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MANOHARBHAI PATEL INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING

AND TECHNOLOGY
GONDIA

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

A SEMINAR REPORT
ON
POROTHERM SMART BRICK

SUBMITTED BY:
MAYANK MITARAM GANVIR
ROLL NO. 38
INDEX

1. Introduction
2. Technical data
3. Manufacturing process
4. Application in civil engineering
5. Fixing of various loads
6. Merits and demerits of porotherm smart bricks
7. Comparative analysis
8. Conclusion
9. Reference
INTRODUCTION

Many people are not aware or do not pay attention to the walls
when it comes to building a house. There are many factors that need to
be looked while building and bricks are the basic units of building
establishment.

Porotherm clay bricks are horizontally perforated clay bricks.


These bricks are used for construction of walls that having thermal
insulation. The porotherm clay bricks too have the same concept as
that of the thermal bottle. The perforation of the brick gives a unique
walling system which facilitates thermal insulation resulting in cooler
interiors in summer and warm in winters.

TECHNICAL DATA

Name Length Width Height Density Compressive Water Fire


strength absorption resistance
mm mm mm Kg/m2 N/mm2 % min
PHP200 400 200 200 694 ≥3.5 ῀15 240
PHP150 400 150 200 733 ≥3.5 ~15 120
PHP100 400 100 200 768 ≥3.5 ~15 90
PHP200H 200 200 200 694 ≥3.5 ~15 240
PHP150H 200 150 200 733 ≥3.5 ~15 120
PHP100H 200 100 200 768 ≥3.5 ~15 90
MANUFACTURING PROCESS

First of all the natural raw and recycled materials are taken to be mixed
and ground down to a fine powder. The mixed compound is then
transported to a humidifying process in which 10 to 15% water is added
for stiff extrusion. The extrusion is the process in which the mix is
forced through a die to create a long cable which is then cut into
precise sizes and separated. After separation perforation process is
done .The whole process is computer controlled to insure perfect
dimensions. The blocks are then taken to have water removed in a
drier, heated by recycled heat from the kiln at 50 to 150 degrees for 20
hours. Now dry and already strong blocks are stacked ready to be taken
to the kiln for firing. The temperature at kiln is maintained around 1000
degree Celsius. Once fired the blocks are cooled and transported to
grinding. 3mm is ground from both sides of the blocks ensuring perfect
size and smoothness, enabling the ‘fast build’ porotherm system.

APPLICATION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

In construction works for framed structure till now a conventional type


of bricks are used but it increases the dead loads in building, by
implementing this porotherm hollow bricks since it is 60% lighter than
conventional walling material, thus dead loads are minimized and also
it allows faster construction. It also contributes to substantial savings
on structural costs due to reduction in dead loads. This bricks also has
superior thermal insulation that greatly improves the indoor comfort of
the building.
FIXING OF VARIOUS LOADS

Loads are categorized on the basis of their weights

1. Light loads – up to 20kg

2. Medium loads – up to 70kg

3. Heavy loads – greater than 70kg

 Fixing of light loads

Example: - towel holder, soap tray, mirrors, photo frames, light fittings
etc

1. Drill a hole of required size


2. Insert a plastic sleeve or wooden peg of 100mm length
3. Fasten the fixture with a screw of appropriate size

 Fixing of Medium loads

Example: -door and window frame fixing, wall mount TV, kitchen
chimney, wardrobes and kitchen cabinets, wash basins, geyser

1. Drill a hole of required size


2. Fix/insert the anchor sleeve
3. Tighten the anchor
4. Hang or fasten the fixtures

 Fixing of Heavy loads

Example: -western style commode


1. Drill the hole with a chisel or drilling machine
2. Stuff the hole with concrete
3. Let it strengthen for 24 hours
4. Fix the unit after 24 hours of curing