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# The

Miller  Effect
What  is  the  Miller  Effect?

• At  this  point,  don’t  know,  don’t  care
• It  is  caused  by  a  capacitor  (or  any  complex  or  non  complex  impedance)  bridged  across  an  amplifier

• We  can  analyze  this  in  1  of  2  ways…
o 1.    Break  the  resistance/impedance  into  2  while  maintaining  it’s  “equivalent”  effect
o 2.    Analyze  it  “as  is”

Usage:
1. 𝒁 = 𝒁𝑴𝑰𝑳𝑳𝑬𝑹𝑰𝑵 + 𝒁𝑴𝑰𝑳𝑳𝑬𝑹𝑶𝑼𝑻

Z
Change
çthis
into
this  è
𝑍!"#!"!!"   𝑍!"##\$!!"#

• With  these  equations:

𝒁 𝒁
𝒁𝑴𝑰𝑳𝑳𝑬𝑹𝑰𝑵 =                                  𝒁𝑴𝑰𝑳𝑳𝑬𝑹𝑶𝑼𝑻 =
𝟏 − 𝑨𝑽 𝟏
𝟏−[ ]
𝑨𝑽

## THE  MILLER  EFFECT   1

Example  (with  capacitor  across)

• A  100pF  capacitance  connects  to  an  input  and  output  of  an  amplifier  which  has
o A  gain  of  -­‐19
• “Millerize”  that  thing…

100pF

VIN   VOUT  =  -­‐19(V IN)   1V   -­‐19V
2000pF   105pF

• Keep  in  mind,  we  need  to  keep  track  of  line  currents  and  voltages  in  this  process.

1mA 1mA

1V   -­‐19V
1mA   1mA

!
• Reminder:    𝑍   ∝ ∴ 𝑖𝑚𝑝𝑒𝑑𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒  𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜  𝑖𝑠  𝑖𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑠𝑒𝑙𝑦  𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑝𝑜𝑟𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑎𝑙  𝑡𝑜  𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒  𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜
!
• Gain  is  not  affected  by  C

𝟏
• 𝒁 = 𝑹 + 𝒋𝑿          𝒘𝒉𝒆𝒓𝒆      𝑿   =  𝒐𝒓  𝝎𝑳
𝝎𝑪

## 2. For  a  common  source  amplifier

Rg1
G   D
VIN   VOUT
gmVGS

S
• Momentarily  forget  Rg1
• 𝐴! !   = 𝑔𝑚(𝑅! ∕∕ 𝑅!"#\$   ∕∕ 𝑔!"" )
• Re-­‐insert  Rg1

𝒈𝒎 𝑹𝑮 𝟏 − 𝟏
𝑨𝑽 = (𝑨𝑽 )′   !

(𝒈𝒎 𝑹𝑮𝟏 − 𝑨𝑽

• This  creates  a  “correction  factor”  due  to  the  effect  of  R

## Example  (with  resistor  across)

• 𝑔! = 250 𝑚𝐴
𝑉
• 𝑅!"#\$ = 1𝑘Ω
• 𝑔!"" = 50𝜇℧
• 𝑅! = 560Ω

12MΩ
Rg1

G   D
VIN   VOUT
50𝜇℧   560Ω     1kΩ
gmVGS

S

𝐴! !   = 𝑔𝑚(𝑅! ∕∕ 𝑅!"#\$   ∕∕ 𝑔!"" )

! 𝑚𝐴
𝐴!   = −250 (560Ω   ∕∕  1𝑘Ω   ∕∕ 20𝑘Ω)
𝑉
𝑚𝐴
=   −(352.6Ω)(250 )
𝑉
𝑽
𝑨𝑽 !   =   −𝟖𝟖. 𝟏𝟔
𝑽

• Now  that  we’ve  solved  for  𝐴! ! ,  put  it  back  into  the  equation  to  solve  for  AV

𝒈𝒎 𝑹𝑮 𝟏 − 𝟏
𝑨𝑽 = (𝑨𝑽 )′   !

(𝒈𝒎 𝑹𝑮𝟏 − 𝑨𝑽

𝑚𝐴
25012𝑀Ω − 1 2,999,999
𝐴! = −88.16   𝑉       = −88.16
𝑚𝐴 3,000,088
250 12𝑀Ω − 88.16
𝑉

𝑨𝑽 =   −𝟖𝟖. 𝟏𝟔(𝟎. 𝟗𝟗𝟗𝟕)

## Example  (with  capacitor  across)

• Same  values  but  what  if  a  47nF  capacitor  was  bridged  across  the  input  and  output  instead?
• 𝑓 = 1𝑘𝐻𝑧
• 𝑋! = 3386Ω

47nF

Rg1

G   D
VIN   VOUT