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# Unit: Triangle Proof Duration: 6 weeks Semester: 1

## Outcomes (Standards) Evidence of Learning Guiding Key lessons

Questions
Understand congruence in BELOW What does it mean to say Lessons to provide conceptual starting
• Understands the basic operation of a flow-chart that triangles are points in this unit could include:
terms of rigid motions proof(e.g. besides givens, all statements must congruent?
G-CO 7. Use the definition of follow logically from previous statements.) Exploring the combinations that prove
congruence in terms of rigid motions to • Understands that a minimum of three pieces of What’s the difference triangles congruent via construction.
information are required to prove triangles between congruent and
show that two triangles are congruent if
congruent. similar? Using flow-chart proofs as maps of
and only if corresponding pairs of sides thought process. (“Prove” a non-
• Marks diagram with given information using
and corresponding pairs of angles are proper geometric symbols Which combinations yield geometric statement)
congruent. congruent triangles?
• Identifies what is needed for a particular Proving triangles congruent from givens
G-CO 8. Explain how the criteria for statement to be made (even if the necessary Why do the combinations only.
triangle congruence (ASA, SAS, and information seems unattainable) that don’t work fail?
SSS) follow from the definition of • Can prove vertical angles congruent. Proving triangles congruent by generating
congruence in terms of rigid motions. How do you use triangles necessary information from geometric
AT to prove angles or postulates.
Prove geometric theorems • Understands that congruent triangles have segments congruent?
9. Prove theorems about lines and three pairs of congruent angles and three Using triangle congruence to prove
angles. Theorems include: vertical pairs of congruent sides What do arrows in a flow- remaining angles and sides congruent.
angles are congruent; when a • Understands that a minimum of three chart proof mean?
pieces of information is required to prove Divide polygons into triangles and use
transversal crosses parallel lines, triangles congruent. triangles to prove polygon properties.
alternate interior angles are congruent
and corresponding angles are • Understands and can explain why which
combinations of pieces are sufficient (ASA,
congruent; points on a perpendicular SAA, SSS, SAS) and which are not (SSA,
bisector of a line segment are exactly AAA).
those equidistant from the segment’s • Uses Triangle congruence to prove
endpoints. segments or angles congruent.
• Uses knowledge of basic constructions
10. Prove theorems about (bisectors, medians, etc…) to prove
triangles. Theorems include: measures triangles congruent.
of interior angles of a triangle sum to
180°; base angles of isosceles triangles ABOVE
are congruent; the segment joining • Extends understanding of triangles to prove
midpoints of two sides of a triangle is theorems concerning polygons
parallel to the third side and half the • Embellishes geometric diagrams to aid in proof
length; the medians of a triangle meet (e.g. draws altitude to facilitate proof)
at a point. • Proves theorems in multiple ways.
• Formulates and proves own conjectures.
.

## Misconceptions and Misunderstandings

• The difference between statements and reasons and the process by which statements become reasons.
• The difference between givens as statements and givens as markings on a diagram.
• The importance of a reference diagram in proof.
• Distinguishing between provable and non-provable statements. (When is there just not enough information?)
• Arrows are used to connect related information, not point from givens to proven statements.
• Understanding the difference between thinking something is true and knowing it to be true.
• Performing a 2 or 3 step problem: givens to angle/side congruence to triangle congruence to angle/side congruence.

What changes would you make to this plan for the next time?……………………...............