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Abbreviations

2,3,7,8-TCDD 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin FGCC Fine ground calcium carbonate


2,8-DCDD 2,8-Dichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin FPAR First-pass ash retention
ABS Acrylonitrileebutadieneestyrene terpolymer FPR First-pass retention
AFPA American Forest and Paper Association FSP Fiber saturation point
AKD Alkyl ketene dimer GCC Ground calcium carbonate
AOX Adsorbable organic halides GP Gel permeation
API American Paper Institute (now AFPA) GPC Gel permeation chromatography
APMP Alkaline peroxide mechanical pulping GSM Grams per square meter
APP Alkaline peroxide pulping HLB Hydrophilicelipophilic balance
AQ Anthraquinone HMWT High molecular weight
ASA Alkenyl succinic anhydride HPLC High-performance liquid chromatography
ASB Aerated stabilization basin HST Hercules size tester
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials HSWO Heatset web offset
AZC Ammonium zirconium carbonate HW Hardwood
BAT Best available technology HWC High weight coated
BCT Box compression test IC Internal circulation
C2S Coated two sides IPC Institute of Paper Chemistry
CCT Corrugated crush test ISA Ionic strength adjuster
CMC Carboxy methyl cellulose LCL Lower control limit
CMT Concora medium test LMWT Low molecular weight
CSF Canadian Standard Freeness LVDT Linear variable differential transformer
CTMP Chemithermomechanical pulp LWC Lightweight coated
DCS Dissolved and colloidal substances MBBR Moving bed biofilm reactor
DCS Distributive control system MCGR Moisture content on wet weight basis
DDJ Dynamic drainage (Britt) jar MCOD Moisture content on ovendry basis
DP Degree of polymerization MD Machine direction
ECF Elemental chlorine-free MF Melamine formaldehyde
ECT Edge crush test or edgewise compression test MG Machine glazed
EDAX Energy dispersive X-ray analysis MOW Mixed office waste
EDTA Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid MSDS Material safety data sheet
EGSB Expanded granular sludge blanket MT Metric ton
EMC Equilibrium moisture content MWC Medium weight coated
EO Ethylene oxide NCASI National Council for Air and Stream Improvement
EPA Environmental Protection Agency NCR No carbon required
EPP Epoxidized polyamineepolyamide NIR Near-infrared
ESP Electrostatic precipitator NIRS Near-infrared spectroscopy
FAS Formamidine sulfinic acid NMRS Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
FBB Folding boxboard NPSH Net positive suction head
FCG Fine ground carbonate NPSHA Net positive suction head available
FCT Flat crush test NPSHR Net positive suction head required
FDA Food and Drug Administration NSPS New Source Performance Standards

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xx ABBREVIATIONS

NSSC Neutral sulfite semichemical RTDs Resistanceetemperature detectors


OCC Old corrugated container SBR Styrene-butadiene rubber
OCR Optical character recognition SCR Silicon-controlled rectifier
OMG Old magazine SCT Short-span compression test
ONP Old newspaper SEC Size Exclusion Chromatography
PAC Polyaluminum chloride SEM Scanning electron microscopy
PAM Polyacrylamide SMA Styrene maleic anhydride
PCC Precipitated calcium carbonate SPC Statistical process control
PDADMAC Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) SQC Statistical quality control
PE Polyethylene TAPPI Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry
PEI Polyethylenimine TCF Totally chlorine-free
PEO Polyethylene oxide TOC Total organic carbon
PGW Pressure groundwood TOCl Total organically bound chlorine
PID Proportionaleintegralederivative TQC Total quality control
PM Paper machine TQM Total quality management
PO Propylene oxide TRS Total reduced sulfur
PFI Paper and Fiber Research Institute TSS Total suspended solids
Ppm Parts per million UASB Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket
Ppq Parts per quadrillion UCL Upper control limit
Ppt Parts per trillion UF Urea-formaldehyde
Psi Pounds per square inch ULWC Ultra-lightweight coated
PUR Polyurethane resin UM Useful Method
PVC Polyvinyl chloride UV Ultraviolet
RCF Recycled carbon fiber UVS Ultraviolet spectroscopy
RCT Ring crush test WRV Water retention value
RH Relative humidity