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Curso Técnico em Desenvolvimento de Sistemas

Inglês Técnico
Prof. Jéssica Ulbricht

False Friends
Actually (adv) - na verdade ..., o fato é que ... Atualmente - nowadays, today
Adept (n) - especialista, profundo conhecedor Adepto - supporter
Agenda (n) - pauta do dia, pauta para discussões Agenda - appointment book; agenda
Amass (v) - acumular, juntar Amassar - crush
Anticipate (v) - prever; aguardar, ficar na Antecipar - to bring forward, to move
expectativa forward
Aplicação (financeira) - investment
Application (n) - inscrição, registro, uso Apontamento - note
Appointment (n) - hora marcada, compromisso
profissional Apreciação - judgement
Appreciation (n) - gratidão, reconhecimento Argumento - reasoning, point
Argument (n) - discussão, bate boca Assistir - to attend, to watch
Assist (v) - ajudar, dar suporte Assumir - to take over
Assume (v) - presumir, aceitar como verdadeiro Atender - to help; to answer; to see, to
Attend (v) - assistir, participar de examine
Audiência - court appearance; interview
Audience (n) - platéia, público Balcão - counter
Balcony (n) - sacada Batom - lipstick
Baton (n) - batuta (música), cacetete Bife - steak
Beef (n) - carne de gado Cafeteria - coffee shop, snack bar
Cafeteria (n) - refeitório tipo universitário ou
industrial Câmara - tube (de pneu) chamber (grupo de
Camera (n) - máquina fotográfica pessoas)
Cartão - card
Carton (n) - caixa de papelão, pacote de cigarros
(200) Casualidade - chance, fortuity
Casualty (n) - baixa (morte fruto de acidente ou
guerra), fatalidade Cigarro - cigarette
Cigar (n) - charuto Colar - necklace
Collar (n) - gola, colarinho, coleira Colégio (2º grau) - high school
College (n) - faculdade, ensino de 3º grau Comodidade - comfort
Commodity (n) - artigo, mercadoria Competição - contest
Competition (n) - concorrência Compreensivo - understanding
Comprehensive (adj) - abrangente, amplo, extenso Compromisso - appointment; date
Compromise (v) - entrar em acordo, fazer concessão Contexto - context
Contest (n) - competição, concurso Conveniente - appropriate
Convenient (adj) - prático Costume - custom, habit
Costume (n) - fantasia (roupa) Data - date
Data (n) - dados (números, informações) Decepção - disappointment
Deception (n) - logro, fraude, o ato de enganar Advogado de defesa - defense attorney
Defendant (n) - réu, acusado Designar - to appoint
Design (v, n) - projetar, criar; projeto, estilo Editor - publisher
Editor (n) - redator Educado - with a good upbringing, well-
Educated (adj) - instruído, com alto grau de mannered, polite
escolaridade Emissão - issuing (of a document, etc.)
Emission (n) - descarga (de gases, etc.) Enrolar - to roll; to wind; to curl
Enroll (v) - inscrever-se, alistar-se, registrar-se Eventualmente - occasionally
Eventually (adv) - finalmente, conseqüentemente Excitante - thrilling
Exciting (adj) - empolgante Êxito - success
Exit (n, v) - saída, sair Esperto - smart, clever
Expert (n) - especialista, perito Esquisito - strange, odd
Exquisite (adj.) - belo, refinado Fábrica - plant, factory
Fabric (n) - tecido Genial - brilliant
Genial (adj) - afável, aprazível Curso de graduação - undergraduate
Graduate program (n) - Curso de pós-graduação program
Gratuidade - the quality of being free of
Gratuity (n) - gratificação, gorjeta charge
Gripe - cold, flu, influenza
Grip (v) - agarrar firme Azar - bad luck
Hazard (n,v) - risco, arriscar Idioma - language
Idiom (n) - expressão idiomática, linguajar Devolução de imposto de renda - income tax
Income tax return (n) - declaração de imposto de refund
renda Ingenuidade - naiveté / naivety
Ingenuity (n) - engenhosidade Injúria - insult
Injury (n) - ferimento Inscrição - registration, application
Inscription (n) - gravação em relevo (sobre pedra,
metal, etc.)
Intend (v) - pretender, ter intenção Entender - understand
Intoxication (n) - embriaguez, efeito de drogas Intoxicação - poisoning
Jar (n) - pote Jarra - pitcher
Journal (n) - periódico, revista especializada Jornal - newspaper
Lamp (n) - luminária Lâmpada - light bulb
Large (adj) - grande, espaçoso Largo - wide
Lecture (n) - palestra, aula Leitura - reading
Legend (n) - lenda Legenda - subtitle
Library (n) - biblioteca Livraria - book shop
Location (n) - localização Locação - rental
Lunch (n) - almoço Lanche - snack
Magazine (n) - revista Magazine - department store
Mayor (n) - prefeito Maior - bigger
Medicine (n) - remédio, medicina Medicina - medicine
Moisture (n) - umidade Mistura - mix, mixture, blend
Motel (n) - hotel de beira de estrada Motel - love motel, hot-pillow joint
Notice (v) - notar, aperceber-se; aviso, comunicação Notícia - news
Novel (n) - romance Novela - soap opera
Office (n) - escritório Oficial - official
Parents (n) - pais Parentes - relatives
Particular (adj) - específico, exato Particular - personal, private
Pasta (n) - massa (alimento) Pasta - paste; folder; briefcase
Policy (n) - política (diretrizes) Polícia - police
Port (n) - porto Porta - door
Prejudice (n) - preconceito Prejuízo - damage, loss
Prescribe (v) - receitar Prescrever - expire
Preservative (n) - conservante Preservativo - condom
Pretend (v) - fingir Pretender - to intend, to plan
Private (adj) - particular Privado - private
Procure (v) - conseguir, adquirir Procurar - to look for
Curso Técnico em Desenvolvimento de Sistemas
Inglês Técnico
Prof. Jéssica Ulbricht

Exercícios - Estratégias de leitura

Parte 1 – Cognatos

Leia o parágrafo a seguir e sublinhe as palavras cognatas.


The computer System
Do you know what a computer system is? The computer systemexecutes all the functions to a
computer. A standard computer system consists of theree basic parts or sectins: input units, a
processor unit, and the output units.

1. O parágrafo contém 38 palavras, sendo que muitas se repetem. Quantas delas são cognatas?

2. O que você pode concluir deste resultado?

3. Com base nas palavras cognatas do parágrafo acima, responda às seguintes perguntas:

a. O que faz um Sistema de computador?

b. Em quantas partes se divide?

c. Quais são essas partes?


Parte 2 - Scanning

1) Organize os parágrafos abaixo numerando os parênteses em ordem crescente, conforme a


cronologia. O título do texto já está marcado.
(A: _____) It was during the Second World War that the modern age of computers began. In 1930,
Vannevar Bush built the first analog computer, which was used to help aim guns in World War II. In
the period between 1938-1942, John V. Atanasoff and Clifford Berry designed and built the first
electronic digital computer, the ABC, which provided the basis for the development of the ENIAC.
(B:_____) After that, in 1822, Charles Babbage built a machine called “The Difference Engine,”
which he showed at The Paris Exhibition in 1855. Next, Babbage envisioned and designed “The
Analytical Engine”, a machine which could complete programmed arithmetic operations.
Unfortunately, Babbage never finished his work, but many of his ideas were used as the basis for the
modern computer.
(C: _____) The modern computer as we know it today is a result of lots of research and inventions of
the past. The following paragraphs will show you the evolution of this miraculous machine.
(D: _____) In the period called the Scientific Revolution, which began circa 1540 and lasted until
1687, many scientists tried to find ways of calculating. As a consequence, other computational
devices were invented. In 1642, Blaise Pascal invented the first mechanical calculator. In 1673,
Gottfried von Leibniz invented another calculating device.
(E: _____) The Scientific Revolution was followed by the Industrial Revolution, which started in
England and brought many advances in technology. Several machines were developed in this period,
and these machines later had a great impact on the development of computers.
(F: _____) During the same period that Babbage was working on his machines, Lady Ada Lovelace
invented an arithmetic code for Babbage’s machine based on a binary system similar to the one used
with modern computers. For this reason, she is considered to be the first programmer.
(G: _____) The first calculating device used by man was the ten fingers of his hands. This explains
why we still count in tens and multiples of tens. Then the abacus was invented, a device which uses
small beads or stones to make calculations. This tool was used until the 16th century. It is still used
today in some parts of the world to make arithmetical calculations.
(H: _____) In 1804, Joseph Marie Jacquard invented a weaving loom which was “programmed” to
make certain patterns on cloth. This “program” was a series of holes punched in paper cards according
to a code, and it is very similar to the process used in punched cards of the first modern computers.
(I: 1 ) The Pre-History of Computers
(J: _____) Between 1943 and 1946, funded by the U.S. Army, John Mauchly and J. Eckert built the
first major eletronic digital computer using vacuum tubes. The ENIAC (Electronic Numerical
Integrator and Computer) was huge and weighed about 30 tons.
(K: _____) The developments which took place during World War II led to the advances made in the
period that followed the war. The period after the war led to the subsequent generations of computers,
which may be described as the modern age of computers.
(L: _____) In 1944, Howard Aiken and some engineers from IBM completed MARK 1, an
electromechanical calculating device controlled by punched cards. This first digital computer could
figure out long lists of mathematical problems and was used military ballistics.
1 Procure no texto anterior as seguintes perguntas:

a) O que Lady Ada Lovelace inventou para a máquina de Babbage?

b) Quanto pesava o ENIAC, o primeiro computador a válvula?

c) Onde Charles Babbage exibiu “The Difference Engine” em 1855?

d) Qual foi o primeiro dispositivo de cálculo utilizado pelo homem?

e) Até que século o ábaco foi utilizado como dispositivo de cálculo?

f) Quem inventou, em 1804, o tear “programado”?

g) O que Pascal inventou em 1642 ?

h) Quando ficou pronto o primeiro computador digital, o MARK 1?

i) Quando Vannevar Bush construiu o primeiro computador analógico?