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Social

Studies

CSEC® PAST PAPERS


Macmillan Education
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ISBN 978-0-230-48210-4 AER

© Caribbean Examinations Council (CXC®) 2015


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The author has asserted their right to be identified as the author of this work in accordance with the
Copyright, Design and Patents Act 1988.

First published 2014


This revised edition published December 2015
All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,
transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or
otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers.

Designed by Macmillan Publishers Limited


Cover design by Macmillan Publishers Limited
Cover photograph © Caribbean Examinations Council (CXC®)
Cover photograph by Mrs Alberta Henry
With thanks to the students of the Sir Arthur Lewis Community College, St Lucia:
Edry Joseph, Vernelli Greene, Devin Gustave
CSEC® Social Studies Past Papers

LIST OF CONTENTS

Paper 02 June 2005 4

Paper 03/2 May/June 2005 10

Paper 02 May 2006 15

Paper 03/2 May/June 2006 23

Paper 02 May 2007 28

Paper 03/2 May/June 2007 34

Paper 02 January 2008 39

Paper 03/2 January 2008 45

Paper 02 May 2008 50

Paper 03/2 May/June 2008 56

Multiple Choice 2008 62

Multiple Choice 2008 – MS 70

Paper 02 January 2009 71

Paper 03/2 January 2009 76

Paper 02 May 2009 81

Paper 03/2 May 2009 86

Paper 02 January 2010 91

Paper 03/2 January 2010 96

Paper 02 May 2010 102

Paper 03/2 May 2010 109

Paper 02 January 2011 114

Paper 03/2 January 2011 120


Paper 02 May 2011 125

Paper 03/2 May 2011 130

Paper 02 January 2012 136

Paper 03/2 January 2012 142

Paper 02 May 2012 147

Paper 03/2 May 2012 154

Paper 02 January 2013 160

Paper 03/2 January 2013 168

Paper 02 May 2013 175

Paper 03/2 May 2013 183

Paper 02 May 2014 190

Paper 03/2 May 2014 198

Paper 02 May 2015 205

Paper 03/2 May 2015 237


TEST CODE 01243020
FORM TP 2005137 MAY/JUNE 2005

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL


SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
EXAMINATION
SOCIAL STUDIES
Paper 02 - General Proficiency
2 hours 40 minutes

( 02 JUNE 2005 (p.m.) )

You are advised to use 10 minutes to read the paper


and select the questions that you will answer.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

This paper has THREE sections, as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 Individual Interaction

SECTION B Part I Questions 4 and S - Development and Use of Resources


Part II Questions 6 and 7 - Development and Use of Resources

SECTIONC Questions 8 and 9 Consumer Affairs


Questions 10 and 11 Communication
Questions 12 and 13 Tourism

(i) You MUST answer FIVE questions in all.

(ii) Answer TWO questions from SECTION A,


ONE question from SECTION B Part I,
ONE question from SECTION B Part II and
ONE question from SECTION C.

(iii) All answers MUST be written in complete sentences.

(iv) Where questions require an explanation, suggestion or proposal, you should


develop your responses fully.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

Copyright© 2004 Caribbean Examinations Council.


All rights reserved.

01243020/F 2005
- 2-

SECTION A

INDIVIDUAL INTERACTION

Answer TWO questions from this section.


ALL answers MUST be given in complete sentences.

1. (a) Define EACH of the following terms:

(i) Sibling household ( 1 mark)

(ii) Single-parent family ( 1 mark)

(b) Identify TWO types of non-legal unions that consenting adults enter into in the Caribbean.
( 2 marks)

(c) State TWO problems children in a single-parent family may face. ( 2 marks)

(d) Give THREE reasons why parents may need guidance in dealing with teenaged children.
( 6 marks)

(e) Suggest to single parents TWO ways by which they may develop the skills necessary to
deal with young children. ( 5 marks)

Total 17 marks

2. (a) Describe THREE factors that may improve the quality of life of the elderly.
( 6 marks)

(b) (i) Give ONE reason why some families prefer to have their elderly at home.

(ii) Give TWO reasons why some families send their elderly to a home for the aged.
( 6 marks)

(c) Suggest TWO actions that the government of your country may take to improve the
conditions of poor elderly persons. ( 5 marks)

Total 17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2005
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3. (a) Identify TWO styles of leadership. ( 2 marks)

(b) State ONE way EACH of the styles of leadership you have identified in 3 (a) above
affects interaction among the members of a group. ( 4 marks)

(c) Give THREE reasons why a service club may have difficulty in achieving its goals.
( 6 marks)

(d) As the leader of a youth club, suggest TWO actions you may take to encourage members
to participate in group activities. ( 5 marks)

Total 17 marks

SECTIONB

DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES

PART I

Answer EITHER question 4 or question 5.

4. (a) Explain what is meant by EACH of the following terms:

(i) Life expectancy (I mark)

(ii) Natural increase ( 1 mark)

(b) Apart from natural increase, describe TWO other factors that may affect the population
growth of a country. ( 4 marks)

(c) Give THREE reasons why some Caribbean governments may want to consider limiting
the growth in population in the region. ( 6 marks)

(d) Suggest to senior citizens in your country TWO ways by which they may enrich their
lives. ( 5 marks)

Total 17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


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-4-

5. (a) State the meaning of EACH of the following terms:

(i) Bilateral agreement ( 1 mark)

(ii) Multilateral agreement ( 1 mark)

(b) Give ONE example of a

(i) bilateral agreement between Caribbean States ( 2 marks)

(ii) multilateral agreement among Caribbean States. ( 2 marks)

(c) Give THREE reasons why CARl COM countries enter into agreements with other countries.
( 6 marks)

(d) Suggest to CARlCOM governments TWO ways to resolve their concerns about the terms
and conditions of agreements. ( 5 marks)

Total 17 marks

PART II

Answer EITHER question 6 or question 7.

6. Prepare an address on ' Conservation of Forest Resources' . In your address state TWO economic
uses of forests and describe TWO activities which have influenced the need to conserve the forest.
Give THREE explanations why the conservation of the forest is necessary for the Caribbean.
Finally, suggest to the forestry officials, TWO measures that they may implement to conserve the
forest resources of your country.

Total17 marks

7. Write an essay on 'Economic Integration among CARlCOM States'. First, state TWO factors
that facilitate economic integration, and ONE factor that hinders economic integration among
member states. Explain THREE ways CARICOM member states are likely to benefit from
economic integration, and suggest TWO measures the government of your country may take to
encourage producers of goods and services to support economic integration.

Total 17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2005
- 5-

SECTIONC

OPTIONS

Answer only ONE question from 8 to 13.

CONSUMER AFFAIRS

8. Write an essay on 'Internet Shopping'. In your essay, define 'Internet Shopping' and then describe
TWO ways consumers pay for goods and services ordered through the Internet. Give THREE
reasons why some consumers may be unwilling to shop on the Internet. Finally, give TWO
suggestions to consumers on how to avoid exploitation when they shop via the Internet.

Total17 marks

9. Prepare an address to a consumer group on the topic below.

Advertisement and Consumer Expectations

In your address identify TWO types of advertisements and then outline TWO features of EACH
type of advertisement that influence consumer spending. Give THREE reasons why consumers
may be exploited by the business community. Finally, suggest to consumers TWO legitimate
actions they may take to express their dissatisfaction with an advertised product.

Total 17 marks

COMMUNICATION

10. Write an essay on the 'Ownership of Mass Media in the Caribbean'. In your essay begin by
defining mass media and give ONE example of the mass media. Next state TWO functions of the
mass media. Then identify TWO types of ownership of mass media in the Caribbean. Give
THREE reasons why state ownership of the media in the Caribbean is important. Finally suggest
TWO strategies your government may implement to encourage local programming I development
of media in your country.

Total 17 marks

11. Prepare an article on the topic, "Factors that Influence Forms of Communication". In your article,
describe THREE factors that influence forms of communication used in the Caribbean, then explain
THREE effects of technology on worldwide communication links. Finally, suggest TWO ways in
which communication links in an isolated village may be improved.

Total 17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2005
-6-

TOURISM

12. Address a group of secondary school graduates on: "Careers in Tourism". State TWO different
types of jobs in a hotel, and state ONE responsibility the supervisor of EACH job type would
perform. Describe TWO ways the industry benefits from trained workers and give THREE reasons
why hotel workers need to constantly develop their careers. Finally, suggest TWO strategies
hoteliers may implement to ensure job satisfaction for workers.

Total 17 marks

13. Write an essay on the topic below.

The Socio-Cultural Impact on Tourism Destinations in the Caribbean

In your essay describe TWO positive and ONE negative way in which residents interact with
visitors. Next explain THREE factors that may cause residents to behave I react negatively to
recent developments in the tourism industry. Finally, suggest TWO measures a Tourist Board
may take to improve visitors' perception of tourism in Caribbean destinations.

Total 17 marks

ENDOFTEST

01243020/F 2005
TEST CODE 01243032
FORM TP 2005138 MAY/JUNE 2005

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 03/2 - General Proficiency

1 hour

In addition to the 1 hour, candidates are allowed 10 minutes to read


through the paper. Writing MAY begin during this time.

GENERAL INSTRUCTION

I. You MUST attempt ALL the questions on this paper.

2. Use this answer booklet to respond to the questions. For EACH


question, write your answer in the space provided.

3. If you need additional paper to write your answers, request it


from the supervisor.

4. Attach any additional paper that you use securely to this answer
booklet.

5. Return this answer booklet at the end of the examination.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

Copyright © 2004 Caribbean Examinations Council.


All rights reserved.

0 1243032/F 2005
- 2-

Before you start to write your answers, choose ONE of the following topics and write it in
the space provided.

(i) 'The effects of criminal activities on citizens' lifestyle in my community'

(ii) 'The role of religion in the development of values in young people'

Topic: --------------------------------------------------------------

l. (a) Give ONE reason why you would investigate the topic you have chosen.

( 2 marks)

(b) Write a research question that is appropriate for the topic you have chosen.

( 2 marks)

(c) Identify ONE variable in the topic you have chosen that you would define.

( 1 mark)

(d) What do you think a study on the topic you have chosen would contri bute to your socie ty?

( 2 marks)

Total 7 marks

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01243032/F 2005
- 3-

2. (a) Name ONE source that would provide you with recorded data for the research question
you wrote in l (b).

( 1 mark)

(b) Name ONE data-gathering method that you may use to obtain information on the topic
you have chosen.

( 1 mark)
(c) Give ONE reason why you selected the data-gathering method you named in 2 (b).

( 2 marks)

Total 4 marks

3. (a) What is 'a sample' in research?

( 1 mark)

(b) Give ONE reason why a researcher may choose to study a sample.

( 2 marks)

(c) Identify, from the topic you have chosen, the population from which you would select a
sample.

( 1 mark)

(d) Describe briefly how you would choose a sample for the topic you have selected.

( 2 marks)

Total6 marks

GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/F 2005
- 4-

Questions 4 and 5 are based on the following case study.

Employment opportunities in the town of Pine Ridge

A group of university students conducted a study on the areas in which the citizens of Pine Ridge
are employed. Pine Ridge is an urban community with 4 small manufacturing companies, 5
supermarkets, 3 financial institutions and 7 fast food outlets and has a population of 35,000.
There are many citizens in Pine Ridge who are able-bodied and willing to work, but are unable to
find employment.

The researchers randomly selected 100 employees between the ages 18 - 30 years, from a labour
force of 1000 from this community, as respondents for their survey. Thirty (30) citizens indicated
that they work in supermarkets, twenty (20) in the manufacturing companies, ten (10) in the
financial institutions and forty (40) in the fast food outlets.

This and other data about Pine Ridge were categorized and analysed by the students and submitted
to the relevant authorities.

4. (a) State the MAIN focus of the study conducted by the group of university students.

( 2 marks)
(b) Briefly describe the sample from which information was collected.

( 2 marks)
(c) State TWO important findings of the study conducted by the university students.

( 2 marks)

(d) Identify TWO instruments that are appropriate for collecting data in this study.

( 2 marks)
(e) Write ONE statement of fact about Pine Ridge.

( 1 mark)

Total 9 marks

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01243032/F 2005
- 5-

5. (a) (i) Display the data on areas of employment in Pine Ridge in the table provided below

Areas of employment %of sample

( 2 marks)

(ii) In the grid provided below, display as a bar graph, the data the researchers collected
from the sample.

( 4 marks)

(b) Write ONE statement about the data you displayed in 5 (a)(ii).

( 1 mark)

(c) Suggest ONE recommendation which the researchers are likely to make to the authorities.

( 2 marks)

Total 9 marks

END OF TEST
01243032/F 2005
Social Studies Paper 2 2006 138X216.qxd 16/10/08 17:28 Page 1

TEST CODE 01243020


FORM TP 2006136 MAY/JUNE 2006

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL


SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
EXAMINATION
SOCIAL STUDIES
Paper 02 - General Proficiency
2 hours 40 minutes

( 31 MAY 2006 (a.m.) )

You arc advised to usc 10 minutes to read the paper


and select the questions that you will answer.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

This paper has THREE sections, as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 Individual Interaction

SECTIONB Part I Questions 4 and 5 - Development and Use of Resources


Part II Questions 6 and 7 - Development and Use of Resources

SECTIONC Questions 8 and 9 Consumer Affairs


Questions 10 and 11 Communication
Questions 12 and 13 Tourism

(i) You MUST answer FIVE questions in all.

(ii) Answer TWO questions from SECTION A,


ONE question from SECTION B Part I,
ONE question from SECTION B Part II and
ONE question from SECTION C.

(iii) All answers MUST be written in complete sentences.

(iv) Where questions require an explanation, suggestion or proposal or giving a reason,


you should develop your responses fully.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

Copyright © 2004 Caribbean Examinations Council®.


All rights reserved.
0 1243020/F 2006
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- 2-

SECTION A

INDIVIDUAL INTERACTION

Answer TWO questions from this section.


ALL answers MUST be in complete sentences.
Where questions require an explanation, suggestion,
proposal or giving a reason, you should develop
your responses fully.

1. (a) (i) Define divorce.

(ii) Define child abuse. ( 2 marks)

(b) (i) State ONE condition other than child abuse within the family that may lead to
divorce. ( 2 marks)

(ii) State ONE condition within the family that may lead to child abuse.
( 2 marks)

(c) Give THREE reasons why it is necessary to pass laws to protect family members.
( 6 marks)

(d) Suggest ONE way by which parents and children may work towards reducing indiscipline
in the home. Write a statement explaining why the way you have suggested is likely to be
successful. ( 5 marks)

Total 17 marks

2. (a) Define the following terms:

(i) religion ( 2 marks)

(ii) customs ( 2marks)

(b) State what is meant by 'cultural diversity'. ( 2 marks)

(c) Give THREE reasons why a variety of religious and cultural activities continue to be
practised in the Caribbean. ( 6 marks)

(d) Suggest ONE way religious organisations may promote their religious festivals and
activities in your country. State why the way you have suggested is likely to be successful.
( 5 marks)

Total 17 marks

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- 3-

3. (a) (i) Which of these three systems of government, Crown Colony, Constitutional
Monarchy or Republicanism, is represented by the diagram below?

Governor General
I

Senate House of Representatives/


House of Assembly
( 2 marks)

(ii) Name ONE CARICOM country that uses the system of government represented
by the diagram. ( 1 mark )

(iii) Name ONE CARICOM country that uses another system of government.
( 1 mark)

(iv) Sketch and label a diagram that represents the system of government that the
country you have named in (iii) above uses. ( 2 marks)

(b) A constitution often defines three arms of government- the executive, the legislative
and the judicial. For EACH of the three arms of the government, write ONE sentence
that explains how it works. ( 6 marks)

(c) Suggest ONE way in which a citizen of a CARICOM. country may participate in the
governance of his/her country. Write a statement to support the way you have suggested.
( 5 marks)

Total 17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2006
- 4 -

SECTION B

DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES

PARTI

Answer EITHER question 4 OR question 5.


Where the question requires an explanation, suggestion,
proposal or giving a reason, you should develop
your response fully.

4. The following graph shows unemployment figures of Country X for the years 2001 - 2003

Nf

3000

2500

2000 '

1500

1000 Male

500
Female
0
2001 2002 2003

Year

Bar graph showing unemployment among males and females, 2001 - 2003

Use the graph above to answer questions (a) (i) and (ii).

(a) (i) Write a statement to describe ONE difference between male and female
unemployment figures for the period 2001 - 2003. ( 2 marks)

(ii) Give TWO reasons why the trend/pattern of unemployment between men and
women is different. ( 4 marks)

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- 5-

(b) (i) Define unemployment. 1 mark)

(ii) Define underemployment. 1 mark)

(c) State TWO factors that contribute to unemployment in most Caribbean countries.
( 4 marks)

(d) Suggest ONE way in which a Youth Organization may encourage its members to become
self-employed. Write ONE statement to show why you think your suggestion may be
successful. ( 5 marks)

Total 17 marks

5. (a) (i) Define EACH of the following terms:

a) Primary health care

b) Curative health care ( 2 marks)

(ii) State TWO services a government provides under primary health care.
( 2 marks)

(iii) State TWO services a government provides under curative health care.
( 2 marks)

(b) Give THREE reasons why the government of a Caribbean country may emphasize
nutrition education in its health plan. ( 6 marks)

(c) Suggest ONE way business places in your country may assist in maintaining a healthy
work force . Write a statement to justify the way you have suggested. ( 5 marks)

Total 17 marks

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- 6-

PART II

Answer EITHER question 6 OR question 7.


Where the question requires an explanation, suggestion,
proposal or giving a reason, you should develop
your response fully.

6.
THE IMPORTANCE OF FOOD SECURITY FOR CARICOM COUNTRIES

Write an article on the above topic. In your article define 'food security', then state TWO factors
that have affected the production of food in the Caribbean. Next, give THREE reasons why
security in food is necessary for the Caribbean. Finally, suggest ONE initiative farmers may take
to ensure food security for the region. State why you would support the initiative you have
suggested for the farmers.

Total 17 marks

7.
GLOBALISATION: COOPERATE TO SURVIVE

Prepare an address to a group of businessmen on the above topic. First, define what 'globalisation'
is, then state TWO negative effects of globalisation for Caribbean businessmen. Next, give
THREE reasons why regional cooperation is necessary to compete with international producers
in a global environment. Finally, suggest to the businessmen ONE action they may take to prepare
their workers for globalisation. State why the businessmen should support the measure you have
suggested.

Total 17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


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- 7-

SECTION C

OPTIONS

Answer only ONE from questions 8 - 13.


Where the question requires an explanation,
suggestion, proposal or giving a reason, you
should develop your response fully.

CONSUMER AFFAIRS

8. Write an article on 'Income, Savings and Investments'. First, define the term 'savings' AND the
term 'investments'. Then, state TWO sources from which citizens obtain income. Next, give
THREE explanations to show how a country benefits from the savings of its citizens. Finally,
suggest ONE strategy that may encourage citizens to save. Write a statement to show why the
strategy you have suggested would encourage citizens to save.

Total 17 marks

9. Write an essay on 'Devaluation' . In your essay say what 'devaluation' means and state TWO
factors that may cause the government of a Caribbean country to agree to devaluation. Give
THREE reasons why the consumers of that country may object to devaluation. Finally, suggest
ONE action consumers may take to deal with the negative effects of devaluation. Write a statement
to justify the action you have suggested.

Total17 marks

COMMUNICATION

10.
A COUNTRY'S CULTURAL TRADITIONS BIND ITS GENERATIONS

Write an essay based on the above statement. In your essay say what is meant by 'cultural traditions' .
State ONE factor responsible for the variety of traditional practices in the Caribbean, and identify
TWO methods by which these practices are passed on from one generation to the next. Give
THREE reasons why the governments ofCARICOM states provide funding to support the region's
cultural practices. Finally, suggest ONE measure that may promote the continued existence of
your country's cultural traditions. Write a sentence to justify the measure you have suggested.

Total 17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


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- 8-

11.
BREAKDOWN IN THE COMMUNICATION PROCESS

Write an essay on the above topic. First, define 'communication' and then state TWO factors
which may cause a breakdown in communication in a class. Next, give THREE reasons why a
breakdown in communication may affect group activities. Finally, suggest to youth groups
ONE measure that their members may take to maintain effective communication. Write a statement
to support the measure you have suggested.

Total 17 marks

TOURISM

12. Write a report on the development of tourism in the Caribbean. In your report state THREE
factors that influence the development of the industry in a host country. Give THREE explanations
to show how a prosperous economy in a supply country may create a demand in a tourist destination.
Finally, suggest ONE action tourism officials in the Caribbean may take to promote the development
of regional tourism. State why you believe that the action you suggested would be successful.

Total 17 marks

13.
TOURISM AND THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT

Prepare an address to a group of hoteliers on the above topic . In your address, identify TWO
marine-related recreational activities provided for tourists and state how EACH of these activities
may have a negative effect on the environment. Next, give THREE reasons why an environmental
impact study is necessary before hotels are constructed. Finally, suggest ONE measure that
hoteliers may take to protect the marine environment. Explain why the hoteliers should support
the measure you have suggested.

Total 17 marks

ENDOFTEST

II I
01243020/F 2006

836136
Social Studies 3-2 2006 138x216.qxd 16/10/08 17:31 Page 1

TEST CODE 01243032


FORM TP 2006137 MAY/JUNE2006

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 03/2 - General Proficiency

I hour

In addition to the 1 hour, candidates are allowed 10 minutes to read


through the paper. Writing MAY begin during this time.

GENERAL INSTRUCTION

1. You MUST attempt ALL the questions on this paper.

2. Use this answer booklet to respond to the questions. For EACH


question, write your answer in the space provided.

3. If you need additional paper to write your answers, request it


from the supervisor.

4. Attach any additional paper that you use securely to this answer
booklet.

5. Return this answer booklet at the end of the examination.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

Copyright© 2004 Caribbean Examinations Council®.


All rights reserved.

01243032/F 2006
Social Studies 3-2 2006 138x216.qxd 16/10/08 17:31 Page 2

- 2-

Before you start to write your answers, choose ONE of the following topics and write it in
the space provided.

(i) Literacy deficiencies of young people in my community

(ii) Student indiscipline in the secondary schools of my country

Topic: -----------------------------------------------------------------

1. (a) Write a statement to indicate why you would research the topic you have chosen.

(I mark)

(b) Write ONE research question for the topic you have chosen.

( 2 marks)

(c) Define ONE of the concepts as you will use it in the topic you have chosen.

( 2 marks)

(d) Name TWO sources that may provide information for a study on the topic you have chosen.

( 2 marks)

Total 7 marks

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- 3-

2. (a) Identify a population from which a sample may be selected to study the topic you have
chosen.

( 1 mark)

(b) State how you would choose a sample from the population you identified in (2) (a) above .

( 2 marks)

(c) Describe, with an example, ONE way a researcher may introduce bias into the research .

( 2 marks)

Total 5 marks

3. (a) Identify ONE problem researchers experience in collecting data from a sample.

( 1 mark)

(b) Show with diagrams TWO ways to present the data you have collected on the topic you
have chosen.

( 2 marks)

(c) Give TWO reasons why you would present the data in the way you have described in
(3) (b) above .

( 2 marks)

Total 5 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/F 2006
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-4-

Questions 4 and 5 are based on the following case study.

In Rock Island (population : 10 000 persons) the youth, who are defined as persons aged 15- 24
years, make up 30% of the population.

Researchers who studied the involvement of different age groups in the economic and social life
of the country found that the youth were very dissatisfied with the country's progress.

The research data showed that during 1998 - 2000, on the average, 40% of the youth were
unemployed, 25% had poor life skills, 20% had dropped out of school, 10% had low self-esteem,
and 5% were members of a delinquent group.

4. (a) State the focus of the investigation in the case study as a research question.

( 2 marks)

(b) Use the data in the case study and write TWO statements about Rock Island.

( 2 marks)

(c) Name ONE instrument that may have helped the researchers to collect the statistical data
in the case study.

( 1 mark)

(d) Identify ONE characteristic or feature of the sample the researchers studied.

( 1 mark)

Total 6 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


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- 5-

5. (a) Display the data the researchers obtained in the table below.

Factors youth population (1998 - 2000)

Factors affecting Percentage (%) Number of Youth


youth population

Unemployment
Poor life skills
School drop outs
Low self-esteem
Delinquent members

Total 100

N= .................... .

( 6 marks)

(b) Write TWO statements about the data that you have displayed in the table above.

( 2 marks)

(c) Suggest ONE reason for the problems of the youth reported in the case study.

( 2 marks)

(d) Suggest to the authorities in Rock Island ONE measure or strategy they may include in
their action plan for youth.

( 2 marks)

Total 12 marks

ENDOFTEST

01243032/F 2006
Social Studies 2 2007 138x216.qxd 16/10/08 17:29 Page 1

TEST CODE 01243020


FORM TP 2007128 MAY/JUNE 2007

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL


SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
EXAMINATION
SOCIAL STUDIES
Paper 02 - General Proficiency
2 hours 40 minutes

( 30 MAY 2007 (a.m.) )

You are advised to use 10 minutes to read the paper


and select the questions that you will answer.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

This paper has THREE sections, as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 - Individual Interaction

SECTIONB Part I Questions 4 and 5 - Development and Use of Resources


Part II Questions 6 and 7 - Development and Use of Resources

SECTIONC Questions 8 and 9 - Consumer Affairs


Questions 10 and 11 - Communication
Questions 12 and 13 - Tourism

(i) You MUST answer FIVE questions in all.

(ii) Answer TWO questions from SECTION A,


ONE question from SECTION B Part I,
O.N E question from SECTION B Part II and
ONE question from SECTION C.

(iii) All answers MUST be written in complete sentences.

(iv) Where questions require an explanation, suggestion or proposal, you should develop your
responses fully.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

Copyright © 2006 Caribbean Examinations Council ®


All rights reserved.

01243020/F 2007
Social Studies 2 2007 138x216.qxd 16/10/08 17:29 Page 2

- 2-

SECTION A

INDIVIDUAL INTERACTION

Answer TWO questions from this section.


ALL answers MUST be given in complete sentences.

Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal


or giving a reason, you should develop your responses fully.

1. (a) State TWO functions of the family in the Caribbean. (2 marks)

(b) Describe TWO ways some Caribbean families preserve their cultural traditions.
(4 marks)

(c) Give THREE reasons why some young adults do not follow certain family traditions.
(6 marks)

(d) Suggest ONE strategy that may deepen relationships among members of a family in the
Caribbean. Write a statement to support the strategy you have suggested. (5 marks)

Total 17 marks

2. (a) Define EACH of the following terms:

(i) Divorce (1 mark)

(ii) Rights of inheritance (1 mark)

(b) Identify TWO effects divorce may have on children in a family. (4 marks)

(c) Give ONE reason why a couple may file for a divorce. (2 marks)

(d) Give TWO reasons why laws related to inheritance are necessary. (4 marks)

(e) Suggest to the Ministry of Social Services in your country ONE strategy social workers
may put in place to assist children of divorced parents. State why the strategy will help
the children. (5 marks)

Total 17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2007
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- 3-

3. (a) (i) Identify ONE Caribbean country that has a Republican system of Government
and ONE with a Constitutional Monarchy. (2 marks)

(ii) State TWO ways in which the Republican system of Government differs from
the Constitutional Monarchy. (4 marks)

(b) Give THREE reasons why people vote in a General Election. (6 marks)

(c) Suggest to citizens ONE lawful action that they may take if their human rights are violated
by the government. State why the action you have suggested will work. (5 marks)

Total 17 marks

SECTIONB

DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES

PART I

Answer EITHER question 4 OR question 5.


ALL answers MUST be given in complete sentences.

Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal


or giving a reason, you should develop your responses fully.

4. (a) Name ONE renewable resource and ONE non-renewable resource found in the Caribbean
countries. (2 marks)

(b) Describe TWO effects natural disasters have on the renewable resources of Caribbean
countries. (4 marks)

(c) Explain THREE problems Caribbean countries may face if their agricultural resources
are destroyed by natural disasters. (6 marks)

(d) Suggest ONE way renewable resources may be conserved in the Caribbean. State why
the way you have suggested will help to conserve renewable resources. (5 marks)

Total 17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


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-4-

s. (a) (i) Name TWO associated institutions of CARICOM. (2 marks)

(ii) List TWO objectives of the OECS. (4 marks)

(b) Explain THREE ways Caribbean countries have benefited from membership in
CARICOM. (6 marks)

(c) Suggest to your Prime Minister ONE strategy that may improve relations among
CARICOM member states. State why your suggestions will work. (5 marks)

Total 17 marks

PART II

Answer EITHER question 6 OR question 7.

Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal


or giving a reason, you should develop your responses fully.

6.
Healthy Living and Human Resource Development in the Caribbean

Write an essay on the above topic. In your essay, define life expectancy and infant mortality.
Then state TWO factors that would help citizens to live healthy lifestyles. Next give THREE
reasons why it is important to develop the human resource in the region. Finally suggest to your
government ONE strategy that may help citizens to develop their human resource potential.
State why this strategy will be effective.
Total 17 marks

7. Write a newspaper article on "Choosing a Career".

In your article state TWO factors that should be considered when choosing a job. List TWO
procedures that should be followed in responding to a job advertisement. Give THREE reasons
why it is important to choose a career and finally suggest to your teachers ONE way the school
may assist students in making career choices. Write a statement to justify your suggestion.

Total 17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2007
Social Studies 2 2007 138x216.qxd 16/10/08 17:29 Page 5

-5-

SECTION C

OPTIONS

Answer only ONE from questions 8 to 13.

Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal


or giving a reason, you should develop your responses fully.

CONSUMER AFFAIRS

8.
Factors that influence consumers' demand for goods and services

Write an essay on the above topic. In the essay define 'demand' and then state FOUR factors that
influence consumers' demand for goods and services. Give THREE reasons for the increase in
price of imported commodities. Finally suggest THREE questions consumers should ask
themselves before purchasing an item. State why any ONE of the questions you have suggested
is important.
Total 17 marks

9. Write an essay on "Traditional Forms· of Economic Cooperation". In your essay, identify TWO
traditional forms of economic cooperation. Then describe EACH of the forms of economic
cooperation which you have identified. Give THREE reasons why traditional forms of economic
cooperation are important to citizens. Finally suggest ONE way that may encourage citizens to
become interested in economic cooperation. Write a statement to support the way you have
suggested.
Total 17 marks

COMMUNICATION

10. Write an essay on "Forms of Communication in the Caribbean". Start your essay by stating
TWO steps in the communication process. Then identify TWO forms of communication used in
the Caribbean. Give THREE reasons why Caribbean people need to communicate with one
another, and finally suggest ONE way to improve communication across the Caribbean. State
why your suggestion will help to improve communication in the region.
Total 17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2007
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- 6-

11. Write an essay on "Communication between teachers and students". In your essay outline THREE
factors that contribute to the breakdown in communication between the teachers and students.
Then give THREE reasons why it is necessary for teachers and students to communicate effectively.
Suggest to teaching staff ONE measure that they may implement to improve communication
between themselves and students. Write a statement to support the measure you have suggested.

Total 17 marks

TOURISM

12.
Promoting Tourism in Caribbean Countries

Write a newspaper article on the above topic. Begin your article by outlining THREE ways a
Caribbean government may encourage the development of tourism. Give THREE reasons why
advertising a Caribbean tourist destination is important. Finally, suggest to Ministers of Tourism
ONE way they may increase earnings from tourism. Say why your suggestion will be useful.

Total 17 marks

13.
Regional Funding Agencies and Tourism Development in the Caribbean

Write an article on the above topic. Begin by identifying TWO regional funding agencies that
have contributed to development of tourism in the Caribbean. Then describe TWO ways these
agencies contribute to tourism development. Next give THREE reasons why these agencies
contribute to the development of tourism in the region. Finally suggest to the citizens of your
country ONE action they may take to assist tourism development in their country. State why the
action you suggested will be effective.
Total 17 marks

END OF TEST

01243020/F 2007
Social Studies 3-2 2007 138x216.qxd 16/10/08 17:32 Page 1

TEST CODE 01243032


FORM TP 2007129 MAYI JUNE 2007

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 03/2 - General Proficiency

I hour

In addition to the 1 hour, candidates are allowed 10 minutes to read


through the paper. Writing MAY begin during this time.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

1. You MUST attempt ALL the questions on this paper.

2. Use this answer booklet to respond to the questions. For EACH


question, write your answer in the space provided.

3. If you need additional paper to write your answers, request it


from the supervisor.

4. Attach any additional paper that you use securely to this answer
booklet.

5. Return this answer booklet at the end of the examination.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

Copyright © 2006 Caribbean Examinations Council ®


All rights reserved.

01243032/F 2007
Social Studies 3-2 2007 138x216.qxd 16/10/08 17:32 Page 2

- 2-

Before you start to write your answers, choose ONE of the following topics and write it in
the space provided.

(i) Employment practices in the financial sector of my country.

(ii) Leaders' responsibility in a democratic state.

Topic:

1. (a) State ONE reason that may influence a researcher to investigate tbe topic you have chosen.

(2 marks)

(b) Write an objective that would indicate the focus for the topic you chose. Begin your
answer with the following words:

The aim of this study is


(2 marks)

(c) Write tbe topic you have chosen in tbe form of a question.

(2 marks)

(d) Identify ONE term that should be defined in tbe topic you have chosen.

(1 mark)

Total 7 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/F 2007
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- 3-

2. (a) Identify the population from which a researcher may choose a sample to get information
on the topic you chose.

(1 mark)

(b) Describe briefly how you would select a sample from the population you have identified
in 2 (a) so that everyone gets an equal chance to be chosen.

(2 marks)

(c) Give ONE reason why a sample is necessary to study the topic you have chosen.

(2 marks)

(d) Name ONE research instrument that may ask members of a sample to write their responses.

(1 mark)

Total 6 marks

3. (a) An ethical principle in research states that sample members can drop out from a study at
any time. State TWO other ethical principles researchers should observe in research.

(2 marks)

(b) Suggest TWO ways to display the data provided by a sample.

(2 marks)

(c) Identify ONE group of people in your country to whom the data on the topic you chose
may be useful.

(1 mark)

Total 5 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/F 2007
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-4-

Questions 4 and 5 are based on the following case study. Study the information carefully and write
your answers in the spaces provided.

CASE STUDY

Re-afforestation and the residents of Blue Lagoon

A group of environmentalists conducted a survey on the actions the residents of Blue Lagoon should
take to restore 50 hectares of forested lands that were destroyed by bush fires. The environmentalists
sought suggestions from 200 adult residents. Forty per cent (40%) said that Caribbean Pine seedlings
should be planted. Thirty per cent (30%) said that the area should be grassed and made into a pasture for
cows. Twenty per cent (20%) indicated that planting fruit trees would attract wild life to the area and ten
per cent (10%) said to grow root crops and vegetables for the local market. The environmentalists
submitted the suggestions to the authorities in the Department of Forestry.

4. (a) Write the focus of the survey conducted by the group of environmentalists in the form of
a question.

(2 marks)

(b) State TWO findings the environmentalists obtained in this survey.

(2 marks)

(c) Write ONE statement that gives a description of the sample.

(2 marks)

(d) Identify ONE research instrument the environmentalists may have used in this survey.

(1 mark)

Total 7 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


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- 5-

5. (a) Display the suggestions (findings) obtained by the environmentalists in the case study on
page 4 in the table below.

Table showing residents' suggestions:

Residents' suggestions No. of Respondents Percentage (%)

Plant pine seedlings

Pasture for cows

Plant fruit trees

Grow root crops and vegetables

N=200
(4 marks)

(b) Write ONE conclusion based on the suggestions given by the residents of Blue Lagoon.

(2 marks)

(c) Suggest ONE other way the 50 hectares of land in Blue Lagoon may be used to improve
the quality of life of the residents.

(2 marks)

(d) Write a statement to support the way you have suggested in 5 (c).

(2 marks)

Total tO marks

ENDOFTEST

01243032/F 2007
TEST CODE 01243020
FORM TP 2008032 JANUARY 2008

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL


SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
EXAMINATION
SOCIAL STUDIES
Paper 02 - General Proficiency
2 hours 40 minutes

( 10 JANUARY 2008 (a.m.))

You are advised to use 10 minutes to read the paper


and select the questions that you will answer.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

This paper has THREE sections, as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 Individual Interaction

SECTIONB Part I Questions 4 and 5 Development and Use of Resources


Part II Questions 6 and 7 Development and Usc of Resources

SECTIONC Question 8 Consumer Affairs


Question 9 Communication
Question 10 Tourism

(i) You MUST answer FIVE questions in all.

(ii) Answer TWO questions from SECTION A,


ONE question from SECTION B Part I,
ONE question from SECTION B Part II and
ONE question from SECTION C.

(iii) AU answers MUST be written in complete sentences.

(iv) Where questions r equire an explanation, suggestion or proposal or giving a reason,


you should develop your responses fully.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

Copyright© 2006 Caribbean Examinations Council®.


All rights reserved.
01243020/JANUARY/F 2008
- 2 -

SECTION A

INDIVIDUAL INTERACTION

Answer TWO questions from this section. ALL a nswers M UST be in complete sentences. Wher e
questions r equire an explanation, suggestion, proposal or giving a reason, you should d evelop
your responses fully.

1. (a) Define the following terms:

(i) Incest ( 2marks)

(ii) Domestic violence ( 2marks)

(b) Apart from incest and domestic violence, identify TWO other social issues that
negatively affect families in the Caribbean. ( 2 marks)

(c) Give ONE reason for incest in some Caribbean families. ( 2 m ar ks)

(d) Give TWO reasons for domestic violence in some Caribbean families. ( 4 marks)

(e) Suggest ONE measure a government may introduce to reduce poverty in your country.
Write a statement to support the measure you have suggested. ( 5 marks)

Total 17 marks

2. (a) State ONE traditional role of (i) men (ii) women in Caribbean society.
( 2 marks)

(b) State TWO factors that have contributed to the changing role of family members in the
Caribbean. ( 4 marks)

(c) Explain THREE ways in which the changing role of women may affect the present
day Caribbean family. ( 6 marks)

(d) Suggest to young people ONE way they may assist in improving relationships in their
families. State why the way you have suggested will improve relations in the family.
( 5 marks)
,
Total17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F 2008
- 3 -

3. (a) (i) Define the term 'democracy'. ( 1 mar k )

(ii) Identify TWO types of democratic government systems found in the


Commonwealth Caribbean. ( 2 marks)

(b) To which arm of a democratic system of government do the following belong?

(i) The Magistrates' Court

(ii) Members of Parliament

(iii) The Cabinet ( 3marks)

(c) Give THREE reasons why the citizens of a country elect a Government. ( 6 marks)

(d) Suggest to youth leaders ONE action they may take to influence the decisions of the
government in their country. State why the action you have suggested will be
successful. ( 5 marks)

Total17 marks

SECTIONB

P ART I

DE VELOPMENT A ND USE OF RESOURCES

Answer EITHER question 4 OR question 5.

Where the question requires an explanation, suggestion, proposal or giving a reason, you should
develop your response fully.

4. (a) (i) Define the term 'migration'. ( 2 marks)

(ii) Name ONE CARICOM country from which many people have migrated
during the last decade . ( 1 mark)

(b) List THREE factors that have infl uenced some Caribbean people to migrate.
( 3 marks)

(c) Give THREE reasons why the migration of skilled people from the Caribbean will
negatively affect the region. ( 6 marks)

(d) Suggest ONE strategy that may reduce the migration of people from less developed
to more developed CARICOM countr.ies. State why the strategy you have suggested
should be accepted by the government of your coun try. ( 5 marks)

Total 17 marks

GO ON TO TI-IE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F 2008
- 4 -

5. (a) State the meaning of the term 'regional cooperation'. ( 2 marks)

(b) Describe TWO factors that encourage regional cooperation among


countries. ( 4 marks)

(c) Give THREE reasons why Caribbean countries may find it difficult to cooperate.
( 6 marks)

(d) Suggest ONE measure that Caribbean leaders may take to encourage regional
cooperation. State why you think your measure will be successful. ( 5 marks)

Total 17 marks

PART II

Answer EITHER question 6 OR question 7.

Where the question requires an explanation, suggestion, proposal or giving a reason, you should
develop your response fully.

6.
Economic Integration

Prepare an address to a group of manufacturers on the above topic. In your address state the
meaning of economic integration and identify TWO regional organizations that promote
economic integration. Name TWO member countries of one of the organizations that you have
identified. Next give THREE explanations to show how Caribbean manufacturers may benefit
from economic integration. Finally suggest ONE action Caribbean governments may take to
strengthen economic integration. State why you think your action will be successful.
Total17 marks

7. Write an essay on employment, unemployment and underemployment in the Caribbean. In


your · essay define employment and underemployment. Then describe TWO types of
unemployment. Next give THREE reasons why some young people in the Caribbean may
be unable to find jobs in their country. Finally, suggest to employers in your country ONE
action they may take to help prepare young people for employment State why the action you
have suggested will be accepted by the employers. Total17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F 2008
- 5 -

SECTIONC

OPTIONS

Answer only ONE from questions 8 to 10.

Where the question requires an explanation, suggestion, proposal or giving a reason, you should
develop your response fully.

CONSUMER AFFAIRS

8.
Modern Technology and the Consumer

You are asked to address a group of consumers on the above topic. First identify TWO
products of modem technology which commercial banks have introduced for customers to
transact business. Then state TWO types of business for which customers use these
products. Next describe ONE benefit of using these products in making transactions. Then
give THREE reasons why some customers may be unwilling to use these products to do
their transactions. Finally suggest ONE way commercial banks may encourage their customers
to use the products they have introduced. Say why the way you suggested will be effective.
Total 17 marks

COMMUNICATION

9.
Mass Media in the Caribbean

Write an essay on the above topic. Begin by defining mass media and then state TWO
functions of mass media. Next, describe ONE way in which Caribbean governments regulate
the mass media. Then give THREE reasons why Caribbean governments regulate the mass
media. Finally suggest to media managers ONE strategy they may use to improve the services
they provide. Write a statement to support the strategy you have suggested.
Total 17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F 2008
-6-

TOURISM

10.
TOURISM IS ABOUT PEOPLE

Write a newspaper article on the topic above. Begin your article by defining the term 'tourist'
and then name ONE type of tourist. Next describe TWO cultural activities that are organized by
tourism officials to attract tourists to the Caribbean. Give THREE reasons why some residents
may react negatively to the presence of tourists in their country. Finally suggest ONE strategy
the government of your country may use to improve relationships between tourists and citizens.
State why your government should accept your strategy.
Total 17 marks

END OF TEST

OJ 243020/JANUARY/F 2008
TEST CODE 01243032
FORM TP 2008033 JANUARY 2008

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 03/2 - General Proficiency

1 hour

In addition to the 1 hour, candidates are allowed 10 minutes to read


through the paper. Writing MAY begin during this time.

GENERAL DIRECTIONS

1. You MUST attempt ALL the questions on this paper.

2. Use this answer booklet to respond to the questions. For EACH


question, write your answer in the space proviided.

3. If you need additional paper to write your answers, request it


from the supervisor.

4. Attach any additional paper that you use securely to this answer
booklet.

5. Return this answer booklet at the end of the examination.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

Copyright © 2006 Caribbean Examinations Council®.


All rights reserved.
01 243032/JANUARY/F 2008
- 2 -

Before you start to write your answer s, choose O NE of the follo wing topics and write it in
the space provided:

(i) Substance abuse by students in secondary schools in my country

(ii) Environmental concerns of the citizens of my country

Topic:

1. (a) Write a statement to indicate why you would research the topic you have chosen.

( 2 m arks)

(b) Write a problem statement for the topic you have chosen. Begin your statement like this.

The aim of the study is to - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

( 2 marks)

(c) Write a research question for the ltopic you have chosen. Your research question
should not require a 'yes' or 'no' response.

( 1 ma rk)

(d) Name ONE source that may provide information for a study on the topic you have
chosen.

( 1 mark )

Total 6 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/JANUARY/F 2008
- 3 -

2. (a) A sample is a part of a population. Identify a population from which you may choose
a sample for your study.

( 1 mark )
(b) State how you would choose a sample from the population you have identified in 2 (a).

( 2 marks)

(c) identify TWO research instruments you may use to collect data from the sample
referred to at 2 (b) .

( 2 marks)
(d) Consider the topic you have chosen. Then write TWO questions you would like
respondents in your sample to answer.

( 2 marks)

Total 7 marks

3. (a) State TWO ways to present the data you have collected from your sample.

( 2 marks)

(b) Finding the median or middle score is one method to describe statistical data. State
TWO other ways to describe the statistical data provided by the sample.

( 2 marks)

(c) State how you would find the median from a set of scores presented by a sample.

( 2 marks)
Total 6 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/JANUARY IF 2008
- 4 -

Questions 4 and 5 are based on the following case study.

Visitor arrivals in Spring Island rose 10% in 2006 when compared with 2005. In 2005 there
were 10 000 stop-over arrivals. This increase in tourist arrivals was attributed to a reliable
transportation network and to a favourab le exchange rate for foreign currency.

Researchers who studied the increase in visitor arrivals suggested to the government the need
to have additional hotel rooms the next year. The researchers also expressed the view that
the Tourism Division should consider a new marketing strategy with regard to discounts.

The economy of Spring Island shows signs of sustainable development and wise financial
management when one looks at the big picture.

4. (a) State the focus of the investigation in the case study.

( 2 marks)

(b) Study the information in the case study and write TWO statements about Spring
Island.

( 2 marks)

(c) Name ONE source that may have provided the researchers with data on visitor
anivals in Spring Island.

( 1 mark )

(d) State TWO recommendations made by the researchers who conducted the case study.

( 2 marks)

Total 7 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/JANUARY/F 2008
-5-

5. (a) How many visitors arrived in Spring Island in 2006?

( 1 m ark )

(b) Write TWO conclusions the researchers made about Spring Island.

( 2 marks)

(c) Suggest to officials of the Tourism Division in Spring Island TWO additional measures
they may include in the marketing strategy suggested by the researchers.

( 2 marks)

(d) State why the measures you stated in 2 (c) should be accepted by lhe tourism officials
of Spring Island.

( 2 marks)

(e) Suggest TWO factors apart from those identified by the researchers that may have
contributed to the increase in tourist arrivals in Spring Island.

( 2 marks)

Total 9 mat·ks

END O F TE ST

01243032/JANUARY/F 2008
Social Studies 2 2008.qxd 16/10/08 17:53 Page 1

TEST CODE 01243020


FORM TP 2008123 MAY/JUNE 2008

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL


SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
EXAMINATION
SOCIAL STUDIES
Paper 02 - General Proficiency

2 hours 40 minutes

( 28 MAY 2008 (a.m.) )

You are advised to use 10 minutes to read the paper


and select the questions that you will answer.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

This paper has THREE sections, as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 - Individual Interaction

SECTION B Part I Questions 4 and 5 - Development and Use of Resources


Part II Questions 6 and 7 - Development and Use of Resources

SECTION C Question 8 - Consumer Affairs


Question 9 - Communication
Question 10 - Tourism

(i) You MUST answer FIVE questions in all.

(ii) Answer TWO questions from SECTION A,


ONE question from SECTION B, Part I,
ONE question from SECTION B, Part II and
ONE question from SECTION C.

(iii) All answers MUST be written in complete sentences.

(iv) Where questions require explanations, suggestions or proposals or giving


reasons, you should develop your responses fully.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2007 Caribbean Examinations Council ®.


All rights reserved.

01243020/F 2008
Social Studies 2 2008.qxd 16/10/08 17:53 Page 2

-2-

SECTION A

INDIVIDUAL INTERACTION

Answer TWO questions from this section.


ALL answers MUST be given in complete sentences.

Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal


or giving a reason, you should develop your responses fully.

1. (a) Define the following terms:

(i) Bigamy (2 marks)

(ii) Marriage (2 marks)

(b) Showing respect for the rights of your spouse contributes to a successful marriage. State
TWO other factors that may contribute to a successful marriage. (2 marks)

(c) Give THREE reasons why the traditional roles of men in the Caribbean are changing.
(6 marks)

(d) Suggest to social workers in your country ONE way they may help young married couples
to resolve a named marital problem. State why social workers should accept the way
you have suggested. (5 marks)

Total 17 marks

2. (a) Define the term "family". (2 marks)

(b) State TWO effects that good parenting practices may have on children. (4 marks)

(c) Explain THREE ways in which poor parenting practices may affect the behaviour of
adolescents. (6 marks)

(d) Suggest to leaders of a youth group ONE way they may make their members aware of
good parenting practices. Write a statement to support your suggestion. (5 marks)

Total 17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2008
Social Studies 2 2008.qxd 16/10/08 17:53 Page 3

-3-

3. (a) Define EACH of the following terms:

li) Constitution (1 mark)

(ii) Electorate (1 mark)

(b) (i) Outline ONE right and ONE responsibility stated in the constitution of your
country. (2 marks)

(ii) Describe ONE difference between First Past the Post and Proportional
Representation systems. (2 marks)

(c) The following table shows the results of a General Election in Country Y. Use the
information in the table to answer questions (i) - (v).

GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS


BASED ON FIRST-PAST-THE-POST SYSTEM IN COUNTRYY

POLITICAL PARTIES

CONSTITUENCY ATP SIP DAP


No. of votes No. of votes No. of votes
Westlink 200 250 Not contested
Parkhall 330 280 230
Batville 350 420 435
Springtown 520 490 Not contested
New town 110 100 Not contested
Total votes 1510 1540 665

(i) Which political party won the most seats in the general election of country Y?
(1 mark)

(ii) Name the political party that will form the government. (1 mark)

(iii) Name the constituency in which candidates received the least votes. (1 mark)

(iv) Which political party won in the constituency of Batville? (1 mark)

(v) Give ONE reason why DAP may not have contested the general election in three
constituencies. (2 marks)

(d) As a voter suggest ONE strategy that may promote cooperation among supporters of
political parties after a General Election. State why your strategy may be successful.
(5 marks)

Total 17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


0 1243020/F 2008
Social Studies 2 2008.qxd 16/10/08 17:53 Page 4

-4-

SECTIONB

DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES

PART I

Answer EITHER question 4 OR question 5.


ALL answers MUST be given in complete sentences.

Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal


or giving a reason, you should develop your responses fully.

4. (a) What is meant by the expression "a country's human resource"? (2 marks)

(b) Educational institutions assist in developing the human resources of a country. State
TWO other factors that contribute to the development of human resources in the region.
(4 marks)

(c) Explain THREE ways educational institutions help to develop the human resources of a
country. {6 marks)

(d) Suggest ONE way community groups may help young people with learning difficulties
in your country. State why community groups should implement the way you have
suggested. {5 marks)

Total 17 marks

5. (a) (i) Identify TWO non-renewable physical resources found in the Caribbean.
{2 marks)

(ii) For EACH of the resources you identified in (a) (i), name a CARICOM country
in which it is found. {2 marks)

(b) Describe ONE way in which water may be used as a resource to provide energy in some
Caribbean countries. {2 marks)

(c) Give THREE reasons why Caribbean countries develop their physical resources.
{6 marks)

{d) Suggest to a Citizen's Association ONE measure that it may take to promote the use of
physical resources for sustainable development of your country. State why the measure
you have suggested would assist in the sustainable development of your country.
{5 marks)

Total 17 marks

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01243020/F 2008
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- 5-

PART II

Answer EITHER question 6 OR question 7.

Where questions require explanations, suggestions, proposals


or giving reasons, you should develop your responses fully.

6.
The Importance of Regional Cooperation

Write an article for a newspaper on the above topic. In your article, first identify TWO areas,
apart from agriculture, in which CARICOM members cooperate. Next, state TWO benefits of
regional cooperation to CARICOM citizens. Then, give THREE reasons why cooperation in
agriculture is necessary among CARICOM countries. Finally, suggest to leaders in your country
ONE way they may involve the youth in regional cooperation. Write a statement to justify your
suggestion.
Total 17 marks

7.
Trading in the Caribbean Common Market

You are asked to address a group of Caribbean manufacturers on the above topic. First, define
"common market". Then, describe TWO benefits of the common market to CARl COM
manufacturers. Next, give THREE explanations for the CARICOM's assistance to the smaller
Caribbean countries. Finally, suggest ONE way manufacturers may pass on the benefits of the
common market to CARICOM citizens. Say why your suggestion will work.

Total 17 marks

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- 6-

SECTIONC

OPTIONS

Answer only ONE from questions 8 to 10.

Where questions require explanations, suggestions, proposals


or giving reasons, you should develop your responses fully.

CONSUMER AFFAIRS

8.
Disposable Income and Consumer Protection

Write an article for your school paper on the above topic. In your article state what is meant by
"disposable income", then list TWO rights and TWO responsibilities consumers should be aware
of when shopping. Give THREE explanations why consumer protection agencies are necessary
in the Caribbean. Finally, suggest to consumers ONE way they may manage their disposable
income efficiently. State why the way you have suggested would benefit consumers.

Total 17 marks

COMMUNICATION

9. You are addressing a community meeting on the effects of the mass media on Caribbean societies.
First, define the term "mass media", then identify TWO types of mass media. Next, state TWO
purposes of the mass media. Explain THREE negative effects of international mass media on the
citizens of the region. Finally, suggest to the members of the community ONE measure they may
take to reduce the negative effects of international mass media on the citizens. Say why you
believe that the measure you suggested will be successful.
Total 17 marks

TOURISM

10.
The Socio-Cultural Impact of Tourism in the Caribbean

Write an essay on the above topic. In your essay identify TWO cultural events that attract
tourists to the Caribbean, then state TWO ways in which tourism has influenced the development
of cultural events in the region. Next, give THREE reasons why tourists are interested in the
cultural events in the Caribbean. Finally, suggest to tourism officials ONE way that may provide
feedback from tourists on cultural events. Write a statement to show why tourism officials should
accept your suggestion.
Total 17 marks

END OF TEST

01243020/F 2008
Social Studies 3-2 2008.qxd 16/10/08 18:14 Page 1

TEST CODE 01243032


FORM TP 2008124 MAY/JUNE 2008

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 03/2 - General Proficiency

1 hour

In addition to the 1 hour, candidates are allowed 10 minutes to read


through the paper. Writing MAY begin during this time.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

1. You MUST attempt ALL the questions on this paper.

2. Use this answer booklet to respond to the questions. For EACH


question, write your answer in the space provided.

3. If you need additional paper to write your answers, request it


from the supervisor.

4. Attach any additional paper that you use securely to this answer
booklet.

5. Return this answer booklet at the end of the examination.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2007 Caribbean Examinations Council ®.


All rights reserved.

01243032/F 2008
Social Studies 3-2 2008.qxd 16/10/08 18:14 Page 2

- 2-

Before you start to write your answers, choose ONE of the following topics and write it in
the space provided.

(i) Crime and criminal activities in my country.

(ii) The effects of industrialization on the citizens in my community.

Topic:

1. (a) Write TWO statements indicating why you would like to research the topic you have
chosen.

(2 marks)

(b) A research topic may also be written in the form of a question. Write the topic you have
chosen in the form of a question.

(2 marks)

(c) The problem statement indicates the focus of a study. Write a problem statement for the
topic you have chosen completing the following statement.

This study examines and describes

(2 marks)

(d) Write ONE research question that would help you to get answers that relate to the problem
statement you wrote in (c).

(2 marks)

Total 8 marks

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2. (a) Name TWO data-gathering instruments that you would design to obtain answers for the
research question you stated at 1 (d).

(2 marks)

(b) Give ONE reason you chose the data-gathering instruments you named in 2 (a).

(1 mark)

(c) Identify ONE strategy that researchers use to make their data-gathering instruments clear.

(1 mark)

Total 4 marks

3. In research, the people from whom you collect data are called a sample.

(a) Identify a group of persons from whom you would choose a sample to study the topic
you have chosen.

(1 mark)

(b) Based on the topic you have chosen, write TWO questions you would like the sample to
answer.

(2 marks)

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-4-

(c) State TWO different ways to display the data you have collected from the sample.

(2 marks)

Total 5 marks

Questions 4 and 5 are based on the following case study. Study the information carefully and write
your answers in the spaces provided.

CASE STUDY

Naturalists investigated the bird population on a tiny, unnamed island in the Caribbean Sea and found a
small variety of exotic tropical species. They counted 20 macaws, 25 humming birds, 30 water fowls, 15
toucans and 10 parakeets. They also noted that there were several iguanas, lizards and snakes living on
the island.

The group of naturalists determined from the data collected that this tiny island was once the nesting
ground for migratory birds such as the white egret and the scarlet ibis.

These naturalists were of the view that the vegetation of the island was unable to sustain other species of
wildlife.

4. (a) State the focus of the investigation conducted by the naturalists.

(2 marks)

(b) Briefly describe ONE method the naturalists may have used to collect data on the bird
population.

(2 marks)

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(c) Apart from a variety of birds, state ONE other finding of the case study.

(1 mark)

(d) State ONE conclusion the naturalists made from the data collected.

(2 marks)

Total 7 marks

5. (a) Display the numerical data the naturalists obtained in the table below.

The bird population of an unnamed Caribbean island

Kinds of birds Number of birds Percentage (%)

Macaws

Humming birds

Toucans

Water fowls

Parakeets

N= 100
(5 marks)

(b) Write TWO statements about the data you have displayed in the table above.

(2 marks)

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-6-

(c) Identify ONE other topic the naturalists in the case study should research. State your
answer in the form of a question.

(2 marks)

(d) Based on the findings of the naturalists, write TWO rules you would like visitors to the
island to observe.

(2 marks)

Total 11 marks

END OF TEST

01243032/F 2008
CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
CARIBBEAN SECONDARYEDUCATION CERTIFICATE

SPECIMEN PAPER
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
FOR

SOCIAL STUDIES

READ THE FOLLOWING DIRECTIONS CAREFULLY

Each item in this test has four suggested answers lettered (A), (B), (C), (D). Read each item you are
about to answer and decide which choice is BEST.

Sample Item

Which of the following terms is used to identify lines of decent through the father?

Sample Answer
(A) Matri lineal
(B) Patrilineal (a ) ^ (c ) ( d)
(C) Matriarchal
(D) Patriarchal

The best answer to this item is “Patrilineal”, so answer space (B) has been shaded.

There are 40 items in this specimen paper. However, the Paper 01 test consists of 60 items.
You will have 75 minutes to answer them.

Copyright © 2008 Caribbean Examinations Council ®.


All rights reserved.
Social Studies MCQ 2008.qxd 17/10/08 09:38 Page 2

-2-
Items 1-2 refer to the following diagram.

Roy James Linda Thomas

Donna Kanta Sheila Robin Ronald Patsy John Cheryl


Mohan Ramon

Ravi Anil Sunil Marsha Ramsawak Ian Anthony Elsa Singh

Wendy Ram Gloria Fonrose Tom

Richard Dottin
means is married to

1. What is the relationship of Richard to 2. What is Wendy's surname?


Anthony?
(A) Mohan
(A) Uncle (B) Ramdin
(B) Son (C) James
(C) Grandfather (D) Roberts
(D) Grandson

3. Which ofthe following BEST describes the 4. Which of the following groups would be
MAIN functions ofa Caribbean family? MAINLY responsible forthesocialization of
the child in the Caribbean nuclear family?
I. Providing a sense of emotional
security (A) Aunts
II. Transmitting cultural heritage (B) Parents
III. Providing educational training (C) Cousins
IV. Continuingthehumanrace (D) Grandparents

(A) I, li and IV only


(B) I and IV only
(C) II, III and IV only
(D) I, II, fii and IV

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- 3-
5. In the Caribbean, the term 'common law Item 9 refers to the following statement.
union' is used to describe
"Much has been written latelyofthe ability
(A) courtship between cousins being demonstrated by women to operate
(B) engagement between persons of in areas previously regarded as part ofthe
different races man 's domain. "
(C) a visiting relationship between
adolescents
(D) an unmarried man and woman living 9. To which ofthe following does the statement
together refer?

(A) Changing role of women in


Items 6-7 refer to the following options. employment
(B) Lack ofmale involvement in national
(A) Extended affairs
(B) Nuclear (C) Performance ofwomen in traditional
(C) Sibling men'swork
(D) Single-parent (D) Perpetuation ofthetraditional role of
women
When you are answering items 6 - 7 you
may choose any ofthe above options more
than once, onceornotatall. 10. Which ofthe following factors is MAINLY
responsiblefortheproblemofstreetchildren
Which word or phrase above refers to a in some Caribbean countries?
family situation with
(A) Reducedemployment
6. a fifth-form student, her parents and (B) Poorinfrastructure
grandparents living in the same household? (C) Highdivorcerates
(D) Few educational opportunities

7. an adolescent female with responsibility for


younger brothers and sisters living in the same 11. Which of the following BEST represent
household? the influence of East Indian culture in
the Caribbean?

8. All ofthe following actions illustrate effective I. Diwali


parenting EXCEPT II. Phagwa
III. Carnival
(A) agreeingwiththechild'sopinions IV. Eid-ui-Fitr
(B) providingcareeradvice
(C) paying attention to the child's (A) I, II and III only
psychological needs (B) I, III and IV only
(D) providingnurtureandsupport (C) II, III and IV only
(D) I, II and IV only

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-4-

12 . The rich cultural heritage of the Caribbean 16. The institution of government which is
can be BEST explained by responsible for making policy decisions to be
adopted by the country is the
(A) emigration ofthe population
(B) different political ideologies (A) Judiciary
(C) influence ofvarious ethnic groups (B) Cabinet
(D) geographical location ofislands (C) Legislature
(D) Senate

13 . Which types of institutions are usually 17. In a constitutional monarchy, the political
responsible forthe provision offood, clothing leader ofthe victorious party becomes
and shelter in society?
(A) Governor General
(A) Political (B) Leaderofthe House
(B) Economic (C) Presidentofthe Senate
(C) Educational (D) Prime Minister
(D) Religious

18. Public opinion polls generally show the


Item 14 refers to the following table. electorate's preferences

Number of Members (A) duringelectioncampaigns


Party
Upper House Lower House (B) onnominationday
(C) atnationalconferences
CNP 14 21
(D) when Parliament debates issues

MNP 10 15
19. Voters participate in an election to do all ofthe
14. The information in the table suggests that the following EXCEPT
legislature ofCountry X is
(A) choose a government
(A) bicameral (B) show loyalty to country
(B) unicameral (C) support their candidate
(C) headed by a Governor General (D) exercise their franchise
(D) headed by a President

15. WhichofthefollowingstatementsareTRUE 20 . Which of the following functions are


ofsimple proportional representation? performed by Parliament?

I. Each party puts upalistofcandidates I. Appointing Church leaders


to contest the election as a group II. Approving the nation's budget
II. The whole country is treated as a III. Making laws for the state
singleconsituency to be contested
Ill. A party obtains a percentage ofseats (A) land II only
according to the percentage of (B) I and Ill only
votes it receives (C) II and III only
(D) I, II and III
(A) Iandllonly
(B) I and Ill only
(C) II and III only
(D) I, II and III
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- 5-
21. Which of the following factors are likely to Items24-25 refertothetable below which
influence the electorate to support a particular represents the population and area of four
political party in a general election? countries.

I. Theparty'smanifesto Country Area Population


II. The quality ofthe candidates w 440 80 000
III. Publicopinionpolls
X 2000 20 000
IV. Policies to reduce the cost ofliving
y 430 265 000
(A) I and II only z 750 80 000
(B) I and III only
(C) I, II and III only 24. The country with the highest population
(D) I, II, III and IV density is

(A) w
22. Which ofthefollowing factors may be MOST (B) X
responsible for a high voter turnout in an (C) y
election? (D) z
(A) The literacy rate ofthe voters
(B) Therevisionoftheelectorallists 25. Which of the following MOST likely
(C) A renewal ofelection promises contributed to the high population density of
(D) Voters' loyalty to a political party the country mentioned above?

I. High birth rate


23. Which of the following factors may affect II. Low birth rate
the numberofjobs available in a country? III. High death rate
IV. Low death rate
I. Theamountofmoney available for
investment (A) I and II only
II. The age at which persons enter and (B) land IV only
leave the labour force (C) II and III only
III. The numberofschoolleavers who (D) III and IV
are willing to work
IV. An increased demand for locally
produced goods for export

(A) I, II and III only


(B) I, II and IV only
(C) II, III and IV only
(D) I, II, III and IV

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01243010/SPEC2008
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- 6-

Items 26-27 refer to the diagram below.


28. Which ofthe following are important for the
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE COUNTRY X, 2001-2007 development ofa nation's human resources?

25.------------------------- I. Healthy environment


II. High rate of natural increase
i 15 Ill. Formal educational opportunities
5= 10
;;;;.
t- 5 (A) I and II only
0 (B) I and IIII only
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 (C) II and III only
Year (D) I, II and Ill

26. During which of the following periods was 29. Which ofthe following is regarded as a push
there the in the unemployment factor in realtion to migration?
rate?
(A) High unemployment rate in the
(A) 2001-2002 country oforigin
(B) 2001-2003 (B) Reduced cost of travelling to the
(C) 2004-2006 country ofdestination
(D) 2005-2007 (C) Increased life expectancy in the
country oforigin
(D) Attractive wages and salaries in the
27. WhichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUE? country ofdestination

(A) The unemployment rate increased in


2003 over200 l. 30. Which ofthe following isapositiveeffectof
(B) Theunemploymentraterosesteadily emigration on rural Caribbean communities?
over the period 200 l -2007.
(C) The unemploymentrate rose steadily (A) It tends to increase disparities among
after2004. rural families.
(D) Theunemploymentraterosesteadily (B) Remittances provide a source of
overtheperiod200l-2003. income for rural families.
(C) Agricultural land purchased by
overseas residents is used for
housing.
(D) The price ofland increases beyond
the reach of many rural people.

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Ol2430l0/SPEC2008
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-7-

31. In which ofthe following countries is the 34. One outcome of integration within the
OECS Secretariat located? Caribbean region that may reduce the effects
of globalization is
(A) Antigua and Barbuda
(B) Grenada (A) increased market size
(C) StLucia (B) increased North American imports
(D) St Vincent and the Grenadines (C) reduced employment
(D) reduced levels ofcompetitiveness

32. Which of the following CORRECTLY


illustrates the sequence of the stages in the 35. Which one ofthe following is NOT a role of
integration movement in the Caribbean? the Caribbean Agricultural Research and
Development Institute?
(A) West Indies Federation
CARIFT CSME OECS (A) To co-ordinate research
(B) West Indies Federation dissemination of technical
CARIFTA information
CSME (B) To conduct programmes of
(C) West Indies Federation technology generation, adaptation
CARl ACS OECS and transfer
(D) West Indies Federation (C) To set up new business enterprises
CARICOM CARIFTA (D) To provide technical assistance for
OECS investment surveys

33. Which of the following represent the 36 . In which country is the CARl COM Secretariat
MAJORobjectivesoftheCSME? located?

I. Free movement ofgoods and services (A) Guyana


II. Free movement ofcapital (B) Barbados
III. Free movement of people (C) Jamaica
IV. Rights to the establishment of (D) Antigua& Barbuda
regional enterprises

(A) I, II and III only 37. Which of the following may obstruct the
(B) I, Ill and IV only development ofregional co-operation?
(C) II, III and IV only
(D) I, II and IV only (A) Increasing trading activities among
CAR! COM member states
(B) Sharing information and ski lis in the
implementation of development
projects
(C) Increasing support for events such
as CARIFESTA games
(D) Implementing strict immigration
policies among CARICOM
member states

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01243010/SPEC2008
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- 8-

rtem 38 refers the following newspaper 40 . Which ofthe following measures is intended
headline. topromotetradeamongCARICOMmember
states?
Finance ministers of CARICOM states
present a united front at the Commonwealth (A) Importation oflow-cost goods from
Finance Ministers Meeting. countries outside the region
(B) Production of similar goods and
38. Which ofthe following can be imp) ied from services in the various member
the release? states
(C) Reduction in import duties on
(A) Difficulties are experienced in regional goods
obtaining aid. (D) Use of a variety of currencies by
(B) CARICOM states face common CAR! COM countries
economic problems.
(C) Commonwealth countries have
foreign exchange problems.
(D) The distribution of resources ts
unequal in CARl COM states.

39. One example of regional co-operation at a


governmental level is the

(A) Caribbean Association oflndustry


and Commerce (CAl C)
(B) Caribbean Conference ofChurches
(CCC)
(C) Universityofthe Westlndies(UWI)
(D) WestlndiesCricketBoard(WICB)

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK ON THIS TEST.

01243010/SPEC2008
Social Studies MCQ 2008.qxd 17/10/08 09:38 Page 9

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Item No. Key Item No. Key


I D 21 D
2 A 22 D

3 D 23 B
4 B 24 c
5 D 25 B

6 A 26 D

7 c 27 c
8 A 28 B

9 c 29 A

10 A 30 B
11 D 31 c
12 c 32 B
13 B 33 D
14 A 34 A
15 B 35 c
16 B 36 A
17 D 37 D
18 A 38 B
19 B 39 c
20 c 40 c
TEST CODE 01243020
FORM TP 2009029 JANUARY 2009

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL


SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
EXAMINATION
SOCIAL STUDIES
Paper 02 - General Proficiency
2 hours 40 minutes

( 12 JANUARY 2009 (a.m.) )

You are advised to use 10 minutes to read the paper


and select the questions that you will answer.

GENERAL II"'STRUCTIONS

This paper has THREE sections, as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 Individua l Interaction

SECTIONB Part I Questions 4 and 5 Development and Use of Resources


Part D Questions 6 and 7 Development and Use of Resources

SECTION C Question 8 Consumer Affairs


Question 9 Communication
Question 10 Tourism

(i) You MUST answer FIVE questions in all.

(ii) Answer TWO questions from SECTION A,


ONE question from SECTION B Part I,
ONE question from SECTION B Part D and
ONE question from SECTION C.

(iii) A U answers MUST be written in complete sentences.

(iv) Where questions require an explanation, suggestion or proposal or reason, you should
develop your responses full y.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2008 Caribbean Examinations Council®.


All rights reserved.
01243020/JANUARY/F 2009
- 2 -

SECTION A

INDIVIDUAL INTE RACTION

Answer TWO questions from this section. ALL answers MUST be in complete sentences. Where
questions r equire an explanation, suggestion, proposal or giving a reason, you should d evelop
your responses fully.

Many parents migrate and leave their children at home to fend for themselves.

1. (a) (i) Name the family type refen·ed to in the extract above. ( 1 mark)
(ii) Outline ONE feature of the family type named in (a)(i) above. ( 2marks)

(iii) Name THREE other family types found in the Caribbean. ( 3marks)

(b) Explain THREE factors that may lead to a breakdown in fami ly relationships.
( 6 marks)

(c) Suggest to parents ONE action they may take to improve relationships in the family.
Explain why the way you have suggested will improve relationships in the fami ly.
( 5 marks)

Total17 m arks

2. (a) Identify TWO leadership styles. ( 2 ma rks)

(b) State TWO ways in which group members may show their dissatisfaction with a
particular leadership style. ( 4 marks)
(c) Give THREE reasons why members remain committed to a group. ( 6 m arks)
(d) Suggest ONE way in which the leader of a youth club may encourage the members to
work together to achieve their goals. State why the way you suggested may be successful.
( 5 marks)
Total 17 marks
3. (a) Define EACH of the following terms:
(i) Government ( 2marks)
(ii) Laws ( 2marks)
(b) State TWO different taxes a government collects in a country. ( 2 marks)

(c) Give THREE reasons why the government of a country needs revenue. ( 6 marks)

(d) Suggest to the government of your country ONE strategy it may use to encourage people
to pay their taxes. State why you believe the strategy will work. ( 5 marks)

Total 17 mar ks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F 2009
- 3 -

SECTIONB
PART I
DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES
Answer EITHER question 4 OR question S.
Where the qu estion r equires an explanation, suggestion, proposal or giving a reason, you should
develop your response fully.
4. (a) Define EACH of the following terms:
(i) Life expectancy ( 1 mark)

(ii) Crude death rate ( 1 mark)

(b) Outline FOUR factors that contribute to an increase in life expectancy. ( 4 marks)

Study the following population pyramid to answer question 4 (c).

70 +
65-69
60 - 64
55-59
so - 54
45-49
40 - 44
35-39
30- 34
25-29
20 - 24
15-19
10 - 14
5-9
0 -4
6 4 2 0 Age 0 2 4 6
% Male Female %
groups
THE POPULATION STRUCTURE OF A DEVELOPING COUNTRY

(c) (i) Write TWO statements about the population structure of the country shown
above. ( 4 marks)

(ii) Give ONE reason why a government need information from a population
pyramid such as the one above. ( 2 marks)

(d) Suggest to the Ministry of Education ONE strategy it may use to educate young people
about healthy lifestyles. Say why you think the strategy you uggested will work.
( S marks)

Total 17 marks
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
01243020/JANUARY/F 2009
- 4 -

5. (a) Define the following terms:

(i) Pollution ( 1 mark )

(ii) Phy ical resources ( 1 mark )

(b) Describe TWO ways in which the land may become polluted. ( 4 marks)

(c) Explain THREE consequences of land pollution. ( 6 marks)

(d) Suggest to the government ONE measure which it may introduce to reduce the effects of
land pollution. State why this measure will be successful. ( 5 marks)

Total17 marks

PART II

Answer EITHER que tion 6 OR question 7.

Wher e the question r equires an explanation, suggestion, proposal or a reason, you should develop
your r esponse fu lly.

6.
GLOBALIZATION - ITS Il\1PACT ON CARl COM COUNTRIES

Write an essay on the above topic. Begin by defining the tenn globalization. Then state TWO
negative effects of globalization on trade in CARICOM. Next give THREE reasons why co-
operation among CARICOM countries may reduce these negative effects on trade. Finally,
suggest to CARlCOM citizens ONE action they may take to improve the quality of goods and
services produced in their countries. State why you believe this action will work.
T otal 17 marks

7.
EDUCATION: THE KEY TO DEVELOPING HUMAN RESOURCES

You are asked to speak on the above topic to fellow students at a Youth Pari iament session. First
define human re ources and then state TWO ways in which early childhood education is
important in developing the human resource. Next give THREE reasons why a Caribbean
goverrunent should invest in Technical and Vocational education at the secondary level.
Finally suggest ONE way in which private ector organizations may assist in providing skills
training. Write a statement to justify the action you have suggested.
Total 17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


0 1243020/JANUAR Y /F 2009
- 5 -

SECTION C

OPTIONS

Answer only ONE from questions 8 to 10.

Where the question requires an explanation, suggestion, proposal or a reason, you should develop
your response fully.

CONSUMER AFFAffiS

8.
I A WISE SHOPPER - AN EDUCATED CONSUMER
Write an essay on the above topic. First describe TWO practices of an educated consumer and
name TWO agencies that protect consumers in a country. Then di cu THREE reasons why
consumers need to be protected. Finally suggest to consumers in your community ONE action
they may take if they believe that thei1· rights have been violated. State why you believe the action
will work.

Total 17 marks

COMMUNICATION

9.
Write an article for a school newspaper on private ownership of the mass media. Begin your
article by defining the term 'mass media' and then give ONE examp le of electronic mass media
and ONE example of non-electronic mass media. Next, identify TWO types of ownership of the
mass media, apart from private ownership. Then give THREE reasons why the citizens of a
Caribbean country may encourage private ownership of the media. Finally, suggest to private
owners of Lhe media ONE action they may take to encourage the citizens to express their views
concerning the media. Write a statement to justify the way you have suggested.

Total 17 marks
TOURISM

10.

Jimmy has had an unpleasant encounter with a tourist and wants to do away with all of them
because Caribbean people have pride and we don't need them.
Jimmy: "The tourists have taken over! Now we are second class citizens in our own counu·y."
Jen·y: "No, they contribute to our country's development."

Using specific examples, outline to Jimmy and Jerry THREE benefits of tourist arrivals to the
economy. Give THREE reasons why the development of the tourism product may have a
negative effect on the agricuJtural sector of Caribbean countries. Suggest to Jimmy and Jerry
ONE activity which governments may undertake to increase the benefits to agriculture from
tourism. Stale why this activity will be successfu l.
Total 17 marks
END OF TEST

01243020/JANUARY/F 2009
TEST CODE 01243032
FORM TP 2009030 JANUARY2009

CA RIBB EAN EXAMINATION S COUNCIL

SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 03/2 - General Proficiency

1 hour

In addition to the 1 hour, candidates are allowed 10 minutes to read


through the paper. Writing MAY begin during this time.

GENERAL DIRECTIONS

1. You MUST attempt ALL the questions on this paper .

2. Use this answer booklet to r espond to the questions. For EACH


question, write your answer in the space provided.

3. If you need additional paper to write your answers, request it


from the supervisor.

4. Attach a ny additional paper that you use securely to this answer


booklet.

5. Return this answer booklet at the end of the examination.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

Copyright © 2008 Caribbean Examinations Council.


All rights reserved.

OL243032/JANUARY/F 2009
- 2 -

Before you start to write your answers, choose ONE of the following topics and write it in
the s pace provided .

(i) Parents' Views on Sex Education in Primary Schools

(ii) Voter Participation Among Young Adults in General !Elections

Topic:

1. (a) Write ONE reason why you would want to investigate the topic you have chosen.

( 2 marks)
(b) State the ain1 of the study related to the topic you have chosen by completing the
following statement.

The aim of my study is to

( 2 marks)

(c) Write a research question for the topic you have chosen.

( 2 marks)

(d) Identify ONE term or concept you would define in your study.

( 1 mark )

Total 7 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/JANUARY/F 2009
-3-

2. (a) State ONE reason for choosing a sample of the population of interest for your study.

( 1 mark )

(b) Describe how you would choose the sample for the study you have chosen.

( 2 marks)

(c) Give ONE reason why you have selected the method of sampling you described in (b)
above.

( 2 marks)

Total 5 marks

3. (a) Identify TWO instruments other than questionnaires that may be used to collect
information on the topic you have chosen.

( 2 marks)

(b) Write ONE question for a questionnaire that a researcher may use to collect data on the
topic you have chosen. The answer to this question should be yes or no.

( 1 mark )

(c) List TWO ways to show the data/information that a sample may provide.

( 2 marks)
Total 5 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/JANUARY/F 2009
-4-

Questions 4 and 5 are based on the following case study.

CASE STUDY

Knowledge of the Transmission of HIV among the Women in Oto

Oto is a small rural community with a population of 2000. There has been an increase in the
incidence ofHIY among the women. The recent health statistics revealed that 500 women in tbe
age group 18-45 years were infected with HIV over a period of five years. A smvey was
conducted among 200 women infected with the virus to determine their knowledge of how HIV
is transmitted.

The research showed that 40% of the women believed HIV was transmitted by mosquito bites,
15% by sharing utensils with infected persons, 20% by sitting on toilet seats used by infected
persons and 25% through sexual intercomse.

4. (a) State the problem the researcher investigated in the form of a research question.

( 2 marks)

(b) Use the data in the case study and write TWO statements about Oto.

( 2 marks)

(c) What was the sample size of this study?

( 1 mark )

(d) Identify ONE instrument that may have helped the researchers to collect the statistical
data in the case study.

( 1 mark )

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/JANUARY/F 2009
-5-

(e) Stale TWO measures that the researcher may take lo ensure Lhe confidentiality of the
information.

( 2 m ar ks)
Total 8 marks

5. (a) Display the data the researchers obtained in the table below.

Responses Number of Women Percentage of Women

( 4 mar ks)

(b) State TWO findings of the research.

( 2 m arks)
(c) State ONE conclusion the researchers may make from Lhcir findings.

( 2 marks)

(d) Suggest ONE mea-,ure the Ministry of Health may take to reduce the incidence of HIV
among the women in Oto.

( 2 marks)

TotallO ma rks

END OF TEST

0 1243032/JANUARY/F 2009
TEST CODE 01243020
FORM TP 2009114 MAY/JUNE 2009

CA RIBBEA N EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL


SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
EXAMINATION
SOCIAL STUDIES
Paper 02 - General Proficiency
2 hours 40 minutes

( 27 MAY 2009 (a.m.) )

You are advised to use 10 minutes to read the paper


and select the questions that you will answer.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

This paper has THREE sections, as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 Individual Interaction

SECTIONB Part I Questions 4 and 5 Development and Use of Resources


Part II Questions 6 and 7 - Development and Use of Resources

SECTION C Question 8 Consumer Affairs


Question 9 Communication
Question 10 Tourism

(i) You MUST answer FIVE questions in all.

(ii) Answer TWO questions from SECTION A,


ONE question from SECTION B Part I ,
ONE question from SECTION B Part II and
ONE question from SECTION C.

(iii) All answers MUST be written in complete sente nces.

(iv) Where questions require an explanation , a suggestion, a proposal or a reason , you should
develop your responses fully.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

Copyright © 2008 Caribbean Exam inations Council®.


AU rights reserved.
01243020/F 2009
-2 -

SECTION A
INDIVIDUAL INTE RACTION

Answer TWO questions from this section. ALL answers MUST be in complete sentences. Where
questions r equire an explanation, a suggestion, a proposal or a reason, you should develop your
responses fully.

1. Caribbean families are influenced by a number of social issues. One of these issues is juvenile
delinquency.

(a) Describe TWO factors that contribute to juvenile delinquency. ( 4 marks)

(b) State TWO other social issues that affect Caribbean families. ( 2 marks)

(c) Give THREE reasons why parents may NOT wish their delinquent children to reside
in the home. ( 6 marks)

(d) Suggest to youth group leaders in your community ONE strategy they may use to change
the behaviour of juvenile delinquents. State why you believe your strategy will work.
( 5 marks)
Total 17 marks

2. (a) (i) Define the term 'social group' . ( 2 marks)

(ii) Apart from the school, name T WO social groups to which chi ldren belong.
( 2 marks)
(i ii) Identify TWO characteristics of an informal group. ( 2 marks)

(b) Explain THREE ways in which young people benefit from membership in formal socia l
groups. ( 6 marks)

(c) As a leader of a school group, suggest ONE activity to encourage members to identify
with the group's goals. State why you believe this activity will be successful.
( 5 marks)
Total 17 marks
3. (a) Identify TWO rights of Caribbean citizens which are guaranteed by the constitution of
their countries. ( 2 marks)
(b) Describe TWO actions of the police that are considered violation of citizens' rights.
( 4 marks)

(c) Give THREE reasons why some citizens may NOT take legal action when their rights
are violated by the police. ( 6 marks)
(d) Suggest to the leadership of the police force in your country ONE action the police may
take to reassure the citizens that their rights will NOT be violated by them. Write a
statement to support the action you have suggested. ( 5 marks)

Total17 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2009
- 3 -

SECTION B
P ART I

DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES


Answer E ITHER question 4 OR q uestion 5.
ALL answers MUST be in complete senten ces.

Wh er e th e question requires an explanation, a suggestion, a proposal or a reason, you should


develop your response fully.

4. (a) Define EACH of the following:


(i) Death rate ( 1 mark )

(ii) Natural increase ( 1 m ark )

(b) Describe TWO factors that may have caused the death rate to decline in some Caribbean
countries in recent years. ( 4 m ar ks)

(c) The following table shows the birth rate and death rate figures for TWO countries, A
and B. Use the table to answer question (c) (i).

Country Birt h R ate per 000 Death Ra te per 000


A 21 6
B 15 7

(i) Calculate the natural increase for Countries A and B. ( 2 marks)

(ii) Give TWO reasons why a developing country should strive to reduce its high
birth rate. ( 4 marks)

(d) Suggest to the government of your country ONE way it may encourage the citizens to
have smaller families. State why the way suggested may be successful. ( 5 marks)

Totall7 marks

5. (a) (i) Name TWO water pollutants. ( 2 marks)

(ii) State TWO ways in which the air becomes polluted. ( 4 marks)

(b) Explain THREE ways in which air pollution affects the quality of life of Caribbean
people. ( 6 marks)

(c) Suggest to community groups ONE strategy they may use to red uce air pollution.
State why you believe your strategy will work. ( 5 marks)

T otall7 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2009
- 4 -

PART II

Answer EITHER question 6 OR question 7.

Where the question requires an explanation, a suggestion , a proposal or a reason, you should
develop your response fuJJy.

6.
T he future of the Caribbean has to be grounded in its ability to effectively integrate.

Write an essay on the above topic. Begin your essay by stating with examples THREE areas of
co-operation among CARICOM member states. Then, give THREE reasons why the smaller
Caribbean states may experience problems when trading with the larger states. Suggest to
CARlCOM leaders ONE activity which would demonstrate how Caribbean states can integrate
more effectively. State why this activity may be successful.
Total17 marks

7.
Internal Migration in the Caribbean

Wtite an essay on the above topic . Begin your essay by describing THREE factors that lead to
rural - urban migration in Caribbean countries. Then , give THREE reasons why the government
of a country may discourage migration into the urban areas. Suggest to urban residents ONE
strategy they may use to improve relations between themselves and migrants to their communities.
State why you believe your strategy will work. Tota117 marks

SECTION C

OPTIONS

Answer only ONE from questions 8 to 10.

Wher e the question requires an explanation, a suggestion, a proposal or a reason, you should
develop your response fully.

CONSUMER AF FAIRS

8.
Energy Conservation Practices in the Home

Write an article for your school newspaper on the above topic. Begin your article by identifying
TWO ways in which family members use energy in the home. Then, describe TWO ways in
which the family members conserve energy in the home. Next give THREE explanations of
how a country may benefit when citizens conserve energy. Suggest ONE strategy that a
consumer organization may use to promote energy conservation practices. State why this
strategy will work. Totall7 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


0 1243020/F 2009
- 5 -

COMMUNICATION

9.

Government and the Mass Media

Write an essay on government ownership of the 'mass media'. In the essay state what is meant
by the term 'mass media' and give TWO examples of 'mass media'. Next, state TWO functions
of the 'mass media'. Explain THREE benefits to be gained by citizens through government
ownership of the media. Suggest ONE action that govemment may take to improve media
services to the public. State why this action may be successful.
Totall7 marks

TOURISM

10.

Developing the Tom·ism Product

Write an address for a town hall meeting oo the above topic. Begin by listing TWO activities
that Caribbean countries promote for eco or natme tourism and T WO activities for he1itage
tourism. Then, state TWO factors that may attract health-conscious tourists to the Caribbean.
Explain THREE ways in which Caribbean countries benefit from a variety of tourism products.
Finally, suggest to the Ministry of Tourism in your country ONE strategy that may encourage
citizens to invest in the tourist industry. State why you believe your strategy will work.
Total l7 marks

END OF TEST

0 1243020/F 2009
TEST CODE 01243032
FORM TP 2009115 MAY/JUNE 2009

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 03/2 - General Proficiency

1 hour

In addition to the 1 h our, candidates are allowed 10 minutes to read


through the paper. Writing MAY begin during this time.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

1. You MUST answer ALL t he questions on this paper.

2. Use t his answer booklet to respond to the questions. For EACH


question, write your answer in the space provided.

3. If you n eed additional paper to write your answers, req uest it


from the supervisor.

4. Attach any additional paper that you use securely to this answer
booklet.

5. Return this answer booklet at the end of the examination.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2008 Caribbean Examinations Council.


All rights reserved.

01243032/F 2009
-2 -

Before you start to write your answers, choose ONE of the followin g topics and write it in
the space provided.

(i) The Growing Number of Street Children in my Community

(ii) The Impact of Video Games on Students' Academic Performance

Topic:

1. (a) Write the topic you have chosen in the form of a research question.

( 2 marks)

(b) Write ONE reason why you would want to investigate the topic you have chosen.

( 2 marks)

(c) Identify ONE source that may provide background information on the topic you have
chosen.

( 1 mark )

Total 5 mar ks

2. (a) Identify the population from which a sample may be selected to study the topic you have
chosen.

( 1 mark)

(b) Describe how you would choose the sample for the study you have chosen.

( 2 marks)

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/F 2009
- 3 -

(c) Describe with an example, ONE way a researcher may introduce bias into the research.

( 1 mark )

(d) Identify TWO problems researchers may experience in collecting data from a sample.

( 2 marks)

Total 6 marks

3. (a) Identify TWO instruments, other than questionnaires, that may be used to collect
information on the topic you have chosen.

( 2 marks)

(b) Write TWO questions for a questionnaire that a researcher may use to collect data on the
topic you have chosen. Write these questions so that the answer to these questions
should be either yes or no.

( 2 marks)

(c) Identify TWO ways to display the data or information a sample may provide.

( 2marks)

(d) State TWO ways in which a researcher may protect the information provided by
members of a sample.

( 2 marks)
Total 8 marks
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
01243032/F 2009
- 4 -

Questions 4 and 5 are based on the following case study.

CASE STUDY

M ining Operations and the H ealth of Citizens

Carr is a small rw-al community with a population of 600 households. Since bauxite mining
operations began in the community three years ago, the residents have reported a significant
increase in illnesses such as asthma, bronchitis and allergies.

Research was conducted using 300 residents in the community. The data revealed that 50 per
cent of the residents had asthma, 25 per cent bronchitis, 20 per cent allergies and 5 per cent
reported none of these. The researchers observed and recorded the presence of thick layers of
dust on the furniture and clothes in the homes of residents, as well as on the plants and animals
in the community. They discussed the findings with the public health inspector who confim1ed
that the bauxite and alumina dust affect the respiratory system of humans.

The researchers concluded from the data that the mining operations of the company had
contributed to the illness of the citizens and recommended to the Government Environmental
Department that the situation needed immediate attention.

4. (a) State the problem the researcher investigated in the form of a research question.

( 2 marks)

(b) Identify TWO instruments that may have helped the researchers to collect the statistical
data in the case study.

( 2 marks)

(c) Write TWO questions the researcher may have asked the members of the sample to
obtain the information for the study. T he answers to the questions should be either 'yes'
or 'no'.

( 2 marks)

Total 6 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/F 2009
- 5 -

5. (a) Complete the display of data provided by the sample in the table below.

Dlness Percentage of Residents Number of Residents

N == 300

( 4 marks)
(b) State TWO fmdings of the investigation.

( 2 marks)

(c) State ONE conclusion the researchers made from their fi ndings.

( 2 marks)

(d) Suggest to the Government Environmental Department ONE way to alleviate the
problem.

( 2 marks)

TotallO mar ks

END OF TEST

01243032/F 2009
TEST CODE 01243020
FORM TP 2010029 JANUARY 2010

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL


SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
EXAMINATION
SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 02 – General Proficiency


2 hours 40 minutes

11 JANUARY 2010 (a.m.)

You are advised to use 10 minutes to read the paper


and select the questions that you will answer.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

This paper has THREE sections, as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 – Individual Interaction

SECTION B Part I Questions 4 and 5 – Development and Use of Resources


Part II Questions 6 and 7 – Development and Use of Resources

SECTION C Questions 8 – Consumer Affairs


Questions 9 – Communication
Questions 10 – Tourism

(i) You MUST answer FIVE questions in all.

(ii) Answer TWO from Section A,


ONE from Section B Part I,
ONE question from Section B Part II and
ONE question from Section C.

(iii) All answers MUST be written in complete sentences.

(iv) Where questions require explanations, suggestions, proposals or giving reasons,


you should develop your responses fully.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2009 Caribbean Examinations Council.


All rights reserved.
01243020/JANUARY/F 2010
- 2 -

SECTION A
INDIVIDUAL INTERACTION

Answer TWO questions from this section. ALL answers MUST be in complete sentences.
Where questions require explanations, suggestions, proposals or reasons, you should develop
your answers fully.

1. (a) Outline THREE aims that parents have for socializing their children. ( 6 mar s)

(b) Explain THREE consequences that are likely to occur as a result of poor socialization
practices. ( 6 mar s)

(c) Suggest ONE strategy that the primary school may use to assist the family in the socialization
process.

Explain why your strategy will be effective. ( 5 mar s)

Total 17 mar s
2. (a) Define EACH of the following terms:

(i) General election ( 2 mar s)


(ii) Candidate ( 2 mar s)

(iii) Constituency ( 2 mar s)

(b) (i) Give TWO reasons why a coalition government may be formed after a general
election. ( 4 mar s)

(ii) Explain ONE problem that may arise within a coalition government.
( 2 mar s)

(c) As Chief Elections Officer, suggest to voters ONE action they should take to maintain
orderly voting on Polling Day.

Explain why this action will ensure order. ( 5 mar s)

Total 17 mar s

3. (a) Outline THREE characteristics of authoritarian leadership. ( 6 mar s)

(b) Give THREE reasons why the democratic style of leadership is usually considered the
best. ( 6 mar s)

(c) The new executive committee of a sports club has been elected. Suggest ONE guideline
that may help the committee to lead effectively.

State why that guideline may help. ( 5 mar s)

Total 17 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F 2010
- 3 -

SECTION B

DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES

PART I

Answer EITHER Question 4 or Question 5

Where questions require explanaions, suggestions, proposals or reasons, you should develop your
answer fully.

4. (a) (i) Define the term migrant ( 2 mar s)

(ii) Identify TWO types of internal migration. ( 2 mar s)

(b) State ONE effect of the type of migration you named in (a) (ii). ( 2 mar s)

(c) Give THREE reasons why some people may choose NOT to migrate from the
Caribbean. ( 6 mar s)

(d) As Chief mmigration Officer, suggest to the government ONE way to regulate
migration.

Why would this way be successful in regulating migrants? ( 5 mar s)

Total 17 mar s

5. (a) Name FOUR resources that produce energy for the industries in the Caribbean.
( 4 mar s)

(b) Identify TWO sectors in the economy that use the energy from these resources.
( 2 mar s)

(c) Give THREE reasons why energy is expensive to produce from the resources available in
the Caribbean. ( 6 mar s)

(d) Suggest ONE measure that your government may introduce to help reduce the cost of the
energy to the consumer.

State why this measure will help. ( 5 mar s)

Total 17 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F 2010
- 4 -

PART II

Answer EITHER Question 6 or Question 7.

Where questions require explanations, suggestions, proposals or reasons, you should develop your
answer fully.

6. Pollution of coastal waters affects the economy of coastal and island states.

rite an essay on the a ove to ic n your essay, outline H EE ways in which coastal waters
may ecome olluted, and e lain H EE ways in which coastal water ollution may affect the
economy of a country inally, suggest ONE measure that may e used to reduce the level of
coastal pollution. Explain why the measure you suggested will reduce the level of pollution.

Total 17 mar s

7. At least five CA CO countries s ent over er cent of their udget on education in

Write an essay on the importance of education to Caribbean nations. In your essay, you should
outline THREE educational needs that require the spending of large sums of money. You should
also give H EE reasons for governments e ansion of the rovision for education inally,
suggest ONE way in which governments may reduce expenditure without lowering the quality of
education. Explain why your suggestion may reduce expenditure.
Total 17 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F 2010
- 5 -

SECTION C
OPTIONS

Answer only ONE question from Questions 8 to 10.

Where questions require explanations, suggestions, proposals or reasons, you should develop
your answers fully.

CONSUMER AFFAIRS

8. Demand and su ly are in uenced y a num er of factors

As chairman of a local consumer organi ation, re are a talk on the a ove to ic for your mem ers
irst, identify H EE factors that affect the demand for goods and services, and H EE factors
that affect the su ly of goods and services hen, e lain how EACH of the demand factors
affects consumers inally, suggest ONE way in which the government may make asic items
affordable to consumers. Explain why this way may make items affordable.
Total 17 mar s

COMMUNICATION

9. he ass edia he oice of the Cari ean

As a local ournalist, write a news a er article in su ort of linking the Cari ean region through
the mass media irst, outline H EE ways in which these media links may enefit citi ens in
Cari ean countries hen, give H EE reasons why citi ens may voice com laints a out the
uality of the regional media inally, suggest ONE way in which media ersonnel may hel to
improve the quality of the media. Explain why the suggestion you have made will be effective.

Total 17 mar s

TOURISM

10. Tourism is an extremely vulnerable industry.

As inister of ourism, re are an address for a meeting of the Cari ean ourism Organisation
on the a ove to ic irst, list H EE tourism roducts offered in the Cari ean dentify H EE
factors that hinder the development of the tourism industry and explain THREE consequences
of these factors inally, suggest ONE measure that CA CO countries may take to deal with
ONE of the factors you identified E lain why this measure will e successful
Total 17 mar s

END OF TEST

01243020/JANUARY/F 2010
TEST CODE 01243032
FORM TP 2010030 JANUARY 2010

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL

SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 03 2 – General Proficiency

1 hour

In addition to the 1 hour, candidates are allowed 10 minutes to read


through the paper. Writing MAY begin during this time.

GENERAL DIRECTIONS

1. You MUST attempt ALL the questions on this paper.

2. Use this answer boo let to respond to the questions. For EACH
question, write your answer in the space provided.

3. If you need additional paper to write your answers, request it


from the supervisor.

4. Attach any additional paper that you use securely to this answer
boo let.

5. Return this answer boo let at the end of the examination.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2009 Caribbean Examinations Council.


All rights reserved.

01243032/JANUARY/F 2010
-2-

Before you write your answers, choose ONE of the following research topics and write it
in the space provided. You will be required to answer the following questions related to
the topic you have chosen.

(i) The role of the police service in my community.

(ii) Opportunities for senior citizens in my community.

Topic: ......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

1. (a) Give TWO reasons why this topic is important to you or to your community.
........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................
( 2 mar s)

(b) Write ONE research question which could be used to obtain data on the topic you have
chosen.
........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................
( 1 mar )

(c) Why do you consider your research question a good one?


........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................
( 2 mar s)

Total 5 mar s

2. (a) State TWO sources you could use to obtain information on the topic which you have
chosen.

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................
( 2 mar s)

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/JANUARY/F 2010
-3-

(b) Describe how you would develop the data-collection instrument for the research.

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................
( 2 mar s)

(c) Describe how you would use the instrument to collect data.

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................
( 2 mar s)

(d) State ONE disadvantage of using this type of data-collection instrument.

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................
( 1 mar )

Total 7 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/JANUARY/F 2010
-4-

3. (a) State THREE reasons why you chose the sources of data for this research.
........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................
( 3 mar s)

(b) Describe the method you used to analyse your data.

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................
( 2 mar s)

(c) Give TWO reasons why you chose the method you have described in 3 (b) to analyse
your data.
........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................
( 2 mar s)
Total 7 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/JANUARY/F 2010
-5-

Questions 4 and 5 are based on the following case study.

A Case Study

he teachers of Community High chool researched the study ha its of fifth form students in
their school for a period of one month. These students were preparing for the CSEC examina-
tions. The study habits of 50 boys and 50 girls were investigated. Questionnaires were given
to each of the students in the sample. Every student returned his or her questionnaire.

One of the questions on the questionnaire focused on the time of the day students did homework
assignments. 15 boys and 10 girls said as soon as they got home; 5 boys and 20 girls said after
eating dinner; 10 boys and 15 girls said after taking a nap and 20 boys and 5 girls said early in
the morning.

The teachers summarized the information from the responses using tables and graphs for analysis.

4. (a) State the MAIN focus of the research conducted by the teachers.

.........................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................
( 2 mar s)

(b) What was the size of the sample studied by the teachers?

.........................................................................................................................................
( 1 mar )

(c) State TWO features of the sample in the case study.

........................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................
( 2 mar s)

Total 5 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/JANUARY/F 2010
-6-

5. (a) In the space provided, display the data collected by the teachers in a table.

( 5 mar s)

(b) Write TWO questions which the questionnaire might include relating to the study habits
of the students.

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................
( 4 mar s)

(c) rite ONE conclusion that can e made a out the study ha its of the fifth formers ased
on the data you displayed in the table.

........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................
( 2 mar s)

Total 11 mar s

END OF TEST

01243032/JANUARY/F 2010
TEST CODE 01243020
FORM TP 2010109 MAY/JUNE 2010

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL


SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
EXAMINATION
SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 02 – General Proficiency


2 hours 40 minutes

28 MAY 2010 (a.m.)

You are advised to use 10 minutes to read the paper


and select the questions that you will answer.
Writing may begin during this time.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

This paper has THREE sections, as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 – Individual, Family and Society

SECTION B Part I Questions 4 and 5 – Sustainable Development and Use of


Resources
Part II Questions 6 and 7 – Regional Integration

SECTION C Question 8 – Communication


Question 9 – Consumer Affairs
Question 10 – Tourism

(i) You MUST answer a total of FIVE questions - TWO from SECTION A, TWO
from SECTION B (choose ONE from Part I and ONE from Part II) and ONE from
SECTION C.

(ii) Where questions require an explanation, suggestion or proposal, you should develop
your response fully.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2009 Caribbean Examinations Council®.


All rights reserved.

01243020/F 2010
-2-

SECTION A

INDIVIDUAL, FAMILY AND SOCIETY

Answer TWO questions from this section. ALL answers MUST be given in complete sentences.
Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal or giving a reason, you should develop
your responses fully.

1. Read the following passage and answer the questions below.

Pierre Hilton and Mag Foster with their six children have been living in a rented house for 22
years. Pierre says he does not yet have enough money to build a house and to get married. Their
two older children are responsible for the four younger siblings and the home every time their
parents are not at home, so they hardly find time to spend with their own friends. Very often, there
is conflict in the home because of this situation.

(a) (i) Identify the family union in Pierre’s household. (1 mar )

(ii) Identify the type of family in the household. (1 mar )

(b) State TWO likely duties of the older children when they are responsible for their siblings.
(2 mar s)

(c) Give TWO reasons why there are laws to protect children in the family. (4 mar s)

(d) (i) Suggest to Mag and Pierre THREE actions they may take to reduce conflict in
their home. (6 mar s)

(ii) Explain why you believe EACH of these actions will work. (6 mar s)
Total 20 mar s

2. “The process of education includes the transmission of norms and values.”

(a) What is meant by ‘norms’? (2 mar s)

(b) State TWO ways in which education benefits the individual. (2 mar s)

(c) Choose TWO areas of the school curriculum and explain ONE way in which EACH area
equips young people with skills to deal with the rapid changes in today’s society.
(4 mar s)

(d) (i) Suggest to the government in your country THREE strategies it may adopt to make
education more readily available to all sections of the society. (6 mar s)

(ii) Explain why EACH of the measures you have suggested is likely to be
successful. (6 mar s)

Total 20 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2010
-3-

3. System of Government in Some Caribbean Countries

Monarch

Governor General

Prime Minister

Senate House of Representatives/Assembly

(a) (i) Identify the system of government illustrated in the diagram above.
(1 mar )

(ii) Name ONE CARICOM country that uses the system of government represented
by the diagram. (1 mar )

(b) State ONE characteristic of the House of Representatives and ONE characteristic of the
Senate. (2 mar s)

(c) Give TWO reasons why some CARICOM countries DO NOT have a Governor General.
(4 mar s)

(d) An activist group in your country has proposed to the government that the use of marijuana
should be legalised.

(i) Suggest to the citizens THREE actions they may take if they wish to prevent the
legalisation of marijuana. (6 mar s)

(ii) Explain why EACH of these actions is likely to work. (6 mar s)

Total 20 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2010
-4-

SECTION B

PART I

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES

Answer EITHER Question 4 OR Question 5. ALL answers MUST be given in complete sentences.

Where questions require explanations, suggestions, proposals or reasons, you should develop your
responses fully.

4. (a) What is meant by the term ‘crude birth rate’? (2 mar s)

(b) State TWO factors that may contribute to a decrease in the birth rate in a country.
(2 mar s)

(c) (i) Study the following table and then calculate the missing rates for each country.
Write the answers in your answer booklet.

Population data for TWO countries

Crude birth Crude death Rate of natural


Country
rate 1000 rate 1000 increase 1000

B 5 15

C 17 9

(2 mar s)

(ii) Give ONE reason why a country may NOT want to reduce its rate of natural
increase. (2 mar s)

(d) (i) Suggest to planners in your country THREE strategies they may use to keep infant
mortality at a low level. (6 mar s)

(ii) Explain why EACH strategy is likely to be successful. (6 mar s)

Total 20 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2010
-5-

5. (a) efine the term environment . (2 mar s)

(b) Identify TWO problems that cities face in disposing of solid waste. (2 mar s)

(c) Explain TWO reasons why proper garbage disposal is important to the economic prosperity
of a named Caribbean country. (4 mar s)

(d) (i) Suggest THREE strategies that your government may take to reduce pollution of
the environment. (6 mar s)

(ii) Explain why you believe that EACH of these strategies will work. (6 mar s)

Total 20 mar s

PART II

REGIONAL INTEGRATION

Answer EITHER Question 6 OR Question 7.

Where questions require explanations, suggestions, proposals or reasons, you should develop your
responses. Statements ustifying proposals should be relevant and proposals feasible.

6.
The CARICOM Single Market and Economy (CSME)

Write an essay on the above topic. Begin by naming TWO member countries of the CSME and
state TWO benefits that aribbean people can obtain from countries being members of the SME.
Next, explain TWO factors that hinder economic integration among Caribbean countries. Suggest
THREE strategies that CARICOM leaders may use to strengthen the CSME. Explain why you
believe EACH of your strategies is likely to be successful.
Total 20 mar s

7.
R OM Helping isaster Victims

Write an essay on the above topic. In your essay identify ONE natural disaster faced by Caribbean
countries and state TWO effects of the natural disaster on the physical environment of Caribbean
countries. Then name the regional organization which has been established in the Caribbean to
manage disasters. Give TWO reasons why Caribbean governments need to cooperate in the event
of disasters. Finally suggest to citizens THREE measures they may take to assist community
members in the event of a natural disaster. Explain why EACH measure is likely to be successful.

Total 20 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2010
-6-

SECTION C

OPTIONS

Answer ONLY ONE from Questions 8 to 10.

Where questions require explanations, suggestions, proposals or reasons, you should develop your
responses fully. Statements ustifying proposals should be relevant and proposals feasible.

8. COMMUNICATION

Caribbean artistes complain: Please help us protect our work. Help stop piracy and plagiarism!

Write an article for a newspaper based on the headline above. In your article, state what is meant
by the term ‘plagiarism’. Apart from musicians, identify TWO other categories of artistes who
require protection for their work. Give TWO reasons why the work of all artistes should be
protected. Finally suggest to musicians in particular, THREE strategies they may use to reduce
piracy of their work. Explain why you believe EACH strategy will work.

Total 20 mar s

9. CONSUMER AFFAIRS

Samantha: I just got a pay increase at work and I would like to save the extra
money. I wonder where I should open my savings account.

Justin: With the credit union, of course! I have.

Write an essay on the benefits of saving. n your essay outline TWO advantages of saving with a credit
union. Outline TWO ways a country benefits from the savings of its citi ens. E plain TWO reasons
why the governments of aribbean countries regulate financial institutions. inally, suggest to credit
unions THREE actions they may take to encourage their members to increase savings. Explain why
EACH of the ways you have suggested will work.
Total 20 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2010
-7-

10. TOURISM

Cruise Ship visitors to Selected Islands


2002 and 2007

CRUISE VISITORS

Country 2002 2007

Cheer 1 500 600

Linus 2 000 8 000

Kelly 16 000 20 000

Range 40 000 60 000

s the Minister of Tourism, you have been asked to address a group on the benefits of the cruise
industry. n your speech, define the term cruise passenger and outline O R benefits to any
country of cruise ship visitors. Using the table above, name the island which had the smallest
change in numbers of cruise ship visitors and the country with the largest number of cruise ship
visitors. Finally, suggest THREE strategies the government may use to increase the number of
cruise visitors. Explain why EACH of these strategies will be successful.

Total 20 mar s

END OF TEST

01243020/F 2010
TEST CODE 01243032
FORM TP 2010 M E

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL

SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 03 2 – General Proficiency

1 hour 10 minutes

You are advised to use 10 minutes to read through


the paper before attempting to answer the questions.
Writing MAY begin during this time.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

1. You MUST answer ALL the questions on this paper.

2. Use this answer booklet to respond to the questions. For EACH


question, write your answer in the space provided.

3. If you need additional paper on which to write your answers,


request it from the supervisor.

4. Attach any additional paper that you use securely to this answer
booklet.

5. Return this answer booklet at the end of the examination.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

opyright aribbean E aminations ouncil .


ll rights reserved.
Before you write your answers, choose ONE of the following research topics and write it in the space
provided. You will be required to answer the following questions related to the topic you have chosen:

TOPICS

(i) actors That nfluence eforestation in My ommunity

(ii) Views of the iti ens in My ommunity on bortion

Topic hosen

1. (a) State O E reason why you would want to investigate the topic you have chosen.

(2 marks)

(b) Write a problem statement based on the topic you have chosen. egin your statement with
the following

This study will

(2 marks)

(c) dentify O E term in the topic which you would define.

(1 mark)

(d) uestionnaires may be used to gather information. part from uestionnaires, identify
ONE other research instrument that would help you gather information on the topic you
have chosen.

(1 mark)

(e) dentify O E problem you may e perience in gathering information after distributing
uestionnaires to a group.

(2 marks)

Total 8 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/F 2010
2. (a) dentify TWO sources you may use to obtain information on the topic which you have
chosen.

(2 marks)

(b) Write O E uestion for a uestionnaire that could be used to obtain data on the topic you
have chosen. The answer to the uestion should be either yes or no.

(1 mark)

(c) State O E research uestion for the topic you have chosen.

(1 mark)

Total 4 marks

3. (a) escribe the method you would use to select your sample for the study you have chosen.

(2 marks)

(b) ive O E reason why you have selected the method of sampling you described in (a)
above for your study.

(1 mark)

(c) n research it is ethical for the researcher to protect the members of the sample from danger
or from harm.

State TWO ways you may protect the information provided by the sample.

(2 marks)

Total 5 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/F 2010
Questions 4 and 5 are based on the following case study. Answer BOTH questions.

The conservation practices of the farmers of Perth

Perth, a rural settlement located in the hilly district of Mount Rosa, is the bread basket for the island and
has a population of . Researchers from the Rural evelopment gency were interested in the farming
techni ues used in the area. Two hundred farmers between the ages of and formed the sample for the
study. The researchers interviewed the farmers and observed their farming techni ues. They discovered
that of the farmers practised terracing, contour ploughing, agro forestry and mi ed cropping.
The findings were documented and presented to farmers at a onservation meeting.

4. (a) State the main focus of the study conducted by the researchers.

(2 marks)

(b) Write TWO statements of fact about Perth.

(2 marks)

(c) dentify TWO instruments that may have helped the researchers to collect the statistical
data in this study.

(2 marks)

(d) Write O E research uestion for the problem that was investigated.

(1 mark)

(e) State TWO important findings of the study conducted by the researchers.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
(2 marks)

Total 9 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/F 2010
5. (a) (i) isplay the data the researchers obtained in the table below.

Practices Number Percentage

N = -------------
(4 marks)

(ii) n the space provided below draw a bar graph to display the data collected from
the sample.

(4 marks)

(b) Write TWO statements about the data that you have displayed in the bar graph (a) (ii).

(2 marks)

(c) State TWO recommendations which the researchers could make to the authorities based
on their findings.

(4 marks)

Total 14 marks
END OF TEST
TEST CODE 01243020
FORM TP 2011031 JANUARY 2011

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL


SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
EXAMINATION
SOCIAL STUDIES
Paper 02 – General Proficiency
2 hours 40 minutes

10 JANUARY 2011 (a.m.)

You are advised to use 10 minutes to read the paper


and select the questions that you will answer.
Writing may begin during this time.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

This paper has THREE sections as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 – Individual, Family and Society

SECTION B Part I - Questions 4 and 5 – Development and Use of Resources


Part II - Questions 6 and 7 – Regional Integration

SECTION C Question 8 – Communication


Question 9 – Consumer Affairs
Question 10 – Tourism

(i) You MUST answer a total of FIVE questions – TWO from SECTION A, TWO
from SECTION B (choose ONE from Part I and ONE from Part II) and ONE
from SECTION C.

(ii) Where questions require an explanation, suggestion or proposal, you should


develop your response fully.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2008 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.
01243020/JANUARY/F/2011
-2-

SECTION A

INDIVIDUA , FAMI Y AND SOCIETY

Answer TWO questions from this section.


A answers MUST be given in complete sentences.

Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal


or reason, you should develop your responses fully.

1. (a) “One of the major functions of the family is procreation.”


Define the term ‘procreation’. (2 mar s)

(b) Identify TWO other functions of the family. (2 mar s)

(c) Describe TWO ways in which parents can prepare children for financial responsibilities.
(4 mar s)

(d) (i) “Self-reliance is important to combating poverty”. Suggest, giving full details,
THREE measures that may be used by poor families to become more self-
reliant. (6 mar s)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH measure you identified will be successful. (6 mar s)

Total 20 mar s

2. “Some students attending a number of secondary schools are forming themselves into gangs.”

(a) Outline TWO ways in which the structure of a school gang differs from that of a boy scout
troop. (2 mar s)

(b) State TWO factors that may encourage students to become members of a school gang.
(2 mar s)

(c) Give TWO reasons why conflict often arises between the members of a school gang and
other members of the school community. (4 mar s)

(d) The Police have suggested that members of school gangs should be prosecuted in the
Courts for illegal gang-related activities.

(i) Suggest to a School Board, giving full details, THREE other measures which may
be used for dealing with gang activities in the school. (6 mar s)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH of the measures will be successful. (6 mar s)

Total 20 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F/2011
-3-

3. (a) What is meant by the term ‘floating voter’ (2 mar s)

(b) tate TWO types of information that can be found on a voters’ list. (2 mar s)

(c) A public opinion poll in the country of Levale predicted the results shown in the table
below, for an upcoming general election. Study the information, then answer questions
(i) – (iv) which follow.

Percentage of votes predicted by age group


Political Parties
18 - 40 years 41 - 63 years 64 years and over

SRP 15% 20% 11%

NIA 12% 26% 45%

CNG 23% 40% 28%

DPA 50% 14% 16%


Total 100% 100% 100%

According to the opinion poll,

(i) which political party is likely to get the largest percentage of the vote in the
age group (1 mar )

(ii) which age group seems to support the A most (1 mar )

(iii) which political party has the O T support among the age group
(1 mar )

(iv) which party seems to be the EA T popular among all voters (1 mar )

(d) (i) Suggest to the parties, giving full details, THREE programmes which they may
implement if elected, to cater to the needs of youth voters. (6 mar s)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH of the programmes will be successful. (6 mar s)

Total 20 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F/2011
- 4 -

SECTION B

PART I

DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES

Answer EITHER Question 4 OR Question 5. ALL answers MUST be given in complete sentences.

W here the question requires an explanation, suggestion, proposal or reason, you should develop
your response fully.

4. Study the information in the graph below, which relates to employment among men and women
in the period 2004 - 2006 and then answer the questions which follow.

3500

3000

2500
£
!u 2000 Men
as
S 1500
O
(A
I.
Women
£ 1000

500

0
2004 2005 2006
Years

Employment among men and women, 2004 - 2006

(a) nd women
Using the graph above, describe the pattern o f employment o f men and women over
over the
the
three-year period. (2 marks)

(b) “ Self-employment promotes development, but many persons do notot want


want toto be
be self
self-
employed.” State TWO reasons why some persons might NOT want to0 be self-employed.
(4 marks)

(c) State TWO difficulties a young person might experience in trying to secure
ecure aa loan
loan to
to start
start
a business. (2 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE strategies which a government
srnment can
can use
use toto
create a greater number o f jobs for its citizens. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH o f the strategies you have suggested 1will
willbe
be successful.
successful.
(6 marks)

Total 20 marks
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
01243020/JANUARY/F/2011
-5-

5. (a) Identify TWO recreational uses of forests. (2 mar s)

(b) State TWO activities which have contributed to the removal of large areas of forest lands.
(2 mar s)
(c) Give TWO reasons for the conservation of forests. (4 mar s)

(d) Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present generation
without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. (Brundtland
Report, 1987)

(i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE measures that the government of your country
may implement to ensure that forests will be available to satisfy the needs of the
next generation. (6 mar s)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH of the measures you have suggested will succeed.
(6 mar s)
Total 20 mar s

PART II
REGIONAL INTEGRATION
Answer EITHER Question 6 OR Question 7.

Where the question requires an explanation, suggestion, proposal or reason, you should develop
your response fully.

6.
TRADE LIBERALIZATION: DIFFICULTIES FOR CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES

Write an essay on the topic above. egin your essay by stating the meaning of the terms ‘trade
liberali ation’ and ‘trade bloc’. Give TWO reasons why Caribbean countries face difficulties when
trading with countries outside of the region. inally suggest to the members of a anufacturers’
Association, giving full details, THREE actions they may take to help improve Caribbean trade.
Explain fully why EACH of these actions will succeed.

Total 20 mar s

7.
CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES NEED TO INTEGRATE

Write an essay on the topic above in which you identify TWO major efforts at regional integration
from 1958 to the present time, and name TWO member countries of the 1958 integration movement.
State TWO functions of the Heads of Government Conference in the integration process. Finally,
suggest to your government, giving full details, THREE ways in which it may demonstrate the
spirit of co-operation in the event of an environmental disaster in the Caribbean region. Explain
fully why EACH way will succeed.
Total 20 mar s
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
01243020/JANUARY/F/2011
-6-

SECTION C
OPTIONS
Answer ON Y ONE from Questions 8 to 10.

Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal or reason, you should develop your
responses fully. Proposals should be relevant and well developed.

8. COMMUNICATION

THE WAY FORWARD: MODERN COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY

Write an essay on the topic above. First identify TWO electronic modes of communication. Then
state TWO socio-cultural conditions that may prevent Caribbean citizens from using the available
modes of communication. Describe TWO ways in which modern communication technology has
improved business operations across the Caribbean. Finally, suggest, giving full details, THREE
measures that the government of your country may take to increase the use of communication
technology in your country. Explain fully why EACH of the measures you have suggested will
be successful.
Total 20 mar s

9. CONSUMER AFFAIRS

THE PRACTICES OF CONSUMERS

As a member of the Prices Watch Consumer Association you have been invited to deliver a speech
to a arent Teachers’ Association. n your speech define the term ‘consumer’. Outline TWO
benefits to the consumer of good consumer practices. tate TWO ways in which wants instead of
needs may influence the consumer to purchase. inally suggest to the group giving full details
THREE actions they may adopt as consumers to assist the government in reducing the high food
import bill. Explain fully why EACH of the actions will be successful.
Total 20 mar s

10. TOURISM

THE SUCCESS OF CARIBBEAN TOURISM REQUIRES


THE PROTECTION OF THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT

Write an essay on the topic above. In your essay identify FOUR environmental concerns related
to tourism development in the Caribbean. Explain TWO ways in which government action may
protect the physical environment. Finally, suggest, giving full details, THREE actions that cruise
ship operators may take to improve the quality of the physical environment in the Caribbean.
Explain fully why EACH action will be successful.
Total 20 mar s
END OF TEST

01243020/JANUARY/F/2011
TEST CODE 01243032
FORM TP 2011032 JANUARY 2011

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL

SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 03 2 – General Proficiency

1 hour 10 minutes

You are advised to use 10 minutes to read through


the paper before attempting to answer the questions.
Writing may begin during this time.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

(i) This paper consists of FIVE questions. You MUST answer ALL the questions on
this paper.

(ii) Use this answer booklet to respond to the questions. For EACH question, write your
answer in the space provided.

(iii) If you need additional paper to write your answers, request it from the supervisor.

(iv) Attach any additional paper that you use securely to this answer booklet.

(v) Return this answer booklet at the end of the examination.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTI YOU ARE TO D TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2008 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.
01243032/JANUARY/F/2011
-2-

Before you write your answers, choose ONE of the following topics and write it in the space
provided. You will be required to answer the following questions related to the topic you
have chosen.

(i) The effects of dance-hall music on adolescents behaviour in my community

(ii) The views of the citi ens in my community on capital punishment

Topic: ______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

1. (a) Write ONE reason why you would want to investigate the topic you have chosen.

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(b) State the aim of the study you have chosen by completing the following statement.

The aim of the study is to _________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(c) Write ONE research question for the topic you have chosen.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(d) dentify O E term in the topic you have chosen that should be defined.

_______________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(e) Questionnaires may be used to gather information. Apart from questionnaires, identify
ONE other research instrument that would help you to gather information on the topic you
have chosen.

_______________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

Total 8 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/JANUARY/F/2011
-3-

2. (a) Identify TWO sources you may use to obtain information on the topic which you have
chosen.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(b) Write ONE question for a questionnaire that you may use to collect data on the topic you
have chosen. The answer to this question should be either “yes” or “no”.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(c) The median or middle score is ONE method of describing statistical data. State ONE
other way to describe the statistical data provided by the sample.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

Total 5 mar s

3. (a) A sample is a part of a population. Identify a population from which you would select a
sample for the topic you have chosen.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(b) Describe the method that you would use to select your sample from the population you
have identified in (a) above.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(c) Give ONE reason why you have selected the method of sampling you described in 3 (b)
above for your study.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

Total 5 mar s
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
01243032/JANUARY/F/2011
-4-

Questions 4 and 5 are based on the following case study. Answer BOTH questions.

The Effects of Hurricane Precious on the Residents of Garth

Garth is a rural settlement with a population of 2000 persons. It is located in the valley of the
Dimsy River. Researchers from the Disaster Management Unit investigated the impact of Hurricane
Precious on the residents. Two hundred persons between the ages of 18 and 65 formed the sample
for the study. The researchers spoke with persons in the sample and surveyed the damage caused
by the hurricane. They found that the houses of 80 persons were totally destroyed, 60 persons lost
their roofs persons lost cattle and crops and had relatives who died as a result of flooding.
The findings were documented and presented in Parliament.

4. (a) State the MAIN focus of the study conducted by the researchers.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
( 2 mar s)

(b) Write TWO statements of fact about Garth.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(c) Identify TWO instruments that were used by researchers to collect the statistical data in
this study.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(d) Identify TWO characteristics or features of the sample that the researchers studied.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(e) tate TWO important findings of the study conducted by the researchers.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

Total 10 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/JANUARY/F/2011
-5-

5. (a) (i) Display the data that the researchers obtained in the table below.

Damage oss Number of Residents Percentage of Sample

N .....................

(4 mar s)

(ii) In the grid provided, display as a bar graph the data that the researchers collected
from the sample.

(4 mar s)

(b) State TWO advantages of displaying the data as a bar graph in 5 (a) (ii) above.

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(c) State ONE recommendation which the researchers are likely to make to Parliament based
on their findings.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

Total 12 mar s

END OF TEST

01243032/JANUARY/F/2011
TEST CODE 01243020
FORM TP 2011114 MAY/JUNE 2011
CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL
SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
EXAMINATION
SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 02 – General Proficiency


2 hours 40 minutes

27 MAY 2011 (a.m.)

You should use 10 minutes to read the paper


and select the questions that you will answer.
Writing may begin during this time.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

This paper has THREE sections as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 – Individual, Family and Society

SECTION B Part I Questions 4 and 5 – Development and Use of Resources


Part II Questions 6 and 7 – Regional Integration

SECTION C Question 8 – Communication


Question 9 – Consumer Affairs
Question 10 – Tourism

(i) You MUST answer a total of FIVE questions – TWO from SECTION A, TWO
from SECTION B (choose ONE from Part I and ONE from Part II) and ONE from
SECTION C.

(ii) Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal or reason, you should
develop your responses fully.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTI YOU ARE TO D TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2009 Caribbean Examinations Council.


All rights reserved.
01243020/F 2011
- 2 -

SECTION A
INDIVIDUA , FAMI Y AND SOCIETY
Answer TWO questions from this section. Where questions require an explanation, suggestion,
proposal or reason, you should develop your responses fully.

1. (a) Identify TWO emotional needs of children that a family should satisfy. ( 2 marks)

(b) Describe O E benefit to the society when the emotional needs of children are met.
( 2 marks)

(c) t is the view that as more women have become income earners the needs of children
have been neglected.

Give TWO reasons why more women have become income earners. ( 4 marks)

(d) (i) uggest to wor ing parents TH EE ways in which they may share responsibilities
in the home. ( 6 mar s)

(ii) Explain why EACH of the ways suggested will be successful. ( 6 mar s)

Total 20 mar s

2. Caribbean culture is often described as rich and diverse.

(a) dentify O ethnic groups that have contributed to present day Caribbean culture.
( 4 marks)

(b) Give TWO reasons why some traditional Caribbean customs are presently changing.
( 4 marks)

(c) (i) uggest to the inistry of Culture in your country TH EE strategies that it can
use to promote E THE music O dance in your country. ( 6 mar s)

(ii) Explain why you believe EACH of your strategies will be successful.
( 6 mar s)

Total 20 mar s

3. (a) Apart from the udiciary identify TWO other branches of government. ( 2 marks)

(b) dentify TWO types of law courts in the udicial system. ( 2 marks)

(c) Explain TWO ways in which the police force helps the court to do its wor .
( 4 marks)
(d) olice statistics show that crime is on the increase.
(i) uggest TH EE ways in which a local community may cooperate with the
police to maintain law and order. ( 6 mar s)

(ii) Explain why EACH of the ways you have suggested will be successful.
( 6 mar s)

Total 20 mar s
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
01243020/F 2011
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SE C T IO N B

PART I

DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES

Answer EITHER Question 4 OR Question 5. W here questions require an explanation, suggestion,


proposal or reason, you should develop your responses fully.

4. (a) (i) Define the term ‘population density’. ( 1 mark )

(ii) How is population density calculated? ( 1 mark )

Study the map below and then answer the questions which follow.

Population Density in Country A

Population Density per km 2


HIGH
MEDIUM
LOW
:al Features
Physical
km
RIVER 0 20
MOUNTAINS
SWAMP

(b) Outline ONE factor which may have prevented persons from settling in the; low density
area. ( 2 marks)

(c) Give TWO examples to show how the high density o f population in Area A may affect
the quality o f services provided in the area. ( 4 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest THREE measures which the government o f a country could
;ould take
take to
to
encourage people to migrate to low density areas. ((66marks)
marks)

(ii) Explain why EACH o f the measures will be successful. ((66 marks)
marks)

il 20 marks
Total

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2011
- 4 -

5. (a) or EACH of the following natural resources name O E Caribbean country where it
can be found:
(i) arge uantities of bauxite ( 1 mark )
(ii) Dense forests ( 1 mark )
(iii) arge uantities of petroleum ( 1 mark )
(iv) Large rivers ( 1 mark )

(b) ivers are an important natural resource.


(i) State TWO uses of rivers. ( 2 marks)
(ii) Describe O E way in which human activities may pollute rivers. ( 2 marks)

(c) (i) uggest to a community group TH EE measures they may use to reduce
pollution of rivers in the community. ( 6 mar s)
(ii) Explain why you believe EACH measure will be successful. ( 6 mar s)

Total 20 mar s

PART II

Answer EITHER Question 6 or Question 7.

Where questions require explanations, suggestions, proposals or reasons, you should develop your
responses fully. Proposals should be relevant and feasible.

6. Write an essay based on the following topic.

The CSME is about you and me!

In your essay identify TWO stages of the integration movement before the establishment of
the CA CO ingle ar et and Economy (C E). tate TWO ob ectives of the C E.
Describe TWO difficulties that some member states may experience in meeting the ob ectives of
the C E. inally suggest TH EE strategies giving full details for overcoming the difficulties
of the C E. Explain fully why EACH strategy suggested will be successful.
Total 20 mar s

7. Write an essay based on the following topic.

enefits of egional ntegration to CA CO Citi ens

Begin your essay by naming TWO organisations designed to promote regional cooperation in
education. tate O E function of each of the organisations and then explain TWO ways in
which Caribbean citi ens benefit from regional cooperation other than in education. uggest
TH EE measures giving full details that the government of your country may ta e to encourage
citi ens to support CA CO organisations. Explain fully why EACH of the measures will
be successful. Total 20 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2011
-5-

SECTION C

OPTIONS

Answer only ONE question from Questions 8 to 10.

Where questions require explanations, suggestions, proposals or reasons, you should develop your
responses fully. Proposals should be relevant and feasible.

8. Cultural transmission through the oral traditions

As a well nown media personality you have been as ed to spea on the above topic. n your
speech define the term cultural transmission and identify TWO ways of transmitting the oral
traditions. Explain TWO ways in which the global media have influenced Caribbean culture.
inally in your speech suggest to the inister of Culture in your country TH EE actions giving
full details that should be ta en to help the country preserve its cultural heritage. Explain fully
why EACH action which you have suggested will be successful. Total 20 mar s

9.
Caribbean consumers are advised to practise thrift because of the threat of devaluation.

Prepare a speech on the above topic to deliver to a group of residents in your community. Begin
your speech by explaining the term ‘devaluation’ and state TWO possible effects of devaluation
on consumers. Give TWO reasons why consumers who practise thrift may reduce the effects
of devaluation on their families. uggest TH EE strategies giving full details which the
community may use to assist families who are affected by devaluation. Explain fully why you
believe EACH strategy be successful. Total 20 mar s

10.

Employment Opportunities in Tourism


ECO ar imited invites suitably ualified persons to fill the following position
TO G DE

ou are invited to spea to a group of graduating secondary school students on the topic
‘Employment Opportunites in the Tourist ndustry’. ame TWO types of obs in tourism
other than tour guide which young people may pursue. dentify TWO re uirements for the
ob of a tour guide. Give TWO reasons why a Caribbean government may invest in hospitality
training. uggest to the administrators of the Tourism Hospitality chool giving full details
TH EE strategies which they may use to attract young people to register for courses at the
school. Explain why EACH of the strategies will be successful. Total 20 mar s

END OF TEST

01243020/F 2011
TEST CODE 01243032
FORM TP 2011115 MAY/JUNE 2011

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL

SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 03 2 – General Proficiency

1 hour 10 minutes

You should use 10 minutes to read through the paper. Writing MAY
begin during this time.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

1. You MUST attempt A the questions on this paper.

2. Use this answer boo let to respond to the questions. For EACH
question, write your answer in the space provided.

3. If you need additional paper to write your answers, request it


from the supervisor.

4. Attach any additional paper that you use securely to this answer
boo let.

5. Return this answer boo let at the end of the examination.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTI YOU ARE TO D TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2009 Caribbean Examinations Council.


All rights reserved.
01243032/F 2011
- 2 -

Before you write your answers, choose ONE of the following research topics and write it
in the space provided. You will be required to answer the following questions related to
the topic you have chosen.

Research Topics:

(i) Attitudes of residents in my community towards homeless people

(ii) The views of students on corporal punishment in secondary schools

Topic: ___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

1. (a) State ONE reason why you would want to investigate the topic you have chosen.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(b) Write a problem statement for the topic you have chosen. Begin your statement with the
following:

The study will ________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(c) dentify O E term in the topic that you would define.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(d) Questionnaires may be used to gather information. Apart from questionnaires, identify
ONE other research instrument that would help you gather information on the topic you
have chosen.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(e) Identify ONE problem a researcher may experience in gathering information after
distributing questionnaires to a group.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

Total 8 mar s

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01243032/F 2011
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2. (a) Write TWO research questions for the topic you have chosen.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(b) Identify TWO sources that you can use to obtain background information on the topic
which you have chosen.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

Total 4 mar s

3. (a) Describe the method you would use to select the sample for the study you have chosen.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(b) Give ONE reason why the method you have selected should be suitable for your study.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(c) In research it is ethical for the researcher to protect the members of the sample from
danger or from harm.

State TWO ways by which the researcher can protect the information provided by the
sample.

_____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

Total 5 mar s

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01243032/F 2011
- 4 -

Questions 4 and 5 are based on the following case study. Answer BOTH questions.

Types of offences committed by girls in a correctional facility

Grandine is a small urban community. It is densely populated and has high rates of unemployment.
The Children’s Protection Agency reported that there is an increase in the number of girls committing
criminal offences. Researchers were interested in discovering the types of offences the girls were
committing. Two hundred girls between the ages of twelve and seventeen formed the sample for
the study. The girls were interviewed. The research revealed that for the 12 - 14 age group, 10 were
involved in gang violence, 20 in prostitution, 20 were involved in drugs and 50 in pornography. For
the 15 - 17 age group, 40 were involved in gang violence, 40 in prostitution and 20 in drugs. All the
girls indicated that problems in their families were the main reasons for committing the offences.
The findings were documented and presented to the Children’s rotection Agency.

4. (a) State the MAIN focus of the study conducted by the researchers.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(b) Write TWO statements of fact about Grandine.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(c) Identify TWO instruments that the researchers may have used to collect the statistical
data in this study.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(d) Write ONE question the researchers may have asked the girls.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

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01243032/F 2011
- 5 -

(e) tate TWO important findings of the study conducted by the researchers.
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)
Total 9 mar s

5. (a) (i) Display the data the researchers obtained in the table below. Gang violence has
been completed for you.

Type of FREQUENCY OF OFFENCE


Offence 12 – 14 15 – 17 Total %
Gang violence 10 40 50 25

Total

N = _____________
(2 mar s)

(ii) In the space provided below draw a graph comparing the data collected from
the sample by age group.

(4 mar s)

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/F 2011
-6-

(b) Write TWO statements about the data that you have displayed.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(4 mar s)

(c) tate TWO recommendations based on the findings which the researchers could ma e
to the authorities.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(4 mar s)

Total 14 mar s

END OF TEST

01243032/F 2011
TEST CODE 01243020
FORM TP 2012031 JANUARY 2012

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL


SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
EXAMINATION
SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 02 – General Proficiency


2 hours 40 minutes

10 JANUARY 2012 (a.m.)

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

This paper has THREE sections, as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 – Individual, Family and Society

SECTION B Part I Questions 4 and 5 – Sustainable Development and Use of


Resources
Part II Questions 6 and 7 – Regional Integration

SECTION C Question 8 – Communication


Question 9 – Consumer Affairs
Question 10 – Tourism

(i) You MUST answer a total of FIVE questions — TWO from SECTION A, TWO
from SECTION B (choose ONE from Part I and ONE from Part II) and ONE from
SECTION C.

(ii) Where questions require an explanation, suggestion or proposal, you should develop
your response fully.

(iii) You are advised to take some time to read through the paper and plan your answers.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2010 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.

01243020/JANUARY/F 2012
-2-

SECTION A

INDIVIDUAL, FAMILY AND SOCIETY

n er e ion ro i ec ion

ere e ion re ire an e plana ion e ion propo al or a rea on yo o l e elop yo r


re pon e lly

1. (a) Define EACH of the following terms:

(i) Matrifocal (1 mark )

(ii) Matrilineal (1 mark )

(b) Identify TWO traditional roles of adult male members of the family. (2 marks)

(c) Give TWO reasons why the traditional roles of adult male members of the family are
changing. (4 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest to the Ministry of Social Services in your country, giving full details,
THREE measures social workers may put in place to assist children whose fathers
have deserted them. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain why EACH measure suggested will be successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

2. (a) Identify TWO forms of social control that exist in institutions. (2 marks)

(b) (i) Name TWO different types of recreational institutions that commonly exist in
society. (2 marks)

(ii) Describe ONE way in which recreational institutions satisfy society’s needs.
(2 marks)

(c) Give TWO characteristics of institutions as organizations. (2 marks)

(d) (i) As a youth group leader, suggest to your parliamentary representative, giving full
details, THREE actions the government can take to encourage people to participate
in recreational activities. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain why EACH of the actions will be successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F 2012
-3-

3. Residents of the Wella Community staged a peaceful protest to draw attention to the lack of social
services in their community. After seeing the protest as a news item on television, someone advised
the residents to take their complaints to the ombudsman.

(a) Identify TWO social services that the government normally provides to a community.
(2 marks)

(b) State TWO ways in which the ombudsman may assist the citizens who are affected.
(2 marks)

(c) Give TWO reasons why Caribbean governments provide social services for their citizens.
(4 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest to the government, giving full details, THREE ways to encourage citizens
to assist in the provision of social services. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain why EACH way suggested will be successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F 2012
-4-

SECTION B

PART I

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES

n er e ion e ion

ere e ion re ire an e plana ion e ion propo al or a rea on yo o l e elop yo r


re pon e lly

4. The table below shows the percentage of the labour force of Country X employed in various sectors
for the period 2000 to 2008. Study the table carefully and answer the questions that follow:

PERCENTAGE OF THE LABOUR FORCE EMPLOYED IN VARIOUS SECTORS 2000–2008

Year
ploy en ec or 2000 2004 2008
% % %
Manufacturing 16 12 10
Services 12 15 20
Tourism 21 20 25
Agriculture 13 8 13
Mining 12 14 13
Fisheries 11 13 7
Transportation 15 18 12
Total 100% 100% 100%

(a) (i) Identify the industry that employed the largest percentage of the labour force during
the period 2000 to 2008. (1 mark )

(ii) Identify the industry in which there was a steady decline in the percentage of the
labour force employed between 2000 and 2008. (1 mark )

(b) State TWO types of jobs that are available in agriculture. (2 marks)

(c) Give TWO reasons why employers prefer to hire persons who have completed at least
secondary education. (4 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest to the Ministry of Education in your country, giving full details, THREE
actions it may take to assist students in completing their secondary education
successfully. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain why you believe EACH of these actions will be successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

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01243020/JANUARY/F 2012
-5-

(a) Explain what is meant by the term ‘non-renewable resource’. (2 marks)

(b) (i) Name ONE Caribbean country in which bauxite is mined as a resource.
(1 mark )

(ii) State ONE use to which bauxite is put. (1 mark )

(c) Give TWO reasons why conservation of non-renewable resources is important.


(4 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest to the government of your country, giving full details, THREE strategies
it may use to encourage the conservation of non-renewable resources.
(6 marks)

(ii) Explain why you believe EACH of these strategies will be successful.
(6 marks)

Total 20 marks

PART II

REGIONAL INTEGRATION

n er e ion e ion ll an er e i en in co ple e en ence

ere e ion re ire an e plana ion e ion propo al or a rea on yo o l e elop yo r


re pon e lly a e en i yin propo al o l e rele an an propo al ea i le

6.
“CARICOM integration and global challenges.”

As a CA C offi ial res onsi le for tra e in a o ntr o ha e een as e to a ress the
Manufacturing Association on the above topic. In your address, state the meaning of the term
‘globalization’. State TWO negative effects of globalization on manufacturers in the CARICOM
countries. Then, describe TWO ways by which the CARICOM Secretariat can inform CARICOM
citizens about the importance of the integration process. Finally suggest, giving full details,
THREE strategies through which manufacturers may take advantage of globalization. Explain
why EACH strategy you suggested will be successful.
Total 20 marks

“Regionalism: the way forward to a prosperous Caribbean region.”

Write an essay on the above topic. Begin your essay by explaining the meaning of the term
‘regionalism’. Identify TWO ocial ac or that encourage regionalism. Explain TWO ways
in which unequal distribution of resources in the Caribbean may hinder regionalism among the
territories. Suggest THREE strategies, giving full details, that CARICOM countries may use to
strengthen the regional integration movement. Explain why you believe EACH of these strategies
will be successful.
Total 20 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F 2012
-6-

SECTION C

OPTIONS

n er e ion ro i ec ion

ere e ion re ire e plana ion e ion propo al or rea on yo o l e elop yo r


an er lly a e en i yin propo al o l e rele an an propo al ea i le

8. COMMUNICATION

he glo al me ia has greatl in en e lt ral atterns in the region

Write an essay on the above topic. In your essay, state what is meant by the term ‘mass media’.
e t e lain H EE wa s in whi h the glo al me ia ma in en e the lifest le of Cari ean
citizens. Finally, suggest THREE ways, giving full details, in which the artistic works of Caribbean
artistes can be protected from illegal use. Explain why EACH way you suggested is likely to be
successful.

Total 20 marks

9. CONSUMER AFFAIRS

“Consumers, be aware and be alert: avoid exploitation by suppliers of goods and services!”

Prepare an address to consumers in your community. Begin your address by explaining the
meaning of the term ‘black market’. Explain TWO factors that can contribute to black market
activities in a country. State TWO ways in which consumer organizations in a country assist in
protecting consumers from exploitation. Finally, suggest to the consumers, giving full details,
THREE actions ey can take to protect themselves from exploitation. Explain why you believe
EACH action is likely to be successful.

Total 20 marks

10. TOURISM

“Our Government is spending US$39 million to develop tourism in my community. I know that
economic linkages will occur, but economic leakage is such a big problem in this country.”

rite a s ee h to a ress the a o e on ern of the iti en n o r s ee h efine the term


‘economic leakage’ and state TWO ways in which economic leakage occurs in the tourist industry
in the Cari ean E lain wa s in whi h iti ens ma enefit from the e elo ment of
tourism in their community. Finally, suggest to hoteliers, giving full details, THREE strategies
they may take to encourage greater participation of residents in the tourist industry. Explain why
you believe EACH of these strategies is likely to be successful.

Total 20 marks
END OF TEST

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK ON THIS TEST.

01243020/JANUARY/F 2012
TEST CODE 01243032
FORM TP 2012032 JANUARY 2012

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL

SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 0 2 – General Proficiency

1 hour 10 minutes

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

1. This paper consists of FIVE questions. You MUST answer ALL the
questions on this paper.

2. Use this answer booklet to respond to the questions. For EACH


question, write your answer in the space provided.

3. If you need additional paper on which to write your answers, request


it from the supervisor.

4. Attach any additional paper that you use securely to this answer
booklet.

5. Return this answer booklet at the end of the examination.

6. You are advised to take some time to read through the paper and plan
your answers.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2010 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.

01243032/JANUARY/F 2012
- 2 -

e ore yo ri e yo r an er c oo e o e ollo in re earc opic an ri e i in e pace


pro i e o ill e re ire o an er e ollo in e ion rela e o e opic yo a e c o en

TOPICS:

(i) Views of citizens in my community on squatter settlements

(ii) The effects of criminal activity on the residents in my community

Topic Chosen: _______________________________________________________________________

1. (a) State ONE reason why you would want to investigate the topic you have chosen.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(b) Write a problem statement based on the topic you have chosen. Begin your statement with
the following words:

This study will

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
2 ar

( ) entif E term whi h o wo l efine in the to i o ha e hosen

_______________________________________________________________________
ar

(d) Interviews may be used to gather information. Apart from interviews, identify ONE other
research instrument that would help you gather information on the topic you have chosen.

_______________________________________________________________________
ar

(e) Outline ONE problem which you may experience in gathering information from an
interview.

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________
2 ar

o al ar

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01243032/JANUARY/F 2012
- 3 -

2. (a) Identify TWO sources you may use to obtain information on the topic which you have
chosen.
______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(b) Write ONE question that could be used in an interview to obtain data on the topic you
have chosen.

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(c) Write ONE research question for the topic you have chosen.

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________
ar

o al ar

3. (a) Describe the method you would use to select the sample for your study.
______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(b) Give ONE reason why you would use the method of sampling you described in 3(a)above
for your study.

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________
ar

(c) In research it is ethical to protect the members of the sample from danger or from harm.

State TWO ways in which you would protect the information provided by the members
of your sample.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
2 ar

o al ar

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/JANUARY/F 2012
- 4 -

e ion an are a e on e ollo in ca e y n er e ion

ncrea e in o n i ran o ara

A group of researchers conducted a survey on the reasons for the increase in young migrants to Caram, a
beautiful seaside community. Caram has a small population and borders the agricultural community of
Perth. Four hundred migrants between the ages of 18 and 25 formed the sample for the study. The sample
was equally composed of males and females. The research revealed that 120 females and 100 males had
been contracted to work in the tourist industry; 60 women and 40 men were attracted to the quality of the
social services in the area; 20 women and 60 men were attracted to the exciting night life. Approximately
er ent of the ersons who were inter iewe ame from erth he fin ings were o mente an
presented to the Ministry of Labour and Social Development.

4. (a) State the main focus of the study conducted by the researchers.

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(b) Write TWO statements of fact about Caram.

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(c) Identify TWO instruments that may have helped the researchers to collect the statistical
data in this study.

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(d) Write ONE research question for the problem that was investigated.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(e) State TWO im ortant fin ings of the st

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
2 ar

o al 0 ar
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
01243032/JANUARY/F 2012
- 5 -

(a) (i) Display the data that the researchers obtained in the table below.

ea on or ncrea e in i ra ion o ale o e ale

N = -------------
2 ar

(ii) In the space provided below draw a bar graph to compare the data collected for
males and females in the sample.

ar

(b) Write TWO statements about the data which you have displayed in the bar graph at
5 (a) (ii).

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(c) State TWO recommendations which the researchers could make to the authorities based
on their fin ings

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
ar

o al 2 ar

END OF TEST

01243032/JANUARY/F 2012
TEST CODE 01243020
FORM TP 2012114 MAY/JUNE 2012

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL


SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
EXAMINATION
SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 02 – General Proficiency


2 hours 40 minutes

29 MAY 2012 (a.m.)

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

This paper has THREE sections, as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 – Individual, Family and Society

SECTION B Part I Questions 4 and 5 – Development and Use of Resources


Part II Questions 6 and 7 – Regional Integration

SECTION C Questions 8 – Communication


Questions 9 – Consumer Affairs
Questions 10 – Tourism

(i) You MUST answer a total of FIVE questions – TWO from SECTION A, TWO
from SECTION B (choose ONE from Part I and ONE from Part II) and ONE from
SECTION C.

(ii) Where questions require an explanation, suggestion or proposal, you should develop
your response fully.

(iii) You are advised to take some time to read through the paper and plan your answers.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2010 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.
01243020/F 2012
- 2 -

SECTION A
INDIVIDUAL INTERACTION

Answer TWO questions from this section. Where questions require an explanation,
suggestion, proposal or a reason, you should develop your answers fully.

1. Maya and Sam have been married for many years. They live with their two adult sons and three
granddaughters. The family is very close and they communicate openly. Recently, Maya's aging
mother moved in with the family.

(a) (i) Identify the form of marriage referred to in the passage. (1 mark )

(ii) Name ONE form of marriage that is NOT common in Caribbean society.
(1 mark )

(b) Explain TWO ways in which good communication skills can contribute to healthy
relationships in a family. (4 marks)

(c) Give ONE reason why family members should show care and concern for Maya’s aging
mother. ( 2 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest to young persons, giving full details, THREE actions they can take to
show care and concern for their aging relatives. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH action is likely to be successful. (6 marks)


Total 20 marks

2. Paul, the leader of the Greening interest group, informed the members that he had changed
the goals of the group. The members met and were not in agreement with Paul’s decision.
They concluded that their leader must change his leadership style.

(a) What is meant by the term ‘interest group’? (2 marks)

(b) (i) Identify Paul’s leadership style. (1 mark )

(ii) Identify a different leadership style that the members can suggest to the leader.
(1 mark )

(c) E plain TWO reasons why members of a group may have difficulty agreeing on an
issue. (4 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest to the members of the Greening interest group, giving full details, THREE
strategies they can use to encourage their leader to change his leadership style.
(6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH strategy is likely to be successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

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01243020/F 2012
- 3 -

3. (a) Identify TWO factors that may cause voters NOT to participate in a general election.
(2 marks)

(b) State TWO functions of the legislative arm of a government. (2 marks)

(c) Describe TWO ways in which the opposition party can contribute to good governance in
a country. (4 marks)

(d) The leader of the opposition has expressed alarm over the escalating crime rate in the
country.

(i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE measures the leader of the opposition can
propose to the government to help the citizens feel safer in their homes.
(6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH of the measures you have suggested is likely to be
successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

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01243020/F 2012
- 4 -

SECTION B
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES

PART I

Answer EITHER Question 4 OR Question 5.

Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal or a reason, you should develop your
responses fully.

4. In most Caribbean countries people of African descent make up a large percentage of the
population. Other ethnic groups include people of Indian descent, Chinese descent and
European descent.

(a) Outline ONE factor that has contributed to the high percentage of people of African descent
in the population.
(2 marks)

(b) State TWO cultural traditions practised by EITHER people of Chinese descent OR Indian
descent in the Caribbean. (2 marks)

(c) Give TWO reasons why young adults may NOT follow the cultural practices of
their ancestors. (4 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest to the officials of the Ministry of ulture, giving full details, THREE
strategies they can use to promote a national culture based on the country's
heritage. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH strategy is likely to be successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

5. (a) What is meant by the term natural resource? ( 2 marks)

(b) Apart from land, identify TWO major natural resources found in any named Caribbean
country. ( 2 marks)

(c) For EACH of the resources named in (b), give ONE reason why it is important to Caribbean
people. (4 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest to Ministers of Agriculture, giving full details, THREE strategies which
they can use to encourage farmers to produce more food. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH of these strategies is likely to be successful.


(6 marks)

Total 20 marks

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01243020/F 2012
- 5 -

PART II

REGIONAL INTEGRATION

Answer EITHER Question 6 OR Question 7.

Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal or reason, you should develop your
responses fully.

6. Regional integration allows Caribbean countries to expand trade by forming a common mar et.

Write an essay on the topic above. In your essay explain the term ‘common market’ and explain
TWO ways in which aribbean businesses can benefit from a common market. ive O E reason
why achieving full economic integration in the aribbean may be difficult. inally, suggest,
giving full details, THREE strategies that CARICOM leaders may use to increase trade within
the Caribbean. Explain fully why EACH of the strategies is likely to be successful.

Total 20 marks

7. Many Caribbean countries are turning to the Caribbean Development Ban .

Write an essay on the topic above. First state what is the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB).
State TWO reasons why some CARICOM countries may borrow money from the CDB or
international lending agencies. Describe TWO negative effects to a country of borrowing money
from an international lending agency. Finally suggest to the leaders of CARICOM countries,
giving full details, THREE strategies they can use to reduce their country s outflow of foreign
exchange. Explain fully why EACH strategy suggested is likely to be successful.
Total 20 marks

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01243020/F 2012
- 6 -

SECTION C
OPTIONS

Answer ONE from Question 8 to 10.

Where questions require explanations, suggestions, proposals or reasons, you should develop your
answers fully. Statements requiring ustifications should be relevant and proposals feasible.

8. COMMUNICATION

In a television survey among students on censorship, 78 per cent of the students


aged 13 to 17 years were against censorship and gave reasons for their views.

Write a letter to the editor of the newspaper in response to the findings above. n your letter state
what is meant by the term censorship and identify TWO types of materials that are censored.
Give TWO reasons why television programmes should be censored. Suggest to the managers of
television stations, giving full details, THREE strategies they may use to reduce the influence of
global television on the lifestyles of young people. Explain fully why EACH strategy you have
suggested is likely to be successful.
Total 20 marks

9. CONSUMER AFFAIRS

A Mar et Scene

Tantie: Look at the price of those goods! Just yesterday the prices were low. Today they have
gone sky high.

Vendor lame inflation had to pay a lot of money to bring in my goods. Why did the
government devalue our money?

Tantie: You will have to eat all those goods. We aren’t buying. The price is too high.

Vendor: Well, you will have to eat the money, then!

Write an essay based on the conversation above. In your essay give the meaning of the term
inflation . part from devaluation, outline TWO other factors which can cause inflation. State
TWO factors that can cause the government of a country to devalue its currency. Explain, giving
full details, THREE measures consumers can use to fight inflation. E plain fully why E H
measure you have suggested is likely to be successful.
Total 20 marks

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01243020/F 2012
- 7 -

10. TOURISM

Tourist arrivals increase as hotels offer all-inclusive packages but environmentalists express
concern about effects of tourism expansion on the environment.

Write an essay on the above headline from a newspaper article. In your essay explain the meaning
of the expression ‘all-inclusive packages’. Apart from all-inclusive packages, identify TWO factors
that tourists may consider when deciding to visit a country. Describe TWO ways in which the
development of a hotel on the beach front affects the physical environment. Finally, suggest to
the officials of the Ministry of Tourism in your country, giving full details, THREE actions they
may take to reduce possible damage to the physical environment from tourist resort development.
Explain fully why EACH of the actions you suggested is likely to be successful.
Total 20 marks

END OF TEST

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHEC YOUR WOR ON THIS TEST.

01243020/F 2012
TEST CODE 01243032
FORM TP 2012115 MAY/JUNE 2012

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL

SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 032 – General Proficiency

1 hour 10 minutes

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

1. You MUST answer ALL the questions on this paper.

2. Use this answer booklet to respond to the questions. For EACH


question, write your answer in the space provided.

3. If you need additional paper on which to write your answers, request


it from the supervisor.

4. Attach any additional paper that you use securely to this answer
booklet.

5. Return this answer booklet at the end of the examination.

6. You are advised to take some time to read through the paper and plan
your answers.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2010 Caribbean Examinations Council.


All rights reserved.

01243032/F 2012
-2-

Before you write your answers, choose ONE of the following research topics and write it
in the space provided. You will be required to answer the following questions related to
the topic you have chosen.

(i) The views of citi ens on traffic congestion in my community.

(ii) Tourist harassment in my community.

Topic: ___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

1. (a) State ONE reason why you would want to investigate the topic you have chosen.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(b) Write a problem statement based on the topic you have chosen. Begin your statement
with the following:

This study will

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(c) dentify O E term in the topic you have chosen that you will define.

_____________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(d) Identify ONE research instrument that will help you gather information on the topic
you have chosen.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(e) Explain ONE problem you may experience in gathering data after distributing a
questionnaire to a group.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

Total 8 mar s

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01243032/F 2012
-3-

2. (a) Identify TWO sources you can use to obtain background information on the topic which
you have chosen.

_____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(b) Write ONE question for a questionnaire that can be used to obtain data on the topic you
have chosen.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(c) State ONE research question for the topic you have chosen.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

Total 4 mar s

3. (a) Describe the method you will use to select your sample for the study you have chosen.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(b) Give ONE reason why you have selected the method of sampling you described in 3(a)
above for your study.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(c) In research it is ethical for the researcher to protect the members of the sample from
danger or from harm.

State TWO ways you may protect the information provided by the sample.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

Total 5 mar s
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01243032/F 2012
-4-

Questions 4 and 5 are based on the following case study. Answer BOTH questions.

Students attitudes towards the teaching of values in a Secondary School

The Ministry of Education introduced the teaching of values as a pilot project at Palt Secondary
School. Palt is a co-educational school with a student population of 1200 . Researchers were
interested in discovering how the students benefited from the teaching of values in school. The
sample consisted of 400 students equally divided between male and female students. The research
revealed that 40 per cent of the boys found that the course helped them to understand their
values, 30 per cent showed greater respect for others, 10 per cent learnt greater responsibility
in the home and school and 20 per cent showed greater care for the environment.

Ten per cent of the girls found that the course helped them to understand their values, 30 per
cent showed greater respect for persons, 20 per cent learnt greater responsibility in the home
and school, and per cent had greater concern for the environment. The findings were docu-
mented and presented to the Ministry of Education.

4. (a) State the main focus of the study conducted by the researchers.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(b) Write ONE research question for the problem that was investigated.

____________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(c) Write TWO statements of fact about Palt Secondary School.

_____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(d) Identify ONE instrument that the researchers may have used to collect the statistical
data in this study.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

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01243032/F 2012
-5-

(e) Write one question the researchers may have asked the girls.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(f) State TWO important findings of the study conducted by the researchers.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

Total 9 mar s

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01243032/F 2012
-6-

5. (a) (i) Display the data the researchers obtained in the table below by gender and
number of students.

Gender

n = ________
(2 mar s)

(ii) In the space provided below draw a bar graph by gender and number of students
to display the data collected from the sample.

(4 mar s)

(b) Write TWO statements about the data that you have displayed in the bar graph in
Question 5 (a) (ii)

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(4 mar s)
(c) State TWO recommendations based on their findings, which the researchers could make
to the authorities.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
(4 mar s)

Total 14 mar s
END OF TEST

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHEC YOUR WOR ON THIS TEST.
01243032/F 2012
TEST CODE 01243020
FORM TP 2013031 JANUARY 2013
CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL
SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
EXAMINATION
SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 02 – General Proficiency


2 hours 40 minutes

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

This paper has THREE sections as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 – Individual, Family and Society

SECTION B Part I, Questions 4 and 5 – Development and Use of Resources


Part II, Questions 6 and 7 – Regional Integration

SECTION C Question 8 – Communication


Question 9 – Consumer Affairs
Question 10 – Tourism

1. You MUST answer a total of FIVE questions — TWO from SECTION A, TWO from
SECTION B (choose ONE from Part I and ONE from Part II) and ONE from SECTION C.

2. Where questions require explanations, suggestions, proposals or reasons, you should develop
your responses fully.

3. You are advised to take some time to read through the paper and plan your answers.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2011 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.
01243020/JANUARY/F 2013
- 2 -

SECTION A

INDIVIDUAL, FAMILY AND SOCIETY

Answer TWO questions from this section. Where questions require explanations, suggestions,
proposals or reasons, you should develop your responses fully.

1. Read the passage and answer the questions that follow.

Paul previously lived in a home with his parents and two sisters. His grandmother, Molly,
who is 85 years old has recently joined the family. She suffers from diabetes and high blood
pressure and uses a wheelchair. The family does not want her to live in the home for the elderly
which is located approximately six miles away. They have discussed with Grandmother Molly
the changes that will be made to improve her quality of life.

(a) (i) Name the family type to which Paul previously belonged. (1 mar )

(ii) Name the family type to which Paul now belongs. (1 mar )

(b) Identify TWO possible changes in the family which may improve the quality of life for
Grandmother Molly. (2 mar s)

(c) Give TWO reasons why a family may not wish to have a family member live in a home
for the elderly. (4 mar s)

(d) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE measures the government of your country
may take to improve the lives of elderly people of the country. (6 mar s)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH of the measures you suggested is likely to be
successful. (6 mar s)

Total 20 mar s

2. Read the following scenario and then answer questions (a) and (b) below that are based on it.

The fifth form students at Mayfield Secondary School were concerned about the high cost of
food at the school cafeteria and organized themselves into a group. They met on four occasions
to discuss the problem and to plan how to find a solution. They finally decided to write a letter
to the Principal asking for a meeting. They then appointed a leader to speak on their behalf.
Following the meeting with the Principal, the school management agreed to lower some of the
prices at the cafeteria.

(a) dentify TWO groups, other than peer group, to which the fifth formers belong.
(2 mar s)

(b) State TWO characteristics of social groups which can be seen in the actions of this group
of fifth formers. (2 mar s)

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01243020/JANUARY/F 2013
- 3 -

(c) Give TWO reasons why leaders might NOT encourage competition among the members
of a social group. (4 mar s)

(d) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE different strategies the leader of a youth
group may use to promote cooperation among members. (6 mar s)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH strategy you suggested is likely to be successful.
(6 mar s)

Total 20 mar s

3. Read the news item below and answer the questions that follow.

TWO ARRESTED FOR ILLEGAL POSSESSION OF FIREARM

Two persons, one from Enterprise and the other from San Pedo, were taken to the Content
Police Station and charged with the illegal possession of a firearm. The case will be heard
on 30 June.

(a) (i) Name the branch of government which is involved in making laws to determine
the case described above. (1 mar )

(ii) Identify TWO other branches of government. (2 mar s)

(b) Name the court that will hear the case on 30 June. (1 mar )

(c) (i) Explain fully why the Member of Parliament for the area in which these persons
live cannot change any decision made by the court in (b) above. (2 mar s)

(ii) Give ONE reason why the judicial system consists of different levels of courts.
(2 mar s)

(d) (i) Suggest giving full details, THREE legal actions which citizens in a country can
take to protect themselves from becoming victims of crime. (6 mar s)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH of the actions you suggested is likely to be successful.
(6 mar s)

Total 20 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F 2013
- 4 -

SECTION B

PART I

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES

Answer EITHER Question 4 OR Question 5. W here questions require explanations, suggestions,


proposals or reasons, you should develop your responses fully.

4.
Age and sex distribution for the year 2005

Jamaica: 2005
MALE FEMALE
80+
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4
140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140
Population (in thousands)

Source: US Census Bureau, International Data Base.

Examine the population pyramid for Jamaica in 2005 and answer the questions that follow.

(a) What is meant by the term ‘dependencyWhat


ratio’?
is meant by the term ‘dependency
(2 marks)
ratio’? (2 mark

(b) Write
Write ONE
ONE statement
statementto
to describe
describethe
the dependency
dependency ratio
ratio ooffJamaica’s
Jamaica’spopulation
population as
as shown
shown
in the pyramid. (2(2marks)
marks)

(c) Give TWO reasons why information on the dependency ratio is important to the
government o f a country. (4 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE measures that a government can implement
to take care o f the needs o f a youthful population in a country. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH o f the measures you suggested is likely to be successful.
(6 marks)

Total 20 marks

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01243020/JANUARY/F 2013
- 5 -

5. Read the following extract from a report on land use in the Caribbean and answer the questions
which follow.

Prime agricultural land is land that has the best combination of physical and chemical
characteristics for producing food, feed, forage, fibre and crops, and is available for these uses.
Prime agricultural land in the Caribbean devoted to cropland decreased by approximately
41,000 acres over the 15 year period from 1990 to 2005.

(a) State TWO different ways in which agricultural land in the Caribbean is used.
(2 mar s)

(b) Officials have linked food security in the aribbean to proper agricultural practices.
Identify TWO examples of proper agricultural practices in the Caribbean. (2 mar s)

(c) Explain TWO ways in which proper agricultural practices can contribute to food security
(4 mar s)

(d) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE actions the Ministry of Agriculture in your
country may take to increase farmers’ awareness of the importance of proper
agricultural practices. (6 mar s)
(ii) Explain fully why EACH action is likely to be successful. (6 mar s)

Total 20 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F 2013
- 6 -

PART II

Regional Integration

Answer EITHER Question 6 or Question 7.

Where questions require explanations, suggestions, proposals or reasons, you should develop your
responses fully. Proposals should be relevant and feasible.

6. As head of a Caribbean trade union, you have been asked to deliver a speech on the topic “The
Unemployment Crisis and the Free Movement of Labour”.

In your speech, identify TWO factors which contribute to unemployment in the Caribbean and
explain ONE way in which regional governments can help to reduce unemployment. Give
TWO reasons why aribbean businesses face difficulty in creating employment. inally
suggest, giving full details, THREE measures that Caribbean governments may use to assist
businesses to create employment. Explain fully why EACH way is likely to be successful.
Total 20 mar s

7. Write an essay on the topic “Regional Integration: The Way Forward”.

In your essay, identify TWO cultural factors that promote Caribbean integration and TWO
geographical factors that can hinder integration. Give TWO reasons why Caribbean countries
should continue to support regional integration. Finally suggest, giving full details, THREE
stragegies which the University of the West Indies may undertake to assist in strengthening
regional integration. Explain fullly why EACH of these programmes is likely to be successful.
Total 20 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F 2013
- 7 -

SECTION C

OPTIONS

Answer only ONE question from Questions 8 to 10.

Where questions require explanations, suggestions, proposals or reasons, you should develop your
responses fully. Proposals should be relevant and feasible.

8. COMMUNICATION

Citi ens for Private Ownership of The Media

Write an essay on the topic above. In your essay, state TWO types of private ownership of
the media and state TWO different ways in which governments regulate the media. Outline
TWO effects that privately-owned media may have on a country. Finally, suggest THREE
actions, giving details, that a local media association may take to improve the quality of call-in
programmes aired on radio and television. Explain, giving details, why EACH of the actions
is likely to be successful. Total 20 mar s

9. CONSUMER AFFAIRS

Attention Consumers
Pay one month down and the balance in twelve months
Own the refrigerator right now

You have been asked to speak to a group of consumers on advertising based on the advertisement
above.

egin your speech by defining the term consumer and naming two different types of
consumers. Identify the form of credit advertised in the caption. Outline TWO reasons why
consumers may prefer to use a loan to purchase the item mentioned above. Finally, suggest,
giving details, THREE measures which government should put in place to protect consumers
from unscrupulous businessmen. Explain fully why EACH measure is likely to be successful
Total 20 mar s

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/JANUARY/F 2013
- 8 -

10. TOURISM

The Caribbean Brand:

New Products, Quality Service, One Caribbean

Write an essay on the above topic.

Begin by naming TWO tourism products new to the Caribbean and then identify TWO factors
that enhance the uality of tourist service in the region. E plain TWO benefits of marketing
the Caribbean as a single destination. Finally suggest, giving full details, THREE strategies
hoteliers may use to improve the quality of services provided to tourists.

Explain fully why EACH stategy is likely to be successful.


Total 20 mar s

END OF TEST

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK ON THS TEST.

01243020/JANUARY/F 2013
TEST CODE 01243032
FORM TP 2013032 JANUARY 2013

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL

CARIBBEAN SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE®


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 0 2 – General Proficiency

1 hour 10 minutes

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

1. This paper consists of FIVE questions. You MUST answer ALL the
questions on this paper.

2. Use this answer booklet to respond to the questions. For EACH


question, write your answer in the space provided.

3. If you need additional paper on which to write your answers, request


it from the supervisor.

4. Attach any additional paper that you use securely to this answer
booklet.

5. Return this answer booklet at the end of the examination.

6. You are advised to take some time to read through the paper and plan
your answers.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2011 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.
01243032/JANUARY/F/2013
- 2 -

e ore yo ri e yo r an er c oo e o e ollo in re earc opic an ri e i


in e pace pro i e

e earc opic

i e ca e o ra fic con e ion on Pe al ree in y co ni y

ii ie o re i en in y co ni y on e financin o eneral elec ion in y


co n ry
opic ___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

n er e ollo in e ion rela e o e opic yo a e c o en

1. (a) State ONE reason why you would want to investigate the topic you have chosen.
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(b) Write a problem statement based on the topic you have chosen. Begin your statement with
the following:

The study will ________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
2 ar

( ) entif E term in the to i that o wo l efine


____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
ar

(d) Interviews may be used to gather information. Apart from interviews, identify TWO
o er research instruments that would help to gather information on the topic you have
chosen.
____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(e) Identify ONE problem a researcher may experience in gathering information during an
interview.
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
ar

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/JANUARY/F 2013
- 3 -

(f) tate E wa the resear her an sol e the ro lem i entifie in (e)

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
ar

o al ar

2. (a) State ONE research question for the topic you have chosen.

_____________________________________________________________________
ar

(b) Identify TWO sources you may use to obtain information on the topic which you have
chosen.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(c) Write ONE question for an interview schedule that could be used to obtain information
on the topic you have chosen.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
ar

o al ar

3. (a) Describe the method you would use to select the sample for the study you have chosen.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(b) Give ONE reason why you have selected the method of sampling you described in (a)
above for your study.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
ar

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243032/JANUARY/F 2013
- 4 -

(c) In research, it is ethical for the researcher to protect the members of the sample from
danger or harm.

State TWO ways by which the researcher may protect the information provided by the
sample.

_____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
2 ar

o al ar

e ion an are a e on e ollo in ca e y n er e ion

he fa tors ontri ting to the e line in the fish o lation in D oth

Duboth is a small community. It is located on the western side of the Pecan Harbour and on the
eastern side of the Pecan wetlands. In 2010, 80% of the male population in Duboth between the
ages of 18 an e en e on fishing for a li ing e orts ha e in i ate that the fish o lation
in D oth has e line signifi antl A s r e was on te to etermine the fa tors ontri ting
to the e line in the fish o lation ne tho san two h n re fishermen etween the ages of
18 and 70 were interviewed to ascertain their views on the issue. The survey revealed that 600 of
the fishermen elie e that the e line in the fish o lation was e a se of the estr tion of the
mangro es ne h n re an eight fishermen elie e that the se of namite as a fishing metho
estro e the fish o lation elie e that oll tion of the har o r le to the e letion of the
fish o lation an state that o erfishing a se the e letion he fin ings were o mente
an resente to the omm nit for is ssion on the fin ings im li ations re ommen ations an
also proposals for solution.

4. (a) State the MAIN focus of the study conducted by the researchers.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(b) Write TWO statements of fact about Duboth.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
2 ar

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01243032/JANUARY/F 2013
- 5 -

(c) State the percentage of the male population in the 18 to 70 age group whose livelihood
was from fishing

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
ar

(d) Write ONE research question for the problem that was investigated.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
ar

(e) tate im ortant fin ings of the st on te the resear hers

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
2 ar

o al ar

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01243032/JANUARY/F 2013
- 6 -

(a) (i) The table below gives the data which was collected from the research. Calculate
the percentage for each cause and insert it in the correct place in the table.

a e re ency Percen a e
Destruction of mangoes 600
Use of dynamites 180
Pollution of harbour 300
erfishing 120
Total 1200 100

ar

(ii) In the grid provided below draw a bar graph to show the data collected from
the sample. Give the bar graph a title and label the vertical axis.
(Remember to label all the bars.)

Title _____________________________________________________

ar

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01243032/JANUARY/F 2013
-7-

(b) Write TWO statements about the data that you have displayed in the bar graph on
page 5.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(c) State TWO recommendations which the researchers could make to the authorities based
on their fin ings

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________
ar

o al ar

END OF TEST

01243032/JANUARY/F 2013
TEST CODE 01243020
FORM TP 2013114 MAY/JUNE 2013

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL

CARIBBEAN SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE®


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 02 – General Proficiency

2 hours 40 minutes

31 MAY 2013 (a.m.)

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

This paper has THREE sections as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 – Individual, Family and Society

SECTION B Part I – Questions 4 and 5 – Development and Use of Resources


Part II – Questions 6 and 7 – Regional Integration

SECTION C Question 8 – Communication


Question 9 – Consumer Affairs
Question 10 – Tourism

1. You MUST answer a total of FIVE questions – TWO from SECTION A, TWO
from SECTION B (choose ONE from Part I and ONE from Part II) and ONE
from SECTION C.

2. Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal or reason, you


should develop your response fully.

3. You are advised to take some time to read through the paper and plan your
answers.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2011 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.

01243020/F 2013
-2-

SECTION A

INDIVIDUAL, FAMILY AND SOCIETY

Answer TWO questions from this section.


A answers MUST be given in complete sentences.

Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal


or reason, you should develop your response fully.

1. The family carries out many economic functions to provide for the members’ basic needs.

(a) State TWO economic functions of the family. (2 marks)

(b) State TWO factors that may prevent the family from providing for the basic needs of its
members. (2 marks)

(c) Explain TWO ways in which the school prepares young persons to undertake the economic
functions of a family. (4 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE legal strategies families in the community
may use to improve their economic situation. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH of the strategies you suggested in (d) (i) above is likely
to be successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

2. (a) Define the term ‘social control’. (2 marks)

(b) Name TWO types of institutions in society other than religious institutions. (2 marks)

(c) Explain ONE function of EACH type of institution named in (b) above. (4 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE measures that religious institutions can
implement to assist in correcting the behaviour of delinquent young people in
society. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH of the measures you suggested in (d) (i) above is likely
to be successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

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01243020/F 2013
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3. (a) Study the diagram below which shows the branches of government .

Branches of Government

Executive Judiciary

(i) Identify the branch of government that is missing. Write the answer in your booklet.
(1 mark)

(ii) State the branch of government to which judges belong. (1 mark)

(b) (i) Outline TWO ways in which the civil service (public sector) in a country directly
responds to the needs of the citizens. (4 marks)

(ii) Outline O E way in which officials of the inistry of Education help the inister
of Education to make the educational system function. (2 marks)

(c) (i) An efficient public sector is essential to the development of a country. uggest
giving full details, THREE measures a government may use to improve the
efficiency of the public sector. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH of the measures you suggested in (c) (i) above is likely
to be successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2013
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SECTION B

PART I

DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES

Answer EITHER Question 4 OR Question 5.


A answers MUST be given in complete sentences.

Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal


or reason, you should develop your response fully.

4. (a) Study the table below that shows employment data for the main sector of the economy of
a country and answer the questions that follow.

of men employed of women employed

Employment Sectors 2005 2010 2005 2010

Agriculture 26 17 13 16

Hotels 10 8 11 18

Construction 17 12 1 2

Manufacturing 10 7 24 15

Wholesale 11 17 11 21

(i) Identify the sector that employed the highest percentage of women in 2010.
(1 mark)

(ii) Identify the sector that employed the highest percentage of men in 2005.
(1 mark)

(iii) Identify the sector which is the largest employer of labour for the period.
(1 mark)

(iv) Calculate the percentage change in women employed in the hotel industry from
2005 to 2010. (1 mark)

(b) Explain TWO ways in which the level of a person’s s ills may influence the type of
employment which that person can obtain. (4 marks)

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01243020/F 2013
-5-

(c) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE strategies that a secondary school
(administration) may implement to help prepare students for employment.
(6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH of the measures you suggested in (c) (i) above is likely
to be successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

5. (a) Identify TWO of the major natural resources found in the Caribbean. (2 marks)

(b) State TWO uses of ONE of the resources named in (a) above. (2 marks)

(c) Describe TWO possible environmental consequences of the misuse of ONE of the resources
named in (a) above. (4 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE measures a government can take to ensure
conservation of natural resources. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH of the measures you suggested is likely to be
successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

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01243020/F 2013
-6-

PART II

REGIONAL INTEGRATION

Answer EITHER Question 6 OR Question 7.

Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal


or reason, you should develop your response fully.

6.
Development of a Competitive Business Culture in the CARICOM Region

Write an essay on the topic given above. In your essay state TWO factors that promote competition
among businesses in the CARICOM Region. Explain TWO ways in which competition among
businesses may be beneficial to consumers in the egion. inally suggest TH EE strategies that
the government of a CARICOM country may take to encourage local manufacturers to produce for
the regional market. Explain fully why EACH strategy you suggested is likely to be successful.

Total 20 marks

7.
Unequal Distribution of Natural Resources May Hinder Regional Integration

Prepare a speech on the above topic to deliver to the school assembly. In your speech identify TWO
CARICOM countries that have mineral resources in commercial quantities and TWO countries that
do not. For ONE of the mineral resources explain TWO ways in which its sustainable use may
assist in the economic development of the country where it is found. Suggest THREE strategies
CARICOM Heads of Government may employ to use their natural resources jointly. Explain fully
why EACH strategy you suggested is likely to be successful.
Total 20 marks

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01243020/F 2013
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SECTION C

OPTIONS

Answer ONE question from this section.

Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal


or reason, you should develop your response fully.

8. COMMUNICATION

The Media and Communication

As a youth cultural officer you have been as ed to address a youth seminar on the above topic. n
your address identify ONE form of communication and ONE medium of communication. State
TWO factors which can cause a breakdown in communication. Explain TWO ways in which
a person’s location can affect the medium of communication to which he has access. Suggest,
giving full details, THREE ways in which the media can assist in the development of a Caribbean
identity. Explain fully why EACH of the ways you have suggested is likely to be successful.

Total 20 marks

9. CONSUMER AFFAIRS

Consumers: Understanding Demand and Supply

Write an essay on the above topic. Define what is meant by ‘demand’ and then identify O E factor
other than price which influences consumer demand. tate O E factor other than price which
influences the supply of goods. Explain TWO ways in which governments can influence the price
of goods to protect consumers. Suggest, giving full details, THREE actions which consumers can
take to protect themselves when purchasing goods. Explain fully why EACH action you have
suggested is likely to be successful.
Total 20 marks

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01243020/F 2013
-8-

10. TOURISM

Caribbean Tourism – The Need to Invest

Write an essay on the above topic. In your essay state the TWO types of tourism that generate
foreign exchange for Caribbean countries. Apart from foreign exchange, state TWO other ways
that Caribbean countries benefit from tourism. Explain TWO challenges that EW tourist
destinations may cause for hoteliers within the Caribbean. Suggest, giving full details, THREE
actions a government may take to encourage persons to invest in the tourist industry. Explain
fully why EACH action you have suggested is likely to be successful.
Total 20 marks

END OF TEST

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK ON THIS TEST.

01243020/F 2013
TEST CODE 01243032
FORM TP 2013115 MAY/JUNE 2013

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL

CARIBBEAN SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE®


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 032 – General Proficiency

1 hour 10 minutes

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

1. This paper consists of FIVE questions. You MUST answer ALL the questions on this paper.

2. Use this answer booklet to respond to the questions. For EACH question, write your answer
in the space provided.

3. If you need additional paper to write your answers, request it from the supervisor.

4. Attach any additional paper that you use securely to this answer booklet.

5. Return this answer booklet at the end of the examination.

6. You are advised to take some time to read through the paper and plan your answers.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2011 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.

01243032/F 2013
-2-

Before you write your answers, choose ONE of the following research topics and write it in the space
provided. You will be required to answer the following questions related to the topic you have chosen.

(i) The causes of the pollution of rivers in my community

(ii) Views of citi ens in my community on hurricane preparedness

Topic: _____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

1. (a) State ONE reason why you would want to investigate the topic you have chosen.

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(b) Write a problem statement based on the topic you have chosen. Begin your statement with
the following:

The study will

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(c) dentify O E term in the topic that you would define.

_______________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(d) Questionnaires may be used to gather information. Apart from questionnaires, identify
ONE other research instrument that would help you to gather information on the topic
you have chosen.

_______________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(e) Identify ONE problem a researcher may experience in gathering information after
distributing questionnaires to a group.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

Total 8 mar s

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01243032/F 2013
-3-

2. (a) Identify TWO sources you may use to obtain information on the topic which you have
chosen.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(b) Write ONE question for a questionnaire which a researcher could use to obtain information
on the topic you have chosen. The answer to the question should be either ‘yes’ or ‘no’.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(c) Write ONE research question for the topic you have chosen.

_______________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

Total 4 mar s

3. (a) In research it is sometimes necessary to select a sample. Name and describe an appropriate
method for selecting the sample for the research topic you have chosen.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(b) Give ONE reason why the method of sampling you have chosen in 3 (a) is appropriate.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(c) In research it is ethical for the researcher to protect the members of the sample and their
information from exposure.

State TWO ways the researcher may protect the information provided by the sample.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

Total 5 mar s

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01243032/F 2013
-4-

Questions 4 and 5 are based on the following case study. Answer BOTH questions.

The Opinions of Residents of Fair Valley Island on the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ)

Fair Valley Island is a small island surrounded by the Caribbean Sea. Ten thousand of the residents are
in the 18–65 age group. Hans International Company was contracted by the government of the country
to investigate the opinions of the citizens on the CCJ. Two thousand residents in the 18 to 65 age group
formed the sample for the study.

The survey revealed that 1200 of the residents believed that their country should support the CCJ mainly
because this would strengthen CA CO . our hundred and fifty stated that the country should remain
with the British-based Privy Council because this is an established and well-recognized court. Three
hundred residents believed that the country should have its own local Court of Final Appeal because
independent countries should be responsible for their legal affairs. Fifty of the residents had never heard
of the CC . The findings were documented and presented to the government.

4. (a) State the MAIN focus of the study conducted by the researchers.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(b) Write TWO facts about Fair Valley Island.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(c) State the percentage of the sample in the 18–65 age group.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(d) Identify ONE instrument that may have been used by the researcher to collect the statistical
data for the study.

_______________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

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01243032/F 2013
-5-

(e) Write ONE research question for the problem that was investigated.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(1 mar )

(f) For EACH of TWO of the responses given by the residents concerning the Caribbean
Court of Justice, give ONE likely reason for such a response.

Response 1: _________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

Reason given: _________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

Response 2: _________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

Reason given: _________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

Total 9 mar s

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01243032/F 2013
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5. (a) (i) Calculate the percentage of the sample which gave EACH response and write it
in the appropriate column in the table below.

Responses given Number of residents Percentage of residents


Support for CCJ 1 200
Support for Privy Council 450
Local Court of Final Appeal 300
No knowledge of Caribbean
Court of Appeal 50
Total 2 000 100
(4 mar s)

(ii) Use the grid provided below to draw a bar graph to display the data collected from
the sample. Label all axes correctly.

(4 mar s)

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01243032/F 2013
-7-

(b) State the TWO MOST frequent responses given by the sample.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(2 mar s)

(c) State TWO recommendations which the researchers could make to the authorities based
on their findings.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(4 mar s)

Total 14 mar s

END OF TEST

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CA ED, CHEC YOUR WOR ON THIS TEST.

01243032/F 2013
TEST CODE 01243020
FORM TP 2014111 MAY/JUNE 2014

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL

CARIBBEAN SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE®


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 02 – General Proficiency

2 hours 40 minutes

29 MAY 2014 (a.m.)

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

This paper has THREE sections as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 – Individual, Family and Society

SECTION B Part I – Questions 4 and 5 – Development and Use of Resources


Part II – Questions 6 and 7 – Regional Integration

SECTION C Question 8 – Communication


Question 9 – Consumer Affairs
Question 10 – Tourism
4111

1. You MUST answer a total of FIVE questions – TWO from SECTION A, TWO
from SECTION B (choose ONE from Part I and ONE from Part II) and ONE
from SECTION C.

2. Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal or reason, you


should develop your response fully.

3. You are advised to take some time to read through the paper and plan your
answers.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.


114599

Copyright © 2012 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.

01243020/F 2014
-2-

SECTION A

INDIVIDUAL, FAMILY AND SOCIETY

n er e ion ro i ec ion
an er e i en in co ple e en ence

ere e ion re ire an e plana ion e ion propo al


or rea on yo o l e elop yo r re pon e lly

1. Sam lives with his parents, sister and grandmother. His mother who used to be a housekeeper is
now an accountant. His father who is a land surveyor now does a share of the household chores.
Each member has an important role.

(a) (i) Identify the family type to which Sam belongs. (1 mark)

(ii) State ONE likely role of the grandmother in the family. (1 mark)

(b) State TWO factors that may have caused the mother’s role to change in this household.
(2 marks)

(c) Give TWO reasons why Sam’s father may think that his traditional role in the family is
changing. (4 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE actions parents may take to deal with any
negative effect of the changing roles of family members. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH strategy suggested in (d) (i) above, is likely to be
successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

2. (a) State TWO characteristics of primary groups. (2 marks)

(b) Describe ONE way in which formal groups control the behaviour of members.
(2 marks)

(c) State TWO reasons why formal groups tend to have a longer life span than informal
groups. (4 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE strategies which the leader of your school’s
Cultural Club may use to keep members together as a group. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH strategy suggested in (d) (i) above, is likely to be
successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

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01243020/F 2014
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3. efore a ill finall e omes a law it has to ass thro gh ario s stages

(a) tate the final stage that ills ass thro gh efore e oming law (1 mark)

(b) (i) Name the branch of government that is responsible for making laws. (1 mark)

(ii) Apart from ‘freedom of expression’, state TWO other rights that citizens of
Caribbean countries have. (2 marks)

(c) Explain TWO reasons why citizens of a country are granted rights. (4 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE strategies that government may use to build
a positive relationship with citizens. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH strategy suggested in (d) (i) above, is likely to be
successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2014
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SECTION B

PART I

DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES

n er e ion e ion
an er e i en in co ple e en ence

ere e ion re ire an e plana ion e ion propo al


or rea on yo o l e elop yo r re pon e lly

4. (a) Name TWO characteristics of a population other than age and sex. (2 marks)

( ) Define the term e en en ratio of a o lation (2 marks)

(c) Use the population pyramid of Country X to answer Parts (c) (i) and (c) (ii).

Figure 1. Population pyramid of country X


Age
MALE FEMALE
80+
75Ð79
70Ð74
65Ð69
60Ð64
55Ð59
50Ð54
45Ð49
40Ð44
35Ð39
30Ð34
25Ð29
20Ð24
15Ð19
10Ð14
5Ð9
0Ð4
60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60
Population (in thousands)
Source: US Census Bureau, International Database.

Give ONE possible reason for EACH of the following:

(i) The large population in the age group 25–29 (2 marks)

(ii) The size of the population in the age group 75 years and older (2 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE actions a government may take if the birth
rate continues to decline. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH action suggested in (d) (i) above, is likely to be
successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2014
-5-

Study the information in Table 1 below and then answer the questions which follow.

TABLE 1: DOMESTIC FOOD CROP PRODUCTION FOR COUNTRY Y

onne in o an
oo rop
2009 2010 2011

Yam 180 150 115

Vegetables 250 230 210

Fruits 130 120 100

Potatoes 140 128 120

(a) Write TWO statements about the information shown in the table. (2 marks)

(b) State TWO sustainable agricultural practices which small farmers may use in the production
of the crops shown in the table. (2 marks)

(c) Give TWO reasons why high quality agricultural products are important for CARICOM
countries. (4 marks)

(d) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE strategies that the government of a country
may implement to improve the quantity and quality of agricultural production.
(6 marks)

(ii) Explain fully why EACH strategy suggested in (d) (i) above, is likely to be
successful. (6 marks)

Total 20 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2014
-6-

PART II

REGIONAL INTEGRATION

n er e ion e ion

ere e ion re ire an e plana ion e ion propo al


or rea on yo o l e elop yo r re pon e lly

6.
e ional n e ra ion e perience o e
r ani a ion o a ern ari ean a e

Write an essay on the above topic. Begin your essay by stating TWO objectives of the OECS.
Next, describe TWO similarities that promote cooperation among the member countries of the
EC i e E reason iffi lties ma arise in rs ing integration among EC mem er
countries. Suggest, giving full details, THREE strategies that OECS Heads of Government may
se to e ate iti ens a o t the enefits of oo eration among the o ntries E lain f ll wh
EACH strategy is likely to be successful.
Total 20 marks

ari ean n e ra ion e pon e o ra e i erali a ion an Glo ali a ion

As Minister of Trade, you have been invited to address a group of businessmen and businesswomen
on the a o e to i n o r a ress efine the terms glo ali ation an tra e li erali ation
hen state iffi lties Cari ean states e erien e in gaining a ess to the mar ets of
developed countries. Suggest, giving full details, THREE actions the business community may
take to encourage the producers of goods and services, regionally, to support the integration process.
Explain fully why EACH action is likely to be successful.
Total 20 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2014
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SECTION C

OPTIONS

n er ro e ion o 0

ere e ion re ire an e plana ion e ion propo al


or rea on yo o l e elop yo r re pon e lly

COMMUNICATION

ner ip o e a e ia in e ari ean

rite an essa on the a o e to i n o r essa efine the term mass me ia an i entif


forms of ownership of the media in the Caribbean. Next, describe TWO ways in which ownership
of the me ia in en es the t e of rogrammes roa ast ggest gi ing f ll etails H EE
measures the government may use to regulate the mass media. Explain fully why EACH measure
is likely to be successful.
Total 20 marks

9. CONSUMER AFFAIRS

a in e ey o aina le cono ic e elop en

You are asked to address a group of graduating business education students on the above topic.
egin o r a ress efining the term sa ings an then gi e E tra itional form of sa ings
Next, state TWO reasons why people save and explain TWO ways in which the savings of citizens
contribute to the sustainable development of their country. Suggest, giving details, THREE
strategies whi h finan ial instit tions ma se to en o rage o ng eo le to sa e E lain f ll
why EACH strategy is likely to be successful.
Total 20 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


01243020/F 2014
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10. TOURISM

e elopin o ri in e ari ean


Pre er in e ea y o e ina ion

Write an essay on the above topic. Begin your essay by stating TWO factors that make it possible for
potential tourists to travel to Caribbean destinations. Then, state TWO ways in which the attractions
in a Caribbean destination are marketed. Give TWO reasons most Caribbean governments engage
in the development of tourism. Suggest, giving full details, THREE strategies the Ministry of
Tourism in a tourism-oriented Caribbean country can use to preserve the beauty of that destination.
Explain fully why EACH strategy is likely to be successful.

Total 20 marks

END OF TEST

The Council has made every effort to trace copyright holders. However, if any have been inadvertently
overlooked, or any material has been incorrectly acknowledged, CXC will be pleased to correct this at
the earliest opportunity.

01243020/F 2014
TEST CODE 01243032
FORM TP 2014112 MAY/JUNE 2014

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL

CARIBBEAN SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE®


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 0 2 – General Proficiency

1 hour 10 minutes

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

1. This paper consists of FIVE questions. You MUST answer ALL the questions on this paper.

2. Use this answer booklet to respond to the questions. For EACH question, write your answer
in the space provided.

3. If you need additional paper to write your answers, request it from the supervisor.

4. Attach any additional paper that you use securely to this answer booklet.

5. Return this answer booklet at the end of the examination.

6. You are advised to take some time to read through the paper and plan your answers.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2012 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.

01243032/F 2014
-2-

e ore yo ri e yo r an er c oo e o e ollo in re earc opic an ri e i in e pace


pro i e o ill e re ire o an er e ion 2 an rela e o e opic yo a e c o en

i e e ec o r ral o r an i ra ion on y co ni y

ii ac or a con ri e o r a e a on eena er in y co ni y

opic _____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

1. (a) State ONE reason you would want to investigate the topic you have chosen.

_______________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(b) Write a problem statement based on the topic you have chosen. Begin your statement with
the following:

The study will

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
2 ar

(c) State the method of investigation you would choose for the study.

_______________________________________________________________________
ar

(d) Interviews may be used to gather information. Identify ONE other research instrument
that could help you gather information on the topic you have chosen.

_______________________________________________________________________
ar

(e) Identify ONE problem a researcher may experience in gathering data through
interviews.

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2. (a) Identify TWO sources you may use to obtain information on the topic which you have
chosen.

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(b) Write ONE question for an interview, on the topic you have chosen that could be used to
obtain data. The answer to the question should be either ‘yes’ or ‘no’.

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(c) State ONE research question for the topic you have chosen.

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3. (a) Describe the method you would use to select the sample for the study you have chosen.

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(b) Give ONE reason for selecting the method of sampling, described in (a) above for your
study.

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(c) In research, it is ethical for the researcher to protect the members of the sample from danger
or harm.

State TWO ways a researcher may protect the information provided by the sample.

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e ion an are a e on e ollo in r ey n er e ion

Alexandra Hill Academy is a co-educational school located on the outskirts of Union. It serves students
from the four communities of Georgia, Eastville, Corinth and Foreland. The principal was concerned
with students’ poor performance on School-Based Assessments and the parents’ beliefs that teachers did
not have adequate knowledge of research. She made a request for the Ministry of Education to conduct
a survey to determine the reason for the poor performance. A sample of 200 students was chosen for the
survey. The survey revealed that 60% of the students were undernourished, 20% could not afford books,
15% had too many household chores to do before and after school, and 5% were not interested in school
wor he fin ings were resente to the rin i al an re ommen ations were ma e

4. (a) State the main focus of the study conducted by the researchers.

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(b) Write TWO statements of fact about Alexandra Hill Academy.

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(c) Name TWO instruments that the researchers may have used to collect the statistical data
in this study.

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(d) Write ONE research question for the problem that was investigated.

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(e) tate E im ortant fin ing of the st on te the resear hers

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(a) (i) The table below gives the data which were collected by the researchers. Complete
the table by calculating and inserting in the correct space the number of students
who

o l not affor oo s

ha too man hores to o

ea on Percen a e er o
o en en

Under nourishment 60 120

Could not afford books 20 ________

Too many chores 15 ________

Not interested in school work 5 10

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(ii) On the grid provided below, draw a bar graph to display the data collected from
the sample.

You will be awarded marks as follows:

a) Accurately drawing and labelling the bars ar

b) Providing a suitable title ar

c) Providing a suitable label for the vertical axis ar

d) Using an appropriate scale ar

e) Providing a suitable label for the horizontal axis ar

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(b) Write TWO statements about the data that you have displayed in the bar graph in 5 (a) (ii).

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(c) State ONE recommendation which the researchers could make to the principal based on
their fin ings

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END OF TEST

01243032/F 2014
TEST CODE 01243020
FORM TP 2015111 MAY/JUNE 2015

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL

CARIBBEAN SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE®


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 02 – General Proficiency

2 hours 40 minutes

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

This paper has THREE sections as follows:

SECTION A Questions 1, 2 and 3 – Individual, Family and Society

SECTION B Part I – Questions 4 and 5 – Development and Use of Resources


Part II – Questions 6 and 7 – Regional Integration

SECTION C Question 8 – Communication


Question 9 – Consumer Affairs
Question 10 – Tourism

1. You MUST answer a total of FIVE questions – TWO from SECTION A, TWO
from SECTION B (choose ONE from Part I and ONE from Part II) and ONE from
SECTION C.

2. Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal or reason, you should


develop your response fully.

3. Write your answers in the spaces provided in this booklet.

4. Do NOT write in the margins.

5. You are advised to take some time to read through the paper and plan your answers.

6. If you need to rewrite any answer and there is not enough space to do so on the original
page, you must use the extra lined page(s) provided at the back of this booklet. Remember
o ra a line ro yo r ori inal an er

7. yo e e e ra pa e yo ri e e e ion n er clearly in e o
pro i e a e op o e e ra pa e an ere rele an incl e e e ion
par e i e e an er

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2014 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.

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SECTION A
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n er e ion ro i ec ion
an er e i en in co ple e en ence

ere e ion re ire an e plana ion e ion propo al


or rea on yo o l e elop yo r re pon e lly

1. ‘In the Caribbean today some couples are choosing common law unions over marriage; however,
they still need to prepare themselves for parenthood.’

(a) Define the term marriage

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(b) Name TWO different forms of marriage.

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(c) Give TWO reasons why some couples may choose common law unions over marriage.

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(d) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE actions which couples may take to prepare

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(ii) Explain fully why EACH action suggested in (d) (i) is likely to be successful.
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2. ‘All groups have rules. They may be written or unwritten.’

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(a) State TWO reasons why groups need rules.

Reason 1 ...........................................................................................................................

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Reason 2 ...........................................................................................................................

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(b) (i) Identify TWO styles that may be used by the leader to manage a group.

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Style 1 ..................................................................................................................

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Style 2 ..................................................................................................................

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(ii) E lain wa s in whi h ongoing on i t ma affe t the wa in whi h a gro


works.

Way 1 ..................................................................................................................

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(c) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE strategies that the leader of a group may use
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to re e on i t etween himself herself an mem ers ar

(ii) Explain fully why EACH strategy suggested in (c) (i) is likely to be successful.
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stifi ation

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*0124302010*
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3. (a) State TWO rights which citizens of Caribbean countries are guaranteed under their national
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constitutions.

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(b) (i) State TWO services that a government provides for citizens.

Service 1 ............................................................................................................

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(ii) Outline TWO challenges that a government may experience in providing services
for citizens.

Challenge 1 .........................................................................................................

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(c) (i) Suggest THREE strategies that a government may use to create employment

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opportunities. ar

(ii) Explain fully why EACH strategy suggested in (c) (i) is likely to be successful.
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stifi ation
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SECTION B

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PART I

DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES

n er e ion e ion
an er e i en in co ple e en ence

ere e ion re ire an e plana ion e ion propo al


or rea on yo o l e elop yo r re pon e lly

4. Study Figure 1 below and then answer Question 4 (a) (i)–(iii).

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(a) (i) What age group had the highest percentage of unemployment for the period
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2007–2009?

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(ii) In which year was the rate of unemployment the highest?

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(iii) State TWO conclusions that may be drawn from the graph.

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( ) tline fa tors whi h in en e em lo ment in a o ntr

Factor 1 ...........................................................................................................................

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(c) (i) Suggest THREE strategies school leavers may use to prepare for employment

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when the number of traditional jobs is declining. ar

(ii) Explain fully why EACH strategy suggested in (c) (i) is likely to be successful.
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5. ‘The marine environment is important to Caribbean people.’

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(a) (i) Define the term en ironment

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(ii) Describe ONE way in which poor farming practices may lead to pollution of the
marine environment.

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( ) E lain wa s in whi h on i t ma arise o er the se of a o ntr s marine reso r es

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(c) (i) Suggest, giving full details, THREE strategies that the government may use to
promote the sustainable development of a country’s marine resources.
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(ii) Explain fully why EACH strategy suggested in (c) (i) is likely to be successful.
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stifi ation

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PART II
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REGIONAL INTEGRATION

n er e ion e ion

ere e ion re ire an e plana ion e ion propo al


or rea on yo o l e elop yo r re pon e lly

Multilateral agreements –— A way to strengthen integration and increase trade

Write an essay on the above caption. Begin by explaining the difference between a multilateral
agreement and a bilateral agreement and give TWO examples of multilateral agreements involving
Caribbean countries. Explain TWO problems Caribbean countries may face in trading with each
other ggest gi ing f ll etails H EE strategies a art from the se of iers an seminars that
Cari ean lea ers ma se to e ate iti ens a o t the enefits of regional integration E lain
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fully why EACH strategy is likely to be successful.


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Factors promoting and hindering regional integration

Write an essay on the above topic. In your essay state what were TWO features of CARIFTA.
Then state TWO factors which encouraged Caribbean countries to integrate their economies and
TWO which have hindered the progress of integration. Explain ONE problem that may arise
among CARICOM countries when the CSME is fully implemented. Suggest, giving full details,
THREE ways in which CARICOM governments may cooperate to reduce unemployment in the
region. Explain fully why EACH strategy is likely to be successful.
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ri e yo r an er o e e ion yo a e c o en o an er in ec ion – Par ere

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e e er o ri e yo r e ion n er in e o pro i e elo

e ion o

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ri e yo r an er o e e ion yo a e c o en o an er in ec ion – Par ere

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e e er o ri e yo r e ion n er in e o pro i e elo

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0124302024
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ri e yo r an er o e e ion yo a e c o en o an er in ec ion – Par ere


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e e er o ri e yo r e ion n er in e o pro i e elo

e ion o

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*0124302025*
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SECTION C

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OPTIONS

n er ro e ion o 0

ere e ion re ire an e plana ion e ion propo al


or rea on yo o l e elop yo r re pon e lly

The Challenge to Press Freedom in the Caribbean

Prepare an address on the above caption to deliver to your school assembly. Begin your address
by stating the meaning of the term ‘freedom of the press’. Then state the TWO types of offences
committed by the press for which damages can be sought. Apart from being sued, give TWO ways
in which Caribbean media professionals may experience challenges to press freedom. Suggest,

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giving full details, THREE strategies a regional media association may use to avoid the threat of
legal action to journalists. Explain fully why EACH strategy is likely to be successful.
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Goods and Services: Stretching the Dollar

Write an essay on the topic above. Begin your essay by explaining the difference between goods and
ser i es e t state fa tors that in en e ons mers taste for arti lar goo s or ser i es
E lain wa s in whi h re it nions ma en o rage mem ers to se their finan ial ser i e
ggest gi ing f ll etails H EE strategies a ons mer ma se to o tain the ma im m enefit
from a very limited income. Explain fully why EACH strategy is likely to be successful.

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Promoting Cultural Tourism — ‘A Two-Way Street’

Write an essay on the above caption. Begin by identifying TWO different cultural tourism products.
e t es ri e wa s in whi h to rism ma in en e the lt re of Cari ean eo le E lain
TWO ways in which citizens can help to promote cultural tourism. Suggest, giving full details,
THREE strategies a government may use to protect a country’s cultural heritage. Explain fully
why EACH strategy is likely to be successful.
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END OF TEST

The Council has made every effort to trace copyright holders. However, if any have been inadvertently
overlooked, or any material has been incorrectly acknowledged, CXC will be pleased to correct this at
the earliest opportunity.

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TEST CODE 01243032
FORM TP 2015112 MAY/JUNE 2015

CARIBBEAN E XAM I NAT I O N S COUNCIL

CARIBBEAN SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE®


EXAMINATION

SOCIAL STUDIES

Paper 0 2 – General Proficiency

1 hour 10 minutes

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

1. This paper consists of FIVE questions. You MUST answer ALL the questions on this
paper.

2. Write your answers in the spaces provided in this booklet.

3. Do NOT write in the margins.

4. You are advised to take some time to read through the paper and plan your answers.

5. If you need to rewrite any answer and there is not enough space to do so on the
original page, you must use the extra lined page(s) provided at the back of this booklet.
e e er o ra a line ro yo r ori inal an er

6. yo e e e ra pa e yo ri e e e ion n er clearly in e
o pro i e a e op o e e ra pa e an ere rele an incl e e
e ion par e i e e an er

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2014 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.

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e ore yo ri e yo r an er c oo e o e ollo in re earc opic an ri e i in e pace

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pro i e o ill e re ire o an er e ion 2 an rela e o e opic yo a e c o en

opic

(i) Unemployment in my country

(ii) Government funding of tertiary education

Topic Chosen: ...........................................................................................................................................

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1. (a) Give ONE reason why you would research the topic you have chosen.

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(b) The problem statement indicates the focus of the study. Write a problem statement for the
topic you have chosen by completing the following statement.

The study will .....................................................................................................................

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(c) A question may be used to focus your research topic. Write a research question to give
focus to your study.

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2. (a) Name ONE data gathering instrument, other than an interview schedule, that you will
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design to obtain answers for the research question you stated at 1 (c).

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(b) Give ONE reason why you chose the data gathering instrument you named in (a) above.

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(c) State ONE strategy that researchers use to make their data gathering instruments clear.

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3. (a) In research, a sample is chosen from a larger group called the population. Identify the

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population from which you will choose a sample to study the topic you have chosen.

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(b) Based on the topic you chose, write THREE questions you will ask the members of the
sample to answer.

1) .....................................................................................................................................

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2) .....................................................................................................................................

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3) .....................................................................................................................................

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(c) State ONE reason why a sample is necessary to investigate the topic you have chosen.

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(d) Identify TWO ways to choose a sample for the topic you have chosen.

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e ion an are a e on e ollo in r ey n er e ion


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The Minister of Health in Barjam stated that the percentage of the country’s health budget spent on treating
chronic non-communicable diseases had been increasing every year over the last ten years. Following
the minister’s statement, a researcher investigated the prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases
in an urban district. The sample consisted of 400 adults equally divided between males and females.
went fi e er ent of the males ha ia etes er ent ha h ertension er ent were o ese an
er ent ha an er hirt fi e er ent of the females ha ia etes er ent were h ertensi e
25 per cent obese and 15 per cent had cancer.

4. (a) State the focus of the survey conducted by the researcher.

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(b) (i) State the sample size that was used in the research.
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(ii) State ONE important characteristic of the sample that was used in the research.

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(c) Write ONE research question for the problem that was investigated.

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( ) tate wa s in whi h the resear her o l ha e ens re the onfi entialit of the
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information provided by the sample.

Way 1 .................................................................................................................................

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Way 2 .................................................................................................................................

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5. (a) Using the table below, display the data the researcher obtained from the research. Arrange

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the date by gender and number of respondents.

i ea e

ia e e yper en ion e iy ancer

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(b) (i) In the space provided below, draw a bar graph to display the data collected for the
four diseases from either males OR females. Remember to label EACH bar.
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(ii) Use the lines provided to

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gi e the gra h a title

la el ea h a is ar

i le ............................................................................................................................

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( ) rite fin ings a o t the ata that o ha e is la e in the ar gra h in estion


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5 (b).

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( ) tate E re ommen ation whi h the resear her an ma e ase on the fin ings

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(e) Suggest how the recommendation in (d) above may be implemented.

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