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CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 1/30

Structures FE Review

Spring 2018

First, let’s review what’s in the FE


Reference Handbook
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 2/30
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 3/30
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 4/30
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 5/30

p. 85
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 6/30

Exam Problems

Problem 1: The arch shown below is:

A. unstable
B. stable and statically determinate
C. stable and statically indeterminate
D. redundant
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 7/30

Problem 1: The arch shown below is:

As described in the Structural


Analysis section of the NCEES
Handbook, the stability and
determinacy of an arch
depends on whether:

Problem 1: The arch shown below is:

As described in the Structural


Analysis section of the NCEES
Handbook, the stability and
determinacy of an arch
depends on whether:

m=1 r=4
j=2 c=1

3m + r = 3(1) + 4 = 7
3j + c = 3(2) + 1 = 7

3m + r = 3j + c  stable and statically determinate


CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 8/30

Problem 1: The arch shown below is:

A. unstable
B. stable and statically determinate
C. stable and statically indeterminate
D. redundant

Problem 2: The frame shown below is:

A. unstable
B. statically determinate
C. statically indeterminate to the first degree
D. statically indeterminate to the second degree
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 9/30

Problem 2: The frame shown below is:

As described in the Structural


Analysis section of the NCEES
Handbook, the stability and
determinacy of an arch
depends on whether:

m = 6 and r = 3 3m + r = 21
21 < 23 unstable
j = 6 and c = 5 3j + c = 23

Problem 2: The frame shown below is:

A. unstable
B. statically determinate
C. statically indeterminate to the first degree
D. statically indeterminate to the second degree
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 10/30

Problem 3: The arch shown below is subjected to both


uniformly distributed horizontal and vertical loads. The
vertical reaction (kN) at support A is:

A. 25 
B. 40 
C. 55 
D. 20 

Problem 3: The arch shown below is subjected to both


uniformly distributed horizontal and vertical loads. The
vertical reaction (kN) at support A is:

  MB  0

  MB  0  RAy  40 m   60 kN 10 m 
 80kN  20 m 

RAy  25 kN
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 11/30

Problem 3: The arch shown below is subjected to both


uniformly distributed horizontal and vertical loads. The
vertical reaction (kN) at support A is:

A. 25 
B. 40 
C. 55 
D. 20 

Problem 4: For the structure shown below, what are the


reactions (in kN)?

A. A = 4 kN down, B = 10 kN to left, C = 11.5 kN to right


B. A = 3 kN down, B = 10 kN to right, C = 10.0 kN to right
C. A = 4 kN up, B = 10 kN to left, C = 7.0 kN to right
D. A = 4 kN up, B = 8.5 kN to left, C = 1.5 kN to left
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 12/30

Problem 4: For the structure shown below, what are the


reactions (in kN)?

Draw the FBD:


A
20 kNm
B
6m 6m
4m

3 kN
4m
C

4 kN

 
F
y  0  A  4 kN A  4 kN

  Mc  0  4 kN 12 m   3 kN  4 m   B  8 m   20 kNm B  10 kN


  Fx  0  C  B  3 kN C  7 kN

Problem 4: For the structure shown below, what are the


reactions (in kN)?

A. A = 4 kN down, B = 10 kN to left, C = 11.5 kN to right


B. A = 3 kN down, B = 10 kN to right, C = 10.0 kN to right
C. A = 4 kN up, B = 10 kN to left, C = 7.0 kN to right
D. A = 4 kN up, B = 8.5 kN to left, C = 1.5 kN to left
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 13/30

Problem 5: Which of the following statements regarding


planar trusses is correct?

A. Its members are subjected to combined axial loads,


shear forces, and bending moments.
B. Its members must have full moment connections at the
joints.
C. For trusses to be stable and statically determinate, all of
its supports should have zero translation, but be
capable of rotation.
D. Its members are subjected to axial loads only.

Problem 5: Which of the following statements regarding


planar trusses is correct?
A truss is comprised of slender bars that are connected by
frictionless pin joints with no moment connections. In order
to have static determinacy, truss supports should not all be
restrained against translation. The pinned truss joints are
capable of transferring an axial load only. Thus, all elements
of a truss are subjected to axial loads only.
A. Its members are subjected to combined axial loads,
shear forces, and bending moments.
B. Its members must have full moment connections at the
joints.
C. For trusses to be stable and statically determinate, all of
its supports should have zero translation, but be
capable of rotation.
D. Its members are subjected to axial loads only.
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 14/30

Problem 6: The truss shown below is used as a weighing


device. If the gauge at R2 reads 9 kN, what is the weight of
mass P?

A. 9 kN
B. 12 kN
C. 4 kN
D. 8 kN

Problem 6: The truss shown below is used as a weighing


device. If the gauge at R2 reads 9 kN, what is the weight of
mass P?

  Mc  0  R2 12 m   P 12 m 

P  R2

P  9 kN

A. 9 kN
B. 12 kN
C. 4 kN
D. 8 kN
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 15/30

Problem 7: The force in member CB in truss below is:

A. 4.65 kN tensile
B. 4.65 kN compressive
C. 47.50 kN tensile
D. 8.00 kN compressive

Problem 7: The force in member CB in truss below is:

Ax

Bx

By

  MB  0  8kN 10 m   A x  20 m  A x  4 kN

  Fx  0  A x  B x B x  4 kN

B y  8 kN
 F y  0  8 kN  By
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 16/30

Problem 7: The force in member CB in truss below is:

Joint B FBC

4 kN FBW

8 kN

 F
y  0  8 kN  FBC

FBC  8 kN

A. 4.65 kN tensile
B. 4.65 kN compressive
C. 47.50 kN tensile
D. 8.00 kN compressive

Problem 8: The force in member DE is:

A. 11.2 kN tensile
B. 11.3 kN compressive
C. Zero
D. None of the above
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 17/30

Problem 8: The force in member DE is:

FD
 Fy 0
1 FDE
 FDE  8 kN  8 kN
2
FCE
FDE  0

A. 11.2 kN tensile
B. 11.3 kN compressive
C. Zero
D. None of the above

Problem 9: The forces in members FB and GH in truss are:

A. FB = 2.5 kN tensile, GH = 11.66 kN tensile


B. FB = zero kN tensile, GH = 11.66 kN tensile
C. FB = zero kN tensile, GH = 11.66 kN compressive
D. FB = zero kN tensile, GH = 10.00 kN tensile
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 18/30

Problem 9: The forces in members FB and GH in truss are:

  MC  0
FGH

FCG

FDC

Joint B
FFB is a zero force member

Problem 9: The forces in members FB and GH in truss are:

  MC  0
FGH
 12 kN 10 m   FGHy  20 m 
6
 12 kN 10 m   FGH  20 m 
136 FGHy
FCG

FGH  11.66 kN
FDC FGHx

Joint B
FFB is a zero force member
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 19/30

Problem 9: The forces in members FB and GH in truss are:

A. FB = 2.5 kN tensile, GH = 11.66 kN tensile


B. FB = zero kN tensile, GH = 11.66 kN tensile
C. FB = zero kN tensile, GH = 11.66 kN compressive
D. FB = zero kN tensile, GH = 10.00 kN tensile

Problem 10: A truss carries a vertical load, P, of 90 k. The


forces in the truss members AC and BC are 90 k (tension)
and 155.7 k (compression), respectively. The truss
geometry and member lengths are shown in the figure. Both
members a cross-sectional area of 5 in2 and E = 29,000 ksi.
The vertical deflection (in.) of the crane in the direction of
the applied load is most nearly:

A. 2.0 in.
B. 1.0 in.
C. 0.8 in.
D. 0.2 in.
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 20/30

Problem 10: A truss carries a vertical load, P, of 90 k. The


forces in the truss members AC and BC are 90 k (tension)
and 155.7 k (compression), respectively. The truss
geometry and member lengths are shown in the figure. Both
members a cross-sectional area of 5 in2 and E = 29,000 ksi.
The vertical deflection (in.) of the crane in the direction of
the applied load is most nearly:
Use the unit force method.
P
The vertical displacement of the
joint C caused by the loading
shown can be determined by
applying a unit vertical load at
joint C and using the
expression: members
fi Fi Li
C  
i 1 Ai E

Problem 10: A truss carries a vertical load, P, of 90 kips.


The forces in the truss members AC and BC are 90
(tension) and 155.7 (compression), respectively. The truss
geometry and member lengths are shown in the figure. Both
members a cross-sectional area of 5 in2 and E = 29,000 ksi.
The vertical deflection (in.) of the crane in the direction of
the applied load is most nearly:
fi Fi Li
Member Fi (k) fi Li (in.) Ai (in2)
Ai

AC 90 1 480 5 8,640 P
BC -155.7 -1.73 277 5 14,922.6

Total 23,562.6

members
fi Fi Li 23,562.6 k in.
C  i 1 Ai E

29,000 ksi
 0.812 in.
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 21/30

Problem 10: A truss carries a vertical load, P, of 90 kips.


The forces in the truss members AC and BC are 90
(tension) and 155.7 (compression), respectively. The truss
geometry and member lengths are shown in the figure. Both
members a cross-sectional area of 5 in2 and E = 29,000 ksi.
The vertical deflection (in.) of the crane in the direction of
the applied load is most nearly:

Member Fi (k) fi Li (in.) Ai (in2)

AC 90 1 480 5 8,640 P
BC -155.7 -1.73 277 5 14,922.6

Total 23,562.6

A. 2.0 in.
B. 1.0 in.
C. 0.8 in. members
fi Fi Li 23,562.6 k in.
D. 0.2 in.
C  i 1 Ai E

29,000 ksi
 0.812 in.

Problem 11: A steel beam is carrying a uniformly


distributed load (UDL) of 2 kips/ft, the moment of the inertia
of the beam is 500 in4. Its vertical deflection at point A (in.)
is most nearly:

A. 0.048 in.
B. 0.40 in.
C. 7.68 in.
D. 9.6 in.
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 22/30

Problem 11: A steel beam is carrying a uniformly


distributed load (UDL) of 2 kips/ft, the moment of the inertia
of the beam is 500 in4. Its vertical deflection at point A (in.)
is most nearly:

The slopes and deflections of a simply-supported beam


under a UDL are given in the Simply Supported Beam
Slopes and Deflections table in the NCEES Handbook.

wL3
B  
24EI
wL3
C 
24EI

Problem 11: A steel beam is carrying a uniformly


distributed load (UDL) of 2 kips/ft, the moment of the inertia
of the beam is 500 in4. Its vertical deflection at point A (in.)
is most nearly:

There is no load applied over segment AB.

Therefore, segment AB remains a straight line with point A


deflecting up distance A as:

Deflection at A   A   B LAB
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 23/30

Problem 11: A steel beam is carrying a uniformly


distributed load (UDL) of 2 kips/ft, the moment of the inertia
of the beam is 500 in4. Its vertical deflection at point A (in.)
is most nearly:

Converting units to inches:


 0.167 k in.  240 in.  0.0066 radians
3
wL3
B  
24EI 
24  29,000 ksi  500 in 4 
LAB  5 ft .  60 in.

 A   B LAB   60 in. 0.0066 radians  0.40 in.

Problem 11: A steel beam is carrying a uniformly


distributed load (UDL) of 2 kips/ft, the moment of the inertia
of the beam is 500 in4. Its vertical deflection at point A (in.)
is most nearly:

A. 0.048 in.
B. 0.40 in.
C. 7.68 in.
D. 9.6 in.
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 24/30

Problem 12: A unit load moves horizontally from point C to


point G over frame ABCDEFG, which of the following is the
influence line diagram for the vertical reaction at support A?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Problem 12: A unit load moves horizontally from point C to


point G over frame ABCDEFG, which of the following is the
influence line diagram for the vertical reaction at support A?

To determine the influence line


for Ay, take the moment about
point B.
  MB  0  Ay  20 ft .  1k  30ft .  x 

x
Ay  1.5 
20
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 25/30

Problem 12: A unit load moves horizontally from point C to


point G over frame ABCDEFG, which of the following is the
influence line diagram for the vertical reaction at support A?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Problem 13: For a 100-kip rolling load over a 30-ft simply-


supported beam, the maximum end support reaction (kips)
is most nearly:

A. 33.3 kips
B. 50.0 kips
C. 66.6 kips
D. 100.0 kips
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 26/30

Problem 13: For a 100-kip rolling load over a 30-ft simply-


supported beam, the maximum end support reaction (kips)
is most nearly:

The maximum reaction occurs when the rolling load passes


over the support A or B.

For x  0  RA  100 k and RB  0 k

For x  30 ft .  RA  0 k and RB  100 k

Problem 13: For a 100-kip rolling load over a 30-ft simply-


supported beam, the maximum end support reaction (kips)
is most nearly:

A. 33.3 kips
B. 50.0 kips
C. 66.6 kips
D. 100.0 kips
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 27/30

Problem 14: Which of the vertical-load influence lines


shown below is correct for Member U2U3 of the truss shown
below?

Problem 14: Which of the vertical-load influence lines


shown below is correct for Member U2U3 of the truss shown
below?
The upper chord is always in compression
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 28/30

Problem 15: The plan view of a three-story reinforced


building is shown below. All columns are 2-ft squares and
are centered on the grid lines. The concrete floors and roof
are one-way slabs supported on the beams. The floor
system weighs 120 psf, including the dead load of the
columns. The service dead load, DL, (kips) on an interior
column at its base is most nearly:

A. 200 kips
B. 400 kips
C. 600 kips
D. 750 kips

Problem 15: The plan view of a three-story reinforced


building is shown below. All columns are 2-ft squares and
are centered on the grid lines. The concrete floors and roof
are one-way slabs supported on the beams. The floor
system weighs 120 psf, including the dead load of the
columns. The service dead load, DL, (kips) on an interior
column at its base is most nearly:

Determine the tributary


area of the column at each
floor level. The tributary
area of a column is the
area adjoining the column,
which sheds its load to the
column.
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 29/30

Problem 15: The plan view of a three-story reinforced


building is shown below. All columns are 2-ft squares and
are centered on the grid lines. The concrete floors and roof
are one-way slabs supported on the beams. The floor
system weighs 120 psf, including the dead load of the
columns. The service dead load, DL, (kips) on an interior
column at its base is most nearly:

Problem 15: The plan view of a three-story reinforced


building is shown below. All columns are 2-ft squares and
are centered on the grid lines. The concrete floors and roof
are one-way slabs supported on the beams. The floor
system weighs 120 psf, including the dead load of the
columns. The service dead load, DL, (kips) on an interior
column at its base is most nearly:

A. 200 kips
B. 400 kips
C. 600 kips
D. 750 kips
CIVL 4197 Strucutural Analysis Review 30/30

Structures FE Review

Spring 2018

Questions?