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Lab #4 – Mendelian Inheritance Simulation /20

Learning Outcomes:

 Understanding how traits are passed on from parents to their offspring and what causes
variation between siblings.

 Learning about Mendel's Laws of Inheritance in color deficiency.

 Understanding and predicting the phenotypes of offspring with given genotypes using
genetic crosses.

 Learning about dominant and recessive alleles, and how they play a part in an individual's
biological make-up.

1. What two colours are often hard to distinguish in people who are colour blind? (1 mark)
Red and Green

2. What percentage of genetic information is passed on to offspring from parents? (1


mark)

☐ 100% from the mother


☐ 100% from the father
☐ 25% from the father, 25% from the mother and 50% from offspring
☒ 50% from mother and 50% from father

3. Zygotes are haploid cells which carry genetic information from a parent to their
offspring (1 mark)

☐ True
☒ False

4. Hybridization is the mating of two individuals from different breeds which are
genetically distinct. (1 mark)

☒ True
☐ False
5. Using a separate piece of paper, complete Punnett square for the cross of a pure black
mouse (aa) with a pure brown mouse (AA). What would you predict the genotypes of
the offspring would be? (1 mark)

☐ 25% AA, 50% Aa, 25% aa


☐ 50% AA, 50% aa
☐ 50% AA, 50% Aa
☒ 100% Aa

6. How many of the mice in the Punnett square from question #5 would have black fur? (1
mark)

☒0%
☐ 25%
☐ 50%
☐ 100%

7. Match the terms below to their correct definition (2 marks)

a. Law of Independent Assortment


b. Law of Segregation
c. Crossing Over
d. Meiosis
___B__ Each offspring receives one allele from each parent
_D____ Process of formation of gametes at the chromosomal level
___A__ Genes do not influence each other with regards to sorting into gametes
___C__ Genes located on the same chromosomes are swapped

8. Eye colour affects the rate of colour blindness. (1 mark)

☒ True
☐ False

9. The gene for colour blindness is located on which chromosome? (1 mark)


Colour blindness comes from the X Chromosome.
10. In your own words, describe the term ‘carrier female’? (1mark)
A female carrier is someone who carries the gene, but does not in fact have the issue.
Such as being a carrier for colour blindness, but not having colour blindness.

11. Describe the evidence that shows that colour blindness is a recessive trait. (1 mark)
The red/green colour blindness trait is recessive, as it is a mutated X chromosome that
transports the gene.

12. In the simulation, Joseph couldn’t distinguish between the red and the green ice-cream.
What was Joseph’s genotype? (1 mark)

☐ Xc Xc
☒ XC Y
☐ XN XC
☐ XN Y

13. Imagine that Joseph marries a woman named Shelley who is a carrier of the colour blind
gene. Complete the Punnett Square to predict if their children would be colour blind (4
marks).
Joseph’s Alleles

Xc Y
Shelley’s Alleles

Xc XcXc XcY

Xn XnXc XnY

14. Using your results of the Punnet Square above, what percentage of Joseph and Shelley’s
female children would be colour blind? (1 mark)
☐0%
☐ 25%
☒ 50%
☐ 100%

15. Colour blindness is more commonly observed in males. Why is this? (1 mark)
Colour Blindness is more common in men as they only have one X chromosome while
females have two.
16. Can you name another trait that has the same inheritance pattern as colour blindness?
Hint: use your textbook for more information. (1 mark)
Click or tap here to enter text.