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Chem 16 Third Long Exam Sample Exam

Modified TRUE or FALSE

Write TRUE if the statement is correct, otherwise change the underlined word(s) to make the statement
correct.

1. The van der Waals equation with respect to the ideal gas law, adjusts the measured pressure down
by adding a factor that accounts for intermolecular attractions.
2. pThe heat of fusion of a substance is always larger than its heat of vaporization.
3. AlCl3 is both a Brønsted-Lowry acid and a Lewis acid.
4. The attractive force that keeps the protons and neutrons in the nucleus is called the weak nuclear
force.
5. Dipole-dipole forces are primarily responsible for the dissolution of NaCl in water.
6. The root mean square speed of a particle is inversely proportional to its molar mass.
7. The dissolution of NaOH is highly exothermic because the lattice energy is much smaller than the
combined heats of hydration of its ions.
8. Carbon-14 decays via positron emission.
9. The air inside a hot air balloon is denser than the air surrounding it.
10. Raoult’s law dictates that the solubility of a gas in a solution is proportional to the partial pressure of
the gas above the solution.
11. Glass is an example of a molecular solid.
12. F- is a stronger base than Cl-.
13. All amphiprotic substances are amphoteric.
14. The volume of 1 mole of an ideal gas at 250C and 1 atm is 22.4 L.
15. The meniscus of mercury in a capillary tube is upwards because cohesive forces are weaker than
adhesive forces.

Multiple Choice

1. Which of the following acids has the most ionizable hydrogen atoms per molecule?
A. H3PO4
B. H3PO3
C. H3PO2
D. Each one contains the same number of ionizable H atoms.
2. Which physical property decreases with an increase in intermolecular molecular forces?
A. Boiling point
B. Enthalpy of vaporization
C. Vapor pressure
D. Viscosity
3. The kinetic theory of gases assumes all of the following EXCEPT:
A. Gases are composed of particles in random, ceaseless motion.
B. The sizes of gas particles are negligible compared to the size of the container.
C. Gas particles do not attract or repel each other.
D. When gas particles collide, kinetic energy is lost.
4. The normal boiling point and vapor pressure at 25oC are measured for liquids in two flasks. Flask A
contains pure water and flask B contains a 1.0 M aqueous NaCl solution. Which flask contains liquid
with the higher boiling point? Which flask contains the liquid with higher vapor pressure?
Higher boiling point High vapor pressure
A. Flask A Flask A
B. Flask A Flask B
C. Flask B Flask A
D. Flask B Flask B
5. A sample of He gas in a flexible container at room temperature exhibits a certain pressure. What will be
the new pressure when the absolute temperature and volume of the container are both halved? The
pressure of the He will be ____________.
A. the same
B. doubled
C. halved
D. quadrupled
6. Which of these pure substances has the highest normal boiling point?
A. CH4
B. NH3
C. SiH4
D. PH3
7. A mixture of 0.50 mol H2 gas and 1.3 mol Ar gas is sealed in a container with a volume of 4.82 L. If the
temperature of the mixture is 50.0oC, what is the partial pressure of H2 in the sample?
A. 1.5 atm
B. 2.8 atm
C. 7.2 atm
D. 9.9 atm
8. According to the phase diagram of methanol shown below, which statement is correct?

A. Solid methanol has a greater density than liquid methanol.


B. Solid methanol sublimes at atmospheric pressure.
C. Solid, liquid, and gaseous methanol can only coexist above 1 atm.
D. At 200oC and 1 atm, methanol is a supercritical fluid.
9. The atmospheric pressure on the summit of Mt. Everest is 0.333 atm. At what temperature does H2O
boil there? ΔHvap H2O = 40.7 kJ/mol
A. 71oC
B. 87oC
C. 96oC
D. 98oC
10. Which nuclide undergoes beta decay?
A. 11C
B. 13N
C. 19O
D. 22Na
11. Which statement about the properties of barium chloride and mercury(II) chloride is correct?
A. BaCl2 has a higher melting point than HgCl2.
B. BaCl2 has a higher solubility in nonpolar solvents than HgCl2.
C. BaCl2 has a higher vapor pressure than HgCl2.
D. Molten BaCl2 has a lower electrical conductivity than molten HgCl2.
12. A sample of O2 gas at a given temperature and pressure has a density of 1.30 g/L. What is the density of
gaseous propane under the same conditions?
A. 1.30 g/L
B. 1.79 g/L
C. 1.96 g/L
D. 2.60 g/L
13. An aqueous solution of potassium sulfate (K2SO4) has a freezing point of -2.24oC. What is its molality?
(Kf = 1.86 oC/m)
A. 0.401 m
B. 0.602 m
C. 1.20 m
D. 4.17 m
14. Dissolution of which salt in water results in a decrease in the temperature of the solution?
A. AlCl3
B. KHSO4
C. NH4NO3
D. NaOH
15. Which sample contains the smallest number of atoms?
A. 1.0 L of Ar at STP
B. 1.0 L of H2 at STP
C. 1.0 L of Ar at 25oC and 760 mmHg
D. 1.0 L of H2 at 00C and 900 mmHg
16. The melting point of silicon dioxide (1713oC) is higher than the melting point of silicon (1414OC). What
is the best explanation for this difference?
A. Silicon-oxygen bonds are stronger than silicon-silicon bonds.
B. Silicon dioxide is an ionic solid while silicon is a metallic solid.
C. Silicon dioxide is polar while silicon is nonpolar.
D. Silicon dioxide forms tetragonal crystals while silicon forms cubic crystals.
17. A sample containing only the isotope 99Mo undergoes radioactive decay as shown:
Which of the following statements about the relative activity of 99Mo and 99mTc in the sample is
correct?

A. The activity of 99mTc exceeds that of 99Mo after about 20 h.


B. The activity of 99mTc exceeds that of 99Mo after about 120 h.
C. The activity of 99mTc becomes roughly equal to that of the 99Mo after about 20 h.
D. The activity of 99mTc becomes roughly equal to that of the 99Mo after about 120 h.
18. A 1.0 M aqueous solution of which compound has the lowest pH?
A. CH3CH2OH
B. CH3COOH
C. CH3CHO
D. Cl3CCHO
19. What is the product of alpha emission from the isotope uranium-238?
A. 232Th
B. 234Th
C. 237Np
D. 231Pa
20. Which of the following salts will yield a basic solution?
A. KClO2
B. CH3NH3NO3
C. FeBr3
D. NaClO4
21. Which of the following is amphiprotic in water?
A. SO2
B. SO32-
C. HSO3-
D. H2SO3
22. At constant temperature and pressure, 5.0 L of SO2 is combined with 3.0 L of O2, according to the
equation: 2 SO2 (g) + O2 (g)  SO3 (g). After SO3 formation is complete, what is the volume of the
mixture?
A. 5.5 L
B. 6.0 L
C. 6.5 L
D. 8.0 L
23. Equal volumes of aqueous 1.00 m glucose (C6H12O6) and 1.00 m sodium chloride solutions are placed on
opposite sides of a U-tube, separated by a semipermeable membrane (through which only water can
diffuse). What will the setup look like at equilibrium?
24. Nitrogen, N2 has the following properties:
Normal melting point: 63.2 K Normal boiling point: 77.4 K
Triple point: 0.127 atm, 63.1 K Critical point: 33.5 atm, 126.0 K
Which statement about N2 is correct?
A. Liquid N2 is denser than solid N2.
B. At sufficiently high pressure, N2 can be liquefied at 150 K.
C. Liquid N2 and gaseous N2 can coexist at 63.1 K and 1 atm.
D. If N2 is heated from 60 K to 70 K at 0.100 atm, it sublimes.
25. For which pair of allotropes is one a molecular solid and the other a network covalent solid?
A. Dioxygen and ozone
B. White phosphorus and red phosphorus
C. Rhombic sulfur and monoclinic sulfur
D. Gray tin and white tin
26. What mass of ice at 0.00C must be added to 100 g H2O at 25.00C to cool it to 0.00C. The heat of fusion
of ice is 334 J/g.
A. 1.25 g
B. 7.49 g
C. 31.3 g
D. 100. g

Ranking

1. Rank in order of increasing basicity 0.10 M aqueous solutions of the following solutes.

NaC2H3O2 CaC2H3O2 NH4C2H3O2 Ba(C2H3O2)2

2. Rank in order of increasing vapor pressure at a given temperature the following chemical species.

CH3OCH2CH3 CH3COOCH2CH3 CH3CH2COOH CH3CH2CH2OH CH3CH(OH)CH3

3. Rank in order of increasing observed freezing point of ice when the following solutes are added at
equal molality.

K2SO4 Mg3(PO4)2 Mg(NO3)2 NaC2H3O2

4. Rank in order of increasing solubility in water at 250C.

CH4 CH3Cl CH2Cl2 CHCl3 CCl4


5. Rank in order of increasing boiling point.

CH3Cl CH3Br CH3NH2 CH3OH CH3SH