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Name : Arif Priyanto

Class/Number :16320038

My experience while studying in Malang City

For almost three years, I have lived in the city of Malang. This is because I am
undergoing my studies at the State Islamic University of Malang or popularly known as UIN
Malang. In terms of experience, I have certainly got a lot, one of which is the culture of the
citizens of Malang which is fairly unique and does not exist in other cities besides Malang,
including in my city. This made me have to be a part of it and adapt to those cultures as a
cultural benchmark in my city. There are two cultures of Malang people or Malang Citizen that
I have met for almost three years.
First, the language "walik" makes me confused in communicating with native Malang
people. "Walik" language is a language that is often used in the daily lives of Malang people.
Generally this language is used among teenagers and adults. This language is considered
unique because each word in its pronunciation must be reversed or read from behind, but in
terms of the sentence structure it remains. The culture of using the walik language was born
since the Dutch colonial era, one of which was to trick the invaders. According to historical
observers from the State University of Malang (UM), Dwi Cahyono considered that “walik”
language originated when many Dutch eyes were fluent in Javanese and their style of
prosperity, they often infiltrated the native population or the Gerilyawan Malang to obtain as
much detail as possible. At that time the task of the eye was to look for data about the Warriors
Major Hamid Roesdi who had died in the battle in the village of Wonokoro, but the successor
to the successor to the army was still caught in the eye. So that one of the fighters named Suudi
Raharno had the idea of making a reverse language, a language that was felt to be rich in
passwords, symbols and signs. Because of the need to maintain the secrecy of the strategy from
the Netherlands, the fighters quickly committed themselves to using walik language in their
daily lives. Examples of reverse languages include Sam, which means Mas, Kera Ngalam =
Arek Malang, Kadit Itreng = No Understanding, Oyi = Iyo or Yes, Ongis Nade = Singo Edan
(Crazy Lion) Ojob or Ujub = Bojo (Wife / Lover), Kunam = Manuk (Bird), Kodew = Wedok
(Girl), Nawak = Friend and others. My initial experience was to hear the original Malang
people speak this walik language when they heard two of my friends inside and Elyas who
were both native people of Malang spoke “Walik” language. The conversation uses the reverse
language I heard a little when they ate lunch in the cafeteria and sat next to me.
Elyas: "Dam. Umak Kera Ngalam?" (Dam. Are you a citizen of Malang).
Adam: "Oyi sam." (of course)
Elyas: "weeh, lagek ngerti aku dam" (wow. I just know that you’re a malang citizen, Dam).
That is one of my experience that I heard form Malang Citizen wen they use “walik” language
for having conversation.
Second, Bantengan Arts is an entertainment for the poor people. This art accompanied
by jidor music rhythms combined with drums with wriggling rhythms intertwined, followed
by the voices of the gongs and kidung sinden who were burning the spirit of the dancer dancers
who danced tirelessly. They dance attractively to the rhythms of popular Javanese songs.
Traditional art of bantengan requires property or supporting ornaments. When appearing,
among others, are horns, head of bulls, claps or sound devices in the neck, black cloth, and
others. According to the researcher that have explored, the ornament or property has
philosophical meaning (Ahmad Qoyyum : 2017). The horn is a form of self-application to the
creator with an attitude of determination and sincerity. The head of the bull is a manifestation
of the place of self-control of various kinds of world evil in the human self. Klontong becomes
a form of self-care in losing the ocean of life and holding fast to the holy heart. Black cloth is
a form of all-round lifemystery, and we do not know what will happen in the future. Horn is a
form of self-application to the creator with an attitude of determination and sincerity. The head
of the bull is a manifestation of the place of self-control of various kinds of world evil in the
human self. Klontong becomes a form of self-care in losing the ocean of life and hold fast to
the holy heart. Black cloth is a manifestation of a mysterious life, and we don't know what will
happen in the future. As human beings, we only have the obligation to undergo the drama of
life as God's command. Gongseng kaki is a manifestation of human effort to change lives that
have become the line of practice of life. Jidor, gamelan, gong and sinden as manifestations of
various kinds of changes and developments in life that are unavoidable. The controlling
swordsman is a form that wants to be insulted in life that comes from the outside or security,
symbol that the law enforcer who has applied it should not be arbitrary, must adjust and or
place himself. Elders or handlers are symbols of leaders who have the authority to decide
something in life both horizontally and vertically, spiritually and socially. While Pamong is a
form of government that is obliged to lead the community. this made me interested in watching
the art. because this art is an unfortunate arts in the poor area and is not in my area.
in conclusion, from the many years I settled in the city of Malang, I discovered new
things about two very interesting cultures and must be preserved by all residents in the Malang
area. the two cultures include how to speak using the language "Walik" and the culture of
Bantengan, each of which has historical cultural values.