38992.0 80511.2
0.43 1505.0 42965.4 82252.6
0.45 1575.0 46985.7 83726.3
0.47 1645.0 51051.2 84943.3
0.49 1715.0 55149.4 85923.1
0.51 1785.0 59275.4 86639.0
0.53 1855.0 63456.4 87067.4
0.55 1925.0 67658.5 87240.6
0.57 1995.0 71875.0 87163.8
0.59 2065.0 76109.4 86843.3
0.61 2135.0 80372.4 86233.6
0.63 2205.0 84649.9 85367.3
0.65 2275.0 88954.6 84217.1
0.67 2345.0 93279.6 82783.4
0.69 2415.0 97529.5 81233.0
0.71 2485.0 101700.5 79566.7
0.73 2555.0 105795.9 77783.1
0.75 2625.0 109818.0 75881.7
0.77 2695.0 113765.3 73860.0
0.79 2765.0 117639.9 71719.2
0.81 2835.0 121443.9 69462.1
0.83 2905.0 125172.7 67089.7
0.85 2975.0 128827.9 64606.0
0.87 3045.0 132552.7 62090.2
0.89 3115.0 135911.0 59323.7
0.91 3185.0 139334.8 56537.0
0.93 3255.0 142678.6 53662.8
0.95 3325.0 145932.9 50710.2
0.97 3395.0 149099.5 47690.8
0.99 3465.0 152172.8 44620.5
1.01 3535.0 155148.0 41500.4
1.03 3605.0 158026.2 38343.1
1.08 3780.0 164753.5 30398.7
1.13 3955.0 170706.8 22650.7
1.18 4130.0 175695.8 15581.1
1.23 4305.0 179338.2 10069.1
1.28 4480.0 180544.9 8395.5
1.33 4655.0 181161.9 7689.4
1.38 4830.0 181722.6 7037.5
1.43 5005.0 182234.3 6435.4
1.48 5180.0 182700.6 5878.9
1.53 5355.0 183125.8 5365.6
1.58 5530.0 183513.3 4892.9
1.63 5705.0 183864.8 4458.6
1.68 5880.0 184184.6 4060.6
1.73 6055.0 184473.0 3698.9
1.78 6230.0 184732.3 3372.3
1.83 6405.0 184964.1 3080.3
1.88 6580.0 185166.6 2825.7
1.93 6755.0 185338.2 2614.7
1.98 6930.0 185471.3 2461.7
2.03 7105.0 185592.1 2323.2
2.08 7280.0 185703.6 2195.1
2.13 7455.0 185806.1 2077.8
2.18 7630.0 185898.5 1973.2
2.23 7805.0 185979.3 1885.0
2.28 7980.0 186053.4 1804.8
2.33 8155.0 186099.7 1689.7
2.38 8330.0 186188.9 1657.2
2.43 8505.0 186250.8 1589.8
2.48 8680.0 186309.1 1526.2
2.53 8855.0 186364.0 1466.4
2.58 9030.0 186415.3 1410.5
2.63 9205.0 186463.4 1358.4
2.68 9380.0 186508.1 1310.7
2.73 9555.0 186549.2 1267.5
2.78 9730.0 186585.4 1231.0
2.83 9905.0 186619.2 1197.6
2.88 10080.0 186651.6 1165.4
2.93 10255.0 186682.9 1134.3
2.98 10430.0 186713.1 1104.3
3.03 10605.0 186741.9 1075.2
3.08 10780.0 186769.8 1047.1
3.13 10955.0 186796.7 1019.9
3.18 11130.0 186822.6 993.6
3.23 11305.0 186847.7 968.2
3.28 11480.0 186871.8 943.5
3.33 11655.0 186895.0 919.6
3.38 11830.0 186917.6 896.4
3.43 12005.0 186939.3 874.0
∞ ∞ 189461.6 0
Interaction Curve
200000.0

180000.0

160000.0

140000.0

120000.0

100000.0
Pu

80000.0

60000.0

40000.0

20000.0

0.0
0.0 20000.0 40000.0 60000.0 80000.0 100000.0

Mu

Design for uni-axial bending

(�_𝑅/�_𝑅� )
As per Cl. 8.3.2 (4) of
^� ≤ 1 IRC 112:2011
MR Resultant Design Moment along x-y axis
MRd Moment of resistance along x-y axis for circular cross
α Exponent 2 section

At top of pIer
For First Column
Load Case NEd (KN) MR (KN-m) MRD (�_�/ Check
No. �_��
13 25697.5 43615.8 72769.9 )^�
0.4 OK
14 25814.6 46858.8 72851.1 0.4 OK
15 26104.0 47457.1 73051.4 0.4 OK
16 24648.4 44184.2 72043.6 0.4 OK
17 25697.5 42927.5 72769.9 0.3 OK
18 25814.6 46169.1 72851.1 0.4 OK
19 26104.0 46767.3 73051.4 0.4 OK
20 24648.4 43495.0 72043.6 0.4 OK
21 25104.3 43952.0 72359.2 0.4 OK
22 25194.1 46447.9 72421.4 0.4 OK
23 25416.0 46906.4 72575.0 0.4 OK
24 24648.4 44413.9 72043.6 0.4 OK
25 25104.3 42803.8 72359.2 0.3 OK
26 25194.1 45298.1 72421.4 0.4 OK
27 25416.0 45756.7 72575.0 0.4 OK
28 24648.4 43265.3 72043.6 0.4 OK
45 26458.4 42909.2 73296.8 0.3 OK
46 26575.6 46124.8 73377.9 0.4 OK
47 26864.9 46723.4 73578.3 0.4 OK
48 26458.4 42222.1 73296.8 0.3 OK
49 26575.6 45435.7 73377.9 0.4 OK
50 26864.9 46034.3 73578.3 0.4 OK
51 26372.5 42536.5 73237.3 0.3 OK
52 26462.3 44996.9 73299.5 0.4 OK
53 26684.2 45455.8 73453.1 0.4 OK
54 26372.5 41849.4 73237.3 0.3 OK
55 26462.3 44308.1 73299.5 0.4 OK
56 26684.2 44767.1 73453.1 0.4 OK
57 25865.2 43235.2 72886.1 0.4 OK
58 25955.0 45710.6 72948.3 0.4 OK
59 26176.9 46169.5 73101.9 0.4 OK
60 25865.2 42088.7 72886.1 0.3 OK
61 25955.0 44561.8 72948.3 0.4 OK
62 26176.9 45020.7 73101.9 0.4 OK
63 23511.7 40703.1 71255.2 0.3 OK
64 23527.3 41114.2 71267.0 0.3 OK
65 23565.9 41193.9 71294.0 0.3 OK
66 23511.7 40021.6 71255.2 0.3 OK
67 23527.3 40432.1 71267.0 0.3 OK
68 23565.9 40511.7 71294.0 0.3 OK
69 23095.3 34331.7 70941.3 0.2 OK
70 23110.9 34758.1 70953.1 0.2 OK
71 23149.5 34838.0 70982.1 0.2 OK
72 23095.3 33644.3 70941.3 0.2 OK
73 23110.9 34070.4 70953.1 0.2 OK
74 23149.5 34150.2 70982.1 0.2 OK

For Second Column


Load Case NEd (KN) MR (KN-m) MRD (�_�/ Check
No. �_��
13 24309.5 44837.9 71808.8 )^�
0.4 OK
14 23823.1 45950.4 71472.1 0.4 OK
15 24322.3 46616.6 71817.7 0.4 OK
16 24648.4 44184.2 72043.6 0.4 OK
17 24309.5 44149.1 71808.8 0.4 OK
18 23823.1 45260.4 71472.1 0.4 OK
19 24322.3 45926.7 71817.7 0.4 OK
20 24648.4 43495.0 72043.6 0.4 OK
21 24040.1 44892.7 71622.4 0.4 OK
22 23667.3 45752.1 71364.2 0.4 OK
23 24050.0 46262.7 71629.2 0.4 OK
24 24648.4 44413.9 72043.6 0.4 OK
25 24040.1 43744.0 71622.4 0.4 OK
26 23667.3 44602.1 71364.2 0.4 OK
27 24050.0 45112.8 71629.2 0.4 OK
28 24648.4 43265.3 72043.6 0.4 OK
45 25285.7 48188.9 72484.8 0.4 OK
46 24799.3 49288.2 72148.0 0.5 OK
47 25298.5 49955.3 72493.6 0.5 OK
48 25285.7 47500.5 72484.8 0.4 OK
49 24799.3 48598.6 72148.0 0.5 OK
50 25298.5 49265.7 72493.6 0.5 OK
51 25667.2 50243.5 72748.9 0.5 OK
52 25294.3 51085.9 72490.8 0.5 OK
53 25677.0 51597.5 72755.7 0.5 OK
54 25667.2 49555.0 72748.9 0.5 OK
55 25294.3 50396.4 72490.8 0.5 OK
56 25677.0 50908.1 72755.7 0.5 OK
57 25016.3 48239.6 72298.3 0.4 OK
58 24643.5 49088.5 72040.1 0.5 OK
59 25026.2 49599.7 72305.1 0.5 OK
60 25016.3 47091.6 72298.3 0.4 OK
61 24643.5 47939.0 72040.1 0.4 OK
62 25026.2 48450.4 72305.1 0.4 OK
63 24136.9 49879.5 71689.3 0.5 OK
64 24072.0 50014.9 71644.4 0.5 OK
65 24138.6 50104.3 71690.5 0.5 OK
66 24136.9 49194.7 71689.3 0.5 OK
67 24072.0 49329.7 71644.4 0.5 OK
68 24138.6 49419.1 71690.5 0.5 OK
69 24556.8 55548.1 71980.1 0.6 OK
70 24492.0 55697.2 71935.2 0.6 OK
71 24558.6 55786.2 71981.3 0.6 OK
72 24556.8 54858.6 71980.1 0.6 OK
73 24492.0 55007.6 71935.2 0.6 OK
74 24558.6 55096.5 71981.3 0.6 OK

At botttom of pIer
For First Column
Load Case NEd (KN) MR (KN-m) MRD (�_�/ Check
No. �_��
13 29995.65 24587.65 75581.0 )^�0.1 OK
14 30112.84 26179.95 75654.8 0.1 OK
15 30402.19 26582.15 75837.2 0.1 OK
16 28946.65 25110.08 74919.8 0.1 OK
17 29995.65 20963.42 75581.0 0.1 OK
18 30112.84 22451.87 75654.8 0.1 OK
19 30402.19 22858.91 75837.2 0.1 OK
20 28946.65 21327.79 74919.8 0.1 OK
21 29402.47 25792.75 75207.1 0.1 OK
22 29492.32 27111.98 75263.7 0.1 OK
23 29714.15 27415.32 75403.6 0.1 OK
24 28946.65 26372.52 74919.8 0.1 OK
25 29402.47 19647.29 75207.1 0.1 OK
26 29492.32 20858.79 75263.7 0.1 OK
27 29714.15 21167.90 75403.6 0.1 OK
28 28946.65 20069.23 74919.8 0.1 OK
45 30756.58 22806.39 76060.6 0.1 OK
46 30873.77 23647.07 76134.5 0.1 OK
47 31163.12 24076.32 76316.8 0.1 OK
48 30756.58 19737.25 76060.6 0.1 OK
49 30873.77 20307.53 76134.5 0.1 OK
50 31163.12 20738.92 76316.8 0.1 OK
51 30670.68 22129.86 76006.4 0.1 OK
52 30760.53 22405.09 76063.1 0.1 OK
53 30982.36 22734.96 76202.9 0.1 OK
54 30670.68 19486.03 76006.4 0.1 OK
55 30760.53 19481.55 76063.1 0.1 OK
56 30982.36 19806.35 76202.9 0.1 OK
57 30163.40 23482.85 75686.7 0.1 OK
58 30253.24 24273.49 75743.3 0.1 OK
59 30475.08 24600.38 75883.2 0.1 OK
60 30163.40 18158.17 75686.7 0.1 OK
61 30253.24 18621.42 75743.3 0.1 OK
62 30475.08 18952.16 75883.2 0.1 OK
63 27809.89 58763.23 74203.3 0.6 OK
64 27825.52 58566.82 74213.2 0.6 OK
65 27864.10 58608.08 74237.5 0.6 OK
66 27809.89 58013.65 74203.3 0.6 OK
67 27825.52 57795.99 74213.2 0.6 OK
68 27864.10 57834.60 74237.5 0.6 OK
69 27393.45 19339.97 73940.9 0.1 OK
70 27409.07 19047.71 73950.7 0.1 OK
71 27447.65 19074.64 73975.0 0.1 OK
72 27393.45 20050.13 73940.9 0.1 OK
73 27409.07 19713.61 73950.7 0.1 OK
74 27447.65 19730.25 73975.0 0.1 OK

For Second Column


Load Case NEd (KN) MR (KN-m) MRD (�_�/ Check
No. �_��
13 28607.66 26637.14 74706.2 )^�0.1 OK
14 28121.33 27029.54 74399.6 0.1 OK
15 28620.47 27370.77 74714.2 0.1 OK
16 28946.65 25110.08 74919.8 0.1 OK
17 28607.66 22870.53 74706.2 0.1 OK
18 28121.33 23290.92 74399.6 0.1 OK
19 28620.47 23637.98 74714.2 0.1 OK
20 28946.65 21327.79 74919.8 0.1 OK
21 28338.34 27496.77 74536.4 0.1 OK
22 27965.49 27772.36 74301.4 0.1 OK
23 28348.16 28028.19 74542.6 0.1 OK
24 28946.65 26372.52 74919.8 0.1 OK
25 28338.34 21201.22 74536.4 0.1 OK
26 27965.49 21508.41 74301.4 0.1 OK
27 28348.16 21771.06 74542.6 0.1 OK
28 28946.65 20069.23 74919.8 0.1 OK
45 29583.87 33459.66 75321.4 0.2 OK
46 29097.53 33986.19 75014.9 0.2 OK
47 29596.67 34349.44 75329.5 0.2 OK
48 29583.87 29805.66 75321.4 0.2 OK
49 29097.53 30368.35 75014.9 0.2 OK
50 29596.67 30737.33 75329.5 0.2 OK
51 29965.35 37737.73 75561.9 0.2 OK
52 29592.49 38176.09 75326.9 0.3 OK
53 29975.16 38459.15 75568.1 0.3 OK
54 29965.35 34142.29 75561.9 0.2 OK
55 29592.49 34607.90 75326.9 0.2 OK
56 29975.16 34894.90 75568.1 0.2 OK
57 29314.54 34221.68 75151.7 0.2 OK
58 28941.69 34603.99 74916.7 0.2 OK
59 29324.36 34878.50 75157.9 0.2 OK
60 29314.54 28107.85 75151.7 0.1 OK
61 28941.69 28535.10 74916.7 0.1 OK
62 29324.36 28816.97 75157.9 0.1 OK
63 28435.07 67931.32 74597.4 0.8 OK
64 28370.23 68073.56 74556.5 0.8 OK
65 28436.78 68124.63 74598.5 0.8 OK
66 28435.07 65917.02 74597.4 0.8 OK
67 28370.23 66061.92 74556.5 0.8 OK
68 28436.78 66112.25 74598.5 0.8 OK
69 28855.05 55706.62 74862.1 0.6 OK
70 28790.20 55784.83 74821.2 0.6 OK
71 28856.76 55834.15 74863.2 0.6 OK
72 28855.05 52135.49 74862.1 0.5 OK
73 28790.20 52216.94 74821.2 0.5 OK
74 28856.76 52266.72 74863.2 0.5 OK
Y

X X

Dimensions & material details:


Diameter of section, D 1200 mm
Total no. of bars 30 No.
Bar diameter along perimeter φ 25 mm
Effective cover to r/f 78.5 mm
Grade of concrete 40 MPa
Grade of steel 500 MPa
Bar spacing along perimter 109 mm
Subtended angle betwn. bars 0.209 rad.
Area of steel 14726.2 mm2
steel % 1.30 %

Xu/ D Xu along D Puy (KN) MRdy (KN-m)

0.01 12.0 -6380.9 13.1


0.03 36.0 -6288.7 66.6
0.05 60.0 -5961.6 241.2
0.07 84.0 -5282.3 590.7
0.09 108.0 -4615.0 923.1
0.11 132.0 -3977.2 1228.5
0.13 156.0 -3381.6 1504.7
0.15 180.0 -2797.9 1761.2
0.17 204.0 -2253.3 1989.1
0.19 228.0 -1726.9 2199.4
0.21 252.0 -1175.0 2404.9
0.23 276.0 -661.1 2587.2
0.25 300.0 -142.0 2759.8
0.27 324.0 397.0 2925.3
0.29 348.0 919.6 3079.6
0.31 372.0 1447.9 3218.7
0.33 396.0 1980.8 3348.9
0.35 420.0 2512.2 3467.3
0.37 444.0 3050.8 3575.0
0.39 468.0 3599.0 3671.5
0.41 492.0 4147.6 3757.1
0.43 516.0 4700.7 3827.1
0.45 540.0 5264.6 3883.2
0.47 564.0 5825.4 3929.1
0.49 588.0 6395.0 3960.8
0.51 612.0 6974.0 3978.3
0.53 636.0 7554.7 3984.7
0.55 660.0 8143.9 3978.0
0.57 684.0 8727.9 3960.5
0.59 708.0 9321.1 3926.3
0.61 732.0 9916.0 3879.7
0.63 756.0 10518.5 3818.8
0.65 780.0 11116.3 3748.6
0.67 804.0 11699.2 3675.1
0.69 828.0 12269.1 3598.0
0.71 852.0 12826.5 3517.0
0.73 876.0 13370.0 3432.2
0.75 900.0 13897.9 3342.8
0.77 924.0 14415.2 3249.3
0.79 948.0 14921.9 3151.6
0.81 972.0 15416.4 3050.1
0.83 996.0 15900.1 2944.3
0.85 1020.0 16372.7 2834.3
0.87 1044.0 16866.6 2724.2
0.89 1068.0 17284.8 2603.7
0.91 1092.0 17723.3 2483.3
0.93 1116.0 18148.3 2359.8
0.95 1140.0 18561.2 2234.0
0.97 1164.0 18963.1 2105.5
0.99 1188.0 19353.8 1974.8
1.01 1212.0 19732.6 1842.2
1.03 1236.0 20099.0 1708.3
1.08 1296.0 20953.0 1372.2
1.13 1356.0 21705.6 1045.7
1.18 1416.0 22341.8 747.7
1.23 1476.0 22817.4 513.3
1.28 1536.0 23000.4 434.9
1.33 1596.0 23107.5 396.7
1.38 1656.0 23206.9 361.0
1.43 1716.0 23298.7 327.7
1.48 1776.0 23377.8 298.1
1.53 1836.0 23452.0 270.4
1.58 1896.0 23519.8 244.8
1.63 1956.0 23578.9 222.2
1.68 2016.0 23633.5 201.1
1.73 2076.0 23681.3 182.9
1.78 2136.0 23725.3 166.0
1.83 2196.0 23760.6 152.6
1.88 2256.0 23788.7 142.6
1.93 2316.0 23813.5 134.0
1.98 2376.0 23835.8 126.2
2.03 2436.0 23856.8 118.9
2.08 2496.0 23875.0 112.6
2.13 2556.0 23891.1 107.3
2.18 2616.0 23906.0 102.5
2.23 2676.0 23920.0 97.8
2.28 2736.0 23932.7 93.7
2.33 2796.0 23929.9 81.9
2.38 2856.0 23956.4 85.9
2.43 2916.0 23967.1 82.4
2.48 2976.0 23977.2 79.2
2.53 3036.0 23986.8 76.1
2.58 3096.0 23995.4 73.4
2.63 3156.0 24003.3 70.9
2.68 3216.0 24010.1 68.9
2.73 3276.0 24016.6 66.9
2.78 3336.0 24022.8 65.0
2.83 3396.0 24028.8 63.2
2.88 3456.0 24034.7 61.5
2.93 3516.0 24040.3 59.8
2.98 3576.0 24045.7 58.1
3.03 3636.0 24051.0 56.6
3.08 3696.0 24056.0 55.0
3.13 3756.0 24060.8 53.6
3.18 3816.0 24065.4 52.2
3.23 3876.0 24069.9 50.8
3.28 3936.0 24074.3 49.5
3.33 3996.0 24078.5 48.2
3.38 4056.0 24082.6 46.9
3.43 4116.0 24086.4 45.7
∞ ∞ 24564.8 0
Interaction Curve
30000.0

25000.0

20000.0

15000.0
Pu

10000.0

5000.0

0.0
0.0 500.0 1000.0 1500.0 2000.0 2500.0 3000.0 3500.0 4000.0 4500.0

Mu

Design for uni-axial bending

(�_𝑅/�_𝑅� )
As per Cl. 8.3.2 (4) of
^� ≤ 1 IRC 112:2011
MR Resultant Design Moment along x-y axis
MRd Moment of resistance along x-y axis for circular cross
α Exponent 2 section

For maxm pile reaction


For First Column
Load Case NEd (KN) MR (KN-m) MRD (�_�/ Check
No. �_��
13 4075.8 1725.1 3745.9 )^�
0.2 OK
14 4074.6 1864.4 3745.8 0.2 OK
15 4116.9 1889.3 3752.4 0.3 OK
16 3878.8 1774.3 3715.2 0.2 OK
17 3970.0 1609.7 3729.4 0.2 OK
18 3968.8 1748.9 3729.2 0.2 OK
19 4011.1 1773.8 3735.8 0.2 OK
20 3773.0 1658.8 3698.7 0.2 OK
21 4024.0 1774.7 3737.9 0.2 OK
22 4023.1 1881.7 3737.7 0.3 OK
23 4055.4 1900.7 3742.8 0.3 OK
24 3914.1 1812.9 3720.7 0.2 OK
25 3847.7 1582.2 3710.3 0.2 OK
26 3846.7 1689.1 3710.2 0.2 OK
27 3879.1 1708.2 3715.2 0.2 OK
28 3737.8 1620.2 3693.2 0.2 OK
45 4206.8 1584.0 3764.6 0.2 OK
46 4205.6 1720.9 3764.5 0.2 OK
47 4247.8 1746.0 3769.8 0.2 OK
48 4101.0 1469.6 3749.9 0.2 OK
49 4099.8 1606.2 3749.7 0.2 OK
50 4142.0 1631.2 3756.3 0.2 OK
51 4207.0 1504.8 3764.7 0.2 OK
52 4206.0 1608.3 3764.5 0.2 OK
53 4238.4 1627.6 3768.6 0.2 OK
54 4101.2 1391.3 3749.9 0.1 OK
55 4100.3 1494.4 3749.8 0.2 OK
56 4132.6 1513.7 3754.8 0.2 OK
57 4154.9 1631.5 3758.1 0.2 OK
58 4154.0 1736.8 3758.0 0.2 OK
59 4186.4 1756.0 3762.1 0.2 OK
60 3978.6 1440.4 3730.8 0.1 OK
61 3977.7 1545.4 3730.6 0.2 OK
62 4010.1 1564.6 3735.7 0.2 OK
63 5355.3 1930.1 3890.6 0.2 OK
64 5355.2 1941.2 3890.6 0.2 OK
65 5360.8 1943.9 3891.0 0.2 OK
66 5249.5 1852.8 3881.7 0.2 OK
67 5249.4 1863.3 3881.7 0.2 OK
68 5255.0 1865.9 3882.2 0.2 OK
69 3679.7 873.5 3684.1 0.1 OK
70 3663.8 888.5 3681.6 0.1 OK
71 3666.7 891.6 3682.1 0.1 OK
72 3785.5 776.4 3700.6 0.0 OK
73 3769.5 790.5 3698.1 0.0 OK
74 3772.5 793.5 3698.6 0.0 OK

For min. pile reaction


Load Case NEd (KN) MR (KN-m) MRD (�_�/ Check
No. �_��
13 2281.6 1725.1 3415.9 )^�
0.3 OK
14 2302.3 1864.4 3420.5 0.3 OK
15 2308.3 1889.3 3421.9 0.3 OK
16 2303.8 1774.3 3420.8 0.3 OK
17 2387.4 1609.7 3439.5 0.2 OK
18 2408.1 1748.9 3444.1 0.3 OK
19 2414.1 1773.8 3445.4 0.3 OK
20 2409.6 1658.8 3444.4 0.2 OK
21 2234.6 1774.7 3405.4 0.3 OK
22 2250.5 1881.7 3409.0 0.3 OK
23 2255.0 1900.7 3410.0 0.3 OK
24 2268.5 1812.9 3413.0 0.3 OK
25 2410.9 1582.2 3444.7 0.2 OK
26 2426.8 1689.1 3448.3 0.2 OK
27 2431.4 1708.2 3449.3 0.2 OK
28 2444.8 1620.2 3452.3 0.2 OK
45 2277.5 1584.0 3415.0 0.2 OK
46 2298.2 1720.9 3419.6 0.3 OK
47 2304.2 1746.0 3420.9 0.3 OK
48 2383.3 1469.6 3438.6 0.2 OK
49 2404.0 1606.2 3443.2 0.2 OK
50 2410.0 1631.2 3444.5 0.2 OK
51 2263.0 1504.8 3411.8 0.2 OK
52 2278.8 1608.3 3415.3 0.2 OK
53 2283.4 1627.6 3416.3 0.2 OK
54 2368.7 1391.3 3435.3 0.2 OK
55 2384.6 1494.4 3438.9 0.2 OK
56 2389.2 1513.7 3439.9 0.2 OK
57 2230.4 1631.5 3404.5 0.2 OK
58 2246.3 1736.8 3408.1 0.3 OK
59 2250.9 1756.0 3409.1 0.3 OK
60 2406.8 1440.4 3443.8 0.2 OK
61 2422.7 1545.4 3447.4 0.2 OK
62 2427.2 1564.6 3448.4 0.2 OK
63 637.8 1930.1 2996.3 0.4 OK
64 640.5 1941.2 2997.2 0.4 OK
65 641.3 1943.9 2997.4 0.4 OK
66 743.6 1852.8 3027.6 0.4 OK
67 746.3 1863.3 3028.4 0.4 OK
68 747.1 1865.9 3028.6 0.4 OK
69 2244.0 873.5 3407.5 0.1 OK
70 2262.6 888.5 3411.7 0.1 OK
71 2266.1 891.6 3412.4 0.1 OK
72 2138.2 776.4 3384.0 0.1 OK
73 2156.8 790.5 3388.1 0.1 OK
74 2160.3 793.5 3388.9 0.1 OK

For maxm pile reaction


For First Column
Load Case NEd (KN) MR (KN-m) MRD (�_�/ Check
No. �_��
13 3922.73 1827.12 3722.0 )^�0.2 OK
14 3927.58 1864.57 3722.8 0.3 OK
15 3986.58 1889.41 3732.0 0.3 OK
16 3878.82 1774.34 3715.2 0.2 OK
17 3816.93 1711.54 3705.5 0.2 OK
18 3821.79 1749.08 3706.3 0.2 OK
19 3880.79 1773.93 3715.5 0.2 OK
20 3773.03 1658.76 3698.7 0.2 OK
21 3906.61 1853.32 3719.5 0.2 OK
22 3910.34 1881.76 3720.1 0.3 OK
23 3955.57 1900.78 3727.2 0.3 OK
24 3914.08 1812.87 3720.7 0.2 OK
25 3730.29 1660.69 3692.0 0.2 OK
26 3734.02 1689.22 3692.6 0.2 OK
27 3779.25 1708.25 3699.7 0.2 OK
28 3737.76 1620.23 3693.2 0.2 OK
45 4349.43 2084.06 3782.7 0.3 OK
46 4354.29 2124.68 3783.3 0.3 OK
47 4413.29 2149.64 3790.8 0.3 OK
48 4243.64 1968.72 3769.3 0.3 OK
49 4248.50 2009.60 3769.9 0.3 OK
50 4307.50 2034.57 3777.4 0.3 OK
51 4582.53 2245.71 3812.2 0.3 OK
52 4586.25 2277.95 3812.6 0.4 OK
53 4631.48 2297.11 3818.4 0.4 OK
54 4476.74 2130.64 3798.8 0.3 OK
55 4480.46 2163.13 3799.3 0.3 OK
56 4525.69 2182.29 3805.0 0.3 OK
57 4333.32 2110.03 3780.6 0.3 OK
58 4337.04 2140.92 3781.1 0.3 OK
59 4382.27 2160.04 3786.8 0.3 OK
60 4157.00 1917.79 3758.3 0.3 OK
61 4160.73 1948.99 3758.8 0.3 OK
62 4205.95 1968.12 3764.5 0.3 OK
63 6056.12 2678.15 3941.9 0.5 OK
64 6056.76 2686.53 3942.0 0.5 OK
65 6064.63 2689.61 3942.4 0.5 OK
66 5950.33 2580.29 3936.0 0.4 OK
67 5950.97 2588.77 3936.1 0.4 OK
68 5958.84 2591.83 3936.5 0.4 OK
69 5191.24 2888.90 3875.9 0.6 OK
70 5191.89 2894.90 3875.9 0.6 OK
71 5199.75 2898.24 3876.7 0.6 OK
72 5085.45 2774.73 3865.4 0.5 OK
73 5086.10 2780.78 3865.4 0.5 OK
74 5093.96 2784.12 3866.2 0.5 OK

For min. pile reaction


Load Case NEd (KN) MR (KN-m) MRD (�_�/ Check
No. �_��
13 2203.36 1827.12 3398.5 )^�0.3 OK
14 2117.44 1864.57 3379.3 0.3 OK
15 2141.64 1889.41 3384.7 0.3 OK
16 2303.76 1774.34 3420.8 0.3 OK
17 2309.15 1711.54 3422.1 0.3 OK
18 2223.23 1749.08 3402.9 0.3 OK
19 2247.43 1773.93 3408.3 0.3 OK
20 2409.55 1658.76 3444.4 0.2 OK
21 2174.58 1853.32 3392.1 0.3 OK
22 2108.71 1881.76 3377.4 0.3 OK
23 2127.26 1900.78 3381.5 0.3 OK
24 2268.50 1812.87 3413.0 0.3 OK
25 2350.90 1660.69 3431.4 0.2 OK
26 2285.03 1689.22 3416.7 0.2 OK
27 2303.58 1708.25 3420.8 0.2 OK
28 2444.82 1620.23 3452.3 0.2 OK
45 1939.35 2084.06 3338.7 0.4 OK
46 1853.43 2124.68 3317.8 0.4 OK
47 1877.63 2149.64 3323.7 0.4 OK
48 2045.14 1968.72 3363.2 0.3 OK
49 1959.23 2009.60 3343.6 0.4 OK
50 1983.42 2034.57 3349.4 0.4 OK
51 1769.84 2245.71 3297.4 0.5 OK
52 1703.97 2277.95 3281.3 0.5 OK
53 1722.52 2297.11 3285.8 0.5 OK
54 1875.63 2130.64 3323.2 0.4 OK
55 1809.76 2163.13 3307.1 0.4 OK
56 1828.31 2182.29 3311.6 0.4 OK
57 1910.58 2110.03 3331.7 0.4 OK
58 1844.71 2140.92 3315.6 0.4 OK
59 1863.26 2160.04 3320.2 0.4 OK
60 2086.90 1917.79 3372.5 0.3 OK
61 2021.03 1948.99 3357.8 0.3 OK
62 2039.58 1968.12 3362.0 0.3 OK
63 41.20 2678.15 2816.0 0.9 OK
64 29.74 2686.53 2812.5 0.9 OK
65 32.97 2689.61 2813.5 0.9 OK
66 146.99 2580.29 2848.5 0.8 OK
67 135.54 2588.77 2845.0 0.8 OK
68 138.76 2591.83 2845.9 0.8 OK
69 976.07 2888.90 3094.5 0.9 OK
70 964.62 2894.90 3091.4 0.9 OK
71 967.84 2898.24 3092.3 0.9 OK
72 1081.86 2774.73 3122.3 0.8 OK
73 1070.41 2780.78 3119.3 0.8 OK
74 1073.63 2784.12 3120.2 0.8 OK
SLS Check for circular column
For maxium eccentricity
BASIC DATA :
D Diameter of the section 3.5 m
Ap Area of c/s 9.62 m2
P Axial Thrust 1934.61 t
ML Bending Moment along L-L axis (about T-T axis) 141.77 t-m
MT Bending Moment along T-T axis (about L-L axis) 3543.99 t-m
Mres Resultant Moment 3546.82 t-m
e Eccentricity wrt physical centroid 1.833 m
m Modular Ratio 6.061
c Clear Cover 50 mm
c' Effective cover 82 mm
Providing 32 f 100 nos
As,provided
Total Steel Area 80424.8 mm2
Percentage of steel 0.84 %

Assumed Dist. of NA from extreme comp. fibre, x u 1.24 m

A1 Area of the compression area 3.0562 m2


x1 Centroid of compression area from circle center 1.02 m
Ix-x Moment of Inertia about centroidal axis 0.32783 m4

Transformed Steel Area as (m-1) as both in tension and compresion 0.40700 m2


Aeff Effective Area of transformed section 3.4632 m2
𝑒′=(𝐴_1
CGeff Centroid of transformed section w.r.t 𝑥_1+𝐴_2 𝑥_2)/(𝐴_1+𝐴_2 )
physical centroid 0.904 m
𝐼_𝑒𝑓𝑓= 𝐼_(𝑥−𝑥)+𝐴_1 (𝑥_1−𝑒′)^2+𝐴_2 (�/2−𝑐′)^2∕2+𝐴_2 〖 �′〖 〗
^2
Moment of Inertia about axis
passing through CG of
transformed section 1.27076 m4
Distance of Neutral axis below CGeff 𝑦= 𝐼_𝑒𝑓𝑓/(𝐴_𝑒𝑓𝑓 (𝑒−𝑒′) ) 0.395 m

𝑥_𝑢=�/2−(𝑒^′−𝑦)
Final Neutral axis depth 1.241 m

(i) Maximum Compressive Stress In Concrete


𝑃/𝐴_𝑒𝑓𝑓 + (𝑃 (𝑒−𝑒^′ ))/𝐼_𝑒𝑓𝑓 (�/2 "− e′" )
1756.0702 t/m2
Permissible compressive stress in concrete, fc 1440 t/m2

(ii) Maximum Tensile Stress In Steel


m [𝑃/𝐴_𝑒𝑓𝑓 − (𝑃 (𝑒−𝑒^′ ))/𝐼_𝑒𝑓𝑓 (�−�/2 "+e′" )]
-18671.77 t/m2
Permissible tensile stress in steel, fs -40000 t/m2

For minimum eccentricity


P Axial Thrust 2095.9148 t
ML Bending Moment along L-L axis (about T-T axis) 215.91015 t-m
MT Bending Moment along T-T axis (about L-L axis) 215.91015 t-m
Mres Resultant Moment 305.34 t-m
e Eccentricity 0.146 m
m Modular Ratio 6.061
Aeff Effective Area of conc. Area 𝐴_𝑒𝑓𝑓=𝐴+(𝑚−1) 𝐴_𝑠 10 m2
Ix-x Moment of Inertia about centroidal axis
𝐼_𝑒𝑓𝑓= 𝐼_(𝑥−𝑥)+(�−1) �_� (�/2−𝑐′)^2∕2 7.9324 m4

Maximum Compressive Stress in Concrete 276.37 t/m2


Maximum Compressive Stress in steel 1655.82 t/m2
Permissible compressive stress in concrete, fc 1440 t/m2
Permissible tensile stress in steel, fs 40000 t/m2
SLS Check for circular Pile
For maxium eccentricity
BASIC DATA :
D Diameter of the section 1.2 m
Ap Area of c/s 1.13 m2
P Axial Thrust 177.98 t
ML Bending Moment along L-L axis (about T-T axis) 106.05 t-m
MT Bending Moment along T-T axis (about L-L axis) 0.00 t-m
Mres Resultant Moment 106.05 t-m
e Eccentricity wrt physical centroid 0.596 m
m Modular Ratio 6.061
c Clear Cover 75 mm
c' Effective cover 103.5 mm
Providing 25 f 30 nos
As,provided
Total Steel Area 14726.2 mm2
Percentage of steel 1.30 %

Assumed Dist. of NA from extreme comp. fibre, x u 0.47 m

A1 Area of the compression area 0.4070 m2


x1 Centroid of compression area from circle center 0.33 m
Ix-x Moment of Inertia about centroidal axis 0.00618 m4

Transformed Steel Area as (m-1) as both in tension and compresion 0.07452 m2


Aeff Effective Area of transformed section 0.4815 m2
𝑒′=(𝐴_1
CGeff Centroid of transformed section w.r.t 𝑥_1+𝐴_2 𝑥_2)/(𝐴_1+𝐴_2 )
physical centroid 0.277 m
𝐼_𝑒𝑓𝑓= 𝐼_(𝑥−𝑥)+𝐴_1 (𝑥_1−𝑒′)^2+𝐴_2 (�/2−𝑐′)^2∕2+𝐴_2 〖 �′〖 〗
^2

Moment of Inertia about axis passing


through CG of transformed section 0.02214 m4
Distance of Neutral axis below CGeff 𝑦= 𝐼_𝑒𝑓𝑓/(𝐴_𝑒𝑓𝑓 (𝑒−𝑒′) ) 0.144 m

𝑥_𝑢=�/2−(𝑒^′−𝑦)
Final Neutral axis depth 0.467 m

(i) Maximum Compressive Stress In Concrete


𝑃/𝐴_𝑒𝑓𝑓 + (𝑃 (𝑒−𝑒^′ ))/𝐼_𝑒𝑓𝑓 (�/2 "− e′" )
1196.2374 t/m2
Permissible compressive stress in concrete, fc 1440 t/m2

(ii) Maximum Tensile Stress In Steel


m [𝑃/𝐴_𝑒𝑓𝑓 − (𝑃 (𝑒−𝑒^′ ))/𝐼_𝑒𝑓𝑓 (�−�/2 "+e′" )]
-9768.827 t/m2
Permissible tensile stress in steel, fs -30000 t/m2

For minimum eccentricity


P Axial Thrust 321.124 t
ML Bending Moment along L-L axis (about T-T axis) 46.27 t-m
MT Bending Moment along T-T axis (about L-L axis) 0 t-m
Mres Resultant Moment 46.27 t-m
e Eccentricity wrt physical centroid 0.144 m
m Modular Ratio 6.061

Assumed Dist. of NA from extreme comp. fibre, x u 1.20 m

A1 Area of the compression area 1.1310 m2


x1 Centroid of compression area from circle center 0.00 m
Ix-x Moment of Inertia about centroidal axis 0.1018 m4

Transformed Steel Area as (m-1) as both in tension and compresion 0.0745 m4


Aeff Effective Area of transformed section 1.2055 m4
CGeff Centroid of transformed section w.r.t 𝑥_1+𝐴_2 𝑥_2)/(𝐴_1+𝐴_2 )
𝑒′=(𝐴_1
physical centroid 0.000 m

Moment of Inertia about axis 𝐼_(𝑥−𝑥)+𝐴_1 (𝑥_1−𝑒′)^2+𝐴_2 (�/2−𝑐′)^2∕2+𝐴_2 〖 𝑒′〗


𝐼_𝑒𝑓𝑓= ^2
passing through CG of
transformed section 0.11097 m4

𝑦= 𝐼_𝑒𝑓𝑓/(𝐴_𝑒𝑓𝑓 (𝑒−𝑒′) )
Distance of Neutral axis below CGeff 0.639 m

𝑥_𝑢=�/2−(𝑒^′−𝑦)
Final Neutral axis depth 1.239 m

(i) Maximum Compressive Stress In Concrete


𝑃/𝐴_𝑒𝑓𝑓 + (𝑃 (𝑒−𝑒^′ ))/𝐼_𝑒𝑓𝑓 (�/2 "− e′" )
266.38286 t/m2
Permissible compressive stress in concrete, fc 1440 t/m3

(ii) Maximum Tensile Stress In Steel


m [𝑃/𝐴_𝑒𝑓𝑓 − (𝑃 (𝑒−𝑒^′ ))/𝐼_𝑒𝑓𝑓 (�−�/2 "+e′" )]
359.78587 t/m2
Permissible tensile stress in steel, fs -30000 t/m2