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10.

Dahil sa kanyang paniniwala na ang araw ang sentro ng


LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY solar system, si Galileo ay itinuring na ___ ng Simbahang
TIME: 70 MINUTES Katoliko.
A. pilibustero C. traydor
VOCABULARY B. erehe D. mangmang
1. Geoffrey pretended to know a lot about Philippine folk
dances, but he was really just a _______. 11. Napagtatanto lamang ng mga tao ang ___ ng mga bagay
A. catalyst C. dilettante kapag ito’y wala na.
B. supernumerary D. chimera A. saliw C. linsil
D. kabalintunaan D. kapararakan
2. Drei’s behavior only ___ an already bad situation.
A. obfuscated C. preempted 12. ___ si Leo sa kanyang kapatid na si Rea dahil sa kawalang-
B. exacerbated D. flouted dangal ng napili nitong hanapbuhay.
A. nananaghoy C. nangani-ngani
3. It’s not a good idea to take a balloon ride in ____ weather B. nagtitimpi D. nawiwili
conditions.
A. adverse C. malleable 13. Ilang taong ipinagkaila sa mga Pilipino ang kalayaan.
B. affable D. onerous Ipinagtanggol ng ating mga bayani ang karapatan nating
maging malaya, ngunit hanggang sa ngayon ay hindi pa rin
4. The first-grade teacher attempted to ___ his pupils in the tuluyang ___ sa ating mga isipan ang kahulugan ng
virtues of playing fair. pambansang pagkakaisa.
A. edify C. stipulate A. tumitimo C. nahihinuha
B. comprise D. exonerate B. nalilingap D. naglalantang

5. The philosophy lecture was so predictable, so ___, that ANALOGY


everyone fell asleep in five minutes. 14. cacophony: harmony;
A. astute C. ineffable A. education: edification C. equality: order
B. ascetic D. banal B. miniscule: gargantuan D. subjugation: labor

6. How my brother ever became a priest is an ___ to all of his 15. vacillating:indecisive;
high school friends. A. impecunious: impoverished C. vacant: brilliant
A. idiosyncrasy C. archetype B. capricious: predictable D. inept: competent
B. enigma D. antipathy
16. assuage: provoke;
7. Kosaki was so ___ that she couldn’t follow even the simple A. mercurial: unpredictable C. belligerent: quarrelsome
directions on the cake box. B. abstruse: straightforward D. lugubrious: morose
A. opulent C. obtuse
B. officious D. candid 17. unanimous: disagreements;
A. visible: scenes C. colorful: hues
8. Alden was well known for his ___, his ability to lie on the B. distance: yardstick D. tacit: words
couch and watch TV all day.
A. reticence C. animosity 18. teller: bank;
B. futility D. lethargy A. artist: museum C. waiter: restaurant
B. cashier: check D. borrower: loan
9. Walang taong di ___ sa likas na kagandahang taglay ng
tanawin sa probinsyang aming kinalakihan. 19. Sa Aking Mga Kababata: Jose Rizal; A La Patria: ___
A. mabubuyo C. malulugami A. Emilio Aguinaldo C. Apolinario Mabini
B. mararawal D. matutukso B. Emilio Jacinto D. Andres Bonifacio
20. Judas: traydor; Pilato: ___ 28.
A. mapaghugas-kamay C. kagalang-galang A. If Troy sings as well as tonight as he did in this afternoon,
B. mapanghusga D. mapagmataas he will have won the award.
B. If Troy sings as well as tonight as he did in this afternoon,
21. Hapon: disiplina; Pilipino: ___ he should win the award.
A. kalinisan C. katapatan C. If Troy sings as well as tonight as he did In this afternoon,
B. hospitalidad D. katapangan he have won the award.
D. If Troy sings as well tonight as he did this afternoon, he
22. magbanat ng buto: maghanapbuhay; mambilog ng won the award.
ulo:___ 29.
A. mangutya C. manloko A. Verbal phone contact could not be obtained with Mr.
B. magkusang-loob D. magpakahirap Soriano by me, and so I proceeded to his domicile.
B. I could not make verbal contact with Mr. Soriano by phone,
so I advanced to his place.
PROPER AND EFFECTIVE EXPRESSION C. I could not reach Mr. Soriano by phone, so I went to his
23. home.
A. Ben took the job and many difficulties happened to him. D. Verbal phone contact with Mr. Soriano could not be made,
B. Ben had taken the job, making him suffer more difficulties. so I proceeded to his home.
C. Ben took the job and since then he had so much 30.
difficulties. A. We camped in a small cabin on the edge of a cliff which
D. Ben took the job and he met many difficulties. had been uninhabited for years.
24. B. On the edge of the cliff on a small cabin which has been
A. The mother left the house with her child and she had a uninhabited for years we camped.
heavy heart. C. We camped in a small cabin, which had been uninhabited
B. With a heavy heart the mother left the house with her for years on the edge of the cliff.
child. D. We camped on the edge of the cliff, in a small cabin which
C. The mother left the house with her child and with a heavy had been uninhabited for years.
heart. 31.
D. With the child the mother left the house with a heavy A. One hundred fifty years is a twinkle to a stat but to a man
heart. it is three lifetimes.
25. B. One hundred fifty years is a twinkle to a star, but to a man
A. The car skidded and crashed into a corner drugstore. It was it is three lifetimes.
smashed. C. A twinkle to a star and three lifetimes is 150 years.
B. The drugstore had been smashed by a car that crashed and D. 150 years is a twinkle to a star, but to a man it is three
skidded into it. lifetimes.
C. The car which crashed into the corner drugstore was 32.
smashed. A. Because the ABCD School and its teachers had no business
D. The car, as it skidded and crashed, smashed the corner registration and license to teach, the Department of
drugstore. Education closed it down last year.
26. B. The Department of Education shut down the ABCD School
A. Brian was not only friendly but also cooperative. last year because it has been found out that the school was
B. Not only Brian was friendly but also cooperative. not registered and that its teachers were not licensed to
C. Brian not only acts friendly but also cooperatively. teach.
D. Not only friendly but also cooperative Brian is. C. Last year, the Department of Education shut down the
27. ABCD School because it found out that the school had no
A. While running the marathon, a faint feeling suddenly came business license and the school’s teachers had no teaching
over me. licenses
B. While running the marathon, over me came a faint feeling D. Last year, the Department of Education moved for the
suddenly. closure of ABCD School because it found out that it had no
C. While running the marathon, it caused a faint feeling. business registration and none of its teachers has a license to
D. While running the marathon, I suddenly felt faint. teach.
33. 40.
A. My sister is going to take a little trip to Italy in Europe in A. Agarang dinala ni Aira ang kanyang asong may sakit sa
June next year. beterinaryo.
B. My sister is going to take a little trip in June next year to B. Agarang dinala ni Aira ang kanyang asong may-sakit sa
Italy in Europe. beterinaryo.
C. My sister is going to take a little trip to Europe in Italy in C. Agarang dinala ni Aira ang kanyang asong maysakit sa
June next year. beterinaryo.
D. My sister is going to take a little trip to Europe next year, D. Agarang dinala ni Aira ang kanyang asong may, sakit sa
to Italy in June beterinaryo.
34.
A. Magkasinbilis na tumakbo sina Hare at Steph. SENTENCE COMPLETION
B. Magkasingbilis na tumakbo sina Hare at Steph. 41. Since my thoughts ___ yours, I would like to ___ you on
C. Napabilis na tumakbo sina Hare at Steph. this matter.
D. Magkasimbilis na tumakbo sina Hare at Steph. A. differ with…differ with C. differ with…differ from
35. B. differ from…differ with D. differ from…differ from
A. Nakaranas ang mga tao ng Maynila ng gutom ng panahon
ng Hapon. 42. According Arsene Dumont, people have irresistible urge
B. Nakaranas ang mga tao ng Maynila ng gutom nang to ___ the social ladder.
panahon ng Hapon. A. raise up B. rise up C. raised up D. risen up
C. Nakaranas ang mga tao ng Maynila ng gurom dating
panahon ng Hapon. 43. I bought twenty miniature ___ and ten model ___ for the
D. Nakaranas ang mga tao ng Maynila ng gutom noong house. Do you have some ___ that could hold them?
panahon ng Hapon. A. dwarves – elves – shelves
36. B. dwarfs – elfs – shelfs
A. Labingwalong regalo ang natanggap ni Gia. C. dwarfs – elves – shelves
B. Labing-walong regalo ang natanggap ni Gia. D. dwarves – elfs – shelfs
C. Labimwalong regalo ang natanggap ni Gia.
D. Labinwalong regalo ang natanggap ni Gia. 44. According to Machiavelli, it is not imperative that a ruler
37. __ good, he just has to appear so.
A. Inilagay ng mga pulis ang kadena sa kamay ng kriminal. A. were B. is C. be D. was
B. Nilagyan ng mga pulis ang kadena sa kamay ng kriminal.
C. Nilagyan ng mga pulis ang kadena sa kamay ng kriminal. 45. Nike is going to France ___ May next year. Particularly, he
D. Naglagay ng mga pulis ang kadena sa kamay ng kriminal. would be leaving ___ seven o’clock a.m. ___ Valentine’s Day.
38. A. in – at – in C. at – on – at
A. Nang makamit ang iyong mga pangarap, kailangan mong B. in – on – on D. in – at – on
magsikap.
B. Kung makamit ang iyong mga pangarap, kailangan mong 46. The word indices ___ the plural for the singular index.
magsikap. A. was B. is C. were D. are
C. Upang makamit ang iyong mga pangarap, kailangan mong
magsikap. 47. Sakuragi did a slam dunk and the crowd ___ approval.
D. Maski makamit ang iyong mga pangarap, kailangan mong A. its B. his C. their D. our
magsikap.
39. 48. Yuzuru badly needs his teacher’s ___.
A. Si Shanks rin ang siyang nagwakas sa digmaan. A. advising B. advise C. advisory D. advice
B. Si Shanks din ang siyang nagwakas sa digmaan.
C. Si Shanks daw ang siyang nagwakas sa digmaan. 49. Four years ago, my ___ retired from their ___ positions
D. Si Shanks din daw ang siyang nagwakas sa digmaan. and jointly established their own business.
A. brother-in-laws….well-paid
B. brother-in-laws….well paid
C. brothers-in-law….well-paid
D. brothers-in-law….well paid
50. Most of the milk ___ gone bad. Six gallons of milk ___ still 60. ___ mga bakas ng paa na natagpuan sa pinangyarihan ng
in the refrigerator. insidente.
A. has…are C. have…is A. Mayroong C. Merong
B. had…is D. had…are D. Mayroon na D. May

51. Some people believe that ‘familiarity breeds contempt’ CLOZE TEST
___, it’s not necessarily true.
A. moreover C. however 61.64.
B. secondly D. in addition You have been told that if you ___ these defendants you will
be despised because you will endorse everything they ___.
52. A prophet can expect to be disbelieved ___ the end of the But I am not here to defend my client’s opinions. I am here to
world. defend their right to express their opinions. I ask you, then, to
A. when you predict C. when one predicts ___ this case upon the facts as you heard them, in light of the
B. when we predict D. when predicting law as you understand it, in light of the history of our country,
whose institutions you and I are bound to ___.
53. On that day, mankind received a grim reminder. We lived A. decide B. believe C. protect D. acquit
in fear of the Titans and ___ to live in these cages we called Answer:DBAC
walls.
A. are disgraced C. were in disgrace 65.-68.
B. were disgraced D. are in disgrace Those who have studied cat-owners and dog-owners as two
___ groups report there is also a gender bias. The majority of
54. Walang ___ ang ginawang pagmamaltrato ni Lenessia sa cat-lovers are female. The bias is not ___ in view of the
mag-ina. division of labor evident in the development of human
A. kasingsama C. kasing-sama societies. Prehistoric males became ___ as group-hunters,
B. kasinsama D. kasing sama while the females concentrated on food gathering and
childbearing. This difference contributed to a human male
55. Ilang dayuhan na ang nanakop sa Pilipinas at ilang ‘pack mentality’ that is far less marked in females. Wolves,
digmaan na rin ang napagtagumpayan ng ating lahi, ___ the wild ancestors of domestic dogs, also became pack-
hanggang ngayon ay hindi pa rin natin nakakamit ang tunay hunters, so the ___ dog has much more in common with the
na kalayaan. human male than with the human female.
A. sapagkat C. subalit A. modern B. distinct C. surprising D. specialize
B. kung D. dahil Answer: BCDA

56. Nais ni Aladdin na maglakbay sa ___ lupain upang 69.-70 Can we see _69_ that the earth is a globe? Yes, we
mapagbuti ang kanyang kaalaman ukol sa daigdig. can, when we watch a ship that sails out to sea. If we watch
A. malayong malayong C. malayung malayong closely, we see that the ship begins to disappear. The bottom
B. malayong-malayong D. malayung-malayong of the ship disappears first, and then the ship seems to sink
lower and lower, until we can only see the top of the ship,
57. Walang nagawa si Geian ___ ang pagmasdang wasakin ng and then we see nothing at all. What is hiding the ship from
bagyo ang tahanang ilang taon niyang pinuhunan. us? It is the Earth. Stick a pin most of the way, into an orange,
A. kundi C. kung di and __70__ turn the orange away from you. You will see the
B. kungdi D. kun di pin disappear, just as a ship does on the earth.
69. A. if B. where C. that D. whether
58. ___ ni Ul ang kakayahan ___ Gray at Lyon. 70. A. reluctantly C. slowly
A. susubukin…nila C. susubukan…nila B. accidentally D. carefully
B. susubukin…nina D. susubukan…nina

59. Ilang araw ___ ang nakalipas bago magkamalay muli si


Daniel.
A. rin B. din C. daw D. ata
71.-76. 83. Sagacious individuals do not (B)construct two-story
Isang simbolikong proseso ang komunikasyon. Napapaloob (C)out-houses. (D)No error
dito ang paggamit ng mga __71__ upang makapagpahayag
ng mga ideya at __72__ magkakaugnay. Nagsisimula ito sa 84. Every one of the (A)boys in the class must have (B)their
isang encoder __73__ nagpapadala ng mensahe sa decoder elbows (C)fumigated. (D)No error
sa __74__ ng wika. Dumaraan ang mensahe sa __75__ ibang
85. Rin and Riki (A)are practicing (B)because they want to
tsanel hanggang makarating ito sa __76__. Nagbibgiay naman
defeat Kyousuke and (C)he in the wrestling match (D)No error
ng feedback ang decoder at sa ganitong pagkakataon, siya
naman ang nagiging encoder. Nagpapatuloy ang ganitong 86. Melanin, a pigment that (A)lays under the skin layers, (B)is
proseso hanggang matapos ang sagutan ng dalawang kalahok responsible for skin color, including the variations that occur
sa komunikasyon. (C)occur among different races. (D)No error
71. A. simbolo B. titik C. tunog D. wika
72. A. dayalogong C. pangungusap 87. Most of the one-room schools still in existence in the
B. mensaheng D. talata United States (A)are in remote, sparsely populated areas
73. A. at B. saka C. na D. siyang where there are (B)hardly no other schools (C)within
74. A. gamit B. salita C. tunog D. tulong reasonable commuting distance. (D)No error
75. A. anumang C. bawat
88. (A)Although Ernest Hemingway identified (B)with
B. bagong D. iba’t
traditional strongmen type, (C)bullfighters, big game hunters
76. A. dekoder C. katabi
and deep-sea fisherman, he died (D)alone a suicide.
B. enkoder D. kausap
89. Consumer Reports, (A)published by and (B)independent,
ERROR DETECTION nonprofit organization, (C)was the best guide consumers
have today (D)for finding quality merchandise.
77. Nagulat si Matthew nang biglang buksan ni Aira ang
pintuan. 90. We were sitting in the (A)park, my friend Komari and
A. nagulat B. nang C. pintuan D. Walang mali (B)me, when I (C)suddenly see a white squirrel (D)dash up a
78. Labimpitong taong gulang si Ayumi nang iwan siya ng juniper tree.
kanyang mga magulang.
A. Labimpitong C. ng
B. nang D. Walang mali
-END OF LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY-
79. Buong pusong ginampanan ni Bisca ang pagiging
maybahay ni Alzack.
Stop! Do not open the next page unless you are told to
A. Buong pusong C. maybahay
do so
B. ginampanan D. Walang mali
80. Ibinilin ng kanyang nanay kay Riza na pahiran ang mga
alikabok sa kanyang silid.
A. Ibinilin C. ang mga alikabok
B. pahiran D. Walang mali
81. Nagsalu-salo sa iisang piraso ng isda ang apat na
magkakapatid.
A. Nagsalu-salo C. ng isda
B. iisang piraso D. Walang mali
82. Kulang sa alat ang nilutong adobo ni Jess kaya dinagdagan
niya pa ito ng NaCl.
A. ang nilutong adobo C. NaCl
B. kaya D. Walang mali
UPCAT MOCK EXAM – SCIENCE 4. Cyanide binds with at least one of the molecules involved
in the production of ATP. Following the exposure of a cell to
TIME: 50 MINUTES cyanide, most of the cyanide could be expected to be found
within the _______.
The illustration above shows an experimental set-up showing
A. mitochondria C. lysosomes
two insulated Styrofoam cups filled with water. The two cups
B. ribosomes D. endoplasmic reticulum
are connected to each other by an aluminum bar. The
thermometer shows the temperature of the water in cups A
5. Which assumptions of Dalton’s atomic theory had to be
and B at the start of the heat-flow experiment. Cup A is filled
0 revised or discarded because of the existence of isotopes?
with boiling water at 100 C while cup B is filled with water at
0 A. The ultimate particles of matter are the atoms of elements,
25 C. Answer questions 1 and 2 using this figure.
which are indivisible and indestructible.
B. All atoms of a given element are alike in all aspects
C. The atoms of different elements differ in one or more
properties
D. Compounds are formed by combination of different kinds
of atoms

6. Liquid triethylene glycol is a solvent and plasticizer for vinyl


and polyurethane plastics. It has a molecular formula C 6H14O4.
The unbalanced equation for the combustion of triethylene
glycol is shown below. What is the coefficient of O2 when the
equation is balanced correctly using the smallest whole-
number coefficients?
___C6H14O4 + ___ O2  ____ CO2 + ___ H2O
A. 7 B. 11 C. 14 D. 15

7. A set of chimes of different lengths hang as shown below.


Which pipe gave the lowest note when struck with a
hammer?
1. In the next 15 minutes, what would most likely happen?
A. Temperature of A decreases and temperature of B
increases
B. Both temperatures of A and B increase
C. Both temperatures of A and B decrease
D. Temperature of A increases and temperature of B
decreases

2. Which change in the experiment would increase the A. W B.X C. Y D. Z


heating rate of the water in cup B?
A. Shortening the length of the aluminum bar connecting 8. Which of the following statements do not provide an
both cups explanation about the movement of the Earth’s crust?
B. Lengthening the length of the aluminum bar connecting A. The mantle beneath the Earth’s crust is made of plastic
both cups materials that have convection currents.
C. Keeping cup A covered while uncovering cup B B. The Earth’s crust has cracked into huge plates which move
D. Keeping cup B covered while uncovering cup A slowly due to convection currents in the mantle.
C. Earthquakes that originate beneath the sea can produce
3. Blue jays and kingbirds both belong to order Passeriformes. tsunamis.
This means that they also belong to the same ___. D. Many years of stress on the rock may fracture the crust
A. family C. phylum causing one portion to slide upward or downward with
B. genus D. species respect to each other.
9. At the end of the movie ‘Titanic’, Rose dropped the blue 13. Mangrove trees can live in estuaries because they
diamond, Heart of the Ocean into the water. As the diamond develop salt glands. Which statement best explains this
sinks, which of the following is true regarding the absolute characteristics?
pressure and buoyant force on the jewel? A. Mangrove trees adapt to their environment
A. The pressure and buoyant force are both constant B. Mangrove trees respond to stimuli
B. The pressure increases while the buoyant force is constant C. Mangrove trees need water to live
C. The pressure is constant and the buoyant force increases D. Mangrove trees need salt to live
D. The pressure and buoyant force both increase
14. A swimming pool filled with ____ will have a bottom that
10. Imagine some cosmic catastrophe that jolts Earth so that appears the shallowest. Note: n is the index of refraction of
it is no longer tilted, its axis is perpendicular to the plane of the liquid
its orbit around the sun. The most predictable effect of this A. water (n = 1.333)
change would be _____. B. oil (n = 1.5)
A. no more night and day C. methanol (n = 1.329)
B. a big change in the length of the year D. glycerol (n = 1.473)
C. a cooling of the equator
D. a loss of seasonal variation at northern and southern 15. A chemist performs the same test on two homogenous
latitudes white crystalline solids, A and B. The results are shown in the
table below.
11. Triconympha campanulata is a flagellate that lives inside
the guts of termites. The former digests the cellulose from Solid A Solid B
0
the wood eaten by the termites while the latter serves as the Melting point High, 801 C Low, decomposes
0
host. Which of the following organisms belong to the same at 186 C
kind of ecological relationship as the termite and the Solubility in water 35.7 3.2
(g/100 mL water
flagellate? 0
at 0 C)
A. fleas – dogs C. remoras – sharks
Electrical Good conductor Nonconductor
B. zebras – lions D. sea anemone – crab Conductivity (in
aqueous solution)

12. The results of these test suggests that


A. Both solid contain only ionic bonds.
B. Both solid contain only covalent bond.
C. Solid A contains only covalent bonds and solid B contains
only ionic bonds.
D. Solid A contains only ionic bonds and solid B contains only
covalent bonds.

16. Which situation illustrates the coordinated functions of


nervous, skeletal and muscular systems?
A. The chicken flees upon sensing the presence of the snake
B. The baby identifies her mother through the sense of smell
C. The dog wags its tail when its master arrives
D. The man perspires as he runs
Which of the following mixtures can be separated using the
set-up shown above? 17. Which part of the water cycle represents a phase change
A. sugar and iron fillings from gas to liquid?
B. salt solution and sand A. Transpiration of water from the leaves of plants
C. water and ethyl alcohol B. Precipitation of rain to the ground
D. oil and sugar solution. C. Formation of clouds
D. Evaporation of water from the oceans
18. Given the diagram below that shows carbon dioxide in an 21. The statements below comprise Kepler’s Laws of
equilibrium system at 298 K and a pressure of 1 atm Planetary Motion except for:
A. Each planet moves in an elliptical orbit, with the sun at one
focus of the ellipses
B. A line from the sun to each planet sweeps out equal areas
in equal times
C. The periods of the planet are proportional to 3/2 powers of
the major axis lengths of their orbits.
D. Each planet moves in an elliptical rotation, with the sun at
one focus of the ellipses

22. The diagram below represents a large beaker of water


being heated to demonstrate convection
Which changes must increase the solubility of carbon
dioxide?
A. increase pressure and decrease temperature
B. increase both pressure and temperature
C. decrease both pressure and temperature
D. decrease pressure and increase temperature

19. GROUP A GROUP B


corn beans
bamboo gumamelas
rice mangoes The movement of water upward from A to B is due to
wheat roses A. capillary action within the water
B. differences in density in the water
Group A was separated from group B because
C. the shape of the beaker
A. group A plants have more leaves than group B
D. air movement across the surface of the water
B. group A plants have parallel venation, group B has netted
venation
23.
C. group A have woodier trunk than group B
D. group A plants have taproots compared to group B plants
which have fibrous roots

20. The diagram below shows the final steps of a biochemical


pathway used by the bacterium Sarratia mercescens to
At which point will the potential energy of the ball the
produce a red pigment molecule. Letters X, Y and Z represent
greatest?
the intermediate molecules produced in the pathway. Four
A. A B. B C. C D. D
enzymes are also involved in the pathway shown.

24.
basalt granite obsidian
pumice gabbro rhyolite

A mutant strain of S. mercescens produces molecule X and Y The rocks listed above are formed primarily by
but does not produce the pigment molecule for molecule Z. A. volcanic eruptions and crystallization
Based on this result, it can be concluded that there must be a B. melting and solidification
mutation in the gene coding for which enzyme? C. heat and pressure
A. Enzyme 1 C. Enzyme 3 D. compaction and cementation
B. Enzyme 2 D. Enzyme 4
25. In a contest, you are trying to produce the highest pitch 30. A ball is thrown vertically upward. Air resistance is
possible. A sound sensor is placed in front of you. Which of negligible. After leaving the hand, the acceleration of the ball
the following actions should you do to register the highest is downwards under which of the following conditions?
pitch? I on the way up II on the way down III on top of its rise
A. Shouting while moving away from the sensor A. I only B. II only C. III only D. I, II and III
B. Shouting while at rest
C. Shouting while walking toward the sensor 31. An ammeter measures the
D. Shouting while running toward the sensor current in the circuit shown in
the left. When a piece of wire
26. In sheep, the allele for white wool (W) is dominant, and labeled X is replaced by a
the allele for black wool (w) is recessive. A farmer has mated second identical R. Which of the
two Suffolk sheep for a few years. This resulted in six following happens to the
offspring, four with white wool and two with black wool. One current?
parent has white wool and the other has black wool. A. It increases
Which of the following could be the genotypes of the parent B. It decreases
sheep? C. It goes to zero
A. WW and Ww C. Ww and Ww D. It remains the same
B. WW and ww D. Ww amd ww
32. The graph below represents the relationship between
27. Four flasks each contain 100 mL of aqueous solutions of atomic radii, in picometers and increasing atomic number for
0
equal concentrations at 25 C and 1 atm. Which solution elements in a certain group.
would most likely turn red litmus paper to blue?
A. KCl B. CH3OH C. Ba(OH)2 D. CH3COOH

28. The diagram below represents radioactive emanations


passing through an electric field.

Which element is the most metallic?


Which type of emanation is represented by arrow 1? A. A B. B C. C D. D
A. alpha particle C. positron
B. beta particle D. gamma ray 33. Which sequence represents the correct order of events
for the production of necessary complex molecules after food
29. If water, oil and corn syrup are very carefully poured into is taken in by a multicellular animal?
a glass one at a time, three distinct layers will form as shown A. diffusion-synthesis-absorption-digestion-absorption
in the diagram below. What will happen if a drop of corn B. circulation-diffusion-synthesis-absorption-digestion
syrup is added to the glass containing three liquid layers of C. digestion-absorption-circulation-diffusion-synthesis
water, oil and corn syrup? D. synthesis-digestion-absorption-diffusion-circulation
A. The drop of corn syrup will float
on the top layer 34. Why is there no work done by gravity on a bowling ball
B. The drop will be trapped that rolls along a bowling alley?
between the water and oil layers A. No force acts on the ball
C. The drop will mix with the oil B. The ball covers zero distance
layer C. The ball’s potential energy is not converted to kinetic
D. The drop will pass through the oil and water layer and mix energy
with the corn syrup layer D. The force on the ball is perpendicular to its displacement
35. Which of the following describes the number of sub- 41. The graph below shows the change in carbon dioxide
atomic particles in the atomic species shown below? concentration in parts per million in Earth’s atmosphere from
A. 44 protons, 41 electrons, 57 neutrons 1960 to 1990
B. 44 protons, 44 electrons, 57 neutrons The most likely cause of
C. 47 protons, 44 electrons, 55 neutrons the overall change in the
D. 41 protons, 47 electrons, 54 neutrons level of carbon dioxide
from 1960 to 1990 is
For items 36 and 37 refer to the explanations below on why A. number of violent
giraffes have long necks. storms
1. Ancestral giraffes probably had necks that varied in length. B. number of volcanic
The variations are hereditary. eruptions
2. Ancestral giraffes probably had short necks that were C. use of nuclear power
subjected to frequent stretching to enable them to reach the D. use of fossil fuels
foliage trees.
3. The offspring of giraffes had longer necks that also
stretched frequently in the quest of food
4. Natural selection led to survival of longer-necked offspring
at the expense of the shorter-necked ones. 42. A ball is dropped from the top of a building and reaches
the ground after some time t. If the ball is dropped from the
36. Which of the explanations above are based from Darwin’s top of another building that is four times as high, how much
theories of evolution? time will it take for the ball to reach the ground?
A. 1 and 2 C. 1 and 4 A. t B. 2t C. 3t D. 4t
B. 2 and 3 D. 3 and 4
37. Which of the explanations above are based from 43. A fish of mass 2.00 kg is weighed on a spring scale
Lamarck’s theories of evolution? attached to the ceiling of an elevator. The elevator
2
A. 1 and 3 C. 1 and 4 accelerates upward at a rate of 1.20 m/s . What is the
B. 2 and 3 D. 2 and 4 reading on the scale?
2
[Use g = 9.8 m/s ]
Items 38-39 A. 19.6 N C. 22.0 N
Ammonia is burned to form nitric oxide in the following B. 20.4 N D. 24.0 N
reaction __ NH3 + __ O2  __ NO + __ H2O
38. When the above equation is balanced using the smallest For items 44 and 45, refer to the circuit shown below
whole number coefficients, what would be the stoichiometric
coefficient for nitric oxide? 44. If all resistors in the circuit
A. 1 B. 3 C. 2 D. 4 have a resistance of 2 Ω, what is
39. If 90 g of nitric oxide was formed from the complete the effective resistance of the
combustion of ammonia, how many grams of oxygen were circuit?
used? (MW (g/mol) H = 1.00, N = 14.0, O = 16.0) A. 0.4 Ω C. 0.8 Ω
A. 45 g B. 90 g C. 30 g D. 60 g B. 1.0 Ω D. 2.0 Ω

40. Below are some events that take place during cell
division. Which would be their correct order? 45. If the power source shown in the circuit has a potential
I. Chromosomes line up at the equatorial plate difference of 2.0 V, what is the total current of the circuit?
II. Chromosomes condense, becoming shorter and thicker A. 2.5 A B. 5.0 A C. 3.0 V D. 6.0 V
III. Chromosomes have lengthen and the nuclear membrane
forms around them 46. Which of the following is NOT needed in the process of
IV. Centromeres divide and the chromosomes move to the photosynthesis?
opposite poles A. water C. chlorophyll
A. II-I-IV-III C. III-IV-I-II B. oxygen D. carbon dioxide
B. I-III-II-IV D. IV-I-II-III
46. During an experiment, Zeref mixed acetic acid with 50. Many inferences about the characteristics of the Earth’s
magnesium ribbons in a test tube. A gas evolved from the core are based from information regarding all of the following
reaction and upon touching the test tube, Zeref felt that it EXCEPT ______.
was warm. Why? A. the behavior of seismic waves in Earth’s interior
A. An endothermic reaction occurred, heat was absorbed. B. the nature of meteorites
B. An endothermic reaction occurred, heat was released C. the composition of the Earth’s atmosphere
C. An exothermic reaction occurred, heat was absorbed D. geological data at the surface of the Earth
D. An exothermic reaction occurred, heat was released
51. An expression for converting temperature in degree
47. A food web is shown below Fahrenheit T(F) to temperature in Kelvin T(K) will be ____.
A. T(F) = 9T(K)/5 + 459.67
B. T(F) = 5T(K)/9 + 459.67
C. T(F) = 9T(K)/5 – 459.67
D. T(F) = 5T(K)/9 – 459.67

52. Below are some events that happen during human


pregnancy. Which would be the correct sequence of their
occurrence?
1. The embryo is attached to the placenta by the umbilical
cord.
2. The zygote begins cleavage as it moves down to oviduct.
3. The placenta is formed from the tissue of the embryo and
uterine wall.
Which of the following is most likely to lead to an increase in 4. The embryo forms a blastocyst, and implants itself to the
the number of foxes over time? uterus.
A. a decrease in owls C. an increase in mountain lions 5. An ovum is fertilized by the sperm in the oviduct.
B. an increase in hawks D. a decrease in raspberry bushes A. 2-4-5-1-3 C. 4-5-3-1-2
B. 1-2-3-4-5 D. 5-2-4-3-1
48. Blood Type Genotype
AB IAIB 53. Points A, B, C and D are located on the bar magnet shown
A IAIA or IAi below. Which position on the bar magnet would have the
B IBIB or IBi strongest attraction to the South pole of another bar
O ii magnet?

What can be inferred from the genotypes of the different


blood types
I. Antigen A is a dominant allele
II. Antigen B is a dominant allele
III. Antigen I is neither dominant nor recessive
IV. Antigens A and B are neither dominant nor recessive
A. IV only C. I and II only A. A B. B C. C D.
B. III only D. III and IV only Items 54-60
Passage 1
49. Is it TRUE that (I) cellular respiration occur in animals but Unmanned spacecraft taking images of Jupiter’s moon Europa
not in plants, and (II) photosynthesis occur in plants but not in have found its surface to be very smooth with few meteorite
animals? craters. Europa’s surface ice shows evidence of being
A. I but not II continually resmoothed and reshaped. Cracks, dark bands
B. II but not I and pressure ridges (created when water or slush squeezed
C. Both I and II between two slabs of ice) are commonly seen in images of
D. Neither I nor II the surface. Two scientists express their views as to whether
the presence of a deep ocean beneath the surface is Europa’s surface would both Scientist 1 and Scientist 2 most
responsible for Europa’s surface features likely agree? The surface of Europa:
A. is being shaped by the movement of ice.
Scientist 1 B. is covered with millions of meteorite craters.
A deep ocean of liquid water exists on Europa, Jupiter’s C. is the same temperature as the surface of the Arctic Ocean
gravitational field produces tides within Europa that can on Earth.
cause heating of the subsurface to a point where liquid water D. has remained unchanged for millions of years.
can exist. The numerous cracks and dark bands in the surface 57. Which of the following statements about meteorite
ice closely resemble the appearance of thawing ice covering craters on Europa would be most consistent with both
the polar oceans on Earth. Only a substantial amount of scientists’ views?
circulating liquid water can crack and rotate such large slabs A. No meteorites have struck Europa for millions of years.
of ice. The few meteorite craters that exist are shallow and B. Meteorite craters, once formed, are then smoothed or
have been smoothed by liquid water that oozed up into the removed by Europa’s surface processes.
craters from the subsurface and then quickly froze. Jupiter’s C. Meteorite craters, once formed on Europa, remain
magnetic field, sweeping past Europa, would interact with the unchanged for billions of years.
salty, deep ocean and produce a second magnetic field D. Meteorites frequently strike Europa’s surface but do not
around Europa. The spacecraft has found evidence of this have any craters
second magnetic field. 58. Scientist 2 explains that ice sublimes to water vapor and
enters Europa’s atmosphere. If ultraviolet light then broke
Scientist 2 those water vapor molecules apart, which of the following
No deep, liquid water exists on Europa. The heat generated gases would one most likely expect to find in Europa’s
by gravitational tides is quickly lost to space because of atmosphere as a result of this process?
Europa’s small size, as shown by its very low surface A. nitrogen B. methane C. chlorine D. oxygen
0
temperature (-160 C). Many of the features on Europa’s 59. Based on the information in Scientist 1’s view, which of
surface resemble features created by flowing glaciers on the following materials must be present on Europa if a
Earth. Large amounts of liquid water are not required for the magnetic field is generated on Europa?
creation of these features. If a thin layer of ice below the A. frozen nitrogen C. dissolved salts
surface is much warmer than the surface ice, it may be able B. water ice D. molten magma
to flow and cause cracking and movement of the surface ice. 60. Assume Scientist 2’s view about the similarities between
Few meteorite craters are observed because of Europa’s very Europa’s surface features and flowing glaciers on Earth is
thin atmosphere; surface ice continually sublimes into this correct. Based on this assumption and the information
atmosphere, quickly eroding and removing any craters that provided, Earth’s glaciers would be least likely to exhibit
may have formed. which of the following features?
A. pressure ridges C. meteorite craters
54. According to the information provided, which of the B. cracks D. dark bands
following descriptions of Europa would be accepted by both
scientists?
A. Europa has a larger surface diameter than Jupiter. -END OF SCIENCE-
0
B. Europa has a surface temperature of 20 C.
C. Europa has a surface made of rocky material. Stop! Do not open the next page unless you are told to
D. Europa is completely covered by a layer of ice. do so
55. Which of the following best describes how the 2 scientists
explain how craters are removed from Europa’s surface?
SCIENTIST 1 SCIENTIST 2
A. sublimation filled by water
B. filled in by water sublimation
C. worn smooth by wind sublimation
D. worn smooth by wind filled by water
56. With which of the following statements about the
conditions the conditions on Europa or the evolution of
MATHEMATICS
TIME: 60 MINUTES 10. Solve the equation below:

1. Which of the following statements is/are true? A. {3, 1/2} C. {-3, 1/2}
2 3
I. If n is even then n is even.
B. {-1/2, 3} D. {-1/2, -3}
II. If 2n is even, then n is odd.
III. If n is even, then 2n-1 is odd.
A. I only B. II only C. I and II only D. I and III only 11. The sum and product of the roots of a quadratic equation

2 2
8 and 15 respectively. What is the quadratic equation?
2. a + a – b – b can be factored as 2 2
A. 3x – 24x + 45 = 0 C. 3x – 45x + 24 = 0
A. (a + b) (a – b + 1) C. (a +b) (a + b + 1)
2 2
B. (a – b)(a + b +1) D. (a – b)(a + b – 1) B. 3x + 24x – 45 = 0 D. 3x + 45x – 24 = 0

5 3 2
3. What is the remainder when 3x – 4x + 3x -4 is divided by
2 12. A flock of geese on a pond were being observed
3x – 4?
A. 2 B. 4 C. 6 D. 8 continuously. At 2:00 PM, 1/5 of the geese flew away. At 4:00
PM, 1/8 of the geese that remained flew away. At 5:00 PM, 3
4. How many numbers between 100 and 500 are divisible by
times as many geese as had flown away at 2:00 PM flew
6?
A. 67 B. 69 C. 71 D. 73 away, leaving 28 geese on the pond. At no other times did the
geese arrive or flew away. How many geese were in the
5. Miku has a total of 2650 pesos in 50-peso and 100-peso
original flock?
bills. If she has a total of 33 bills, how many of these are 50-
pesos bills? A. 200 B. 280 C. 300 D. 430
A. 20 B. 16 C. 13 D. 9
13. Which of the following is true about the graph of the
6. What is the solution of the radical equation below? equation shown below?
√ √
A. {2/3, 2} C. {3, 2/3}
B. {3, 11} D. no solution
A. It is symmetric with respect to the x-axis.
B. It is symmetric with respect to the y-axis.
7. If z varies directly as y and inversely as the square root of x,
C. It is symmetric with respect to the origin.
how many percent should be increased so that z is kept
D. It is symmetric with both x and y axes.
constant if y is increased by 10%?
A. 10% B.√ % C. 21% D. √ % 14. Solve for y in the system of equations shown below

8. Solve for x:

A. 5/9 B. 4/15 C. 2/7 D. 8/11


A. 1/2 B. 1 C. 3/2 D. 2

9. If the arithmetic mean of x, 2x – 8, 2x + 2, 3x – 1 and 4x + 1 15. The graph of the function below is a ______________.
is 6, what is the value of the mode of these numbers? ( ) √
A. 14 B. 12 C. 10 D. 8 A. parabola concaved downwards
B. parabola concaved upwards
C. semicircle concaved downwards
D. semicircle concaved upwards
16. Solve for x in the equation shown below 23. What value of B will make 2x – By + 2 = 0 perpendicular to
( ( )) 3x + 2y – 7 = 0?
A. 16 B. 32 C. 64 D. 108 A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5

17. Solve for x in the equation below: For items 24 and 25 use the table below. The operation * for
| | the set {p, r, s, v} is defined in the accompanying table
A. {-1} B. {3} C. {-1, -3} D. no solution * p r s v

18. What is the range of the function below? p s v p r

( ) r v p r s
A. All real numbers C. All real numbers except 1
s p r s v
B. All real numbers except 1/2 D. All real numbers except 2
v r s v p
19. Study the diagram and read the passage below
The diagram represents 24. What is the identity element?
six building lots along a A. r B. v C. p D. s
street. There are no 25. What is the inverse element of r under the operation *?
other residential lots in A. r B. v C. p D. s
the area. The families –
0
v, w, x, y and z are each 26. shown has a measure of (8x + 12) . The measure of
0 0
interested in purchasing a lot, with the following conditions. is (4x + 8) and is (9x – 11) . What is the measure of
1. y and z will live on different sides of the street.
2. v will occupy lot f
0
3. w and x will live in the same side of the street and x will be A. 3
0
the only neighbor that w has B. 20
0
4. one lot will remain unsold. C. 36
0
If all five families purchased lots and fulfilled the restrictions, D. 60
which of the following pairs of lots could be the ones
purchased by y and z?
A. a and b C. c and f
B. c and e D. d and e

20. If the inlet pipe for a tank is opened, the tank will be filled
in 6 hours. If the outlet for a tank is opened when the tank is
full, the tank will be emptied in 8 hours. How long will it take 27. Find the value of x for the
for the tank to fill if both the inlet and outlet pipes are open? figure in the left.
A. 6 hours B. 12 hours C. 18 hours D. 24 hours A. 15
B. 20
21. At present, the sum of the parents’ age is twice the sum C. 25
of the children’s ages. Five years ago, the sum of the parents’ D. 30
ages was 4 times the sum of the children’s ages. Fifteen years
hence, the sum of the parents’ ages will be equal to the sum
of the children’s ages. How many children are there? 28. The cube in the left has edge
A. 3 B. 4 C. 5 D. 6 of length 2. What is the distance
from vertex A to the midpoint C
of edge BD?
22. Given that f(x) = |2x − 9| and g(x) = x find (f ∘ g)(2)
2

A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 A. √
B. 2√
C. 5
D. 3
29. What is the measure of an angle if the measure of its 33. A certain species of amoeba can produce 4 amoebas
supplement is 12 more than 4 times its complement? every six hours, how many amoebas will be there after 1 day
0 0 0 0
A. 64 B. 72 C. 84 D. 94 if the reproduction started with a single amoeba?
A. 64 B. 256 C. 312 D. 480

For items 34 and 35, refer to the following data.


A sample of 30 companies belonging to a certain industry
reported the following number of employees.
43 33 24 51 36 31
50 46 50 29 40 25
38 35 31 35 42 50
47 21 45 45 28 36
58 62 37 55 52 49
34. What is the median of the data set?
30. In circle O above, AB is the diameter, angle BOD measures A. 41 B. 40 C. 43 D. 42
15 degrees and angle EOA measures 85 degrees. Find the 35. The 30 companies are classified according to their
number of degrees in angle ECA. number of employees. A company is said to be a small scale if
A. 15 degrees C. 50 degrees the number of employees is between 21 and 35, medium
B. 35 degrees D. 70 degrees scale if the number of employees is between 36 and 50, and
large scale if the number of employees is between 51 and 65.
31. A sphere is fitted inside a cylinder. What is the frequency of medium scale companies?
If the surface area of the sphere is 36π A. 14 B. 15 C. 16 D. 17
2
cm , what is the volume of the
cylinder? 36. Looking at the two triangles below, how long is side AC?
3 3
A. 36π cm C. 54π cm
3 3
B. 42π cm D. 64π cm

32. The length of rectangle S is 20% longer than the length of


rectangle M, and the width of rectangle S is 20% shorter than
the width of rectangle M. The area of rectangle S is ______.
A. 4% less than the area of rectangle M
B. 20% greater than the area of rectangle M
C. equal to the area of rectangle M
D. 4% greater than the area of rectangle M A. 10 B. 15 C. 20 D. 25

33. In the figure below O is the centroid of ΔABC. If AY= 15, 37. Which of the following equations will produce an
BO = 4 and XO = 3. Find AO inconsistent pair with 6x + 8 =2y?
A. x + y = 4 C. y = 3x + 4
B. 2y – 6x = 2 D. none of these

38. On his farm, Old McDonalds has seven Bomboms, twelve


Domdoms and three Pompoms, which are certain kind of
animals. The bomboms and domdoms have a total of 52 legs;
the domdoms and pompoms: 42 legs; and the bomboms and
pompoms: 46 legs. How many legs does a domdom have?
A. 2 B. 4 C. 6 D. 8

39. Two similar cones have volumes 20π and 45π, what is the
ratio of the surface area of their bases?
A. 15 B. 7 C. 10 D. 5 A. 4:9 B. 5:6 C. 1:3 D. 2:3
40. In a survey of a certain town, it was found that 65% of the -END OF MATHEMATICS-
people surveyed watch the news on television, 40% read the
newspaper and 25% read the newspaper and watched the Stop! Do not open the next page unless you are told to
news on the television. What percent of the people surveyed do so
neither watched the news on television nor read the
newspaper?
A. 5% B. 10% C. 15% D. 20%

41. An office manager needs to know how many copies of a


report to make for a meeting.
* There will be 12 people attending the meeting. Each person
needs 2 copies.
* Four of the people attending the meeting are each
representing one other person who also needs 2 copies.
* One of the people attending the meeting is representing
three other people who also need 2 copies each.
How many copies does the manager need to make?
A. 19 B. 24 C. 26 D. 38

42. Suppose 3! means 3 x 2 x 1, 4! means 4 x 3 x 2 x 1, 5!


means 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1, and so forth. What is the value of the
expression below in its simplest form?

A. 45 B. 50 C. 55 D. 60

43. Line j is parallel to line k and line m is parallel to line n.


What is the value of x for the given figure below?

o
A. 15
o
B. 18
o
C. 21
o
D. 24

44. A worker has to pack c pieces of candy into boxes that


hold d pieces of candy. If the worker has e pieces of candy left
over after filling all the boxes, how many boxes are there in
terms of c, d and e?

A. B. C. D.

45. How many distinct sums can be obtained by adding any


two different numbers from {-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3}?
A. 7 B. 11 C. 13 D. 15
professionals. The problem lies in that this demand is largely
READING COMPREHENSION met by developing countries, triggering an exodus of their
skilled personnel. While some amount of mobility is obviously
TIME: 45 MINUTES
necessary if developing countries are to integrate into the
A crucial part of Mr. Ai’s education was a 12-year stint in New global economy, a large outflow of skilled persons poses the
York beginning in 1981. He did various odd jobs, documented threat of a ‘brain drain’, which can adversely impact growth
his life in photographs and most importantly, became a fan of and development. The recent UK government (DFID) White
Marcel Duchamp, a French conceptual artist famous for his Paper on International Development, “Eliminating World
ready-made urinal. On his return to Beijing in 1993, Mr. Ai Poverty: Making Globalization Work for the Poor” has rightly
became particularly interested in the crafts that had been pointed out the need on the part of developed countries to
wiped out by China’s Cultural Revolution. He made art and be more sensitive to the impact on developing countries of
supported himself by buying and selling antiques. He forged a the brain drain. It was in this context that the Department for
new category of art, christened the ‘ancient ready-made’ by International development, United Kingdom, approached the
Philip Tinari, a Beijing-based curator. ILO for carrying out research relevant to the above issues.

By 1999, Mr. Ai was successful enough to build a distinctive


4. How is the selection organized?
modernist brick home and studio in the Caochangdi art village
A. a myth is refuted
on the outskirts of Beijing. He also worked as a consultant on
B. a problem is explored and exposed
the bird’s nest stadium for the 2008 Beijing Olympics. But it
C. examples are given, followed by a generalization
was Mr. Ai’s internet crusade to compile a list of the students
D. the selection is ordered according to time
killed in the disaster – the result of the shoddy ‘tofu’
5. What is the cause of the rise in the incidence of
construction of school buildings – that most angered the
international migration according to the selection?
Chinese government. In May 2009, shortly after the artist
A. the growth of information and communication
published a list of several thousand student casualties, the
technologies
authorities closed down his blog. Since then his name has
B. the encouragement of developed and developing countries
been banned from the Chinese media and even expunged
C. the development of industries in the United Kingdom
from local search engines. Many believe this activity
D. the ominous and imminent threat of brain drain
motivated his eventual arrest.
6. From the passage, it can be inferred that ______.
1. What is the central theme of the article? A. the developing countries’ liberal policy to migrants is the
A. Mr. Ai’s journey shown in his works main reason for brain drain
B. Mr. Ai’s journey as an artist B. out-migration or emigration must be stopped
C. Mr. Ai’s internet crusade C. globalization is a regrettable phenomenon
D. why Mr. Ai was arrested D. skilled people tend to move where they are paid more for
2. What motivated Mr. Ai’s eventual arrest? their expertise
A. his forging of a new category of art
B. his extraordinary life Mr. Harding was not a happy man as he walked down the
C. his internet crusade palace pathway, and stepped out into the close. His position
D. his interest in the crafts wiped out by the Chinese Cultural and pleasant house were second time gone from him; but
Revolution that he could endure. He had been schooled and insulted by a
3. The word ‘expunge’ means man young enough to be his son; but that he could put up
A. promote B. continue C. install D. censor with. He could even draw from the very injuries which had
been inflicted on him some of that consolation, which we
From Florian A. Alburo and Danilo A. Abella’s Skilled Labor may believe, martyrs always receive from the injustice of
Migration from Developing Countries: Study on the their own sufferings. He had admitted to his daughter that he
Philippines wanted the comfort of his old home, and yet he could have
International migration of skilled persons has assumed returned to his lodgings in the High Street, if not with
increased importance in recent years reflecting the impact of exultation, at least with satisfaction, had that been all. But
globalization, revival of growth in the world economy and the the venom of the chaplain’s harangue had worked into his
explosive growth in the information and communications blood, and sapped all the life of his sweet contentment.
technology (ICT). A number of developed countries have ‘New men are carrying our new measures, and are
liberalized their policies for the admission of highly skilled carting away the useless rubbish of past centuries!’ What
cruel word these had been – and how often are they now D. believes no else feels as he does
used with all the heartless cruelty of a Slope! A man is
sufficiently condemned if it can only be shown that either By E.B. White
politics or religion he does not belong to some new school Preparation for fighting a war is like preparation for taking a
established within the last score of years. He may be then cruise in a small sailing boat— there is no end to it. It is
regard himself as rubbish and expect to be carted away. A possible to get so absorbed in the details of preparation as to
man is nothing now unless he has within him a full lose sight of the trip. Anyone who has ever had the
appreciation of the new era; an era in which it would seem experience will know what I mean. If you were to wait until
that neither honestly nor truth is very desirable, but in which both of you and the boat were really ready to put to sea the
success is the only touchstone of merit. We must laugh at summer would pass and the autumn would find you still at
everything that is established. Let the joke be ever so bad, your home mooring. No boat is ever entirely ready to put to
ever so untrue to the real principles of joking; nevertheless sea, no country is ever fully prepared to go to war; always
we must laugh – or else beware the cart. We must talk, think there remain things which should be attended to,
and live up to the spirit of the times or else we are naught. contingencies which should be provided for. But there comes
New men and new measures, long credit and few scruples, a moment when you have to forget about preparations and
great success of wonderful ruin, such are now the tastes of think about the stars and the sea and the lengthening
Englishmen who know how to live. Alas, alas! Under such nights. You know that if you don’t go now you will never
circumstances Mr. Harding could not but feel that he was an go. So you drop off your mooring and shape your course to
Englishman who did not know how to live. This new doctrine the wind. From then on things begin to move; you may not
of Mr. Slope and the rubbish cart sadly disturbed the be ready for every particular, but you are under way and the
equanimity. ship is alive. And something vital in the ship imparts sudden
‘The same thing is going on throughout the whole life and resourcefulness to her crew.
country!’ ‘Work is now required from every man receive
wages!’ And had he been living all his life receiving wages and 10. The author believes that ____________.
doing no work? Had he in truth so lived to be now in his old A. one should be completely prepared before going to war
age justly reckoned as rubbish fit only to be hidden away in B. a boat is never ready for sailing trip
some huge dust-hole? The school of en to whom he professes C. no country can win a war
to belong, the Grantlys, the Gwynnes, are afflicted with no D. a boat is never truly ready for a cruise
such self-accusations s these which troubled Mr.. Harding. 11. From what you have read, what could be the author’s
They, as a rule, are as satisfied with the wisdom and propriety motto?
of their own conduct as can be any Mr. Slope, or any Bishop A. A country must be decisive in matters of war.
with his own. But, unfortunately for himself, Mr Harding had B. A warlike attitude is virtue.
little of this self-reliance. When he heard himself designated C. Diffidence is an effective war attitude.
as rubbish by the Slopes of the world, he had no other D. A sailor’s life is the best life
resource than to make inquiry within his own bosom as to the 12. Based on the context of the passage, what does
truth of the designation. Alas, alas! The evidence seemed ‘lengthening nights’ symbolize or refer to?
generally to go against him. A. boredom C. the coming of night
B. the passing of time D. the coming of winter
7. It can be inferred that Slope is ______. 13. What is the general tone of the author?
A. chaplain B. bishop C. foreigner D. politician A. forbidding C. advising
8. The main cause of Mr. Harding’s unhappiness as he leaves B. pessimistic D. whimsical
the Bishop’s palace is 14. What is the main point of the passage?
A. the loss of his house A. Think about the view and your motivation to sail will rise.
B. the loss of his position B. Drop off your mooring and sail now.
C. the need to live with his daughter C. Preparing for every contingency in war and a cruise take a
D. the thought-provoking words of the chaplain long time.
9. It can be inferred that Mr. Harding is especially disturbed D. Postponing a war because one isn’t wholly prepared is
because tantamount to not going to war at all.
A. does not feel himself to be old
B. believe his life’s work has been worthwhile
C. feels there may be some truth in regarding himself as rubbish
Items 15-19 Figurative Expressions – Select from the choices When love beckons you, follow him
the most accurate meaning of the following expressions. Though his ways are hard and steep
And when his wings enfold you yield to him
15. ‘The unexamined life is not worth living’ Though the sword be hidden among his opinions may wound you
- Socrates
A. Living in ignorance is not a virtue. 20. Whose ways are hard and steep?
B. Reflection is the key to a truly meaningful life. A. love C. life
C. One must always test himself. B. your beloved D. none of the above
D. When you are no longer thinking, you are dead. 21. The author is convinced that in the face of love ______.
A. one will suffer C. one must fight
16. ‘Man’s property is his body and the product of his hands’ B. one must concede D. one is helpless
- John Locke
A. A man can own whatever his hands can get. From Wolfgang Langewiesche’s A Flier’s World.
B. His body and his hands are man’s property. A puff of wind comes down on the street. An old newspaper
C. A man’s labor determines what he owns. stirs in the gutter, jumps up on the sidewalk, spirals up to
D. Work hard to get everything you want. second-story height and flaps about there for a moment;
then with a new burst of energy, it sweeps upward again, and
17. ‘To be great is to be misunderstood’ when you last see it, it is soaring high above the rooftops,
- Ralph Waldo turning over and over, blinking in the sunlight. The wind has
A. Being misunderstood is being great. picked up a piece of paper and blown it away.
B. Being great means having many enemies. A generation ago, in a philosophical discourse, one might
C. Being great means standing apart and being lonely. have chosen this as an example of an event completely
D. Truly great persons have few people to understand their devoid of any significance, completely chance. But not in the
sentiments. air age. The tiny occurrence demonstrates an important fact
concerning the air ocean – one that is only now becoming the
18. ‘For of all sad words of tongue or pen, the saddest are practical knowledge of practical air faring men: there are
these: It might have been!’ winds which blow neither east nor west, neither north nor
- John Greenleaf Whittier south, but in the third dimension: straight up.
A. The saddest feeling that can be expressed is longing for 22. The newspaper was lifted by a particularly _____ wind.
lost opportunities A. gale B. puff C. mild D. strong
B. Lost opportunities are lost forever and will never come 23. The author’s main point was that ______.
again. A. It is easy to fly airplanes.
C. It is very sad to think what might have been. B. There’s a third dimension to wind movement.
D. There are lots of sad things and one of them is hankering C. A piece of paper is buffered by the wind.
what hasn’t been. D. About how a philosopher’s discourse is done
24. Which of the following statements describes the
19. ‘Mankind has become so much one family that we cannot organization of the passage?
insure our own prosperity except by insuring that of everyone A. A generalization is made and examples are given.
else’ B. Something specific is discussed, its components are given
-Sigmund Freud C. Something specific is discussed to simplify a generalization
A. All men are interdependent and one man’s achievement is D. The passage moves from the least to the most recent
a triumph for all mankind. event
B. A man must have concern for all mankind because men are 25. The scene in the first paragraph could be best described
interdependent. as ________.
C. A man is not alone; he belongs to a family. A. idyllic B. frantic C. philosophic D. indifferent
D. A man does not exist by himself and he cannot succeed by
himself.
29. Before beginning to bake the nut bread, one must do all
Identifying Irrelevant Sentences of the following except
26. A. Use a teaspoon C. Beat the egg white
A. Beauty is subjective. B. Separate egg white from yolk D. Break nuts
B. Beauty is really wished that is not entirely physical. 30. The correct order of actions required to make the nut
C. A beautiful person may be very ordinary looking, physically bread is
speaking. A. mix, add, pour, let rise, bake and fold
D. However, that ordinary-looking person may be a very nice, B. mix, add, let rise, bake, pour, fold
kind and compassionate being inside, and thus, beautiful. C. mix, add, fold, pour, let rise, bake
27. D. mix, add, bake, let rise, fold, pour
A. The erosion of the middle of the labor market, which 31. Preparing the nut bread requires approximately
translates to high unemployment, has multiple roots A. 30 minutes C. 1 hour
B. During the 1970s, the entry into the work force of an B. 45 minutes D. 1 hour and 15 minutes
unprecedented number of women and of young adults born
during the baby boom resulted in too many workers for the Our Mother Tongue
jobs available and depressed wages.
C. As manufacturing technologies have become more mobile, If truly a people dearly love
and multinational firms more footloose production jobs have The tongue to them by Heaven sent,
migrated from the U.S. to countries where wages flow. They’ll surely yearn for liberty
D. The loss falls mainly on the worker who is displaced. Like a bird above in the firmament.
Because by its language one can judge
The existence of a vacuum is impossible. For there to be a A town, a barrio, and kingdom;
vacuum, for example, in a container, nothing material must And like any other created thing
be on it. But if nothing material is in the container, then there Every human being loves his freedom.
is nothing between any pair of opposite points on the inner One who doesn’t love his native tongue,
surface of the container. Consequently, no distance separates Is worse than putrid fish and beast;
these two points, so that the two points would be one. And like a truly precious thing
28. What is the best summary of the above argument? It therefore deserves to be cherished.
A. Since nothing can be removed from a container if the The Tagalog language’s akin to Latin,
parts, if the inner surface is not separated from each other, To English, Spanish, angelical tongue;
no vacuum can be produced. For God who knows to look after us
B. Since it has been shown logically that, if a vacuum exist This language He bestowed us upon.
there can be no containers a vacuum must exist outside As others, our language is the same
containers With alphabet and letters of its own,
C. Since, on the assumption that a vacuum exist in a It was lost because a storm did destroy
container, the nonexistence of the container follows, there On the lake the bangka in years bygone.
can be no vacuum
D. If we carefully examine a container by observing its 32. The poem written above is originally written in Filipino.
content, we will see that it is never really empty Which of the following renowned Filipinos wrote this poem?
A. Andres Bonifacio C. Apolinario Mabini
NUT BREAD B. Jose Rizal D. Emilio Jacinto
4 cups flour 2 cups milk 33. What does the underlined word mean?
4tsp. baking powder 3 eggs separate A. sacrifice oneself C. strongly desire
1tsp. salt 1 cup broken nuts B. dishonor others D. lose hope
Mix flour, baking powder, salt and sugar; add milk, egg yolks 34. What is the author’s purpose for writing this poem?
and nuts; fold in stiffly beaten egg whites. Pour into bread A. To describe the origin and nature of our mother tongue
pan and let rise 30 minutes. Bake about 45 minutes in slow B. To criticize our frequent use of foreign languages
oven. C. To persuade the Filipino people to cherish their own
mother tongue
D. To inform the readers the value of having a mother tongue
Stanza 1 Stanza 2
Here’s an example from Now let my bed be hard,
A butterfly; No care take I;
That on a rough, hard rock I’ll make my joy like this
Happy can lie; Small Butterfly;
Friendliness and all alone Whose happy heart has power
On this unsweetened stone To make a stone a flower.

37. In stanza 1, the most dominant figure of speech is ____.


35. What is the main idea of this cartoon? A. personification C. hyperbole
A. Burning the flag is a crime B. simile D. metaphor
B. Respect for the American flag around the world is reclining 38. Which is the best message of the story?
C. Politicians are focusing on the wrong issues. A. We cannot escape the trials in our life.
D. The money that we pay using our taxes is being used in the B. Some insects like to stay with rocks rather than plants.
wrong way. C. We can make life better in spite of problems.
D, We must always believe in God
Shown in the graph below is the variation in the
concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere for the Ayon kay Virgilio G. Enriquez, “na ang hiya ay maaari rin
last 400,000 years. The graph is magnified to show the namang moral, hindi lang sosyal”. Samakatuwid, ang hiya ay
variation in carbon dioxide levels for the last 1000 years. hindi lamang “social norm” bagkus ay isang “morality check”.
Sinasabi rin ng sosyolohistang si Randy David na, “Ang Pilipino
ay hindi marunong makonsensiya, marunong lamang siyang
mahiya”. At ayon pa rin sa pagsusuri ni Alwin Bobiis na: “Ang
hiya ay hindi gumagawa ng nakakahiya dahil sa may ibanbg
taong nakatingin. Kung kaya ang Pilipino ay kadalasang
nagtatapon ng basura o balat ng kendi sa harap ng ibang tao
dahil sa hiya, subalit kung wala nang makakakita, mula
pagtatapon ng basura sa pampublikong lugar, pagsusulat sa
mga kubeta’t mga upuan ng bus, pagbabagsak at paninira ng
pampublikong telepono, lahat ng ito’y ginagawa nang
palihim”
Kung gayon, mula sa mga pahayag ng mga mananaliksik
tungkol sa hiya, masasabi ko na maaaring ang hiya ang siyang
magiging batayan ng mga Pinoy sa kanilang “moral values” at
“moral behavior”.
35. The Industrial Revolution caused a dramatic increase in
the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. From the
39. Kaninong pananaw ipinahahayag ang mga ideya?
graph, which year approximately marks the start of this
A. Enriquez C. Awtor
period?
B. David D. Mambabasa
A. 1700 B. 1800 C. 1900 D. 2000
40. Ano ang tono ng pagkakasulat?
36. Carbon dioxide is a major product of the combustion of
A. nagpapaliwanag C. nangangaral
organic materials. Which of the following may have caused
B. nagpapatawa D. sarkastiko
this dramatic rise in carbon dioxide levels which started
41. Ano ang paksa ng teksto?
during the Industrial Revolution?
A. Likas na mahiyain ang mga Pinoy.
I. The emergence of new industries
B. Ang hiya ay hindi lang moral kundi isang social norm.
II. The reliance on fossil fuels as an energy source
C. Mahalaga ang hiya sa pagkakaroon ng morality check.
III. Massive scales of warfare
D. Ang hiya bilang batayan ng moral values
A. I only B II only C. I and II only D. I, II and III
PAKSIW NA AYUNGIN 46. Batay sa binasang sanaysay, ano ang masasabi sa
Ni Jose F. Lacaba kalagayan ng lipunang Pilipino?
A. Pinagmamalasakitan ang mga ninuno na nakipaglaban
Ganito ang pagkain
upang makamit ang kalayaan ng Pilipinas
Ng paksiw na ayungin Saka mo umpisahan ang
laman B. Higit na pagtangkilik ng mga produktong banyaga kaysa sa
Bunutin ang palikpik
(para sa pusa na iyan Unti-unti lang, dahan-dahan mga produktong Pilipino
At ang natirang tinik), At simutin nang husto C. Pagkakaroon ng mahihirap na Pilipino na namumulot sa
At ilapat sa labi Kakaunti iyang ulam natin, basurahan
Ang ulo, at sipsipin Mahirap humagip ng ulam D. Maraming Pilipino ang nagnanais makapangibang-bansa
Ang mga matang dilat Damihan moa ng kanin
Pagkatapos ang mismong Paglawain sa sabaw
47. Ipinaliwanag ng sanaysay na kung ang Pilipinismo’y
Ang ulo ang sipsipin At huwag kang maangal,
Hanggang sa maubos ang Payat man ang ayungin magiging kalangkap ng pang-araw-araw na buhay ng mga
Katas nito Pabigat ito sa tiyan Pilipino ___.
A. Dadami ang mga produktong gawa ng mga Pilipino
42. Ano ang inilalarawan ng tula? B. Mababawasan ang mga Pilipinong kumakalam ang sikmura
A. Kahirapan at pagtitiis sa buhay C. Hindi na aangkat ng mga banyagang prodkto
B. Matinik at mahirap kainin ang ayungin D. Higit na makakamit ang pag-unlad sa buhay ng bawat
C. Paraan sa tamang pagluto ng ayungin
Pilipino
D. Kasiyahan sa pagkain ng ayungin

43. Sa anong uri nabibilang ang binasang tula? LARAWAN NG KASIPAGAN


A. pambalagtasan C. pasalaysay
B. pandulaan D. padamdamin Mga magsasaka sa munti kong nayon
Madilim-dilim pa’y agad bumabangon
44. Ang paksa ay tungkol sa Dagling tinutungo ang bukid sa layong
A. paglalarawan sa katotohanan ng buhay Baya’y mailigtas sa hirap at gutom
B. isdang ayungin na kahit payat ay biyaya
C. isdang ayungin na kahit payat ay masarap kainin Sa linang na pitak – bukid ng pag-asa
D. isdang ayungin na dapat tama ang pagkain Sila’y lumulusong na maliligaya
Habang umaawit ang mga dalaga,
Mula sa Pilipinismo: Susi ng Bayang Malaya ni Amado V. Ang binata naman ay gumigitara
Hernandez
Bawat isang tundos ng kamay sa putik
Itanghal nga natin ang nasyonalismong Pilipino. Itambal ang
Ay isang ligaya ang dulot ng langit,
diwang Malaya, ang sipag sa paggawa ang taimtim na Paurang na hakbang habang lumilimit
pagmamahal sa mga likas at pinaunlad na pamana ng ating Lalong kumkapal ang tanim sa bukid
mga ninuno. Pagyamanin at pagmalasakitan silang palagi. At
huwag limutin na sila ang susing ginto sa tunay na kalayaan at Sa inurong-urong at hinakbang-hakbang
katubusan ng Pilipinas. Nitong magsasaka sa lupang putikan
Ating tandaan, na sa sandaling ang Pilipinismo’y Ang lawak ng bukid ay nangatatamnan
Ng maraming punlang handog ng Maykapal.
maging kalangkap ng ating buhay na pang-araw-araw, sa
ating mga basar, groseri at pamilihan ay mamumutiktik na Sila’y umuwi pagdating ng hapon
ang mga produktong Pilipino at sila ang maging gamit sa Na taglay sa puso ang dakilang layon
bahay-bahay; hindi na ang mga made in USA, made in Japan Hindi alintana ang pagod at gutom,
at made in Germany. At mangyari pa, mawawala na ang mga Ang init at lamig sa buong maghapon
sawimpalad na kababayang mamumulot sa mga basurahan
upang makatawid sa gutom. 48. Ang tulang nabasa ay nabibilang sa anong uri ng teksto?
A. Narrativ C. Deskriptiv
45. Ano ang paksa ng binasang sanaysay? B. Ekspositori D. Argumentativ
A. Pagtangkilik sa mga produktong Pilipino
B. Pagmamalasakit sa pamana ng mga ninuno 49. Anong uri ng panauhan ang ginamit na pananaw ng
C. Pagtulong sa mga sawing-palad na Pilipino nagsasalita sa tula?
D. Pagiging makabayan A. unang panauhan C. ikatlong panauhan
B. ikalawang panauhan D. walang sagot
50. Ano ang damdaming nais ipahiwatig ng tula? 54. Alin sa mga sumusunod na salita ang
A. lungkot C. pagkamuhi pinakamakapangyarihan batay sa nabasang seleksyon?
B. pagsusumamo D. paghanga A. kamay C. palo
51. Alin sa mga sumusunod ang kaisipang maaaring makuha B. magulang D. ganti
sa tula? 55. Sa anong napapanahong pangyayari maiuugnay ang iyong
A. Kapuri-puri ang mga magsasaka. nabasa?
B. Malulungkot na tao ang mga magsasaka. A. Pagkapanalo ng Germany sa nakalipas na World Cup
C. Ang pangunahing ninanais ng mga magsasaka ay kumita B. Karahasang nangyayari sa Gaza
lamang ng salapi. C. Ang tumataas na bilang ng biktima ng hazing
D. Kinaiinisan ng mga magsasaka ang mga putikang kanilang D. Ang maanomalyang pondo para sa opisina ng pangulo
taniman.
Ang laki sa layaw karaniwa’y hubad
Nang unang beses kang nagmura, Sa bait at muni’t sa hatol ay salat
Nung unang beses kang nagmahal, Masaklap na bunga ng maling paglingap
Kahit bawal, di kita pinalo. Habag ng magulang sa irog ng anak

Nung unang beses kang nag-uwi ng tres 56. Ang kaisipang nais ipakahulugan ng saknong ay ____
Na sinundan ng kwatro at ilang singko, A. pampanitikan C. pantelebisyon
Walang dos por dos na lumatay sa’yo B. pansimbahan D. pampamilya
57. Alin sa mga sumunsunod ang nais iparating ng saknong sa
Nung unang beses kang bumitiw sa kamay ko, mga magulang?
Kasi sabi mo, nakakahiya na, kaya mo nang mag-isa A. Huwag maging kunsintidor sa mga anak.
Di kita pinagbuhatan ng kamay. B. Huwag pagmalabisan ang mga anak.
Tanging puso ko na lang ang nagpasugat. C. Huwag magparaya sa anak.
Di handing tanggapin na ang mundo ang tunay mong tahanan D. Huwag manlamang sa sariling anak.
Pangarap ang tunay mong magulang. 58. Alin sa mga sumusunod ang maaaring mangyari kapag
pinalaki sa layaw ang anak?
Kaya ipinahiram kita sa kalawakan. A. Yayaman ang mga magulang
Para maranasan mo ang lahat ng landas na pwedeng daanan, B. Magiging suliranin ang anak pagdating ng panahon
Emosyong pwedeng pagsawaan, kasalanang pwedeng C. Magiging magkaaway ang magulang at ang mga anak
pagsisihan. D. Maghihiwalay ang mag-asawa sa takdang panahon

Pero bilang ganti, ganito ka nila isosoli sa ating bahay. Aling pag-ibig pa ang hihigit kaya
Puno ng latay, mula sa palo, hampas, suntok at sipa. Sa pagkadalisay at pagka-dakila
Gaya ng pag-ibig sa tinubuang lupa?
Pilit kitang kinilala. Hinahanap kita sa likod ng mga pasa. Alin pag-ibig pa? Wala na nga, wala
Ikaw raw ‘to, ang Balong ko. Ang tanging dahilan kung bakit
Natiis ko ang nakaraang dalawang dekada. 59. Anong teoryang pampanitikan ang ipinapakita sa
Kanina pa kita tinatanong kung sinong pumalo sa’yo. bahaging ito ng tulang Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa?
Di ka sumasagot. Sino ang pumalo sa’yo? Pagsasabihan ko. A. Realismo C. Humanismo
Balong, sino’ng pumalo sa’yo? B. Romantisismo D. Formalismo

52. Ano ang nangyari kay Balong? 60. Ano ang mensaheng nais ipahayag ni Bonifacio sa
A. Pinabayaan ng kanyang mga magulang bahaging ito ng kanyang tula?
B. Namatay dahil sa pagbugbog ng mga di kilalang tao A. Upang maipakitang mahal mo ang iyong bayan, dapat
C. Binugbog ng magulang dahil sa di magandang marka mong patunayan handa kang mamatay para dito.
D. Hinayaan na ng kanyang magulang si Balong na maging B. Sa lahat ng uri ng pagmamahal, ang pagmamahal sa bayan
malaya ang pinakadakila.
53. Anong emosyon ang ipinahahayag ng nagsasalita sa C. Bilang Pilipino, dapat nating mahalin ang Pilipinas
binasang seleksyon? D. Isang bayani si Bonifacio na inalay ang buhay para sa bayan
A. galit B. awa C. takot D. kalungkutan
Essay (20 points)

Time: 15 minutes

I. One day, a voice suddenly came from heaven. It was the voice of God. He said “Tomorrow, the world will be
destroyed”. How would you spend your last day on Earth?

II. If you could change the color of anything in the world, what would that thing be, its color and why?

III. If after your death, you would be reincarnated as another living being. What would you like to be and why?

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