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TWO WEEK INDUSTRIAL TRAINING REPORT

ON
66KV SUB-STATION

TRANING ON FTS IN MYSURU

SUBMITTED BY :
MAHESHWARI.B.
USN :- 4VM15EE039
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
VVIET MYSURU

SUBMITTED TO:
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
DEPARTMENT
FTS MYSURU
TWO WEEK INDUSTRIAL TRAINING REPORT
ON
66KV SUB-STATION

TRANING ON FTS IN MYSURU

SUBMITTED BY :
MAHESHWARI.B.
USN :- 4VM15EE039
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
VVIET MYSURU

SUBMITTED TO:
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
DEPARTMENT
FTS MYSURU
CONTENTS
TOPIC’S
1. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
2. SUB-STATION
3. ELETRICAL INSTRUMENTS
4. TRANSFORMER
5. PARTS OF TRANSFORMER
6. CURRENT TRANSFORMER
7. POTENTIAL TRANSFORME
8. 11KV INCOMMING INDOOR
9. CONTROL PANNEL
10.BUS BARS
11.CIRCURIT BREAKER
12.LIGHINING ARRESTER
13.ELECTRICAL ISOLATOR
14.ELECTRICAL INSULATOR
15.BATTERY ROOM
16.EARTHING TESTING
17. INSULATION RESISTANCE TEST
18. TAN- DELTA TEST

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Nothing cortex can be achieved without an optimum combination of
inspection and perspiration. I owe a lot to many for instigation path.
But thinking people who have contributed to a training of a train we
is a little like saying thank at the academy awards.

I wish express my sincere sense of gratitude to ‘Sureka Manoj’


(HOD\EE) for permitting me to conduct industrial training in an
esteemed organization in FTS mysuru. I wish to express of gratitude
to my training in charge ‘ ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
DEPARTMENT FTS MYSURU for their undaunted guidance and
constant encouragement at all the stages of my training. I carried out
under them. Last but not the least, I express my sicer gratitude to
my faculty members , my family members who have taken great pains
to enable me to reach up to this status of life.

THANK YOU
INSTRUMENTS USE IN 66KV SUB-STATION

 TRANSFORMER
 CURRENT TRANSFORMER
 POTENTIAL TRANSFORMER
 LIGHTING ARRESTER
 ELECTRIC ISOLATER
 BUS BARS
 CIRCUIT BREAKER
 CONTROL PANEL
 BATTERYS
 OIL TEMPERATURE
 WINDING TEMPERATURE
 EARTH SWITCH
OIL AND WINDING TEMPERATURE

The WTI means winding temperature indicator and OTI means oil
temperature indicator which indicates the winding temperature and
oil temperature of the transformer and operates the alarm, trip, and
cooler control contacts. This instrument operates on the principle of
thermal imaging and it is not an actual measurement.
Winding temperature indicator consists of a sensor bulb placed in the oil
filled pocket in the transformer tank top cover. The bulb is connected to
the instrument housing by means of two flexible capillary tubes. One
capillary is connected to the measuring bellow of the instrument and the
other to a compensation bellow.
EARTHING TEST

In earth testing we take the two wires of 100meters and 60 meters .


These wires are connected to the outside the substation. Then it is fixed in to
the earth. Other end of the earth fixed wires is connected to
millimeter and other two wires are connected to earth part of materials
in the substation.
The valve of the earth testing it is always less than 2ohms. Then the earthling
of substation is good. But it is greater than the 2 ohms then we will
maintain the proper earthling.
INSULATION RESISTANCE TEST

 The Insulation resistance test can be measured using mugger.


 The insulation testing is used as a quality control measurement.
 The insulation resistance test is a spot insulation test which uses an
applied dc voltage.
 An electrical system degrades its quality of insulation resistance with
time and various environmental conditions including temperature ,
moisture , dust particles and humidity.
 Insulation resistance tests made to determine insulation resistance
from individual windings of ground or between individual
windings.
 Insulation resistance tests are commonly measured directly in megohms.
TAN DELTA TEST

Tan delta is an abbreviated form of the term -Tangent of delta. The tan
delta quantifies the way in which a material absorbs and disperses
energy…… The tan delta is also known as the loss factor due to this
loss of energy from the impact force via conversion to , and dispersal
of , a safer from of energy.

Tan delta , also called loss angle or dissipation factor testing. Is a


diagnostic method of testing cables to determine the quality of the cable
insulation. This is done to try to predict the remaining life expectancy
and in order to prioritize cable replacement and / or injection.

There are two ways to predict the condition of an insulation system


during tan delta or dissipation factor test.

First, one is , comparing the results of previous tests to determine, the


deterioration of the condition of insulation due ageing effect.

The second one is , determining the condition of insulation from the valve
of tan delta, directly. No requirement of comparing previous results of tan
delta test.