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Host-Microorganism Interactions  chapter 3


8. A microorganism that colonizes the skin but is capable of causing

Chapter Review infection under the appropriate conditions is referred to as:
a. A pathogenic organism
1. An infection acquired from working with an animal reservoir is: b. An opportunistic pathogen
a. Acquired from a vehicle c. Normal flora
b. Transmitted by a vector d. A nosocomial pathogen
c. A zoonotic infection 9. All of the following are involved in humoral immunity except:
d. An example of indirect transmission a. Cytotoxic T cells
2. Which of the following is considered an indirect mode of b. Complement proteins
transmission? c. Plasma cells
a. A cut with a dirty knife d. Glycoproteins
b. Ingesting contaminated potato salad 10. Matching: Match each term with the correct description.
c. Inhaling a droplet containing a bacterium _____ vector a. injection of antigens or antibodies to
d. Drinking water from a contaminated source _____ nosocomial provide immunity
3. Nonspecific immunity includes all of the following except: _____ fomite b. inanimate source of infection
a. Inflammation _____ clonization c. limited and specific effect
b. Phagocytosis by neutrophils _____ monocytes d. long-term health care−associated
c. B-cell activation to produce antibodies _____ complement infection
d. Resident normal flora _____ virulence factor e. characteristic of a disease-causing
4. Humoral immunity: _____ exotoxin organism
a. Is activated for all infectious agents _____ immunization f. serum proteins activated in the
b. Is specific for any organism immune system
c. Is specifically targeted to an antigen g. circulate in the blood before activation
d. Provides a broad immune response to any microorganism h. insect that carries an infectious agent
i. association between normal flora and
5. Bacterial endotoxins are:
a. All the same
11. Compare and contrast the components of the specific and
b. Part of the gram-negative cell wall
nonspecific immune defenses, including the occurrence and process
c. Capable of causing a systemic shock response
of inflammation; phagocytic cells; antibody production; cellular
d. All of the above
response; and natural physical or chemical properties of the human
6. A sign is different from a symptom in all of the following ways body.
a. It provides measurable data.
b. It is believed to be associated with the etiology of the disease.
c. It is clearly visible.
d. It includes the temperature, respiratory rate, and pulse.
7. A short-lived infection that manifests with a short incubation period
and serious illness is considered to be:
a. Persistent
b. Chronic
c. Latent
d. Acute

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