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11/2/2010

Objectives

THE PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECT OF  This presentation aims to increase our


awareness of various affective factors related
SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION:
to SLA.
 Further, we will have the opportunity to reflect

PERSONALITY FACTORS on how personality factors have affected our


SLA.

Isabell C. Camillo and Andrea Castrogiovanni


November 1st 2010

Copyright Agenda
© Isabell C. Camillo & Andrea Castrogiovanni 2010  Introduction
This PowerPoint presentation is in copyright. Subject to  Affective Domain-Activity One
statutory exception and to the provisions, no
 Affective Factors-Activity Two
reproduction of any part may take place without the
written permission of Isabell C. Camillo & Andrea  Reflection

Castrogiovanni.  Class Discussion

 Conclusion
The opinions expressed herein are those of the
authors only.

Modern Psychology Modern Psychology


“If we were to devise theories of second language  According to the science of Psychology, there
acquisition or teaching methodologies that were are three parts to an organism:
based only on cognitive considerations, we would be 1. The cognitive (mind)
omitting the most fundamental side of human
2. The conative (behaviour)
behaviour”. (Brown, 2007, p. 152)
3. The affective (emotion)

What does this mean? It is our emotional side that makes us


HUMAN!

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Affective Domain Extended Definition


 What is meant by the term affective?  Provided by Krathwohl, Bloom and Masia, (1964)
in Brown (2007).
- Relating to moods, feelings and attitudes
Language is a part of virtually every aspect of
(Merriam-Webster). our behaviour.
 And affective domain as it relates to SLA ?

- The affective domain consists of the ACTIVITY ONE: Matching


 Receiving - acknowledgement of target language
emotional issues of human behaviour that are  Responding - willingly to the target language
key factors of the process of human interaction  Valuing - deep belief in the value of SLA

with language (Brown, 2007).  Organization - hierarchical formation of values in to belief


system
 Value System - self-identification in accordance with belief
system

Interpersonal Exchange Factors of the Affective Domain

“Second language learners need to be  Factors within the Affective Domain?


receptive to both those with whom they are ACTIVITY TWO: Definitions
communicating and to the language itself,  We will look at the following today-Maddie
responsive to persons and to the context of and Kelly will discuss motivation and affect
communication, and willing and able to place a next week:
certain value on the communicative act of
- Self-Esteem - Self-Efficacy
interpersonal exchange” (Brown, 2007, p.153).
- WTC - Inhibition
- Risk Taking - Anxiety
- Empathy - Extroversion

Factors of the Affective Domain Factors of the Affective Domain


Self-Esteem Self-Efficacy
 Value an individual places on themselves and the knowledge of one’s  One’s sense of being able to carry out a task will affect the
capabilities, significance and successes. effort put into achieving success.
 Essentially, a learner must believe in their writing abilities in
 Global Self-Esteem: general view a person holds of themselves
order to successfully produce an essay.
 Situational Self-Esteem: the view a person holds of themselves in a
specific context (i.e. academically, athletically, etc.)
Willingness to Communicate
 Task Self-Esteem: the view a person holds of themselves in relation
 Related to self-efficacy and self-esteem
to a particular task within a situation (i.e. Feel capable
academically but feel they are better at writing essays then
 “The intention to initiate communication given a choice” (Brown,
2007)
performing presentations)
 The capability to communicate does not correspond to a
 In relation to learning another language, self-esteem is willingness to do so
important in that high self-esteem may result in a student  Factors such as motivation and personality affect an individual’s
being more willing to communicate in the target language. willingness to communicate

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Factors of the Affective Domain Factors of the Affective Domain


Inhibition Anxiety
 Related to self-esteem and self-efficacy  Language anxiety is a state level fear identifiable in communication
 Putting up barriers to protect oneself from being embarrassed apprehension, worry of negative social evaluation and academic
evaluation apprehension.
 Language ego is the identity a person develops in relation to
 Facilitative (helpful) anxiety is a motivational factor that can lead to
the language they speak. The more an individual feels a part working harder (competitiveness’)
of the culture, the less inhibitions they have in learning the
 Debilitative (harmful) anxiety can have a negative effect on
language. performance

Risk-Taking Empathy
 Ties into all above mentioned factors  The ability to reach beyond the self and feel what someone else is
 More willing to take chances in the target language with the feeling
possibility of being wrong  In using a second language, empathising becomes difficult because the
learner is insecure and lacks fluency in the language

Factors of the Affective Domain Reflection


Extroversion  Individually, reflect on how affective factors played a role
 In relation to SLA, extroversion is the need for reassurance from
in your learning of a subsequent language. Did it help or
hinder? In what way?
other people
 In relation to SLA, introversion is the affirmation that comes from
 In pairs, share your experiences. Do you have any in
inside oneself common? What does your collective experience lead you
 It is not clear if one is better than the other in relation to SLA to conclude about affective factors and the role they play
 It was originally thought that extroverts would be more willing in your SLA experience?
and frequent participants in class (and thus possibly better at
speaking), however a study testing oral skills showed that  If you were an SLA instructor, how could you use the
introverts were significantly better than extroverts in information you have learned regarding the affective
pronunciation domain to help your students overcome the negative
aspects of these factors (i.e. low self-esteem, high
inhibition)?

Conclusion References
 We have learned that affective factors have a  Brown, D. H. (2007). Principles of language learning
significant influence on L2 learning. Do you think and teaching. White Plains, NY: Pearson
any of these factors are more significant than
others? Why? Education, Inc.
 Professor D. Hayes-Lecture Materials
 As evident from the presentation today, affective
factors greatly influence the learning of a
subsequent language. Some factors might be more
significant than others for some people based on
their life experiences and personality. It is therefore
difficult to place emphasis on specifics and it may
be more realistic to generalize.

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From Andrea and Isabell…

THANK YOU!!