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ASSIGNMENT 3: ESSAY

SAMPLE

Madison Tapley
Assignment 3: Essay Sample 1

Table of Contents

Discussion .................................................................................................................... 2

Examples ..................................................................................................................... 2

Format ......................................................................................................................... 3

Summary ...................................................................................................................... 3

EDUC1113 Madison Tapley 32013813


Assignment 3: Essay Sample 2

American Psychological Association


Style Sample
The American Psychological Association (APA) style is primarily used in the
social science disciplines. It is formatted like Modern Language Association (MLA),
and shows many similarities, but is unique in several key points. This paper
discusses the APA in detail. Look at Referencing Help sheet – there is a sentence that
needs to be added here. You need to remember to insert the two citations with
RefWorks (do not just copy and paste the sentence).

Discussion

APA uses parenthetical (or in-text) citations within sentences, but rather than
indicating the author's name and page number, APA includes author's name and date
of publication. The page number, represented with a p. or a pp., is only added to the
citation when using a direct quote (not a summary or paraphrase). If the author's
name is mentioned in the sentence, then place the date of publication in parentheses
directly after the name. If the name is not mentioned include the author's name and
date in parentheses at the end of the source material. And, if you use a direct quote,
place the page number after the publication date within the parentheses.

Examples

Note the difference between the following three examples:


Terrence (1999) has presented poignant examples from 150 interviews. However,

it has been pointed out that the research was conducted in a selective, highly biased,

way (Strong & Porter, 1998). All of the interviewees have been called “exceptions to

the norm” (Strong & Porter, 1998, p. 5).

EDUC1113 Madison Tapley 32013813


Assignment 3: Essay Sample 3

Note the first example paraphrases an author that is named in the sentence, the

second example paraphrases authors that are not named in the sentence, and the third

example provides a direct quote (thus the inclusion of the page numbers) but also

does not identify the authors within the sentence. If the authors were identified

within the sentence in the third example, the authors' names would be followed by

the year of publication and only the page numbers would be in the parentheses at the

end of the quote.

Format

Finally, the bibliographic page in APA style differs from MLA, what APA calls
the Reference page. You will notice a few immediate differences from the MLA
Works Cited format. With APA you include the initial of the author's first name
rather than the complete name, the publication date immediately follows the author's
name in parentheses, and titles of articles are not surrounded with quotation marks.
The lists are still alphabetized by author's last name (or title in the absence of an
author) and the first line is flush left while subsequent lines in the same entry are
indented in (approximately 5 spaces or one tab). A good resource to help you with
referencing is Notre Dame’s referencing guide at
http://library.nd.edu.au/referencing/apa#s-lg-box-3040351. There is also a summary
downloadable help document available at:
http://library.nd.edu.au/ld.php?content_id=8053459. In APA Style, you include a
reference list rather than a bibliography with your paper (APA, 2017). A reference
list consists of all sources cited in the text of a paper whereas a bibliography may
include resources that were consulted but not cited in the text as well as an annotated
description of each one.

Summary

EDUC1113 Madison Tapley 32013813


Assignment 3: Essay Sample 4

The School of Education, University of Notre Dame Australia, uses the APA 6th
referencing style for all written documents. In addition to in text referencing and the
reference list there are a number of formatting requirements to ensure your essay
complies with APA standards. Get to know the APA 6th.

EDUC1113 Madison Tapley 32013813


Assignment 3: Essay Sample 5

References

APA. (2017) Bibliography versus reference list. Retrieved from


http://www.apastyle.org/learn/quick-guide-on-references.aspx#Bibliography

Bretag, T. (2013). Challenges in addressing plagiarism in education. PLoS


Med, 10(12)

Strong, R. L., Porter, M. (1998), Grammatical Combinations. In S. Parker & K.


Gibson (Eds.), Language and Literacy (p 540-578) Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.

Terrence, H. S. (2007, November 1). Student Success in Community Colleges. The


West Australian, p. 6-7

EDUC1113 Madison Tapley 32013813