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# 5.

DESIGN CALCULATIONS:

400

Assumptions

F = 10× 9.81 F

= 98.1 N

## This load is applied at the center as shown in fig. 300 300

From fig. R1 R2

R1 +R2 = F And

ΣMR1 = 0

F × 300 - R2 × 600= 0

## 98.1 × 300 – R2 × 600 = 0

Therefore,

R2 = 49.05

R1 + 98.1 = 49.05

R1 = 49.05

Mb = 49.05 × 300

Mb = 14715
Y= b/2 …………….………..(b = width of square pipe used)

= 25/2

= 12.5mm

I = bd3 / 12

= d4 / 12

= (20)4 / 12

= 2034.5052

Stress on frame,

σ = Mb y / I

## σ = (14715× 12.5) / 2034.5052

σ = 44.36 N / mm2

σ = Syt / fos

Therefore,

Syt =σ × fos

= 88.73N / mm2

## Therefore all assumptions are in safer state.

Material Selection
(These values are from design data book)

(N/mm2) (N/mm2)

## 5.2 SELECTION OF MOTOR:

A. Equations Used

1) F = τshear x area

Where,

F= Required Force

## Area = Area on which force is acting

2) ω= 2πN/60

where,

ω = Angular Velocity

3) Vcrank = r×ω

Where,

## Vcrank= Velocity of crank

ω = Angular Velocity

4) P = F ×Vslider

Where,

## Vslider= Velocity of slider

5) σb=( M×Y)/Ixx

where,

σb = Stress

M= Moment

Y= Perpendicular Distance

## Iyy = moment of inertia about the Y axis of square bar

6) (σb)net=± 𝑀𝑌 𝐼 ± 𝑃 𝐴

Where,

P= Acting Force

## Calculation for Requirement of Motor

A block of dimensions 50×50 mm has been taken and the stroke length is 0.3 mm/stroke. After
this from the table given below we have considered the value of maximum shear stress and
assumed that our machine can cut any wood specie. This is done in order to calculate power
requirement of motor.

Shear stress
Species (Types of Wood) (MPa)

## Yellow poplar 8.2

Balsa 2.1

Table 1: Mechanical Properties for Five Wood Species Properties of wood (Encyclopedia of
Materials: Science and Technology, ISBN:0-08-0431526,pp. 9732-9736) For all wood we take
τshear= 20 MPa

## Force Required (F) = τshear x area

= 20 x 0.3 x 50

= 300 N
We take rpm of motor = 1440 rpm

= (2π×120)/60

= 0.628 × 0.9938

= 0.624 m/sec

## Power Required for hacksaw blade

= F ×Vslider

= 300×0.624 = 187.2 W