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# Probability Grade 8

## Title of Unit Grade Level

Math 9 lessons
Subject Time Frame
Ethan Redpath
Developed By

## Identify Desired Results

Learning Outcomes

GLO:
- use experimental or theoretical probabilities to represent and solve problems involving uncertainty
SLO:
- solve problems involving the probability of independent events

## Cross curricular Competencies

How will this unit promote the CCC?

## Creativity and Innovation

- In this unit our content will cover the probability of physical events such as role of dice, picking a card, and spinning of a spinner. The students
will need to take this idea of a concrete event and turn it into a mathematical concept. In previous grades they have began working with different
pictorial models for probability and our job with this unit is to extent that knowledge by adding an addition independent event to tree diagram and
table methods of displaying the information.
Collaboration
- During this unit we will be using pictorial, concrete and symbolic to represent the probability of a given outcome. Based on the size of our class
each individual person may not be able to do each activity on their own so we are going to need to work together in order to make sure everyone
is given an equal opportunity to learn. Just because students are working together does not mean they are collaborating. The activities will be
built so that they must talk about and discuss how they are getting the answer they are and how each way to solve a problem works for them. If
they can learn from each other and teach each other that is one way to show a mastery level understanding.
Subject Area Math
Grade Level Eight
Topic Probability
Length of Unit (days) 9 lessons

Essential Questions
What provocative questions will foster inquiry into the content? (open-ended questions that stimulate thought and inquiry linked to the content of the
enduring understanding)
What is an independent event?
What is a dependent event?
What does it mean to have a high probability of occurrence or a low probability of occurrence?

Knowledge: Skills
What knowledge will student acquire as a result of this unit? This content What skills will students acquire as a result of this unit? List the skills
knowledge may come from the indicators, or might also address pre-requisite and/or behaviours that students will be able to exhibit as a result of their
knowledge that students will need for this unit. work in this unit. These will come from the indicators.

## Students will know... Students will be able to…

- determine the probability of two given independent events, and
- how to draw a tree diagram for three independent events verify the probability, using a different strategy
- find the fractional probability of an independent - generalize and apply a rule for determining the probability of
- Use a table to establish the probability of an independent event independent events
- solve a given problem that involves determining the probability of
independent events
- to calculate probabilities for several events occurring together
- develop quicker ways to calculate probability

## Learning Outcomes Assessments

Subject Area Math
Grade Level Eight
Topic Probability
Length of Unit (days) 9 lessons

Pear
Title Daily Questions Group Activity Test
Deck/Kahoot
Type Formative Formative Summative
(Formative/Summative) Formative
N/A
Weighting N/A N/A 100%

## solve problems involving the

probability of independent events x x x x

## Assessment Tool Overview

Assessment Assessment Assessment
Assessment Tool Brief Description FOR Learning AS Learning OF Learning

Throughout the lessons students will be given questions on separate sheets as well as
given them in their notes to complete. These questions will be of varying degrees of
difficult and varying degrees of supports. They will complete them individually, in small
Daily Questions groups and sometimes as a class. As they complete these questions they will have to check x
with myself or in some cases a peer to make sure the questions are correct as this is
happening I will be able to formatively assess the students knowledge of the students as
we are working through the material

In this unit we will have an opportunity to use technology to formatively assess the
students knowledge. Kahoot will be used for the students to test their knowledge of an
probability in a autonomous environment. They will answer a series of questions related to
the vocabulary and mental math strategies that the students will need to be successful in
Pear Deck/ Kahoot this unit. In order to do the kahoot we need to make sure everyone has a chromebook and x x
once we have taken the time to get everyone logged on it would be an ideal situation to
have them use the interactive pear deck throughout the lesson to continuously formative
assessment. The pear deck can be referred to in order accurately formatively assess the
knowledge of the class.
Subject Area Math
Grade Level Eight
Topic Probability
Length of Unit (days) 9 lessons

During this unit we will have an opportunity to find the probability of different events such
as the rolling of a die, spinning of a spinner, flipping of a coin and picking a card from a
deck. By having large class sizes it is not possible to everyone to have individual
manipulatives so they will be forced to work together in order to gain the experience. As
Group Activity x x
we work out way through this unit students will work together to use these tools and
answer questions. With group work it becomes difficult to assess who is doing the work
and who is just along for the ride so these questions will be used to gauge where the class
is as a whole in regards to the content we are covering
This exam will cover the learning objective that we talk about in this unit. It will be the final
summative assessment for the unit, showing what each individual has learned and can
Test demonstrate through a series of multiple choice, true/false and short answer question. x
These questions will be weighted in the same format as the unit in regards to the levels of
blooms taxonomy.

Learning Plan

## Where have them come to Where do they go?

In grade seven students begin looking at probability of multiple events and being able to represent those in ratios, fractions and percents. This is also the
first time they are looking at multiple events so they are exposed to the tree diagram for the first time. In this unit we will use this knowledge to advance
into three independent. The students will learn how to link independent events to find the probability that the three outcomes will happen in a given
situation and known of the three outcomes will affect the other. In grade eight probability we go through the final steps of independent probability so that
they can explore the role of probability in society in grade nine. During this unit students will build on their understanding of probability in order to being the
process of applying it to the real world. In order to begin looking at real world applications we will use the dice and cards that are widely used through
homes and casino’s across the world
Subject Area Math
Grade Level Eight
Topic Probability
Length of Unit (days) 9 lessons

## 1 Learning Outcomes - improbable

Introduction to Grade 7: - unlikely
Independent event GLO: Use experimental or theoretical probabilities to represent and solve problems involving - likely
Probability uncertainty - favourable
SLO: 4. Express probabilities as ratios, fractions and percents outcome
5. Identify the sample for a probability experiment involving two independent events - possible outcome
6. Conduct a probability experiment to compare the theoretical probability (determined - probability
using a tree diagram a tree diagram, table or other graphic organizer and experimental - tree diagram
probability of two independent events - sample space
- simulation
Grade 8: - table
GLO: use experimental or theoretical probabilities to represent and solve problems involving
uncertainty
SLO: solve problems involving the probability of independent events

Activities:
1. Vocabulary Review
2. Notes - What is an independent event, what is probability, examples and review of
multiplying fractions to find probability, fraction to decimals, decimals to percents
3. Daily Questions
Subject Area Math
Grade Level Eight
Topic Probability
Length of Unit (days) 9 lessons

## 2 Learning Outcomes: - fractions

GLO: use experimental or theoretical probabilities to represent and solve problems involving - sample space
uncertainty - probability
Fractions to decimals SLO: solve problems involving the probability of independent events - favorable
to Percents Learning Objectives: outcome
- students will find the probability of multiple individual events - possible outcome

Activities:
1. 2 Die Activity - one 6 sided die and 8 sided or more
2. Added a spinner to make it three events
3. Look at Casino Games see if there is a link between individual events and the games
3 Learning Outcomes: - table
Using Tables to GLO: use experimental or theoretical probabilities to represent and solve problems involving - favourable
predict Probability uncertainty outcomes
SLO: solve problems involving the probability of independent events - possible outcome
Learning Objectives: - pairs
Students will
- use a table to come up with all the possible outcomes of three two independent events
- use a table to find the probability of a given number of outcomes occuring
Activities:
1. Notes - what is a table how do we set it up and examples
2. Daily Questions
3. Exit Slip - table use
Subject Area Math
Grade Level Eight
Topic Probability
Length of Unit (days) 9 lessons

## 4 Learning Outcomes: - tree diagram

GLO: use experimental or theoretical probabilities to represent and solve problems involving - possible outcome
Expressing Probability uncertainty - pathway
Through Tree SLO: solve problems involving the probability of independent events
Diagrams Learning Objectives:
Students will
- build a tree diagram visually displaying the probability of two independent events
- understand how to find the probability of any combination of the tree
Activities:
1. How we set up and make tree diagrams
a. Start with two separate coins move to more complicated
b. use a coin flip and a spinner as the example
c. whiteboards
2. Have students create a two object tree/ Where do we use trees like this in real life
3. Come up with an example -
5 Learning Outcomes: - tree diagram
GLO: use experimental or theoretical probabilities to represent and solve problems involving - completion
Using Tree to Answer uncertainty - probability
Questions SLO: solve problems involving the probability of independent events
Learning Objectives:
Students will
- solve problems involving probability using the three method
- demonstrate their ability to create a proper tree diagram
Activities:
1. Formative assessment - given two independent events can they produce all three
methods of finding probability
2. Discussion of Probability in real life/ Why do we learn this
3. Walk through real life situation - odds you will get disease, - ice cream sundae - roll up
the rim
Subject Area Math
Grade Level Eight
Topic Probability
Length of Unit (days) 9 lessons

## 6 Learning Outcomes: - pathway

Activity Class GLO: use experimental or theoretical probabilities to represent and solve problems involving - possibiity
uncertainty - number of
SLO: solve problems involving the probability of independent events outcomes
Learning Objectives:
Students will
- interact with the content in meaningful ways
- demonstrate knowledge of the content in direct (finding probability) and indirect(
completing activity)
Activities:
1. Scavenger Hunt Activity - if nice outside we will go outside
7 Activity class/ Catch Learning Outcomes: all of the above
up class GLO: use experimental or theoretical probabilities to represent and solve problems involving
uncertainty
SLO: solve problems involving the probability of independent events
Learning Objectives:
Students will
- Demonstrate a comprehensive knowledge of probability regarding independent events
Activities:
- Review
- Sticks Game
8 Learning Outcomes: all of the above
GLO: use experimental or theoretical probabilities to represent and solve problems involving
Review uncertainty
SLO: solve problems involving the probability of independent events
Learning Objectives:
Students will
- Demonstrate a comprehensive knowledge of probability regarding independent events
Activities:
1. Formative Questions
- the class will work through a variety of questions on a slide show using whiteboards
or paper to answer accordingly. Questions will be ranging between adequate to
mastery
Subject Area Math
Grade Level Eight
Topic Probability
Length of Unit (days) 9 lessons

9 Learning Outcomes:
GLO: use experimental or theoretical probabilities to represent and solve problems involving
Summative uncertainty
Assessment SLO: solve problems involving the probability of independent events
Learning Objectives:
Students will
- complete a series of problems involving the probability of independent events
- demonstrate their ability to solve problems using fractions, tables and tree diagrams
Activity:
1. Summative Assessment