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Marine Engineering

M E O CLASS - 1
(For Chief Engineer Officer)
(Question Bank)
QUESTION BANK
SOLAS CONVENTION

1. SOLAS Convention is generally regarded as the most important of all


International treaties concerning the safety of merchant .ships. Illustrating its
brief history commencing from the first version give chronologically its
evolution towards formation of International convention for the Safety of
Life at Sea, 1974 (SOLAS). Explain its amendment procedures as detailed in
the Article VIII of the said convention. What is meant by 'Amendments by
conference'? When these amendments enter into force? What does
'Accelerated Amendment' mean?

2. What is the main objective of the SOLAS Convention 1974? Under the said
convention state the responsibility and control provisions of flag
states/contracting Governments. Briefly describe the coverage as detailed by
twelve chapters of SOLAS.

3. State the objective behind Protocol of 1978 of SOLAS Convention 1974.


Underlining its date of adoption and entry into force, describe the number of
important changes to Chapter I of SOLAS. Also describe 1981 amendments
as made in Chapter II-1 and II-2.

4. Illustrating date of adoption and entry into force in each case, describe the
amendments and protocols as made to SOLAS Convention 1974 in (i) 1983
(ii) 1988 (iii) 1989

5. Illustrating date of adoption and entry into force in each case, describe the
amendments and protocols as made to SOLAS Convention 1974 in (i) 1990
(ii) April 1992 (iii) December 1992. What all codes were amended in those
amendments?

6. Describe the amendments as made for Chapter IX of SOLAS by May 1994


Conference and to make mandatory a code as adopted by IMO in November
1993 (Assembly resolution A.741 (18)). State the main objectives of the said
code. Also highlight the amendments made to Article VIII and Chapter X of
SOLAS by the said amendments

7. Highlight the amendments made to Chapter XI of SOLAS by May 1994


Amendment Conference. Under the said measure emphasize the special
regulations that were added and entered into force under tacit acceptance on
1 str January 1986. What reference does the said conference made/stressed to
Regulation A.742 (18), adopted in November 1993 for SOLAS?
8. Describe the new regulations that were added to Chapter V of SOLAS under
the May 1994 amendments. What improvements the said amendments made
to Regulation 15 in Chapter II-2? Enlist the different codes that were
amended in the said conference/ Illustrate 'clear grounds' as defined in the
Annex of Resolution A-742 (18) adopted in November 1993 by May 1994
amendments.

9. Underlining the date of adoption and entry into force describe December
1994, May 1995 and November 1995 amendments as made to SOLAS 1974.
Highlight these amendments made on (I) Ship's routing system (ii) Stability
of Ro-Ro Passenger ships (iii) Lifesaving appliances and arrangements.

10. Describe the different Chapters of SOLAS that were amended and its salient
features as amended by amendments made in (i) June 1996 Conference (ii)
December 1996 Conference. Illustrate their date of adoption and entry into
force in both cases. Highlight the codes that were amended under these
amendments. What new Regulation that were added in Chapter II-1 under
December 1996 amendments?

11. Underlining date of adoption and entry into force, Illustrate the changes June
1997 and Nov, 1997 amendments conference to SOLAS 1974. What new
regulation to comply with the regulation adopted in Nov, 1995 for Ro-Ro
Passenger ships was adopted in June 1997 Amendment Conference? What
observations by International Association of Classification Societies (IACS)
was taken into account in Nov. 1997 Amendment?

12. Under provisions of May 1998 amendments to SOLAS, what provisions in


the amendment has been made to Regulation 14 of SOLAS in Chapter II-1?
Also include the changes made to Chapter IV and Chapter VI of SOLAS
under said Conference. Illustrate the new regulation on 'Position Updating'
has been introduced in context with above.

13. Illustrate the May 1999 amendments to SOLAS 1974 including its date of
adoption and entry into force. State the classes the ships carrying INF cargo
are assigned with under this amendment. What specific changes to adopted
amendments on Nov. 1997 has been included in May 1999 amendments?
What is meant by the said amendment being under 'tacit acceptance*?

14. Highlight the amendments as included in SOLAS Chapter V under Dec.2000


amendment. State the new regulation in SOLAS Chapter II-1 and different
amendments made to SOLAS Chapter V. Fire and Test Procedure Code
(FTP), IBC Code, BCH Code and ISM Code as made by the said conference
(Dec. 2000 amendments).
15. State the salient amendments made to SOLAS 1974 by amendments under
June 2001 and May 2002 amendment conferences. Which one of these is
under 'tacit acceptance'? What changes to 1978 protocols have been initiated
in May 2002 amendment? What impact does May 2002 amendment
conference have on IMDG Code?

16. State the salient clauses of amendments made to SOLAS 1974 by Dec. 2002
amendment conference? What modifications to Chapter V and Chapter XI of
SOLAS has resulted under this amendment. Discuss the new Regulation XI-
1/5 and new chapter XI-2 that have been added to SOLAS on the basis of
this amendment. Also state the requirement/modifications made to
Regulation XI-2/3 enshrining International Ship and Port facilities Security
Code (ISPS Code)

17. Explain the procedure and the role played by main bodies/organs of IMO
towards adopting a convention from the suggestion from one of the
committees of IMO. How much time is allowed for the convention to be
open for signature by attending states? Explain the term (i) Signature (ii)
Ratification as followed by a state to express its consent to be bound by a
treaty.

18. Discuss the procedure of entry into force of a convention after its adopting?
State the provision and its importance towards entry into force of the
convention. For a convention of important technical nature sate the general
rules/conditions observed by the states for its entry into force. Explain the
terms (i) Accession (ii) Signature subject to Ratification, acceptance or
approval.

19. With reference to IMO conventions discuss (i) Amendment (ii) Tacit
Acceptance (iii) Enforcement should an offence occur by a ship within the
jurisdiction of another state, state the provisions kept under the 'enforcement'
of conventions to counter the offence.

MARINE LAW

20. What are the general considerations in international maritime law? What are
the general considerations in regard towage and salvage? Explain life salvage
and time for suit.

21. What are the basic criteria in cargo carriage under bills of lading and related
documents? Explain the procedure towards issue of bill of lading. What are
the obligations of the carrier and shipper under bill of lading? What happens
in case of a part of cargo getting lost or damaged?
22. Under maritime law in case of a collision, explain (i) apportionment of
damages (ii) proportionate fault (iii) collision liabilities (iv) presumptions of
fault (v) jurisdiction in collision cases.

23. What are the various collision liabilities under international maritime law?
How the economic laws in ship collisions are assessed? Highlight your views
on 'collision and conflicts of law'?

24. What are the principles of modern salvage law? What is general average ?
Explain with context to general average (i) Entitlement (ii) Artificial (iii)
Adjustment (iv) Contestation

25. What do you understand by state controlled salvage? In context to salvage


explain the key issues of 'The 1994 York/Antwerp Rules' and 'The Nordic
and Chinese Maritime Codes'

26. What are the liabilities of a ship owner in carriage of passengers onboard
ships? Explain the importance and relevance of 'Pre-Athens Convention
Legislation" and 'The Athens Passenger Convention 1974' .

Part A: MERCHANT SHIPPING ACT

27. A vessel is required to be registered at a specific port in India. List the


documents that will be required for such registration detailing related flow
process thereof.

28. An Indian Shipping Company is running at considerable loss for consecutive


years and desires to put some of their vessels in mortgage. Identify the
parties to whom the vessel can be mortgaged and in extreme measure when
the shipping company fails to repay the mortgaged loan, describe the
modalities for recovering.

29. Under 'Indian Merchant Shipping Act’, explain (i) Indian Courts and their
procedures towards a major casualty on a foreign flagship (ii) Arrest of
Maritime property (iii) Arbitration.

30. In case of a death of a crew member on an Indian ship at Indian coast,


describe the necessary provisions as laid out in 'Indian Merchant Shipping
Act'. What provisions made by the same Act towards seaman's documents
and stowage?

31. With Indian Merchant Shipping Act 1958, discuss (i) Indian Courts and their
procedures (ii) Arrest of maritime property (iii) Liens (iv) Arbitration
Part B: INTERNATIONAL LEGISLATIONS

32. Describe the salient considerations leading to first United Nations


Conference on The Law of the Sea. When it was provisionally accepted and
when it entered into force? What is meant by Arvid Pardo and the - Common
Heritage of Mankind-Principle?

33. In addition to the provisions of UNCLOS, state the coastal zonal division
made by coastal resources management authority. Differentiate between
different categorization of 'sandy beaches' under US Maritime Law.

34. Explain 'Estuaries' and 'Water shades' as defined by US Maritime Law and
its significance on implementation of UNCLOS.

35. What are the UNCLOS provisions concerning ship's flag and nationality? In
observation of UNCLOS what are the duties of flag states and how it is
enforced?

36. As a Chief Engineer on a vessel scheduled to make a voyage from India to


the U.S. Coast, list the salient items you will inspect, machinery-installations
you will ensure for satisfactory operation and documents you will keep
handy for making a satisfactory voyage. Give reasoning in each case.

37. State Maritime Declaration of Health and the requirements of International


Health Regulations for persons employed on board for sailing. An Engine
Room personnel being traced of suffering from a contagious disease (E.g.
Tuberculosis, AIDS etc.,) while on a voyage, state the steps taken by you as
Chief Engineer on board.

38. Give a brief history and the necessity towards formation of UNCLOS? What
are its important highlights? Under context explain (i) Territorial Sea (ii)
Contiguous Zone (iii) Exclusive Economic Zone (iv) Continental Shelf (v)
High Seas/

39. Explain the key features of the United Nations Convention. On the Law of
the Sea? When this convention was opened for signature and when it entered
into force? How many articles and annexes it contains? Enumerate the areas
covered under this convention?

40. Give a brief background of ILO, its inception and its fields of mandate for
Maritime Labour Development. Name three-conventions/protocol of ILO
concerning maritime labour, which has come in force in 1996.
41. How many maritime labour conventions been in force concerning seafarers?
Highlight Merchant Shipping (Minimum Standards) 1976 and its protocol
and its contribution to uplifting the working condition of seafarers on board.

42. State the number of articles present in Merchant Shipping (Minimum


Standards) Convention 1976 and briefly explain the purpose of each article.

43. Address the salient issues as underlined in the Health Protection and Medical
Care (Seafarers), 1987 convention of ILO. As a Chief Engineer comment its
contribution to the improvement of medical care of seafarers on board ships.

44. Explain (i) WHO International Health Regulations (ii) ITU International
Telecommunication Regulations; What impact these treaties have on modern
shipping?

45. What are the liabilities of a ship owner in carriage of passengers onboard
ships? Explain the importance and relevance of 'Pre-Athens Convention
Legislation' and 'The Athens Passenger Convention 1974'

MARINE INSURANCE P & I CLUB & GENERAL AVERAGE

46. Give a brief history of P&I Clubs highlighting its inception, and growth. It is
said 'Rebirth of P&I Clubs is due to growth of Third Party Liabilities'-
Elucidate.

47. What is a P&I Insurance? How these clubs operate worldwide? Connected
with P&I Clubs, explain control, dividends, scope of cover and letters of
undertaking.

48. Illustrate the present service philosophy of P&I Clubs and how they work on
a day-to-day basis world-wide? How is it controlled?

49. With reference to P&I Club, explain:

50. (a) International group (b) Re-Insurance (c) Representative Function

51. What are the salient differences of a Marine Insurance with a shore based
installation Insurance? With respect to Marine Insurance explain:

(a) Agreed Value and ACV Policies (b) P&I Liability


(b) Water craft Liability (d) Hull Coverage
52. A serious fire has taken place in the bridge of a vessel arising out of short
circuit. Describe the type of insurance coverage the ship is entitled to and
what type of policy will cover the maximum damage recovery? What is
uninsured boater coverage?

53. Define Marine Insurance. Highlight the importance of Marine Insurance


cover requirements for owners and Shippers. Underline the risks/liabilities
involved in cargo transportation for a ship not covered under insurance.

54. Specify the related bodies and their objectives in Marine Insurance market.
Highlight the purpose and objective of P&I club insurance. What are it's
limitations?

55. State the different types of Marine Insurance Policies that could be
undertaken by owners, shippers or other related parties. Explain the salient
liabilities and exclusions related with each case for an insurer.

56. Underlining Marine Insurance Cover, explain (i) Hull & Machinery cover,
(ii) P & I Insurance (iii) Cargo Insurance (iv) Pollution Liability Insurance.

57. Explain losses & it's categories with respect to Marine Insurance. Why and
where particular average and general average are of importance in Loss
Claims?

58. Explain Hull Claims and Cargo Claims related with Marine Insurance. State
the related documents and information required from the ship in this regard
highlighting their validity.

59. What are the main statutes of marine insurance? Explain with reference to
marine insurance (i) Direct Action (ii) Re-insurance (iii) Marine insurance
and conflict of laws.

60. With reference to Marine Insurance, write short notes on (i) Actual cash
value policies (ACV) (ii) Protection and indemnity liability (iii) Water craft
liability.

61. With reference to P&I club, write short notes on (i) Medical payment
coverage (ii) Uninsured Boater coverage (iii) Towing coverage.

62. List the differences of a Marine Insurance compared to a General Insurance


at shore. Discuss its applicability in a new ship and an old ship procurement.

63. What do you understand by state controlled salvage? In context to salvage


explain the key issues of "The 1994 York/Antwerp' rules and 'The Nordic
and Chinese Maritime Codes'.

ISO AND ISM CODE

64. A QMS is to be developed on board under ISO. State the steps initiated by
you with the co-operation of senior management members on board and
shore office to implement the same within a targeted date.

65. list the objectives of an Internal Audit of a ship? How an Internal Audit help
in External Audit of a vessel? Name the salient issues addressed in the
Internal Audit and the persons responsible to carry out the same.

66. You have joined as Chief Engineer on an old sailing vessel which has been
recently procured by the owners. State the documents you will need for
immediate sailing under ISM Codes and how this can be achieved within a
short targeted span?

67. Illustrating differences between major and minor nonconformity and near
miss situations, show with examples steps taken by you as Chief Engineer in
each case for successful handling of the situations.

68. For an ISM certification, explain the key clauses which is needed to be
complied with? To have SMS onboard to be successful, state the factors and
their importance to be the commitment from a Chief Engineer and shore
office.

69. Under ISM codes define 'Company'. How the identity of the company maybe
asserted under reference to the said code? Enumerate the objectives of 'ISM
code' and 'Safety Management System'.

70. Identifying the clause under ISM code, enumerate Master's responsibility
and authority. Specifying the clause of the code, enlist the requirement of
key operations and responsibilities as detailed towards development of plans
for shipboard operations by (i) Shipping Company (ii) Ship operating Staff.
Enumerate also the key shipboard operations.

71. With reference to ISM Codes explain (i) Non Conformity (ii) Accident (iii)
Hazardous Occurrence (iv) Disclaimer. What are the salient features and
objective of SMS Documentation? What are Software and Hardware
considerations for meeting objective under the Code?

72. Under ISM certification explain (i) DOC (ii) Short term DOC (iii) Interim
DOC (iv) Full Term DOC (v) SMC (vi) Short term SMC (vii) Interim SMC
(viii) Full Term SMC. Briefly explain the significance of issuance of each
certificate stated above, specifying the condition for all

73. State the action taken by a survey society towards handling of an ISM
Certificate incase (i) When a major non conformity is found (ii) When non
conformities are found (iii) When extension of the certificate is requested for
(iv) When revision of an entry for a certificate is requested for. Under what
circumstances may SMC and DOC be invalidated.

74. Classify the type of ISM Audits conducted for a shipping company and of a
ship emphasizing its timing. Explain what is meant by follow up audit.

75. Explain shipboard audit highlighting initial audit, intermediate audit,


intermediate audit, renewal audit and additional audit. What are the audit
procedures when a shipboard audit could not be completed due to a change
of ships departure time.

SHIP STABILITY

76. Detail the inspection that you as the new Chief Engineer of a passenger ship,
would make on vehicle decks. The following headings are suggested: (i)
Stability (ii) Damage control (iii) Fire Fighting (iv) Machinery Give
reasoning in each clause of your inspection.

77. You have been appointed as Chief Engineer to a Dry cargo vessel recently
purchased by your shipping company. The company requests that you
examine the vessel with a view to increase its deadweight capacity without
altering ships length. Outline the suggestions that you would make justifying
your proposals.

78. Underline the factors, which is required for quantitative evaluation of ship's
intact stability. On a ship where you are appointed as Chief Engineer,
describe the procedure you will adopt for computing intact stability of the
vessel. Conclude your assessment with some realistic data.

79. What is parametric rolling of a ship? How it originated? Under what


consideration it has become important in today's scenario? Considering a
Post Panamax Container vessel carrying a load of 1300 containers is
overtaken by a hailstorm. Enlist the effects on the ship due the condition
under parametric rolling. Justify your answer with reasons.

80. Differentiate between static and dynamic stability? Can a ship high on GM be
low on stability? Justify your answer with reasoning. Enlist the governing
factors you will inspect while taking over anew ship in shipyard as Chief
Engineer for having optimum stability in both categories. Substantiate your
answer with reasons.

81. Explain damage buoyancy and damage stability. Highlight "One


compartment" standard for ships towards damage control. "Ships carrying
liquid cargo are at hazard from groundings and explosions, but their sinking
from collisions is very rare" - Justify the statement with reasoning.

82. Explain "Ship Squat" and its relevance on super tankers or OBO vessels.
What are the factors governing ship squat? Using relevant diagrams explain
your answers.

83. Enlist the factors of capsizing of a vessel. Give your observation with
reasoning that a smaller vessel is more prone to capsize than a bigger one.
State the actions that can undertaken for improving resistance of a vessel
against capsizing?

84. Explain transient flooding phenomenon. Underline the risk involved with
transient flooding. Considering that transient flooding condition may lead to
capsizing of a vessel, explain the phases of ship's movement from upright to
overturn position due to transient flooding?

85. State the effect of increasing beam and freeboard on stability with reference
to a stability curve for a particular vessel in-a particular condition of loading.
How to reduce the maximum range of stability under conditions in these
cases?

86. A box shaped vessel is 50m long and is floating on an even keel at 4m draft.
The compartment amidships is 10m long and is empty. Find the increase in
draft if this compartment is bilged. (Ans. lm)

87. A box shaped vessel 150m x 20m x 12m is floating on an even keel at 5m
draft. A compartment amidships is 15m long and contains timber of relative
density 0.8 and stowage factor 1.5m3/t. Calculate the new draft if this
compartment is now bilged. (Ans.5.085m)

88. State the factors on which damage stability of the vessel is dependent. State
the principle consequences of flooding ships hull. Defining floodable length,
illustrate how a floodable length curve can be used to test the locations of the
subdivision bulkheads in a ship.
89. A box shaped vessel 40m long, 8m wide and 6m deep floats in salt water on
an even keel at 3m draft. GM=lm, find the new GM if an empty
compartment 4m long and situated amidships is bilged. (Ans. GM2 = 0.99m)

90. A ship of 50001 displacement has the righting levers as follow; Angle of heel
10° 20° 30° 40°GZinm 0.21 0.33 0.40 0.43 Calculate the dynamic stability at
40° heel.. (Ans. 1026.5 meter tones)

91. Suggest with reasons, why each of the following courses of action are
appropriate if a ship begins to wallow in heavy seas : (a) frequently sound all
hold bilges (b) frequently sound bilges in chain locker, peak tanks,
cofferdams and other void spaces (c) sound all fuel, fresh water and ballast
tanks (d) if satisfied with (a), (b) and (c) trim ship by the stern and correct
any list (e) reduce speed of the main engine

92. In order to determine optimum stabilization devices for roll damping of


ships, express your comments on: (i) Hull shape effect on bilge keel
component (ii) Forward speed effect on bilge keel component (iii) Non linear
effect on hull lift component (iv) barge/flat ship with sharp corners (v) Flat
planning craft.

93. A ship of 6000 tones displacement enters a dry dock trimmed 0.3 m by stem.
KM=7.5M, KG=6m. MCTC=90 tones m. The center of floatation is 45m
from aft. Find the effective meta centric height at the critical instant before
the ship takes the blocks overall. (Ans.: New GM=1 .425m)

94. A ship of 5000 tones displacement enters a dry dock on an even keel.
KM=6m. KG=5.5m. T[C=50 tones. Find the virtual loss of meta centric
height after the ship has taken the blocks and the water has fallen another
0.24m. (Ans. : Virtual loss=l .44m)

95. To ensure an adequate standard of damage stability protection following a


number of accidents involving Ro-Ro ferns, amendments have been made by
(i) IMO to 1974 SOLAS Convention (ii) by IACS on flood control doors,
bow doors and fitting to these doors. Describe above with sketches as
necessary and give your conclusive comments.

Part - A : IMO CONVENTIONS

96. Differentiate between Rules, Regulations, Protocol, Act, tacit acceptance and
Convention as adapted in IMO. Describe the process by which a Draft
proposal gets converted into a Rule administered by a maritime member
country?
97. List the date of entry into force/Convention or Code of IMO in the year
2002. On what basis as towards implementation of IMO'S Conventions 1st
January 2002 and 1st July 2002 is important?

98. List the amendments to the existing Conventions of IMO to come in force in
the year 2003 briefly giving a description of each. What changes are likely to
be foreseen on ship operation world wide on implementation of these
amendments?

99. Expanding the following abbreviations/word, write a short note on the


following mentioning their initiation and the Amendments made thereof till
date:
a. STCW b. IMDG c. INMARSAT d. TONNAGE e. LOADLINE

100. As per STCW convention 78 and Code of 95, state to which branch do the
following sections refer to (a) Section A-III/1 (b) Section A-TIT/2 (c)
Section A-III/3 (d) Section A-III/4

101. Underline the importance of IMO Convention concerning minimum


standards merchant ships, 1976 (No.147) and its protocol 1996. Also give a
brief description of other relevant IMO Conventions.

102. Eate the influences of a Charterer on operation of propulsion and other


shipboard machineries during a voyage. A ship on a time-charter if met with
several unforeseen machinery breakdowns due to which the scheduled date
cannot be met with, state the different options and actions a Chief Engineer
on-board should undertake?

103. Highlight the following amendments to IMO Conventions and its effect in
ship operation thereof. Mention their date of entry into force

(c) CLC and Fund Conventions

(d) SOLAS-IMDG Code

104. Highlighting the importance of the dates shown below as towards entry into
force of IMO Conventions/ Codes/ Amendments, describe the effect it will
have on maritime ship operation worldwide -

(a) 1st Jan 2003 (b) 1st May 2003 (c) 27th Sept.2003 (d) 1st Sept. 2002

105. Piracy of ships and robbery of valuable goods have become issues of concern in
maritime trade under current scenario, Highlight the IMO Convention
related to these issues and the proviso a Chief Engineer has to encounter
such incidents successfully under International Legislation.

106. Describe the responsibilities of a Chief Engineer under the relevant


requirements of the International Convention on Load Lines. In case of a
debate arising out of tonnage calculation for a ship in transit through a canal,
describe the modalities a Chief Engineer can adopt.

107. List the methods and aids to prevent pollution of the environment by ships
under IMO Conventions and steps you can take for its successful
implementation on a ship prior its voyage, where you have joined as Chief
Engineer.

108. Under SOLAS, state the responsibilities of a Chief Engineer for safety of life
of personnel on board in :

(a) In general (b) In emergency situations

IMO REGULATIONS

QUESTIONS

109. Describe the amendments made in SOLAS chapter II-1 Parts A, B and B-l
towards consideration of trim in the calculation of attained subdivision A.
What are the provisions made thereof for passenger ships? What provisions
made against intermediate stages of flooding?

110. Describe the definition of collision bulkhead as documented by IMO? Also


give provisions/amendments made in existing SOLAS Regulations against
bottom damage and grounding protection of a vessel? Also highlight the
length definition issue for application of damage stability requirements.

111. When International Convention of Maritime Search and Rescue was adopted,
and when it was amended? Describe the salient features of revised annex as
entered into force since 1st Jan 2000. How many chapters is contained in the
revised annex.

112. State the date of adoption and entry into force of International Convention on
Standards of Training, Certification and watch keeping for Seafarers. Give a
brief introduction of the convention highlighting its purpose, articles related,
different chapters contained and their area of coverage.

113. State the resolutions adopted by 1978 Convention on STCW. What is the
amendment procedure of the said convention?

114. When the amendments to the STCW annex will normally enter into force?
State the amendments made on to the said convention underlining its date of
adoption and entry into force since 1991.

115. What is meant by "White List" of member countries of IMO? The countries
not falling under the "White List" of IMO are faced with what all
inconveniences? Describe an important procedure concerning the exercise of
state that has been followed off from Chapter I of STCW convention. Under
the said chapter also highlight technical innovations and provisions or coping
of fitness standards of seafarers as detailed specifying the regulation and
section of STCW Code.

116. Underlining the date of adoption and entry into force, give a brief description
of the objectives towards convention on the International Maritime Satellite .
What is meant by IMSO? What are its entitles? Also give a brief description
on subsequent amendments made to the said convention in (i) 1985 (ii) 1989
(iii)1994 (iv) 1998

117. Give the reasons and importance leading to International Convention for Safe
Containers, 1972 (CSC) ? What are its goals? Stating its date of adoption and
entry into force explain the different technical annexes included thereof and
subsequent amendments made in (i) 1981 (ii) 1983 (in) 1991 (iv) 1993

PART - B: SAFETY REGULATION, PROCEDURE AND


HOW TO CONFIRM SAME

118. Describe the Annexes as included in COLREG 1972. Also give a brief
description of the subsequent amendments made in (i) 1981 (ii) 1987 (iii)
1989 (iv) 1993

119. Highlighting the objective of COLREG 1972 Convention, describe the 2001
amendments underlining its date of adoption and entry into force? State the
number of rules that were amended in the said amendment briefly giving a
necessity of such amendment related to wing-in-ground craft (WIG)?

120. State the objective ofl972 Convention designed to replace Collision


Regulations of 1960. What is the most important innovation in 1972
COLREG? State the technical provisions highlighting its different section
and Annexes.

121. Under technical provisions of 1972 convention on COLREG, state the


objective of all its sections. Underlining the total number of rules in the said
convention discuss (i) Rule 5 (ii) Rule 6 (iii) Rule 9

122. What are the technical provisions made under general rules of 1972
conventions on COLREG ? Discuss Rule 10 in detail. Explain the term "not
to impede". Also detail any amendment made thereof?

123. Specify the number of rules included under Section II and Section III of
COLREG 1972. Giving a brief description of the rules, highlighting
objectives of Section II and Section III of the said.

124. Describe the Special Trade Passenger Ships agreement, 1971 and Protocol
on Space Requirements for Special Trade Passenger Ships, 1973. Also give a
brief description of Protocol on space requirements for Special Trade
Passenger Ships, 1973. Give the date of adoption and entry into force in both
cases of the above.

125. Give the history of requirement leading towards International Convention On


Load lines, 1966, underlining its date of adoption and entry into force. What
special provisions were included in the said convention in comparison to first
International Convention on Load lines adopted in 1930 ? Describe its
different chapters highlighting their area of coverage and related Annexes.

126. Illustrate the different amendments to the International Convention onl Load
lines, 1966 as amended in (i) 1971 (ii) 1975 (iii) 1979 (iv) 1983. What was
the primary requirement towards adoption of 1988 protocol to the said
convention ? Describe its 1995 amendments and revision of Load line
conventions thereof.

ISM CODE

Questions:

127. Underline the objectives of ISM Codes and Safety Management (SMS).
Enumerate the different components of a planned management programme
for a propulsion engine of a ship. While assimilating repair and spare parts
data what are the factors to be taken into consideration?

128. Define a 'Company' and its obligation under ISM CODES TOWARDS
SAFESHIPBOARD OPERATIONS. Enumerate the key shipboard
operations, which should be maintained by a company of successful onboard
operation of a ship under ISM Codes.
129. Illustrate (i) Maintenance Plan (ii) Repair Plan (iii) Spare Part Procurement
Plan as required under Planned Maintenance. State the activities required
towards establishing a spare part history. Highlight the related ISM clauses
and discuss how at best they could be implemented for the best advantage of
a 'Engine room Planned Maintenance System'.

130. As a Chief Engineer you have joined a vessel which is about to undertake a
six month round voyage. Underline and describe the key issues that you will
inspect, check, prepare, establish and maintain towards proper Planned
Maintenance of Engine Room and associated areas under ISM Codes.

131. Explain the objectives of a responsible company as required under ISM


Codes. Explain with reasons, why existing maintenance plan threatens ISM
Certification and increases risk of Port State control detention.

132. Give the specific requirements under ISM Codes defining (i) Company
Objectives (ii) Designated persons (iii) Resources and personnel (iv) Reports
and analysis of non conformities, accidents and hazardous occurrences (v)
Documentation (vi) Company verification, review and evaluation. Establish
the relation between above mentioned factors with respect to maintenance of
the ship and its equipments.

133. Explain the associated key factors and activities to ensure successful Planned
Maintenance programme onboard ships under ISM Codes with the following
terms (i) Corrective action process (ii) Developing and improving
maintenance procedures (iii) Systematic approach to maintenance (iv)
Maintenance intervals (v) Inspections

ECONOMISING OF FUEL OIL CONSUMPTION

Questions

134. Give a list of the properties or test by which distillate and blended fuels may
be specified or decisions be made on their fitness for use. Name the
properties or constituents that may be found in a blended fuel having a high
viscosity and high carbon content. Explain how they may cause problems in
engine operation.

135. With reference to the layout diagram and relationship between engine power
and ships speed establish the conclusions that may be drawn towards
optimum use of fuel oil for main engines. How the relationship is drawn
between ship speed and engine performance and state what consequent
inference that can be established towards optimum use of fuel oil for
propulsion engine.

136. With respect to economic fuel oil consumption for main engine, explain the
importance of the following (i) Conventional VIT System (ii) Super VIT
System (iii) FQS

137. State from the different circumstances of running of propulsion engine and
the engine behavior, how best a plan for economic use of fuel can be
developed onboard from (i) Indicator diagrams (ii) Draw cards (iii) Light
spring diagram

138. Discuss the influence the following properties / contents have on fuel
characteristics and its economic use (i) viscosity (ii) density (iii) ignition
quality (iv) VIT (v) compatibility (vi) carbon residue (vii) control
combustion period

139. With reference to maintenance of plant efficiency, discuss energy audit of


main engine, boilers and auxiliary engines. How such audit help in
economizing fuel oil consumption

140. Discuss FQS as applied to main engines to improve its performance. How its
application can be best utilized for optimum economic use of fuel oil?
Highlight the relationship between FQS and VIT and suggest ways so that
both can be ideally balanced with a view to fuel oil consumption and MCR.

141. Explain the influence of flowing external factors in higher consumption of


fuel oil and how at best they could be controlled? (i) Ships hull condition (ii)
Weather condition (iii) Maintenance of different elements in fuel oil system

142. Develop a programmed for conservation and optimum use of fuel oil on
board ship highlighting (i) storing of fuel oil (ii) degradation of fuel oil, its
symptoms and prevention (iii) measures against undesired loss of fuel oil in
the engine room.

143. Illustrate mean piston speed, its significance on consumption of fuel oil.
Explain how mean piston speed is related to r.p.m. and ideal combustion.
Joining an old ship as Chief Engineer, formulate a methodology by which
you can ascertain optimum use of fuel oil against desired mean piston speed.

FUEL OIL COMBUSTION

144. Learn to familiarize with the different engine behaviour and performance
graph related with combustion like stroke cycle, cylinder pressure/fuel
pressure, angle behaviour etc.,

145. Study the effect of change of fuel oil properties on engine behaviour and
performance. Learn to identify the related changes.

146. Study the change of engine behaviour/parameter due to changes in injection


characteristics and overload.

147. Study the different faults like cutting of a cylinder, turbocharger


malfunctioning etc. and its influence on engine performance.

148. Study the analysis of different combustion curve under different fault
condition.

149. Study of different alarms related to running of main engine.

150. Study the fuel oil characteristics and optimization of available fuel oil
consumption with respect to rated power.

151. Study the change of engine behaviour with respect to VIT and FQS setting.

152. Study the changes in turbocharger performance due to change in FQS.

153. Study the analysis of changes in Engine Parameters, behaviour and


performance and locate the associated faults.

154. Any other tasks related with Engine performance/fuel consumption/inserted


fault etc.

TRAINING FOR TRAINERS

Questions

155. Illustrate the salient factors for 'onboard training' and standard of competence
as laid out in STCW 95 Chapter III. Underline the specific roles a Chief
Engineer needs to perform towards satisfactory training of engine room
personnel under the parameter. What will be the criteria for evaluating
competence for onboard training by a Chief Engineer?

156. With reference to Section A-V/3 and training to engine room personnel,
illustrate the role of a Chief Engineer in (i) Crowd management training (ii)
Familiarization training (iii) Safety training for personnel providing direct
service to passengers in passenger spaces (iv) Crisis management and human
behaviour training.

157. With reference to Section A-VI /l of STCW 95 enlist the minimum


requirements for familiarization, basic safety training and instruction to all
seafarers. Underline the importance of the role of Chief Engineer of a ship in
enforcing these elements of STCW training.

158. You have joined a vessel as Chief Engineer recently. Outline a programmed
that you will implement in training of Engine Room staff for (i) Fire
prevention and fire fighting (ii) Pollution prevention (iii) Safe working
practices. Enlist the related STCW Codes for each of them.

159. As a Chief Engineer on a ship, how you would conduct a training


programmed for safe working practices in (i) Welding (ii) Ballast water
management (iii) Pollution prevention.

160. Describe a procedure to establish a training programmed appropriate for the


training need of Engine Room personnel on board, where you have joined as
Chief Engineer. Illustrate the measures you will undertake in view of a
section of Engine, Room personnel not adopt in attaining the standard within
a specified time period.

161. Discuss the contribution of the following factors on ship in identification of


proper training for a specific task performed (i) Internal Audits (ii)
Emergency drills (iii) Previous training and experience (iv) Familiarization
with new equipment.

162. Highlight the salient measures of a training programmed that you will
undertake on joining a vessel as Chief Engineer in pursuance of SOLAS
guidance and as underlined in (i) May 1999 Amendments (ii) May 2002
Amendments (iii) Chapter IX of SOLAS

163. With reference to training onboard ships and emergency drills discuss the
procedure and importance of (i) testing of emergency fire pump and
emergency bilge pump (ii) operation of remote shutoff valves and remote
stop switches (iii) operation of fire flaps.

164. As a Chief Engineer on a ship where you have joined recently, develop a
training programmed for shore related activities of a vessel. Highlight the
specific training needs for engine room personnel in case of (i) overloading
(ii) fire (iii) explosion, when the ship is in dry dock.

165. Outline the salient points of a training need that is required for engine room
personnel in ship related emergency situations like (i) Collision (ii)
Grounding (iii) Flooding (iv) Heavy weather damage.

166. As a Chief Engineer onboard draw up an appropriate training plan for engine
room personnel towards successful handling of (i) major fire in engine room
and wheelhouse (ii) Pollution involving cargo/bunkers.

167. Develop an appropriate training programmed for engine room personnel for
successfully encountering machinery related emergency situations like (i)
Main engine/auxiliary engine failure (ii) automation failure of main engine in
UMS vessels (iii) Steering failure (iv) Electrical failure.

168. With respect to training ship operation discuss the procedures and importance
of (i) conducting management meetings to train officers and crew in engine,
deck and catering department (ii) purpose of onboard training and its
advantages.

CHIEF ENGINEERS RESPONSIBILITIES

169. Illustrate the key issues in new ship building contract negotiations. How to
estimate 'risk analysis' and how to reduce your exposure? State the contract
terms which really matte and the pitfalls to avoid in such negotiations.

170. Explain Conversion Contracts. 'Conversion contracts are known to be


different and of greater risk but still have some over-riding advantages over
other contracts' — Substantiate the statement with due reasoning. State the
particular problems associated with such contracts.

171. Enlist the salient requirements by the new BIMCO Repair form. Highlight (i)
Evolution and its purpose (ii) BIMCO style and format (iii) Commercial
balance (iv) Distinctive features (v) Availability.

172. With respect to key issues in ship repair contracts, illustrate (i) Payment
terms (ii) Ambit of the specification -and additional works (iii) Contract
period, liquidated damages and force majeure (iv) Guarantees and insurance
(v) Termination events.

173. With reference to engineering economics, explain (i) Time value of money
(ii) Present worth comparisons (iii) Rate of return calculations (iv)
Replacement analysis. How best these terms are related to ship repair/ship
building?

174. With reference to ship repair/shipbuilding, and engineering economics


explain the terms (i) Risk analysis (ii) Brake even analysis (iii) Sensitivity
analysis (iv) Multi stage sequential analysis (v) Multi attribute decision
making

175. With reference to project cost estimation towards a major ship repair with
multiple activities, explain (i) Cost Groups (ii) Cost parameters (iii) Work
breakdown structure (WBS). How best in your opinion these modules assist
towards an optimum ship repair cost estimation?

176. Illustrate ship repair management and its objectives. Enlist the list of services
under ship repair management and highlight with (i) Assessment of ship
repair quotations (ii) supervision during repairs (iii) Coordination with
classification society and flag Administration (iv) attendance of necessary
trials and testing (v) Full report on actual repairs effected for record
purposes.

177. With reference to key ship repair processes, as a chief engineer on a ship
undergoing major repairs, discuss the following (i) Non destructive testing
(ii) Steering gear, rudder survey and repairs (iii) Ship conversions. Explain
the due care, precautions and safety measures undertaken during above
works.

178. With respect to engine room man management enlist the key issues you will
address with proper justification in the following areas (i) incentive
programmes (ii) Long term personnel development concept (iii) Human
resources quality assurance (iv) attitude and motivation development (v)
Emergency response.

179. A ship on which you have joined as Chief Engineer is scheduled to be put in
active service after major lay-up and necessary repairs. State the survey
inspections and trials to be made by the surveyor in presence of Chief
Engineer and Master.

180. You have been appointed as the Chief Engineer of an older vessel which is in
dry dock and recently been purchased by your shipping company. Describe
in a letter addressed to Engineering Superintendent, your inspection to
ensure that the conditions of assignment are satisfactorily complied with.

181. The vessel on which you are posted as a chief engineer is scheduled for dry-
docking. Illustrate with reasoning. What all due care you will undertake
towards preparation of a defect list due to be sent to the head office? Also
what all inspections you will make and documents you will keep ready prior
entering dry dock for successful utilization of time and conduction of
necessary repair/survey and dry docking activities?

182. Your vessel where you are posted as chief engineer is about to enter a dry
dock. State the coordination and information exchange necessary with the
master of the vessel for successful entry. Also list the necessary preparations
you would make along with earmarking division of duties to the engineers of
the vessels. Enlist the inspections and co-ordinations you will make with the
dry dock authorities for successful coming out of the dry dock.

183. During inspection of propellers in the dry dock a surface crack has been
noticed on one of the blades. State the steps taking by you as chief engineer
for successful handling of the situation. Also if some surface cracks are
noticed on the key way of a tail-end shaft, state the steps taken by you for
tackling the problem.

184. Foreign going vessels are required to possess a valid safety equipment
certificate renewed at intervals after survey of safety equipment.

(a) Compile a list of items that are contained in the safety equipment
survey.

(b) From the list compiled in (a) above, select two ship systems, explain
how they would be examined and identify possible defects.

185. Define non-destructive testing and its purpose. Under context and with
reference to ships machineries, discuss (i) dye penetrant testing (ii) leak
testing (iii) magnetic particle testing (iv) radiographic testing (v) Ultrasonic
test (vi) visual test. Underline the method of interpretation of results by these
tests.

186. On a ship where you have joined as a Chief Engineer, pumps shafts and
impellers of the ballast pumps are suspected to be out of balance. Describe
the process of balancing you will undertake and results you will interpret for
necessary repair, use realistic data.

187. What are the different types of defects that could be tested by vibration
monitoring and analysis technique for the engine room machinery of a ship?
Discuss spectrum analysis and define how at best it could be used to locate
severe vibration of tail end shaft and interpret the result.

188. Describe the different types of defects/faults that could be diagnosed by lube
oil analysis. Describe (i) drop test and its interpretation (ii) detection of
mechanical degradation in bearings (iii) degradation of oil condition.
189. Illustrate the provision kept towards establishing procedures to identify and
testing of 'critical' equipments under ISM Codes. Enlist the shipboard
items/operations subjected to inspection and test under ISM codes. How the
list of critical equipment and systems are made and on what factors they are
dependent.

INVENTORY OF FUEL AND LUB OIL

190. State the different methods on board for ascertain lube oil/fuel oil onboard. If
you were to ascertain the 'available' stock of both categories of oil of a ship
where you have joined as a Chief Engineer. Describe the methodology you
will employ and cross check for accuracy.

191. You have joined an old vessel as Chief Engineer, which has been purchased
recently by your shipping company. Enlist the methodology you will
undertake for ascertaining the stock of lube oil / fuel oil on board and steps
you will initiate for ordering of optimum quantity of oil requirement for the
on coming voyage.

192. Your vessel was bunkering at a port where you are posted as Chief Engineer.
Describe the procedure you would employ for ascertaining/receiving correct
grade/quantity of oil from the shore supply authorities. In case of a dispute
over lube oil/ fuel oil received on board, describe the actions you will take
under circumstances.

193. You have joined a vessel, which is due for a long voyage. As a Chief
Engineer describe the methodology / maintenance programmed you would
employ during the voyage for the stored oil in the tank. What tests will
indicate the stored oil is in good health?

194. The ship on which you are working as Chief Engineer has run around and
some of the double bottom tanks are suspected to be leaky with oil going out.
Describe the methods employed by you in the situation for oil stock
management and ascertaining the quantity of available oil.

195. Describe the methodology you will practice during taking over /handling
over of your vessel in a foreign port as a ? Chief Engineer towards inventory
management of lube oil /fuel oil on board. In case of dispute arising thereof,
describe how it can be best solved? During the circumstances how you
would ascertain amount of oil not fit for use?
COMPUTERS

196. Your vessel has shown a significant increase of fuel oil, which had been,
recently dry docked. Frame a report in the format of an email addressing
Engineer Superintendent with the related inspections made, findings
established and suggestions for repair if any.

197. Aft structure of a vessel is experiencing certain vibration. From the available
shipboard application programme and analyzing through spectrum analysis
forward your findings in a report from to shore office for ascertaining
immediate action.

198. You are to present the Voyage Performance Report in a high level meeting at
companies headquarter. Suggest the various tools in PowerPoint you will
employ, type of format for presenting text and diagrams you will prefer and
how best you can assimilate a presentation, which will convoy the messages
and inferences with best result within a fixed time of tight schedule.

199. On a ship where are employed as Chief Engineer, the vessel has UMS system
for controlling engine room and a central scanning and data logging system
for monitoring. Explain the special attention you will pay to the specific data
and formulate a chart for condition monitoring. Highlights the tools in
computer application you will use for making graphical representation,
salient points and trend analysis.

200. You are required to send a Voyage abstract to the heat office containing all
salient data as per regulatory feature. For making the spreadsheet, underline
the specific computer application tools you will use and formulate a format
for the abstract, which will show the salient data within available format of
software to the best advantage. Use realistic data.

201. What are the .component parts of a data logger of the type found in the
engine room of motor ships? What are their purposes? Enlist and explain the
different activities / purposes where computers are used in conjunction with
diesel machinery on ships.

202. "Document File" is a vital tool required during survey. Briefly explain its
purpose, containment and support documentation. What is the process of
identifying a survey in the "Document File".

MANAGEMENT

203. What planning means for a Chief Engineer being the technical head board
ships and how he can determine in advance of a personnel programme that
will contribute to goals established for the vessel?

204. State definition of organizing and its key components. As a Chief Engineer
on board perceive how this issue can be best addressed for effective crew
and engine room management?

205. Establish relationship between power and control. Underline the various
potential barriers that must be overcome for successful implementation of
crew management on board ships?

206. As a team leader and resource manager identify the issues that could be
addressed for maximum utilization of potential of technical personnel on
board ships. Examine the development in compensation and benefit practices
and trends followed thereof?

207. Discuss the effects of legislation, professional standards and union


environment on day to day operation of human resource function on board
ships during a voyage and how they can be best countered under the
situation?

208. As a Chief Engineer how do you perceive an error committed by an engine


room staff? While classifying an error common onboard ships state a
modality to prevent such occurrence?

209. Classify the common type of technical and humane crisis situation prevalent
on board ships? In each case as a Chief Engineer how do you propose to
plan, manage and handle such situations arising on board?

210. What Is perception and perceived behavior? As a Chief Engineer on board


how do you foresee such issues can be critical area in man management?

211. Socio - Cultural differences have been an accepted fact in major merchant
ship vessels around the globe. Explain how such differences generate inter
personal conflict and affect management. How they can be resolved on
board?

212. Perceived threat is a critical issue in al Management. Underline how this


issue can affect the day to day functioning of Engine Room ship and also
instability arising out of it. How the situation may be countered?

213. As Chief Engineer on board stress the issue you will address for lack of
motivation, differences in attitude and to increase sense of competitiveness
for better management and effective control? Also formulate a flow chart for
a work programme to be availed within a target date from a group of Engine
Room Personnel of above mentioned mixed thought processes.

214. Continued physical and psychological stress is a common phenomenon on


board ships. State the salient indicative changes in crew behavior criteria's to
identify such problems and formulate a strategy to best encounter such a
situation at sea.

215. Explore the methods by which the behaviour of members of Engine Room
are constrained and influenced? How such problems can be best addressed
on board ships?

216. What are the primary strategies for coping with stress affected personnel?
How these elements can be best implemented in ships personnel motivating
them for better team work?

217. State the elements of strategies needed for improving performance from a
team of Engine Room Personnel looked upon as an ? Underline the steps
taken to reduce mutual conflict and clarify their role/ responsibility?

218. Define communication and its importance? How it can be the root of all
personnel problems arising onboard ships?

219. State the types of communication envisaged on board? How it can be the
root of all personnel problems arising onboard ships?

220. With the advent of information technology there had been a revolution in
communication between ship to shore personnel. Discuss its types, barriers,
problems arising thereof and ways of improving such issues?

221. Underline the general procedures followed for flow of information among
ships personnel. Considering you being the Chief Engineer on a ship having
multinational crew how the process of effective information to the team can
be approached by you and also how a certain instruction received by you
from shore office for engine management can be best utilized?

Why is feedback so important to communication? Considering a common


example of an incident onboard ships list some guidelines for the effective
use of feedback?

222. Briefly summarize the four self’s in the Johari Window. What Implications
does each have for interpersonal conflict onboard?
223. What are the various kinds of conflict? Explain any one of them experienced
onboard ships and means to prevent the same?

224. Describe the elements in management to counter sources of conflicts in an ?


Considering such conflict has arisen on a ship due to cultural and social
diversity.

225. Considering Engine Room operation as a vital system onboard, discuss the
influence of human factor in the same? What will be the common
characteristics of such a system. Explain with example prevalent on board?

226. What is understood by an open and a closed system? For effective


maintenance of ships machineries and fruitful teamwork which system you
will prefer and why?

227. "Mechanistic approach to personnel as opposed to Scientific Movement is an


evolution from industrial revaluation", which is true for the systems existing
onboard ships. Establish with example.

228. A successful voyage for a Chief Engineer is a combination of trouble free run
of machineries optimum use of fuel, minimum interpersonal conflicts and
less intervention from shore authorities. Considering the ship as on how this
can be best achieved?

Part A: RECORD MAKING

229. Describe the objective for maintaining records onboard. What are its
categories? Enlist the record keeping items under each categories
substantiating with reasons. Give an example by which the records generated
by the shipboard maintenance activities may also be seen as a database from
which valuable management information can be retrieved.

230. With reference of record keeping onboard, discuss (i) the necessity of proper
filing (ii) efficient control of follow up and verification activities (iii)
accident investigation.

231. How do distinguish between necessary and unnecessary records on ship?


How the control of record keeping maintained onboard? How the old and
unnecessary records are identified and dealt with?

232. State the importance of maintaining Log Book records during a watch and
vessel's stay in port. Elucidate the procedures involved relating entries made
for the data's during watching-keeping. Which data records concerned with
main engine you find most important and why?

233. An accident with a ship relates with a grounding while approaching a port.
On an inspection made by a team of surveyors, you are to submit the relevant
Log book records for formulating an opinion regarding cause of grounding.
Taking figures from real life situations present a case study to underline that
machineries were functioning satisfactory.

PART B: SHIPS RECORDS

234. Name various statutory certificates and documents to be carried on board by


all ships giving a reference to the conventions. Apart from these what extra
number of statutory certificates are carried in vessel carrying:

a) Dangerous goods b) Chemical Tankers c) Gas Tankers

state them with their related conventions are justify for their requirement.

235. Differentiate between official log book, supplementary official logs and deck
and engine room logs. Highlight their salient-features and differences. Also
enlist the number of documents which is handed over by chief Engineer
during signing off a vessel.

PART A: CLASSIFICATION SOCIETIES AND THEIR FUNCTIONS

236. Highlight the role of classification societies in providing set of standards for
sound merchant ship construction. Also state the importance of International
Association of Classification Societies and how they contribute in improving
standards of hull and machineries.

237. Certain area of inspection of ships is the responsibility of the Government of


the country. State and justify the concerned fields. In recent years
Classification Societies have been entrusted with some of the statutory
surveys as well. Name and explain with reasons.

238. What are the Date of Expiry of the various statutory Certificates carried on
board on all ships. List them giving their reference of Conventions. If a
period of a statutory certificate has just expired of your joining a vessel in a
port having inadequate survey facility, state the actions you will take to
revalidate.

239. A vessel having continued and repeated crosshead bearing population engine
was allowed to reach the one leg of its voyage with the condition of class. As
a Chief Engineer describe the action you will initiate for successful return leg
journey.

240. Briefly explain on the statutory service undertaken by a classification body


on behalf of Administration together with its responsibilities and its
obligations in the area of client confidentiality. Illustrate with a case study.

241. Underline the validity of the following statement:

i. Classification body as survey societies

ii. Classification society as neutral third party

iii. Classification society as "Recognized "

iv. Classification society and duty of confidentiality.

242. Emphasis the validity of the statement that "Classification societies are
Recognized Institutions (RO). In your view if the statement carries some
limitation highlight them with reasons. List the statutory service undertaken
by a classification body on behalf of Administration.

243. As a Chief Engineer on a fully loaded ship you are stranded in an island near
UK coast having no survey facility where the forepeak of the vessel is
severely damaged. Explain your reciprocator actions with reasons and the
procedures to be adopted for making a safe return voyage to India.

244. What is meant by FSQC? How this is maintained by classification bodies?


Explain the area of related services as offered by classification bodies in case
of (i) Towing voyage inspection (ii) Equipment approval

245. What are the principal functions conducted by a classification body towards
survey / management of high speed crafts? In which way these surveys differ
from conventional ship surveys?

246. Apart from statutory surveys, what all other surveys can be undertaken by a
classification body for a ship? What are the limitations for the society in
these cases? Enlist them and emphasis how these cases are taken care of.

247. Differentiate between statutory classification and regulatory service. List


under these categories the surveys which are to be conducted (i) every six
months (ii) every year (iii) every thirty months (iv) every four years & (v)
every five years.
248. Differentiate between annual, intermediate, renewal, damage and repair
surveys. What is the purpose of each survey onboard? Also enlist all
statutory certificates carried onboard, their issuing authority, and the basis of
Conventional / Act of such certificates.

249. (a) Define the meaning of the term "Conditional of Assignment" as applied to
ships.
(b) State how conditions of assignment contribute towards water integrity of
ships.
(c) Give reasons why conditions of assignment need periodic inspection,
giving specific instances where they can be found to be less than fully
effective.

250. What is the purpose of annual surveys? Give a list of items that would be
examined by a surveyor during annual surveys. Also explain Condition of
Class. What impact condition of class has on a ships commercial / technical
aspect?

251. Differentiate between harmonized system surveys and enhanced hull survey
system. Since when these systems have come in force. What all statutory
certificates are issued under HSSC? List the periodicity of all certificates
issued under HSSC.

252. To ensure that a ship remains worthy of its 100 Al classification, annual and
special surveys are carried out by classification surveyors. Detail the parts of
the ship that would be examined during each of the following (a) annual
survey (b) special survey.

253. Differentiate between continuous hull surveys (CHS) and enhanced hull
survey system. What advantage CHS provides to the ship owner?
Underlining the salient features of enhanced survey program and explain
"Planning of Survey", "Close - up Examination" and "Overall Survey".

254. Emphasize computer aided survey and how it helps in monitoring the health
of a ship. Underline its salient purpose, date of implementation and different
discipline of activities that could be undertaken. Explain the term "Survey
Status".

255. Protective coating has come into a lot of debate in recent years. With
reference to seawater ballast tanks how the condition is assessed for paint
coatings and how grading is done by society surveyors. Outline the problem
that occur with self polishing copolymer paints when a vessel is at anchor for
long periods or proceeding at reduced speed.
256. Enlist the salient items consisting additional survey for tankers. On
examination of tankers hull in a dry dock some areas covered with paint
were found damaged. Describe a procedure for repair of the said area
precautions taken thereof.

257. Describe the differences and features of hull surveys of a very large crude
carrier compared to a conventional one. Which zone / tanks / .components
are awarded special precaution while carrying out bulk carrier survey?

PART B: INVENTORY MANAGEMENT

258. You are to formulate a Quality Inventory Management Plan for old ship's
stores / spares, where you have joined as Chief Engineer. Describe the
procedures you will adopt and the key issues you will address for successful
completion of the assignment within a targeted date.

259. What is meant by "lead time" in inventory management of ship's spares /


stores? Explain the terms (i) Average due data (ii) average job tardiness as
applicable in inventory management of ship's spares / stores. As a Chief
Engineer on a ship describe the actions you will undertaken to reduce the
lead time in inventory management.

260. Describe method of documentation of recording inventory management and


control under Quality system. As a Chief Engineer onboard how would you
maintain a record of spares becoming obsolete and to retrieve information
regarding current strength of spares / stores. Describe the methodology with
proper heads and method of record keeping.

PART A - EMERGENCY PREPARDNESS

261. Establish relation between implementation of ISM code and emergency


preparedness. Enlist the documented procedures are maintained onboard for
potential emergency situations. Illustrate one such procedure highlighting its
format, entries and the location where it is maintained onboard.

262. The vessel where you are posted as Chief Engineer is undergoing dry-
docking and a serious fire occurs on the deck because of welding work.
Illustrate the documented procedures to deal with such emergency and its
advantage over non documented actions? Explain the different ship related
contingencies against which document procedures are maintained under
emergency preparedness of ISM Codes. *In case of a major pollution of oil
from a ship how best the contingency plans in emergency preparedness help
over other actions.
263. Explain the different machinery related emergency situations that are dealt as
documented procedures under "emergency preparedness". Underline the
salient actions that are documented in dealing with (i) Main Engine Failure
(ii) steering failure (iii) electrical failure (iv) automation failure.

264. Highlight the importance of programmes for drills and exercises under
emergency preparedness. What all emergency situations are considered
under combined drills involving companies and ships personnel and why?

265. State the involvement and responsibility of the office in enforcing


'emergency preparedness" procedures for a ship and personnel. What
advantage dose it have under ISM codes? Describe the duties of the office in
(i) forming the emergency team (ii) emergency situations (iii) maintaining
contact between ship and office (iv) use of ships relevant information.

266. Piracy and terrorism is a fearsome situation for shipboard personnel and
frequent in present shipping activities. As a Chief Engineer onboard and as a
member of SMS implementation team, draw an emergency preparedness
plan to encounter such situations involving ships personnel. What measures
can be responded by shipboard under contingency plan while the vessel is (i)
at port (ii) at sea?

267. Establish relation between SOLAS and "emergency preparedness".


Identifying the concerned chanter of SOLAS illustrate how the specific
chapter deals with defining emergency preparedness and its list of activities.
When this chapter was adopted and when it entered into force.

268. With reference to "emergency preparedness", discuss (i) Search and Rescue
(ii) Evacuation of critically injured personnel (iii) Helicopter operations (iv)
rescue from enclosed spaces (v) Abandon ship.

269. Underline the importance of "communication" in 'emergency preparedness".


Under said head, discuss contingency plans for the office involving (i)
contact between ship and the office (ii) communication equipment (iii)
dealing with the media (iv) dealing with relevant next of kin.

270. In case of a major fire onboard, explain the salient advantages of


documentation under "emergency preparedness" over normal fire fighting
procedures, "before implementation of the said code the fire fighting
operations onboard have successfully carried out in numerous cases" with
the context of the statement give your recent opinion for requirement of
documented plans under "emergency preparedness".
271. The ship has grounded on shallow waters near a port. Describe the actions
that would commonly be laid out in a contingency plan under "emergency
preparedness" and its specific advantage over non-follow-up of such system.

272. A ship which was bunkering at a foreign port has met with an accident and a
substantial amount of oil spillage in water has resulted. Draw an emergency
preparedness plan for the incident and how best it could be encountered
under the provision. Describes its salient advantages.

273. Establish a relation between emergency preparedness, MARPOL 73/78 and


National Administration, how the presence of MARPOL 73/78 and
"Administration" help in formulating personnel will have in adhering to
procedures under emergency preparedness?

274. With reference to "emergency preparedness" write short notes on (i) role of
SOLAS 74, MARPOL 73/78 and National Administration (ii) role of office
(iii) advantage of drills and exercises (iv) documented procedures.

PART B: COAST GUARD

275. Enumerate the different activities and rights of national coast guard. With
reference to coast guard activity explain (i) controlling vessel traffic /
waterways (ii) inspection of flag state and foreign ships (iii) general
maritime law and treaty enforcement.

276. Enumerate the area of activities / enforcement of coast guard towards (i) Law
enforcement (ii) drug interdiction (iii) port and waterway security.

277. With reference to marine pollution prevention, discuss the role enacted by
coast guard of coastal waters. Briefly explain the action undertaken by coast
guard in prevention of marine pollution and its enforcement.

PART A CHARTERING AND GENERAL AVERAGE

278. In Maritime terms what is :


a) Charter Party b) Freight c) Bare of Lading d) Charter Party Clause.

279. Differentiate between Voyage Charter and Time Charter of a vessel.


Underline the changes in responsibilities and the scope of activities for a
Chief Engineer in each case.

280. What are the basic contracts used in Marine Transportation? What are the
basic elements of the Time Charter Party and Demise (Bareboat Charter
Parties?) In your opinion where lies the conflicts between chartering and
Maritime Law?

281. Eate the influences of a Charterer on operation of propulsion and other


shipboard machineries during a voyage. A ship on a time charter if met with
several unforeseen machinery breakdowns due to which the scheduled date
cannot be met with, state the different options and actions a Chief Engineer
on board should undertake.

282. Differentiate the salient consideration taken during survey of a ship under (i)
bare boat charter (ii) voyage charter (iii) time charter. As a Chief Engineer
on board explain with reasons which of the three surveys is most demanding
and exhaustive and why?

283. During Periodic survey of a crosshead bearing of main engine, a condition of


class was imposed by the survey authorities and the vessel was allowed to
sail under said status till the next port of call. As a Chief Engineer of the
vessel enumerate and explain the consequences and actions to be
reciprocated of behalf of owner of the ship and also what all penalties are
attracted if these are not duly followed up?

284. Your company is planning to buy an old ship stationed at a foreign port and
to put the vessel immediately on bareboat charter. On your placement as
Chief Engineer on the said vessel, enlist and explain the series of inspections
/ examinations / inventories you will make towards preparation of such
charter voyage.

285. What are the basic criteria in cargo carriage under bills of loading and related
documents? Explain the procedure towards issue of bills of lading, what are
the obligation of the carrier and shipper under bills of lading. What happens
in the case of part of cargo getting lost or damaged?

PART B : PORT STATE AND FLAG STATE CONTROL

286. Explain "Port State Control(PSC)". Underline its authority for exercising and
the basis of such inspections. Enumerate the relevant regulations article and
annexes of SOLAS 74, LOAD LINES 66, MARPOL 73/75, STCW 78 and
TONNAGE 69, which forms the provisions for PSC.

287. Explain the jurisdiction of application of PSC and its control regulations.
State the salient clauses from different International Conventions that forms
the basic focus area of PSC.
288. What provisions are kept under PSC towards (i) Certificates issued by non
party states to their ships (ii) Inspection of ships below convention size and
(iii) Amendments to procedures for PSC adopted in 1981.

289. With reference to PSC illustrate the following (i) Regional cooperation /
agreements (ii) the goal of future PSC (iii) Technical assistance by IMO
under resolution adopted in Nov. 1991 Conference.

-- &&&&&&&&&&&& -
VOLUME -2

1. List the amendments to the existing Conventions of IMO to come into force
in the year 2005. Briefly describe the amendments. What changes are likely
to be foreseen on ship operation world wide on implementation of these
amendments.

2. Differentiate between "third party liability" and "contractual liability". When


may the ship owner seek to limit his liability.

3. List the methods and aids to prevent pollution of the environment by ships
under IMO Conventions and steps you can take for its successful
implementation on a ship prior its voyage, where you have joined as Chief
Engineer.

4. What is a general average act? Name the essential features of a general


average act.

5. Differentiate between official logbook, deck and engine room log books.
Highlight their salient features and differences. Also, enlist the number of
documents, which are handed over by relieved Chief Engineer during
signing off from a vessel.

6. Differentiate between annual, intermediate, renewal, damage and repair


surveys. What are the purposes of each survey onboard? Also, enlist all
statutory certificates carried onboard, their issuing authority, and the IMO
Convention under which they are issued.

7. A ship on which you have joined as Chief Engineer is scheduled to be put in


active service after major lay-up and necessary repairs. State, the preparation
and trials you would conduct prior offering the ship to the surveying
authorities for survey and inspection.

8. Discuss the contribution of the following factors on ship in identification of


proper training for a specific task performed (i) Internal Audits (ii)
Emergency drills (iii) Previous training and experience (iv) Familiarization
with new equipment.

9. A successful voyage for a Chief Engineer is a combination of trouble free


run of machineries, optimum use of fuel, minimum interpersonal conflicts
and less intervention from shore authorities. Considering the ship as an , give
in detail how can this be best achieved.

—XXXXX—
Volume-3
1. Differentiate between Rules, Regulations, Protocol, Act, tacit
acceptance and Convention as adapted in IMO. Describe the process
by which a Draft proposal gets convened into a Rule administered by a
maritime member country?

2. As a Chief Engineer on a vessel scheduled to make a voyage from


India to the U.S. Coast. list the salient items you will inspect,
machinery installations you will ensure for satisfactory operation and
documents you will keep handy for making a satisfactory voyage. Give
reasoning in each case.

3. What are the UNCLOS provisions concerning ship's flag and


nationality? In observation of UNCLOS what are the duties of flag
states and how it is enforced?

4. With reference to "ISM Code" write short notes on:

(a) Role of company office

(b) Advantage of drills and exercises

(c) Documented procedures

(d) Management Review

5. With respect to engine room man management enlist the key issues
you will address with proper justification in the following areas:

(a) Training programmes

(b) Long term personnel development concept

(c) Attitude and motivation development

(d) Emergency response

6. A successful voyage for a Chief Engineer is a combination of trouble


free run of machineries, optimum use of fuel, minimum interpersonal
conflicts and less intervention from shore authorities. Considering the
ship as an Organisation how this can be best achieved.

7. Emphasize the validity of the statement that "Classification Societies


are Recognised Institutions (RO). In your view if the statement carries
some limitation highlight them with reasons. List the statutory service
undertaken by a classification body on behali of Administration.

8. A second hand single hull VLCC built in 1990 is to be taken over. The
vessel is to be registered under Indian flag, as Chief Engineer/ Owner
representative, what aspects you would look for, with respect to:

(a) SOLAS 74

(b) MARPOL 73/78

(c) Crew accommodation

(d) Machinery/boilers

(e) Previous survey report

9. Differentiate the salient consideration taken during survey of a ship


under

(a) Bare boat charter

—XXXXX—
VOLUME -4
1. Your vessel where you are posted as Chief Engineer is about to enter a
dry dock. State the coordination and exchange of information
necessary with the Master of the vessel for entering the dock. Also, list
the necessary preparations required along with the delegation of
responsibilities to the engineers of the vessel. Enlist the inspections
and co-ordinations you will make with the dry dock authorities for
undocking of the vessel.

2. List the methods and aids to prevent pollution of the environment by


ships under IMO Conventions, and steps you can take for its successful
implementation on a ship prior its voyage, where you have joined as
Chief Engineer.

3. For an ISM certification, explain the key clauses, which are needed to
be complied with? State the factors and commitment from a Chief
Engineer and company to have SMS implemented successfully on
board ship.

4. State the different types of Marine Insurance policies that could be


undertaken by owners, shippers or other related parties. Explain the
salient liabilities and exclusions related with ach case for an insurer.

5. Explain the key features of the United Nations Convention On the Law
of The Sea? Enumerate the various areas covered under this
convention?
6. State the elements of strategies needed for improving performance
from a team of . engine room personnel looked upon as as»
Organisation. Underline the steps taken to reduce mutual conflict and
clarify their role/responsibility?

7. Illustrate ship repair management and its objectives. List the services
under ship repair management and highlight the same with (i)
Assessment of ship repair quotations (ii) Supervision during repairs
(hi) Coordination with classification society and flag Administration
(iv) Necessary trials and testing (v) Full report on actual repairs
effected for record purposes.

8. State the action, which will be taken by the


Administration/Classification society towards handling of an ISM
certificate in case,

(a) When a major non-conformity is observed.

(b) When corrective action has not been taken to the non-
conformities raised during external audit, within the
time period.

(c) What circumstances may Icad to withdrawal of SMC/DOC

(d) When a newly formed shipping company requests for interim


DOC certificate.

9. Piracy and terrorism is a fearsome situation for shipboard personnel


and frequent in present shipping activities. As a Chief Engineer
onboard and as a member of SMS implementation team, draw an
emergency preparedness plan to encounter such situations involving
ships personnel. What measures shipboard personnel can take under
contingency plan while the vessel is (i) in a port (ii) at sea?

—XXXXX—
VOLUME -4

1. (a) What are the various statutory Certificates carried on board oil
tanker, and their validity? Mention the Conventions under which they
are issued, giving the reference of their Conventions.

(b) Explain Harmonization of Statutory Certificates under the SOLAS


74/88 Convention. If a period of a statutory Certificate has just expired
and a port is having inadequate survey facility, state the actions you
will take, as per the provision stated in the Protocol of 1998 relating to
the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974.

2. Explain Hull Claims and Cargo Claims related with Marine Insurance.
State the related documents highlighting their validity, and information
required from the ships in this regard.

3. Classification societies are Recognized Institutions (RO) and play an


important role in Implementation of national and international
regulations. State the limitations of the RO highlighting them with
reasons. List the statutory service undertaken by a classification body,
on behalf of Administration.

4. On a ship where you are employed as Chief Engineer, the vessel has
UMS system for controlling engine room and a central scanning and
data logging system for monitoring. Explain the special attention you
will pay to the specific datas and formulate a chart for condition
monitoring. Highlight the tools in computer application you wilt use f
for making graphical representation, salient points and trend analysis.
5. Explain the associated key factors and activities to ensure successful
Planned Maintenance programme onboard ships under ISM Codes
with the following terms:

(i) Corrective action process

(ii) Developing and improving maintenance procedures

(iii) Systematic approach to maintenance

(iv) Maintenance intervals

(v) Inspections

6. With reference to record keeping onboard, discuss (i) the necessity of


proper filing (ii) efficient control of follow up and verification
activities (iii) accident/incident investigation. Describe a situation
onboard, which will highlight the importance of record keeping of
above three cases.

7. STCW 95 has laid down minimum requirements for familiarization,


basic safety training and instruction to all seafarers. Underline the
importance of the role of Chief Engineer of a ship in enforcing these
elements of STCW training.

8. Stress is one of the factor effecting the performance of an individual.


What are the primary strategies for coping with stress affected
personnel? How these elements can be best implemented in ships
personnel motivating them for better team work?

9. As per MARPOL Annexe VI 73/78, which came into force from 19


May, 2005, all bunker suppliers are required to be registered with the
Administration and bunker supply is to be received from the registered
bunker supplier only. Enumerate the salient features and the
requirements set out in Regulation 14 and 18 of MARPOL. Annex VI
and the responsibilities of Chief Engineer with respect to retaining of
bunker sample.

—XXXXX—
VOLUME -5

1. During bunkering of a ship at a foreign port, a substantial amount of oil


spillage in water has taken place. Draw an emergency preparedness
plan for such incidents and how best it could be encountered under the
situation.

2. With reference to "emergency preparedness", discuss (i) Search and


Rescue (ii) Evacuation of critically injured personnel (iii) Helicopter
operations (iv) Rescue from enclosed spaces (v) Abandon ship.

3. The vessel where you are posted as Chief Engineer is undergoing dry-
docking and a serious fire occurs on the deck because of welding work.
Illustrate the documented procedures to deal with such emergency and
its advantage over non documented actions. Explain the different ship
related contingencies against which document procedures are
maintained under emergency preparedness of ISM Codes.

4. Explain "Port State Control" (PSC) Inspection. Underline its authority


for exercising and the basis of such inspection. Enumerate the relevant
regulations article and annexes of SOLAS 74, LOAD LINES 66,
MARPOL 73/78, STCW 78 and TONNAGE 69 which forms the
provisions for PSC.

5. Illustrate the salient factors for "onboard training" and standard of


competence as laid out in STCW 95 Chapter III. Underline the specific
rules a Chief Engineer needs to perform towards satisfactory training
of engine room personnel under the Regulation. What will be the
criteria for evaluating competence for onboard training by a Chief
Engineer?

6. Detail the Inspection that you as the new Chief Engineer of a passenger
ship, would make on joining the ship with regard to (i) Stability (ii)
Damage control (iii) Fire Fighting (iv) Critical Machinery.

7. What are the primary strategies for coping with stress affected
personnel. How these elements can be best implemented in ships
personnel motivating them for better team work?

8. Socio-Cultural difference have been an accepted fact in major


merchant ships around the globe. Explain how such differences
generate inter personnel conflict and affect safety management. How
they can be resolved on board?

9. Give a brief background of ILO, its inception and its fields of mandate
for Maritime Labour, which has come in force in 1996.

—XXXXX—
VOLUME -6
1. A second hand bulk carrier built in 1998 is to be taken over. The vessel
is to be registered under Indian flag. As Chief Engineer / Owner
representative, what aspects you would look for, with respect to :

2. What are the principles of modern salvage law? What is general


average? Explain with context to general average (i) Entitlement (ii)
Artificial (iii) Adjustment (iv) Contestation.

3. List the objectives of an ISM External Audit of a ship? How does an


Internal Audit help in External Audit of a vessel? Name the salient
issues addresses in the External Audit and the persons responsible to
carry out the same.

4. Explain "Port State Control" (PSC) Inspection. Underline its authority


for exercising and the basis of such inspections. Enumerate the
relevant regulations article and annexes of SOLAS 74, LOAD LINES
66, MARPOL 73/78, STCW 78 and TONNAGE 69, which forms the
provisions for PSC.

5. (a) What are P&I clubs? Describe how P&I clubs collect fund from
ship-owners, (b) What are the risk that are covered under the term
"protection" and 'indemnity'
6. Illustrate the salient factors for "on board training" and standard of
competence as laid out in STCW 95 Chapter III. Underline the specific
roles a Chief Engineer needs to perform towards satisfactory training
of engine room personnel under the Regulation. What will be the
criteria for evaluating competence for on board training by a Chief
Engineer?

7. Underline the general procedures followed for flow of information


among ships person. As a Chief Engineer on a ship having
multinational crew, state how the process of effective information to
the team can be approached by you and also how a certain instruction
received by you and shore office for engine management can be best
utilized?

8. With reference to project cost estimation ; awards a major ship repair


with multiple activities, explain (i) Cost groups (ii) Cost parameters
(iii) Work breakdown structure (WBS) How best in your opinion do
these modules assist towards an optimum ship repair cost estimation?

9. Write short notes on the following any THREE


(a) Lloyd's Open Form
(b) Bill of Loading .
(c) Treaty, Convention and Protocol.

—XXXXX—
VOLUME-7
1. As a Chief Engineer you have joined a vessel which is about to
undertake a six month round voyage. Underline and describe the key
areas that you will inspect, check, prepare, establish and maintain
towards proper Planned Maintenance of Engine Room Machineries
and associated areas, under ISM Codes.

2. With respect to engine room "Resource Management" enlist the key


issues you will address with proper justification in the following areas
(i) Incentive programmes (ii) Long term personnel development
concept (iii) Human resources quality assurance (iv) Attitude and
motivation development (v) Emergency response.

3. As a Chief Engineer describe the procedure you would employ for


bunkering at a port for ascertaining/receiving correct grade/quantity of
oil from the shore supply authorities. In case of a dispute over lube
oil/fuel oil received on board, describe the actions you will take under
circumstances. What are the applicable provisions under MAPOL
73/78, Annex VI Regulations

4. What provisions are made under Port State Control (PSC) towards (I)
Certificates issued by non party states to their ships (ii) Inspection of
ships below conventi9n size and (iii) No mere favorable treatment.

5 Differentiate the salient features during survey of a ship under (j) Bare
boat. charter (ii) Voyage charger (iii) Time charter. As a Chief I
Engineer on board explain with reasons which of the three surveys is
most demanding and exhaustive and why?

6. Explain the influence of following external factors in higher


consumption of fuel oil and how at best they could be controlled? (i)
Ship's hull condition (ii) Weather condition (iii) Maintenance of
different elements in fuel oil system (iv) Damage to propeller blades.

7. As per the Marine Insurance Act, write short notes on the following :
a. Deviation
b. Warranties
c. War Risk Clause
d. Charterers Contribution Clause.

8. A second hand single hull VLCC built in 1990 is to be taken over. The
vessel is to be registered under Indian flag. As Chief Engineer / Owner
representative, what aspects you would look for with respect to :

a. SOLAS 74
b. MARPOL 73/78
c. Crew accommodation
d. Machinery / boilers
e. Previous survey report

9. What are the UNCLOS provisions concerning ship's flag and


nationality? In observation of UNCLOS what are the duties of flag
states and how are they enforced?

—XXXXX—
EXAMINATION OF MARINE ENGINEER
OFFICER Function: Marine /engineering at
Management Level ENGINEERING
MANAGEMENT

M.E.O. Class- I
(Time Allowed - 3 Hours)
Morning Paper
Septem-2006 Total Marks 100

NB : (1) Answer SIX Questions only


(4) AH Questions carry equal marks
(5) Neatness in Handwriting and clarity in expression carry weightage

1. State the action taken by a Recognized towards handling of an ISM


certificate in case; (i) Evidence of a major non-conformity (ii)
Evidence of too many non-conformities (iii) extension of the safety
management certificate is requested for (iv) Revision of an entry for a
certificate is requested for . Under what circumstances can the SMC
and DOC be withdrawn.

2. (a) State the importance of maintaining vessels records at sea and at


port. Elucidate the procedures involved relating to entries made for the
data's during watch keeping.

(b) List the records which are maintained with respect to various
inspection carried out in a bulk carrier by the classification society.

3. What is the purpose of annual surveys of ships? Give a list of items


that would be examined by the surveyor during annual survey. AJso,
explain condition of class (COC). What impact does a COC have on a
ships commercial/technical aspect?

4. As a team leader and resource manager, identify the issues that could
be addressed for maximum utilization of potential of technical
personnel on board ships. List the methods and aids to prevent
pollution of the environment by ships under IMO Conventions and
steps you can take for us successful implementation on a ship, prior its
voyage, where you have joined as Chief Engineer

5. Discuss the procedure of entry in to force of an IMO Convention after


its Adoption State the provision and its importance towards entry into
force of the convention. For a convention of important technical nature
state the general rules / conditions observed by the states for its entry
into force. Explain the terms (i) Accession (ii) Signature subject to
Ratification, acceptance of approval.

6. Illustrate ship repair management and its objectives. Enlist the list of
services under ship repair management and highlight with (i)
Assessment of ship repair quotations (ii) Supervision during repairs
(iii) Co ordination with classification society and Flag Administration
(iv) attendance if necessary trials and testing (v) Full report on a actual
repairs effected for record purposes.

7. Describe the methodology you will practice during taking


over/handing over of your vessel in a foreign port as a Chief Engineer
towards inventory management of lube oil/fuel oil on board. In case of
dispute arising thereof, describe how it can be best solved? During the
circumstances how you would ascertain amount of oil not fit for use9

8. As a Chief Engineer on a ship where you have joined recently, develop


a training programmed for shore related activities of a vessel.
Highlight the specific training needs and emergency measures for
engine room personnel in the dry dock in case of (i) transfer of fuel oil
from tank to tank (ii) fire (iii) explosion in the engine room.

9. Differentiate between Voyage Charter and. Time Charter of a vessel.


Underline the changes in responsibilities and the scope of activities for
a Chief Engineer in each case.

—XXXXX—
EXAMINATION OF MARINE ENGINEER
OFFICER Function : Marine Engineering at
Management Level ENGINEERING
MANAGEMENT

M.E.O. Class - 1
(Time Allowed - 3 Hours)
Morning Paper
Dec-2006 Total Marks : 100

NB : (1) Answer SIX Questions only


(2) All Questions carry equal marks
(3) Neatness in Handwriting and clarity in expression
carry weightage

1. Discuss the responsibilities of the Chief Engineer of the vessel with


respect to the following.

a. Bunkering and receiving correct quantity of fuel oil


b. In case of a dispute over lube oil / fuel oil received on board,
actions required under the circumstances.
c. Spillage of oil in the water during bunkering.

2. The safety management system requires that company should provide


for measures ensuring that the Company's can respond at any time to
hazards, accidents and emergency situations involving ships. Underline
the importance of 'communication' in 'emergency preparedness' and
what measures are required for the following (i) contact between ship
and the office (ii) communication equipment (in) dealing with the
media (iv) dealing with the next of kin.

3. Explain the influence of following external factors in higher


consumption of foe! oil and how they could be controlled? (a)
condition of ship's hull (b) weather condition (c) maintenance of
different elements in fuel oil system

4. Discuss the responsibilities of the Chief Engineer with respect to an


appropriate training plan for engine room personnel towards successful
handling of (i) major fire in engine room and wheelhouse (ii)
automation failure of main engine in UMS mode (iii) Steering failure
(iv) electrical power failure
5. With respect to key issues in ship repair contracts, illustrate (i)
payment terms (ii) Amount of the specification and additional works

(iii) contract period, liquidated damages and force majeure (iv)


Guarantees and insurance (v) Termination events.

6. (a) Explain the salient features of Ballast Water Management (n) How
would you as Chief Engineer with consultation with the Master of the
vessel implement a typical "Ballast Water Management Plan" prior to
your vessel arriving at an USA port.

7. Safety of Bulk carriers is a major concern being addressed by IMO


State what are the recent additional safeties measures incorporated in
to SOLAS 74 as amended for Bulk carriers in Ch. XII List out the
main items under enhanced survey of a 15 years special survey for a
Bulk carrier.

8. Write short notes on

a. World scale
b. Maritime Lien
c. B1MCO

9. Describe briefly Port State Control and its role in elimination of sub-
standard ships. Is Port State Control effective?

—XXXXX—
EXAMINATION OF MARINE ENGINEER
OFFICER Function: Marine Engineering at
Management Level ENGINEERING
MANAGEMENT

M.E.O. Class I
(Time allowed - 3hours)
Morning Paper

India (2007) Total Marks 100

NB : (1) Answer SIX Questions only.


(2) All Questions carry equal marks
(3) Neatness in handwriting and clarity in expression carry weightage

1. Differentiate between "third party liability" and "contractual liability".


When may the ship owe: seek to limit his liability.

2. (a) What are P & I clubs? Describe how ¥ &X clubs collect fund from
ship-owners.

(b) What axe the risk that are covered under the term " protection" and
"indemnity".

3. Detail the inspection that you as the new Chief Engineer of an Oil
Tanker/ Gas Carrier would make on joining the ship with regard to (i)
Stability (u) Damage control (iii) Fire fighting (iv)Critical-Machinery.

4. State the different types of Marine Insurance policies, that could be


undertaken by owners, shippers or other related parties. Explain the
salient liabilities and exclusions related with each case for an insurer.

5. Socio-Cultural differences have been an accepted fact in major


merchant ships around the globe. Explain how such differences
generate inter personal conflict and affect safety management. How
they can be resolved on board for better team work
6. Give a brief background of ILO, its inception and its fields of mandate
for 'Maritime Labour: Development. Name .three-conventions/
protocol of ILO concerning maritime labour, which ha: come in force
in 1996.

7. With respect to 6ngine room man management enlist the key issues
you will address with proper justification in the following areas;

(a) Training programmes.


(b) Long term personnel development concept.
(c) Attitude and motivation development.
(d) Emergency response.
(e) Copying with stress

8. Explain "Port-State Control" (PSC) Inspection. Underline its authority


for exercising and the basis of such inspections. Enumerate the
relevant regulations article and annexes of SOLAS 74, LOAD LINES
66, MARPOL 73/78, STCW 78 and TONNAGE 69, which forms the
provisions for PSC.

9. Differentiate the salient consideration taken during survey of a ship


under;

(a) Bare boat charter


(b) Voyage charter
(c) Time charter.

As a Chief Engineer on board explain with reasons which of the


three surveys is most demanding and exhaustive and why?

-XXXXX-
EXAMINATION OF MARINE ENGINEER
OFFICER Function: Marine Engineering at
Management Level ENGINEERING
MANAGEMENT

M.E.O. Class
(Time allowed - 3hours)
Morning Paper

India (2007) Total Marks 100

NB: (1) Answer SIX Questions only.


(2) All Question carry equal marks
(3) Neatness in handwriting and clarity in expression carry weightage

1. As a Chief Engineer describe the procedure you, would employ for


bunkering- at a port for ascertaining / receiving correct grade/ quantity
of oil from the shore supply authorities. In case of a dispute over lube
oil / fuel oil received on board, describe the actions you will take under
circumstances. What are the applicable provisions under MAPOL
73/78, Annex VT Regulations?

2. What are the UNCLOS provisions concerning ship's flag and


nationality? In observation of UNCLOS, what are the duties of flag
States and how it is enforced?

3. Explain the associated key factors and activities to ensure successful


planned Maintenance programme onboard ships under ISM Codes
with the following terms;

(a) Corrective action process


(b) Developing and improving maintenance procedures
(c) Systematic approach to maintenance
(d) Maintenance intervals
(e) Inspections
4. Briefly discuss the reasons for Bulk-Carrier losses in the last decade
and explain, how provisions detailed in Chapter XII of SOLAS 74 as
amended will contribute towards the safety of bulk-carriers?

5. As per the Marine Insurance Act, write short notes on the following:

(a) Deviation
(b) Warranties
(c) War Risk Clause
(d) Charterers Contribution Clause.

6. What are the primary strategies that may be employed for coping with
stress-affected personnel? How can these elements be best
implemented in ships personnel motivating them for better team work?

7. Write short notes on any THREE:

(a) Lloyd's Open Form


(b) General Average and Particular Average
(c) Bill of Lading
(d) Treaty, Convention and Protocol

8. Illustrate the salient factors for "onboard training" and standard of


competence' as laid out in STCW 95 Chapter ITI. Underline the
specific roles a Chief Engineer needs to perform towards satisfactory
training of engine room personnel under the Regulation, What will be
the criteria for evaluating competence for onboard training by a Chief
Engineer-;?

9. Detail the inspection that you as the new Chief Engineer of a passenger
ship, would make on joining the ship with regard to (i) Stability (ii)
Damage control (iii) Fire fighting (iv) Critical Machinery.

-XXXXX-
EXAMINATION OF MARINE ENGINEER OFFICER
Function: Marine Engineering at Management Level
ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT

M.E.O. Class I
(Time allowed - 3hours)
Morning Paper
India (2007) Total Marks 100

NB: (1) Answer SIX Questions only


(2) All Questions carry equal marks
(3) Neatness in handwriting and clarity in expression carries weightage

1. State the requirement and responsibility of the office in enforcing


"emergency preparedness" procedures for a ship and its personnel, as
required under ISM Codes? Describe the duties of the office in. (i)
Formation of the emergency team (ii) During emergency situations (iii)
Maintaining contact between ship and office.

2. With reference port State control enumerate on the following (i)


Regional cooperation / agreements, (ii) Future of port State control.
(iii) Is port State control an effective tool for ship safety?

3. Develop a training programme for activities of a vessel, where you


have joined recently as a Chief Engineer highlighting the specific
training needs for engine room personal in case of (i) use of life saving
appliances (ii) fire in accommodation (iii) explosion in engine room,
when the ship is in dry dock..

4. Illustrate the provision kept towards establishing procedures to identify


and testing of "critical" equipments under ISM Codes. How the list of
critical equipment and systems are made and on what factors they are
dependent.
5. Suggest with reasons, why each of the following courses of action axe
appropriate if a ship is operating in heavy seas : (a) frequently sound
all hold bilges (b) frequently sound bilges in chain locker, fore and aft.
peak tanks, cofferdams and other void spaces (c) sound ail fuel, fresh
water and ballast tanks (d) if satisfied with (a), (b) and (c) trim ship by
the stern and correct any list (e) reduce speed of the main engine .

6. As Chief Engineer on board, stress the issues you will address for lack
of motivation, differences in aptitude and to increase sense of
competitiveness for better management and 'effective control?

7. Differentiate between "third party liability" and "contractual liability"


When may the ship owner seek to limit his liability.

8. State Maritime Declaration of Health and. the requirements of


International Health Regulations for persons employed on board ship.
State the steps taken by you as Chief Engineer on board for an Engine
Room personnel suffering from a contagious disease while on a
voyage.

9. Why does a ship require Marine Insurance cover. Explain Hull Claims
and Cargo Claims related with Marine Insurance. State the related
documents and information required from the ship in this regard
highlighting their validity.

------XXXX------
EXAMINATION OF.MAIUNE ENGINEER OKEJCKR Function;
Marine Engineering at Management Level ENGINEERING
MANAGEMENT

M.E.'O. Class I
(Time allowed - 3hours)
Morning Paper

(India 2007) Total Marks 100

NB: (1) Answer SIX Questions only.


(2) All Questions carry equal marks
(3) Neatness in handwriting and clarity in expression carry weightage.

1. As a Chief Engineer you have joined a vessel which is about to


undertake a six month round voyage. Underline and describe the key
areas that you will Inspect, check, prepare, establish and maintain
towards proper Planned Maintenance of Engine Room Machineries
and associated areas, under ISM Code.

2. With respect to engine room “Resource Management” enlist the key


issues you will address with proper justification in the following areas
(i) Incentive programmes (ii) Long term personnel development
concept (iii) Human resources quality assurance (iv) Attitude and
motivation development (v) Emergency response.

3. As a Chief Engineer describe the procedure you would employ for


bunkering" at a port for ascertaining / receiving correct grade / quantity
of oil from the shore supply authorities. In case of a dispute over lube
oil / fuel oil received on board, describe the actions you will take under
these circumstances. What ore the applicable provisions under
MAPOL 73/78, Annex VI Regulations?

4. What provisions ire made under port stale control (PSC) towards (i)
Certificates issued by non-party States to their ships (ii) Inspection of
ships below. Convention size and (iii) No more favorable treatment.

5. Differentiate the salient features during survey of a ship under (i) Bare
Boat charter (ii) Voyage charter (iii) Time charter, As a Chief Engineer
on board explain with reasons which of three surveys is most
demanding and exhaustive and why?

6. Explain the influence of following external factors in higher


consumption of fuel oil and how at best they could be controlled? (i)
Ship's hull condition (ii) Weather condition, (iii)'Maintenance of
different elements in fuel oil system (iv) Damage to propeller blades.

7. As per the Marine Insurance Act, write short notes on the following:

(a) Deviation
(b) Warranties
(c) War Risk Clause
(d) Charterers Contribution Clause.

8. A second hand bulk carrier built in 1990 is to be taken over. The vessel
is to be registered under Indian flag. As Chief Engineer / Owner
representative, what aspects would you look for with respect to;

(a)SOLAS 74
(b)MARPOL 73/78
(c)Crew accommodation
(d)Machinery/ boilers
(e)Previous survey report

9. What are the UNCLOS provisions concerning ship's flag and


nationality? In observation of UNCLOS what are the duties of flag
States and how arc they enforced?

------XXXX------
EXAMINATION OP MARINE ENGINEER OFFICER
Function: Marine Engineering at Management Level
ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT
M. E. O. Class I
(Time allowed - 3hours)
Morning Paper
India (2007) Total Marks 100

NB: (1) Answer SIX Questions only


(2) All Questions carry equal marks
(3)Neatness in handwriting and clarity in expression carries weightage

I. Differentiate between "third party liability" and "contractual liability".


When may the ship-owner seek to limit his liability?

2. List the methods and aids to prevent pollution of the environment by


ships under IMO Conventions and steps you can take for its successful
implementation on a ship prior its voyage, where you have joined as
Chief Engineer.

3. What is a general average act? Name the essential features of a general


average act.

4. Differentiate between official logbook, deck and engine room log


'books. Highlight their salient features and difference. Also enlist the
number of documents, which are handed over by relieved Chief
Engineer during signing off from a vessel.

5. Differentiate between annual, intermediate, renewal, damage and


repair surveys. What arc the purposes of each survey onboard? Also,
enlist ail statutory certificates carried onboard, their issuing authority,
and the IMO Convention under which they are issued.

6. A ship on which you have joined as Chief Engineer is scheduled to be


put in active service after major lay-up and necessary repairs. State, the
preparation and trials you would conduct prior offering the ship to
the surveying authorities for survey and inspection.

7. Discuss the contribution of the following factors on ship in


identification of proper training for a specific task performed (i)
Internal Audits (ii) Emergency drills (iii) Previous training and
experience (iv) Familiarization with new equipment.

8. A successful-voyage for Chief Engineer, is a combination of trouble


free run of machineries, optimum use of fuel, minimum interpersonal
conflicts and less intervention from shore authorities, considering the
ship as an Organisation, give in detail how can this be best achieved.

9. Your vessel Where you are posted as Chief Engineer is about to enter a
dry dock. State the coordination and exchange of information
necessary with the Master of the vessel for entering the dock: Also, list
the necessary preparations required along with the delegation of
responsibilities to the engineers of the vessel. Enlist the inspections
and co-operations you will make with the dry dock-authorities for
undocking of the vessel.

-XXXXXXX-

EXAMINATION OF MARINE ENGINEER


OFFICER Function: Marine Engineering at
Management Level ENGINEERING
MANAGEMENT
M. E .O. Class I
(Time allowed - 3hours)
Morning Paper

India (2006-2007) Total Marks 100

NB: (1) Answer SIX Questions only.


(2) All Questions carry equal marks
(3) Neatness in handwriting and clarity in expression carry weightage

1. You have joined as Chief Engineer on an old vessel, which has been
recently purchased by the owners. State the documents and records you
will need to check under ISM Code prior to sailing and how this can be
achieved within a short period?

2. Differentiate between Voyage Charter and Time Charter of a vessel.


Underline the changes in responsibilities and the scope of activities for
a Chief Engineer in each case.

3. Give a brief history and the necessity towards formation UNCLOS?


What are its important highlights? .Under the context explain (i)
Territorial Sea (ii)Contiguous Zone (iii) Exclusive Economic Zone
(iv)Continental Shelf (v)High Seas.

4. Apart from statutory surveys, what all other surveys can be undertaken
by a classification society for a ship? What are the limitations for the
society in these cases? Enlist them and emphasize how these cases are
taken care of.

5. With reference to maintenance discuss how can the skill of the


maintenance personnel be improved. How will the development of
checklists, help in improving the maintenance function on a ship.
Justify your answer.

6. With reference to inventory, discuss the following;


(a) Advantages of inventory control
(b) Is excess inventory counter-productive?
(c) Method of control and Computer database.

7. UNCLOS and SOLAS 74 as amended states that it is mandatory for a


flag State to conduct investigation into a marine casualty. Explain in
detail with reference to M.S. Act, the authority and responsibility
vested with the Administration.

8. List the IMO Conventions and guidelines dealing with the safety at
sea. State how each Convention contributes to the protection of life and
property at sea.

9. (a) Describe the legal significance of certificate of Registry.


(b) Enumerate the entries required as per the M.S. Act 1958 amended,
to be made in the official logbook

-XXXXX-

EXAMINATION OF MARINE ENGINEER OFFICER


Function: Marine Engineering Management Level
ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT
M.E.O. Class I
(Time allowed - 3hours)
Morning Paper
India (2006-2007) Total Marks 100

NB: (1) Answer SIX Questions only


(2) All Questions carry equal marks
(3) Neatness in handwriting and clarity in expression carry weightage

1. Describe how ISM code has ensured the "-Role and Responsibility of
ship owner" in achieving Safety Management objectives? What
importance do you give to the “Owner’s Policy” in Safety
Management structure of an organization?

2. Describe briefly ILO Maritime Labor Convention 2006 (No. 186)


which was adopted in February 2006.

3. What are the main features incorporated under the Salvage


Conventions? Explain "No Cure No Pay" and how this was amended
by introducing special compensation towards protecting the marine
environment?

4. What is Bill of Lading? What precautions are to be observed before


signing a Bill of Lading under voyage charter and time charter?

5. UNCLOS and SOLAS state that it is mandatory for a flag State to


conduct an investigation into any "casualty". Explain in detail with
reference to MS. Act, the authority vested with the Government of
India and the procedures adopted by a marine board of inquiry.

6. (a) Explain the salient features of Ballast Water Management


Regulations.

(b) What is the role of Chief Engineer in the implementation of the


Ballast Water Management plan prior to your vessel arriving at
an Australian port.

7. Briefly discuss the reasons for Bulk hairier losses m me last decade
and explain, how provisions detailed in Chapter XII of SOLAS 74, as
amended, will contribute towards the safety of bulk-carriers?

8. As per the Marine Insurance Act, write short notes on the following:

(a) Deviation
(b) Warranties
(c) War Risk Clause
(d) Charterers Contribution Clause.

9. What are the primary strategies that may be employed for coping with
stress affected personnel? How can these elements be best
implemented in ships personnel motivating them for better team work?

-XXXXX-
EXAMINATION OF MARINE ENGINEER OFFICER
Function: Marine Engineering Management Level
ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT
M.E.O. Class I
(Time allowed - 3hours)
Morning Paper
India (2006-2007) Total Marks 100

NB: (1) Answer SIX Questions only


(2) All Questions carry equal marks
(3) Neatness in handwriting and clarity in expression carry weightage

1. You as Chief Engineer are required to inform your Company with


respect to inspection of propellers in the dry dock during which you
noticed a surface crack on one of the blades. State the steps taken by
you as Chief Engineer for successful handling of the situation.

2. Differentiate between Rules, Regulations, Protocol, Act, tacit


acceptance and Convention as adapted in IMO. Describe the process
by which a Draft proposal gets converted into a Rule administered by a
maritime member country.

3. What are the UNCLOS provisions concerning ship's flag and


nationality? In observation of/UNCLOS what are the duties of flag
states and how are they enforced?

4. Has "ISM Code" been successful in bringing changes with respect to


safety and environment/protection? With your past experience of
serving on ships having Safety Management System, ease on the same.

5. With respect to engine room man management enlist the key issues
that you will address, with proper justification, in the following areas;
(a) Training programmes
(b) Long term personnel development concept
(c) Attitude and motivation development
(d) Emergency response

6. Emphasize the validity of the statement that Classification Societies


are Recognized s(RO). In your view if the statement carries some
limitation highlight them with reasons. List the statutory services
undertaken by a classification body on behalf of Administration.

7. Your company has deputed you to take over a second hand bulk
carrier. The vessel is to registered under Indian flag. As Chief Engineer
/ Owner's representative, what aspects would you look for, with respect
to;

(a) SOLAS 74
(b) MAPPOL 73/78
(c) Crew accommodation
(d) Machinery/ boilers
(e) Previous survey report

8. Differentiate between “third party liability” and "contractual liability".


When may the ship-owner seek to limit his liability? List the persons
entitled to limit liability and the claims exempted from limitation.

9. Socio-Cultural differences have been an accepted fact in major


merchant ships around the globe. Explain how such differences
generate inter personal conflict and affect safety management. How
they can be resolved on board?

-XXXXX-
EXAMINATION OF MARINE ENGINEER OFFICER
Function: Marine Engineering Management Level
ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT
M.E.O. Class I
(Time allowed - 3hours)
Morning Paper
India (2006-2007) Total Marks 100

NB: (1) Answer SIX Questions only


(2) All Questions carry equal marks
(3) Neatness in handwriting and clarity in expression carry weightage
(4) All unused pages of Answer script must be cancelled out by two
lines (X) across the page.

1. While approaching a port an accident took place, resulting in grounding


of the vessel. A team of surveyors carried out inspection of the vessel
and official records. Company has advised you to submit the report
along with the relevant Log book records for formulating an opinion
regarding cause of grounding. In case the grounding was not 4ue to
machinery failure, same may be brought out in the report to underline
that machineries were functioning satisfactorily.

2. (a) State the circumstances which may lead to Suspension or


Withdrawal of Class
(b) Explain the terms used by the classification societies:
(i) Period of Class,
(ii) Anniversary date,
(iii) Survey time window,
(iv) Memoranda,
(v) Recommendations.

3. Explain the different machinery related emergency situations that are


dealt as documented procedures under "emergency preparedness".
Underline the salient actions that are documented in dealing with (i)
Main Engine Failure (ii) Steering failure (iii) Boiler automation failure
(iv) Scavenge fire.

4. Illustrate the provision kept towards establishing procedures for


identification and testing of "critical" equipment under ISM Code.
How the list of critical equipment and systems are made and on what
factors are they dependent?

5. Suggest with reasons, why each of the following courses of action are
appropriate if a ship is operating in heavy seas:

(a)frequently sound all hold bilges


(b)frequently sound bilges in chain locker, fore and aft. peak tanks,
cofferdams and other void spaces
(c)sound all fuel, fresh water and ballast tanks;
(d)if satisfied with (a), (b) and (c) trim ship by the stern and correct
any list
(e)reduce speed of the main engine.

6. As Chief Engineer on board, stress the issues you will address for lack
of motivation, differences in attitude and to increase sense of
competitiveness for better management and effective control?

7. Briefly discuss the reasons for Bulk -Carrier losses in the last decade
and explain, how provision detailed in Chapter XH of SOLAS 74, as
amended, will contribute towards the safety of bulk carriers?

8. As per the Marine Insurance Act, write short notes on the following:
(a) Deviation
(b) Warranties
(c) War Risk Clause
(d) Charterers Contribution Clause

9. Write short notes on any THREE:

(a)Lloyd's Open Form.


(b)General Average and Particular
Average. (c)Bill of Lading
(d)Treaty, Convention and Protocol.
1. The protection of the Marine environment is of utmost importance
today. Discuss;
(a) How would you as a Chief Engineer Officer of a tanker ensure
protection of the environment by compliance with the various
Regulation of MARPOL 73/78 Annex 1 for prevention and control of
pollution at sea?
(b) State requirements for compliance under Annex VI of MARPOL
73/78.

2. With reference to record keeping onboard,-discuss (i) the necessity of


proper filing (ii) efficient control of follow up and verification
activities. Describe a situation onboard, which will highlight the
importance of record keeping of above two cases.

3. (a) What are P & I clubs? Describe how P & I clubs collect fond from
ship-owners.
(b) What are the risks that are covered under the term "protection" and
"indemnity"?
4. Highlight the following amendments to IMO Conventions and its
effect in ship operation thereof.
Mention their date of entry into force.
(a) CLC and Fund Conventions
(b)SOLAS-IMDG Code

5. List the objectives of an ISM Internal Audit of a ship? How an Internal


Audit helps in External Audit of a vessel? Name the salient issues
addressed in the Internal Audit and the persons responsible to carry out
the same.

6. Explain the associated key factors and activities to ensure successful


Planned Maintenance programme onboard ships under ISM Code with
the following terms:
(a) Corrective action process,
(b) Developing and improving maintenance procedures,
(c) Systematic approach to maintenance,
(d)Maintenance intervals,
(e) Inspections.

7. With respect to engine room man management enlist the key issues
you will address with proper justification in the following areas;
(a)Training programmes,
(b)Long term personnel development
concept, (c)Attitude and motivation
development, (d)Emergency response,
(e)Coping with stress.

8. Explain "Port State Control" (PSC) Inspection. Underline its authority^


and the basis of such inspections. Enumerate the relevant Regulations,
Article and Annexes of SOLAS 74, LOAD LINES 66, MARPOL
73/78, STCW 78, and TONNAGE 69, which forms the provisions for
PSC.

9. Differentiate the salient consideration taken during survey of a ship


under;
(a) Bare boat charter,
(b) Voyage charter,
(c) Time charter.
As a Chief Engineer on board explain with reasons which of the three
survey is most demanding and exhaustive and why?

-XXXXX-

1. You as Chief Engineer are required to inform, your. Company with:


respect to inspection of propellers in the dry dock during which you
noticed a surface crack on one of the blades. State the steps taken by
you as Chief Engineer for successful handling of the situation.

2. Differentiate between Rules, Regulations, Protocol, Act, Tacit


Acceptance and Convention as adapted in IMO. Describe the process
by which a Convention gets converted into a Rule administered by a
maritime member country.

3. Has "ISM Code" been successful in bringing changes with respect to


safety and environment protection? With your past experience of
serving on ships having Safety Management System, eate on the same.
4. What provisions are made under Port State Control (PSC) towards (i)
Certificates issued by non-party States to their ships (ii) Inspection of
ships below Convention size and (iii) No more favorable treatment.

5. Explain the influence of following external factors in higher


consumption of fuel oil and how at best they could be controlled? (i)
Ship's hull condition (ii) Weather condition (iii) Maintenance of
different equipments in a fuel oil system (iv) Damage to propeller
blades.

6. What are the primary strategies for coping with stress affected
personnel? How these elements can be best addressed in ships
personnel motivating them/for better team work?

7. (a) What are the important highlights of UNCLOS with respect


to environment protection? :
(b) Explain:
(i) Territorial Sea,
(ii) Contiguous Zone,
(iii) Exclusive Economic Zone,
(iv) Continental Shelf,
(v) High Seas.

8. Eate the influences of a Charterer on operation of propulsion and other


shipboard machineries during a voyage. After taking over a ship as a
Chief Engineer you have been informed that the ship is on a time-
charter: and has a history of unforeseen auxiliary machinery
breakdown at sea. State the different options you have and actions you
would take as a Chief Engineer prior to the commencement of voyage?

9. As a Chief Engineer on a UMS vessel scheduled to make a voyage


from India to the U.S. Coast; list the, salient items you will inspect
including propulsion machinery to ensure making a satisfactory
voyage. Also, list the documents the ship will keep ready to
successfully undergo port State control inspection on arrival.

-XXXX-
1. The protection of the Marine environment is of utmost importance
today. Discuss;
(a) How would you as a Chief Engineer Officer of a tanker ensure
protection of the environment by compliance with the various
Regulation of MARPOL 73/78 Annex 1 for prevention and control of
pollution at sea?
(b) State requirements for compliance under Annex VI of
MARPOL 73/78.

2. With reference to record keeping onboard, discuss (i) the necessity of


proper filing (ii) efficient control of follow up and verification
activities.
Describe a situation onboard, which will highlight the importance of
record keeping of above two cases.

3. (a)What are P & I clubs? Describe how P & I clubs collect fund
from ship owners.
(b) What are the risks that are covered under the term “protection”
and “indemnity”?

4. Highlight the following amendments to IMO Conventions and its


effect in ship operation thereof.
Mention their date of entry into force.
(a) CLC and Fund Conventions
(b) SOLAS – IMDG Code

5. List the objectives of an ISM Internal Audit of a ship? How an Internal


Audit helps in External Audit of a vessel? Name the salient issues
addressed in the Internal Audit and the persons responsible to carry out
the same.

6. Explain the associated key factors and activities to ensure successful


planned Maintenance programme onboard ships under ISM Code with
(a) Corrective action process,
(b) Developing and improving maintenance procedures,
(c) Systematic approach to maintenance,
(d) Maintenance intervals,
(e) Inspections.

7. With respect to engine room man management enlist the key issue you
will address with proper justification in the following areas:
(a) Training programmes,
(b) Long term personnel development concept,
(c) Attitude and motivation development,
(d) Emergency response,
(e) Coping with stress.

8. Explain “Port State Control” (PSC) Inspection. Underline its authority,


and the basis of such inspections. Enumerate the relevant Regulations,
Article and Annexes of Solas 74, LOAD LINES 66, MARPOL 73/78,
STCW 78 and TONNAGE 69, which forms the provisions for PSC.

9. Differentiate the salient consideration taken during survey of a ship


under;
(a) Bare boat charter,
(b) Voyage charter,
(c) Time charter.
As a Chief Engineer on board explain with reasons which of the three survey is most demanding and exhaustive and
why?

-XXXXX-

Question Bank MEO CL-I

Sr.
Questions
No
1 During bunkering of a ship at a foreign port, a substantial amount of oil spillage in water has taken place. Draw an emergency preparedness plan for
such incidents and how best it could be encountered under the situation.
2 With reference to “emergency preparedness”, discuss (i) Search and Rescue (ii) Evacuation of critically injured personnel (iii) Helicopter operations
(iv) Rescue from enclosed spaces (v) Abandon ship.
3 The vessel where you are posted as Chief Engineer is undergoing dry-docking and a serious fire occurs on the deck because of welding work.
Illustrate the documented procedures to deal with such emergency and its advantage over non documented actions ? Explain the different ship
related contingencies against which document procedures are maintained under emergency preparedness of ISM Codes.
In case of a major pollution of oil from a ship how best the contingency plans in emergency preparedness help over other actions.(Oct-05)

4 Explain “Port State Control” (PSC) Inspection. Underline its authority for exercising and the basis of such inspections. Enumerate the relevant
regulations article and annexes of SOLAS 74, LOAD LINES 66, MARPOL 73/78, STCW 78 and TONNAGE 69, which forms the provisions for
PSC.

5 Illustrate the salient factors for “onboard training” and standard of competence as laid out in STCW 95 Chapter III. Underline the specific roles a
Chief Engineer needs to perform towards satisfactory training of engine room personnel under the Regulation. What will be the criteria for
evaluating competence for onboard training by a Chief Engineer ?
6 Detail the inspection that you as the new Chief Engineer of a passenger ship, would make on joining the ship with regard to (i) Stability (ii) Damage
control (iii) Fire fighting (iv) Critical Machinery.
7 Stress is one of the factor effecting the performance of an individual. What are the primary strategies for coping with stress affected personnel ?
How these elements can be best implemented in ships personnel motivating them for better team work ?
8 Socio- Cultural differences have been an accepted fact in major merchant ships around the globe. Explain how such differences generate inter
personal conflict and affect safety management. How they can be resolved on board?
9 Give a brief background of ILO, its inception and its fields of mandate for Maritime Labour Development. Name three-conventions/ protocol of ILO
concerning maritime labour, which has come in force in 1996.
10 List the amendments to the existing Conventions of IMO to come into force in the year 2005. Briefly describe the amendments. What changes are
likely to be foreseen on ship operation worldwide on implementation of these amendments?
11 List the methods and aids to prevent pollution of the environment by ships under IMO Conventions and steps you can take for its successful
implementation on a shp prior its voyage, where you have joined as Chief Engineer.
12 What is a general average act? Name the essential features of a general average act.
13 Differentiate between official logbook, deck and engine room log books. Highlight their salient features and difference. Also enlist the number of
documents, which are handed over by relieved Chief Engineer during signing off from a vessel.
14 Differentiate between annual, intermediate, renewal, damage and repair surveys. What are the purposes of each survey onboard? Also, enlist all
statutory certificates carried onboard, their issuing authority, and the IMO Convention under which they are issued.

15 A ship on which you have joined as Chief Engineer is scheduled to be put in active service after major lay-up and necessary repairs. State, the
preparation and trials you would conduct prior offering the ship to the surveying authorities for survey and inspection.
16 Discuss the contribution of the following factors on ship in identification of proper training for a specific task performed (i) Internal Audits (ii)
Emergency drills (iii) Previous training and experience (iv) Familiarization with new equipment.
17 A successful voyage for Chief Engineer is a combination of trouble free run of machineries, optimum use of fuel, minimum interpersonal conflicts
and less invention from shore authorities, Considering the ship as an Organization, give in detail how can this be best achieved.
18 Your vessel where you are posted as Chief Engineer is about to enter a dry dock. State the coordination and exchange of information necessary with
the Master of the vessel for entering the dock. Also, list the necessary preparations required along with the delegation of responsibilities to the
engineers of the vessel . Enlist the inspections and co-operations you will make with the dry dock authorities for undocking of the vessel.
19 For an ISM certification, explain the key clauses, which are needed to be complied with? State the factors and commitment from a Chief Engineer
and company to have SMS implemented successful on board ship.
20 Explain the key features of the United Nations Convention On The Law of The Sea? Enumerate the various areas covered under this convention?

21 State the elements of strategies needed for improving performance from a team of engine room personnel looked upon as an Organization?
Underline the steps taken to reduce mutual conflict and clarify their role / responsibility?
22 Illustrate ship repair management and its objectives. List the services under ship repair management and highlight the same with (i) Assessment of
ship repair quotations (ii) Supervision during repairs (Coordination with classification society and flag Administration (iv) Necessary trials and
testing (v) Full report on actual repairs effected for record purposes.

23 State the action, which will be taken by the Administration / Classification society towards handling of an ISM certificate in case;
(a) When a major non-conformity is observed. (b) When corrective action
has been taken to the non-conformities raised during external audit, within the time period.
(c) What circumstances may lead to withdrawal of SMC / DOC (d) When a newly formed
shipping company requests for interim DOC cerificate.
24 Piracy and terrorism is a fearsome situation for shipboard personnel and frequent in present shipping activities. As a Chief Engineer onboard and as
a member of SMS implementation team, draw an emergency preparedness plan to encounter such situations involving ships personnel. What
measures shipboard personnel can take under contingency plan while the vessel is (i) in a port (ii) at sea?

25 (a) What are the various statutory Certificates carried on board oil tanker, and their validity? Mention the Conventions under which they are issued,
giving the reference of their Conventions.
(b) Explain Harmonization of Statutory Certificates under the SOLAS 74/88 Convention. If a period of a statutory Certificate has just expired and a
port is having inadequate survey facility, state the actions you will take, as per the provision stated in the Protocol of 1998 relating to the
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974.
26 Classification societies are Recognised Institutions (RO) and play an important role in implementation of national and international regulatios. State
the limitations of the RO highlighting them with reasons. List the statutory service undertaken by a classification body on behalf of Administration

27 On a ship where you are employed as Chief Engineer, the vessel has UMS system for controlling engine room and a central scanning and data
logging system for monitoring. Explain the special attention you will pay to the specific datas and formulate a chart for condition monitoring.
Highlight the tools in computer application you will use for making graphical representation, salient points and trend analysis.
28 Explain the associated key factors and activities to ensure successful Planned Maintenance programme onboard ships under ISM Codes with the
following terms
(i) Corrective action process
(ii) Developing and improving maintenance procedures
(iii) Systematic approach to maintenance
(iv) Maintenance intervals
(v) Inspections

29 With reference to record keeping onboard, discuss (i) the necessity of proper filing (ii) efficient control of follow up and verification activities (iii)
accident/incident investigation. Describe a situation onboard, which will highlight the importance of record keeping of above three cases.
30 STCW 95 has laid down minimum requirements for familiarization, basic safety training and instruction to all seafarers. Underline the importance of
the role of Chief Engineer of a ship in enforcing these elements of STCW training.
31 As per MARPOL Annexe VI 73/78, which came into force from 19May, 2005, all bunker suppliers are required to be registered with the
Administration and bunker supply is to be received from the registered bunker supplier only. Enumerate the salient features and the requirements set
out in Regulation 14 and 18 of MARPOL Annex VI and the responsibilities of Chief Engineer with respect to retaining of bunker sample.
32 Explain the following maritime term:
(a) Charter Party
(b) Freight
(c) Bare Boat Charter
(d) Bill of Lading
(e) Lay Time, Demurrage and Off-Hire.

33 What are the essential features of the ISPS Code? What are the duties and responsibilities of a Chief Engineer with respect to the Code and
particularly what action you will take to familarise newly inducted crew of different nationality employed on board ship.

34 You are required to send a Voyage abstract to the head office containing all salient datas as per regulatory feature. For making the spreadsheet,
underline the specific computer application tools you will use and formulate a format for the abstract, which will show the salient datas within
available format of software to the best advantage. Use realistic datas.
35 You are to formulate a Quality Inventory Management Plan for old ship’s stores / spares, where you have joined as Chief Engineer. Describe the
procedure you will adopt and the key issues you will address for successful completion of the assignment within a targeted date.
36 “If Flag State Implementation is carried out effectively; Port State Control may not be required”. Give your comments on the above statement.
37 (a) What are the essential elements of preventive maintenance on board ships?
(b) Analyze the link between statutory and classification survey of ship machinery and equipment with respect to routine maintenance and how it is
effectively merged in ships safety management system under the ISM Code.
38 (a) For the safety, welfare and working condition of seafarer on board ship, enumerate the various ILO/ IMO regulations.
(b) As Chief Engineer Officer how will you motivate good inter personnel relationships and team work

39 An Indian flag vessel collided with another vessel off the coast of India, as a result few lives were also lost and vessel damaged. In accordance with
the provisions under the Merchant Shipping Act, what steps should be initiated and who should initiate such steps for the safety of the ships and the
marine environment.
40 (a) Define the meaning of the term “Conditions of Assignment” as applied to ships for Load Line Survey.
(b) State how conditions of assignment contribute towards water tight integrity of ships
(c) Give reasons why conditions of assignment need periodic inspection, giving specific instances where they can be found to be less than fully
effective.

41 State the responsibilities and liabilities, under the Hague-Visby Rules of: (a) The Shipper
(b) The Shipowners and explain the difference between the Hague rules and Hague- Visby Rule
42 (a) During a port State control inspection, the port State control officer (PSCO) desired to carry out detailed inspection of the vessel. What are clear
grounds for a PSCO to conduct a more detailed inspection? State your answer with examples.
(b) What is the difference between ‘ corrective action’ and ‘preventive action’.

43 With reference to marine insurance , write short notes on the following:


(a) Port of refuge
(b) Particular average and General average
(c)Total loss and Constructive loss

44 List the IMO Conventions and guidelines dealing with marine environment protection. State how each of the Convention contributes to the
protection of the marine environment.
45 Briefly explain the objectives of planned preventive maintenance. Indicate the areas where planned preventive maintenance can be applied
effectively on ships. How is the work planning and scheduling carried out.
46 Differentiate between “third party liability” and “contractual liability”. When may the shipower seek to limit his liability? , Lists the persons
entitled to limit liability and the claims exempted from limitation.
47 Explain the following:
(a) Charter Party
(b) Laytime
(c) Bills of lading
(d) Off hire clause
(e) Contract of affreightment

48 (a) What are P & I clubs. Describe how P & I clubs collect fund from shipowners.
(b) What are the risk that are covered under the term “ protection” and “indemnity”.

49 State the requirement and responsibility of the office in enforcing “emergency preparedness” procedures for a ship and its personnel, as required
under ISM Codes ? Describe the duties of the office in (i) Formation of the emergency team (ii) During emergency situations (iii) Maintaining
contact between ship and office .
50 With reference to port State control enumerate on the following (i) Regional cooperation/ agreements. (ii) Future of port State control. (iii) Is port
State control an effective tool for ship safety?
51 Develop a training programme for activities of a vessel, where you have joined recently as a Chief Engineer highlighting the specific training needs
for engine room personnel in case of (i) use of life saving appliances (ii) fire in accommodation (iii) explosion in engine room, when the ship is in
dry dock..
52 Illustrate the provision kept towards establishing procedures to identify and testing of “critical” equipments under ISM Codes. How the list of
critical equipment and systems are made and on what factors they are dependent.
53 Suggest with reasons, why each of the following courses of action are appropriate if a ship operating in heavy seas : (a) frequently sound all hold
bilges (b) frequently sound bilges in chain locker, fore and aft. peak tanks, cofferdams and other void spaces (c) sound all fuel, fresh water and
ballast tanks (d) if satisfied with (a), (b) and (c) trim ship by the stern and correct any list (e) reduce speed of the main engine .
54 As Chief Engineer on board stress the issues you will address for lack of motivation, differences in attitude and to increase sense of competitiveness
for better management and effective control?
55 State Maritime Declaration of Health and the requirements of International Health Regulations for persons employed on board ship. State the steps
taken by you as Chief Engineer on board. for an Engine Room personnel suffering from a contagious disease while on a voyage.
56 Why does a ship require Marine Insurance cover. Explain Hull Claims and Cargo Claims related with Marine Insurance. State the related documents
and information required from the ship in this regard highlighting their validity.
57 Differentiate between Rules, Regulations, Protocol, Act, tacit acceptance and Convention as adapted in IMO. Describe the process by which a Draft
proposal gets converted into a Rule administered by a maritime member country ?

58 As a Chief Engineer on a vessel scheduled to make a voyage from India to the U.S. Coast, list the salient items you will inspect, machinery
installations you will ensure for satisfactory operation and documents you will keep handy for making a satisfactory voyage. Give reasoning in each
case.
59 What are the UNCLOS provisions concerning ship’s flag and nationality ? In observation of UNCLOS what are the duties of flag states and how it is
enforced ?
60 With reference to “ISM Code” write short notes on
(a) Role of company office
(b) Advantage of drills and exercises
(c) Documented procedures
(d) Management Review

61 With respect to engine room man management enlist the key issues you will address with proper justification in the following areas
(a) Training programmes
(b) Long term personnel development concept
(c) Attitude and motivation development
(d) Emergency response (e) Copying with stress

62 A successful voyage for a Chief Engineer is a combination of trouble free run of machineries, optimum use of fuel, minimum interpersonal conflicts
and less intervention from shore authorities. Considering the ship as an Organisation how this can be best achieved
63 A second hand single hull VLCC built in 1990 is to be taken over .The vessel is to be registered under Indian flag, as Chief Engineer / Owner
representative, what aspects you would look for, with respect to ;
(a) SOLAS 74
(b) MARPOL 73/78
(c) Crew accommodation
(d) Machinery/ boilers
(e) Previous survey report

64 Differentiate the salient consideration taken during survey of a ship under


(a) Bare boat charter
(b) Voyage charter
(c) Time charter.
As a Second Engineer on board explain with reasons which of the three surveys is most demanding and exhaustive and why?

65 A ship which was bunkering at a foreign port has met with an accident and a substantial amount of oil spillage in water has resulted. Draw an
emergency preparedness plan for the incident and how best it could be encountered under the provision. Describe its salient advantages.
66 As a team leader and resource manager identify the issues that could be addressed for maximum utilization of potential of technical personnel on
board ships. Examine the development in compensation and benefit practices and trends followed thereof?

67 In case of a major fire onboard, explain the salient advantages of documented procedures under “emergency preparedness” over normal fire fighting
procedures. “Before implementation of the ISM code the fire fighting operations onboard have been successfully carried out in numerous cases”-
with the context of the statement give your opinion for requirement of documented procedures under “emergency preparedness”.
68 Explain the jurisdiction of application of port State control and its control regulations. State the salient clauses from different International
Conventions that forms the basis and focus area of port State control.
69 Describe a procedure to establish a training programme appropriate for the training need of Engine Room personnel on board, where you have joined
as Chief Engineer. Illustrate the measures you will undertake in view of a section of engine room personnel not adept in attaining the standard within
a specified time period.
70 A vessel is about to undertake a six month round voyage. As a Chief Engineer. underline and describe the key issues that you will inspect, check,
prepare, establish and maintain towards proper Planned Maintenance of engine room and associated areas under ISM Code.
71 Briefly discuss the reasons for Bulk –Carrier losses in the last decade and explain, how provisions detailed in Chapter XII of SOLAS 74 as amended
will contribute towards the safety of bulk-carriers?
72 As per the Marine Insurance Act, write short notes on the following:
(a) Deviation
(b) Warranties
(c) War Risk Clause
(d) Charterers Contribution Clause.
73 Elaborate the influences of a Charterer on operation of propulsion and other ship-board machineries during a voyage. A ship on a time- charter if
met with several unforeseen machinery breakdowns due to which the scheduled date cannot be met with, state the different options and actions a
Chief Engineer on-board should undertake ?

74 Highlight the following amendments to IMO Conventions and its effect in ship operation thereof. Mention their date of entry into force.
(a) CLC and Fund Conventions
(b) SOLAS-IMDG Code

75 List the objectives of an ISM Internal Audit of a ship? How an Internal Audit help in External Audit of a vessel? Name the salient issues addressed
in the Internal Audit and the persons responsible to carry out the same.
76 What are the principles of modern salvage law ? What is general average ? Explain with context to general average (i) Entitlement (ii) Artificial
(iii) Adjustment (iv) Contestation.
77 What is the purpose of annual surveys? Give a list of items that would be examined by a surveyor during annual survey. Also explain Condition of
Class. What impact condition of class has on a ships commercial/ technical aspect ?
78 Explain the different machinery related emergency situations that are dealt as documented procedures under “emergency preparedness”. Underline
the salient actions that are documented in dealing with (i) Main Engine Failure (ii) steering failure (iii) electrical failure (iv) automation failure.

79 Write short notes on any THREE:


(a) Lloyd’s Open Form.
(b) General Average and Particular Average.
(c) Bill of Lading
(d) Treaty, Convention and Protocol.

80 What are the primary strategies that may be employed for coping with stress affected personnel ? How can these elements be best implemented in
ships personnel motivating them for better team work ?
81 Detail the inspection that you as the new Chief Engineer of an Oil Tanker / Gas Carrier would make on joining the ship with regard to (i) Stability
(ii) Damage control (iii) Fire fighting (iv) Critical Machinery.
82 The protection of the Marine environment is of utmost importance today. Discuss;
(a) How would you as a Chief Engineer Officer of a tanker ensure protection of the environment by compliance with the various Regulation of
MARPOL 73/78 Annex 1 for prevention and control of pollution at sea?
(b) State requirement for compliance under Annex VI of MARPOL 73/78.
83 With reference to port State control inspection;
(a) What are “clear grounds” and “ISM related deficiencies” for a Port State Control Officer to conduct a more detailed inspection of the ship?
(b) List out five deficiencies, which may lead to detention of the vessel. Also, enumerate the cause of such deficiency and preventive action you, as
Chief Engineer, will take to avoid re-occurrence of such detainable deficiencies.
84 (a) List the objectives of an ISM Internal Audit of a ship? How an Internal Audit helps in satisfactory External Audit of a vessel? What are the
dynamic elements of the ISM Code which envisages continuous improvement of safety management and pollution prevention.
(b) What do you understand by ‘Non –conformance’. What is the difference between a ‘corrective action’ and ‘preventive action’

85 How many types of warranties are there in Marine Insurance? Give an example of each type with reference to a hull and machinery policy of
insurance.
86 Explain the following:
(a) Worldscale
(b) Responsibilities of a shipbroker
87 Discuss the responsibilities of the Chief Engineer of the vessel with respect to the following;
(a) Bunkering and receiving correct quantity of fuel oil.
(b) In case of a dispute over lube oil / fuel oil received on board, actions required under the circumstances.
(c) Spillage of oil in the water during bunkering.
(d) Declaration to be seen in the Bunker Delivery Note.
(e) Requirement of bunker for ships transiting Antartic zone.
88 The safety management system requires that Company should provide for measures ensuring that the Company’s organization can respond at any
time to hazards, accidents and emergency situations involving ships. Underline the importance of “communication” in “emergency preparedness”
and what measures are required for the following (i) contact between ship and the office (ii) communication equipment (iii) dealing with the media
(iv) dealing with the next of kin.

89 Discuss the responsibilities of the Chief Engineer with respect to an appropriate training plan for engine room personnel towards successful handling
of (i) major fire in engine room and wheelhouse (ii) automation failure of main engine in UMS mode (iii) Steering failure (iv) electrical power
failure.
90 With respect to key issues in ship repair contracts, illustrate (i) payment terms (ii) Ambit of the specification and additional works (iii) contract
period, liquidated damages and force majeure (iv) Guarantees and insurance (v) Termination events.

91 (a) Explain the salient features of Ballast Water Management (b) How would you as Chief
Engineer with consultation with the Master of the vessel implement a typical “Ballast water Management Plan “ prior to your vessel arriving at an
USA port.
92 Safety of Bulk carriers is a major concern being addressed by IMO. State what are the recent additional safeties measures incorporated into SOLAS
74 as amended for Bulk carriers in Ch. XII. List out the main items under enhanced survey of a 15 years special survey for a Bulk carrier.
93 Write short notes on:
(a) World Scale
(b) Maritime Lien
(c) BIMCO
94 Describe briefly Port State Control and its role in elimination of sub-standard ships. Is Port State Control effective?
95 State the action taken by a Recognized Organization towards handling of an ISM certificate in case; (i) Evidence of a major non- conformity (ii)
Evidence of too many non- conformities (iii) extension of the safety management certificate is requested for (iv) Revision of an entry for a
certificate is requested for. Under what circumstances can the SMC and DOC be withdrawn.
96 (a) State the importance of maintaining vessels records at sea and at port. Elucidate the procedures involved relating to entries made for the data’s
during watch-keeping. (b) List the records which are maintained with respect to various
inspection carried out in a bulk carrier by the classification society

97 Discuss the procedure of entry into force of an IMO Convention after its Adoption? State the provision and its importance towards entry into force
of the convention. For a convention of important technical nature state the general rules/ conditions observed by the states for its entry into force.
Explain the terms (i) Accession (ii) Signature subject to Ratification, acceptance or approval

98 Describe the methodology you will practice during taking over / handing over of your vessel in a foreign port as a Chief Engineer towards inventory
management of lube oil / fuel oil on board. In case of dispute arising thereof, describe how it can be best solved ? During the circumstances how you
would ascertain amount of oil not fit for use ?
99 As a Chief Engineer on a ship where you have joined recently, develop a training programme for shore related activities of a vessel. Highlight the
specific training needs and emergency measures for engine room personnel in the dry dock in case of (i) transfer of fuel oil from tank to tank (ii) fire
(iii) explosion in the engine room.

100 Differentiate between Voyage Charter and Time Charter of a vessel. Underline the changes in responsibilities and the scope of activities for a Chief
Engineer in each case.
101 With respect to engine room “Resource Management” enlist the key issues you will address with proper justification in the following areas (i)
Incentive programmes (ii) Long term personnel development concept (iii) Human resources quality assurance (iv) Attitude and motivation
development (v) Emergency response.
102 As a Chief Engineer describe the procedure you would employ for bunkering at a port for ascertaining / receiving correct grade / quantity of oil
from the shore supply authorities. In case of a dispute over lube oil / fuel oil received on board, describe the actions you will take under
circumstances. What are the applicable provisions under MAPOL 73/78, Annex VI Regulations?

103 What provisions are made under Port State Control (PSC) towards (i) Certificates issued by non party states to their ships (ii) Inspection of ships
below convention size and (iii) No more favourable treatment.
104 Explain the influence of following external factors in higher consumption of fuel oil and how at best they could be controlled? (i) Ship’s hull
condition (ii) Weather condition (iii) Maintenance of different elements in fuel oil system (iv) Damage to propeller blades.
105 Underline the general procedures followed for flow of information among ships personnel. As a Chief Engineer on a ship having multinational crew,
state how the process of effective information to the team can be approached by you and also how a certain instruction received by you from shore
office for engine management can be best utilized?
106 With reference to project cost estimation towards a major ship repair with multiple activities, explain (i) Cost groups (ii) Cost parameters (iii) Work
breakdown structure (WBS). How best in your opinion do these modules assist towards an optimum ship repair cost estimation ?
107 Describe how ISM code has ensured the “ Role and Responsibility of ship owner” in achieving Safety Management objectives? What importance do
you give to the “Owner’s Policy” in Safety Management structure of an organization?
108 Describe briefly ILO Maritime Labour Convention 2006 (No. 186) which was adopted in February 2006..
109 What are the main features incorporated under the Salvage Conventions? Explain “ No Cure No Pay” and how this was amended by introducing
special compensation towards protecting the marine environment?
110 What is Bill of Lading? What precautions are to be observed before signing a Bill of Lading under voyage charter and time charter?
111 UNCLOS and SOLAS state that it is mandatory for a flag State to conduct an investigation into any “casualty”. Explain in detail with reference to
M.S. Act, the authority vested with the Government of India and the procedures adopted by a marine board of inquiry.
112 Give a brief background of ILO, its incepted and its fields of mandate for Maritime Labour Development. Name three-conventions / protocol of ILO
concerning maritime labour, which has come in force in 1996.
113 A second hand bulk carrier in 1990 is to be taken over. The vessel is to be registered under Indian flag. As Chief Engineer / Owner representative,
what aspects would you look for with respect to:
(a) SOLAS 74,
(b) MARPOL73/78,
(c) Crew accommodation,
(d) Previous survey report.

114 While approaching a port an accident took place, resulting in grounding of the vessel. A team of surveyors carried out inspection of the vessel and
official records. Company has advised you to submit the report along with the relevant Log book records for formulating an opinion regarding cause
of grounding. In case the grounding was not due to machinery failure, same may be brought out in the report to underline that machineries were
functioning satisfactorily.
115 (a) State the circumstances which may lead to Suspension or Withdrawal of Class.
(b) Explain the terms used by the classification societies:
(i) Period of Class,
(ii) Anniversary date,
(iii) Survey time window,
(iv) Memoranda,
(v) Recommendations.
116 Define a “Company” and its obligation under ISM code towards safe shipboard operations. Enumerate the key shipboard operations, which should
be maintained by a Company for successful onboard operation of a ship under ISM code.
117 You have been advised by your company to develop a programme for training of Engine Room staff and for implementing it throughout the
Company’s fleet with respect to:
(i) Fire prevention and fire fighting,
(ii) Pollution prevention,
(iii) Safe working practices.
Prepare the training plan and also list the related STCW Codes for each of them.

118 (a) What are the important highlights of UNCLOS with respect to environment protection? (b) Explain:
(i) Territorial Sea,
(ii) Contiguous Zone,
(iii) Exclusive Economic Zone,
(iv) Continental Shelf,
(v) High Seas.

119 As a Chief Engineer on a UMS vessel scheduled to make a voyage from India to the U.S. Coast; list the salient items you will inspect including
propulsion machinery to ensure making a satisfactory voyage. Also list the documents the ship will keep handy to successfully undergo port State
control inspection on arrival.
120 You as Chief Engineer are required to inform your Company with respect to inspection of propellers in the dry dock during which you noticed a
surface crack on one of the blades. State the steps taken by you as Chief Engineer for successful handling of the situation.
121 Has “ISM Code” been successful in bringing changes with respect to safety and environment protection? With your past experience of serving on
ships having Safety Management System, elaborate on the same.
122 a) What are the procedures for conducting an inquiry after causality at sea as per Merchant shipping act, 1958 as amended?
b) What is Article of Agreement? Why is it necessary to have Article of Agreement?

123 a) Define port of refuge? What are IMO initiatives for port of refuge? When and how a ship can call the port of refuge?
b) What are the documents required by the Average adjuster for assessing the General Average at the port of refuge

124 Effective communication is the foundation for effectiveness in any type of organization. As, a Chief Engineer of a ship, how will you ensure
effective and healthy communication on board your ship?
125 While bunkering at a port as a Chief Engineer describe the procedure you would employ for ascertaining / receiving correct grade / quantity of oil
from the shore supply authorities. In case of a dispute over fuel oil received on board, describe the actions you will take under the circumstances.
What are the applicable provisions under MARPOL 73/78, Annex VI Regulations?
126 Emphasize the validity of the statement that Classification Societies are Recognized Organizations (RO). In your view if the statement carries some
limitation highlight them with reasons. List the statutory services undertaken by a classification body on behalf of Administration.
127 (a) What are the main changes on the ISM Code that have come into force from 1st July 2010? (b) With respect to paragraph 8 of the ISM
Code, explain the different machinery related emergency situations that are dealt as documented procedures under the company’s Safety
Management System. Underline the salient actions that are documented in dealing with (i) Main Engine Failure (ii) Steering failure (iii) Boiler
automation failure (iv) Scavenge fire.
128 What are the principal reasons responsible for compounding of machinery vibration in connection with operation of a long stroke diesel engines and
associated machinery arrangements? What are the key factors for excitations generated by the engines?
129 Describe the role of “port State Control” (PSC) and “flag State inspection” (FSI) in ensuring safety on vessels and a cleaner environment.
Enumerate the relevant regulations article and annexes of the concerned Convention which provides provisions for PSC. State the grounds for PSC
intervention and the grounds for subsequent detention of a vessel.
130 Give a brief background of ILO and salient points of Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 MLC, 2006). When will the MLC, 2006 come into force
and what will happen to the existing Conventions on maritime labour. What are the novel features of the MLC, 2006?
131 Exhaust emission control is a major global issue and under serious consideration by world shipping. In this context, comment on the following:-
(a) Primary Nox reduction measures;
(b) Secondary Nox reduction measures.
Justify, which of these methods is more effective?

132 Whilst approaching dock gates, the main engines refused to respond to bridge control, driving ahead instead of braking astern, until the bow made
contact with the dock wall. As Chief Engineer, report to head office why the engines failed to respond to Bridge control, the temporary measure
instituted to avoid further trouble on this voyage and suggesting permanent measures to avoid repetition in the future.
133 You are the Chief Engineer of a ship with four engineers and six engine crew members. How would you set up a fire-fighting team & verify its
effectiveness?
134 You are the chief engineer of a vessel that has suffered a minor fire in the engine room that burned off the wiring to essential pumps. Temporary
repairs were made to get the vessel underway. Write a letter to the company head office describing the incident as to how the fire took place and what
corrective and preventive steps have you taken. What arrangements do you suggest to effect a permanent repair at the next port of call.

135 What are the ongoing developments at the IMO with respect to the technical and operational measures to be invoked on board ships for combating
green house gas emissions from ships?
136 You as a Chief Engineer are asked by your company to carry out internal audit of the deck-department under the ISM Code. How would you carry
out the audit & which areas would you lay emphasis on during the audit.
137 The vessel of which you are Chief Engineer suffers grounding. Write a report to be forwarded to the Superintendent of the company about the
surveys and inspections subsequently carried out when the vessel was dry-docked in a foreign port.
138 Sketch and describe LNG as fuel for ship propulsion and the safeties that are to be provided. What are the challenges in ship power and the
developments that are currently taking place.
139 Differentiate between static and dynamic stability? Can a ship high on GM be low on stability? Justify your answer with reasoning. Enlist the
governing factors you will inspect while taking over a new ship in shipyard as Chief Engineer for having optimum stability in both categories.
Substantiate your answer with reasons.
140 Give the history of requirement leading towards International Convention On Load lines, 1966, underlining its date of adoption and entry into force.
What special provisions were included in the said convention in comparison to first International Convention on Load lines adopted in 1930?
Describe its different chapters highlighting their area of coverage and related Annexes.

141 With reference to ship repair/ ship building, and engineering economics explain the terms (i) Risk analysis (ii) Brake even analysis (iii) Sensitivity
analysis (iv) Multi stage sequential analysis (v) Multi attribute decision making.
142 Illustrate mean piston speed and its significance on consumption of fuel oil. Explain how mean piston speed is related to r.p.m. and ideal
combustion. Joining an old ship as Chief Engineer, formulate a methodology by which you can ascertain optimum use of fuel oil against desired
mean piston speed
143 i) List the methods and aids to prevent pollution of the environment by ships under MARPOL 73/78 Conventions and steps you can take for its
successful implementation on a ship prior its voyage, where you have joined as Chief Engineer.
ii) During bunkering of a ship at a foreign port, a substantial amount of oil spillage in water has taken place. Draw an emergency preparedness plan
for such incidents and how best it could be encountered under the situation.

144 The STCW 95 convention was amended in manila on 25th June 2010. What major changes and amendments were made for the engine department.
Illustrate the salient factors for “onboard training” and standard of competence as laid out in the existing Chapter III of the STCW 95 and the
amended chapter III of STCW (Manila amendments). Underline the specific roles a Chief Engineer needs to perform towards satisfactory training of
engine room personnel under the existing and new Regulation. What will be the criteria for evaluating competence for onboard training by a Chief
Engineer?

145 You are deputed by your company to a shipyard for taking delivery of a new ship fitted with an intelligent engine for main propulsion. Assuming
that you have never worked on these engines, enumerate:
(a) How you would ascertain the items that need to be personally examined by you, &,
(b) How you would carry out the examining of each item stated at ‘(a)’. Confine
your answers for ‘(a)’ & ‘(b)’ with respect to the main propulsion only.

146 A vessel is required to be registered at a specific port in India. List the documents that will be required for such registration detailing the related flow
process thereof. What is procedure for allotment of the IMO number to a ship?
147 State the different types of marine insurance policies that could be taken by owners, shippers or other related parties. Explain the salient liabilities
and exclusions related with each case for an insurer. Name the various agencies in India which deal with marine insurance policies.
148 As a Chief Engineer on a fully loaded ship you are stranded in an island near, the UK coast having no survey facility where the forepeak of the vessel
is severely damaged. Explain your actions with reasons and the procedures to be adopted for making a safe return voyage to India.
149 During inspection of propeller in the dry dock, a surface crack has been noticed on one of the blades. State the steps taking by you as chief engineer
for successful handling of the situation. Also if some surface cracks are noticed on the keyway of a tail-end shaft, state the steps taken by you for
tackling the problem. Explain the effects in case the cracks, as stated, are not dealt with at the proper time.
150 (a) Prepare a risk assessment for the task of overhauling of main engine unit in rough weather keeping in mind all the mandatory requirements.
(b) Describe the Best Management Practices (BMP) to be followed to deter piracy off the coast of Somalia which has been prepared by various
shipping industry associations.
151 Expanding the following abbreviations / word, write short notes on following enumerating their initiation and the amendments made thereof till date:
a. STCW b. IMDG c. INMARSAT d. TONNAGE e. LOADLINE

152 You have joined as Chief Engineer on an 30 year old Cargo vessel which has been recently procured by the owners. State the documents you will
need for immediate sailing under ISM Code and how this can be achieved within a short targeted span?
153 Underlining Marine Insurance Cover, explain (i) Hull & Machinery cover, (ii) P & I Insurance, (iii) Cargo Insurance, (iv) Pollution Liability
Insurance.
154 Under maritime law in case of a collision, explain (i) apportionment of damages (ii) proportionate fault (iii) collision liabilities (iv) presumptions of
fault (v) jurisdiction in collision cases.
155 Highlight the role of Classification Societies in providing set of standards for sound merchant ship construction. Also state the importance of
International Association of Classification Societies and how they contribute in improving standards of hull and machineries?
156 Briefly summarise the four ‘selfs’ in the Johari Window. What Implications does each have for interpersonal conflict onboard?

157 Your vessel has shown a significant increase of fuel oil, which had been, recently dry docked. Frame a report in the format of an email addressing
Engineer Superintendent with the related inspections made, findings established and suggestions for repair if any.

158 Discuss the influence the following properties / contents have on fuel characteristics and its economic use (i) viscosity (ii) density (iii) ignition
quality (iv) VIT (v) compatibility (vi) carbon residue (vii) control combustion period
159 With respect to Merchant Shipping Act, 1958, as amended
a. Explain briefly the sections, relevant to the prevention and provisions for containment of accidental pollution of the sea by oil;
b. Explain briefly the power vested with the State to give notice and to take measures for preventing or containing the oil pollution.

160 (a) What do you understand by “Unseaworthy vessels” within the meaning of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958, as amended?
(b) What according to you is the difference between “Unseaworthy ships” & “Unsafe ships”.
(c) What are the obligations of owners to crew with respect seaworthiness?
161 (a) What is the definition of “Company” as per ISM Code and list out the Safety Management objectives of the company as per the ISM Code? How
the company verifies the satisfactory implementation of the ISM Code requirements.
(b) As a Chief Engineer you have joined a vessel which is about to undertake a six month round voyage. Underline and describe the key areas that
you will inspect, check, prepare, establish and maintain towards proper Planned Maintenance of Engine Room Machineries and associated areas,
under ISM Codes.
162 State the applicable regulations of SOLAS and MARPOL under which it is mandatory for a flag State to conduct an investigation into any
“casualty”. Write briefly the salient points of Casualty Investigation Code and the recommended practices for a safety Investigation into a Marine
Casualty or Marine Incident. What do you understand by the term “very serious marine casualty”.
163 How will you prepare your ship for a renewal survey of International Air Pollution Prevention Certificate ? Explain with specific emphasis on the
records and documents to be maintained. Exnumerate general requirements for shipboard incinerators, as mentioned in Annex VI of MARPOL
73/78.
164 Why is dry-docking referred to as a major event in the maintenance of a ship? As a Chief Engineer explain different steps that need consideration
while planning a dry-docking project of a ship due for its first special survey.
165 Discuss the peculiar working environments in which ships operate and how they influence decisions on ships maintenance policies .
166 In an unfortunate incident of Main Engine Crank case explosion on your vessel, the main engine was badly damaged and two engine room
personnel suffered serious injuries. Explain how you will present the vessel for subsequent inspections by P&I and H&M insurance companies with
special emphasis on the records and documents required in each case to ensure that only genuine claims are honoured.
167 In whose interest and by whom the vetting Inspections on Oil takers are carried out? How will you systematically prepare a 25 year old Crude oil
tanker for a vetting inspection? What kind of vetting inspections are carried out on Chemical tankers?

168 Compare the latest European Union stipulations for Low Sulphur fuel on merchant ships with the existing MARPOL requirements. Discuss the
difficulties for its implementation on existing ships and its commercial impact on ship operations.

169 List the objectives of the ISM Code? How an Internal Audit helps in External Audit of a vessel? You have been asked to carry out the internal audit
of the deck department, explain how will you proceed in carrying out an effective internal audit.

170 Apart from statutory surveys, what other surveys can be undertaken by a classification society for a ship? What are the limitations for the society in
these cases? Enlist them and emphasize how these cases are taken care of.
171 In relation to the seaworthiness of a ship, discuss the responsibility and authority of the following stakeholders:
a) Maritime Administration
b) Recognised Organization
c) Shipowner
d) Insurance Company
172 Nowadays there is a global trend substituting prescriptive based standards into functional based standards (e.g., Part F of the SOLAS, Chapter II-2).

173 Your vessel has been awarded three major non conformities during a SMC audit.. Frame a report in the format of an email addressing the Engineer
Superintendent with the suggested steps to be taken for early sailing of the vessel.
174 Explain in detail the significance of Propeller Curves to a Chief Engineer. Enumerate the Safety Margins in relation to the propeller.
175 Vent pipes have a special role to play with respect to safety of ships. Please explain in detail the following: a) where
these are fitted;
b) any special fitment requirement as per statutes.
176 Compressed air starting systems for ocean-going ships have specific requirements with particular importance being assigned to requirements for air
compressors. Please enumerate these requirements, with reasons as relevant.
177 Write short notes on:-
(i) Tier II & Tier III emission regulations on main engine
(ii) Homogenizers for water emulsion
(iii) Selective Catalytic Reduction for NOx emission reduction

178 Elaborate the influence of a Charterer on operation of propulsion and other ship-board machineries during a voyage. After taking over a ship as a
Chief Engineer you have been informed that the ship is on a time-charter and has a history of unforeseen auxiliary machinery breakdowns at sea.
State the different options you have and actions you would take as a Chief Engineer prior to the commencement of voyage
179 With regard to ordering and receiving fuel bunkers on board, answer the following :
a. The importance of correct bunker specifications, including the relevant ISO standard
b. How will you ensure that a representative sample is drawn during bunkering?
b. How will you ensure that in case of bunker disputes especially with regard to quality, the sample from the vessel will be acceptable for
verification?
180 With respect to refrigeration gases used on board vessels, answer the following
a. Explain Ozone depleting Potential of conventional refrigerant gases
b. Name the alternate refrigerant gases available and being used onboard
c. Explain the steps you will take to ensure that release of refrigerant gases from the plant is minimised during normal operation and during
maintenance activities

181 Explain the following modern methods of turbo charging:


a. Pulse converter system
b. Sequential turbo charging
d. Two stage turbo charging
c. Variable geometry turbochargers
182 What is Bill of Lading? What precautions are to be observed before signing a Bill of Lading under voyage charter and time charter? Differentiate the
salient features during survey of a ship under (i) Bare boat charter (ii) Voyage charter (iii) Time charter. As a Chief Engineer on board explain with
reasons which of the three surveys is most demanding and exhaustive and why?
Class I Foreign Going Oral Questions

1. Take over a second-hand vessel. All crew including Master joined


together at the time of change in flag surveys. After completion of
Change in Flag surveys, the Superintendent is forcing you to sail out as
next charter is waiting. What minimum checks will you carry out prior
sailing out the vessel?
2. You are approaching a port and Oily Water Separator is found not
working? Spares are required which has a delivery time of 1 month.
Action to prevent detention and get exemption from Flag?
3. You have joined a ship as Chief Engineer. What checks you will carry out
to assess effectiveness of implemented Safety Management System on
board?
4. Who are Young Seafarers under MLC 2006 and What is your
responsibility as CE if any of these Young Seafarers are working in Engine
Room?
5. You joined a ship as Chief Engineer and found that one of the three
Auxiliary Engine is non-operational. The out-going Chief Engineer
informs you that spares are ordered and it will take another one month
to receive the spares. Will you take over as Chief Engineer and if yes,
under what conditions?
6. Your Company decided to re-cycle the vessel on which you are the Chief
Engineer? How shall you prepare the ship for re-cycling under Hong-
Kong Convention?
7. A newly take over vessel goes for MLC 2006 Certification? What is the
type of inspection and requirements for this type of inspection?
8. A Company intends to extend renewal survey by 3 months. What are the
requirements to get this extension from the Flag?
9. Are there any ISM related Clear grounds during PSC inspections? If no,
how it is determined to give ISM related deficiencies?
10.Engine can be de-rated to a low power with rated RPM or to a lower
RPM with rated power or to a lower power and lower RPM. Under what
conditions will you prefer each of the options?
11.Your vessel is on a short run and you are frequently unable to adhere to
Rest hour requirements. You call up Superintendent, who ask you to
manage as the vessel will out of the short run within one month. What
will you do?
12.Your vessel is going to leave a port for next charter where you have to
reach in limited time. The vessel has only one-day fuel and the fuel
available in this port is with sulphur content more than the global limit
allowed by MARPOL. On the way there is no area where MARPOL
compliant fuel can be bunkered. What will you do?
13. Your vessel is going to a port in a region where number of Indian Flag
vessels have been detained in last few months. How will you prepare for
the visit to a port in such a region?
14. During your tenure as CE on a vessel, you noted that there is a sudden
increase in near misses in last two months. What will you do?
15. You have joined a newly constructed ship as CE. The Company wants to
implement complete Condition Monitoring system of maintenance on
this vessel. What is your view point?
16. In accordance with UNCLOS a flag should exercise its jurisdiction and
control in administrative, social and technical matters over ships flying
its flag. How this jurisdiction is exercised by different Flags?
17.Various P&I clubs treat accidents and casualties as an iceberg. According
to various reports for every one death on a ship and 30 lost time injuries
there are about 3000 near misses and 30,000 unsafe acts. Taking this
statistics into consideration, how on your ship you can prevent
casualties and lost time injuries?
18. India is not still a signatory to Ballast Water Convention. Can foreign
ships visiting India be inspected under PSC for Ballast Water Convention?
19.What is a Master’s review of Safety Management System? What
statistics are used to make it effective?
20.An Indian Flag vessel managed by a Company (with excellent PSC
records of all the vessels managed by this Company in every port) is
inspected each time she visits Paris MOU region ports. What can be the
reason?

Prepared by: Vikrant Rai


MEO Class-II FOREIGN GOING QUESTIONS BANK
Function-3

1. What is “Free surface effect” and its effect on stability?


2. Breast hook/panting stringer/solid floor.
3. Additional safety measures for Bulk Carrier.
4. Purpose of Conditions of assignment.
5. Action to be taken when there is a fire in accommodation.
6. Information required in Bunker Delivery Note.
7. Bulkhead.
8. How to carry out risk assessment?
9. Oil Record Book -entries to be made.

10. Which entity decides Ship Security Level and action to be taken
when Security Level is raised to 3.
11. How will you identify when a ship is as stiff or a tender ship?
12. Common sources of fire on ship in repair yard.

13. Why Mechanical foam in preferred over chemical foam for fire
fighting on ships?
14. How will you put Oily Water Separator into use?
15. What is a major non-conformity?
16. Risk assessment objective.
17. MARPOL Annex-VI-Objective –Discharge-criterion.
18. SMS contents.
19. MLC-2006-Objective
20. What is permeability & How to calculate.
21. GRT-Space exempted in calculation.
22.Dry docking.
23.Difference between Intact stability and damaged stability.
24.What is audit of what is survey?
25.Rapson slide purpose, bitter and arrangement.
26.Capacity of sludge talk.
27.Periodical maintenance on Fixed Fire Fighting CO2 system.
28.Size of standard discharge connection.
29.Action during ER flooding?
30.Purpose of inclining experiment?
31.Diesel-Oil .DB tank vent arrangement.
32.Additional firefighting equipment for containership
33.Isolation V/v purpose on fire main
34.Safety fittings on LNG cargo tank.
35.TPC, Factors affecting TPC.
36.Freeing ports, location & purpose.
37.Elements of ISM Code.
38.E/R Bilge pumping out criteria.
39.Types of Sewage Treatment Plants?
40. Checks before flooding Engine Room with CO2 during fire?
41.Flammability diagram, purpose & how to use?
42.Safety fitting on IGS.
43.TPC, factors affecting TPC.
44.ORB entry for bunkering.
45.ISM Certifications.
46.EEDI/EEOI
47.DWT, GRT, NRT.
48. Cover correction fire detection space.
49. Testing smoke detector.
50. Safety fittings in cargo P/P Room.
Function-4-B

1. 1st Stage Safety valve for Main Air Compressor is lifting. What is
the reason?
2. M/E-All unit exhaust temperatures using.
3. Purpose of lifting Boiler safety valves with easing gear?
4. Ways to measure AE Fuel injection timing?
5. Mean effective pressure?
6. Why fatigue strength is less than UTS.
7. What is creep?
8. Contraction of boiler foundation sketch.
9. Timing diagram of 4-S engine.
10. What is speed droop in governor?
11. A/C compressor capacity control.
12. Safeties on boiler guage glass.
13. Air in steering system, how to purge out air?
14. VIT/ super VIT action.

15. Performance curve/cards for Main Engine? How to determine


late injection?
16. Performance of Main Engine Air Cooler?
17. How to advance the fuel injection timings?
18.Liner –Maximum wear position.
19.Selection of gravity disc in purifier.
20.How to ensure optimum efficient performance from a purifier?
21. Action to be when taken when it is found that a boiler tube is leaking?
22. Safeties on ER Crane?
23. MAN- B &W latest development.

24. Aux Engine is overloaded due to certain reasons. What checks to


be carried on crack pine & bearing?
25. Properties of refrigerant.
26. Purifier over flowering. Reasons?
27. F.W.G giving salinity alarm. Reasons?
28. Calculation of Main engine SFOC?
29. Aux engine one-unit exhaust temperature found low.
30. Boiler reasons for hard scale for on heating surface.
31. Reefer plant how air can enter into system.
32. Action when Aux Engine L.O analysis shows poor results.
33. Charging of Ref Compressor with oil.

34. Ref Compressor tripping frequently on HP Cut out.


Reasons. Function-5

1. Principle of induction motor.


2. Safeties on alternators.
3. Reverse trip operation.
4. Safety installed on Main Switch Board.
5. Black out test.
6. Kirchhoff current law?
7. Shore correction requirements and checks?
8. Preferential trip?
9. Pressure switch?
10. Motor not starting?
11. Fail safe system.
12. Low insulation alarm.
13. Maintenance on Lead-acid battery.
14. Maintenance of motor.
15. Insulation testing of motor.
16. Working of induction motor.
17. What is a star/delta starter?
18. Workings principle synchronous motor
19. Alternator – Synch scope out of order.
20. Power factor- Value of power factor.
21. Requirement for emergency battery.
22. Brushless alternator working principle.
23. How to test a diode and a capacitor?
24. Types of starters for indication motor.
25. Maintenance on alternator.
26. Precautions while connecting shore power.
27. Type of circuit breakers.
28. Excitation system of the alternator.

29. 2 generators are running in parallel. Both taking different


powers. Reason?
30. Types of buttons and low the changing of the same of lone.
31. What is open circuit/Short circuit/earth fault?
Function-6

1. How will you carry out accumulation of pressure test on boiler?


2. Name all NDT methods and explain Magnetic Particle test.
3. How will you fit a shrunk fit bearing on a shaft?
4. Defects in a certificate pump
5. Defect in holding down bolts
6. How do you pressure test bunker line.
7. How do you conduct L.O tests on-board?
8. Reefer plank-suspect of air ingress confirm removed.
9. How do you get correct size of gravity disc of HFO Purifier?
10. D/E piston over- haul-Checks on piston running groove.
11. Common welding defects.
12. Interpretation of Crank-Shaft deflections?
13. How to take propeller drop?
14. Checks for High fuel oil consumption
15. How you order a S.W pipe for E/R.
16. Checkpoints for A/E crank pin inspection.
17. How do you pressure test D.B Ballast tank.
18. Liner for M.E to be gauged-procedure.
19. Bunker fuel Quality acceptance criterion
20. Boiler water test and recommended values.
21. How do you set size of gravity disc?
22. Engine does not start on air. Checks?
23. Purpose of light spring diagram.
24. Running A/E without the T/C.
25. What is critical speed.
26. Mountings fitted on air bottle.
27. A/E cycle Blow past.
28. Reasons for fluctuating Main Engine Jacket Cooling Water Pressure?
29. Spot test of A/E L.O.

30. During maneuvering bursting disc on one of the air starting


line bursts? Action to be taken.
31. After heavy weather sailing, checks to carry out.

32. Thermostatic valve is iced on the outside. Give reasons and course
of action.
33. Measure the wear of the chain of Main Engine Chain drive.
34. How to carry out horizontal pump-motor alignment?
35. How to measure ovality of crankpin and connecting rod?
36. How to measure AE bottom end bearing clearance?