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be fully understood. There may also be limitation in understanding. Laboratories

are lacking in many schools and in some schools we’re they can be found reagents

and equipment are lacking.

For instance students in science class who always learn in abstract, that is

without practical knowledge, of what teacher is saying cannot have effective

learning and this will automatically affect his/her academic performance. These

lacks of laboratories have resulted to low interest in science subjects today, such

subjects are physics, chemistry and biology.

The origin of using facilities to aid learning has been the pre-occupation of the

proponent of school facilities. The studying of the teaching facilities in relation to

students’ academic performance is to know the importance of teaching facilities.

Also the non-availability of teaching facilities like textbooks, buildings, chart,

chalkboards etc. have hindered students’ performance academically and this has

resulted in their low interest in most of the subjects offered in their various level in

secondary schools’.

Statement of the Problem

The researcher hopes to know the insufficient facilities among SHS SMAW

students its implication to their skills basis for intervention program. The

researchers seek to answer the following questions:

1. Does school provides enough facilities and equipment for students to be

used on their specializations?


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2. Are teaching methods involves student-teacher interaction and

comprehensive learning?

3. Is physical environment of the school and the establishments and facilities

are safe for students and teachers were first aid kits are completely

accessible?

Significance of the Study

This study has a purpose determining the insufficient facilities among SHS

SMAW students to allocate the needs of a SHS SMAW in Iligan City National High

School. This research finding will provide vital information to the school, guidance

counselor, teachers, students and to future researchers regarding the insufficient

facilities among SHS SMAW students, where it’s implicate their training skills.

Future Researcher. This study will help encourage future researchers to

administer the vital part of the school progress in facilities in terms of training skills

of SHS SMAW students. This study has a purpose of determining the insufficient

facilities among SHS SMAW students to implicate their training skills of a SHS

SMAW students in Iligan City National High School.

Guidance Counselors. This study will serve as various strategies to

improve school, improvement planning that will serve as a SHS SMAW students

motivation in improving their training skills in SMAW. The result of the study will

encourage the guidance counselor to exercise more efforts to improve the school

facilities.
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School. The result of this study will help to determine the possible result of

SHS SMAW students in their training skills in regards of insufficient facilities. That

would serve as a basis in improving the school facilities.

Students. The result of the study will encourage the SHS SMAW students

to improve their training skills.

Scope and Limitations of the Study

This study focuses on determining the insufficient facilities among SHS

SMAW students to implicate their training skills of a SHS SMAW students in Iligan

City National High School. This study aims to answer questions expressed by our

statement of the problem and will analyze pertaining to the insufficient of facilities

in Iligan City National High School in terms of student profile, implicate their training

skills. The result of this study was limited to 75 SHS SMAW students admitted in

the various strands of SMAW students. The survey was conducted at Iligan City

National High School.

Theoretical Framework

This study is anchored on the theories of Professor Kwesi Andam (2007),

Productivity Roemer (1981) & Unachuka (1989),

This study associated can be associated to the theory of Educational

Productivity Roemer (1981) & Unachuka (1989) According to them, Education is

man’s fundamental method of reform and progress. It can be regarded as

the tool with which society brings the transmission of its own culture. Refers to
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education as “all those experiences of the individual through which knowledge is

acquired, the intellect enlightened or the will strengthened defines education as

the process by which individuals are assisted formally or informally, though proper

direction and finance, to develop their capacity for their own benefit and that of the

society. Education can therefore be regarded as a social process whose purpose

is to bring about certain desirable behavioral change in the total development of

the individual. In the whole world education has been given more regard while in

Nigeria particularly education has been seen as the main vehicle for rapid

development.

This study is also linked to the Social Development Theory, specifically the

General News of Sunday (prof. Andam 2007), Lack of facilities have an adverse

effect on the performance of students in the less endowed schools, He suggested

that the government should make a policy to ensure that at least one less endowed

school would be provided facilities such as dormitories, teachers' bungalows,

science laboratories, equipment and classrooms every year.

He observed that since independence there had been five major education

reforms namely, the Education Act of 1961, the Education Committee Report of

1973 popularly known as the Dzobo Report, the New Educational System of 1987,

the FCUBE of 1996 and the 2007 Educational Reform, but the quality of education

continued to deteriorate. More pupils drop out of school and less than 3 percent of

all primary school leavers made it to the tertiary level, he said. Mr. K T Hammond,

Deputy Minister of Interior, expressed concern about the growing indiscipline in the

school and pledged 200 bags of cement and roofing sheets to complete classroom
5

blocks and teachers' bungalows under construction and the supply of a separate

electricity transformer. He appealed to the authorities of the school to do all that

they could to encourage the students to concentrate on their studies to enable

them to become good future leaders to serve various sectors of the economy.
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Students Profile

a. Age
b. Gender
c. Track and Strand
Impacts to the academic
performance of the Senior
School Condition High School TVL Students
of Iligan City National High
a. Facilities
School
b. Teaching Methods
c. Physical
Environment

TRAINING SKILLS

PROGRAM

Figure. 1 Research Paradigm of the Study


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Conceptual Framework of the Study

In this study, Mark Schneider, PhD. looked at how clean, quiet, safe,

comfortable, and healthy environments influence successful teaching and

learning. He asks which facility attributes affect academic outcomes the most and

in that manner and degree. It shows that the condition of school facilities has an

important impact on student performance and teacher effectiveness. In particular,

research demonstrates that comfortable classroom temperature and noise level

are very important to efficient student performance.

We’re about to measure the training effectiveness now we will discuss the

literature which will explore the factors affecting training effectiveness. In the real

world, there are many factors that influence the effectiveness of training and

development in an organization. One similar factor i.e. the human resource policy

of training and development has been identified by Haywood (1992). He mentioned

that too many training program place emphasis on ease and the purpose behind

the design of programs namely learning, skill development and behavioral change,

has defeat the original purpose and goals of training are lost. Everything is affected

by its surrounding weather directly or indirectly and similarly training effectiveness

is also affected by many factors. Birdi (2005) found that poor managerial support

or an unfavorable departmental climate could limit the impact of creativity training

with regard to influencing idea implementation. Unfavorable environment affects

the training effectiveness. According to him training will be affected negatively if

there is less support from department or there is unfavorable condition for training.

Fischer & Ronald (2011) stated that open-mindedness is also a significant


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moderator of training effectiveness. It has been found that training become more

successful if the participants and trainer work with open-mindedness.

Poor facilities in public schools signifies that students are not receiving

their rights of having a sufficiently available and well-maintained school facilities.

Indications of having these poor facilities are non-working or poorly maintained

public comfort rooms, lack of classrooms, overcrowding in classrooms, poor

ventilation, unsanitary and crowded canteens and more.

School facilities are a collection of buildings used to provide educational

programs for students. These facilities provide students or pupils with a place to

learn that is under the direction of teachers. Homeschooling or home based

learning is the education of children at home.

Learning is a complex activity that supremely tests students'

motivation and physical condition. Teaching resources, teacher’s skill, and

curriculum these all play a vital role in a child's education. But what about the

physical condition and design of the actual school facility itself? How do they shape

a child's learning experience? Not because it is a public school, students don't

have the right to have a well maintained school facilities. Examples of these are

lacking of classrooms, lacking of tables and chairs, poor ventilation, poor comfort

rooms and canteens. Usage of over dated books and the like. These students want

to study and even though they are only in a public school, it doesn't mean that they

don't have the right to study in a comfortable classrooms. The students have the

right to have the school facilities, to achieve their goals according their training
9

program and enhance their skills because education is very important. An effective

school facility is responsive to the changing programs of educational delivery, and

at a minimum should provide a physical environment that is comfortable, safe,

secure, accessible, well illuminated, well ventilated, and aesthetically pleasing.

The school facility consists of not only the physical structure and the variety of

building systems, such as mechanical, plumbing, electrical and power,

telecommunications, security, and fire suppression systems. The facility also

includes furnishings, materials and supplies, equipment and information

technology, as well as various aspects of the building grounds, namely, athletic

fields, playgrounds, areas for outdoor learning, and vehicular access and parking.

The school facility is much more than a passive container of the educational

process: it is, rather, an integral component of the conditions of learning. The

layout and design of a facility contributes to the place experience of students,

educators, and community members. Depending on the quality of its design and

management, the facility can contribute to a sense of ownership, safety and

security, personalization and control, privacy as well as sociality, and

spaciousness or crowdedness. When planning, designing, or managing the school

facility, these facets of place experience should, when possible, be taken into

consideration.
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Definition of Terms

For better understanding of this study, the following terms are defined

technically and operationally.

Academic Performance. This term represents performance outcomes that

indicate the extent to which a student has accomplished specific goals that were

the focus of activities in instructional environments, specifically in school.

Department of Education (DepEd) is the executive department of the

Philippine government responsible for ensuring access to promoting equity in, and

improving the quality of basic education.

Facilities. These are buildings, pieces of equipment, or services that are

provided for a particular purpose. Also materials that make it possible or easier

to do something.

K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum. This is the new education

program enforced under the Department of Education which covers

kindergarten and 12 years of basic education (six years of primary

education, four years of Junior High School, and two years of Senior High

school [SHS]).

Laboratory. This is a room or building used for welding, tools &

equipment to experiments and test are done.

Senior High School. This two year specialized upper secondary education,

students may choose a specialization based on aptitude, interest, and school


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capacity. The choose of career track will define the content of the subjects a

student will take in Grades 11 and 12.

SMAW. This is a process that uses a flux-coated electrode to form the weld.

Shielded metal arc welding is also known as a manual arc welding process that

uses a consumable electrode covered with a flux to lay the weld.

Technical Vocational Livelihood (TVL). This is a unit that teaches

technical and vocational skills. This will allow students to earn a National Certificate

(NC) required by the industry.

Training skills Program. To introduce an effort to ensure that case


managed individuals, whose employment action plan identifies skill development
as being necessary, have access to funding to assist them in achieving their goal.
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Chapter 2

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

This chapter presented the reading surveyed and database documents

which are significant research materials in this study. Various studies and literature

were reviewed by the researcher to be able to gain insight about the particular area

of research.

Related Literature

The term “school plant” includes the school site, the school building and the

school equipment.it also refers to the housing operation, upkeep, and extension.

It also refers to the housing administration and supervision have to provide school

system with the adequate plant and equipment to promote efficient instruction and

to meet the requirement of space and safety.

It is difficult to do a good job of teaching in a poor building without adequate

equipment. The type and quality of educational equipment play an important part

in the instructional efficiency of school building. If the classroom is not we’ve

lunched, If the building is not new ventilated, if there is little space for storage of

supplies these factors will operated against good teaching and learning.

An excellent school plant is an important contribution to the central welfare

of the student as well as to that of the whole community because the school

building is increasingly used as community center.


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The Philippine school building are planned, maintained, and operated to

provide total setting for learning. The school administrator I responsible for the

acquisition and utilization of the school equipment and supplies. The administrator

should study the needs of the school and should requisition necessary equipment

supplies to keep the administrator and supervision of the school at its highest

efficiency. Gregorio, H.C. (1961).

Measuring training effectiveness is a tough task. It brings out the outcome

of a training program. Lots of work has been done on training effectiveness but

Kirkpatrick (1976) being the pioneer who explained the four level method of training

evaluation. Level-1 is reactions criteria, and it evaluates trainees’ affective and

attitudinal reactions to a training program. It assesses the responses of trainees’

attitude about a specific training program. Level-2 is learning criteria, which

evaluates the extent to which trainees have learned the training material and

acquired knowledge from a training program. It brings outs the outcome of a

training program that what does it affects on trainees. Level-3 is behavior criteria,

and it evaluates the extent to which trainees have applied the training on the in

terms of their behavior and/or performance following a training program Level-4 is

results criteria, which evaluates the extent to which the training program has

enhanced department or organizational-level outcomes such as sales or profits.

Fourth level is about how a training program improved organizational

effectiveness. Noe (1986) summarized the Kirkpatrick’s model along with the

model of training motivation. As trainees will be more motivated to perform well in

training if they perceive that (1) high effort will lead to high performance in training,
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(2) high performance in training will lead to high job performance, and (3) high job

performance is instrumental in obtaining desired outcomes and avoiding

undesirable outcomes. Noe’s model is basically all about the motivation because

motivation itself an immense factor which affects the performance as well as

training outcome. In the same order Swanson & Sleezer (1987) explained three

steps of measuring training effectiveness; the first is effectiveness evaluation plan,

the second tools for measuring training effectiveness, and finally the evaluation

report. Shepherd (1999) explained criteria for measuring the success of training

which encompasses direct cost, indirect cost, efficiency, performance to schedule,

reactions, learning, behavior change, and performance change. On the other hand

Zaciewski (2001) examined that employee' individual characteristics such as

motivation, attitude, and basic ability, which affect a training program and its

potential success in hospital industry. The work environment is also a major factor

for making successful training program. Whereas Burke & Baldwin (1999) dwelled

upon the transfer of training and viewed that it could be enhanced by using real-

world organizational problems. Case study method or live problem or project

assignment could be used to enhance the transfer of training. Dahiya & Jha (2011)

discussed about the steps in the training program development, are planning,

program implementation, and program evaluation and follow-up. According to

them a training program is not complete until and unless methods and results have

been evaluated.
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Related Studies

Based on research findings of the Department of Education (1999), public

schools struggle when it comes to the availability of appropriate, useful, and quality

school facilities on teaching and learning. Moreover, in 2002, Schneider heavily

underscored that a large proportion of school facilities in the Philippines are

approximately fifty years old and are typically in poor conditions. This finding was

backed up by Filardo (2008) when he noted that public schools are constantly

confronted with out-of-date designs, deteriorating conditions, and changing

utilization pressures. The problem then is clearly visible—deficiencies in the

physical school facilities result to serious ramifications in student learning and

achievement, impairment of teaching standards, and persistence of health and

safety problems for members of the faculty, as well as the students. Aggravating

these issues is the inability of the authorities concerned to generate actions that

purport to support the procurement of modern and relevant facility, likewise to train

personnel in the management of these resources. Poor condition of school

facilities brings about critical concerns on teachers’ and students’ general welfare.

Consequently, it becomes imperative that the functions school facilities fulfill in in

the student acquisition and learning of life-long knowledge and skill competencies

should be taken into account by policy makers and administrators when designing

a curriculum that provides equitable and efficient education. Stakeholders should

realize that there exists an obvious, direct relationship between student

performance and achievement and the quality of school facilities. Maintenance

which is known to be necessary sufficiently in advance for normal planning and


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preparation procedures to be followed. Predictive maintenance is a breakdown-

prevention technique which requires no dismantling, as it is based on inspection

by auscultation of the equipment involved. It requires continuous observation of an

item of equipment in order to detect possible faults or to monitor its condition. The

relationship between the quality of school facilities and student performance and

achievement; specifically, the researcher indicated the component of physical

school facility that yields the heaviest weight in affecting student performance and

achievement. The findings in this study provided implications for policy revisions

and considerations in curriculum planning that can effectively address the

aforesaid educational gaps resulting from the deficiency of physical facilities, which

incrementally corrodes the quality of teaching and learning. Furthermore, the

findings emphasized to focus attention on improving educational environment by

increasing the procurement of equipment in the implementation of TLE curriculum,

likewise in the maintenance, renovation, and expansion of school infrastructures

to accommodate the growing number of Filipino youth enrolling in secondary

schools. These installation and improvement measures are hoped to provide

avenues for students to proficiently translate theory into practice and to aim for

lifelong, meaningful learning.

Maintenance is the function whose objective is to ensure the fullest

availability of production equipment, utilities and related facilities at optimal cost

and under satisfactory conditions of quality, safety and protection of the

environment. This is also known as plant improvement maintenance, and its object

is to improve the operation, reliability or capacity of the equipment in place. This


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sort of work usually involves studies, construction, installation and start-up. Trouble

shooting on machines whose poor condition results in stoppage, or in operation

under intolerable conditions.

STUDIES RELATED TO ACHIEVE TRAINING MOTIVATION

As we have discussed the factors which affects the training outcomes. In

these factors motivation is the main factor which affects most to training

effectiveness. There are many studies which have been conducted on training

motivation. Like Steers & Porter (1975) found that motivation is the strength that

influences enthusiasm about the program, a stimulus that directs participants to

learn and attempt to master the content of the program and a force that influences

the use of newly acquired knowledge in a training situation. Same thing was

concluded by Tabassi, et al. (2012) about the relationship between training and

motivation that training and motivation can sustain or increase employees' current

productivity. Motivation can influence the willingness of an employee to follow the

training program, to exert more energy toward the program and to transfer what

they learn onto the job. Bumpass (1990) also stated that employees’ attitude and

motivation are one of the factors that might influence the effectiveness of training

and development. If the employees are fully motivated towards training program

they way pay full attention and there will be more chances for success of training

program. Tracey, et al. (1995) in their study found that motivation, attitude, and

basic ability affect a training program’s potential success. On the other hand

Colquitt, et al. (2000) explained that the locus of control, conscientiousness,

anxiety, age, cognitive ability, self-efficacy, valence, job involvement as the


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predicators of training motivation. Sahinidis & Bouris (2008) found that there is

strong relationship between employee perceived training effectiveness and

motivation, job satisfaction and commitment. Tsai & Tai (2003) also discussed

about motivation that employees had more training motivation when they were

appointed to attend training program by management than when they made their

choice freely. It shows that employee’s motivation about training program related

to their attitude that they seem more motivated when they allotted to join a training

program.

IMPORTANCE OF TRAINING EFFECTIVENESS

According to Quesada, et al. (2011) examined that Emotional Intelligence

training of the leaders is a key aspect to the success of the companies. It was

found that leaders are the success pillar of a company and their training is most

important thing which should be taken care. Leaders must be emotionally strong

to take right decision on right time. Kalemci (2005) explained about the importance

of training that training and developing human capital is tremendously important in

the effective management and maintenance of a skilled workforce. Training is one

of the ways of improving organization’s effectiveness. In order to implement right

training methods, organization should be aware of the training methods and their

effectiveness. Robotham (1995) found that trainers must have awareness and

understanding of individual’s style to achieve desired outcomes of training. The

study shows the role of trainer’s awareness in making flourish a training program.

Rama & Vaishnavi (2012) identified that to increase or maximize the effectiveness

of training program an organization needs to use ongoing assessments to


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establish learning outcomes and link those outcomes to a performance plan. There

should be running assessment of a training program to get the best of it. Mat, et

al. (2011) also found that training is effective in increase in the knowledge, skills

and attitudes aspect of the students themselves after an industrial training

program. The study by Mooi (2010) on teacher education and effectiveness

indicated that the participants’ perception of the effectiveness of teacher training

program is very much dependent on research-based practices. Aguinis & Kraiger

(2009) reviewed on the benefits of training and development for individuals and

teams, organizations, and society. Jayawarna, et al. (2007) examined that

management development activities have positive impact on performance of

manufacturing SMEs. Chen, et al. (2004) studied the relationship between training

and job behavior and found that training may help employees to reduce their

anxiety or frustration, come up with new work demands and develop their skill.

Santos (2003) suggested that determining training effectiveness is a complex

process but training had many benefits. For most individuals, training increased

confidence and self-efficacy, it improved competencies and skills and people

recognized that they had been invested in. As above review literature discussed

many aspects of training effectiveness. The main discussions are given below:

1. Measuring training effectiveness models

i. Krikpatrick’s four level model of measuring training effectiveness

ii. Noe’s model of training motivation of measuring training effectiveness

iii. Swanson & Sleezer’s three step model of measuring training effectiveness
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2. Factors affecting training motivation

a. Motivation

b. Emotional intelligence

c. Managerial and peer group support

d. Employees individual attitude and job related factors

e. Open mindedness of trainer and trainees


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Chapter III

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

This chapter includes the research methodology of the study. The

researcher will present the research design, the method in gathering the data, the

research instrument, the development of the research instrument, the research

locale, sampling design, and statistical treatment. This will explain the methods of

the researcher on how they will gather the data to answer the statement of the

problem.

Research Design

In this study, the researcher conducted a survey to the SHS SMAW student

about the insufficient facilities that implicate their training skills. Descriptive

research is used as research design, this will include survey. Since the aim of the

study is to determine the insufficient facilities of SHS SMAW student: Its implication

the training skills program, the researcher will interact with SHS SMAW students

and distribute questionnaires and observe the environment of nature of the work.

Using this method, it will be easier for the researcher to gather the data.

Method of Gathering the data

Prior to the administration of the questionnaire, written permission was

secured from the Department Head, TLE Dr. Nardicelyn M. Pernitez. The survey

questionnaires are related to the statement of the problem, therefore the survey

was precise since the respondents have the same questionnaire to be answered.
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Using this method, it will be easier to analyze and collect data. The data for the

study was taken from the SHS SMAW G12 students in Iligan City National High

School as respondents. Data collection primarily employed the survey method.

The researcher gathered the data using a checklist. Actual data gathering was

conducted in this 2nd semester SY 2017-2018. Development of Research

Instrument In this study, the researcher used survey questionnaire nor the

respondents to answer. The content of this survey sheets is the respondent

statistics. This study was conducted to assess the insufficient facilities of SHS

SMAW G12 students and its implication to their training skills basis for their training

skills program.

Development of Research Instrument

In this study, the researchers used survey questionnaires for the

respondents to answer. The content of this survey sheets was the respondents’

statistics. This will survey the Insufficient facilities among SHS SMAW students

and its implication to their training skills basis for intervention program of Iligan City

National High School.

Sampling Design

In this research, the researcher used non probability sampling, the

purposive sampling is selected based on characteristic of a population and the

objective of the study. This targets a particular group of people. Research Locale

of this study was conducted at Iligan city National High School, specifically the

Grade 12- TVL SMAW Students. Statistical treatment was conducted the data
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gathering. The researcher tabulated, analyzed and interpreted the data using

statistical methods and techniques:

1.) Frequency and Percentage. This is used to obtain the data from the

questionnaires of the respondents that answered.

2.) Mode. This will also be used to determine which value that occurs most

frequently in given set of data.

3.) Median. This is the value separating the higher half of a data sample, a

population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half. For a data set, it may

be thought of as the value.

Research Environment

This study was conducted in Iligan City National High School of Iligan City,

popularly known as ICNHS, is a public high school located in Gen. Wood Street,

Roxas Avenue, Brgy. Mahayahay, Iligan City, Lanao del Norte. which was

established in 1963. Shielded metal arc welding is also known as a manual arc

welding process that uses welding machine and accessories to joint metal

together. It also use personal protective equipment, gloves, welding mask, portable

electric grinder, portable electric drill, face shield, welding jacket, and steel toe

shoes.
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Figure 2. Research Environment

Statistical Treatment

After the data gathering, the researchers tabulated, analyzed and interpreted

the data using the following statistical methods and techniques:

1. Frequency and Percentages. This was used to summarize the data

gathered from the survey questionnaires’ of which the respondents will

answer.

2. Mean. This was used to determine the average scaling of the respondent’s

answer

3. Median. This is the value separating the higher half of a data sample, a

population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half. For a data set,

it may be thought of as the value.


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CHAPTER IV
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
This chapter presents the discussion of the data gathered by the

researcher. This are analyzed and interpreted below.

TABLE 2. FACILITIES

FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE (%)

DIS- AGREE VERY POOR DIS- AGREE VERY POOR

AGREE POOR AGREE POOR


Statements

1.The school provides enough


facilities and equipment for
students to be used on their 2 4 24 2 6% 13% 75% 6%
specialization

2.The school provides modern 2 9 15 6 6% 28% 47% 19%


technology facilities such as
computers

3. The school provides clean


learning environment infacilities
and contains educational platforms
and propagandas. 3 9 12 8 9% 28% 38% 25%

4. The school maintains the


cleanliness and orderliness of the
facilities and it is suitable for
students in their various 2 18 9 3 6% 57% 28% 9%
specializations.

5. Are the facilities in school is 2 10 17 3 6% 31% 53% 9%


enough?

6. Does the school have a 2 4 20 6 6% 12% 64% 18%


sufficient of Personal Protective
Equipment (PPE).

7. Do you think that having 2 4 21 5 6% 13% 66% 15%


insufficient facilities can affect
classroom performance.

TOTAL 15 58 119 33 46 185 304 101

MEAN 2.14 8.29 17 4.71


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FIGURE 3. FACILITIES

FACILITIES
80% 75%
70% 64% 66%

60% 57%
53%
50% 47%
38%
40%
31%
28% 28% 28%
30% 25%
19% 18%
20% 13% 12% 13% 15%
9% 9% 9%
10% 6% 6% 6% 6% 6% 6%
3%

0%
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

DISAGREE AGREE VERY POOR POOR

The Table 2 (Figure 3) shows that statement number in Table 2 (Figure 3)

statement number 4 have the highest number of respondents which is 18 or 57%

. Which means that 18 out 32 respondents agreed that the school maintains the

cleanliness of the facilities and it is suitable for students in their various

specialization. And statement number 3 have the highest number of respondents

which is 3 or 9%, which means that majority of respondents disagree that the

school provides clean learning environment in facilities and contains educational

flat forms and propagandas. Statement 1 have a highest number of respondents

which is 24 or 75%% answered that the school provides enough facilities and

equipment for students to be used on their specialization is very poor .And

statement number 3 have the highest number of respondents. Which is 8 or 25%,

this implies majority respondents answered that the school provides modern
27

technology facilities such computers poor. Overall results in facilities shows that

the school provides not enough facilities and equipment for the students that they

can used on their specialization.

TABLE 3. TEACHING METHODS

FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE (%)

Statements DIS- VERY DIS- VERY


AGREE POOR AGREE POOR
AGREE POOR AGREE POOR

1.The teacher gives visual


1 19 6 6 3% 59% 19% 19%
aids and shows confidence
and mastery during lectures.
2.Theteaching methods
involves student-teacher 2 18 7 5 6% 56% 22% 16%
interaction and
comprehensive learning
3.Teaching methods
involves technologicalvisual
aids such as PowerPoint, 1 13 11 7 3% 41% 34% 22%
videos,films, clips and
computer applications
related to learning process.

4.Teachers allows student's


participationsuch
asrecitationsperformances
2 12 10 8 6% 38% 31% 25%
and hands-on activities
including projects and
performs their teaching
methods successfully.
TOTAL 6 62 34 26 18.0 194 106 82

MEAN 1.5 15.5 8.5 6.5


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Figure 4. Teaching Method

TEACHING METHOD
60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%
1 2 3 4

DISAGREE AGREE VERY POOR POOR

For the teaching method shows that Table 2 (Figure 4) that statement

number 1 have a highest number of respondents which 19 or 59% Agree that the

teaching methods involves student teacher interaction and comprehensive

learning and teacher allows students participation such as recitations,

performances and hands on activities including projects and performs their

teaching method successfully. The two statements number 1 and 4 have the

highest number of respondents which is 2 or 6% Disagree that teaching methods

involves technological visual aids such as power point, videos, films, clips and

computer applications related to learning process. Statement number 3 have the

highest number of respondents which is 11 or 34% answered that. A teaching

methods involves technological visual aids such as PowerPoint, videos, films, clips

and computer applications related to learning process. And statement number 4


29

have the highest number of respondents which is 8 or 25%, this implies that

majority of respondents answered that. Teachers allows student's participation

such a recitations, performances, and hand ons activities including projects and

performs their teaching methods successfully. Overall results shows that the

teaching method involves student-teacher interaction and comprehensive

learning.

Table 3. Physical Environment


Statements FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE (%)

DIS- DIS-
AGRE VERY POO VERY
AGREE AGRE AGREE
POOR
POOR
E POOR R
E

1.The school environment is drug-free, smoke-


8 7 12 5 25% 22% 37% 16%
free, and free of hazardous materials.
2.Dangerous chemicals that are useful for some
specializations are kept that only authorized
7 8 10 7 3% 25% 31% 22%
personnel can access and the establishments are
strong and sturdy.
3. Electricity maintenance, water supply and
cleanliness are much given attention and 1 3 23 5 3% 9% 72% 16%
prioritized.
4.The physical environment of the school and the
establishments and facilities are safe for students
1 4 24 3 3% 13% 75% 9%
and teachers were first aid kits are completely
accessible
5.Are the welding equipments and materials in
1 10 12 11 3% 31% 38% 28%
school available any time?
6. Are the equipments in a satisfactory condition? 4 18 17 2 13% 31% 50% 6%
7. Are the laboratories big enough ofyour need? 7 3 15 2 22% 25% 47% 6%
8. Does the size of the school laboratory area is with 7 8 12 10 22% 9% 38% 31%
the standard set by TESDA?

9.Does the school laboratory area conclusive for


6 8 13 5 9% 25% 40% 16%
SMAW NCII?
TOTAL
42 69 138 50 193.0 190.0 198 150
MEAN
4.67 7.67 15.33 5.56
30

FIGURE 5. PHYSICL ENVIRONMENT

PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT
80%

70%

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

DISAGREE AGREE VERY POOR POOR

The physical environment shows table 3 (Figure 5) that statement number

6 have the highest number of respondents which is 18 or 31% agree that the

equipments is in a satisfactory condition. Statement number 1 which is 8 or 25%

disagree that the school environment drug-free, smoke free, and free of hazardous

materials. Statement number 4 which is 24 or 75% answered that the physical

environment of the school and the establishments and facilities are safe is very

poor. And statement number 8 which is 10 or 31%, this implies that majority of

respondents answered that the size of the school laboratory area is with the

standard set by TESDA is poor. Overall in physical environment shows that the

school and establishment and facilties and teachers were first aid kits are not

completely accessible.
31

CHAPTER V

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND

RECOMMENDATIONS

This chapter presents the summary, the major findings, conclusions and

recommendations of the study on “INSUFFICIENT FACILITIES AMONG SHS

SMAW STUDENTS AND ITS IMPLICATION TO THEIR TRAINING SKILLS:

BASIS FOR INTERVENTION PROGRAM”. From the findings, conclusions were

drawn and recommendations were presented.

This study aims to determine the insufficient facilities among SHS SMAW

students and it’s implication to their training skills basis for intervention program in

Iligan City National High School. Further, this study seeks to answer the following

questions: Facilities, (1) The school provides enough facilities and equipment for

students to be used on their specializations? Teaching method, (2) The teaching

methods involves student-teacher interaction and comprehensive learning? And

physical environment (3) The physical environment of the school and the

establishments and facilities are safe for students and teachers were first aid kits

are completely accessible?

The purpose of this study is to determine the insufficient facilities among

SHS SMAW students and its implication to their training skills basis for intervention

program in Iligan City National High School. This research work will be useful to

the students of G12 students since it provides information on the possibility to

improve the school facilities.


32

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

By using the analysis of data, the researcher found out, as shown in The

Table 2 (Figure 3) that statement number 4 have the highest number of

respondents which is 18 or 57%. Which means that 18 out 32 respondents agreed

that the school maintains the cleanliness of the facilities and it is suitable for

students in their various specialization. Statement number 3 have the highest

number of respondents which is 3 or 9%, which means that majority of respondents

disagree that the school provides clean learning environment in facilities and

contains educational flat forms and propagandas. Statement 1 have a highest

number of respondents which is 24 or 75%% answered that the school provides

enough facilities and equipment for students to be used on their specialization is

very poor. And statement number 3 have the highest number of respondents.

which is 8 or 25%, this implies majority respondents answered that the school

provides modern technological facilities such computers is poor. In teaching

method shows that table 2 (Figure3) that statement number 1 have a highest

number of respondents which 19 or 59% Agree that the teaching methods involves

student teacher interaction and comprehensive learning and teacher allows

students participation such as recitations, performances and hands on activities

including projects and performs their teaching method successfully. The two

statements number 1 and 4 have the highest number of respondents which is 2 or

6% Disagree that teaching methods involves technological visual aids such as

power point, videos, films, clips and computer applications related to learning

process. Statement number 3 have the highest number of respondents which is


33

11 or 34% answered that . A Teaching methods involves technological visual aids

such as PowerPoint, videos, films, clips and computer applications related to

learning process and statement number. And statement number 4 have the highest

number of respondents which is 8 or 25%, this implies that majority of respondents

answered that . Teachers allows student's participation such as recitations,

performances and hands-on activities including projects and performs their

teaching methods. The physical environment shows table 3 (Figure 5) that

statement number 6 have the highest number of respondents which is 18 or 31%

agree that the equipment is in a satisfactory condition. Statement number 1 which

is 8 or 25% disagree that the school environment drug-free, smoke free, and free

of hazardous materials. Statement number 4 which is 24 or 75% answered that

the physical environment of the school and the establishments and facilities are

safe is very poor. And statement number 8 which is 10 or 31%, this implies that

majority of respondents answered that the size of the school laboratory area is with

the standard set by TESDA is poor.

RECOMMENDATIONS

In this study, the researchers have the following recommendations that

can help enhance and develop this study.

1. Students

With this study, the school should consider the needs of and wants of the

SHS SMAW students including tools, equipment and personal protective

equipment (PPE).
34

2. Future Researchers

This can be helpful to their study as their basis or reference related to the

insufficient facilities among SHS SMAW students and its implication to their

training skills basis for intervention program.

Conclusion

On the bases of the findings of the study, the following conclusions are

drawn:

1. School facilities providing well equipped laboratories to cater needs of the

students in pursuit knowledge.

2. The teaching methods applied in the learning process is shown to be

effective. The teachers are competent in imparting their knowledge and

skills.

3. Physical environment of the school needs further improvement and need

for establishing a surrounding where students can learn without distraction.

4. The facilities and physical environment of the school does affect the

insufficient facilities among SHS SMAW students and its implication to their

training skills basis for intervention program.


35

Conclusion

On the bases of the findings of the study, the following conclusions are

drawn:

1. School facilities providing well equipped laboratories to crater needs of the

students in pursuit knowledge.

2. The teaching methods in applied in the learning process is shown to be

effective. The teachers are competent in imparting their knowledge and

skills.

3. Physical environment of the school needs further improvement and need

for establishing a surrounding where students can learn without distraction.

4. The facilities and physical environment of the school does affect the

insufficient facilities among SHS SMAW students: Its implication to their

training skills program.


36

REFERENCES

Gregorio, H.C.(1961)School Administrator and Supervision, R.P Garcia


Publishing Company. Quezon City, Pg.334-356.

Baron, R. A. (1972). Aggression as a function of ambient temperature and prior


anger arousal. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 21(2), 183.

Buckley, J., Schneider, M., & Shang, Y. (2004). The effects of school facility
quality on teacher retention in urban school districts. Posted by the National
Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities at: http://www.edfacilities.org;

Duncanson, E. (2003). Classroom space: right for adults but wrong for
kids. Educational FacilityPlanner, 38(1): 24-8

Fisk WJ. 2000. Estimates of potential nationwide productivity and health benefits
from better indoor environments: an update. In: Indoor Air Quality Handbook,
Spengler J, Samet JM, McCarthyJF, eds. New York: McGraw-Hill. pp 4.1-4.36.

General Accounting Office. (1996). School Facilities: America’s Schools Report


Differing Conditions. Washington, DC: Author.

Hathaway, W.E. (1995). Effects of school lighting on physical development and


school performance. The Journal of Educational Research. 88: 228-42.

Haverinen‐Shaughnessy, U., Moschandreas, D. J., & Shaughnessy, R. J. (2011).


Association between substandard classroom ventilation rates and students’
academic achievement. Indoor Air, 21(2), 121-131.

Krüger, E. L., & Zannin, P. H. (2004). Acoustic, thermal and luminous comfort in
classrooms. Building and Environment, 39(9), 1055-1063.

Kuller, R. and Lindsten, C. (1992). Health and behavior of children in classrooms


with and without windows”,Journal of Environmental Psychology, 12(3): 305-17.

McNall PE, Nevins RG. (1967). Comfort and academic achievement in an air-
conditioned junior high school – a summary evaluation of the Pinellas County
experiment. ASHRAE Transactions. Vol 73 (III), pp 3.1-3.17.
37

APPENDIX A

Sample Unanswered Questionnaire

INSUFICIENT FACILITIES AMONG SHS SMAW STUDENTS AND


ITS IMPLICATION TO THEIR TRAINING SKILLS: BASIS FOR
INTERVENTION PROGRAM
ILIGAN CITY NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
ILIGAN CITY
Senior High School Department
SMAW
SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE
Thesis Title: “INSUFICIENT FACILITIES AMONG SHS SMAW STUDENTS AND
ITS IMPLICATION TO THEIR TRAINING SKILLS: BASIS FOR INTERVENTION
PROGRAM”.
NAME: (Optional) _____________ AGE: YR&Sec:
Gender : Religion: Track/Strand:
Direction:

Please check the box below that represents your answer based on the given
statements below. Rest assured your identity will be kept confidential.

A. FACILITIES

QUESTIONS DIS- AGREE VERY POOR


AGREE POOR
1. The school provides enough facilities and
equipment for students to be used on their
specializations.

2. The school provides modern technology


facilities such as computers.

3. The school provides clean learning


environment in facilities and contains
educational platforms and propagandas.

4. The school maintains the cleanliness


and orderliness of the facilities and it
is suitable for students in their various
specializations.
38

5. Are the facilities in school is enough for all


SMAW students?
6. Does the school have sufficient Personal
Protective Equipments (PPE)?
7. Do you think that having insufficient
facilities can affect classroom performance.

B. TEACHING METHODS

QUESTIONS DIS- AGREE VERY POOR


AGREE POOR
1. The teacher gives visual aids and shows
confidence and mastery during lectures.

2. The teaching methods involves student-


teacher
interaction and comprehensive learning.

3. Teaching methods involves technological


visual aids such as PowerPoint, videos,
films, clips and computer applications related
to learning process.

4. Teachers allows student's participation


such as recitations, performances and
hands-on activities including projects
and performs their teaching methods
successfully.

C. PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT

QUESTIONS DIS- AGREE VERY POOR


AGREE POOR
1. The school environment is drug-free,
smoke-free, and free of hazardous
materials.

2. Dangerous chemicals that are useful


for some specializations are kept that only
authorized personnel can access and the
establishments are strong and sturdy.

3. Electricity maintenance, water supply and


cleanliness are much given attention and
prioritized.

4. The physical environment of the school


and the establishments and facilities are safe
39

for students and teachers were first aid kits


are completely accessible.
5. Are the welding equipments and materials
in school available any time?
6. Are the equipments in a satisfactory
condition?
7. Are the laboratories big enough of your
need?
8. Does the size of the school laboratory area
is with the standard set by TESDA?
9.Does the school laboratory area conclusive
for SMAW NCII?
40

APPENDIX B

LETTER TO THE RESPONDENTS

February 8,2018

Dear Respondents,

Good day!

We are Grade 12 SMAW Senior High School Students of Iligan City National High
School. As one of our requirements in Inquiries, Investigation and Immersion, we
are going to conduct a study entitled,” INSUFICIENT FACILITIES AMONG SHS
SMAW STUDENTS AND ITS IMPLICATION TO THEIR TRAINING SKILLS:
BASIS FOR INTERVENTION PROGRAM” The objectives of the study are: (1) to
determine if the school provides enough facilities and equipment for students to be
used on their specialization (2) to know if teaching methods involves student-
teacher interaction and comprehensive learning and (3) to determine if The
physical environment of the school and the establishments and facilities are safe
for students and teachers were first aid kits are completely accessible.
In this regard, we would like to request your participation in the said study, we
assure you that your responses shall only be used for the study and that it shall be
kept strictly confidential. Your participation would certainly contribute to the
success of this research project. We earnestly hope and pray for your kind
consideration and favorable response.
Respectfully yours,
CHRISTIAN M. BELONIO
JOHNREY A. CAJETA
GADWYN JUMAPIT
RICKCEL B. PETILUNA
ALDEN PICARDAL
Student Researcher
Noted by:
Ma. Ligaya D. Vicente PhD
Inquiries, Investigation, and Immersion
41

APPENDIX C
LETTER TO THE SCHOOL FACILITATOR

ILIGAN CITY NATIONA HIGH SCHOOL


ILIGAN CITY
Senior High School
SMAW

8 February, 2018

JOSE E. SALVADOR , PhD


Assistant School Principal II
SHS – ICNHS
Iligan city

Thru: NARDICELYN M. PERNITEZ, PhD


Department. Head, TVL
This Institution

Sir:

Greetings of peace!

The undersigned are TVL- SMAW students who proposed for a study on
“INSUFICIENT FACILITIES AMONG SHS SMAW STUDENTS AND ITS
IMPLICATION TO THEIR TRAINING SKILLS: BASIS FOR INTERVENTION
PROGRAM”.

In this connection, we would like to seek permission from your good office for us
to conduct an interview and float the survey questionnaires to welders and
students of G12 TVL SMAW.

We are anticipating for your utmost approval and consideration on this matter.

Very respectfully yours,

BELONIO, CHRISTIAN M.
CAJETA, JOHNREY A.
JUMAPIT, GADWYN O.
PETILUNA, RICKCEL B.
PICARDAL, ALDEN C.
42

APPENDIX D

DOCUMENTATION
Iligan City National High School
SMAW student’s Morganite and Topaz
43
44

APPENDIX E

Researcher’s Information

Name: Crestian M. Belonio

Grade and Section: 12-Morganite

Address: Prk 3, Luinab Iligan City

Age: 20

Birthday: November 17, 1997

Contact Number: 09557127073


45

Name: John Rey Cajeta

Grade and Section: 12 – Morganite

Address: 6th Street, Doña Juana Village

Pala-o, Iligan City

Age: 18

Birthday: July 16, 1999

Contact Number: 09753596301


46

Name: Rickcel Petiluna

Grade and Section: 12 – Turquoise

Address: Prk 3 JK, Tibanga, Iligan City

Age: 17

Birthday: March 14, 2000

Contact Number: 09754501849


47

Name: Alden C. Picardal

Grade and Section: 12-Morganite

Address: BLK 3 LOT 19 Green heights Subd. del Carmen Iligan city

Age: 19

Birthday: September 10, 1998

Contact Number: 09757700845


48

Name: Gadwyn O. Jumapit

Grade and Section: 12-Morganite

Address: Prk. Green Hills Zone 3 Brgy. Ubaldo D Laya Iligan city

Age: 22

Birthday: February 01, 1996

Contact Number: 09979940620