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Optical proximity sensor M12, diffuse sensor


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1: Oscillator; 2: Photoelectric transmitter; 3: Photoelectric receiver; 4: Preamplifier with potentiometer; 5: Logical operation;
6: Pulse/level converter; 7: Switching status display; 8: Output module with protective circuit; 9: Switching output; 10: External voltage;
11: Internal constant voltage source; 12: Optical path

The optical proximity sensor is fitted on a plastic bracket. The bracket can be rotated in increments of 15°. The electrical connections are
inside a plastic housing. The electrical connection is made via safety sockets. The unit is mounted on the profile plate using the locking
system with the blue lever (mounting version "A"). The component can be moved in the direction of the slot.

Optical proximity sensors consist of two principal modules, the transmitter and the receiver. In the case of diffuse sensors, both are located in
a single housing. The transmitter of the diffuse sensor emits pulsed red light, which lies in the visible part of the spectrum. The object to be
detected reflects back some of the emitted light. This light is detected by semiconductor receivers that are also located in the sensor housing,
which causes the switching status to change.
The object to be detected can be reflective, matt, transparent or opaque. The only requirement is that a sufficiently high amount of light is
reflected either directly or as diffuse light. The operational switching distance may be varied by means of a potentiometer.

© Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG 06/2010 1/2

Optical proximity sensor M12, diffuse sensor

The proximity sensor has a PNP output, i.e. the signal line is connected to the positive potential when switched. The load is connected
between the proximity sensor signal output and ground. A yellow LED indicates the switching status. Reliable operation of the diffuse sensor
is ensured when the green LED lights up (indication of operating reserve), if the diffuse sensor does detect an object.

24 V

24 V
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4 Q1


Connection of the optical proximity sensor

Technical data


Size M12

Type of light red

Working range 70 – 300 mm

Setting option Potentiometer

Swivel range 210°

Subject to change


Operating voltage 10 – 30 V DC

Residual ripple ≤ 10 %

Idle current ≤ 30 mA

Switching output PNP, normally open

Switching status display Yellow LED

Operating reserve display Green LED

Output current Max. 200 mA

Switching frequency Max. 1000 Hz

Ambient temperature -5 – +55 °C

Protection class IP 67

Reverse polarity and short circuit protection Integrated

Electrical connection Sockets for 4 mm safety plug

CE mark In compliance with EU-EMC directive

Subject to change

2/2 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG 06/2010